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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, December 27, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 blu1908122701 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, December 27, 1908. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BLUE GRASS B ADEiVolume XVII Number 36 LEXINGTON KY DECEMBER 27 i o8 Published Weekly DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT e l J1l M r x x x x x x x x x x x x I iitI TJFADDEUS BURR AVAKE rAN Aiiioricus Greatest Scholar FreethoughtiAdvocate and WrilerI440 vrat09 hS004f 4004 00 Mt s GhsS h kn hss 2 BLUEGRASS BLADE II Thaddeus Burr Wakeman II AMERICAS GREATEST PHILOSOPHER STUDENT LAWYER AND WRITER When some future historian shall compile the names of those who have contributed to our nations greatnes whose heroic and brilliant efforts have borne illustrious fuitwho have dowered the world with a bright and cheerful philosophy = if truthfully compiled among them will appear the name of the subject of this sketch For half a century he has labored manfully in Freedoms cause with never a selfish thought or act Thaddeus Burr Wnkcnmn was born at Greenfield Hill Fair field county Connecticut on the 23rd day of December 1834 and has at this writing just entered upon his 75th year He came of the early pioneer stock of New England His parents played a prominent part in the history of that section His father was a farmer of good education and his mother was noted for her strength of mind and practical rather than theoretical piety At the age of six years family misfortunes took him away from the place of his birth to North Woods IIcrkinuT county New York where a lumber and sawmill operated bIIn elder brother furnished them with support A few years later he was in New York City and began the first practical work of earning something as an office boy to a then prominent lawyer Horace HoldenEarly influences had been towards piety and young Wake man in the course of time became a model Sunday School scholar in the Presbyterian church Taking preparatory courses at schools in Delaware county New York and at New Utrecht L r he entered the Sophomore Class at Princeton College from which he graduated with exceeding high honor in 184 nt the age of 20 years During his collegiate studies he was held up as giving examples in refutation of David Humes arguments and although commended for his efforts he had an intuitive feeling that after all Hume had not been answered and this led him into a closer investigation lie next took courses in Chemistry and Botany under Dr John Torrcy and his religions faith wavered doubt increased Upon graduation he was awarded the privilege of delivering the Ethical oration of his class because of his proficiency in logic metaphysics and the socalled Christian evidences He had selected as a subject The Necessity ofit Faithnlld lie attracted widespread attention and it was firmly expected that he would enter the came his breaking away from the faith Instead of entering the Seminary to the surprise and grief of his fancily and religious friends he declared that he could no longer believe nfHtllI fathers had done and therefore could not consistently and honestly become a Christian minister He now sought a professorship For this he studied ill Europe but he lacked the financial means and returning to America ho entered the legal profession from necessity He compiled a law digest for which his practical and technical mind wits well fitted In May 18iin Air Wakeman married the sister of one of his college mates He began housekeeping on East IKifh St New York City One son and two daughters canto of the union 1ofbrother Abram with Horace Greeley Thurlow Weed William II Seward and others During the war he went with General Banks to Louisiana Disliking the Republican policies after thofwar he followed Greeley into a liberal Republicanism tbecame in reality an Independent and acted with the Liberal Labor and Reform elements of the State At different times though without expecting an election he was nominated by one or the other party for Attorney General Secretary of State and Judge of tho Supreme Court Closely identified as he was now with the Freethought move ment in America he became a member of the Manhattan Liberal Club of New York afterwards becoming its President and hold ing that position until he declined reelection Later on he was elected resident of the National Liberal League afterwards becoming the Secular Union and was for man years the moving guiding and leading spirit at its annual conventions His philosophy may be designated as purely constructive He is a builder of the Positivist school Versed in science and art in letters and philosophy he accepted the position of President of the Liberal University of Oregon located at Silverton in tho fall of 1890 Here he held the chair of Liberal Philosophy until for lack of financial support and discovering that tho University could not be maintained in Oregon added to which was the failing health of both Mr and Mrs Wakeman they with many disappointments and regrets left the far West and returned to Toussaint Farm at Coscob Conn which had been reserved as a home place for them in their old ago Here on the 17th day of November 1504 Mrs Wakeman the faithful wife and mother died loved and honored by all who knew Tier Prof Wakemaii who was expected to close lifos career before the partner in his domestic bliss took to the open life and bright sunshine with the joyful result that he now enjoys substantial recovery both in mind and body and is capable of doing as much work as he ever did on the farm and with his pen as his scholarly article in this issue of the Blade will attest What the life of Prof Wnkcman was and is the Liberal people of America can never forget The useful and practical specimen he has given thereof in this paper will speak more eloquently in his behalf than anything we could write say or do Devoted as a student earnest and sincere as n teacher practical in his methods the Blade cherishes a fond hope that it may bo able to secure his services for a fair compensation as an instructor in philosophy logic sociology and the classics under the auspices of the Correspondence School Such educational facilities should not bu allowed to remain dormant and we shall have more to say on this subject in a subsequent issue Limited space prevents us from doing full justice to the subject here discussed Prof Wakeman is deserving of a snore extended notice but we express a profound hope that he may ho spared for many years to conic and that Liberalism in Amer icu may profit further by his educational work II BLUE GRASS BLADEt 3 II An Admonition to American Freethinkers OT DUTY PLAINLY MAPPED OUT WHICH ALL MUST FOLLOW IF 1PATH WE ARE TO MAINTAIN OUR POSITION AS LEADER IN THE EDUCATIONAL WORLD I The Blue Grass Blade and the Liberal Press Generally Should Be and Therefore Must Bo Sustained t 1By Thaddeus B Wakemsm A large part of the liberal or free minded people of this country are under a serious illusion in regard to the duty of supporting the Liberal press They seem to think that because Truth is mighty it will IJIcailmltl because it is tho best of things that those who most need it will most want itUlltl will pay for having it made known to them 6Ihns it is that those who are doing the serious and difficult work of lifting the J masses of our people out of the supersti tions that trust inevitably be fatal to them selves to us and the Republic are left that is deserted by the Superstitionists who really need to be enlightened and by the emancipated few whose safety and duty above all other things require that the light of science should reach those who have it not matters of enlightenment the com mercial law of supply and demand not only does not apply but is reversed Those who need the supply will never make the demand Ignorance is the lUother of superstition and neither mother nor her children will allow themselves to be dis turbed if they caw help it This is the ver dict of science and experience In their admirable Text Bookof Sociology Profs Denley and Ward give us the truth about it thus p 202 There is a prevalent idea in civilized nations that progress is the normal condition and always welcome The fact which wo should expect to see and be surprised if we did not see But history futes this Tile ancients had no conception of progress they did so much as re ject the idea they did not entertain the idea Oriental nations are just the same Yes not only Oriental nations but the people throughout the United States who inherit Oriental religions motives and modes of thought The list thing these people want to know is tho truth They religiously live in the world before Copernicus Nothing makes them angry or ob stinate sooner than to tell theta Truths they ought to know but do not If com t 7 polled by facts and logic to admit itit is by the lips only and they remain of the same opinion still How to present scientific truth and the modernity which it brings with it is tho great duty and art of the liberal edit ors and teachers Do not such deserve nil tho rewards and honors we can give them Think of convincing tho Pope and his coreligionists that there are not