You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, January 10, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909011001 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, January 10, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BLADEI DBLOS ABIE UODGETT II I IActivoand Willing Supporter of reetliouglit Propaganda 2 BLUEGRASS BLADE DELOS ABIEL BLODGETT Few men In America have done more for the cause of Free thothought than the subject of this sketch For years he has contributed freely of his ample means to further the Interests o universal mental liberty and he contributed with lavish hand Quiet reserved unostentatious retiring his name shone like some bright meteor without effort without Intention on his part because cf the good he had done not for any display sought for he sought none Now that death has laid him low the Blade feels that It can pay no higher tribute to his memory than to glve him a place In the honorarium list and briefly recount his career In these columns Delos A Blodgett was personally unknown to the Bier editor and yet when In the exercise of his duties years ago as Secretary of the Freethought Federation of America appeals or help were made to Mr Blodgett never was there an appeal made In vain trerelbre It Is by rather limited personal experience that we can speak of him now He was born In Otsego county Now York on the 3rd day of March 1825 and falling to his eternal rest during the past year he was therefore about 83 years of age when the grim j tor came When but four years of age he went with his parents Ablel D and Susan R Blodgett to Erie county In the same State and hero acquired a common school education which was his only opportunity In that direction At the age of 20 years heftt- he paternal roof and entered the big world on his own account and we now find him a raftsman on the Allegheny Ohio and Mis sissippi Rivers rafting down to New Orleans His health failed him In that Southern climate and he Immediately returned north going to McHenry county Illinois whither his parents had now settledFollowing various callings principally farm work until about the fall of 1843 he went into Michigan and began a period of labor In the lumber works In the vicinity of Muskegon Two years of patient labor brought him to a point where he determined to embark In the lumber and logging business on his own account and from Vat day about 1850 the remarkable success of Mr Blodgett goes to make up a considerable portion of the history of the development of the State of Michigan now recognizer as one of tho largest lumbering States of the Union Success led him to enter other spheres of human activity and a little later ho became one of the most prominent and successful bankers In that region and dealer In real estate Even at tho time of his death ho had large lumber Interests In northern Michigan and other business connections Nor did he confine his operations to Michigan for he made successful business ventures In tho far West Including Washington Oregon and some of tho Gulf States while his real estate holdings took In Grand Rapids and Chicago During his entire career he was always known as a man of 1 Independent thought At an early age he thought himself out of all church teachings and openly espoused the side of Freethought He attended a few of the National Freetbought Conventions without any display his sole mission and purpose being to help He was of exceeedlngly bright and cheerful temperament of kindly and charitable disposition generous to a fault and faithful to every trust domestic or public On the 9th day of September 1859 Mr Blodgett was married to Miss Jennie S Wood of Woodstock from which union two children were born One son and a slaughter came to bless and brighten their lives The former John W Blodgett and the latter now Mrs Edward Lowe both reside In Grand Rapids Mich the scene of their fathers greatest activities After thirty years of domestic happiness Mrs Blodgett died and three years later Mr Blodgett was married to Miss Daisy A Peck daughter of the famous author William II Peck of Atlanta Georgia Mr Blodgett was always a close observer of human nature and to this fact may be attributed a largo proportion of nls industrial success It Is said of him that his success In life has left no rancor In the minds of his employes or his business com petitors and that It has never changed his manners or his ex treme kindliness towards others Would that the great world had more such men for the condition of the poor would be bet tered considerably thereby Accumulating wealth In his own name ho never hesitated or halted at doing good and used It without stint or purpose In helping others for their good and to create some little happiness to the more unfortunate In lifes battles The cause of Freothought In America has enjoyed his bountiful hospitality and when In stress ho made tho burdens lighter hy his voluntary contributions thereto As we said at tie time of his death some months ago the Blade was not made the recipient of his generosity but one who has done so much with tho utmost cheerfulress must be counted one of the Immor tals whoso name shall never die so long as the human race continues to exist During the closing years of his life he was an Incessant reader He owned a magnificent library and to this ho frequently resorted for that recreation which tended to character building and the making of real men His mind was as broad as the universe Itself Love of humanity was his cherished Ideal True friendship ho sought to win by extending It to others and by personal example he did more to enrich the name of Free thought than many who speak with their lips or write with pen Every liberal In America can afford to deplore tho loss our causo sustained on account of his death Ho had reached the age of 83 years however an ago when Mother Nature gently touched him with her magic wand and tho tired body gave way to welcome eternal rest- BLUE mtASS BLADE A 3 Scientific Truth is By Nature Constructivei In a Reply to A Eo Wade the Propaganda of Materialist Philosophy Must he Given a Constructive Side fly P K Sturgis In your article Constructive Atheism which appeared ill the Blade of Nov 29th yon appear to see Negation in tilt efforts of the Materialist Association to buildup an urbanization for the onlightmont and freedom from super stition of humanity Have you not in your first para graph given expression to a paradoxical opinion Tt seems so to me If anything the statement freedom from superstition of humanity supposes n liberation or relief from n belief in a false doctrine or system of ethics which if relating to religion Rationalists at least declare to be superstition if this assertion bo true and humanity human beings become by reason of their belief first slaves to superstition and afterwards become freed liberated mentally through a breaking down or destruction of the belief in tho super stition some agency must of necessity have been employed to accomplish this mental change There could bo but one instrument usedthat of education Right education truthful information destroys error When human beings become truthfully educated they can no loiumr entertain erroneous beliefs about superstition or anything within the range of matters or subjects affecting the weal or woo of mankind Men and women cultured and refined by education come better citizens more capable in every walk of life If truthfully informed in regard to superstition they become mentally free and flro thereby enabled to perform works of the most farreaching benefit to their fellowbeings Tn this operation by which ignorance the cause of erroneous belief in falo theories respecting religion resulting in mental slavery to superstition becomes transformed hy truthful information education into a power patent for great good to humanity surely something of value along the lines constructivism has beets done Tt follows from this then that right education scientific truths consti tutes a constructive element in its application to human affairs and one of its chief ts is to destroy ignorance credulity and belief in falsedoctrines pertaining to myth ical personages personified and the projection of human life and individuality beyond mortality Tn very fact education is the only known factor by which human beings can bo successfully freed from religious nightmareTf true education can and does replace ignorance with knowledge thus becoming constructive in character ami constitutes the basic principle upon which tho Ma Ir terialist Association has been organized the vital factor with which tho Association intends to enlighten and free humanity from superstition upon what foundation ksyour charge of Negation rest Your attempt to sustain the Negation theory against the Materialist Association by making the Brotherhood of Man dependent upon a God Fatherhood suggests more of sophistry than of philosophy The relationship existing between human beings of the 20th century and their origin in protoplasmic or cellular lifntul beyond to iiri cause forces bo they Dynamic Great Spirit nll or zany real or imaginary power is so entirely remote in tNno formidabletions propaganda work and their efforts to onliiihten and liberate humanity from the mental thralldom of super stitionFriend Wade let us not comfortably wrap cog elves in ja elcakof selfpuflkicncy and ccmplrtvntly suggest failure out endeavor to get tho nest possible out of ourselves in aiding in tho grand work undertaken by the Materialist AffCioiation Let us energetically and enthusiastically as possible put will shoulders to tho great Atheistic Balltobe which that grand selfabnegating woman Mrs E M Bliven has so ably set to rolling and to growing Tier untiring efforts beset from tho beginning byobsta cles which many a younger woman or man wouldnot have met and removed in the brave and dexterous manner Mrs B has done have been crowned at last in a success that should have shamed out of existence the discouraging word Negation before it became materialized in public printGranting for tho moment that your statement had some application in it to the objective foundation of tho Association Tsee no justifiable reason whyon that acount failure must logically follow the efforts of the Materialist Association Construction cannot