You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, February 14, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909021401 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, February 14, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. 1 rw iflBv BW 1i BLUE GRASS J3LAQEIVolume XVII Number 43 LEXINGTON KY FEBRUARY 14 ryoq Published Weekly i DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT I A SNOW IiA Writer and DobatorI r It 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE A A Snow Blade readers have long been familiar with the writings of A A Snow and as these sketches are for the purpose of bringing into greater prominence as far as that is possible in these columns we publish an account of his life today Mimy Freethinkers like to know something of the personality of those who write for their papers and periodicals Some time ago wo wrote to Mr Snow asking for a photograph of himself with a biographical sketch and he has cheerfully complied with that request and prepared an account of his lifes career in his own way we will allow him to tell his own story as follows I was first born by the way I was only born once T he preachers tried to persuade me to be born another time made out that tho first was thoroughly carnal and insufficient and they frightened me into the attempt 1 think as I was very young only 9 or that I may be excused for yielding I will be excused I thiifk when It is seen that I bring forth fruits meet for repentance After seeing devils and fire and hearing the shrieks of the damned I was impelled to go to the mourners bench and beg my creator for mercy I remember it as well as if it had been but yesterday I scarcely got to the mercy seat until I felt ashamed and wished I hadnt gone But I was also ashamed to leave it Well I stuck to it two or three long hours and I followed instructions the best I knew how I felt sorry awfully sorry lest I should go to hell but I did not feel sorry for my sins How could The preacher tola us we were all ners and we couldnt help but be Now how could I be sorry for what couldnt help Well I couldnt be sorry for that but I tried my level best to think I was and much more to make the Lord believe I was Well wore myself out and the preachers too trying to get religion but didnt get a smell As tho next night ap proached a question arose in my mind If I go up again what must docontinue where I left off the last time or would I have the very same thing to do over again The more I thought about it the more disgusted I got If the Lord paid no attention to me the first night what grounds had I to think he would do any different tiny other night t When the next night came all the preachers and devils in the universe couldnt get me to that mercy scat again I was broken from that craze and that forever Well as it turned out I was born but once and then on a farm at Red Wing Minn Juno 25th 1857 The names of my father and mother were Lucius and Eliza Snow My father is now dead my mother is now living at Blakesburg Iowa where they moved onto a farm in 1800 My father always was almost and in his latter days quite a Freethinker He was a brother to Lorenzo Snow now dead who was a noted Mormon one of the twelve apostles of Joseph Smith afterward president of their church in Utah Father was never a Mormon My father had the reputation of being one of the most even tempered and kindest and most honest of men I have ten or twelve volumes of the Freethought magazine that he formerly took My mother at one time was a member ofa church- I hada comomn school education and took tho two years course at the North Missouri State Normal at Kirksville Mb and have read a great many books since Have taught three terms of school When about 10 years old I read some of Robert Ingersolls writings which had a strong impression on my mind but did not quito hold me at tho time While attending school at Kirksville my ambtion was to become a Universalist preacher having been con verted to that faith by reading tho Manford and Sweeney debate and other of Manfords literature While at Kirksville I and seven other students joined together and formed a society called the Oratorial Society which met every Saturday to drill ourseley for public speakingeI preached some and debated considerable ism both in Iowa and Nebraska 4 was married to Funny Covert think it was in 1883 and we moved to Nebraska and took up a homestead My wife died in 1890 Wo had three children two boys and a girl None of these have lived with me but little since then They have been surrounded by church influences during their lives I have succeeded in rescuing the boys from church superstition One of them Lucius at Atwater Cal is a Blade reader I think the church claims tho girl I may yet rescue her I was married to Mary Lang in 1804 She was of a very religious family two of her sisters married preachers She came near giving me the go because I was a Universalist which she thought was virtually infidelity She has since considerably modified her views but does not like to acknowledge that she Is an infidel We have one boy years old a stanch Freethinker and chip from the old block After my last marriage we started a creamery and a store hero at Bracowell on my brotler in laws place 81z miles northwest of Linevillc Iowa We did not succeed in the creamery We were in debt and kept losing money Wo turned tho creamery into a cheese factory and I made good wages at that Sold some of the machinery and got out of debt Have since put up a little mill and have bought some land and considerable stock and as wo live economically wo never expect to come to want- I have been an outspoken Freethinker only about seven years I have held about debates Six or seven of them in behalf of Freethought and Evolution I had one with U G Wilkerson of Comanche Indian Territory which is now in pamphlet form Last year I got out a tract Hear the Other Side of 5000 words Had 5000 printed Several thousand of these have leen circulated and I have perhaps 2000 yet to circulate In a few weeks I will got out 5000 of another tract J E Mizzles of the Arkansas Traveler will do the printing He owes mo and is a Freethinker that has had a hard time of it and this will I trust make it somewhat easier for him to pay tho debt The Hear the Other Side tract was published in the Blade at the time In my business here I have succeeded in being sleek enough to make tho people believe I am honest at least they say I am and I hear it reported everywhere that my word can be depended upon except when Iam joking and I am not joking now by a jug full There are several ways of making tho people think you are honest but tho safest way and tho most lasting is to always be honest That Freethinker that published a paper up north in this stato somewhere I think his name is Mills had at the lead of his paper Honesty is the best policy Weve tried both But that looked to me too much like confession I never just liked confession Those who ore more pious than I may practice it as a remunerative proposition To my mind it generally carries a suspicion along with it and makes the remedy worse than the disease At least I could not tolerate it except whero the confession was made to the fellow actually wronged and then tho confessor wants to bn very careful to take tho booty along with him and also to go back without it I never thought much of a fellow making a confession to a priest It always looked like tho wrong fellow of the two was doing tho confessing If I knew him would think more of the fellow that returned tho booty by freight and never let his identity bo known than tho one who accompanied it to make a great palaver about how bad he once was and how good ho now is But then of course either of them is far better than the ono who never returns it at should do all in his to right itall If ono doos a bad act he power but It Is not best to advertise how mean ono has boon without wo are sure more good than harm can como of such advertising It takes a life time to build upa reputation while ono bad act may ruin it forever II r BLUE GRASS BLADE S MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY Discussion of Species ContinuedThe Doctrine of Immor tality What Is the Soul Must Die With the Body By Dr A Hausman Copyright applied for 1909 We see that the single coIl is the common point of issue for all animals all the other attributes represent acquired characters To demonstrate this more clearly make a point on paper representing the cell and from this draw radiating lines beginning with very short and ending with very long ones Tile cell represents the point of common origin the terminus of the lines the sum of the acquired characters constituting higher organized type The short lines rep resent the lower types of simple organic structure the long lines the higher animals with very complicated anatomical organs Now since every individual takes its origin from tho common prototype the cell it follows that the period of evolution requires the more time the greater tho distance between tho point of departure and the terminus of the line As wo have seen before tho simple cells multiply by dividing into two halves each one being a perfect organism and thousands of now individuals are produced within a very short time perhaps less than an hour With the increased distance the time required for tho generation- of one individual increases and from a few seconds in tho bacteria it extends to many years in man For a man it requires about 2SO days before he is able to continue his development outside of tho maternal body This period in tho evolution of one individual represents an enormous space of time in the history of the animal kingdom and we have mentioned already that in this abbreviated course of development tho stages corresponding with tho lower ani mals are but faintly indicated Still man inherits from his ancestors some worthless legacy in shape of rudimentary useless organs for whose existence there would be no excuse ifman was created by an intelligent god but which find an easy nncllogicnlexplllnlltion in his descent Again people find fault with the insufficient record which nature has left us in form of fossils and think tho uninterrupted series of transient forms ought to be exhib ited It is true many a leaf is missing torn to pieces buried in the deep of the sea or under mountains Indeed it would be a miracle if it was otherwise and besides wo could hardly expect that the primitive organism consisting of soft organic