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BLUEGRS BLADE Volume XVII Number 29 LEXINGTON KY NOVEMBER 8 Ico8 Published Weekly DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT fi It JUDGE CHARLES B WAITE s Eminent Jurist Historian JVeothauglit Writer and Advocate 11 t ilii dti 2rl J r i 7 sjf t f t t 7f f 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE J JUDGE CHARLES B WAITS 5 Wherever a Freethinker can be found In America there the name of the subject of this sketch Is known No man In America can boast a wider Freethought constituency today For years he has been a valuable contrlbu or to the Freethought Press and his name has stood at the bead of the Freethought organizations of the country Judge Charles B Waite of Chicago Ill Is perhaps more widely and favorably known as the author of the History Chrisianity covering the first two centuries of Its existence al though In 1891 at Philadelphia he was elected President of the old American Secular Union As the sixth edition of his famous historical work Is now issued this sketch will be devoted largely to a review of his writings and work for the cause As Judge Waie must be classed among the foremost of the radical Frog thinkers of the country these incidents connected with his literary life must be of interest to Blade readers At an early age Mr Waite commenced writing for the press In 1845 he was correspondent of the Western Citizen an anti slavery paper published in Chicago by Z Eastman andlaterhie jwasfor many years a contributor to the Chicago Tribune his l for that paper dating from Its very foundation t In 1846 he edited and published In Rock Island II1an anti slavery paper called the Liberty Banner From the time of his admission to the bar In 1847 for about tJt thirty years he devoted himself to the practice of his profession except during a few years when he was on the bench During jf all that time though he occasionally wrote for the press his writings were more of a legal character consisting of briefs written arguments and articles for law magazines His contrlfc tiutions to the Chicago Iav Times in 1886 to 1888 attracted wide attention from the bar and have been the subject of frequent editorial reference In the leading newspapers His briefs and printed arguments were characterized by brevity and clearness One of them having fallen Into the hands of President Blanchard of Knox College was made the special subject of a lesson In his class in rhetoric Mr WaIte was successful in his legal praclce and tIs safe to say that In some branches of his profession especially those lating to real estate no lawyer In Chicago stood higher In the celebrated case of Taylor v Coifing which went several times to r the Supreme Court of Illinois and was argued by six or eight of the most leading lawyers of the State Mr Waite succeeded In getting a decision reversed which had been announced and at firmed In the contested election case of McGorty v Hooper which he argued before the Committee on Territories of the House of Representatives at Washington his printed argument contained a complete expose of the system of Mormonism in Its relation to the government of the United States For several years commencing In 1866 Mr Waite by voice and pen advocated the cause of woman suffrage Some of his writings on tibls subject published In pamphlet form had an tensive circulation In various States He has always maintained and still maintains that the dIsfranchIsement by a State of half Its citizens on account of sex Is a violation of the fundamental principles of republican government In 1880 Mr Waite published his History of the Christian Re ligion in the preparation of which he had been engaged for ney eral years This work has perhaps had more Influence upon thinkers and investigators than any book of a religious character which has been produced in this country dome years ago Mr Waite put forth a small work entitled Herbert flpenear sad mil Critics It consisted of three parts The first nave a brief but lucid and complete statement of the it z i 5 iw Sr4r 1 r1 S t Spencerian philosophy The second contained extracts from tie principal criticisms whch had been made upon It in this country and in Europe The third part consisted of the criticisms of the author which were directed almost exclusively against Spencers doctrine of The Unknowable Mr Spencer objected to the statement that he had given to his system the name of The New Philosophy He wrote the author several letters upon the subject and expressed strongly his displeasure at what he considered a misrepresentation saying he had never made use of that term He also considered himself unfairly treated in another respect in that more space had been given ho said to the criticisms than to his replies He did not claim however that his position of his views or arguments had been misstated or misrepresented in any respect Mr Waite replied to these letters showing that if the state ment of the Spencerian system of philosophy be token into no countand there was no pretense that it was In any way Incor sectthe space given to Mr Spencer was more than that of all the critics together while as between the criticisms which were replied to and his replies the space nearly equally divided At to the other point Mri Waite called Mr Spencers attention to the fact that In the second edition of First Principles published by D Appleton Co in 1870 the title page reads thus First Principles of a New Philosophy by Herbert Spencer Au thor etc and though the title page was afterward changed the term New Philosophy had been used as late as 1897 In r the preface to the edition of that year Is this sentence The present volume is the first ofa series designed to unfold the principles of a new philosophy Herbert Spencer and His Critics has had a wide demand and encomiums have been passed upon it by many of the lead- Ing periodicals of the country A Conspiracy Against the Republic published In 1899 gave a complete statement of the efforts which have been made from time to time to obtain ecclesiastical control of the government commencing with Its foundation and continuing to the present the Iconoclastic work our author had done his full share What should he now do In the work of buildIng up As he looked over the eround he could think of nothing for which he togetherinthrown but the sad fact remained that a thousand different lan guages prevented the people from availing themselves of the rapid modes of intercommunication which science hnd made pos Bible during the nineteenth century This little manual is so manifestly founded upon the neces cities of the people that It has had an extensive s91eltl In dorsed by eminent linguists representing three foreign languages and the verdict of the press has been uniform In its favor It Is by systematic welldirected and persistent work that Mr Waite has achieved his success and asqulred his wellearned rep illation Rois now in his eighties in good hlnlthandln tho full possession nnd active w ofall faculties He has lived a long and useful life It may be somewhat premature to attempt at this time to as sign his exact position in the world of letters that will be determined by those who know the facts of his life and who have read and will read his writings But there Is no doubt he will take high rank as one of the best thinkers and ablest writers this country has produced and that his literary works will be looked upon as one of the highest importance not only to thli but to future generationsl 7 7i f BLUETOKASS BLADEti 8 Striking a Balance SHeet The Trtumph of Reason and Humanity Upon the Field of Thought Over the BloodRed Banners of the Cross By Judge Parish B Ladd At the beginning of the Renaissance there were few books oral lectures took their place Each town established its schools and lecturerooms Along wIth this learning came refinement in all things ethical culture humanity the building up of happy homes construction of highways and better means of travel fn short Christian piety poverty squalldlty rags vermin and crime were giving place to luxury humanity and contentment all the result of free thought Toe new learning as It was called gave a new conception of human life new Interests in the material universe a world of humanity to live in a happy life on earth In the place of an unverified life beyond the grave As long as this new learning seemed to come in for the benefit of the church the popes and their priesthood encouraged It but alas It came too plain that the newborn child of destiny was an unbe liever an infidel This being settled the popes and their church turned all their forces to the destruction of learning renewed their war on all unbelievers and on the civil governments which were In unison with the Renaissance The contest was long and bitter every inch of ground was stub bornly defended by the contending parties The terrors srlfe and misery of the Huguenot persecution carne to the front when the pope urged the utter extermination of all unbelievers to spare neither sex nor age His repeated orders were to wipe out every vestige of heresy from the earth even to children In their mothers arms For two hundred years the slaughter went on In all the popes dominions and in France especially which was the center of heresy the fury raged until the terrible massacre of St Bartholomew when more than 100000 gave up their lives to satiate the thIrst for blood spilled that Christianity might live to renew the contest For a few days after this dreadful slaughter all was silence despair was depicted on the face of every Huguenot and deep down in his hellish soul the pope exulted while the air was filled with the clank of church bells and the loud cheering of all popedom This horrible massacre but furnished more fuel to speed the engine of death and desolation to all who dared to breathe an at mosphere of free thought Liberty or death was echoed from the homes of every Huguenot which was met by renewed threats of utter extermination of all unbelievers Terrible as the forebodings were the Huguenot forces continued to augment until they massed an army little less In numbers but better disciplined than that of the pope From that direful day of St Bartholomew the fates have perched on the banners of