You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, March 21, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909032101 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, March 21, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. Jiw cl J v owns t 1ADFLj3LjJLLs s it J VelumesXVII Number 47 LEXINGTON KY MARCH i 21 agog DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT 1 h 1 rlJDRFELIX L OSWALD Writer Student Thinker and Propagandist UUtut iOtlu uuo It HUH ItUtG t wNa Sv4vCwS03 340O bNW II Wfff 1IV1tVVVltttWW 1Itff VV WU I 141111 IIV Jr r we wtrYL a Tf BLADEDr Felix ONE OF THE SHINING LIGHTS N THE EJREE THOUGHT WORLD In each decade Nature endows a few men for special work in the promulgation of truth But few of these undertake to utilize these endowments in the proper direc tion In the dark vault of night there are myriads of- stars but hero and there wo see one that shines brighter than the rest So it is with Hero and there predominatesaid of the subject of this brief sketch for these were few like him possessing his remarkable qualifications and courageous enough to put them to a proper use Dr Felix Leopold Oswald was born in Belgium August 1845 His parents were in a position of moderate com fort and case and gavQ the boy a good education finally sending him to a medical college to fit him for the practice of medicine His studies in anatomy physiology in hygiene and other coordinate branches of natural science together with the pharmacopia turned his mind in another trend and instead of becoming an eminent physician as it had been intended for him he plunged into a deeper and more intricate study of natural history a subject that held him in a spell of fascination To aid him in the prosecution of his studies ho undertook an extensive travel penetrating many different countries finally coming to America where after a year or two in New York City ho turned westward and settled down in Hamilton Ohio later taking up a residence in Indiana He first came into prominent public notice by his scien tific contributions to the Popular Science Monthly and in a comparatively short space of time he began writing for the American Freethought press His literary productions found their way into the magazines and papers tof Germany and England and in the course of time ho became a prolific writer Among the books he had written and published were Summerland Sketches Rambles in the Backwoods of Mexico and Central America This J r F t YL3A F Wit N A 1ttttJ 5 t7f r was followed by Physical Education a work addressed d to the average reader as well as the profession Then came The Secret of the East which was written in an argumentative frame designed to show that the religion of Christendom emanated from Buddhism and the Oriental religions of the East The Bible of Nature came next and this may be said to have been his best and greatest work In it ho advocated the pure and unsullied principl-es of modern Secularism and is among the most valuable contributions to Freethought literature of the 19th century rYThepen and brain and he invariably wrote in an antiorthodox strain thereby preaching Freethought as best he couldand the strangest part of this is the fact that those daily papers IrI notably the Cincinnati Enquirer featured his writings on special pages and accorded them positionsof great prominence Felix Oswald as he was more popularly known was a great clear and vigorous writer He was no speaker and for this reason he never appeared on the public platform In all he wrote there was pure nature and naturalism There was never a trace of the supernatural or mystical He avoided paradoxes He was the fortunate possessor of a keen insight into history and could present a fact in clear bold and intelligent characters Few men have done more for Freedom of Thought than Felix Oswald and it is a pity that he could not have been spared for many years to come that he might have done even better and greater things for which his brilliant mind was so eminently fitted Only a few years ago while journeying on a railroad train Felix Oswald met his death Incorrect signals a mistake a crash fire broke out mpon the shatteredwreck and ong the ruins the body of Felix Oswald was found Strange that he should come to such an end but he had no opportunity no chance to avoid it He was among the dead and when his name appeared an the published lists the American Freethought world knew that it had lost one of its greatest advocates r J j 7 tr Sri tworEf t1i r f Y l1irtjE2 GRASStBLADE i 3 1 r Elishas Aureate Dust 1v ThePowerof Resurrection Accorded to His Bones By the Bible Might be FabulousJiByEJ BealsHoffpauir I had been overcome by the heat of the city and sought rest and quiet at a farm house in one of the remotest corners of the GreatSmoky Mountains A few days after my arrival I was approached by a moun tain youth of perhaps twenty summers a Who stated that he desired to speak to me privately His manner suggested the un usual and I gladly followed him a short i way in the wood and politely waited for him to state his business He seemed J somewhat embarassed at first but after as i f Burins himself that there was no possibility of being overheard he commenced in veryj confidential tone 1Yer see neighbor weuns aint got eddlcation an calkilate as how you un is a little about the smartest feller vtas ever kem to these diggins ceptin it be our zldln Eider but he wont do an I reckon as how Ill ha ter ax ye un tel do It fur me Would be glad to know the nature of your wants said I and if there is any possible way In which I can be of assist ance to you Ill gladly do so Wall now yer see most of us mountain 1 folks Is jest so so but Iso different Ise i got some ejlcatlon an I does a power o t thlnkin Im a sort QVa leader in meetln an I read some books but dont know nuthin bout ornithology an them other big things I reads the Quarterly and the Advercate an th Bible ah thats i bout all that any ov us mountain folks reads But whut I want yer to hop me i bout Is this here Tuther day I wuz a sottinf ana read In ov the scripchur when all ter onct i lit on this passlge here he drew from his pocket a crumpled piece of tpa erand reads as follows And Ellsha died and they burled him And the bands of the Moabites Invaded the land at the coming in of the year And It came to pass as they were bury- ingi a man that beholdthey spied a band of men and they cast the man into the sepulchre of Ellsha and when the man was let down and touched the bones of Ellsha he revived and stood upon his feet Ye uni ken find thet vaar ocrlpchur In Kings 1320 When I read thet ar scrip chur I felt powerful excited an I lowed right ter onct as how if I hed some one as knowed all bout ornithology an the the ological survey uv thet kentry tor go long with me an find them bones we uns could make a power ov money a resurrectin people as had died fore they got ready- I was very much amused at his novel plan for gathering in the anguish plaster and by way of encouragement asked if lie knew of any case in that immediate neigh borhood where money would be paid for such work and If he was positive that they had passed out before they were fully prepared to meet god Wall now said he In a tone of dis gust I aint hearn ov no one a dyln around here as semed a hurtin ter go Thars ol man Horton as war a zorter in Mebherdlst meetin an could sing louder an cny un else I k towed on when he was tuck down sick he ups and hud two doctors an took a pOwer ov medicine an billed yarbs1 a tryln ter keep from goln ter glory tho he lowed all times fore he wuz tooken as howl war anxious ter go I low his folks ud give a right smart pile ter have him fetched back Well said I how do you propose to go about securing those valuable bones Now thar and he warmed up to his subject thars Jest whar I need hep Yer see Of I could find some un 6s could take me ter the land ov Judy an knowed about the theological survey ov the kentry when he got thar we uns could stop at one ov these hero hotels and lay low fer awhile playin as how we war a travelln fer our health an all the time be a scoutin round a huntln ov them bones an when we una disklvered whar they war we uns could lope off some dark night for home an mebbe ef twarnt too fur we uns could git In eomeers bout Chattanoogy long Wards daylight and then the best pack ov hounds thet over treed a coon couldnt ketch we uns I low as how Id don right smart power er runnln fore Id drop that poko er bones Here Iinterrurediong enough to assure him ormy confidence In his plan but questioned him in regard to some of the minor details such as- finding the grave or rather cave where the bones were de as I calkllated on all ov them kind ov things said ho with pride Fern find in thet Par grave Is consarned I guess a feller as knows the theological survey kin find It rite easy anaster goln Inter a grave yard Iso fist the feller as kin do It I kin climb arty of fence an the ghostes cant bother me cause Iso got a charm IIIglo em I wouldnt ha ter carry er spade cause them bones aint burled like other folkses bones butjestp layln roun loose keMjtheyf warnt sealed up Soon as wo tins ud git ter the cavo Id jump Iri and put em Inter a poke what Id take along ter kerry em ffjin an then jump outen the caven an lite All I ast yer is ter hep me find the place Ill kerry them all the way from thar ter home Folks ain t swine ter ask no ques tions seeln a man a kerryln a poke ov bones I agreed with him that a poke of bones might bo carried thYougn a community without exciting much curiosity but suggested that he let me into his plans for operating once the cones