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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, April 4, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909040401 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, April 4, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. if 1 w BLUE GRASS BLADE= = = == c CCC ==Volume XVII Number 49 LEXINGTON KY APRIL 3 1409 1 DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT SuperstitionIto ox 1 t if Il r ii1 1 i j r LIII na a BLUE GRASS BLADE WILLIAM THRELKELD FICKLEN By Harmon Stitt Some time ago we published a good likeness of William Throlkeld Flcklen one of the oldest and most highly respected citizens ot Paris Kentucky During the editorial career of the late C Moore it was not necessary to introduce Mr Flcklen to the readers of tie Blue Grass Blade The two men were intimate friends and Mr Moore often referred to Brother Ficklen In terms of commendation It was the knowledge of this attachment each had for tho other that caused the two to be placed in the Bourbon county Jail Mr Moore published certain articles reflecting upon Paris people that resulted in his arrest and conviction It was charged that Flcklen had furnished the information and was therefore culpable A warrant was issued for him he was arrested and told that he must give bond Though a half score of the most substantial citizens of Paris were willing to become surety for him Mr Flcklen refused to allow them to do so Charlie Moore was already be hind the bars and Ficklem did not anticipate a dull time in such company He was committed then his prosecutors began to try to get him out Flcklen at that time was a member of the Christian Church For over fifty years he had lived according to its teach ings Ho was strictly moral he was honest to the core he didnt drink nor gamble nor had he any of the laceruffled sins so common to mankind When It was learned that he was In Jail upon such a charge the public began to take notice Some said Its u Bbiinif Others A damned shame And they wanted to know who was back of it The prosecutors rushed to Flcklen and begged him to give hail Nothing doing Then he was told he could on his own recognizance He knew he COULD but WOULDNT They thought he acted SO mean about It but then you must member Charlie Moore was in Jail and if Flcklen went out he would have to associate with the other fellows Ho preferred to remain where ho was However they deprived him of the pleasure He was discharged any old wayand there the matter ended so far as Flcklen was concerned In passing it Is but just to say that Mr Ficklen did not furnish Moore with the Items complained of That was done by a Lexington newspaperman sInce dead This prosecution made an Infidel of Flcklen Ho withdrew from the church He purchased Freethought books and began to study their teachings It was a revelation to him Why said he is it possible these men teach such splendid truths Hows this I have always been told that Infidels were blasphemers liars thieves scoffers at women and home the sacred ties of love honor and marriage and all that makes life pure and sweet But it Isnt true These men are not what the preachers say they are They teach the Beatitudes They hold that motherhood Is holler than priesthood that the grandest altar is not half so sacred as the lowliest cradle They teach that tho true Lord Is the laborer and the true laborer the Lord They are Independent selfreliant men and women who seem to hold a God responsible for their afflictions or sorrows and do not put off until another world to balance the debits and credits of good or evil committed here This discovery pleased Mr Flcklens That people could be honest kind sncere without the intervention of superstitious rites awakened his profound admiration He decided to help the entice along For years ho circulated scores of Blue Grass Blades each week He subscribed to tho capital stock of the enterprise when it was launched He gave thousands away gladly believing they would set men to thinking and thus lead them to truth Noticing the close alliance between the church and predatory wealth he ought bunches of the Appeals to Reason and circu lated them among the poor and believing and never sold one Mr Flcklen Is an uncompromising prohibitionist like nearly all Infidels Having no hopes of life In another world It behooves them to make this as pleasant as possible Ho speaks of his early labors among preachers with a great deal of hilarity One source of amusement to him was to call upon the ministers to announce local option speakers Usually they refused Sometimes they promised to do so but would forget It or subsequently claimed that they learned it was a political meeting sand they could not take politics into tho pulpit On a certain occasion none of tho l III white ministers would make an announcement but a colored divine did so Insisting upon his members attending Flal len remarked to one who had refused I consider that negro the only white man among Ficklens Jail experience Is not the least of the indignities he has had to suffer for consciences sake Of course the ignorant have dubbed him crank and the selfsatisfied have bestowed upon him a patronizing smile as they condescendingly listened to his arguments The stupid regard him as harmful and the zealots rank him an enemy to mankind All that one expects and Is prepared to meet but orthodoxy is not satisfied with opprobrium It is satisfied with nothing but annihilation It may come by the fagot and the stake or the slower processes of disintegration It may come by injuring a mans business or estranging his friends from him In some guise it conies It struck Mr Flcklen in his most vulnerable spot He bears It with equanimity but it is his deepest wound For over forty years Ficklest has been a member of a certain great secret order Ho never departed from its teachings through all that time Ho paid his dues visited the sorrowladen nursed the afflicted spoke words of encouragement to the erring Ho had never questioned a Brothers motives nor sought to stifle his beliefs Lodge night was looked forward to by him with pleasure for he enjoys the company of young men believing In their dreams their hopes their aspirations It is an ideal Order and it does a grand work Protestants and Catholics Jew and Gentile meet around its altar and counsel for the good of needy but you know how orthodoxy despoils the beautiful how It stifles every good Impulse of the human heart How it blasts and destroys wherever It touches Well It got into this Lodge and has left an unsightly blotch An orthodox member preferred charges against Mr Flcklen What do you suppose the Indictment contained That you denounce the Bible Do you grasp that Denounce the Bible Do you suppose that any of the great authors would feel insulted if this octogenarian would speaK disrespectfully of his work Would It not be to smile But for speaking disrespectfully of a book claimed by these men to have been written by the living God mover and director of human eventsho who spins worlds and systems of worlds from the hollow of his hand as a child blows bubbles In the summer sun Mr Flcklen of Paris Kentucky burdened with the weight of over eighty years was suspended for ono year Just previous to tho trial which had been ordered by the Lodge one of the members approached Mr Flcklen and stated that ho had been appointed to defend him Mr Flcklen exprcsed his thanks A statement was asked for as a means of peaking a defense One was given but the appointed attorney declined to use it and demanded another So another statement was given but as the accused Lodge member was not allowed to be present at the trial ho does not know to this good day whether It was ever used or not The trial came to an end Whether that tho members be not con taminated by him or that he bo given time to purge himself of their presence the verdict docs not say Of course one cannot tell and really It doesnt matter However let us not forget that Flcklen docs not drink nor take tho name of God In vain nor He nor steal nor has ever sought to destroy the priceless innocence of childhood but God damn him ho spoke disrespectfully of tho Bible Mr Flcklen was born In Kllzavlllc Fleming county Kentucky September ICth 1827 Ills father was a noted stock trader He moving to Mason county the senior Ficklen laid off the village of Fairview Later he engaged in the wholesale coffee business in Maysvlllo Some years prior to the Civil War William Threlkeld Ficklem removed to Paris Ho has never married his bachelor quarters being the resort of rare spirits who love a good Joke a clean story a pleasant book or an