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Digital page images are linked to the text file. r BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVII Number 39 LEXINGTON KYM JANUARY 17 iyoq Published Weekly THOUGHTI IIII 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE GEORGE JACOB HOLYOAKE What greater honor or distinction could bu conferred upon any man or associated with his memory than to accorded such an honorable title with such Great glory The Father of Secularism Xot that the physical truths inculcated by secular philosophy were first discovered by him but that in his effort to rid humanity of ono of its greatest plaguespots he under took to apply the universal law of life and living to man as to fillelse in his relation to the world England is able to boast a brilliant array of mental limits who haVe fearlessly fought against tho machinations of orthodoxy and among them none greater or grander than George Jacob Holyoake For generations his name was a household word among English Freethinkers While quite a young man and just beginning the investigation which ledIts into Frcethonght truth tho Blades Editor learned of and ultimately came to know this great leader of Secularism and to know him was to love him Kindly and benevolent charitable and merciful ho detested shams and hypocrisy and his heart and mind were ever an optE hook whereon the world could read exactly what ho thought Tic won for himself an enviable distinction ofIt leader in Rationalistic thought the promulgator tff Secularism and drew to himself tho hatred and antagonism of the church ITc taught that morality was natural and had no connection with tho supposed supernatural He knew no godno heaven no sell These hideous phantasies ho swept aside with n whirlwind of thought and argument Ho recognized no church no bible no priest as arbiters of human thought am1 action Me taught that the good of tbirlife was tt ihtfu object of primary pursuit and that honest con elusion was without guilt of sin George Jacob Uolyoake was born at Birmingham the homo of iron and steel in the year 1817 He diodit few short years ago at an advanced age For thirteen years he worked sold labored in an iron foundry with his father in the citof his birth This brief experience opened to his wondering and inquiring mind the petty tyranny of the employers of labor and the seeming apathy and utter loll lessness of tho laborer It is said of him that this played an important part in the shaping find mould of his bril liant career which followed lTpon reaching manhoods estate ho openly abandoned the religious or orthodox views derived from tho atmosphere in which ho had lived and adopting the views then being actively promulgated by Rob ert Owen the great cooperative find social reformer young Holyoako became an energetic worker in the cause of Secularism and industrial reform Assuming a distinguished prominence in this advocacy and attracting considerable public attention he drew toward himself tho malicious opposition and persecution of the church He was charged with being an Atheist then con r sidered a crime in England and upon being tried upon that charge at Gloucester ho was convicted and given a jail sentence of six months which he served out Imprisoned for opinions sake But his martyrdom accomplished much for humanity His frank and fearless nature his straight forward conduct gave a stimulus to thousands ofothers mId from that day Secularism in England began to grow and spread with startling rapidity Being liberated after serving his sentence he went to London again whither he had bent laboring for tho cause he hind espoused and resumed his publication of The Reasoner from a house in Fleet Street then well known as a rendezvous for advanced thinkers and liberal pgjitical workers As editor of The Reasoner ho labored find struggled to promote human free dom and taught a respectful toleration of all opinions Secularism now began to bo known in England Many other thinkers hind been attracted to the cause Thoc openly espoused tho same cause and now came Charles Brad laugh W Stewart Ross Charles Watts Annie Bcsant T Robertson and G W Foote tho latter now being the leader of tho movement in England During Holyoakos active career ho became the porsonal friend of Faraini and Garibaldi the Italian patriots Holyoako gave his support and encouragement to the Italian struggle for liberty in which tho distinguished patriots named were tho leaders and extended helping hand to the oppressed of Hungary Having learned from Robert Owen that men are what they aro byvirtno of their surroundings and that tho improve ment of these is the only possible means of elevating the dividual it was but natural that Holyoako should believe that industrial emancipation and industrial cooperation were necessary to tho full and complete education of the- raceand therefore it was but logical as the advocate of Secularism and Utilitarianism that Holyoako should do vote his lifos labor to the welfare of tho working people for he saw as every true reformer must that in their happi ness and improvement lies tho true glory of the race and the certainty of tho worlds progress In giving this brief sketch of such a noble character we cannot do letter than to close it by reproducing a brief trib ute pail to this great man by tho Into Col Robert G Ingersoll Ho said There Is not In this world a nobler braver innn In England lie has done as much for the great cause of Intellectual liberty as any other man of this generation Ho has done as much for the poor for the children of toll for the homeless and wretched as any other living man Ho has attacked all abuses all tyranny and all forms of hypocrisy Ills weapons have been reason logic facts kindness and above all example Ho has lived his creed Ito has won the admiration and respect of his bitterest antago nists Ho leas tho simplicity of childhood tho enthusiasm of youth and wisdom of age IIo does not attack men and women but dogmas and creeds Ho knows that there are wrongs besides those born of superstition that people are not necessarily happy because they have renounced the thirtynine articles and that tho priest Is not tho only enemy of mankind BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 Fred the Banks of the Classic Euphrates I INTELLECTUAL FLOWERS CULLED FROM ANCIENT LANDS EVIDENCES OF THE ECLECTICISM OF CHRISTIANITY FOUND IN THE BIRTH OF HEBREW MYTHOLOGY By Judge Parish Lndil In that long time ago on the fertile banks of the Euphrates the land which gave birth to Hebrew mythology Nature continues tq sleepingon Its placid banks and listen to the huh tiling waters as they dash from moun tain tops of Bactrla to proclaim the birth of the sage of Iran When one tires of reading tho history of tho bloody strifes and persecutions of Chris tianity It is a relief to turn to the pacific sinceiof humanity as they glisten from the pro cepts of Zoroaster a Who was this philosophical reformer and what land gave him birth In following the obscure lines of archaeological history wo find It easier to ask than to answer these questions but tho reader Is entitled I to tho best answer history can give Zoroaster or Zarathuster as rendered in Greek was born at tho east of Iran in Bac tria Plato says lie was the founder of the doctrine of tho Magi and a son of Aroma zes According to Poinpoius he was King of Bactrla and founder of tlim Maglan art A few details of Ills life are given Pliny says ho laughed on the day of his birth and for thirty years heM sacred commune with a single deity In the wilderness The name of Zoroaster will live and slow ly glide down the grooves of time as tho noblest humanitarian that ever adorned the pages of religious history We should know Just when this man first cast tits glowing light on tho horizon of a benighted world but tho decrees of a blind fate have been lost in tho jungle of past ages That ho lived not later than ISflf years before our t common era all agree but iiist when or where ho was born no ono seems to know A few writers assert that he was a myth 1whllo the weight of opinion and later re search maintain that he was a real man and the field of his labors was In Baptrla on tho eastern confines of Iran which ed Chaldea on the southeast Numerous books claimed to lie tho wri tings of this man have come down to our tlmo hut tho mutters presented In them are co heterogeneous as to give color to tho statement that some If not all of them wore written by others long after the death of the prophet whllo some maintain that ho left no writings but the sincere and earnest spirit manifested In some writings ascribed to him Is too full of genuine sym pathy fcr his people to be the work of others That Zoroaster belonged to the desert and like Mohammed was in love with the camel and the trackless wastes seems quite certain for It was in this pacity as a traveler from India to the Euphrates that he Inhaled the Inspiration which gave vent to his hymns as portrayed In his Gaths Ills life went out not In search of new gods or a