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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, January 31, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909013101 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, January 31, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BLUE GRAiSS BLADE Volume XVII Number 41 LEXINGTON KY JANUARY 31 ryoo Published Weekly = = JDEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT DR A IIAUSMAX Author of New Workon Evolution I OOvlOa4 4 hw v Cs X Srx wrri43 tiwwZir4 Wflff flUlIlllltt WjIijW tt hnl1 if JIIIIJ It t it 1 4lIial J1 n rr= logo I A I 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE DR A HAUSMAN You ask me for a sketch of my lifedo you realize what that means Do you know that you are asking me to appear before the court of public opinion and plead guilty Guilty of the most unpardonable and heinous crime on the socnl statutes although it is not found in the criminal code Therefore it is not murder burglary forgery or any such trilling offense which may be condoned cn earth and forgiven in heaven It Is worse than any of these mid confessing it Isun crushed by tine ity of my guilt did not make a fortune Now come on and throw stones at me have no mitigating circumstances to offer but In extenuation of my sin will give a brief sketch of my fruitless life to serve as a warning for the young men so that they may avoid my mistakes In the future came to life in some little place In Germany and although do not remember the event the unpleasant fact of my existence does not permit of any doubt In this respect Until was a little over years of age went to the public school In the upper class of which enough of Latin was taught to enable the pupil to enter the high school preparatory for the university I do not remember anything by which distinguished myself from the rest of the boys was vaccinated with success as the scars show was baptized Instructed in religion solemnly received into the church by confirmation but it did not take and I have nothing to show for It But developed a wonderful perception of rght and wrong never stole apples or anything else from private parties perhaps the fact that we had a large orchard ourselves may have had some beneficent Influence but I consid ered the fish in the streams and the game In the fields which belonged to tho ruling Prince common property and the legit imate prey of the downtrodden subjects Stealing fish and game in defense of the peoples rights and In defiance of the govern ments laws and earning the well deserved reputation as the most skillful poacher in those parts was my proudest achievement After leaving school became apprentice In a drug store four years work for board and then an examination Hating to serve In the army concluded to emigrate and being offered a loan to study medicine accepted Arriving at the University of Jena met with an obstacle my examination as druggist was not deemed sufficient to admit me to the study of medicine At that time and to some extent It Is the same today the so called classical education at the gymnasium consisting in the study of dead languages and other worthless matter was con sidered essential to the training of the ntinda superstition entirely unfounded and a detriment to the dissemination of rational ideas After one term of probation my mental capacity was considered sufficient and was admitted to tho medical faculty Whatever misgivings had myself about my ability to think logically without a classical education woro speedily dispelled when learned that tho most stupid student at the college the dunce and laughingstock of all was a student of philosophy At Jena attended Prof Ilaeckels lectures on the theory of evolution which had been established by Darwin only a few years before and became at once an ardent convert of tho new gosleltAfter obtaining my land with debts galore but money scarcely enough to carry mo to tho edge of the big pcnd By good luck found a chance to work my way across and borrow enough money In New York to reach Missouri where had friends Being a selfmade man I was entitled to become a millionaire according to the customary tradition but soon found out that It would require even more than Methuselahs age to attain this coveted goal through tho practice of medicine and folt discour b aged tried my luck In a large city and had the opportunity to accompany a patient to New York to have an operation performed Returning after several months was Induced to take part In a mining venture and went to Leadville to work a claim It ended wth tho usual results wo were sadder and wiser men But toted to commence the practice again and went Into mining body and soul It was hard work but persevered and succeeded to some extent although a peculiar kind of Illluck seemed to per r secute me had given up the Idea of ever practicing medicine again and went to a School of Mines to finish my education as f mining engineer This ought to havb given me chances to make 1 a fortune but instead It ruined me was engaged as essayer chemist for n mining camp in Mexico where a smelter was being built and promised a better position but when the plant was finished the scoundrel gave It to another man and wanted me to act as doctor protested vigorously and was discharged Tills happened during the panic in and it was Impossible for me to find work In reply to a bitter complaint made to the President of tho Mexico company was informed that the former manager had left and that I could get the position as surgeon no other being vacant had no choice and took it remaining until the property changed hands In 1903 when went to St Louis In during the Fair a Congress of Freethinker met In St Louis which I attended An examination of tho Liberal literature exhibited convinced me that a work had written some time ago would be useful in the battle for a good cause and Induced me to send the Ms to Prof Ernst Haeckel and ask his opinion which ho gave In a letter when returning It Having no means to start a practice accepted an opportunity to go to Nevada and find mining property for investment ing to practice somewhere out West If that should fall not find anything suitable In Nevada but examined a one of tbo northern counties of California which I found IntendIand recommended for purchase But my parties waited and the opportunity was lost and also the Interest received Then turned towards the practice of learned that an examination had to be passed which I December 1905 but failed It seethed somewhat strange that should not be qualified to practice after having occupied for eight years the position of surgeon in tho mining camp where more accidents happened than In many a goodsized town but tiny one familiar with this socalled examination will understand It easily enough Tho object is not at all to test tho ability of the applicants but only to keep physicians and particularly specialists out of tho State and for that purpose the questions are so chosen that there Is no danger of any one answering them who hull been away from lege longer than a few years Most of the questions refer to subjects that are of no value whatever for tho practitioner and In tho last examination the most important subjects for the practitioner surgery medicine and materla medlca are not even mentioned A few questions nay give an Idea about tho character of the examinations How much alcohol contains whisky brandy sherry slid kaumlss How Is liquid air obtained live a plan for a modern Installation for ventilation etc It Is one of the meanest grafts In California Under the pretext of protecting the public against quacks able physicians are robbed and cheated by the thieves composing tho Board of Medical Examiners Tho earthquake demoralized the mining business and a gang of professional highwaymen held mo up by means of tho statutes Instead or the pistol If a man Is competent and willing to follow a useful profession and Is prevented by the law what can ho do t BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINYr L tof Evolution Struggle for Existence Survival the Fittest The Law of Inheritance What tho World Owes to Darwin IPAnT 2 OF THE LATEST GREAT LOOK ON EVOLUTION J3j Dr A Hausman As the lowest typo of organic life we find a substance which is neither animal nor plant and must bo eoiiaidoivil as remnant ofU once perhaps extensive neutral domain from kingllolllIheir primitivehotlyan analogous mauler This is a significant fact in favor of the theory of evolution because it shows that the laws 41 and principles upon which it is based do not merely apply to mink or certain groups of animals but cover tho broad I tieinglessplulohprcapplication to man and his social life in particular lint as many pcoplo are not familiar enough with the original texthooks of Darwin or Ilaeckel to recognize its general principles in this particular application deem it neces sitrv to treat tho fundamental facts with sufficient oxplicity to enable the reader to obtain a comprehensive view over tho vast field of investigation which we tare about to enter As the most primitive animal type we know already tho lplIII minute corpuscle of protoplasma enclosed in a thin membrane A glance through the microscope under