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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, October 18, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908101801 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, October 18, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. n w BLUE GRMS BLADE rVolume XVII Number 26 LEXINGTON KY slCTOBER 18 i jo8 Published Weeklyu DEVOTED TO THE PRO PAG ANDMOF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT J IiISEVERANCE ll P of Freetnought tl i Ir2L biJ U1 IJIIr 1 i Y271i 1f 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE CHANNING SEVERANCE I The subject of the weekly sketch In this Issue having no choIce in the selection of his parents had a minister for his father and was born into this world under the influence of Unl versallsm for both his parents accepted that unpopular brand of Christianity 54 years ago when he made hIs appearance among the hills of Vermont His sire was the son of a Presbyterian deacon and consequent ly lived in an atmosphere of hell fire and religious gloom during his boyhood days The Bible was the acceped authority on all the affairs of life and how to make themselves miserable to please God and secure entrance into the 7x9 orthodox heaven that Presbyterians be lieve in was the one primal object in life The old deacon pray ed and pleaded with God to keep em out of hell and beat the boys with a rod as counselled by Solomon until nearly man grown Religious fears darkened all the joys of life for such fears beget other fears as naurally as our surroundings shape our thoughts and every waking hour of his parents were character ized by worriment over this world as well as the next That spirit of gloom and endless worry that was transmitted to him by his neveratrest mother and the solemn views of life as In stilled into him by the worst branch of a hellfire religion ever known were never eliminated from his nature during life nor much lessened by the consoling doctrles of Universalism which PresbyterIanIsm drove him into and made him a clergyman for 35 years And that streak of pessimism which permeates his de scendants can be traced to the dark and foreboding doctrines of a religion that rested for centuries on the Puritans of New En gland and their descendants like a pall of midnight darkness We of the present are what the past has made us for there Is no break in the endless chain of cause and effect and the in reUgloneverdevisednature and It has augmented the troubles of this life by piling up the terrors of the next and generations must yet come and go under the Influence of Freethought before the damnable results through heredity can be eliminated that long belief In an angry God and everlasting torture for sinners is responsible for From Presbyterianism to Universalism was a long step toward Freethought and two generations from the old bluebellied deacon attained the mental freedom expressed In that word for his grandchildren are out of the theological woods entirely and basking in the sunlight of Reason The subject of this sketch claims no remarkable accomplish ments In life and appears among the Blades collection of Free thinkers only as a sincere and determined opponent of priest craft and mental bondage of every kind He has been using his pen since 1876 when his first article appeared in tlhe old Boston Investigator and from time to time he has broken Into nearly all the Freethought publications since then His first article was on the god idea which he regards as the basis of mental slavery the world over and believing that clear and rational thinking is an impossibility While the god idea rattles around in any mans mind he Is still a knocker on that proposition In writing lie has always had two objects To free his own mind and to stimulate thinking in others for stagnant thoughts and mental Inaction are tne worst things that can afflict any community The mind must have food as well as the body and the exchange and Interchange of radical thoughts which Freethought publications have made possible has done more to push the world along and Insure progress than any other force In society No matter what a man thinks if his thoughts are f jt1r IJ i Jf ti ii Acr Gtl il A regulated by reason let him turn them loose and the world will be benefitted thereby- It is Ideas that move the world and If wrong ideas move It they must be changed and to effect changes agitation and com motlpn are necessary in the realms of thought so place no ob structions in the pathway of progress Because the churches and religion have always stood In the way of mans advancement why he hates and combats them and as long as life lasts they will find In him a foe to the extent of his ability We cannot all be Ingersolls or Bradlaughs but we can all do a little and a multiplicity of ordinary workers can have an influence that will leave results So as one of the ordinary workers he stands up to be counted and to refer to some of the events in his life as others have done in biographical sketches and as distance will always preclude our meeting face to face with coworkers in the Freethought movement to a great extent this picture and sketch idea of getting better acquainted is a happy thought on the part of the Blade publishers though somewhat expensive to v them Where we have read mens thoughts for years we feel more or less acquainted and an interest exists In the personality of all such that creates a desire to know something of life work and experiences What have they done and tow have they fared on the journey to the grave which Is the one place we are all headed for Channing Severance left home at 14 years of age and has been knocking about ever since From the ranch to the railroad was among his earliest experiences and 12 years of his life were passed on the railroad he being a freight conductor at 19 years of age After that he went to California where he has since resided for 25 years Most of that time he has been an humble follower of Jesus Christ the Carpenter but he recalls two weeks when he followed in the footsteps of Mohammed the mule driver But whenever and wherever the opportunity he has always promulgated and defended Freethought ideas In 1887 he delivered the first Paine memorial address In Los An geles to an audience of 1200 and was president of the first Free thought organization established in that city He also had the honor and the pleasure of delivering the first Ingersoll memorial address In the same place and besides conducting various funeral ceremonies where the clergy were not desired he has for years contributed radical Ideas to local papers on various subjects that concern mankind and his welfare For 30 years he accepted a belief In modern spiritualism but reason experi ence and philosophical meditations drove him into the material istic realms of thought where he now abides in peace and quiet content when this life is ended to return to the unconscious elements out of which came self consciousness This change was made In 1854 He regards Nature as a blind force with Infinite powers that reach to Infinite realms in space without consciousness plan or purpose in her movements He sees no place or necessity for a god of any kind and thinks if one existed with power to control Nature and her movements the mind would run up against a greater mystery than Nature herself Judging the future from the past he does not believe this world will ever be much different In the future than It has been in bygone ages for under the law of periodicity we do as Vol taire proclaimed alternate from barbarism to civilization over and over again as day and night alternate The earth Is dotted with the ruins of nations and mighty empires have risen only to fall decay and sink into oblivion It Is selfexisting law that controls what we for want ofa better name call destiny and as such a thing as endless progress or progress without reac tion was never known reason tells us It never will be rtdft i BLUE GRASS BLADE g I THE CURSE OF THE GOD IDEA Christians Believe Without Sense or Reason and Build Their Faith on Credulity y Channlug Severance dominatesthedoneU4119credulityIf believes in a god ho does so because credulity rises discoveredInhas anything to do with Nature and Natures laws Not the slightest reason exists for the idea of a god such as omnlpotentregulates and controls an infinite universe They believe without sense or reason that he can suspend the action of natural laws at will perform miracles hear prayers and answer them know every thought and feeling of 1500000000 people on the face of this earth and keep track of every Individuals record good or spiritworlddoing all these things Nothing but the imagination could ever construct such an Idea and call it god and In the imagination is where he originated where he lives and does business He has never been found anywhere else and the search for him has been long and thor ough by doubters and unbelievers Now what is the imagination that makes all the gods gives them power to do impossible things creates the Jewish Jehovah accepted by Christians who with all his multitudinous duties and occupations finds time to millionindividualsThe imagination is the human mind running wild without the restraint or control of reason and when In that condition It Is like a ship on the ocean with no one controlling the rudder for themIttions into the invisible realms of space end there to create gods to account for natural