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BLUE GRASS BLADEq Volume XVII Number 35 LEXINGTON KY DECEMBER 20 io8 Published Weekly DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT 0 II o IEditorof 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE 1 1 FRANKLIN H HEALD J IBRILLIANT WRITER ESSAYIST AND FREETHOUGHT EDITOR IFranklin H Heald of Los Angeles California was born July 10 at Springdale Iowa a little Quaker town where John Brown made his headquarters at the old fort In looking back ward hoping to find some commendable service which some of his ancestors had rendered humanity ho was surprised and chagrined to find that he came from a line of old hardheaded and brutal halfhumans who would not be permitted to live In a civilized community at the present time In fact they were but little better than the sacred history which we possess of our blessed Saviour and his famous dirty dozen the sweetscented saints of olden time and Bible women with the single exception that they would work and seemed to have known who were their male parents The farther back he went the more depraved they were The best one in the lot was an old ScotchIrish semlrellglo half rodent who lived in a cavo in the north of Ireland and had hair on his teeth like a catfish He was the holy terror of the region around about and when he became excited his roar could be heard for miles around and everybody hid until his wrath sub sided Mr Heald followed the back track of some of them who originated further south far enough to become alarmed and ashamed lest some of his friends might find it out Let us hope the worst will never be known and that his friends will be satisfied with contemplating the glorious future of the family If they give it any attention at all Ho is exactly onequarter eachGerman French English and ScotchIrish the name being German and meaning hero but he can find no clew to how they came by the name Goodman Macy of Whittlers poem was the old English ancestor who escaped from England for Marthas Vineyard the night before he was to have been hung for being a Quaker Mr Healds father was one of old John Browns men who escaped the gallows and good fortune seems to have followed the family In this respect The subject of our sketch was raised a farmer boy but hav ing opinions of his own left home at a very early age crossing the plains with cowboys driving cattle Being strictly temperate he acquired a violent dislike to them for their drunken and profli gate habits for while but a boy it became his duty to take care of both cowboys and cattle during their drunken orgies Ho re turned to his old home In 1874 better satisfied with the quiet old Quakers and married his former sweetheart a preachers daugh ter the most beautiful and refined girl in that region who died In a year the victim of an Ignorant socalled doctor who was forced upon them by her overpious father and people This childwife left him a little babe who Is now the wellknown Edna Heald McCoy of ElsInore Cal who at the ago of twelve wrote the remarkable poem A Childs Gethsemane- In disgust with the votaries of tho obsolete religion which robbed him of the only women ho ever loved he packed his trunk for California and after shooting wild game and prospecting over tho mountains and deserts for a few years he settled down to make a second fortune the foundation for which he laid by budding orange trees In 1883 he bought 20000 acres of land in San Diego county and founded the city and colony of Elsinore on the banks of the beautiful Elsinore Lake which also belonged to him Being young and ambitious he built most of the town When tho boom collapsed with the assistance and conspiracy of the churches secret societies money trusts treacherous friends and a villainous attorney he lost most of his great fortune Retiring to the Mpjave Desert in 1895 ho discovered the immense deposits of lignite coal near Randsburg but was defrauded out of most of their value by fuel and railroad pools While Investigating the reasons for the formation of coal gold nuggets etc he found that the earth has been much farther from the sun and in 1899 discovered tho Procession of Planets publishing and copyrighting the first edition in 1900 In 1901 he commenced to publish a magazine Higher Science to teach his new discovery but soon found that the truth cannot be established while Christianity stands in its way so he took up the battle for truth against tho superstition mystery and norance of religion About the time he started the magazine ho was stricken with locomotor ataxia and is in Ohio this winter taking electric treatment and hoping to get as well as ever The illustratons given with Mr Healds pictures call for some explanations that the reader may better understand It aa the scenes there given represent events connected with his varied career Tho central figures show Mr Heald In different positions and our friends may see tho manner of man he Is Immediately underneath his pictures Is a view of his beautiful home at Elsinore California Just above this to the right is a cabin which Mr Heald built on Mt Wilson thirty years ago and which gave him shelter for years thereafter Above that In the small elliptic is Lako View Hotel which Mr Heald had erected 23 years ago This is crowned by views of an ostrich farm and a logging camp in both of which Mr Heald was Interested The view at the top of tho picture shows a bunch of cattle Mr Heald drove down tho Platte River In 1873 At the top to the left is the seal of the Society of Scince Letters and Art of which he has been a member since 189 The canyon next appearing Is where Mr Heald lived near Pasadena at which time he was a noted hunter after big game below which Is a view of a Bath House Mr Heald built In 1887 at a cost of 22000 containing hot springs inside with a tempera ture of 132 degrees The floors are of colored tiling and It Is a beautiful structure Underneath this is a scene of semitropic growth with a cluster of oranges near tho west end of Elslnoro Lake a picture of which is given in tho small circle at the bottom to the right It may bo observed that Mr Healds first fortune In tho West was mado from budding orango trees Some of our readers may feel that pictures of Dave Joe and tho burro with many other things wo read of from time to time might also have been given but limited space and opportunity forbid J 1s IBLUEGRASS BLADE 3 I Important Increase to Astronomical Knowledge J New Telescope Will Soon be In Use that Will Magnify our Knowledge of the Universe in Fourfold Measure Dy Franklin H Heuld The largest telescope In the world Is In the Observatory at Jit Hamilton Cal and is 36 inches In diameter It was a gift to the State of California by bequest from tho staunch old Freethinker James Lick whose statue In San Francisco was the only ob ject in sight of the City Hall not destroyed by the late earthquake with tho single ex ception of a wholesale liquor house a mile or so awayall of which proves that it there is a god who attends to earthquakes ho is neither an Ignorant fool nor a Pro telescopes was a wonderfut achievement over Its predecessors and has contributed startling new facts to science during the past thirty years and what Is revealed to us In tho depths of space en ables us to more easily solve natures ap parent mysteries on our homo planet tho Earth making astronomy one of the greatest fields for Investigation There Is however a telescope at Mt Wilson peak near Los Angeles just now ready for use which Is almost twice as largo in diameter or in reality gathering four times as much light Increasing our knowledge of tho universe four times as you will understand by the following dla gram In order to make the comparison more easy to understand let us suppose tho Mt Wilson glass exactly twice tho diameter of the Lick glass and suppose tho lenses to ho square Instead of round Then the single square would represent tho comparative size of the Mt Hamilton telescope when compared to thn Mt Wilson telescope which Is represented by four squares of tho same size In other words tho Mt Wilson glass receives four times as much diffused light and concentrates it upon the pupil of tho eye and Increases our knowledge four times In effect the MU Wilson glass will bring the human eye nearer In that proportion to the celestial bodies To Illustrate wo are 240000 miles distant from tho moon and thu Mt Hamil ton lens in effect places our eye wIthin 240 miles of it or we can see the moon as plainly as if we were actually but 240 miles from It Now the Mt Wilson lens con centrates four times as much light and the apparent distance will be lessened onehall or to 120 miles and only astronomers can fully appreciate the importance to science truth of this increase In the size jf a is not to be tho Unit of our In crease of knowledge of celestial bodies in as much as a wealthy Freethinker of Los Angeles has contributed the necessary funds to build a glass almost double the diameter of tho Mt Wilson glass which If It were exactly twice tho diameter would again de crease tho apparent distance onehalf or place the eye in effect but miles from our satellite This great glass has already been cast In Lurope after scores of unsuc cessful attempts and Is now in a house built for the purpose at the foot of Mt Wil son Its future home where after a few years grinding by the most delicate chinery It will bo ready to double our knowledge of our neighbors In space Nor Is this to bo the limit or our knowl edge of the worlds and suns around us as an Inventor has discovered t process by which he can mako a lens 240 inches or 20 feet in diameter and bring us within 30 miles of the moon This immense lens is to bo glass only on the surface like two watch crystals placed with their concave sides together and filled with