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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, November 1, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908110101 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, November 1, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BLUE GRASS BLADE 5NumberVolume XVII rY u hh DEVOTED TO TIlE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT Jf = t1 lb riwuJOHN EMERSON ROBERTS i1 1Known as fik Ingersoll of the West tr iit 47 w a i1Ir71r i 1r I itt t n JtJI7f1 Ct 2 BLUR GRASS BLADE 7L7 JOHN EMERSON ROBERTS Freethought boundless as the universe itself ennoblingfthe inVigorIadvocate whole rich eloquence has attracted and instructed thousands of his fellow men and women nor has the cause ac quired any stronger impetus than through the lofty aims and efforts of the subject of this sketch By many of his most ardent friends he has been dubbed The Ingersoll of the West nor is the title vain for those who have had the pleasure of hearing him can readily testify to the great force and power of his magnetic presence and speech Nearly every Freethinker in America has heard of John Em erson Roberts who for some years lectured every Sunday until failing health compelled him to reduce his labors in Kansas City Missouri to the membership of The Church of This World a liberal organization devoted to the propaganda of liberal thoughts and liberal policies The publication of his lectures in the little magazine edited by himself entitled Here and Now taken from an expression made by the late Col Robert G Ingersoll now temporarily suspended owing to ill health attracted many The liberal press of both America and Europe have reproduced his lectures to such an extent that he is now probably one of the most widelyknown o f the Freethought advocates in America From the dark shadows of orthodoxy into the white light of Freethought is a great step to accomplish in a few short years and yet when one man can think himself out of orthodox beliefs and openly proclaim Freethought we must take that as an evidence of the weakness of the orthodox position being unable in the mental conflict to successfully hold its own John Emerson Roberts was born at New Carlisle Ohio on the 28th day of September 1853 and is therefore at this writing past flf tyfivo years of age His childhood days were spent upon n farm as were many of his peers and compeers but at this time he had moved with his parents to Battle Creek Mich igan He obtained a fair education not of the best perhaps at this time but as good as the average youth in his day and age were wont to acquire Farm life and school occupied his time until seventeen years of age when he left the farm gave up agricultural pursuits and intended to embark upon a seafaring life But the waves were never intended to carry him in a professional way for a few months later he found himself as ho suggests sidetracked or rather beached at Shurt leff College Upper Alton Illinois Here he studied for the next fight years taking the Preparatory Collegiate and Theological courses Upon graduation he entered the ministry of the Bap tist church and this epoch is best told by himself as he says I was now soundly converted effectively baptized and joined the Baptist church I was then duly sanctified set apart and ordained a Baptist minister and when twentyfive years old was made pastor of the Baptist church at Carrollton Illinoist This happened in 1870 and he held his charge for the next three years In 1881 he accepted a call to the pastorate of the First Baptist Church at Kansas City Mo and this was the first introduction the great West had to his eloquence and earnestness Was he orthodox at this time Immensely so No preacher could have taught straighter orthodoxy than he Of his work at this time he says I preached hell and damnation for most everybody but Baptists until 1885 when I quit having really concluded that if the bible and the Baptist creed were actually true they ought not to be and that if god was what they said he was he ought to resign Honest thought Candid pression How many preachers are there in America today oc cupying orthodox pulpits who experience the same kind of thoughts but lack the moral courage to express them One preacher in a million and for this reason the Blade is happy to pay its tribute of gratitude and praise to the subject of this a mental attitude forbid through honest motives to longer preach orthodoxy from a Baptist pulpit and he resigned his sacerdotal office and joined the Unitarians a more liberal combination He commenced his career as a Unitarian preacher at Grand Rapids Michigan and in 1887 ho was called to the Unitarian church at Kansas City a post he held for the next ten years with unbounded success But mild as was the Uni tarian creed compared with militant orthodoxy the great mind and brain of Mr Roberts rebelled against even the modest straints here imposed and in 1897 he renounced Unitarianism and began lecturing to Freethought audiences pure and sim ple in the theatres of Kansas City a work in which he is still engaged His great success as an expounder of liberal philoso phy and mental liberty of Freethought and all that it implies has been heralded far and wide through the daily press and his voice has been heard upon the platforms of Freethought conventions in different parts of the country Not until his health began to fail him did he cease any of his lectures but at last he limited his public speeches in Kansas City to a ture once each month which is always given on the first Sunday dud during the interim ho makes occasional visits to other cities The Blade expresses a devout and Sincere wish that Mr Roberts health may prove such that he may be permitted to in dulge ina more active propaganda for Freethought in America Were it possible he should be constantly employed His very presence upon the Freethought platform in the light of his an tecedent history isa refutation of orthodox claims as his elo quence always carries conviction As a means to the end here suggested the Blade will gladly book dates for him in Kentucky and adjoining states provided Mr Roberts is able to fill them and the indications are now that he will be Freethought owes much to the persistent efforts of John Emerson I Roberts and as was said of Abou Ben Adhem may his tribe increase S i j r i t i r r 1i J Tt T t 7 ri 11 IJL KTt fPJr Wc 11 1 ti L BLUE GRASS IBLADE s J I The Birth Mf l Christ Critical Review of Alleged Historical Data Connected With an Unhlstorical Claim By TS GIVAN Any proposition Involving the general welfare of the human race which by Its acceptance will make better or worse the existing conditions which will help or hinder the enlightenment and fraternity of manhood Is worthy of candid consideration The proposition therefore which maintains that upon the state ment ofa certain alleged fact and upon our sincere belief that what is therein said about this alleged fact is the truth and the most necessary of all truths for us to believe is a proposition which should claim our consideration as to whether it is true or falseWithin this proposition It Is stated that a child was born entirely different from the way in which all other children are born having no human fatherand we will present this to you In their own words as briefly and concisely as can be ocrrecUy stated so that as your salvation depends upon It you may decide whether to believe It or not The Book of the Generation of Jesus Christ St Matthew gives his genealogy from Abraham to Joseph The scriptural ac counts chow that Abraham Zacharias and Joseph were each told the same sort of a story that Sarah Elizabeth and Mary were each treated alike that Isaac John and Jesus were each born under precisely tho same sort of conditions and that each was alike the son of god There were others sons of God very much like their father who found pleasure with the daughters of men which grieved him so that he swept a flood upon their trysting places Beginning with Abraham who married his own sister and who she Is my sister she Is the daughter of my father but not the daughter of my mother and she became my wife Gen 2012 Then considering how being very rich In cattle In silver and In gold that with only a morsel of bread and a bottle of water he sent his own little helpless child and its humiliated and heartbroken mother Hagar forever from his home Into the wil derness to perish or receive assistance otherwise we find a man and his wifebrother and sister but little better If any than his beastly kinsman Lot whoso daughters were with child by their father Gen 1936 Why God fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Ablmellch because of Sarah Gen 2018 and made her the mother of ono of his children Is at least remarkable But The Lord appeared unto Abraham and said unto him I AM THE ALMIGHTY GOD Gen 17 He had two angels with him was on a business trip to Sodom toisee whether they had done acordlng to the cry of It Gen 1821 but desiring to Inquire about Sarah he stopped with raham washed his feot eat cakes butter milk and calf Gen 188 told Abraham that he would certainly return at the set time which made Sarah laugh and proceeded to Sodom Abra ham going part of the way with him And IN God said unto Abraham Sarah thy wife shall bear a son thou shalt call his namo Isaac And the Lord visited Sarah land had said and the Lord did unto Sarah as he had spoken for Sarah conceived and bore a son at the set time and called his name JSlUcGen 12 Isaac was Gods son by Sarah then the chief angel of Heaven was sent from God to Zacharias and t 1 2 J The angel said Zacharias thy wife Elizabeth shall bear a son and thou shalt call his name John And It came to pass that Elizabeth conceived and hid herself five months saying thus hath the Lord dealt with me Now Elizabeths full time came that she shall be delivered and she brought forth a son and Saldhe shall be called John because he was so named of the angeLuke Thus John was Gods son by Elizabeth Then The angel Gabriel was sent from God