phenomena and at one time heathen mythology had a god for every department of Nature to make things go Then as now these gods took the form of man same as the Christians god Jehovah does and never has the Imagination of human beings created any other kind of a personal god because thatRby all the Christian churches that are orthodox It is tho Idea I am dealing with in these remarks Who first created a personal conductknow that this god idea all through the ages past and gone has been the source of power for priestcraft to enslave mens minds and rob them of the fruits of their fabor Starting with God as a basis to work on priestcraft has built a spirit world out of the same kind of material constructed a human soul that there lives forever and has made the priest a necessity to insure happiness In this Imaginary world It is the slickest thing ever conceived of to control mens actions and obtain their money and fear has ever so completely domi nated credulous minds that a steady stream of gold and silver j has always flowed into the pockets of the priesthood Untold whilegivingdrones and parasites The God idea and Its attendant conceptions of hell and heaven ridiculouskind immortal souls and endless life has not only made cowards and himself the power to escape all this and to defy the efforts of inthoughtliving knew this and would act accordingly the priest would be havebeenfreedomandenslaved by his supposed wishes and the only way mankind godandtodeludeIs gone falldownanddiscussionseems t minds that are enslaved by it and all through life live in fearand trembling lest they do something to offend and endanger victimspunishmenttor thanthereBefore believing too much it would be well for mens peace of forhellefsthatto be disturbed by If there is a future life no knowledge of todIscoversame we must look Into space for stars not reached by any isbasedseen and unknown entities It they exist while stars we know existbeyondInvisible spirit world is a stronger article than I possess beHeveInbyfearsagony to Invite trouble they might avoid and to suffer needless mortal jThe Christians god is nothing but a bugaboo as were the gods 4createdgood horse sense should put an end to belief in gods of all kinds until better reasons for having such a belief can be found and until some evidence of another and immortal life can be found It is folly to cultivate fears in regard to it so let us devote our time and attention to this world and put the priest out of business by rejecting his god and all the fancies built up around him 17ftn hc r n77lr BLUEGRASS BLADE Striking a Balance Sheet IContinuation of the Bitter Struggle for Civil Power Between Ecclesiasticism and Freethought By Judge Parish B Ladd The church again being cut of funds sold every place within Its gift some of them several times over leaving The purchasers tq fight for possession between themselves not only this but Indulgences for the commission of all kinds of crime in cluding murder were sold even peddled people Holding a commission SALone traveled over Europe selling such indulgences In many places he did a fine business In his sales Feeling the loss of power Gregory XI returned to Rome 1378 where lie soon died It will here be noticed that many gaps have been left open In this naratlve This I have been forced to do to avoid too long an article but I have left no loopholes where It is necessary to show the struggle for power between Free thought and Popedom and Christianity gone to VI after Gregory was elected by the papal party To this the French king and cardinals dissented and elected Clem ent VIII Then the council of Constance ojwas convened which elected Martin V 141731 This was followed by Bohemia who elected Bossel pope Here we have four popes all at one time but Bossel was soon deposed i favor of Martin who made a desperate attempt to reform the prIest- hood to reform Christianity which had sunk so low as to become a stench In the nostrils of all decent men who were Freethinkers all cthprs were popes priests and their as I truly may Machiavellis three degrees of capacity of men That one clues understands things by their own nat ural powers another when they are ex plained to them a third not at all In dealing with them he says different modes must be used The last class he says are the most numerous so simple and weak that they are easily duped The definition of Machtavellls could not be Improved on The first class Is confined to Freethinkers reasoners The second class to men and women who cannot do not or Jlare not reason To this class belongs most of our clerics a few women and some men The third class takes in the great herd of hu man cattle who move only as directed by their superiors To this class belongs the lower clergy and their dupesthe real lIevers In the prevailing superstition peo pIe who must have a Totum to worship At this last epoch scepticism pervaded w i y if MIIII JIff iTWftJ oiE4f all classes It was seen that Christianity was not only a failure but false in fact that the boast of the priests that the sys tem was for the elevation of the race was all false and that its long trial had proved lt such All except the pope his priests and the proletalre were InfidelsFreethink- ers most of them Atheists Even some of the popes and priests were unbelievers These Freethinkers stood alone at the helm of progress for the uplifting of humanity They were moving to overthrow Christian barbarism Pope Plus II 145063 on the throne commenced to gather the cohorts of his Christian hell to light the Infidels as he styled all his opponents While Plus was thus mustering his forces the gods stepped in and killed him Paul II 1450 64 being in sympathy with the Freethink ers sought to restore paganism as a better system than Christianity Here we have Popes Alexander VI and Julius II whose lives wero little better than criminals Ecclesiastical corruption the natural fruits of Christianity and Its Bible had reached a limit where longer submission was Im possible Calvin and Luther come to the front popedom Is up In arms These men being priests demand the local revenues the pope claims all they throw down the gates and proclaim libertyliberty for themselves not for all But the gates once open neither of these men could shut them Both were Intolerent while Calvin burned Servetus over a slow fire Luther vented his spite by abusing all Freethinkers Both needed the aid of civil powers then mostly in the hands of Freethinkers with which to ward off the pope so Jhey were power less to enforce their Intolerance Clement VII now pope 152335 Is just in time to witness the sack of Rome 1527 by the troops of Charles V who became not only emperor of Rome but protector of the church From this time until the close of the eighteenth century the history of church may properly be divided Into three periods But as the events during this time have little bearing on the eccles iastical and civil strife for power I close this matter In brief as follows From 1530 to the seventeenth century numerous at tempts were made to reconstruct the pa pacy but In vain there was nothing to construct popedom had lost Its civil power decline had set In under Pope Plus VII Under Paul HI 153450 the society of Jesus Jesuits was formed which has be come a terrible power in the hands of the pope who It obeys or not as It sees fit This society everywhere established has terfered with civil government In conse 41Ltr wr quence of which It has been banished fromxevery government In Christendom from some of them two to four times It Is now working to undermine our American system with luring prospects of success Benedict XVI 174050 at the helm found all Europe so sunk In ignorance and crime that the more intelligent people called Infidels had united to crush out Lie brutal priesthood The clergy of Austria and France were at war so that the last half of the eighteenth century found the popes in dire distress over the situation The papacy to save Itself from destruction was forced to dissolve the order The House of Austria having withdrawnl from papal rule placed Emperor Joseph 1L at the head of the church Plus VI threw himself into the arms of Joseph Here the French revolution breaks out which In Its Intemperate fury the people having so long smarted under popish rule sweeps away king priest and church alike The pope is forced from Rome and held n prisoner at Valance where he dies August 29 1799 The kings head goes off Napoleon by eldct abolishes the papacy but the cardi nals continue to hope They meet at Ven ice December 1799 and elect Chiaramonti as Plus VII who petitioned Napoleon to save the church Here Pius makes a for lorn effort to restore the morals Plus is followed by Leo XII Plus VII Gregory XVI Plus IX succeeding Gregory for two years keeps up the strife for reform when he falls into the hands of the revolutionists escaping in disguise he flees from Rome to Gaeta where he Is arrested and brought back to Rome by the French forces On December 1854 he issues the bull Ineffa bills Deus which gave the Virgin Mary a place in the foetus of the Catholic church December 1864 ho issues the encyclical Quanta Cura fixing certain errors for con a part of the popes territory being occupied by his troops after a feeble resistance against the Sardinian forces yields up the territory to the crown under King Emanuel From this time until 1870 Plus IX is maintained at Rome by the French army On the 18th of July 1870 the Vatican council decided the