matter without tiny hard frame should have peen preserved But all wo do know about fossils speaks in favor of tho theory of descent und absolutely nothing against it It seems difficult for many people to conceive tho immense space of time required for tho formation of tho sedimentary rocks containing tho fossil remains of extinct faunas of which tho quarteruary or human ago occupies but a small fraction Other skeptics will ask for intermediate types Their request can bo easily complied with Transition between I species is of such common occurrence that any collector of insects or birds can point out some hybrid forms But we have intermediate forms even connecting the larger classes Thoro is a species of fish lepidosiren in South America Africa and Asia which lives in the mud during the summer breathing through lungs but during the winter it lives in the water and breathes through gills We have further tho odd looking duckbill of Australia ornithorhynchus rufus in which characters of tho three main classes of tho vertebrates reptiles birds mammals are united Can any better illustration of intermediate types bo desired It is difficult to understand how intelligent people can re fuse the natural theory of descent in the face of facts which they can observe every day Notwithstanding that trans formation takes places before their very eyes they can not overcome their prejudice to view this phenomenon in the right light Who has not observed with interest the wonderful evolu tion of the butterfly Tho adult insect lays the egg the single cell out of this cell conies the caterpillar in the shape of a worm indicating tho intermediate form through which this hype has passed Next comes tho chrysalis the abbreviated and contracted period bridging over the space between tho worm and the butterfly Another familiar example is the frog His egg is much larger than that of the butterfly but the fecundated germ is only a cell from which emerges a curious creature the tadpole resembling a fish breathing through gills having no limbs but a long tail Right before our eyes the trans formation from a fish into an amphibium takes place An unshapely excrescence grows out of each side close to the head which gradually assumes tho shape ofa foreleg this process is repeated further bI1IInel as tho result we find tho two hind legs At the same time the caudal appendage begins to shrink and finally disappears altogether The rills degenerate in the same measure as the lungs develop and at last when the transmutation is complete wo have the frog an animal with four feet five toes on each without tail and breathing through lungs In this case the longest distance in the course of evolution has been transcnrrcd already within the egg and only tho last part of it is passed in a freo state illustrating tho origin of tho amphibia from tile fishes Undoubtedly tho first fishes adopting the land for their habitation used their pectoral fins for locomo tion in flip same manner as they are used now by tho mud fish and from those tho forelegs were developed first Accordingly they appear first in tho tadpole in conformity with the law of inheritance at a corresponding age Still hotter known though no better understood is tile evolution of the chicken from the egg The generative germ is again the cell and tho rest of the contents serves as build ing material for the now being It answers the same purpose as certain organs in tho human womb Besides tho birds only tho reptiles lay such eggs an interesting fact pointing to tho close relationship between tho two classes 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE With the aid of the theory of descent we can answer one of the favorite questions in rural debating clubs What was first the hen or the egg which must be decided in favor of the egg the cell because it existed long before the hen as the cornerstone of organic life Asking some one what he thinks about the curious phenomenon of a bird with bones and feathers arising from the homogeneous contents of the egg the usual reply will be Oh that has been always so god has put the principle of the chicken and the faculty of evolution into the egg Why not tell the truth andsay nature instead of god Because that term implies a con cession to science the right to make a phenomenon the sub ject for investigation and study But the term godexpresses absolute and unconditional ignorance and manifests the in tention on the part of the speaker to stop thinking right there and to use it at the same time as a pretext to deny others the privilege to make better use of their mental faculties To maintain that the first primitive organism on earth con tained already the principle of man is just as absurd as to say that the clay out of which are made the bricks contains the principle of the house It furnishes the material the object and the plan of the builder are the principle The elements are the clay the cells are the bricks the biological laws the principle man the completedstructure Personal vanity prevents many people from looking at the theory of descent with au unprejudiced mind they can not bear the idea of having at the root of their pedigree an apelike animal and attempt to repudiate their low relation by asking unreasonable questions instead of refuting 11fncts or offering a better theory Often I have been asked the nearest relative of man the four highest orders of apes Chimpanzee Gibbon Oran Utang and Gorilla have not also developed into men From the tenor of the ques tion it must be inferred that the questioner considers them entitled to this privilege and that nature made a serious mistake in not respecting his views in this matter But since nature is the only power responsible for this mistake we must refer him to her for amendment It may be men tioned hero that man did not descend from either one of these aristocratic apes but that they have a common ancestor Man owes his ascendency over his fellow creatures to his superior intellect by which the civilized nations of the pres ent have also attained their supremacy over the inferior races The first important step towards humanity was probably the use of articulate sounds the beginning of language Animals have undoubtedly the means for com munication but in a limited degree That our ancestors wore savages we know even from history and that their forefathers lived in a still more primitive and rude manner we know from their remains found in caves together with the bones of extinct animals with whom they were evidently contemporaneous Some of the skulls indicate a rather low intellect but no intermediate form between man and ape has yet been discovered There is nothing surprising in this circumstance the conditions for preservation of organic re mains ire not favorable on the firm land and besides we do not know where to look for them Perhaps the country where our progenitors made the first step on the road to progressive evolution has been buried in the sea ages before the beginning of the historical em The missing link is the watchword of the enemies of the natural theory of descent just a sif its verification depended upon the discovery of this one transitional form It is sel dom that people quoting this expression in order to prove the fallacy of the Darwinian theory have the remotest idea ofwhat it really signifies Supposing we draw a perpen dicular line ten feet long and let the lower extremity repre sent the lowest animal the upper extremity the highest man Ifwe possessed standard for measuring the relative value of the anatomical characters we would be able to divide this line into seven main and many subdivisions corresponding to classes families genus and species The distance between two divisons would indicate the degree relationship But since we have no means to determine this degree with mathe matical precision we must be satisfiedwith an approximate estimate which we obtain by employing the relative thick ness of the stratified rocks containing the petrified records as a substitute for time and distance The entire thickness is estimated at cca 130000 feet of which 112000 feet or 86 belong to the primary era the ago of fishes cca 14 000 feet or 11 to the secondary era the ago ofreptiles and only 4000 feet or 3 to the tertiary era or the ago of mammals of which the quartcrnary or age of man forms but a small fraction On the tenfoot scale we would have about 80 feet for the primary 11 feet for the secondary and 03 feet or less than four inches for the tertiary includ ing the quaternary age Within this latter period repre sented by a space less than an inch high are comprised the four higher apes and man People do not hesitate to speak about the wide gap between ape and man entitling the latter to a separate position in nature while they see nothing wrong in calling fish an animal notwithstanding that tho distance between ape and fish must be expressed by a foot at least between ape and man however by less than an inch We see that the missing link is onla very short one but the absurdity to offer it as a refutation of the theory of descent is too great to bo measured by our standard In drawing a comparison between man and ape people usually commit the grave error of placing the highest type of man kind next to the ape instead of following the natural order of things ranking the lowest man next to the highest animal Then they would perceive how small the difference really is When people ask why the apes of the present day are not converted into men they dont consider that such evolutions require immense time the existence of mankind on earth being estimated from 10000 to 100000 years And if they ask whynot all the apes aspired the exalted position ofman we must refer them to nature herself If they ever had a chance to take a different course of evolution they have lost it irretrievably for nature never repeats itself a type onco extinct remains so forever life is eternal motion there is no going back Those who take exception to our imperfect knowledge in regard to many particulars pertaining to the theory of descent ought to measure tho truth of their own belief by the same standard and tell us what they know about creation how it happened that god being almighty and allknowing etc did not make man as ho wanted him to be but compelled him to pass through a state of barbarism and brutality Why didnt ho distribute at once more reason among man kindalthough he had an unlimited supply People who believe that irrational questions aro