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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, March 7, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909030701 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, March 7, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. TIN TJt ft t BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVII Number 45 LEXINGTON KY MARCH 7 Iio9 7 n DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT mHIAmerica J 1 J 111111 r1JIlWfltll ffltfllIlIlfiJii j1jVlttt ltjf re tr IcIl tfW WXo 1 Jflll J f r 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE HELEN HAMILTON GARDENER ORATOR NOVELIST AND FOREMOST AMONG FREE THOUGHT WOMEN Who has not heard or read of Helen H Gardener Without a thought or dream of name and fame this American woman has moved a continent to thought and reflection Men Women and Gods was the title of one of her most famous works find did we but consider the author alone we would be impelled to admit that the greatest of these was the woman who first penned the title Slight of frame of delicate physique with classical head and face yet a strong logical and vigorous thinker her every mood a lesson pure in thought as the polar snows and selfpoised as a star she stands the admiration of every Freethinker in the civilized world an inspiration to all who follow and a beacon light along the dark highways and byways that have been builded by theology Helen Hamilton Gardener was born in the valley of Virginia at Stony Mead near Winchester in 1860 just before the break of the Civil War She was the youngest of six children Radical as she afterwards became it is a notorious tact that her father was a minister of the gospel the Rev A Chenoweth Her mother Katherine A Peel was a descendant of the Robert Peel familnow famous in the political history of England Owing to the existence of Southern institutions at the time of her birth and just prior thereto her parents inherited a number of slaves but taking note of the abolition movement and being deeply impressed therewith they liberated their bondsmen and bondwomen but created such a feeling of hostility by so doing that they moved to the North in order to avoid unpleasant diffi culties Thus it was that born of the South Helen II Gardener grew to womanhood among the people of the North and her strong literary mind began to develop at a rather early age It is n safe assertion that no literary works published in the English or any other language have exercised such an influence upon the public mind as that of her two novels II Is This Your Son My Lord and Pray You Sir Whose Daughter Both of these works dealt with the prevailing social system the evils withwhich the young were beset the traps for unwary feet built hspecial legislation carried into law by unthinking legislators The sarcasm with which she exposes these brutal social shams had deep and wonderful effect Her polished satire struck deep Her intense earnestness appealed to all who heard her or read after her She never juggled with words At no period of her life did she ever try to conceal her thoughts There is no heart so utterly unresponsive as would fail of being impressed by the striking thoughts of this heroic nnd remarkable womanIt in 1884 that Helen II Gardener first became generally ti known to the reading thinking public of America Her introduction came through a series of lectures she then delivered Among these were Men Women and Gods Pulpit Pew nad CradleII Vicarious AtonementII Rome or Reason andothers All of the above named lectures wero published in book form and they reached an enormous sale For the next six years she engaged in a vigorous work to enlighten the masses She lectured frequently and many of her writings found their way into the columns of the best magazines of the country In 1890 she published her first book of stories entitled A Thought less Yes and this was soon followed by her clever composition II Pushed by Unseen Hands Then came II Facts and Fictions of Life and Sex in Brain In 1894 came her latest II An Unofficial Patriot and like all others it soon wended its way into public favor Many of her books essays and stories have been translated into both French and German so that her name and fame have spread into intellectual Europe Russia and Japan have adopted some of them and the brilliant mind of this frail woman has gone to instruct the people of other countries as well as our own Of all the American magazines that sought for her literary productions most was the Arena edited and published by B O Flower of Boston Of her work Mr Flower said I know of no living writer who can carry home a great truth to the heart of the humblest reader so tellingly as Helen Gardener does in her stories and novels Helen Gardener lives in a glory all her own She was not a creature of mere chance The honors that fell upon her and belong to her she worked for struggled for and won She was brilliant in wit and polished in diction She wns ever kind in her dealings with others and always stood ready to lend n helping hand to the oppressed and distressed Her pen power ful in the extreme was always and ever employed on the side of right truth and human virtue She assailed the shams of society with unfaltering logic One purpose animated her life her very being and that was to rescue from and to uplift out of the trammels of superstition and vice those of her own sex and she was fearless in the defense of their rights andexposing the wrongs to which they were subjected by sanction of law Simple and unaffected Helen H Gardener lived the life she would have others live In this she taught by example even stronger than by her written words America has possessed but one such woman Rich in oratory her voice rung like the clarion notes of a bugle from the public rostrum and as a writer she stands in a class by herself American Freethinkers have much to bo thankful for in this brave little woman and in honoring her they do but honor themselves BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 THE UNIVERSE vs SPOOKS AFFIRMATIVE ARGUMENT OF THE NONEXISTENCE OF A GOD AND FUTURE LIFE EXPOSITION OF PRINCIPLES OF MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION By President Otto Weitstein S S Some seek the belief that Dest conforms to their vanity and Ideas of comfort Materialists search for facts and truth regardless of prefer ences and consequences As Huxley said We we not here to enquire what we would prefer but what Is truth The conflict between science and theism Including spiritism Is a contest between reality and mystery between fact and fiction between an immutable eternal order pervading nature and caprice or miracle between knowledge and Inherited superstition between everything and spooks Materialism Is the science of all sciences Monism Ontology Physics Biology Physiology Chemistry Astronomy Psychology Phrenology and othersall must be classified under the head of Materialism If we confine our belief strictly to what we KNOW to facts truth and to what we can rationally Infer then we are Materialists Materlallsfm not only Implies onenessnature ONLY In distinction from nature AND Godbut also plainly defines what this unity consists of viz Matter That Is why Monism Is obectlonable It might Imply all Is God all Is spirit all is mind or other superstitions Materialism defines Itself Monism leaves the novice in doubt Materialism reduces the mysteries of nature and life to their minimum Theism vastly augments the problem beyond hope of final solution The mysteries of nature are greatthe mysteries of a God and spirits infinitely greater Materialism explains everything which has been can and will bo explained every phenomena event law growth activity formation process etc from tangible facts or analogically from what wo KNOW Theism explains nothing The startling won derful potencies of matter lately revealed to us by science all confirm the truth that we must continue to seek In matter tho sole causes of all cosmic activity and organic life The platform of Materialism is the Universe tho GREAT IN FINITE ALI of existence Theists monopolize tho remainder antediluvian tradition Infantile conceptions absurd theories miracles and spooks The Infinite aggregate of cosmic phenomena necessitates in finite causes to produce them tho Job is too big for a solitary agent or being unless we admit of grotesque miracle and then argument ceases These causes must exist In or rather ARE THE MATTER which constitutes tho phenomena Science rec ognizes no extraneous forces agents artificers gods or a Great Dynamls hovering around and manipulating matter by mind volition or caprice MATTER ALONE DOES IT It produces of its own inherent qualities men and mice constellations and the delicate rose and forgetmenot Tho Materialist believes what every ono knows or may know the Theist what nobody knows or can know When tho Materialist explains tho transition or evolution of inorganic matter to crudest organic forms protoplasm and this to cell or infusoria he will have explained life The well estab lished facts of evolution explain the rest Tho Theist contrarily opens tho bible and In Genesis 117 reads Superstition Smasher and Insists that we must believe that the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life and man became a living soul And then com placently Insists that Intelligent men and women familiar with the grandeur and facts of astronomy and the comnlex and dell cato organism of man must believe the infantile conception