infallibility of the pope The war breaking out between France and Prussia forced the withdrawal of the French army from Rome This left Emanuel a free hand nor was he long in using It for he sent a force for the capture of Rome The Vatican force could make but feeble resistance the king captured the city and annexed It to his kingdom With this the civil powers of the Vatican came i 4jJtij kNr r r r BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 to an end Popedom lost all and Its doom m Europe was sealed forever Likely to be driven out of Europe the present pope is laying his nefarious schemes to capture our country and make it a second Christian hell on earth In this he has gone so far as to form an alliance with our political lead ers who in exchange lor the Catholic vote are placing in all important positions the bulls of Rome This nefarious scheme be gan with Harrison continued under Mc Kinley and Roosevelt and nQW has en trapped both Taft and Bryan who stand ready to barter off American freedom for the presidency The subject of witchcraft has played too important a part during the contest in Europe to be passed over in silence A little of it here and this article must close So little has been heard of witches in the last hundred years that most people think it a small affair and that mostly confined to Salem Never were they so sadly mistaken r For more than 300 years the shrieks from every nook corner city town and precinct In Europe was heard the dying groans of countless women as they were being tortured by every device that the priesthood could invent and finally the smoke ascended from their quivering flesh and crackling bones only to tell of their last agonies which still rouse the sympathies and sadden the heart of the reader of the history of those times that tried the souls How Pitiful to Waste a Childs Time by Teaching It Superstitious Falsehood By Julia C Coon A crowned caprice is god of tho world On his stony breast are his wings un furled No ear to hearken no eye to see No heart to feel for a man hath he The little story of Chinese children in the Girls Hall of Learning In The Youths Instructor reveals a sad aspect Awakened to some of the wrongs in their own land these children imagine or have been taught that America is a free nation simply because every four years tho people write down the name of the man whom they wish to govern the country and the man whose name is written by tho greatest number of people Is chosen ruler It could hardly be expected but that children would think that this must be the essence of liberty They truly could not yet have had an opportunity to learn that the rule of an ignorant majority would not be likely to be better than that of an au fo t of Freethinkers Not so with the priest who rejoiced over the burning of witches to fulfil scripture Suffer not a witch to live and other kindred teachings of the holy Bible Numerous estimates of the number of witches put death by the most com petent writers foots up from seven to four teen millions while one of the most con servative estimates fixes the number at 9000000 These women witches were sup posed to be in league with the devil work ing for the allurement of souls from Christ and Christianity and for blighting the har vest bringing on pestilence famine and other injuries of a temporal nature While witchcraft was recognized toa limited ox tent by paganism and Mosaistn we read of no tortures or murders before Christianity The torture and murder of these innocent women was reserved for the Christian sav ages of the dark ages whose priesthood often boasted of the number that they had burned at the stake The laws for the punishment of witches were in every In stance the work of the priesthood Although witchcraft was believed in all classes at one time and the witches were tried condemned tortured and put to death by the civil authorities the priest hood was back of all Protestants and Cath olics alike were tne instigators of the pros ecutions The Bible being their authority it became the special duty of the priests to hunt up furnish proof convict and rejoice tocracy nor could they have hadany means of knowing of the vast aniounfi of money continually expended to mlslead the mass of tho peoplethe people who produce the countrys necessities and Induce them to tie their precious votes over obscure Issues leaving the country to be wholly ruled by a plutocracy as cruel and opposed to the real progress and Intelligence of the nation as is that of China Nor could the children In the Girls Hall of Learnlg have had any real knowl edge of Christianity its history and purpose Their instruction along this line had been wholly superficial and onesided Else one of them would not have averred that the Gospel of Jesus Christ would be a benefit to Cnlua or that it could change the hearts of tho people and give them true light The child had been taught nothing of tho lCOOyear rule of Christianity In fcurope darkest of all dark history Noth ing of its clanking chains its dungeons its racks and its Nothing of the Immortal Bruno and thousands of others whom the Christians put to a horrible death h i over tae agony of the dying victims In time these thinking men Freethinkers awoke from the general hideous scenes and began to reason on the matter Although the proof of witchcraft was overwhelming it was so incredible so at war with the laws of nature that thinking men finally refused to believe that the witch stories could be true These men nnally resorted to ridicule as a means to stop the persecu tions They said it was impossible that the woman witch could be in different places at the same time or that she could go up a e cninmey and ride through the air on a broomstick or that she had the powers of producing famine pestilence and the like all of which had been sworn to by witnesses in court and believed by the judges In time common sense was aroused and com menced to Investigate Then witches grew less and less until witchcraft was no longer believed in except by the divine priesthood who stood in their last ditchIwith their holy Bible as a breastwork In the end the cleric had to give It up thoughtit rested on Bible authority Now a man or woman would be looked on as Insane if he or she should attempt to maintain these Bible statements just as well authenticated and just as false as all the rest of the Bible My next will necessarily be long It will deal with the revival of learning In Europe the work of Freethinkers IThe Truth Shall Mike You Free stakeburnings for being unable to believe the Christian dogmas Else she would not have bullded her hopes on this vilest of religions to work any reformation in China Nor had she heard of the toiling millions In America of women who sew by the midnight lamp and slave children who yield up their lives in factories in order that Christian mil lionaires and Christian fakirs may live in luxury and Idleness Had the children been taught the real truth they would not have bullded their childish hopes on a mere willothewisp a changing from an au tocracy to a plutocracy or a changing of worship and faith from one savior to some other Could our cnlldren be taught the real truth in these schools that cost so much in time and money how straight and true would be tho path up the mountain side of Evolution The truth Indeed shall make us free Oh the pity that wo waste away childrens precious time teaching them falsehoods of the Infallblllty of Confucius or Jesus or Mohammed when they would as well learn the truth that Is to make the r oI iPIHti1j it r n r fl j yo i 6 BLUE GRASS BLADEV whole world free and unselfish and happy The shame that our children are not taught that their lives are their one chance in all eternity to make a light for truth and right and that ot death they must yield the fight to other hands and sink back into oblivion It Is natural so It Is better so and the world has never yet had reliable evidence that death is not the end of life the horrible wrongs perpetuated against humanity today the worst is the old old teaching of some creator who sires our faith and worship and of a future life Its origin is well known The godidea originated in the minds of savage fakirs who used it to profit by the ignor ance and gullibility of their followers but it is used by the same kind of people and for the same purpose today The populace is lulled into a willingness to be robbed of its birthright by the assurance that it io some gods will and a promise of future crowns and mansions- Of all toe gigantic swindles ever invented it is the greatest for it swindles men women and children out of their reason and all that makes this life worth living There could bo no greater swindle con ceived than the palming off of such books as the Bible or the Koran as the word of a supposed creator Let us teach our children only truth Let us teach the hope of Evolution rather than the hopelessness of degeneration IN THE HOUR OF GREAT NEED Following is a list of the names and ad dresses of Liberal speakers who are pre pared to conduct funeral services over the remains of deceased Freethinkers- On account of probable delay it would be advisable to call them by telegram Josephine K Henry Versailles Ky Dr J B Wilson 206 East Fourth Street Cincinnati Ohio Parker H Sercombe Editor Tomorrow 139 East Street Chicago Illinois John R Charlesworth Lexington Ky Marion W Marley Bucklln Kansas- A J Clausen St Ansgar Iowa Stanberry Alderman McConnelsville O H H