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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, February 21, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909022101 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, February 21, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. r j BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVII Number 44 LEXINGTON KYM FEBRUARY 21 zyog Published Weekly nun nn DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT JAMES BALL TAYLOR IiDR ilPoot Author aneln Freethinker 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE DR JAMES BALL NAYLOR EMINENT OHIO PHYSICIAN AND WRITER OF PROSE AND POETRY Many golden nuggets and glittering gems of rare value still lie burled In the earth hidden from human eyes waiting for tile turn of some miners pick to bring them to the light of day So it is in the field of human thought Many an intellectual gem still finds lodgment In some brain because its possessor lacks the power of expression necessary to make It known Thought pearls without price may thus He burled in the mind of one Happy indeed Is the man or woman who is fortunate in tho possession of a welldeveloped power of expressing bin or her own thoughts and among those who are rich In such ownership fear less In its use charitable to all Is the subect of this sketch Until last summer Dr James Ball Naylor was almost un known to the Blade Although ho had written and published a number of books Includng poetical works and therefore known only by reputation it was not until the Blades editor had visited his home at Malta Morgan county Ohio that a personal ac quaintance was made which has now ripened Into a firm and fast friendship To meet him and to know him Is to admire him He is in very truth a king among men and a man among kings He owns a mind of his own strong as adamant and yet tender as the choicest flower produced by artificial heat Ills heart is filled with sorrow at the sight of human suffering and a noble action stirs within him the best and noblest Impulses As a student of nature ho is without a superior while valuable lessons he has gleaned from watching a humble spider or a family of catbirdsDr James Ball Nnylor was born in Morgan county Ohio on the 4th day of October and Is therefore approaching his 49th year Isis father was a Quaker while from his mother he Inherits the sturdy English blood running tllfough a line of Vir ginia ancestry He was the only child At the outbreak of the Civil War his father went to tho front and met his death In that fratricidal contest As a lad he received a fair education through the common public schools but the necessity of having to scratch gravel as he personally expresses It at the early age of twelve yearstook him out of school before his education could be deemed sufficient and he finished this by his own efforts later in life by taking a course at the Marietta Academy Ills real education however was obtained In the great school of experIence tor as the years came over him ho came to know humanity as It was Imbibing tuition from the college of homely knowledge and hard knocks We have used the expression of scratching gravel and it may be truthfully said that ho has plenty of sand In his craw yet and a fair proportion of the soil under his finger nails Ho has worked on a farm for subsistence tolled at teaching school slaved at practicing medicine and ho intimates that he has loafed to no small extent at making literature In many ways he is different from tho common run of men Our experiences with him limited as they have been convinces us that ho has a tonguo and Is not afraid to wag It that ho does his own thinking and Is able to whistle for himself and another of his favorite expressions as Indicating the manner of man ho is he says I change my linen once In a while hut my opinions I change oftener Although busily engaged in attending to a large and lucrative practice of medicine Dr Naylor has found time to voice his sentiments through the columns of the papers and magazines to which ho is still a frequent contributor and thousands have read and enjoyed his attractive verses sketches and short stories He is tho author of four splendid books of verse namely Cur rent Coins Goldenrod and Thistledown Old Homo Week and Songs from too Heart of Things The latter Is all that its name implies and Is a revelation of the workings of the master mind that produced it Throughout its pages there bristles the puro and unselfish Ideas of Frecthougbt They are Freethought poems in very truth No less than seven novels have come from his pen and brain all of which have been widely read These aro Ralph Marlowe In the Days of St Clair Under Mad Anthonys Banner The Sign of the Prophet The Ken tuckian The Scalawags and The Misadventures of Mar jory Ho has also written and published one book for boys The Cabin in the Big Woods and two books for children en titled The WitchCrow and Barney Barlow and The Little Green Goblin His homo life is superb for nothing Is allowed to mar tho most perfect domestic happiness and concord Of this he says I have the best wife In all tho wide world six good and healthy children and would like to have more of the latter if I only had the writer first visited McConnellsvIlle In September last returning from the Canal Dover conventions Dr Naylor introduced us to the audience at each of the lectures given He spoke right out In meeting and declared himself to be a Free thinker a step hundreds are fearful to take because of the Inevi table Christian boycott Dr Naylor had to face this Ho was threatened by a Methodist preacher because ho refused to con tribute twentyflvo dollars which lad been assessed aeain t him by the church to build a now parsonage The preacher threatened to drive him out of tho community but Dr Naylor defied him and the result Is that tho preacher has left for parts unknown but Dr Naylor remains a proud conqueror on the field of Intellectual freedom Upon the occasion of our first mooting Dr Naylor presented us with a copy of two poems namely Illy Laddies Life Lesson which appeared in tho Blade some weeks ago and To Her who Keeps my Dwelling Place These poems hand somely printed and mounted now hang In gilt frames on the chimney breast In my room at homo with the picture of my little son between them Ho also presented mo a copy of his book The Kentuckian which I read with n great deal of pleasure and satisfaction Upon the occasion of my last visit to McConnpllsvlllo when met Rev McVey in Joint debate Dr Naylor acted as my Moderator and tho orthodox are unable to combat the growing principles of Freethought against him What splendid encouragement Is here What nn incentive for every man and woman to stand up and be counted in tho cause of intellectual freedom What ono than has done In this con nection every man may do Tile world loves a fighter It has little uso for drones Bo true Stance boldly forth Courage brother and the battlo is won r BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 The Great Church Conspiracy Facts Culled From the History of the Formative Period of the Republic Showing the Designs and Purposes- of the Clerical Party By Judge Parlsn B ladd Before the consideration of the main Issue herein a few preliminary remarks will be In order the better to understand the force and magnitude of the matters Involved In their article During the existence of our American Colonial system of government the most of our Colonists were Ignorant supertltlous Christians they had never thought especially on religious matters which was dremed to be the exclusive property of tho priesthood to bo dealt out to the laity as the church deemed best for Its Interests Protestantism was tho guiding star few of tho Popes bovine then fed on American hills There were few books and they mostly of a religious nature to question tho truth of tho Diblo was outlawry tho ques toner deserved death The sciences had not been born hlstoy was In its Infancy Ancient records unknown At tho time of the formation of our gen oral government Jefferson backed by a few Freethinkers proclaimed that all men were created free that they had certain Inalienable rights rights that no power could deprive them of among which were those of life liberty and th pursuit of hap piness that to secure these rights govern ments are Instituted deriving their just powers from tho consent of tho governed This language carries by Implication that no other kind of govcrnm nt Is toler able On this theory our Federal govern ment was Instituted With these resovcd rights no ono could bo deprived of life lib erty etc except they bo forfeited for actual crime crime per so against his fellow man That each ono should bo al lowed to do as he likes so long ho does not Interfere with tho like rights of others Is not only a principle of natural law but Is sanctioned by all writers on government and political economy- In the formation of our Federal compact tho Constitution being a limitation of pow er left with the several States full author ity over the questions of free speech press and religion simply agreeing that tho Fed eral government shall not Interfere there with This by some who are not lawyers has been thought to be a guarantee of free speech free press and religious liberty but In this they are mistaken The original thirteen States and all which came In thereafter seeing the wis dom as embodied In tho Federal Constitu tion followed In tho wake and put Into their State constitutions provisions similar to those In tho Federal compact For a time and while Christianity held tho field tho clergy wore too stupid to real ize the force of these