that a few thousand years ago a God in the Image of man yet the creator and ruler of countless gigantic incandescent bodies flying with Inconceivable velocity through countless expanse walking in a garden in a few moments made a mature man out of dust anatomy flesh and blood nervous and circulatory system organs brain hair teeth and all loan only say with What fools these mortals be Astronomy is radically materialistic No honest man can be familiar with tho facts of nature revealed by astronomy and remain a Theist or spiritist We KNOW there is no God on our earth over the earth between us and the moon 8000 miles Itwould cause an eclipse between us and the sun 92000000 miles or between us and Slrlus 58000000000 of miles away We KNOW these colossal fiery bodies and countless millions others all sweeping with inconceivable velocity within their or bits make life of any kind absolutely Impossible within inter stellar space This knowledge these facts corroborated by all ho astronoiaers In the world consigns all neuvens hells Is not existence without both vastly preferable to existence with both spiritworlds and spheresalso Bro Haddocks Great Dynamls to oblivion Theists entirely ignore the well known facts of nature that life primarily necessitates conditions favorable to life Such conditions do not exist within Interstellar space If an Infinitely extensive God or a Great Dynamls were Introduced among this vast infinite system of soaring burning cosmic bodies these spooks would be Instantly torn to fragments or Incinerated Spiritists likewise Ignore the prominent fact of nature that all organic forms are transient begin and endare born and die Yet they believe that all the dead though the constituents of their bodies are scattered and absorbed by other forms are still alive duplicate men and women without physical bodies made of nothing or what Isnt It about time the S P R would tell us what disembodied mortals are made of Physiologists and medical men KNOW that every bone muscle organ artery and nerve Is a necessity to the life of a perfect man This physical structure IS the man then now can we believe man can survive its destruction We cannot even think of souls or spirits without first Investing them with physical structure and material drygoods Here spookists Insist In reply that Neither can wo see elec tricity yet are aware of Its terrible potentiality But there is no analogy between an inorganic force or fluid like electricity and organic spirit forms tho counterpart of man and woman It not thisIf transformed into gas air or electricity how can wo again meet our beloved dead and hope to retain our own hlentltyIorganic structure flesh blood bones brain etc In the absence of tho latter the former Is unthinkable Agnostics say It Is impossible to prove there is no God you cannot traverse an infinite universe in search of him I do not have to search for hlmHE HAS TO COME TO ME If he does not como to me this alone proves there is no such afpf511wolm 1 C 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE being because the primal attribute of Deity must be omni presence If then God is not where I am where you are or where science has penetrated with Its giant telescopes then this proves conclusively that He Is nowhere To believe that such a being is everywhere in spite of His Invisibility and In spite of our knowledge that lifo is impossible among Buns and planets is to prostitute our intellect and to believe in an infinite the highway of reasonIn the evolution of religious thought there Is no stopping place between Romanism and scientific Materialism The agnostic should not be an agnosto BECAUSE HE IS AN AGNOSTIC He reasons and pronounces the funda mental doctrines of Christianity unreasonable He rejects the bible as authority and then has absolutely nothing to build a faith upon Kvqn the great but pious Gladstone concedd Unless you accept the testimony of the bible as conclusive what evidence have you of Gods existence and mans Immortality But the bible stories our agnostic friend cannot accept Then science beckons him to enter its glorious temple of facts and The Foolishness Prayer Merely a Lazy Mans Effort to Get Some thing for Nothing By Channing Severance Prayer found its origin In superstition and only those afflicted with It in some form continue to believe in prayer and to man who lives by the light of reason wastes any time In praying for he knows that a universe run by unchangeable modes of motion cannot be Influenced by human wants or desires expressed in words and then addressed to a phantom called God that the imagination has created to account for dynamic forces Tfco Christian Herald claims to be re ceiving many letters asking why prayers are seldom which would Indicate that Intellectual forces are beginning to manifest themselves although In the edit ors reply such is not the case for he seems to have softening of the brain or mental paralysis His answer is weak puerile and unsatisfactory There is Just one reason and only one why prayers are not answeredthere Is nothing and no body to answer them Whether men pray to Jehovah cr the new God Bllllken to a dead Jesus or an Infinite spirit the result is always the samenothing doing For 19 centuries the Christian has been pray ing 0 Lord give us this day our dally bread but up to this date there has been none received from that source On bend ed knee with sanctimonious phlz and closed optics ho has appealed to the skies for help relief and the good things of life but from that nothing has come rrobably more agonizing prayers have truth Here among the records of sages and thinkers he may revel In the ecstasies of acquiring knowledge and aiding person ally in the grandest of all workthat of solving the great riddle of existence and life If he persists in this noble work he r Inevitably join the vanguard of modem thoughtthe Materialist Associationto substitute truth for error and to rid the world of superstition We affirm There is no God and eternal life for the Individual There Is absolutely no evidence to prove it We deny as we do Mother Goose or the devil because childish fable Wo KNOl there is no God as wo know there is no elephant in our office or parlor or that twice two Is not five There are innumerable God Ideals varied as humanity Itselffrom an Overruling Providence Great Dynamist or Heavenly Father etc etc to little Billiken you can buy for a nickel In the storesbut all alike are childish conceptions phantoms conjectures Idols and SPOOKS Sign the application blank of M A in another column and send to our Secretary La Grange Illinois l of answered direction been uttered by drowning and shipwrecked people than from any other cause and yet no supernatural force has ever interfered to save life or bring relief With piteous pleadings on their lips they have always gone down to watery graves where God alone had power to save And his record on the land Is the same as on the water for In fire flood and pestilence in natural calamities of every kind and In the pres ence of all the evils that afflict mankind God has Invariably failed to reveal himself or his power Still people continue to be lieve and to pray and these extravagantly absurd words attributed to Jesus confront every reader of the Nek Testament And all things whatsoever ye shall ask In pray er believing ye shall receive- A greater falsehood was never uttered and any man making such an assertion to uay would find a quick and ready welcome In tho Annanlas Club Of all the absurdi ties ever taught and accepted by gullible man the power to get anything you want or need by praying for It leads the list If this were true as Jesus affirms it to be Christians would need to know nothing except how to pray and by working their mouths they could get food clothing shelter and everything needed for comfort and pleasure Knowledge science and human efforts would bo needless and one could readily accept the fools philosophy Take no thought for the morrow for with every thing needed guaranteed by prayer why should one bo disturbed by fears of want How many people we see oven now who declare they believe every word in the Bible and yet not one of them ever got anything from supernatural forces by pray ing for It or failed to find themselves in unpleasant circumstances when they did not plan and work for the morrow Such doctrines as Jesus taught are pernicious and demoralizing and any man who believes in prayer Is afflicted with loss of selfreliance and willpower for the moment one begins to lean on something or somebody In the struggle to exist he weakens his forces and becomes timid and lacking In determination The man who does things relies on self and cultivates by use and exercise that strength of will and purpose which can be realized In no other way If a man wants to feel that he is the little end of nothing let him sink into a state of passivity and begin praying for there is no way more certain to Insure weakness vacillation un certainty and failure In life Prayer Is the lazy mans attempt to get something for nothing and every person that resorts to It for that purpose or to se cure anything beyond his reuch will find that he has been the victim of misplaced may give relief to the mind the same as profanity does by relieving the pressure but to use it for any other pur pose Is foolishness and folly Thanks for Papers ILLINOIS I send you by todays mall three copies of the Blade you asked for March 1J522 and April On receipt of this If you have not yet received the