Lane 292 N Front Street New Haven Conn Dr Perry Engle Newton Iowa WANTEDSuccess Magazine requires the services of a man in Lexington to look after expiring subscriptions and to secure uew business by means of special method nn usually effective position permanent pre fer one with experience but would consider any applicant with good natural quallflca tions salary 150 per day with commission option Address with references R C Peacock Room 102 Success Magazine Bldg New York fh I f i h 7 I tt Ji l1t ManIWho Knew Primitive Question Propounded In Criticism of the Blade and one of its Writers By Win Smith M D As my reply to yourself and A A Snow sent some time ago has not been published presume it has not reached you and as much as I do not wish to reiterate that again will try to answer some of the ar guments that are brought forth by the lieverstho Materialists or Spiritualists- In the physical body of man there are many parts and elements In the mind there are many principles each Is com plete Every element of the body retains its own Individuality either in the body or out of It The dissolution of the body does not change the element Every faculty of the mind la ever the same either In the mind of man animal bird fish or wherever mind is The actions in the body are dual absorption and repulsion The faculties of the mind are also dual in their action and as one part of the body cannot perform the functions for another part neither can one faculty of the mind perform the func tions for another faculty Energy Is the only energiser Firmness is the only prin ciple that is firm Fear Is the only principle that produces fear Love is only that that can love and so it Is with each and every principle of the mind Each principle of the mind and every element of the body Is perfectly just what It Is No element of the body no principle of the mind can influence any other ach remains ever the same Let It be understood by principle I mean a cause also in the word body and the word mind you embrace in the one word many elements and many principles- In order to show the duality in mind I will now mention a few of the faculties that are in opposition Intelligence opposed by Animality Reverence opposed by Profan ity Benevolence opposed by Selfishness Truthfulness opposed by Secretiveness Sociability opposed by Combativeness Phllanthrophy opposed by Destruction Hope opposed by Desperation Love op posed by Hatred Patience opposed by Ir rjtability Firmness opposed by Fear Hardihood opposed by Sensibility Energy opposed by Relaxation Playfulness op posed by Melancholy Chastity opposed by Amativeness Caution opposed by Recklessness Modesty opposed by Ambition Spirituality opposed by Infidelity and so I might go on showing the duality Every principle or cause is unchangeable It cannot be annihilated It Is perfect It doesn t progress or retrograde Combat ff it c iveness does not become more or less com bativeness Energy does not become more or less energy So with every other fac ulty or principle of the combination that has been named Mind It Is the same with every element of the body Not an element principle cause either physical or mental has ever progressed or retrograded each is Just what It ever has been and must continue to be unless existence Is anni hilated There Is so much said about primitive ma that I would like for some one to tell me the particular time this primitive man first made his advent upon the earth and who became acquainted with him- I think it is evident that there Is not nor ever has been any thing being or universe that has or can produce something greater than Itself I for one cannot accept the idea that man sprang from the lower order of the animal kingdom It Is truo that the animal uses some of the same faculties of the mind that man does but this does not prove that man sprang from the animal it only shows that the same faculties are used by both It Is also true wherever any faculty Is used Its demonstration is the same The faculties comparatively speaking are like the tools In the mechanics tool chestno matter who or what uses the tool the work of the tool Is the same So it is with the faculties of the mind It is true one principle or cause cannot influence another but as mankind generally believes they think they can It Is for us to show where they make the mistake It that werq true all principles causes would long ago have been destroyed We may direct any faculty of our mind to one or more objects we may think we are using certain faculties and not be using them at all we see this demonstrated by the churches by many Freethinkers by the Spiritualists and many other professions The truth is almost every one of them use the faculty of combativeness more than any other AH this talk of religion and god either for or against is purely from one claiming thev are right while the other is wrong If they were to ask themselves this question Do I use the faculties of the mind that my opponent uses and in the same degree do you suppose there would be combating I think not How much bet ter it would be for the human family It the faculties were studied more In their action and use Let people become acquainted with them and know where they speak and act from and superstition and wars 01 Y fJ i r M ii4fft l BLUE GFRASB BLADE 7 hate lying stealing licentiousness and all other crimes would be no more but until the time comes that individuals will know to a certainty what faculty of the mind they are using we will slave designing men ana women ruling the people under the name of Church Religion Ereothought Spiritual ism Christian Science Materialism or some other beliefs Just as foolish It is a truth that all believers are disbe lievers and all disbelievers are believers they all combat Before closing this article I wish to refer to what A A Snow wrote in answer to my article that was published lie says Does matter act in some cases through the power of the gods and in all other cases because of the properties within it because of Its own nature Or in other words is matter in some cases only the football of the gods acting only as it is acted upon while In others it is selfacting Surely If selfacting at allll is always so and It surely is and we nave absolutely no evi dence of Its acting any other way In answer to what ho has written I will say Matter never acts it Is moved from one location to another and oft times it appears to us that matter acts because the forces that move matter are not seen and matter is seen To us It appears to move It is upon the same principle that the bal loon we say ascends the heat carries it up and not the principle In matter for mat ter never moves of itself Again he says Protoplasm that builds up any very complicated structure is gov erned by these experiences- He forgets that the protoplasm Itself was built out of material Yes Mr Snow the protoplasm of the cell is material the smallest speck be it so small that the strongest magnifying glass cannot show it if a speck at all it is material The builder uses the material It also uses such prin ciples and elements as is necessary to build a body but I am sorry that the ingre dients It has to build from is not always what we call the very best At some fu ture time I may tell you about the builder Muncie Ind FOR THE EMERGENCY FUND WILKES BARRE PA Enclosed fled one dollar Subscription to the emergency fundYour FraternallyL K DERBY For the Good of the Cause VISALIA CALIF Herewith enclosed please find money order 150 for newal of my subscription the balance for the good cause of the Blue Grass Blade Please send me one extra copy oz the Blade with Ingersolls picture and short biogra phy of his lIfeA MITCHELL OC J r More About Mars Response Made to Last Article of Charles O Hays By Fanklln H Heald In the Blade of August 9th my friend Chas O Hays after repudiating the Nebu lar Hypothesis still maintains his position that the planet Mars is older than the Earth and bases his opinion upon what he consid ers my mistakes in estimating jhe height of mountains upon our neighboring planets Admitting that Mars has no mountains he says It could scarcely be expected that mountains equal to those upon the Earth could exist ona planet so much smaller Allow me then to call his attention to our satelite the Moon which In bulk is 45 times smaller and in weight times small er than the Earth and yet has mountains almost if not quite as high as those of the Earth I will only refer to Peabodys Ele ments of Astronomy Note 343 p 178 whlc gives the highest at 26000 feet This authority was published in 1869 and my own observations place them nearer 30000 feet Although Mars is twice the diame ter of the Moon he figures that since the surface of gravity of Mars Is but twofifths that of the Earth It Is not probable that mountains more than two miles high could ever exist on that planet Now by this method of reasoning the Moon being so much smaller than Mars as Mars Is smaller than the Earth should only have mountains fourfifths of one mile high while they are five miles high In fact thus showing con clusively that the height of mountains are forced by the crystallzatlon ofa planet from molten matter which must necessarily greatly increase its bulk and force up its mountain ranges along the lines of least re sistance On our Earth many of these lines seem to be on western coasts where the water recedes on account of the tation of the Earth on Its axes towards the to the height of the Mountains on Venus