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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, January 24, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909012401 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, January 24, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. i Ir 5 ojIfI+ t J J 1BLlfEtGRASS BLADE4 Volume XVII Number 40 LEXINGTON BY JANUARY 24 igoo Published Weekly J1E E TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT I IITHOM S PAINE il kLP 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE THOMAS PAINE AUTHOR OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION By C Amory Stevens PAINE born at Thetford England 1737 THOMASvisited America In 1774 In he pub Common Sense which won the friend ship of Washington Jefferson Franklin Lafayette and good citizens generally Congress appointed him Secretary of Foreign Affairs In 17S7 ho visited France where ho took an active part In the nations politics also In 1791 he published the Rights of Man the most famous of all to Burkes Reflections on tho trench Revolution In 6ille was admitted to the National Convention of France having been Invited to represent no less than four different dstricts of that country In that convention he supported the Republican Girondists At the trial of Louis XVI Thomas Paine generously proposed what would have done honor to France had It been accepted the offering to the King of an asylum In America That proposition however gave offense and In 1793 Robespere caused him to be ejected from the convention and thrown Into prison professedly because he was a foreigner During his Imprisonment he wrote most of his Age of Reason a rational argument against Atheism and Church superstition but imprisonmentliement and reinstated to his seat In the convention In 1802 he re turned to the United States where in New York In 1809 he closed his useful life Such is a brief record of the life of Thomas Paine Ho stands on the page of history as the one Individual who moro than other tas helped to free the world from superstition and mental slavery Ho will also be recollected as among the foremost who opposed the counterfeit divinity of kings and who Inspired and started the first great republics of the earth In our nation his efforts were specially helpful and opportune Among the Import ant reforms and established principles of better government that now mark its merit and pride are those that Thomas Paine was prominently among the first to Introduce and advocate Among such are the abolition of slavery free and general education the abolition of primogeniture the right of women to their wages to own their clothes and hold property In their own namo also tho abolition of dueling lIe was a strong advocate of International arbitration humanely and wisely seeking to lessen the horrors of war and waste of treasure During tho American Revolution when freedom and advancing clvllzatlon were hanging In tho balance at Its very darkest hour his was tt e strongest individual p n that encouraged and by the light of reason led to success Paines published pamphlet of Common Sense was the first and strongest plea to unite and lead the American people to Independence They sought origin alii only to defend and procure their rights as Colonists against Royal oppression Even Washington had previously declared strongly against the Idea of American Independence In 1775 Paine wrote and published In one of his articles thus hesitate not for a moment to believe that the Almghty will finally separate America from Britain Call it Independence or what ycu woll If It ic the cause of God and Humanity It will go on So strong was the merit and influence of that article that Wash ington In January wrote towlt A few more of such flam ling arguments as were exhibited at Falmouth and Norfolk aided by the sound doctrines and unanswerable reasoning contained In tho pamphlet Common Sense will net leave numbers at a loss to de cide upon the propriety of seimration In April of the sane year Washington again wrote By private letters which have lately received from Virginia find Common Sense Is working a wonder ful change there in tho minds of many men But three months later American Independence was declared In the same year and but a few months subsequently Pano a soldier In tho ranks at Fort Leo and after the retreat of the Continental Army across New Jersey wrote his first article known as tho Crisis with tho Introductory Those are tee times which try mens souls The summer soldier and tine sunshine patriot will In thIs crisis shrink from the service of his country but ho that stands bv it now do serves the love and thanks of man and woman At that despond ent time generally circulated as that article was and also by the command of Washington rend to the American soldier before they crossed the Delaware and attacked the He3sans who can measure what inspiring Inlluenco that noble plea of Thomas Paine had on American destiny and all the other Republics and growing civilization of the world that have been educated by American success Not only was Panes pen from the start to tho finish In the active service of that great cause but his limited purse was also open to It When after many discouraging reverses Washington was obliged to inform tire Pennsylvania Assembly that he was destitute of supplies and that his troops threatened mutiny Thomas Paine clerk of the Assembly called Philadelphians together sug gested the Relief Subscription and from his scanty means started It with five hundred dollars The appreciation of Paines service In the struggling cause of American freedom was well expressed by our first Attorney General Edmund Randolph He declared that American Independence was due first to the misrule of George III and second to Vie rational and inspiring words of Thomas Paine When In our gratitude wo recollect the brave sword of Washington let us never forget the mighty pen of Thomas Paine Thomas Paine being far ahead of the general Intelligence of his day suffered form the Ignorance and superstition of that age As time advances and civilization advances his memory Is more and more revered by Intelligently reflecting minds That growing change Is shown by the fact that so many and Increasing numbers are anxious to commemorate tho natal day cf him who described as his life object and made It Ins life work The world Is my country to do good Is my religion That humanity philosophy and rellgon In the judgment of tho Intelligence of our day marks the highest plane of civilized man The Ignorant and the scheming always have been and will be with us The name of Thomas Paine as others who have actively aided civilization Is oven still the enduring target of the petty marksmen Who but n scheming and egotistical politician and he a church idolater would stoop low to gather church votes or believe that he could enlarge his reputation by falsely and evenly absurdly In our day defaming so honored a hero In the cause of humanity and so Intellectual giant among men Teddy Roosevelt an exceptional halfcivilized Twentieth Century product won that unenviable distinction when he described In print Thomas Paine as a filthy little Atheist Those who realize how ungrateful how untruthful and cowardly that uncorrected defamation seeking to belittle so noble a character dead and yet so strongly living are not surprised to note that tho personal veracity of that author Is occasionally In his life affairs challenged Roosevelt might have with as much truth declared that Washington Lincoln Jefferson Franklin Emerson or Whittier and other of the best representa tives of civilization past and present wore but filthy little Atheists What a refreshing and manly contrast to that slander Is the declaration of Roosevelts superior and senior Andrew Jack son who In his day said Thomas Paine needs no monument made by hands he has erected a monument In the hearts of all lovers of liberty It Is a sad case of politics and church when either statecraft or priest craft seek to change honest truh In tory But the schemers of both Church and State have ever sought close allnncc No really Intelligent mind was over an Atheist Who made those stars was Napoleons reply to the doubter The wonders of both Hrmanent and earth prove overwhelmingly a Master Creator and answpr forever the absurdity of atheism Nature and ScIence both prove a supremely wise first Cause Call It Cod or Nature or what you will It ls our greatest teacher With human reason and observation to guide It unmistakably ex poses Church errors and craft Thomas Paine was not oven modest Agnostic He was plainly and unmistakably n Deist a liever In a God and hs God a higher Ideal than the Roosevelt standard Although giving the Church credit for Its dues ho being In advance of his day saw tile future moro Clearly Fortified with tine courage that strong reason and tho spirit of Justice inspire his duty appeared plain and Its execution vigorously commanding Ho challenged the Church State and al to show error in his reasoning or wrong In his humanity They all tred by fair means and by foul but entirely failed Through his victory the world finally won and Is still winning How could such a mind following tIe highest God ideals known to rmnJustlco and humanitycredit or endorse the Adam and Eve myth borrowed from previous dark ago or the blasphemy of the Immaculate Conception or tho alleged resurrection cf n mortnl Christ or an imaginary