miss- Ing numbers write me and may be able to trace them Enclosed find money order for renewal for W L SmlthW H ALLEN Subscribes and Donates ILLINOISEnclosed please find draft for 400 to pay for my subscription expir ing March 16th next Balance you may use for the benefit of the Blade or for a poor subscriberS PABST iilBLUE I GRASS BLADE 5 I In a Spirit of Sarcasm Pointed Questions Are Asked and Answers Are Given by the Same Writer In the Same Article By W J McSweeney Having read your paper which was hand ed by ono of your ungodly followers I have come to the conclusion that while It Is possible to find such blasphemoub matter spread broadcast over our land an angry god will send earthquakes panics famines and failures on our heads until we are crushed from the faco of the earth For Instance San Francisco for years has been cursed more than any other city In the land with Materialists Atheists Freethinkers Modernists and Socialists and In their fancied security they clapped each other on the back while an angry and outraged god sent an earthquake which swallowed them down before they had time to repent or say their prayers Yes said the ungodly Materialists but why did god destroy the churches priests and ministers as well as all other religious institutions In tho city and spare the Chi nese quarters as well as allow most every Atheist Materialist and Socialist In the city to escape But tho answer is easy A spirit of commercialism graftlsm and boodle Ism had taken hold of the religious people of that city to such an extent that they passed up the saving and salvation of heathen souls They even refused to fur nish funds which would make it possible for tho Holy Fathers who are Gods chosen on earth to reach those benighted outcasts So that God punished the Christians for being stingy and closefisted and gave the Chinamen and other undesirable vagabonds a longer lease of life In hope that they would see the error of their ways and re pent Wo had a lesson from Italy a few days ago For years wo have been told that It was the most Godforsaken country of the earth that when a Cardinal ven tured on tho streets of Rome a company of Italian soldiers were compelled to guard him from an ungodly mob The Holy Fa ther himself who is Christs appointed agent on earth is locked up in a dungeon like any plain drunk or common vagabond I will quote William E Curtis writing to tho Chicago RecordHerald from that country about two years ago He said that tho country was teeming ovqr with atheists socialists and anarchists ho said that the payment of Peters pence was stopped in that country entirely Ho said that tho Holy Father and pious monks were pelled to do anything and everything to raise sufficient money to spread the Gospel of Christ He said that two heads of St Peter were on exhibition in the city of Home that it cost twentyfive cents to see one and thirtytwo cents in our money to see the other Rival bands of monks have been carrying on these exhibitions since the eleventh century During all that time the monks in charge of each head have denounced each other in the bitterest language each claiming their head was genuine and branding the other as a fraud and those in charge as fakirs Ho said that in the fifteenth century the leading Catholics of the world appealed to the Pope They said It was his duty to ex amine the heads and decldo which was genuine They said It was a disgrace to Christianity that the church Itself should have two heads of St Peter onexhibition tn the city of Rome For a long time the Pope hesitated to Interfere as the monks In charge of each head were a power In tto church so much so that each faction had its defenders in the College of Cardinals so that no matter how he decided there was danger of a split in the church of God But ho finally decided to visit both temples and determine which was the real head of St Peter On the day appointed the citizens of Rome celebrated as never before the buildings were all decorated the army marched and pilgrims came from all parts of the globe The Pope entered the temples amidst the greatest of pomp and ceremony ho looked at tho heads and de clared ne would make his decision public next day which he did The historian says that he was the only Pope who was a nat uralborn humorist he decided that both heads were genuine one being tho head of Peter when a boy and the other when a man So that each faction Is still showing the head and doing business In the same old way Curtis says that for a thousand years small bags of earth have been sold from the grave of St Peter to the pilgrims who visited Rome Ho said that the earth never lasted more than a day and that two men were hired to haul earth at night and fIx up the grave for business tho next morning Tho Vatican Itself Is conducting tho sale of tho earth from the grave of St Peter Curtis in describing how the God forsaken and Christ deserted Italians have fallen away from tho church said that he reached the city of Romo on a Saturday night for tho especial purpose of attending High Mass at St Peters on Sunday Ho left word with the hotel clerk to be called in time for High Mass as well as an order for a special attendant who could speak Italian and English to accompany him they got to the church which is the largest In the world having a seating capacity of 20000 on time Several priests were on the altar and a great many candles were lighted Curtis said to his attendant that he wanted to attend High Mass and was informed that this was the real thing He asked where the congregation were and was told that the seven men in that vast church were tho congregation at High Mass in St Peters He said that he Inter viewed the seven men after the service was over and found that six of them were tour ists or sightseers like himself which shows beyond the shadow of a doubt that the poor benighted Italian Is doomed yond all hope of resurrection Now sir with the horrible lessons of San Francisco and Italy before your eyes and the additional deplorable fact that the people are none too good in Kentucky and that earthquake rumblings are of daily occurrence and that we are being warned by an angry God and his chosen agents day after day Is it not time for you and your ungodly followers to take count of stock so to speak and see where you are at Do you wonder that an angry God opened the earth and buried the people of Italy when he saw the Holy Fathers who are his chosen men on this planet com pelled to sell bags of dirt for a llvln Why not state through the columns of your paper why no earthquake shock ever dis turbed the Vatican or the city of Rome By the way Mr Editor I see that you have been lecturing In different parts of the country and I ask as a special favor that I be notified In case you speak at Peoria Ill as I want to go down to Pekln where tho people have the fear of God In their hearts Not wishing to take any chances of being swallowed down In this city I will remain In Pekln until you nave gone Peoria Illinois A New Found Friend OMAHA A copy of your excellent per has lately come to my notice and I shall take delight In handing out sample copies to my Socialist friends and In so liciting subscriptions from them Enclosed find 10c In stamps Hope the paper will reach me before Feb 5th In time for a literature social MARY PIERCE ROE Renews and HelpsSome- ARKANSASEnclosed find check for 500 Set my tab up one year Send Wal ter Hurts Scarlet Shadow Apply 150 to J Freeman subscription and 50 cents old back subscription Good luck and long life to the llladeI R COFFMAN 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE lf h1i MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY ADMIRATION FOR TIlE MARTYR TO LIDEItTYPITY FOR THE FANATIC WIlO DIES IOU IMAGINARY CAUSES HEVIEW OF RELIGIOUS INFLUENCES AS SHOWN BY HISTORY AND FACT By Dr A Hausman We dont see any other standard in history by which to measure the value of a nation than the physical power which however depends always on the peaceable develop ment within a nation equivalent to numerical increase and utilization of the natural forces The invention of powder for instance gave the European nations at once the supremacy over all other races The highest state of civiliza tion before the present era we find with the Greeks and after their downfall the Romans stand at the head of the world for some time From the ruins of this mighty em pire rose the gloomy barbarous era of Christianity which ruthlessly destroyed most of what was left of the heathenish civilization For fifteen hundred years the church ruled supreme and during this long time history is recordof idiocy and superstition The great deeds are great crimes and follies the monuments of Christian humanity are the stake the scaffold and the chamber of torture Then began the age of reformation characterized by the emancipation of part of the nations from the central power of the church at Rome embodied in the person of the pope Although superstition and fanaticism still remained greater freedom was accorded individual opinion and scientific research which finally brought on a great change of ideas in regard to mans relation to nature inaugurating the present era by whatever name it may be known to posterity- As stated above the deleterious effect of the false Chris tian doctrines lies in rendering the people moral cowards and submissive slaves to those who like the fetich Ivan tqko advantage of their faults for their own material bone fit It was the church and the ruling powers who profited by the