precede destruction Great strides toward social scientific civilization cannot be taken while superstition ignorance and fanaticism continue rampant to tho extent they now do in every nation on earth They must bo destroyed To annihilate supersti tion even the Christian wing creates a gigantic labor a labor of monumental destruction Where labor is there also is tho laborer in fulfillment of tho law of supply and demand Hence while superstition remains to blight mentality no cause but that of incompetoncy exists for the ringing of the deathknoll of tho Materialist Associate 1 of America and ero long T hope of the worJdt BLUE GRASS BLADE Christianity Crimes and Criminals Additional Statistics from Penal Institutions Showing the Immoral Influence of the Orthodox Faith PART 2 By E Lewis We have chosen Iowa for this letter Iowa Is also a model State once a Prohibition State somewhat after the manner of ner sister Kansas It almost corners with will include Missouri which pletely Joins on the eastern enl of Kansas and whese people are much like these of Kansas but was never a Prohibition State We want to show the reverend gentleman that his cne Sunday School attendant In convcts Is not enough to salt the platter nor will It convince Intelligent peopte that the statement is true We will use United States and St3te sta tistics which are authorized IIv both State and Nation The Biennial Report of the Warden of the Penitentiary at Fort Madison Iowa to the Governor of wa June 30 Des Moines Pages 2425 There were In that prison at the close of this report 440 convicts STATEMENTS OK HABITS Intemperate 245 Temperate 157 Moderate 38 Religious Education DaptHts Chris tians Catholics 88 Presbyterians Methodises r4 Episcopal Lutherans 15 Unted Presbyterians Latter Day Saints Congregational United Brethren Unitarians Dunkards No religion 238 That makes 202 Christians to 238 non Christian That makes 20 more than one half that are nonChristians mil we want to take Into consideration that the United States Census Statistics gives Iowa but 2312 per cent of her population Christians yet that less than onefourth of her popula tion furnishes nearly onehalf of her con victs Now we will take the report of the Penitentiary at Anamosa Iowa of same date In that prison there were convicts Their religious education was Adventists Baptists 22 Catholics 02 Congregationalists Christians Campbellites Evan gelists Episcopal Holland Church Jewish Lutherans Quaker Methodists G7r Presbyterians Unitarian United Brethren Universally Infidel no church Total 209 To combine the two reports makes a total of 430 Christians to 228 nonChristians Keep in mind that Iowa has but 2312 of her population who are Christians and out ot less than onethird of population the church furnishes almost twothirds of the convicts Is It even a supposable case that out of 709 convicts only one and a fraction of one had attended Sabbath school The Reverend had better pause and think before he dishes out such statistical grub to an Arkansas congregation fcr some one may be listening These are not days of utter ignorance and superstition People d not all go to churcn with one eye rolled up toward an Imaginary heaven and the other glaring down towards an eternal hell have two reports ci 1897 One from An nmosa and the other from Fort Madison Iowa six years later than the ones above quoted will use them co that it cannot be justly said that had selected the worst Biennial Report of the Warden of the Penitentiary at Fort Madison to the Govern or of Iowa little 3i 1897 Page 19 Under the head of Drink habit Moder ate 125 Temperate 170 Intemperate Total Mental Culture Counion 430 poor good Religious EducationAdventists Baptists 00 Campbelllte Catholic 103 Christians Congregatlrnal 10 Dunkards Episcopal Evangelical Friends Hebrew Holiness Lutheran 27 Methodist 172i Mormons Presbyterians 40 Quaker Salvation Army United Brethren Unlversalst no religion 32 That makes 473 Christians to 32 Infidels Not a bad showing for us Thirteenth Biennial Report of the War den of the Penitentiary at Anamcsa Iowa to the Governor of Iowa for two years ing June 30 1897 Religious Education Advenllsts Bap liFts 52 Catholic 178 Christians Con gregational Church of England 2 Church of God Dunkards Episcopalians 10 Evangelical Jewish Latter Day Saints Lutherans 38 Methodist 132 not given 109 Presbyterians 38 Reform Spiritualists Salvation Army United Brethren Total 029 Now there Is In this report 109 not given We are under no obligation to take the to our side We will not shove them on to the other part In their condition It would bn fair to drop thorn out altogether but we will he liberal with them nnd take thorn to ourselves and call them liberals So that leaves this Report 520 Christians to 109 fflt I Liberals We should never lack generosity Now to consolidate the two reports It stands 1053 Christians to 141 Freethinkers That is not a bad showing after assuming the fatherhood of 109 nondescripts Instead of there being but one in convicts who had attended Sunday School the facts are that there are more than sixty Sabbath school scholars in each one hundred con United States Census of 1890 give Iowa 5530 church organizations with 452U church edifices with seating capacity or 1203185 Value of church property 050780 with a membership of 550817 All cf this church property is untnxed MISSOURI Biennial Report of the Board of Inspect ors Warden Physician and Chaplain to the 43rd General Assembly 19031904 Jer ferson City Missouri Religious Beliefs Baptist Roman Cotholc 112 Christian 120 Dunkards Episcopal Hebrew Lutheran Methodist 335 Presbyterian 48 Campbel lite Liberal no religious belief 522 Total 1794 Wo will place the 5 Liberals with the 522 or no religious belief which makes 527 Lb erals Freethinkers or Infidels and sub tract the 527 from the total we find 1207 Christians or more than sixty Chris tians to each one hundred of convicts In stead of one In as the Reverend Is said to have reported That Is not a bad showing for us yet The reader will observe that this Mis souri report is of years later date than the other reports I have used I have no ether report from Missouri We will give the United States Report on Churches In 1890 Missouri had 8004 church organizations and 0121 church edi flees with 1859589 seating capacity anti 19CC3737 valuation of church property and 735839 communicants or members Her membership was composed of 2747 per cent of the population as members of her churches This 19003737 of property Is voted out of taxation What for For tlio moral effect the church has upon civilization In furnishing twothirds of the convicts for our prisons- It Is a notorious fact that the Sabbath schools aro the recruiting offices for the churches Precious few Join the churches who havonot been trained from early youth In tho Sabbath schools To bo continued BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 Freethought Funeral Oration Delivered Over the Corpse o n Devoted Friend from a Pure Materialist Standpoint By A Lutternwn Kind rlendsThls Is probably the sad dest hour In our life when we part with a friend whom we dearly love We do not mourn because we believe that our departed friend has passed into a state of unhappl ness and pain for we know that death ends all suffering Our sadness arises from the necessity of parting with one so manly and kind as the one whose remains lie before us While we regret his loss and miss him in our daily life wo will not lament the inevitable Death knows no earthly titles The noble and proud must submit as well as the humble and poor The wintry frost ot death nips the lower of life and everything dies to live again As death Is both natural and inevitable we as rational beings ought to regard it calmly Alan springs up like a tree at first the tender plant then he puts forth buds ot promise that bloom for a time but gradually fade and pass away Man like the green grass coaxed by the gentle rain and spring air lives for a season brit Is bleached by the autumn frost withers away and acts as a fertilizer for the following season The universal law of decomposition acts only upon life that has reached its highest unfoldment and which demands a changdl One generatlon passeth away and another generation comoth Nature ushers us Into the world without our consent or knowledge and takes us out again with the same disregard of our wishes In youth we cling to life and are terrified at the very thought of death Youthful tendency Is like a green apple which clings to the branch and cannot be plucked thence except by breaking the twig on which It grows Old age on the other hand has lost its strong attachment to life It is like the ripe fruit you touch n gently and it drops freely to the ground The mellow ago man sinks Into the slop of death as gentle nr an infant falls asleep upon Its mothers breast Tho tender Hand of death is soothing for the wear It stops all pain It knows no sigh or sorrow It gives peace and verlnstn rest Death is not an enemy or n terror or a penalty for existence we cannot grieve when nature sin as some of our Christian friends claim It Is Death Is as natural as birth mid makes no distinction Whether Christian or non Christian whether we believe or not We all go the same path of life and sooner or later the mother earth that nourished us shall take again that which belongs to her And thoroughly convinced us we are that nothing is ever lost from the great storehouse of existence we cannot grieve when nature takes again to her great fount of life the elements she had loaned us for awhile In the form of our beloved friend All earthly things vanish and pass away the new Is built out of the runs or the old the fountain of life Is fed by death that which new lives once died and that wnlch once died now lives When the old oak Is visited in vain by Spring and light and rain no longer thrill it is not well to stand lealless desolate and alone It Is far better to fall where nature softly covers all with woven muss and creep ing vine As we stand upon the brink crumbling time we look acrotn and see the other shore and mingle with dust again We should shed no tears except the tears of gratitude that our friend has been with us and made this world better by his life upon It He has set n gcod example before us Ho was one who took great