to a virgin whose name was Mary And the angel came in unto her and said Thou shalt conceive in thy womb and bring forth a son and thou shalt call his name Jesus Then said Mary How can this be seeing I know not a man The angel answered Thy cousin Eliza beth bath conceived and this Is the sixth month wIth her The Good God shall give thy son the throne of David and he shall reign forever And Mary said Be it unto me according to thy word The angel departed from her and Mary arose and went Into the hill country in haste saluted her cousin Elizabeth and abode with her three months Before Joseph and Mary came to gether she was found to be with child and Joseph was minded to put her away but Joseph went up to Bethlehem with Mary being great with child and then she brought forth her son and his name was called Jesus because he was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the wombLuke It is thoroughly clear that If Jesus was the son of God so wasTohn and Isaac there anything suggestive or Impressive of any common decency In these tales But the worst is yet to como Mary Is represented as a lovable young woman pure In mind and body and betrothed to an honest man They are thus bound to each other by the most sacred pledges the holiest feelings the highest and tenderest aspirations and intentions known to human hearts Delightful anticipations of a worthy housewife In which is embraced every glory of righteous effort lends a gracious charm to tho wonderful world and happiness real and remote happiness clusters about their hearts and makes radiant their countenances But blighted and blttered with agony are these precious moments of sweet expectations Obtruded upon her Is a being who beguiles the maiden Her lover is angered heartbroken and dismayed at her plight and wants to put her away Nevertheless their clinging and yearning love strives r supremacy over this consuming shame imlf1iorrow But who this Intruder whose deception and conduct hurts them so This mnn who walks the roads with dirty feet who eats the bread and butter and milk and meat of other men who causes their wives to hide In shame In the hillcountry and bear chil dren for him while he utterly destroys others for doing what he is doing Who Is ho Tho Almighty God Are these theycapers of a Remember his promises to Mary that her son should reign In royal splendor upon the throne as a king and that she should be honored Look now upon this scene as villainous conspirators under false accusations drag Jesus to the places of his death This Almighty God his father stands watching the wretches spItting upon and horribly abusing his son He sees hnm seer Ingly and cruelly driving the great nails Ihrntietli his tender hands and feet nailing him to the rugged cross and hears him cry out in dying agony God my Father why hast thou forsaken me But not a sound of comfort to poor Mary does he utter not W t It t tf itw fBLUE GRASS BLADE an indication of sympathy or help does he offer towardUheson Surely this is enough for any humane father to realize that such a God and such a father not worth the pinr upon y htchyou could write his name This Is not the God of the good man This is the God of the wifeless priest who wantsneitherthe care nor the expense of wife and children but who wants to act the father and be wellfed There is unmistakably but one process of birth governed by immutable laws of nature and Jesus David called the Christ of God in the New Testament was born June 25 year lVof the Christian era just as we were born of male and female human parents and was executed Friday April 3 38 A b undercharges of attempting to rule as King of the Jews Why will men assuming tc have sense and professing to be fair to their fellowmen write and teach and preach such stuff to the utter shame of a good God non men lp ing whatever commendable In this story from any posSibleview point human or divine It is blasphemously false and there Is no sensible ground for argument to sustain it After Jesus was dead it is said In the 27th chapter pt Mat thew that the graves were opened many bodies of the saints aorse and came out of the graves went Into the hplycity and appeared unto many Had halt a dozen of these saints coming out of theirigrayesv I Striking tBalance Sheet 1 The Spread of Freethought and Learning with a General Culture and Refinement During the Renaissance ARTICLE CONTINUED ItBy Judge Parish B Ladd The fourteenth and fifteenth centuries were destinedto be eras of growing Illumination The Renaissance may be trulY said to murk the opening of a new epoch the dawning of a new It was to be the harbinger of peace learning progress and humanity as a successor to the Christian darkness ignorance terror and crime of the Middle Ages Ecclesiastical and Feudal despotism were to give way to a return of classic paganism not Ina religious sense but as a renewal of ancient light literature philosophy and art Deep inquiry brought criticism to the front which shook the very foundations of mediaevel Christanity its priestly alleged truths turning out to be base lies and forgeries Humanism was to take the place of torture fagots and death to unbelievers Natural law right and reason says a writer were to be the guide of humanity Italy from whence all the woes of Europe had emerged was to be the first battleground on which truth and error were to contend for supremacy It was Freethought against the Popes legions of Christian ignorance Truth had been crushed to earth but it was about to rise again for the countless suns in ethereal space were hers The Italian Renaissance laid the foundation for the uprising of all Europe The socalled Reformation with Luther anal Calvin In the front was the event which roused the pontifical dragon whose brushy tall set fire to France and burned over the ripe fields of Freethought England was still feudal and mediaeval when Italy had decided for freedom England at the close of the sixteenth century reached only the position occupied by Italy in 1368 The torch of civilization and humanism lighted on Italian soil undergo very shadow of the Vatican spread until all Eu rope found Itself basking In the sunshine of a commoirJclrlU zatlon jsfeRr ig y tl i71iJ dJr appeared at the right time and place this whole brutal business would have been instantly stopped but no such bodies ever came out of their graves then nor thereafter If God could do such wonders after Jesus was dead to show his indignation lie surely would have tried save him when he piteously prayed forhelp Instead of ignoring the innocent to save murderers It is truly the saddest story of all human life that by dole ful and strenuous efforts millions have been coerced to believe these tales utterly absurd and absolutely Impossible of being trueand taught to shun boycot hate and kill those who do riot believe them Instead of simply remaining humane enough to allow others to believe or not believe they have spread worldwide the keenest woe that human hearts can feel or human tongues can tell in tortures wars and every means of death In order that all mankind must believe these senseless and truth less tales These tales have cost the world more in treasure in woe and human blood thaw all other tales that were ever told and yet the fact remains that Jesus neither died for us nor saved us for we have to die and to save ourselves just the same as if hohadneither lived or died He only repeated the Golden Rule taught for centuries before him that would save us from all which we could or should be saved fromremorse for wrong doing One of the most momentous epochs in the history of this prog ress finds Its date in 1453 when Constantinople the seat of the Christian Empire fell Into the hands of the Turks a people who for a time under Freethought ruleloaned their influence to the upbuilding of a higher civilization At this epoch mediaeval Christendom the Eastern Empire and the Holy Roman Empire as It was called with its papacy struggled in the throes of dissolution These events awakened Freethought which brought to the front men of daring undreamed of by their predecessors Stepping Into the foreground of 14931500 we meet other events of equal importance The expedition of Charles VIII sent to Italy opened the coun try to France Spain and Germany who became competitors for culture on their arrival In Italy At that time the secularization of the clergy reached Its highest point under Alexander VI thus forcing the Reformation Along with this came the discovery of America the exploration of the Indian Seas and the consolidation of Spanish nationality the use of the printing press for the diffu sion of knowledge the use of gunpowder the complete overthrow of the old cosmology and the establishment of the Copernican dis covery The half century 1450 to 1500 placed the Renaissance on a firm foundation the Rubicon between Christian Ignorance and Infidel Freettoought had been crossed Another Important date 15271530 marks the sack of Rome and the pacification of Italy by Charles V under a Spanish hegemony when the age of the Renaissance reached its limit in the land of its birth but not till it had thrown its protecting arms over the rest of Europe At this epoch seeing that all real intelligence was outside of church all Infidel the Vatican set to work to counteract the tMrof progress The Franks the most loyal of his subjects Charles the Great commenced the restoration or resuscitation olt the Roman Empire to the church The empire took the name ofaHoly In obedience to the will of the Pope Germany and France came to the Popes aid but this Holy Empire existed only In y r f j i 1 l wF lE 1 JIt t7 7 m t I t t B BLUE GRASS BLADE bxtname falling to pieces at the builders death the name being fascinating was kept to dominate Europe Hero Charles the Ureat proclaimed himself the successor of the Caesars trying to Imitate the August In the world of loiters though Charles could neither read nor write During the Renaissance the study of the Roman law became ont of tho most Important and fascinating events of the time It furnished the germs