constitutional provis ions but time and growing Intelligence were working changes Men of more advanced thought followed by others of less learning began to see that Christianity was out o- fjolntIn conflict with science history natural jaw and common sense A change sot in It continued to Increase mOn of courage became outspoken and Freethought publications sprung up everywhere The fact that Christianity was not truo Impregnated the very atmosphere until tho clergymen began to see that their people were deserting tho church their turkey and chicken dinners falling off that their old church attendants were vacating their peWs that they wore soon destined to preach to empty benches That time came when only a few stray matrons with oars sot to catch meaningless sounds a few boys young and foolish a handful of vestal vir gins on tho lookout for mates sat and lis tened to priestly Jarpon as it echoed from unoccupied benches The Protestant clergy were starving their cloth commanded little respect their Influence was gone tho choice between honest work and starvation was at their very thresholds Something must bo done A modified change In their creeds with the elimination of hell failed to bring the turkey or chicken not oven an opossum dinner was at their hand they must have food Lunches music theatrical performances were resorted to In vain to attract people to their churches Despera tion In the clerical face was everywhere visible Food must be had honest work was out of tho question The tactics of tho Roman hierarchy had not been tried Something desperate must bo done A few cler ics moro thoughtful than tho others called for church union In union they saw strength Tho Protestant churches of America must meet in council tho hungry priesthood responded with alacrity The result was the meeting of conspirators In convention In tho City of Now York In 1905 All wore clergymen If I am correctly Informed except four Justices Brewer and Harlan of tho U S Supreme Court Gross cup of tho U S Circuit Court men bettor known for their piety and zeal than for their legal ability to this trio came tho Lieu tenantGovernor of New York who left a nestegg that he hoped to hatch Into a full grown Governor To this gathering Roosevelt as he Is wont to do by letter or mes sage opened hjs ugly mouth not this time to vllllfy Congress but to these conspira tors telling them not of his coming lion hunt In Africa where he expects to delight his pious soul In the act of killing wild ani mals but of his regrets that he could not be present to urge them on In their nefar ious undertaking for the suppression of per sonal liberty by the reenactment of the old Blue laws of Massachusetts and Connectl cuttFor tho proceedings of this body of con spirators I acknowledge myself Indebted to numerous documents sent mo by A J S Bordeau Secretary of tho Pacific Religions Liberty Association Judge Brewer at that gathering express ed his regrets that tho Catholic Church was not there represented The Conspirators Declaration of Principles- The confederated churches are going Into politics to stay not as a political party but to cooperate as a prodigious organiza tion to make Its demands on existing par ties for the enactment of such laws as maybe called for by this religious organization II To amend the Federal Constitution so as to put Christianity on a government To see that all Congressmen State Legislators and other olllclals uro forced to act In tho Interest of tho church IV Tho cooperation of the churches Is tho only way to force reluctant churches Into this confederacy by the Ice of the cott as used by tho labor unions V That with the churches divided as In t tIsthat another general council to Include all t the Protestant churches of the world follow this all to unite In the Image of willIRoman hierarchy so ns bo able to penalties upon dissenters In this declaration of principles the obsjects of this confederation of conspirators Is too plain and clear to admit of a shadow of a doubt It means absolute power of tho churches over our civil governments Fed oral and State for forced obedience to tho church the restoration of tho Roman Inqui sition with all tho devices of torturo amIfdeath which were there used to bo by another period of tho Dark Ages which I 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE reduced all Europe to a state of savagery where poverty platy squalldlty and crime held all Europe In tile grasp of the terrible power of the church Already In many of the States this hellish work tins been menced by the forced enactments which were And If I am correcly informed this yore And If I am correctly Informed thiS corporation of clergymen styling Itself The International Reform Bureau has its emissaries in all our States who are send ing out to candidates for Important offices inquiries as to their standing on the ques Lions of Sunday laws nor Is this all for this body of conspirators have their agents in every legislative body when In session as now in our California Legislature manding the enactment of Sunday laws Wo are just In receipt of a report from Pen sacola Florida where several arrests of merchants have been made for going to their counting rooms for their Sunday mail This Is about equal to the old Blue law re gime of Massachusetts and Connecticut whine people wore fined and imprisoned for going elsewhere on Sunday than to or from church and where all were required to attend and pay taxes for the support of tho preacher Freemen of AmerlcaIn this boasted land of tho free and homo of the bravo are you going to remain Idle Indifferent to your fate while this hellish body of con spirators Is already forging the chains and handcuffs with which to bind you to dun geon floors as criminals for exercising natures free gift of conscience tho inalienable right of life and liberty for doing on Sunday what may lawfully be done on the other six days of the week On thli tho supreme laws of nature make no difference The universe moves on the planets revolve the vegetables and animals on our earth under the laws of nature make no differ nature all days are alike Bettor that every lover of liberty put on his armor and go forth to do his duty better dlo In the ttrugglo for liberty than to bo enslaved tortured and finally mi mod to tho stake by this conclave of priestly criminals Prudence and justice call for tho exercise of all peaceful means before a rosort to arms Let cur present organization first meet the enemies of liberty on their own ground demand of all candidates for ofllce their status on Sunday laws go Into the several State legislatures and demand on actments of laws making It a penal offense for any clergyman to demand or receive any compensation directly or Indirectly for his services as a preacher or teacher of religion force thorn to got their living by est work on the six days of tho week So If they desire and deem their religion of any benefit to man they ran preach free on Sun day In this way wo will stand on tho clor gymans own platform There let us fight out the Issue with this nefarious conclave of conspirators who are sailing under the piratical flag of a Reform Bureau Let us throw down the gauntlet raise the flag of liberty from priestly rule from all Sunday laws Should these conspirators succeed we shall have church nnd state united the church to dictate the laws and the obedient state to enforce them as In the Dark Ages This nefarious band of conspirators boasts that It has already brought within its fold all of the qunslrellglous organizations and Is now at work to capture the labor unions No man who prizes personal liberty and knows for what It stands should allow him self to underestimate the strength and perate character of this band of plunderers this socalled National Reform Association Dotter that all go down In a struggle than to iiihtnlt to slavery at he handrf of this rollKHi ffnatlclsm As tho Sunday question Is the present Issue it will bo In order hero to give the render a brief history of tho Sabbath and Sunday Tho former had its origin ac cording to our best Assyrlologlsts with the Akkadians or Elamttes more than 8000 years ago where tho most stringent laws for Its observance wore enforced which in time spread among the oriental nations and even to tho Egyptians while tho Sunday was of Roman origin as wo shall seo later on Those Akkadians or Elamltes say our best writers seem to have been the authors of the stories of creation of the first pair etc of tho flood etc Thoy were not only astrologers but had correct notions of our solar system of tho revolutions of our planets They determined tho solar year divided It into twelve months and Into weeks of seven days Neptune and Uranus not having been discovered by these peoples they named the seven known planets and called tho days of the week after them Sunday after tho sun Monday after tho moon Tuesday for Mars Wednesday for Mercury Thursday for Jupiter Friday for Venus Saturday for Saturn which was the seventh day To these six planets as gods thoso people ascribed the creation of the world each planetary god working ono day The work having been completed on tho sixth day Friday these gods got tired and rested on the seventh day Saturday celebrating tholr work by offering up prayers and sacrifices to the Suntho greatest of all tho gods thereby laying tho foundation for keeping this day In honor of tho Sun The Egyptians following In tho wake of those old legends made their day of rest fall on Saturday Tho Hebrews copying from thoso stories found among tho archives of tho ruined cities of Babylon con solidated theso six gods into oneJhvh- to whom they ascribed the whole wok of