which has been placed a drop of stagnant water reveals thousands of these little creatures moving around in a lively manner being actively engaged in performing tho propagationMhut if wo examine portions ofa larger body in the same way we perceive that is consists entirely of similar coils varying more or less in size and shape Tn fact every higher animal may bo lpfilltcllls an agglomeration or colony of these original beings which however have lost their identity as independent individuals and assumed instead certain special functons in the economy of the common body All physiological organs the brain included fire constructed of cells or their derivatives roan may bo fittingly compared to separate departments ofII political organi zation tho seat of intellect representing thocontral power r t houghsubject to will and subordinate to the common interest they have still preserved a certain autonomy ill their functions and no matt is completely waster over himself Next in the series of progressive evolution we find instead of one single cell groups of cells united into one individualeach one performing a certain function according to an important biological law of which litter divisions of labor In animals of the higher order complicated originatedfromexamination of the successive stations the classes orders etc ill the progressive development of the animal kingdom I think it conducive to the better understanding of the immense material we have to deal with to describe those t natural factors discovered by Darwin as the fundamental principles of evolution Wi Livivn UHIVOS PKOWOK MOUK DIsCI XIIAVT TIIAV 1ossiiuv CAX KxtsiYjiOv EAUTII This rule applies equally to till species hilt tho rate of propagation is much greater ill the smaller thanin the larger animals Certain microscopical ill flloriII produce Mannyitlsectsthousands of millions in a few years Some fishes have as many as a million eggs Among the manuals tile smaller species multiply faster than the large ones but taking even the elephant and assuming that a couple lives fifty years producing two pair of young ones during this period the number of descendants provided they attain tho ago of the parents would reach the enormous figure of one billion in a thousand years Wo have proofs that elephants lived spveral thousand years ago and it will be oasih understood that the earth would bo far too small for thorn had their increase continued unchecked till the mesent day To further illustrate tho result of perpetual propagation One gnbic inch of sand contains about one million grains one chic foot 172S millions and the whole earth would not hold more than sixtythree quinquillions Man in all his pretended divinity does not make an exception from this maxim and calculation will easily prove that his numbers would soon be like the sand on the sea and cover the entire earth if allowed to increase in geometrical progression Ill the relation between numbers and space we have an incontrovertible mathematical basis for the theory of Evolution which it is impossible to deny or r fate The word of the poet Koom for all lilts the earth is hiss not 4 BLUL GRASS BLADEItrue No friendly deity has provided ample room and abundant food for her creatures to live together in peace and harmony but cruel austere elements have shaped their destiny for eternal strife and war They encroach upon and crowdeach other and wage a war of unrelenting termination the one preying upon and devouring the other Still this natural state of universal hostility and discord is euphoniously called harmony by the orthodox believers in creation If the early bird devours tho earlier worm tho harmony in this arrangement appears to be rather ono sided From these undisputable premises the excess of numbers over the possibilities of existence it follows as a logical deduction and with absolute certainty that the greater per centage of all tho individuals born cannot reach maturity but is bound to be destroyed at an early age This Struggle for existence must however not be interpreted as implying merely the direct destruction- of one individual or species by ahothcr hut must be conceived in a much broader sense It comprises the sum total of all the influences to which animals are subject atmos pherical climatical geological besides of direct competi tion Very complicated mill intricate results arise from these causes and species interfere with each other which have no direct relation and are not dependent upon the same food for existence Darwin relates as an instance of this kind that the red clover in England is fructified by the bumblebees who carry the pollen from one flower to the other Their enemies are the fieldmice which in turn are hunted by cats told birds of prey It is unnccesary to dwell any longer on this subject everybody knows how ono kind feeds upon the other how maul himself sometimes suffers from the ravages of small insects and worms SURVIVAL OF THE FITTKST Admitting the impossibil ity that all the individuals born eau live the reults must bo the survivalof the fittest In order to obtain a correct idea of the meaning of this expression we must treat it together with the principle of variation and nilaplaliim in the struggle ofexistence An individual does not represent an immutable rigid type but possesses a certain flexibility the capacity of un dergoing slight modifications IIIlIIn tendency to adapt it self to its surroundings Man for instance will become accustomed to changes in climate mode of living food etc the hair of animals will grow thicker when trans ferred from a warm to a cold climate plants will have smooth or hirsute stems or leaves according to a dryor wet place Every organism lilts the tendency to preserve his existence and adapt himself to altered conditions that means he will develop certain peculiarities useful under tho circumstances Such acquired habits of physical qual ities whether controlled hwi1l or not may bo useful indifferent or detrimental to the owner who accordingly will thrive and multiply remain indifferent or perish The individuals possessing the least power of resistance are continuously weeded out to make room for those better fitted to survive Wo must be careful however not to misinterpret the term fittest as physically the strongest or to attach nnyIdefinite quality to it because it is a general expression any kind of advantage one individual possesses over thelother told it does not even necessarily imply any merits for often tho defects of ninny constitute the sole superiority of one The smallness and insignificance of an animal may bo its strength If in some parts of Africa oxen cannot live on account ofa small fly it is certainly not the strongest in this case who is fittest to survive In the jealousy of the large powers in Europe consists the safety of the small Swiss republic I have noticed that some persons tako exception to the principle of the survival of the fittest because they conceive tho term in its common usage indicating ability for a certain task or office But there is no moral significance attached to it in nature wo only know of cause and effect If useful qualities acquired during life time remained confined to one individual they would become extinct with its death and play no part in the formation ofa new species But they are preserved and transmitted from generation to generation through Tin LAW IXUKUITAXUE That physical as well as mental faculties may be transmitted from tho parents to J the offspring is such a well known and universally admit ted fact that it would be useless to waste any words about it resemblance of the child to the parents is such a common occurrence that much stress is laid upon it in case of doubtful identity Characteristics of either parent may predominate or they may be blended together as Goethe says Yom Vatcr crbt ich die Stator Des Lebcns erustos fuhron Vom Muttorehen die froh Nil tu Die Lust zing fabulircn Translations From father I inherited tho stature Lifes conduct grave mill bold From mother cheerful nature And love for fairy stories told Since time immemorial man has recognized tho law of inheritance and has taken advantage of it to propagate and develop certain qualities in animals for his benefit In our domestic animals wo behold the results of this artificial selection which is still going on producing endless new varieties Observation of the effects of breeding gave Dar win tho impetus to those investigations which culminated in his grand theory Noticing the conspicuous changes in appearance and anatomical structure under the influence of domestication ho arrived at tho important conclusion that a species does not represent a fixed immovable type Tho example ofit wellknown animal may illustrate what this means Tho dog belongs to the great natural division of vertebrates to tho class of mammals the order of car nivora tho family canina tho genus canis wolf fox BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 dog and the species canis familiaris In this classification wolf fox and dog are named as distinct species of the genus canis whilo the different breeds of dogs are merely considered varieties of the species canis familiaris even if less l similarity exists between them as between