You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, November 22, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908112201 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, November 22, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BLUE GRASS BLADE ti Volume XVII Number 31 LEXINGTON KY NOVEMBER 22 1908 Published Weekly if DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT c BARNESIDR J C Valiant Vorker in the Cause of V J r HumanityI ORpw ANN tl f 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE DR J C BARNES t By Harriet M Closz If the pessimistic pedant thinks the march of modern progress too snaillike In its pace let him study the serene sincerity the confident composure of Dr J Barnes of Arcola Illinois and his hopefulness will increase for the life and labor of our good friend the Doctor fairly radiate the Infinite faith ho feels that the good in humanity will ultimately triumph and so persistent is this conviction of the final evolvement into a material Utopia that it almost convinces one against his will Within the circle of the cosmic experiences of the subject of this sketch there have marched many changes the results of which have extended to the uttermost ends of the earth and test ed thoroughly tho material moral and mental fiber of the men and women of America But while fearlessly assailing war pol icies and the governmental machinations of political profligates while courageous in the exposure of constantly recurring cor ruption ho yet retains his fealty to his fellow men and while Indefatigable in the furtherance of plans for progressive work he optimistically rests his vision on the far horizon of final enlight enment and liberty for mankind- If I were to apply the philosophy of sunworship to this case I might Intimate that the forces of nature had conspired to favor Dr J C Barnes since he was born on the Ohio River on Sunday Sept 27 1835 and a pretty legend might be woven to account for the combined energies of sun light and heat upon the face of the flowing stream resulting In this phenomenon of infant life but the days of miraculous births have passed I must record that our friends father was a prosperous farmer but not literary while his mothers relatives were Intensely in terested in public affairs many of whom held offices In State and Nation Of his mother he says She was as Intellectual as any woman I ever knew and far ahead of her time In politics and religion a Freethinker Be sides being an inveterate reader my mother cared for a family or eight boysof which I am the oldest She did the spinning sewing weaving washing cooking and tho thousand other things required of housewives at that time His early life flowed in much the same channel with other boys though he casually mentions that ho escaped the ma nia for torturing and killing domestic animals and birds which seems to afflict so many lads today He says ho never owned or used a gun either for pleasure profit or political prestige- In 1854H5 this young man took a course In Scotts Commercial College of Indianapolis and at that time heard the Governor Wright of Indiana read his message to the Legislature Fifty years after to a day while on a visit to the Hoosier Capital he again heard the Governors Hanleys message From ISiifi to he clerked In the Hanover Postoffice at which time he was married to Elizabeth Bower Combs who was graduated from the first class of the first medical college opened to women In the United States She practiced medicine from 1857 to 1895 when she was stricken with paralysis and In 1901 she died To tho Doctor and Mrs Barnes were born three suns and he reminiscently recounts that he was born on Sunday his wife on Monday his oldest Fon on Tuesday and his twin sons on Wednesday Having paid tho highest tribute to Intellectual capacity of his mother he duplicates It by declaring that his wife matched her In this pleasing account he says My wife never talked much but when she opened her mouth she always said something I heartily congratulate Bro Barnes for what a relief It must have been to associate Intimately with a women of sense after meeting the butterflies of fashion and the sanctified scandal monger of society Between the lines of this dear friends letter can read that homo to him was the reconstructing Influence whlob recemented the torn and shattered materials of competi tive conditions that the guiding hand of the household was ever ready and helpful and the mothermind a magnificent manifesta tion of his ideal hope for all women The fruition of this union has filled his life with a great gratitude and the three sons are a crown of triple magnitude more appreciated than a princely Dr Barnes ran for Congress on the Greenback ticket against Uncle Joe Cannon but of course paid tho penalty of defeat for political heresy Besides ho would have failed as a law giver for he believes In tolerance not tyranny In patience not passion He is a philosophical Anarchist advocating the Single Tax as a step toward the economic emancipation and naturally has moved with the minority He says All government Is tyranny but tho people seem to want and love It I have always voted for principle and If my vote should ever be for a success ful candidate I would question my own sanity Dr Barnes has written volumes for the press and the exposi tions of his Ideals and arguments are lucid and unanswerable In face of the fiction being flaunted from all sides that wo are free and that the people rule he has patiently sought to enlighten the Ignorant and strengthen tho vision of tho shortsighted In controversy or debate his words aro characterized by simple logic and sound sense his courtesy Is unaffected and his superb poise and patience arms him with a power that Is Irresistible Speaking of our present political contest and tho fallacy of majorities ho says Take one hundred men women and children twentyone are allowed to voto one In a family of five Six vote Republican five vote Democratic four vote Populist three vote Prohibitionist two vote Socialist and one does not vote and without doubt this one man knows more of sociology than all tho others and at best the six govern the hundred people Of this six at least three vote as their fathers did two sell their votes and one votes In telligently so we have narrowed It down to one man governing the hundred and yet wo prate of being a selfgoverning people- It would bo well If the soontobe voting sovereigns as well as the already Initiated would ponder these principles Religiously Brother Barnes has been a lifelong liberal by heredity and training a Freethinker Perhaps ho owes his fuller sweep of vision and greater grasp of conditions to the fact that his Infancy was guarded from tho blighting effect of tho fear and fanaticism of Christianity Ho says My life has been an une ventful one and now at tho truths know are very few for tho truths I thought I knew have dwindled to n very narrow margin But can ones life be uneventful when every moment Is a serious seeking for human betterment Our friend has striven to eradicate superstition for ho treas ures truth as Natures holiest asset His life has been conse crated to the constructive process to the loving forgetfulness of self to tho unfailing fidelity to friends and principles and his every action has been consistent with such creed Ills desire Is a mighty wellspring of willingness and his purpose tho unfailing force which gushes upward making nat ural processes to enlarge and the human units to evolve Pence has Its victories no less than war and our friend has for over half a century waged a constant and heroin warfare but his battles have not been with ballots or bullets but with Ideas And ho has wouis winning and will continue to bo victorious for Idean are Immortal Truth and justice can not bo Jian finished they aro eternal IiBLUE GRASS BLADE 3 r Man a Risen Not a Fallen Being From the Doctrine of Mans Depravity Have Come Many of the Social and Political Ills that now Afflict and Curse the Race- Dr J Barnes The greatest error fraught with the greatest evil to mans progress to his de velopment morally and Intellectually Is the error termed total depravity the error that man Is by nature averse to good or God that he Is prone to do evil The error Is twin sister to the erroneous Idea of the socalled fall of man from prim eval perfection to the deepest degradation The doctrine prevailed that man was so fallen so depraved that he was totally depraved and sinful and could not do good acts until his evil nature was regenerated by a miraculous act of God through some mysterious process not understood but tak en on faith The erroneous doctrine Is opposed to the inspiring truth that man Is and always has been as good as he knew how to be and environments permitted him to be and that he has never fallen but has continued to evolve and grow wiser and better by ex perience The doctrine of depravity pave rise to and fostered the Idea of deserving punish ment or suffering not only at the hands of God but at the hands of men who were Striking a Balance Sheet Final Review and Outline of the Triumph of Freethought and Humanity Nlcene Council Old and New Testament Documents Myths and Forgeries ARTICLE By Judge Parish B Ladd Linnaeus from his zoological laboratory In his first order of mammalia Including four genera places Man at the head lids primordial Homo Is but an aggrega tion ot microscopic chemical compounds In tho transit of life he represents tho ing world below him Devoid of conscious ness for many days after birth a plaything In childhood fondled in the arms of some lovely maiden In his youth ho enters on the stern duties of life a little later where his pathway traverses a land of sorrow and sadness moistened with tears or lighted up with sunny spots hero nnd ther after which ho passes to the realm of darkness from wncnco no return tickets are Issued Never Is ho of more importance in Na saved or miraculously changed In nature from evil to good It was a logical Inference that If the unregenerated the depraved deserved and received condemnation and banishment from God and punished eternally as the doctrine taught that temporal punishment of the depraved by the regenerated was proper and right The doctrine gave rise to and color and plausible sanction lo all kinds of cruelties and government of the Inferior class by the superior There never was a doctrine that so sanctioned and Justified class distinctions as the doctrine of total depravity The doctrine doubtless origi nated with the priesthood who were the ruling the only educated class