pleasure In the Investigation of truth and was a dent of the grand unchanging principles the Universe He was free from the blight of superstition untarnished by the claims of priestly creeds and fable His mind soared high in the realms of nature No sacred scripture formed the base of his faith By his example wo have a right to think and believe according to the conscien tious conviction Reason was his only God Justice his only Bible and morality his only religion lIe insisted that no one could bo happy unless ho made sonic else happy and gave freely to others tho right to think that ho claims for himself knowing that In the realms of the mind a chain Is but a curse Ills sympathies were not confined within the prison of a creed or dognn but ran out In the world and over tho walls like green vines hiding the rude rocks and rusty bars with perfuming lowers Ills life was one of usefulness honesty and true morality His conduct was squared by tho highest principles of right and justice lie faithfully performed all duties bestowed upon him and assisted his fellowman ns far as circum stances would allow Wo can pattern after his good acts with much profit to ourselves and can strengthen our good Intentions by often remembering the ninny good deeds ho performed and of his excellent character Sorrowing friends I know how vain It Is to gild n grief with words and yet want to take from every grave Its fear Why should we fear that which comes to us all r Our parents and forefathers have passed away and a like mortality will reign over our posterity When we take a glimpse of the past we knew ot a time when we were but dust but atilCpast we have nothing to fear Death is but a link that locks the chain of tbe two eter uitiesa clasping hands of birth and death a reunion of mortality- say let us welcome death rather than four it we cannot gain by fear and grief but we can replace it with the assur ance that all Is well AT THE GRAVE We will now consign the body of this loved one to the grave and while we do so with reverence and respect all fear Is absent In silence on the boscm of nature who ceives both the good and the bad we rev place her own Belief to her is no virtue Unbelief no crime Whether orthodox or not It Is all the same to her The pomp and pride of life stops here rank and station have found their end social distinctions go no further the storms of passion are over and perfect equality now prevulls And now with no shadow of fear we trust Mother Earth with perfect confidence and give back her own all that remains of this dear affectionate friend and brother whose work Is well done So let him rest in pence and bid him farewell The Squirrel Problem Wo are satisfied with our affirmative viz The man goes around the squirrel and we rest our case But replying to the Negative- It Is said that man does not go around the squirrel because he does not pass all sides of It Putting this argument In mathematical form we tare The man passes all sides of the squirrel times Therefore he goes around It timesi e not at all Now suppose a case Let the squirrel goIaround the tree the opposite direction as fast as the man then the man in making one round passes all sides of the squirrel times and therefore goes times around the squirrel But this Is absurd since heIhas made but one round so also the conclusion Is absurl1A A OWiWHAT THE CIGARETTE SAIDIam not much of a a cigarette but can add to a mans neroIvows troubles can subtract from his sical energy can multiply his aches and pains and can divide his mental powers can take Interest from his work and Ills count his chances for B Wheeler BLUE GRASS BLADE If A Man Die Shall He Live Again Until All the Evidence Is In no Christian Should Presume upon an Answer By A A Snow There never since the dawn of Christianity were so many doubting concerning the future life as there are now not ignorant or bad people but the best there are or as good as there are They are readers think ers persons acquainted with philosophy and science and who study history look into ecclesiastical traditions This is the atti tude of thousands and the number is gro- wIngRev Minot J Savage Persons have existed on the earth since history began perhaps before believing in another life for man Others knew nothing of such a belief The earliest bible writers had no such belief Many of them express ly denied it Later on the belief was adopt ed as a feature of Christianity If we ask the masses why they believe in another life their answer Is It is a divine revel ation the Bible teaches it And most of themadmit that without that revelation there is no foundation for that belief But what is a revelation worth thttt contradicts Itself Will you say that you preach to savages today that their eternal destiny de pends on their belief In another life while such was not necessary for savages 4000 years ago The Judge says to the Jury Until the evidence Is all in you presumably cannot decide this question Justly So the educa ted are more liable to decide the question correctly as to a future life than the Ignor ant And the educated are rapidly coming Prof Wakeman Dissents In a Mild Way Against our Use of Superlatives Toussaint Farm North Mlanus P O Coscob Conn Dec 29 308 B M1908 E My Dear Mr Charlesworth The Blue Grass Blade came this mornng with my picture life notice and article and you have my Dont think that your good work is not appreciated be cause a few corrections should be made to folks here think you have done quite well with the picture and that It is their old boy for sure But he Is shocked at your title Americas Greatest Philoso pher etc etc It Is not safe to apply su perlatives to persons In a relative world doubt such life They are wining to see that life is an attribute of organized matter and when it becomes disorganized life dis will give an argument a little com plicated but I have a purpose in it leave others to give the more simple wish not only to show there can be no im mortality for man without there is also for every living creature either plant animal or microbe but also at the same time to show what vast fields of investigation there Is before one has this evidence all in and this will explain why the masses of the ig norant continue to believe in the supersti tion of immortality The evidence I refer to is founded on the science of Evolution which shows that man has grown up from monads the lowest of living creatures and it cannot be that the immortal could evolute from the mortal since they are opposite It cannot be that we had a foreparent having no immortal soul while its own offspring had an immortal soul But why do you ask is this argument complicated Answer Be cause It depends upon the truth of evolu tion which in turn depends upon the truth of geology These could not begin to prove true In this essay but will assure the readers that they have been proved and accepted by all the naturalists of the globe who have had the evidence before Iowa Written for Materialist Association Sym posium I The Modesty of True Genius congratulations witThe fundamentally Such words are too apt to become dangerous ridiculous or even fatal You did not mean to kill or hurt your old friend so please to tone down thus One of Americas Earnest Philosophers etc etc But If your readers require size measure the word Great would certainly be far enough over the truth Your life sketch was quite In teresting to mewlth nothing worth cor recting but this Ho did not study In1 but for Europe The law digest however which was to raise funds was headed off by a rival work so Instead of returning to America he has always remained there and took refuge behind the Bar where ho worked until ho went to Oregon and was then admitted to the Bar upon an A cer tificate from the New York Supreme Court after a practice of over forty years In the article near top of third column In regard to Bruno Instead of telling read for telling At the middle of that column read God Instead of good On page near bottom of column real Free Relig ious Association Instead of F reel liought Society And I sincerely hope that the Blade will keep that last and decisive ad dress of Ingersoll for sale and never let their readers forget tho duty of reading and circulating It What Is Religion Head his answer Ever sincerely and gratefully yours T B W AKI lAN COMMENT Courtesy to Prof Wakeman Impels us to publish the foregoing letter but the Blndo repeats here what it has said to him In a private letter that we would not willingly withdraw anything we have said about him Our Impressions of Prof Wnkcmnn were formed more than a generation ago when being young and Inexperienced we looked to him for counsel and advice nnd the years have strengthened the Impressions then made Wo do not hesitate to say that few minds In America can compare favorably with his and as an exponent of the PosI tlvlst philosophy he Is without a superior True genius Is ever modest as wo hive pre viously written and wo attribute Mr Wake mans dissensions to the ever careful pos itive and painstaking mind of the author Ed BRANCH OF MATERIALISTS ORGAN IZED Secretary J Frantz Starts a Local In San Francisco under Most Favorable Auspices By J Frantz The first meeting of the Materialist Asso elation has passed Into the history of this city of San Francisco at last elected offi cers mid decided to meet every Friday evening at p m at Jefferson Square Building 925 Golden Gate Avenue Al though it had boon rnlng all day there were plenty of members present whom the rain could not stop from coming- I acted as Chairman at the beginning of the evening and gave the reports of our convention presented our alms read the constitution of our society and finished with reading the editorial of the Blue Grass Blade In regard to Frcothought only That Is I wish to conduct the meetings on pure Materialism Science mid Philosophy anti let the other Isms bo conducted by the other Societies Then I suggested the election of n Chair man who Is perfectly familiar with the rules of order that relate to organization nnd Comrade P Ileoloy a bright student of Science was elected as Chairman I only wished ho could be elected a permanent BLUE GRASS BLADE Chairman as dont remember of any chair man who has acted in such perfect harmony with our members as he did and with such thorough knowledge in