now never were and never can be any gods devils or spooks at all except as sub jective imaginations resting upon process of our sentient protoplasm Here we have the difficulty before its and the most important of questions is how may it be overcome How may the people generally receive the priceless in heritance and legacy of scientific knowl edge that is Truth which the Past has acquired for them Prof Lester F Ward in the Textbook referred to and especially in his great work Applied Sociology proves that it is the first duty of tho State to see to it that the correlate summary of scientific knowledge which is practically the scientific solution of tho world and of mans lot and fate in it could and should in its condensed form bo imparted to every human being mencing of course with the young With this scientific outline of the world and its bottom law of correlation which has been well called the Key of the Universe in hand the domination of the superstitious and of their clergy as living deceivers of the people would soon bo over Prof Ward shows that this simple Out line Map of the knowable world and its solving law and how to apply use and enjoy them could be imparted to every child of the State with little or nr increase of expense over that now incurred to pre vent any real knowledge of the world and any true education hII treacherous and Jesuitical acquisition of what is called learning but which is really mostly andwhy is real knowledge of mans world lot and fate tons kept from him It is because the superstitious have a veto or boycott upon every institution of Colnlego down to the smallest district school or 07 y kindergarten Nothing eau be taught or enter there but with its consent That veto is our Index Expurgatorus our censorship which we have inherited withIthe religion which burned the book of Copernicus who died in giving birth to it and so escaped the tormentors who burned Giordarno Bruno alive telling that that book meant That veto is the willof those obsessed and deluded by the super natural with its gods devils spirits or spooksallof which have no existence except as the reflection of the theological and metaphysical deviltry which imagined and still worships them When the utter impossibility and non sense of their position under tin laws of correlation and science are pointed out they take refuge in the maxim of the Christian Fathers I believe because it is impossible Credo quilt impossible for they thought that the other world of God and Religion and Spirit must be the reverse of this world of Sense and Science for else this world could have no support or existence So we are now told that the fact of the existence of this world of sense and science proves conclusively tho existence ofII reverse prior creating and supporting spirit world and good of theology and metaphysics- But when the results of modern science are shown to them How that this world is the aniline possible for its correlative changes as to substance sptue time and variation are only possible and con ceivable as endless boundless infinite What do what can they say Nothing for one natural world endless infinite and correlating every possibility of existence makes all other worlds as those of theology and metaphysics inconceivable and impossible But the otherworldians convinced against Ihe lwill sire of the same opinion stillor as Prof Ward says in his Applied Sociology thos who be lieve things because they are impossible are not going to believe any thing because it is proved Or as Col Tngersoll used to say it The Supernatural is at an end excepting only as to the theological intel lect for there only do absolute contra dictions dwell together in absolute unity surd harmony The above argument of the Sit pirnaturiil ists is referred to here to illustrate the dif ficulties that the scientific liberal press have to overcome stud the immense importance of enabling theta to do it as to the past present and future llT J rl BLUE GRASS BLADE I They have to bring Liberalism up to scientific date and show how those who have been liberal authorities must stand corrected as science advances For in stance Thomas Paine the father of American Republicanism and Liberalism did not know and could not have known about the new correlative changes of matter as science reveals them today For instance in Conways edition of his writings vol 4 pp 240241 in his discourse on the Ex istence ofa God Paine says The universe is composed If matter and as a system is sustained by motion Motion is not a property of matter and without this motion the solar system could not exist Were motion a property of mat that undiscoverable cillcdter thing perpetual motion would establish itself It is because motion is not a proper of matter that perpetual motion is an impossibility in the hand of every being but that of the Creator of Motion When the pre tenders to Atheism can produce perpetual motion and not till then they stay expect to be credited The natural state of matter as to place is a state of rest Motion or change of place is the effect of an external cause acting upon the matter r Note What shall we thinkof our President Rocsevelt who wrote that Paine was an Atheist and when shown his error refused to tell the truth Such was the position of Sir Isaac New ton Bentley and the philosophers theists and deists of that time But now science has reversed or rather explained away that view It is now found that all world mo tion is perpetual because it is caused and continued by and as the correlative of all the other motions of the endless All Matter itself is but a mode of that notion always changing jilt said to he inert or at rest when the motion is so clear balanced and perfect that it is likened to the sleeping top Motion is endless and cease less because it is the activity of the In finite All the universe itself without ginning or end Itself its IInlIause be cause limitless and eternal This is an instance of how we must read the Liberals and Liberalism of the past up to date 2 As to the present Col Ingersoll left us an example of what should hIione and said in his last public address on What Is Religion before the Freetlioiight ciety of Boston During the larger part of his life ho had been rated us nnII nostic and had occasioned much talk as to whether life ended in a coffin or a eralagainst a wall or through a door lint in his later years his con clusions placed him with Prof Hanckcl and other scientists sued in his said lust address he distinctly declared his convic tion that the supernatural does not und never did and never can exist That I lf I 1 r statement leaves science and its solution of the endless world and the lot and fate of man and mankind in it supreme Spirit ualists and others who still speak of In gersoll as represented by the dubious phrases above quoted or simila ones do him and themselves injustice and the practice will not be continued by intelligent and honest people He declared that he was a Pantheist Scientist and a Humanist and as such ho was consistent sincere and an example to all who wish to know the true in order to do the good 3 As to the future The issues which the Liberal press are to present and meet were made by the Pope himself in his op position to the removal of the education of the French people from church control It was whether the supernatural existed or whether the natural was the All and had taken its place as the basis of all human life and interests Shall the co operation and civilization of mankind in tine future rest upon a supernatural or a natural view and explanation that is Religion of the World The sooner the scientific free minded and intelligent people of this Re public find their natural place and unity upon this issue the sooner will the true health welfare and progress of the human world begin to be realized America as to all these great interests is the natural and ought to be actual leader of the world but is on account of the educational and other reasons above mentioned in a posi tion of arrested development owing to papal influences and the veto ofall the supernatural sects for all of them tare one largely unconscious conspiracy cooperat ing against real education liberty and progress A similar state of things is now the greatest source apprehension on the part of all progressive elements in Haeckels last and most interesting little work Last Words on Evolution which has been translated and is to be had through any bookstore he describes most exactly our difficulty There as here the only real hope is to be found in Histaining the Liberal press told enabling it to reach the masses of the people Never was there a time in the history of our Republic when it and all it was designed to be ant to stand for depends so clearly upon its free press Hy that onlcun it maintain its leadership by moulding the new and higher Integra tion that is to say the scientific only true and universal religion of all mankind The contintiaucy of that leadership depends upon the efficiency of its liberal that is to say its emancipated press but that cOle iency depends upon the hearty financial and sympathetic support of all of its oman cipated free and fairminded people the van of progress Do you object that till Liberal press is not what it