The doctrine Is never preached any more as It was fifty years ago It Is too absurd to get credence The reverse of depravity Is gaining advocates which Is more natural Total depravity was an Invention of the priests That man is naturally as good as environments and his knowledge permit him to be Is a more natural and reasonable doctrine As proof of it reason that Happiness is the only good All men seek happiness ErgoaU men seek good The obvious corollary of the above logic al conclusion Is that man Is not bad but good No one desires error All seek truth turos chemical laboratory than the dayfly which flits for a few hours in the sunbeams when life Is ended As It Is with man so It Is with his religions his kingdoms and empires Eternal change is imprinted on Nature and all her works Suns and worlds are born but to die This primate like his progenitor tho anthropoid was without language a few guttural sounds to make manifest his wants filled up his vocabulary Language like wrllng has been of slow growth evolving only as necessity called for It Thousands of years separate this primate front man In a savage state As such Ho saw into the future as far as a sav age can see Saw naught but a world of savages to be The earth around him was flat the sun which gave him warmth comfort and food was his greatest benefactor In time It be came his Deus Primus The moon and stars were made by the sun to light up his nocturnal pathway they too were good but in a lesser degree The mountains rivers All man needs to be good Is to know what good Is and how to obtain happiness He does not need to be unselfish as tho his self was depraved but only an educated selfishness To destroy ones selfishness would destroy his Individuality and no one wants to be other than he is He only needs to know a few natural laws and nat ural truths Action and reaction are equal like begets liketo be happy we must make others happy We must give before we receive are expressions of natural law It Is more blessed to give than to receive Whatsoever measure you mete It shall be measured to you again The world of mankind Is going forward to Naturenot back to It We are discovering natural laws and truths It used to be supposed that truths were made and authority was quoted as truth Now It Is known that authority dons not prove any thing Truth Itself is Its own ririlirator and needs no elaborate argumen to sustain it Books and speeches of the future vlll be short consisting of what people know and can prove Politicians and preachers can talk a long time about what they know tell only what we know or can prove it wont take us long to tell It Arcola I forests and seas were made by the sun god The storms tornadoes earthquakes thunder and llghning were alternated good and bad he saw his own kind destroyed by themEverywhere i around him these phenomena and wild beasts came to terrify this wlla man of the forests deserts and valleys Fear is now his lot where may he loots for help The sun moon and stars with their numerous phenomena are powerful beings they can do him harm or good in his terror ho calls on them to protect him there the first rudiments of a religion have appeared tho result of fear and on this fear lies the foundation of all the religions In the world This foundation through all the centuries of the dead past has never been shaken it Is the rock on which tho world of religions of today rest Hero we have the true source of all the different religions of the world Out of this fear was born the belief that tho pantheon of divinities could and would If reverently appealed to render aid to tho 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE Isuppliant Here we have the beginning of a worship of the gods As long as trembling man believes in the divine In tervention of the heavenly powers so long will the world swarm with devotees Could early man have foreseen that Na ture is one stupendous whole that her laws are supreme and unchangeable that no wish act or thought of man can In the slightest degree modify or change them the world would never have been cursed with a religion Thus It will be seen that Ignorance of Nature and her laws IsI the parent of all religions As most of the human race have ever been not only Ig norantof nature and her laws but stupidly allia of the Priesthood Under different names the world from the remotest antiquity has been cursed with a priesthood which grew up as will now more fully appear not from any Knowledge superior to the herd but out of the many The priests possessed an Instinctive cunning superior to their lows By the use of this faculty they In gratiated themselves Into the confidence of the masses and thereby made them believe they had the ear of the gods sand so could procure special favors for their clients From this faculty of skill they have at all times succeeded In securing a fine living from their dupes over whom they have ever been most successful In keeping their cllcntag in Ignorance and their clerical feedtrough full of delicacies The priest In point of ability has never risen above an Intuitionist a glib speaker entertaining his flock with emotional ap peals to his gods or god with whom he seems on the most intimate terms know Ing nil their secrets wants and desires The loss ability a priest has the greater Ws success for his clients like himself are not capable of reasoning Once reason gets Into one of their heads out of the church ho goes If not voluntarily then by and Christians and their Bible This brings mo to the point where I will treat of the source of the socalled sacred writings of tho two sees their leaders anti reputed authors so far as known The Hebrew Bible contains 35 books Tho contents of these books began with tho return of Ezra and others from tho Baby Ionian captivity when 444 B C Ezra read to his people ft the ruins of Jerusalem some writings which he brought from Babylon believed by some of our best scholars to have been a rough sketch or draft of the Pentateuch possibly the Hex ateuch or as some think a brief of most of the Old Testament This work Ezra ascribed to Moses who according to tho J leading Blbllologists was In Egypt about 1330 BC and left there as the leader ot the Exodus about 1320 But It Is now known that Moses was a myth a personification of tho Egyptian god Bacchus and that the star of the Exodus Is a romance simple and pureall a fiction See my writings on the origin and language of the Hebrews and the story of Moses and the Exodus These 35 books of the Old Testament came from oral tradition In time the Le vltlcal priesthood commenced to reduce this tradition to writing This wrllng from Its commencement to Its final close runs over a period of about 1000 years during which the writings went through the hands or numerous copyists editors and others who dealt a free hand with them striking out changing and engrafting on them their own the original work was done It was one continuous narrative embracing numer ous subjects but not a name time or place appeared to show who were its wri ters In short this was the universal practice not only with the Old Testament but with the New Testament When the task of dividing these writings Into books became a necessity a prodigious task was In store for the workers They did not know what to do or how to do It As far as they were able they selected what seamed to them to be matters most homogeneous for each book but tho task was too much for them as will bo seen by the work of the Higher Criticism which has dlsembowled tho whole fabric until there Is no longer a semblance of Intestines stom ach or other digestive apparatus In the whole book They have found the writings of different men all mixed up until the whole appears one unintelligible Jargon wherein the god Jehovah is put on the most Inti mate terms with tho priesthood As to the terrible butcheries and slaughter of men women and children by Jeho vah and his chosen prlcshood as reported In the O T they lose their sting when we learn that there Is no truth fi them The O T after the work of a thousand years was finally finished In the fifth century of our era It has been assorted by Mr Renan that the Hebrews commenced to wrlto up their history about the eighth century B C but of this wo havo no sufficient proof Whatever writings that people had if any were destroyed with the City of Jerusalem at tho time of second captivity so the world had no Hebrew writings until the end of the exile about 444 n Between this time and tho socalled Exodus about 1400 B C wo have about a thousand years which under tho rules of evidence necessarily destroys the historical character of all Jewish writings except such as deal with current events Thew socalled Exodus which different writers pave fixed at about years B Ibrewswe give any credence to the Hebrew Bible and we have no other evidence on the sub ject the Hebrews first camo into existence by that namo after the consolidation of tho tribes ten more or less under David and Solomon about 800 B C For some time before that different tribes of monotheists crossed the Tigris and Euphrates as emi grants for Syria and with them each brought its tribal name When David and Solomon about 800 B gathered up these monotheistic tribes only a few out ot many such then in Syria they were then for the first time called Hebrewsa word meaning emigrant a crosser of the river These emigrants settled in different parts of Syria where they mixed with tho native tribes adopting their language and religion Tho spoken tongue at tho north was Aro male at tho south It was a mixture ween Phoenician and Canaan Eventually tho pure Phoenician dialect was adopted at least to the extent of tho priesthood and the court when it became known as He brow Jehovah The Hebrews not only adopted the Phoe nician language but the Phoenician god also when Adonia the deus primus of Phoenicia became the only god of tho He brows As to the proper namo of this god tho Levitical priesthood resorted to their usual tactics of securing a special tribal god of their own without incurring the en mity of their people who had formed a strong attachment for Adonia To accom plish their purpose the priests resorted to consonanal characters only which have been rendered by different writers Jhyh Jbo Tao Yahweh Jahwe Lahveh These wero explained to the common people to mean Adonla but In tho end wero vowel ized to read Jehovah but not until the fifth century of our era As all know tho Bible contains two dis tinct accounts of the creationthe Elohts tic and Jehovlstlc Tho former was written by Ezra at Babylon where till Hebrew god was