the former Comparing badger dog or terrier with a greyhound or Newfoundland it will be readily perceived that they differ more among each other than the wolf fox andshepherd dog and if encountered in a wild state they wouldno doubt have been determined as distinct species Domestic pigeons also present an interesting example of the results of breeding they deviate so far in anatomical structure and plumage from their wild ancestor that nobody would take them for birds of the same kind if ignorant of their common descent When peculiar characters tire inherited they appear in the offspring at a time corresponding to the age at which they were acquired by the parent The growth of horns at a certain age the appearance of a beard and the mutation of the larynx at the period of puberty are wellknown in stances of this kind Such characters which are often of no apparent benefit can be traced back usually to the tion of another powerful agency in the process of evolution J the instinct of propagation called love in man Darwin has described it in particular as natural selection and in the descent of man has shown that the striking differ ences between manic and female animals in the higher or ders consist in acquired transmitted and developed char acters by which the favored individuals gained advantage over their rivals in the competition for the possession or favor of tho females They are ofit great variety and consist in weapons useful in the combat with rivals as horns and teeth or in organs serving to find attract and charm tho females To this kind belong the musical in struments of some insects the trained choir of tho frogs 1 tho beautiful colors of tho butterflies tho song and tho bril 11liunt plumage of tho birds etc It sometimes happens that peculiarities appear which originally belonged to an ancient ancestor but were lost long ago This relapse into a prior type is called atavismus and affords a plausible expla nation for tho occurrence of certain monstrosities for in stance abnormal growth of hair on face and body Laving obtained general idea of the principal agencies throughwhich nature accomplishes tho progressive trans formation of animals it remains to say a few words in ex planation of one important factor in this process propaga tion which forms the basis of tho law of inheritance Tho essential character of propagation consists in the separa tion ofa portion of the maternal body from which a new individual dovelopes Wo can easily observe this process in microscopical organisms and I could not describe it bet ter than by quoting a passage from an excellent article on bacteria in tho April number of Harpers Magazine 1801When wo put them under favorable conditions for growth and give them food enough they may bo seen to divide across the middle each portion soon becoming larger and again dividing so that it has been calculated that a single germ if kept under favorable conditions might at the end of two days have added to the number of the worlds living beings 281500000000 new individual bac teria In fact if this sort of thing went on for a few weeks unhindered there would bo very little room left on the earths surface for any other form of life and pretty much all tho carbon hydrogen oxygen and nitrogen which is available for life purposes in the world would bo used up There would be a corner in life stuffand even the master man would be forced to the wall It is not difficult to see how in this modo of propagation the single division of an individual tho properties of the mother organism are rectly transmitted upon tho new being In the higher or ders however the act of transmission is not so obvious and easy to understand but it would be transgressing our object to enter into the details of this interesting and dim cult section of zoology May it suffice to state that between the two extremes tho simple cell in the lowest end the sep arate sexes in the highest order the latter requiring the coalescence of two parts of germs for the generation ofa new individual there exists an intermediate state hcrm aphroditism in which the sexual organs are separate but still contained in the same individual Summing up the factors we have recognized as tho nat ural causes of the origin of species wo arrive at tho follow ing deductions All animals consist of cells tho lowest of one the highest of many More beings are produced than can exist hence a largo percentage must perish Those best adapted will survive their useful properties will bo trans ferred upon tho progeny modified and augmented and transferred again from generation to generation A single cell is tho prototype of life and all the other attributes which constitute a higher organism represent additional t characters acquired in the course of time from the beginning f of life to the precut date This theory is in con i fortuity with the fact that all animals tho flea as wellas tho elephant emanate from a single cell tho common protgenitor of all One of tho most interesting zoological phenomena inval uable as an argument in favor of tho theory of descent de serves special mention the change of generation This means that somo animals do not emerge from the egg as perfect individuals but assume first the shape of an in ferior ancestor and live some time in this disguise before they attain their true form through further metamorphosis This significant phase may le observed in many of the maritime animals but tho bestknown examples are those of tho butterfly and tho frog The former appears suc cessively as a cell tho egg a caterpillar worm a chrysalis and tine perfect insect The latter passes through the intermediate stage of tho tadpole To be Continued 1 l BLUE GRASS BLADE Who Are Infidels Review of Facts and Figures as Concern Infidelity Mere Assertions but a Waste of Breath By Julia Coon The statistics given In the Blade by E Lewis fill a longfelt want and It Is to be hoped that theywill followed byothere have for some time desired relIable statistics In regard to the religions of crlm Inals Freethinkers nave In these figure one of the very strongest arguments against superstition and I for one purpose to make use of them They should be put In leafle form for wide distribution have seen the statement made that 80 per cent of our criminal class li the produc of parochial schools Ha any one the ures to back this up A mere assertion without the figures Is waste of breath Had been compiling the statistics giver In the made would not havo tried to b morethan fair to the Christians and this It seems to me air Lewis often Is Thin Is partly because such words as Freethinker Christian skeptic unbeliever am Infidel convey such different meanings tc different people and the Liberal movement will make better progress when we have a generally accepted meaning Let us take tile word Infidel first for this Is the one most misused tile word Is an epithet applied by all creedmongers to all who do not accept their own faith According to this use ev ry one In the world Is an infidel Iniulcl dog is a most common term for Christians to apply ic Jews while the Koran of Mohammed ex Illicitly states that all Christians are dels But the word itself signifies unfaltn ful and In the most correct sense It should mean one who is unfaithful to his own convictions One who dare not live up to Shakespeare grand till s This above allto thine own self be true And It must follow as the night the day Thou canst not then bo false to any man The word Chris lan comes from ChrIs a supposed miraculous savior Anyone who believes In degeneration and the need of miraculous salvation and that the Nazarene was the son of a nonearthly being and therefore tho Christ or HiiviorU u Christian Tljls will Include a large class of people who aro not affiliated with any church It Includes a class mostly widely diversified In character from thoroughly honest wellmeaning people who eschew the church on account of Its hypocrisy to de generates who expect to cheat their way through the world and at the last moment throw all their sins on Jesus the savior and receive their reward In heaven It to this class of Christians that the orbit nals listed In the statistics as no religion no church nonChristian or not giv en belong They are as truly Christiai as are those listed Methodist or Presbj leiinn anil Mr Lewis is more than gcnerou to list them as Liber Oil the other hand ninny church peopl do not believe the creeds of Christianity and aro In the church solely for policy These are the worlds real Infidels and they Include the very worst class of peopl with whom society has to deal To tins class belong nearly all the ministers- A skeptic of course merely signifies ono who Is skeptical or doubtful of part or the whole of the Christian creed By no mean should skeptics be counted as Freethinkers They are on the ine between and beloni to neither Freethinkers or Christians Tin word unbeliever has about the same mean ing as skeptic Freethinkers and Material lists are tho best believers In the world day for they believe In mankind In truth and In progress A word of explanation Is due to my uso of capitals for the words Freethinker Ma toriullst Jew and Methodist but not foi Christian Infidel etc have seen no better rule