Heaven as a future monopoly for the scheming elect and alert well knowing as he lid that such wore but tho work of Priest land Kingcraft In combina tion for power Thomas Pano was humanely wise He taught us to acquire knowledge to grow mentally free and strong and to live as good citizens making the most of till living present and net wasting time or vitality dreaming or worrying ovor tho wisely veiled Unknowable rn t BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY PHILOSOPHY OF MONISM MUST BE APPLIED TO SOCIOLOGY I PREFACE AND OPENING CHAPTERS OF DR HAUSMANS GREAT WORK ON EVOLUTION AS APPLIED TO HUMAN LIFE AND SOCIAL ORDER Limitations of Human Knowledge What Are Pacts What Is Science Definition of Life unit Its Origin Theory of Evolution By Dr A IlaHVniin PREFACE The last four hundred years have added a now conti nent to the habitable portion of our planet changing the physical aspect of the world and giving origin to new and vast social organizations The anniversary of this important event the discovery of America leas peon celebrated in a manner worthy of the great nation which represents the physical as well as the intellectual hegemony on the western hemisphere But would the mere discovery of the land t1l1nsplantationfsu cient to give to a nation such material and intellectual attainments as the one who floats the star and stripe banner tile acknowledged emblem of liberty all over the world Most assuredly pot If the branches of the old society grafted upon the now soil had not produced better fruit this country would not he fit to live in for trio majority of its present inhabitants The savage aborigines wero superior beings compared with the Christian fanatics who first invaded the country They possessed till the brutal instincts of the inferior race coupled with greater intellect and physical power and therefore more capable of inflicting harm and injury Something more was necessary to create a great nation and it has been found Tile past four hundred years have witnessed not only the discovery of now land but also of now ideas Any person of moderato intellect knows that the world moves that tho celestial bodies called fixed stars change their relative positions in tho universe and the planets their position relative to tho central sun around which they travel in fixed orbits and to each other He further knows that wo occupy tho surface of tho earthn member of tho small group of planets revolving around the sun as their common center and forming with him the solar system separated from tho nearest star by a distance far beyond the grasp of our comprehension Perhaps ho has indulged sometimes in meditation asking himself tho AL r questions Why do wo exist what is the object of life where do we come from and where do wo go According to the conditions surrounding him during tho earlier part of his life ho has been impressed with certain views re garding these questions usually those comprised within the general term of religion having in the main the same principle called deity but differing in tho minor details thereby givingorigin to a large number of separate de nominations If ho does not permit his thinking faculty to rest at this point and fall into inoeuous deseutudc he must observe that the social organization of men has many features in common irrespective of race color language and religion and the social intercourse with people not belonging to his own church or not professing any religion whatever must further teach him that the mere adoption of religious tenets does not afford a standard for the value of a person as a member of society A criminal on the scaffold may be a devout Christian and a noble hero sacri ficing himself to save others may bo an infidel and vice versa Admitting such to bo the fact it follows with necessity that belief or disbelief does not offer a sufficient explanation as to the final cause of action and that a far iiioro powerful nuvuiV must exist independent l allex ternal influences which might bo brought to bear upon the moral consciousness mini It is impossible to understand the laws of society unless wo able to define correctly mans position in nature his relations to tho planet upon which he lives to the animal kingdom and his fellow creat ures of his own race Since tho earliest records of history attempts have been made to discover the origin of man which was invariably attributed in a more or less crude manner to a cause lying outside of and foreign to tile natural laws During the entire Christian era a period of nearly two thousand years tho history of creation as related in the Bible has been the prevailing and almost exclusive version of tho important event notwithstanding the pal pable and striking disparity between the presumed divine origin of man and tho naked facts of history It was re served for our illustrious century to shed light upon this obscure subject and tho world is indebted to tho genius of Darwin for the solution of this grand and important problemOwing to tho immense scope of the Darwinian theory a JrJ A 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE embracing within its bounds all the various branches of natural science physics chemistry geology zoology etc it is but natural that this latest triumph of science is still comparatively little understood and appreciated Ever andagain we encounter gross misconceptions concerning the socalled apetheory and if people are reluctant in admitting the physical relations between animal and man they are still more unwilling to acknowledge the least connection between their intellectual functions which in case of man they call soul for distinction While discussing the theory of descent or similar topics I have often been confronted by inappropriate irrelevant questions in lieu of arguments which merely proved that the questioners ideas of the subject were imperfect und confused This observation first incited a desire to write this book for the purpose of enabling those who seek information and have no opportunity for study ing the original works to obtain a general view of the theory and the fundamental facts upon which it is based Thin rigid and consequent application of the Darwinian theory to our own race and our social institutions I believe to be novel to some extent for although fragmentary at tempts to bring the laws of society into accordance with the physical laws are promiscuously scattered through literature I have never seen these principles carried out to their ultimate consequences It is true the subject has been treated by some professional thinkers usually called philosophers to a certain extent but they have mostly adopted such a difficult style and cumbersome phraseology as to render the plainest truth obscure and to remind one of the famous diplomatist Talleyrands saying Language only serves to conceal the thoughts Many people are de tained from investigating the great social question which concerns everybody merely from fear and modesty being afraid of trespassing upon tho sacred prerogatives of philosophy full mistrusting their ability to think and reason for themselves For the benefit of these in order to dispel their groundless fear and timidity shall introduce a brief synopsis of tho principles of knowledge upon which all science and philosophical speculations are based Tho whole subject for the sake of better understanding will be treated in two different parts the first one referring to mans position in nature the second one to the relations of man to man PART T Relations of Man to Nature r CHAPTER 7 Human Knowledge and Us Limits All human knowledge depends upon the perfect uniformity of the organs of sense especially the eye Although it is a well known fact that no two persons are perfectly alike it is nevertheless true that the impres I L sions they receive from the outside through the means of their senses are exactly the same Thus for instance the eye may differ in color size and power but the transmission- of visual rays from the object emitting the light to the organ consciousness tho brain takes place in accordance with invariable optical laws The sight of two persons may differ in range or power but tho perception of form andcolor will bo precisely the same nobody ever sees the moon square the sky red tho leaves blue etc It is the same with the rest of our senses hearing feeling smelling tasting they must agree in the quality of their functions though they may differ in range of perception for without this uniformity the application of general terms to sensuous perceptions with infinite subtle gradations would be an utter impossibility Of course abnormal or pathological conditions as color blindness for instance cannot be considerednor must the purely physical functions of the senses tho conveying of external impressions to the scat of the intellect be confounded with the effect of these im pressions upon the recipient the individual and the subsequent reaction which finds expression in attraction or dislike towards the cause Two persons looking at a picture will receive the same impression in regard to form and color from the mechanical distribution of paint upon the canvas but tho sensation produced upon their intellect may bo directlyopposite the ono may like tho other may detest it The strains of music strike the ear with tho same rhythm tho number of sound waves required to produce a certain tune being governed by mathematical laws but their