now religion but to engraft on the old wornout system a better life This wornout religion was rt luxturo of Chaldean and Hindu mythology which had lost sight of the great solar god for the worship of sticks and stones pantheism now com ing in fashion with the more scholarly does It seem that Zoroasters sole object was of a spiritual nature for he loved the wild and romantic life of the desert wastes as well as the more picturesque mountain scenes of the herdsman in his pastoral solitude The love of nature In her primitive simplicity won the affections of this roaming dreamer Plutarch says of Zoroaster He held commune with a single god In all the wide world around him while Chrysostom says Neither Homer nor Heslod sang of char- Iot and horse or Zeus like Zoroaster As to tho time of Zoroaster Hlrlmlppus assigns the life of this great man to a per iod 5000 years before the Trojan War while Xanthus and Aristotle place him 0000 years before Xerxes That Zoroaster taught the Maglan religion the worship of the sun as the source of all life In all Its purity there can be no doubt It his biog raphy is reliable As before said whether Zoroaster left any writings or whether all tho writings ascribed to him were the work of others after his death cannot be determined with certainty that of tho numerous writings that purport to come from him It Is certain that they were written nt times wide apart most of them long after his death and that they camp from Hindu sources From these writings a few facts may bo gleaned from 1IfI among the romances and legends that sur round him In the Avesta and the Yast we are told that all nature rejoiced at the birth of Zoroaster It was no little star of the East that followed and watched over his cradle for the wjiole heavens and the earth smiled on his infantile face While a mere boy his wisdom In debate overshadowed the officers of the Kings court A little later he gives battle to and slays the demons he passes through a mountain of fire unharmed he turns tits back on the devil who offers him the king doms of the earth to renounce his mission It Is not until he reaches the age of thirty years that the gods permit him to enter on his divine mission just as later was given to Christ When this time came he went out Into the world preaching and perform ing miracles as did Christ later on Fin ally he notifies his hearers as did Christ to prepare for the end of the world which was to conic In his time when a new heaven and earth were to replace the old at which time judgment would be meted out to cacti according to deserts The Chris than story of this affair as applied to Christ Is an almost an exact copy The Christian plagiarist was a fine copyist The latter Avesta makes Zoroaster the messenger of the only revealed religion of tho god Or muzd same as our new testament makes Christ the messenger of the only revealed religion of the god Jehovah- In the ShaNana It Is said Zoroaster was crucified at Balkh All one and the same story We know the early Christians were familiar with these stories concerning Zoroaster as well as the legends of Buddha and the Hindu Chrlshna for all these things were household sayings In Rome at the time of the writing of our gospels These stories told of Christ In our gospels are not only the same as those told by Zoroaster but substantially tho same as those told by Buddha Apollonlus of Tyana of Romu Ins of Cyrus of the Emperor Augustus and numerous other pagan heroes In tho Avesta good and evil seem a little mixed where tho good spirits were at one time called daovas which In Peslan renders div The Hindus and the old Itallanos make diva from tho same rootthe spirit of dnrknessthus making the div or dacvas represent both good and evil Piiit It Is said good and evil were only different at tributes of the one god Ormuzd This Is equally true when applied to all the rcpt r u 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE religions of the world past and present In time with them all these attributes seeming Inconsistent with one and the same god were separated when a persona devil was made to represent the evil at tribute This separation rave to the religious world a god of only good attributes and a devil with only the bad ones That of course put these two beings in hostile attire since which they have Len batting the possession of souls In the end the IIfor is to overcome the evil when all will merged in one good or god who will be all in all While this Is the Christian theory today It is none other han the old pagan plan The RigVeda calls the dens primus Acura when in later writings the corresponding word Is used to represent the sun the supreme god It Is AauraMiiln Tli word Mazda like the coriMHiumdlng word Christ was with the ZoTijscrlniH as with tlo early Christians used us an aJJectlv Hgnifying good o plot Titus Asura once represented the nlxitir attributes down the lower cf the samo divinity n these attributes arose the lgenl of tho rebellion cf the dfl who was cist out of heaven and thus became the fallin angel the Beelzebub or devil of the bible Thus it will be seen that out of the two attributes good and evil of the Maglan re 1glon arose our biblical god and devil Therefore say the authorities Ormuzd conjoined with himself represents a plural ity of genii perfonlficatlon of ethical ideas all that Is good The son of Ormuzd Is represented as a personality attached to his father and lllto Christ represents his father heaven When tho two spirits Azura and Deva come In collision they an made to represent the conflict of good and evilday and nlgnt at war The world divides itself into that which is uras and that which Is Arlmans or as wo have these attributes personified In our Bible those who are the children of trod and those who tire the children of tine devil In both the Zoroastrian and Chrlstnan systems the war Is carried on between tho gods and devils for tho possoislcn of souls Tho revelations given by Ormuzd to Zoroaster declare that Ormuzd created man a free agent to choose between good and evil or In tho language of the Yasna Since thou 0 Mazda did create man as tho gods leaving him free to choose good or evil to lie or speak the truth to obey thy word knowing good from evil Armalti watches thy doings By a true confession of faith by good deeds keeping free his body and soul he defeats the powers of Sa tan strengthens goodness and thereby es tablishes his claim on Ormuz for reward Christianity differs from Maglanlsm only In requiring faith instead of good works ns a passport to the realms of bliss According to the Oaths Zoroaster was commanded to go forth and proclaim his doctrine to all the world In which he declared that the end of all things would be In his time When we read the biography of this great teacher we can but think how closely the biblical story of Christ follows In the wake of the legends ascribed to the prophet of how loath Christians are to see or concede that which Is so apparently true Ours is the only true religion all others are false say our clerics even though ours was borrowed in all its parts from the false ones Such Is the logic of our priest few words as to the borrowing of Christianity from paganism and this article must close will be remembered that In primitive Christianity the sect was divided Into three parts The East with Its renter at An tloch the South with Its center at Alexan dria the West with Its center at Rome Each was presided over by Its own Bishops At that time an extensive caravan trade was carried on between India Persia Asia Minor and Alexandria In this way and throueh tho Roman armies tho numerous people were In almost daily communication Tlollelon with the Common people is their all It forms the creator part of their versation The people of Asia have nt times been von religions fact the East Acin was the cradle of nearly nil tile front TPlcrlnus Kvstoms It Is true that the Norsemen were not without a Rvstom of their own This tnlnnllncr of till peoples of Asia Northern Africa and the Roman prov inces In general neeepsnrllv made the early Christians fimlnr with lnnsrn and the doctrines of 7oron tor which nn aforesaid were a mlvlntr or blemllncr of nil the cults onst of Rvrln Ineludln1 the IP trends of Puddhn and Tndn Such woro the rollrrtnus rnrmq of the Fnt While nt the Wo t the old Creek nhll which erected Plotoyilcm was the fniiTiflnMon nf tike Non P1topfo ovqtom which sonic four Himlro1 vonpa lntn bnlnrr modified Ptillo of Alornmlrln rmvo nor thorn Africa the rrrrmo of ave tm differ inn from the cults of Acln Ruth nil these rHvorrPnt roltcfons Porioonfo fliliv mn nrof1 the early Christians found tvolldpflnort cvofom of rn1loi9 enntlmotit ready mod for thorn All tiny had to rto was to sift from them nil and coloot otioh nq Rntfort them NooPlntonRTn while purely nile rorlpnl was In nil Ifq nasontnl fonfuroq nt riiraflnp fv In the proved to Nor Old MooPlntonlcm differ hilt hH from the Vnotorn onlfei The atoned of nit thoqn rpllflpiio oq prno bark no foiinrtntlnn other then nHo orv nil Tnvtns- TToro wn reach