liquid after they are mounted And yet again a discovery has been made within tho last few days which it true will make all former discoveries but tho A Cs of Astronomy and show us when wo magnify photographs taken by It tho planets of other suns and the very trees plants and fossils upon our moon Mars and Venus It is said that a disc can bo made upon which a concave surface is fixed will bo revolved at a very rapid speed mercury will then bo poured on this and It will at qnco assume an absolutely perfect concave mirror which will reflect tho refracted light of a star to a point as small as tho pupil of the Humus eye and It Is said there will bo no limit tc tho size of such n mirror except In making machinery to revolve and handle It Taking a photograph by using a 40foot a glass and then magnifying the photograph as much as the material of k will permit we will be able to examine the surface o the moon almost as minutely as if we were walking on Its surface with our hands tied 1st square represents Mt Hamilton glass lit Wilson 3d Hooker 4th Llgud 5th the volving mercury disk feet In diametertso that we could not use a hammer or spado This will undoubtedly enable us to deter i mine whether animal or plant lIfo exists or has ever existed upon our satellite and theIkinds of them and perhaps reveal truths about our neighboring planets Mars and Venus and If there is any truth In Johns story of a cubic heaven we may be able to find it if not too far away Untold billions of other suns will bo brought into view from Incomputable distances until there Is no more space to see others yond and yet it Is my belief that wo will find no god except the force In matter which Is caused by the expanding and con tracting from heating or cooling which Is light heat olectrlcly or any other condition of Force What is true of our increase of knowledge In Astronomy Is no doubt true of every branch of science and In proportion as we Increase In tho knowledge of truth we lose our superstition or former animal fear of a great monster a Jealous and angry god who will punish us forever with hellfire and damnation If wo presume to eat of the tree of knowledge In as much as most religious supersti tions have had their origin in what was then tho mysterious movements of celestial bodies perhaps It is Incumbent upon As tronomy to take a leading part in removing theso occult animal fears and superstitions which it is doing so rapidly and with tho least possible resistance 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE I The Birth of Our Little World REVIEW OF THE INHERENT FORCES OF NATURE AND THE ORDER OF OPERATION IN CAUSE AND EFFECT THROUGH WHICH CAME MATERIAL FORMS Judge Parish Ladd On the ceaseless tide of the ebbing ages Man as a wandering homo sings his dirge to the foaming billows The rotation of the earth on her diurnal course marks lifes footprints on the dial of Tim The stars nppiar above the horizon to kiss the suns departing rays Time rolls on while the fates harvest the golden fruits Man floats on the fickle thread which spans the river of life in Its ceaseless flow to a world un known where stern fate bears him onrier wings to the realms of nothingness while time gathers her heroes from the autumn front the depths of floating nebulae a lifeless universe was born time without beginning or end was wrapped in the folds of eternity for countless aeons worlds n numerable rolled on In ethereal spice with not a living thing to break the awful si lence Space time worlds and eternity nothing else What sublimity what thoughts here engulf mans being liernlty from her fathomless reaches holds the bound less stars in her maiden arms with naught to disturb the serenity of a lifeless universe Time Is doing her work new suns are born to throw their lurid flashes on the canvas of eternity Countless ages ebb and flow new worlds are ushered In In the solitude of this terrible conflict Nature shows no evidence of design not a thought moves on the pathless ocean of time silence reigns supreme ages on ages arise arise only to be lost on the sleeping of eternity Time In waiting gravitation the child of affinity Is at work male and female elements hold a love feast suns and other planets attract each other the universe af a whole moves In harmony under the guidance of the law of mechanics the suns give off ther satellites as parents their children the newborn planets hover around theIr parents as chickens gather under their mothers wings the universe Is broken up Into suns end their solar sys tems In places nebulae Is disappearing to furnish material for new suns Through our large telescopes one may look on and see with his own eyes this process of world formation In all Its stages from the first spiral motion to finished worlds just as he sees through the microscope the action of J the bioplasm In the formation of the rudiments of life on our earth Our own great solar orb as seen from our earth is still writhing In the fiery abyss of his own grandeur In his earlier revolutions condensation sets In which still continues in time vast rings were left on the outside to form satellites who like obe dient children continue to hover and re volve around their parents all moving in harmony In obedience to the laws of aflln ity and attraction needing no intelligence to guide them In the midst of these plan ctary children a little speck appears above the horizon It Is our little earththe babe of time in its swaddling clothes Lkc all other celestial bodies It obeys the mechanical laws of affinity and gravita tion revolving on Its axis and around Its solar parent at first in a vaporous condi ton condensation taking place heat was generated resulting in molten fluids which formed Its photosphere so dense and ex tendng so far from tine main body that the suns rays failed to reach It This photo sphere for countless ages rising by heat cooling above and descending kept the planet In constant action Put the time came when the cooling process gained the ascendancy and the earth began to crust over only to be broken up from the eternal heat which kept the surface everywhere of even temperature The Internal fires act Ing on the surface gave us the Igneous rocks which being thrown up In ridges In some places and sunken In others gave us our mountain ranges and valleys much the appearance as our moon now presents In time countless to us the molten fluids forming the earths photosphere gravitated back to the main body leaving the lighter Hllhstancshydrogen one part to eight parts of oxygen tanking water which everywhere surrounded the earth the drogen In time obeying the law of gravity mostly came back to earth where It again In obedience to attraction left oxygen al most pure which has and ever must remain the source of life on our earth For long ages the earths photosphere in Its agitation was the result of heating and cooling the terrible heat of the earth acted to expand and to force to great dis tances these fluids which when in contact r with the cold ether caused them to con dense and return to earth Countless ages rolled on during which great oceans and lakes were being formed out of which vapors continued to rise and fall By the constant fall of water heat and cold the rocks underwent a process of disintegration the valleys were being filled up by the decomposed rocks which were carried down the mountain sides by rivers rivulets and streams which carried their contents not only Into the valleys but far out into the oceans and lakes where stratI- fication took place thus forming sediment ary or stratified rocks but our earth was not ready for the flora and fauna Then followed vast ages which were lost In the lap of eternity ere a wing wafted the air or a fin moved to ripple the mighty deep all was desolation with not a sound other than dashing waters foaming cataracts and volcanic eruptions to break in on the deathly silence of the worlds childhood For long ages the earth and water were too hot to admit of the formation of life In sea or on land Iwatcrearth and water were cooling she looked out on the vast expanse and cmlled on the desolation ever dreaming of the time to come when the earth fed only by the suns heat would swarm with life That time came when from out the waters and moist earth first appeared the germs of life vegetable and low forms of animal lite simultaneously appeared on the land and In the water Ages on ages came and went Vast for ests of gigantic trees produced by the ternal heat covered all tho land from polo to pole and tho oceans swarmed with life whllo gigantic amphibious saurIans made their habitats on land and sea In these ancient days the suns rays Im peded by tho vast quantities nf aqueous vapors constantly rising and falling but faintly reached tho earth During the early times when theso vast forests everywhere covered the land land animal except the primates had not made their appearance For long ages after the appearance of land animals portions of the earths crust were constantly being broken up Into ridges and mountains while depressions were occur ring In other places Evolution was at work First a few of the lower forms of life made their appearance slowly followed by higher forms which have been advancing from time to time Man now arrogantly claim IBLUEGRASS BLADE 5 Ing to stand at the head was by geology made the last It Is not so certain that he Is superior to all other animals while it Is very sure that ae1o the most cruel of all Geologists while they correctly measure the order of the different epochs and pal eontologists fix the order of life when they come to measure the time by thousands or hundreds of thousands of years are but babies In mathematics The religious branch of them have never been able to extricate themselves from the foolish stories of their Bible as told