effect upon various persons may bo entirely different What all persons perceive through their senses in the same manner are facts To ascertain the relations between facts is Science Nothing exists for us of which no information has been received by our consciousness through tho gates ofour senses It follows that our knowledge our intellectual capacity is confined within the boundaries of sensuous per cention Vision is tho most comprehensive of our senses the only ono which tolls us of distant worlds besides our own little earth Space and magnitude are limitless natural conceptions but with the furthest visual range of the telescope and tho greatest magnifying power of the microscope we arrive at the boundaries of our intellectual domain Wo can neither grasp infinity of spaco nor tho finiteness of bodies for the conception of a body implies tho existences of form and form can bo divided again and again infinite ly Tho assumed existence of smallest particles atoms in physics and chemistry is therefore merely a conventional expediency convenient to explain certain phenomena to form theories for in reality wo cannot imagine bodies of whatever size or shape which theoretically could not bo divided If wo want to be candid we must admit that our faculty comprehending and thinking does not extend beyond the conception of form This removed nothing remains but a vacuity a blank in our mind devoid of meaning The objection might bo raised that natural forces BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 exist that are imperceptible to sight and yet whoso existence could not be denied for an instance towit electricity light heat gravityetc True enough but equally true that theso mysterious forces reveal themselves to us only through the mediation of the senses and that beyond theso tangible proofs of their existence wo know absolutely nothingabout their true essence and character It must be further con ceded that immediate sensuous perceptions are often erroneous and have to bo corrected at the seat of intellect receiving them but these corrections consist merely in the application of former xperiences acquired through the same medium There are people however who claim superior mental faculties not confined within the narrow compass of a materialworld but capable of obtaining intelligence from an immaterial supernatural sphere by appealing to their own inner consciousness This method of searching for the lust cause is known under the presumptuous name of abstractor speculative philosophy and its value for the advance of science and civilization cannot be better illus trated than by quoting the words ofa German philosopher who plaintively exclaimed in his dying hour There was but one man in this world who understood me and he misunderstood me CHAPTER II Definition of Life Origin of Life Evolution of Or ganic Forms from the Primitive Cell Darwinian Theory WHAT IS LIFE Organic bodies are composed of the same primeval elements as the earth and her atmosphere They subsist on the same material during life time and after death the elements return to heir original source the earth Life therefore is nothing but a physical process taking place on tho surface of the earth under the influence of the suns heat and light It forms an integral part of our planet representing n phase in its history If tho univer sally adopted theory of tho origin of our solar system front a rotating mass of incandescent gas is true it follows with necessity that our globe must have been in a condition at one time which made the existence of life as we know it an utter impossibility If it is further true that tile sun is growing colder and after millions of years will become extinct altogether and if tho moon is so to speak a dead planet demonstrating a state which all the other planets must reach sooner or later it does not seem audacious to predict that a time will como when life ceases to exist on earth A single individual represents an infinitesimal part of life tho brief span of its existence on earth may bo ex pressed in days and years tho life ofa whole class of organisms is reckoned by geological epochs but for life as an entity we have no measure no standard for comparison Wo have no idea of the ago of life wo do not know when it was born nor when it will die But will it lie No thoro is no death in tho universe Sun and earth may grow cold and dark and all organic beings may perish but there is no annihilation tho elements remain and continue in new combinations and forms Life and deatharo r merely phases in the eternal cycle of universal molecular movement 110W DID LIFE OllIGINATE We know that life is always associated with or bound to a certain albuminoid substance peculiar in its chemical composition known as protoplasma Such organic mutter cannot exist at a temperature exceeding that of boiling water without losing its identity as u living organic substance and it is only n logical conclusion to assume that it could not exist as long as the earth was in a state of intense heat At what time and through what mystic potencies the elements joined for the first time in the formation of organic substance we do not know but it seems reasonable to suppose that the same physical forces sustaining and multiplying life in the present could generate it in tho past We see mineral substances arrange themselves with wonderful accuracy into the regular sides and faces ofit crystal in obedience to some unknown law why should they not assume the to our eye irregular form of organic matter Indeed we have no alternative wp must either accept the theory ofa natural origin of life through the agency of the saute known and unknown laws which govern the world at the present date or quit thinking over the subject altogether It does not help matters to invoke the assistance ofa god and speak of creation wo cannot attach any ideas to these terms and empty words solve no problems We are unable to conceive the act of creation because we do not see any thing arise from nothing nor do wo see anything reduced to nothing The idea of creation is simply impossible and I consider ita more candid and honest policy to admit the imperfection of our knowledge than to pretend to fill a blank in our mind by using an expression without any material substratum and utterly devoid ofmeaning THEORY OF EVOLUTION Though we cannot solvo the problem of spontaneous generation this circum stance does not interfere with tho establishment of the theory of evolution for our ignorance in regard to the origin of tho first organism does not detract a particle from the chain of evidence by which tho subsequent development of tho higher forms from tho primeval ancestor is demonstrated Tho old biblical tradition of tho creation of tho world cat layno claims to scientific recognition The narra tive is simply a fairy story for children and just as trustworthy as tho wonderful transmutations of men into animals at the command of a mighty wizard that forms such an at tractivo feature for childish imagination Wo cannot com prehend creation because we do not know of any analogous process but wo can grasp a theory in perfect harmony with natural phenomena according to which tho present animals and plants tire descended from and developed out ofIl primitive organism that the process of evolution commenced with the beginning of organic life when and where wo do not know that it continues uninterrupted in the present and will como to aii end in tho future when and whore wo do not know To bo continued t BLUE GRASS BLADE I Persistence of Superstition the Linens ueabt rd Power ioda cvciy oweitit ana Pnilosopner wouid Swing at toe End of a Roe loy Dr Jt Howies tan end ot every tnree Hundred and sixijiive ua s our ucautitui earth complete us jouiuty around tile majestic sun the paruit ot us all and during this brlet per Icd fitly million men woolen and children tavo completed journey of life and gone back into the bosom of Nature from WHence they came and are soon forever the more than five hundred thousand years of mans sojourn on the earth trillions of human beings have come and gene and of this vast and inconceivable number only a few are embalmed in the memory of the living On a very small sheet of paper can be written the names of every man and worn on In the history of the world who have made the progres of the race possible a few men and women have fought all the battles against superstition had it not been for the immortal few who fought and died In their heroic struggle to break the power of the hideous monster of supersti tion civilization would still be locked up in the womb of the future The Infinite blessings conferred upon the human race by a few brave men and noblewomen have all been achieved without shedding one drop of human blood their only weapons have been the battleaxe of reason and the torch of science This little band of Immortal men have carried the torch of science Into every land and under the stainless Hag of reason they have marched through all the ciierless centuries shedding light where all before was darkness their flag stands for all that is good and pure In the life of men and of nations It has never been stained with blood nor wet with tears Blot from the records of tho human race the achievements of tho heroic few who have perished In the flames in dungeons and in exile for their devotion to truta and tho whole earth today would be envel oped in a mantle of darkness