creation lie worked six days got tired celebrated his work and rested on the seventh Saturday Sabbath tho day of Sat urn which this people everywhere observed in honor of their god Jahveh Strict observance of the Sabbath by the Akkadians or Elamltes followed by tho Babylonians was enforced by the laws of those peoples more than 8000 years ago more than 2000 years before Moses Ezra and Jhvh made the world if we are to be lieve the Bible Cooking washing clean of clothes offering sacrifices riding even by the king public speaking taking medi cine were all prohibited by these ancient peoples on the Sabbath day On this day all had to dress hi wnlte no garments could be changed tho king could not hold ills court tho general could give no orders to his troops As to the Sunday it was of Roman orlslni iind was established In honor of the Roman Sungod Apollo The observance of the day having fallen Into disuse both the Christians and pa reaso both parties Constantine while yet u pagan In the year Issued an edict which reads On the venerable day of the Sun let tho magistrate and people In tho cities rest and let all workshops be this venerable day of tho sungod of pagan Homo that those priestly conspira ors are now attempting to revive and force on the free people of America by fines and Imprisonment Let them have all tho rest and religion they want Sunday nnd all other days to their hearts content but they must keep tholr bloody hands off our civil government and off tho personal lib erty of our people otherwise war to tho knife and the knife to tho hilt Tho American clergy of all men are tho most vindictive cruel and unscrupulous their record Is a trail of human blood tho word honor Is not In their vocabulary truthfulness Is now unknown to them ceit is their fort tho dupe nd tho young virgins of their flocks are their victims PUT NO CONFIDENCE IN THEM Tile green grass growing ou tho grave of the last cleric will alone socuro to tho world the rlpo fruit of pence liberty progress humanity and happiness CHALLENGE TO DEBATE That the Hebrew God and Nature or tho Material Universe Are the SelfSame Thing For terms address MARION W MARLEY Bucklln Kan BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 A Scriptural Cannibal What Came as a Result of Attending a Baptist Meeting in Frog Holler and Getting Converted By E J Deals Hoffpauir Lord yes rled done gone and turned plum cannibal said Sid Walker as the group of church folks closed In about him to get the full benefit of the forthcoming grewsomo story Ho shore war continued Sid en If I ken remomboi kerectly my readln what I done in skulo a cannibal Is one of these folks et eats other folks en thot wuz jest whut Jed Hawkins was a trylu ter do Yer see it happened sumpn like this The Baptists wuz a bavin n cainpmeetln over in Frog Holler an Jed bed been a tendin right regler and war a waxln firm in the faith Now me Hawkinses and wo tins lived clost together an stein as how tho old folks wuz too porely to tend meetln over In tho Holler we uns stayed a home sos tho old uns wouldnt feel too powerful lonesome while Jed was a leudlu mectln Now Jed would conic homo pretty reg ler otter night meetlns and wo uns would go over an hear him tell about tho convlck shuns and tho mighty outpourins and so on You know Jed kin talk pretty powerful like a preacher hisself when he gits let out and sometimes ol man Rawlins would git under convlckshun a llstenln at Jed uii attor while hed git ter feelln ov tho spirit an shout about and caper round mightily An wo uus would shout jest ter keep time It war a sight for the world An alter tho ol man would cool down wo uns would tote off home Well one night when Jed wuz a cousin homo from tho Holler my of lady got sick and wo uns couldnt go over but laid awake an listened niter I went ter bed lease I kuowd ol roan Hawkins would commence a feolln It soon as led got work ed up So otter while jest about as I dozed off I hearn ol man Hawkins holler like hed had a misery struck him so tickled Liza in tho ribs an scz Hawkins Is a fcclln ov It An sho listened awhile and lowed as how ho seemed to bo a carryin on wus en usual an sho guessd shed go over as sho didnt feel sick any more So while silo was a puttln on her duds I lit in ter show her what a powerful thing religion wuz an how as when it got Inter a mans system ho wuz Hblo tor do most any kind ov car ryla on when all to onct old Hanger set up a barkln like hed seen n coon a sneakln round So I gits up an looks out nn bless mo if thar wnrnt old lady Hawkins a comln arollln down tho hill to tho best ov hO ability an er holleriu fur me tor come quick run ter meet her in a right smart hurry an axed her ter como In an splalu matters but all sue could say wuz Lite out quick Jed is eatin Pal Now lowed as now If Jed war a oatin ov him thar warnt no time ter be lost as ol man Hawkins warnt any too tig tor rout mence with so ups andAlt out Weil sir when I got thar it war a Eight for the world Jed an tho ol man war down on the floor a rollin over an over and Jed war a chawln on the ol mans leg an tho ol man was a complalulu powerful anxious like that Jed wuz a eatin ov him Wall in about less than a miult I was under con vickshun as they say in church thet the man needed help so I offed with my coat an lowed as how I bust the connections Now I declare that war a Job but I spit in my hands an lit in I rassoled an pulled an kicked but it looked as now Jed war a gwluo tel eat tho ol man In splto ov An the of titan be kept on a hollerln Jest about then tho wlmuieu folks came a pllln In but the ol lady wuz so upsot about tho way Jed wuz a carryin on that she jest sat Hat on tho floor an cried an wondered what wuz n innklu him do It an all that time Jed kept a chnwin on the ol mans leg an tho of man kept a holler in an tho ol lady couldnt help a bit Bout this time Jed wuz a hurtln ov him powerful an the ol mans holler wuz a giltln plum pitiful nn I up an lows to Liza as how sumplns got tbv bo did So woman like sho soz You choke him awhllo an Ill look around a spoil Well I didnt have time ter arguo with a woman so gits down an goes tel cbukin Jed Jeds neck wuz powerful tough an didnt think I wuz a trouhllu him any till all ov a suddlnt ho turned loose an went up in tho air like one ov those skyrockets but not quite so high It sprisod mo so thot I forgot about tho of man an jest sot thar an list him how come ho tel done it but what Jed wuz a sayln warnt lit for Chrlstun oars an as I smelt something that reminded mo ov scaldin hogs an seed my of woman a stnndin with a steamln tonpol in her hand I understood th slttyation to onct That woman ov mine had poured hot water on Jeds back and diet sorter disconsarted him an1 ho got up Then I looks around huntln ov tho oil man as has beet chawed an finds him in the corner n rnbbln tho calf ov his leg an a lookln sort ol short like But when ho seed my ol women with that tier teakittle ho lowed tor himself as how Jed werout a goln tel do any more leg chawln that night so he came out an acted brave Well that hot water had cooled Jed down some leastwise it drawed out that chawln spirit an we uns commenced ter get curus tor know what mado him do It kase fer a chile for to try ter chaw up its Pa warnt no common thing among us Chrlstun people Well we put the question best we could sos not ler harass him an he lowed It wuz cordln ter scripchur said the spirit ov the Lord had bid him do Itthet he wuz a actin for the Lordnot fer hisself Then the ol man got up in his camp meetln way an lowed as how Jed couldnt pint out a single passage ov scrlpchur as would Justerfy a boy in chawin on his ol daddy In such an unfeelln manner an a carryin1 on like one ov thom wild heathen fullers Then Jed ho got down the Bible an opened it an commenced In that preacher way ov hlsn From the prophet Ezekiel chapter verso 10 Therefore the father shall eat the sons In tho midst of thee and the sons shall eat the fathers Wall the ol man had to low as how It war a powerful strong scrlpchur argument but ho also lowed as how he hunk a feller ought ter be guided by feelln in preference tor Scrlpchur sometimesspeclally when hes beln chawed Anyhow ho said Jed wuz wrong beknse It said the fathers shall eat the sons fust an thet Jed had started in without glvin him a fair warnln I took Jed off tor one side an axed him If he didnt think hed been a little prema ture an explained ter him thot accordln ter the scrlpchur the father wuz ler eat fiial an also lowed tor him that If thet scrlpchur had got tor be fulfilled to the letter In Happy Valley we uns wuz a gain ter see diet It wuz done properly an on tho square Then Jed thunk a nilnlt an lowed as how thet he wuz young ho might not bo claro on his icrlpohur an he also lowed that his fresh manifestations of Chrlstun love might bo accounted for by the fact thet he had been helpln a preacher ketch some backslid church members In North Carllny an bring homo some ov the necessaries ov life an that ho didnt think hed carryon so scrlptlously light soon an that If Id drop the matter whnr It war an not say any more bout it hod toll mo whar he had his jug hid an could go and licit my sof THF PLANETSIS mIUILI 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY SOUL IS NOTHING BUT ACQUIRED CHARAC TERS THE EVOLUTION OF INTELLECT PRESERVATION OE LIFE THE AIL NATURE By Dr A Hausman It has been stated in the first chapter that all human knowledge depended on the uniform construction of our organs of sense and the quality of all perceptions received through them This maxim wo must apply to the entire animal kingdom and say that the same natural powers have produced the organs of sense on exactly the saint