helpless moral condition to which the belief in super natural powers reduced the faithful subjects Egoism was at the bottom in both cases but while it assumed an irra tional form among the ignorant who surrendered the fruit of their labor or even their life from fear of hell it wsa perfectly rational with the members of the church and the rulers on the throne because they received real for imagin ary value But whatever maybe our feeling in regard to the poor deluded slaves we cannot help admitting that their oppressors were the abler of the two and the fittest to sur viveWe hear of martyrs in the early days of Christianity and their heroic death is quoted as proof of the truthof the cause for which they died If selfsacrifice for a con viction was a proof of its truth the Buddhaism of tho Indians must he the truest of all religions for these fanatics have cast themselves in great numbers before the carriage of the Juggernaut to be crushed beneath its wheels It a n11 is the dubious privilege of tho divine man to sacrifice self for an imbecility of which the animal is himiMore beastly than the beast says Goethe may be true of these stories of martyrdom fanaticism leads to selfdestruction or mutilation is always a 1 a low intellectual standard and is met with only savages and the lowest classes of civilized nations stance tho Flagellantes in New Mexico Wo can amongtspect and admire a man who dies fighting for his family or liberty but wo can only pity the fanatic for an imaginary cause That tho mere change of form in the worship of the unknown powers the only difference between heathendom and Christendom did not effect a radical change in the moral faculties of tho people is demonstrated by the be havior of the Christians after they had attained tho premacy about tho fourth century The innate barbarity and cruelty of that ago was not eradicated and supplanted by nobler emotion with the adoption of tho Christian rites and tho actions of the first Christians do not divulge any improvement in this respect They destroyed with a rude hand the splendid monuments of art and the records of science and baptized tho heathen with fire and sword They have no reason to bo proud of the first Christian emperor Constantine who was a monster comparedwith his apostate successor Instead of proving by their deeds that there was any truth in tho doctrine of love they quarreled continually among themselves and fought over the absurdest donnas It is quite edifying to read the history of the Popes tho vicars of Christ on earth Among those who ruled during the first twelve hundred years wore many who committed all crimes imaginable murder mutilation incest etc so that it woul1 be diflicult to find a criminal nowadays so thoroughly debased and bestialized as one of these higher dignitaries of the church That they were not of a milder disposition at a later period is shown by tho horrors of the Inquisition which if not introduced byone of the Popes was approved and assisted by them Only since the Reformation they have become more humane from tho good reason that tho people dont submit any longer to tho charitable treatment of the church by fire and sword A little harmless cursing is all that his holiness can indulge in today and tho only effect it has upon tho intelligent people is to elicit a smile of con temptI t Two institutions are principally characteristic of tho spirit of love and humanity prevailing in the Christian churchthe Inquisition and the persecution of witches Imagine the scene of an Autodafe only three hundred years ago In an open space are placed a number of posts flBLUEGRASS BLADE 7 surrounded by piles of wood and fagots and on the sides are erected tribunes for the spectators at the exhibition of Christian love Under the ringing of bells tho sad procession approaches tho fatal spot the condemned dressed in coarse garments with paper caps on their heads mock ingly decorated with devils in glaring colors Leading the procession march tho disciples of Christ the pious monks bearing the emblem of tho church the cross and chanting hymns to the glory of god Arrived on the spot the vic tims are seized by tho executioners men women and children tied to the stakes and the torches applied How eagerly the Christian spectators strain their necks to feast their eyes upon the writhing and squirming victims in their terrible agony How their cars enjoy the music of their frenziedshrieks of pain dying off in the low moan of the death struggle the welcome relief for tho sufferer They were all good Christians the spectators tho executioners and tho clergy what was it that made their eyes blind against tho intense sufferings of their fellowmen their ears deaf against tho cri3 of despair and stifled the least emotion of sympathy iu their breasts It was tho Christ ian religion tho cursed lie of an almighty god with whose consent this fiendish work was done What prompted tho oldwoman to carry a bundle of fagots to tho stake on which Huss was burned Her faith in a powerful godwithout whoso consent no hair could fall from tho head much less one of his children bo burned to death Those who thoughtlessly repeat the stale stupid lie of tho humanizing tendency of Christendom ought to be able to point out in what it consists how and whoro it shows itself Was Christianity dead for eighteen hundred years or if not where must wo look for the Christian if there were nono among tho clergy the government or the people Tho fact is that these horrors wore the natural outcome of tho false teachings of Christianity they indicate the culmina tion of Christendom which after fifteen hundred years of development has reached tho acme of its power and from now begins to crumble under the blows of the Reformation Supposing some fanatics would attempt an Autodafo today what would bo tho result People of all creeds Infidels Protestants Jews and Catholics would join to prevent it Even tho Catholics Yes though their re ligion is still tho same as at tho time of tho Inquisition they aro not tho same people they could not help yielding to tho progressive spirit of tho times in spite of their religion Still tho fire of fanaticism is smouldering under tho ashes and thero are zealous Catholics among the ignorant peasants in European countries who would not object to roasting a heretic alive and what might be expected from the higher clergy wo must infer from their own words In tho American Review of October 1888 we find a reply of Robert G Ingersoll to Cardinal Manning in a controversy over tho Catholic religion especially to a statement made by tho Cardinal that tho greatest statesmen find rulers tho world has over seen aro tho Popes of Rome Ingersoll gives a brief summary of tho reign of the Popes until the JIfJ o year 1045 which is characterized by every crime and shocking immorality imaginable Since the persecution of heretics Jews and witches reached its culmination only shortly before the Reformation we see that the Popes had not improved in the meantime If the Cardinalconsiders the vilest of criminals as his models of rulers the world has reason to rejoice that the time has passed forever when the church had power to carry out its alleged mission on earthTho persecution of witches belongs under the same category as the Inquisition Fear of the unknown powers forms the mental impulse of all these atrocities and the Christian nations stood in this respect exactly upon tho samo level with the lowest African tribes of today These latter kill the person pointed out by the fetichman of course his enemies as witches they sacrifice others to propitiate the offended evil spirits they tie thoir daughters to trees to be eaten alive by the vultures in order to pro euro rain The Christians did the same only three hun dred years ago They tortured young girls still in their teens and venerable matrons bent with age and burnt them on the stake when something natural happened an epidemic broke out or some other calamity befell tho place which was attributed to tho mil influences of the witches And it wero not the Catholics alone that perpetrated these out rages tho Protestants did not stand behind in relentless persecution of innocent people Tho details of these witch trials are revolting and disgusting in the extreme Just think ofa young girl iu the bloom of youth stripped naked before a court of Christ ian judges strapped on the rack the ropes cutting deep into the flesh the joints being torn out of their sockets Outside a multitude of Christians listens to tho piercing shrieks of agony but they evoke no echo of compassion in their breasts Religion tho belief in an almighty god who was responsible for all that happened made them deaf against tho cries of despair and smothered tho least stir of humane feeling What would the people do today if they knew a witch was being tried in tho court house Would they stand idlo and listen indifferently to the heart i rending appeals for help trusting in tho ahiighty god f without whose will his child couldnot be hurt No they f wouldconsider it thoir duty to interfere and this sense duty would bo so powerful that nothing but superior oficould prevent them from rescuing the prisoner and haps lynching tho court Why this difference between t then and now Because the people have less faith in and more in themselves Wo see that tho civilized nations have made some godIgress in regard to the treatment of heretics and simply because the fanatics that would still like to them are in the minority But wo have sonic other tutions