ought to bo In many re JI AR spects that will be admitted by nIl but it is our only hope And it is hopeful Here are specimens that have come in this week and there are others and they all have ability and a sympathetic unity never served The Blue Grass Blade a ohIFrcel bought paper The Beacon The manitarian Review The Open Road Tomorrow and fnrthercst South TherSearchlight while The Open Court has a Liberal world of its own These publica tions and the others now existing are enough It is a weakness to increase the number of Liberal publications it is strength to make those we have flourishing and popular But Liberal University Organization and The Torch of Reason must come ngninIand lead the Emancipation of Educa tion which was the title of its inaugural address for they are not dead but only asleep The charters of IJU 0 in Oregon and at Kansas City Mo are invaluable and can be recalled to active life as soon as the money and forces appear to man the ship True those who started the voyage the first year of our now century can no longer es aid but they will not be in the way Where are the youth who will find the money and brains to revive this great and indispensa ble work Only a few years more of the great the true the glorious Tngersoll rind there would have been no sleep lOne of his last promises was to take the field and see that the new free University was a success if his efforts could possibly make itbntII- las Where are the successors of Ingor sollPerhaps all we can do just now is to give the Liberal press that IS a New Year PUSH forward that it will never forget anti when so doing to attune our hearts and will by the Human Prayer to perfect and enjoy the Higher Integration of Mankind and its new religion and better lifoICoscob Conn Dec Ira of Science and Nan 308 THOMAS PAINE CELEBRATIONS The 29th of January Is the birthday of Mr Painealso Swedenborg Judge Waite and S W Davis Wherever there are a few Freethinkers that have backbone and dare show their colors they should certainly celo brace the birthday of the man whose magic pen called this great and Incomparable na tion Into being and moreover should canvas there and then as to what If anything they Intend to do About going to New Rochelle where the mortal remains of Thos Paine were laid to rest This should surpass any thing over witnessed In the Freothought world and Is worthy of every true Ameri cans presence O FBNTON tlBLUEGRASS BLADE 5IA CampMeeting Galileo GettingrThrough the Power of Prayer By Mary BealsIIofTpaim- Wun time our skool teacher was a talkiu to ma an ho says our skool lecher did that when yer go up in balluno yor git ful cold andon top of the mountings is everlasting snows and our hired girl she sez Then how do folks go to hcven And he laughed the skool techor did like ho thot she was jokin but wen she ast agcn didnt ho think they got cold fore they got to haven he told her the sky aint solid an the angels dont walk aroundon top of it An Mary Jane sez La mo An I lioord the skool tether say sorter to his self lIrytsez the skool tether hez denied the faith and is wuss than an infidul tOurskool techer is going to hrllwen he dyes be cause he sez thar aint none an Jimmy an mo is goin because nobody that plays the fiddle shall inherit the kingdom of haven Wo like fiddlin better than gold harps me an Jimmy docs Last campmoctin time Jimmy an me laid out to bo so mean that wo shore would go to hell with the skool tcchcr tat gran dads old fiddle and nil manner of unclean ness I reckon the fires will be some too hot but then all the preachers is goin to haven Ma hecrd Jimmy an mo wun day layin our plans an site jest luffed an sed to be keel ul not to brake tholevcnth command ment Jimmy ast what wun that is an Ma says its dont git cawt So we knowed my Ma has denied the faith and wood standby a feller like the skool tcchcr- Wo got some limburger an some as a fid ity Jimmy an mo did and hid maces of it awl round under tho tnbbernakel especially round the pulpct an tho mourners bench- while the wimmen folks was gittin supper and prcparin to praise god with rcnudo strength They held dyvino services under tile trees that nice Then we hooked some of tho prccchers Bibuls nn wo marked tho parts that tho Iskool tcchcr sod wood not bo Mowed to pass thru tho mails if Bernard Pshaw wrote it The skool tcchcr has a bibul marked i that way an we borrode hisn an did the precchers bibul jest the same An they wuz mad an preechid andrip snorted between preaches about lode and ribald an profane persuns ich mcnt me an Jimmy An they lied a pliccman o tfrum town to stay at tho campmcetin grownd awl the time Ho wtiz a sharp guy an my sister Bess wuz stuck on him but she didn tell him none nv my meanness an Jimmys so we lay low But ho cum round talkin to me the pliccman did an sayin they wuz goin to send for the Sheriff to take me to the pennytensherry Bess sez he wuz kiddin but girls dont know nuthin Jimmy an knowd they wuz hot on our vail I climcd out uv the winde an dun on tho gallery roof an wo niejin the holler treoin the hog pastur utl dnHe Jimmy and mo did An Jimmy stytn me in a gostly spccchifyin voyso dantless vanguard fitin against the black hosts of superstishun is facin ignominyus defeat Jimmy has an ellykent kind nv voyse an hos been redin the skool tcchws books An I sez Let up on yer cpitalTs I aint dun nuthin to yor But Jimmy sod ho didnt ncent no harm he was komparin him and me to Bruno and Ingersoll and tho skool tcchcr So then I told him my skecin The Shori had rid over that very nile an wuz standin round takin in tho lay uv tho land But he wont arrest us says I to Jimmy ifwell go to tho mourners bench an repent Jimmy sed that plan wuz all rite for a Gnllylco but not for a Bruno So I thot Jimmy wild to it but ho didnt- I did I went to the mourners bench at tho niornin servos an the preacher sed How this will rejoice yer deer mothers hart well she lerns uv of itmr boy Ma wuz at home makin chicken gumbo for the prcecher an irouin his wifes white dresses Pa is so religious dint the precch ers Hock around my liras chicken gumbo like bees rounda sugar mill But at nite my ma went to the tnbber tinkle and set and looked at me so strato that I cried and prayed fierce It aint nun tu czy to pull tho wool over iny huts eyes but I dust it The mourners bench was full so I laid flat on my stnmmick in fruntViv the pulpit and cried I had a little piefiff soap in 1l4 W fJ the corner of my hankcrchef that I rubbed in my eyes onct in a while so they wuz ralo tears 01 Miz Splutterby wuz neelin close ter me shcddin barls of tears on her boy Jake on tother side ex art in him tu iid awl nv a snddint he jumps up yellin I see the light fit to kill Ho goes jumpin down the ile an back agen abouncin up in the air like a rubber ball at cvry jump and ycllin Glory like to save his hide An lots nv them yelled Amen prase the Lordand some screeched Have mercy on met as if they wuz alrcdy ded an dnmd but wun preecher yelled out Thats rite Jake Go it by jerks an spurts an el11 git thor shore I didnt do a thing but stick my face down in the straw and howl I dassent laff for Ma wuz n lookin I never seed Ma look so wurked tipAfter awhile everybody was saved and sauktyfido but jest me The preecher an Miz Splutterby an Pa wuz ncelin awl aniun mo an prayin and exortin an tryin to make me stan up an say I wuz saved wether I wuz or not an awl at onct I seedout uv the comer uv my oyes that Ma was acomin Ma sed Its late Its lime my Tommy wuz in bed An the preecher pade no attonshun nor Pa nor Miz Splutterby Only Pn lookt at her skorn ftilalt went on exortin me to cast my sins on the Lord But Ma stooped over an put her hun on my shoulder andsell Come Tommy An Pa sed in his Sunday voyse an what do yer mean 7n Ma Tommy has a hart discez an I hey him skeert to deth sedIAn I got up out uv the straw for I Ma she wuz on her warhorse an a match for uv an shcrufi Pa tootpreechers did an Miz Splutterby belt up stet hands tit sedII Are yer a woman an a mother But Ma she boxt her cars Pas and one of tho preachers ears The uthor dodged An I went home with my Mn Jimmy didnt go to tho mourners bench lie sed hed weleum prison an exile an rack an faggot for the sake uv tho cause uv intelleckshual liberty- I aint afeerd to go ter the pennyten sherry but I thot it wood hurt hits feel in yer bet were glad my Ma has denied tho faith an is going ter hell with me an Jimmy an the fldduls kaws she aint skecrd nv nuthin my Ma aint I bet shed make 01 Nick shovel the coals out nv the furnace if it gits tu hot for a feller BLUE GRASS BLADE I THE PROGRESS OF THOUGHT Ministers Now Strive Only to Entertain and the People are Thinking for Themselves By Charles II Schwartz Slowly hut surely people are breaking away from the belief of the inspiration of the Scriptures More myths are ac knowledged by more people to live in so called Holy Writ than in any other book extant Only last month appeared in the Cosmopolitan an article on the poet Milton in which the writer mentions Samson as a mythical warrior Most of the Old Testa ment characters are proven myths and even ministers in some instances are ad mitting the same and leave the old ortho dox path far enough to almost lose their way in their attempt to show their con gregations the true picture