occasional game of cards Ho Is hale and hearty and bids fair to live many years yet In full possession of all his faculties A rare character who can tell tho truth every time who doesnt have to whistle for his courage nor shout for his joy Ho takes the world serenely of philosophy his treasury Is fullbut ho speaks disrespectfully of the Bible f BLUL GRASS BLADE 8 A PLEA FOR EQUAL SUFFRAGE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THE ALLEGATIONS OF MRS HUMPHREY WARD By Marllla M Ricker Mrs Humphrey Ward of England who seems to lie under coverture as most of the antisuffragists do after a short visit hero rushed Into print on tho subject of Woman Suffrage She told us what we English have done which was Interesting She Informed us that the situation In the United States wait entirely different Sho remarked that In four of our States tho women have precisely the same voting power as men of which we are very proud In all the other States she said that women neither voto for municipal bodies nor sit upon them Now I having seen and conversed with a live woman Mayor from Kansas labored under the Impression that wo had municipal suffrage there Madame Ward to the contrary notwithstanding Then she tackled the Sphere which we all know Is very Important whether it has to do with Annette Klllerman swimming six hours at a time or some man milliner trimming a merry widows hat or a hat for a merry widow or whether Annie S Peck has climbed Mount Haurascaren which Is 26000 feet high or some man cook has invented a new sauce or read and practiced Second Kings 2113 when tho Lord salth I will wipe opt Jerusalem even as a man wlpeth a dish wiping It and turning It upside is an allImportant argument which I have heard threshed out for one hundred and fifty years more or less and Is still In use by the antisuffragists The Sphere question dies hard nothing but a spear can kill it And the spear should know neither brother nor sister We are Informed by tho madame that Physical force Is It In various ways In tho modern state and that women havo no right to claim full political power In a state where they can never themselves take the full responsibility of their actions because they can never bo called upon to finally enforce them To prove that tho modern state depends ultimately on force she cited that President Roosevelts call for four new battleships upheld that position She didnt mention what his idea of changing tho spelling of our language of tossing a coin to settle a political dispute or advocating largo families when tho average parents cannot properly feed clothe and educate them or establishing the whipping post upheld but she was certain that tho call for the battleships upheld her position on the force question Conse quently no physically weak man should bo allowed to vote Diplom acy came next According to the madamos version no woman could understand It I find in Stnbbs Medieval and Modern History that an ambassador is a man who is sent to lie abroad for tho good of his country I quote from the Century Dictionary Diplomat One skilled In diplomacy Diplomacy Is the art of conducting treaties representing the Interests of a state or Its subjects at a foreign court Diplomacy means artful artful means cunning and sometimes cunning means ilccolt I despise keyhole diplomacy and government by spies and I lIeve In nations telling tho truth as well as Individuals But for uptodate mixed diplomacy of various kinds call the at tention of Madame Ward to one stanza of tho late Dutch Re formed Hymn A diplomats wlfo named Maria Threw all tho fat in the fire But Teddy Rex ran quick Waved aloft tho big stick Crying Oh Maria Maria You are Musical Instrument In that mixed diplomatic shuffle the Red Hat was lost but Red Hats and purple robes should cut no ice in a republic Federal suffrage came next Mrs Ward seemed to think it dangerous or would be but I can assure her that it would be perfectly safe Finance and commerce were from her standpoint beyond the ken of women We have women bankers and captains of Industry all along the line They certainly have been able to hold their own If not other peoples like many male bankers- I call Madame Wards attention to the two great reforms in the franchise which stand out conspicuously above all others In English history the great reform bill of 1S32 and the leap In the dark of 1S67 Each became part of the Constitution as the direct result of an agitation far surpassing In violence anything witnessed on behalf of woman suffrage A man will fight for his life and political liberty a woman should do the same A very bright and honest Englishman said not long ago One thing Is perfectly certain the women will get what they want sooner or later and the only reflection that troubles me is how foolish we mere will feel when we find that although women are allowed to vote we are still permitted to live and move about and that In many respects the government that looks after us and our children understands the true Interests and welfare of all of us In a more humane and enlightened spirit than It ever did before It is surprising that there are women who aro unusually bright In many ways but seem contented with the position they occupy as noncitizens and political nonenltles content to be politically dead Thero Is the contentment of Ignorance and the content ment of indolence In the old slave days when Lincoln was told that the slaves did not want their freedom he replied If they aro so Ignorant as that they certainly need it These antisuffrngo women remind me of an old water mill running with empty hoppers Their wheels keep on going but they turn out no grist It seems needless to reiterate what wo who aro interested in equal suffrage know except to enlighten those who aro not particularly Interested Hero are some cold facts about equal suffrage Today wo have full suffrage In Wyoming Colorado Utah and Idaho municipal suffrage In Kansas tax suffrage in Montana Louisiana Iowa Michigan and throughout all the towns and lages of New York State school suffrage In Michigan Minnesota New Hampshire and right here want to state that New Hamp shire was tho first State In New England to grant school suffrago to her women Oregon Massachusetts Now York Vermont North and South Dakota Montana Arizona Mississippi xewtJersey Indiana Illinois Connecticut Washington Ohio Dela ware mad Wisconsin- Have had many letters lately asking where trustworthy Information concerning equal suffrago could bo obtained The writers said they had been told what suffrago tho women had was granted as a Joko and that was a long time ago and It was dying out fast I immediately wrote Take The Woman Journal send to the Journal office No Beacon St Boston Mass want to call tho attention of all working women to the advantages of disfranchisement Tho facts collected by the special committee on salaries of tho National Educational Associ ation show that In cities of tho 70230 teachers not Includ ing principals all but 15000 are women The average yearly salary of teachers In elementary schools Is for women 970 and for men 1542 So you see that the disability of ment costs tho women 572 each per annum That tho solo causetfor this difference in wages for the sane kind and t uI4 ma GRASS labor Is the disfranchisement of women Is shown by the fact that In the four States where women vote their wages are the same as the men for the same work and It Is illegal to make any distinction In salaries of any persons in the public service on ac count of sex It seems to me that any woman who opposes equal suffrage has no more sense than the billygoat had that butted the hornets nest Mrs Ward has told you why you shouldnt have full suffrage now I tell you why you should First Because no race class or sex can have Its interests properly safeguarded in the legislature of a country or state less it is represented by direct suffrage Second Because politics and economics go hand In hand and so long as woman has no political status she will be the under dog as a wage earner Thrd Because while men who are voters can get their eco nomic grievances listened to nonvoters are disregarded Fourth Because women are taxed without being represented and taxation without representation Is tyranny Fifth Because women have to obey the laws equally wth men and they ought to have a voice in deciding what those laws shall Sixth Because the legislatures in the past have not made laws which are equal between men and women and these laws will not bo changed until women get the vote Seventh Because wherever women have become voters reform lies proceeded more rapidly than before Eighth Because all the wisest