were secured This he seemed anxious to do for I had scarcely finished the request when he be gan Soonst we git home we uns ken go an see of lady Horton an splair ter her the vartue ov the bones an how as theys 4 Bible bones an already done rls up one man an I know as now shed have we uns resurrect the ol man an onct he war ris an commenced er talkin about it we tins ud have Jobs er ressurrectln from all round in towards Chattynoogy an Atlanty An I low as when thor aint no more res urrectin ter be did we uns could take the bones back ter ther cave an put emswhar they war an mebbe Llshas folks ud never know theyd been teched cause I aint never hearn ov no one from Judyas over kern over outer tne valley leastwiserI dont rl collect it Now ef you uns is greeable an wants ter go we ken Jlst lite out fer Judy an bring back that poke ov bones an I gess we uns ken make nigh enter a hunderd dollars in this here valley r a resurrcctin folks as has been dead I k know thars Ebenezer Jones as would give five dollars to git ris sos ter see who his widder married he wuz the Jealousest man I ever seed An thars Pete Wilson he warnt afeard ter die an warnt a keer in much but Eph Holden shot him In the back an kilt him klnaer suddint an I know Pete ud give two bits ter be resur rected long ernuf to find out who twas as kilt him an shoot the stufliD outen Eph An thars the Wlgglnses theyd give a power ov money ter keep us from resurrec tin the Joneses cause yer know the three Wiggins boys married the three Jones gals an one day the Wigginses and the Joneses got inter a rumpus with guns an when the smoke cleared off thar wamb eny seed left ov the Joneses the of man on all three tiJonessho ups and dies an the Wigginses they got all the property an now I calkilate as the Joneses was ris theyd git back ihow property an ther Wiggins boys ud t VICT01 I04J iI AId l J OIRruur 11 J r 1i444v q i f i f4 BLUllJfl88BUD ha ter go to work an I low theyd shell out powerful strong ter keep them Joneses from beln ris And then thars the Brownses an the Henrys as had one bv these hero family feuds an war bout 30 year a Icillln ov each other off I low aa bow the guvment ud pay ter keep em down cause theyd bo shore ter commence a shootln ov pach other egln as soon as they war ris an that ud be agin public he ceased speaking I heard the far mer calling me to supper and invited Win to go along but he very firmly declined the Invitation lowln1 as how he guessed MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINYF1 ITHE INFLUENCE OF RELIGION UPON NATIONAL LIFE AND PROGRESSTHE FALSE AND TRUE IN CHRIST IANITY CONSCIENCE A MORAL LAW By Dr A Hausman But who are the more contemptible the rulers who derive some benefit from the ignorance of the masses or the latter who kill each other without any benefit whatever I Al though I despise tyrants they are superior to the slaves over which they rule The historian cited above Rotteck rec ognized the truth that no person could rule over many unless they were of inferior mental capacity he says A people worthy of liberty will know how to win and main tain it- Here in America wo have neither hereditary nor elec torialmonarchy still we had a war as unnecessary and friv olous as any in the old country The south had no cause no excuse for war not even the institute of slavery was threatenedno matter how offensive it was to the north Ambitious persons coveting political power started the rebellion What did the southern people who did not pos sess any slaves fight for They say their country that is a stupid lie nobody threatened nobody wanted their country The North did not keep it when she had it In reality they fought for the ambitious schemes of the loaders who did not care a continental for the people When Richmond was evacuated the high officials of the govern ment saved their own goods and chattels and caused tho wanton useless destruction of much property belonging to the citizens There was no question at issue between the South and the North not even that of slavery whichcould not have been solved in a peaceable manner That it is less the form of government than the intel lectual standard ofa nation on which its prosperity and liberty depends is still more strikingly illustrated by the politicalcondition of the South American republics Dur ing the first half of this century we finda tyranny in some of these republics against which the despotism in Russia appears a liberal government It is little known in foreign countries what monsters these republics have produced The atrocities committed by Facundo Quiroga the Fraile in Mendoza Francia in Paraguay and Rosas in Buenos Ayres read like tales from the mediaeval age We have certainly no love for these brutal bandits but can si itif iij V J 1 Iii 1f 1 ii 1 JI p hed tote off home seeln as how twas t purty near candle light and agreed to meet me again in a few days and discuss the matter more fully But the next morn Ing I received a message calling me back to the city on urgent business and Elishas1 bones were not disturbed by Jed and me we respect nations that crouch and cringe before such masters How much time must elapse before even the most intelligent nations will abolish the brutal useless wars is difficult to tell It requires a long time for new ideas to pervade a people and be adopted by a number sufficient to carry them into effect against the opposition of the church andmonarchy who owe their existence to the state of mental cowardice in which the belief in god keeps the majority of the people Even if one or two nations were ready to disarm the close contact with semi barbarous people compels them to be prepared against an invasion Germany for instance is wedged in between the erratic France and the halfcivilized Russia and this unfortunate position retards the republican movement and j reconciles many liberals with the heavy burden of her standing army and the humiliating treatment the civilians have to endure from the military aristocracy Although it seems that in regard to intellectual standing Germany and France ought to harmonize the latter country can never forgive her defeat and leans toward the despotic Russia Hatred against Germany is the only bond of sympathy between these very unlike allies which besides can have nothing in common Russia as might be expected from a nation under des potic rule is intensely religious and orthodox The Cosmopolitan Magazine of February 1891 contains an article from the pen of Count Tolstoi describing the brutaL treatment of soldiers and citizens under Nicholas I which is very instructive demonstrating against the authors intention very plainly the demoralizingeffector religion upon tho ignorant He moots an old soldier who formerly served under Nicholas apd in the capacity ofa subaltern officer carried out the sentence of flogging beat ing many a poor devil to death and now felt ome remorse over cruel acts committed on his own account but noneiover such deeds committed under orders But religion came handy to silence the voice of his conscience as he says It is a goad thing if you manage to take the sacrament according to the Christian laws and you are forgivenI but still horror seizes upon youthe last flicxoring of tho natural instinct of humanity or sympathy which was en tirely suppressed by his creed He describes with great glee the flogging and upon being expostulated with by the Jaunt replies No this was in fulfillment of the sen j n JJllijtl j lm t ii lF K4I4 h i fC i m t BLUE GRASS BLADEaJ tone What had I to do with it l It was according to to the law The Count continues He ex 1hibited the same tranquility and absence of remorse with to the martial horrors in which he had taken part and ofwhIch he had beheld both in Turkey and in Poland Ho told of murderedchildren of the death of slaughterwithbayonetstree for protection And when I asked him whether these deeds did not trouble his conscience he again failed utterly to comprehend me This was done in war ac thingswerebenevolent and which redeemed his sins Here we have the humanizing influence of religion It reduces man to a slave a tool in the hands of a stronger intellect by de stroying all sense of personal responsibility the last ts tige of the natural instinct of sympathy He does not feel as a member of the human society whoso interest ia obeysimplicitlypunishment and hope of reward Count Tolstoi is a Christian and sums up his creed in the following Gods to God Caesars to Caesar if my 1money is necessary to Caesar take it my house my labors take them my wife my children my life take them all this is not Gods But if it is necessary to Caesar to raise the cudgel on the back of my neighbor this is Gods All of which maudlin sentiments show that Tolstoi is one of those goodhearted weakminded souls whose slavish upholdhe thinks it is enough to remain passive and refuse to stril a blow upon his fellowman he is deceived i he himself has pictured the man the Christian soldier who will do it insteadand his own sacrifice will bo of no avail for the sake of humapity Men of such bland and timid dispf d tions as this good Samaritan would never have delivered desPotsNotand even wife and children to the Caesars have furthered the cause of Humanity but those who fought and destroyed indefensethis affected magnanimity flows from the impure source of vanity andcowardice Some people whose pedigree probably dates back to Baalams companion claim that wars are necessary to check remedyisnooessaryafter they are corn f This woum mucn cheaper acid less cruel than the subsequent killing and mutilating in battle But isnt there a far simpler remedy to