and tho tire human raco would still be living in the dens and caves of savagery The railroad tine steamship the telegraph the telephone the phonograph the sewing machine till reaper and mower the trolley car tho elec tric light and all the multitudinous arts and Industries that now fill the world witty comfort Joy and happiness would still be locked up In tho womb of the future Copernicus Galileo Servetuti Bruno Hy patia faplnoza Voltaire 1alne Jefferson Draper Franklin and Jngersoll were uorn to die their names are as imperisL able as the stars they are a part of the immortal number of the real redeemer and saviors of the human race through all the centuries that are yet to come they will remain embalmed In the grateful heart and affections of all th generations that are yet to be and their memory will be revered when the last man standing on tin distant shorn of time shall sing the re quiem of earth They spent all their days and sacrificed their lives lighting the gods and ghosts and devils of superstition whose crimes against humanity would a book a thousand times larger than the Holy Bible of filth and fables from which the devotees of superstition derive their authority tc rule and enslave mankind With fiendish atrocity and malignity nearly all the great men and noble women as fast as they appeared In the world have been cruelly put to death and every book containing tiny useful Information has been consumed In relentless lames kindled by the bloody hands of the heartless devoteee of of the earth has been cursed by this frightful monster and its whole his tory down to this moment Is lllled with speakable sorrow and agony for the whole human family this hYdrabeaded devil of superstition killed five million men women and children in the wars of tho Crusades to secure an empty hole in the ground where the God of the universe Is supposed to have been buried at the close of his life en earth as a carpenter In Palestine This Gorgonheaded monster killed one million Arlnns because they refused to abandon their belief In one God and accept the doctrine of the Trinity or three gods In one god It slaughtered with fiendish atrocity one million Waldenses Alblgenses Hugenots and Netherland insurgents this terrible monster superstition killed nine million Innocent men and women for the Imaginary crime of witchcraft and with unutterable savagery and barbarous cruelty put twelve million of the Innocent na ives of the New World to death long after Columbus discovered America If this bloody beast of superstition had the power today every philosopher and scientist In the whole world would now- be swinging at the end of a rope fastened to a gibbet or they would bo slowly put to death in the foul air of filthy dungeons our homes would be filled with ghosts Imps and devils and wizards and witches would still be tormenting us The fires of persecution that reduced to ashes HUSJ Jerome Wycliff and Savunarolla would bo kindled and the higher critics of today who are honestly trying tu separate the gold from the dross in tb Holy Book would soon be reduced to ashes with flame and fagot I wish had the power to Impress all the people of the earth with the Infinite impor tance of completing tho sacred work so grandly and nobly carried forward by the Volneys and Humboldts the Humes and the Gibbons tho Drapers and the Haeckels and their Immortal coworkers who have se cured for us every blessing that we now the people now living had to endure the agonies and the horrors inflicted upon our ancestors by the priests of superstition during all the long dark nignt of the middle ages and down to the beginning of the nineteenth century when the priests of superstition ruled the entire world it would be Infinitely better for every man woman land child to commit suicide and find pence in the eternal sleep of death Only a little over a hundred years ago and almost within the memory of aged men now living there came an exlls to the hos pitable shores of the United States whose labors for the human race were infinitely more valuable than all the gold and silver that were ever dug from the bowels of the earth This man repudiated the gods and devils and ghosts of superstition and by worshipping at the sacred shrine of ture ho became one of the Immortal found ers of the ennobling science of chemistry lie discovered the composition of the at mosphere which had been a scaled book through all tho countless centuries ho discovered carbonic acid a deadly poison to animal life but an esentlnl food for every tree and plant In tho world he dis covered that the man and the tree lived by breathing each others breath ho discov ered it Is that our mothers our wives and our daughters attend their flowers with a devotion closely akin to the sacred sentiment of friendship- At the time when he made his discovery of oxygen and carbonic acid all Europe was besotted with superstition and pestilence and famine were sweeping over the land with a besom of fury and destruction the pigs the dogs tho cats tho horses the cattle the men women and children all lived together In the same miserable abodes and were dying by hundreds of thousands by breathing the deadty poison of carbonic acid In each others breath and creating tho richest soil fQr the growth of the germs of pestilence The noble sciences of sanitation and ven tilation were a sealed book to the devotees IBLUE GRASS BLADE 7 of superstition and for opening these books and filling tne world with light an infuriated mob of saint who had exper ienced the agonies of tne second birth surrounded the home of tno Illustrious and immortal Joseph Priestly and burned it to ashes and all his books and manuscripts and laboratory went up in smoke and ho was pursued like a wild beast but escaped his furious pursuers and finally embarked upon a still and sailed for the New World where ho was welcomed with open arms by Paine Franklin and Jefferson when he reached the hospitable shores of the United is FEATURED CAUSE OF ITS IMPORTANCE TO THE CAUSE OF HUMANITY AND THE BLADE Cranberry Center Vls Although I have been reading the Blue Grass Blade for nearly ten years have not as yet said one word In Its praise or otherwise but I now deem it i duty of mint to thank you most cordially for all tie goo l your paper has clone lor nw anl mine Au atmosphere of good shear and Joy comes about us with the arrival of tv try weeks Issue and each or us anxiously await its coming If your paper Ins done no more than changing the mind of our bright little girl on religion It has done enough life little girl of whom speak now liv ing with us Is tho sixth motherless child wo have taken to our home care for and educated find we are perfectly satisfied with tho result and we are quite sure that each of the children we have reared feel the same way We havo been living here In the wilder ness for nearly forty years When Moses as it is said had lived that length of time In tho wilderness ho gave tho people of Israel either his own or gods law and I think It opportune to change or modify them somewhat wish you would study them over and If found worthy use themI was sorry that could rot help you when you made that appeal a short time ago but I am going to send you a new subscriber or two We greatly admire the NEW Or Laws for the People from the Wilderness Wo have no other gods besides our solves lJi A States where ho died in exile on the sacred soil of Pennsylvania No venomous serpents tbat have over been discovered In deset wastes and no ferocious beasts have ever been found in tangled forests that even approximate the savagery of the sOlemn and sanctified votees who worship at tho altar cf the gods and devils and ghosts of superstition How long 0 how long will It yet be before mankind will learn that our fight against superstition and Ignorance is a sacred fight for a higher and ncblor civil Ind The Good the Blade Doing CORRESPONDENCE picturesTEN COMMANDMENTS We do not curse our benefactors Make tiny while the sun shines and let every man make his own day of rest Wo honor our parents when honor Is due thom We kill no liftman being big or little Wo get divorced when nilsmated Wo steal when hunger and misery compel us do not speak evil of our neighbors Wo never covet anything that does not belong to us We have no desire for our neighbors wife hired man or maidJ W KUUSCIIKE BRIGHT THOUGHTS FROM A CHILD Impressions Received from a Careful Read ing of the Bible by an Elevenyear old Girl I am a girl eleven years of age Was baptized In the church I was raised as a Christian Was born In Germany was very unfortunate as was loft without a mother have lived in St Louis and also m England then we moved to Chicago and from lucre w moved on a farm In Wisconsin My father sister and brother all wont away and my fattier found a place for mo to stay Tho people hero are liberals When came hero I was religious but then had never read tho Bible excepting tho parts was told to read I have written down several passages It seems to me the Lord has so many names ho really dont know which is his right name The Bible thoroughly read would make any person a liber al if they had any sense at all People who tain believe such nonsense can believe most anything As soon as the people hero are able to afford It will bo a scholar of tho liberal school for enjoy reading sclentillo school fait reading a book by the name of Pilgrims Progress It Is the most ridiculous book there is think it u