Elohim the latter after tho return to Jerusalem when Jhvh Jehovah had come tho tribal god of the Jews A few words hero as to the leading char acters of tho Old Testament when I turn to a review of Christianity its writings and heroes Tho purported 35 authors whose names have been ascribed to those books wero not the writers of those books While some of the writings in those books may have been tho work of some of the purport ed authors says the Higher Criticism the books as made up aro spurious After these writings had been divided up Into books tholr purported authors wore generally so Continued on Page I BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 II Economic Determinism The Cause of Womans Social and Political Condition Reply to Mrs Closz on Religion and Woman By I S McCrillis Through the courtesy of Mrs Closz I have your issue of Sept 13th and read with much Interest her article Oh Christianity What a Ruin Thou hast Wrought and In commenting on same It Is not my purpose to defend manmade creeds or perstitions but merely to plead for fair ness I believe she has overlooked some very vital facts and has directed her at tack against effect rather than cause Her comment on the decision of Judge Going Is just and her analysis of the po sition of woman In modern society Is cor rect but the cause Is not Christianity or religion It Is a deeper and moro far reaching cause that operates In all civil ized society Independent of and in spite of Christianity or religion a cause that not only determines the position of woman but tho form of religion Itself Christian ity included Religion in tho ordinary ncceptanco of tho term or moro properly theological creeds do not as a matter of fact exert nearly so powerful an influence In shaping tho course of development of human soci ety as might at first appear Their Influ ence is always subject to and directed by this fundamental cause and their action and reaction on society determined by it No matter how pure tho ethical ideas of I Christian Tyranny the Grave But It So Happened that this Preacher Got What was Coming to Him and Was Promply Called Down By AD3tlrton Editor Wage Slave ITho terrific strain of tho past political campaign absorbed all my energies at tho time and has left me decidedly below par physically and mentally for tho present I was as you may know tho Socialist can didate for Governor In tho State of Mich election returns are not all In yet but it does not seem so far that my rabid infidelity affected my vote as some of my Socialist comrades supposed It would and tho Indications aro at present that tho So cialist vote will show a larger percentage of gain In Michigan than In any other State of tho Union By tho way you may add my name to the list of those who are willing to offici a Jesus a Mohammed a Confucius or a Buddha and by the way they are essen tially the same because the enunciation of tho same universal principles differing only as the environments of these men In fluenced their observations history proves that tho ruling class In civilized society has always blended with them a mass of Irrelevant theological gibberish crystallzed all Into a creed and used the creed as one the many menus by which the ruling class has maintained its mastery The cause In Its last analysis is eco nomic determinism and existing condi tions are the result of the fact that eco nomlo evolution operating along given lines has split society Into two classes a master class and a serving class an owning class and a disinherited class This division arose with civilization not with or because of religion or Christianity by it most men and all women were dis inherited and have practically remained so down to the present time for though the form has boon modified from time to time tho essential fact has retrained changed It Is infinitely more than two thousand years since It arose for it came with the dawn of civilization and must re main so long as we maintain the existing Ideals of property rights Lot us bo fair then and direct our at tiik against tho common cause and not at the Innocent and muchabined Instru ment Christianity or religion Des Moines Iowa at ate for railroad expenses only at Free thought funerals There are a great many Finnish Social ists in this locality In fact the Wage Slave Is published in what was hereto fore an entirely Finnish publishing office Practically all Finnish Socialists at least nine In ten are also uncompromising Atheists and you will bo Interested no doubt to know something of heir fttnoial Usages No priest or teacher of religion Is called In The comrades sit In silence fur a few moments then n committee previously appointed take up tho casket and without ceremony convey It to the hearse Recently however there died one of fji tomrndcs who was it to t nc Cfirlstlans who hold a nwrtiafa oi his homo and place of business The lovo of Christ at once constrained them to bring pressure to bear on tho widow In her af fliction to permit of a Chrli im burial l Her economic condUlni did tot permit her to resist these demands and so the preacher was sent for alt i the oily was conveyed to the church Meanwhile the usual story was diligently spead that our comrado in his last hours had recanted and turned Christian However just as soon as the preacher was through at tho graveside the chief editor of our Finnish paper John Vallmakl stepped forward and branded as a He the report that the deceased had tunned spoke at considerable length against the Christian religion and the cru elties and tyrannies it upholds Vallmakl is a powerful speaker in Finnish and his address at Malnios grave will long be re membered among tile Finns in Hancock and the results let us hope will be far reaching for human liberty industrial and mental Tho Worklngman is also a vigorous ally of Freethought propaganda and is do Ing an enormous work In turning the Finns from the darkness of Christian supersti tion to tho bright noonday of Freethought- As soon as I am somewhat recovered from the exertions of the past campaign and have caught up with my correspon dence I will write you further Hancock Mich FREETHOUGHT FUNERALS IN THE HOUR OF GREAT NEED Following Is a list of the names and ad dresses of Liberal speakers who are pre pared to conduct funeral services over the remains of deceased Freethinkers Un account of probable delay It would be udvislble to call them by telegram Josephine K Henry Versailles Ky Dr J Wilson East Fourth Street Cincinnati Ohio Parker II Sercombe Editor Tomorrow 130 Last Seth Street Chicago Illinois John H Charlesworth Lexington Ky Marlon W Marley Buckliu Kansas- A J Clausen St Ansgar Iowa- J C Hannon 3575 Wallace Philadelphia Pa Stanberry Alderman McConnellsvllle 0iH II Lane 292 N Front St New Conn No Beginning By William H Maple THE IDENITY OF GOD WITH TURE DEMONSTRATED Tho only hook of Its kind in existence Neat cloth binding 183 pages two sUlking Illustrations 75 cents paper binding 35 cents postpaid INGERSOLL BEACON O 78 LA SALLE ST CHICAGO W 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE I The Widows Mite of Might Presthood CIngs to the Notion that in a Holy Cause Nothing Is too Sacred to be Looted By John F Clarke The widows mite was used as a lever to pry open the pockets of those who were dilatory In responding to appeals for Gods widows mite was swallowed up In the collection and its power of commercial purchase was but Its face value yet there is way of estimating the vast amount that has been raised by use of the widows mite in taking up collections and subscriptions for religious enterprises Many another widow has felt that if the suppositious widow took the mite that might have put a biscuit into her hungry babys mouth she could do no less and she usually gave more and sacrificed some comfort for herself or her loved ones Many a tenderhearted man or woman has felt that they could venture a dime or a dollar in the cause that robbed the orig inal widow Tho idea conveyed in the widows mite theory is that in a holy cause nothing is too sacred to be looted Of course the good deacon who took up that historical and celebrated collection noticed that the widow put in but a mite and be also noticed that others put in less in proportion to their means than the wid ow did The widow possibly had but a penny and gave a farthing while the good deacon owned a 40acre farm and gave a nickel and his services in lifting the collection Tho widow forgot her sacri fice in the midst of her other troubles and struggles but the deacon added his gift to the Lord to the price of his next sale of corn and recouped The Lord helps those who are in a position to help themselves and are willing to do so The widows mite has grown to a widows might ana speaking of widows mights the most pee culiar and potential mights that a widow ever had was under the Jehovah dispensa tion when she could go to her brotherin law if she had ono not otherwise appro priated and make him marry her If he refused she could spit In his face and he became an object of contempt- A certain Jew had five elder brothers who were predisposed to early death The elder brother Ikle married Miss Rebecca Rubenstein and then gave up the ghost Rebecca threw herself into the arms of the certain Jew She died but in the meantime her sister Hester married Benjamin the next elder brother and ho too joined his fathers Hester fell to the lot of the cer tain Jew Then Hester died but in the duration Miriam Itubeiisteln married the next elder brother and he also died and bride of the younger Jew and she was soon gathered to her mothers Miss Sarah Hubensteiu captivated the fourth brother who was not long in fading away and the certain Jew took her as a matter of course but she was evanescent too The the last brother espoused the lovely Deborah Ru bensteiu and in turn kicked the bucket or its equivalent in Hebrew dirgeology and Deborah went to the tent of the certain Jew He had now gathered the whole bo quet of Rubenstein roses and was now cherishing the Last Rose ot Summer of the garland He had BlueBearded four fifths of the quintette but the last was not a quitter She had come to Fee the game out and remain to the concert One day the the King of Tyre or Tire sent for the husband and said It behooveth not a man to marry tho whole Damn family Prythee why the wherefore of the which ness My liege my lord it is useless to withstand the widows might alone but backed by the Jewish law It Is Irresistible and if Death would but get busy with this one I now have I would be villlng to es pouse a dozen successors My dear boy said the King