of the trend of reason The work of exploration going on in the old world on the cites of ancient civilizations are giving the lie to the chronologies canonized by Constantino and his crowd These discoveries are disclosing the fact to the world that long before Adam and Eve acquired wisdom enough to know they were naked nations had risen to an intellectual plane never reached by the He brews in their history as a nation and had been absolutely forgotten Accounts of the deluge are found antedating the writings of Moses showing that the Biblical stories were retold from traditions handed down from tribe to tribe some of them possibly originating in the very childhood of the human race There is little doubt that some of them were told by the grandfathers of one hundred thou sand years ago to the children who listened with openmouthed wonder and amazement The chief movers in the ancient Jewish Society for the Promotion of Graft early collected these folklore yarns of the people with whom they cane in contact and handed them down to the people as the wordof God taken in short hand by the reporter the mythical Moses of doubtful parentage but said to have been fished front a duckpond by a daughter of Pharoah These stories together with thy explana tion of the comets meteurs earthquakes and other natural phenomena as evidence of the wrath or pleasure of the gods or demons leading to the common idea of n godof numerous emotions subject to throwing fits upon the slightest provocation were instilled into the minds hearts of the semisavage and ignorant but suscepti ble Hebrews and after many generations were accepted us the true gospel These impositions have been budded out to the ignorant masses of the uorld from time immemorial until the last hundred years when tin occasional thinker has roped and branded them as stray mavericks of the age of priestly authority and they are now well known and no longer feared Courageous iconoclasts have broken the idols of orthodoxy and now it inot un common for even ministers to go astray as is evidenced by the following extract from an erstwhile sermon of the Rev David Utter of Denver Colo who eulogizes Lincoln and speaks of him as a shining ex ample despite his religious views And yet Abraham Lincoln during the first half of his life was known as an In fielelund he never professed to be a Christian he never was converted he sel dom went to church and he never joined any church When he went to church in his youth he went to scoff but did not re main to pray On the contrary he went away to gather his admiring companions around him and make great laughter by mimicking the preacher and holding what he said up to ridicule In his early man hood he wrote a book or a somewhat ex tended essay against Christianity which a good friend kindly burnt There really isnt room for doubt about his being an enthusiastic infidel in his young man hood There A no reason to believe that he ever changed in his belief I take great pleasure in commending Lincolns example because I think he wits right in the main in his judgment of religion and theology Not that I think that his early spoiling and his ridicule of the pitiful but sincere efforts of the preachers that he heard explaining the ways of GUll to man after the fashion of JOH years ago were justifiable but that they were natural and Utterances as the above will finally set a class to thinking who have never thought and when enough such ser mons are preached enough thinking minds will be produced and the day of making a fetich of every yarn not within the ken of actual knowledge will be a thing of the pastPeople are beginning to demand a re ligion which appeals to right and reason instead of the blind faith brands of tiquity We do not believe the prepos terous stories in the lives of our national and political heroes then why believe the priestly fabrications ofour religious one with only a casual interest will see that the Bible is founded upon faith alone and reason is not taken into con sideration at till unless to be condemned Ye must have faith as a grain of mustard says the priest Without this blind faith even a female Methodist fanatic would doubt many passages of the Scrip tithes We are now living in an age of investigation at least all those who have a mind AlII 1PIlI do the 1own thinking and intelligent people know full well that a minister can only entertain them as his power to in struct ends with the limit to his actual knowledge All know who give ita thought that a minister can not possibly know more of the future than any other thinking man or wifamii of what is beyond or what was before this span of life The minister offers theories but can he sub stantiate them No one has ever seen Godor anybody that has ever seen him God is an unknown quantity as X in algebra Science is working on the prob lem but it has never been solved The exact solution is still a mystery We have only learned enough to satisfy a reasoning mind beyond a doubt that the world has ever been at error and that a false god has been the only one so far discovered that the masses have been held in ignorance and subjection until almost any device may be fastened upon them without a murmur The progress of thought has led us to a point where no honest fairminded man of even ordinary intelligence can accept god but Nature If there be nn intelli gence above Nature the world knows naught of it Truth Love and Justice are eternal principles A bctiuthfcil trinity these When these three principles control the mind and heart of inauwhen they are thoroughly known and analyzed then lan man create an honest and efficient god Hight thought and reason will drive into oblivion the monsters Doubt Fear Super stition and Qrief and bring to us n real ization of all the beautiful fancies of every theorist We will bo as the great universe itselfeach a part of the grand whole and all working together in peace and harmony with no political religious social or other frictions to the happi ness of mankind Basalt Colo OLD SAINT NICK The worst of legend and fancy trick That parents play Is of Old Saint Nick They fill tho brain of tender youth With thoughts of things awry uncouth When impressions arc made on a tender mind As parents will in tho future find Be hard to erase while tho mind is young Out what a farce when they learn theyre stung As years roll by they are hard to shake though parents know it is all a fako So Santa Claus and Old Saint Nick Should be shelved forgotten and that very quick- It will do for children until they learn That lesson of life which each must earn When tho awakening comes theyll cry out quick No more for me S C and Saint Nick IBLUEGRASS BLADE 1 CONVERTING INFIDELS Must Be Easy to the Preacher but His Conversions Seem Mighty Few By Joo B Thorn Recently I went to the Baptist church to hear a certain W E Neill of Sherman Texas speak Ho is from a town that know quite well and being from the same State also I thought I would go to church to celebrate the occasion His lecture hap pened to be on the delicate subject of delity Among other things he said There are four chief causes for Infidelity The main one is that the Christians dont live up to their teachings and the Infidel says if that is Christianity I dont want any Another thing is the difficulties in the Bible itself I agree with him Jonah and the whale for instance lie explained that this was merely mis translated and that in place of a whale it should have been n sea monster or a very large fish He also said that if God could make a State as large as Texas and a world as big as this one that he didnt see why he couldnt make a fish large enough to swallow a man Ho toldof an Infidel headquarters some where down South It was noted for its number of unbelievers and published a littlo atheist literature Well to make a long story short he went to the town and promised that if an Infidel would come ularly for ten days to his meetings and wasnt converted he would throw away his Bible and quit preaching He said that an old Infidel would come in every meeting and sit down in the back of the church and when preaching was over would not wait for the music but would get up and leave According to Mr Neill the Infidel was go ing to come ten days and then brand him a liar if he didnt carry out his part of the agreement About the 8th or 9th day Mr Neill prayed to his dear heavenly Father that the said Infidel would get sick and couldnt come at all but God answered his prayers in another way On the ninth day the Infidel got converted and carte up to the altar and knelt down while Mr Neill yelled the doctrine of hell and everlasting damnation into his ears Such is ono of the most remarl able con quests of history Mr Neill said that if he had failed ho believed that he would rather have been branded a liar than to have quit preaching and defamed the Holy Ghost by throwing it away According to Mr Neill the way to con vert an Infidel is to practice what yon preach and to read the Bible through and not misinterpret it He states that he never saw an honest Infidel and that ho didnt believe it was in their power to be good as they had noth ing to live for Infidels have no grounds for W I argument but merely copy from Ingersoll and use the same ground over and