equivalent to valid arguments ought to remember the truth of the old i = BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 adage ono fool can ask more than ten wise men can answer CHAPTER IV Tho Human SoulDefinition of SoulDualistic and Mo- nistic Theory Development of Soul Immortality A littlo better though might yet he live Didst not to him the gleam of heavens light thou give Ho calls it reason but to say the least Ho uses it to ho as beastly as the beast Says Mcphisto in Goethes Faust commenting on the pre tended divinity of man Moro beastly than the beast in a good and in a bad sense is the definition of soul in a at school I was taught the flattering lie of the divine origin and immortality of man and felt like a young god But later on when I had to do niyown thinking I soon found out that thero was something wrong about my own divinity as well as that of others and I lost my divine aspirations altogether Or to express it biologically I was transformedaccording to the law of variability and adaptability from a believer in the dualistic theory into a hard shell materialist At least theso are the terms by which the two parties are distinguished the dualists as the name indicates believing in a selfdependent soul capable of legging the mortal body and continuing an independent existence in unknown regions the materialists maintaining the unity of body and soul comprising collectively under this namo tho sum total of the functions of the brain the mental factulties As a logical deduction tho soul must die with tho body If wo examine the premises upon which the two opposite doctrines are based wo find that materialism is not a proper denomination for tho monistic theory because this term is generally used to express something crude opposed to science But in fact the monistic theory is the scientific one while tho dualistic hypothesis represents but a crude coarse material conception from which logic and reason are debarredas derogatory factors Analogous to creation tho word soul is really tho expression of ignorance and intended to servo as a barrier against tho inconvenient investigations of science From a broad natural point of view wo may define soul which always stands for mental faculties as a useful attri bute of an individual or species serving to mediate the rela tions between it and its surroundings necessary to preserve and perpetuate life in a certain form or type and acquired under tho common laws of variation adaptation etc in the struggle for existence Consciousness is tho sum of all impressions received through our sense tho ego or I Wo have no innate ideas inner consciousness as somenono are evolved from our wiseacres claim they aro all conceived from the outside through means of our senses If a person is born without n certain sense thero will bo a corresponding blank in his consciousness and ifa person was horn without any senses at all which of course is impossible thero would bo no inner consciousness no individuality no life Supposing wo allow our imagination to go bad to past ages when the earth was covered by water and tho mysterious spark of life began to gleam wo would probably find the waters alive with the lowest typo of beings which we saw under the microscope It can hardly bo said that they pos sess a soul but they show involuntary reaction against tho condition of the medium in which they live its temperature density etc With tho separation of cells into groups per forming certain functions we have the first rudiments of tho organs of sense Some cells received tho impression of temperature and density feeling others became particularly sensitive to qualities of the food tasting and smelling others again were affected by tho vibrations of air and water or sound waves hearing and lastlywe find a special kind endowed with tho ability of receiving tho heavenly messenger tho light It is evident that the acquisition of sensitiveness against impressions from tho outer worldand tho reception of theso impressions by different independent organs would be of no benefit for the individual if no co ordinate relation existed between the organism as an entity and its separate parts with different functions A common center for tho purpose of replying to communications from tho outside by appropriate actions of the individual appears therefore to bo a physiological necessity and we find that simultaneously with the development of the organs of sense tho formation of a nervous system and a central organ the brain takes place Tho simpler the functions of life tho less necessity for coordinate action and centralization of the impressions tho more complicated the functions the greater tho necessity for harmonious action Accordingly wo find throughout tho animal kingdom the evolution of mental faculties synonymous with tho development of the physical bodyof which they form an integral part The first trace of a nervous system wo find in tho worms in form of parallel fibers in tho symmetrical sides In the insects a terminal bulb or knot of tho nerve fibre lakes tho place of a brain and how well it fills it is shown by the high intellect of this class In the fishes tho lowest type of the vertebrates wo find an incipient brain which attains its maximum of perfection in man It must bo noted how over that species of a lower class may excel higher orders in intellect some insects for instance possessing undoubtedly higher intellect than tho fishes When wo claim that tho factulty of thinking has been acquired as a necessity in tho battlo of life wo find this assertion corroborated by tho fact that wo are absolutely unable to form an idea of something for which wo have not received material substratum in form of a sensuous percep tion Wo can only think in pictures images visions sensations or in words their substitutes Tho faculty of thinking is based upon tho marvellous capacity of the brain to retain and reproduce received impressions remember tho phonograph Considering that tho evolution of tho mental faculties is subject to tho general biological laws I deem it proper to apply to it tho same principles especially that of division of labor It seems plausible that creatures without language can only think in pictures and that tho transmis sion of such voluminous and complex perceptions upon a simpler substitute must greatly facilitate tho process of thinking and enhance tho capacity of tho brain Would it bo possible to conceive objects of such magnitude as a whole continent Asia Africa etc on tho earth sun stars etc without a word as an equivalent To Bo Continued 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE Hypocrites Christian or Infidel Which While Criticising the Orthodox Foe our Comrades Are Given a Gentle Chiding By Lou Lawrence They are slaves who dare not be In the right with two or three Lowell I have been impressed very often with the fact that many people who are free from perstition are not free from cowardice and its attendant hypocrisy It is very fashionable for Infidels to speak scornfully of Christian hypocrites think that much of it is wrong and arises from the mistaken idea that a person who is a member of a Christian church is a Christian whether he believes the Christian theology or not A man is what he is in spito of what he may label himself A thief is no less a thiet because he calls himself an honest man That person is a Christian who believes in the doc trines of Christianity If ho has not this be lief he is no more a Christian than he is a Mohammedan even if he has given his name to the church and helps to pay the preacher I know there is ouch good authority for calling him a Christian who professes to be such without regard to what his secret opin ions may be Authority and custom stand for much but they do not always stand for reason If we discard theology because it is unreasonable why should we not discard un reasonable customs Christianity is founded believes certain stateupon belief lie who ments is a Christian he who docs not believe themis a skeptic or an Infidel with reference to Christianity That he does not express doubts or that he denies them does not alter his condition mentally though it stay do so socially and theres the rub Such sup pression or denial does not make a man a Christian any more than covering a white mans face with burnt cork makes him a negro We class men ethically by their color and other physical peculiarities morally by their conduct professionally by thsir knowledge religiously by their belief about certain known qualities viz God soul heaven and hell The man who labels himself Christian and yet secretly doubts the Christian theology is no more a Christian than that man is a physician who tacks M D to his name with out a medical diploma Belief is the Christ ians diploma and he who parades as a Christian without it is not a Christian but a quackI heartily ashamed to do so but I see no escape from the admission that those per sons who join the church without faith in its doctrines are hypocritical Infldes and not hypocritical Christians I have known them I pin many of them proportionatelyand at time their conduct almost shakes my faith in hi man intelligence It requires intelligence to doubt the superstitions iu which one has been roared So it soems necessary to credit wit intelligence the man who has discarded the unreasonable dogmas to which the masses still adhere But I have known people who I am assured by their own words had rejected the Christian theology who had denied the fall of man the vicarious atonement and tho punishment of unbelievers all basic doctrine of Christianity and I have known them to give their names to the church one even going so far as to draw a 1200 salary for filling a Methodist pulpit In their secret thoughts these people ar skeptics by their public acts they proclain themselves Christians Some of them how ever more or less openly disavow belief in all the creed of the church yet I venture the opinion that this is seldom done before their strictly orthodox brethren Still I have heart the preacher to whom I have alluded express heretical ideas in a sermon I heard him say lack to the mediaeval ages with that theoln gy which says that Jesus died us a propitiation for our sins It would look as if children from the Sundayschool could see that thai sentence was n contradiction to the catechism But Mr Preacher wound up with Jesus die to show us God and I suppose that his half awakened hearers thought 0 thats right and went back to their mental sleep- I may