regard to organiza tion He also possesses great talent but he suggested the election of a Chairman at each meeting and it has been approved of Then came the election of a local Secre tary and although Comrade Jose Noel is already a Secretary he has been reelected as such that is the Secretary of our local San Francisco Materialist Association arid remaining the local General Secretary Then came the election of a Board of Trustees and Comrade Keller Comrade Herman and I were elected to these olllces For my part I will try thp best I can to make this Society success fr eet that the other officers vlll do tin 1110 Tho meeting closed and the further husimts postponed until tha nov muetlmj which will be called and I have already talked to Calvert Smoot In regard to delivering a lecture for us and Comrade Andrea Lliulel who has Just become a member of our So ciety a writer for Scandinavian papers will deliver several lectures for us The first lecture will bo on how she became an atheist and will bo delivered on Christmas night She has promised to invite some ministers to take part In the discussion The meetings will bo conducted on a sim liar plan ns the Freo Discussion Society with a few exceptions I will also see that literature in my line shall be for sale on the table and also distributed free I will try to get all the subscribers possible for our Freothought papers and magazines I in tend to Introduce a new plan for those who are unable to speak before an audience though will invite the asking 6f questions Primitive Man Not a Myth Theists in Argument Seek to Dodge sponsibility by Demanding their Opponents Shall Prove the Negative of an Unprovable Affirmative By A A Snow While admiring Bro Win Smith for the good spirit manifest and especially for the encomiums extended to mo In his arti clo in the last two numbers of the 190S Blade yet I notice ho thought was cun ning In dodging the Issue ns he averred Did such cunningness equal his own when ho called on an Atheist to tell how ho know there was no god In place of Informing that Atheist how ho know there was ono Is this tine modern way of preaching to the heathen You see it relieves the preacher of great embarassment Perhaps he was by mall then there will be plenty of time to study them out during the week and have them answered the following meeting This plan think will make the meetings Interesting As for further details you will hear from us before long P SI have secured up to date 225 members PROGRAM FOR 19081903 Lectures on Materialism Science and Philosophy Materialism versus all other Isms A debate between J Frantz State Secretary of the Materialist Asuclntlon and Geo E Kendall of England a very able thinker and speaker Friday Dec 25 08 Humboldt the Great Scientist Uy Dr E D ODrock the Picture of Dar win Friday Jan 1st 1909 How Became a Materialist By Mrs Andrea Llndnl a Scandinavian Writer and Lecturer Friday Jan 1909 Organic Evolution By Geo E Kendall of England Friday Tan 1909 The Folly of Visions By Mrs Andrea LIndal Friday Tan 2209 No Gods or Conscious Life after Death By John Larsen author of a very able book on Evolution Friday Jan 29 1909 JEFFERSON SQUARE BUILDING 925 Golden Gate Ave Admission Freo 8 oclock sharp is trying to get the editor In as bad a fix as was the Irishman who was accused by live witnesses of stealing a pig When the judge asked him If he could give any reason why judgment should not be passed on him Pat replied Yer honor of yo will give mo tin days more mime Ol ken bring a dozen witnesses thot will swore they didnt see mo take the masely swolne Well could hardly see how the editor could have made a better reply than he o his question In a negative form as it was but it appears it did not satisfy the Doctor As ho made this statement I deny that there are gods I will propose this question to him How do you know there are no gods And when he answers It we will know what sort of an answer ought to satisfy him ns to the question how we know there is not a god The fact that Theists so far from being able to trove a god exists are obliged to call upon Atheists to prove there is not one Is very strong evidence that taere Is none A god capable of build ing and running a universe and never mak ing a mistake while his labors extend over infinite fields ought to be capable of let ting himself be known The Uro says because forco moves mat ter matter does not move itself Does this follow A man does not walk because legs do the walking Now if force is hisIan attribute of matter that without it ter could not be as we have shown when that force moves matter it is tantamount to matter moving Itself Now let us see where we differ I say force and matter must act together and cannot act separate while bfl contends that force may exist and even be organized in vacuity Force plays beween matter and matter and we have no evidence that It ever plays between vacuity and matter or matter and vacuity or between vacuity and vacuity By vacuity mean space void of matter As a general formula let A and B be separate bodies of matter in space A and B move toward each other because of mutual attraction This at traction Is force Here we have matter at both ends of the line Again let A be a passing cloud which is matter heavily charged with electricity By the way electricity is always generated by matter never by nothing Now force electricity and heat are all force in different nodes either one under certain conditions can be converted Into either of the outer two If A charged with electricity passes charged the same way there will be an electrical communication between the two But if B be not charged or less charged than A there may be an electrical current pass from A to B until they aro equally charged when tho current ceases But if A or B be vacuity there will be no electrical discharge which shows that electricity Is a force do pending on and belonging to matter- A savage may take hold of a wire con nected with a leyden jar charged with electricity experiencing a shock he ex claims There Is a spirit in that Jar A mischievous person connects the wire with tho ground and the current escapes after whlcn the savage trying the experiment again remarks Tile spirit has returned to god who gave it The Doctor sees some vinegar that has lost its strength and as It weigh no less than formerly concludes like the savage that Its acidity has return ed to Jupiter who gave it as he does garding dead men and mice That the mind Is nn entity that may act Independent of tho brain Is a mero guess a n thitfounded on no facts In nature The mind Is doubtless the aggregate actions of the Continued on Page 12 0101p 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box RATESIBy mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents PIT month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column insertion cents one month or four Inoo tons six months 608 one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month six months 2000 one year 3000 half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SPBSCRIPT1ONS to the Blade will bo discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scrlbers the date of expiration of subscription Buck numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal h ruse of disc Inti nuance BHOfLI ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl olllce siring both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade at 1261IS North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which nil Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Iostofllce at Lexington Kentucky secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE Box Lexington Ky WHAT SHALL WE DO WITH Till SCHOOL That the Correspondence School can be made a success cause education is concerned liltsso far as the ofu higher been well demonstrated Whether it can yet be made paying institution or even problematicalseMany of our friends have written expressing a wish that wo had not started the School because of a dread of finan cial failure and while the Blade lets lost time labor and moneyoil the institution which candor alone compels us to admit we have laid the foundation for a larger and better institution if willing hands only take hold and help Students who are now passing through the elementary grades of scientific education under the School will if they remain with the School another year need the higher branches such as philosophy and correlating subjects in cluding biblical literature and historyand while we are devoting our own time to the new students assistance will be needed to look sifter the students taking tilt second years course It will be a physical impossibility for one man to give the proper and necessary attention to all the grades preparing examination questions and passing upon the students work so for the better management of the School some outside help will become a necessity One might ask what is the School doing now or is it benefiting its pupils by the instruction now being imparted For answer we need but refer to sonic of the quotations wo have made from some of the examination papers and before the next term commences the Blade expects to publish an essay from each that they may bo able to express themselves in their own wtiy upon the subject What the Blade would like to do is to make the tuition free to all readers of the Blade butt to do that a fund will lie necessary to carry it out The plan we here suggest is to publish tho examination questions each month in the columns of the Blade advise as to the proper textbooks allow all renders to participate in the benefits without cost have some competent capable person to pass upon their examination papers grade and make corrections where they are needed But that person must be paid for his services and this is where the fund will be required It must not ho a meager compensation but ono that will justify the time labor and attention necessary to make tho undertaking success Our selection is Thaddeus B Wakeman who was formerly President of IIlltlII Professor in the Liberal University at Silverton Oregon which is incorporated both under the laws of Oregon stud Missouri In out judgment there is no more capable and competent person in America for such a task and it will bo of vast benefit to the Liberal cause in America if his splendid