principle and further that all intellectual functions are essentially the same and differ in quantity only not in quality Mans soul is so to speak superior to the soul of animals in sizo only not in character If we observe the animals without prejudice we must admit that their actions under given conditions denote a mental impulro essentially the same as our own motives and inferior only iu degree If we found it very difficult to estimate approximately tho relative value of organic structure in regard to the higher or lower rank of the animal wo find t still more impossible to measure the mental faculties However a comparison of the actions of the animals will enable us to establish tho sumo progressive scale for the mental faculties as wo did for the anatomical structures beginning with tho cell and ending with man Here too the dis tance between the higher apes and the lower races of smart will bo insignificant in comparison with the wide gap be tween tho former and some lower animals As ronnrkcd before it is a common error at times perhaps committed on purpose to place tho civilized Caucasian side by side with ape This is foolishand unfair because nobody claims that the modern man sprung directly from the apt there are many intermediate types between him and hit animal ancestor We must compare the lowest savage with tho highest ape then we will see that tho missing link be tween the souls is as short as tho one between the bodies Tho best proof that our boasted divine soul consists in nothing but acquired characters is furnished by the evolu tion of man himself It has been shown that tho genera tion of a single individualmeans a short abbreviated repe tition of the history of the entire animal kingdom and evolution of the soul is no exception from this rule Tho human egg has no intellect and it is not at all probable that a child in tho womb has any other than purely in stinctivo or involuntary impulses Immediately after birth a child ranks in intellect far below any adult minimal but it has inherited the capability of higher mental develop mont Thus every individual has to transcur tho sumac mental as well as physical process of evolution from iJio cell to tho perfect roan It is impossible to reconcile the psychological phenomena with tho idea of an independent soul What becomes of tho soul during sleep or during tho narcosis produced by tho application of anaesthetics chloroform or ether Science explains sleep by tho accumulation of certain sub stances in tho blood which interfere with the functions of tho brain During tho sleep the blood is renewed by tho elimination of these obnoxious elements In producing artificialunconsciousness moro profound than common sleep through tho inhalation of chloroform tho blood is impregnated with materia causing suspension of conscious ness Wo can easily imagine that this sleep pases gradually and imperceptibly into real death as it sometimes hap pons but wo cannot understand why an intelligent soul should become unconscious during sleep and regain con sciousness after death Similar objections are raised against evolution of intel lect as wero mentioned in tho preceding chapter and if tho orthodox advocates of the divine soul ask in a supercilious manner How can tho atoms produce thought Wo can simply reply that wo hope to bo able to answer this ques tion as soon as they are able to tell us what an atom is Even when wo dont know how tho brain thinks our ignor ance in this respect does not refute the logical deduction derived from facts that it docs think Indeed if knowledge of tho last cause was a conditio sine qua non for science it would bo tune to close all schools and colleges denounce progress and civilization and return to the state of barbarism whence wo came Tho question why can always bo asked but will never be answered when applied to nature While it is impossible to maintain idea of an independent soul in tho face of irresistible evidence furnshed by natural history tho advocates of the dualistic body can not show a single fact in support of their theory How can they explain the evolution of intellect in a child Does the lord throw tho soul from heaven piecemeal To illustrate tho relation between body and soul the latter is sometimes compared to a player and the brains to pn instrument which can not produce tho right tuno when out of order But it is impossible to understand why Uc soulcan become selfdependent only after death andre quires during life time the association with a sound brain What becomes of the conscious soul during sleep and Micro does it go to after death In whatever light wo regard tho question wo cannot discover a single reason why we should believe the soul to bo immortal and if people believe that personal desire is sufficient proof they offer a very poor argument Nature does not respect human wishes there tire but few people who want to die but this unwillingness sloes not avert tho inexorable deduce of death There are of course the promises of tho bible but these can not concern us here for people believing in that book as a revelation of a higher being are unfit to recognize and appreciate tho truth BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 CHAPTER V OUJEOT OP LIFE RELIGION AND NATURAL TIIEOIJY PRESERVATION OF LIFE THE Aim OF NATURE INTEL LECTUAL FEATURES ONLY THE MEANS FOR TIllS PURPOSE NOT THE OBJECT ITSELF SOCIAL LIFE OF MAN AND ANIMALS Why do lives The only true and sensible answer to this question is we dont know Wo must accept life simply as a fact which nature has created without asking our consent We know that it lasts u certain time which it is in our power to shorten when dissatisfied with our existence To speak in regard to nature of purpose is absurd Object and purpose are human conceptions and apply to human affairs only In nature wo know only causes and effects and when we speakof an aim or object in regard to the latter it is done to facilitate understanding Why does the earth sun or universe exists What does the presence of man signify in the universe what is the short span of human life in eternity What right has man to claim u destination supremo to that of our earth of iich ho forms an infinitesimal part and which itself is but a speck in the universe Before man had sufficiently advanced in science to know something about himself ho was vain enough to believe his insignificant person the center of creation The earth ex isted only for the purpose to servo as his habitation the sun and stars were made to illuminate his days and nights all the other animals were created for his special service to bo eaten or used by him in any way ho might see fit His life on earth was only a transient existence prepara tory to n higher refined eternal state of perfection The stupidconceit expressed in those sentiments is tiuly grand The sun which is larger than all the planets taken together nay even the universe in which the whole solar system is but a mite created only for man mote dancing in the sun light for a moment and disappearing in oblivion And such nonsense is still taught in schools in this enlightened century Goodies illustrious words defining the moral value of man quoted in the preceding chapter are literally true More beastly than a beast in a good and bad sense Animals had never intelligence enough to fall into such a grave error as to believe themselves ofIt divino nature and although they are continually waging a war of extermina tion against each other they could never use such fiendish cruelty as man by virtue of his superior intellect Further on wo shall see how misconception of man and his relation to nature as expressed in tenets of religion led to the darkest barbarous period of history and that the better understanding the natural laws and forces the beginning of science is equivalent with the inauguration ofit nom era of reason which has just commenced to dawn Hut out next task will bo to investigate if man really possesses a higher moral standard for his actions than the animal Since wo have no other means of measuring intellectual faculties except by the action of an individual resulting from a mental impulse wo must draw our conclusion from a comparative study of social life of animals and man Man is n gregarious or social animal living in com munities or states bound together by mutual interest In this respect he does not rank above the animals who not only live in flocks bands and herds but also in well regu lated communities and states like the bees and ants Some savage races Australians and Fucgans who have neither property nor social organization are inferior to these little insects in this respect The instinct of self preservation has assumed a peculiar form in all gregarious animals it shows itself just as strong in behalf of the whole community as in behalf of the single individual indicating that the interest of the single members of which the state is composed has become identical This moral impulse called patriotism is found to exist with the same intensity in animals Any one who has over observed the bravery with which the ants defend their home against the intrusion ofa larger enemy can not deny these little heroes the testimony that they do as much as any man can do sacri fice themselves for the general welfare Xo matter how many are killed and torn to pieces others will take their place until the enemy is driven off or the defenders are annihilated Among the mammals wo find similar in stiiices of mutunlaidand assistance To call these moral qualifications instinct in animals in order to indicate that they sprung from a lower mental impulse sloes not alter the fact that they are equivalent to