I admit that I have only measured their shadows in the termination of Venus crescent In my book Prosesslon of Planets to whch Mr Hays refers I have quoted pa page 92 from Lockyers Astronomy note 265 which places them exceeding twenty miles Peabody note 415 p 216 places them at27mUesand others at a later date still higher I believe my es timate of 30 miles will be found more near ly correct Mr Hays shows that Mars Is more dense Y i idRrJ than the Earth and asks Does this great density indicate a young and thin crusted planet I answer yes and point to our Moon and almost all other crystallzed mat ter in proof of It The Moon Is so small and dead that there is but little doubt that it is further substantiated by the fact tnat its density or proportional weight is only about half that of the Earth al though the Earth already has a very thick crust Mars on the other hand being al most entirely molten is very dense We will never find gaseous interiors to Plan ets any more than we will find patches of redhot gas in space or any more than we win find patches of air or gas under 2000 feet of sea water where the pressure is nearly half a ton to the square Inch To my critic and friend Joseph B Thorn who objects that If Mars Is covered with water it would not be red let me suggest that it might be covered with red water Or better still It might be red wine or the blood of Jesus possibly But seriously I believe that when the crust of a cooling Planet first breaks along the line of least resistance to allow the crystallzing of its Interior to go on the cleavage would be in a straight line and the Irregularities would come afterwards by the erosion oftiwater and Ice upon the elevated matter I also wish to say to both Mr Hays and Mr Thorn that water which is converted into steam gasis Invisible which removes their objections to Mars Internal heat Any matter which Is converted in to gas Is in visible until it is crystalized by cold and If this were not the case we could not see any of the space must be filled with ex panded and invisible matter In order to transmit the electric force of light and heatI appreciate the respect of my friends and most sincerely return the compllmentlbut I do refuse to be tied to this old wrong endbefore theory that the oldest Plan ets are farthest from the sun Everything In the Solar System proves the reverse The Sun must be fed with fuel In order to maintain Its heat which is electricity and the gas which It expands by Its In tense heat must go up Not only must It go up which Is every direction from the Sun In our Solar System but when it con denses from gas it must come down again and the Planets are forming in the zone of Nebula which lays beyond Neptune and on the plane of the Suns Equator at right angles to the Milky Way and they are coming down 17 nl 4 JI S BLUEGRASSBLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by hint until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year tn advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each subscriptions cents per month ITrial subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 500 800 Quarter column single rroenye 200 one month 1400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal In case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE enterd at the Postoffice at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky MIND SOIENCE SUPERSTITION Prominent among the controversies that are now taking placo in the world of advanced thought is the influence exercised that may bo exercised or that is likely to bo exercisedupon the individual mind by superstition during scientific research Many who are more or less imbued with superstition in any of its forms are inclined to regard the mind as an entity a thing to bo actually felt and capable of dissection andanalysis The more modern view is to regard the mind as a result of a combination of mentalities or faculties of which the brain is the central organ The mind is not a material form Animals capable of sensation which includes innumerable forms possess thought reflec tion conception perception and memory These mental forces or processes constitute all we know of mind The stronger these forces or process are capable of operating jointly or severally the stronger the power and influence of the mind As the mind is but a mental process it is readily understood how weak minds can bo more influ enved by superstition than minds of stronger capacity All science is but a method of ascertaining by observa tion and experiment through demonstration of the physi cal forces of nature tlieir mode of operation and tho results obtained Superstition is but a belief or a specific form of belief in ti f tAn APMl1t It which an ignorant or abnormal religious feeling is shown as by venerating things that deserve no veneration or by attaching undue importance to forms and observances in themselves in other words it is primarily a belief in n specific religious system which is regarded by all others than the believer as being unreasonable and without author itative support in other words a false system of religion This applies with equal force to all religious systems under the sun Individualminds may be influenced by superstition to such an extent as to warp proper scientific investigation leading the investigator to false conclusions but such a result does not alter or change the character ofa single scientific fact From the results obtained by reason of the first series of examinations in the Corespondcnce School the Blade finds considerable satisfaction and gratification From time to time we have argued that once a student can be held to take the full course of instruction prescribed the mind will be forever freed from superstition and all that it implies In order to convince our readers that such a result would surely obtain wo take the privilege of culling from the examination sheet df Mr Ashley Johnson of Arkansas the following questions and answers its they were given and answered in the Astronomical series Question GGho an example of a correct and a false deductionAnswerA false deduction is one derived from gen eral principles which are assumed to be correct Perfect deduction is one arrived at by comparing carefully tho re sults of deduction from actual phenomena Question 12What relation does a superstition bear to the law of cause and effect AnswerItmerely affects tho individual mind but bears no relation to the law In those two answers may bo found a full and complete argument to all tho theology in tho world It will explain why the socalled religious mind is incapable of correct thinking and true investigation In it we may find tho real difference between scientific inquiry and theological assumption tho ono believes from inclination the other cepting only facts that are proven Tile answer to question 12 as above given couldnot hove been satisfactorily explained in any other way Superstition does affect tho individual mind but all tho superstitions known to man cannot change alter amend orIsuspend tho operations of natural law and upon this pothesis all tho great glory of scientific achievement his been won And how many are tho individual minds yet dominated and influenced by superstition How many aro tho individual minds that yet fail to comprehend tho fact that their personal belief does not and cannot affect a fact a truth Beliefs may change Beliefs do change Facts remain the same for these cannot bo changed Our friends may now be able to understand that the School is a safe dependency for tho eradication of super stition This is its mission It even aims to go further Bi i 4 I jif 1 Jlt t f1+ BLUEGRASSBLADE 9 than training the minds of its pupils for it hopes to pre pare them in such a way that they can instruct others in the knowledge they thereby obtain Referring to the answer given to question 6 we may observe the scientific method of reasoning As a rule theologians merely asume certain premises to be correct and it must follow that no matter how true may be their methods reasoning to start with an incorrect premise must leadto an incorrect conclusion The trouble is not with deductive reasoning but with the foundation upon which that reasoning is built This leaves the theological citadel in a shaky condition shattered by every wind that blows from the cloud of facts The Blade asumes pride in the results here obtained from this first examination and reasoning from cause to effect wo may further assume that as the scientific investigation proceeds tho less opportunity willsuperstition have of in fluencing that mind Mention might also be made that Mr Johnson received a perfect grade in his astronomical examinations for Sep tember studies- Selfconfidence in such a result gave us every possible encouragement to propeed with the work of building up the Correspondence School Although we shall be com pelled to conduct it at a financial loss for this year yet the good it has already done is a sort ofa compensation for it shows that our labors will not be in vain MANHATTAN LIBERAL CLUB Among the oldest and most militant of the organized societies of Freethinkers is the Manhattan Liberal Olub of Now York City Its platform was among tho freest of the free and all scholars no matter whore they came from or what they had to advocate wore given the right of speech therefrom Tho discussions that invariably follow have led to innumerable spirited controversies hugely enjoyed by tho Clubs patrons and its work for