prevent overpopulation i thousaftdsifNjt welfare but if mistrust the result of narrow selfishness or religious superstition prevents them from making a com mon cause he rules over one individual only at the time If we examine the social factors producing a revolution wo find the majority of the people indifferent a small number has a definite idea of what they really want and the rest has no other object but revenge pillage and de structipn ITo revolution has ever effected a permanent change of the social order by its temporary overthrow be cause the laws of society cannot be changed although it may abolish certain obnoxious unjust privileges and discriminations in favor of certain persons andclasses proportionsnot permitted them to do so A whole nation can andwill never act as an intelligent entity An anecdote of Fred crick the Great illustrates the relation between one master and a thousand slaves Once the king held a review over his army commanding in person An old Jew was watch ing near by and every time the tall grenadiers moved like one man at the kings command a smile stole over his face The king noticing it rode up to him and asked for the cause of his hilarity The Jew hesitated but being assured immunity for what he might say at last replied anylongerSince we cannot perceive much progress in regard to the relations of the Christian nations which contrary to their avowed doctrine of love are as hostile today as a hundred years ago wo must endeavor to define in what the progress of this century really consists which we can accomplish only by comparing the conditions in which the people lived say a hundred years ago with their present state The entire progress may be expressed in a few words Increase in number and value of individual existence The first postulate refers to increased means of subsist ence and improved hygienic conditions the second to the spreading of a rational egoism the replacement of the false doctrines of religion by a better understanding of nature The extensive use made of the natural forces steam and electricity in particular has increased the productiveness of labor and furnishes the means of subsistence for moro people than over existed on earth before Through the improved mechanical appliances it has become possible to make progressive ideas and the teachings of science ac cessible for any one and by our wonderful facilities of communication people are brought into closer contact and become better acquainted Religion has no share in this purely material progress it has never encouragedor insisted science To be continued Dont make the mistake of confounding ambition with ability a more longing for the boys for an inherent power power to win them MW- f2 6 1 It BLUE GRASS BLADE rj tf j Persistence of Superstition What the Heroic Few Have Accomplished Blot Out the Record of Their Deeds and History Would Be a Blank By Dr T J Bowles the end of every three hundred and IAt days our beautiful earth com Its Journey around the majestic sun the parent of us all and during this brief period fifty million men women and chil dren have completed the Journey of life and gone back Into the bosom of Nature from whence they came and arch soon for ever forgotten During the more than hundred thou sand years of mans sojourn on the earth trillions of human beings have come ana gone and of this vast and Inconceivable number only a few are embalmed In the memory of the living On a very small sheet of paper can be written the names of every nun and woman In the history of the world who have made the progress of the race possible a few men and women have fought nil the battles against superstition had It not been for the Immortal few who fought and died m their heroic struggles to brenk the power of the hideous monster of superstition civilization would still be locked up In the womb of the future The Infinite blessings conferred upon the human race by a few brave men and noblo women have all been achieved without shedding one drop of human blood their only weapons have been the battleax of reason and the torch of science This little band of immortal men have carried the torch of science Into every land and under the stainless flag of reason they have marched through all the cheerless centuries shedding light where all before was darkness their flag stands for all that is good and pure m the life of men and of nations it has never been stained with blood nor wet with tears Blot from the records of the human race the achievements of the heroic few who ave perished In flame in dungeons and in exile for their devotion to truth and the whole earth today would be enveloped in a mantle of darkness and the entire human race would still be living in the dens and caves of savagery the railroad the steam ship the telegraph the telephone the phonograph the sewing machine the reaper and mower the trolley car the electric light and all the multitudinoun arts and in dustries that now fill the world with com fort Joy and happiness would still be locked pln the womb of the future Copernicus Galllleo Servetus Bruno yK r ijffHIi fih ii ft o jf I r Hypatia Spinoza Voltaire Paine Jeffer son Draper Franklin and Ingersoll were not born to die their names are as Im perishable as the stars they are a part ot the immortal number of the real redeemers and saviours ot the human race through all the centuries that are yet to comE they will remain embalmed in the grateful hearts and affections of all the generations tnat are yet to be ana their memory will be revered when the last man standing on the distant shore of time shall sing the requiem of spent all their days and sacrificed their lives fighting the gods and ghosts and devils of superstition whoso crimes against humanity would flu a book a thousand times larger than the holy bible of filth ana fables from which the devotees of super stition derive their authority to rule and enslave mankind With fiendish atrocity and malignity nearly all the great men and noble women as fast as they appeared in the world have been cruelly PUtLO death and every book containing any useful information has been consumed In relentless flames kindled by the bloody hand of the heartless devotees of superstition Every nation of the earth has been cursed by this frightful monster and its whole history down to this moment is filled with unspeakable sorrow and agony for the whole human family this hydraheaded devil of superstition killed five million men women and children in the wars of the Crusades to secure an empty hole In the ground where the god of the universe was supposed to have been burled at the close of his life as a carpenter in Palestine This Gorgonheaded monster killed one million Arlans because they refused to abandon their belief in one god and accept the doctrine of the trinity or three gods in one god it slaughtered with fiendish atrocity one million Waldenses AlblgensesV Hugenots and Netherland insurgents this terrible monster superstition killed nine million innocent men and women for the Imaginary crime of witchcraft and with unutterable savagery and barbarous cruel ty put twelve million of tile Innocent na tives of the New World to death long after Columbus discovered America If this bloody beast of superstition had the power today every philosopher and scientist In the world would now be swing Ing at the end of a rope fastened to a bet or they would be slowly putlo death in the foul air of filthy dungeons our homes would be filled with ghosts imps and deylls drwlzardslnd witches would still be tormenting us the fires of perse cutioh thatreduced to ashes Jerome Wickliffe and Savanorolla would be rcr kindled and the higher critics of today who are honestly trying to separate the gold from the dross in the holy book would soon be reduceu to ashes with flame and fagot I wish I had the power to impreslsall tae people of the earth with the Infinite far portance of completing the sacred work sO grandly and nobly carried forward bythe Volneys and the Humboldts the Humes and the Gibbons the Drapers and the Haeckels and their Immortal coworkers who have secured for us every blessing that we now the people now living had to endure the agonies and the horrors Inflicted upon our ancestors by the priests of supersti tion during all the long dark nightof the middle ages and down to the beginning of the nineteenth century when the priests of superstition ruled the entire world t would be infinitely better for every man woman and child to commit suicide and find peace in the eternal sleep of death Only a little over a hundred years ago andalmost within the memory of aged men now living there came an exile to the hospitable shores of the United States whose labors for the human race were finitely more valuable than all the gold and silver thatwere ever dug from the bowels of the earth this man repudiated the gods and devils and ghosts of superstition and by worshiping at the sacred shrine of Nature he became one of the immortalrfounders of the ennobling science of chemist-rybe discovered the composition of the atmosphere which had been n sealed ciokJthrough all the countless centuries he dis covered carbonic acid a deadly poison to animal life but an essential food for every tree and plant in the world he discovered that man and the trees live by broathlns each others breath he dlscovprpd why it is that our mothers our wives anti our daughters attend their plants and their flowers with a devotion closely nltlu to the sacred sentiment friendship At the time when lie made his discovery of oxygen and carbonic acid all Europe was besotted with superstition and