similar moral manifestations in man Wo know that fill civilized nations have risen from a barbarous state and archaeology distinguishes several periods of progress the stone bronze mid iron age the latter two including the historical time Xo doubt there was a still lower state of man in which even use of artificially shaped stouts was unknown and wo can easily imagine how in the struggle with terrible beasts of prey his safety and existence depended upon the banding together ofIt large number of individuals It did not require any elision or higher moral impulse to induce the individuals to form- a strong coalition the instinct selfpreservation being quite sufficient as we see it in the animals mentioned above At a later period when the animals were completely conquered the struggle of existence went on as tierce as ever between the various species or races of moral and it still gos on among the nations of the present day The civilize nations ruling the world owe their supremacy to then physical power achieved by means of their superior ilitel lectWo were taught in school that government Avas an institution imposed and ordained by god and consequently had to bo respected andobeyed as divine We know better now government is natural result of social life alike in principle in animals and man From this conformity in social organization wo may justly infer that equal causes exist for both A community or nation is Composed of singlo individuals each ono of which is endowed with certain mental qualities from which emanates tho impulse- of action These are usually called instincts in animals but sinco they have no higher moral value in man Icon sider it more appropriate to apply this appelation to both They aro tho instincts selfpreservation sympathyand love The instinct of solfprosonation must bo considered tho Continued on Pago 12 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 160 per year in advance rive new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four IOne 100 six months 608 one year 800 column single insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Halt column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Duck numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal li case of dlsclntlnuonce SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl olllce giving both old and new address aa desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 128118 North stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky MORE ABOUT THE DEBATE Nearly one hundred letters have been received asking for some information concerning the result of the recent debate at Canal Dover Ohio In addition thereto thirtytwo applications have been received by mail for sample copies of the Blade and it is doubtful if any similar contest has over created such widespread interest all over Ohio Having written about the debate which appeared in the editorial column it had been deemed allsuflicient but in view of the many inquiries being made and the evident interest together withsuch an enormous task as would be required to write each correspondent a personal letter it is almost necessary that something further be said and copy of the Blade mailed to each one for answer Among the causes that have contributed to Ihis interest is the fact that notices and reviews of the debate worn widely and prominently published by tho largest daily papers in Ohio among them being the Cincinnati Enquirer Cleveland News Cleveland Leader Ohio State Journal of Columbus and the Columbus Dispatch The Cleveland papers were especially interested They instructed their Canal Dover correspondents to send by wire extended re ports of tho debate including attendance result etc Al though wo have not had a copy of the Cleveland papers it is certain that the News felt rather favorable for upon arriving home I found that they had telegraphed to Lexing ton for a copy of my picture Tho wide publicity accorded brought many of these letters to the Blade office and wo are happy to say that over eighty now subscribers have been added to the Blades mailing list and more clubs are in process of formation All this is gratifying in the ex treme and the result has been a reawakening for Free the debate was opened arrangements had been made for a stenographic report of all the speeches but the argument flowed too fast so that even a fair transcription of tho notes was found to be impossible and our plan of publication had to be abandoned One of the local papers the Evening Herald a truly independent daily gave a fair and rather excellent report of the whole debate with full justice being given to both sides Limited space alone pre vents a full republication of this in the Blade as it ex tended to four columns each day and one full issue would bo necessary to print it For tho benefit of those who have written to us as well as Blade subscribers generally the introduction as given by tho Canal Dover paper above mentioned is reproduced here and from these our many friends may be capable of forming some satisfactory conclusion concerning the result Tho late Sam Jones is accredited with having made a statement about tho hit dog giving a yelp and an inci dent of tho Saturday morning following the close of tho debate Friday night almost proves its truth It is evident that some orthodox Christian in Canal Dover felt mightily hurt and yet true to orthodox courage and manliness the injured person had to resort to an anonymous letter in an effort to hurt my feelings Usually no notice would be taken ofsuch a letter When a man or woman writes such a letter and has not tho courage to sign his or her name they are not deserving of notice The letter in question was without date or signature It was mailed in Canal Dover as tho postmark on the envelope indicated It was addressed to mo at tho Central Hotel Air Walter Hardesty my moderator and personal friend also received a similar letter in tho saute handwriting As though ashamed of the production the handwriting was in an evident attempt at disguise to prevent identification of the author Feeling complimented by receiving it I read it aloud to all present in the hotel office The letter with its origi nal spelling is as follows Little man put your little blue tale between your blue legs and skip for the blue Grass country never again try to debate with nn educated num You eirtninly displayed your ignorance Some of your heathen friends are disgusted with you For another view of tho debate another letter is given ItWIIS received on the second day The author with his estimable wife whom I have known for twenty years were present on tIle first night but had to leave in order to catch an outgoing car for their homo in Massillon It is as follows Massillon Ohio Febr 1009 Dear Charlcsworth Want to congratulate you on your very good arguments last night and was sorry we had to go before you had finished your talk It was certainly painful to part of that largo audience to see their champion so unmercifully beaten Really expected BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 you would have a tough nut to crock but ye Gods have mercy on Mr Ke ser Would like very much to hear you tonight again but will not be able to come Wishing you awl yours all the good things in this world and the next I remain as over Your friend W S MOKE Tho newspaper references to the debate of which men tion is made above are as follows FROM EVENING HERALD CANAL DOVER OHIO FEB RUARY 5 1909 The greatest forensic contest of which this city has been the held in the Big Four Operascene in a score of years was House last evening when Dr L S Keyser of this cityand John R Charlesworth of Lexington Ky debated the question of the divine inspiration of the bible Tie debate brought out fur open discussion dillicult biblical passages and seemingly improbable and impossible incidents cited by the bible Almost in the very beginning of his argument these were advanced by Mr Charlesworth as arguments and conclusive proof against the divine inspiration of the bible but Dr KO offered explana tions to practically till of the difficulties advanced The objections raised to a divinely inspired bible wore for the most part those which have over been the bulwark of the modern atheists doubt and which have resulted in his rejection of the bible On the other hand Dr Keysets explanations to these difficulties were those assigned by orthodox theology in its interpretation of and apology for the bible The question for discussion was Resolved That there is sufficient moral historical and scientific evidence to prove that the bible is the inspired word of God The time allotted to the speakers seventy minutes for each divided into two speeches of forty and thirty minutes wits till too short for a thorough discussion of the question Dr Koyscr started to produce tho moral evidence and got no further when time was called on him Mr Charlesworth in his first speech produced difficult passagcs front the bible and apparent inconsistencies tho rebuttal of which demanded Dr Keysets attention during his second speech so that ho could go no further with an affirmative argument As is generally tho case in such discussions therefore after the argument had gotten started it consistedonly of apparent difficulties being offered by Mr Clmrlesworlh and attempts on part of Dr Keyser to explain them The debate wits attended by close to a thousand people and tho opera house wits comfortably filled The whole audience was keenly interested in the debate but it is a question if tho opinions of tautly people were cluingeil Most people wont to meeting with pretty deepsealed convictions on tho question and these were