be too critical but thought that the first assertion was a sop to his own conscience and the last n sop to his orthodox hearers Now in the face of such facts what is the earnest seeker after truth and morality IK who would fain believe in the final triumph of knowledge and scientific morality over norance superstition and their consequent to conclude While conceding to these hypocritical infidels a certain degree of intclll goner must we not deny to them the power calculation For the sake of the smiles oi society or the patronage of the public must they not submit to the sneers and frowns ol conscience For a pennyworth of applause today they are laying up It poundworth ol private shame for tomorrow I pity them realize the hardships consequent upon men till nonesly Know the courage it takes to contradict popular prejudice I have felt the bitterness of losing old friends for opinion nuke And yet cannot but believe that these people fail to solve the problem of happiness They give too great weight to present pleasures and too little to future ones They fail to recognize the fact that a clean conscience is the greatest source of human happiness n 5 that it is the principle at stake while public approbation is but the interest Better save the principal and let the interest go than o collect the interest and lose the principal the skeptic who joins himself to a religious body thereby implying a belief in its dogmas is certainly guilty of immorality in this par tcular although in his general conduct he maybe a better man than the real Christian be cause as have said religion is based upon belief entirely apart from morality I do not want to be thought to be too hard on these people nor do I desire to cast ob probmm upon the cause of Infidelity But I can see no reason for their conduct save cow ardicL the fear of losing social position friends business success c or the hope of gaining these things Nor can I find any jective that describes such conduct as well as hypocritical Moreover I do not believe it right to cast opprobrium upon Christianity for the conduct of such people The church is cer tainly blamable for keeping them in its fold when their skepticism is known but its doc trines cannot be charged with their hypocrisy- I do not deny that some may be honestly converted that is that they may have changed their opinions There is no knowing a mans secret thoughts so if these whilom Infidels profess conversion I have no desire to place them in the above category The question naturally arises What is the remedy Is there no way ia which these weakkneed Infidels can be helped Can bo kept from disgracing themselves and the Ra tional Philosophy In my humble opinion the safeguard that should be thrown around these folk who are unable to stand alone la organization In union there is strength and I doubt if there are many towns of 3000 inhabitants or even less that could not fur nish enough skeptics to form club of suffi cient size to command respect There is no fear of the boycott where a score or more of people from the better classei banded together As is well known there are few if any Infidels in the lower classes of society- A few words of protest I very much doubt the propriety of calling Krcothought organizations Liberal churches or any ether kind of churches and ot such societies professing to teach the Religion of Humanity the ligion of Science or any other religion It can easily bo shown that all religions Ire founded upon faith in a Supposed revelation What Rationalism must teach is not faiUi hut knowledge It is impossible to divorce the words church and religion from belief in the supernatural and in using them to express a moral philosophy we lay ouivinlve open to a charge of misrepresentation 4 11I1I4or 7IBLUE GRASS BLADE Origin of the Eucharist From the Pagan Notion of Drinking Animal Blood Came the Idea of Eating Deity By Dr R Greer In looking over the history of ancient Paganism it may be interesting to Spiritual ists and Christians alike to learn of the sup posed origin of tho modern Christian Euchar ist for it is not exactly what modern Christian ecclesiastics claim for it Here it is Ancient Pagans were taught to believe that by eating tho flesh of certain noble fearless animals known for their courage and prowess and drinking their blood they would partake of their natures so that when in war with hostile tribes would win conquest victory and success They therefore ate the flesh and drank the blod of lions tigers bears and this fallacious hypothesis it was sug gested by Pagan priests that by eating the flesh of the gods and drinking their blood they would partake of their natures also would become good and great learn of the mysteries of nature behold the glories of the Divine overcome secret enemies and be as so to accommodate thes j ignorant and superstitious people and provide for them the semblance of the flesh and blood of the gods tho foxy and mercenary priesthood whom the common nerd believed were in close proximity to the gods and to whom the golden gates of heaven swung wide open dis tributed amongst them at their religious gatherings bread and wine telling them the Modern Version of An Ancient Fable From the Light of History and Experience By William J Kratz One hot day many many years ago an old Jew was sitting in his tent looking over the land which he imagined the Lord gave him Ho was probably dreaming ot another wife who knows His own good frau was getting up in years and ho like Corey wanted a new one at tiny rate Ho was dreaming of some thing In the midst of his reverie he noticed three men on his land Who knows probably these men were tax agents so old Abe goes to meet them After the customary greeting and feet washing they washed their feet then instead of their faces and hands Abe offered them 1 feast And the three gentlemen or angels as the Bible says did eat sems as if angels get hungry r= visible elements of the bread and wine wero the divine symbols of the invisible flesh and blood of the gods Believe believe They shouted and this was their only reply to logical minds or those who questioned or doubted And so the simple minded people believing in this rank delusion did with great spectacu lar piety reverence and awe eat of the bread and drink of the wine thinking they were feasting upon the immortals- Of course this Pagan religious ritual had no exceptional religious value beyond its hollow mockery and sentimental rot or beyond its commercial value to the priesthood While the feasters at the banquet table showed on the occasion great lack of reason a lack almost to a degree of lunacy the priest hood on same occasoin slowed greater lack of conscience inculcating such monstrous ab sudities and impossibilities- This ancient Pagan rite of feasting upon the gods it is sad by history and tradition were the supposed origin of the modern Eu charist or Lords Supper and the writer is made to believe it for in every cathedral church or chapel protestant or catholic throughout Christendom whose communicants believe in the dogma of transubstantiation regard themselves as god caters As proof transubstantiation means that the bread and wine in the Eucharist is by act of consecration or magic of prayer transformed into the body and blood of Christ This doctrine from my viewpoint is abso lutely a sacreligious imposturean insult to reason and idiotic concept of the Divine Maywood Ill Abram Dewing the Lord a large quantity while Abe stood by reckoning the cost After eating everything they started off never once offering to pay old Abe for his trouble This made Abe a little mad and no went along to see where they worked so he could garnishee their wages or if in business sue them And as old Abe was following along out popped the Lord like a weasel from some place and started to talk with Abe Somewhat in the following manner Say Abe was just up to your house and your wife said you were going some place so I followed I wanted to speak with you a little Its lonesome up in heaven Sit down and try this new brand of tobacco made by American Tobacco Co You have been wanting a son and you want one bad Well just leave that to me I am not very busy at present and would bo glad to help youbut say what would youtname him hey Call aim Isaac thats a pretty good name 0 yes by the way are you acquainted down here at Sodom Well they have been calling me names and anyway dont like the place So methinks I will get my new air ship out not Wright Brothers make and load it with brimstone then fly over the city and dump it down on them Probably Old Abe hud a lot or two to sell in this place Anyway he seemed to be greatly interested and thought that he could save the place Say Lord suppose can find fifty who do not call you names and who go to church ular i and who pay their church fees each J month would vou still scorch them Well suppose I can only mid fortyJive would you save the placeYjcan only find fortyis the place safe yet 1 Yes What would you do if could only fledtwould save the plHtrSuppose should be busy and in the short time could only find thirty Are they all paid up I dont know but I think I cats find twen ty who ureis that enough Yes 0 yes ten of them are at the circus at lour Will ten be enough Well ten will do but no less you must have ten or down they go And the Lord left Abe After awhile he thought he was being cheated so he called a couple of advance agents to and said Go down to Sodom and tell that man Lot to get out of town as I am going to give them a little taste of Hell Behold tho mien of ijodom saw these two men enter ixits house The soon mobbed the place Old Lot came out and said Look here you If you will leave these then alone I will give you my two daughters to do with as you like and you are getting a bargain too They are virgins The leader of the mob a gentleman No we dont want your daughters have more honor than that but we do and will have those fellows saidIWhile the men were talking it got These two cowards in the house finally Lot in The mob not being able to door went home The next day Lot moved His wife turned around to look at the fireworks This made the Lord made and straightway made her a pillar of salt That good kind Lord killed the men of So loin and turned his faithful servants wife to salt Kind isnt he t 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance JlOO each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid J200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions six months J608 