pesttltence and famine were sweeping over the land with a besom of furv and destruction the pigs the dogs the cats the horses the cattle the men women and children all lived together in the same miserable abodes and were dying by hundreds of thousands by breathing the deadly poison of carbonic acids in each others breath and creating the richest soil for the growth of the germs of pestilence The noble sciences of sanitation and ventilation were a sealed book to the devotees of superstition sand for opening these booksand filling tne world with light an infuriated mob of saints who had ex VIII if t i F c ht hhIi II IJf j r t S i1j j iBLUE GRASS B pE 1 perlenced the agonies of the second birth j surrounded the home of the illustrious and immortal Joseph Priestly and burned It to ashes and all his books and manuscript and laboratory went up in smoke and he was pursued like a wild beast but he es caped his furious pursuers and finally barked upon a ship and sailed for the New World where he was welcomed with open arms by Paine Franklin and Jefferson when he reached the hospitable shores of the United States where he died in exile on the sacred soil of Pennsylvania i t Another Valued Freethinker Gone f In of Theodor BlaiseBrief Sketch of his Life His Personal Declaration of Religious Faith Calumniation 1ByE D Nauman On the morning of February 24th 1909 occurred the death of one of natures noblemen Blalse was one of the pioneers in this Kookuk county Iowa lie greatVlife He leaves behind a family of six children and a number of grand children Most of these are or have been teachers in our public schools Some of them aft prominent in public and professional clr cles I believe all of them haw shed the t scales of Superstition and are Freethink ers They are a family that must have been a great consolation to the old gentleman in his declining years For the span of an ordinary lifetime he had been a constant subscriber and reader and contributor of the German Freetbought prow In order to obviate any possible chance of his plans to have a Freethought burial from miscarrying he had done what Free thinkers generally ought to do that Is pre pared a written statement of his views on religionThe d me to officiate at the funeral and although not a public speaker I regarded this as a duty as well as a privilege that could not be declined l My father and Mr Blalse had been warm friends during their life time besides r Mr Blaise had performed the same kind service for my father at his funeral some years ego After some general remarks as to his life and work and originality of thought I gave his statement In the orig inal German as Mr Blaise bad written It then followed with the translaton Into English as given below I think this statement will interest all Freethinkers and serve as a guise to some y it 1AY h r 5rt- 4tJ 1 tf1A1S1 No venemous have ever been discovered in desert wastes and no feroci ous beasts have ever been found In tangled forests that even approximate the savagery of the solemn and sanctified devotees who worship at the altars of the gods and devils and ghosts of superstition How long 0 how long will it yet be before mankind will learn that our fight against superstition and ignorance is a sacred fight for a higher and nobler civil ization Muncie Ind Memory Prevents Theodor perhaps serpents Short Biographical Sketch and Statement of Faith by Theodor Blalte 1 Theodor Blalse was born on the 11th day of January 1822 in the county of Saarburg Province of Trier In Prussia near the boundary line of France and Lux emburg by the river Mosel Up to my 14th year I attended the vil lage school of my native village Beyond this I attended evening school for several years principally for the purpose of learn ing the French language Later I spent one year at Frankfort for the same purpose From October 1842 to October 1844 I served In the German Army In 1847 I emigrated to America and came to Keokuk county Iowa where I have lived all the remainder of my life Although not ofa very robust physical nature I have been fortunately comparatively free from sickness and was always filled with a buoyant and cheerful spirit Following Is my confession of faith I believed In Truth Beauty and Right eousness I had faith in Justice and generosity and In honest and upright endeavor and conduct It was my conviction that the human race Is a part of and In unity with Nature and subject to her laws I have hailed science discovery and invention as the saviors of mankindyand bad an abiding faith in the glorious future of the human race I believed In the bible of humanity a dtn the common literature of Nature everywhere in evidence In other words I believed In the literature written in the stars and the blue sky In the green for ests and rippling streams In the scent and beauty of the flowers and the songs of the birds and In all the varied and wonderful language of Nature which so often occu pied my mind 1 believed that a clear conscience and pure spirit were better Ulan belief in gods or angels that common sense and reason stand higher than priests and revelations that perfect Beltcontrol s better and worth more than prayers and fastings and that the love of and generous consideration of gol tmankindand altars With Thomas Paine I couldAs-ay The world is my country all man kind are my brethren to do good Is my religionI not nave what in the commonly accepted meaning of the word is religion I did not believe in a personal creator or God above the clouds or In any personal Deity who could assume me form of a gigantic man and who having almighty pow ers would permit the great majority of his children to tumble into everlasting damna tion For the past 60 years I have not belonged to any church or religious society and have never attended Sundayschool in my entire life I did not believe that In order to safe our soul from damnation we have to go back 1900 years and depend upon the murder or execution of a holy being These things did not appear reasonable to me Neither did I believe In any Infallible book the criticism or contradiction of which could condemn one to eternal pun ishment To the eye of reason all these things appear absurd When the body be comes ill or enfeebled the foul or spirit J f becomes likewise The Inference is rThere is no good reason to believe that the soul or spirit or individual cons lenceness survives the death of the body Such were the conclusions of as pure J and intellectual a man as ever lived in this county after a life of study and re flecUon extending over almost fourscore and ten years He went to sleep as peacefully as a child on a summer evening neve having the slightest fear or apprehension as to the Tj future His life was well roun edout both in years and accomplishments and the memory thereof is as a benediction to those who had the pleasure of his ac qualnt1UlceiFOLLY By B D Oh the folly of the massesJOh that vain and groundless hope Of a god who burns and blesses When through deaths door we grope Oh the folly of the people 4 jWho will rush to church In painFAs the bell rings In the steeple And their prayers ascend In vain F Oh can It last forever t Such an ancient foolish faith In gods and ghosts and devils And all that priests createrINo for the peoples minds will waken Then will true belief begin That prayer avails them nothing And that god was made by man iY jj8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 12J8 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 161 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six menth Ct cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES t One Inch single columfi Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 1M six months 509 one year J800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month U80llx months 2900 one year 1010 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal li case of dlsclntlnuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 121118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome TUB BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as Secondclass melting matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P O Box Lexington Ky 1aot BEHOLD WE BRING A NEW GOSPEL You cannot successfully measure the depth of mans re ligion by the length of his face on Sunday That was Goethe It is also a truth There must be something radically wrong with a religion when it puts an expression on a mans face as if his religions was hurting him Some people imagine themselves exceedingly pious They gain a reputation for piety If they would but carry their troubles to a doctor of medicine instead ofa doctor of divinity they would find it simply a case of bile Iu other words they have mistaken biliousness for piety Preachers can no longer succeed in fooling the people into believing that for a cash consideration they are able to keep the almighty in a good humor It makes very little difference what one man believes or what another man disbelieves Facts are facts and belief to the contrary cannot alter or change them Belief no matter how earnest or sincere will not put gods on Vigil Olympus On the other hand unbelief as we understand it has been able to extinguish the fires of the orthodox hell and to this extent its labors have not been in vain If deity exists he would continuo to exist did the universe deny him If ho does not exist then all the faith nil the prayers all the sacrifices made and offered through V T J f j itJf iotikJ ifiii J thousand centuries willnot evolve him from the night finothingnessThe would lay before youa now gospel It is not a gospel of faith but of fact it is not concerned