and mostof trite real substance out of which all the lex non scrlpta of Europe and America was thereafter to come See my Jus Civile Civil Law Skepticism at this time was the ruling passion with nearly all Intelligent men of Europe too often was It compelled to take shelter under the guise of philosophy romance or allegory to sjcape the terrors of Christianity It flourished at first under the teachings of Scolus Erigena Abelard and Avarros who were condemned as heretics The works of other men at this time came to but little for their knowledge of Latin writers and Arabic scholars was too limited nor was the fate of these men unlike vthat of the Paullclan Alblgenslan Paterlne and Epicurean senters who opposed the church with every weapon at their com mand The physical sciences struggled into public life It Is stdin the cells of Gerbert and Roger Bacon who by the vulgar Christians were called magicians Out of the Order of the Franciscans came John of Parma who attempted to popuularize the mystic prophecy of Joachim the Ab bot of Flora who proclaimed The reign of the Father is past the reign of the Son Is passing the reign of the Spirit Is at hand This is what Is known as the Everlasting Gospel It was used to overcome brutal Christianity and for the substitution of a new and less cruel system The Pope sup pressed it but none too soon for it was in a fair way to over come Christianity The Fratlcelli Spiritualists and similar sects which grew up under these teachings were consigned to the flames with thei- rleadbrsFra Dolcino Longino and Margharito Joachim 114C1202 was a monk and became Abbot of Flarte he protested against the ecclesiastical abuses of his time proph esied the downfall of Christianity and the rise ofa better relig ion founded onthe Everlasting Gospel It was the work written after his death whlohr drew the fire of the Pope Popes Luclue III Urban III and Clement III manifested much Interested in these prophetic claims Clement In the first year of his pontifi cate 1188 was an ardent supporter of Joachim who sought a secluded life in the hills of Sylaec which he christened Sanctt Joamis It was here in this retreat that he put forth his proph ecy and where he made rules for the guidance of his followers which were approved by Pope Clement III From this cloister there sprang up a large congregation called Order Florensis which received the sanction of the Holy See At his death 1201 he left orders for future action of three stages in the world corresponding to the Trinity the Old and the New Testament and the Holy Spirit His eschatology doctrine of last things found much support among the Franciscan orders Tho Zelatores as they were called put forth a large literature mostly opposed to Rome and her corruptions The Liber Introductorlus In Evan gelium Acternumled all other writings I have dwelt quite long on this Everlasting Gospel because it came so near blotting out Christianity and it would have been successful but for one Pope who put forth his full strength to kill ityet in spite of these efforts It lingered for many years and would have superseded its rival but for brute force and murder which have ever been the arguments of the Christian priesthood l Notwithstanding the rank orthodoxy of the times there lurked In the minds of all scholars a belief in nature and her laws with gods as the only sure guide to truth Boniface ym r j f ct t ti J t11i t ilt b Ji ttviassays one writer and the churchs only support came from the i common ignorant herd Emperor Frederick cloaked his support of unbelief under the garb of liberal culture with a view of re iopinionsftDonunlciRgpl11yedsex or station In life offered the slightest barrier to the murderous tdemons of the church who carried on this terrible work in the name of Christ and for the propagation of their devilish 4 Jcreed But the story of the inquisition is too long to be told in J this article To read of the terrible tortures suffering and misery jInflicted by the priesthood In the name and interest of Christian it on Innocent men women and children makes ones blood curdle In his veins Were it not recorded by so many reliable histortti savagelldemons IYofbreaking the bones of both sexes over iron wheels a few breaks Vputtingthen hanging them up by the feet With their heads over slow fires until relieved by death of burning both sexes alive In piles Not only this but a thousand times more and for hundreds ofyears did the priesthood inflict on millions of men women and children these and other Indescrlblble tortures for merely i J differences of opinion on religious matters nor is this all From seven to fourteen millions of people most of them helpless twomen were thus tortured and put to death as witches All this devilish work finds its authority in that book of fiction called the Holy Bible which the priesthood extensively circulating and at tempting to force on the world I here pause to say to the reader v Dont forget that the above picture is the ripe fruit of Christ ianity picked by the priesthood to be fed to the rising genera 1 tion neven forgetting Sunday school children whose feeble brains are to be crammed with it as a safeguard against their thinking in later years In the very teeth of all this terror slaughter and misery the provincial lIterari of Europe weremaking great strides towards the restoration of the arts sciences liberty and humanity but mostly in disguise The long crushed genius of Freethought was slowly and cautiously emerging from its slumbers to illuminate the Christian world of dead ideas Music poetry and the dance were being revived to supplant church forms and childish ceremonies The t pagan times of Etflcurianlsm were encroaching on Christian dogmas The deities of Greece and Rome in frolicking attire were used to burlesque the saints All this went merrily on amid the tor tunes of the Inquisition iAll Europe was filled with Freethinkers determined to put a stop to the criminal abuses of the church to reenact a love for the lost arts and to restore the literature of Greece and j Rome but over this hung the death shadows of the terlble Christian Sphinx with the implements of torture and death everready to crush the sparkling genius of rising Freethought then as ever working for the restoration of truth and Superstition and stupidity says a writer hedged them In onrall sides thought was expressed In allegory sorcery and magic i ity if i iii i 51 i1i t rr I Jii f Itf 41 I6 BLUE GRASS BLADE were resorted to The other world with its mediaeval progress and humanism had superseded Ignorance crime and pl tyThe most outspoken Freethinkers made light of Christianity At the beginning of the sixteenth century Lorenzo de Medici and Polltin led all in poetry and classic learning Here we have Bolardo introducing classic mythology and romance in his Orlando Innamorata followed by Ariosto whose Orlando Furloso presented the purest examples of the Renaissance The gods of the Freethinkers were Justice Beauty Purity free from anthromorphltlsm The spirit of Horace jfflstotle and Seneca was revived In tragedy while Plautus and Terence supplied the adorntheRenaissanceNicola Pisano produced some fine work in Grecfo Roman mar ble Painters sculptors and architects came to the fron with some fine work displaying nature In all her pristine nudity Thus rose from the slums of brutal Christianity the longsleeping genius of the pagan age of halcyon Rome the spirit of Augustus Ceasar was on the throno of the new era with Freethinkers as pilots to steer the ship of state Into the harbor of intelligence progress and humanity To such extent was Grecian and Roman art carried that the old Christian models gave place to pagan subjects so firmly had the foundation been laid In Italy for literature art and humanism that the new spirit spread over all Europe The spirit of the Renaissance says a writer portrayed the beauty of the world and man In unaffected spontaneity without side thoughts for piety or erudition inspired only by pure delight in lovelyness and harmony for their own sakes In the field of science and phil osophy humanism wrought similar changes Petrarch began by waging relentless war upon the false logic of the times Curl osity thus aroused brought to the front such men as Albertis de Vinci Tosconelll Da Parta and others who made practical experiments with physical forces and invented instruments there for Astronomy began to be studied The middle ages under Christian rule had produced little else than visionary notions of the most absurd character while the study of man and his place in the world was left for Frethlnkcrs after the removal of the bloody hands of the church by the civil government The ancient texts of the Greeks now brought forward fur nished the germs out 6f which Copernicus Columbus and Galileo astonished the sleeping Christian world Philosophy swept away the stronghold of metaphysics but the genius of the new born life had been so long held at bay that the progress was slow and the pathway had grown up with Christian thorns and briars among which lurked the deadly sting of the clerical scorpion Flcinos attempt to revive Platonism proved a failure the new life wanted no more metaphysics The Freethinkers of Southern Italy Tel slo Bruno and Campanella made the lines over which mod The Concern of W Taft for the Romish Church Makes Him Too Dangerous a Man for the Presidency By B O FENTON- If the liberties of the literlcmi people are CT dttlroyed they wilt frill Pt the hands of tho Romish clew Lafayette The American people are steeping over a volcano but they do not realize it Chlnlquy Author of Fifty Years In the Church of Rome Recent publications both in the Free J1 F t it MJ ern speculation has traveled Bruno was the precursor of the Idealistic schools Bacon followed In this way only could they hope to be heard truth had to be presented In disguise the most childish nonsense was blended with the most profound wisdom the priesthood had to be lulled Into sleep that the giant of Frecthought might escape the tortures of the inquisition The first