very foolish book I would rather worshjj a brick for It can be put to many uses but tho Lord God Almighty Jehovah Jealous I Am or whatever he calls himself dons no good Every night we read the Bible most always do the reading for Pas sight is poor We have nearly finishes the book of Ezekiel It is the worst book and such nonsense dont In the least understand abou this wheel business Ezekiel 1st I guess the time when God wrote this he had too many wheels In his ads or hs tad smelt too much of the turning flesh am reading the Dible til onM like to give my opinion of the Bible from time to time If It would please you am going to read Foxs bock of Martyrs and also the Martyrdom of Man A friend has these people here where am staying call Pa and Ma and they are very good me If every Christian was as good as they We would have a better KOGlIN Pertinent Question OREGON Has the Blue Grass Blade gone busted My paper stopped a long time ago I didnt know what the matter was Of course I was a little behind In my dues If It Is still running send me a copy and I will send money for a year have been kind of lest without It I hope It Is still on deck GEO U LOUCKS No Beginning By William H Maple THE IDENITY OF GOD WITH TURE DEMONSTRATED The only hook of Its kind in existence Neat cloth binding 188 pagjg two sulking Illustrations 75 cents paper binding 35 cents postpaid INGERSOLL BEACON 78 LA SAtE 8r CMCAGO CHALLENGE TO DEBATEIThat the Hebrew God and Nature or the Material Universe Are the SelfSame Thing For terms address MARION W MARLEY Bucklin Kan i 1Iiryyor sI BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited iy him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six month cents each Trial subscriptions cents PIT month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column insertion cents one month or four Inpe lions 100 six months one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special nppllfatlonThe the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL PUBSCmiTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued ut the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Hack number or numbers omitted will be sent asked for upon renewal case of dlsclntlnuance SI1OPLD ANY StUSCHJUEU change his or her iiddesa advise thl olllce giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 12611S North stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the 1ostofllce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE 1 Box Lexington Ky THE BOUND VOLUME During the coming week the first few copies of the bound volume of tho Blade for 1908 will be out of the binders hands and mailed to those who subscribed among tho first If you fail to receive your copy as speedily as you think you ought to we ask a little patience until we can recover the copies of tho issues desired to complete tho work as announced in our issue of last week MORE PREMIUMS OFFERED The present year is to bo a test of tho ability of the lade to sustain itself and make of itself a fixed and per manent institution in tho world of Freethought Preferably wo would accomplish this result by our own effort but the one great object the one step necessary is to get the Blade into more homes to secure for it a wider constituency a wider circle of readers and friends To accomplish this we must Lave tho hearty cooperation of all who are interested in the triumph of Frcethought that many friends willing to work for the Blade willing to secure now subscribers for it wouldnot accept a money payment from us therefor or a commission out of the subscriptions paid we dccidnd to offer and give handsome china sets as premiums for a given number of 1IIIIIIII H TJ row subscribers Have you read our announcement of these premiums If not do so now These china sets will be purchased by us from the Limoges China Company of Sebring Ohio and sent direct from the factory to tho friends entitled to them The premiums will bo sent im mediately upon tho receipt of the required number of new subscribers They should interest our lady friends for nothing makes a dining table so attractive as c handsome set of chinaware and by taking tho Roman Gold Mono gram set you can have your initials in monogram put on every piece This gives an individuality and a personality to them all your own At the same time it keeps you in close remembrance of tho Blade itself As an incentive for our friends to aid us in the work of increasing tho subscription list we have decided to offer two additional sets of chinaware for a certain num ber of subscribers The additional sets are a French Drip Coffee set composed of six cups and six saucers cake plate and drip coffee pot all in china of exceptional rich design at a retail value of 100 per set They are in beautiful colors rich attractive and fascinating The other is known is a Game Set beautiful china with birds in their natural colors burnished on each piece a different design on each This consists of six game plates and two dishes edges in green or brown according to individual taste With these our premium list will now be as follows For 10 Now Subscribers Roman Gold Monogram China Dinner Set 42 pieces valued at 800 For 7 Now SubscribersNoon Time Dinner Set China valued at 500 45 pieces For 5 New Subscribers French Drip Coffee 14 pieces of handsome design valued at 400 For 5 Now SubscribersGame China Set 8 pieces valuedat 400 No better chinaware is offered in tho United States at tho prices quoted fund we trust readers find subscribers one and all will snake a demand upon us for one of these sets for iu the process both sides will bo distinct gainers Write and tell us which of the sets you intend to work for and as soon as you huvo sent in tho number of new subscribers called for wo will have it sent to you all charges prepaid Get busy There is no bettor time than to begin right now Swell tho Blado during 1909 so that there can be no further question of its future WHAT A CHILD CAN DO The brief article on tho bible appearing in this issue from Anna Koglin an eleven year old girl points almost conclusively to what must happen if our children are permitted to read and analyze the bible in its entirety To road selected portions only furnishes but partial knowledge of tho bookand on such partial knowledge belief is built If tho littlo girl wishes to express her views on tho bible from time to time as sho states tho Blade columns arc BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 open to her and it will bo interesting to ninny older people especially students to watch the development of her indi vidual ideas along the lines suggested The letter was written in clear plain legible hand writing for one so young indicating that her foster parents Mr and Mrs J W Kruschke long time Liberals fire not neglecting the childs opportunities for an again little one if you wish PAINE ANNIVE US A IV Next Friday January 21 will be the 172nd anniversary of the birth of Thomas Paine foremost among the devoted champions of human liberty this great world has blown Let tho day bo celebrated with fittings ceremony and confer all possible honor to the occasion It is not the birth but the life of an individual that manes it a pleasing duty to others to celebrate the cvynt Regarding the birth of Paine in this light in u lviefartor to the race then the 29th day of January IT1 hoiild be heldas a day sacred to htunanityfor upon it among tho thousands who struggled into being there cattle ono who by his devotion to principle by his spirit of lielfa Iit1ee left tin world better richer and happier than ho had found it During tho present Week many gatherings wille held throughout America to commemorate tho day of which we speak These are now annual events Many ire made permanent in character Year by year thoso gatherings increase in number a happy omen for the futmv point ing to tho ultimate recognition of Painos rent unices to the republic by the onuses of tho American pcnpli Paine will bo theft more widely read and more generally under stood and appreciated The people will then know and proclaim tho truth They will denounce KuoMJv lt as a malicious slanderer misrepresenting a grant and noble character in American history More important perhaps at this time is a thorough determination upon the part of all admirers of Thomas Paine to secure tho hest possible medium for a centen nial celebration an opportunity that may never return to any person now living As wo have previously written tho 100th anniversary of Painos death will como in Juno of tho present year An agitation for a national gathering has been started by tho Paino Memorial and Historical Association If it is to result creditably all must take part Money is needed to defray expenses Talentedspeak ers must bo secured Programs will have to be prepared Other details need to bo carried out Hard work is necessary to provide for nIl theso things and money will bo wanted to pay expenses The officers of tho Association are willing to render tho necessary labor but they need financial help from all The Blade will gladly receive nUll acknowledge contributions for tho purpose hero indi cated and transmit the same to tho proper persons The centennial must bo held It must bo mado a success What will bo tho judgment future generations shall put upon tho Freethinkers of the present in America if we permit this occasion and the opportunity to go by un heeded Think of it ye Freethinkers of America No people owe so