with atonements of blood nor crucified bills of indemnity from the consequences of sin but it is a gospel of pure humanity founded on fraternity wherein the concern of one is made the concern of all it is not a gospel that looks to the open grave for argument but it points to the cradle whereby human hearts are forever linked and front which springs every human hope every human ambition overt human aspiration for which men and women strive and struggle to attain and fulfil Nor does this gospelleedto bejbolstered tip by any creed l It works solely for human improvement and a consequent human happiness It deals not with shadow but with sub stance Its knows nothing ofany other world but centers all its energies upon this It would permit the sun of Reasons bright day to break through and dissipate the x darkclouds that hang over humanity left by the long blacknight of theology It enjoins upon men no worship but that of work and offers you no priest but that of love J This gospel is the gospel of Freethought You may call it worldliness if you will and you will better appreciate it and understand it If we had more of this worldism and less of another worldism in our daily affairs we wouldnot have the elements now existing that create such enormous divisions in society This gospel then is to work for the improvement of world ofwhich we do know something und let any other world real or fictitious alone until wo get into it If there is another world we shall all bo there No priest or preacher can keep you out of itTFor our motto wo take the sentiment expressed by the beloved Ingersoll the time to be happy is now the place to be happy is here Of Course some will disagree with this but it is their blessed privilege and we would not deprive them 6f it if wo could Wo are not going to quarrel over this disagree mont All men cannot think alike produce alike or believe alike Infinite diversity is ono of the best established laws of Nature and it rules in the world of intellect as it does jn any other department of existence Were men made aUIin one mold like so many immaculate bricks in which one agreed with all and all agreed withono progress would bo and tile race would sink back into tile mid night of barbarism and faith Men differ concerning ro ligion as they do concerning politics Ten thousand years may pass and the tariff question remain unsettled bUt any oneboss preacher is able to tell you offhand what the plans of the infinite are But all religions tire essentially one and the same The Methodist agonizing at the mourners bench and the Catholic toying with his rosary the Viking wor shipping his god of fire and the Baptist swimming in a tank are all the immediate and proximate results of the same cause The Freethinker places allreligionsupon an equal footing according to each full credit for the particular virtues j J 4 frt itG ftt riJ i iv tr1J J LJ PI t qt BLUE GRASS BlADE it inculcates and we insist that each shall bear its proportion of the burdenfor the wrongs it has inflicted upon humanity Judged in this light the Christion religion will be shown the greatest sinner This is called the ago of Christian faith if we could appreciate it and what do we see I The influences exercised by the Christian religion upon the body social have produced conditions exhibiting extreme selfishness sensationalism and sham Freethought once universally adopted will dismiss these superficialities and Restore heartiness and healthiness to human life Under l Christian domination character does not count unless backedup by a large bank account from which liberal con tributions are drawn for the church Men who habitually despoil the widows of their mites and proclaim ittl virtue and who grab pennies from the hands of unsuspecting childhood pro welcomed in church congregations given the glad hand and accorded an acclaim that is due only to onio conquering hero The Christian religion has become little morn than a foolish luxury Its temples are converted into sumptuous palaces wherein people who are ennuieJ with themselves may parade in Parisian millinery and have their tgreed for the bizarre satiated with sensational sermons a change is coming Men are discarding ancient theologies for the promptings of reason and humanity The presence of this convention in ci is a strong evidence of that fact On every hand superstition is giving way before the onslaughts of science and the dawn of a now and boundless day can be seen above the hilts of progress The church may mate a spasmodic attempt to keep up ippfjar ances but men cannot raise the dead The church that will not progress must perish while they who are content to sail slowly on in the rear of human intelligence will gradually assume a higher and a better nature when preachers Will become teachers and musty creeds will fall before en lightenedmind of the new humanity RELIGIOUS CRIMINAL STATISTICS The official report of the police department of the City of Winnipeg Canada a copy of which has been mailed to our office by a Canadian Freethinker contain some very interesting figures bearing upon the moral status of cluuvl r= members believers in the Christian religion and those who have no regard for such faith The number of persons arrested during the year 1908 are given as 4859 Owing to the careful manner in which statistical data has been taken the religious or church affiliations of each and every person arrested are recorded in a book provided for that purpose These figures the following Roman Catholic 1538 Anglican church 1353 Presby torian937 Lutheran 860 Methodist 300 Baptist 129 Congregational 86 all others 211 Taking these figures as they are giycn there is in any and all events 4648 known Christians as against 211 of no religious faith even assuming that the latter number could all bo counted as such Still we have another yiew which is that while the 211 are given as including till i i diii others it is by no means certain that they were all Free thinkers and no matter which way we view facts it is a bad showing for the moral side of professing Christians These figures may be verified by writing to the Chief of Police at Winnipeg DR HAUSMAN WANTS TO LECTURE All who have thus followed Dr Hausmans serial articles running through the Blade will be honestly bound to admit that he is not only a capable and interesting writer but that he is also a scholar anda student of exceptional ability whose great heart and mind and brain are pet fectly free from and antagonistic to the sordid superstitious and theologies of the day and age As we proceed each week wo are more strongly impressed with the valuable contribution his coming book will make to the current literature on evolution and sociology But there is another thing now equally important namely Dr Hausman is not only willing but he is ex tremely anxious to lecture on the Freethought platform in America as an exponent of the philosophies and the sciences enunciated in his book and the Blade is anxious that he should be given and that he should find the desired opportunities His purpose is to illustrate these lectures by the aid of stereopticon views prepared by himself which willmake the lectures interesting instructive and easy to grasp by the average mind At the same time he could promo fo the sale of his book which ought to be read to the extent ofa full million copies even in the United States alone We do not know how Dr Hausman would s appear in lecture work but being so thoroughly familiar with his subjects and a man of almost unbounded intel lectual capacity possessing a good gift in the use of elegant language it would seem that ho ought to be a great success If ho can talk and illustrate on a platform as he cau express his thoughts with pen and ink there can bo no doubt concerning the result of such an effortwThe Freet inkers of America need just sucht man at work along the lines here indicated The Blade knows of no man more capable and competent than Dr Hausman to undertake it It needs money however to make the necessary start and this is what both Dr Hausman and the Blade is lacking Dr Hausman has one suggestion to offer It is reasonable and practical That his own views on the subject may be placed before our readers more especially those who may be in a position to aid in tho enterprise the following extract from a letter recently received from is given Having read your article on Freethought Lecture Work I wish to remind you of some remarks I made in regard to this subject in my letters Since I can not find any employment in one of my professions and am prevented by graftlaw from exercising the other I woud like to enter the lecturing field I have already given you my views 6n this proposition my plan would be to give lectures illustrated with stereopticon views for which I want to WiLl- ie rr 10 Q4Illy i RBLUE GRASS BLADE draw the pictures myself in order to make the scientific suujects ciear and interesting with an ultimate view to promote the sale of the boor Jlhe best way to get tie money would be to organize a company WItha small capital say 1 2bl0 and over the share holders to receive uo possible to carry out this plan1 do not wow hero in uo poasiuie to carry out tnis plan 1 do not know here in mu xruncibco it seems mipossiule judging iron tile nega tive results oi my eliorts so tar But 1 Have no doubt unit it will pay which depends less on the subject than the manner In which it is represented It would not do how ever to start without sunicient means it is liKe anyother couuueiciul business you must have the goods hrst and then you must induce the public to buy the question now arises