Freothought a freo press and free speech is to be commended From a recent report submitted by its Secretary YoJ Terwilliger it appears that its officers and directors or some Qf them argued in favor of abandoning the organi zation permitting it to lapse into disuse simply because there had been felt a depreciation in the financial patron age necessary to its maintenance thereby incurring a heav ier burden upon tho remaining few Tho Blade is pleased to note that tho proposition did not meet with the favor of the majority and a few of the most prominent of the leaders including Dr E3 Foote insisted that the Clubshould be revived and perpetuated and led off with a good subscription to its fund to enable the Club to carry out its purposes andobjects This action is gratifying in the extreme The Club has served too good a purpose in the past to justify its dissolu tion Its force and power in the great metropolis of the Republic are still essential as a means safeguarding the rights and liberties of the people There can bo no just J Ji ground for dissolving it upon the plea that many other societies of a similar character are now at work in tho same locality for the more societies of the character of the Lib eral Club wo can boast the better and stronger becomes the advocacy for mental liberty Had all church denomina tions acted upon the same hypothesis their organization would not be what it is today By all means keep the Club going Keep it on a high plane Every Freethinker in and around Now York should rally to its support We can ill afford to lose such an organization as the Liberal Club Its loss would be a reflection upon tho cause of Freethought in America There are hundreds nay thousands of liberal men and women in andaround Greater New York who might be brought into cooperation with the Club by proper eff rtrTho Blade has not an over largo number ofsubscribers intthat city but it has some and if its services can be of any avail its columns are open for that purpose v SUFFER THE CHILDREN ETC The Baptist World of Louisville is in high jinks over the reported success of an evangelical mission in Now York City during tho recent summer months through the me limn of gospel tent campaigns and claims innumerable now souls for Christ as a resultant Tho World goes into ec tacies and gives vent to overjoyous feelings because oftsuch a showing Aside from tho psychology and of such conversion the World must not take suchmatters so ser iously Two thousand years have passed since the central figure of Christianity was supposed to be on tho earthand the world is fourfifths pagan With Christian influences on the wane tho outlook for a total conversion is not very rosy and if tho Blade can exert any influence upon the issue tho day of final Christian triumph will be consider ably delayed From its column of slush and exuberance we read tho followingA feature of tho services this season at many of the centers has been tho unusual attendance and interest of boys and girls Five or six hundred boys and girls fairlyoverflowed tho Swedish tent every night until the committee substituted larger tent The interest of the young people is most encouraging as a lifetime service for Christ is of much greater value than that ofa deathbed repentanceSo all it is a case of counting over chickens before 1 they are hatched Boys and girls yea full five or six hundred of them wore brought to tho stool of repentancer and these have actually confessed Christ But what a sad x commentary upon Christian effort Who can guarantee the religious pretensions or beliefs of a single solitary one of tho entire number ten years from now Children with half formed minds and intellect have over been tho prey of- F tho church advocates and we still find them boasting that they can successfully preach to infants r 11ft t 110 BLUE GRASS BLADE i is interesting to note however that the World places 1It value upon a life of service to the cause of Christ than in a mere deathbed repentance Freethinkers can respect the most rabid orthodox believer provided he bo truly consistent in all things pertaining to his belief shapingand moulding his life therewith and they may also pity him And yet a life of devotion to an idealeven though that ideal bo error is more to be admired than a life of dissolution and debauchery But The World it seems stillstands for and claims a virtue in deathbedrepent ance a claim that upsets all the extravagant assumptions of tho militant church Deathbed repentances and sinis ter designs upon little children constitute the saving power and grace of orthodox Christianity No wonder intelli gence evades it No wonder thinking men andwomen have so little regard for such a system The untutored savage was just as capable as the most intelligent of the preachers that Christendom can boast The mind of a child unskilled in the arts and wiles of religious controversy and the impaired mental faculties wrought by disease are about on a par An orthodox ceptance may be admitted or assumed and the demands of the church are satisfied The probable conversion of these children is heralded as a marked feature of tho occasion A feature is some thing that stands out more boldly more prominently than the things by which it is surrounded and when that feature becomes especially marked it must be regarded as a feature of allother features and is therefore the very best the purveyor has in his shop The application ofa marked feature to this raid upon the infantile intelli gence of New York and its environments spells a sad fail ure for the orthodox church and at the same time implies that the attendance and conversion of five or six hundred little children wasthe very best the gospel tent campaign couldaccomplish againXGOD RELIGION AND POLITICS To love a fictitious god is regarded as a higherand purer human motive than a love of country by The West minster an orthodox organ published at Philadelphia in the interest of the Presbyterian church The argument is used and advanced as a cogent reason for socalled religious people interesting themselves in the political issues and struggles of the day and at the same time as a justification for religious publications dealing with political measures from orthodox viewpoints anding a sort of combined political action by their adherents Narrowed to a recognizable point of vision love of is simply obedience to the preacher The latter know nothing of god but assumes a knowledge ho knows ho does not So as he can succeed in the a andPsalary may be safe but once his flock is able to r and p i ljr understand his very inmost thoughts job and cashwill van ish together All tho people can ever learn of this sup posed god is by what comes from tho lips of tho preacher and from what they can road in religious journals edited by preachers Properly interpreted the love of god is simply a confidence in the preacher and it is to the interest 4 of the profession that foolish religious people shall take an interest in politics Judging from many of the laws that now disgrace our statute books both State and Federal far too many relig ious people have taken an interest in politics But for the influence of the religiously insane we would not now be hampered by Puritanical blue laws and the wasteful ex penditure of thousands of dollars every year from out the public treasury in a foolish and futile attempt at the enforcement of those blue laws All such laws are for the personalaggrandizement of tho clergy tho enrichment of the church and to gratify tho selfish ambition of the pious ly insane Sordid politicians have yielded to tho orthodox importunities from time to time as a means of gaining votes in political contests and but few have tho moral cour age to manifest the slightest opposition to orthodox demands Political candidates feel that to join some church will be a step towards an election and specious promises are made if successful at the polls All the laws that are absolutely necessary to tho good government of human so ciety in any land could be printed in one single issue of tho Blade and those laws should be so plain and so simple that all could read and understand but under existing con ditions statutes do not mean what they say and not one lawyer in a thousand can tell what the law on a given subject is until ho has examined the books and the authorities Greater interest in politics by religious bodies means tho undoingof the state It means a rapid declination and disintegration of the body politic It means the establishment of a religiopolitical hierarchy in which the will of godas expressed and expounded by the preacher be comes tho supreme authority In that day liberty charity and mercy are lowered into the grave Humanitywill become as so many puppets played with toyed withand bled to support an aristocratic class led by the clergy One may look upon the diatribe in The Westminster M an appeal for help to save tho theological ship from sinking in tho deep waters of the higher criticism and intellectual thought Tho clergy can hardly fail to recognize that they are incapable of exerting any great influence upon matters or issues of great public moment and this loss of power is a serious blow to them and their profession True patriot ism however will continue to bo measured by love of country which stands first in every patriotic heart ignoring the gods and their assumed representatives Civilization has been costly Tho great history of hu manity represents a series