men and women realize that decisions haled upon the point of view of men and women gether are more valuable than those based upon either singly Nlnh Because politics has Invaded the home and woman must thrrffcro become acquainted with politics Tenth Bcotuso so long as the majority of the women of tho country have no interest In politics the children grow up Ignorant of the meanng of the struggle for freedom and lessons learned Beth Poson the Mind and Both Ought to Be Put on the Same Footing By Warren S Dean There are thugs when we iesl like ad miring the ccurage in others oven in the defense of a false unjust cause that honest people have no respect for when it is shown that these who honestly lelcvc they are doing things according to the di teachings they have peen brought up under- Take for Instance the affray that hap pencil in Kansas City a short time ago when several crazed religious lelngs run a fleeing olllcor of the law to he uollco station and the shooting that resulted In the death and wounding of a number of people with tho capture of tho remaining dlvlnu gang We regret there are so many who to satisfy their depraved traits are willing and anxious to bring death and suffering to themselves and others to uphold their Ignorant useless superstition Still moro we regret that in this day and generation thousands who still discard the dictates of reason to preach and expound tho doctrines of that ancient history of ig norance But what about the courage of r In one generation by bitter experience have to be relearned by tho next in the same school Eleventh Because all the more Important and lucrative po sitions are barred to women and opportunities of public service aro denied Twelfth Because tho possession cf citizenship and the together for political purposes and to discuss matters stimulates tho faculty for combined action and gives politicalIa greater power of economic resistance Thirteenth Because grave questions such as the of children tho waste of child life tho employment labor tho employment of married women and the care of tho aged cannot be satisfactorily settled If the womans point of view Is left out- Fourteenth Because women like men need to have some in terests outside the home and will be better comrades for their husbands better mothers to their children and better home makers when they have the ballot And to sum up all reasons In oneIt is for the common good of of New Hampshire you all know that tho best government known to the race is found in a home where father and mother have equal power as Is the case in an enlightened family No other place is so well governed and tho best interests of all who dwell therein are conserved Reasoning from analogy tho larger home of society and that largest home of all called ernment would be improved by tho assistance of its women In the present age no state can afford to bo deprived of the en operation of Its women Mon of the New Hampshire Legislature I hear that a municipal equal suffrage bill has been introduced into tho Legislature Our cause Is a just one trust that every member of the ftheyI Whiskey and Superstition the majority of those who still preach those slavish doctrines Do we or can we ad mire their courage Do we respect their beliefs any more than we can tho beliefs of those crazed beings Ko wo do not Wo respect many of them for their moral uprightness for the enjoyment and happi ness they give to others in this life and re spct their common sense for not carrying Into effect tho depraved teachings of their most holy of holy books But for courage the far larger portion of them Is as devoid of It as they are of reason and the things that go to make useful lives for this worlds work In some respects they compare with the moderate user of alcoholic beverages who may go through life with apparently no evil effects on themselves but they can readily see the evil on those who will not or cannot use those beverages without Ing n curse to themselves and others Seldom do we hear of a moderate or de praved drinker stuffing tho young with their slavish habits for keeping tho whisky trust God In existence for tho solo object of giving comfort and power to those who make profit by tho sale of those beverages How would it bo with the people if tho dealers In alcoholic beverages would get tcgotlicr and make a demand from the State and national government to have all taxes and licenses abolished Not only demand It but get It as fully as those who arc dealing In tho curse of superstition If it Is right to tax ono product of nature that people may poison themselves and turn into beasts why Is it not right to tax tho poisons of tho mind one of the greatest factors that fills the insane asylums Perhaps the time will never como but what some people called human will make more or less beasts of themselves with su perstition or alcohol and tho cnly just ana right way Is to put all such great curses or tho human mind and body on tho same footing Giving no greater advantage to ono than the other but searci history and Und tho truth about tho blessngs they havo done or loft humanity Think of how tho dens pastors and priests will stand be fore their audiences and tell the truth about the curse of alcoholic drink tho crime and misery caused by it the prisons that aro filled by it and tho thousands of drunkards graves that aro made by it But do We hear the venders of alcohol tell the people what tho product of super stition has dono to and for humanity I I BLUE GRASS BLADE Only think If by some miracle we could transplant some of tho Intelligent people of our own timethose who have taken the materials of nature and used them jointly with natures laws and forces the product of their brains and hands for tho many hu man needs without prayers and slavish supplications if wo could put them back in the time when the Ignorant brutal priest craft was In full power do you or can you think their fate would have been less dif ferent than the countless numbers that have suffered torture and death in those the tlmo will never come that some 1peOlJle will not or can not use their reason J THOSE CHRISTIAN DEBATERS One Preacher Misrepresented Huxley I Another Ingersoll but Were Flashed by Proof In Each Case Dy Fenton While living at Bundysburg Ohio some seventeen years ago we used to pass the winter seasons by indulging in debates on different questions In the School House and between us that is both sides we had some very interesting meetings On one of these occasions I alllrmed the following proposition Resolved That tho Bible Is erroneous In many of Its statements regarding Science and Morals and is of human origin Pitted against me in this discussion was Rev A Allen who undertook to deny Another tlmo I affirmed the following Resolved flint the services of Thomas Paine to the past present and future gen orations of the world are of greater worth than thoso of John Wesley As in tho former case I was again posed by Rev Allen and wo discussed tho Issues above presented on several different occasions r In order to bo able to keep tit my end of these debates I had devoted morn than two twentyivolumes at my commai for ircueo and authority Rev Allen came armou with a lllblo Danas Geology and sonic other book which ho used In an effort to falsify Thorn ns Huxley He was so badly crippled that in his last and closing spoecii ho put lan guage used by William Jlanatono into tho mouth of Huxley Tills very language Huxley had criticised and may found on page of tho HuxloyGhidstono debate I had written to Bozon for the published copy of this debate and vhllo it wn lying In tho ofllce at Dundysburg at this very time I had not had tho copy in my hands By eleven oclock of tho next day I lied read tho debate and reaching the very language quoted then to show what a drowning man r to keep from putting in their bodies and minds something that common sense teaches us is not only useless but is a rank curse to humanity and to many who have filled their systems there ought to be enough courage and honest energy left in the jority of the people to see that the minds of the young are not warped and debauched by the venders of those rank evils and put a little wholesome fear in the occupants ot the cowards castle pulpit Perhaps then all of those evils will be on the same foot ing or at least will go to show up the courage and the true purpose of those who gather In the profits Delhi N Y will do I took tho book to several who were present at our discussion and these well remembered what tho preacher had said If I could have been as wise during the debate as I was then the preacher would have heard something