than to use capitals whenever there an organization under the ramie There Is no organization Including all Christians the followers of this creed being now dlvm ed Into 700 different sects The word should not be capitalized unless referring to a member of the Christian otherwise Campbelllte church The stone Is true cl the word protestant while the word Catholic should begin with a capital am glad to see tho Freothought press begin to concur In using the word god as a common noun as It Is while of course such names as Jehovah Allah Zeus etc are proper nouns AN INQUISITIVE CHILD Mamma was the mother of Jesus named Mary Christ or Mary God Stilly what are you talking about Why you say Jesus Christ and If his mother was never known as Mrs Christ how could that bo his name Sally you are too Young to bo talking about such things lint mamma If silo was Mrs Christ how did God become his father Sally May you must go to bed If silo was Gods wife and her name was Mary God then his name should bo Jesus God Sally Sally get your nighty and go to bud this minute Mrs Christ or Mrs God or Mrs Mary Somebody had a son called Jesus Christ and the Catholics call rer the Mother of God dont understand It Go to bed Sally Goodnight Mamma THOMAS PAINE All Liberal Men and Women are Exhorted- to Aid In Making the Centennial a Success By George Dahlhamer How the name of Thomas Paine thrills tho heart and soul of man as he reads tho wonderful truths he uttered when the mass of people were In Ignorance how wonderfully he predicts with almost superhuman foresight the things that are coming true For Instance he said If America would free herself from England she would be como one of the greatest nations on the globeI wish our Christian brethren could give biblical prophecies to be fulfilled as accurately as that Ills noble generous heart filled with love for downtrodden hu inanity With the same zeal and courage he wrote his Age of Reason to free the mind of his fellow man front the then exist ing superstitious The sacrifices he made the toll hardships he endured to help man to his right place In life and then to be vllllfled his character blackened bad his name dragged to the very depth of pot lution by Christians should be enough to make tiny man who has brains to read and think abhor and uetest a system that will degrade a by whose efforts they enjoy the privileges they do Freethinkers and Liberal people every where should give the matter moro thought and consideration and nil put n shoulder to the wheel to glvo tho cause and him the honor and justice duo thom Let us one and all give him honor and praise for his noble deeds June 100 will be one hundred years since his death and the Paine Historical Society will hold an anniversary In com memoration of tho event at New Rochelle Now York and all who can should contrib uto to the cause to make it a rousing dent onstration worthy of his name and deeds All who can contribute will remit funds in Dr Foote 120 Lexington Avenue Now York Dear Liberals do not neglect this Impor tant matter Think of tile glorious liberty wo enjoy tendered us by Thomas Paine 1 J BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 Important Life Problems As Life is but a Process there Must Be MattertBy W S Dean What do you know Did you ever sit in silence and try to look at your own knowl edge Take any subject you like and think how much there must he about it that you are Ignorant of And then think of all the subjects any one of which could not bo absolutely knows even If you have given a whole life to Us study ione of us are wise but only struggling toward wisdom or the right conception of things As a republican or democrat how much study have you put upon the subject of economics The socialist singletaxer anarchist prohl bitionist populist and others of that element have each done snore or less thinking or reading on the subject but have you Are you not playing the game of government without any preparation at till Have you a single book in your home on the subject Or have you read a single work and did you get any understanding from It when you did read It There Is nothing the matter with human asscclation except ig norancea wrong perception If we know the real facts wo would not be suffering from any Ills Socialism Is the study of economics a course In tho science of gov ernment that you may play tho game with intelligence Again ask what do you know To the writer of the above we will say i to get tho right conception of things we must go to the head of all great problems that concern the people and find out what Is the greatest evil those problems has to contend withu know that the older we grow that wo realize more and more not only our Ignorance on many things but wo have learned some few things that If they had been learned earlier In life we could have applied the key they had given us In not only solving problems for our solves In a true light but might have been a starter for many men to untanglo tho problems they had to contend with Not for the money Interest and profit we might gain or any calling that would appeal to slavish minds for the sake of premiums offered but to know that the general ex perience of past and present times gives us the little knowledge wo do have But as to tho saying If we know tho real facts wo would not bo suffering from any Ills Is putting It rather strong For wo all ought to know that life comes and goes and through that process there will bo more or less suffering even if we did know the facts of all Socialism may be the study of economics but economics or any other Individualist or government function that is put forward by those who will not or dare not point out the greatest evil Superstition whose vocates stand ready at all times to mix In and seize any advantage that may present itself and turn that advantage to their own selfish Interest at the expense of all true honest progress for the people there will bo little uso In playing the game In the ex pectation of doing much good to the pro ducing classes A mere change of economic conditions ought to show plainly to those whose mnds are open to reason that any group of people whose aim Is more to urge the voters to support their party candidates than to point out tho spawn from which human slavery Is hatched will not be able to accomplish iiiucn good with what they do know MUNCIE FREETHINKERS ORGANIZED Report of the Initial Meeting and Review of Bright Prospects for Future Success Uy Dr T J Bowles Not long ago wrote to you that we were trying to arrange for a course of Rational istic Sunday lectures In this city and I am glad to Inform you that the course was Inaugurated last Sunday with an attend ance of one hundred and fifty ladles and dlillculty to overcome In a move ment of this kind where Freethinkers are few In number Is financial the necessary outlay for hall rent and other Incidental expenses added to tho expense of securing good speakers make a sum beyond tho ability of a few to sustain to overcome this dllllculty before attempting to organ Izo the movement we laid the matter before our distinguished Freothought friends and many of them have agreed to appear upon our platform and lecture for us without any charge except the liquidation of their ex penses In coming to and returning from our our city An arrangement of this kind completely solves tho difficulty of Free thought propaganda work and I hope you will give publicity through tho column8 of tho Blade and urge our lecturers to aid tho Free Thinkers In every town and city throughout tho country to organize a course of Sunday lectures The eminent men In the Rationalistic movement have a common Interest with the rank and file and a sacrifice of a small portion of their time In aiding the Free thinkers of the Nation to humanize the worshippers of malignant gods and malic- Ious devils would be a contribution that every magnanimous man ought to gladly and cheerfully make need not ask you to assist us with your presence once or twice during the year for know what your answer would be and shall take the liberty to make a date for you some Sunday In March or April as may best suit your convenience Hoping to learn through the Freethought press that many societies like ours will oe organized during the current year and with many kind wishes for you am yours always NOTICEI To My lIlel1llsA few mere copies of Paines Age of Reason paper covers sent postpaid for cents In stamps This book should be circulated broadcast by tho thousands It being Iconoclastic In Its lan guage wo will bruch away the cobwebs of superstition from the credulous The pro ceeds from this sale will be given the Blue Grass Blade for the benefit of Indigent Freethinkers Address- A B BKNNETT Norwalk Conn From a Paine Admirer MARYLAND enclose an arMcle on Thus Paint that would like to see published in tile lllitde and which believe will help arouse interest in his liehalf If it is necessary you snake what changes you think List as nm a crude writer lint tun a great admirer or Paine Wish had tt financial lileansi4 wtiud certainly aid the cause more was in structed in the United llrethren faith was tit tIt mourners luiiih twice once when was lt years old and again when was Ii but could not receive