over again He told of an Infidel who was writing a book while a young daughter of his about ten years of age was dying She sent for him and asked him to deal honestly with her and then put the following question to himDo you want me to lie by your unbelief or my mothers belief By your mother s belief he replied etc lie said that an Infidel must be very mel ancholy in great pant fear etc when he came to die as there was to be no life yond the grave Next he wants to know what the Infidels have done for the world He then tells of how the Christians have established great hospitals infirmaries poorhouses asylums etc He said the fool saith in his heart there is no God and think everybody that says so is a fool He feels a great deal of sympathy for Infidels who ire but misled That is fur the ones who want to believe something but cant Butt for a downright Infidel he has little sympathy As a class they tire to be pitied not censured He says that the main trouble with the Christ illus is that they dont believe in a hell nowadays because they dont want to but he cordially assures them llrit there is one Gods word is like a light penetrating into the darkness He says that Infidelity causes suicide and tells of a wcman that he tried to convert but couldnt who a little later on took her life SURELY AND MOST SURELY Interesting Suggestions in Behalf of the Blado Offered from the Lone Star State By Ray L Shovnlter Surely Solomon in the zenith of his wis dom did not surpass the statement of Dr Bowles that Scientific knowledge is a complete and perfect antidote for every form of superstition Surely the Blade School is an advance step in this work and the paper and its people tire worthy of support Surely it is more difficult than oldtime mountainmoving 1 to have a Freet bought publication that is both attractive and in structive to the various classes it is meant to supply stud while sarcasm wit and hu nUll concerning some things sacredso called tire sweetmeats to ns hardened sin ners they are as shocking to a selfsupposed saint who needs antidoctrine morn than we and wo should support our church and see that they get it Surely we can pay no greater respect to our lamented leaders who have suffered and sacrificed for the sake of humanity than by If supporting our leaders living two ofwhom are none less than the Lexington brethren An elder brother here John q Hardy asked me to write you a method of rescue he suggests That all subscribers who will agree to support the Blade to tha extent of filOO each year getting a new subscriber to take half the burden when possible and paying it ourselves when not Our ante for lOll is in Wholl be the next INSPIRED POETRY By The ChllplainjA Spiritualist IlId some poetical spirit spires us As proof she reads spirit stories from the Progressive Thinker and I t listen to tile ordeal As Bro Moore was i spiritinspiring t rather late hours for him III lThe 11111IThe story of God creating this Is the funniest story they tell From nothing to build and then to be t filled With people that are bound for bellI-s the funniest thing how people willfcling To the shadows of a ghostly past i Quite puzzles my mind they must be blind To think that their visions earl last t That ship at sea twixt you and me With Jonah on board for a sail Was a crackerjack but Im not on to tilt knack How Jonah went down ill the whale So Im forced to say while the preachers pray And tell such stories as that They are all damn liarsloures spirit now fires But I dont care a drop of the hut That sweet Jewish girl sets my head in whirl The way that she peopled tin earth For her ghostly mash oust bawd cut quite a dash While Joe was asleep by his hearth The Bible revise of a pack of lies By those who would still uphold- Is criminal sure but science will cure Its struggling in death for u hold I 8BLUEGRASS BLADE IBLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents PIT month Foreign subscriptions postpaid J200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 600 one year Quarter column single Insertion J200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up in advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Duck numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise till ollice gllng both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade at 126118 North stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinker will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE is enterd at the PostoRlce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDHESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky LEGISLATION AND MORALS What the average legislator knows of true moral precept could be expressed in exceeding few words What he does not know would require volumes to explain His actual lack of knowledge on this important subject could bo ex pressed iin one word but it would bo a difHcult matter to convince him It may be conceded that in matters of legislation he may want to do right and fair and may even strive to be just as far as he knows how in so framing legislation as to establish lines of equity apparently for all classes of people and to suit all shades of opinion Only a limited knowl edge or a lack of proper understanding would in such prevent the objective sought Kentucky has some excellent laws on her statute books and site has some laws that are notJs a general thing the laws of Kentucky strive towards impartiality in matters ofreligion but it is evident that preachers have got in their work while the members of the General Assembly were un suspecting or too utterly indifferent to give strict attention to what was being done Some years ago by special enactment the General As sembly established State Normal School at Frankfort the seat of government to advance the cause of education among the colored citizens Proper appropriations were made for its support and maintenance and the State by a clause in the act creating it undertook to regulate and prescribe the particular kind of morality that should be taught thereinIISection 5790 of Russells Statutes of Kentucky or Sec tion 45i2 of the Carroll edition reads No religious tenets shall be taught in sid Normal School but a high standard of Christian morality shall bo observed in its management and so far as practicable shall be inculcated in the minds of the pupils In that section the fine Italian hand is plainly visible It is a straddle It denies and affirms in the same breath It was intended at an attempt at being fair but the effort got left on a side track That it fooled the whole General Assembly enacting it is morally certain The evident sham at being liberal forced the clause through without scrutinyIf tenets are not to be taught why the incul cation of Christian morality Can that which purports to be Christian morality be inculcated without rcligiot tenets Is not all that is implied by Christian morality composed of religious tenets And why the expression high standard of Christian morality Are there differ ent degrees in Christian moral precepts Cant there bo a low standard of Christian morality If not what is meant by a high standard Must not Christian nloralty whatever it may be or mean be of one quality or can it bo subjected to high and low grades and still ho called Christian t would be instructive and interesting to know what is the highest standard of Christian morality and what is the lowest Better still would be an explanation of what is really Christian morality The evident intent of the legislative mind was to provcur religious instruction as such in an educational institution supported wholly by the State and being fooled by the ite of the word morality they overlooked the adjective mid let it go unmindful of contradiction it uttered y using the term Christian morality are we to infer tint there is a morality that is not Christian It looks Ifir wry and wo would be justified in such an inference It old appear as an effort to distinguish Christian morality from any and all other kinds of morality and in fwv jf the injunction against religious tenets being taught to advance Christian morality at the expense of true morality Scientificallyconsidered there is no such thing as Christian morality Christianity is piety gone mad Mor alityis that which produces the greatest possible happiness to the greatest possible numbers irrespective of any relivirriis pretension or profession Morality needs no religious prop If the Kentucky General Assembly had ptrsed the wisdom and courage to have erased the word Chris inn from the section of the statutes quoted it would him answered every public purpose and would be all sufficient for what wits really intended The principal business of professional piety is to coin golden guineas of blood and suffering op IBLUEGRASS BLADE 9 THE PAST THE PRESENT THE FUTURE When men wore densely ignorant they were also deeply religious Their every thought and act were motived upon considerations concernedwith another world in which they earnestly believed but of which they could know nothing And yet orthodox superstition would force us into the past and upon the past back to the period of ignorance and superstition in an effort to rehabilitate the dying creeds Unless orthodox advocates tire prepared to say that this past world