lectures on literary criticism came from the school of Vitlorino followed by Polltlon on the Roman law It mained to the court of Naples to criticise ecclesiastical traditions and the spurious historical documents This opened a wide field In which many of the Christian claims have been found to be forgeries Valse by one bold move destroyed the false decretals which until then had been acepted as divine truth he also exposed the forged donations of Constantine to the churchof large areas of Italian lands These forged decretals were used to fill the vacuum between the time of the alleged Christ down tnrough the spurious Peter to a first real pope of the sixth cen tury and were held by the church as only next to the Bible as authority Nor did criticism stop here for it attacked and posed the shams dnd frauds of the church until Christianity was shaken to its foundation On top of this we have the higher crit icism which to thinking men has cleaned out the rubbish of the Bible from cover to cover See my historical researches Genesis to Revelation After these exposures of church for geries the more learned men began to see that the whole Chris tian scheme was a delusion that Leos witty epigram What profit has not that fable Christ brought us was true Machl avellls sarcastic criticism followed by Guleclardlni and Sarpl roused the sleeping spirit of the church The revival of learning frightened the clerics and startled all Europe Chry Soloras Guarino Fllelbo and Petition opened lecture rooms which were filled by young men from all parts of Europe Greek Latin history metaphysics law science art mythology metrical eye tems oratory agriculture astronomy grammar philosophy ography rhetoric etc were taught What a revolution from Christian piety Ignorance and crime These lectures brought to the front a class of young men ful of vigor and energy who swarmed over Europe to propogate the new learning It was a success the new recruits were unbelievers Thechurch discov ering this called up her old forces to suppress the child of genius ere all was lost but the effort came too late the seed had been sown Its growth though slow In a land of Ignorance and super stition means deah In the end to Christianity See France today Italy and Spain to follow Germany and England a little behind Our country yet to go through what Europe has expert fenced before tho star of hope In America will rise to witness tho funeral procession returning from the grave of earths great est crimnal To Be Continued I An Uplifting InstitutionI 3IIIIItV thought and the public press have given extracts from Taft which Indicate and de monstrat to my mind that he Is catering to Popery He Intimates that the Romish church is now and has been an Institution for the moral uplifting of the people but a brief survey of her character Is all that Is necessary here Ernest Renan said We may search In vain through the Rom an law before Constantine for a single pass age against the Freedom of Thought Was the Romish church uplifting when It burned the Alexandrian library Was k h t rb1xY It uplifting when It burned Joan of Arc Was it uplifting when popes granted and sold Indulgencies Was it uplifting when It butchered 40000 Hugenots in one night Was It uplifting while engaged In the crusades hunting and exterminating heretics with fire and sword Can It be said that to Incarcerate girls In nunneries for life is also uplifting When anti Romish church founded and maintained for 604 years the Spanish Inquisition and according to Hugo destroyed five millions Continued on Page 12 j L ii t f J IF LrtS BLUE GRASS BLADE ti I Material Foundation of Evolution Strong Criticism from Fair Secretary of the Buckeye Secular Union of Gold win Smiths Ideas on Evolution By LOU LAWRENCE It has been my good fortune to discover a copy Goldwins letter on the Ignor ance of Skepticism whlca appeared In the New York Sun of Sunday Sept 20th am delighted with the letter and with the Impartial attitude of the Sun on this sub ject But whllu I admire the article and agree with most of the thought contained tuereln there are some points to which I would like to call the attention of our Materialistic brethren While considera tion of space must limit my quotations rom the letter In question I sha laim to give enough to make my comments telligible to those of your readers who have not had the opportunity of its pe rusal Mr Smith writes Free will surely we unquestionably have and closes the para graph with laU possible to explain moral repentance without assuming the freedom of the will Why moral repentance What Is pentance but regret for of fear oftevil consequences coupled with newlydirected activities In some dim sort of way the dog regrets attacking the man with a club and retrains from a repetition of the act Is that moral repentance The man with the headache regrets last nights debauch and confines himself to coffee at least until the recollection of the headache be comes too dim to damn the current of his thirst or the blandishments of the man with a bottle Is that moral repentance The nonreligious person Is worked Into a condition of dread concerning some threat ened punishment and proceeds to identify himself with the church Is that moral repentance In each and every case the act has a material foundation or motive The conduct of the dog would be called physical fear while that of the man may be called moral repentance but the cause behind each effect Is dread of suffering of which we have no conception aside from organized material being Conscience Is the effect upon Individual happiness which Is produced by Individual conduct Consciousness of the Injury jh cone to our moral nature Is a part of the unhappiness caused by what Is termed evil conduct and the whole web of cause and effect ends In what Is termed moral re pentance has its foundation In the ma terial man- hreedom of the will Is not an assumption necessary to the explanation of repentance inla is brought about by suffering No man ever repented of an act which brought him unalloyed happiness If the evil results of his conduct fall Immediately upon another It Is their effect reflected upon his own comfort which brings conscience Into play- Human conduct Is motion and all mo tion follows the line of least resistance The wavering between two lines of action o which we are conscious or what Is called human deliberation is Individual selfconsciousness of the effort our being or organism is making to find this line of least resistance Human conduct is as much a part of cosmic action as the forma tion of a crystal or the making of a star Given a certain man and certain condi tions and that mans conduct Is as fixed as gravitation When two courses of ac tion seems open he Is conscious of a wav eringa something which he calls an ef fort to decide but the result of that ef fort was settled a thousand years before he was born The father and the mother ue grandfathers and grandmothers the ancestors who lived In times when might made right the jabbering creaturehalf human and half brutewhich hesitated gazing first at one and then at the other of two possible victims has each played his part in the making of this decision As certainly as the metal follows the mag net instead of the pine splinter just so certainly will human conduct follow the line of least resistance and the regrets which sometimes follow a given course come from a consciousness of results which were not sufficiently apparent to the organism when the act was performed The conscious effort of selfImprove ment Is not the soul or will stand ing aloof and giving direction to the ma terial man but the cognizance which the brain takes fthe effort that the entire organism is making to adapt Itself to Its environment Moral effort Is but the effort of the individual to turn circumstances to the best Interests of himself and society to the attainment of the greatest good or rather to the production of the least evil The barefooted boy flinches when he has set his foot upon a bit of short gravel He- is conscious of the act and says Did you see me jprkmy foot back His brain however did not draw his foot away from M- AArQr tae gravel but the foot recollect to save iitiiii iruifi luriutr lUjurj uuu tile iiervta LUIIKU iiiu Cub in me uruiii me octet ut cuuociouaucso auu aum uruui line e ttlJ omer aiuourut crieu oUt i aid it rme buy jg tempted to tell a lie out the luea ciosues with an accumulation of pride m his own veracity which a lite or trutn lumebs has builded Into his brain and the lie Is aoandoned Again the brain says Mo it The to which each individual refers Is his consciousness of his own per sonal experiences and tne I that Jerked the toot back and the that refused to ti tell a lie were simply the registered ac cumulations of like and varied experiences Consciousness is material Without organization there can be no consciousness and without matter there can be no organizati-on Our moral nature is builded Into the brain The brain Is material hence our moral nature must be woven of Matter It does seem to me that all that is known has long ago been proved to be material Should anyone discover the im material he will be In position to demon strate It To admit that freedom of the will ex ists apart from the fundamental principles of Material Evolution Is to admit the supernatural and if the supernatural can put In an appearance at one point of the l Cosmos It can do so at another Thus we would have excuse for him who when he ittoEvolution is a great discovery But Evolution cannot have evolved itself Here Mr Smith speaks of Evolution as an actual entity Instead of as a mere statement or series of statements that cosmic energy operates regularly along certain lines and according to certain fundamental animal given the slightest sign of selfImprovement or tendency to pro gress Certainly Man Is an animal and he is credited with a display of these qual ities Tendency to progress Is but the effort of the Individual and society to liar monlze themselves and their environment the effect of which effort is transmitted