by Ezra in the Thorn The period from the time our earth first crusted over or from the first appearance of animal life thereon Is so vast as to be unthinkable nor does this cover the measureless time which must have elapsed after the mass left the sun until life first made its appearance While astronomers have guessed and geologists have divided the time into epochs classifying and naming them yet It must be remembered that this division is only for convenience Evolution makes no such division It is all one con tinuous unbroken chain of events For countless billions of ages our little earth revolved on Its axis and around the sun without an ear to hear its volcanic thunders nor an eye to behold its stupen dous grandeur all was deathly silence save the roar of tho earths Internal fires Turn but for a moment your thoughts to I the mechanism of the boundless universe all moving in obedience to the law of gravi f tation then cone back to our little earth but a speck in space and Tool at man in his nothingness boasting of his Importance over the living forms around him that he alone was the sole object of crtatlon how utterly contemptible ho appears Nature Is one stupendous whole our earth but a speck man but an atom all the living world correlated each animal and each plant giving and receiving support from all Then and only then may wo see that each and every living thing is the equivalent of all others Man no greater no higher no more Important In tho chanical universe than the dayfly tho star fish tho mollusk or other anlmaF forms All came into being by tho same process live In the samo way go out In like manner to live no more except as chemical com pounds for tho building up of the organic from this standpoint nuns duty to himself and all the living world below or about him may bo summed up In tho wor- dIltimanitydo good to all tho living world no harm to any thing that breathes Whatever others may do let us as Freethinkers bo over mindful of these rules While conducting ourselves In obedience to these precepts wo must ever remember that self protection lies at the very foundation of lifo on our earn Having given a brief sketch of the birth of our little world If the reader will follow us a little further we will look at man from a biological basis From out of the depths of time stern wie ueuuiuub anew wily we were born tviiy uic uiiiiiiat voiid way lilt uuuuulbss uinv erne nit bays iiiuo is lost m eter nay intoned these tuatara wuica wore rue wuu mo oiu urecmu are a waste ul vital lorcej uu wu even atoll teat wo liver wont is tuit protoplasmic unit and its germinal vitality Pits moving cow pound of anatomythis chemical compost non called man An aggregation ot mote cutes to be dissolved when their work is done Thought says we live Sciences tells us that we are ever dying that we may live Life gambols in the morn of time lilts along tee rugged pains of noon day and sinks with the departing sun of night to the realms of eternity where it awaits the revivifying Impulse ol nature to be converted Into some other form The lily beautiful fragrance Holts on tae stagnant pool today tomorrow It fades and lifo is ended The sturdy oak from the acorn rises for a few years its foliage waves in the breeze decadeaththatI- s all The dayfly from out ts tiny ovule lilts in the sunlight a few hours when it passes on to sleep forevermoro Like the planetary universe tho microscopic cell a compound of living units all moving in harmony within Its cell gathers the float Ing atoms from without expands divides It self a new life comes into being the old passes on to live no more Man is but a chemical compound of such microscopic cells Those little cells classify themselves each class being assigned to a specific duty For a little while all work In harmony some gathering in food others digesting it while still others are at work in carrying off refuse matter all this in obedience to tho law of mechanism The compound having fulfilled its destiny death ensues the protoplasmic body disintegrates to furnish materials for other organisms Man so far as believed is tho finale of all the living world He came up through all tho forms of lifo below 1 e n his transit he has passed through all the fortes of life that preceded him Ho Is one of tho most helpless animals In the morn of life devoid of consciousness at birth a plaything In childhood fondled In tho arms of some sweet maiden In early manhood ho enters upon tho stern duties of life a little later A fow years passlho sleeps to wake no moro Why born Why live Llvo to work or play for a few fleeting days or years amid tho sorrows cares anxieties and miseries around him and then pass on to tho shades of nonenlty Or If born in luck he may harness tho steeds of fato ride in pleasure down the rugged grooves ot time only to be overturned on the brink of eternity All nature is impregnated with tho germs of life from wnlch vitality Is ever evolving filling our earth with new born organisms The human machine like all animate nature is but an aggregation of living atoms all we consume even the ar we breathe Is glowing with life strictly speaking there Is no death All is but ciiauge a ctiauge of chemical ele menu the man of today may be grass to moirow all that is required to effect thoIuaiitiu is a change of the relative quantities ol tau compounds Man may be the product of two laboratory minus the vitality wmch so mr as now known is found only in ua ture s larger storehouse Vitality which wo call life Is not a property not a thing but the resultant of organic compounds undergoing change in obedience to environ mettta uoueiiity The animal dies in its decomposition the plant takes up its car bon some other animal absorbs the hydrogen aud oxygen the organism is a different being today The universe with its vast stock of life moves in obedience to immu table laws laws purely mechanical in their nature Evolution heedless of mans supplications moves steadily on Creeds states and empires have come and gone without as much as making a ripple on the Pacific waters of time The great states of Europe and American frolic In the throes of un bridled passions wars between nations hold their ceaseless sway kingdoms em pires and republics rise and fall millions on millions of human beings go down to sorrow and death unheeded and uncared for by their rulers The animal world offers a field of prey each feeding on the other It Is an eternal war a neverending strife for existence In the end a survival of the fittest In the countless births few survive infancy the few are up with beak tooth or claw toilsome hand or sweating brow to conquer the means of living Nature is one with repine a harm no preacher can heal tho Mayfly Is torn by tho swallow tho sparrow speared by tho shrike and tho whole little world where I sit it a world of plunder and prey Nature is cruel she takes no caro for life or death she Is brain less deaf to the calls and suffering of man or beast she proffers no outstretched hand hand In the struggle for life To her tho life and death of man beast bird fish reptile Insect worm or polyp is all the sameSome day philosophy no doubt A better world will bring about Till then tho old n little longer Must blunder on through lovo and hunger Alameda Cal JBLTIE GRASS BLADE I r PERSISTENCE OF SUPERSTITION Infamous Judicial Rulings Brought Forth by this Hydraheaded Monster and we Strive for Human Freedom tMustPrevent any Repetition T J Bowles M D tBy state of the human mind called pure religion is the fairest and most beautiful flower that ever bloomed In the human heart and Its fragrance makes the life of Its possessor a constant benediction The grand men and the noble women ot history who by precept and example have Illustrated In their lives the priceless value of rational religion have no kinship with those who have experienced the agonies of a second birth and passed through the painful ordeal of conversion and had their sins washed away by the blood of a cruel fled god To this class belongs the priests and ty rants who have filled the earth with crime and sorrow to this class belongs all the monsters of history who have been poison ed by the dangerous and deadly virus of superstition It was this same virus of superstition that Influenced the supreme judges of Ath i ens to administer the fatal dose of hemlock to the Immortal Socrates because he taught that virtue and morality were of Infinitely more Importance to the Grecian people than the silly oracles of Delphi It was this same virus of superstition that poisoned the mind of the supreme court of our own Republic not long ago and In fluenced them to hand down a decision that men with black skins had no rights that white men were bound to respect and thU decision was made because they found thU barbariansego Hero were two infamous crimes commit ted by two of the greatest judicial tribunals In all the history of the world one was thi Areopagus of Athens and the other was the Supreme Court of the United States and both were poisoned by the devlly Influence of the gods and devils and prlosts of superstition In view of the sad and sorrowful effects of superstition on the mind of man during t all his pilgrimage on this beautiful earth lot us all rejoice and never cease to give thanks to the brave heroes and heroines who have fought this demon until priests no longer rave the power to tear out the tongues of men and women nor subject us to the tortures of the stake and the flames of the fagots All the meanness all the hatred all the cruelties all the infamies and all the ma lignity of which the human heart is capa ble grows and flourishes when the mind Is poisoned by the devilish virus of super stition it was the priests of superstition that invented the Iron boots and iron collars for too grand men and noble women