here Is a passport make a beeline for tho next steamer for South Dakota Deborah built her an Image of her fickle lord and spat In his face and then decorating her person with sackcloth Novel Scheme by a Texas Man In which Mrs Henry Is Close Second to Helen Gould Votes Cast for Mrs Closz By Harriet Closz I have just received a letter from A Lee of Denton Texas describing a monu ment he is erecting on the Joint track of the MK T and TPRyon a site to be view ed by half a million passengers annually The memorial Is to be of granite In rustic form and to be dedicated to the greatest living woman philanthropist In tho world Anyone wishing to express a preferment for a woman In this field is required to send a dime to cover cost of erecting mon ument together with name of the candi date to A G Lee Denton Texas The contest has just recently opened and will close Dec 31st 1909 I am informed that the names already voted for are Mrs Sage Hetty Green Ma it she put ashes upon her disconsolate and having no other brotherinlaw headIback on was desolate indeed The of Israel who had been kind to her In two affairs failed her in her direst need This widows might was at an end The Devil whispered to her to plait herself a mighty hat and get merry and go gunning for a new husband After the South Da kota judge had passed upon her case by the absent treatment she took Satans advice andiThe merry widows hat became a wid ows mite There was a sound of revelry by night Caused by merry widows might There was another certain Jew and ho was bereaved with a mighty bereavement for he had lost his only brother and he sat himself by the roadside to think in thoughts made bitterly bitter when his sad reverie was invaded by his dead brothers widows presence Oh Ikey vot vlll I do now dot Jakey vas gone und diet Really Leah do not know Oh Ikey Jakey left ten tousand tollars pehlnt him ven he vent away Well Leah I am willing to marry you tomorrow but I am too sad tonight Next day they tasted the bitter and the sweet In token of the ups and downs of married life After tho cere mony Ikey said to Leah Didnt you say that Jakey left ten thousand behind him when he died He left more as dot lie left eferydings pehlnt him as the couldnt take nuddlngs mlt him aint It This scene Is too affecting and affection ate to prolong even as a phase of the widows might Greatest Woman Philanthropist I rllla Rickcr Josephine K Henry Lilian Harman Helen Gould and yours truly Helen Gould In the lead and our Josephine a close second From tho range of names and diver gence of work and Ideas It is evident that the word Philanthropy is not to be defined In its narrow sense of moneygiving Mon ey may be poured in a flood as It is dur ing a political campaign and accomplish nothing except surface results but to ono who has his finger on the pulse of living Issues it Is patent that personal service Is more philanthropic than gifts of money or the return to the people of a charitable pittance which should bo theirs by right The life work of a woman who strives for the Justice which makes charity unnecessary is in my estimation tho great Philan thropist and while I appreciate tho munif icence of women like Helen Gould for no woman can change conditions I am sure IInrUEGRASS BLADE 7 that In her position she could do fat more I from an educational standpoint than she Is accomplishing In the palliating method of giving alms and from tho list of names herein I assume that tho early voters have concltlplJI1I towhom t What is Eternity Only a Coward will Tremble before the Idea of an Ever Dreamless Sleep By Harold Banning The belief In a future life is grounded on dreading the thought of eter nal dreamless sleep has built up a system of religions promising eternal life after our life here on earth Remove the fear of eternal sleep and Christianity will crumble as the faith ot the Greeks has crumbled before It Tile man who fears not believes not while the coward will cling to his Bible and his church as a drowning man clings to a belief In eternity excites only con tempt In the strong and fearless mind which Is ready to bow to the law of nature The one and lonely argument of the Christ ians is only worthy of contempt Tho old question of How did we get hero without a creator satisfies only the imbecile who believes that poor weak man must have t System of Graft Revealed by a Visit to Shiloh Hill By Manly A Brigham Your readers have all heard of Shiloh tho homo place of tho society called the Holy Ghost and Us It is located in the town of Durham Maine not far the city of Lewlston Rev Frank Sandford a native of tho section some years ago lilt upon tho plan of relying upon the Lord for tho good things of life instead of working for them jj soever may have cast a ballot for me and am sure my coworkers on tho list are equally Any information desired In regard to the will be by the gentle man named herein H M CLOSZ 1 from creator while his god so great and all powerful can exist without one I shall not try to explain the origin or man I leave this to the scientist who can explain It far better than tho preacher But life is a purely chemical wonder and is so regarded by all scientific men Conscious ness Is produced by several chemical ele ments acting one upon the other and when those elements become exhausted the light of flickers and fails like the lamp when tho oil or tho oxygen or the wick is consumed The sensible man must agree with the following passage from Mr Cadys funeral address over an atheist friend On an occasion like this many will ask what Is the estate of the dead The atheist must answer that death is only dissolu tion It is simply a return to a former con dition Inorganic and insensate This is natures universal law and we know thai tho loss of an endless future can not bo greater than the loss of a past lam a foreigner and have only lived In tho U S a few months t The Holy Ghost and Us Magnificent appreciative enterprise furnished consciousness boglnnlngless Ho found fool men and women enough to play tho part of the Lord He got the news noised about that what over ho desired was sent him by tho lord by some means tho desired things came and many fairly wellbalanced persons took some stock In tho fake and spread tho news of the supposed power of San ford Soon ho began tho building of a great temple and rolled wholly upon gifts from tho lord with which to finish tho edifice Ho assumed the title of Elijah Tho temple was built It looks like an mm IL L Immense factory boarding house It sets upon a barren sand hill Surrounding it are forty or more farms of various sizes Sandford has In the last twelve years bought them all Tho Lord supplied the funds The persons who have cast their lot with the society live on and cultivate them They all work and the produce la turned Into tho society depot It is then distributed to them by the Agent as they need It or as ho thinks they do I visited the place a few weeks since and In conver sation with the financial agent found that this system of distribution was called receiving from the lord The agenr whose name Is Shaw Is a clear keen minded man He said We all rely upon tho lordI as well as tho rest If I need clothes the lord supplies me I looked at him and with my eyes rivet ed upon his I said very deliberately but with force Mr Shaw that means that you have a well regulated business system of collection and distribution and you call tho system the lord He lowered ills eyes and said Why yes we have a system of course we have a system Facing a man whom he knew could not be fooled by religious cant and phrases ho did not have the hardihood to stick to the lordgiving Idea There tire two turrets to the temple One is where tho women pray the other where the men pray For several years there has been In both of these turrets neverceasing prayer Some one Is there praying day and night year In and out Two to four hours Is the time that each devotee re mainsI from outsiders that every time an attack Is made upon the society by other Christians or by some one desiring to get a relative away from tho place thousands r of dollars are sent to Saudford from all over the country by persons seeking the favor of the lord with whom they believe Sandford is in close communion He Is now In foreign waters sailing on a ship furnished by the lord All supplies for tho cruise come from the lord and are sent to Sandford by Agent Shaw Shaw has several clerks and stenographers saw no signs of distress or fear among tho few men women and children that I canto across on the grounds It has been reported that such conditions existed There is nothing about tho place or people any different than other religious communities save that tho average of In telligence among them is not so high Uumford k t t 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February IJAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent in with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 600 one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month 100 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or number omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal case of dlaclntlnuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address aa desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky THE EMERGENCY FUND While this fund has been growing but slowly wo are pleased to state that wo have now been able to name no less than six beneficiaries thereof To each of them the Blade has written stating that they are now being carried on the books without any further cost to them Under this rule the Blade is going to these beneficiaries each week and it will thus continue to the credit the honor and gloryof those who have made the contributions Previously acknowledged 550 Dr J B II Feenstra 200 Samuel Brewer 200 Total 950 INFIDELITY AND INTELLIGENCE The aptitude with which those professing orthodoxy as sert that infidels as a class are uneducated and illiterate while they alone are possessed of intelligence as intelli gence is commonly understood betrays a narrow conception of the subject and it is sufficient here to state that the term of infidel was launched against the early Christians with a greater force than Christians now apply it to those who de cline an acceptance of their faith It is also worthy of note that as intelligence increased among the masses of the people infidelity grew apace and it may be said with very truth that intelligence is the one efficient cause of infidelity Complaint is made however that in the art of compos ing manuscript or in the chirography manifested in