services can be secured to it through such a method At this writing we have no purposely designed plan for securing Prof Wakeman nor have we consulted him upon till subject In our opinion the sun ofono thousand dollars ought to be raised in some way to keep him employ ed in the cause and our candid judgment is that such a Correspondence School as we have here suggested oilers tho best medium through which the Liberal men and women of America clue obtain the benefits of his vast experience and wide knowledge acquired through half a century of patient labor investigation landstudy Within tho next thirty days we would like to lieu from the friends of the Liberal cause concerning their particular views upon the merits or demerits of this plan If you undertake to write on this subject state any method you would like to suggest for the raising of the necessary money and whether or not some other person would he preferable for such u responsible position Also state whether or not in your opinion tho system of free tuition through the Blade columns would bo calculated to produce more beneficial results thus the present system of charging n tuition fee We are now thoroughly convinced that the School is practicable and can be made a benefit and u success Tile little experience we have already had leads us to such a con clusion While it has not had the support it might have had and ought to have had wo feel that once tile Liberals run grasp tho importance of such an undertaking theywill cheerfully stand by it Onehalf of the present school term is now past We wish to begin preparations for file next ensuing term For BLUE GRASS BLADE this reason we feel that a little discussion among our friends as to methods would ho both interesting and instructive hence we lay tho matter anew before our readers ill ample time to get ready for another opening in September next WHERE YOU CAN HELP If we can now sulhciently enthuse the frends of the Blade mid get them interested in its welfare its success and permanency is assured There are two things appearing in this issue to which we desire to call especial attention First tho premium list we offer for now subscribers to the Blade luring the year and second tho plan of patronizing those who advertise in our columns and making mention of the Blade when so doing Tho premium list ought to interest everybody The din ner sets we propose to give away are of tho host quality for tho price at which they retail while tho books offered have a value all their own Our lady friends desiring a new dinner set can get either of those offered for the mere labor of securing the requisite number of subscribers The premiums selected will be sent immediately after the proper number of subscribers have been sent in For further in formation wo refer to tho advertisement on another page Regarding our advertisements wo have but to suggest that which OeryLiheralIIUUl and woman knows that the average advertiser has persistently slimmed the Freothought papers but the Clinton Advertising Company rind tho dif ferent seed firms tow advertising with us namely IF W Buckbee and the Great Xortliern Seed Company have all mIHIu break for tho columns of tho Bhl lIllul it woidd be both a pleasure and a profit to us if you would patronize these firms when needing any of their wares and mention the fact that your patronage has been given to them because their advertisement has been given to the Blade Adver tising helps to pay the expense of publishing the paper and by following the plan we have suggested you are laying the foundations for a more successful publication of Free thought papers in America Once the advertiser can be convinced that advertisement placed by him in a Liberal paper has paid him well for his investment it will courage others to do as they aro doing and bring about an extension of such a patronage to other Liberal papers The Clinton Advertising Company should especially appeal to business men who wish to advertise their own busi ness at small cost Nearly everybody wants garden seeds flowers and vegetables Nearly everybody has to buyseine kind of seed or other We simply ask as a favor to us that you will try the firms advertising with us IMPORTANCE OF SCTEXTTFrO KNOWLEDGE One of the commonest arguments so frequently advanced by the advocates of systems of theology is that science is too weak to bo relied upon that it fails to satisfy the mind that is unstable and constantly changing hence un intelligent mindwill at once recognize Unit tho very objections thus raised by theology against science constitute its great strength It used to be the fashion for man to attempt an explanation of nature from a very in complete knowledge of man but that rule has been reversed for it is now the common usage of thinkers and investiga tors to use advancing science to explain man ili the basis ofII perfecting knowledge of nature Tho most mill it stay be said the only correct conception of all science is that which regards it as tho very highest stage of growing knowledgeIt matter of recorded history that no human pursuit ever made any material progress until science will scien tific methods were brought to bear upon it Xo depart ment of human activity presents such wide proofof this fact as that of agriculture Contrast tho conditions of agriculture fifty years ago with the conditions that prevail today Take into consideration the implements used the methods of fertilization tho vast and intricate knowledge that has retain to it Many human pursuits slumbered along for centuries unheard of and unknown but the moment they had been touched by the magic wand of science they awoke to almost sentient life and sprang for ward with such leaps aural bounds as to amaze and awe the beholder Of course god was there at least so say the believers but he slid nothing to relieve the situation and it renamed for science to open up the field which had been left to god and failure Our whole state of existence has been altered practically within a century by science We might say that even time face of tho globe has been changed t and wo owe it all to science and science alone Better still science has other and innumerable treasures in store for us itwo but call her to our aid It has heed said of some of Englands Kings that they novel did a wise thing or said one Prince Albert how ever must be taken from that category It may lo true that he has dono some things that ho ought not to have done and left undone some things that he might have lone but in corroboration of the position wo have hco taken we feel that no better authority could bo quoted in an address delivered by him at Birmingham he is quoted as giving tho following It is sometimes objected by the ignorant that science is uncertain and unchangeable and they point with a malicious kind of pleasure to the many exploded theories which have been superseded by others as a proof that the present knowledge may bo also unsound ltd after allnot worth having But theytire not aware that while they think to cast blame upon science they bestow in filet the highest praise upon her For that is precisely tho difference between science and prejudice that tho latter keeps stubbornly to its position whether disproved or not whilst the former is an unarrcstablo movement toward tho fountain of truth caring little for cherished authorities or- JiIIP t0 BLUE GRASS BLADE sentiments but continually progressing feeling no false shame at her shortcomings but on the contrary tho highest pleasure when freed from an error These are startling truths to come from the lips of the defender of the Protestant faith in England But what a strange truth was uttered in the description of the differ onCe between science and prejudice Could ho not have as well said theology as to uso the term prejudice All prej udice is not theology but all theology is prejudice But the contrast might be carried still further ifa study of the results that have followed science and the results that have followed theology be made All science is eminently prac deal Theology is a guess made in the dark BELIEF AND CITIZENSHIP One of the leading newspapers of California utters a Element protest against the proposed emigration of the oukhobors from Canada to the land ofsunshine and gold Tho protest is timely and for the sake of the good people jf the far West the Blade hopes it may prove effective But it is not the fact of tho protest upon which we desire to make comment rather iho motives that induced the protest 0 be made and the ground upon which the exclusion of this strange sect is sought In an editorial upon this subject the paper in question says Tho Doukhobors are no good to any community Their beliefs make it impossible for them to become good citizens and they are a constant trouble to tho authorities in any civilized country The objection may be a good one and the Blade candidly admits that it is but the principal fault seems to bo that if the Doukhobors are tq be excluded from the United States and from California in particular merely because of their religious beliefs which it is said renders it impossible for them to become good citizens could not the same objection bo raised against many other Christian sects at present domiciled in this country Are all the believers in all the innumerable Christian sects capable of being rood citizens Are not tho Doukhobors also Christians Do they not believe in a crucified savior for redemption from sin True they may have extremely peculiar notions about the manner and mode of their religious or devotional exercises but at that they could scarcely be worse than the now sect calling themselves Holy Rollers When a Christian seeks to force his religion upon his neighbor through the medium ofa policemans club is he really a good citizen If not ought ho to be suppressed Though different in their style of worship than tho mem hers of tho Salvation Army it is doubtful if they could become a greater nuisance or more objectionable pests Where tho Blade sympathizes with the California effort to keep tho Canadian sect out of their country is that tho proposedemigrants are not amenable to modern progress andreligiously refuse to ally themselves with modern methods Selfabnegation and selftorture seem to be their principal tenets and such a class isbyno means