freedom until France the field of the first contest today is master while the pope in his loathsome retreat is scheming to enslave free America To follow up this Renaissance and show the rapid progress of learning and humanity after the bloody hands of the pope were sayed would make too long an article besides the reader may obtain such Information from more recent history It may be said by some who are ally Informed or whose personal Interests are directly Involved that the picture of the dark ages Is not the ouput Christianity but the maladministration of the Catholic Church On this they are In error for that church was the only one In existence and It traces Its time of descent directly from the earlier times down to the present If the Catholic Church does not represent true Christianity then it has HOxrepy s J resentatlve nor was Protestantism when and where in power any Improvement over Catholicism It vied with its rival In per secuting torturing and murdering all Hebrews and In the murder of women as witches It outrivaled its opponent In cruelty Chris tianity was born and baptized under the names ot Therapeuts and Essenes some two hundred years before the time assigned to Christ About one hundred and twenty years thereafter It changed Its name to Chris ianity not as derived from a man but from a claim of pIetyfilial reverence for the God Jehovah which to the devout meant goodness for with the early sect piety was the only goodness which when expressed by the word Chrst was an adjective a quality which in time being pertsonified became a proper name and was called Christ Later the word Jesuswas added making the two words to mean piety and goodnessyou are savedThe early church feeling that a per sonal head was needed personified these two words Christ Jesus who became a fullgrown man or mangod called Jesus Christ In this way the personal Jesus Christ came into being but only as a man The church later not earlier tnan the third century made up a biography for the man in two different accounts one his father was a dove hIs mother a Jewish maiden who never lost her vIrginItybut enough of this Christianity was In full manhood when Constantine turned the Roman Empire over to It With two or three short breaks under pagan rule Christianity took charge of popedom and held absolute dominion civilly and ecclesiastically down to the fifteenth cen Rp tury So Christianity as such Is unqualifiedly responsible for all the poverty ignorance and crime during the dark ages In fact the dark ages are the natural result of the Christian system It started life with beggars old women slaves criminals and other rabble of the Roman Empire see Gibbons Decline and Fall Its stock In trade was ignorance and poverty during its civil life of a thousand years It added untold crimes In the very nature of things it could have produced nothing else Its highway over which It has ever traveled is fal h and friction Intelligence la the outcome of a study of natural law Nature Is the only source of true reason while religion goes through the world bumping against every rule of natural law hence the church Catholic and Protesant has fought every branch of science from astronomy to and Including evolution In each she has been defeated ea she r ever must be All these sciences having their foundation In natural law necessarily came put victors while Christianity founded on the Bible pure fiction stood by that book and lost all in the contest That book today stands just where it did at its birth It speaks from the dark ages it must ever remain at a sandstlll the science have come into being long since Its birth they traverse its every precept at war wlh its every claim The scIences are now accepted truths hence the Bible Is untrue Untrue as it is itftixcontinues to claim the allegiance of all Christians and the church demands that all her people believe In the book and follow its teachings Hence all true Christians if any there be stand before the world as believers and supporters of that which is false All being anchored to that book must ever remain dead weights or break the chains which hold them to their Bible A few who r possess conscience and are endowed with vitality ere doing this They are breaking the chains which have bound them to the dead past and taking their places in the world of free thought As a me the more intelligent of the clergy are among the first i4 aia 74 un J lftiJl 1t jtIJi q rt l t kc V i 2f4 BLUR GRASS BLADE to break from the past and take the stand for immortal truth found only In nature and natures open book everywhere open to all who are not willfully or stupidly blind Unfortunately there still remains a vast multitude some loaded down with supersti tion some too lazy or too busy to think many entirely destitute of reasoning faculties a few too greedy and selfish to want to know the truth lest it deprive them of an easy living The quasicivllization of today owes its all to free thought to the child of doubt to tree thinkers who are the fathers of sci ence useful inventions and themothers of ethics and humanity aliIUIt is held only by the advance of the age ever ready to drop back to its lair in the dark ages it left to its own gravity Having in this article alluded to the fact that a few ot the popes loaned their aid to the Renaissance a thing contrary to the life and spirit of the Catholic Church a little further explanation is required as to the men and their motives in deviating from the fixed mo lyes and In deviating from the fixed rules of the church to hold the people In ignorance There were nine popes who have been classed as friends to the new learning A brief sketch of these popes their acts and the nducements therefor will now be in order Nicholas V was the first to give aid to the new life He was a man of great learning I a free thinker In fac who seeing that under former popes all Christendom had sunk to the lowest depths of Ignorance and crime and oaring nothing for the system threw off tie cloak o- ri1iplety and put forth all his energy for the new cause which was Jithen in the bud Nicholas associating himself with Baccoldlnl Q Valla Flic Ifo acid others who were avowed Freethinkers sent out s and collected ninny MSS of Greek to be translated Into Latin ond otherwise materially aided tie new cause He died March f 1455 Pope Callxtuu Iii raised to he pupal chair being old ana 1f feeble died in 1458 after all unsuccessful effort to get up a cru sade against the Turks but nevertheless the Catholic Church fJluts forth the claim that he aided in the cause Plus II 14581464 a man of learning destitute of morals gave no heed to religion but spent his time in an attempt to recover the lost governments He was a Freethinker Paulus II Nothing cf this pope worthy of note to I find al y though claimed by the church as a reformer hesitaterto brand him as a heretic Innocent VIII 1441492 claimed by the church us a reformer t was In fact a shameless despot It was he who appointed the Tanjuemando Inquisition of Spain to exterminate heretics Alexander VI was no reformer Jullin IL I503irl3 spent his time n political Intrigues for himself caring no hlng for the church Leo Xj 14751523 A statesman and a warrior Conquest art and letters were his ruling passions So antagonistic Was he to tho church that several of the cardinals got up a plot to poison him one of whom he put to death the ethers he Imprisoned Thus it will be seen how much these popes did for the Ronnie sance for learning liberty and humanism All Sams Eve 1517 came Luthers protest by 1520 the breach had become permanent when the supremacy of the popes ceased to play on the passions of their votaries From that time on Freethinkers on the throne civilization gradually but slowly has been ascending a better Jife a higher civilization a humanism all born of Freethought Christians of today willfully orstupIdly Ignorant of the past looking out on the pacific Christian scenes around them dls turbed only now and then by a heresy trial are loud in their oft repeated assertions of the blessings of Christianity a system whosttr bloody hands have but recently been forced from y throats of Freethinkers by the civil governments of the world If Christianity ever had one redeeming quality or If it can show one single thing that it has over done to benefit the world history fails to record it It is the only religion known to the world that persecuted tortured and put to death men women and children for mere differences of opinion As a civil power Christianity In Europe Is deadas an ecclesiastical heirarchy it is there dying while In our counry it is not holding its own though making the most strenuous efforts to prolong its days Here the Catholic forces are joining hands with our politicians each reckless as to the consequences It Is plunder alone that our officials are after while Rome is seeking a retreat here when forced from the land of her birth The early religions of the world date back to the time when man was a savage little above the wild beasts around him of nature and her laws he knew nothing the heavenly bodies the various phenomena around him and most objecs in his view were living beings As he could not control them they made him a slave a slave to superstition Conceiving all these things to be his superiors able to do him good or harm he prostrated himself and appealed to them for aid The first religion had thus been l born it continued to stay with him In his childish simplicity from him it descended to his progeny a line of inheritance had been drawn Along this line from our remote ancestors to the jirsen the law of descent has held good each succeeding eration Inheriting its religion from Its ancestors Occasionally in novations have crept In always leaving the substance of the old religion Intact This Is a law of evolution which ultimately trols all the major acts of our race Paganism whop ripe died but not until Christianity had Inherited and absorbed all its prin ciples precepts practices forms and ceremonies In short Christianity none otjier than paganism by another name excepr in one particular Christianity made a departure from all the old pagan systems in the persecution of unbelievers It Is the only cruel religion known o history Like all other religions it is