generally strengthened In ho case ofa few who did not know just where they stood one or the other speaker may have land sonic influence towards forming a positive opinion or changing a predilection in the opposite direction In general however when they let tho opera house after tho debate the Christians were stronglyof tho opinion that Dr Keyser had far the best of the argument while tho atheists smiled at tie thought of how Mr Cliarlesworlh had laid it over his opponent- As a speaker Mr Charlesworth had tho advantage over Dr Ke ser The former is possessed of not a little oratorical ability in which Dr Keyser is lacking The exponent of atheism could use sarcasm and ridicule with much success did so continually while his opponent seldom employed those nits Mr Charlesworth makes a line appearance on tho platform and has a powerful voice Dr Keyser however is as is wellknown a forceful speaker FROM EVENING HERALD CANAL DOVER OHIO FEB RUARY 6 1000 The second evening of the KeysorCharlosworth debate proved oven more interesting than the first The attendance wits better than on the first evening and practically every seat in the house was token The enthusiasm was more marked and applause grow frequent although tho moderators had requested the audience not to applaud the speakers during the course of their Charlesworth showed his oratorical ability oven to a grouter extent than tho evening before Ho did not employ ridicule so often as he did the first evening but when he did it was with greater force As a muster of invective Charles worth lies but few equals who have appeared on the platform in this city The discussion was on the question Resolved That the principles of secularism are butter adapted to meet the needs and to promote the welfare of the human family than are the principles of Christianity Mr Charlesworth took tho affirmative and Dr Keyset tho negative Mr Charlesworth was first speaker and in his opening speech he compared some of the principles of secularism with some of the principles of Christianity He took as the principles of Christianity some of the bible teachings as ho interpreted theta denying to the church the right to interpret these teachings but claiming that as he road them they were Christian principles and even denying to tho church tho right to correct what is considered errors in the old translations Dr Keyser of course refused to allow his opponent to state the principles of Christianity and to deny the church the right to formulate them and upon this rock the discussion broke ann much of it thereafter was given to debating what are Christian C Hardest acted as moderator Mr Charlesworth opened the argument in his first speech in tho evening with tho statement that secularism takes as its basic principles the demonstrated facts of physical science Secularism he defined as this worldism SPARKS FROM THE ANVIL Since the publication of my last letter I have visited Marietta MCounelsvillo and Circlovillo Ohio each in the order named But one lecture was given at Marietta Had 1 loft Canal Dover in the spirit ofa modern Alexander seeking for other worlds to conquer my world would not have con fronted mo in Marietta for through mistake and misunder standing combined no preparations had been uuulo for my coming no public announcement of my lecture and as a result I had but fifteen in my audience These had been brought together by telephone and other means of quick communication Under the circumstances I did not talk long I gave a brief exposition of the Freothought po sition in tho world demonstrated the incapacity and im potency of every system of theology pointed out secular incentives to morality and urged unity of action among Freethinkers if wo would hasten tho lay of our coming triumph Small as my audience was it did some good At its close a Methodist minister cane to tho front took a seat in a little circle wo had formed and engaged in a friendly discussion His name is Stafford In but a rattle while he was occupied in answering instead of asking questions and he was soon in a position to know and understand that there was more philosophy in Frecthought than ho hud 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE given it credit for Three of his church members were present urging him on and we had a real good time after all- Owing to the fact of Mrs Helen M Lucas being from home during the week previous attending the lectures at Dennison and the debate at Canal Dover a general misapprehension arose as to my conning to Marietta As Mrs Lucas and I were talking together at Canal Dover Friday night neither of us knew if any arrangements had been made for me Mrs Lucas left on an early train Saturday morning for Marietta By eleven oclock I road received a telegram from her telling me to come on for a Iccturejat Marietta that same night so I packed up rather hurriedly and left on the next train While here I was again an honored guest at the home of Mrs Lucas I was pleased indeed with tIll hospitality extended to me once more It was a happy greeting Sundaymorning Mr and Mrs J C Dinsmorc called with a large motor car and Mrs Lucas and I wont touring the city and the country roads until near dinner time when the Dinsmores had to leave for their home at St Marys The balance of the day was spent in Frccthought talk and Monday morning I walked and tallied with Mi W IT Cox Mr Buck and others Monday afternoon 1 left agfiin for MConnelsville arriving at my destination two hour later A NIGHT WITH FRA ELBE11TUS According to the program I was not due hero until Tuesday February Si when I was to debate with Rev MVey a Campbellite preacher on the resurrection an l divinity of Jesus Something else brought me to MConnolsville one day ahead of schedule time and now happy and glorioiu event in my life took place Elbert Hubbard The Fra was here He was to lecture Monday night 1 had never yet met him or hoard him I was anxious to do both lie had been apprised cf my coming and he had courteously awaited my arrival that might take supper together The meeting was cordial on both sides Wo cat sat and talked together I had an opportunity to see and study the roan And what shall I say of Hubbard What can Isay He is a Man Needaught additional be said Would Elbert have me say more Does not the worldneed mon His charac ter may bo described by saying that ho is nuked a man refusing to be made a member ofn Hock ofsheep wherein individuality ceases to be counted and declining the office of the shepherd He docs not want to lead but refuses to bo led He prefers a patha worka duty of his own selection Unconsciously ho is leading no matter how much that fact may be distasteful to him Ho must lead Ho cannot help himself Ho is daily hourly by his every act and word leading those around him and about him to an acceptance of higher and loftier ideals to n nobler con ception of humanity and stands as a beacon light illumin ating the dark and intricate pathways to a higher better grander and nobler human progression He an idealist loving to dwell in the goodness and beauty of human life r He has a vein of rich humor and is in possession of a charming andrare personality HUB BARD A MONIST Many of my most intimate friends had asked me previously if I knew just where Hubbard stood At that time I did not I think I do now I heard his lecturo on Health Wealth and Happiness and for two hours he poured philosophy into the cars of his auditors Ho announced the philosophy of Monism as the true philosophy of life and in this cut god and personal immortality out of the universe declaring man to be the only divinity ho knew ofand now I knew just where this great thinker stood His audience was a good one and representative What ho had to say was well received A happy and im promptu poetic introduction from Dr James Ball Xuylor another man of whom I am proud to say he is my friend brought Hubbard en rapport with his audience and I was amply compensated for the one day I had giver for the privilege of hearing him and meeting him Friends were here again to greet and welcome me Stnnbery Alderman foremost among the young and ag gressive Freethinkers of the community was first to grout me as I alighted The Hoopers and the Parmonters were also on hand andnow the solo matter before us was vlio debate THE SECOND DEBATE Tuesday morning I met Rev MVcy the man I was to debate with I was speedily convinced that he was not ac customed to modern methods and modern ideas of contro versy The subject was Resolved That Jesus Christ rose from the dead and is therefore divine It was decided that wo shouldeach select a moderator and that two alternative speeches of thirty minutes dura tion bo taken by each side I selected Dr Baylor to watch my side of the debate and the other moderator was a Mr Ponncll another preacher in the Campbellito church Somo argnnlcnt arose as to the naming of another moderator It third man a sort of presiding officer who should be author ized to rule on questions of order While I had no ob jection suggested itliS unnecessary feeling that the two gentlemen named would be enough and finally agreed to allow the preacher to preside trusting implicitly to his fairness I was mistaken but once bit twice phy I soon learned why the presiding moderator was called for Although I am eminently satisfied with my own part in the debate fund while both ladies and gentlemen congratu lated me thereby receiving an expression of satisfaction from my friends the debate was not what it ought to have been Beaten in argument the mint of god interrupted mo with points of order during the last fifteen minutes of my closing speech for the deliberate purpose of breaking into the