desirable But to exclude them on the ground that their religious beliefs prevent them from making good citizens of themselves would constitute a good ground for the deportation of many who are now in the country and with out whom the country would be far better off The sum of 100000 per annum is to bo spent by the Homan Catholic Church in America for proselyting among the negroes of the South Considering the naturally su perstitious minds of the negroes as a rage so large a swim ought not to bo needed but when we consider what n graft can lo worked by the church in the expenditure ofsuch a sum every year the promoters no doubt regard the undertaking as exceedingly promising When tome goes after things she goes good andstrong The Blades Editor has accepted engagements to lecture at Circlovillo and Uhrichsville Ohio to speak at a Paine celebration at Dennison Ohio and to engage in a joint debate with Rev Lcander S TCeyscr at Canal Dover Ohio About five more engagements could be taken care of during the first and secondweeks in February Address tIll dude for dates and subjects etc THE JIIOO EMERGENCY FUND Gratefully appreciating tho generosity of our friends for their contributions to this fund in the past we cheerfully look forward to a renewal of their favors During the past week two good donations to this fund have been made and we fondly anticipate that wo can still carry our list of indigent and poor Freethinkers The receipts fire A B Bennett 200 Queen City 500 Total 701 ETRUSOA INSCRIPTIONS DECIPHERED In a recent address delivered in California before a select audience of historians and scholars Prof Ilemple of the Leland Stanford University made the important announcement that he had discovered the key by which to decipher the Etruscan inscriptions which for so many years have practically defied the archaeologists This is quite an important item as by it tho vast historical treasures of ancient Italwill lo laid before tho eyes of the historical worldand it appears that there is small doubt but what these inscriptions once read will disprove innumerable claims of theologians The Blade is pleased to announce that Judge Parish B Ladd that eminent Freethinker and historian will discuss these inscriptions in our columns and furnish considerable data concerning tho people of ancient Etruria now a por tion of Italy thereby offering to our readers a richand rare intellectual treat It must be admitted that Judge Ladd is well qualified to deal with a subject of so vast importance and tho Blade d d n BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 deems itself especially fortunate in thus securing so im portant a work for publication These facts should offer additional inducements to out friends to secure a wider circulation for the Blade that these things may ho as widely diffused as possible for ii a general dissemination of such knowledge our effuse of opposing theology is made doubly strong When Lymnu Abbott urged that the church must fleet the needof the world if it expects to succeed in the twentieth century he admitted by implication and inference that hitherto the church had both failed and refused to meet the worlds needs a fact known to every thinking man and woman The church has never ministered tc human wants and needs but it has persistently demanded that humanity should furnish the needs and wants of the church on pain of eternal damnation in another world and itelfbut Humanitarian and then it will no longer be the church Perhaps Lyman Abbott overlooked this important fact Being asked to give a brief definition of Christianity it is reported that Lyman Abbott replied Character The definition may bo believed in by Lyman Abbott but millions will not accept it At best it could bo but an ideal thought and not a practical result Christianity has never considered character as worthy of toleration unless it was accompanied IIu blind belief and submissive faith For centuries the church has taught and the church still teaches and it is reasonable to suppose that the church will continue to teach that character amounts to naught in the sight It its deity unless belief is there A mint may have character but minus belief ho is sent to hell A man may have lots of belief toil absolutely no character and ho gets a harp std a pair of wings Now England is evidently getting weaned from Puritanism and is now able to take solid wisdom in chunks Read the following from Tho Register of Middlcbury Vermont It would bo mildly amusing were it not evidence of the existence of 22calibro souls to hear men of prominence going around bemoaning tho fact that Mr Taft attends this church or that and hoping that ho will mend his ways get beaten or join some church that will suit everybody if this lust were possible Luckily for this splendid nation of ours this feeling is not prevalent enough to do allY damage for few to have some kind and may bo a good thing a that their knuckles may not suffer of a bono to gnaw on Eightymillions of people in a country with tho possibilities possessed by tho United States have enough to think about distinctions as to without conjuring up any hairsplitting creeds A man starting out in this big scene of action entertaining such narrow notions will achieve about as much of a success as ho would in marching up San Tuan Hill 1 with rip Van Winkles gun t Rev M U Kneoland of Boston recently addressing an audience in Pittsburgvery frankly admitted that men and women as the world is todayWould rather listen to the strains of a vaudeville orchestra than tho tunes of a church pipeorgan and while the Rev is to be congratulated upon his courage in making so bold an announcement it is also gratifying to know that the church party now realizes that it is up against the real thing at last popular sen timent Members of a football team at Moutclare Penn in their exuberance over a recent victory committed few pranks and being taken before Magistrate ollthfulIjudic iitloffieergave the lads an alternative of church regularly for twentyfive Sundays or spending so many days in jail The boys took the church lose because of their dislike for jail but tho paper reporting and pub lishing the incident states that two of the boys thought that jail would ho preferable but decided on the church sentence Tt is evident those two boys have not an exalt ed opinion of god and his church Now friends seriously if you intent milking anynew year resolutions get away from the water wagon notion and other frivolities but resolve firmly enough that during 1909 you will secure at least one new subscriber to tho Blade them Having made such a reso and more if you can get lution mako another that you will keep it It is very evident that Socialist advocates have but little faith ill the pretensions of the orthodox clergy towards economic reform A writor in tho Wage Slave insists that if they bo admitted into their organizations they be put at the bottom of the class and put through a form of pro for this atti bation Only the preachers are responsible tude of distrust The Christians complain that Nero fiddled while Homo was ill buffoonery while consigning afire but Christian preachers indulge millions of human beings to tin eternal hell Nero was an amateur beside them tho limit ill the matter When the American church has gone of attraction they will then have to com oC sideshows as means pete with the variety dive for patronage 1 j 12 BLUE GRASS BLADEr PRIMITIVE MAN IS NOT MYTH Continued from Page brain Birds have been experimented with portions of their brain removed After which In some capacities they act as ration al as ever while In others their mind was absolutely Inoperative Man has accident ally injured portions ot the brain with sim ilar results In a mill there are different parts of chinery performing different functions Say the pumping apparatus becomes disabled pumping ceases while the rest of the chinery runs the same as ever What is the ghost of this machinery doing while tho visible portion Is inoperative What is the ghost of the Injured portion of mans brain doing while that part of the brain is Inop erative Is it just waiting for the day of says that If nature acts eternally the same under the same circumstan ces as I aver evolution cannot be true produces constant changes bright 12 yearold boy starts a snowball down a mountain which In Its journey keeps en larging by newlygathered snow My friend exclaims that nature must keep changing to enable the ball to change In size The boy replies No nature stays the same Its the ball that changes anl It changes too because nature remains tho same He says Nothing ever progressed or re trograded What does ho mean He denies evolution but judging from his writings I infer that he is an educated man Does he also deny cology Geology shows that man appeared on the earth but recently perhaps but 100000 to 250000 years The Blade Must Live CONN Answering your question in a recent Issue whether the Blade should live or die feel that for the salve the en lightenment humanity It must live As Freethinkers can afford to see the life work that noble nero Moore meet with an Ignominious death No by all means no You are certainly doing a grand work In tho cause humanity Your articles by Ladd Closz Howies and others should published pamphlet form for general circulation satisfied that you as editor the Blade are losing both time and money and as Freethinkers cannot expect our reward hereafter as the ago The lower animals appeared earlier tho lowest first and the higher later on grading right higher and higher with the ages while millions of now species have in some way appeared since the first More aim more Is It being proved by geology that they grade into each other dont suddenly jump into existence in other words the higher evolute from the lower Now I will ask him How did man get here If not by evolutionIf simply spring Into existence why has not he or any man history ever seen any so come We do zee evolution doing Its work today separating Individ uals Into varieties widening varieties apart in tho direction of making them different species Burbank of the Pacific Coast has made his name immortal bringing new vegetables lowers and fruits Into existence Evolution Is doing its work as long as variation continues Variation is great in tho human race