the nont oo to flirt her rowlnrr The cinema of NooPlitonlsm anti r Maglanlsm as before said were familiar household things they constituted a mass of floating concepts allegories legends and fairy tales which were Inhaled by the religious elements of the Roman Empire Every one had his mouth filled with them which were readily adopted and applied to budding Christianity where they produced the first Christian fruit e Christianity as a new tree commenced to produce pagan fruit It followed the law of the bud not the sap of the roots it was Christianity on pagan roots So far this existed only in oral word of mouth In time this oral tra dition not however until some time in the second century found scribes who com menced to reduce It to writing These writ ings and even the oral traditions become known as gospelsglad tidings The oral tradition of course not being traceable to any reliable source when reduced to writing was not In a condition to be ascribed to any one so till these written gospels ap peared without time place or name at of these numerous writings finally found their way Into the repositories of Antioch Alexandria and Rome where they became known as Records of the East South and West These are tho gospels so often referred to by some of tho Church Fathers and late writers as having their origin In the apostolic age The moro cau tious of these writers only say they had their roots In that ago meaning oral tradi tion Let It here be said If any such tra dition existed It has never come down to our time The socalled gospel writings which came out of these repositories cannot be traced back of the middle of the second century for not a scrap of Christian writ- Ing earlier than the middle of the second century has come down to our time Tho terrible struggle of tho clergy to trace our four gospels hack to the apostolic age Is to give credit to them Otherwise they aro nonhistorical no evidence of the things therein recited And this Is tho view taken of them by the Higher Criticism where nil aro pronounced spurious It was out of these dateless nameless and timeless writings that our Now Testa ment was made Who made It Is the next question As nave heretofore In other articles gone quite fully Into this matter I shall only touch on It here In order to ston the raging ronfllp and bloodshed between the warring Christian factions Constantine tho pagan Emperor called for a Council of Bishops to settle the disputes This call was responded to with alacrity From every port of Christendom tho Bishops and presbyters flocked to NIcea a few from the West more from Africa the larger number from Asia Minorall loaded down with those socalled gospels These BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 men were mostly monks who had spent their lives as recluses among the rocks mountains and deserts living like wild beasts a very few could read or write but all were devotees of piety They met at Nlcea May 20th and adjourned August 25 325 when and where the different factions attempted to force on the convention Its own gospels Quarrels criminations and IncrImInations ending In physical combats ensued Of this body 318 were In constant attendance the others coming and going No agreement could be reached A motion signwas Cause of Social Evil and the Remedy WITH INCREASING KNOWLEDGE OF MANS CONCEPTION OF MOR ALITY IMPROVED AND HIS BECAME MORE RATIONAL Preliminary to the Publication of a New Book on Evolution Uy Dr A HausnmnJ The ills and ovlis to which mankind Is subject are of a twofold character they are either natural or human The former comprises all the effects of the natural or dynamic forces of our planet of which man forms a part Man is helpless against the laws of nature ho can neither control nor change them he can only learn to understand and employ them in a manner conducive to his welfare The latter or human causes consist actions detrimental to our welfare ana arise from ignorance of the natural laws and misinterpretation of the phenomena caused by them They are amenable to correction by replacing the wrong belief front which they spring by true and rational ideas Tile erroneous conception of mans place in nature hm relations to his fellow creatures is generally known under the name of religion Jt assumes a human tellect to be the ultimate power in the In Unite universe and the object of life to comply with certain obligations toward this unknown Imaginary being Instead of fol lowing our natural inclination to enjoy It History shows how man committed the most incredible nets of brutality and In sanity under tho Impulse of misconceived ideas in direct contradiction to tho avowed principles of his religion And it further shows that with increasing knowledge of nature mans conception of morality Im proved and his actions became moro ration al and less cruel This change In mans psychology tho moral consciousness from which all action springs Is known as prog In order that God might select out of the great mass of gospels the true ones place them on the communion table and cast tao others under It When the Council again met a few of the many gospels mostly from the Eastern repository were found on the table all others under It By this trick the Eastern faction succeeded In securing tile most of Its gospels whim as boforesald camo from Maglan sources This accounts for the close resemblance between the Per NATURE ACTIONS ress and consists in better knowledge of cause and effect The Materialist Association has for Its object tho propagation of this movement which In its widest sent a embraces all tile questions of humanity and is known as Monistic Philosopuy with Prof Haeck el as principal exponent and leader Its fundamental principle is that a man is not a divine superior being but creature of nature the same as tho rest of the animals Scarcely half a century has elapsed since tho new gospel of nature wus first intro duced by Darwin but It has been almost universally accepted by science Among the people however its progress has not been quite so rapid which is mainly due to tho immense scope of tho theory embracing complex and dilllcult subjects hard to understand without a certain knowledge of natural science Without a proper com prehension of tho principles tho theory of evolution Is apt to bo misleading and to be rejected on account of apparent disagree ment between tho conclusoiH drawn from it and tho actual facts Especially is this tho case when the attempt is made to apply the theory to our social conditions nod no practical results can is expected before Us true significance is not understood by a number of people largo enough to effect some changes In order to spread tho materialistic or natural doctrine the press Is tho most efficient moans because tho print ed word can bo carried further than the spoken and bo made accessible to a greater number of persons The materialistic or liberal party at tho present time has no work which treats tho entire question of humanity on tho basis of tho theory of evolution and could serve as a book of reference similar as the bible docs for tho believers In religion This stories told of or by Zoroaster and the fables ascribed to Christ In our present God having made the selection was thought by many of tile Councilmen to a trick A vote was taken in which bribery was charged resulting In a small majority confirming this act of God and thereby giving to Christendom our Now Testament canon less sonic changes made by the Council of Trent In 1545 and a few by the Protestants still later want was especially noticeable at tho Free thought Convention in at Louis in where among the literature exhibited there was not a single work on the application of tine theory of evolution in its last conse quences upon our social conditions The observation of this fact induced the writer a disciple of Haeckel to revise a book he had written and prepare It for prnt being convinced that it would serve a useful purpose Being desirous to have tho opinion of an acknowledged authority on tho suoject ho sent the manuscript to Prof Haeckel for critical examination anti received tho following satisfactory reply Zoological Institute of the University of JenaJENA May 1905 Dear Doctor Owing to urgent work found time only in the last few weeks to peruse the volum- Inous manuscript sent by you on Jan find your representation of the theory of evolution very good and clear especially the discussions on religion Christianity ethics right etc excellent Many single passages are meritorious elaboration of views which I have briefly touched only in my last two books Hlddle of theIWorld and Wonders of Life In theIInterest of our good cause he Truth can only wish that your work may j print cd and distributed in wide circles Since you have expressed the kind intention tn dedicate tho work to me accept this honorable dedication with hearty tluiiiUs With sincere wishes that your efforts In behalf of tho promulgation it the Monistic Millosophy muy ic crowned with that success I remain Your oil teacher ERNST MYI3UKHI This