one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 3200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 13000 Halt column whole column or larger advertisements at special applicationj the right to reject any and all advertisements GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Buck numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal case of dlsctntlnuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl olllce giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the PostoOlce at Lexington Kentucky all secondclass malting matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky SPARKS FROM THE ANVIL The past week has been an eventful one with me and equally eventful for the cause of Freethought My joint debate at Canal Dover Ohio with Leander S Keyser of the English Lutheran Church is now a matter of history I have lectured to good audiences at Chardon Ohio where now ground was broken and I have talked to an exceedingly slim audience at Marietta Ohio THE JOINT DEBATE Most important of all was the debate One thousand people and more were packed in tho Opera House each night and the bulk of these being orthodox probably two thirds of them against mo and the other onethirdsharing my own views more or less new ideas new thoughts new theories of life and living were opened before the orthodox convincing them that there were two sides to this orthodox question I may safely presume and predict that there will be more bible reading and more bible investigation taking place in Canal Dover and vicinity during the next sixty days than has been indulged during the past ten years and from experience wo know what that will mean ORTHODOX PREPARATIONS- In order to prepare tho people that is the religious people of this little city to receive me an advocate of Infidelity in the good oldfashioned way orthodox way a months revival had just closed and tho usual religious fervor 41 Al Iii lllJJ and excitement attending such demonstrations had not had time to subside Very naturally it was expected that the sentiment thus created would overwhelm mo and the In fidel would bo completely crushed On the other hand I had a largo number of valiant stalwart and influential friends These came not from Canal Dover alone Masillon Alliance Zoar Canal Fulton Dennison Uhrichsville Marietta Midvale New Phila delphia Dundee and other points furnished Freethinkers enough to give our side a good and respectable showing to saynothing of enthusiasm so that I was afforded amplo support and encouragement in my battle with the organized foes of mental liberty Well but what of tho debate It was both a success and a failure THE FIRST NIGHT The first night was not even an imitation of real literary merit for my opponent who had the affirmative refused to affirm and I was compelled to force tho fighting from tho negative side Beyond a simple definition of inspira tion as my opponent applied it to the Bible he never touched the subject and studiously avoided the Bible itself Ho advanced nothing from history nothing from Science in support of his contention and excused himself on the ground that ho had not sufficient time to do so being com pelled to follow me which I accepted as a confession of failure Had ho made even a respectable effort to keep to the subject under discussion it would have been compulsory for mo to have followed him I had nothing to follow The only course I could take was to adhere closely to the biblo text and to then show that it did not harmonize with goodmorals with history or with scientific fact It was my plan to keep Dr Keyser on tho bible In this I suc ceeded He had lost his affirmative side and from the moment I began the presentation of my argument he was kept busy answering me as best ho could Ho had no chance to prove anything assuming that ho had any proof to give but was driven to disprove if ho could that as an intellectual tourney which the subject under discussion wouldsuggest tho first night was a failure I hadexpected Dr Keyser to plunge into history to advance some science to offer some ethical consideration in behalf of the bible but it was not there and I then devoted my time to an exposition of biblical text and doctrine showing that if these things were inspired of god then tho source of the inspira tion had good and sufficient reasons to feel heartily ashamed of his production At the very outset I denied even his supposedsource of inspiration and challenging proof to tho contrary none being offered maintained that tho bible was purely human production betraying human faults human pasisons human weaknesses and human frailties therefore it was not and could not bo god inspired This Dr Koyser never attempted to refute Tho first nights debate did some good It created a demand for Painos Ago of Reason Dr Keysor injected Paine into his argument to villify him and his works and it is extremely gratifying that ho did It afforded me an excellent opportunity I took every possible advantage of it and in tho next few days Canal Dover will enjoy several additional copies of Paines great works a sure and certain 004 III L BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 sign of Freethought progress For this much wo have reason to be thankful to Dr Keyser but wo may reasonably infer ho knew not what ho was doing THE SECOND NIGHT The debate on the second night was listened to by a larger audience Every available inch of space was occu pied Standing room was at a premium The result was vastly superior It was now my lead Opening up the argument on tho Secular philosophy and principles as a better guide to morality than tho principles of Christianit- yII ted no time in meaningless remarks of prefatory character Even Dr Keyser did better I had furnished him abundant meat for argument Ho fretted through it withall the energy ho possessed Thostruggle became intense Dr Keyser lost his temper and allowed an oath to fall from his lips For this tho vast audience hissed at him lIe acknowledged his error and said the hissing was right for he had done wrong But Dr Keyser was not the only ono to get hissed When I claimed Lincoln as an Infidel I got mine but I camo back with proof of my assertion andchallenged a repetition I was not hissed again This tho second night proceeded I enjoyed this conflict much better than that of tho first night Dr Keyser had armed himself with a vast array of quotations from Churchwriters but I disposed of them by reference to current history and tho known facts of tho past few years Each side was cheered to oven greater effort This continued throughout the second night Interest had been worked up to an in tense pitch My last rejoinder of five minutes brought out all the energy I possessed and my friends declared that I lead never used five minutes of time to better advantage Following tho debate each night the people discussed it everywhere In tho stores hotels and other public places it was the one absorbing topic conversation Never was there such a shaking of tho dry bones of orthodoxy Every reader of tho Blade will know what this means Naturally sides were sharply drawn Dr Keysers friends insisted that ho had bested mo in tho controversy My friends made counterclaims in my behalf This was natural and was to bo expected Between them stood tho independent think ing but silent public and it is reasonable and safe to assume that these saw and readily understood It is with such as these that the leaven of Frecthought will do its greatest good the more fact that dissatisfaction was alono expressed by the ultraorthodox is a strong indication of tho good that will inevitably follow During the second night an incident occurred introduced by Dr Koyser which brought discredit upon him Of this I will write more fully in a subsequent letter I have not time now to tako it up as I am writing this in tho homo of Mrs Helen M Lucas at Marietta Those who heard it as it developed will know to what I now refer WHAT WILL THE HARVEST BE Ono of tho results of tho debate is that I secured a number of volunteer subscriptions for the Blade and clubs ofnow subscribers aro now in process of formation under taken by gentlemen of high standing in the community who have never at any timo previous hereto interested themselves in tho advocacy of Frecthought This is grat ifying in tho extremo and a sure indication that wo have made decisive gains through this controversy- It would be unbecoming for mo to say aught in the columns of tho Blade to uso my personal privilege as its Editor for tho purpose of boasting Nor do I intendso doing All this I am content to leave to my friends those satisfactionof my venerable and personal friend Samuel Toomey spoke volumes Tho rounds of applause the hearty grasp of many friends the genuine display of friendship the thanks the congratulations of hundreds tho crowds that gathered around mo at tho opera house on the street in tho hotel were enough to convince and gratify To Walter C Hardesty my Moderator to Mr Toomey and Mr George O Roberts my Committee I extend by gratitude and thanks for their efforts in my behalf and for making this debate possible To tho hundreds of friends who camo from every point of the compass to greet cheer and encourage me I express a heartfelt appreciation That these have given mo expressions of their personal love and esteem finds a responsive chord in my heart and Imn induced to believe that my work was not in vain With another debate awaiting me m11a lecture at Marietta I shall speak of these in mynext letter BREAKING NEW GROUND Now I will describe my visit to Chardon and the result ofmy lectures in that little city Principal among tho agencies that made it possible for mo to visit Chardon was tho work of a sterling Freethinker of many years in tho cause ono whoso name is well known if not known in a personal way to many Freethinkers in America namely B O Fenton Sixteen years ago I first met Mr and Mrs Fentou They were then living at Bundysburg seventeen miles distant from Chardon I spent two days at their home and after so many years had intervened with little thought of ever meeting again here wo stood face to face once more hands clasped in a grip of friendship Mr C A Mills also rendered valuable assistance in making these lectures possible in Chardon at this time Chardon is a city of two thousand people situated about twentyfive miles southcast of big city of Cleveland To reach it I had to go by way of Cleveland and the trip to Chardou was made on a trolley car whichafforded mo It pleasant rido