letter writing many infidels display a lack of intelligence indi cated by the use of poor grammar bad spelling and ex pressions that are in a measure disconnected But the same may be said of the majority of Christians many of whom are oven unable to write their own names andjlargo number of clergymen would be condemned as ant under such a test This in itself is an argument against the application of such a hard and fast rule for an ability to express ones self in correct English is not con elusive evidence of intelligence nor does it necessarily im ply a capacity to reason or to apply well the reasoning faculties To properly understand what is being discussed we must first know what is actually meant by intelligence by those who are admittedly intelligent and what is meant by the use of the term infidel Intelligence is defined as being the quality of being telligent capacity to know or understandability to inIthe higher mental functions readiness of and the like qualities obtained through an exercise of the mindInfidelity is thus defined by the Standard Dictionary of Funk Wagnalls Now York The state of beingan infidel lack of belief as in the accepted religion Tho word is used loosely as a synonym of atheism and includes in general all forms of religious unbelief as agnosticism skepticism deism and rationalism Applying the above rules to the subject under considera polishedtials in a proper understanding of intelligence These arc but the wretched vehicles by which thoughts are expressed andafter all it is the thought not the form of pression that determines the intellectual status of the exIdividual A man may bo learned in letters ho may a fair knowledge of Greek roots and Latin verbs ho may have read the Bible through and oven written a treatise or a commentary thereon and yet not bo able to intelligently state tho cause of the tides why the days are longer in summer and tho nights in winter and he would still bo regard ed as an ignoramus by the world of intelligence The one principal and characteristic difference between one intellect and another consists of their ability to judge evidence correctly Our direct perceptions of truth are limited For almost all ofour valuable knowledge we dependupon evidence external to itslf John Stuart Mill evidently recognized this to be a fact for in an inaugural address delivered to tho University of St Andrew as far back as 1807 ho said Facts are tho materials of our knowledge but tho mind itself is tho instrument and it is easier to acquire facts than to judge what they prove and how through the facts which we know to get to those which wo want to know Tho most incessant occupation of the human BLUE GRASS BLADE intellect throughout life is the ascertainment of truth Wo are always needing to know what is actually true about some thing or other Real intelligence then is tho power to acquire facts and to correctly judge them It must follow that but few of the orthodox can be classed as intelligent If they observe facts they must judge them incorrectly or they care nothing for facts and are content to say I believe They care not whether that which they believe bo true or false tho ad mission of tho belief is allsufficient Front this it will bo seen that orthodox assumptions concerning intelligence and what it implies are conclusions drawn from an incorrect instance will suilicc to illustrate the drift of intelli gent minds from the church All must admit that some degree of intelligence is necessary to be admitted to Harvard Now comes Dr Harvey W Wileywho relating saysI as a student I thought Eve had been constructed literally out of Adams rib I dont deny it now remember At Harvard I attended the lectures of Agassiz the great geologist and biologist He believed in creation and lots of itthnt the world was made and did not grow Then I fell under the influence of Asa Gray from whom I took botany He was an evolutionist I agreed with him Today however I am not quite sure that Gray was right Wile has his doubts So I send my money to the Campbellite church which I love and respect and ask the ministers to indul gently overlook it if I am absent when they preach It will bo recalled that Dr Wiley was a member of tho faculty of Purdue University that he refused to attend morning prayer rode a bicycle played ball with the stu dents and was finally charged with heresy and tried there for The Chief of tho United States Pure Food Depart ment admitted his guilt but tho Trustees refused to dis charge him and ho remained at Purdue until ho voluntarily resigned In a recent interview relating this experi ence ho said I admitted that every accusation against mo was al soulutely true I have attended morning prayer so of ten I told tho Trustees that I know it by heart It is the same oldo 11 YfI clay niter day and has becmnw so common and modmnioal that it dci1 me no pcml Now let tIll oruidox mrko answer whether intelligence is to bo found insido or outside the churches THE OHIO IDEA OF PROPAGANDA- Our readers will not fail to bo deeply impressed with tho views expressed by Miss Lou Lawrence Secretary of the Buckeye Secular Union upon methods of Freethought prop aganda as this subject is viewed in that State which fall with great force following tho expression of another Ohio contributor almost along similar lines There is one great truth which we must nil recognize if wo would succeed in tho missionary undertaking advanc ing Frccthought namely that if we would make Free thought acceptable to the masses we must slake it interest ing In other words we must attract the masses and by attracting them we win them and encourage them to become and remain workers in the cause What may be regarded as one of the most potent forces in the decay of theology is the fact that it is dry uninteresting and out of date not in keeping with the age This is altogether aside from tho further fact that it teaches so many unbelievable things and were it not for an addi tional fact that the clergy are constantly occupied in devising inner societies of women and men to make of them a sort of light artillery skirmishing among the people to get recruits by cultivating social features that will interest the masses where the apologetics of the church failonly by such a system is the church kept from absolute dissolution and this is practically its last ditch for defense against the inevitable Ve have previously said that the first essential is an ef fective organization to work under Two admirable sys toms are now offered to the Freethinkers of the United States Wo have tho Materialist Association a national organization and tho Buckeye Secular Union a society that limits its practical operations to the confines of the State of its habitat Under them local bodies couldconveniently be formed Through the regular workings of these local bodies the cause of Freethought could be brought to tho masses in a manner that would not only interest them but get them interested in its further development The lead ers of thesL sties should be given a muchneededsupport and encouragement Let tho Ohio Idea prevail for in the end it is tho idea entertained bya vast majorityof American Freethinkers The meetings of these local bodies need not be largo or expensive Some commodious parlor would servo as a meeting place Furnish tho attendants with flowers music and literary effort If you have no practiced speaker present to present our views some one could readextracts l from modern writings which would servo the purpose well and constitute a good substitute In this way asIthought truth could be put forward as against dogma and the dayof our great victory would dawn tho election is over May tho country now findsur cease from sorrow Freethinkers had little to choose from as between tho Presidentelect and his defeatedcontestant Taft played into the hands of the Uomanists and tho result of the battle of the ballots indicates that ho got a fair proportion if not allof their votesBryan is possessed of crankyreligious notions and might have been a religious ty rant had ho succeeded in winning the election As mutters now stand Bryan can devote tho rest of his life to re ligious speechmaking at Chatauquas and Taft will carry my policies into greater effect 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE IOUR DOUBLE STANDARD OF MORALS have we a double standard of morals that is a siiigle and separate standard for men and another and different standard for women Thinkers will admit that we have but the masses who suffer from an inertia of thought will hardly credit such a condition it is true none the less The double standard of morals or one standard for man and another yet vastly different for women is one of the foremost social questions now being discussed by the leaders of modern thought Naturally a casual observer would be compelled to inquire whether or not society through habit and custom or long usage had established an arbitrary lino as between the sexes but did the inquirer become sufficiently observant of actual fact everyday incidents inhuman life it would not have the appearance of an unsolved Sociologically problem considered romance is not along the rolla of love but it is the very incense of virtue So long as that envelops both Than and woman they wander far above the crass animalism of the world Banish it and you reduce Immunity to the level of the beasts of the field Alarius and rosette may dream away u hundred sensuous summer nights hidden in the boskage but rob them of the halo of romance destroy the airy nothingness in which they live and love and brutal passion alone remains Is there difference in the social treatment accorded to those of opposite sex by reason of their similar follies and indulgences i There is indeed and this difference is so vast so widely divergent that it has found admirable ex pression and portrayal in a now novel from the pen of J T Slade Jr the manuscript copy of which is hero review ed that ho has given forceful expression thereto in the title to his forthcoming book by calling it The Difference In the title alone this difference is postulated but as one goes through tho plot of fancy and fact imagination is compelled to turn to social happenings within tho purview of the reader and this difference is readily perceived and understoodThe is a story of social life in Lexington admirably constructed in which a young man and a young woman constitute the hero and heroine It is a story of love and pathos youthful sins and follies committed without thought or probable care for ultimate consequences It reveals what befell the man