of serious failures lumen blood and human life have been sacrificed in its behalf Tla church hn never helped it hus always obstructed Just as the flower to be most perfect its petals begin to fall and tho flowerpetals root and stem are scattered r r t 1 1 I BLUE GRASS BLADE 1 1 and trampled into the dust So it is withcivilization It is governed by the same inexorable law Civilization was wrested from the ignorant hands of orthodoxy To permit orthodoxy to resume and authority will scat ter the petals of the beautifui flower we have succeeded in cultivating and its death will be imminent FROM A SCHOLARS POINT OF VIEW Ecclesiasticalnarrowness and intolerance have become axiomaticIt common and ordinary proceeding when seeking a parallel or an extreme in order to draw a comparison by way of illustration to say as hot as hellor as mad us helland we know that the speaker has used an extreme in order to demonstrate the intensity of the temperature or degree of temper referred to In such figures of speech hell is used as a standard by which the auditor shun meas ure the subject under discussion As a rule the greatest extreme has been employed- in denunciation ofa Univer iw Trust composed of neighboring schools believed to hi in some sort ofa con spiracy to kill by starvation the institution over which he presides Chancellor AieCnickcn of the New York Univer sity compared their ititotu lilt rud selfish attitude1 with the orthodox churches induing from the tenor d hi utter ances the learned Chancellor keenly feels the spirit of competition and the intense rivalry it has created and in uttering his condemnation sought an extreme by which the illiberality of nearby schools towards his institution might be afforded a comparison and in the moment selected that whichappeared to him to bo the worst form of intolerance known His selection was timely and true He said Everyone has heard of the narrowness and intolerance ecclesiastical magnates but the very coldest reception I over saw given byit group of churches to the advent ofa new church in their neighborhood was an affectionate em brace compared with the reception that has been given to the Now York University The foregoing statement is both remarkable and pecu Lliar and in more instances than one First it places ec clesiastical narrowness and intolerance as an axiom and secondassumes that it is so common that every one must have heard of it It is also a declaration that a given group of churches can bo guilty of tendering a coldrecep tion to a now church in their neighborhood for the learned Chancellor says that ho has actually experienced suchand the use of the language the very coldest reception I ever saw implies that ho has had more than one such experi ence and would lead to the inference that ho has met up with a large number of such cases Coming from such a source the statement must be given all duo credit In a l large measure ho has uttered a commonly known truth for rio ono save andexcept the church advocates themselves will dnre deny that such an extreme narrowness intolerance and illiberality exists among them So far as the Chancellor used the expression for the pur I 4- WAK f It t i I pose of making comparison we care not to discuss Our only purpose here was to give emphasis to the comparison drawn as showing by such an eminent authority that church bitterness towards those of an opposing faith is now universally recognized and admitted that it can bo used in a public address to point a moral and adorn a tale THE GIRL AND THE PREACHER Some time ago Miss Laura A Smith made a tour of therfashionable churches incognito for the purpose of testing the sociability of the parson and congregations with the result that a startling story found its way into public print much to the chagrin of the clergy in general and more par ticularly to those in charge of the churches she had visited Recently Rev John Thompson of Chicago utilized his summer vacation by undertaking a similar task and not very strange to relate he reports finding a vastly different condition of affairs than those discovered by Miss Smith But little argument is necessary The preacher had a purpose to serve Miss Smith had none The preacher started upon his mission for the express purpose of finding what he wanted Miss Smith went after results alone no matter what those results would be The preacher would not be expected to find anything detrimental to his religion or his profession Miss Smith would have reported the results of her investigations with the same courage had she found them to be the same as the preacher now reportscAll other preachers will be proud of Mr Thompson but the big world of men and women will believe Miss Smith in preference to the preacher because they actually know that what Miss Smith had to report was true in every particular STUDENTS EXAMINATIONS Several of the students in the Correspondence School have as yet failed to send in their examination papers This failure is to their own detriment It will be an utter im possibility to properly instruct when the rules governing examinations are not complied with Every examination yet passed on needed somo corrections perfection in studies only being attained by one student on one subject Examinations are necessary for tho correction of erroneous impressions drawn from a study of tho text and all stu dents who have not yet forwarded their examinations are urged to do so at once Since offering the announcement in the Blade of the Editors desire to give lectures in Indiana find Illinois some very flattering offers have been received but these are still inadequate to compensate for the trip and pay all tray cling expenses Five additional appointments are needed and friends having the opportunity to arange for lectures arc urged to communicate with tho Blade at tho earliest convenience so that dates may be aranged without conflict or disappointment Tho trip will be made if at all about tho last week in November or the first week in December ti1 dJii J e w 4 Ii J 12BLUE GRASS BLADE AN ESSAY ON LIFE Must be Materialistic Basis and is Depen dent upon Environment By Merricus LIFE This speaking of the open road The sesame of presentment of truth Life as most generally understood Is orthodoxly known as a fountain of begin ning from which Individuality springs with as many radiations as does the millions of rays of the everglowing suulurnluatlng the pathway of socalled righteousness Aye the suns rays may reach Into every crevice In the ethereal canopy may even pene trate the Inmost globule of nature Itself yet without the repulsive force of gaseous mat ter surrounding each Individual planet or star Its retroactive rays become not visible to that same created spring of life It must nave Its assistance from Immediate environments or glow not in heaven above or hell below Its correlative Is found In that part of Its own creativeness and thus lifes limited sphere lives within Itself Cannot reach outward Its pagan teachings circle round and about its own statuesque with no care for enlightenment of science ut seeking its surcease from mythical tra ditions aq homogeneous as ever were Grecian Mythology or the Arabian Nights As a boy we were often forced upon our ingenuity to overcome overwhelming Im possibilities and fill vacancies of uncer tainty so we supplied our missing sink ers from fishing lines by molding them with leaden pellets and the use of a half joint of dry cane Its principle remain ed but how many could have been cast from one reed Life incipiency may move forward on its onward march moulten after the laws of nature but Its source even as Insignificant will always remain the why should a socalled life be launch ed upon the sea of Eternity with only its outward destiny under control of the ego within Would a just and human creator whirl into the unknown his Imago with no imbuism to fight the greedy attacks of perdition except the knowledge that he must shun the Hell to come Our mind Is given control over its receptlcle the mass containing it but how much control over Itself So far as known to Itself It Is a perfect vacuum If known to Itself would not the garndeur of the symetry of its building be far beyond our most sanguine Imaginations And yet our orthodox breth ren will instill Into the unthinking as be lief that a just god has withheld from him this secret merely to show and keep before him an awe of the terrific power behind the throne That we are punished for the sins we wot not of It would seem then that this great man I t1 t nu Is quite a humorist to perpetrate so many jokes on his boys bYconsigning their souls to eternal damnation when he hall first withheld from nlm the right to tinguish and guard against thQ esse ot manhood Forsooth pagan you may con tinue to kiss awav the brass toe of your Idol of bronze erected by your sacred to one and all we look to see a se renity of sweet purpose in the magnetism of truth OH FOR WORKING FUND By Lou Lawrence In a letter to Dr Bowles anent the Free thougot work I have just written 0 for a fund to send out a corps of fieldworkers a la the Salvation army method and m following out the Idea in my letter I have become enthused with the plan and have decided to write It out as a sort of sugges tion to those Interested In Freethought propaganda and If you think it worthy I would be glad to have you give It a place in The Blade Of the proposed corps one 1st class lec turer would be the important quantity Then a musician of