through the snow bound valleys of Northern Ohio The trip occupied two hours Arriving at Char on at three oclock in tho afternoon B O Fenton was on handIto greet me No sooner had the fact of my arrival noted than others came in to see mo and tho time inter vening between my arrivaland tho hour fixed for my lecture was happily spent making new acquaintances Supper was had at tho Chardon Hotel a clean comfortable inviting hostelry with B O Fenton and Dr James Davis The latter had also been instrumental in mo here and to him my gratitude and thanks bringingITho lecture was given at tho Opera House It eight oclock I found an audience of more than two hundred to greet mo and but two got up and left during a talk of ono hour and twenty minutes It may havo been that they were unequal to tho test could not stand the tenor of my arguments or they may have left as a matter of ueces 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE sity Of course I could not tell My subject was upon Secularism the true philosophy of life in which Icon trasted the systems of morality as put forward by Chris tianity and Freethought Two of the local preachers were in my audience and although I had announced at the start that our platform was free and invited discussion not one of them raised an issue with me or even ventured to ask a question The liberal applause tendered me throughout might be accepted as an evidence appreciation or better still a direct proof of a trend of liberal thought permeating the people of this community At its close many came for ward to greet me and among them Circuit Judge Metcalfe and his daughter the latter expressing great satisfaction being now a student of philosophy After the lecture a party accompanied me to the hotel and an informal levee took place in my room During the talk that took place here I came in contact with u recent convert from Roman Catholicism to Free thought Joseph Santero an Italian Ho is earnest in his new cause The conversation now drifted to Roman Catholicism and Mr Santero urged that from facts in his possession he was in a position to know that the Church of Rome had serious designs upon America He took the Separation Act in France as a basis for his argument This practical exclusion on the part of the French Republic he claims to be the cause of thousands of priests leaving the country Limited opportunities in Italy the home of the pope and the clerical struggle for support in Spain were pointedas inducing a tremendous influx of Roman priests to America wherein he insisted the pope fondly hoped to secure an abiding place should he be compelled to vacate Italy All this brought on an animated discussion and four other Italian visitors all former Catholics who were in my room with him gave assent to the statements made The meeting did not breakup until a late hour SOCIAL REMINISCENCE The next morning dawned bright and clear The frosty air and snow covered ground formed such a contrast from the atmospheric conditions of my home state that extra possibledangercalled upon several of the local peoplo and others came to the hotel just for a talk I could not help contrasting in my mind the conditions confronting a Freethought lect urer in America today and what we had to face twenty years ago There is a more liberal spirit everywhere A few of those I met did not agree with me in every position taken or argument advanced but they expressed satisfaction at my coming among them lecturing before them and this strongly favors the presumption that Freethought advocates now have far better material to work upon than of yore These signs are decidedly encouraging They conclusively point to the fact that more Freethought lecturers are a prime necessity The soil is ready for cultivation Tho fields are open to us They wait our coming Where are the workmen willing to undertake these important duties The labors ripefruitioncolleges has contributed its quota to bring about these changed conditions Let us keep up the work We must not falter Golden opportunities are before us The harvest is almost ready for our reaping Wednesday was very happily spent Dr Davis tooke me for a sleigh ride into the country behind a pair of good stepping horses which was a refreshing event to me Years in the Southland had prevented such indulgences as sleigh rides and I thoroughly enjoyed the trip It was exhilarat ing and buoyant Upon our return to the city other friends calledupon me and the hours were spent in pleasant remi niscences SOME NEW SUBSCRIBERS Among those I met and talked with here who gave me a cordial reception wereB O Fenton and his son Dr James Davis 0 A Mills J M Williams II 0 Bicklo John Bickle Joseph Santero Judge Metcalfo and daugh ter A D Carroll H P Pease J H Warner E F Eheinohl Oris Moffitt 0 II Jones Jacob Smith Orange Cook andothers E E Morse of Middlefield Ohio twenty miles distant drove in and attended the lectures The second lecture was upon the subject Is there a life beyond the grave My friends had ventured the prediction that an effort would be made to diminish the size of my audience but On the contrary it was fully one third larger and the ladies present or some of them led the enthusiasm by frequent demonstrations I was compelled to cut this lecture rather short In order to reach Canal Dover for the debate the next day it was necessary for me to be in Cleveland again Wednesday night and I timed myself so as to be able to catch a trolley car leaving at 9 oclock As it was I talked for a few moments over an hour and left in a rather hurried and abrupt manner more hopeful of what may be the result of our future work THE MAGIC IN RELIGION Every religious system known to man contains an enor mous element of magic and this element permeates the entire Christian system to a great extent The idea embodied in such an element is that some pious fanatic pretends to enjoy a closer communion with and especial favors from the orthodox god as to enable him by word or sign to suspend the operation of natural forces the power and influence so derived being regarded as proof sufficient of the existence of deity and his interference with man in order to suggest a necessity for worship Strip Christianity of its magic and miracles and there is very little left From the very first verse of the first chapter of Genesis to the last verse of the last chapter of Revelations ono en counters magic at almost every step Even the creation must be so classified while the burning bush tho ten plagues of Egypt the dividing of the waters the striking of the rock for water the witch of Endor the sun and moon standing still Jonah and the whale Jonahs magical gourd growth Elijahs fiery trip in tho air the revenge wrought by Elisha on tho little children and numerous incidents related of Samson childish and absurd in their very simplicity are all examples of the magical element which as wo have said is to be found in all religions BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 Taking up the new testament the magical element pre sents even stronger phases There was magic in the birth of its central figure magic in many of his childish tricks magic in his talk magic in his acts magic in his death and magic in his disappearance from earth Both Peter and Paul are claimed to have worked magic being vestedwith this remarkable power lifter the supposed death of their leader The alleged writings of John known to be spurious are full of magic and other writers of socalled gospel stories fell into the same habit So strong was this element among early Christians that acts of magic were of common report Magical wonders were of frequent occurrence and every saint was believed to impart magical powers at certain seasons to those who worshippedat their shrines True indeed there may be more things in the world than our philosophy ever dreamed of but it is a safe and sane guess that Christianity would not bo in existence today but for the continuation ofa belief daydopendsis presumed to have magical power to the end that he can absolve from the consequences of sin upon a money pay iudulgenceforMagic appears all through the notion and ceremony of the communion in which transubstantiation and the real presence are the most prominent Protestants confer upon their clergy the power to preach men and women in or out of heaven and hell and these people believe that by incarna tion they can wardoff or prevent disaster andsuffering But in spite of it all disaster still overtakes humanity and suffering is just as intense as it has ever been in the great worlds history- It is but of recent report that a poor ignorant French woman was cured of disease by applying to the affected portion of her boda pair of old discarded socks that had been worn by the pope Talk about magic here is an ex homo case and in our day too Hundreds of persons claim to have seen and heldcon verso with devils angels and gods Priests and preachers strive to keep up the delusion for their personal profit and power All such visions are invariably troublebreeders Is it any wonder that the Christianity of today should be a moro jumble contradictions which repels men of in quiring minds and make them infidel to all religions MENTAL AND MORAL DISCIPLINE disciplineto fully grasp the benefits ofn true liberal scientific strong as it may appear to some seems to unnecessaryIn that may be drawn from a really scientific culture it is essential that the inquiries made shall embrace a fairly wide scope pursuedbutdeficient understanding will resultlS an example of this we find that physiology passes insensibly into psychology All mental phenomena are the manifestations of life and their laws are derivatives of the laws of life It must fol low then that only through a knowledge of the former is it possible to reach a true understanding of the latter An understanding of the principles of logic is one of the prime necessities ofa good education This treats of the laws of evidence stimulates the reasoning faculties and prepares the mind for an examination of all proof Soci ology considers the relations among human beings and the forces which act upon them iu society but to fully grasp this subject we must possess some prior knowledge of the physical and mental organization of man Political econ omy is an important branch of this subject and treats of industrialand commercial conditions History may be xperiencesininterpretation of the important lessons and examples it provides is a fairly good knowledge of the mental char surroundingthegiveAmong