Two years passed away before I saw him again I made no mention of his infamy But there was another preacher O H Pennell who wanted a whack at me He was attending college at West Farmington The other preacher Allen had been a pro fessor there Pennell sent me word that ho would like to debate with me and asked mo to call upon him I did so Ho do clined to debate the proposition on tho Bible given above We agreed upon the following Resolved That the civilization of tho world Is duo to the Christian religion Although this took mo into a dlffetcnt field of reading I promlsoJ to 3 on hand Tho next day I went five miles to get Dra pers Conflict between Sol nco and Pellg Ion When I left Pennell ho romarlcod I will show that Ingersoll Is waning and coming to our skin ied by whet authority He answered a aier that a neighbor of oars tookji soon ns got homo I wrolo to the neighbor also to Col Ingersoll and their anrvors I have always kept together I now give them to the public for tho first time One of the Letters Girard 0 Feb 1S90 Dear Slr- Replrlng to yours of January 31st would say that I never saw such statement as you refer to not In any paper and never have I told any one that had seen such n statement For all I know Bro Ingersoll still holds his former views Yours etc- JOHN E LEWIS j Ii Ingersolls Letter New York Jan 1890 B Fenton Esq Bundysburg My Dear SlrI have not in any way changed my opinions except that I think a little less of what is called orthodox Christianity every day return your letters thinking you may need them banking you for your kind expressions I remain Yours very truly ROBERT INGERSOLL The letters mentioned were written to mo by tho preacher Pennell and when he found out what I had done the whole de bate flashed In the pan and Pennell failed t to put in an appearance I will add that this man has since become a Methodist preacher and is now engaged in saving t souls that were never lost Chardon Ohio He Wants Both BOONE IOWAIf Im not mistaken sent in my application for tho Blue Grass Blade bound 1908 If ready send it and if not ready send it when ready and I sea that you talk of putting Mans Origin and i Destiny by Dr A Hausman in bound volume if so notify me when It will bekready to send and Ill remit if Im alive and I mean to bo I ought to have remittedrlong ago this 350 but just simply far got It My inner don work as good asIIt did 12 years ago but better than It 72 years laterT u HOXIEIA BOOK FOR 50 CENTS Showing you 3000 ways to make money with little or no capital This book gives you formulas for making nearly all kinds of Patent Medicines Thirty pages devoted to Toilet Articles such as Cosmetics Perfumes Creams etc The Farm and Dairy nearly one hundred pages of valuable re ceipts and formulas how to make all kinds of Candy Ice Creams Extracts Inks Hair Restoratives Shampooing Liquids Florida Water Colognes Tinctures Liniments Ointments Salves etc It is impossible to give details for tho full 3000 recipes In this book as it contains pages and is worth 1000 to any man or woman This valuable book is sent postpaid for 50 cents W F HUBBELL Publisher- S Crown St KINGSTON Y A CHANCE TO GET A HOME IN OKLAHOMA Ono million five hundred thousand acres of Oklahoma school land will be sold this year on 40 years time at per cent Interest under tho law Just passed by tho Legislature Map and copy of law description of land and how to buy sent upon receipt of 100SCHOOL LAND ADVERTISING CO Helena Okla 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINYjELEMENTS OF SOCIAL CONTRACTCONVENIEWCE OF THE OHKISTIAN SCHEME OF SALVATION OPENING OF PmT Two MANS RELATION TO MAN By Dr A Hausman We foundas the first condition of society mutual guar antoo of existence the second is guarantee of the means of subsistence which we obtain by labor Property is the fruit of labor without respect for the property of our fellowmen no orderly society could exist The commandment Thou shalt not steal expresses a natural com pulsory law which we obey because wo have recognized its necessity not because we expect reward or punishment in a hereafter if wo observe or disregard it The animals have property and are conscious of their rights Ifa person steals or appropriates property belonging to some body else the criminal deedcan never bema o undone it remains a stigma forever though the material damage maybe repaired by restitution It is much easier however to settle the matter with god to admit candidly the sin play the contrite and penitent charge the offense to Jesus who has paid for it already by his death and keep the money Since years I have read the accounts of defalcations and embezzlements committed by trusted private or public offi cials and have found in almost every case especially those whichoccurred in eastern communities noted for their intol erance and orthodoxy that the culprit was a prominent mem ber of the church How convenient is this Christian method to get rid of duties against the members of society by pro tending them to be superseded by obligations against an imaginary god Who is the most selfish the infidel who obeys the natural laws because lie recognizes their necessity and would despise himself if he disregards them as much as ho would despise some one else guilty of the same offense or the Christian who expects reward if ho obeys them but if ho violates them pretends to repair the injury ho has inflicted upon his fellowman by performingsome farcical ceremonies which ho claims please god I Another indispensiblo postulation of society is the observance of the commandment Thou shalt not lie If the majority of the people did not voluntarily respect the truth there could be neither social nor business intercourse science or history Deviations from this rule are the result of egoism in the struggle of existence Animals for instance ants and bees have the faculty of communication but it is not probable that they can lie Truth is the natural principle lie is an artificial product requiring more reflection and greater mental ability With these three principles regard for Life Property and Truth wo have established the general fundamental Ilawswe world are our natural instincts they are the cause of all that is bad if not controlled by reason and allowed to violate the sacred rights of our fellowcitizens they are tho cause of all happiness if kept within the bounds prescribed by the common interest ofsociety People speak so much about liberty and yet not ono out ofa thousand is able to give a correct definition Still it is easy enough to form a standard for the highest state of perfection of society if we start from the natural condi tions of existence as the premises for our deductions If millions of men endowed with the same natural instincts the same natural wants live together on a limitedspace what can be liberty Nothing else but that tho exertion of every one is devoted to a useful occupation and that every ono knows and does his duty It is difficult to con jecture to what an extent tho dreams of universal happiness may be realized but since at tho present the conditions for suchan ideal state are sadly wanting even among tho most civilized nations wo may as well abandon all speculations in this direction May it be sufficient to know tho consol ing fact that notwithstanding the affected humility of tho religious devotees who call themselves sinners ill order to have a pretext to prefer the samo charge against those who enjoy tho blessing of free thought there are thousands of people who live as righteously and as free as men possibly can on earth Wo havo recognized as the universal law of nature tho tendency to preserve the species or races which are the fittest to survive in tho struggle of existence Tho civilized nations rule the world because their superior intellect has supplied them with the greatest physical power Every nation consists of a great number of individuals having in common the same language and certain physical and mental features Individuals change continually but institutions and technical accomplishments remain and are transmitted from generation to generation An individual born among a certain nation will grow up under tho prevailing condi tions and his physical and mental capacity will be modeled andshaped accordingly This influence produces a con sciousness of integrity as a member of the community and a feeling responsibility in regard to tho obligations wo owo our fellowcitizens This involuntary reflection upon the results of our actions in regard to the prevailing laws of society is called conscience It is simply fear the knowledge of having committed deedwhich wo consider wrong or having