the light they claimed came over others and was seared almost out of my senses for fear of going to hell was worried and believed was in a lost condition until about years ago when got a copy of Paines Age of liaison The preachers said Paine did not believe in god heaven or hell but to my astonishment and surprise read on the first page believe in one God and no more could scarcely believe my own eyes read and reread that passage to fully convince myself it was there as hall heard so much about Pain being such a low degraded wretch forsaken by god and man Is it any wonder was duiiifoundcd Is it any wonder tun enthusiastic after such enlightenment Wish could tell you lint DAIILHAMEU must close wishing you IIIUleI 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly nt Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chllton Moore In and edited by hIm until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 150 per your in advance Flue new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 earth Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six month cents each Trial subscriptions cents PIT month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 1606 one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month 100 six months 2000 one year 3000 Unit column whole column or larger advertisements nt special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and till advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL smsCIUITIONS to the Hindu will be discontinued nt the expiration of the term for which the subscription been paid up advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Hack numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal cape of dlsclntlnuanct- tcmotLD ANY SriJSCIUHEH change his or her address advise thl ofllce giving both old and new address as desired THK OFFICE of publication of the Hlado at 12611S North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will bo given a hearty welcome THE BLADE enterd at the Postolllce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDUESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE p Box Lexington Ky GODLINESS AND DLALOKALITY That Christian missionary work leads to u Hindu harem is revealed by the startling confession of Mabel Collins of Cleveland Ohio who has just returned from a missionary trip to India with the gift of tongues There were four girls in the party according to the report of the confession Two of them abandoned their cause upon reaching Bema e and entereda harem where it is presumed they now are Another girl left the camp to rut oil with some hill men and the penitent is the onlyone left to return and tell the tale In this connection it will not bo out of place to make reference to a published statement made by George E Bur lingame a San Francisco clergyman who calls down a terri ble retribution upon the city at the Golden Gate because California paid no Sunday law upon her statute books lie declares that San Francisco has maintained unique posi tion among American cities as being entitled to tho pre eminence in godlessness and immorality While his tempt at correlation of godlessness and immorality may be accepted hsomo of the faithful in Jesus the thinking mint the intelligent man will bo able to realize the fact that much of the present day immorality emanates from the godly and not from the ungodly Our peniten reports will corroborate that fact To denounce brothels may bo eminently proper but even Rev Burlin Mane ought to be cognizant of the historical fact that hal lotry is essentially a Christian product a vice sanctioned by ecclesiastical authority lie also ought to know that biblo heroines tire reported as actually playing the harM and in tho first paragraph of this very article it is rely od i how three Christian young women leaving home end friends family and country to carry glad tidings to lio f poor benighted heathen having or claiming to have n special gift of tongues to enable them to prosecute thoir work fell by the wayside and sold their bodies into sex Ian J slavery Surely these girls were godly enough and if 4 the facts in connection with the California brothels could 1m given they would doubtless prove that their inmates w r all of the godlycnliber Godliness is not essential to morality The very iunr v ality of which this blatherskite complains was doubt ss a product of god believers for ho admits that there w uo not wanting an element of godly people From the ti lip of Constantine through tho long ecclesiastical period tIfile Lutheran reformation godliness and immorality ir synonyms With the dawn of the Protestant church itjEngland the most essentially pious were the most acttu Ilv licentious while the original Defender of the ProtestllntI faith is notorious in history for his sexual crimes Bit amy incest murder uxorcide and adultery are but a few of the crimes chronicled against the name of both Henry VIII and his bishop Cranmcr In all the world there wits hut one branch more brutal and immoral than the Catholic hierarchy against which it rebelled and that was the Church of England There was but one church more constitutionally licentious than this namely the Catholic No stream cull rise higher than its source This is a well repeated truth Bad trees will bring forth bad fruit This is another mighty truth Then what can wo expect in America from such institutions Lacking in that essen tial moral culture ft culture demanded by the age and concerned exclusively for the welfare of their fancied souls and taught the supposed virtue ofIt 1euthhollrepontallce it is not strange that the goditcs should abandon themselves to immortalities but it is not in accord with truth to couple immorality with unbelief The Christian religion was a great misfortune inflicted upon an ignorant people in an ignorant and early age Ita teachings furnished license to cringe They still furnish tho same license The savage and brutal reign of tho tarts in New England was the direct outcome of long continued cruelties and immoralities of the PIIliIchurch which hud made men positively mad Sot until tho day of literature dawned did the ities of the church begin to wane Wane thou the remnants are still with us Tho modern daily news papers furnish a neverending chain of crimes committed by preachers and professors of the Christian faith It is oven now reported from Ironton Ohio that a certain preacher who by tho way delivered a baccalaureate sermon for a college of young ladies in Lexington lint n short time ago is now under arrest and in jail awaiting trial be 1n f BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 fore the courts of that state upon a charge of paternity preferred against him by n domestic in his employ Iall about godlessness and immorality Forsooth 1he records of the great worlds history will furnish abundant proof that the most immoral have ever been the most consistent vurshippers at the shrine of the Christian faith Teach mankind that thn unit ol aoeioty must face the onsequeuces of his own hr moral acts hat it is impossible cor him to shift the responsibility that the ciiisequenced I I wrongdoing are bothmnatural and inevitable that no ian can grant an indulge ice or furnish absolution to an ther and the tendency vill be towards morality and ruth instead of immorality and tics ion Accepting the confession of the young lady previously referred to as being true the facts site relates will prove that a belief in god is not a sufficient incentive to morality and right conduct This belief in god utterly failed to keep in check the morbidity of those young girls left in India and if Rev Burlingamo will but take the trouble i to investigate seriously and honestly he will find that much of what he complains in San Francisco emanates from a like class of people WHEN THE SECTS UNITE To unify the opposing andantagonistic Christian sects is now the dream of those professional sanctifiedcharlatans who see in the decline of faith loss of prestige and per sonal affluence There is little prospect however at this time of their dreams being aught else assuming more tangible shape The bloody chasm which Luther and his colaborers opened upwill not bo bridged during the century in which we live and if it ever does come it will bo as furnishing combined resistance to themeans of common defense a onward march of intellectual freedom The Protestant sects will not unite with the Catholic and as Protestantism is cut up into myriads of warring sects it would bo im possibleto formulate a creed or to devise a doctrine that till would accept and consent to unite upon The tendency of the time is not toward unifying the church sects but towards a greater and a more sharply de fined division as the constant springing upof now sects under now leaders selfassumed will bear vitness In stead of dogmatic controversy dying away it is becoming more general while heterodoxy is being hunted with keener zest and the disputes between sects is as virulent and fritter as tho polemics of political partisanship Mean while the majorityof mankind in all highly civilized countries remain away from and outside of the church iuko not the slightest thought for religious teaching and doctrine and these seek the truth in Science