of tho fifteenth and sixteenth centuries It was the priests of superstition that crowded the dungeons of Europe for more than a thous and years with the good the merciful and the just Not satisfied with tho suffering the cruel ties and the agonies whlcn they visited upon good men grand women and Innocent children In this world they Invented an everlasting burning hell of endless torment for all honest men and women who wore shipped at the altar of tho good the beau tiful and the true Every friend of humanity through all the dark and bloody centuries who has labored to fill tho world with light and love has been persecuted by thieves and millions have been crucified and burned by the mur derous devotees of superstition As an Illustration of the awful and diabol ical effect of superstition on the human mind let me point nut what would happen In tile beautiful city of Munclo where I live If a rationalist would toll his super stitious neighbors that tho sleeping dead In leech Grove Cemetery cannot come out of their graves clad In the habiliments of the tomb and walk through tho streets of tho city they would kindly and cheerfully and sensibly agree with you but If you would toll them that this never can happen and did not happen at Palestine two thousand years ago they would at once denounce you as an Infidel and an atheist and u very desirable citizen and persecute you as If you were a wild beast or if you were to tell thorn that none of tho good nnd beautiful women of Muncie ever became tho mother dy whose ache was a ghost they would promptly give their assent to thin selfevident proposition but If you would tell thorn that such an event nor did nap pen and never can happen their faces would immediately exhibit all tote savagery u ItIof the tiger and If they had tho power would afford them Infinite delight to tear out your tongue guugn out your eyes and and pour boiling lead in their ears t f Such are tome of tho awful effects of perstition on tho human mind toleration ceases charity forsakes the human breast and all tho noble and generous Impulses of the human heart are cruelly crushed by thIS hideous and cruel monster Not until Paine broke into fragments the devilish superstitions embalmed in an old book called the Holy Bible was there to be found a single star of hope In the midnight darkness of the human race up to his time only a little over a hundred years ago the mind of the whole human race was saturat ed with superstition and the whole human family was in abject bondage and suffering all the tortures of the damned Down to the days of Paine the whole r world was a madhouse swarming with md gods and devils and ghosts and thef whole human family for nearly two ragsPand years was clothed In filth and anti their only friend on earth was deathiy pestilence and famine the tyrants and kings and popes and priests literally llvoi on tho flesh and blood of the poor suffer III and toiling millions nil iho me anllto talent and energy of tho priests of superstition were devoted to Inventing instru ments of torture and building dungeons for scientists and philosophers who were strlv Ing to rid the world of tho In ubl and suc cub of superstition the roofless sky that bends In beauty over this lovely earth was kept lurid for fifteen hundred years by the flames of fagots that were piled around the feet and limbs of millions of grand men noble women nnd Innocent children When I think of the infinite horrors that flue human family has suffered at tho bloody hands of tho priests of superstition my faith Is sometimes staggered In man for to h day In the bright morning of tho twentieth cnntury there are one hundred and fifty thousand pulpiteers In the United States alone who are defending these unspeakaole I recall that Franco and the United States have broken tho power of the priesthood my foltii In renewed and I cherish the hope that liberty will I1nal1yf make the entire circuit of the earth Lo us rejoice and never cease to revere the memory of tho noble heroes and hero ines of history who have fought tho mon strous priests of superstition and perished in flames and dungeons to freo the world J from the grip of these heartless tyrants i How long 0 how long will It yet be be fore mankind will learn that the right place o find heaven Is hero and now Muncie Ind l 1t lQ h IiE r til r rt l1 it J Jo LJOIiI 75Ii hrt fled ith DrotherSnovK411111 ider ontiiis Subject the atiAInaJ Back with Furthe Repiti f tBy WillInm D SmitbM Dj did think that until t e gneations I asked la thee dt ly6 08 t I would not ipublicatipu concerning these rMien I askedthose questions I ifiat t asit for argument tolowtheories I wanted ou What claim kr bw t sfer o Answering what I aske its would be mere debatable elm yby asIdn that r asons beivenM- e At the time I asked ffios did not Wan the reasoas Jrfttjtherej3 leatned a longtitde estic ideas according to r fn ultieshe has1nit e thndclaims th d to be reas as why k Sbell- ee6 s do novtitlisot z ai swer zrr question bt than tttid In as Audi as gt det toee bAileen answered V havat d I cannot anawertiyepaP Befpro wti wish toisat that wotId meet re s hlpaanQjoa hand sake witl for r thlrllt he tg just the rift iat is willingt lgive antirlefldly way toTbard Freethouglrtt t itlust conclitdetliat n for it dnly thatx love humanity e11ef stttiohe and ignorancee eve a Oder will be the Art ttiaft x to destrey alt s I Ie t3- to readhiiart1 I not blame forwaijtlsgttJr gar e it does Orrgientx he lay o x46 ai an ve f ator any onew h k ingminas td bone 1 6t what li in r b or bpr i the o i rSfoe ions Ifoo thft k rios d ado otherwise for en ig ate bi of have in set oM1 y w think 1tj- tid4eRaheMade i b o r Mr snowy WAI anw- erIiq ICIIgwstyrfiltlve Mae sthat matter 4s a gods tro drools irtlioner pi readers of the Blade tied of gods I deny that tI ake iI claim this There Is ri l gi9 ffer soma Infinite that I am dApfileta t in So far as the name I tq for convenience be called gtitr l4 y sea to name It but gods hfl tw0 ten thousandNo no Mr sitozaeyrrgued nor accepted that at rytB a pits that I am more con tilt more othodox brethren v I do not understand that jig else has ever been held- lirJtJHj ihe puts It I claim that egetini rectly Just what It Is and etglt fHW1 id principle of matter an- dlait wally Just what they ever Jt ver will so remain There but not footballs In the iI i N Ii 9 t ever progressed or retro- agrbeA4 tlons have been destroyed ts or principles of which the ijBbmposed never has been iyed Then he says when e onderful and complicated and whole worlds of it too ily they act always the the same circumstances fir Snow when you say that xtr ig your evolution theory befc true that man sprang order of beings Let qt track Man sprang from fi from the bug It from the h protoplasm It from the in It from nothing To rto evolution Nothing pro proXasm produces cell cell pro If produces animal animal Now Mr Snow what Is mince seems to take a frp to produce nnvthng but j possible that evolution pro topped If so then there Is died but if It still exists fl It cannot evolve any moro Hdstlll and Hint it super jWjll not permit me notlctntr wines there Is one thing You any that admit that lite repdo In or be an at nr Oh no Mr Snow iave admitted any such i it claim this to be self lit eternal force Is eternal l er from one mention to paver moves but to the t appears to We see mat pe f force Force moves mat 1 ter from one location to another this we see and say matter moves that Is not true You say No one pretends to have seen primitive man alive You say Primitive man was too ignorant or animallike to write history Well well Mr Snow have you fellows all accepted Spiritualism And do you really get communications from those primitive men Do they really come out and tell you they have progressed so much since they entered spirit lItethat notwithstanding their Ignorant animallike nature while here on earth they can now come and tell you about themselves Oh well It Is not to be wondered at for evolution progressive can do many wonders I do not know how else you could know anything about them since they were too Ig norant and animallike to write history by which we could know anything about them But you try to back your tvssertlon by some rude Instruments that have been found Now really you do not know whether those primitive men produced them or whether they were produced by the men that evolved from the primitive man do you Is the finding of these rude Instruments any evidence of evolution progressive Let me ask you and all the readers of the Blade this question If you were to go Into a forest surrounded by nothing but forest wild animals snakes lizards toads mos quitoes flies hills and swamps and live upon game roots berries bark wear skins of wild animals for clothing exposed to all the disadvantages of that kind of life no tools to work with only sticks and stones that can be gathered In the forest under those conditions what kind of Instruments would you leave that would tell the story of your once existing In such a dismal honestly If ever there was a prim itive man ns repr sented they must have had a great deal of mechanical skill If they were ablo to produce any Implement at all Admitting all that Is taught concerning primitive man and It only shows that the primitive man had flll the faculties that man now possesses It only shows that be cause of their environment they did not use the same degree of the faculties that we today use But you forget another very Important fact Many of the ancients had arts and sciences that we today know of but they are lost to us All these things only show that as the faculties of the mind are used the result follows In fact we go back today for the majority of our tench Ings we quote their sayings we try to pat tern after their precepts If there Is an