omitted an not which wo consider our dutytmlr r IBLUEGRASS BLADE 7 As a moral guide therefore the conscience is entirely worthless It is only alike among people of various creeds to tho extent to which the social laws are obeyed Wo find conscience in animals that are intelligent enough to bo trained for instance in tho dog who often betrays a guilty conscience by his behavior when he has done something which ho has been taught not to do In his case man has generated tho conscience in tho cafco of man nature takes tho part of tho trainer Savages who bury their aged parents tho Thugs of India whoso duty it is to kill have a conscience entirely different from our own The old woman who carried a bundle of fagots to tho stake on which Buss was burned enjoyed an inner satisfaction which wo are unable to comprehend The conscience of thoso Christians who stood by and saw heretics and witches burn differed from our own A soldier who could not kill his enemy in times of peace feels prido andsatisfaction when ho shoots a stranger he has never seen before in battle because his Christian conscience tells him that ho is carry ing out the will of providence and that relieves him from all responsibility Uo has sworn the oath of allegiance to tho king whom ho believes appointed by godand sooner than to break it ho will forfeit his life fearing tho punish ment of hell Conscience changes with tho evolution of ideas which form its moral basis it participates in the progress of a whole nation and tho development of a single individual If wo change our views in regard to tho moral value of certain things our conscience changes too When I was at school my conscience would lift its voice at occasions at which it has become silent since To speak of god disrespectfully to commit blasphemy would havo made it scream now it does not murmur oven when I express my horror and contempt for tho monster the Christians pretend to worship as their god But there are still people who cannot bear hearing god irreverently spoken of and would gladly punish the blasphemer if they had the power to do so because their conscience tells them that this idol cannot stand the scrutiny of truth and they are afraid to destroy tho convenient delusion In their r arrogance they demand that other people shall stop thinking where they do and shall not tell their opinion because it might rob people of their faith It was stated above that it is impossible to convince anybody by force tho mind yieldingonly to tho logic of facts and if religion is built upon such a weak foundation of lies and deceit that it can not bear tho touch of truth without falling to pieces it is not worth to exist Wo ire not bound to respect tho opin ions of others and they are not bound to respect ours If their religion is true and ofit higher origin than human intellect why dont they provo it by facts Wo are not afraid that their arguments can shako tho truth of science But wo do not claim tho right to interfere with their per sonal liberty while they have tho impudence to demand that wo shall not think any further than their limited mental capacity permits them Tho question of free will has been often dismissed with out however arriving at a definite conclusion which is an impossibility because we havo no means to measure and no standard to judge psychological functions Our volition is free in proportion as we can foresee the effect of our action The wild animals follow their natural instincts but tho sense of duty is undoubtedly developed already among those living in communities like ants and bees In tho dog wo find volition tho preponderance of duty over his natural instincts as tho result of training In man there may be a conflict between the desire to gratify his natural instincts and the restraint exerted by the con sciousness of his fellowmens rights or welfare What ever may be tho strongest impulse will decide his action While in the majority of the people the sense of duty as members of tho community is sufficiently developed to keep personal egoism that is the desire to gratify our natural instincts within the bounds required for the gen eral welfare there are exceptions in which this personal egoism predominates to tho detriment of society While tho majority of men have not the least desire to i murder their would not bo able to kill if 1thois a legacy from the animal ancestors and independent of any creed or belief However the Christian religion fosters bloodthirsty propensities by attaching a subordi dinato value to human life on earth instead of impressing the mind with its sacredness and by promising forgivoness of god when it is impossible to make a criminal deed un done and to restore a lost life The knowledge of nrfoty from punishment will always turn tho scales in favor If crime if there is a conflict in a mans mind between his bettor knowledge and his brutal instincts In den ling with crime the question of moral responsibility ought never be considered unless a person was known and treated as a maniac before committing tho crime Time enormous amount of crime in the United States is solely due to tho absence or tardiness of punishment owing to tho insuffic iency of the criminal laws andcourts ero bo continued Tho sum and substance of ITreethought is to exalt man and to exalt mans notions ofmen Tlio poorest beggar is an earth passenger men as you and I and is privileged to look upon tho sun Love of knowledge stirs tho mental pulse tho joy of discovery exhilarates the mind to extend tho realm of law and order brings a delight supremo to tho heart of all true men and women and between these emotions our little race of life is run to tho end 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 150 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents PIT month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 1100 six months 1500 one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will bo discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise till olllce giving both old and new address us desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the 1ostolllco at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass nailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE Box Lexington Ky THE COIUtESPO DEATOE SCHOOL In previous issues a promise was made that we would in the near future discuss the Correspondence School and announce a new plan or method for conducting it partly formulated by ourselves and partly derived from advices tendered to us by a number of friends who have taken an interest in the work sought to bo performed thereby We now apply ourselves to the task Allwho have written admit the necessity offering to the young men and woolen of the country a wider broader andmore comprehensive means of education than that found in the average school as a means of protecting tho immature mind from the machinations of superstition For this reason we feel that the School ought to be continued but in another and different form The plan of charging for tuition didnot work The sum so derived did not pay all the cost of printing mailing etc and tin labors given to it falling altogether upon the Editor were labors of love without remuneration save find except the knowledge that some one had been bencfitted however slight thereby Thus we purpose to continue the School but instead ofcharging for the instruction given it will be given free of cost to all Blade readers who care to under take the studies purchase the text books etc The only charge to bo made will be that hereinafter outlined and will apply to lessons submitted for criticism and correction onlyThe plan we now have in view is to print the examination questions in the Blade columns using the Blade as a medium communication once a month Four subjects will be taught These are Geology Zoology Botany an Astronomy the same wo have given during the present course Advice as to textbooks will be given cost of same where obtainable etc Blade readers may then follow the studies at their leisure or otherwise just is they may ids Of course they will have no means of knowing if answers are prepared to each question whether or not their lessons are properly understood and prepared unless submitted to some competent person to examine and pass upon them correcting such errors as may appear giving such explanation as play be necessary and imparting correct knowledge in each branch undertaken It is not compulsory for any person to send in answers but cajli may do so as they may determine for themselves Tlo plan then is not to charge for the lessons but to make a charge for the examination find correcting of such lessons