false and like them it must dleb1t as most men are and ever have been ignorant some other form of religion will come itf to take its place May he like Its pagan ancestors a tolerant one Thn s atement rests on the theory that the past history of the world will continue to repeat Itself A few bright geniuses at the helm of the worlds railing crafts all others following in the ships wake depending en the pilots to make safe landings Let us no deceive ourselves Christianity is no longer believed in by the musses Educated and uneducated alike have lost faith the old Biblical stories of the creation flood etc have been dls proved by the unearthed Babylonian writings while the monu menal history of Egypt loans Its aid in the same direction and what Is more fatal than all else the highs criticism has disemboweled the whole system Hebrew and Christian alike Nor IsFthis all The world Is full of colleges and other schools of learn- Ing where the students arc trained to rely on reason as the child cf last resort To all this the nonbook men are breathing an ar of unbelief All of which portends that the time Is at band when Freethought and Christianity must enter the counting house of ethics and strikethe balance sheet This account settled Christianity bankrupt in reason but rich in faith must turn her assets over to humanity who speaking from the throne of reason says let wornout Christianity die In peace and be burled beside the great jegan religions of the dead past in that vale of tears where lies forgotten all that Is falserFollowing this my fifth article of the series may be a general summary of the worlds religions as some one of the pagan myths ancient history or the science of life In someone of Its forms depending on the wish of the Blade editor or on my mood at the time of the writing l Alameda Cal rd Ir jrI i BLuE GEASS BLADE Jr 6 I Persistence of Superstition i The Christian God is Doomed to Follow The Horde of Deities Lying Burled In the Sands of Asiatic Deserts By Dr T J Bowles On the banks of the mysterious Nile and on the snores of the yellow waters of the Ganges the infinite and eternal cosmos first brought forth our primitive fathers naked wild ferocious and savage they were but little removed above the tiger and the ape and in them reason had not yet dawned and when they first looked out Upon this wondrous world they were ter rifled by the roar of thunder the vivid flashes of lightning the storms that left desolation In their paths the solemn vast ness of the sea the hideous reptiles and the wild beasts in tangled forests and In their fear and ignorance they created mil lions of Gods and devils and bowed down and worshipped them to appease their wrath and secure their favor This Is the origin of all the supersti tions that have come down to us and curs ed the human race through all the dark ages and cheerless centuries thousands of these ancient Gods and devils now lie burled In the burning sands of Asiatic and Egyptian deserts and thousands more have found oblivion on the shores of the Mediterranean sea but sad and sorrowful to late hundreds of these savage superstitions through heredity tradition and vest ed interests have come down to us been ganized into cults and continue to enslave the whole human race with more thana monarchs ower loneofthese superstitions converted the of the eastern hemisphere into a howling wilderness and blased for u thousand years the hopes and happiness of millions of innocent men women and children this superstition consisted in the infinite absurdity that all possible knowledge that man could acquire was locked up in holy books and divine revelations- I shudder when I recall the awful and tragic fate of the grand men and the noble women who were savagely and fiendishly put to death In their efforts to overthrow this idiotic superstition and especially am I saddened whenIthlnkof the un beautifuluwoman whose feet ever touched this beautiful earth she was filled with love and r sympathy for the suffering and toiling mil lions and shocked at the agonies that they were enduring at the bloody hands of so erstltlon and she determined to risk her i tt life in an effort to lift from the world the awful shadow she established a school in the famous city of Alexandria to teach Her fellowmen that science and love were in finitely better for the human race than the devilish superstition Ofour savage and primitive ancestors and for this offense she was seized while delivering one of her lectures to three thousand good men and women dragged through the streets of the city by the Infuriated mob until she was dead and when her life was extinct with oys ershells they scraped all the flesh from herbones and cast every fragment of her body Into a fiery furnace and burned them to of this horrible superstition that all knowledge of any value is locked up In holy books and divine revelations is still alive and when I think of the coun tries it has wrecked when I think of the numberless millions of lives it has destroyed and when I think that lor thousands of years it has reddened all the rivers of the earth with bloodI cannot imagine how any enlightened man or educated wom an can be wicked enough to sit In the pews of the pagodas and Josshouses that still disgrace our civilization and listen complacently to the priests of superstition who nave left a trail of slime and blood through ail the ages on every page of universal long 0 how long will It yet be be fore mankind will learn that a kind heart and a pure moral character are infinitely better for the human race than all the hateful superstitions that were ever born in the brain of savagery Muncie Ind- MARS DISCUSSED AGAIN Not Willing To Accept Franklin Healda Views on the Ruddy Planet By Joseph B Thorn Possibly the red appearance of MarsIS caused by its being inhabited by Indians who are hunting for the scalps of afew sci entific guessers I suppose that Mr Heald has seen maps of Mars and the planet too for that mat ter find yet could anybody consider those beautiful and curved lines upon that body to be mountains just forming I answer no Mountains just forming would produce a most rugged and Irregular appearance As to the atmosphere ofMllfljlhlet Jupiter an swer which a crdlQg to Heald and nebular hyopthesesls in a jricre primitive- o d tI11f r t condition than Mars being much larger Comparing the two bodies we find that the surface of the former constantly changes l3 while the latter presents the same appear ance except possibly the melting of the polar snows Andyet Mr Heald states that we cant see the atmosphere of a heated body If Mars were heated the outer por tion of her atmosphere would be visible at any rate If Mars is as hot as Mr Heald states shemust be exceptionally cool at the poles to allow snow to form Suppos ing Mars to be once covered with moun tains as it probably was the action of the water and a highly enlightened people would aid very much in doing away with relation which the planets bear toward each other proves that they could not by mere chance be attracted by the sun from various points of the heavens to do 0 homage to that body The older planets areso large that in all probability the younger ones will cool off first 0 iInllr Healds article of the 18th hexstates that Mars might be covered with 4 water If IKMarssnow I would like to know what canals fwould be good for If Mars were In a molten or Intensely iheated state and even if it had an Invisible atmosphere the very surface would under go sudden and many changes but such is not the case As to the surface of the moon It was too short lived and probably did not have its share of water to begin with to materially affect Its mountains If Mars could but make us hear I am- atrajdthat we of the Earth would a111earni toothing new but as It is the planet has i totake our insults in silence ONE WITH A MEANING IOWA Enclosed find a couple of dollars r for the emergency fund Believe it is hell versed j to see articles in the Blade of persons grown old and grey and poor In tho cause of Freethought who love to read the dear old Blade and have not tho necessary plunks to pay for it and on that account alone hive to quit the Blade Let those unfortunates have the Blade and when the fund gives out draw on me for five or ten dollars Asa rule au Freethinkers are honest and when they state that they are unable to pay the subscription they speak tho truth If the liberals would have done half as much for the cause as theyChristians do for their cause Christianity would have been a spook of the past longI ilong ago j BH FEEN8TRA MD AKI IIl 0V1 rJ fJjtf 1 Bir BLUE GRASS BLADE V IIC MM wN NH4H4 H H H N H N N N N H N f roWM r rM MYr dO fnLATTIC ROOM0 Fancy Sketch of Lifes Real Things as Pictured In a i By Albert DayDream Johnson 4 j The Chaplain if i tj Its walls of old brown paper hung with pictures from the Mags lAndGibsons wellknown drawings from society and rage 4 give me Inspiration In the wonderworld of thought 17 That flows In perfect freedom in my solitude unsought J A curtains hung across the stairs with figures quite grotesque s And Gibsons wellknown drawings from society and rags t tWIthpaper pencils pen and Ink all waiting for the time thought to flow against the cross submerging Christ divine iMy old black hat hung on the wall seems somewhat out ofplace 4tr So near famed Venus rising there with such a classic grace t From out a sea of wide expanse where sported Jonahs whale i J s Thats there recorded In His Bookwfth other stories stales Its little single window half way down to let the air Penetrate the attic for my sleeping soundly there + And also let the sheen In when the moon Is on the rise k + Again gives inspiration on the thought that never dies That the cross of superstition Is a crime against the brain 1Crucifying Reason with its blood atonement stain t1 That the priest and politician are both working hand in hand To keep in mass subjection all the cattle In the land See Theres another picture of womans sweetest grace 1 faceRshrinemy come 1e3 For mepaory holds her as she sat so patient by my side fAnd there in front the Blue Grass Blade in sight upon the desk Through long long days and weary nights beside my bed of pain tj Watched faithfully through friendships tears that