fair ability would be desirable and a sort of general utility per son essential It should be the latters work to arrange for meetings solicit mem bers and contributions and to act as gen eral secretary If he could talk some or prepare papers give appropriate readings or furnish any creditable sort ot entertain ment so much the better Indeed it might be necessary that he should be able to uo some such work especially if the musician should be dispensed with There are no doubt a number of places where arrangements could be made for oneday conventions to be entertained by such a corps of workers with If possible a little help from local talent and much good would be done Rationalists would be encouraged to show their colors more bold ly enthusiasm would be createdand a good ly number of clubs organized One such convention would stir up more thought than the distribution of 5000 worth of literature and could be held for less than that sum While few will refuse to accept a tract only those who are already some what interested wi read it Besides there is no appeal so successful as personal ap peal As to expenses the main lecturer should have a decent remuneration but there are probably enthusiasts who would be willing to fill the other places for little more than their expenses As Secretary of the Buckeye Secular UnionI would like to correspond with Free thinkers at various points who would like to have such meetings at their places and f J rHr tJt L who would be willing to help make the necessary arrangements As I bear the expeuse8 of my correspondence in this work I would care to hear from only those who are in sober earnest and who know that a hall or other room in which to hold meetings would be furnished by the local friends I would however be pleased to hear from those who have Ideas or other assistance toward the success of such a plan to offer DAVES LETTER To His Dear Heavenly Father Copyright applied for 1908 by Franklin H Heald My deer hevenly father Are Angells Tales covered with hare like there heds are or aro they covered with fethers like there wings or don t Angells have Tales I cant see there tales in the pictures becaus there heds are always turned thisway When I asked the Sunday School teacher about it she just giggled and told mo to go and ask my apa but he didnt no only he says they are bound to have sum kind of a tale that will spred out or thay wood always turn duble summersets when thay try to fly Joe says we outent to talk bout slch sakred things in no sich away same as tho they was comon folkes and he lows if he was my daddy about to ours he wood learn mo more religion than my own papa does in to years I am glad he aint He says when he was a boy If he had asked questions like I do like enuf they wood of killed him with a Blacksnake whip or either learned him that it is a boys plase to listen to them that you appoint and not ask fool questions about things that nobody can answer and there dont anybody no anything about and dont want to and has no rite to no except bye faith He says It dont make any dlfferense to a boy nor to nobody else whether the Sun goes round tho world or whether the world goes round the Moon and its none of there busness and dont make any dlference to you eyther he says but all we hav to do is mind our own busnes and listen to them as do no and work six days then go to the house of the lord and rest on the sabboth and eat the body and drink the blud of the blessed mas ter and not be always asking questions He says a boy like I am that is allowed to ways ask questions is mighty liable to bee a skeptick and go to Hell and burn forever the same as little babys do that are not babtized in holey water before thay dye When I asked him which is the worss skeptlcks or wouldticks he got madder than ever and went off to work Joe has to git awful mad to go to work when he dont haY to Dont you want me to ask questions and why dont you answer me As jr tv BLUE GRASS BLADE 13ri1 r y iCbe Blades Correspondence 1 N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N DECIDEDLY UNORTHODOX CHATTANOOGA TENNI have been getting the Blade occasionally I presume the reason for that it is was addressed to me at St Elmo and I live at 645 Boyce Street Chattanooga Tenn But then I pre sume that the missing ones were picked up by some of the faithfuls And if they read it am sure that their runninggear will need more than ordinary greasing to get It back to superstition I was a regular sub scriber for the Blade when Bro Moore was the editor And some years ago he like all big preachers had to go to the holy land to pick up some relic of the feed trough where Mary had a lamb and also a chip of the cross that the Boy was hung on between the two thieves I have often thought that in those days it was the cus tom and the law of the Jews that a young maiden unmarried wh owas found to be pregnant was taken outside of the town or city and there stoned to death Why the man who seduced the maiden knew this law among the Jews and so did this fellow the Holy Spirit Why in hl didnt they take Holy Spirit outside of the gates and stone him to death A loving a merciful and all wise god Powerful and almighty Think of a crime like that and he at the head of the throne of heaven Why didnt he cut a rib out of some fellow and make for himself a woman and take her into heaven with him No one has ever heard of a woman going to heaven not even Mary the mother of that boy Jesus was ever heard of going anywhere I would not be found dead in a place where there are no ladies and women So I have concludea to go to hl and when I got there I shall plow that country all up good and deep harrow and rake over all the land make flower gardens and blue grass fields bore and dig wells make beautiful walks and drives not gold walks but soft mellow good and pleasant to walk on They say the devil Is at the head of Hades or hell When we get there that fellow will have to behave because there is no one individual that we cannot handle Why Sampson pulled down a grandstand filled with many thousand people and the weight of It could not be numbered yet a little woman beat him so he became like an ordinary man and that is the way we will fix the devil I heave a splendid good opinion of the few copies of the Blade I have received and especially of John R Charlesworth who Is r a tried and true friend of human rights and truth a teacher of mental and moral lib erty We have not near enough such men as Mr Charlesworth of the Blue Grass Blade I enclose here my subscription for the Blade Wishing you a long life and a happy and prosperous one am very truly yoursCHRIS BATEMAN IF ALL WOULD DO AS THISI MARIETTA OThought I would write you a few lines to state that the Blades family hero is all O K Ihave spent my vacation up in the dark hills of Monroe county Have had a good rest and a nice time and am now ready to peddle Uncle Sams junk for another year I had a nice letter from Bro George Roberts last week and he says for me to get busy and get up a club here It will be the Helen M Lucas Club No2 There should be no other name considered I shall give you the full details later on Well I sent about 40 copies of the Blade to a friend of mine in Wheeling the other day and asked him to try and get me some subscribers If they come I will send them in as soon as they arrive I feel pretty sure of getting some because there are lots of Freethinkers up there I herewith enclose one dollar for to continue the subscription of the Blade to William H Buck When I sent in his name in the other batch It was only for 6 months He met me the other day and gave me this dollar and says he would like to have the Blade continue coming He makes good use of his paper He reads it and passes it down the line You can book me down for a copy of the bound volume of the Blade When she is ready let me know and I will send 350 I also send you an editorial from the Ohio State Journal which is unique in more than one sense of the word As I know of nothing further at this time I shall close wishing you and yours and the whole Blade family the best of success I am as ever yours WM H COX IS WELL KNOWN IN THE CAUSE I am sorry to say that I am unable to pay you what I owe you The Blade that you send me I give away or sell them I often get twentyfive cents apiece for them My friends know that I am hard up for money But I hope to be able to send you a little very soon I havnt been able for the last two years to read anything or hardly walk T- HEABC of Religion A COLLECTION OF POEMS From a TypeWritten Family Bible Without Policy or Piety But Full of Common Sense By JOSEPH HAIGH Chebanse Illinois 25 CENTS Address the Author or Blue Grass Blade fDo You Believe That We Humans are as Important as Pigs Potatoes and Pups Do you believe that we grownups and even the Children should know as much about oiimhes as we know about t riMuM riuwiri nn FlogseDo you believe in Better Piogeny a More Elevated Race anyway If so ppnd J25 for a years subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Main St Los Angeles California U S A Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage 30 r cents stamps The Holy BibleIn Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the contradictions and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to jarr their faith and destroy their godwebs Ready Soon Order Now Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 15 for 100 Address 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