to the offspring by heredity and example Speaking of mans aesthetic nature Mr Smith asks If his sense of beauty and mel ody can be the offspring of material evolution and continues that the basis of these gifts no doubt is physical When he has made this admission he has ad mitted all that Is necessary to prove these senses to be of material evolution Given the simplest rudiments of song sexual se lection parental teaching and public rival ry and the evolution of musical taste and ability Is but a matter of time As the fine tenor of today has an easy passport to the Continued on Page ri I o IfNI r tI IL tlJI J Iit 7TA- lti j ifi j 1 r Jt1fr 8 BLUEiGEASS BLADEI BLUE GRASS BLADE V 3irPublished weekly at Lexington Ky l Founded by Charles Chllton Moore In and edited by lilniuntiljhls death February f JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box 393fSUBSCRIPTION RATES 5 iU JDy mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for rri eFTrialForeign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year j ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four iv1Quarterslx months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at tho expiration of the term for which the subecrlptlon has been paid up in advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers renewa1ilncaseSHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North stone rith Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers wlll be given welcome tTHE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofllce at Lexington Kentuckyas secondclass mailing matter v ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE PO Box Lexington Ky WILL YOU HELP THEM Freethought propaganda which means und methods for carrying it on successfullymust always prove an interesting topic to active Freethinkers especially those who are most interested in witnessing jlto growthand prosperity of the cause If our Free work be accepted as good then we as Freethinkersought never to weary in its service Above all things else the Blade is deeply interested in the spread of Freethought principles This is its essential This is its mission It has no otherThe Blade is not blind to the fact that the success of the Free thought cause means to some extent its own successVfpr with a wider diffusion of Freethought principles a larger constituency is made for it to work among Whatever aids Frecthought aids the Blade and the converse must be equally true How to more effectually spread Tree thought must always ho a burning issue with the Blade in fact tho paramount issue But in the discussion here1 in offered the Blade disclaims any personal amliltionto servo but would urge upon all its readers a greater stronger and a more impressive enthusiasm in behalf if our common undertaking The question is then how can wo best combine toa general diffusion of Freethought principles in America It has been well and amply demonstrated that whileTin 4 dividual effort has its value combined effort is not only more desirable but its work is more effective more last ing and more permanent Two methods suggest them solves First by public work through the medium of lee tures and debates Second by the distribution of free literature Both methods are designed to be and are in tended as mediums by and through which wo can Teach and bring our principles in contact with the orthodox and unthinking masses Wherever lectures can be advanta geously given these constitute the most attractive method of open propaganda as the advocate is brought face to face with the people and the personal contact thus per mitted if ofattractive speech and demeanor cannot fail to produce beneficial results This has been proven by experience The history of our cause in America for the past quarter ofa century affords plenty of affirmative date Where lectures cannot be given we may indulge in judicious distribution of Freethought literature but this must be made free of cost to those to whom we would bo disposed to offer such literature To do this the organ ized societies and associations representative of American Freethought constitute the mediums through which this distribution can be made but they must have the necessary financial backing to undertake such a work The Blade would now direct the attention of its readers to the work being carried on by the Buckeye Secular Union and the Materialist Association reports of which have been given in the Blade The former proposes by the organization of auxiliary clubs to furnish tho oppor tunities for instructive and educative debate at the same time bring tho social features of organization more prom inently to tho front The latter proposes to undertake the distribution ofa class of popular literature thus cov Bring the ground that may not be trod by tho other Let us suppose that the Buckeye Secular Union could have a score of successful clubs organized throughout the State of Ohio why hero would be work enough to keep one lecturer constantly employed in lllaknga circuit of these clubs Sonic clubs could engage him olive a month others twice a nloittliand in this way a constant agita tion would bo maintained As a further means of promoting tho cause the Materialist Association provided the proper mails aro forthcoming could keep these clubs and individuals till over the country well supplied with Frecthought literature for free distribution anti thus both are working hand in hand conjointly each playing its part iii tho missionary labors of the cause The recent conventions of these two societies with subsequent come munications from their officers show that they are alive and active in tho work before them and thereby full worthy the confidence and support of every Freethinker in the land Besides these aro the only organizations in J America ofstate or national importance having just or 14 legitimate claims upon tho Freethinkers of the country None of tile officers receive pay for their work Theirs is a labor of love They do not ask pay Every dollar r 77 l 1 7 i 0rt Fs BLUE BASS BLADE 9rcontributed toy their funds is properly accounted for and public reports are made of all receipts and expenditures Both are inadequately supported to enable them to carry onnnyeffective campaign and it is to the end that a better and stronger support be given them that these lines are written President George O Roberts of the Buckeye Secular Union is now giving of his own time money andmeans to organize auxiliary clubs in his state He has splendid prospects but is hampered only by lack of means Ifa few spare dollars could find their way into his hands through the proper channels would not his labors be ren dered less difficult and would not his opportunities be largely increased This would mean more clubs The material is there awaiting his approach out of which to organize them Every new club would bea direct chal lenge to orthodox effort Then rally to his support If you have any spare change send to him at DennisonO pr to the Secretary Miss Lou Lawrence at Barnesville Ohio On the other hand our readers will have observed the workmapped out by Secretary TBliven of the Materialist Association The whole orthodox world rests upon the notions of god and future life Shatter such beliefs and orthodoxy is destroyed Mrs Bliven proposes through the Materialist Association to publish a popular symposium on No Future Life but if the articles should be contributed as she suggests the publication could not be made in book form unless the necessary funds were forth coming to enable her to do so The symposium writers might contribute a share but ifsuch a publication can be had the work should be distributed by the tens of thous ands and as wo could not expect the religious world to pay for them Freethinkers must contribute to the expense of getting them out The value of such a work as a missionary undertaking cannot be questioned and ther Blade would urge that all proper support be given the Materialist Association to this desired and desirable end Doubtless all our readers have devoured with satis faction the logical and splendid treatise on the god ques tion delivered by President Otto Wettstoin at the Canal Dover convention This is absolutely unanswerable for in it he quotes orthodoxy against itself and takes all gods out of the universe Hero is an attractive interesting unanswerable argument against one of the principal tenets of orthodox beliefs It ought to be read by every American citizen President Wottstein is now consider ing a proposition looking to its publication in pamphlet form but here as in the previous instances cited lack of funds hold back the work As the symposium and the pamphlet deserve wide dis tribution and the officers are willing and anxious to dis tribute them the Blade would further urge upon its friends that all possible support be given this body of noble men and women that they may be permitted to carry their plans to a successful issue Their suceessis ili iii t fl your success They are open in the fight which is also your fight They have nothing personal to gain other than the common good of all and the greater happiness of the race If you can afford to aid the Materialist Association in its proposed worksend what you can afford to Eliza tMowry Bliven Box 7G Brooklyn Conn For the purpose of enabling Mrs Bliven to collect the J data necessary to the publication of the symposium the Blade now offers the use of its columns for all writers who i care to participate therein The subject to bo discussed0r is No Future Life andeachwriter is urged to giveh Ihis or her reasons for not believing in a future life All such articles should not be less than fifty nor more than 1500 words Read over the proposed plan in our last precceding issue f J tI t iliIoliticspanicsThe trinity of the American Mokanna a mighty tri vy 71 annvirate born ofa false and pernicious system built ac cording to orthodox religious notions At its shrino worship those who feed and fatten at ipublic expense and who fawn and flatter that thrift may follow and fill the sails of an anticipated