called life back Iagain tWhen fever stricken very low and she anothers bride i And so my thoughts go out to her when dally toll is done For in her face I see alway a sacred friendship won y To have and hold lifes decline the treasureof a heart d partOf Christian kindness used by Rome who had the loving Of doing things they dare not do while Science holds the key To more things dreamed or yetUHdreamed In Romes philosophy In solitude of moonlight when half the worlds asleep Im laying here deep thinking how the fires of freedom sweep The paths of superstition of Its ghosts and gods and tales Where fancy riots running mad and oer all reason sails y7w V 9 V m jssssfc 7 Jj I BLIIEa RASE BLADE 7 H 1jbi a Dream About Force and latter Answer to Dr William Smiths Article on Primitive Man and Other Points Raised in Discussion By A A Snow In the Blade of October IS Dr Wm Smith under the article Who Knew Prim hive Man Insist that matter is the too ball of the gods He is consistent enough to claim it al ways is and not that K only now and then is as is claimed by his more orthodox brethren Matter 4s impotent he claims arid acts only as acted upon by forces not its own When 1 see the wonderful and Complicated forces in matter and whole worlds of it too and how instantly they act always the same way under the same circumstances and do so for ages never having to take a moments reflection never stopping an Insant for orders from any of the great train dispatchers of the sky it suggests to my mind that the gods must be tired and surely need a rest One of these gods had to rest after he had labored six days I am told but perhaps he was young and Inexperiencednot well broke to work I propose to put the gods to sleep dt least to have them withdraw all their forces from just a little bit of matter for the sake of an experiment And It I cant quiet their nerves by the use of opiates t will retire them in imagination As I said only va bit of matter will suffice say a brick 2x4x6 It maters not whether Jt originally sulphurIronthe gods withdraw their forces it will be all the same Its particles will then have n- oJchemlcal affinity for that attraction my Wend says belongs to the gods and is tort to Itj only appears to belong to it fLi the way It the gode would Just with draw their chemical affinity of iron for r oxygen our implements would never rust and might last forever I make this as a suggestion possibly the remark may be construed as sacrellglous But to continue lit dreams You and I wont to find out what matter will be when all Its forces remaintafter it sso burnt out Not only my brick have lostall Its chemical affinity f between tsown molecules or even its pwn afoms but also between them and any thing outside It will no longer bell generator of magnelsm or electricity It will have lost Its attratclon of gravitation and will therefore weigh nothing It will also Save stall its heat as heat Is a force and It will therefore have no temperature It will have lost Its adhesion and Its par titles will noloatei be hold together it tr r J i iViiS tItl J t will hava lost its eabUcity or expansive force and so Us particles will not liy apart It can no longer give or reflect light and so cannot be seen Having lost all its chem ical powers it cannot be discerned by the sense of taste And lot similar reasons it cannot be smelled felt or heard Having lost its inertia momentum and motion of all kinds it would have no power to resist any other bodies which are not thus aban doned by the gods Should they run into it they would simply pass through It without noticing it or it noticing them What would remain 9t matter after ail its forces have departed Do you say it would still have volume So has space The same would reamin as did of the Negro boys watermelon He was enjoying a monopoly in the way ota melon while his comrades were wishfully looking on and begging him for the rinds when he was thorugh with them But he unfeelingly re plied Ther aint Win to be no rinds left So if all the various forces of matter could be withdrawn from It there would be no matter left And again we dreamed yet another dream The gods withdrew all their forces from all the matter of the universe in a similar way that they did of the brick aforementioned and all material things were thus turned into nothing But thank goodness the gods were all alive and sate yet or It so appeared and had our dreams ended there it would have been so far as the gods are concerned of comedy but not so In the end all was tragedy for one by one we saw the corpses of the gods laid aside the graves of their predecessors Al though it was a world of gods and oceans of force yet as silent and lifeless as the grave There was an infinite amount of force but nothing to force an infinite amount of moving but nothing to move an Infinite amount of thinking but nothing thoughtnothing to think aboutno brain to think with In spite of my apathy for the gods I was even brought to tears on account of their condition They were as persons cast outon an ocean of water yet dying of thirst Or more like parties cast upon an Island and desiring to cut down trees to erect a shelter for themselves who are in possession of all the sharpness In the whole world but cannot use a bit of that sharpness In cutting the trees for the want of an arc with which to apply it There was no light of sun moon or stars no summer breezes or songs of birds The gods like Sampson dt old to show their power had turned NYe vesas well as the universe Into netking so to remain forever for outof lliHrl I In awakening from such a horrid nightmare i urn resolved to do missionary work J5rsave others from similar attacks who liabltuahy fear on spirits Spooks and generally are meaningless but 5this one has a moral It teaches us that Force and Matter are and eternally have been interdependent that they belong to each other and to annihilate one is to anni hilate both They were always married and never had any courtship or generation Had It been possible for one to exist with out the other it would be so still and for ever I vow if the above conclusions are cor rect then the builder ot protoplasm even tee least and original mite of prooplasm resided right in matter itself just as surely as that the cause of snot or other globes arranging themselves so that tacit one wIUIoe a cbuterwlth six tangent about it lays in the very nature of the globes themselves t i in their globular shape and their atraction toward tae earth The builder of protoplasm riiiIas surely lays in matter as does the buBd1isier of the beautiful crystals that so fan stlcally decorate your window pains of a trosty morning with ferns feathers flowryers and leaves The doctor admits that force appears to reside In or be an attribute of matter We freely grant that things are not always what they appear to be yet In the majorityiof cases they are and man would not have progressed as lie has had they not been By accepting things as they appear to him has he slowly matte progress Then a good i rule is to accept things just as they appear tobe unless we can give good reason for idoing otherwise So my friends is on the doubtful side of the question The burden 00 of proof bears heavily on his shoulderst jwantedcan think without a brain we in return ask to give us just one single example In this wide universe of anything thinking without a brain or matter of some kind Touching evolution No one pretends to have seen primitive man alive and he was too ignorant or animallike to write history otherfieldsfull Would suggest that the doctor and others read the latest works on the subject historyaweof man His remains and the remains ptViils rude Instruments Indicate the same Thee rudimentary organs in man tell the same story The history of the degradation ot organs Into rudiments as evinced In the rs case of the threetoed horse and even from when he had four and five tees asdla sass Contlautda on Pass 8 BLUE6GIRRASS BLADE I4BLUE GRASS BLADE I Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor i 1258 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box toSUIiiSCRIPTION RATES 160 per year in advance one remittance 1100 each with one remittance for six months W cents each monthfper year ADVERTISING RATES r fourInsertionsQuarter column single 1 Insertion 1200 one month 400 six months 12000 one year 3000 Halt column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates uponappllcatlon The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Buck numbers or numbers omitted will be sent Ifaaked for upon renewal In case of dlsclnllnuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise this office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North Lime oreth Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will welcome r THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postoffloe at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky JUST FREETHOUGHT ALONE Special attention is directed to an article appearing in this issue of the Blade by 0 Mar which as many of our readers may suspect is an assumed name but the Blade knowing the author knowing the sincerityof purpose aml puremotive that prompted the article and its editor hav f ing met with a number of experiences similar to that re- citedt therein would urge upon all Freethought organiza i tions a strict conformity to the original purpose for which the organization came into existence for we have a great and pressing work to do along this line qt The history of Freethought organization in America t especially as that history affects local bodies would reveal innumerable wrecks caused by a departure irom the orig inal of the society At the same time the cause of Freethought which sits name implies is primarily to resist and oppose ecclesiastical assumptions and encroachments has been compelled to assume the responsibility for every other ism under the sun from socialism andanarchy to single tax and freelove As a rule Freethinkers takees pecial delight in establishing a free platform To a great extent our platform must be free That is it must be free for public discussion of the issues presented by the curri culum of the organization but when at times the officers of the society or those in charge of its meetings and pro grams admit