much to Thomas Paine as the people of our Re public For American liberty his Common Sense was written His Rights of Man was a challange to political tyrrany His sixteen pamphlets The Crisis written by the light ofa military camp fire sent a thrill through every American heart like an electric shock and our liberty resulted That greatest and grandest of all Tho Ago of Reason was dedicated to the American people and entrusted to them What man has done so much Who could have done more If ever an emergency arose for immediate and energetic action by the Freethinkers of yolifoWo have deemed it advisable to use our columns for the purposes here given instead of indulging in repetitious arguments concerning the lifo and character of Paine Fully ono hundred orators in different parts of the country will bear eloquent testimony to these before tho coming weekexpires Freethinkers are now familiar with them Much as we love to tell the story of tho great mans illustrious career we regard tho proposed centennial as of vastly more importance at this time Suppose wo start a fund to bo called The Blade Paino fund If you approve of it there is no better tinge to start it than right now Every copper so received will be sent direct to those in charge of tho Centennial and our readers will know that it has gone to tho proper channel As we can always gather some wisdom from a multitude of counsel ideas and suggestions might bo given and made as to the best manner of holding tho Centennial In tho first place it ought to bo held in a locality centrally situated Too far east or too far west will prevent many from attend ing who would like to do so Como what may this opportunity must not bo lost Tho Centennialmust be Wo owe it to Paine wo owe it to tho American people wo owo it to all underneath posterity wo owo it to history and wo owo it to ourselves SECTARIANISM INFIDELITY AND IM MORALITY For fear some objection might bo mado to tho abovo classification of subjects and terms wo beg to impress upon tho minds of our readers that the classification is not ours but is a production ofor an emanation from the peculiar legislative wisdom owned and possessed by tho Kentucky General Assembly of 1903 Russells Statutes section 5593 or section 4308 of John D Carrolls compilation being a section of tho act creating the common public school system of tho Commonwealth roads as follows I t r 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE Xo books or other publications of a sectarian infidel or immoral character shall be used or distributed in any corn mon school nor shall any sectarian infidel or immoral doctrine bo taught therein The section reads well it looks magnanimous on its face We have no present means of determining the pre cise legislative intent in the use of the term infidel The General Assembly might have intended to use infidel or immoral in the conjunctive or the alternative Asa general proposition the State has no constitutional or moral right to teach belief or unbelief in the public schools and it certainly ought not to teach immorality And yet sectarianism will creep into the daily instructions fed to our children by the employment of teachers who are votees of some particular and exclusive Christian sect Infidels have never sought nor do they seek now to invade tho little red school house with their beliefs or unbeliefs hence it was a superfluity to legislate against it though deemed by some to bo a wise proceeding- So far as infidels are concerned they are satisfied that only a purely Secular Education be afforded the children that only known truths should bo taught them All truth is infidel enough to the Christian creeds and thus armed our children are fully safeguarded from sectarian error andstrife Tho multiplication table is infidel to tho doctrine of three in one and ono in three Modern geography is infidel to tho teachings of the old Testament and tho early Christian church Hygiene is infidel to tho belief of the efficacy of prayer while Geology Astronomy and other branches of modern science given in the higher grades are rank heresies From these known facts it will bo seen that the teaching of accepted infidel doctrine in our public schools cannot bo prevented in spite of inhibitive legislation Infidel doctrine is thus taught by common consent and with tho full knowledge of all the educational authorities of the Commonwealth 1 nd yet there is neither sectarianism 01 im morality connected therewith Hero is an indication or an implication that the members of the General A embly enacting the provision quoted could not see far onouili into the subject to really know and understand visit they were doing As infidelity is actually being taught and must In taught we may infer that sectarianism and Immorality heavenly twins were properly excluded from the curricu Inn of the public schools of Kentucky THE MENTAL CONELTOT Viewing tho intellectual battle of the past few generations we must not be unmindful of the fact that the scene of activity is continually changing tile base of operations continually shifting The same can ho said of the participants those who must take a prominent part in the fray Every effort to bridge the gulf that exists between science and theology has met with utter failure and every decode rI sees that gulf growing continually wider It is but a few short years since scientists were compelled to seek and establish a harmony between geologyand Genesis that geological facts might bo accepted Today the attack comes from tho other side and theologians are occupied in an effort to reconcile Genesis with geology Nor is this all for tho assaults that have wrecked the old testament have been launched against tho new testament to such an extent that tho biblo is no longer regarded as11 divine emanation but a book written absolutely by man for mart and to enable some men to dominate over other men The bible as a whole has had tho supernatural ruled out of it and must bo subjected to scientific criticism Intellect has won only after a long and bitter struggle until today tho battle is now practically left to tho advocates of the different theologies themselves with men of science as mere spectators indifferent as to what the outcome will be Many living today will be able to recall the fact that infidels not so very long ago wero required to make some sort of an apology for the beliefs or unbeliefs they held Now the believer is almost compelled to apologize for tho fact of his belief and this is tho direct result of intellectual effort Tho majority of men who are really indifferent concerning orthodoxy may regard Jesus as some sort ofa vague historical character about which fanciful tales have been constructed but they will bo ready at any time to juestion and express serious doubts about his alleged divine origin and miraculous disappearance from earth By almost common consent these doctrines are tacitly rejected and tho man who does reject them because of their plain absurdities is not required to offer anything as a substitute This cleaveago has gone into tho inter nal elements of religious organizations which must lead to an unsettlingof religious faith out of which tho now religion of humanity if it may bo called a religion must come Christian tradition has long since lost its told upon tho public mind Men tire moro interested in the things of today than they aro in tho things of yesterday They refuse to recognize the past as a dominant factor for pres ent good Experience alone can direct men in tho proper direction for tho common good The past may be studied with profit as indicating what wo should strive to emulate and that which we ought to avoid if we would bring human happiness to its full limit Happiness is not to bo found in orthodoxy history alono will prove that to bo a fact If happiness is not a there ignus fatui but a condition to bo actually reached then wo must look for it outside of and beyond all religions No religion known to man was ever instituted or established upon proper binding authority All are of human origin and till hold certain fundamental principles in common They mazy vary in detail and it is this very detail that creates sectarianism divisions and subdivisions of ono system and between those sectarian votaries tho fight will bo prolonged BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 Free institutions are aids to freedom of thought For this reason alone America should bo the recognized leader in the Jfrocthouglit movement In those countries where absolutism prevails there can bo little freedom of thought Chattel slavery is a necessary concomitant of mental shivery The mind like the bodmust bo free neither knowing or recognizing master Physical revolutions have struck the fetters from human hands and religious revolutions are required to remove the shackles from the human mind Given liberty of mind and there can be no tyranny Liberty and not theology is tho enthusiasm of this century and tho careful student maysafely predict vast men tal changes before many more years shall have passed Tho direction which these qualities of enthusiasm will take is determined by the pressure of tho age in which they appear Tho lack cohesiveness among the elements of orthodoxy point to but ono conclusion an ultimate and speedy dissolution and death of the whole system Still our work is not done In fact may truthfully say that it is only just actually beginning Religions die hard