favorable comment offers a guaranty that tho subject has been treated In asci entific manner and need not fear criticism Considering tho publication of a book Continued ou Page 12 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE Vigorous Comment on Colorado Prison Report Terrible Indictment Against the Teachers and Preachers of Christianity who Foster Present Evils for Profit By Fred Ford In its issue of December 14th the Denver Post publishes sonio startling figures taken from the report of Warden Cleghorn of the State Penitentiary While the report fairy bristles with interesting facts and figures It would be more complete if the politics as well as the religion of the prisoners were given Of the latter it says that out of the Inmates of that instltulon there are Of Jews or per cent Of Protestants or per cent Of Catholics 216 or per cent Of Buddhist Of No Hellglon or per cent Of Not Mentioned or per cent 100 These figures are a true reflection of the economic conditions which our socalled Christian churches uphold arid a terrible indictment against the teachers and preach ers of that religion Think of It Out of prisoners there are 5S4 Christians or over 95 per cent of the whole washed in the blood of the lamb all the blind devotees of some spiritual juggler their guilty sins all shifted upon the innocent shoulders of a dead God and confirmed by the teachings of a dead preacher in a dead church Five hundred and eightyfour believers in the reversal of the moral laws of the universe in an easy road to an unearned happiness in the absurdities of u designing priesthood In the pagan rites and heathen ceremonials that have come down to us as tile hideous relics of an ago of torture and bloodshed in the efficacy of meaningless incantations rising like the wails of the lost from these Illomened creatures or the night the theo logical owls and bats whoso whole stock in trade has but one haven of safety the shadows Five hundred and eightyfour misguided creatures foolishly believing that a life of crime can be atoned for in an hour of faith and repentance Can we won der that they are in prison Can we der that In their mental slavery and conse quent physical suffering they struck back at a society whose laws and morals starved their bodies and shriveled their minds drove them to crime condemned them to prison and placed on them the brand of a look at that society whoso crown Ing infancy Is the prison a society whose home is earth whose condition Is hell a hell of discord and strife a society with Its thousands of little criminals in jail while Its few big criminals run the government where the child Is driven into the factory and the father out to tramp where women face slavery dishonor or death where men pray for the curse of wage slavery and the freedom of a few is the bondage of the millions where business Is bloodshed brotherhood a farce and justice a stranger where brute cunning robs the weak and employs brute force to throw them Into prison where criminals only can succeed and a thousand blasted lives is the price of one success But why see tiny further one look Is enough Though only a little has been where volumes could be written describing the hideousness of present society a society that places a premium on crime and a ban on virtue because its rulers are crimi nals and its Institutions Including its churches cannot escape from teaching such morals and religion as will please the mas ters To the quickened mind no tongue or pen can picture the agonies and horrors of the present Industrial and social hell of usur pation injustice cruelty oppression and wrong all bearing their legitimate fruits of murder robbery and lustall thriving on the material Interests of the predatory classes who control them all founded and resting upon lirterest rent and profit that tripod of Industrial despotism against which no preacher dare strikea despotism that has seized the earth and dispossessed the children of men and holds governments laws education and religions In the hollow of Its hand This despotism finds Its high est expression In the predatory freebooters of modern society those hideous Industrial cannibals who sit exalted on a pyramid of skulls surrounded by seas of human bloodline wealth of one of these social vultures a Christian if you please is greater than tho wealth of 30000000 of tine nations poorest subjects Now one would think that our Christian preachers those sanctified followers of the lowly Nazarlno would raise their voices in behalf of the dispos sessed children of the God they profess to adore but on the contrary we find them toadying to these social monstrosities apol ogizing for their crimes and ever ready to trade them the redeeming blood of tho Lamb for the bloody dollars of Industrial people make up the mighty company that is forever listening and forever looking on and In their ignorance and poverty millions of them are pointed to the churches as a means of escape from the horrors of a hell exploitation Tho great masses of the that never existed save in the imaginations of men But this hell must be magnified and painted as a chamber of horrors peopled with demons whose chief delight was the tortures their fiendish malignity could In flict upon such of mankind who chose to think for themselves or refused to believe in absurdities Hence it becomes neces sary to keep the laity in ignorance of the industrial hells that yawn for them every where to convert their flesh and blood Into dollars by pointing to a heaven made to order for tho special benefit of those who could sneer at reason and obey their mas tersO But this future heaven could not manifest in the material now so an empty stom ach a naked back a dwarfed mentality an enforced Idleness an impoverished home and a brutal government spreading its pro tective wings over a robber society each and all contributing to the sum total of denied opportunities and the consequent m series of a blasted life drove their pierc ing agonies into the very vitals of these Christian prisoners and Inoculated their mental natures with that moral virus that pormeatos tho whole educational religious and commercial world and in blind retal iation they rebelled against a society whose government was founded on fraud and force and whoso laws morals religions and concepts of justice wore a farco and a lie Tho publication of these facts convoys a most convincing lesson to every thoughtful mind They show beyond tho shadow of a doubt that our degenerate Christian churches are just so many criminal factor ies no bettor nor worse than all other Insti tutions growing out of the moral turpitude and degeneracy of capitalistic society In short tho masters are criminal and praved because their vast holdings grow out of tho robbery of society In order for these masters to be securo In tho enjoy ment of their plunder the people must uo pacified so all the great newspapers churches and educational Institutions must bo conducted not for tho information but for tho misinformation of the people Then tho lawyer editor and priest become Just so many Intellectual parasites in order to share In the plunder of theso robberies and when tho preacher sinks to tho level of mental profligacy In order to defend a rob ber class his teaching and preaching can have but ono result tho demoralization or his church Minors Magazine PROF WAKEMANS PLAN A Liberal Educational and Correspondence Bureau The editor of the blue Grass blade fa vors a Liberal bureau of information and Education by Correspondence and thinks that as the President of and professor the Liberal Uulverlsty Organization L 0 snould be the center and manager of it and so take the place of the educational work he had In hand it Is true that the L U 0 Incorporated in Oregon and Missouri is still legally alive and that Its olllcers according to its chart ers hold over until their successors are appointed it may be that after fifty years of law practice as well as other profession al literary Liberal work may be able to give useful information and helpful advice especially to those who wish to pursue liberal lines of education What of value there may be in this suggestion may be learned by trying it on Those who would like to consult me for purposes herein suggested may do so with the certainty of careful attention and the best answer possible from my experience and tho libraries and helpful friends still around me will bo given Remittance to cover the expense should bo la tho first letter Payment for services to bo then agreed upon and onehalf there of to bo paid to some editor ot tho Liberal press as the sender may suggest or we may agree T b WAKI itAN Coscob Conn THE MISSING LINK FOUND Dy A A Snow Human bones believed to be tho oldest in existence havo been discovered by two priests at Chapcllc aux Saints in South western France They consist of a skull and other bones which M Perrlere Direct or of tho Paris Museum of Natural History declares to bo tho earliest vestiges of man In tho world The skul of this supposed earliest man shows