or some portion of it has wrought the final i x pression of human competency and progress that the wisdom of man has reached its height that the into lect of today is impotent beside the intellect of the earlier ages of the worlds history they have no just or monil right withreason to demand an unconditional ClptI1ICI of their theories and systems nor are they just led in their etforts to divorce the human mind tlon the world and times in which it lives To tins generation he wnld is still young Greater possibilities are to come from the futuvj than have uine front the past We may accept whatever the pint hns to offer but Freethought insists that this age and till future ages has a perfect moral right to its and their forms of thought and methods of culture including beliefs and unbeliefs concerning religious doctrine and teaching as any former people had to theirs for come what may let there bo what must sources of power and knowledge are open to the people of this age that were never opened to human beings in any previous ago of the world Formerly man believed without investigation Now he investigates and can no longer believe Man demands knowledge not mere belief He now takes his facts from Nature instead of instructions from the lips of an interested priest Ho takes these facts and transfers them to the do main of the mind Ho compares and contrasts ho observes mutualrelations and connections he brings them in a clearer light before his mental eye and finally determines the causes which unites them In this process all superstitious guesses aro discarded and ignored Thus docs knowledge reach its ultimate and exaltedends True knowledge puts all personal prejudice under foot it lays aside tho stains of personal bias and at the same time urges humanity to cast away its personal vanity of pro fessionalsanctityhuman elevation becomes the instanta neous consequence True scientific men have their differ ences and disagreements bur this is wit a weakness of science and arises from the frailty of men All is based upon tho natural relations between man and the world in which ho dwells Hero we meet with in sharp contrast the apparently lawless shifting of natural phenomena and the human mind itself which demands law and order and in loyal obedience thereto ho regards phenomena as being reducible to law The higher education demanded by the ago in which wo are now living and working especially in America is a methodof study which while it may be said to fairly represent the present state of knowledge and affords a varied cultivation it is yet capable of preparing the mind for tho responsible work of life It is right here that scientific education begins It commences with Nature and lays the foundations of culture in the systematic exercise of the powers of observation In the material advances made along the lines herein suggested we find the success ful establishment of general principles rising ever higher and higher until a few simple laws are found to explain and simplify the phenomena to which they apply To properly encourage stimulate and fortify the further andstronger development of the mind is the essential task of the ardent Freethinker If tho devotees of superstition will not seek for truth it is our manifest duty to take it before them In such a glorious undertaking we have much to work for hope for and live for Under the name of Humanitarian Society IT M Fisk of Pellet Iowa and W F Tamieson and wife of Pcntwater M ich have organized on the basis of a Freethoiight Mutual Benefit Association whereby Freethinkers may join inter ests and provide for a funeral in case of death accordance with their individual wishes and desires There is no good reason why the Society should not succeed Mr Jamieson who is Secretary was for many years nil open and able exponent of Frecthought while Mr Fisk n firm friendof tho Blade has demonstrated his loyalty to the cause in more ways than one l We earnestly call attention to the advertisements now appearing in our columns Nearly every Freethinker can use garden seeds Books are also attractive and desirable Our contemporaries in the field of Liberal thought are de serving of patronage If you can use any of tho things advertised in our columns wo urgently request that you patronize our advertisers and by mentioning the name of the Blade you enable us to continue carrying them and this is a sure help to the Blade and the cause it represents Just tho moment this issue is off the press our binding department will be put to work binding up the volume for 1108 We expect to have it ready for mailing to those having subscribed for it in a few days thereafter Those not having paid for tho volume are now requested to for ward 350 tho stipulated price thereof Some admirable truths are told in a littlo pamphlet entitled A Free Mans Creed by Moses Harmon the philosophic editor of Eugenics To bo candid while ap preciating the arguments advanced we do not like the title Free men cannot have a creed and remain free Once we fall back upon a creed wo become bound thereby and are plunged into orthodoxy Some readers may understand what is meant by tho nomenclature but to tho bulk ofmen it will be misleadingv BLADEI10 BLUE GRASS CHRISTIAN SOCIALISM The Christian Church in America is riding for a hard full and the day can be said to have dawned whence it starts upon a rapid declination leading to decay History records the fact that when a nation once begins to engraft upon its religious systems the economic questions of the day and hour that religion is doomed When it is felt that the religious notions that have been laid before the people for centuries have failed to produce that men tality leading to right thinking and acting from which alone happiness can come and a change is sought nay even advised it is an admission of the inherent weakness of that religion which thinking people are in duty bound to time ago one hundred andsixtyone clergymen representing different sections and denominations of the country signed an agreement or manifesto in which they bind themselves to urge upon the people in their respective churches a studyof the philosophy of socialism in order that the belief may bo vindicated And yet upon a study of the manifesto issued by them it may be observed that they are more desirous of making the Socialist movement an aid to the church instead of making the church an aid to Socialism In other words those parsons are playing a great game of bluff and it is fortunate that Socialists have called their hand demanding as it were a showdown Read the first two articles of the manifesto as follows I To permeate churches denominations and other re ligious institutions with the social message of the Bible to show that Socialism is the economic expression of the religious life to end the class struggle by establishing indus trial democracy and to hasten the reign of justice and brotherhood upon earth 2 Wo believe that the economic teaching of the Scrip tures would find its fulfillment in the cooperative common wealth of modern Socialism Social message of the Bible It has no socialmessage Its only message is ono of gloom and woe Ita threat of eternal punishment for the alleged sin of unbelief and a questionable sort of bliss for those whose mental condition is such that theycaul readily swallow it And who but an interested person would assert that Socialism is the economic expression of religious life Nobody Tho only economy pertaining to religious life is that which fills the col lection plate and this very grab system is the antithesis of all that is claimed for Socialism Admitting for tile sake of argument that there is a socialism or communism inculcated in the doctrinal por tion of the new testament let it be cooperative or other wise it must also be admitted that it offers a system exactly the reverse of the socialism of today Modern socialism would raise all to wealth prosperity equal opportunities lIJula consequent happiness Whether socialism can pro duce this is another question Wo are not discussing this phase On the other hand the socialism of the new testa ment if any bo found therein is a system whcuin allare TLy required to beggar themselves and cooperate upon a plane ofabsolute poverty The only requisite of the young man who asked what ho must do to bo saved was that he must give awayall that he had make a beggar and a pauper of himself and follow him who spake The disciples were in structed to take no money with them wherever they went but they were expected to obtain food raiment and shelter by a grand system of begging an art in which the modern clergy are experts and adepts Rather pretty talk about the reign of justice and the brotherhood of man With the full sway of power and authority given to the Christian system of religion for hun dreds of years it is rather tardy in giving utterance to such suchsentiments at this good day Through all the long ages of Christian rule no mention was made of justice and brotherhood It was always the church Caesar must have what belongs to him and god wants his So runs the Scriptures Servants must also obey their masters In a pure brotherhood where justice reigned there could be neither master or servant and herein we see that the bible and its doctrines