They are as bitter and poisonous in their lying gasps as they could possibly bo in the days of their greatest strength The struggle the determination not to give up induces unusual methods to prolong life and power and wo must be fully prepared to meet tho orthodox foe at every turn Ono mistake ono error one act of neglect ono act of indifference on our part at a fatal moment may defer the glorious culminations for which wo strive for many years and carry tho war over to another century THE Kill TORS LECTUUE DATES The latter part of January the Blades editor will start out for another lecture campaign in Ohio It is to bo hoped that tho officers of tho Buckeye Secular Union will take all possible advantage of these opportunities and organize a number of local clubs under its auspices At this writing the dates and places will be as follows January 80 Uhriehsville Ohio January Dennison Ohio February 4 and 5 Canal Dover Ohio joint debate with Rev Leander S Koyser Lutherans minister February Chardou or Middlcficld Ohio Ararngcmcnts lire also in progress for lectures at Circle ville Massillon McConnelsvillo and Marietta An account of this trip and of tho debate will bo given in these columns and friends desiring lectures on the return journey are requested to communicate with tho Blade at tho earliest possible into As a result of tho resignation of Rev W P Hines from tho pastorate of tho Calvary Baptist Church in this eitas told in tho Blade recently sixtyseven member have withdrawn their membership and Lexington papers reported that as tho recalcitrants were leaving tho church hnppytillfawned upon their minds and it might have been inten tional Who knows THE EMERGENCY FUN Previously acknowledged 750 J S Carnahan 100 Mrs Jean B Harmon 150 Y B Stone 100 Total 1100 One of tho greatest enemies to liberty is license K Humanity is one whole and not until Lazarus is com pletely cured will Dives he safe Whatever you are whatever you do let it grow out of a firm root of truth planted in the strong soil of reality watered from the springs of justice Is it not true as Tennyson remarked that there lives more faith in honest doubt believe me than in half the creeds I Then stand up and be counted on tho right side It is only tho superstitions of men that invite the im pudence of ecclesiastical power So long as superstition exists this impudence will not fail to assert itself On this hypothesis only can tho parson succeed Wo lire in receipt of the first issue ofa now paper devoted to advanced thought entitled the Wheel of Life It is published by The Life Publishing Company of St Louis It deals with life as it is and not as some people believe it is or should bo Upon reading the first few chapters of Dr Ilausinans now book on evolution our readers will bo in a position to judge of its great value as a contribution to advanced litera ture an exponent of tho Positivist philosophy and its individual merit Ono thusand copies will bo printed and bound Advance subscriptions to tho book at 200 each will save you postal charges After tho book is issued tiro purchaser will bo asked to pay tho postal charges in addi tion thereto Tho Blade entertains a high opinion regard ing this work and bespeaks careful perusal Tho indorse ment of Prof ITaeckcl should be enough without tiny opinion from us 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE tt + 1Cbe Blades Conitespondenee 1 i + + + 1 CELEBRATE PAINES BIRTHDAY a few days 1o birthday anniversary IInhe greatest and noblest champion of that ever trod the earth or the fields of North America wfll be upon us I respectfully urge upon all who love and honor the name memory and services of Thomas Paine to celebrate that day Friday January 29tb in whatever way they may deem prudent and acceptable If you are unable to secure a speaker then spiel some yourselves You can get a copy of his works and read aloud those stirring and heartthrilling words of his especially from the Age of Reason a book that has dug the grave of the priesthood I have a few copies en hand and would be glad to sell them to those who wish to be en O B O FENTON Takes a Bound Volume NEW YORKEnclosed herein please find my cheque for 350 for one of your bound volumes The illustrations alone are worth the money If it does not contain pictures of my old first Freethought friends Horace L Green and Theresa Ann Green his noble wife I shall be woefully disap pointed That Illustration ought to be from the quartosize photo taken of him and his family and Col Ingersoll and his family In a group of whic I have one Also I have bound volumes of Brother Greens Freethinkers Magazine later The Freethought Magazine first pub lished by him at Salamanca In this county then In Buffalo and lastly In Chicago E D NORTHRUP From an Old Friend OREGONYou will please find enclosed 160 for the Blue Grass Dlade to begin the first of the year I know it must be better than it ever was with all of its old con tributors and John R Charlesworth as Editor Ho delivered lectures In this city I think about 15 years ago which were as good as I ever heard and I have had the pleasure of hearing some of our very best Please be so kind as to remember me to him When he was here ho called at my home a visit which I enjoyed very much I remember him as a bright young man and a fine talker I am as everMRS A DePEATT L Wants a Bound Volume KANSASI want the bound volume of the Blade so much that I cant refrain from asking you to save It for me until the 15th of this month as my rent Is duo at that time Then will send you two dollars as you suggest In the Issue of Dec 20 08 as I have been n subscriber to the same for a number of years And may it live long to scatter light to the benighted ELLA P HUNT Mrs Closz Wants One Too IOWAInclosed find 350 in money order for bound volume of Blade Kindly send me two or three extras of Jim 3d Com pliments of tale season HARRIET CLOSZ Would Santa Claus Some KY Enclosed find two dollars lor which please send me 25 cents worth each of the Blade of dates Sept 1908 and Nov 1908fifty cents worth of these two is sues containing How Saints Are Made and The Birth of Christ which I desire to send to friends and the balance 150 apply on my subscription Next month I will do better A wedding sickness Santa Clausing etc prevents my doing better now With best wishes your CrlendT L GIVAN Memorizing the Bible COLORADOI enclose clipping of the Denver Tribune What do you think of It Think of a mere baby of years memoriz ing 1102 Bible verses parrollikefor the little victim to an abominable superstition cant possibly understand the stuff Should this worse than useless waste of energy be continued a year or two longer the prospects for the mental development of this unfortunate baby are gloomy indeed And this is true of the rest of the bunch of prizewinners mentioned In the clipping Here Is a legitimate case for the S P C C but of course nothing will be done As to the adult idiots of the church in question they are already beyond hopeLOUIS KNAPP M D Blade and Emergency Fund OHIO Please find enclosed 250150f- or Blue Grass Blade from Nov 1908 to Nov 10J tho other dollar for the Emer gency Fund to help pay some poor devils sub Would have sent my dues sooner r but overlooked the mutter If you print Ladd s and Wettsteins latest writings in pamphlet form I will take 25 of each Wishing you sucess in all your undertak InggsJ S CARNAHAN Inquire of George Longworth PENNIEnclosed find check for one dol lar to pay what I owe on Dr Wilsons book I dont know what is tho matter with tho Freethinkers In Philadelphia Suppose they have gone to sleepand have forgot to set the alarm I cant find them or I would give them a punch Have been to 355 Wallace Street at least a dozen times to see Mr Elliott but could never find him in Told his friend why I wished to see him that I wanted to know where tho Freethinkers meeting places were He replied that Mr E could not tell me as he did not go with them So am at a loss to know where they are Have been hero two months and have not found them yet Am afraid the Popes bulldogs have run them Into their roles and they have pulled their holes inafter them As they are not afraid of brimstone I hardly think they could be smoked out even If we could find the place where they went in I judge that tho only thing to do in order to get them is to muzzle the dogs and as you are an expert In that Jne we call for your as sistance They could hardly give you a great amount of trouble as they are not ferocious and if you could find some ten der virgin to bring with you it would bo an easy job for they are very partial to that kind of a diet JNO S DYERS TOM PAINE MEMORIAL BANQUET CLUB NO1 BUCKEYE SECULAR UNION VIII Celebrate the 171st Anniversary- of Tom Paines Birth In Beattys Restaurant Dennison O Sunday January 31st at 12 oclock noon PROGRAM The Spirit of the TimesJesse P White Tom Paines Exposition ot the Prophecies A C Narragon Tom Paine the Patriot tho Author the Deist John R Charlesworth Dir You aro respectfully Invited to be present and assist In honoring the greatest man of his age GEO O ROBERTS Chairman of Committee BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 IMfRITORIOUS Advertising Attracts Business The right kind of goods and prices to suit mean success but you must let the people know what you have j f rfe Clinton Advertising Go Incorporated Louisville Ky Lexington Ky Art Calendars Leather Goods Aluminum Wares Buttons Rulers