practically no forehead has several simian characteristics but the chin Is un like a monkeys and tho skull though very thick has a greater capacity than a mon keys Tho jaw was very long and the faces could have possessed very little nobility Tills supposed earliest man could never have laughed M Perrlero read to tho Academy of Set once a paper on tho subject by Prof Mar colin Boulo Instructor In Paleontology at tho Museum of Natural History from which it would appear that tho skull is of a form Intermediary between that of tho monkey and tho man BLUE GRASS BLADE THE CROSS by Tho Chaplain back In historys early dawn when fitful gleams of light Are struggling faintly through the mists of old barbaric night two sticks of wood crossformed are seen tho Phallic symbol life Now worshipped as the cross of Christ throughout all Christian strife Phallic symbol born again to crucify- a man- Conceived by Christian priests of old to carry out a plan Of wholesale robbery on earth of those made mental slaves Through fear of something after death and faith in one who saves behind the glare of the fagots blaze they raised tho cross on high While lightning flashes played around the night mediaeval sky And brave men died that we might live on Freedoms dearest soil Without the wash of their bloody lamb that makes the mind recoil Tho Phallic sign upon tine breast of Chris tian women dear Sends thought to flowing So I smile and and say Its very queer Why wont they learn plain common sense Why will they bo such fools The willing slaves of clergymentheir coinproducing tools- ASPIRATION Uy Lou Lawrence 0 Heart of mine poor Heart why pant you so Why bleed at sight of poverty and want Of sorrow sin and shame Why do you surge and tremble at the thought Of bold hypocrisy and rampant hate Of racing malice envy strife will crime Ah Wo would kelp It If wo could Yes If we could Wo long to banish Infamy and pain But who shall show us how You will bo bravo to do and dare 0 Heart If you know tho Wily If wo could battle with this mighty Prince Who Wages war so skillfully we fear Twill bo King Evil when tho fight Is oer If wo could strike him with a might As great as our great wills Ah we would lay hliii low Yet what can our poor puny strength avail Against the monstrous musclo of tho but let us not despair 7 We must buckle up our armor tight More firmly grasp our weapons and rush on To press the raging conflict Wo shall not stand alone A million other yearning hearts will march beside us in the fray A multitude of other hands are raised to help us lay the ugly giant low And we shall conquer 0 my great brave Heart Wo shall be victors yet With all the mighty host Who since tho dawn of love upon the earn Have striven for the Right We tiko our stand And though we may be Heat a thousand years Yet we shall victors be When liberty shall shine In every awl When Honor Truth and Love shall shape mens deeds And Justice rule the earth GOT WHAT THEY WANTED A good old Georgia lroher who had de clue to leave an uaimiiii vnivt tIiurgi Bailing It Impossible in collojl his salary said In his farewell sermon have little more to add dear brethren save this You were all in favor of free salvation and the manner In which you have treated me proves that you have go- titAtlanta Constitution The Squirrel Problem Mr Rood says the hunter does not go on tho right side nor tho left side of the squir rel Ho might have added with equal priety that ho did not go on the inside ot him As a matter of fact claim that he did go on all sides of him That ho could go east west north south and all the other points of the compass of him and not go around him is rather too much for me In regard to tho per cent problem my solution would be as follows If his profit had been equal to the cost he would have 100 per cent but ho sold for 10000 times tho cost 100x100 equals 10000x100 equals 1000000 per centa pretty good profit TORN b BARNES CHALLENGE TO DEBATE That the Hebrew God and Nature or the Material Universe Are the SelfSame Thing For terms address MARION W MARLEY Bucklin Kan t JI g BLUE GRASS BLADE BLADEI by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box RATESI per year in advance 100 each remittance for six cents Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions six months 608 one year 800 Quarter column single insertion 200 one month 400 six months 12000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALt SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Buck numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal ii case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade at USUS North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDHESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky DR HAUSAIANS NEW BOOK In this issue of the Blade will be found the announce meat of the coming publication ofa new work on evolu tion as applied to man in his relation to nature and in his relation to his fellowman which ought to attract widespread attention Tile manuscript is now in the possession of the Blade and by an arrangement made with Dr A Hausman of Alameda California the au thor it will first be run through the Blade columns and afterwards put into book form Tho very fact as our readers will observe that the work is dedicated to Prof Ernst Ilacckol and the further fact that this renowned philosopher has accepted the dedication is a guarantee of high merit and should command attention at once Since evolution has been generally accepted as the law of life and progress recognition is at once made of the fact that tho intellectual world owes it to Charles Darwin that he lo given the high honor of having first expounded the theory through his Origin of Species and his Descent of Man Here the great scholar car ries man tho highest of known animal existence all through tho intermediary species and genera back to protoplasm Then followed Prof Ernst Haeckol the greatest ofall living naturalists who extendedand elaborated upon the Darwinian theories and carried man t back beyond tho protoplasm to the atom No living man has done more to generalize and popularize evolution than Prof JIacckel Ho has successfully combattedevery opposing ism and by demonstration ho has established the Monist philosophy as the one true philosophy of all into the same discussion and the same theories Dr llausman the author of this new work has applied evolution to man in all his social relations and by pointed and unanswerable arguments he demonstrates that tho Materialistic philosophy as it is known in America or the Monism of Prof Ilaeckol will not only account for many of the social evils under whichman exists and against which ho engages in an almost or seemingly almost hopeless struggle but offers an ample andcomplete remedy if wo but apply our knowledge in the right direction In his new work Dr Hausman destroys a belief in gods or in a future state of existence His philosophy is pure Materialism Ho discusses the soul from till standpoints and shows that it can be nothing more than tho accumulated or combined experiences of material causes which ceases to exist when the materialcombinations undergo a change and sums it all up that if man has a soul it begins with and dies with tile body This to the Blade seems one of the most important of the points made in that Prof Haeckel has accepted tho dedication of this book to himself written his endorsement of the views it advances and in this sense a plain positive lasting declaration of the personal beliefs of Prof Haeckel on this very subject is announced to the world once for all Prof Haeckel having penned his endorsement and appro bation of the sentiments of Dr llausman who by the way was formerly one of his pupils and publication being made of that endorsement it will prevent tiny mischievous writer in the years to come from misrepresenting Haeckel and his Monistic philosophy Wo direct attention to the index of this now bookwhich is given on another page of this issue as furnishing an out line of what our readers may anticipate from the promised publication Its importance in tho philosophic worldwill at once appreciated Our readers cannot afford to miss these articles Portions of this great work will be published each week until tho entire manuscript is exhausted It will then be put in book form As an inducement to secure new subscribers these articles should bo of great value We lieve it will help the Blade and wo also bolievo that it will help tho cause of Materialism in not America only but the whole world In the publication of this manuscript we shall be com pelled to use it judiciously Wo shall strive not to crowd out other important matter and at the same time uso all that our columns will allow Tho manuscript consists of 250 typowritten pages In our uso of it we shall strive to avoid breaking into any particular argument or statement of fact BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 The Blade feels especially fortunate and favored in the enjoyment of the privilege of giving publication to this volume To encourage our