whether or not there are suffi cient number of Freethinkers in America to form the company hero suggested and who are willing to extend assistance to the end that Dr Jiausman may be given the opportunities he seeks There can be no doubt as to the beueuciul results accruing to Jbreethpught from such an undertaking These lectures would unsettle theology and godworship wherever they could be heard Frcethought could be made to and prosper The lectures would be educativethroughout At the same time if properly managed they could bo made a source of profit to those furnishing the financial means to secure them If the necessary amount of money can be forthcoming and the company formed to back the enterprise the Bladu will give the free use of its columns and endeavor to secure lecture appointments for Dr HauSman to the extent of its capabilities We cannot know the success of any undertaking until it has been given a trial and as the Freethinkers are hungry for intellectual food in Americawith scarcely one to minister to their wants in the manner here indicated it is worthy of the best effort that can be made In behalf of Dr Hausman the Blade would like to Hear from its friends on the subject and will do all in its power to assist in bringing this matter to a successful issue ROOSEVELT HADNT TIME When a distinguished American citizen and scholar called upon Roosevelt at the White House representing a public mass meeting held in Chicago to petition himto correct a mistake he had made Roosevelt declined to sea Him and the Chicago InterOcean a truckling sycophant ever with an eye towards subsidising and campaign funds attempts to apologize for the rough rider by suggesting that the President hadnt time Did the InterOcean ever pause long enough to realize the fact that the expresident did have time to utter a wilfuland malicious lie concerning the greatest ofall American patriots ho who made it possible for even a Washington to be denominated the father of his country As a political lickspittle the InterOcean is without an equal in the whole world of American journalism andyet 11ffi ij f ff t insult upon the American citizen aforesaid it immediately fell to the task of inventing excuses for what had nipV penedand it managed to hit upon the fallacious and false expediency of hinting to its unfortunate readers that the president hadnt time Blade readers will recall the fact as we have made comment on the subject before that a Paine memorial b meeting held in Chicago during the last week in Januaryoradopted a resolution which M M Mangasarian was ret quested to present to Roosevelt seeking to secure national republicbyretract the printed statement he had caused saying that Paine was a filthy little atheist Following out the in structions given to him Mr Maugasarian proceeded to the White House with the resolutions in his pocket requested audience with His Majesty that he might fulfil the mission assigned to him but Roosevelt kept the door conveniently closed between himself and his visitor Naturally Mr Mangasarian felt that he had been insulted and upon his return home he gave vent to his feelings Thus it was that the InterOcean came to the defense of Roosevelt and insisted in its editorial columns tha the ono reason why Roosevelt could not see Mangasarian was that t the president hadnt time We have said that in charging Paine with being a filthy little atheist Roosevelt gave utterance to a wilful andmalicious life The Blade repeats the charge Wo claim justification in sodoing We are willing to admit that when Roosevelt first wrote that sentence and had it published in his Life of Governor Morris he had done so through ignorance not having read Paine and had fallen into the priestly habit of abusing Paine without investigation But it was not long thereafter before Roosevelt I was made aware of the mistake or error he hadmade and yet he permittedsubsequent editions of the book to j published with out making proper correction hence knowingly allowing the publication to continue Roosevelt was guilty of a wilful and malicious lie He did have time to promulgate this but according to the InterOcean Roosevelt did not have time when a scholarly gentleman called upon him at the request ofa large number of American citizens to even permit an interview on the subject fBut this is not the only manifest error of the Inter it Ipensehe has of education to Christian institutions and then proceeds by inuendo to hint that in spite of this he feels that he has a mission to destroy Christianity It is a selfevident fact that the Editor of the InterOcean has very little education as education is understood in the scholastic world today else he would not attribute educative influences to Christian institutions It may be though that what education the Editor of this plutocratic sheet is able to boast of was derived from Christian instiltutions and this will account for his antagonism to r u J BLUE GRASS BL EBr 11 lickspittle characteristics and his readiness to apologize for a lie This is the difference between Mangasarian and the InterOceans editor One is a scholar and a gentleman The other is a awing hypocritical sycophant who flatters for profit at the expense of truth and honesty To bo candid the Blade did not expect that Roosevelt s would grant an audience to Mangasarian We knew both k The innerconscience of the one and the sterling integrity of the other prevented them meeting The selfconviction of Roosevelt the knowledge that he had committed lit and storica19r m made of him such a moral coward that he was afraid to bo in the presence ofa mail- like Mangasarian whose coming had been heralded and of which Roosevelt doubtless had knowledge through his secret service men and confidential advisers Mangasarian has much lobe proudof Roosevelt needs to be ashamed of his conduct and his fear to look truth squarely in the eye Any honest man will find time to correct a mistake rectifying an untruthand as Rooso volts journalistic apologist declares that ho didnt have time the logical inference is plain EDITORIAL POTPOURI I dosomethingthatother It is not so much what wo actually have that makes us happy as what we do not want Some people fail to realize that yesterday is useless and that tomorrow may contain a fortune The man who has been a sinner all his life and suddenly turns saint has no mercy upon his own class afterwards The smile ofa sorrowstricken heart is a sunbeam of hope to the whole world Another church scandal and still the Lord keeps on tern poring the wind to the shorn lamb While under spirit will excitement a Mrs Mary Lavender made a confession f to Rev Edward B Crawford pastor of the Woodlawn Park Methodist Church at Chicago of her misconduct with another Methodist preacher Rev John D Leek The f Rev confessor used his knowledge to force the other preacher to resign and the husband of the woman sought t legal restraints to prevent further publicity Church dis r ptioii is reported and thus wo are given another illus trationof the bonoficiont influences of Christianity upon morjdls What brutes these preachers be I Now that Rev Daniel B Leach of Illinois has recited his own funeral sormonvin a phonograph to bp used upon the occasion of his demise wo may anticipate 1 a now industry Ifa man bo privileged to buy a phone r r ji kii i t VV t b- tf t m ai graphic record of an entire funeral service the fuueralee and the undertaker could have things all their own wayy and the preacher could be dispensed withaltogether Why noU The fate of the California Sunday rest bill ought to be a sufficient warning to the Puritans that if they wish to keep off the grass they have the privilege of sodoing but they have no right to force other people off by lawrThe Northwestern Christian Advocate a religious and temperance publication has caused considerable amuse r ment and comment by giving a recipe for the making of a cake which called for a glass of whisky as one of the ingredients The editor placed responsibility upon tho poor devil in the printing office but the paper no doubt got the money It is gratifying to know that Justice William J Graynor of the Now York Supremo bench believes in the freedom of the press and its right of criticism of those in public office t New York is beginning to move some A liberal Sun day league has been started with Judge Warhope Lynn as president which has for its object the securing of a liberal Sunday upon which outdoor sports maybe indulged in without coming in conflict with a blue law May it succeed Two hundred and fiftyfive lashes with a genuine cato ninetails were distributed between eighteen culprits under judicial sanction at Wilmington Delaware recently And 4N the churchlites claim this as a Christian country Will the Delaware courts ever become civilized The missionary graft in America when left to itself and to domestic influences alone has proven such n failure that now methods are boin resorted to in order to entice tho faithful to shell out Two pilgrims from Kurdistan clad in biblical robes and one of them said to bear facialtcharacteristics resembling those of the gospel Jesus are now touring this country begging for money with which to win souls to the Nazarene As a house to house canvas is being made it is a safe presumption that the venture will prove profitable which proves that folly and cash do not remain long together V NwJersoy Christians are about to open up a model i saloon in which professional bartenders are to be employed tf for the purpose of mixing the special drinks called for q ozebeingconsideredof the devil andmoney obtained from the sale thereof as having