a legacy from our ancestors tho animals abolished all but will be modican not bo at once greatly fied as soon as sufficient numbers have advanced far enough Continued on Pogo 12 U4 A BiBLUlGRA88BLMJEBLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid J160 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 1100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions IS cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 1200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months J600 one year J800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month 3400 six months 12000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal case of dlsclntinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will I be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington K- yETERNAL LIFE Who is there who can possibly hope for expect or desire eternal life The very thought of eternal life is fearful to contemplate No end No rest Nothing but eternal life and motion Argued to its logical end it is more fearful than eternal sleep annihilation There is something peaceful ret ful in sleep Eternal sleep must mean sterna peace Eternal life must mean eternal conflict for all life in allY form is a conflict a struggle- It may be true that the ignorant desire for ijnmortality gave rise to the belief in such a doctrine but belief or desire proves nothing If there be no god if there be no life beyond the grave all the expressed beliefs of all the ages will not put gods on High Olympus nor discover a new bourne for the weary travelers of earth If god does not exist and if there bo a land of perennial bliss then all the unbelief in the universe could not change that fact and they would still be did the whole universe deny them The dream of Christian immortality is not an original conception Nor did it come to them from the Jews alto gether though the Tews furnished them with the material out of which their system of faith was built Prior to the Babylonian captivity tho Jews did not believe in a future state of existence To them thejjrave was the beall and the endall The grave was tho actual and the positive close Just as tho nego race brought to America in slavery mere barbaric savages without tho means of intelligent communication and by association with the white race acquiredand assimilated tho art of intelligent speech traits of civilization and learned some of tho facts of society and the social contract so did the Jews by association with the Babylonians a people of superior in tellect acquire and assimilate new religious conceptions and wo now find them beginning to evince a belief in some sort of a future life Wo have but to turn to some of the pessimistic passages of the old testament to e convinced of these facts History reveals tho great influence ofa stronger race upon a weaker people The weaker intellect must fall before the presence of the stronger And so tho Jews but mere barbarians imitating their captors ulti mately came to believe in and began to teach the doctrine ofa future life From this very fact the fact of a nonbelief in a future life by the Jews individually and as a race one of tho most favorite arguments of orthodox advocates is shattered namely that all races and nations of men have believed in a future life of some character Hero were the Jews with absolutely no such belief and this fact will have to be explained by tho orthodox professors before reiterating argumentOnce life became an element of orthodox wor ship it would appear that every other religious system or the leaders thereof entered into some sort of an agreement thereon with slight variations The Buddhist believes in Nirvana tho acme of perfection and constant reincarnation to a higher or lower state according to the account of good or bad deeds performed The Buddhist has no hell In this ho is immensely superior to the Christian None but a Christian deity could create a lake of burning fire and brimstone in which to torment the creatures whom ho had made Tho Mohammedan believes in a paradise wherein if ho acquire it ho is surounded forever with blackeyed houris a perfect dolce far nientc through all eternity The Christian invented both a heaven and a hell Bliss in one and blisters in the other Its heaven is a place of barbaric fancy Its hell a disgrace to those who preach it According to this idea the moment man hits tho globe he starts on a trot for the grave at the end ofwhich heaven or hull awaits him and for more than forty years I have been striving to determine which of these two evils wo should seek to avoid Col Ingorsoll once said that while heaven may have tho best climate hell enjoyed the best and most intellectual society and as a mans character is usually judged by the company ho keeps I would prefer hell if preference bo given me There is a good story told of an incident said to have occurred during the civil war From out tho mad hellof that fight a wounded hero was brought His lifo hung by a narrow slender thread He was carried to the hospital and placed in tho care ofa nurse one of those BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 noblo women who risk their lives ministering unto others As tho soldier lay dying a preacher entered the wardand immediately began talking to him about salvation crucified saviors repentance sin heaven and hell His doctrine of dire calamity so influenced the mind of tho dying soldier that he at once began to moan and weep in bitter anguish crying that he was lost and damned for hell The nurse took in tho situation She is said to have been a muscular sort ofa woman Approaching the preacher she said Look here Mr Goodytwoshoes get out of my wardand if I ever catch you in it again I will throw you through the window The story goes on to say that the preacher hit tho piko and went down the dusty trail at a gait that would make Lou Dillon ashamed of her record Tho nurse then went back to the bedside of her patient and in vain tried to console him and dispel his fears Finding her efforts in that direction to be of no avail she then said You came to mo a man You shall not leave me a coward If you must go to hell go like a man If Romans nursed by a shewolf became demigods think what our American citizenship would be ifsprung from the loins of such a woman SOME CHURCH STATISTICS Tho total church membership in tho United States as fur nished by Dr Carroll of Now York do not show much for tho actual growth of tho church but would suggest that as the population increases tho church is rapidly falling behind Even this much is admitted by tho compiler of tho statis tics A decided decrease is shown as against the figures given for 1907 and in 1008 The figures for each denomi nation omitting tho socalled Christian Scientists and tho Spiritualists aro as follows Catholic 12394731 Methodist 0838779 baptist 5413945 Lutheran 2082700 Presbyterian 1831851 Disciples of Christ 1295423 Episcopal 893972 Reformed 432248 LatterDay Saints 399500 United Brethren 300209 Evangelical 177410 Jewish 143000 Dunkard Brethren 122332 Friends 119170 Total 32445411 These figures would show at least that tho church is at a standstiil in point membership The indication then is that it has reached its zenith and beyond a few spasmodic spurts thero will follow a general decline in the next few yearsThis is worth striving for working for toiling for Remember tho total population is now about 84000000 q AN ECHO OF THE DEBATE From reports received by the Blade both public and private it is made to appear that there is considerable of an aftermath connected with both tho debates in which I indulged during my last trip through Ohio It will be recalled that the first of these was with Lcauder S Keyser pastor of the English Lutheran church at Canal Dover and that I met him on his own ground and tho other was with Rev MeYey a Campbellite preacher with no church whom I met at McCounellsville also on his own ground Our readers will probably recall the fact that in my first letter about the Canal Dover debate which was written at Marietta and iu a hurry I made a casual reference to a matter which I promised to discuss in a later letter Sub sequent events of which information was sent to me had caused mo to say no more about it but later developments now demand that I should discuss it not for myselfalone but for my friends Upon tho opening night of the Canal Dover debate Rev Kennedy pastor of tho Methodist Episcopal church at Canal Dover was tho presiding moderator and he was present in tho interest of Mr Keyser It became his duty to make tho opening statement He did so and announced tho subject under discussion tho terms and conditions of the contest During his preliminary remarks he refercd to the fact that an admission fee was being charged for tho debate and while I may not remember his precise words or language used it was in substance as follows There has been sonic criticism about the charge being t made for an admission fee but I wish to say that tho Committee alono are responsible for it and tho speakers had absolutely nothing to do with it The Committees had to secure this opera house stand responsible for tho rent ing assume tho cost of advertising and tho other incidon tal expenses and without regard for tho speakers the committees decided upon making the charge I say this in justice to tho speakers Following this Dr Koyscr was introduced and in his prefatory remarks ho not only confirmed what Mr Kennedy had said about the committee and the admission fee but reiterated it with