In fact everything that will tell the people where you are C and the kind of business you are engaged in Special Designs for Freethinkers if Desired Does your business pay Do you wish it to pay better Then dont hide it Write us for information 14 BLUE GRASS BLADEtNaumann Orchestra NAUMAN Violin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Cornet or Clarinet Other instruments added If desired 500 pieces of the latest music suit Iver any program always on hand Lock Dox 800 Phone SIGOURNEYI IOWA PLANETSIS Callun THE A BC of Religion A COLLECTION OF POEMS irom a TypeWritten Family Bible Without Policy or Piety But Full of Common Sense By JOSEPH HAIGH Chebanse Illinois 25 CENTS Address the Author or Blue Grass Blade FREETHOUGHT FUNERALS IN THE HOUR OF GREAT NEED Following is a list of the names and dresses of Liberal speakers who are pre pared to conduct funeral services over the remains of deceased Freethinkers- On account of probable delay It would be advlsible to call them by telegram Josephine K Henry Versailles Ky Dr J B Wilson 206 East Fourth Street Cincinnati Ohio Parker H Sercombe Editor Tomorrow 131 East CGth Street Chicago Illinois John R Charlesworth Lexington Ky Marion W Marley Bucklin Kansas- A J Clausen St Ansgar Iowa J C Harmon 3575 Wallace St- PhUadelphla Pa Stanberry Alderman McConnellsvllle O H H Lane N Front St New Haven Conn HOLIDAY RATES via QUEEN CRESCENT ROUTE Tickets on sale December J8 19 23 24 25 30 and January limit January 1909 Ask agents for particulars W C RINEARSON General Passenger Agent Pl rr The Peoples Press Fearless in its advocacy of Krfethouifht Published weekly at ill Blue Island Ave Chicago J B Lenau Publishes Official paper of the Materialist Aasocintior In Canada or Foreign Countries Sioo a Vest Subscription Cents a Year Silk Dresses Given Away- An opportunity of a life time for women who love good clothes High School girls can obtain their grad uation dresses without cost working girls and married women may secure fine fall or summer dresses Large list of patterns to select from Bona fide offer no fraud no grafting or disagreeable duties to perform For full particulars send name address and a twocent postage stamp to 247 Hennepin Ave MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA ED S SHEAGREEN- Marriage and Divorce by OSEPH1NE HENRY VERSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies ot this uptoda pamphlet are now In circulation In t it United States and England It treat is forcible style of the most Important poh lem before the American people It shoal be read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic promptly filled by the autho Copy 25 Cents 5 Copies One Do FOR THINKERS WHO 1 HI- NNSENDSBuckbecs Full Northern Pedigreed Seeds have a reputation ofit years teed growing behind the het- Specialties BEANS Earliest Valentine RefulceExtra Early fjjjPoi lWardwells Imp Wax White Wax 475 Curries Rust Wax J45 PEAS Extra Alaska Early Gradus Herefords Market Garden Buckbees Lightning Express Ijoo Lettuce Tomato and a line of seeds Plants and at growing prices catalogue or a pricesBuyWrite today this paper H W BUCKBEE Give Em Fits Thats what THE SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great rad teal novel doss to the to cos of bigotry and su And the ular press cf the country goaded by the church element Is throwing over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that nil right It has ere ated a sensation In con servative circles and nused consternatlor among the clergy It Is enthuslastlcall endorsed by leading Krcelthtnkers throughout the world You nl hiiuw how Hurt can write rind this hoot he at Ills host It an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper apd bound In oxblood cloth PrIce 160 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Fine Farm for Sale SPLENDID CHANCE TO OWN PAYINC SOIL IN BUCKEYE STATE Do you want a 218 acre farm Do you want It In Athens County Ohio Do you want the best of soil Twostory double barn almost new Also sixroom farm house good condition Abundance of best water throughout farm Two wells one cistern good outbulldlngs Entire farm under cultivation Small woodland beautiful pasturage apples and peaches In center of coal field Two shafts mile east another going down shafts 2h miles north and northwest ani more going down Coal feet to 14 feet never less than feet Onequarter milt to pike new miles to county seat Athens 8000 Inhabitants Junction K M B 0 and H V R R In Hocking Valley Heirs are going to sell at once Bring check book you cant keep from buy Ing Sell as low as 50 per acre Athens H S LARCH M D The Wage Slave Socialist Weekly that advocate Industrial Unionism Revolutionary to the core EDITED FREETHINKER Tim enemy of everything that supports the Hvlntlnp social order Send for sample copy Aililr l Tim Wage Slave Dox Hancock M BTIRTUM ato Be sure and Subscrln For Secular Thought- Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti cism In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms Jl per annum In advance single copies cents All communications for the Editorial do partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for hooks printing etc should ho addressed C M ELLIs Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can DIAMONDS Order of me and save money I deal with the best cutters and largest importers direct have forty years experience am an accurate judge and analyst of these beautiful gems and diagnose them In all their most delicate and Intrinsic characters I now do not carry stock but buy the goods for cash as I receive the orders thus obtaining best discounts This saves In terest on capital Invested rents salaries and the largo per cent of loss incidental to and unavoidable by all dealers who carry stock The small commission will charge you for my time facilities and Judgment will be trifling In comparison to the savings between the prices your retail jeweler MUST charge you and mine Send me a trial order Upon receipt of goods compare with others and if not satisfactory return and get your money Diamonds remount ed in West artistic designs at lowest prices Full value allowed for old jewelry Send for cut prices of Watches Dia monds Jewelry Silver Plated or 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TOMORROW PUBLISHING CO 139 E 50th St CHICAGO ILL The Woman and The Prospector Is the title of romance every woman and child should read It should be in the hands of nil who are opposed to superstition and graft as it is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and tho ad ministration of drugs to human licings at the same time points out tho only method for the euro of the consumptive The book let is really free but the cost of advertising and postage wo figure at 10 centi so if you wish a copy send us 10 cents and we will send it to you A M PARKER 415 Crocker St Los Angeles Calif 15 SEND 10c FOR SAMPLE OF Healds Religious Stickers The same being short quotations from Our Dear Heavenly Father Our Bless ed Savior Baalams Ass Mary Christ Our Friend the Devil and other person ages of sacred memory These are suitable for sticking on church doors and other objects where they will do tho most good in spreading the glad tid Ings of great joy Until April 1909 address FRANKLIN HEALD Clrcleville Ohlc Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important Pigs Potatoes and Pups you believe that we grownups and evcii file Children should know at much about our chis as we know abou Flini1 TloWi r an1 Fiocs Do you believe in Better Fiogeny a More Klovnteil Race anyway If sn send 25 for a years subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Mall St Los Angeles California U S Samples ten cents Trial three month with pamphlet Institutional Marriage cents stamps The Holy Bible In a Nutshell NVw Booklet showing up the contradictions and fallacies of the Christian bible Jusit he thing to pass around among your religious friends to jarr their faith and destroy their godwebs Ready Soon Order Nowl Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 15 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 172S Ellis Street San Francisco Cal SEEDS SPECIAL OFFER lido to build llultw trial our Prize Collection TIIt 1p1rIndl ii u ranetln tSTEEU PLEASE Write today Mention this nrleJ 1SEND 10 CENTSpkla this rril potnuli Irtrucllv tre4 Plant HjiCBuclbee + 511 riJmll w J J y NNNNNNNNNNNNNH INNN HH + NNHNNNHHNNNNNNNNNNNNNN y i OUR MARK FOR 1909 IS TO i t DOUBLE OUR CIRCULATION YYwe iIi Offer and Make up Your Get YYI i GUARANTEEWE iAND STABILITY TO TIlTS END WE OFFER i PAXYOU iIi PlmnmSIPHgI 1 Roman Gold Monogram China Dinner Set 42 Pieces 1Y + This is an attraction for every woman Useful and Ornnnientul Gives tIle table a pretty Good China Retails at 800 per setInitial letters of owners name iwoen in monogram and burnished upon every piece in pure gold letters + + TEN 0 i iYt you one + sets charges prepaid No money out of your pocket Onlya little real oflbrttand you cans + Yyi This set is equally as attractive theas other hut has jio monogram It retails at t 500 per set An ornament to any table i e iSEVEN SUBSCRIBERSSEVEN SUBSCRIBERS iYou can this set newannualTERMS Write us that you intend working to secure one or either of the above dinner sets and we i andkeepwill + as received When you have sent in the requisite number for either set it will be as 50011t tyou at once SUBSCRIPTION BLANK FORMS WILL BE SENT ON APPLICATION i 1J 1J LL l J b