as may be sent in For this a fee of one dollar is to be charged for each lesson examined and passed on As thorn are nine lessons in each subject in each school term this willcost the student but nine dollars instead of ten dolls now in vogue To secure the proper attention the examina tion fee must accompany the lessons Some may not wish examinations andmay be satisfied withsuch studios as they are able to carry on themselves from the lessons given eachmonth In that case the course will cost them nothing more than the cost of the textbooks and the usual subscription to the Blade If only two or three lessons are sent in the cost will only be in proportion to the number that are sent In order to ascertain the wishes of those who have be friended and encouraged the School we request that any criticism or commendation of the plan here suggested bo made with perfect freedom and the Blade invites com municatious on the subject If any one has a better plan to propose wo would be glad to have their opinion r iIIl1aland it is reported that the attraction thus offered drew one of the largest crowds over gathered in the same room before And a preacher was playing the star role It is reported that Kov Charles Wolfe rill a graduate of the Moody Theological Seminary of Chicago was on trial for having alienated tho affections of Mrs Mario Tock hart tho wife ofa prominent young business titan of Atlanta The preacher admitted practically the truth of the charges and in offering an explanation of ono of Mrs Lockharts visits to him said that under existing spiritual conditions existing between himself and Mrs Lockhart slue was his soulmate or affinity anti it was perfectly proper for them to bo together Continuing the preacher Jlf InwGRASS BLADE 9 said I realize there will bo a misundertanding on the part of tho public but Mrs Lockhart was paying me one of her usual soulmate visits This is simply a case of attraction of kindred souls In very truth it is simply a case of another preacher caught dallying in the primrose path with another mans wife and dodges behind tho soul mate racket for shelter If ho is simply trying to shield the woman wo would not criticise him but if ho is merely striving to avoid the consequences of his acts and is deliberately lying tho law should not be too lenient with him Every despoiler of tho happiness of the home tho man who can ruthlessly blight a life and rob woman of her honor deserves even more than tho law allows andshould bo dealt with accordingly When this is done by a preacher the offense becomes aggravated for ho has simply used his prerogatives in a direction for which they were not in tended and has betrayed the greatest of all trusts imposed on man Tar and feathers would do well but tho ravisher would still be with us We have just put into typo ready for publication in tho form ofu brochure that splendid address given by President Otto Wettstcin of tho Materialist Association before tho convention at Canal Dover September last entitled Tho Ax to tho Hoot or u god impossible in Nature The address which was published in tho Blade at tho time of its delivery has received a great many commendations and much praise It will make a splendid propaganda pamphlet and should bo distributed all over the country There will be ten thousand copies printed They will be sold for the benefit of tho Materialist Associa tion at tho rate of five cents per copy ten copies for 25 cents or 100 copies for 100 Orders should now be sent to Otto Wettstein LaGrange Illinois I 0 Tho Blade has on hand ready for publication another of those fascinating and pointed storiettes from tho pen of May BcalsIIofipauir which will appear shortly It is a well constructed title of tho Heretic Killers and tho fictional narrative is drawn from facts that every man orEthey have appeared in tho Blade will be put into book form and many a happy hour will bo open for those who havo it by reading its pages We will havo more to say about this at a later date Frccthought profits by tho past enjoys the beauties of tho present and strives to encourage a better and happie- rfutureon earth K THE WOMAN TEMPTED ME The priestly fiction that places tho responsibility upon woman for the introduction of sin into tho world has af forded a convenient shelter to many a male biped but if tho records could be obtained we opine they would show that preachers are the first to cast blame upon the woman m order to shield their own sin and conceal their arrant cowardice t Now comes Rev W E Barton a Presbyterian preacher who speaking before some sort of a conference in Chicago urged that preachers should be accompanied by a chaperon while making pastoral calls in order to safeguard and pro tect them against some designing female who might be waitingupon tho dark corner of somo street to waylay and kidnap him lie also advises that no preacher should sit in his study alone with the door unlocked for fear somo giddy choir girl might drop in and create a scandal Criminal statistics will furnish enoughevidence of the fact that tho opposite sex is in need of protection against tho designs of preachers and this overcautious Joseph has simply hitched his horse to tho cart the worn way When a man is such a mental and physical weakling isnt possessed of sufficient moral strength and courage in the presence of women that ho must needs be chaperoned to bo protected ho is a fit candidate for a straightjacket and deserves to be incarcerated for life or until he can overcome his weak ness It is no argument to suggest that preachers are subject to more temptations than other men for no preacher over had to face tho temptations that come to tho average newspaper reporter and many other professional men Doctors and lawyers dentists and business men have as much somo of them more to do with women than havo the average preacher but tho trouble is that the preacher strives to discover an opportunity for moral laches while honest men endeavor to dodgo them The suggestion however that ministers should be ac callsiisof his own stripe against tho women of his flock Rather tough on tho women but they still continue to support tho system that has made possible this assault upon their veracity and virtuous integrity What must any woman think of receiving a call from tho pastor of hor church accompanied by a male chaperon who is required to watch her every action listen to every word she utters retain us muchof what sho may say as ho can and hold in mind to bo used in evidence against her should suspicion arise 1IWhynot make it a rulo that no preacher should call upon a lady member of his flock save and except when her hus band is present and if sho bo unmarried then havo somo lady friend present with her Will not tho world suspect there is much moro danger likely to como to tho woman through tho parson than to tho parson from tho woman Is any person needing a chaperon fit to fill tho office of n spiritual and moral guide Excessive protesting of in nocence very closely resembles a plea of guilty in such cases Vfj Time was and not so very long ago when some ministers BLADEI10 BLUE GRASS were the objects 01 human veneration j today theyare pray tically u uywora gnu a reproacn gay uiui uut btana neea ui cuaperuna manes more virulent LUau ever the odium tueoiogieuin jno woria uas grown wiser auti it now reinsert u ue uuped by me clergy to ueiievo their Hollow pretenses to preternatural prescience or to reeognuu nut as anal Lau lalso education gnu arrant hypocrisy ol the clergy nave dune niucn to retard tae wont s progress they have stood iorever in its path ana baue u stand liKo Joshuas moon m Ajalou xaiic aoout a euaperoni 0201 bootui is there a man in America today so simple an conniding that lie would put his young daughter in the power ol the average preacher more readily than that oi other men i Is there a banker who would discount the unsecured note ol a preacher moro readily than that of an infidel By all means give the preachers a chaperon It is the women who need it not the preacher the presence of u chaperon will spare many women from mortilicatiou and shame Give the preacher his chaperon and let the word duty die out of his vocabulary B A Phunuier of Forest City Iowa a well known liberal has offered a reward of one thousand dollars through the local press for anyone who can successfully prove that Abraham Lincoln was a Christian We do not expect that ho will ever be called upon to make pay ment According to a writer in the War Cry the organ of the Salvation Army Charles Darwin the great naturalist wits unable to understand theology because as a young man he was too fond of sport Darwin