rather than in revelation Must as dogmatism has been the prolific and fruitful mother of doubt so the conduct and persistent meddling of the clergy in matters that do not concern them or their work will drive hundreds more from the orthodox fold 1 for the reaction will surely come and then after us the de luge If any preacher is inclined to doubt the truthof what is said herein let him cease his preaching for a sea son get out and mingle with the multitudes assume the role of an unbeliever and he will soon learn the truth from the lips of men While the honest doubter may yield passive and tacit assent to the prevalent orthodoxy it is reasonably certain that the earnest believer will hardly consent to play the role of St Peter just before the cockcrow and without compulsion Instead ofconquering the world the church is rapidly losing what it had for one by one the worlds wisest and best are slipping away from them and enlisting gilt the service of humanity Policy is made the distinguishing character of the church in this day and age and any institution depending upon such a source of supply must perish and fall of its own weight Intelligent men and women do not care to sit and listen to prosy sermons on foreordination and the terrors of Tar tarus because their very reason enlightened by experience rejects such cruel creeds nor do they take interest in the discussion whether sprinkling or ducking be the correct form of baptism and nccesary to salvation because they cannot for the very life of them see that it makes the slightest difference whether they be baptized at all They do not want to be worried with jejune speculations about the trinity because one god would be quite sufficient if men could only find him They care nothing for the alleged miracles and regardwith absolute indifference whether thebe true or not On the other hand the world grows more and more heart hungry for knowledge but all the church can offer is a stone Like many another structure of similar character the Christian church can maintain but a mere semblance of its former vigor and strength Its brilliancy was born of de a dominating factor in social life and is simpla mere annex It can afford to pay for ostentation and fashionable diversion for many of its devotees acre wealthy undI1re willing to pay for the pastime But this must bring it nearer and more rapidly to theend There will be only one unification of the Christian church and that will bo found in total ivnnihilation Several copies of the 1OS Bound Volume of the Blade have been sent to subscribers lust wait until you hear from them as to its merits We could not fill all orders received for lack of material hut not more than half a dozen will be missed Better provisions will be made for this years volume As the Editor will bo in Ohio by the time this issue is in the hands of our readers and will he away from the office for about twelve days some necessary correspondence and other matters will have to bo delayed We merely ask a little patience 10 BDUE GRASS BLADEiDOES IT PAY Ono striking and important sign of the times us illllicat- iug the position of the Christian church comes from New York City whore it is reported the church property of St Johns Chapel on Varick Street owned by the Trinity corporation is to ho abandoned tho structure sold for the sole and simple reason that it docs not pay ie no longer profitable to be continued as a place of religions worship Two thoughts here suggest themselves One ie that after all the church as an institution is actually run for profit with the alleged saving of souls as a mere secondary consideration and the other is that in a populous and well settled district it is impossible for tho orthodox church to sufficiently attract the people and obtain revenue from them to carry on the evangelical part of the church work Does it pay That is now the most important consider ation with the gospel sharks Does it pay This question is foremost with one of the wealthiest church corporations in the civilized world Does it pay Is the issue upon which churchmen are willing to abandon soulsaving Does it pay That is all This too irrespective of the fact that the mangod they are presumed to worship and adore is reported as instructing those who beliivcd in him to go forth and preach to till tho world1and to take neither purse or script with them Does it pay Is there money in it How much is the graft Can it show n dividend Will there bo anything to distribute after expenses are paid And then we are told salvation is free Obviously the argument is that when a church ceases to furnish revenue jt is to be abandoned and sold No thought here for a suffering Immunity none for the poor andoppressed No pay no preach No money no salva tion No revenue no church This is the motto of the modern orthodox Mokanna and there bo mon and woolen who express wonder and astonishment that others should oppose and resist its further influence Can it really bo true that in tho year 1JJOJ in a thickly settled community wealth and poverty mingled around and about it lily church building in America would prove un profitable May wo not regardsuch an incident as dicative of tho aversion of tho people for orthodox pre sumptions Will it not prove the impotency of the church itself Roes it not prove conclusively that the people tire drifting away from tho church and have hut littlo iso for it What tho people want wish for they will support As they will not give their support to this church it is prima facie evidence that the people do not want it There is much in this to encourage American Free thinkers to oven greater energy in the prosecution of the work before them Once all churches can be brought into a similar condition tho parsons will become more humble in their attitude towards the public awl cease to pose as great moralists and loaders in public affairs The labors of Freethought advocates have gone far toward producing such a result and it is a hopeful sign of future success provided wo stick manfully to our task of orthodox error dostroyingI VOX POPULI VOX DEI One Lexington parson has accidentally stumbled across a startling sociological truth but unfortunately for him he did not seem to know it or to appreciate its value Iiov 1 J Spencer is pastor of tho Central Christian church and is regarded as a fairminded man capable etc but like all parsons he cannot read in the will of the people his own pending doom Realizing that by compulsory oh servance superstitions decrees parsons power is hanced the churchs coffers filled and the organization granted a few more years lease upon life itself Mr Spenrcer would have the Legislature enact more stringent day laws and would require all officers under the executive branch of the government with police power to rigidly enforce existing Sunday laws to the greater glory and power of the church and tho parson Kccoutly Mr Spencer delivereda sermon on this sub ject which was reported lit length in the local papers Among other things ho made complaint that oven grocery stores should bo opened on Sunday for the sale and delivery of lifes necessities but very frankly though incautiously admitted that grocery stores were only open on Sunday for their usual and customary trade because THE PEOPLE DEMANDED TII EY SHOULD BE Awl pray Mr Spencer if the people continue to de mand that they open will they not keep open and transact business in spite of the laws or subsequent legislation Is it not a judicial fact that no law can be enforced unless there is a healthy public sentiment behind it Have not our Circuit Judges from the benches so spoken Do not legislative bodies cater to the popular willhI111 is it not right that they should do so The people constitute the supremo power the sovereign authority of the State Iraq not the church itself declared VOX populi vox lei Then if the people demand the opening of stores on Sunday is not the church treading upon dangerous ground in opposing them By this seemingly concerted plan of campaign upon the Sunday question tho preachers are simply calling attention to themselves and this attention may prove to bs in a direc tion tho preachers little desire or little suspect The mo ment it dawns upon the mind of the people that tho church is becoming intolerantly oppressive a destroyer of human liberty theywill turn in rebellion against tho entire Christian system and tho stay of its impending doom will bo considerably hastened thereby A reaction is bound to comeHave you done anything to help tho Pains Centennial If not write to Dr R 11 Footc 120 Lexington Avenue Now York City IH BLUE GRASSBLADE 11 OUR EDITORS LECTURE TOUR IBJthe time this issue of the Blade is in the handof its tho Editor will once more be in the Held in bo half of rationalism and humanity Tho campaign is to lo made altogether in Ohio Two debates lure now practically arranged for as we have agreed to meet How UeVeya Campbellite preacher McConnellsville The trip will occupy about two weeks and at tho various points stopped at we would bo pleased to meet our friends especially Blade readers The list of dates mill places for those lectures and debates will bo as follows January 29 iJeniiison Ohio January Uhrichsville Ohio January SI Jennison Ohio r