evolution progressive why do nations rise and fall Each generation uses differentrdegrees of the same faculties end the result follows To bo continued 1 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE I BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chllton Moore in and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N KyPSUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 150 per year in advance rive new yearly subscribers at one remittance each Five trial subset Iptlons sent with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents PIT month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four tlOO six months 500 one year 800 column single Insertion 200 one month 400 six 2000 one year 3000 1tntlertlons column application whole column or larger advertisements at special publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will ba discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal case of dliclntlnuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl olllce giving both old and new address as desired Till OFFICE of publication of the Blade at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE is enterd at the Postofllce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDHESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky A LEXINGTON CHURCH TRIAL Rev Walter P Hines of this city wits pastor of the Calvary Baptist church Now ho is not In spite of presumed religious restraints and the constant in struction he was in the habit of giving to his Hock that they should walk in the straight and narrow path it now appears from an official report of an official church committee appointed to investigate that the preacher aforesaid has occasionally turned aside andon certain occasions has acted indiscreetly to such an extent that the committee insists it was in a manner cal culated to impair his influence as a minister When the shepherd goes wrong in what condition must be the flock The do as I say but not as I do is no longer tolerated The average church membership demands something more than precept and a little of the consistent practice must be apparent even in a preacher The cloth is no longer cxumpt from criti cism The pews are asserting their power over the pulpit Spir itual advisers who do not act upon their own prescriptions are called to an account Let it be understood that gossip the most wicked of all ac cusers had linked the parsons name with certain females This gossip became so persistent until open charges were made and an investigation ordered by the church authorities Weeks elapsed The investigation was pending A committee was appointed to inquire into the subject matter of the charges made and to make due report thereon to the church Vested with all the necessary power to this end the committee pursued its course Persons were sent for Witnesses examined on either side During the pendency of the inquiry an intimation was given as to the ulti mate findings by the fact that Rev Hines voluntarily tendered his resignation announced his farewell sermon which was dered in due time and he is out of a job In spite of this committee pursued its duties to a finality and submitted its renIport Now the woods are burning and the tongue of adding fuel fuel to the flames The preacher through his voted wife is now threatening litigation against persons not ignated and the end is not yet One of the most significant features of the report is that the committee states that the object of the inquiry was to ascertain whether or not the pastor under investigation had been guilty of immoral or unchristian conduct or of indiscretion unbecoming a Christian minister On this the report is silent It declines to say whether the pastor was guilty or innocent It simply states that they found him to have on certain occasions acted indiscreetly and in a manner calculated to impair his influence ns a ministerIt significant that the immoral or unchristian conduct is stated in the alternative and not in the conjunctive mood Whether this was by accident or design the Blade cannot say Immoral conduct docs not of a necessity imply unchris tian conduct Neither docs Christian conduct imply moral duct A man may be a Christian and yet be guilty of conduct as morality is known and understood today conIdoes not belong exclusively to parsons or to church Long prayers and unctions amens may be indicative of conduct but in his dealings with his fellow man must his moral character be judged not in his professed piety Of course the investigating committee is more than anxious to shield and protect the church They are members thereof With them the church is of higher importance than the parson or what becomes of him They can get another parson but a new church would mean much more to them Thus reading between the lines noting the subterfuge contained in the report cognizant of the further fact that the committee refuses to discuss the matter further as reported in the local papers it would appear that there is more in the proceedings than will ever be brought to the light of day If Rev Hines is not guilty as charged he was entitled to a verdict in his favor and a plain declaration of his innocence at the hands of the committee If he is guilty as charged then the public is entitled to know the facts and all the facts which arolnow being assidiously suppressed The findings of the committee as shown by its report is decidedly unsatisfactory It if neither l just to the accused parson nor to those who have brought the charges against him It leaves him with a cloud of suspicion hanging over his head which the years may never remove Too much of selfinterest is apparent on the face of the report and if Rov Hines is innocent knowing it as ho must wo sympathize t If i I r1L BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 with him in his announced effort to carry the matter to the courts I for a final and satisfactory hearing And back of all this what do we sce1 That Christian moral precepts no matter how persistently taught are not sufficient ill themselves to act as a secure guide to moral conduct for as suming that the It influence of the person under discussion as n Christian minister has been impaired no matter to what degree or in what respect there still remained the inner conscious f monitor irrespective of socalled Christian teaching Minus this inner conscious monitor the precepts of Christianity arc power less to influence making for right or wrong Its vicarious atone ment and redemption from sin through the shedding of innocent blood constitutes a clog upon moral conduct and its impotency is amply understood in the proceedings herein discussed But a few short months ago no man stood higher in the esti mation of the people of his congregation Today he is a cynosure of nil eyes The committee by its report points the finger of sus picion toward him and it did not have the moral courage to de chime him either innocent or guilty The committee is in a po sition to know The public is not The public can only surmise The committee has heard all the evidence The public knows nothing of what was testified to If Rev Hines is possessed of sufficient moral courage to go behind the action of the committee and possessed of a personal knowledge of innocence doing so we wish him every possible success EMERGENCY FUND IrIlE added to this worthy fund and to relieve many aged Freethinkers of any financialobligations to the Blade and they are getting it just the same The result so far is extremely gratifying and we express our heartfelt thanks for such a showing The fund now stands Previously acknowledged 2100 II Adapts 50 Another friend 500 C 0 Boyd 100 Total 2050 REJOICE WITH MRS INGERSOLL Justice is rendered at last The widow and family of the great apostle of human liberty has finally triumphed after protracted and costly litigation to recover fees duo to tile late Colonel Ingersoll for professional 1selvices rendered under contract Prof Thaddcus B Wakcman of Coscob Conn writes that l the United States Supreme Court at Washington has reversed the findings of the lower courts in the suit of Mrs Robert G Ingersoll for her deceased husbands compensation in the legal settlement of the Davis estate Here is justice at last for the claim was in every respect just I 0Jl J Lr and equitable The estate involved millions and Ingersoll was to have 100000 if he succeeded in obtaining an equitable divis ion The preparation and trial was difficult and long the jury disagreed Then Ingersoll got the parties into a negotiation for settlement practically retried the case before them with a sult satisfactory to all concerned Then it was claimed that be cause the final trial was not in court but before with and by and for these parties the contract for his services was not applicable Tie lower courts were confused but now we may rejoice not only with Mrs lugersoll but with Uncle Sam that his greatest court has been able to secure to the beloved family of the great advocate the means he had justly earned for their bene fit which the papers say will now be with interest about 138000 MENTAL STIMULANTS The principal aim of all rational culture and education is to adjust the relations of the individual especially the close and applying student to the demands made by his own age and for this important reason alone it will employ for the purpose indi cated all those subjects that come home to him most directly and intimately and are best fitted for rousing and sustaining pleas urable mental activity so declared by reason and confirmed by a personalexperience If properly cultivated this instinctive love of pleasureabley activity so marked in the years of youth may be made a power tful means of mental improvement The strength of government din the past as well as the present was found in its