argument and an appeal to the oilier preacher in the chair one of his own faith resulted in a ruling against mo But the audience saw know and understood During both of his thirtyminuto speeches MVoy wan dered from Genesis to Revelations discussed even science as nn hid to his cause waded through some carefully so lected scraps of history as compiled by Christian writers Ho fell upon the old platitude of Kenans Life of Jesus l BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 to prove as best he could that Jesus really lived referred to Gibbon and Robert Taylor as corroborating Rennii and ho was allowed to travel wherever he pleased without let or hindrance ONLY THE RESURRECTION Upon reaching the last fifteen minutes of my last speech I mado an effort to discuss the alleged birth of Jesus A point of order was raised The moderator insisted and ruled that I could discuss nothing but the resurrection Yielding to such an unfair ruling I proceeded to discuss the alleged lenthof Jesus Another point of order A similar ruling and once more the resurrection was put before me I appealed to honesty fairness find justice1 but I got the resurrection gain and I felt almost in clined to say damn the resurrection but contented myself by merely thinking it for I was denied the opportunity ofanswering the very arguments that had been put before meIt was ever thus with the preachers of the Christian faith An infidel has no rights they are bound to rasped when in authority but they will eat humble pie when crowded into the dark corners and hiding places Ninety per cent of my arguments were untouched A blank re fusal to answer questions I had propounded concerning the supposed death of Christ was justified with a cowardly plea that it was not included in the subject under dis cussion The audience was largo but not a single demonstration was made by request although tho frequent smiles and laughter that greeted some of my replies told which way the leaven was working Practically the greatest benefit that could bo derived from tho debate was that church peo ple had come expecting to witness my defeat and I was given nu opportunity to give them a few timings to think about nndns wo all know that is fatal to tho preachers graftWell tho debate ended Of course MYby declared that ho had established by direct proof that Jesus did rise front the dead was therefore divine and by the same method of reasoning he proved Lazarus the daughter of Jairus Mrs Dorcas and many of tho saints wore also divine because tho new testament declares these also were raised from the dead My present trip was now drawing to a close I had yet to call at Circlevillo on my way home and tins was my last stop with tho exception of Cincinnati where I had to lookup some court records in connection with some litiga tion I have in charge Arriving homo on tho night of Thursday February 11 I found a tremendous pile of mail awaiting me so now hero goes to workagain My next trip will bo into Indiana and Illinois WHAT ARE CHRISTIAN PRINCIPLES Put tho question propounded in tho above caption to a number of clergymen of different denominations and each will give you a different answer Put tho snmo question to thinking men and each will give you answer alike in thought if of different expression These facts would at onco suggest that the Christian world is by no means agreed as to what actually constitute Christian principles but those outside tho pale of ortho dox Christianity are almost as a unit as to what is meant unreasoning faith simple credulity passive be lief These are preeminently Christian principles and it is a glorious fact that the world is rapidly outgrowing them They are not adapted to human life and progress They are incapable of ministering to tho wants and needs of humanity The great world of commerce the professional and industrial worlds ignore them All human progress has been accomplished men learned to rely Jess and less upon Christian principles When Christian principles actuated men tho world was at a standstill The higher the race develops the wider grows tho gulf between human activities and socalled Christian principles The modern physician eminent and skilled in his pro fession makes no attempt to diagnose human ailments from Christian principles but from the light accorded him through physiological law acquired from scientific experi ment and investigation Our entire system of juris prudence is built upon certain fundamental physical equi ties arising out of tho social contract sometimes perverted but Christian principles do not figure in judical decrees unless in a case of perverted mentality by the occupant of tho bench The merchant the business man tho trader do not undertake to compute profit and loss by any system based upon Christian principles but from drict mathematical law in vogue long before any knowledge were given of Christian principles Tho different branches of natural science with their minute exactions careful calculation and patient observation have been carried to a systematic per fection independent and in spite of Christian principles and as all tho departments here enumerated are peculiarly of this world and only this world tho secular philosophy must apply and all theological dicta is admittedly a gi gantic mistake Christian principles are built upon faith Free glit or Secular principles arc built upon work t Christian principles offer an atonement of blood as a medium for forgiveness from sin and its consequences Frcethought or Secular principles insist that wo must each face tho natural and inevitable consequences of our wrongdoing Christian principles teach that mans first duty is towards an imaginary god- Treethought or Secular principles insist that mans first duty is to small to be truo to himself and ho cannot then bo untrue to others Christian principles teach a repentance by faith in a fictitious mangod Frcethought or Secular principles teach that virtue brings its own reward and vice its own punishment Dont overlook our splendid premiums for now subscri bers Every liberal woman ought to have one of these china dinner sets in her home Then see how easy it is to get one 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE Mans Origin and Destiny Continued from Page 7 to the grave it is the first to appear the last to go Tin first utterance of life in a new born child filter it has attained the dignity of a selfdependent being by the sever ance of its connection with the mother is a deep respira tion or cry caused by the excitation of the respiratory center in the brain through the condition of the blood Next we see the act of sucking performed in obedience to the craving of the stomach for nourishment According to the views of religion which sees in all natural instincts something unnatural and forbidden the instinct selfpreservation must be considered the arch sin Egoism in a rather broad sense is the basis of primeval impulse of life it remains with us from the cradle life not Christian love and no religion has ever succeeded impulsesWheneverthe Christian religion these latter have no influence over the actions at all but where the sympathy prevails over the instinct selfpreservation religion is not the source whence the noble impulse flows How little Christianity amounts to when it collides with natural instincts is strikingly illustrated when the command of the gospol Love thy neighbor like thyself is put to a crucial tost Whenever a large number of people is assembled in a closed room theater or churchand an alarm of fire given the usualresult is a wild stampede in which everybody trios to save himself trampling women and children under his feet Even in places of worship where everyone pretends to obey a higher command of love the precept of the gospel Love thy neighbor like thyself the natural impulse of selfpreservation assorts itself with equal if not v ith greater force than at the worldly gatherings Some time ago in the east a church took fire during the service how did the congregation prove the truth of the gospol did everybody stand by to let his neighbor pass Not much the crowd maddened by fear rushed for the door in a frenzied HUMANITARIANISM By A E Wade- ARTICLE TWO Every system or theory must havo a foundation principle or It cannot stand Humanitarianism Is the grandest system we can conceive of f r t embraces all oth er systems that have to do with the welfare of mankind both collectively and as Indi viduals Socialism the Universal Brother hood and Social Equal Ity and Liberty aro all Included under the broad of Hu manitarianlsm The Universal Brotherhood Is doubtless the most potent factor In the welfare and happiness of the human rare because It demonstrates a universal Interest In our fellow men and an nlllrmativo answer stampede trampling women and children under their feet obstructing the outlet completely and surrendering many to the terrible fate of burning to death With less religion and more common sense all could havo been saved Although wo must consider egoism as the fundament of society other instincts may temporarily attain preponder ance oven to the extent selfsacrifice Jut oven in this respect man does not rank above the animal in whom wo find the instinct of sympathy just as strong In the love of the parents especially of the mother for their offspring we recognize the highest type of this instinct Among the fishes wo observe for the first time care for the young ones individually ants and bees protect the common home and among the birds this instinct has attained already a high degree Even the smallest species display great cour age against a larger assailant while others resort to strategy