the more important branches of our human knowledge is a better general understanding of ethics or moralscience determining the principles which shoull guide human conduct and give a right ruling Ethnics uponthoevolution of human emotions and the limitations of moral liberty and responsibility imposed by the physical condi tions of organization or social circumstances Ethics can findno help derive no aid from any known religious system It must look to science and humanity Literal tire moraldiscipline properjudgmentof thingsThus and exalted ends Its course is along a closely interwoven line of con nections that are both causal and dynamic The ideas inculcated thereby fire constantly flowing on and widening out until tho expanded mind is able to take in all the higher subjects of human interest This is really Preethought Send tlio name ofn personal friend whom you believe would like a sample copy of the Blade We can promise our readers a few more articles from the pen of May BealsIIoffpauir shortly During the coming spring the Blades Editor will take that promised lecture trip to Indiana and Illinois To tho several friends who have so generously broken and disturbed their Blado files in order to supply our officoIwith tho requisite numbers for tho bound volume responsehnsfew more copies of tho issue of April 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE CHRIST AND GOD Some Pertinent Questions Based on History and Science By S C Foglesong- At the crucifixion of Jesus it is said that many of the saints that slept came out of their graves and were seen by many Matt 27 ch 5253 verse If so did they go back to their graves or enter again into the busi ness affairs of life And why did not Mark Luke and John have something to say upon such a wonderful occurrence Was not J Christ an infidel to the estab lished religion of his time and did he not lose his life by preaching against it or contrary to iff As compared with the portrayal false ly of the deathbed scenes of infidels was there ever a portrayal of a more horrible death than that of J Christ who in fear of death and in great agony sweated as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground and while upon the cross accused his God of forsaking him Luke 22 ch 44 verse Mark ch 34 verse and ch 34 verse Opinion of a Celebrated Theologian Did not a famous theologian recognize the Absurdity of admitting the existence of a god and arresting his course to us He said To those who believe througa faith in a true godan individual substance there ought to be no trouble in believing everything else This first mystery which is no small matter of itself once admitted our reason cannot suffer violence in admitting all the rest As for myself it is no more trouble to accept a million of things that I do not understand than it is to believe the first ona Is there any thing more contradictory more impossible or more mysterious than the creation of matter by an immaterial being who himself Immuta ble causes the continual changes that we see in the world Is there anything more incom patible with all the ideas of common sense than to believe that a good wise equitable and powerful being presides over nature and directs the movements of a world which is filled with follies miseries crimes and dis orders which he could have foreseen and by a single word could have prevented or made to disappear Finally as soon as we admit a being so contradictory as the theological god what right have we to refuse to accept tho most improbable fables the mosl astonishing miracles the most profound mysteries HOW WE KNOW THEM By H PatUSay Dutchy do yez know why the Angel Gabriel is a Dutchman HeineuNo Pat vy iss dot PatWell because he loafs around all day wid de boss an blows a horn HelneHal Hat Dot iss a good one But say Pat vy is der anchel Michael von Irish man yell Pat I give it up Heine Pccause he get der police force on den stand a tclcgraf pole pehint and ven ho sees somedings py der moonlight he goes to der middle of der sthrect outside and holt a interfew py a schack ass SYNOPSIS OF THE OLD FARCE Modem Arrangement of Ecclesiastical Balder dash as Portrayed by Holy Writ By C W Clausen No doubt but ye arc the people and wisdom shall die with youJob xii An omnipresent individualPs cxxxix10 Gen xi5 Ex xxxiiitll A manifest invisibilityEx xxxiihll Immaterial substanceEx xxxiii23 A spiritual bodyGen xviii Infallibility repel ngGen viO 2 Sam sending dispatchesIs xlii10 Omnipotence having enemies Mat xix20 Omnipresence going out to searchJob- x5 Omniscience coming down to seeGen xi5 Job xxxiv2122 Infinity located circumscribed I Kings viii12 Ps xviii Ps xcvii2- A militant Prince of PeaceEx xv3 Luke xix27 Ex xxxii27 Luke xxii30 A little mite is a mighty help to the Al mighty Gen xviil Mark xil42 Glad tidings Everything goes to hell Mark xvi10 etc Mat xvii20 Man is the image of God God is the father of Hell Hell is the vengeance of God God is a hell of a father Geni20 Mat xxv41 Satan gets a corner on images of God Mark xvi10 etc The Devil invented lying and God stole his patent Jer iv10 and xiv18 2nd Thes ii 1st Kings xxil23 Ezek xiv0 TABLEAU Millions of Gods images praying to God to help them cut the throats of other millions of his images while the parson takes upII col lection and tho choir sings Mutton heads and confidence faith and bellyache If youre peeking oer the fence you will the snake- Contribution is tho game we are preaching for And to fleece you is our aim till your banks are sore Satan is indispensible thats why ho was made And theres money made in hell ut on easy rate- Parsons get salvation free from the hyp notized Could our game tho suckers see theyd bo surprised r HOW DID YOU DIE Did you tackle that trouble that came your way With a resolute heart and cheerful Or hide your face from the light of day With a craven soul and fearful Oh a troubles a ton or a troubles an ounce Or a trouble is what you make it And it isnt the fact that youre hurt that counts But only how did you take it You are beaten to earth Well well whats that Come up with a smiling fatal Its nothing against you to fall down flat But to lio therethats disgrace The harder youre thrown why the higher you bounce Be proud of your blackened eye It isnt the fact that youre licked that counts Its how did you fightand why And though you be done to the death what then f If you battled the best you could If you played your part in the world of men Why tho critic will call it good Death comes with a crawl or comes with a pounce And whether hes slow or spry It isnt the fact that youre dead that counts But only how did you die Anon Exprssions of Good Will NEBRASKA You will find enclosed a poem which I submit for your consideration for pub lication I have been traveling quite a littlo since I wroto to you before and have had little time to write I have settled down now at this place and have got tho job ot teaching tho school here The salary is not so large as I made traveling but I will have more time to devote to Freethought work and I am willing to make some sacrifice n order to help the let a poem be published in more than one magazine if I dont sell the poem I nave two poems to be published in the Humanitar ian Review soon and if can have them in more than one magazine you may copy them both in the Blauc if you wish think Davis said one would be published in the September number and the other I am sending today The poem I spoke sending you before is too socialistic for the Blade and have decided to send it to a Socialistic magazine Please send mo a few samples and I will endeavor to get get a few subscribers for your good Liberal paper I secured you several subscribers by giving away the last bunch ut Irving Kan sas tho last time I was there Send me a sample copy of tho Blade in which this poem appears Yours for FreethoughtJNO T BAYS BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 + ++ + N N11H4 44 Z y iCbe Blades Correspondence i He Likes the Blade VERMONT I have been receiving find rend ing and enjoying your paper so much but was deterred from telling you so lest it might be a trespass upon your valuable time for I did not wish to increase the heavy load you are carrying by so much as a feathers weight But your last issues dating from Nov 15th con taining portrait and sketch of Eliza Mowry Bliven and that eloquent and incomparable fu neral address of Harriet M Closz and your last Issue of Dec 20th containing portrait and sketch of Franklin II Ilcald with so many other good things has swept away the very foundation of my reserve and the feeling that I nm receiving so much and returning so little smites my conscience with such force that I can no longer resist and I must first of all acknowledge my gratitude One year ago I received a copy of the resur rected Blue Grass Blade Though well supplied with Freethought publications this sample copy showed signs of such excellence that r could not resist the temptation to send a dol lar for its continuance thinking I confess that this standard of oxcelenco would not be long maintained for to issue so good a paper weekly was well nigh impossible especially by the labor of one man Less than a year has un deceived me and showed the wonderful things that pluck and ability can do even in editing and printing a Frcethought weekly paper Now surprises every week and still tho provement goes on till all my adjectives are exhausted The portraits and sketches have been pleasing and interesting It is gratifying to know and learn concerning these bravo and gifted soldiers of Freethought and it is re assuring to be made aware of the existence of so ninny of them Long live the Blade and its valiant and able editor To have such an address as that of Mrs Closz said over our remains would do much toward reconciling us to dying As wrote you months ago am almost at the end of lifes journey years Jan 21 with an income so small as to necessitate strict economy yet I must have the Blade and must pay for it too You will recollect that commenced receiving tho Blade in March and therefore am not in possession of all the numbers that go to snake up your bound vol tune I would very much like the numbers that were issued previous to the beginning of my subscription Can you furnish them f If so please inform me staling cost and I will remit and also send my 150 my Freethinker conscience will not let mo send less for an other year I think it a shame that subscrib ers or receivers of the Blade should allow themselves to so