a moral taint it is dollars to doughnuts that the servants of the Lord will count every fTc6pper passing through the cash register Jii itJi fii rr gY IJ ff j ii iti t 121jEOB ELADE D J The Blades Poets WHICH IS RAiSED JOr Do They Unite and Form a Giant By Matilda C Coomer They tell us that mans body changes At times In the course of his life As over his worldrealm tie ranges Searching for pleasure and strife At ten the babes body has vanished At twenty the childs form is gone And thus till each one has been banished Save that which death fastens upon r This brings me a puzzling reflection Of all my own bodies I shed Which one at the famed resurrection Will Heaven raise up from the dead Or will every atom that ever Grew into each personal man Now make him a giant forever According to Gods magic plan If so we should make transmigration Of souls our first Godgiven creed Not many such giants creation needWichita THE RECOIL OF FORCE By J E Burkhart Behold the ruins wrought by force Wherever you may be Beneath the arching canopy Encompass land and sea Go count the vagaries of man His glories won and how Ayesing of peace of might toslay In ancient time as now What of the majesty of Rameses His brilliancy Impose His canton nomes of kingdoms In lethe still repose Thepyramius of Egypt His sphinxes on the Nile The tomb s of priest and warrior Are all in rufns pile What of the wonders Ptaroah wrought The Ptolemies divine The pantomlnes of Moses Defied the test of time The arts and arms of Omar Are mummy dust of clay The Prophets mosque at Cairo The outlines wear away What of the Temple Solomon built Its cherublma of gold What pillars flanked its His fairy tales of old The brazen snake the moulten sea What deity held sway In glory on Mount Zion All have passed away What of the mighty Caesars The temple built to Mars His statue with Jupiter The father god of wars Immortalized at Rome The panderage of crime The Judgment Porch of Herod The wreck and wrath of time What of Constantine the Great His Pennon Sways the cross uphold The venal State the sacred geese The Roman See controlled Her sons enslaved to creditors The Paullns of robe and stole The Senators and Nobles bribed Pile up the martyrs role What of the feudal kings and lords The Mormon Duke of Russ The Hildebrand assumed command The martyrdom of Huss Servetus at Geneva The Calvinists condemned Old Britain stained the market place Joan of Arc was burned What of the Great Napoleon The autocrat of France The rival fame of Hannibal The augury advance The thunder from the Vatican Split Christendom In twain And the demon force of Mammon Bdl drink its gall in shame What of the great United States In union pound Waves deflauco to the foe The right to freedom found She holds the key within her grasp She only can unclasp that right And reason will support That key by thought was cast What of tBe great Philosophers Times duration stand The thought invents the authors shine Preeminent hold command l The marvels wrought by Edison The poets sent to rhyme r Odes of Shelley Holmes and Poo Forevermore sublime t 1f tf St kOC No power of force can stay the mind On wings of thought it impales thesea Spare the Universe combined The elements that be The limits uncorfflned And to Its goal as to its source Moves the mlghtyUniyerse Of Thoughts Supernal Course Infinite Thought In man The wind and lightning obey The atom mist of dust The angry tempests swayiWith Hell and Heaven equal poised Terrestrial everywhere The Thought Is here and there SOME TIMELY DEFINITIONS For the Benefit of Those Who Do Not Know and to Strengthen the Minds of Those Who Do By Dr K Van know SCiENCEThe sum RiperIRELIGIONThe sum do not know- AGNOSTICOne who knows that he does not know those things about which nothing is or can bo known An agnostic- also knows one thing morenamely that nobody else knows any more than he does about the unknow- nINFIDELOne who does not believe in the infallibility and perfect authenticity of a book the origin of which cannot be es tablished within two centuries PRAYERThe brains sincere desire for something or it isan appeal from the known to the unknowna supplication for uelp by the known to the unknown EVOLUTION The almighty creator and unfolder LOVE The only safe and sane redeemer HUMANITYThe all In alltho only prayerhearing and prayeranswering god MINDThe only hell and the only heaven SCIENCE The only providence of nun Nothing is of so much value to man as 1toreally constitutes truth- WATERPOWER MOTORS and WATERFANS Machine and Hardware Specialties at order CLEVELAND SPECIALTY MFG CO ClevelandSo Brooklyn Ohio s t4 J Vi g f BLUE GRASS BLADE ll 4 NON 0 40 N 4 40PHON 4 6 4NOHPN 6P iONNNHHNHNNHNNN Cbe Blades Coitncspondcnce HNNHNNHNNN JChlsholmChadburn Debate WAURIKA OKLAI live away out here In Oklahoma but tho Blue Grass Blade gets here just the same I thought tae Blade readers would like to hear something about the debate which has Just closed at our school house The Rev Chisholm represented the Campbelllte socalled and the Rev Jnadburn the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latterday Saints each one affirming that the church represented by him is in harmony in organization doc trine and practice with the church that was perfected by Christ and the Apostles There were eight sessionsfour each both had a preacher for a moderator They must have a Chairman They looked about for some one who was not prejudiced on either side anu desired an Infidel They selected me as I was the only one In the neighborhood It Is not for me to say which came out ahead but I think if they polled the audience the Saint would frhad won by a large majority Things got hot sometimes the Campbelllte calling the Saint a liar several times during the discussion Said Chisholm You prove that the angel appeared to Joe Smith Chadburn rejoined You prove that the angel appeared to Joseph This was dently a standoff neither of which can be proven Cold type is all the evidence and o els just as good as the other and neither any good at all I heartily wished Jno R Charlesworth had been here when they got through and replied to both of their arguments What he would have done to thejn would have been a plenty I judge there are other infidels that might make as good an argument as he but I know Charlesworth personally have heard him In debate have entertained him In my home feeding hint on chicken but I wopldnt have any one Infer that he is an exMethodist preacher because he has a weaknee for this toothsome delicacy We had a big crowd a big house and even the standing room was all taken up and many stood on the outside and looked through the windows I believe the debate did good disgusting many who went 1wy proclaiming that the oldtime relig lonlsnotl good enough for me The Rev Chisholm said In his first speech that if he was wrong then that man Is right pointing to me In Rev Chadburns reply he made the statement that all progress was In the rank and file of skepticism So you see I am ahead As for the squirt t i Ji4 yv rel problem I am sure If the squirrel goes around the tree the man goes around the tree but not around the squirrel I am not much of a gunner but I had a brother that was a good shot and ne would often take me hunting with him Whenever we found a squirrel up a tree and the squirrel moved to the other side he would have me go arounu on that side and shake a bush to turn the squirrel So if he could go around the squirrel what Was the use of shaking the bush Wishing you a prosperous yearH A HOUSERr Renews Subscription JORDAN VALLEY ORE Please find enclosed postoftlce money order to pay my subscription to November 1909 Please excuse my delay Sickness and Republi can prosperity have caused It Please in form me where I can get a true history of the Roman Empire without having to buy a number of costly books to find out what I want to know about the Romans J F VINCENT Wants Result of Debate ZANESVILLE OMay I add a crumb for the advancement of intelligence which comes from the great storehouse of M B Craven In his criticism on the theological Idea of Deity The transcendental current into which popular opinion Is now rapdly drifting furnishes indubitable evidence that a sys tem of theology founded on and still supported by such outrageous and sacrilegious proceedings as marked the career of those presumptlous Israelites who were apparently devoid of psychological perception and undeveloped In pneumatology stands In jeopardy of falling before the powerful artillery that the light of modern science combined with spiritual and Intellectual development are bringing to bear upon it from the standpoint of reason philan thropy and general Intelligence for the time Is evidently fast approaching when all systems of religion will be arraigned at the tribunal of science when such as are dependent upon the authority of tra dition alone without any foundation upon the principles of Nature will be assigned a place among the fossils of ancient myth opponents argument will fall on account of Its own weakness Please let t i LL4r J me know the result of our uebateJ T FISHER Old Friends Are Found SHREVE OHIOI saw bv the daly press that you had a uebate with a sky pilot at Canal Dover I remember that you gave a few lectures in our town or 16 years ago Since that time I have lost track of you Would be pleased to hear from you and to see a copy of your paper J W SMITH 3 THE WHEEL OF LIFE A Monthly Paper Published Eby Life Publishing Co St oLuls Mo Edited by W C Cope DEALS WITH ORIGINS The origin of Marriage of Ethcs of Re ligion of Brotherhood of tho belief In Im mortality It treats broauy of Love