may have revealed a lack of reverence concerning the dogmas and doctrines of Christian superstition but he was too great a naturalist to give much heed to theology If Rev John E White of Atlanta Gal is properly reported he should make an effort to practice what he id preaching The papers quote him as saying that minister as well as genius thrive best on poverty and he advises letting the cash stipend go For every preacher to do likewise would mean a speedy destruction of the church organizations in America Is it possible that there can bo too much Sunday law enforcement to please the preachers Demanding rigid and impartial enforcement of the Sunday closing law at East Liverpool Ohio the preachers got it and then the reports say they got angry If the Sunday law was mad for me it must also have been made for my neighbor and ns all are equal before the law neither my neighbor or myself should be overlooked Also keep an eye on the preacher The best way to get ridof an obnoxious law is to enforce it Failing to pay taxes upon four hundred acres of land in Pennsylvania for the past 44 years Almighty God lilts had it sold from under him by a judgment of the court About the close of the Uivil War Peter Armstrong founded a new religious cult andsettled down in the hill of Sullivan county in the state named and believing that by residing on the hill tops he was that much nearer to heaven he started a little town known as Celcatia and in the hope of currying favor with the Creator ho deeded lh 100 acres to Almighty God The deed was properly ac knowledgedand recorded The grantor died and the grantee failed to pay taxes When the grantor made his will ho expressed therein a wish that the property should remain in the eternal care and possession of god This had a tendency to shut out the hopes of relatives and the property was never sought after by them hen the tax collector presented them with his bill which had grown to an enormous sum they told him that he would have to go to the owner for the tax money The report does not say whether the collector made any effort to get the money from headquarters but none of his authorized agents on earth offered to advance the money When prayer and law lock horns something definite is sure to happen and it is no cinch for the prayer gag Layton Randall a tenant on a farm near Noblesville Inhad succeeded in retaining the farm without paying rent for two years claiming that ho had been told by the lord to keep the farm and not to remove therefrom until ho instructed him so to do Such a plea befuddled the owner one year ago and he allowed the action against Randall to lapse by statutory limitations but ho was not to be caught nappingagain Recently ho secured a writ of possession and accompanied by a constable proceeded to evict the tenant of the lord It is said that Randall prayed loud and long for the lord to interfere in his behalf but both constable and owner were impervious to the ilea or the lord had failed to get telephone connection for Randall went and Scott Lester tho owner again hay possession Most men might indulge in a praying bout provided they had a paying farm in sight David II Moore Bishop of the M E Church at Cincin nati denounced in a recent speech a number of gosling preachers by calling thom debt dodgers and insisted that they must give up using tobacco and pay their debts Can oven a Bishop go so far as to question tho honesty ofit preacher Church people however have no right to seriously question tho truth of the Bishops statement fo lie insisted that an enormous number of unpaid bills hud been sent to him upon which payment had been demanded The blood and thunder fireeating lionkilling notoriety hunting departure of Roosevelt from the United States ought to gratifyand satisfy the most depraved appetite mil What a great dime novel it would make Far better did It In IBUE GRASS BLADE 11 ho retire to solitude and emerge with some useful invention some new thought to lift up and enlighten the world THE PAINE CENTENNIAL But little more than two months now intervene before the date set for the Centennial celebration of the great jt patriot whose feet trod American soil to take place at Now Rochelle What are the Freethinkers of America doing they wiio have profited mentally by his luborsto make this event the success it must be In another column is a letter from Secretary Elliott stating what has taken place in foreign lands to commem orate the name of Paine and as he suggests America of allnations on earth cannot afford to be laggard in this respect The Christian world will ignore the event it may strive to detract from it The promoters need not look in that direction for support but the Freethinkers over the vanguard of libertys great army they who keep up the fight Paine fought in his day must not neglect this past few weeks the daily newspapers of tbo country have printed columns of news about Paine his great services to the nation to humanity and to all posterity This is in itself encouraging in the extreme It is uu indication that in spite of bigoted historians the name of Thomas Paine is growing into greater reverence andwill ere long bo accorded its rightful place in American history The Hugouot Association of Now Rochello descendants of the famous French organization have arranged to pur chase the old homo of Thomas Paine and the homestead is to bo converted into a sort revolutionary museum for the benefit of visitors in which some of the Paine relics aro to prominently figure This Hugenot Association is a newly formed body and its unaided financial resources are in adequate to the demands made upon it by the purchase of this property and its proper equipment and as this project is of such national importance they desire to enlist the support of every patriotic citizen in tho work it has under taken Next to tho Centennial itself which has been arranged by tho Paino Memorial and Historical Association is the savingof tho Paine home but it is of the Centennial wo wouldnow direct immediate attention Thaddous B Wakeman is president James B Elliott of Philadelphia is secretary and Dr K B Foote of Now York City is treasurer of tho combined Paine Societies It is to their efforts that the Centennial must look for its success but itSs to tho financial help of the Freethinkers of America that these gentlemen must look for tho means ofmaking it a success It is needless to say that plans aro now being carefully laid for a splendid program of iil i tkit music songs and speeches tho detail ofwhich will bo an if IIiLInouIlced later Tho problem of carrying out that program is to bo solved only by the united help of all friends and admirers of Paine Tho Blades Editor may not be able to attend the Cen tennial although it is his earnest desire to do so To tho end that help may be given the columns of this paper are open to the friends and managers of the movement for the purpose communication with those who can find are will ing to aid If you cannot attend you can help to some extent by making a donation to tho movement and striving to make this demonstration a new challenge to the orthodox institutions of tho land We are in receipt of the initial number of The Common Sense Bible Teacher and it is all that its name implies It is published in an acceptable magazine form and its plan is to conduct a sort of class among its readers for an interpretation of the entire Bible text in the light of evolution It means in the enda new translation of both the old and now testaments under the guidance of evolutionary truth and is destined to accomplish work of great usefulness in destroying myth andsuperstition It is edited by C L Abbott of St Paul Minn and ought to receive a wide circulation It is a quarterly publication Single copies sell at 25 cents Annual subscription 100 Write for sample copy free Among the pamphlets that recently have come to our desk is ono by Eleanor Kirk of 59 West 89th Street New Yorkentitled Black and Blue and Other Happy Studies It has 32 pages and while made up reminiscence it con tains enough of modern philosophy to pay ono for having read Wait not until a man is driven to crime by the iron law of necessity a woman to dishonor but put forth a handnow in time to avert the sin andshame Ono new subscriber from each present subscriber would mean that our present circulation would just double itself Send a contribution to Dr K B Foote 120 Lexington Avenue Now York City to aid in preparing for tho Paine Centennial Any of our friends desiring Dr Wilsons A Trip to Rome or Dogfennel in tho Orient by our late editor 0 0 Moore wo have copies on handwhich wo will sell now at one dollar