Argosy And what a trinity of Its blighting influences fall largely upon the poor who are utterly unable to escape therefrom while in its specific performances human character is sullied and stained Candidates and their friends alike resort to every ex pediency that is calculated to bring them success Scan the existing political arena and it will bo impossible to v lay fingers upon any candidate for a prominent political office whose individual conscience is clear of having done no politicalwrong uttered no untruth made no misrepresentation indulged in promise impossible of fulfilment or conferred a flattery that is utterly without merit or orators candidates and leaders charge that industrial panics with their attendant distress are caused by and fairly chargeable to tho mere probability of De mocratic success at the polls in a national election Dem ocrats deny tho responsibility and charge that the party in power through chicanery mismanagement and fraud f is altogether responsible therefor created by it to open up a means of political campaigning The Socialist candi dates charge both Republican and Democrat with insincerity and incompetency while they in turn combine to 1 denounce the Socialist as a dissatisfied idle dreamer who is chasing a more willothewisp The Prohibition canf1didate assorts that ho is in possession of the only political palladium while the others unite in the cry of peanut politics as directedagainst the Prohibition party and its candidates Thus if tho advocates and representatives of each party are to be believed none of them can be All worthy of holding a responsible political office And yet the political trinity still rules tho land Onco t f ffh1ii f rii t i rrI r CF r10 BLUEGRASS BLADE every four years with each recurring presidential elec tion panic ensues money flies to cover factories close down industry is idle the wheels of commerce cease to hum prices fall currency shrinks suffering follows and it is upon such conditions as these that each party hopes to ride into power and political authority Political per jury creeps along in the wake of calamity and the triumvirate is complete- Is there a candidate for the office of President now fore the people who does not claim to be of extremely themIto tion in the interest of their faith i Do not the leading candidates strive to appear before the electorate as devout believers in Christianity and all that such a belief im plies i Are not the columns of the public press reeking withaccounts of the religious beliefs and aspirations of this or that candidate i Do they not all profess an allegiance to the orthodox Christian faith in some form or anotherAssuming these claims to be true and we have no right to assert they are not then what a sad commentary it is upon the supposedly moral influences of that religion in which they so profess to believe The people gener ally speaking know that all such pretensions are vain and vainglorious selfserving and made in the hope and expectation of political gain In spite of religion and re ligious pretensions personal political ambition blunt the moral sense False pretenses govern many of the move ments they undertake in public and god who believing- ly knows all things is thrust aside in the mad political vortex forgotten ignored neglected and scorned And so we have politics panics and perjury Would that every Freethinker in the land had courage to make his true opinions known and felt The con stant political pandering to a senseless superstition would soon become a thing of the past Political honesty can never obtain in America until the godbelief idea is rooted out Panics would no longer be manufactured as political expedients and perjury would disappear Presi dential elections could then bo held without such disas trous effects upon the industries and commerce of the nationPolitics panics perjury This is the stock in trade of political campaigns the tools of godfearing politicians struggling for offices they do not deserve Our best and safest remedy lies in the inculcation of Freethought principles broadcast oer the land Free thought is based wholly on truth and fact and these are incapable of injury to moral and political worth Freethought alone is the bedrock upon which our national liberties can be made secure and a permanent peace brought to the whole of the American people Jf f1k i6L itd1 = L MEN ARE WHAT THEY THINK Thought leads to action and as action make habits so habits constitute conduct How essential then that our thoughts be free untram melled and uninfluenced by false beliefs or sordid su perstitionsIf think wrong thoughts our actions habits and conduct must likewise be wrong but if we think good thoughts we tend strongly toward improvement- As a man thinks so is he is both a timely and truth ful saying for in the end we are what we actually think and our thought must determine what we are and what we are to be Free thought is true thought It must be uninfluenced by any personal desire It must strive against seeking to forward personal ambition and look only for results y independent of what those results are Freethought is the highest and best thought of which the human mind is capable and by a rigid application of all that it implies it must lead to vastly superior results Godthought is a slave thought and slave thoughts lead o fear thoughts Fear thoughts are held in mental chains by a gross sensual and sordid superstition Such thoughts cannot be free no matter how much may be claimed for them Every improved thought moans an improvement in the resultant conduct If the improvement in conduct does not approach the full extent of the improved thought there will be some improvement and that is a distinct gain To bring about a permanent or perpetual improve ment the individual must acquire good mental habits and the objective sought will soon bo made manifest There is no use in striking at mere physical effects while we leave the mental causes to become intensified Superstition based upon assumptive beliefs in gods devils physical heavens and hells peopling the air and sky with personalities of good and evil against which a struggling humanity must contendand strive in vain pre vents correct proper or free thinking because of the con stant fearcloud with which such a mind so believing is enveloped Beliefs must necessarily fix themselves in the mindand become mental habits shaping and molding conduct in accordance therewith The belief in the existence ofa personal god possessing the power and inclina tion to impose a fearful punishment upon sentient beings for declining to accept or believe in him must of a necessity induce similar tendencies in the mind andnature of those who indulge in such a belief and from this we are able to understand much of the cruelty and torture perpetrated by godbelievers upon the unbelievers The mind of the believer narrowed and dwarfed by his senseless superstition was unable to perceive the slightest wrong in what he did They believed themselves god like by assuming to follow out godlike propensities And they wore godlike to the extent that they believed in god for no god can be better than his creator and the r jAlxyM J tU Tf frpJX i t b jJt J I i BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 r believer was simply doing that which he felt and believed his god would have done had the god believed in been at that particular place at that precise moment If a god is to punish those who deny or question his existence would it not be godlike for the believer to also punish the unbeliever and would not the believer be more pleas ing to his god by sodoing Freethought having builded its philosophy upon the experiences of the race ignoring gods heavens and hells uninfluenced by sinister and baneful superstitions is able to reason fully and completely from cause to effect andstudying the effect in order to determine as accurate ly as possible its merits and demerits and if evil follow then to furnish a remedy by striikng at the cause removing it altogether or so changing environment as to weaken its power and influence for further wrong In the course of investigation the Freethinker has found that the belief in god is responsible for innumerable evils that afflict the race In its practical work it aims to eradicate all such beliefs from the mind of man hopefuland encouraged by the knowledge that with a de struction of such beliefs the betterment of humanity is provided for Such a task is of huge proportions and re quires unexampled heroism to participate therein Every age has furnished its proportion of generals in this mental battle and the ago in which we live is no exception to the ruleGuided J by the worlds best and highest thought there by enhancing the best and highest human conduct the Blade volunteers as a soldier in the ranks ready to take its place on the firing line and devote its best services to the annihilation of godthoughts to the end that the thoughts of allmay bo made free CHRISTIAN DESIGNS UPON CHINA According to a Mr Charles Johnston writing in the Hibbert Journal of Boston tho Christian world is fondly anticipating tho death of the Empress Dowager of China in order that her son Kuang Su may rulo over the flowery kingdom because one of his confidential advisers Kang Yu Wei now in exile will be restored to official favor per mitted to return home and take a hand in the affairs of the government Let it be understood however that the Christian world speaking through tho Hibbert Journal writer is not so much interested in the young Emperor as it is in his ad visor The cause of this absorbing interest in him is due to the fact that Mr Johnston has interviewed him upon the subject of religion and in that interview aa Mr Johnston asserts Hang Yu Wei has spoken well of the Christian mangod Jesus and now Mr Johnson is able to see the spiritual revival that is to lead China into the Christian fold should conditions so shape them selves in the Orient as to put the Emperor on the throne The story of this anticipated denouement does not come from Kang