and how cynical the worldof human society became in its attitude and conduct towards the woman The romance woven around and about tho lives of Philip Jlolmcs and Ethel King can find a facsimile in scores of other young men and maidens and at last pride tho sheet anchor of Mann morality the dynamics of noble deeds comes to the rescue of the woman and she is able to standup alone selfreliant and victor When love fails and hope flies pride still lingers the savage rearguard and dies only in the last ditch Taking the social machine apart simply to name its component parts were much like analyzing an apple that the school boy may know what ho is eating but in The Dif ference the author has analyzed the individual and con trasted the units out of which the social machine is made andas no stream can rise higher than its source this portrayal of individual character with all the faults and frail ties really points to construction and the machine in oper Ation To tho pure in heart all things are pure but it is a sad commentary upon human nature that in one instance wen and women will view conduct through a rosetinted glass and enshroud it with Arthurian romance while another actor or actress in the same drama will be consigned to the tigerish clutch of Venus Paudemus or sunk beneath the brutalizing wand of a Circe Whilf the author makes no pretense of solving heso problems of modern society he at least furnishes abundant food for thought upon social reconstruction wherein soci ety may be purified redeemed regenerated It is indeed a pity that youths sweet dream of innocence cannot last through life but it appears as an ordination that there must come a time when tho shameful fact is driven homo to even the most unwilling heart that society docs make difference in its judgment between man and woman The story of Tho Difference gives graphic detail of the plots and intrigues of youth It makes no comment The timely discovery of this difference and the startling rev elations that come from tho lips of the young girl Ethel King in fierce and scathing denunciation of such a system of double morals is a rebuke upon society in general but with it alla firm resolve to snake no unwilling sacrifice to appease a socialscandal Tho closing words of tho last chapter contain the key whereby this great social problem may ho solved Never forget cries the wounded heart there is a difference be tween minis crime and womans crime the worldapplauds tho man disgraces tho woman and wo all take part in tho difference Aye wo all take part unconsciously perhaps but wo do Too often the realization of this difference conies too late MORE FOSSILS DISCOVERED Tho vast geologicalchanges our old earth has undergone at tho hands of old Father Time has receivedadditional proofs by the unearthing of tho fossil remains of a gigantic mammal that once roamed over what is now tho Fayoum desert in Egypt Prof Henry F Osborn of tho American Museum of Natural History Now York in a recent article published by tho Scientific American describes this fossil as being the remains of an animal that stood six feet in height and was ten feet long Tho bones of tho skeleton are massive indicating that the body must have been heavy Tho neck was short and could freely be moved up and down while over the forehead were two massive horns indicating that the animal could easily toss an enemy The dental ar rangements of tho jaws indicated that it was herbivorous IBLUEGRASS BLADE 11 and grazed upon low bushes and hard kinds of herbage Moro interesting however than the mere construction of tho animal as discovered by paleontologists is tho fur ther fact from the indelible traces the fossil brings with it the conclusion is reached that tho country in which it was foundwas not always a desert but bore a light forest growthwhich however is now entirely disappeared In fact Prof Osborn ventures the assertion based upon this remarkable find that it was a savannah country partly open partly wooded with about the same temperature as today Tn all this we observe the remarkable achievements wrought by tho human mind in ferreting out facts not con tained in written history and from such sources byan application of human knowledge determine what existed ages ago when men were not and none able to leave a printed or written record behind them One such find as this is worth all the hieroglyphs that are being employed by fanciful translations to holster up a worthless creed By tho way we might add that the name given to this defunct specie is arsinoithcrium and having read Genesis we also observe that no such name appears therein Strange is it not that god had no knowledge of such an animal and failed to get its name in his inspiredrecord WE WISH THESE HAPPINESS The Blade is pleased to announce the recent marriage of Miss Lulu Modora Gibson one of its best known correspondents to Mr W 11 Hcrrcn of Hcppner Oregon Mr and Mrs Henen will make their future homo in the far West and the Blade with all its friends join in wishing the newly wedded pair an abundance of happiness and suc cess as they journey together through life If you wish to take part in tho Materialist Associa tions symposium on No Future Life you can send your article to tho Blade for publication and your dona tion to Mrs Bliven Box 70 Brooklyn Conn Such a symposium should bo capable of doing great good by the number of writers taking part therein and its wide distri bution over tho country With tho resumption of business throughout the country and our people getting well settled following tho terrific political campaign let us hope tho Blade will bo able to share in tho general era of promised prosperity and its subscription list become largely increased as well as its ledger showing up better on tho credit side If you need a copy of that admirable pamphlet on Marriage and Divorce by Mrs Henry send her 25 cents at Versailles Kentucky 4 No one can doubt the great value of Judge Parish B Ladd articles for distribution also that of President Otto Wottstcins but it is the costthat stands in the way The Blade would like to publish them on its own account hut it has not means Adding to the biographical sketch given of Judge C B Waite in our last issue the Blade desires to state that he was born in Wayne county New York January 29 1S24 being an anniversary of the birth of Thomas Paine Judge Waito will be 85 years of age on his coming birthday He went to Chicago in ISIG when that city had less than 5000 inhabitants The list of subscriptions to the bound volume of the Blade is gradually creeping higher and higher Those wauling a copy are advised to get in on the ground floor before it is too lato as only a limited number cnn be furnished Freethinkers are prone to assert that there can be no discord in a smile Get in on our bound volume proposition before your opportunities tire gone One entire year of the Blade handsomely bound for 350 The Blade hopes for its remembrances during tho coming winter season in tho shape of n lot of new subscribers While there is life there is hope it is said and we con elude that theres durn little chance after Some poet wrote Whatever is is right hut we will refuse to believe it if tho Blade has to go for want of pat ready to surprise the Blade with a Christmas pres ent by putting your tab uptodate Thoro will bo a Frccthought awakening in the BuekeycEState before tho snows of tho coming winter disappear Watch out for it If you cant say something good keep still 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE ISTRIKING A BALANCE SHEET Continued from Page lected from men who had in their time been more or less prominent but were then dead So the names of these dead men were ascribed as the authors of many or the books while to other books fictitious names were attached Among the most prominent characters of the Old Testament who were undoubted myhs stand Abra ham Isaac Jacob Joshua Gideon Moses Aaron Samson Jonah Jehovah Samson was undoubtedly a sunmyth as the name is derived from Shemlsh or Shlmshon the sun The Christian System Christianity its writings and heroes are now in order The system of Christianity dates back to the Societies of Therapeuts and Essenes who as monks led an ascetic life among the hills rocks and deserts of Africa and Asia Minor They cultivated extreme piety and devotion to the Hebrew god Jehovah all things were held in common Once a week on the Sabbath they met for devotional ex i erclses when they ae at one common table Extreme poverty in goods and learn ing was their motto Service to their god was the aim and end of life to mete out which filth rags starvation and penance were resorted to At the time assigned to Christ a pure myth they numbered about 4000 A little later about 120 com mon era they met gave up their old names anu merged into one society which they called Christ an adjective meaning good ness which in turn meant piety and devo tion to the service of their god Jehovah As ignorance has always predominated over intelligence they rapidly increased in numbers when Constantine in tho fourth century put them In power over tho Ro man Empire From this time on until tho close of the Dark Ages Christianity held all Christendom in its terrible grasp blot ting out all freedom of thought intelli gence justice and humanity and substituting In their places piety poverty degra dation and crime All dissenters were tortured then put to deaththe most of tnem burned at tho stake During the Dark Ages Christianity and its priesthood succeeded In slaughtering about onefifth of tho human race For a full description of theso terrible crimes see my numerous writings on tho subject New Testament Writings Tho source of tho New Testament writ ings is now in order During tire first century and n half after tho time of tho alleged Christ all knowl edge concerning tire new sect rested on oral tradition This Is strictly true not withstanding many statements of Christians to tho contrary History maintains a deathly silence concerning Christianity for a hundred and lifty years after the dato nxed for the birth of Christ by Dionysius lixlfiuus The few documents which carry earlier dates are forgeries mostly of tho third and later centuries This early oral tradition consisted of stories borrowed from India Persia Africa and Scandinavia some of which were sifted through Greek sources and in the writings ascribed to Zoroaster which furnished a large share of it Bud dhism came to the front as an auxiliary One hundred and fifty years later a few of Lie less ignorant Christians commenced to write up their notions concerning the