appeal to the dread of punishment as a motive to right conduct By these 1m Imoral tendencies are wrought false notions are acquired and an erroneous incentive appears It will not bear comparison with the modern rationalistic doctrine which teaches and maintain that more beneficent results accrue to society by stimulating men tal activities from a desire for happiness rather than a dread of punishment and in this contrast may be the differences between the theological 5tellls of the world and the rationalist doctrine be mind can not be roused into any serious stage of mental activity by the things of twenty coneuries ago To elicit responsive action the mind must get interested in the things of today No thinker will deny that an empty and useless shell of a fact has tine same relation to the mind that a living and applicable one has Nothing can arouse quicken and mold the mind into active thought like the present realities with the mind has to deal Once intellectual desire can be whichIthe mind will naturally follow the lead set With the slow gence of right ideas respecting the uses of the world wo discover that the real scene of human action and enjoyment is also the true source of right inspiration and of tile noblest in centives to mental eliotIScience in its application to daily life and there is not a deIpartment of mental or material activity with which science has It I10 BLUE GRASS BLADE not to deal is now successfully grounding itself in the order and truth of nature Armed with the appropriate knowledge of men and things inspired with the hope ofa hotter and happier fu ture to which we see nil things tending the Freethinkers of the world enter this great field and properly call it their own r In it they trend and work with n robust boldness that can not be simulated by the votaries of faith and n truly dispassionate temper which the imminent questions of the times so decisively institutions based upon theological considerations are grounded upon a sort of culture that is suited to their necessities They have grown up with the course of the ages They idolize the past they worship precedent and authority they dread in dependent inquiry they recoil from the thought of freedom as from some form of vice they are mental servitors to the dust of centuries long dead On the other hand freedom and science have had a coeval des tiny They have suffered together and as a natural consequence they have developed and grown together Both have broken through the bonds of theological proscription and they have constructed watchword for their joint useProgress With this they have both learned how to outgrow and subordinate the past accepting the esential and casting aside the nonessential In this brief outline we have the plan of operation of the best mental activities of the race the results achieved and the pros pects of the future provided these activities are increased Free thought is to encourage Christianity to repress THE BLADES BOUND VOLUME With this issue we are able to announce the near completion of the years issue of the Made and acquaint our readers with what they may expect the bound volume to contain Those who have been subscribers from before and at the time when the change in form was made will recall that the first pic ture printed on the first page of the now paper was that of Charles C Moore founder and editor of the Blade This was followed by pictures of Thomas Paine Voltaire Girard Shelley Dr Wilson Mrs Henry Mrs Closx Ernestine L Rose Inger soll Dr E B Foote and many others who have aided the work of mental emancipation From that time on we have missed but one issue without a picture and that week we were disappointed in the cuts failing to arrive Next week with the issue of Decem ber 27 will witness the pictorial reproduction of Thaddeus Burr Wakcman acknowledged to be foremost among the scientific and rationalistic thinkers of tho age for years identified as an active worker in the ranks of Freothought This will compete the fifty issues as the change was made January last causing two issues of the present year to be printed in the old style and friends ore fifty portraits and biographies of prominent Freethinkers in addition thoro is a vast quantity of rending mut ter from the pens of tho best humanitarian writers the country JRI affords Scientific and rationalistic instruction and an abundance or argument against the theological conceptions of the day The articles contained therein assail the very fundamentals of ortho dox Christianity and will offer an opportunity for educational facilities without a peer in its line This bound volume can be had for 350 Allowing the usual annual subscription price of 150 for the paper itself we are thus asking the modest sum of 200 for a handsome binding and trimming with the name of the purchaser inscribed on the outside cover in gilt letters If the book is intended as a presentA we will attach any name desired thereon for that purpose If you wish a copy now is the time to order if you have not already done soTe have thirtytwo orders booked now This offer will be kept open until the last day of December and any order received up to that time will be filled but no volume will be bound save those previously ordered CHRISTMAS TIME During the coming week the Christian world will again indulge in a celebration of the supposed anniversary of the supposed birth of a supposed mangod and in so doing they still proclaim a falsehood to the credulous and unthinking Aside from the inconsistencies and absurdities of the printed stories of this supposed event modern intelligence scouts the very idea of an atoning savior born in the form of man with all the faults failings and passions of man and yet capable of dis carding his humanity at his own volition and assuming the char acter of a divinity when the purpose suited him Students of history know that such an event could not have occurred at tho time stated without creating more serious and deserving comment from the writers and historians of that period than may be found Moralists slum the theory because of the false incentives it creates and rejects the entire system as plac ing moral considerations on a wrong basis Thinkers reject it becauso it is out of harmony with the orderly procession of na ture and inconsistent with reason and experience Thousands nay millions realize and know tho tru hof the statements here made and yet untold extravagances will be made in order to perpetuate a foolish myth and humanity suffers thereby Just a few compared with the multitudes will profit by this superstition and fools there bo who work might and main to support it and the few who do profit by it unmindful of their pressing duties to the race and to themselves If Christ was not born if Christ did not die on the cross if Christ did not rise from the dead then indeed is all Christian teaching vain And it is vain It is a safe statement in which to indulge that the Christ of the gospels never was born that he did not dio upon a cross and therefore never arose from the dead This has now gone far beyond a mere negation of Chris tian assertion but is an affirmative truth conceded by all who have studied the subject save those who expect to profit thereby In any event it is a fact that Christ was not born on the 25th IBLUEGRASS BLADE day of December else shepherds could not be watching their flocks by night at such a season even in Palestine and if this feature of the show be destroyed the entire myth goes with it As a matter of fact so many have undertaken to write a true his tory of the birth and life of Christ that the day of his birth has been fixed by different writers throughout the entire calendar of the year Certain it is that all can not be true lives of Christ The thinking man however rejects them alland regarding the a dead deity at the expense of the many worshippingfa expense many Aside from the theological aspect of the Christian festival there are opportunities for all to make it a season of joy and happiness It comes at a season of the year when the forces of nature operate to prevent physical labor to some extent and the cozy cheerfulness of the fireside offering a comfortable protec tion against the frost and cold of winters storms furnishes an opportunity for family reunions enjoyments and domestic bliss In so far as these elements may be found and enjoyed the sea son is not without its rewards but the pernicious feature is the theological fantasy with which interested persons have surround ed itEnjoy Christmas if you wish but it is altogether unnecessary to furnish mans of profit and emolument to a coterie of false teachers and preachers Enjoy Christmas if you can but know ye that in the extension of a helping hand to some more unfor tunate creature one who has lost in lifes great battle will bring you a greater and sweeter pleasure than to donate vast sums of money to the support and maintenance of a hoary superstition The next subsequent issue of the Blade will bo the lust for the year 1908 and it will bo in every way a worthy product of all its predecessors In it will appear an article from the pen of Prof T P Wakeman a personal and valued friend of the Blades editor which should be read studied and acted upon by every Freethinker in America Its pointed argument is made to deal with Frccthought propaganda in America and the position of file Liberal press Half a century of practical experience has especially fitted this eminent author to treat such a subject with authority With the coming year wo shall offer or at least suggest for Iho serious consideration of our friends a new plan for the conducting and operation of the Correspondence School till primary object of which is to make tuition fret pvcry hscnbrr of ih Made and create a corps of capable and ir teuh f Hntc for