considerable force and vehemence At tho timo both gentlemen made these statements I knew they were untrue My mind pondered upon the subject for a few moments but I finally resolved to make no fur ther mention thereof for tho reason that I had agreed with Mr Koyscr that there should bo no personalallusions made by each toward tho other and I feared that any criticism I might offer connected with tho statement might be construed into a personal attack upon Mr Keyser therefore I declined to say ono word on the subject Here tho matter ended temporarily On tho second night probobly forgetting what ho had said on tho first night Mr Koysor deliberately charged x or I10 BLUE GRASS BLADE me personally and my committee with being solely sponsible for the admission fee being charged andstated to the audience that ho and his committee wished to make the admission free His followers applauded him vociferously for this statement My turn came however when I directed the attention of the audience or so many thereof who wero present the first night to what both Mr Kcyscr and Mr Kennedy had said to the effect that the speakers had absolutely nothing to do with it and that the committees were alone respon siblo for the admission charges and an immediate change came over that vast assembly I further called attention to the fact that Mr Keyser had written me a letter in which ho had agreed with me that an admission fee should be charged and the profits if any divided equally be tween us adding that he could use a little extra money andwherein ho further suggested that my travelling and hotelexpenses should be allowed mo before a final division of the proceeds was made This was before the commit tees had met and before Dr Keyser had actually appointed the committee to represent him Mr Keyser holding up his hand as if to invoke his god as a witness declared to that audience that ho had not written such a letter to me I did not know whether I had preserved the letter or not I promised however that if upon my return home I could find that letter I would send it to Canal Dover and my friends could see that it was published- In a few days after I had left a report hadreached me that Mr Keyser had sought to prevent the publication of the letter if I succeeded in finding it This was before 1 hadreached home I then resolved that it shouldnot bo published if it was calculated to work any injuryupon Mr Keyser for while my own friends were satisfied with the truth of my position the followers of Mr Keyser need know aught to the contrary and I had no desire to cause any suffering to him his wife and children Arriving home I searched through the letters and papers in my desk with the result that I found the letter in question and I immediately mailed it to Mr Walter C Hardesty placing it in his hands telling him myviews thereon and leaving the matter of its publication to him self and my friends in Canal Dover Newspaper clippings sent to the Blade office show that the letter was published and that Keyscrs friends have also written and published comments thereon favorable to him which Mr Hardesty has answered in my behalf In justice to Mr Keyser it must bo said that while the letter thus published did contain u statement that ho could use a little extra money which ho so vehemently denied having written it further stated that he was willing to do his part in the debate without any remuneration but would leave that matter to the committee The fact is that Mr Toomey without any consultation with me had agreed with Mr Keyser that an admission should be chargedand at the time of this agreement my committee which was appointed first had not even been named My r eoIt correspondence with Mr Keyser followed in which we agreedupon it and then the committee took it up The friends of Mr Keyser overlook ono important fact in their criticisms namely that both Mr Keyser and Mr Kennedy had declared that the speakers had absolutely nothing to do with itand that the committees alone wero responsible The publication of the letter ought to bo sufficient to disprove such u statement For my part I KNOW that the speakers Mr Keyser and myself the principals did agree upon the admission fee being charged and that the committees who wero simply agents had nothing to do but to ratify the agreement their principals had made Under ordinary circumstances such a matter might appear of too trifling a character to demand S1attention but as it is a matter of such interest in Canal Dover and as my personal honor and the integrity of my friends are at stake in this controversy I deemed it advisable to re state these facts through the Blade columns In any event it is clear that neither of the preachers named told the truth on the first night of the debate The purpose of their statements was evidently to shield Mr Keyser but that they had to include me therein Just why the matter should have been injected into the debate does not present itself unless it was an effort to save Mr Keyser from criticism by his church membership That bothwent too far must now bo conceded and this is a vindication of my position The publication of the letter and the known events of the debate show the following That both Mr Keyser and Mr Kennedy misstated the facts on the first night of the debate 2 That Mr Keyser did write a letter saying that ho coulduse a little extra money a That tho speakers did arrange for the admission fee and that tho committees were not responsible li ORAL TRAINING Plant virtue early and give it the best possible culti vationBetter and more attractive gardens would result if man kindcould only bo induced to give the flower the same or an equal chance they suffer to the weed As a general rule it must bo admitted that the minds of tho majority of men arc but congeries of maxims notions opinions rules and theories they have managed to pick up at various times and in different places row of these are sound the bulk of them unsound Sometimes they are not consistent with each other but foe the lack of better means these form the mental standards by which all things are tried As it is easier to build on vacant ground than on a site already occupied by ruins tIll priest and preacher conspire to subject tho young and innocent mind to the inculcation of false mOlnll concepts by furnishing false incentives and placing morality upon an unsafe foundation I i J BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 In a footnote to his poem on Italy John Kogurt wrote To judge at onco ofa nation wo have only to throw our eyes on the markets and the fields The inference is that if the markets are wellsupplied and the fields vell cultivated all is well And the converse must lie equally true Were the markets and fields otherwise we would be apt to infer that the people were either barbarians or under some sort of oppression So it is with the individ ual The mindwhich is but the combined mentality may bo regarded as the field upon which the highest virtue may bo cultivated and the brain which is organ of thought may bo considered the invket to which the mind brings its best products As the nation may be judged in tho manner indicated so may the individual Tile very thoughts expressed arc an index to the extent of cultivation riven to the mind and from them vc are able to determine the quality of tho thoughtseeds planted therein If we would have the trcT thing its branches wide and free its roots must be fixed deep and firm So it is with tho flower of human virtue Plant it firmly in tho mind while it is yet young Water it from tho fountain of truth Do not intentionally deceive a child One deception will breed another For tho mind to reason to certain truths it must have in it the principles of truth For the mind to lean ever towards purity and virtue it must have a virtuous foundation to begin workon If there is any system of instruction calculated to in jure the infantile mind to warp it into unnaturalness it is that coming from theology All such instruction is like tho twilight which holding tho day in ono hand and tho night in the other mocks tho senses with distortedappear ances which a thicker darkness would hide and a broader daylight dispel Virtue is presented in a wondrous garb It is not taught along with firm personal resolve Prone ness to sin and a blood atonement arc the principal ele ments given Is it any wonder that virtue has failed to finda homo near cloistered walls Uproot the dogma The very fabric of our social being is hId together only by virtuous law Those who violate it are moral bankrupts and mental bankruptcy flourishes most on socalledcon secrated ground As tho tree is inclined in that direction in which Iho twig is bent so tho earliest training of tho mind shapes its destiny Then bo sure to plant virtue early and cultivate it thoroughly Between a number of advisers wo believe wo have a fairly good solution of tho Correspondence School problem which wo will discuss later If tho preachers wore really sincere in their pretended efforts to eradicate sin and crime they wouldwelcome the Blado as an allyas it is they condemn and thereby expose their faults Chief Justice Ricks of tho Illinois Supreme Court in a recent decision in an insurance case reviewed the extent to which insurance protection was being carried on today and remarked that indemnities were guaranteed against loss through acts of god Judicially speaking Justice Kicks is correct but it is mighty bad theology Imagine man in suring his fellowman against loss caused by the act of deity Why