topics that are foreign to the aisaI dob t rji y 4 1 f L JKJ i1 J7d I Ij1 ptdjihJ J jects of the society then the society is compelled to stand sponsor for what is taught from its platform An instance of this character will suffice to explain what is meant Take for example the Newark Liberal League of Newark N J Twenty years ago it was a prosperous institution It held regular Sunday meetings and lad an enormous attendance It was well officered and man aged Its lectures and discussions were principally upon religious de theological topics with an occasional address upon some phase of economic reform In the course of timo the advocates of economic reform by joining the league obtained practical possession and control and now its programs evinced a majority of lectures on economics with an ocacsional lecture only upon the subjects which had induced the original organization The result was that a division took place The Freethinkers organized another society and left the anarchists and socialists in con trol of the old one This division reacted upon both Double expenses incurred in maintaining two organiza tions and the public disfavor that had attached because of tho conditions that had created the division caused both societies to finally suspend and today Newark is without u society at all Other sections of the country can point to similar incitdents At one time both Pittsburg and Chicago could boast splendid Freethought societies and yet as such they arc without one today Other societies liberal in charac ter may have taken their place biit they are not per se Frcethought organizations Primarily our work is to destroy orthodox religious su perstition to resist its encroachments upon our civil and religious liberties It may be a difficult matter to draw a line of reform advocacy but if care is taken to restrict as far as possible all our public advocacy to antiorthodox subjects our societies will prosper better than they have done in the past In other words it must be Incase of hewingstrictly to the line of Freethought work Very naturally there will arise the issue of allies along other lines of work The orthodox church hasopposedatldJi is still opposing liberty in other directions As other soci qties are in existence for the purpose of resisting this par tieularehurchaction Freethought societies per so may give much encouragement as they are capable of doing as an organized body or as individual members thereof without assuming to take the advocacy upon their own shoulders Wo have been struck by the term America for the Americans and if there is any virtue in such a plea we miglit well say Freethought then for Freethinkers and give every other ism the right and privilege of its own advocacy independent of the societies we may establish Socialist advocates have their locals anarchist bodies have their regular organizations spiritualists have their meetings and seances other reform organizations have their meeting places and it is far better for the future of Frecthought if their organizations local district State or National were kept purely for Freethoughtadvocacy j t fi 0f t f WI 1 f tj i J ij lL 41 i I BLUE GRASS c BLADE 9 IMMUTABLE PROGRESS Man must progress whether he wills it or not Accept this fundamental and one of thoancient tenets of the Christian faith that of the freedom of the will has Ibcen shattered Nature moves forward by immutable law No part or portion can be exempt from the operation of that law Man being a part of nature and his organization being the re sultof natural law the mental forces within him must if a necessity also be subjected to the same influences Age after age rolls on New thoughts arise New prob lems appear New stages of human action are erected These produce a process of elimination andreconstrUc tion That which is nonessential useless are cast aside The materials may bo utilized for the production of now forms but the old dogma has gone These are forced by sheer necessity to relax their pernicious hold upon the mindof man Personal beliefs undergo a rapid transi tionEvery educational inquiry and every educational ef fort is and must be grounded upon the hypothesis that mankind is capable of improvement and the race col lectively progressive Withoutsuch a hypothesis all education would be vain It is a wellsettled fact that civiliza tion was not and could not be foreordained Civilization or progress has been acquired by long sometimes painful and varied experiences Various institutions have sought to fix and hold the mental attitude of the masses byrigid j insisting upon a popular acceptance of their particular doctrines dogmas and beliefs Yet in spite of this man has progressed because his thought must be Tree and refuse to remain stationary Thus the conflict arises between tlm forces that make for human progress and thoso reactionary forces that would produce mental stagnation Tn this mental war the natural has triumphed over the supernat reNo one will dare question the fact that the ideas anti character of the present generation have outgrown the ar bitrary theologies of the past Christian or pagan it is nil the same Human ideals and human conceptions have been carried far beyond all ecclesiastical organixntiou and the latter struggling for their very existence have been compelled to revise and modify thus accepting submissively the full force of intellectual arbitrament hya complete and unconditionalsurrender Modern history is replete with incidents in proofofsuch a denouement The present age is a practical embodiment of the ripe fruits of thought so faithful cultivated by the worlds scholars and thinkers Nothing has been given so forceful II demon stration as that man is a being of action of progress and t his mental training must be such as will prepare him for further action for further programs sMeanhi1otbe church the institution that will not progress that will nut keep pace with the ideals of the age must perish The highest use to whichwe can put knowledge is joy t i IrJ r rx r 2 N t t fitji C apply it for tho use and guidance of man in action The adherents of traditional superstitions by unreasoning clamor and misconception would pervert this uso of knowledge by reducing mental effort and human culture to I a low and sordid plane of supposed spirituality There can bo no utility in superstition The human mind re ceives its stamp from the character of the knowledge it ac quires As mind is but a property or quality of the organic constitution of man it can only be properly consid ered from a pure basis of physiology Theology depend ent upon metaphysical notions simply notes the mental effects that are manifested through consciousness but the more modern view is to delve deeper than mere conscious I r manifestations and learn and consider the very conditions under which they arise Theology is satisfied with the re stilt alone but science explores investigates and goes into the very cause Just as in the physical world so is it in the worM of mentality Nature is constantly siezing upon ancient acquisitions and as we have previously stated is using thoia over and over again in new processes to produce new effects Thus the new conditions arise and this is what makes and determine progress It couldnot he other wise There is no possible escape from itContlnt change is being wrought Old ideas must give way to and fall before tho new Human institutions though claiming divine sanction and authority are compelled to make a surrender before the over advancing unhalting and irre r sistible march of human intellect JNOT DEAD PERHAPS BUT DYKxG Whystruggle on hopelessly against the inevitable Confronted by overwhelming defeat would inot be the bettor part of wisdom to say nothing of justice and truth for the professional rgj they who thrive upon supersti j tions dry fodder to admit themselves conquered instead 1 of indulging in complaint Writing in the Uniyersalist Heralda preacher of that 1 denomination whoso name is not given says Fathers and mothers are supremely anxious that their children shall have a thorough knowledge of chemistry and Shakespeare but pay no attention to their religious edu cation They make sure that Dickens and Whit tier are read but Proverbs and Matthew are never men 4 boned Other books are read and discussed in K many families but the Bible remains unopened and its sublime lessons of faith hope and love receive no attention With what eagerness the Sunday paper is grasped in order 1 to read market quotations or neighborhood gossip But 1 no anxiety to listen to tho Oracles of God tohear the word of God that will prepare the boy to resist temptationZ I and the girl to lay her babe in the grave with a sublime ftrust in infinite love Under suck circumstances is it any wonder that young people are growing up with no faith in religionrindno in r rt L i ii34 Ji j BLUE GRASS BLADE I thoughtheseWhatever may be the motives of the author of the foregoing lines it is n selfevident fact that he has stumbled across some mighty important truths and realizes what those truths mean He ought to be able to understand and probably is that just us the twig is bent so will the tree be inclined and the very neglect of which he makes suchcomplaint must lead to the ultimate extinction of so called religious instruction One of the principle causes of this utter indifference to Ii matters pertaining to the church and Bible was admirably demonstrated by a friend who is not yet out of the orthodox woods Discussing the relative value of both pagan ana the Christian religion he said All the pagan religions without any exception simply taught men how to live but the Christian religion is they onlyreligion that really teaches a man how to die a Another grand truth uttered and that is the principal trouble with the Christian religion At the same time it will demonstrate the cause of popular indifference toward it Men need to know how to live By knowing how to live they are able to live right andas we have said else where to live right will enable any man to die right We are not interested in dying We are all interested in liv ing When our time comes we have all got to die We cannot escape from it No need for instruction Special knowledge that point is altogether unnecessary Chemistry Shakespeare