new sect which was to be the successor of ganism ie tine light of Christianity is but the reflection of the pagan world It is this which accounts for the oneness ot Christianity and paganism for Christianity in all its parts and ramifications is none other than paganism In Christian attire During tire third century there were num bers of Christians who as tho mood struck uieni attempted to reduce these oral traditions to writing but as was then the tom with religious writers which had come down from tho Hebrews the writers fur nished neither names dates nor places to their writings and this applies to every writing in both the Old and New Testa ments Many of theso writings found their way into the repositories of Antioch Alex andria and Home tho headquarters of the three branches of tho church where they remained until carried to Nlcea to be used in the construction of tho canon of tho New Testament Of course tho oral tradition differed In many essential respects and so tho writings founded thereon differed ac cordingly but no ono could tell who wero tho authors when or where written These writings were called Gospels glad tidings These and not our canonical gospels as wo now have them are tho gos pels referred to by so many writers es pecially clergymen as belonging to tho apostolic age So anxious are our clergy men to secure evidence contemporary with the socalled apostles and thereby render it historical that they have ever been prone to force tho opinion that these early scrap writings gospels as they were called are the ones which were voted into the canon by the Council of Nlcea That Council created our four Now Tes tament gospels and tho rest of tho Now Testament writings out of n vast collection of nameless dateless and timeless writings taken from tho repositories aforesaid ot Antioch Alexandria and Rome Tho col lections which were taken from these re positories were extremely extensive a few only wero voted Into tho canon tho others wero destroyed The Nlcene Council and Its Work This Council was called by Constantino tho Roman Emperor to settle the bloody quarrels between tine factions and fix a sa cred codo for the guidance of the Christian worldiu short to create a Bible for Christianity With alacrity this call of Con stantino was responded to From every part of Christendom the Bishops and Presbyters loaded down with anonymous gos eel writings rushed for tho city of Nicea Tho Council convened May 20 325 C E and adjourned August 25 381 The larger number of Bishops and writings came from tho East a lesser number from Africa a few from Europe These delegates wero mostly monks Only a few could read or write They had spent their lives like tho later recluses among tho rocks in the wilds and deserts half naked feeding on snakes lizards grass and what they could begThese are the men who made tho Christ- Ian New Testament There were says an able writer but two men In that conven tion who possessed any ability for their discussions were of tho most childish non sense These men were Constantine the pagan Emperor who became Its President and Eusebius tho historian who his friends say was entirely unreliable All others says a writer were a lot of illiter ate creatures As might bo expected these monks divided into factions each attempt ing to force its own writings and views on the convention So quarrelsome did they become that Constantino was forced several times to adjourn the body to prevent a clash of arms In tho end a minority see ing that all was lost moved an adjournment to allow their god to settle the matter Tho motion was carried by a great majority The adjournment followed When the Coun cil again met a few of the numerous writ Ings wero found on the table all others un der it Tho trick was a success and by this fraud tho Christian world secured its Now Testament which thereafter being sprinkled with Inspiration became tho word of their mythical god This statement conies down to us mostly by tradition but there Is another tradition which says tho canon is tho result of a ma jority vote which was obtained by fraud Tho Now Testament when finished was signed by tho few who could write all others made their X Two members died during tho session and their signatures being deemed essential the document was put on their graves where tho next morn ing it was found with tho signatures of theso dead men Somo years ago I wroto and published a booklet of 32 pages reviewing mostly by tho light of tho Higher Criticism tho au thorship and time so far as known of each and every Book Epistle and other writing In tho Bible front Genesis to Revelation both Inclusive To that book If not out of print I refer tho reader for a fuller history IBLUEGRASS BLADE 13 of the origin of both the Old and the New Men of the New Testament- As to the men who figured in the New Testament little can or need be said Jesus Christ was a pure myth as I have shown In numerous writings The socalled twelve apostles were made from the twelve signs of tho zodiac Of the five Apostolic Fathers as they are called Hernias was the only genuine one and ho did not live until tho middle of tho second century when he wrote a book mostly fiction on Christianity without a mention of such a man as Christ Whether tho four Evange lists were real characters Is unknown If they lived their time was not earlier than tho latter part of the second probably not before tho third century John tho fourth Evangelist was prob ably a myth for nothing Is known of him outsldo of the 4th gospel which has been declared spurious The three synoptic gospels wero first known 180 C E as the Records of the East West and South when they had no names attached to them The fourth was still later Theophllus says Jerome are ranged tho whole into one continuous nar rative In this condition as one narrative they remained without authors until the Council of NIcea 325381 which divided them Into tho four gospels as we now have them and ascribed them to Matthew Mark Luko and John who probably were men of noto of tho second or third centuries long since dead when the gospels wero ascribed to them John Tyndal says We have the canon of scriptures already arranged for us but to sift and settle these writings from tho mass of spurious documents afloat was a work of vast labor Tho ago was rife with forgeries Good men lent themselves to theso pious frauds Thero wero gos pels and counter gospels epistles and coun ter epistles somo frivolous some dull some speculative and romantic When argu ments or proofs wero needed by either side n document was discovered to meet the case and on which the namo of an apostle was boldly ascribed There was no lack of manufactured testimony Tho Acts of tho Apostles are supposed to bo tho work of tho twelve Originally theso Acts wore extremely numerous many of them having been lost The few now In tho Now Testament are mere fragments of n large collection and havo been held spurious by tho Higher Criticism Paul tho majority of tho critics say lived In the first century but left no writings that tho fourteen Epistles ascribed to him wero written in tho second or third century by a school of Paullnlsts using tho per sonal pronouns I and wo and telling what oral tradition said as to those epistles Theso 14 wero only a small part of tho orig inal The others were voted spurious by tho Council of NIcea Ten ol these were held to be spurious by the Higher Criti cism The later critics pronounce the other four equally spurious With a minority of the critics I think Paul was a myth The little we have con cerning him seems to me to be legendary John whose name is ascribed to three epistles was probably a myth but If he liv ed at all it was not until the end of the second century At any rate tho epistles have been determined to be spurious Peter was a myth His writings are for geriesRevelation Tradition ascribes this book to John of the fourth gospel but the Higher Criticism pronounces the book to be mere fiction and its author to be un tho foregoing It appears that every book in tho Old Testament except two at the close of no importance and every scrap of writing of the New Testament is spurious so their ascribed authors are also spurious What a picture on which to build up a great religiona religion and its priest hood who during the Dark Ares murdered nearly onefifth of tho people of Christen dom the most of them tortured and put to death that Christianity might live Lying forgeries the most revolting tor tures savago cruelties force slaughter and murder mark the highway of Christian ity from tho time it went Into power at the close of the fourth century down to the close of tho eighteenth century The last victims wero two scholars burned at tho stake In Spain ns late as the nineteenth Prof Huxley says If we could see at n single view tho lies hypocrisy the violation of every obligation tho cruelties the slaughters which havo flowed along tho line of Christianity our imagination of hell would pale besldo it And the wolf would play the same havoc If it could free its bloody jaws from the secular arm- Let us not forget that millions of bleach ing bones Ho scattered along tho pathway of tho church as mementoes of the terrible power of tho priesthood If the church Its priests or their religion have ever perform ed one single act for the benefit of humani ty history has failed to record It Tho lull In tho line of murders and other crimes by tho priesthood in the last century Is owing alone to tho lack of power not to any re forms by that pious class but to evolution backed by Freethought which has forced on tho world the civil powers who havo risen above the barbarities of tho church and put a stop to the wonted crimes ot Christianity leaving the priests with no oc cupation other than such as they can get in n few heresy trials anti In repeating to their listeners tho fables legends and prevailing falsehoods of tho Bible In the history of all the great religions of the world we read of no persecutions tures or murders of unbelievers unless Soc rates be a single exception nor was he torturedIt left for Christianity to torture and murder its millions for unbelief In this Christianity stands alone All else which it possesses has been taken from paganism Here let the reader stop at the counting house of Ethics and strike a balance sheer between Freethought and Christianity DAVES LETTER TO HIS DEAR HEAVENLY FATHER Copyright applied for 1908 by Franklin Heald My dear hevenly fatherWe found a silver dollar the other morning that some atheist had monkeyed with and cut off the T on In pod we trustso It reeds