Yu Wei himself but it comes from Mro e0 Johnston It is merely the latters version of the affairaL And yet to use Mr Johnstons own words the China man student though ho may be can have but a limited or restricted idea of the character of Jesus as portrayed in the gospels for ho is made to speak approvingly of the courage and manliness of Jesus because of his persist ence in working to fulfill his mission upon earth with the certainty of death confronting him In addition to this the Chinaman is made to say that Jesus is the greatest single factor in the development of the Western worldCourage and manliness Let us take these suspected qualities for consideration first Didnot Jesus being god know that he was to meet death Was not his mission on earth terminating in death foreordained from the time of the fall Was not the death of Jesus actually promised long before ho was supposed to have been born Was not his birth death and resurrection made tho subject of biblical prophecy Andcan the creature put his creator to death Was not Jesus god Can a god suffer Can a god die Does a godneed courage to face deathan may but a god ought not to What would have become of the Christian z scheme of salvation if Jesus the god had dodged the cross If Jesus suffered or if he was in the need of t courage to face death then he could not be godtBut was Jesus manly Not according to the account given by his biographer There is nothing manly in cursing a fig tree because it didnot bear fruit out of season There was nothing man ly in encouraging his disciples to steal corn There was nothingmanly in speaking with contempt of his mother the woman who had borne him There was nothing man ly in hiding to dodge tho soldiers There was nothing manly in cursing and abusing those who refused to sup port him or agree with him as he is recorded to have done in the 23rd chapter of Matthew There were neither courage or manliness in his agonizing and piteous cry from the cross when ho knew the game was up Con trast the death of Jesus with the death of Bruno or Rob EmmettThe charitable view we could possibly take of the whole life and character of Jesus is to say that what bas been written about him is not true Could the exiled Chinaman knowing these facts have given utterance to such sentiments and knowing them would hope to see Jesusbelievers influencing Chinese affairs Just a few years in America and Kang Yu Wei may get his eyes opened to the true condition of affairs about Jesus and tho Western world But then we have only Mr Johnstons word for aught to the contrary Perhaps the Chinaman never said what is attributed to himtIf ho did Americans have a way of knowing that the wiley Oriental has a habit of saying things upon religious topics that he does not mean when talking to Christian advocates in a supposed Christian country i f J1 q1fn H1 r- r lljIIJ Y41 i t ftff tJtl tf i l if Ir t BLUEGFRASS BLADE PAINE IGNORED THROUGH RELIGIOUS PREJUDICE By James B Elliott The evil that men do lives after them while the good Is oft interred with their City of Philadelphia the home of literarydefense he enlisted in the Continental Army in 1776 and became Aide de camp to Gen Nathaniel Greene Secretary of Congress In 1777 and of the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1779 and who headed a subscription list with 500 to aid Washingtons deserting army quartered at Morristown which in duced Blair McCleneghan and Robert Mor ris to subscribe 10000 each which enabled his army to get supplies and march to vie tory at Yorktown the editor of the first magazine published and the author and publisher of the greatest thoughtprovok ing pamphlets of the RevolutionCommon Sense and Age of Reason The one one who was chosen by Col John Laurens to go with him to France and with him 1succ ded in securing from Louis XVI the of 2500000 livers of silver and a ship loaded with military stores which was given in his charge to bring to Boston and which he safely delivered from the ship Resolve commanded by Capt John Barry a Roman Catholic whose statue fe now in Independence Square Ho also com mended the purchase of the Louisiana Ter ritory by President Jefferson This city decided to celebrate the 225th anniversary of the charter of the State by William Penn and appropriated 100000 to make the commemoration a euccess The directors in charge announced that the V great men who did something toward the development of the city and State would Jbe personified and live again before the people improved in Art Morals Literature Mechanics etc That Franklin Jefferson Washington Robert Morris Stephen Girard and Lincoln Capt John Barry and Paul Jones would be represented- I naturally wondered if the name and services of the AuthorHero of the Revolution had been overlooked or interred with his bones at New Rochelle I was told that I was too late to personate Tom Paine that he drank too much and that his services were only nominal and called for no special presentation in the Historical f Pageant Universityt the degree of A M that the Philadelphia Society honored him with membership and that Washington Franklin Jefferson Ad ams and Robert Morris honored him with their friendship But he was deaf to all my appeals I asked him if It was relig 4I lrtJ t f v ious prejudice Ho said no and referred to several infidels in the pageant I then ask ed why he opposed Paine He said that he admired Alexander Hamilton and preferred him to Jefferson or Paine and appeared surprised that I had resurrected so many good things that Tom Paine had done but said it was too late- I then paid a visit to the Committee for Marking Historic Sites and demanded to know why the graves and homes of so many traitors like the Rev Jacob Duche Joseph Galloway and Benedict Arnold were marked while patriots like Thomas Paine and Blair McClenaghau were neglected He informed me that they had 300 signs printed and they were overlooked Believing with Ingersoll that Hands that help are better far than lips that pray I could not rest until I had resurrected from the dust of the century the name of Thomas Paine and ordered at once at the cost of our Association suitable signs to mark the residence of Thomas Paine where his Common Sense and Crisis were printed the garrett that Dr Wilson and I visited some years ago and the office be occupied while Secretary of the Committee on For eign Affairs I called on MrJ C Hannon and together we proceeded to the grave of Robert Morris in the rear of Christ Church we were shocked to find his tomb next to the privy where inall likelihood his bones have been devoured by rats Mr Han nons eyes filled with tears at this gross neglect of the last resting place of Robert Morris the financier of the Revolution and he exclaimed How soon we are forgotten When we are dead While we were thus musing we were Invited by one of the deacons Doa full dress suit to step inside and see the pews of BenJ Franklin and George Washington Mr Haunon was reverent enough to ask if Tom Paine was burled there The deacon replied he never heard of him nor did he want to We next proceeded loSt Pauls church and found the grave of Blair McClenaghan had not been marked but that the Rev Dr Duches house and church likewise St Marys Roman Catholic church and Commo dore Barrys grave had been covered with flowers while on Robert Morris tomb there was but a faded wreath Signs were painted and placed upon Palnes Garret where he wrote Common Sense where Common Sense and Crisis were printed and hla office when Secretary of Committee on Foreign Affairs The act ual expense Incurred was If there are any of the Blade readers willing to join in the chorus of that hymn so popular with the Young and Alexander combination Uismy name written there Would do well to remember it Is the cash that counts and turns the trick nowadays 1 f rd f t r 7 AN uPLiFTING INSTITUTION y Continued from Page of people was it uplifting then Was it uplifting when it burned alive at the stake upwards of 31000 people Was it uplifting vhen it imprisoned Galileo for teaching the Copernlclan system of astronomy Was it uplifting when it burned Bruno or when St Cyril murdered the beautiful Hypatia Has Italy Ireland Spain or Mexico even Abysslanla Been fitted by this uplifting institution Is an institution uplifting that dwarfs the mind crushes out freedom of thought and seeks to perpetuate itself with sword and flame The real uplifting of the world of hu manity has been in spite of the Romish church or any other churcn and all who are in any way familiar with the historyiof popery knows that the Romish church in particular has been and forever will be the deadly enemy of liberty Bruno taire Paine Garibaldi bradlaugh and In gersoll ail great and selfsacrificing philanthropists have each done more to uplift mankind than all the religions in the world world They have braved tno storm and risked the dungeon for humanitys sake and succeded In wrenching power from the alleged throne of grace f Let Archbishop Ireland be heard He is quoted as saying Religious liberty in this country is merely endured until the oppo site can be carried into effect without peril to the church of Rome Now read La fayette and Chlniquy again Hundreds of similar quotations might be given along Ryans line Leo XIII gave utterances to the same end In face of all the recorded iniquities of Romanism from Constantine to this very hour despotism takes a turn against the liberty of this nation andu nominee for the high office of President has openly declared himself in favor or the Romish church The very Islands to which Mr Taft refers have been under the influences of this uplifting institution and all the elements that combine with It for hundreds of years and further com ment along this line is unnecessary Speaking of the church of Rome Inger soll once said Destruction is the oniy- reformation of which that church is capa bleFrance took cognizance of this fact in the year of grace 1906 and forever put the pope and his allies beyond tho power of national harm The spirit and policy of the Roman church is and are