friends to aid in its general circulation wo now offer to pay all postage charges to those who subscribe in advance for the book which when published will be sold at 200 per copy After reading the first two or three chapters you will soon be able to judge the great merit of the work TEXAS LIBERTY DEAD AND BURIED The new Sunday law of Texas and its attempted en forcement has induced a remarkably pathetic ceremony at New Braunfcls a German settlement in the Lone Star StateWhile such proceedings in which these people are report ed to have indulged may offer the means of giving demon stration to their feelings of disapproval of the action of the General Assembly yet the Blade cannot approve of this as being the last stand that can possibly bo made to secure a return of their enjoyment of liberty so ruthlessly taken from them The Blade believes in making an aggressive fighta determined resistance and an everlastingwar against those Puritans who would murder selfgovernment to gratify a prurient piety In a great measure the people are themselves to blame They have stood for this and that ism at the dictates of party until the party felt above and superior to the people and instead of making concessions to the people in an effort to secure their suffrage they have dictated to the people and in solemn conclave have form ulated platforms foreshadowing legislation which the people must submit to whether favoring it or not There is more genuine truth than sentiment in the fu neral procession the accompanying dirge and the cremation of papers that represented symbolically the principles of liberty and selfgovernment It is a lesson to every Freethinker in America that in this day and age in free America the asylum of the oppressed the boasted land of religious and political liberty such a ceremony should bo indulged in It demonstrates that the spirit of Puritanism and fanaticism is not yet dead It speaks in thunderous tones of the trend of the modern church in an effort to es tablish a theocracy in the United States It rings a note ofwarning to every man and woman who loves liberty to stand by her cause and give every possible aid and encour agcment to those who are in the thick of the battle It suggests that the battle is not yet half won and another r twentieth century Paine is needed to furnish another crisis for independence- I lid you real Prof Wakomans admonition in our issue of December 27 last In that article our plan of campaign was fairly and honestly portrayed When matters have grown as bad as they can any change whatsoever must bo for the better Step by stop the sanctified hosts of ortho doxy have engrafted upon the statute laws of different States ono or another of their pet hobbies for the purposes of strand ling liberty They are daily growing more brazen in their efforts The Sunday law amendment in Texas is an evi dence of this fact If we are to counteract their sinister influences and check these efforts at theocratic gOernmentIthen Freethinkers must organize for the fray and stand shoulder to shoulder in the pending struggle Ere long it may be too late Orthodoxy is never satisfied with tol eration Orthodoxy insists upon a rule or ruin policy and no matter which end orthodoxy takes it spells ruin and suffering for the great mass of the people Consider this a call to arms Not for physicalconflict but for a mental battle that shall put to complete rout the enemies of American freedom Freethinkers first gave freedom to the colonies If freedom is to remain on our soil then Freethinkers of the present day must renew the fight and keep it up until the end Stand by the organizations we now have those that are active in prosecuting the campaign for mental liberty Send every engine of mental war to the front Heavy artillery is needed here Make every shot toll Drive them to their hiding places by pointed argument and stern fact Let the fight be open and fair Keep it up until a decision is reached Thp Blade does not fear indeed the cremation and interment of liberty herein discussed was only in Texas but we must not forget that it follows that the success of bigotry and intolerance in Texas means that similar attempts will follow in other States before long For this reason it is our fight right now Fanaticism must be swept out of the country Only bigotry born of ignorance and nursed by insolence will pro sumo to dictate to American citizenship in matters of relig ion and religious observances Are there any Freethinkers who live on in fancied secur ity in their freedom and unmindful of the freedom of others Do you not realize that if this fanatical movement is not checked it means a heritage of slavery aid suffering for your children Are you willing that your children should face such conditions that you might be permitted to live at ease for a few short years Would not the battle be shorter and more easily won now than to defer action until the enemy is safely entrenched behind breastworks of law with the machinery of government at their back to enforce their mandates Then hesitate no longer Show your colors Let the world know which side you are on Give prurient politic ians full notice of your purpose and intentions Liberty is threatened Liberty is in danger The deadly poison from the festering sore of religious fanaticism bids fair to infect the land Stop it You cnn do it if you will Will you RELIGION AND LOVE Front time to time Uov Elmer 0 Burr head of tho Christian mission at Peoria Illinois has preached upon the great und absorbing power of religion Jfi l1 I r ImGRASS BLADE Today ho is in possession of enough cold facts to convince him that the power of love is even still greater Yesterday llev Barr had both wife and religion Today ho has nothing but his religion and is minus a wifeThe work of Christian missions presumably so at least is to rescue the fallen and by religious admonition to point j the way to a butter life hero and hereafter In the prose- cutioni of his work Mr Barr had been admirably successful eo it is said and could tally up a large number of con verts Among the latter was a former mate in the steam boat service of the Mississippi laver This particular convert bore the name of William D Ashmond Following his conversion the parson pointed him out to his different congregations as a splendid and living example of the great power of the Christian religion upon the mind of man as being capable of lifting him out of the path of sin into righteous ways and habits of great holiness That was theory Since then Mr Barr has profited by ripe exper ienceAccording to the reports as given in the daily press Ash mon abandoned his evil ways and began to labor in the vineyard of the lord Being converted himself ho sought to aid in the conversion of others He became the assistant leader fund director of the church choir He sang the name of Jesus in unison with other singers and preachedand talked for the cause of Christ He was in fact a model convert and in pointing to this exemplar of Christian virtue the parson is reported us saying He came to the mission swearing that ho could lick his weight in scorpions fund they couldnt make red liquor fast enough to quench his thirst Now see what a meek and lightful man he has become Professional parsons naturally delight in meek men mid for this reason Ashmoud must have been a special favorite with Barr Meek men are usually humble and submissive These kind of men are sources of delight to all preachers They would be in u barren and unprofitable cause without them But the day of Burrs humility finally dawned for Ashmond his model convert made love to the parsons wife andeloped with her Great indeed is the powor of religion and its fangs have been sunk deep into one man at least THE KIXLrOYS Who are the killjoys The persistent advocates of Sunday legislation and people who deem themselves the universal regulators Who says so Not the Frcethoiight press not tho Freethinkers of tho country but the Los Angeles Times a prominent fund in fluential newspaper published in that far western city Protestingagainst the missionary workof one Rev ViI liam F Ireland who is engaged in a campaign to secure the enactment of more stringent Sunday laws in California L iMt unmindful of tho fact that each and every man andwoman who breathes the free air ofa free country has the right to determine each for himself just and in what planner lie or she shall spend tho first day of each and every week the newspaper mentioned gives utterance to caustic editorial criticism which has the right ring to it andwe may rest assured that so long as such newspapers standoil guard American liberty will find a defender from the assaults of tho pious Tho criticism offered is as strenuous as any that could como from a Freethought paper find we quote a portion of it in these columns as follows These Universal Regulators we shall always have with us Wo do not think that they will ever attain sufficient strength to force their programs on other people but the very fact that so many men believe that they have this right