Dickens and Whittier aye and stock quotations in the Sunday papers are all deeply concerned with the actualities of life and living and it remains fort Christianity to find comfort from the coffin and the shroud Give us life Wo are hero We have got to live Wo all d desire to live happy We strive to obtain the best that life ftiaffords Point the direction to obtain the best and you humanity a service Christianity does not offer it and for this reason parents are indifferent as to religious instruction for their children y Just a casual glance with a sufficient understanding of actual conditions will readily explain to this Universalist parson why it is that the bible remains unopened and why there is no anxiety to hear the oracles of godas they come from the lips of the preachers Boys and girls have heard tho word of god but in the majority of cases it has not helped the boy to resist temptation nor has it allowed tho girl to put her babe in the grave with sublime trust Tho heart will bleed and suffer in spite of faithand hope and the penitentiary will continue to house Sunday School workers by the thousand YEDUCATION AND THE CLERGY Taken as a class or profession and contrasting them with members of other classes or professions assuming to or claiming an educational qualification tho clergy are the most densely ignorant of all By using the term ignorant it is not meant that the clergy have no education whatever An dl aonofu sort they must have as a necessary precedent to ordinationabut the education they receive through special training is not of the right quality to enable them to view tho commonplaces and practical affairs of human life in the light of reason andcommonsense So far as educational standards are concerned Dr John v W Draper author of The Intellectual Development of Europe declares that the education of the clergy is not equal to that of physicians or lawyers and one has but to listen to a few of the modern orthodox sermons from any of the clergy to be thoroughly convinced of thut fact It may be pointed out that the cause for this disparity is to be found in the fact that the education of the clergy has been along classical lines while physicians must to be successful and competent practitioners acquire a technical scientific acknowledge sufficiently so at least that ho may understand the subject and sciences with which he is to deal Tho mind of the lawyer must be trained in inflexible rules acquire an insight into and concerning tho character istics of human nature applying logic and analysis in his professional pursuits The clergyman is not permitted to follow tho same course as the physician or lawyer He must accept without analyzing Whatever nrgumenthe may offer is shorn of logic He knows nothing of tho tech nique of modern science heclergyof today must be content with only a limited knowledge of nature such as would suffice for theological purposes two or three cen turies ago The most patent and palpable results of suchconditions prevent the clergy from becoming leaders in the worlds thought History fails to record tho namo ofIt single clergyman as such bringing to light and utility any useful invention As a class they have never given utterance to a new thought a new idea or revealed a startling truth The clergy are absolutely nonproducing and subsist merely as parasites practically useless members ofsociety In the educational world proper tradition has been made to confront discovery Tradition always looks back ward Discovery must ever be looking forward into theifuture In a world of life and light the clergy still wor ship tho charnelhouse of antiquity adoringly submissive to the sacred skeletons socalled of the centuries They have frowned upon every invention of human genius opposed every forward step and looked upon the ardent earnest reformer with baleful and malevolent eye They have unsuccessfully struggled to suppress fact and opposed every innovation of material promises They have stood by 4r and defended the word and persistently fought against works forgetting that it is the inalienable of man to interpret them both in his own way wadaccording to tho light that is given him From the circumstances here given wo may understand why so many moral faiuresare to bo found among the clergy Improper and imperfect education training and mental discipline disqualifies for tho exertion of moral influence Deficient themselves they cannot give efficiency i Ii BLUE GRASS fT7U BLADE t rjto others for no than cnn impart that which he does not have The demand fora copy of the bound volumn of the Bade seems in a way to exceed our anticipations Twen tyroighti orders have already been booked These will filled in the order in which they were received To be sure of getting a copy if desired your order should he sent in now as only a limited number canbe made up Since moving to Los Angeles and changing the name of Lucifer to Eugenics our contemporary Moses Harmon is now ina position to announce through his paper a coming improvement in the new magazine which is cor tainly gratifying Every such improvement is an eyir deuce of the virility of Freothought and a sure sign jthat the cause is growing stronger LIARS CONVICT THEMSELVES Our readers will recall flint il1a recent issue we made editorial comment under the caption An Orthodox Liar upon an article published by a Texas paper to the effect that Ingersoll had joined a church We demanded that the facts be given We asked for the name and denomina tion of the church that Ingorsoll had joined the place of its lcationand tho date of the occurrence Since that comment was printed wo have learned that tho paper publishing tho original article is the Texas Quill edited by ono Worth S Ray and published at Denton Texas Wo had surmised that in some way or another a copy of the Blade containing our criticism would find its way into his hands and subsequent events show that to bo true The Blade is supposed to have been answered if ri bald jest and evasion can be called an answer Instead of giving tho facts this avatar of orthodox intelligence dismisses the matter by asserting that it would be a waste of argueswouldntfiianner did Ingersoll joina church Tho Blade now knows that the issue is declined From personal sources tho Blade is advised that this 1intelligent editor has privately admitted that he didnot know that Ingersoll ever joined a church but that ho hadmerely heard that he hadand yet he has neither the courage the manliness or the honesty to say so in the columns of hispapor Wo note however that he does notrc- fpcattheassertion that Ingersoll did join a church and by jjoi his silence th thehad willfully lied when io ut tered the original statement This justifies the Blade in t all it hassaidabout him and confirms us in our opinions V r dand expressed concerning him The Blade has not a word to take back or withdraw but on the contrary ref iterates all it has previously said and would add thereto We necessaryAnypublish knowingly aHo iij rlitorary buzzard that feeds only on carrion Any man ofj i Jif h r oc 1 111 11 Ik it 2 fiC who refuses to admit a wrong done is a mental and k norn coward Any man who will play the religious racket for tho sake of getting votes in a political contest having no belief therein is a hypocrite of the first water If thiss n9Tkindnesslong ago and has been converted into limburger cheese His riicntnl strabismus must bo so infinitesimally small that it could be conveniently blown through a straw into the eye 2 fa mosquito without making the little pest wink jFor the purpose of giving our readers an opportunity to judge of the manner of man he is wo here devote a portion Hof our editorial column to his reply Read itAro we not t justified in what wo have said about him f iViS Ashamedof the Name Infidell7 The publisher of a dirty little dishrag alleged to have pan office of publication at Lexington Ky arid devoted- to tho propaganda of freedom of thought whatever that 1 may be is sore over an article in our last issue Why Do In fidels Always Recant This little backalley handbill is called the Blue Grass Blade or some such euphonious namc and if the is1 blade has as much brass as the being I Qcethers is too much ofa moral coward to admit tho flier preferring to hide behind tho meaningless term free think ltheafraid to scud us a copy and wo only secured one that had L been addressed to a chance acquaintance in town Having read what this fellow has to say in defense ofFfree thinkers and infidelity we are again constrained to repeat what wo said before Why is it so few really in tellectual men are infidels Because if they really have a man of any intelligence among them they ought to put s him in charge of their organ This little insignificant disciple of Ingersoll denies that his patron saint over joined a church and demands proof names and dates At tho same time he charges that we were a coward during the SpanishAmerican war laud gives neither names dates witnesses or any coherent 1 basis for the statement For us to quote authorities to Pan who wouldnt believe EVEN THE WORD OF GOD would be a waste of ink Ho takes a whole page to reply keepusthat HE KNEW WE COULD PROVE EVERYTHING fii IIN H Moro than ninetenths of our article might have iIvjjecn pure fiction and yet oven then it would have contained ignore truth than this free thinker Ceer thought spoke rote or dreamedof in his whole life ss fire can book a few more orders for a bound volume of the Blade Get in before tho lists are closedits our sto kcrii limited and will soon be exhausted t t9 rii r BLUE GRASS BLADE 1u REPLY TO SOCIALIST CRITICS Asks Direct Quest ons and Insists Upon a Practical Demonstration By M E Galke In the Blade some time ago Mr Leahy explains way farmers or landowners in general are possessor of stolen property He predicts that in a socialist state our deed will probably be thrown m the gutter as worthless or burned but I will be left In possession of stolen property A very gen erous ending I have the use of the laud now and in the socialist state why not turn it io the party that has a better claim to it If that party cant be found why this bluff of burning my deed Following this and In answer to my question How much I am robbing my wageslave Mr Calais Bays The