the plan and study upon it As a means of enabling us to catch up in matters of finance and meet our obligations at the first of the year wo have mailed a bill to eachof our delinquent subscribers indicating thereon tho amount of their indebtedness to us We hope that immediate responses will follow The Blade is going to double its circulation during 1009 It is a strong statement to make but we mean it absolutely and every present subscriber is going to help in the work We will have more to say about the method of doing it in our first new year is gratifying to observe that the cause of Secular Education in England can boast a goodly array of capable and eminent ad vocates and that appearing prominently among them is Presi dent G W Footc of the National Secular Society Secular edu cation is a leading political is c in England The church as usual is resisting the movemcn Editor J Spencer Ellis of Po hr Thought Toronto Canada in a personal letter the Blade s ss that in America Free thought propaganda appears alriusi id and buried while the advocates of crcdal superstitions are more active and energetic Sadly sorrowfully we must admit that the charge is true It ought not to be thus and it need net be if Freethinkers will but rouse from their lethargy and show themselves equal to the emer have some cause for congratulation anyhow Freethought societies have been organized Washington D C Omaha Neb St Ansgar la at San Francisco and Cincinnati Others are in course of formation at Muncie Ind Marietta and McConnels ville Ohio In one moro week and wo begin to bind up the 1908 isues of the Blade When in the hands of those who have subscribed for it r wo know they will declare ita volume of both use and beauty i Only 350tOwing to an accident with the press while the last two issues of tho Blade were being run off some of its pages were marred by the metal slugs being pushed over and wo did not have the time or tho menus to reprint the issue We hope to avoid this hereafter Elbert Hubbard tho Roycroftcr is to lecture at McConnels ville Ohio February S 1900 under the auspices of a new Liberal Club recently organized as one of the direct results following he lectures given thrrr liy the Made s editor in September last is lif wi nut in vain iiiiilu on a recent visit lu lle liUulu office Mrs Josephine K Henry appeared in far better health than she has been for a year or so or since the leathof Captain Henry Our readers will be gratified upon knowing this and they may have good rea sons to anticipate soine further products from her brain and pen If ye have tho truth it is necessary that you carry it to others IU BLUE GRASS BLADE I Does a Believer Exist With Concluding Argument Upon the possibility of Gods Existence By J M Gilbert Concluded But nothing suits Christians better than to pray and agonize m public The church Is a public place the same as a synagogue At a recent meeting they came out and preached and prayed at the Fostoffice at the drug store and on the street corner They are thus branded as a generation of hypocrites For a pretense they make long prayers In the synagogues and on the streets and wish to be counted holy for their much speaking Jesus Is said to have sent the multitudes away and prayed alone except one time he was praying alone while his disciples were with him Those who prayed in public Jesus called hypocrites A sensible person will not pray for rain or against rain He will not pray against the boll worm or any other pest But there is just as much sense in praying such pray ers as any kind of prayer Is it not written All things whatsoever yo shall ask in prayer etc The sensible person knows that natural causes and forces cannot be changed by prayer she natural forces are blind and take no more heed for the good of man than for the lowest worm that crawls beneath his feet There Is no intelligence behind them If there was some districts would not be withered by drouths and others drowned by floods The pests would not destroy the rewards of honest toll If God knows the wants of man ho will grant them if it Is his will to do so So then prayer Is What Is God Is no a thing If he is no thing nothing he does rot exist If he Is a thing and things cannot exist with out being created then God had to be created This last God would have to be created by another God and so on ad Infin Itum The argument for a creation would prove the necessity for a multitude of gods and there would be no end to it Such an argument Is reduced to absurdity and Is worthless to prove anything If God can exist without being created tho universe and all it contains can exist without bejng created Tho Bible says that all things are possible to a believer Then let the be liever create something new Then wo will believe him his book and his god and not until then It Is Irrational to say that some things had to be created while another did not We know that we have the universe It Is manifested to all our senses while a l God Is not The universe is infinite and in cludes everything and all space It is a self evident truth that two tnlugs cannot occupy the same space at tue same time If God exlsteu the universe could not exist But the universe exists therefore a God cannot exist What is a person who prays to who prayed to the sun and the heathens who bowed to Idols of wood and stone were more rational than those who pray to space to nothing to a figment of the Imaginationto an assumed God that cannot be seen and heard and is not manifested to any of the senses Prayer is the most irrational act that ony one could be guilty of To one not blinded by tho musty cob webs of a reasondefying superstition prayer Is recognized as the vainest of vain things It is seen to be of no more force than tne baying of a dog at the moon or the incantations of heathen savages to drive away eclipses But Christians are all tho time singing about theold time ignor ance religion as good enough for them A rock in one side of the sack to balance the pumpkin in the other side was good enough for the simpleton because it was good enough for his father The people of long ago used the old reaphook tho bull tongue plow the old handloom and the old oxcart because better ways had not yet been Invented What would you think of a man saying now These things were good enough for our fathers and they are good enough for me Our cncestors be lieved In the old superstitions such as witchcraft etc and believed the old time religion because they were no better In formed The truths of modern science had not yet reached them Most of the orthodox preachers of today are doing their best to perpetuate the old tlmo religion ignor ance because their Jobs depend upon it They are tho prime cause of the people remaining so long deluded Randolph Texas THE SHEEP AND THE GOATS Debasing Influences Cast upon the Mind of Childhood by the Orthodox Superstition By Dr A A Bell The dogmas and doctrines of tho Christ ian superstition disgust tho mature mind and spreads a terror over tho minds of in nocent children How much longer yes how much longer will intelligent men and women do violence to their own nature by continuing to preach such odious things that are calculated to strike terror to the hearts of children aye and even cast a cloud over the minds of grown people as the records of our In sane asylums attest If one Is really anxious to learn and to know how awful and dreadful tho teachings of Christianity are let him or her read tae 70th sermon of Wesley In Vol and the 17th sermon of Spurgeon in the volume of sermons accredited to him Spurgeous 17th sermon is upon the eternity of punishment by and under the decrees of our dear heav enly father It is my candid opinion that not one In ten who profess to read can tell what Wesley Kemp Is or Spurgeon said Wesley says that our heavenly father fash ioned the soul so that It could endure a furnace fire without being destroyed on the same principle as asbestos The pious Kempls with all his piety held that sinners would have different modes of punishment meted out to them The misers for exam ple ho held would have molten gold poured down their throats In one of his sermons Spurgeon said Young man you who are standing so un concerned In the aisles unless you repent of your sins God suppose meaning our heavenly father will punish you to all eternity Not your soul but your material body with a material fire yes unto all did you ever reflect upon the word Eternity The very idea is beyond our conception Can It be possible that there is a man who believes that there is a god who would punish a human being whom ho had made to all eternity with a nonconsuming tire or in anywise to all eternity because he failed to believe or because he simply could not believe as he didOh ye priests and preachers what an odium yo bring upon the name and charac ter of tho very god ye worship and proclaim What a shame it Is that you nro permitted to hide yourselves behind a book made by yourselves for the sole purpose of debasing men and women and snaking them subject to your own wish and command But your days are numbered The bless ed light of truth now shines through its dark pages and your tricks are thus ox posed Comes Back to the Blade IOWADo you publish the paper that used to be called the Blue Grass Blade If so please send me a copy of It and the price of It a a year I used to read It It Is an Infidel paper and I liked to read It If you publish It yet I will take It for a year or as long tit like It man by the namo of Moore was editor I think I would send the money now but I dont know If you publish It any more A TEEPS Y iCb Blades Cott rtespondenee 1 i 4 From Ingersolls Granddaughter NEW YORKI feel that I owe you an apology for the tardy acknowledgment of your most kind letter which afforded me the deepest Joy and satisfaction If It