should a wiso and beneficent deity cause mortal man to suffer loss Cyclones earthquakes tornados lightning are denominated acts of god in insurance circles The man who spends his money doing good while he is alive gets a great deal more satisfaction out of it than the man who leaves his wealth to a doubtful posterity The man who has lived so that ho does not fear death has more than half solved the problem of life When a man or woman is willing to tell the exact truth to tho tax assessor they stand a fair show of getting on tho right side of St Peter For some preachers to proclaim that they know their own minds would indicate that they have very little to boast about Will the Blade readers and friends of Frcethought in both Indiana and Illinois who can arrange for lectures communicate with tho Blade oflice The Editor is con slayWealready on tho list Orthodoxy detests nothing so much as criticism of it self It is impossible to direct humanity to right conduct through fearITho Christian leopard has been considerably tamed but its spots remain unchanged It is tho same oldanimal Tho fiercer tho competition between tho Salvationithroughlines tho higher goes tho cost of tho Profiting by tho lessons of experience wo have made ample provisions for a prospective bound volume of the Blade for 1999- According to a recent ruling of the Interstate Commerce Commission preachers are yet to bo accounted as members of tho privileged class in that tho law prohibiting the furnishing of free transportation by railroad companies is heldnot to be applicable to them In other words prcachters can still enjoy immunity and travel free or f drens fare What is tho uso of being a parson unless you can get a rnkeolTf 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE Mans Origin and Destiny Continued from Page 7 in reason to understand their true causes These are the standing armies and the hereditary monarchies Originally the result of personal merits the dignity and power ofa ruler became hereditary and entirely independent of the personal qualifications of the successor In consequence of this arrangement the wars instead of being merely defens ive assumed the character of personal affairs and thou sands of fools sacrifice their life cheerfully under the delu sion that wars are sent by god they are Christians But this subject wo must reserve for the future and return for the present to history to investigate by what agencies man kind was extricated from a condition more beastly than the beast which found its actual expression in the culti vation of religious rites cruel refined murder and wholesale slaughter We found that Christendom simply meant a relapse into a state of barbarism after the destruction of ancient civilization from which at last sprung a new era ofculture which is just being ushered into the world As the first sign of progress we encounter the Reformation the culminating point ofa movement against the church that had been going on for a long time but had not sum cient strength to assert its claim Heretofore every attempt to cast off the iron yoke of the church had been promptly squelched by the customary methods of fire and sword but now the dissenters had grown numerically strong enough to maintain their independence against the church j of Rome after long and bloody wars However reform ation alone would never have led the people to freedom and intelligence but by breaking the obnoxious power of the church it opened the road to free thought and scientific research Science was not quite dead A spark of truth was still glimmering under the ruins of the heathenish temples carefully guarded by the church and quenched whenever it threatened to burst into a flame At last the spirit of time fanned it into a bright blaze which could not be extinguishedany longer and is now rapidly consuming the rotten tottering structure of the church There are many religions and they are always changing but there is only one truth and one science and it never changes The facts remain the same our knowledge of their relations may change But any truth mathematically established can never change The Pythagorean theorem discovered about 500 years n 0 is as true today as on the date of its the fifteenth century dates the beginning of our modern sciences the invention of the printers art being the first important step of incalculable value for the dissemi nation of new ideas Honest men commenced scanning the heavens in search of truth and discovered the true relations of the planets and the sun destroying the false conceited idea of central position of the earth To Copernicus the world is indebted for laying the foundation of the most sublime of all sciences astronomy perfected and augmented through the labors of Tycho do Brake Galileo and Keppler Tie knowledge ofour earths surface was increased by the voyages of bold travellers such as Columbus Yasco de Gallia Magellan et al who crossed unknown oceans and discovered and explored new continents Under many difficulties arose the science of anatomy at first confined to the coarser structures but after the invention of the microscope in the seventeenth century lead to the discovery of the true clement of human body the cell The discovery of the primitive elements oxygen hydrogen nitrogen etc gave origin to a new science chemistry which soon threw a now light on the composition and real character of the bodies Physics botany mineralogy geology zoology and other naturalsciences sprung up after the dark night of supersti tion and lie in which the church had shrouded the human intellect had been dispelled by the Reformation A grad ual change of ideas took place as a natural sequence of tho better understanding of tho natural forces Astronomy taught tho true cause of the eclipses which ceased to be fearedas the work of the devil or a token of the wrathof tho dreaded god The appearance ofn conet with its fiery tail did no longer spread dismay and consternation as a herald of war and pestilence No longer were innocent persons persecuted for disasters caused by the elements and honest men for telling the truth In proportion as the knowledge of nature increased was the Christian fetich more and more deprived of his power until his imago has vanished in the inconceivable infinity of space Astronomy discovered fixed laws regulating tho movements of tIll planets instead tho caprices ofn roman go Phyio chemistry etc showed the same laws of tie unmtrsu ns the cause of all tho natural phenomena on earth At lust there remained problem which apparently couldnot bo solved without presuming the action ofit supernatural power the origin of man nor is it prisimur that scioicc was unable to lift tho veil of im story which imam over ciadlo of mankind until at a recent date Wo learned to Icfino man as a culmination ofa physical process contin uing on the surface of the earth since millions of years called life the result of tho physical forces in operation on the surface of tho earth His complicated relations could not bo understood without collecting a correspondingly largo number of facts as represented in the auxiliary branches of science which are all based upon the scum common laws we know and undoubtedly others wo do not know Wo required geology to understand the series of succcessivo types on a progressive scale wo needed chemis try to demonstrate that man is made of the same stuffas the earth and the rest of tho animals The anatomy of both had to bo far advanced before tho relative value of il BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 the physiological organs could bo determined by comparison Without the improved modern microscope it would have been impossible to detect the minute cell the fundamental element of organic life and prove the common origin of all animals from this small body And lastly we cannot join all these factors into a harmonious structure without the biological laws for the knowledge of which we are in debted to the ingenious and truthful observations of Charles Darwin We have recognized as the basis of society egoism or tho instinct of selfpreservation and as the only law in nature physical force which presumption wo find fully confirmed in the manner in which the transformation of ideas and actions resulting from the altered mental impulse I t t t Cie Trades Contespondenees- s ss N N N O4 NO y N N N N N N N N N N N N Willing to Do His Part VIRGINIA You are having troubles of your own so lam not going to bother you with mine I am hard up Sorry I cant send the to set mo up to October 1909 in this letter I will send you at least 150 and all if I possibly can tho latter part MarchC A FAUSNET Very Welcome Letter KANSAS Unclosed ou will find two dollars monoy order for which you will please send to mo the Bound Volume of tho Blue Grass Blade Ship when conven ient to you The now commandments are all right Wish there were more to follow them Tho little girl Anna lloglln bless her lIfo she has a mind to bo proud of She has evi dently been thinking as well as reading Sho Is right The bible Is an awful book especially tho fourth chapter of Ezekiel which would make a dog turn from his dinner lope sho will favor us with an other letter soon I would like to read It to a lady who has been warmed over Good luck and best wishes for tho Blade and for the Paine Centennial My thoughts will bo with you even If cantIELLA P HUNT Foolish or Wise Which KANSASPleaso find enclosed bank draft for 300 which will fix tho tab till next March Havo no apologies to make for being