arc sadly out of joint with the times Blessed be ye poor does not invite mankind to enter in and participate in a common brotherhood of happiness und love for poverty is extolled and commended while the acquisition of wealth is us systematically condemned Poverty is after all and admittedly so a prolific breeder of cringe GodHlust have known this when he ordained that men should write and inspired then with the text Tho modern parson now assumes the privilege of criticising the acts and conduct of his god which is a step in titright di Blade believes however that Socialists are not to be caught with pretenses This may bo inferred from tIlt fact that it is suggested to take parsons into Socialist organ ixations only on probation to give them an opportunity of being tried and udgtdus to their worthiness shin fitness Read between tile lines It is slot that these parsons want the church for socialism but that theyare striving to secure socialism to save the church PROF 11 WAKE IAN As a fitting close to the present years efforts of the Blade to aid in a general diffusion of Frecthoiight princi ples wo pleased to direct the attention of our readers to the portrait sketch and the splendid article of Prof T It Wakeman Could all our renders have known him as the Blades editor has known him and been as familiar as he with the personal sacrifices ho has made for the cause of truth science and morality these features would probably bo more highly appreciated and enjoyed With but ono pugoIof the Blade devoted to a review of his important life career it was impossible to do him full justice mid many important phases had to be omitted for lack of the requisite space Mentally and physically ho is a man of magnificent BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 and harmonious proportions Broad shouldered broad mentality and bigness of heart generous impulses and un selfish aspirations mark a distinctly useful man and an impressively useful career Threequarters of a century of labor counting from tho cradleanda labor of human effort for human happiness and love not without beneficial results mark him as among tho foremost educators in the country lie is in all things a man of even mind and tempera ment Whether in his law office as wo used to know him mi Nassau Street in Xew York City on tho Frcethought platform presiding over the deliberations of a Frcethought convention teaching science and philosophy in the Liberal University of Oregon or on his Connecticut farm he is the same T B Wakeman IIwlWl rejoice because of the personal acquaintance we have had the personal friend ship that still lingers in the heart Liberals way find cause for congratulation that with his advancing years the mental faculties lire yet vigorous and strong and we indulge the hope that this great mentality may be employed to still further advance tho great cause in which We are all engaged Time views advanced in his splendid article arc deserving the attention and application of every Blade reader today The issues there presented are vital to Frcethought as a system of philosophical advancement and education If properly heeded wo may soon witness tho disappearance of that apathy and lethargy indifference and inattention that marks tin world of Freethought today We trust our friends will read 11111shllly what Prof Wakeman has written Wo further trust that tho Blade may Ito favored with an extension of his views mid other articles front his pen IN THE LKOTUKK FIELD Xo department of Freethought activity can possibly bo of more importance than tho lecture work provided it is handled judiciously and with care By the means of public lectures Freothought principles may bo laid before the orthodox and unthinking masses where other means of propaganda may fail In this respect it is a pleasure to state that tho Blades editor will again invade tho State of Ohio and a number of engagements have already been made Five or six more appointments can bo conveniently taken and correspond enl e from Ohio Liberals is solicited on tho subject Tho Blades editor will lecture in the Opera House at Uhrichsville Ohio on tho night of Saturday January and the following day ho will speak at a Paine celebration and dinner at Dennison Ohio to be given undor the auspi ces of tho local club of tho Buckeye Secular Union at that place In February probably tho Sth and flth will bo tho joint debate with Rev Leander S Koyser at Canal Dover which is already creating widespread interest and anticipation If possible wo expect to report this debate in full through tho columns of tho Blade j I I From this it will bo seen that a full week or more is open We do not wish to remain idle for that length of time If other Liberals can arrange for lectures during the week preceding tho debate and tho week following the debate the editor would be pleased to hear from them There are three other dates in contemplation but these will not interfere with the two weeks mentioned It is possible and probable that arrangements will be made for Gcorgo 0 Roberts President of the Buckeye Secular Union to accompany us to some of the lectures ant organize a secular club to aid in a future extension oi Ifreethouglit work Through discussion in the columns of the Literary Di Best wo learn that the church authorities in Spair are milking a hard and fast fight but it is admitted that the church knows it is making its last stlmlVe also oboivc that missionaries complain of Spuin as lining a barren tielinil that the young men fold your women of the country are growing upwith an utter inilferonce towards lcli ion It is only a matter of time when the church in all tilt onntrics on the face of the earth will be so menaced for the truth of science and philosophy must unsettle such a religious faith American Christians presumably a trifle more orthodox than their English brethren have made loud complaint against the use of the drama in some English churches portray the value of missionary work in the orient The church has ever regarded tho theater as the pageant of darkness and thousands of sermons have been preached against it Then is it not strange that the church or any portion of it should turn to the theatrical manager to save the church from instant decay But let tho good work go on The theater is of this world The church pretends to teal exclusively in Mother It is morally certain that the church cannot swallow the theater but it is a reasonable inference that the theater can go far towards undoing the I lIehIt is an instance of the old Christian policy to take in and adopt that which it cannot destroy We are pleased to call attention to tho splendid story appearing in this issue of the Blade front tho pen of Mary Uealsiroflpauir Until recentlysite was editor of the Red Flag afterwards called tho Southern Clarion a Social ist publication but illhealth forced her to the mountains of Tennessee Spoken of by tho press as an American MaximGorky we express a devout hope for her speedy recovery and return to labor In tho meantime wo would bo pleased to have more from her facile pen in tho columns of the Blade In a few days more another year in the horologue of time will bo upon us To all our friends in particular and to humanity in general we extend kindly greeting indulging a fool hope that it will bring to all an era of pee happiness contentment and prosperity U BLUE GRASS BLADE IMORE PRISON STATISTICS Compiled from the Annual Report of the Ohio State Penitentiary By A D Marble The moral or immoral effects of religious teachings and Influences may be determined more satisfactorily from proven facts rather than from fanciful theory Christian preachers prate glibly about morality and the church urging that church members are more moral than those who are not church members Let them figure upon the results of the table which the church affiliations of the penltenIRoman Catholics 391 Baptists 250 Presbyterians 91 Disciples 66 Congregationalists 42 United Brethren 67 Episcopalians 45 Lutheran 75 Jews 15 Friends Dunkards All others 55 No Church Affiliations 27 Total Number in the Prison 1553 The above Is in response to a letter of In quiry addressed to tho Chaplain ot the Pen itentiary at Columbus Ohio dated Jan 26 With the above in view is it any wonder that the School Board of Chicago ejected the Bible from tho public schools and sent to Japan for a copy of their Code of Morals to bo taught in tho schools SOME IMPORTANT QUESTIONS Propounded by a Blade Contributor to Any of the Orthodox for Answer By John OBrien M If I be not greatly mistaken the modern theologicalconception of God is that God is an omniscient omnipotent infinite being Taking this as a base of argument I pro theologianIf God be must knowledge of every passion and action of humanity prior to the creation of man Why did God create man with such pas sions as anger jealousy and the other base attributes which we find humanity endowed Why did God create a Devil and give this Devil power to tempt man If God foreknew all things he knew what the Devil would do before creating him Why did God create man so weak as to make it impossible for man to resist this Devils God come to man with the proposition If you worship me I will give power to resist the Devil Why did God make tho