of interference is rather alarming Between them and tho inconsiderable number who would throw all straint to tho wind is tho great class of normal men who want to spend Sunday as they please in a decent and orderly fashion The plan who likes to go fishing on Sunday or to hunt or go out in his automobile or to picnic in one of tho mountain canyons or to spend the day in his backyard attending his flowers and his garden or to go to the theater Sunday night all of these fairplayloving men will scotch the Sunday Hostels and the wide open Sunday talk ers There is a sane middle ground in this controversy and that is tho position that tho majority of people in Los Angeles assume Mr Ireland forgets that under Section 2 of Article II of tho Constitution of California tho policingof filly city town or county is left to tho local authorities fund that it is doubtful if any court would sustain the constitutionality of a Sunday Rest law drawn up under the supervision of tho killjoys of whom Mr Ireland is so eminent a sample Let them pass however Tim point is that it is regrettable that there are in this state so utility peoplo who assume to say how their neighbors shall comport themselves on the first dayof the week THE CAiXAL DOVER DEBATE Vo are now able to definitely announce that the joint debate between the Blades Editor and Rev Leaudcr S Keyser at Canal Dover Ohio has been positively fixed to take place on Thursday and Friday February 4th and 5th 1909 in the Big Four Opera louse These arrangements are final and our readers fund friends residing in Canal Dover and vicinity may depend upon tho fact that no other change will ho made Tho committee in charge of tho debate representing both sides decided that each should select a Moderator and acquiescing therein Mr Charlesworth has designated Mr Walter C Hardest of Canal Dover as our Moderator This cultured and distinguished young gentleman lilts accepted tho duty fold our friends may now know that all arrangements are practically complete I 4 r BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 COPIES OF THE BLADE WANTED Vo are iu trouble Owing to a demand being made upon some of the 1UOS issues of the Blade wo have run short of these numbers and we need them to make up the necessary number of bound volumes Friends we need thirty copies of tho following issues March 1 March 15 March 22 April 20 One of tho reasons whwo have run short is that we have received so many more orders for tho bound volume than we had anticipated and wo are anxious to secure copies of the above dates We will appreciate the fact of any subscriber or newsagent having copies on reared 10 mail them to us and we will cheerfully pay for them ILKASK MAIL TO US AT ONCE THE RELIGIOUS SENTIMENT One of tho favorite arguments of the advocates of tho orthodox beliefs is to the effect that the religious sentiment is innate in man a part of his nature as it were and is not an acquisition through either association or education But one fact is necessary to explode this argument which is that every child coming into the world is born in absolute ignorance of god and religion and knows nothing of either until he learns it at his mothers knee or from those who are in direct control of his education The religious sentiment undoubtedly had an origin somewhere some time in tho remote past but that origin is lost in the impenetrable night of antiquity And yet strange as it may seem no matter how far back wo explore a religious faith wo find internal evidences that it had predecessors Judge Ladd has shown that Zoroaster who is supposed to have founded tho Persian religion gave it a remarked resemblance to modern Christianity and yet oven Zoroaster seems to have been a compiler rather than i an originator The Vedas of Ancient India tire admittedly jy a compilation of tho curious ideas entertained by moro ancient cults Tho oldest gods of Greece were but borrowed idols of a mental babyhood and at the very time at which Abraham according to Bible cosmology left ITaran to viowMjf the promised laud Asia was filled with innumerable ligious faiths for better or worse of innumerable dosoripllv tions Aofi Religions react upon each other a fact amply borne oil by history just as tho political and commercial customs olccS different countries will affect each other to a more or lesSSy marked degree The religions of Egypt raid Western Asj modified that of Greece which in turn metamorphosed thUteJ of nlll whilo several nations collaborated in tho formation Irngout t 4 r Platonism Fetich and Judaism polytheism and Phoenic inn idolatry The first act of religious worship had its origin in fear Multiplication followed through ignorance The devotees of each form of faith claim that their religion is tho only gate to heaven all the others but highways to hell It is not a safe or probable assumption to say that the religious sentiment was cooval with human intelligence Savage man was not capable of continuity of thought nor had ho v framed intelligible speech yet from such as he standing in wonder and awe of natural phenomena camo the religious sentiment for savage man first began to pay homage to supposed supernatural beings for tho purpose of avoiding a jury to himself True the idea of religion exists today but its origin can bo plausibly explained and it must bo subjected to tho law of evolution Thinking men now admit that there can be little truth in the theory which places an almighty person- Ality in souse unknown portion of the universe and that he tirade a robber horde of semisavages in Palestine the cus tjjjoHians oftill tho knowledge man was permitted to have concerning him well knowing that they possessed no power to enlighten tho teeming millions on far continents It All religious systems tie built upon the notion of an ajfisting deity andeach religion has a special deity of its refusing to acknowledge or accept the deities of other religions Every deity of every religion has been shown to have been a character of extreme cruelty ignorant im- mllknt and cranky Taking tho Christian deity wo are lwd to believe that his principal occupation was in mak propriapIfcSo far its humanity is concerned it is of small conse t quence that wo know just how when and whore tho religious rind tho god ideas originated They tire hero now to curse jo land and till that therein is Tho most important ques ugn is how to rid humanity of these influences for evil Ciis can only bo done by tho efficient and capable spread of dfrcothought tho one great support of tho social compact itfeheart of civilization tho dynamics of the world Fool bigotrjillfnllBpT jail religious propaganda in all ages and these are still ith us to annoy and irritate 5s j0ur duty to humanity then is to spread tho glad tidings to mental freedom defying gods ignoring creeds and cs lnblish a reign of peace on earth in which the motto ofexist cc shall bo Each for AllAll for Each i4Vo are still in danger of Puritan rule at the hands of Bthodox sentimentalists whoso policy is selfishness sen Nationalism and sham is something radically wrong with a system 1tf1Jtoro men who were too proud to oven borrow sons who are not ashamed to beg lelofi etlerrr J 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE y i Cbe Blades Cottttespondence i + + + 4+ mast a son tt- U 1V1 ULL u 1I lau lul LUlta IOUI1U1UI r11 U piace to mo iiwuii ui uuu tt uu uuiuuxs jour puncauua mute Lean uuj me uu ou pa pers wiiicii uo peruses m jiia piotusdiuii topologies inc in orud1 on my part ior so negligent not rcuiuiiiiti sooner Uut Uccausu wish tu plead poverty us i nave no occasion tar so uomg lor tau good Lord uas ueen u Kind to me t nil a ucauuiui mansion over Were could at any time rasu so small uu amouiit a lust mort gage In fact Have availed uiyauii ot tuo privilege a kind Christian brotuer advauc tug the enclosed being amply secured no doubt having an eye singled on foreclosing and then tearing up too pavement In trout and turning the gold into the iiuiit to bo con verted into shining dollars As a printer you can sympathize with a brother typo who after 35 years at tae business was caught napping at last being io unfortunate as to lose the two first lingers and thumb of the right hand In an ugly printing press placing him hors du combat In the battle with type On Sunday Dec 13 tho dear Savior violated his agreement with ono of his followers to whom he said will be with you always A poor washerwoman whose life has been a veritable hell because of a drunken shiftless husband the latter having been sent to the workhouse because of his brutal treatment of the one he promised to protec that evening left her three little ones at home and went cut to attend divine service While praying In the nouse of the Lord her home tools fire and two of her ilttlo ones perished In the flames during which time our heavenly father was either making love to another virgin Mary or watching the sparows fall enclose a copy of the sermon preached by the soul steerer of the church which the afflicted mother attended on that eventful