embarass you by their negli gence in paying for the same While enjoying the portraits and sketches so much the thought strikes mo that I have written up a veteran Vermont Freethinker which I would very much like to see appear in the Blade What steps are necessary and what kind of likeness is required and the ex pense etc f Please write me and also whether such portrait and sketch of an uncommon commoner would be desired Should of course want to submit the same for your pre vious inspection With kindest and warmest regardsE A FITCH Will Some Christian Answer TEXAS Enclosed find 150 for the Blade To any Minister or ChurchmanWill you or some kind Christian if there are any please inform me how two line of male de scent can converge and become onethnt is how Joseph tho reputed father of Jesus is descended frpm Solomon and at the same time from Nathan the brother of Solomon if you take only the male line of descent Or was there two different Christs and if so which is the right or true son of God f Or is there a mistake when the Bible says that God only had one son f Does Moses teach a future life and a state of future rewards and punish ments If so where f Was Moses a mono theist or a polytheist in his belief The foregoing are a few of the many ques tions I would like to see satisfactorily answer ed either by Christians Jews or Infidels but I think that some of them are beyond answer ing for how can both Hell and Jacob be fath ers of the same children f Will Double His Subscription OIIIOI note my subscription has expired and I hasten to renew I see in last issue that Bro Showalter has suggested that all sub scribers agree to support the Blade to the ex tent of each yqar I agree to that So come ahead brothers lets help the Blade onto a solid foundation Wo are amply able to do it and it is to our interest to do so It will never do to let tho Blade go under See tho advancement we have made and what a glori ous future there is just chead of us The world has been fit to live in only for about the last 50 years Only a little while since the clergymen were engaged in boring the tongues of Quakers with hot irons because they didnt believe in the ghost story And they also were telling their dupes that the earth was flat anti stationary and that there was an eternal hell just beneath and 09 out of every 100 were doomed to eternal fire and brimstone See the change today The clergy have cut hell out entirely and are admitting that the earth is a little rounding and has moved up a little And what has brought all these changes and hundreds of others Why just yuch grand men and women as those who write for the Blade let us keep the Freethought papers alive and a working We owe it to ourselves and our children yet to come who will riseup and call us blessed I enclose money order for 3 for one years subscription to the Blade Yours for FreethoughtJ D HOOPER Put Jehovah on Tria- lIOWAI enclose order for 25Q150 for renewal of the Blade and the other where most needed as you think best The Blade is getting better and better and I read and read it in order to get all the good things in it Hope it may prosper and open the eyes of those blind Christians and take the old Jewish God Jehovah into a court of justice and get a half dozen smart lawyers at him They will find him the worst criminal on record for he taught the Jews to lie steal and murder Ho ordered his prophets to commit adultery and at last committed adultery himself If a jury does not find him guilty then there is no more justice in the land With best wishes to all FreethinkersCARL ZWERlsEMAN Donates Two Subscriptions IOWA Enclosed find 2 Send Blade for one year in accordance with the proposition made by you as follows To John W Lang also for the other dollar send Blade as long as it pays for it to my son These I am mak ing as donations I have rescued my boy from the power of superstition or at least I think it is I that have done it and he has lived with me but a little part of his life and no time since I came out as a Freethinker A A SNOW Likes the Blade KANSAS I am behind with my subscrip tion and hard Wills nd you at the time for which that pays stop my paper if I dont get you more money by that time I am old past 70 and no way to make money There are ninny good papers that I would like to have but I cant afford it Yours Is all right and ought to be well supported if there were enough unslaved minds in this country to come out and say I do my own thinking VoIare not so developed manfully as most people think or we would unslave ourselves In many ways other than religiously But we are grow ing and developing as fast probably as great Nature requires There is time good GodIan eternity and what more do we want JAMES FRAZIER J 14 BLUE GRASS BLA- DEMtRITORIOUS Advertising Attracts Business The right kind of goods and prices to suit mean success but you must let the people know what you ha- verfe Clinton Advertising Co Incorporated Louisville KyLexington Ky Art Calendars Leather Goods Aluminum Wares Buttons Rulers In fact everything that will tell the people where you are and the kind of business you are engaged in Special Designs for Freethinkers if Desired Does your business pay Do you wish it to pay better Then dont hide it Write us for information W rt 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 Se Sure and Subscribe For Secular Thought Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criticism In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ells Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms SI per annum In advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should he addressed C M ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Can DIAMONDS Order of me and save money I deal with the best cutters and largest importers direct have forty years experience am an accurate judge and analyst of these beautiful gems and diagnose them in all their most delicate and Intrinsic characters I now do not carry stock but buy the goods for cash as I receive the orders thus obtaining best discounts This saves in terest on capital invested rents salaries and the large per cent of loss Incidental to and unavoidable by all dealers who carry stock Tho small commission I will charge you for my time facilities and judgment will bo trifling in comparison to the savings between the prices your retail jeweler MUST charge you and mine Send me a trial order Upon receipt of goods compare with others and if not satisfactory return and get your money Diamonds remount ed In latest artistic designs at lowest prices Full value allowed for old jewelry Send for cut prices of Watches monds Jewelry Silver Plated or Optical goods Free Thought and ether Badges Ingersoll spoons and my famous tract Theism In The Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook Co SEEDSFresh to Please merit SPECIAL SFVER FOR 10 CENTS postpaid our COLLECTIONI 100I10AltoborTREAT NOlLTUERN SEED Itose st Rockford Illinois TOMORROW MAGAZINE FOR PEOPLE WHO THINK TOMORROW does not draw Its inspira tion from Tradition Mysticism Super stition or Custom It is A Journal of Rationalism Dealing with the questions of Life from the impersonal standpoint and accepting the phenomenaTOMORROW partisannot for those who are wedded to some pet belief or ismnot for thos who are governed by fear of God or of Public Opinion- TOMORROW is for Free Soulsfor Men and Women who are not Afraid to Think in Harmony with Natures Laws Send 15 cents for Three Months Trial Subscription and our Special Book Offer 10c the Copy 100 the Year TOMORROW PUBLISHING 00 139 E 50th St CHICAGO ILL The Woman and The Prospector Is the title of a romance every woman and child should read It should be in the hands of all who are opposed to superstition and graft as it is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and the ministration of drugs to human Icings at the same time points out the only metho for tho cure of the consumptive The booklet is really free but tho cost of advertisin and postage we figure at 10 cents so if you wish a copy send us 10 cents and we will send it to you A M PARKER 415 Crocker St Los Angeles Calif SEND 10c FOR SAMPLE OF Healds Religious Stickers The same being short quotations frost Our Dear Heavenly Father Our Bless ed Savior Baalams Ass Mary Christ Our Friend the Devil and other person ages of sacred memory These are suitable for sticking on church doors and other objects where they will do the most good in spreading the glad tic ings of great joy Until April 1909 address FRANKLIN HEALD Clrcleville Ohio Do You Believe That We Humans are as important ef Pigs Potatoes and Pups Do yon believe that we grownups and even the Children should know at aboutFl3heMoreElevatedsUbscriptiontobe ProgressPublished Malt ASamples Stelps The Holy BibleIn Nutshell contradlQtlonsJustt ho thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faith SoonOrderfor 100 Address J FRANTZ 1728 Ellis Street San Francisco Cal SEEDS f SPECIAL OFFER lade to build nlnNO trill win customerPrize let rloUealWrite today Mention this Paper dt0 SEND 10 CENTSpicket releUSlnatrclire etcg + + + i H N N H NNN N N N N + H HS +N HeN N HHN N N N HNN N+ + + i OUR MARK FOR 1909 IS TO 1 DOUBLE OUR CIRCULATION y y- j Just Read Over the Beautiful and Valuable Premiums we j 1Offerand Make up Your Mind to Get Busy 1 i Elegant DeSets i jWE MUST DOUBLE OUR PRESENT CIRCULATION DURING 1900 AS A GUARANTEE OF PERMANENCY AND STABILITY TO THIS END WE OFFERtINDUCEMENTS IN THE WAY OF USEFUL PREMIUMS TO tYOUFOR THE TIME YOU EXPEND HELPING US + PREMIUMS PREMIUMS 1 j j 1 Roman Gold Monogram China Dinner Set 42 Pieces y IThis is an attraction for every womanUsefuland OrnamentalGives the table a pretty Good ChinaRetails at 800 per set Initial letters of owners name Itwocn in monogram and burnished upon every piece in pure gold letters i TEN SUBSCRIBERS ejoSend us 10 New Yearly Subscribers to the Blade and wo will send you one of the abovei tIY Y- j 1 NoonTime China Dinner Set 45 Pieces i yij 500 per set An ornament to any table ISEVEN SUBSCRIBERS SEVEN SUBSCRIBERS 1IYou can get this set sent to you free charges prepaid by sending us seven newt annualsubscribers to the BladeI t TERMSe will enter your name in a book whereon to credit you for every subscriber you send and a record Subscriptions may be sent in at any time and the paper will be sent as soon iasreceived at once When you have sent in the requisite number for either set it will be sent to 1 1 SUBSCRIPTION BLANK FORMS WILL BE SENT ON APPLICATION + t+ + +