Is not too late I desire to join the Correspondence School Hoping to hear from you soon I remain sincerely yours EVA INGERSOLL BROWN Appreciates Marriage Notice OREGONWe wish to thank you for the nice notice of our marriage In the Blade of November 22nd Please send us ten or twelve copies of that Issue two copies of The Virgin Mary and two of Dr Wilsons little pamphlet Enclosed please find one dollar to pay for same Remember me to Mrs Hughes Hope all Is well with you MRS L IIERREN Box One of the Good Cheer Letters OI1IOI herewith enclose 500 five dollars In currency Pleaso renew my subscription and accept the balance as u donation to Blade I am very sorry to learn of your strug gle for existence and am willing to help you along as much as I possibly can Every little helps and every Freethinker should feel that we cannot afford to let the Blade go under Our religion costs nothing then why not be able to help this great cause Since am writing this letter my memory Is again refreshed I see before mo those Intel Igent faces that I had the pleasure of gazing upon nt Canal Dover Convention and again am delighted to learn that a Joint debate between Rev Keyser and yourself will again stir up this community I am confident that you can do tho Rev up so ho never will de bate again NothinG but death will keep the wrltefl from attending Under separate cover I mailed you marked copy of the Cleveland Leader In which you will find Interesting matter The pastors are busy everywhere planning now schemes to save their threadbare religion Reasons triumph over superstition keenly felt everywhere PETER RIMELER Dlade and Emergency Fund NEW MEXICO Enclosed find two dollars One dollar antI a half for renewal and fifty cents for Emergency Fund I hope some of those In arrears will dig up and help out the dear old TllndeIT ADAMS Sends Good Encouragement rEXSI Enclosed find draft on Now York for 250 to renew my subscription for the the Blade from December to December You can use the extra dollar for what over purpose you see proper Best wishes for youC BOYD v bfI The True Liberal Spirit TEXAS Regarding your friend In Buffalo who has a cancer and not able to pay for his Blade find two dollars here enclosed for which credit him as long as It will last will also treat him for the cancer If not ad vanced too far and without a cent of cost to him Please inform him or send him this le- ttcrG B LAMBETH We have done both Our thanks are due to tho writer of the above for his extreme generosity Ills letter has been sent to the person for whom Intended proper credits given and we have also sent the name ana address to Dr Lambeth that he may get In communication with his prospective patient Ed Good News From Indiana INDIANA Wo are now engaged perfect Ing an organization In this city for Freethought propaganda work The plan to have a lec ture by men and women of ability every day nt 230 p m We have a fair supply of talent In this city but the plan contemplates frequent lectures b distinguished men from every part of the United States who will volunteer to aid In this work for the liquidation of their expenses going from and coming to our city If the gospel of Naturalism every triumphs over the barbarism and savagery of supernaturalism we must organize In every city nnd make some personal sacrifice and In view of this vital and Incontovertlblo fact I now ask If I may de pend on you for two or three lectures for recommend this plan to my FreethoughC friends throughout the United States nnd I verily believe that It will accomplish more for tho overthrow of superstition than any other method that has ever been devised- T J BOWLES M D For a Bound Volume IOWA You may place me on your list tOt one of the hound volumes of the Blue Grass Blade and when ready let me know and Ill remit or you can forward It and I will remit by return mail Either way will suit me hilt It the safest way to get your money In vance That Is the way I do when repair violin Cash on Delivery and you bet I live lip to but about nil I have got this world Is my Wired when that gets it Is not good want the devil to close on the mortgages nt raneeT C IIOXSIE New Years Wishe- sKENTUCKYAnother year will soon ish with nil Its smiles and tears mother yen wo soon will welcome with mingled hopes and fenrs for memory sometimes upbnlds us with ninny a broken vow Trembling we fnltei upon the New Year now and yet whatever filling have bowed the Blade In the past this New Year may be brighter nnd better than the last Tint follow clasp the golden rule And you shall surely win 18 In tit flu coming conflicts with Natures tUg satANNIE SPEARS Sends His Renewal TEXAS After so long a time I will try and throw my little mite In your way It Is better than not at all So enclosed you will find three dollars which If I make no mistake will move my tab to the first of June after which time I will have to ask you to discon tinue the Blade provided I dont renew on or about that time I like the Blade and have read It for six or eight years and certainly did like Brother Moore aa a liberal writer He hit straight out from the shoulder and thought that he done right In so doing for he was hurled and harrassed around enough to set a wooden man Into profanity and I um truly sorry the old man had to depart this life ns soon as he did for Freethought lost a good writer and one that was well posted on the old scrap book called the bible And the Td under his supervision was a goal Mlirtor and also under the present ns to s1f I am sixtytwo years old rind never belonged to any church and never belonged to any ellglous orders except the F nnd M nnd was expelled from that order on account of my religious or no religious belief ns the case may be Well I lost no sleep over the matter- I lnfnr Cl them nnd nm that way yet that hnd no principal to trade for reeds I have n creed of my own and of course It a goon one or would not hold to It any way It Is not on the mart to trade for principal So I rest easy on that score for I have a fool notion that mans creed goes a long way towards molting his principal and ns I havn no J to go to to get my sins forgiven I know of no one to go to but the Injured party and Itt his or her forglvness that makes mo feel better and not quite so sneakle Well John R I wish that I had met you while you lived nt Dallas as I was raised at that place Kind wishes to you and long live the nIaIIIT MILLER t Marriage and Divorce by JOSEPHINE HENRY VERSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies ot this uptoda pamphlet are now In circulation In tre United States and England It treatc la forcible style of the most Important prob lem before the American people It should be read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic promptly filled by the author Ccpy Cents Copies One Dollat FOR THINKERS WHO THINK r IBLUE GRASS BLADE Naumann Orchestra D NAUMAN Violin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Cornet or Clarinet Other Instruments added If desired Over 500 pieces of the latest music suit able for any program always on hand Lock Box 800 Phone SIGOUHNEY IOWA THEPROCESSION PLANETS THE ABC of Religion A COLLECTION OF POEMS From a TypeWritten Family Bible Without Policy or Piety But Full of Common Ss use By JOSEPH HAIGH Chebanse Illinois 25 CENTS Address the Author or Blue Grass Blade FREETHOUGHT FUNERALS IN THE HOUR OF GREAT NEED Following Is a list of the names and ad dresses of Liberal speakers who are pre pared to conduct funeral services over the remains of deceased Freethinkers- On account of probable delay It would be advisible to call them by telegram Josephine K Henry Versailles Ky Dr J B Wilson East Fourth Street Cincinnati Ohio Parker H Sercombe Editor Tomorrow 139 East S rest Clilu John K CharhbWui Marlon W Mario A J Clausen St AIIK listJ C liannon oui5 Ualaie St- Phllutlllll1la Pa Stanberry Alderman McCoimellsvllle H H Lane 292 N Front St Vow Haven Conn HOLIDAY RATES via QUEEN CRESCENT ROUTE Tickets on sale December J8 19 23 25 30 and January limit January 1909 Ask agents for pirtlculars W Agent IlllJ1 tuillJr ll The Peoples Press Fearless in its advocacy of Freethought Published weekly at Blue Island Ave Chicago Ill J Lenau Publisher Official paper of the Materialist ARROciatlor In Canada or Foreign Countries a Year Subscription 50 Cents a Year Tomorrow Magazine is the only publication in the world that deals with all human problems from the Impersonal Viewpoint- It is published expressly f those wish to see how their own cherished be liefs and sacred notions appear in that and Reform nude stripped of all racial bias and preju reading this magazine you will learn to draw all your conclusions from funda 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where they will do the most good In spreading the glad tid ings of great joy Until April 1909 address FRANKLIN HEALD Circlevllle Ohic Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important at Pigs Potatoes and Pups Do you believe that we grownups and even the Children should know aa much about oumlus we know abou Flshiy Iljwi r an Flogs Do nn LolliVi in Heller Fiogeny a More Elevated laic anyway sUbscrlptlortobo in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at South Malr St Los Angeles California U S A Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage 3i cents stamps The Holy Bible In a Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the contradic tions and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to jarr their faith and destroy their godwebs Ready Soon Order Now Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 15 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 172S Ellis Street San Francisco Cal SEEDS SPECIAL OFFER to build trIal our Prize CollectionItadlk11 arietltatcra Trapt 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