and tragic night he realizing that the people would wonder why the dear loving Savior should be so cruel as not to apprize one who was laboring under toe burdens which were ready placed upon the shoulders of this un fortunate wife and mother Wishing you a merry merry Christmas and a prosperous New Year and hoping your shadow will never grow less I am one upon whom you may depend should our Uncle Sam through the representations of his lickspittles endeavor to put you out ot commission GEORGE GATH A oral110 Lt- ryvv nL trLtL yt1a Jcai bUVZIIIjLU11 011 uUt UUlii mill faOvi sUa1 a1LLILp cane uiutbciii eoairuuud rue nee luuugut movement ououm you ever in eurpuiaie 1I1 giuuiy wite a snare ul siocu acv er euriiia tor any uiviucuug tuerciroiu uUt biiuum uiiy tvur aecruc tnoy buouiu go to tau uuca as t admired i ro o iiiujre like tno mauu tau per cent better now IlSt on account of its appearance snape and size but mostly instead of com batting oocullsui it gives tree space to its contributors Any btuuuit of events knows that not until Socialism is triumphant will reuthouglit prevail for under Capitalism an overwhelming percentage of all male churca members are such only for fear of losing their jobs In other words they arc hypocrites hence Freethought must over welcome Socialism us a potent factor In gaining complete human freedom T MAYER For a Press Writers Association MARYLAND Accidentally noticed by the tag on tho Blade wrapper that my subscription has expired and enclose here with P money order for 150 for another year So please move my tag ahead accord Ing at once Pardon me for not remitting sooner but I overlooked It and would tiiiauk you In the futuro If you made n blue pencil mark at printed words In your General Business Rules or something like this Examine your subscription tag which could be added In the space left In the last line of first paragraph of General Business Rules Sorry could not possibly got oft to tho Ohio Rationalist Convention as I would have liked to have met you and the other Rationalist leaders there but hope I can arrange to go tho next time If you could organize a Rationalist Press Writers Association of which each member would send you newspaper editorials rind clippings on orthodoxy for your and your readers comment In letters to said editors It might grow rapidly and do much good besides helping to advertise the Blade by reference to It In said comments In other newspapers if you briefly published In your paper the essence of what appeared In said articles for comment and many Blade readers see ing it wrote the editor of said paper from all over the country concerning It oven just on al postal card It would greatly surprise h 101 onlog and wake up editors generally on those matters and help to lead them Into Ra tlonallsm and with them their readers Tafts father was a Unitarian and he seems to belong to no church only saying he had great confidence in his fathers judgment and pure living and followed him in his religious belief which you and could probably say ourselves Taft was attacked by fanatics on account of his unorthodoxy bryaii delivered in this city his Prince of Peaco lecture in which he ridiculed Evolutionists and Rationalists generally So the result of the election seems along with other things to be a victory for mild un orthodoxy If not for extreme unorthodoxy such as you and advocate Even the Re publican circulars sent out hero to counter act these orthodox attacks stated that Lin coln Cleveland Grant and Hayes were not members of any church and nobody ques tioned them about tho divinity of Christ Were they not good Presidents Such things doubtless have a liberalizing effect and point toward Rationalism With best wishes for your and tho Blades success anD WEBSTER GROH One of the Right Kind SOUTH DAKOTAEnclosed find 1ostofllce Money Order for for which please extend tho subscription of tho Blade another year Tho remaining 500 may servo to swell the Emer gency Fund JOHN ARP CAUSE OF SOCIAL EVIL AND THE REMEDY Continued From Page however Its literary and scientific merits or Its reformatory and human tendencies the not considered at all There Is only one question will it pay Publishers do not print books written by persons without an established reputation There are funds for libraries for buying readymade books but not for creating new literature There are appropriations for printing a great deal of worthless matter transacted by legislatures or scientific bodies There are millions contributed by tho members of churches for tho promulgation of tho bible but there are no organizations of progressive people Freethinkers Materialists Social ists or whatever their name may beable- or willing to devote tho smallest amount to tho propagation of tholr cause It Is less tho Individual Indifference than the lack or organization which Is responsible for the feeble and timid liberal propaganda There are many people prevented by circumstances from joining or supporting the rational these conditions the publica tion Is considered as a business enterprise which is expected to return a profit and to the parties who furnish the necessary means tho manuscript will bo delivered on terms suited to attain that object l III BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 Important AnnouncementNe- xtweek the Blade will begin tho publication of a voluminous manuscript for tho preparation of a new book on the subject of Monism the law of evolution as the lawof life and human progress in extenuation of tho teachings and philosophy enunciated by Prof Ernst llaeckel tho Jena philosopher written by DR A HAUSMAN OF ALAMEDA CALIFORNIA Tho work has been dedicated to Prof llaeckel and that great scholar has not only accepted the dedication but has written a highly commendatory letter upon tho merit and value of tho ideas it inculcates PROF lEAEOTCELS LETTER OF ACCEPTANCE ZOOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE UNIVERSITY OP JENA JENA May 1905 Dear Doctor Owing to urgent work I found time only In the last weeks to peruse the voluminous manuscript sent by you on January Gill 1905 find your representation of the theory of evolution very good and clear especially the discussions on religion Christianity ethics right etc excellent Many single passages are meritorious elaborations of views which I have brlelly touched Withsuch endorsement commend Rationalist America elsewhere completing publication of handsomely through SUBSCRIBE ADVAOE SAVE MOSEY subscriptions up publication a delivery of prepaid CONTAINS To our renders of of magnificent furnishing outline subjects I of Man to CHAPTER IIlulnan and Its limit CHAPTER II of of life of from the primitive cell Darwinian IIIManat tho head tho Re to some questions and CHAPTER Definition soul and Development of soul Immortality CHAPTER of Religion and Preservation of aim of nature only for this tho lIfo of man and animal- CHAPTER VI Christendom in VII Christendom the Religion and VIIINatural and unnatural or divine laws Tho false and truo In Christianity as a law Volition = 1 = only In my last two books Riddle of the World and Wonders of Life In the of our good cause the truth can only wish that your work may bo and distributed In wide circles you have expressed the kind to dedicate the work to mo accept this honorable dedication with hearty With wishes that your efforts behalf of the promulgation of tho Philosophy may be by rich success remain Your old teacher ERNST HAECKEL an the work should itself to every in and Upon its in the columns the Blade it will bo put into book form and neatly bound and put or sale the Blade oflico at per copy IN All advance to the hook paid before will secure of tho book charges postage WHAT THE nOOK give an Idea the vast this work wo offer the index us an of tho and matter treated therein INDEX Relations Nature knowing Definition life Origin Evolution organic forces theory CHAPTER of animal kingdom plies objections IVTho human soul of Dualistic Monistic YObject life natural theory life the Intellectual features tho means purpose not object Itself Social history CHAPTER in present moral Liberty Conscience moral Interest printed Since intention thanks sincere In Monistic crowned serial 200 AND free scope theory PART II Relations of Man to ManICHAPTER IXStato and Individual Law and right CHAPTER XIaw of labor Division of labor Money Mental and physical labor Property Inequality of possession Labor and capital CHAPTER XL Productive and unproductive occupations Ne of balancing production i and consumptiontCHAPTER XII Individual labor and Its value Honesty Thoifittest In the struggle of existence CHAPTER and its causes Matrimony under tho law of CHAPTER lahorltllnceIParadise CHAPTER on CHAPTER XVI Tho ConclusionfCHAPTER XVIIFate 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE Naumann Orchestra D NAUMAX Violin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Cornet or Clarinet Other Instruments added if desired Over 500 pieces of the latest music suit able 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