out of harmony and inconsistent with our Declaration of Independence and the Constitution upon which our goverment and its laws have been built Chardon Ohio Ut FiY k It BLUEGRABSBLADEr 13xA QUESTION OF MORALS By Dr A A Bell The clergy have long claimed that they are the keepers of all human virtue hon esty and Integrity and they have further urged that any man or woman who did not believe In God heaven and hell could have no possible motive for being good and pure and leading an upright life The following Is the account of an escapade Indulged In by a clergyman As a rule I would refuse to notice such pranks but I pick out this one because the clergy insist that Infidels and atheists are wicked and that being what he or she is or may be they can have no regard for morality or truth The clipping reads Mr and Mrs Samuel Tuttle of South ampton and Miss May Rohm a sister of a Mrs Tuttle and daughter of Deacon Rohm of the local Baptist Society hearing that Rev Air Fairfield contemplated bringing an action for slander against them ap peared before the police magistrate pre erring charges against the clergyman Mrs Tuttle who is young and pretty anda grandniece of President Franklin Pierce stated to the court that her pastor had embraced her Mr Tuttle did not fearingWhen the story came out Mr Tuttle wa extremely wroth and was with difficulty re strained from seeking out Dr Fairfield end doing him bodily Injury Dr FaIrfield left town stating to his congregation that he was going to place the whole matter before the Long Island Babtlst Association He has not done so and if he does not return today the matter will be taken be fore the association by the congregation While It is historically true that from the days of Cicero until the present time un believers have been noted and character ized for their individual honesty and strict veracity these traits have been so marked in some Instances that John Stuart Mill was dubbed Saint Atheist Hume was called The Philosopher Adam Smith who wrote the Wealth of Nations in a preface to Humes Essays stated that he regarded Hume as a human being as nerfect as the frailties of human nature would permit Ernest Renan in a lecture averred that it he had to pick out a man of the most ve racity and honesty he would have to go among his atheistical friends to find him And yet In the face of such veritable facts the clergy insist that Infidels are not reli able thus advertising their own want or lack of veracity Compare what is here written with the clipping above quoted and we have facts enough to enable any honest person to decide the Issue Madison Ga I iA rKr j t 0V ihkltIthe Blades Covitespondence 1 + + 1 Offers to Lecture BUCKLIN KAN Noticing what you say in the Blade of Ocl41n regard to lecturers I thought I would write you a few lines It seems to me this la the grandest scheme yet Invented to educate people in Free thought or Atheism You say there must be first lecturers no doubt you are right about that Think of the number of preachers that are teaching their mythol ogy We need not only strong men but a great number of them and I think the or dinary lecturer will more than equal the or dinary preacher I have a lecture on Miracles which I have delivered quite a number of times It shows how the miracles of Jesus can be performed today by trick ery and slelghtofhand also a lecture in preparation on Is the Doctrine of the Christian God pantheism In which it is proved by the Bible that the real God of the Jews was nature or the universe and the angelic God was a myth or figure Also I give evidence to prove that people should not worship any thing or being as a God My intention Is to lecture on these themes in the near futureMARION W MARLEY Need for Emergency Fund INDIhae been wanting to write you for some time but through the worry of making enough money to see my wife through a severe case of appendicitis I was unable to do so before I am sorry to state that I feel myself compelled for a time at least to stop your paper until I can get on my feet again I leave in a few days fqr Illinois where a job has been offered me with fair pay If I can make good and I think that I can it wont be long until you will get the money that owe you Please send me amount of my bill Want to say for your paper that it has opened my eyes and mind to many things In regard to Free thought and Religion E J OBITUARY Death of a Brave Freethinker SCIPIO UTAHOn Oct last there passed from this world of Joys and sorrows a man who was one of Freethoughts most fearless champions A man who died as he had lived honest and upright sincere In his convictions firm in the belief that the God of Christianity is a myth religion a farce and immortality a dream r- t trr J l Ole Madsen was born 51 years ago last March In Denmark and emigrated to Utah f with his father sister and mother In the early 60s He became a member of the Mormon Church and at one time held theroffice of a deacon in it but while still a ryoung man became a Freethinker from reading the works of Ingersoll and Paine t and soon afterward was excommunicated from the church because he dared to rea son and follow the dictates of his own rmind Ho always maintained a fearless front against the Christian religion and never missed an opportunity to engage In tdebate or argument with the elders of the Mormon or the mInisters of the other ilservices were slmplea few r staunch friends testifying to his worth and 1 sterling character Fo nearly a year he suffered from cancer which was the cause of his death but never fifor an instant did he waver In the belief t that death ends allthat when lifes fitfultfever is over and the mantle of Peace is IlngStreaks of Bad Luck PORTLAND OREGON I write you too day for two as I tnlnk good reasons One is that I am ashamed of being so much behind and the other is that I have been robbed as you mig say While I was build Ing my house here I met with a very bad accident run down by a street car ren dered unconscious and finding myself the next day in the hospital The man who was attending to my affairs took advantage of my condition by calling on my son to pay the bills for building And when I came around he had dhawn nearly one thousand dollars paid no bills and skipped out Consequently had the bills to pay JHowevermistakes or my troubles and time may wish to discontinue my BlueGrassry Blade you are welcome to do so and no ill feelings from me In any way but no man Vcan do business without capital and you have been very kind to me as well as pa itient I must admit However I will try It to meet this obligation at my earliest abU sty Hoping to hear from you in a kind tway in the near future I remain your well wisherS H MORRIBI L 2 ii iV t tiif 14 IWeHave the List CRYSTAL CITY TEXASFor the closed P JL Order 125 please send a 1copy of Dr Wilsons book A Trip to Rome to R P Johnson Gwlnner N Dak and write on the Inside cover Compli ments of O F Johnson Has Mr Heald of Los Angeles made any arrangements with you to send the Blade to the subscribers of Higher Science when that publication dledO F JOHNSON Do Our Readers Know WILLIAMSPORT PAI am very much interested In the study of Astronomy and have given the subject a great deal of thought The Nebular Hypotheses I am not much In sympathy with I believe that the origin development and destiny of our solar system can best be explained by an INCREASING Internal heat of the planets Instead of a cooling off process Do you know of any author or person figuring from this basis JOSEPH J KING MATERIAL FOUNDATIONOF EVOLUTION Continued from Page heart of women so the caveman who ut In these comments I do not claim to havo voiced the opinions of any considerable number of Materialists but to my mind there is no resting place between the di recting agency of a Soul and material Determinism Free will and Materialism resin to me as inconsistent as Evolution and the Hebrew Scriptures Barnesville O tered the softest chant had the most favor able prospect of leaving a numerous prog eny who through direct Inheritance of the fathers talent and the effect of their mothers admiration of said talent would probably excel even their father in their musical gifts Can we not as easily under stand how mans musical taste could have been evolved by a purely physical process as that the songs of the Carolina wren and the inimitable catbird should have been developed in such manner Nature proposes to herself no aim in her operations and all final causes are nothing but pure fictions Imagined by menSp true philosophy Is to retire within ones self and listen to the voice of reason amid the stillness of the passions Rousseau THEPROCESSION PLANETS rib AddressFRANKLIN 1 dt iH kr rVIMA t BLUE GRASS BLADE BULBS SPECIAL OFFER to build Business trial er satisfactionguaranteed or rSouvenir t tEFk tBedto 10eelll rIs dropTulip n today Mention this Paper SENL Z5 CENTSsettputt dpotlted tWJ In u4 phta emakl Ix ha 8b1e1IIord rIorn PURsue6soosa ui THE Humanitarian Review GREATLY ENLARGED AND IMPROVED Singleton W Davis Editor and Publisher No 854 E54 St Los Angeles 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SHEAGREEN AveMINNEAPOLIS A 1tA t rJIII ijJi 1 Y i tk it t p THE A B C of Religion A COLLECTION OF POEMS From a TypeWritten Family Bible Without Policy or Piety But Full of Common Sense By JOSEPH HAIGH Chebanse Illinois 25 CENTS Address the Author or Blue Grass Blade Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important ai Pigs Potatoes and Pups Do yon believe that we grownups and even the Children should know as much about oiirFolvcp ot we know about Fisher riuwir ant Flogs Do you bollpvc In Better Fiogeny a More Elevated Race anyway If eo pend J25 for a years subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Main St Los Angeles California U S A Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage 30 cents stamps The Holy BibleIn Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the contradic tions and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faith and 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