Devil at all9 If God bo omnipotent why did he not squelch the Devil with a word instead of sending tho angel Michael to wage war on the Devil Was God afraid of personal risk Why should an infinite being fear personal injury What great sin was it that man mitted while existing as dust of the ground that made it necessary on Gods part to cause a war in heavenCast out Satan7 Make a hell9 Was it done in order to provide a place to punish man for the sin he committed during the time he man existed as dust I guess that sin must have been the original one that man was born in Are there any mirrors in heaven I have a notion there are none for if there had been any God would have been relieved of the necessity of creating man in his Gods image for I can see no reason on Gods part for creating man in the image of his maker unless it be that he God wished to see what he looked like If God possess those attribute ascribed to him by the theologians then God made a very poor likeness of himself when he created man- Possibly tho clay from which man was made had too much sand in itund man cracked during the drying process Possi bly that accounts for humanitys imperfec God be omnipresent how could he have walked with Abraham If God be everywhere occupying all space what was left for Abraham to get a foothold upon during the walk If God be everywhere he must of neces sity be on this earth Heaven we are told by the priest is the privilege of being face to face with God Then it must follow if God and man be upon the earth at the same time this earth must be heaven Again if God be everywhere he must be in hell If heaven bo the place where God is then hell is heaven heaven is earth and earth is hell This last according to my observation is nearer the correct can any thought or action of a finite human being affect infinity- If the gents who formulated this concep tion of God had been thoroughly conversant with the Bible they would have added to their definition these words Omnifarious and omnivorous Al Primitive Mana Myth Concluded The prlmitvu muu theory Is a myth and and like all oilier myths is calculated to iiiiuu away from truth Honestly If I would or could believe In a myth I would go and join some sect or society that is named church I would accept the myth story and not bo free I would argue that there is no perfection It would make no difference to nio whether it was church materialism or spiritualism for belief is only the credibility you give to that you do not know If I urn but a tool in the hands of another to believe and accept the teach ings and dictations of other men then am not a free man If there Is not a per fection then the universe is not perfect If there is a perfection then all things are perfectIt not a question of what we knowbut HOW do wo know Is belief to be our guide If so every one who professes to bo free to day may bo a slave tomorrow Get away from belief for when you ex amine where it came from you will see that you are Just pattering after others you are not free Darwinism like forgiveness evolution like priestcraft mean those teachings has done more to destroy Free thought than can ever be told They are continually combatting lie says when wo are asked to accept a god not composed of matter who can think without a brain He in turn asks us to give one single example in this wide uni verse of anything thinking without a brain or matter of some kind j In answering thIs I will not try to put it in a debatable form Suppose that we admit all he Infers In his question It is of no use to him for I have already told you that matter is that which Is acted upon by the material we see tho thought manifested wo cannot see the thought with the phy slcal eye but wo see tho effect on the ma terial If you do not believe it get some great big ruffian mad at you Look universe and tell mo if you will what is largo enough to contain all tho brainIforces These unseen forces act material Heat you never saw Cold never seen Sweet nor bitter never were seen Those principles act with the material For instance a man that I knew had a bar rel of vinegar tho acid departed from it but there was no less acid In the universe Nothing had been lost In tho barrel so far as the physical oyo could discern no less 11 IBrE GRASS BLADE 18 material no less weight no less liquid but there was something gone The acid that unseen principle was gone It aid not make the material sour If It had It would have remained sour The material or matter ever remained the same the acid remained the same neither Influenced the other neither one became the football of the other each one retained Its own Indi viduality and so It Is with all unseen Is not the action of the brain It is only the action of some faculty of the mind on the brain All the actions of the mind are unseen forces cooperating with matter we have named brain These un seen forces aro Independent forces as mat ter Is Independent matter Mind Itself Is but a combination of forces we have named faculties These forces can and do act Inde pendent of matter But simply because we do not see them and can only see their demonstration with matter we deny that there are such forces Edison tells you that there is electricity but he does not know what It Is Might as well say you do not digest your food since you never saw It animal or man dies as you say It thought before It died why does It not think immediately after death It still has material or matter and brains why does it not think Now Mr Snow I will ask you this question When the first inflnltesmal small speck was formed I mean Just before it was formed what brains were used to place In that Infinitesimal small speck be fore It was formed the potentiality to pro duce all these various insects reptiles animals and man It is very evident If evolution be true the first small speck foreJ It was formed had the potential power In itself to form Itself or some other power must have formed It Now will you please answer from your evolution progressive standpoint what brains wore used before thero were any brains You see you can not have brains before you have atom then protoplasm then cell then beings of some kind then brains In closing I will say that evolution like primitive man and all other myths Is only a belief without a reality Wo never can have Freothought long as wo are not willing to lay aside false teachings If we are In 3earnest let us be governed by the truth everything reveal Itself So long as wo try to establish our doctrine by be lieving the teachings of other men that had only an Idea to convert the people to their belief Just that long we will bn stumbling over the mysteries they have taught and we will fall to know things as they are Muncie Ind IJ DAVES LETTER TO HIS OWN DEAR HEAVENLY FATHER Copyright applied for 1908 bv Franklin II Heald My leer hevenly fatherJoe Fez wen de Ikidegriime cometh he will select a chased virgin for his Bride Papa dont think very much of chased virgins hisself but he scz he hope yer sun or you or the holey cost whichever is to be the bridegroom will select a culled lady and chase her to a caff shed in sum sunny climb where the gentle breezes blow towards the moonson Are yer goin to marry her the next time Why dident you hey at least wnn good woman in your Jesus pedagree the last time If you had it wood of made lots of friends for him amongst people that are smart and good The only peple hero in Los Angeles that take any stock in him now cre scrubs that dont no much They get religion be cause they dont no any better Most all of them are wimmen and darkeys and china men The wimmen git itso the preccher kin cum to see them the chinamen git it so they kin work for W C T Uwimmen an the lackeys git it cause they are scart of hell Joes father seed the Debol met Joe says ho wuz swareing at his horses and the Devil cum rite up tint of the ground in front uv him and Jons father was so scarf that lie run live miles home and wiz sick a week or more an never wood of got the teem if thay hadent got hungry and cum therselves I told Joe I thought ho sod ho never had a father an ho got so mad that lie woodent speak tel me hut ho wood hay to get a lot madder than ho did before ho wood run five miles hisself lie mite run if ho was scart real had hut ho cuddcnt run very fast Joe says it dont make no difference about yer Jesus ped igree no way an all wo knead to do is to no that you are his father an if we have a grain of faith as big as a mousetard seed wo will no you are lie thinks jfIt body begins to wonder ifa preecher nose it all they tore lost and Papa says they aro two ho says lost to the church If a man stops to think for a minnut the church loses him Cant you keep men ignorant the some as wiimntii unless they are black You cud if you wood make there liuds a different shape Papa can tell a Club woman by tho shape af hot bed and they are not ashamed of their shape oyethcr As over DAVIT The Woman and The Prospector Is the title of a romance every woman and child should read It should be in the hands of all who are opposed to superstition and graft as it is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and the ministration of drugs to human beings at the same time points out the 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