a delink except neglect I mail you under separate cover three of thoso papers you asked for in last Issuo of tho Blade Do not want any pay for samo glvo you my compliments with them swam which we call progress was effected Every social insti tution must bof benefit for some persons or it would not exist We saw how the fetichman took advantage of the stupidity of his fellow savages for his material interest Later on tho church followed his example and there is no doubt that avarice and cupidity played an important part during tho persecutions of heretics and witches disguised under religious zeal It is the same with the institution of hereditary monarchy The material interest of many persons depends on itand they aro striving to maintain it from purely egotistical motives How thee church fought I for the material emoluments derived from its privileges f is testified by bloody wars recorded in history t To be continuedit Say If Christians are right is not this vast army of unbelievers very foolish in taking the chances they dot This question has born asked me but as I never saw It in print I want to see how you would answer It Thanking you for the favors already shown nieM C WEISDORFER About Tafts Election WASH Tho election of Taft for Pres ident was not a victory for liberalism as many writers in the Dlado seem to think but a victory for capitalism Tho fight Is always for material interest and Popes Kings Priests and Trust Magnates aro forced to Ilgnt side by side o vote or fluence the votes for that candidate whom they know will do the bidding for their Interest Religion with them cuts no fig ure except to use it to gain their ends This Is plainly shown by Taft going to Rome to shako hands with tho Pope In this ago of machine production the great Trusts are but natural offspring and men with great wealth are forced to put their capital together in these enterprises for It is tho only way they can use it to keep oven and get interest and dividends Thus we find that a Popo will trust his funds with a Morgan and a Morgan will do as well with tho Pope as to any other Thus capitalism becomes international and will so continue until the wealth of the world Is In a few hands If tho Pope lived in tho United States of America and was a citi zen ho could not have voted for any other Presidential candidate but Taft Presidents Kings Priests National and Stato Legislatures aro and can bo nothing else but servants of International capital i Ism as capitalism Is tho ruling power lu the world We dont expect any one to cutoff i their own Interest and power thereto Russian refugees In this country TheIEnclosed find 200 for the BladeM GRANIPOPULAR LINE J SOUTH I Between AtlantaBirmingham Knoxville Ashville SavannahJacksonville Mobile Vicksburg Shreveport New Orleans and Texas Points For rates and printed matter ad dressW 0 Rincarson P A Cincinnati Ohio Mans Origin and Destiny By Dr A Hausman Alameda California This is the Greatest Book of modern times on the theory of Evolution applied to Sociology It will shortly be issued in book form by the Blue Grass Blade making a book of nearly 500 pages The author has dedicated it to Prof Ernst Haeckel and the great Jena philosopher has accepted the dedication 200Y 200 Subscribe Now and Save Money All charges of postage will be prepaid upon advance subscriptions The first chapters are now in the press and publication in book form will immediately follow its serial publication in the blade columns Subscribe NowSubscribe Now JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky The Peoples Press Fearless In its advocacy of Freethought Published weekly at Blue Island Ave Chicago J B Lenau Publishes Official paper of the Materialist Association In Canada or Foreign Countries lioo a Year Subscription 50 Cents a Year Silk Dresses Given Away An opportunity of a life time for women who love good clothes High School girls can obtain their grad uation dresses without cost working girls and married women may secure fine fall or summer dresses Largo list of patterns to select from Bona fide offer no fraud no grafting or disagreeable duties to perform For full particulars send name address and a twocent postage stamp to 247 Hennepin Ave MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA ED SHEAGREEN Marriage and Divorce by OSEPH1NE HENRY VERSAILLES KENTUCKY Thousands of copies ol this uptodaU pamphlet are now In circulation In tM United States and England It treats U forcible style of the most Important prob lem before the American people It should be read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic promptly filled by the author Copy 25 Cents 5 Copies One Dolt FOR THINKERS WHO THINK The Wage Slave Socialist Weekly that advocates Indus trial Unionism Revolutionary to the core EDITED BY A FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports the existing social order Bend for sample copy Address The Ware Slave Box Hancock Mich A BTXRvun tot Give Em Fits IThatB what THE SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great ical novel dean to the forces of bigotry and su perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the church element Is throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that It Is all right It has ated a tensatlon In servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy- It Is enthusiastically endorsed by leading Freelthlnkers through out the world You know how Hurt can write and In this book ho Is at his best It Is an elegant volume fit to 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characters I now do not carry stock but buy the goods for cash as I receive the orders thus obtaining best discounts This saves In terest on capital Invested rents salaries and the large per cent of loss incidental to and unavoidable by all dealers who carry stock The small commission will charge you for my time facilities and judgment will be trifling In comparison to the savings between the prices your retail Jeweler MUST charge you and mine Send me a trial order Upon receipt of goods compare with others and If not satisfactory return and get your money Diamonds remount ed In latest artistic designs at lowest prices Full value allowed for old jewelry Send for cut prices of Watches Dia monds Jewelry Silver Plated or Optical goods Free Thought and ether Badges Ingersoll spoons and my famous tract Theism In The Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN- La Grange Cook Co SEEDSFresh Please Planter the IweFAMOUS COLLECTION t pr1IO t Ilf If t pit W4rlr WVptr FIIrlolIhl Utlit irietles Floor ito ntber GUKAT NOUT1IEKN SEED toaD St Rockford Illinois TOMORROW MAGAZINE FOR PEOPLE WHO THINK TOMORROW does not draw Its Inspira tion from Tradition Mysticism Super stition or Custom It is A Journal of Rationalism Dealing with the questions of Life from the impersonal standpoint and accepting the scientific interpretation of all phenomena TOMORROW is not for those who are partisannot for those who am wedded to some pet belief or ismnot for those who are governed by fear of God or of Public Opinion- TOMORROW Is for Free Soulsfor Men and Women who are not Afraid to Think in Harmony with Natures Laws Send 15 cents for Three Months Trial Subscription and our Special Book Offer lOc the Copy 100 the Year TOMORROW PUBLISHING CO 139 E 50th St CHICAGO ILL The Woman and The Prospector Is the title of a romance every woman and child should read It should be in the hands of all who are opposed to superstition and graft as it is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and the ad ministration of drugs to human beings at the same time points out the only method for the cure of the consumptive The book let is really free but the cost of advertising and postage we figure at 10 cents so if you wish a copy send us 10 cents and we will send it to you A M PARKER 415 Crocker St Los Angeles Calif SEND lOc FOR SAMPLE OF HesaldP Religious Stickers The same being short quotations front Our Dear Heavenly Father Our Bless ed Savior Bantams Ass Mary Christ Our Friend the Devil and other person ages of sacred memory These are suitable for sticking on church doors and other objects where they will do the most good In spreading the glad tid- Ings of great joy Until April 1909 address FRANKLIN HEALD Clrclevllle Ohio Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important at Pigs Potatoes and Pups Do you believe that we grownups and even the Children should know aa much about ourselves ns we know abou Fishes riowcrs nnl Flog DP you believe In Better Fiugeny a Moro Elevated Race anyway- It so Ffind 125 for a years subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Matt St Los Angeles California U S A Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage 3t cents stamps t The Holy Bible In a Nutshell- A New Booklet showing up the contradlo tlons and fallacies of the Christian bible 4 Justt he thing to pass around your religious friends to Jarr their and destroy their godwebs Ready Order Nowl Single copy 10c 3 for for 100 faithjAddress j FRANTZ 1728 Ellis Street San Francisco SEEDSsucks Es IMiller Prize Collection 1 It Je4 eI IUeaIOaOCarosoILL e N + + t + NPNVN N N H 9 + + + Y Y i OUR MARK FOR 1909 IS TO iJ4 o + + 001151 OUR CIRCULATION 1 j y i Just Read Over the Beautiful and Valuable Premiums we i i Offer and Make up Your Mind to Get Busy i i Elegant Dinner SetsW- E i I i MUST DOUBLE OUR PRESENT CIRCULATION DURING 1909 AS A GUARANTEE OF PERMANENCY AND STABILITY TO THIS END WE 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