of Human Instincts ana Ideals It takes in the whole Wheel of Life treating all sub 3tc s In sucb a clear plain and noloy way that the dust is shaken out and they become as interesting as a novel to oven the casual reader Send 10 cents for a six months trial subscription or i quarter for a year to the Life Pub Co St Louis Mo POPULAR LINE il SOUTH Between Atlanta Birmingham Knoxville ofAshvilleSavannah Jacksonville Mobile Vicksburg Shreveport New Orleans and Texas Points For rates and printed matter ad dress W 0 Kinemon 0 P A Cincinnati Ohio ili i 37 t YJ Mans Origin and Destiny Jifk By Dr A Hausman Alameda CaliforniaYP f 2 This is the Greatest Bookof modern times on thetheory ofEv61uti6nappl5edtoSoci6logy r It will sho hasdedicated200 200 Subscribe Now and Save Money l All charges of postage will be prepaid upon adva subscriptions j t The first chapters are now in the press and publication in book form will immediately ttrfollow its serial publication in the blade columns f rlY r l Subscribe Now Subscribe Now dY JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky The Peoples Press Fearless In Its advocacy of Krecthought Published weekly at Blue Island ATI Chicago J B Lenau Publitkti Official paper of the Materialist Assodatloc In Canada or Foreign Countries 100 a Year Subscription 30 Cents a Year Silk Dresses Given Away An opportunity of a life time for women who love good clothes High School girls can obtain their grad ual ion dresses without cost working girls and married women may secure fine fall or summer dresses Large list of patterns to select from Bona fide offerno fraud no grafting or performForaddress and a twocent postage stamp to 247 Hennepin Ave MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA ED S SHEAGREEN it try Firt9stir f j rr Marriage and Divorce by OSEPH1NE E HENRY VERSAILLESKENTUCKV Thousands of copies otthls uptodak pamphlet are now in circulation In On United States and England It treats U forcible style of the most Important prob lem before the American people It should be read by both married and single by all men and women who desire domestic promptly filled by the author Copy 25 Cents 5 Copies One Do FOR THINKERS WHO THINK The Wage Slave A Socialist Weekly that advocates Indus trial Unionism Revolutionary to the core EDITED BY A FREETHINKER The enemy of everything that supports the existing social order Send for sample copy Address The Wage Slave Box Hancock Mich A JL sT R1ve Aot 1j i t jii t J C i Jit tnT lti1 f1 t t Give Em Fitske rt tIThatsSCARLET SHADOWF Walter Hurts Ical novel dons to the forces of bigotry and iu perstltton And the sec ular pren of the country goaded by the church element Is throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by r orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that It Is all right It has ere ated a sensation In servative circles an- daUledConltematioll amonetheclem It Is enthusiastically endorsed by leadlnlcFreelthlnkers througiIout the world know hOwHurt can write and in this book he Is at his best It Is an elegant fit to ornament the finest library c ntalnlnt I pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood clothfiPrice S150 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE v b Lexington Ky li l tl Silti J j t t i ff lff j rwf T i BLUE GRAS8BLADEo 1 Sure and Subscribe For Secular Thought t Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti cism In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 1861k Queen St West ronto Canada Terms 1 per annum In advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 18514 Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should be addressed CM ELLIs Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought Toronto Can GRADUATION GIFTS What can be nicer and more suitable for such gifts than a genuine Diamond daintily mounted In Ring Pin Stud or otherwise These can be had for 10 130 and up They are Indestructible a Joy forever and will last as long as the world l will revolve In its orbit neither do they ever depreciate in value Or n Gold Watch which Is useful during life as well as ornamental LADIES GOLD WATCHES Large size Elgin Waltham or Hamp den 20year goldfilled hunting case latest style artistic handcaused 7 jewels 16 Jewels 111 16 Jewels adj 15 Small 0 size 7 Jewels 11 16 Jewels 13 16 jewels adj 18uRlversldeextra fine 24 In 26year case 1 more In 14k solid gbldi case 10 to 20 more All in velvet box prepaid wits guarantee Every watch fresh from factory CHAINS FOBS OR LONG GUARDS Latest styles best filled 2 U and THE IDEAL GENTLEMANS WATCH Small 12 size Hampden elegant are tistic handchased or engineturned gold filled hunting case guaranteed 25years Genl Stark 16 Jewels 15 Deuber Orand17 Jewels adjusted H50 John- Hancock 21 jewels extra fine 2900In face screw case 100 less Also in 61solid gold Send for prices of Watches not here enumerated Jewelry Rings Silverware in Optliism In the Crucible free possibleOTTO WETT8TEW l La Grange Cook County III e i 1 WI rW SEEDSFresh Searanteed to Please Brery Planter IUperlormerlllofOuI StpgelaL sFF9R FOR 10 CENTS- tend postpaid our I FAMOUS COLLECTION i ale pie Frk NoLrt1FilUrUiBirkilUttiMAleis rw r et itPHud uo GREAT NORTHERN SEED co Rose at Rockford Illinois TOMORROW MAGAZINE FOR PEOPLE WHO THINE TOMORROW does not draw Its inspira tion from Tradition Mysticism Super stition or Custom It is A Journal of Rationalism Dealing with the questions of Life from the impersonal standpoint and accepting the scientific interpretation of all phenomena TOMORROW is not for those who are partisannot for those who are wedded to some pet belief or ismnot for those who are governed by fear of God or of Public Opinion- TOMORROW la for Free Soulsfor Men and Women who are not Afraid to Think in Harmony with Natures Laws Send 15 cents for Three Months Trial Subscription and our Special Book Offer lOo the Copy 100 the Year TOMORROW PUBLISHING 00 139 E 56th St CHICAGO ILL The Woman and The Prospector Is the title of a romance every mahj woman and child should read It should be In the hands of all who are opposed to supersti tion and graft as It is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and the administration of drugs to human beings at the same time points out the only method for the cure of the consumptive The booklet Is really free but the cost of advertising and postage we figure at 10 cents so if you wish a copy send us 10 cents A M PARKER 415 Crocker Sc Los Angeles Calif SEND 10c FOR SAMPLE OF Hesald Religious Stickers The same being short quotations front Our Dear Heavenly Father Our Blessed Savior Baalams Ass Mary Christ Our Friend the Devil and other person LThesedoors and other objects where they will do the most good In spreading the glad tidtyIngs of great joy i Until April 1909 address FRANKLIN HEALD Clrcleville Ohio Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important Pigs Potatoes and Pups Do you believe that we grownups and even the Children should know at much about ourFelvip we know abou Fishes rionvrs awl Flogs Do you believe in Better Fiogeny a More Elevated Race anyway 7kIf eo Fend 125 for a years subscriptiontto the American Journal of be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Malr St Los Angeles California U S 4 Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage cents stamps t The Holy Bible In a Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the contradictions and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faithand destroy their godwebs Ready Soon Order Nowl Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 15 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 1728 Ellis Street San Francisco Cal SEEDSlUCIES REM SPECIAL OFFER JUI to land BitliiH trial our permanent PrIze llectlollsadll17 Ld uthe yule Pir TTo PLEASE Write today Mention this Paper SEND 10 CENTSnMlnUU valseble Tr3Iotlatrartive Plant Beatrletls Intt faCkbeelwl ui to1 m t tlo t H N H NON N H N H N H N N IN N N HNN N H H N H N H H H H H NONON N N N N H N HOH N rI i OUR MARK FOR 1909 IS TO i I DOUBLE OUR CIRCULATION i IIJUst Read Over the BeautifulIand Valuable Premiums we Offer and Make up Your Mind to Get Busy tElegant2WE MUST DOUBLE OUR PRESENT CIRCULATION DURING 1909 AS A GUARANTEE JAND STABILITY TO THIS END WE OFFER iINDUCE1IIENTS IN THE WAY OF USEFUL PREMIUMS TO PAY iTHE TIME YOU EXPEND HELPING US i PREMIUMS PREMIUMS i i 1 Roman Gold Monogram China Dinner Set 42 Pieces I lThisis an attraction for every womanUsefuland Ornamental Gives the table a pretty Good ChinaRetailsat 800 per setInitial letters of owners name + i woven in monogram and burnished upon every piece in pure gold letters iTEN SUBSCRIBERS TEN SUBSCRIBERS k iSend us 10 New Yearly Subscribers to the Blade and we will send you one of the above isets charges prepaid No money out of your pocket Only a little real effort and you can 1+ get these without actual cost 1 NoonTime China Dinner Set 45 Pieces t This set is equally as attractive as the other but has rio monogram It retailat t I500 per set An ornament to any table iSEVEN SUBSCRIBERS SEVEN SUBSCRIBERS i You can get this set sent to you free charges prepaid by sending us seven new I annual subscribers to the Blade S TERMS tWrite us that you intend working to secure one or either of the above dinner sets and we willenter your name in a book whereon to credit you for every subscriber you sendand keep a record Subscriptions maybe sent in at any time and the paper will be sent as soon as received When you have sent in the requisite number for either set it will be sent to oncet 2RSUBSCRIPTION BLANK FORMS WILL BE SENT ON APPLICATION A ii ii JNQ i