February 2Cllllrdoll Ohio February 15Canal Hover Ohio two days debate with Hcv Lcandcr S Kev r February j7 Marietta Ohio February MeOiinollsvillo Ohio blJIIlowith Rev illVoy FhlIIIIIr 1Circleville Ohio IIKATIIICX POLITENESS AND CULTUUK Christian ethics may Ira one thing but Christian prac tice is most assuredly another and different thing The people of Japan ire by means Christian Ue ligious in a sense the y may be but it is a religious system till their own Too frequently they are referred to as being heathens and the terra is generally used to convoy the impression of ignorance and idolatry History intimates that the ancient reeks were tho quintessence of politeness and from current reports tile Japanese are not very fill behind theta Bear in mind however that the Japanese are nonChristian Our readers will be aware of the fact that the American fleet has recently visited Japan The reports state that tho Americans were given a royal welcome While in Japanese waters tho American fleet anchored at Kanogawa a town on the Bay of Tokyo In anticipation of their arrivaland pre sumably on the ground that tile Japanese being human were like till other human beings and possessed degree of curiosity the Governor of the town named according to a report published in the Tour du 10111or Paris issued a proclamation to the people as to the manner in which tile foreigners should bo treated upon their arrival Let the Christian read and compare the following with what has happened to Japanese visiting Christian countries Loungers shall not crowd around foreigners Mer chants must not charge theta excessive prices People must refrain from throwing stones at tho dogs which ac company strangers who are to bo treated with courtesy and cordiality They must bo offereda seat when they enter government oflicos and not be required to take off their hats If tho Persians are the French of the Nearer East being f not only sentimental but adopts at persiflage and repartee tile Japanese are the Greeks of the Far East Their poetry is exquisite their power of sarcasm and satire undoubted They have the faults of their qualities and excel in epigram and their quick discernment of an incongruity and their sense of the ludicrous are dangerous gifts The good Governor is aware of this and he tries to put a rein on the tongue of witty Japanese youths or girls who notice the unfamiliar ways or dress of foreigners Xo ironical remarks are to be made upon their dress their religion or their doings Xo coarse or insulting re mark is to be addressed to them They must not looked in the face or stared at impertinently Xo one must enter the house of a stranger with muddy boots on Foreign missionaries must be as much respected as Japanese priests The games or promenades of foreigners are not to be inter rupted by throwing pieces of crockery sticks or stones at thrall Von must avoid spitting throwing down fruitskins or cigarcuds in the trains or ships on which foreigners are traveling with you Foreign ladies are to be treated with the most delicate circumspection as is shown from the following directions It is forbidden to point tho finger at a foreign lady or annoy them or any other foreigner by talking to them in a random manner and asking them their age without having some reason for the question When you walkout with a stranger keep in step with him anti if be takes out his watch you way be sure he has some other appointment to keep This ollicial manual of politeness we are told further has more recently been extended to include behavior toward Chinamen Their pigtails are not to be pulled nor are they to bo addressed as rascal More than this the sale of any cartoon which may wound the sensibilities of Chinese soldiers such as the numerous caricatures which appeared during the ChinoJapancse War is utterly for Christian worshippers in their own idolatry insist upon calling the Japanese more heathens The reports bring sent into the Blade of the successful organization ofa number of local Freethought Societies in different parts of the country are both gratifying antiiencouraging It has tho appearance ofa sort of revival in Ereo thought and other localities ought tp follow Blade will gladly contribute all it can to such a movement gellerlllI Having elected to paddle our own canoe in tho matter of publishing tho Blade rather than putting any depend ourV110friends for that necessary help to swell tho subscription list Go out for ono of our beautiful premiums We then help you for tho help you give ns JEI12 BLUE GRASS BL 1 y iCbe Blades Cottttespondence i 1 + + + + f + +N Oqvr JN 0 Or N N N N N NONEND Good Opinion of the Blade MONTANA Sumo time since i procured u postal order at Jellersou City for the sum of payable to the Blade The order was lost and uu application has been made for the reissue of the order to be payable to the same address think you will receive the remittance soon if you have not already It was intended to extend my subscription one year from the time of its expiration Will now however appropriate it to aid In reliev ing the financial difficulty in which the Blade seems to be involved Further if the Blade can be sustained in its present creditable eon ditnoii will cheerfully volunteer to pay twice the subscription price or 300 per year The paper as it now is breathes a personality which fear would be in a measure lost if the proposed nncorporation plan should be resorted to Such a paper ought to be well supported without the expedient of the stock system of financing I will suggest that as many Blade subscribers as conveniently can should volunteer a double subscription or nate a years subscription to some worthy and progressiveminded individual who would appreciate it or place four 3months scriptions or two Ciuoiiths subscriptions where they would most probably create the greatest interest in the paper andadd per manently to its support It is beyond ques tion that there are many subscribers to the blade who regard it as more than an alent for a yearly appropriation of three or live dollars The columns of the Blade are filled with well chosen and ably written arti cles and it shows improvement steadily It stands out conspicuously as an exponent of the best antitheological thought of this age and has many of the characteristics of the Boston Investigator when that paper was at its best under the editorial management of that master that genius and profound scholar Horace Seaver Those familiar with the pion car stage of Freethought as best outlined in the Investigator cannot full however to note a great change that has taken place since that time in advanced antireligious thought The agnosticism which was then almost universal among doubters has now given place to a pos itive atheistic philosophy must and certainly will before the close of the twenti ethcentury stand forth undisputed and un challenged Every effort should be made to bring about as speedily as possible this in tellectual transformation and advancement from the grosser beliefs to the higher truth from faith to demonstrated fact The Free thought journal has u work to do excluding carefully from its columns all that is coarse oileiisive and fearlessly adhering to science and philosophy it must carry forward this great work for one believe that nothing need be or should be admitted into u Free thought paper which could constitute grounds for complaint by the iostolllce department or offend in tile slightest degree the must ro lined cultivated and fastidious taste This is the way of prudence of wisdunithe better way Thus may the atheistic philosophy win for itself a universal recognition and a station exalted and commanding in the intellectual worldS 1 CADY The Squirrel Problem WISCONSIN see that man is still chas ing the squirrel around the tree he must be pretty tired by this time if he makes a very big circuit Mr Snow says e are satisfied with our allirmalife the man goes around the squir rel and rest our case Now propose to bring that man close up to the treeas close as the squirrel is Now they go around live times how many times lIIanytimesWe rest our case and move that Air Hughes and Air Charluswunlt act us judges they to select the third if needed and move that problemfor nothing i enclose my cents ant in close another problem which consider of more importance than the squirrel Will some one please work it for mel We had a kind of double funeral here the other daythat of a good Christian woman and her babe the child died about noon and the mother at midnight The preacher took his text where Christ said Suffer the little ones to come unto me lie said the little title gone straight up to heaven and Jesus darlingbabeand they would meet in heaven Now you will notice tho child had hours tho start and the distance through this earth they started ill just the opposite diicctiou Now how far will they travel or how long willit be till they met in heaven asked tho preacher to flgureit out for me but he seemed to bo in a had humor about something and said he didnt have time to talk to me cant work it outthe more try to get them together the farther get them apart Per haps it might be worked with heavens arith metic by the rule that three times one is one and once one is three- I am