that any individual can be distinguished from any other man en the whole earth I will ask him Did the Negro and the white man spring from a common ancestor Did the South African Bushman with his apelike features his short stature who dies old ago at or Did tho Japanese and Chinese Did the Englishman and the Dutchman come originally from tho same forefathers Did the ape and any these at one time have tho same father The fact that none but the very rudest implements along with thick human skulls with shallow and low foreheads and having long apelike tusks are found near tho glacial period proves that man has since been wonderfully Im proved upon The Annoes aboriginal hairy people Japan are not far from a separate triCbe Blades Correspondence ii N NON N OON NONONON NONONOOON N NON N N N N N NO of of we of of bo In am of we up In of 35 10 of of N N N N N ill preachers do Therefore would suggest a sustaining fund of ten dollars each from subscribers taking 500 per year This would bo a great deal less than pow rent Besides it would be for a cause that is ben eilttlng and uplifting humanity will be one of the fifty Now lot us hear from everybody Enclosed find check for 200 o Emergency undA BENNETT For a Bound Volume IOWAEnclosed find money order for 350 Put mo down for a bound voluin of tho Blade want It It seems am o the rest of tho poor mortals it Is hard for species from tho Japanese These two races are not much more akin than the horse and the donkey They will cross tis true but their offspring dlo off in a few generations leaving each raco distinct Some of the fossil remains of primitive man have been procured wherein he shows himself to be midway between the human and the ape See Haeckels Riddle of the Universe p 87 One has recently been discovered in Southwestern France and it is now In the Museum of Natural History at Paris M Perrlero read to the Academy of Science a paper on tho subject by Prof Marcelln Bottle Instructor in paleontology at the seum from which It would appear that tho skull Is of a form intermediary between that of the monkey and tho man Its skull and chin were nearer that of man than that of any monkey now living yet nearer that of the monkey than of any man now living The evidence gave In my last proves that the horse did evolute and since he did so also did every animal on the globe cluding man Prof Osborn of the Amer- Ican Museum writes me Wo are stantly discovering additional remains of the ancestors of the horse and the evidence that the horse Is descended from small five toed ancestors Is perfectly conclusive We do not contend that them is sufficient intelligence In the atom or nomad of Itself to finally produce man but that through the selecting or sifting process of nature telligence grows as Is proved by geology Now dear Brother how can there be sufficient Intelligence in Vacuity In Just NOTHING to do It Linevllle Iowa mo to raise tho money and get out of debt FETTERenews and Donate- sKENTUCKYEnclosed find check for 300 to pay for subscription to the Blade for ono year and balance to pay subscrip tion for some delinquent but worthy sub scriber II L PEAl Wants To Help Us WASHINGTON n CPlenso favor me with sample copies of your paper will take pleasure after reading to place them In the hands of progressive people Greater progress will bo mado In this century than In all past centuries The great mass of people are thinking Independently for them selves more than over before All advance Isms and cults tire accomplishing beneficial results Wo are In the beginning of the Millennium Ever yours for the best LEE CRANDALL r BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 Where We Missed It INDIANA Where you missed was In not dunning me a long time ago Enclosed find P Order for 200 150 to set my sub scription forward one year 25c for of Religion and the other quarter to pay postage Interest etc have no notion of letting my subscription go unpaid nor let ting the Blade stop on me Pact Is the Blade gains In favor with me all the time That It has greatly Improved In the last year or so no one can deny Let us keep steady In the boltever standing for a nobler higher and purer life as the best safeguards fo rthls life and If so be for eternity If wo could only get those propagators of re ligious superstition to come out squarely anti fight us fairly we would vanquish them quickly Thoy fight only on the style of the possum that Is when they nr backed Into their dens but the moment you pull them out Into the open they sull on you as If you were not worthy their steel But ah Is It true that you tire not worthy their steel No a thousand times no They only fear your steel And now I take this occasion to Invite them Into the open Come with your prayers If you like we have no dens to back Into no brass armor nothing but a well polished and a well poised lance And now Mr Editor wishing you and your family a happy life I am mos truly yours L R BROADWELL How To Help the Elide MICHIGAN see by tab on wrapper of Blade that my subscription has expired and hasten to renew Enclosed find 150 to apply on my subscription The best way to help tho Blade has been considered and do not quite like the noteway of Helen Phllhrlcks Small notes are of no account If tho maker does not fork over and might ho not an well fork over before the note Is Issued There ought to he from 200 to 500 Liberals who are subscribers to the Blade who can afford to plank down from to apiece to SAVE THE BLADE am a man who works for a living but as I neither drink alcohol or smoke am not a pauper and I will bo one of 100 or more to lend a helping laud for OUH side as our Liberal papers ought never to fall Dont all speak at once brethren anti sisters I will send ns coon as the hundred prom ise to do tho saute Such a thing as delin quent subscribers to a Freethought paper ought never to be All should bo ready to pay Of course there may bo exceptions but they are few It Is a shame that Liberal papers tire In such a condition As we to day are wholly Indebted to tho Frepthoughl pioneers of the past for tho little freedom wo have hero on this earth wo too should try every ono of ns to the utmost to leave a better heritage more liberty to future generations This earth can only bo re deemed from religious superstitions by work and endeavor I was reading today an editorial In the Detroit Times In which the editor bewailed the conditions today Ho advances the Idea that It Is better for parents to lie to their children about Santa Claus than to tell them the truth could not make out how he considered a lie was better than the truth unless ho was a faith ful follower of Christ and St Paul and then all Is plain Myths must be believed and taught to the dear little children or tlfat greatest of all myths Christianity will soon be dead Superstition is rampant to day and brethren we cannot afford to let the fearless Blade die Send In to the Blade each one what you cnn and will doP- n HALL QUERIES Editor Blade As God made spiders to prey on live flies and bugs and tigers anl lesser felines to live on men and smaller animals Is It any sin to feed live flips find bugs to spiders or live men and animals to tigers and lesser felines Is not GuJ pleased with such acts The terrible ef forts of the victims to cscanu must be na pleasing to his sight as the burnt sacri fice to his olfactories and merciless ns this condition appears to us there can be no sin as It Is In part a furtherance of hi plans his designs when he created this world as shown by the present records hope some of the Godbelieving people will answer the questions above for my benefit as can see no love justice or mercy In the whole scheme except the little that hero and there appears In the mans hears Ho appears n better being then his creatorw v n HALL Another for the Fund It Is with sad regret that I am compelled to say I cannot possibly renew my subscription to the Blade but I do not want something for nothing nor bo Indebt ed for my Intellectual sustenance On the other hand our Freethought publishers with probably no exception are struggling lies pomtoly to keep their publications afloat scarcely getting n decent living for their self acrlflclng toll hence tire In no cir cumstances to furnish free subscriptions however much they may desire to do so The cause of my own Inability to renew Is chronic Illhealth extending over a period of 30 years In which time have never been free from sickness among other members of mv family until the death of my dear wife three years since My own health has continued poor and falling until I nm unable to rani mv own living beg your forgive ness for thug thrusting upon you ono more hardluck story upon the g ound that It la the only excuse that I can truthfully offer as a cause for nonrenewal In support of mv assertion I refer you to mv good friends Singleton Davis editor Humanitarian Re view Franklin H Heald and J D Shaw all of whom have known me from 10 to 25 years wish tc arrest your attention with personalities but a moment more and ask If you remember of meeting me In Chicago In October 1S91 was then on my way to my present home In Califor nia was Introduced to you by E A Ste vens Prof Bell was also with usDeII of Bennett Tiltons Cupids Yoke fame I sat In the audience of one or more of your lectures there Now a little along business ties I think my subscription to the Blade expired about the beginning of this month and the first number of the Blade In lieu of Higher Science was received In June As I have been visiting among relatives here all sum mer I have In moving about lost some of the Blades by loaning them to others to read and would like to keep the file for reference rereading and to loan to my frlneds at honr But most of all I want to preserve Judge Ladds articles Striking a Balance sure of which are In my miss Ing numbers he numbers of the BladeYmissing cut of my copies since June 28 are Nos 10 13 17 29 and 30 Those of the Ladd papers missing Pre the ones between and 20 also between Nos and What will 1he seven copies 28jing cost What will the numbers cost taining the Ladd articles missing Please let me know soon as I expect to go to my homo as per card Inclosed soon Yours for M L Grateful Beneftahrv TEXASYour klndnes to extend my Blade to October of this year I surely ap preciate and thank you for