exact amount Is immaterial But the fact mains that he expects to get more value than he gives or he would not hire Mr Calais bases his assertion that I am a robber or at least intend to rob on my expectations That Is a very slim basis for such a statement You socialists that hire a barber for instance to cut your hair or hire a carpenter to build a house for you do you expect to get more value than you give or else you would not hire aTe your motives for hiring any help of a less sordid caliber than other peoples Since Mr Calais has demonstrated a fact based on my expectations what about pre scribing a remedy Quoting Mr Carrols 17 per cent report and accept or profess a belief in socialism Will that be suff- icIent You emancipators out with your formulas for determining the exact amount our hired labor produces Unless we that r hire get the formulas will of necessity from sheer ignorance of the exact amount be compelled to hire according to the capital ist system regardless of consequences The socialism that makes no rash prom ises teaches equality and to Illustrate the glaring injustice existing under the present capitalistic system a socialist paper recently wttold its readers some fellow without money hired men to make brick then sold them for per thousand which cost him only 2 for labor which was to show the enornpua profit for practically doing nothing himself If that is the truth what is to hinder so yclalsts to compete Being of less greedy dlspostlon would be the only requirement necessary Just merely be satisfied with what your own labor produces would en able a socialist to pay the same wages as the capitalist pays and take his big profit off the selling price he would have to give up The object would be to teach the cap italist and the skeptic In general the prac ticability of socialism put into practice How the sons of agriculture would sit up 4 ril ic JfI 1k and take notice as to the difference there is between practice and theory Besides it is rather Inconsistent to teach suffering com rades the beautiful theories of socialism and shirk the manifest duty of demonstrating the possibility of ellmlnatng the capital- Istic evil more effectively than can be done oy writing for a postulated higher civiliza tion where land will be as free as air or is to hinder you unselfish emanci pators to set the pace and desist from rob bing your hired help of part of the fruits of their labor You hire men to build a house and pay union wages because that Is all the unions have been able to squeeze out of you as well as the capitalistic class Can you socialists determine how much union wages are below what they ought to be and if you can why dont you pay strictly according to what your hired help produces Where do you that have got be yond being straw socialists get the exact averages of what labor receives 447 and what it produces 2500 per year THE PROMOTION OF SECULARISM Practcal Hints and Valuable Suggestions From One Who Is Interested in theCnuse By C Mar We have the arguments on our side the problem id to get them before the people The churches have the advantages of a certain prestige which rationalists can be gin to earn only after Judicious and long continued effort unless some time of stress should come which we do not now foresee There is generally a suspicion against the character of those who reject Christianity which we should bring into the account J think weshould make it our first object to disarm that suspicion The character of all our workers should be above reproach of any kind and they should never spoil their influence by leading off on some other track where they know most people will not follow but will In turning back turn oth ers away from us By these diversions Freethinkers sacrifice the cause In which they first enlisted and lost the support of many who would otherwise stand by them Sometimes when a favorable Impression is being made by reasonableness of argu ment or an Influence acquired by some good work outside of the churches some one on cur side will bring forward sonw other subject In no way connected with Freethought something which people gen erally will not listen to and away goes the advantage gained It is most likely that we mvr regain the advantage thus sacrlflcnl because he disgusted ones will sever give u nlhor chance or be sure our dl p pointed workers give it up as not worth f l further trial which may be entirely ineffectual Let them wallow hi their ignorance said a man had always considered one of the most resolute of his kind and ho gave Himself up to his own private affairs Working for rationalism Is ol no use said a writer Such a one and such a one are no creuit to the cause and we can accomplish nothing In short some of the best give up work ing with us and many will not identify themselves wih us We allow the cause to suffer many ways and all of them seem to me to be altogether unnecessary I think some Freethinkers have a mis taken idea of freedom and toleration They think because all have the same right to expression of opinion that we must all fall into line with any one who wishes to prop agate anything he calls a reform even if r wo do not believe in it ourselves Suppose some of us should get together and spend our time and money In a united effort to foppose Sunday laws and suppose some woman suffragist or spiritualist should step on the platform we had provided for the benefit of their beliefs whicu we do not share Freethinkers would be pretty apt to allow this perversion of the original plan because of their Ideas of freedom and then resign themselves to the idea that Freethinkers cannot work together Is it any wonder they fall apart I think the true idea of liberty would be to let the other fellows furnish their own machinery and carry on their own cause at their own take another case At the end of a Freethought lecture an Insane man asked to be allowed to speak It was the Immortal J N and the man agers knew him but one of them said Yes all right I believe in free speech So that audience sat and listened po litely toa long and unintelligible oration Besides the loss of time to the lecturer and the rest of the victims some of the effect of a line lecture was spoiled and any one coining into the hall would take us for an fIassembly of lunatics and the next Free thought lee uro might feel the effects of thertmistake We must not be misled by a word Justice and proprietythe rights of all should be considered The rights of the lecturer the audience and those who paid the expenses of the meeting should not bo interfered with by insane or any other Ir relevant speaking If the words Freethought and Free thinker are not to bo confined to religious subjects some ofus shall be compelled to use other words if we make ourselves un derstood If Freethought takes In anti vaccination antitobacco spiritualism an archy socialism andwhatever I do not wish to characterize hero then some of us must be known by some other name IIBLUEGRASS BLADE 13jll Secularists or Rationalists Have enough to do to carry their own loads When an article on taxation of church property Is used against Freethought both by those who wish the union of church and State to stand and by those who agree with the writer of the article because It appears In the same magazine with one which is re volting to most other people of good taste then it is time we watch the papers and magazines and use only thoso which will not put Freethought in a false position Yesterday I was In a beautiful church and listened to a very good short sermon and the music of a magnificent organ- I thought we could have something Just as good and have a larger audience If we could begin with the respectability that the church had and still has In its favor There is nothing In secularism itself to make the most refined Wand aloof Can avowed sec ularists take the hint and allow other secu larists to come to their aid f QUESTION OF PRECEDENCE t Criticism of the Scriptural Story of the Temptation of Jesus by Satan By John F Clarke In due course of time two of the leading characters in the farce known as Christian ity met Satan hearing that Christ had gone into the midst of an ashheap to meditate went in search of him and found him He took tho son of God and Mary up to the top of a high mountain and showed him all tho kingdoms of the world To their llmled knowledge the limit of their vision was the entire world All this Satan promised Jesus if ho would change his allegiance from God to Satan Jesus said Vade retro Snthnnas Get thee behind me Satan Then Jesus strut ted off like the leader of a cakewalkand Satan followed This was Christs temptation He let Satan take him up on the mountain and ritatened to his real estate proposllon and after calmly considering tho matter he concluded that he already had as much title f to the outlook or was as much monarch of all he surveyed as ho was likely to bo with Satans tltlo so he called Satans tention to tho fact that his place was a grade below his own and he bade Satan to take the Inferior place behnd Jesus From the top of the highest mountain in the vl clnlty Satan could only have shown Jesus an area of about 160000 square miles and five kingdoms As the statement is purely allegorical as to geography it follows that the statement as to the temptation is also tradition or fabrication Forty days retirement in an ashheap without water and provisions and with the companionship of melancholy thoughts are likely to produce seances with devils all r f tfa jw J S t II WJ lil j right If Satan had taken this psycholog ical moment to tempt Christ the tempta ton would have carried Marys son would havo sold out his chance of saving the world for less than forty acres and a mule and the kingdoms of the earth would have been a welcome release from an already forlorn hope As no one by name of Satan ever claimed ownership or rulershlp In those kingdoms It Is Idle to think of his attempting to give tltlo to them The Roman Caesar would have laughed at Christs claim and the King of Babylon would have had his head upon a spear to show his subjects the way to treat claim ants without armies to back claims It is said tnat ho was crucified for claiming to be a spiritual king of the Jews A physical body does not comport with