very much pleased to see so many kind frilled ollcring their services at Free thought funerals especially Comrade A J Uiiusen who started the list I have been hoping to see some one in reach of me but none yet closer than miles but what shall we sitlglove songs war songs or Christian songs or shall we just play a march I do hope there will bo some one to get up a suitable song book for Materialists I want at least half a IIOZlIIJ S McKINNEY Paine Centennial PHILADELPHIA We are but a week off from another birthday of Thomas Paine and next June it will bp a century since he died Mr J P Morgan has purchased General Washingtons sword which was used by him during the Revolutionary War to establish the Declaration of Independence for which the pamphlets of Thomas Paine prepared the way This sword will be hung by the side of the Key of the liastile in the Home of Washing ton which key was presented by Thomas Paine to the greatest General of the new world and which Washington pointed to with pride to the visitors at his home on Market Street in Philadelphia It is the intention of the Paine Associations to celebrate tho centennary of Paines death with appropriate services next June at New Rochelle and Blade readers who arc unable to be present on that occasion can send to Dr Foole New York their names with a cent greenback representing a penny a year for the benefits they have received from Paincs writings hope there will be a liberal response from those residing in the Louis lana Territory the purchase of which Paine advocated in and which the Liberals have enjoyed and the Exposition at St Louis ignored his important services Fraternally lIlIrJ ELLIOTT Freethought in the Colleges INDIANA have sonic good news for the Blade As a result of Mr Hcv Neills visit to this town an atheist society has been or ganized at this school I t is a free platform society and you tire allowed to talk on any thing from religion to deep sea diving Wo have made arrangements with some of the professors to lecture to us every Sunday at 030 p in Last Sunday wo discussed Social ism and Shall Christianity Rule tho World 7 The members and those in attendance number ed 50 Wo started out with about The meeting lasted a little over two hours We had a lady speaker with us this time We intend to study Darwin Spencer Haeckel etc Most of tho members are Socialists Infljels or both1o tire anticipating an attendance of over next Sunday101 THORN Bought Some Seeds ILLINOIS I have from finding II W BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 Buckbees ad in your worthy paper bought twice from him of his Full at Life bulbs and plants and found them to be equal to the words of an old friend in praise of this man My Freethought friend Dr Brown wrote me Mr lluckbco is one of our most responsible teen of Rockford I pass these words on to others who may wish to add to homo or farm needs and beauty in his line of produce I have studied his large Seed and Plant Guido for until I am almost heart broken over having but 25 feet of ground but shall add a few more good things to the tiny garden such as asparagus roots tree toma toes etc AUAK LINDSAY LYNCH Blade and Emergency Fund CALIFI hand you herewith two dollars Set my subscription ahead for one dollar rind apply tho llir to the turn for sending tier Blade to the old subscriber who ire not able to pay for it STOl Freethought in Indiana OlllOA letter just received from Dr T J Howies of Muncie Ind in which ho reports upon his efforts to organize a Sundayafter noon Lecture Course has given mo so much pleasure and aroused such a degree of enthu siasm that I hasten to tell tho good news to your readers hoping the Frethinkcrs in many other places will bo encouraged to go and do plan is to give a lecture each Sunday at 230 p m in one of their city theaters The lectures are to be free to the public A fund for tho payment of rent and other expenses is provided by donations from generous friends of tho movement and a col lection taken up before each lecture Ifo our energetic M D has been at work on his program for some time and has already engaged a lecturer for each Sunday in Janu ary and February These speakers give their services without compensation the manage ment reimbursing them for their traveling and other necessaryexpenses Tho selection of tho hour is a most happy hit It is just at the time when most people after having a good dinner arc beginning to mst about for some means entertainment for the afternoon like this because I have so long argued that we must appeal to the needs of tho people and in our place at least find many rather at a loss for means of recreation and entertainment on Sunday after noons Tho first number of the course which it is hoped will cover every Sunday in tho year was given Jan 10th on tho subject of The Conning Man and the doctor writes that it was delivered to an audience of lf ladies and gentlemen and the interest and enthusiasm manifested assures mo that the movement is going to bo successful beyond my most san giiino expectations Congratulations to Dr Bowles and his co workers They will deserve the thanks of Rationalists everywhere for demonstration of the feasibility of their plan From whom and where will till next report como in Yours for mental libertyLOU LAWRENCE Sicy S U rThe Pe ievs Press Fearless in iU docacy of Trcelhought Published weekly at llltie Island Ait Chicago J B Lenau Publisher Official paper of the Materialist Aaochtior In Canada or Foreign Countries Scoo Yeai Subscription 50 Cents a Year Silk Dresses Given Away- An opportunity of a life time for women who love good clothes High School girls can obtain their grad uation dresses without cost working girls and married women may secure fine fall or summer dresses Large list of patterns to select from Bonn lido offer no fraud no grafting or disagreeable duties to perform For full particulars send name address and a twocent postage stamp to 247 Hennepin Ave MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA ED SHEAGREEN Marriage and Divorce oy OSEPH1NE HENRY VRSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies this uptoda pamphlet are now In circulation In tot United States and England It treats U forcible style of the most Important pub lem before tho American people It should be read by both married and single by all men and women who desire dottiest promptly filled by the autho Copy 25 Cents 5 Copies One Do FOR THINKERS WHO THINK rHE PLANETSIS Addresf1JLN Give Em Fits Thats what THE SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great rad ical novel dos to the forces of bigotry and su perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the churck element Is throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that It all right It has cre ated a tensatlon In servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy- It enthusiastically endorsed by leadln Freelthlnkers through out the world You at know now cun write and In this boot he nt iris best It an elegant volume to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on Heavy eggshell paper and hound In oxblood cloth Price 160 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Fine Farm for Sale SPLENDID CHANCE TO OWN PAYINC SOIL IN BUCKEYE STATE Do you want a 21S acre farm Do you want It in Athens County Ohio Do you want the best of soil Twostory double barn almost new Also six room farm house good condition Abundance of best water throughout farm Two wells one cistern good outbuildings Entire farm under cultivation Small woodland beautiful pasturage apples and peaches In center of coal field Two shafts mile east another going down shafts 214 miles north and northwest anl more going down Coal feet to feet never less than feet Onequarter mll6 to pike new miles to county seat Athens 8000 Inhabitants Junction K M 0 and H V R R In Hocking Valley Heirs are going to sell at once Bring check book you cant keep from Ing Sell as low as 550 per acre Athens 0 H S LARCH M D The Wage Slave Socialist Weekly that advocate Industrial Unionism Revolutionary to tho core EDITED A FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports tho existing social order Send for sample copy Address The Wags Slave Box Hancock Mich STIBlxn not f 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE MfRITORIO- USAdvertising Attracts Business The right kind of goods and prices to suit mean success but you must let the people know what you have We Clinton Advertising CoIncorporated Louisville Ky Lexington Ky Art Calendars Leather Goods Aluminum Wares Buttons Rulers In fact everything that will tell the people where you are and the kind of business you are engaged in Special Designs for Freethinkers if Desired Does your business pay Do you wish it to pay better Then dont hide it Write us for information r r u BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 Bo Sure and SUblcrlnr Secular Thought Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti clam In Politics Science suet Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Kills Published at 185 Queen St West ronto Canada Terms per annum in advance single copies cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 18514 Queen St 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