In god we rust Do you no who done it and why didnt you strike him ded for doing it Joe wood of struck him ded If he had seed him do It but Papa woodent Papa thinks a man shoodent bee struck ded for tellln the truth but only sent to the Pena tontuary for monkeying with Rosevelti lye He says the first man that put It on the money is the that ought to of been sruck ded with Htenlng for lyelng if anybody is Why do you let them put a lie like that on money Do you think it make you Peal any better to have it on I shood think It would wory you when you no It is not so It would wory Papa to deth Joe nose it Is not so but ho sayr everybody ought to trust you whether they do or not and if you want to strike em ded for not trusting you that you have a wrteht to for you made them Did you make Bob Burdett Why dont you strike him ded when ho tries to bo phunny Their are lots of people hear that wood It they were you Did yo strike Annanyass ded for telling a lye or for telling tho truth Why didnt you strike the devil ded for telling Eve the truth Cant you kill him Cant you kill Ro eveldt either Did you strike mv Papa with Locomotar Ataxa Cant you kill him Ho dont think yon can but Joe does and Joe says you will if ho dont look out As ever DAVE THEPROCESSION PLANETS sly firth drorlptM owonn H IBLUEBe Sure and Subscrlh War Secular Thought- A Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criticism In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at l851h Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms 1 per annum In advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 185U Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should bo addressed C M ELLIs Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 1851h Queen St West Toronto Can DIAMONDS Order of me and save money I deal with the best cutters and largest Importers direct have forty years experience am an accurate Judge and analyst of these beautiful gems and diagnose them In all their most delicate and intrinsic characters I now do not carry stock but buy the goods for cash as I receive the orders thus obtaining best discounts This saves In terest on capital Invested rents salaries and the large per cent of loss incidental to and unavoidable by all dealers who carry stock The small commission will charge you for my time facilities and Judgment will be trifling in comparison to the savings between the prices your retail Jeweler MUST charge you and mine Send me a trial order Upon receipt of goods compare with others and If not satisfactory return and get your money Diamonds remount ed in latest artistic designs at lowest prices Full value allowed for old Jewelry Send for cut prices of Watches Dia monds Jewelry Silver Plated or Optical goods Free Thought and ether Badges Ingersoll spoons and my famous tract Theism Iii The Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN- La Grange Cook Co BULBSBUCKBEES SPECIAL OFFER Itndo to build trial melo pcrvanent or 11ifDIrrcb n f s1iuAIiAaTlaill JrJAlF Write today IHMloll this Paper SaD m CBNTS palxtA rUc uilutltpt mrdII ullr rd ad tltIn eoueot lu CoUIIl Dad Th11t 11l pith aa0 tNH bee THE Humanitarian Review GREATLY ENLARGED AND IMPROVED Singleton W Davis Editor and Publisher No 854 E St Los Angeles Cal Price 100 a year single copy 10c Constructive Concrete Practical Organized and Aggresive Propagandlsm of Truth as Revealed by Modern Science The Review labors for the emancipation of the human mind from the debasing thralldom of Superstition Supernaturalism and Mysticism and for the upbuilding of an enlightened ethicoscicntillc life It Is radical without being rabid and alms to refute the errors of men by reason rather than ridicule or acrimonious disputation It stands for Virtue Morality and Nobllty of Character as the best safeguards for this life and preparation for any possible fuure life Send five 2cent stamps for Sample Copy Silk Dresses Given Away- An opportunity of a life time for women who love good clothes High School girls can obtain their grad uation dresses without cost working girls and married women may secure fine fall or summer dresses Largo list of patterns to select from Bona fide offer no fraud no grafting or disagreeable duties to perform For full particulars send name address and a twocent postage stamp to ED SSEAGREEN 247 Hennepin Ave MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA SEND 10c FOR SAMPLE OF Healds Religious Stickers The same being short quotations from Our Dear Heavenly Father Our Bless ed Savior Baalams Ass Mary Christ Our Friend the Devil and other person ages of sacred memory These are suitable for sticking on church doors and other objects where they will do the most good in spreading tho glad tid ings of great joy Until April 1909 address FRANKLIN HEALD Clrcleville Ohio Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important as Pigs Potatoes and Pups Do you believe that we grownups and even the Children shjcld know as much about oumIuv ne we know about FUhci riuv ri nn Flogs Do you believe in Better Fiogeny a More Elevated race pnywuy If so Fflnd 225 for a years subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Main St Los Angeles California U S A Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage 30 cents stamps The Holy BibleIn Nutshell A New Dooklet showing up the contradic tions and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faith rind destroy their godwebs Ready Soon Order Nowl Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 15 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 1728 Ellis Street San Francisco Cal r SEEDSIIf Prize Collection Ie12 1 Itie ttrr eIt IBLUEGRASS BLADE SECULAR UNION ORGANIZED It Is with pleasure that I am able to re port that on tho 21th of last month wo or ganized a local Secular Union here with a membership of eight Tttiero are here about 30 more people who ought to Join our Union Some of them I think will soon do so whllo others are too Indifferent some domineered over by relatives and still others foolishly timid because of their bus a membership of forty we woulfl bo stronger than any of the churches ex cept one St Ansgar Iowa Charles Hackbarth President A J Clausen Secretary THE ABC of Religion A COLLECTION OF POEMS Frcm a TypeWritten Family Bible Without Policy or Piety But Full of Common Sense By JOSEPH HAIGH Chebanse Illinois 25 CENTS Address the Author or Blue Grass Blade Marriage and Divorce by JOSEPHINE HENRY VERSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies ot this uptodof pamphlet are now In circulation In M United States and England It treatr li forcible style of the most important p jb lem before the American people It should be read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic promptly filled by the author Copy 25 Cents Copies One Dollar FOR THINKERS WHO THINK The Peoples Press Fearless In its advocacy of Freelhought Published weekly at Illus Island Chicago J B Lenau Publisher Official paper of the Materialist Awoehtfor In Canada or Foreign Countries too I Yeal Subscription 50 Cents a Year Tomorrow Magazine Is the only publication In the world that deals with all human problems from the Impersonal Viewpoint- It is published expressly f those whc wish to see how their own cherished be liefs and sacred notions appear In the and Reform nude stripped of all racial blaa and preju reading this magazine you will learp to draw all your conclusions from funda mental principles e you will learn tt think correctly- tsPECIALWe will send three month trial subscription for fifteen cents If you are not already a subscriber The regular price of ToMorrow is ten cents per copy or 100 per year This office may bl withdrawn at any time so you had better write NOW TOMORROW PUBLISHING CO Hydo Park Chicago SE DS GrotvtPedigreed ifplantSpecialties EJI3AIVS Earliest Valentine HushelNewWanlxvells fcjo BushelCurriesPEAS BushelNewllorsfords Market Garden Iluckbies Lightning Express of3cedsor a pricesBy painrHSt Give Em FitsI j SCARLET Thats SIIDOWlWalter Hurts great rad ical novel dots to thlIforces of bigotry and su jHstlllon And the ular press of the country goaded by the church element throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which sufficient proof that It nil right It has ated n sensation conIservative circles and uused consternation among the clergy- It f enthusiastically endorsed by leading FreeithlnUers through out the world You al know how Hurt can write and this boot ho at Ills best It an elegant volume nt to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and hound in oxblood cloth Price 4160 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Fine Farm for Sale SPLENDID CHANCE TO OWN PAYING SOIL IN BUCKEYE STATE Do you want a 218 acre farm t Do you want It In Athens County Ohio Do you want the best of soil Twoctory doubl barn almost new Also sixroom farm house good condition Abundance of best water throughout farm Two wells one cistern good Entire farm under cultivation woodland beautiful pasturage apples Smalljpeaches In center of coal field shafts mile east another going down shafts miles north and northwest nnjmore going down Coal feet to never less than feet Onequarter milL to pike new miles to county seat Athens 8000 Inhabitants Junction Ke M O and H V R R In Hocking Valley Heirs are going to sell at once Bring check book you cant keep from Ing Sell as low as 50 per acre Athens O H S LARCH M D The Wage Slave A Socialist Weekly that advocate Industrial to the core EDITED FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports the existing social order Send for sample copy Address The Wage Slave Box IJ7 Hancock Mich IL STTRlVM tot- f t i6 IIBLUEGRASS BLADE Bound Volume of The Blader FROM JANUARY 19 TO DECEMBER 27 1908 nl S35Of LibraryttOnly a limited number can be had and such orders as are first received will be first served No copy will be bound except upon special order previously made Order no- wSPLENDID PREMIUM OFFER 15 Send us 15 paid yearly subscribers and The Blade will present you with one lliof the bound volumes above mentioned The only conditions are that the sub scriptions must be new paid in one remittance and reach this office by Decem printedqon outside of cover The volume will be handsomely bound Jfifteen New Subscribers Sixty Days to Work In Single Volumes on Special Order 350 This bound volume will include all issues since the change in form up to the last issue of the present year Pictures and biographical sketches of the Freethinkers given in this volume are alone worth the price asked PREMIUM OffER GOOD UNTIL DECEMBER 1 1908 r i1 r Ilij JP pp