It Now that I am behind again I hate to receive your groat little paper without paying for It so I shall have to let It go for awhile but hope It will not be long before I can remit If any laborer ought to have his reward you certainly should The Blade has opened my eyes my mind and It Is remarkable how misled humanity Is generally by religion How hard itsis to get a subscription for the Blade Wolltodo men read It and admit Its truths hut would not subscribet For a Bound Volume WEST VIRGINIA You will please put me down for ono copy of the hound Volume of tho Blado and I will pay for same when ready to sl1lpO P MATSON How It Struck Him IOWA Some ono suggested that readers of tho Wilde Instead of 150 That strikes me ns the best way to stand by a friend Its worth It Enclosed find order for Just mark me up paid for ono year and when that tlmo Is up Ill come again OEO BREWER f IWJltI BLUE GRASS BLADE Naumann Orchestra D NAUMAN Violin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Cornet or Clarinet Other instruments added if desired Over 500 pieces of the latest music suit able for any program always on hand 128lhIIOWA 1 l u- ante lull AJrrv THE ABC of Religion A COLLECTION OF POEMS rom a TypeWritten Family Bible Without Policy or Piety But Full of Common Sense By JOSEPH HAIGH Chebanse Illinois 25 CENTS Address the Author or Blue Grass Blade FREETHOUGHT FUNERALS IN THE HOUR OF GREAT NEED Following Is a list of the names and ad dresses of Liberal speakers who are pre pared to conduct funeral services over the remains of deceased Freethinkers On account of probable delay It would be advisable to call them by telegram KyDrStreet Cincinnati Ohio Parker H Scrcombe Editor Tomorrow 139 East Street Chicago Illinois KyMarlonA J Clausen St Ansgar Iowa J C Hannon 3575 Wallace St- Phlladephla Pa Stanberry Alderman McCunnellsvllle H H Lane 292 N Front St New Haven Conn HOLIDAY RATES via QUEEN CRESCENT ROUTE Tickets on sale December J8 19 23 25 30 and January limit January 1909 Ask agents for particulars W C Agent r The Peoples Press Fearless In its advocacy of Kreethought Published weeklyat Blue Island Ave Chicago J Lenau Publiihei Official paper of the Materialist ueiitlur In Canada or Foreign Countries Sioo a Yeaj Subscription Cents a Year Silk Dresses Given Away- An opportunity of a life time for women who love good clothes High School girls can obtain their grad uation dresses without cost working girls and married women may secure fine fall or summer drctFs Large list of patterns to select from Dona fide offer no fraud no grafting or disagreeable duties to perform For full particulars send name address and a twocent postage stamp to 247 Hennepin Ave MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA ED SHEAGREEN Marriage and Divorce by OSEPH1NE HENRY VERSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies ot this uptoda pamphlet are now in circulation In M United States and England It treats It forcible style of the most important pub lem before the American people It shuald be read by both married and single by al men and women who desire domeatf promptly filled by the authtr Copy 25 Cents Copies One Do FOR THINKERS WHO HI- NYSENDSBuckbees Full Northern Seeds have a reputation years auccessful6ed growing behind It pays the BushelRefufStringless Wanlwells Imp Wax White Curries Rust Wax 450 liusli- elPtJAS BushelNewlorsords Market Huckbces Lightning Express Jjoo Lettuce Tomato and of pricesSendyour requirements and quote MoneyWriteH W BUCKBEE 4 Give Em Fits Thats what THE SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great rod Ical novel dots to the forces of bigotry and superstition And the see ular press of the country goaded by the church element Is throwing over It too No other novel of this decade been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodnx critics whist sufficient proof that Is all right It hns ated tcnsatlon con crvntlve circles and aused consternatlor among the clergy It U enthualastlcall endorsed by leading Frcelthlnkera through out the world You how lluit can write and this bool he at ills best It an elegant volume nt to ornament the finest library contnlnlnf pages printed on heavy eggshell paper nnd hound In oxblood cloth Price 150 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Fine Farm for Sale SPLENDID CHANCE TO OWN PAYIN SOIL IN BUCKEYE STATE Do you want a 218 acre farm Do you want it In Athens County Ohio Do you want the best of soil Twostory double barn almost new Also sixroom farm house good condition Abundance of best water throughout farm Two wells one cistern good outbulldlngs Entire farm under cultivation Small woodland beautiful pasturage apples and peaches In center of coal field Two shafts mile east another going down shafts miles north and northwest more going down Cnal feet to feet never less than feet Onequarter null to pike new miles to county sent Athens 8000 Inhabitants Junction K M n 0 and H V R R in Hocking Valley Heirs are going to sell at onct Bring check book you cant keep from Ing Sell as low as 50 per acre Athens O H S LARCH M D The Wage Slave SoclnllM Weekly that advocates Indus trIal tnlonlnn Revolutionary to the cure EDITED FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports the existing social order Send for sample copy Address The Wage Slave Box Hancock Ditch BTIHTUM clot L BLUE GRASS BLA it 1ti Be Sure and Subscribe for Secular Thought Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti clam In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms per annum in advance single copies cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 18514 Queen St West Toronto Can All Duslness communications orders for looks printing etc should be addressed ELLIs Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can DIAMONDS Order of me and save money deal with the best cutters and largest Importers direct have forty years experience am an accurate Judge and analyst of these beautiful gems and diagnose them in all their most delicate and intrinsic characters I now do not carry stock but buy the goods for cash as receive the orders thus obtaining best discounts This saves In terest on capital Invested rents salaries and the large per cent of loss incidental lo and unavoidable by all dealers who carry stock The small cumnilsslon will charge you for my time facilities and judgment will be trilling in comparison to the savings between the prices your retail jeweler MUST charge you and mine Send me a trial order Upon receipt of goods compare with otners and If not satisfactory return sand get your money Diamonds remount ed in latest artistic designs at lowest prices Full value allowed for old Jewelry Send for cut prices of Watches Dla monds Jewelry Silver Plated or Optical goods Free Thought and other Badges Ingersoll spoons and my famous tract Theism In Tho Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN- La Grange Cook Co 0J gfg ffD5Rliattie i t t Pleaso Il jfj Fcrylnrdenersmlrl fI entrownBelt UCIRU C7FCR FOR 10 CENTS postpaid our FAMOUS COLLECTION rl lrl Id trr l1nllerlon It ftoeWriteIa Ctt f1Nw1llhIc Srii tOil st 1t1icku41 Infants TOMORROW MAGAZINE FOR PEOPLE WHO THINK TOMORROW does not draw its inspira lion from Tradition Mysticism Super stition or Custom It is A Journal of Rationalism Dealing with the questions of Life from the impersonal standpoint and accepting the phenomenaTOMORROW partisan not for those who arn wedded to some pot belief or ismnot for those who are governed by fear of God or of Public Opinion- TOMORROW is for Free Soulsfor Men and Women who are not Afraid to Think in Harmony with Natures Laws Send 15 cents for Three Months Trial Subscription and our Special Book Offer lOt the Copy 100 life Year TOMORROW PUBLISHING CO 139 E 50th St CHICAGO ILL The Woman and The Prospector Is the title of a romance every woman anti mild should rend It should he in the hands of all who nro opposed to superstition and graft as it is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and tho ad ministration of drugs to human beings at the same time points out the only method for the euro of the consumptive The book let is really free but the cost of advertising told postage we figure at 10 cents so if you wish a copy send us 10 cents and wo will send it to you A M PARKER 415 Crocker St Los Angeles Calif SEND 10c FOR SAMPLE OF Healds Religious Stickers The same being short quotations from Our Dear Heavenly Father Our Bless ed Savior Haalams Ass Mary Christ Our Friend the Devil and other personages of sacred memory These are suitable for sticking on church doors and other objects where they will do the most good in spreading the glad tld tags of great joy Until April 1909 address FRANKLIN HEALD Clrcleville Ohic Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important Pigs Potatoes and Pups Dc you believe that we grownups and even the Children should know as much about ourfchcs its we know abou Fl hei Ilowir an FiogsV Do yon believe In Better Fiogeny a More Elevated Rare anywavl If so fnd J25 for a years subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South fair St Los Angeles California U S Samples ten cents Trial three month with pamphlet Institutional Marriage cents stamps The Holy BibleIn Nutshell Now Booklet showing up the contradlc lions and fallacies of the Christian bibleIJustt he thing to pass around your religious friends to jarr their talthIand destroy their godwebs Ready Order Now Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 15 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 172S Ellis Street San Francisco Gal SEEDS SPECIAL OFFER to Maine trial our Prize CollectionIldtklrvarietlessLet TarI ute UrsitoaUiILtNTE1LUbTOSlLESetnaU Write today Mention this Paper SEND 10 CENTSthis valuable biglaatruelteeal JJed BEENeo 1 t 16 BLADEMERITORIOUS Advertising Attracts Business The right kind of goods and prices to suit mean success but you must let the people know what you have r ze Clinton Advertising Go ncorporatedsLouisville Ky Lexington Ky Art Calendars Leather Goods f Aluminum Wares Buttons Rulers In fact everything that will tell the people where you are and the kind of business you are engaged in rli Special Designs for Freethinkers if Desired- Does V your business pay Do you wish it to pay better Then dont hide it Write us for information 1 Its