rulcrship and Pontius Pilate made the things suit in their various parts DAVES LETTER To His Dear Heavenly Father Copyright applied for 1908 by Franklin- H Heald My Deer hevenly fatherJoe has Just bin tellng me about Canes wife It came to Joe in a vlshon as he came home from church today and he was so overpowered that ho cud hardly walk when he got home They had a extry long comunyon today and then Joe took a big doas of his medacln on top of that which is Peruna because It was hot Well Just as he got oposlte our stable where my Jesus Hazuse is he had the vishun about Cane It always affects Joe anyway to pass a stable becaus It al weighs reminds him of the blesed savyor and when my Jesus Hazuse heard Joe coming along a talking to hlsself he thot he was going to get a drink of water and brayed extry loud that settled it for Joe Ho says that all at onst evrythlng turned brito nearly as brlte as thay did when he was converted and he seed de stable move an turn part way rond and ho says there was a dim ring round It and a big brite star bigger den a big watermalyon he says over It and all at onst n still small vice Joe cant say voyse told him that Cane was asleep and that that the land of nod means that he was asleep and that he Just dreemed that he took a wife and Joe says he cudent a tuck won nohow becas der warnt no woman but his own mother In de worl Was that your still small volse that told Toe Papa thinks ihaby It was tho vice of the small still where they make the lIcker that they cojnugn with It Is true thnt Cane dreemed It or was Joe dreemlns Did you ever dreem that you had a wife and dldent Waq Josephs dreem aboult your Jesus true Joe Is getting to be quite a Profit for the church hear and they make n a grate fuss over him arid liseii to lift dreems and pronsys as tho they bellv them As ever DAVE Correspondence FROM A TRUE BLUE LIBERAL TEXAS Find enclosed postoflice order for s5 to help the Blade on It grows better nil the time It is talking and doing just what I feel and always hive felt was my duty to do I am very proud of your correspondents and contributors It does seem like that any person that is rational and can read and write ought to lie convinced of the awful mis take tie Christians have made and be ashamed of teaching the coming generation such superstition I have had to be ashamed of my relatives for seventy years for I never could see any sense in all this preaching about the Bible and hell and heaven It has caused literal hell for me at times It is so much like living under n mob and always having 3 Bimething to sell and not wishing to be boy cotted or mistreated forces a poor person to be more conservative and humble and creates a dislike for people that would otherwise be friends This thing has kept many a man from expressing his honest opinion It has p been my lot to live where there were very fine liberals While able to labor I prepared some little for old age and the rainy day For 150 send the Blade to name given for one year Set my tab up to March 1910 The emergency fund and for the balancesend me all the exchanges you have to spare so I can give them out to those read them M CALVERTt WANTS INFORMATION ARKANSAS Being a reader of the Blade take tie liberty to ask you for some formation Last Sunday our reverend preacher made the statement from his pulpit here that statistics carefully compiled proved that only one criminal out of every 600 convicted attended Sunday school and most of his hear ers believed it For want of proof to the con trary several have asked me if the preacher told the truth I had nothing but my own assertion to offer I would like to prove this a lie if you have anythinc to offer that will helpme outG B WYATT PRAISES WETTSTEINS ADDRESS FLORIDA I have just finished reading Otto Wettstolns article In the Blade and must it Is one of the nnest articles I have read yet It covers the whole ground In a masterly way I notice that you are con sidering the publication of that and Judge JI jt ii i f t lf W 1 alrt apr IIS l14 BLUE GRASS BLADE y series in pamphlet form It should be tiliynh means and circulated by the thousands They are capable of doing much good You nro doing a grand work with the Blade Wishing you success T J MINOR WILLING TO TRY IT tOHIOEncloscd find twentylive cents for the Blue Grass Blade for one month I am sending ten cents extra for which please selldthe number containing the Brilliant Funeral Address and the Resurrection Myth Euseblus1 HAROLD t BANNING WANTS TO TRY IT NEBRASKA Please send me sonic recent rr issues of your paper What is the National Liberal party doing Send me n copy of Be hind the Bars FRANKLIN GRIFFEN WHY DID HE Elsie the little daughter of a clergyman pranced Into her fathers study ono seven ing while the reverend gentleman was pre paring a lengthy sermon for the following Sunday She looked curiously at the Ms for a moment and then turned to her fath er Papa she began seriously does God tell you what to write Certainly dear replied the clergyman Then why do you scratch so much of It out father said the little one About the School SHELLMOUTH MANITOBA Please send me more particulars In reference to yourcoursesD J MacMILLAN ONLY A DREAM AeOUT FORCE AND MATTER Continued from Page of the former fourtoed ruminants and til the camel etc all prove that the conclu alone drawn from these rudiments are correct that the rudimentary organs In man are really the remains of organs he once had when In a very much more primitive statewhen he was a lower animal In cutting trees I often find rudiments of former limbs and the rudiments In man Just as surely prove that man at one time had the organs as that the trees once had the limbs Indicated by tho rudimentary limbs I will not take space to give the evl dence founded on the classification of ani mals and plants And I will simply mention that varieties are known by actual observation to be created by evolution whileI everything Indicates that species are aim ply an extension of varietiesvarietIes Just a little further grown Linevllle la BULBS SPECIAL OFFER Made to Will Blaee trial a+ atisfactlonguaranteedoryour- refunded Souvenir CollectioatOC 5ritwtprlt rj tpvU- Raaaaw = Amw 011 ud d4Ji11i DTO iVrfte today Mention this Pa r BEND 25 CENTS terpataftpetffnd rel ebllablItlt- tfb s= t w nal 1kloftd Dalbdflat la tutpt rtltDLdu TaBdtloe tuna STH THE A B C of Religion A COLLECTION OF POFt111S From a TypeWritten Family Bible Without Policy or Piety But Full of CommonSense By JOSEPH HAIGH Chebanse Illinois 25 CENTS Address the Author or Blue Grass Blade Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important Pigs Potatoes and Pups Do you believe that we grownups anil even the Children should know as much about oiimluj we know about FUhiy Iluw r nn Flog Do you brllw In Belter Fiogeny a More5 Elevated race anyway- If fend i25 for a years subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Main St Los Angeles California U SASamples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage 30 cents stamps The Holy Bible In a Nutshell A New Booklet showing up tlcontradict tlons and fallacies of the Christian bible Just he thing to pass around among your religious sfrlends to Jarr their faith their godwebs Ready Soon jtforAddress J FRANT37 1728 Ellis Street San Francisco Cal SEEDSWNINBS IIIEII SPECIAL OFFER t Mile to ball 3w BIoee A trial wltt our customer u QC4114CTEB PUAIIC Write today Mention this Puler- SEND 10 CENTSpsellaen6 abla lalts aed alth tsltretlw Ilr sod PlateBat nrleI sodI nm NW h1651lIiA m i JI tc I tXI i xz t BLUE GRASS r BLADE Be Sure and Subscrli far Secular Thought- A Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti clam In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY J Spencer Ellis- Published at 185 Queen 8L West To ronto Canada Terms U per annum In advance single copies cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be Addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 1854 Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should be addressed C ELLIs Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can 16 MEDIUM SIZE Mens New Thin Model Watches 3cHAMPDENNo 104 23 Jewels 30 17jewels10 15 jewelsS 7 Jewels 550 WALTHAM Riverside Maxlmus 23 Jewels 50 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you cuts and pricesalso of my SpoonsRingOTTO WETTSTEIN LaGrange Cook Ills Theism IB The Crucible tree Give Sin Fits Thats what THE 8CAIUBT SHADOW Walter Hurts great ical novel doss to the forces of bigotry and perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by tho church element Is throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that It Is all right It him cre ated a tensatlon In servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy- It Is enthusiastically endorsed by leading Freelthlnkers through out the world You all know how Hurt can write and In this book he is at Ills best It an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on Heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood cloth Price GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Fine Farm for Sale SPLENDID CHANCE TO OWN PAYING SOIL IN BUCKEYE STATE Do you want a 218 acre farm Do you want It In Athens County Ohio Do you want the best of soil Twostory double barn almost new Also sixroom farm house good condition Abundance of best water throughout farm Two wells one cistern good outbuildings Entire farm under cultivation Small woodland beautiful pasturage apples and peaches In center of coal field Two shafts i mile east another going down shafts 211 miles north and northwest and more going down Coal feet to feet never less than 8 feet Onequarter mile to pike now miles to county seat- Athens8000 inhabitants Junction K M B 0 and H V R R in Hocking Valley Heirs are going to sell at once Bring check book you cant keep from buy Ing Sell as low as 50 per acre Athens O H S LARCH M D The Wage Slave A Socialist Weekly that advocate Industrial Unionism Revolutionary to the core EDITED A FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports th existing social order Send for sample copy Address TheWaIt Slave Box Hancock Mich A M BTXRTON Kdltoi iThe Peoples Press Fearless In its of and ReformtPublish weekly at Blue 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