revealing considerable intellect and cunning The partridge for instance diverts the attention of the dog from her brood by feigning inability of flight and running away thereby gaining time for the young ones to hide Large birds defend their young ones with great bravery and ferocity and I was witness once when a male swan came very near drowning a boy bathing in a pond How heroically most of the mammals defend their offspring is a fact too well known to require further demonstration Instead of fruitless theorizing und speculating about the manner in which the atones produce thought and sentiments the believer in a divine soul should rather show us wherein lies the difference between an animal sacrificing its life for its offspring and a woman doing the same The only difference is that man by virtue of his superior intellect fund foresight can render this care fund protection more efficient in regard to time It is hardly necessary to state that species in which the love for the issue is developed to a high degree have a bettor chance to increase and survive in the strugglo for existence To be continued ho question Am I my brothers keeper Why do wo think moro of and love our brothers and sisters more than any one else Because thoy aro the children of tho same father and mother that wo ourselves are Wo love tho father tidal mother that rave us birth and to whom wo owo a last fag debt of gratitude for all thut we are and have In this world and wo lovo our brothers because they aro tho same recipients of all tho love und caro of our parents So then tho doctrine of tho brotherhood Is pred icated on tho fnthermood of God and our common Mother Nature Iho numerous cases of healing of disease and sickness not only by Christ and his Immediate fol lowers but also by Christian Sclouco Dowlolsm Now Thought Suggestion ote goes to prove that when tho mind is put In harmony or perfect peace Naturo builds up tho wanted tissue and restores tho patient to perfect health again Nor Is this nil Naturo tile power with in is tho preserver and conservator of our health and happiness with greater euro and love than our earthly parents could over bestow upon us In fact all the tender lovo and selfsacrificing devotion that a mother can eve bestow Is but tho Impulse of Nature In tno female breast Paul said We lovo him because ho llrat loved us and when wo recognize tho truth that wo are all brothers offspring of one common Mother Naturo wo will love orch other as wo should and then will all wars oppres sion and Injustice cans and universal pence mid prosperity cover tho onrth as tho wn tors cover the loop and not till then can wj expect pure Socialism or Humanitarian Ism to prevail BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 e N + + +00 + e0 ea 90 e0 N + Oh e + e e0 e + Cbe lades Correspondence V s e OOaNOPJOOtePP + + 4w+ ++ a+ OO N + + r Is Next to Gypsy Smith PLNNI am not forgetful of the fact that I am owing you for the bound volume of the Blade which I ordered some weeks ago Shortly after ordering value I was ken sick of typhoid fever and hove beenr able to bo back at my work but a short time end It Is owing to the expenses dent to this sickness that I hive not remit ted I shall do so however and melwill favor mo by holding the volume for would like to tell of some of myYi hOSPltalljot an am able to do so will write you something about this my first trip to a hospital We have now In our midst hero In Pitts burs Gypsy Smith England wonder evan- sllt who has been brought here by Pitts burg ministers to correct the morals of the Ity lend a midnight march thrcugh the red light district and save numerous souls from tho eternal agonies of the Christian hell have heard the Gypsy twice since he has been here He Is not of the of Evangelist In that ho Is not vulgaroSf tree of acrobatic stunts and leaves out then shouting The fact that he lens made self having only had four weeks of schoolb ing demands appreciation From newspaper reports of this morning it appears that last night ho had to depart from the narrow path long enough to defile the name of the Illustrious Ingersoll Insinuating that ho re canted on his death bed This is convlnP lug that with all the religion with which he claims to be Imbued It has tot yet tnughtU him to stick to the truth about the dadI watelloifIngJ Blade Better All the TimetUTAH Ileiuo find enclosed M 0 for 2n for my lllmle for and ono of Mrs Joo pliino K Henrys books Miirriago ml Dij vorco and Otto Wettsteins address at Canal Dover I thin the Blado Rots bettor nil tlm time nnd hope it will continui until rsiis ors Justice comes Joans for this pniiirfitM and Justice for the people AARON DoWlTT t Had a Jolt with Preacher f TEASFindenelnsed PostUlna irder7or Send the male to the addriwos in r close got n Blade of Nov Ificli and see that t you wanted subscriptions to help rut Have lhad a hard time J get four more betide my lself Several would like to Jaice it tit their fwives objected I am 07 niol have got my thehpreachers here know The Baptist preacher thought ho made point yesterday in the post office by calling mo an ivjuisiio told him was He wanted me to cutlet oliirch nnd would upset that told him would talk with him when I had the songs show as he had but would not put myself up in his church for a target There are one or two others re thinking of taking the Blade Can add to this club at one dollar or will have to get live at a time Yours ror the success of Free oughtJ L BAUNUM Sends Us Best Wishe- sIMMy subscription to the Blue Gross Made is snore than duo Enclosed find for same cents for two copies with Mrs Henrys picture I misplaced the one I had Hope she will again be n regular writer for the libido I miss her interesting and able articles very touchi am a member of the Materialistic Assn Just received a long and interesting letter from Mrs Bliven She is doing ijgood and noble work and deserves abundant success With best wishes tor the Blade AIRS TAYLOR TERllUNE I ALABAMA am too old for scholarship in the It B Correspondence School being hut would like to have some of the textbooks tWill you sell to any one except scholars t If so give mo price by mail on each of Geology ioology antI Astronomy My time is up on my Rnbscription to tho Blade I will remit soon EvolutionGExplodcd llf you have time and think it worth tho ink and space give us an editorial on it Phase answer on enclosed card and ohligoT W RICO WS I DAVES LETTER 2TO HIS DEAR HEAVENLY FATHER Copyright Applied for 1908 by Franklin H Hoald Deer hevonly father Was It rong for mo to eat of my little brothers and sisters when wo wore all lit tol seeserpents In ono roll together Are they in Hell now burning forever Will go to hovon It I repent or tire they In Abrl s hams busom If I shud dosomo thing to bo proud of wood I og to hell and burn forever Did your Jesus ever do anything that ho was proud of or David or Solomon How many children did Solomn hav I mean and Solomaus wives and concubines What relation were thay to him Is Uriah in hevon or hell because David had him killed Did you want him killed so he cud go to hell and David cud hav his wife Did you ever kill any body becaus you knew his wife and wanted her or was that an other of Moseses lyes that b3 was a man after your own hart Papa wood of killed David for watching her bathe and he thinks David had two many wives already without her Was Brlgam Young a man after your own hart When I am a man will eyether kill somebody to please you and have 1200 wives and 1700 handmade lady friends like Soloman or else I will think like Papa does Ho thinks that Soloman was not as wise as some people think he was and that the peeplo that goes to loges to play horse and ride gotes and talk about what Soloman dun are dalmnbed fools only they are In the majority ate two won In Los Angeles Ho can tell by the way they vote bonds for bring Alkayle water from a Desert when thay have lots of wells that shoot good water feet hie Thay make him thnk of Thompsons colt Is Thompsons colt In Heven Did he swim the river of lite to got a drink of Jesusses bled Well hear Hasuse bawling that any Jesus you no and must go and feed him If I turn Hnsuso loos when he Is dry he will go strato to tho nearest Sankey In haste DAVE FRISCO NEW YEAR INCIDENT By The Chaplain was out on the street and wet both my feet While sexing the Now Year in I forgot all tho rain for It gives me a pain When I think of Our Savior from sin If tho truth must be told I caught a fine cold While thinking of Marys ghost mash Who blow In front tho skins to found all the lies In St Matthews book of trash Lies still believed by those relieved Of common souse and brains By the clergy all who havo first call On tho little that yet remains 71J When Its understood that one can bo good Without tho assistance of priest Thoroll bo peace on earth with never a dearth Of chickenreal for a feast r- Mans Origin and DestinyB- y Dr A Hausman Alameda California This is the Greatest Book of modern times on the theory of Evolution applied to Sociology It will shortly be issued in book form by the Blue Grass Blade making a book of nearly 500 pages The author has dedicated it to Prof Ernst Haeckcl and the great Jena philosopher has accepted the dedication 200 200 Subscribe Now and Save Money All charges of postage will be prepaid upon advance subscriptions The first chapters immediatelyfollow Subscribe Now Subscribe Nowt JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky The Peoples Press Fearless in its advocacy of Freethought Published weekly at Blue Island Ave Chicago Ill J B Lenau Publisher Official paper of the Materialist 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