each and prepay all postal charges there on Order a copy now Gono aro all tho gods from High Olympus These ap peal no moro to tho wondering minds of men Gods are but crude conceits cf the worlds infancy tho coat of many colors with which it clothed its ignorance 1 BLADEkj12 BLUE GRASS ABOUT THE PAINE CENTENNIAL Time Drawing Near and All American Freethinkers Are Urgnd to Render Aid By James B Elliott Secretary- I desire to call attention to the coming celebration of the Centennary of the death of Thomas Paine at New Rochelle N Y next June and to as many of the Blado readers who are In sympathy with tho Paine Association and Its work of outfitting a room In the old homestead occupied by the author and hero of the American Rev olution to send at once 100 to the Treasurer Dr E B Foote 120 Lexington Ave New York City The Freethought Association of Philadel phia has appointed J Hannon a delegate and 1500 has been donated for expenses There are many States in the Union that have not a member to represent them The Blade under tho editorship of Chas C Moore was able to send Dr Wilson to Rome Why not a representative from Ohio and Kentucky I have a letter from India in which the writer informs me that at tho Paine Anni versary at Burma 2000 natives paid tribute to the genius of Paines religion It seems strange to your scribe that the admirers ol Paine In India should outnumber those In the country he has so greatly benefited Is It any wonder that Roosevelt can Insult Palnes memory when there are not enroll ed as many as a hundred members among the entire population of the United States Commodore Barry who brought to Bos ton the 2500000 hires of silvers tho gift of Louis XVI to Thomas Paine for the use of General Washingtons Army is to have a 20000 statue In the City of Washington Barry was a Catholic They have an organ ization with 20000 members Who will bo one of tho first from the Blade only jne dollar Air Mangesarian did not be long to a national organization hence was Ignored by Teddy- Philadelphia Pa PROGRAM Df Philosophical Bible Class Union of America at St Ansgar Iowa Under the leadership of Prof A J Claus en this Freethought Society is making rapid progress and excellent reports of its work are being given It has regular meet Ings and quite a number of students tin latter manifesting groat interest in the sub jects offered for discussion and investiga tion Tho principal textbook used is Bible Myths and Their Parallels In other Religions by Doane Tho program of les sons for the month of April is as follows April 4Jonali Swallowed by a Big Fish together with parallel myths in more ancient religions April 11 Circumcision together with the history of the same practice among more ancient nations April IS Conclusion of Part First Chap ter XI to 7th line page 97 April 25 Conclusion of Part First Chap ter XI from 7th line to page 110 Prof A J CLAUSEN National Organizer St Ansgar Iowa A BOY AND A PRIEST Both Committed Similar Crmes but How Dfferently Were They Treated by the Courtsl By John F Clarke- I have not been writing to the Blade for some time for the reason that I have been putting In my spare time writing letters to the open columns of the dally papers Ninetenths of such labor Is lost as far as the public is concerned for the papers are afraid to publish tnem In a city like Baltimore there Is so much funny political and religious business going on that if I had nothing else to do but point out crook ed work it would take all my time Recently a boy of forged checks upon tne Bank of Commerce and drew upwards of 3000 before ho was found out Ho had In his possession other checks aggre gating 200000 Evidently he was tho tool of some one else for the boy was simple The State jumped upon him with both feet and socked him Into the Maryland peniten tiary for a live year term A Catholic rlest has just been uncovered In a shady transaction which Includes for gery and confluence business aggregating 110000 He is hurried off to Mt Hope a lunatic asylum conducted by Catholics and aided oy the State financially The alienists gave a certificate of unsound mind at sight and mo State Is perfectly satisfied no operateu upon tho banks just as the boy did only more so and Is fondled and petted while the boy is making shirt to correct the errors of youth The Catholics in Maryland arc in a dded minority of the religions population lho religious population Is in a decided minority of tho whole population The Catholics dominate the whole community They havo practical immunity and spend nearly all their tlmo in rendering first aid to tho recreant ones If a Protestant escapes the whirlwind that his wildsowings naturally beget it is only by Catholic aid Too friendless Protestant gets all that goes with tho misdemeanor The rationalist seldom figures in court here Now and then one is pinched for working upon tho Lords day or gets raided in a tavern upon Sunday Ion close two printed letters in the Evening News to show the scope of my work outside religious knocks which are sel dom printed Arlington lid- WANNA BE LIKE JESUS But Gypsy Smith Got Cold Comfort at the Hands of Clevelands Chief of Police By T Jefferies Even if wo havo a lot of I wanna be like Jesus boys and girls let this one thing for our atonement plead that we have also a police chief who Is fearless one who refused to furnish Gypsy Smith and his band of tambourine manipulators a mounted escort to accompany him on a brass band parade through certain streets of the city for the purpose as tho gypsy said of soul Chief evidently hall the gypsys measure when ho called him a grafter a blatherskite and a malcontent The world will doubtless be Indulgent with these liveasJesus people Most ot them joined tho church societies when they were too young to know why but did so either at tho request of a Sunday School teacher of because tiiey were attracted by the music rendered with soft pedals and much feeling The gospel hymns which they sang In school were also the slogans of the society and so they were able oven at tho first to join Into at least the musical part of tho services- It Is possible that the members of these Christian Endeavor Societies are less thoDox and consequently bettor than tile church pillars they may want to do some thing but know not how They no doubt are Innocent and wollmeanliiK enough and may sometimes do kind deeds to the tick and needy their social side may also be pleasant but they are on a bad road and it they keep on going they will find them selves In bad company For tho benefit of outsiders however I want to say that Clovelandcrs are not all crazy that Cleveland Is not a hotbed of orthodoxy as somo may believe Ono thing wo lack Is a well organized society and this we hopo to have In tho near fu turoCleveland O Is Now Studying TH13RMOPOLIS WYOI would like some instruction In geology What would be your charges for tho same Would like to get the wholo bunch of papers at once or in book form because do not get mall very oftenA L LARSON H r BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 NON N NONON N H N N N N N N N H N N NONOH N NON N N N N N r y- i Lhe Blades Correspondence i it We Did Not Know Hm BRACEWbLL IOWAI suppose you did not know any Freethinker by the name of Daniel Boyer of Russell Iowa I do not know ho was a Freethinker but from his dying words as appeared In the paper first I Inferred he was these were copied all over the state but the last were not like the first they made him say the very oppo site to what the earliest papers made him say Ho had gone to Alaska and Ma dead body was found by the Indians and on his person was found a letter written to his sister Imogene Prather of Russell Iowa In whlcn ho states ho nad reached the end of his earthly career and winds up by say Ing I face death wlLhout fear or hope to mo It Is the great unknown Later en tho papers make him say iaco death without a fear a hopo to me it is tho groat beyond As the writer shows himself In telligent and tho first version makes com plete sense and tho last gives no meaning I felt sure his words were tampered vlth to make him appear as a Christian I wrote to his sister for his last words but she puts them this way I faco death without feara hopo to mo it is the great unknown So if there has been any cnango In his words for religious purposes they were done by his own sister I notice his sister falls to tell me as I had asked her what his religious views were Since cannot see how tho unknown can be an objection of hope I cannot but suspect somo little change has been made in tho wording If further investigation reveals the fact that tho deceased was a Freethinker or Agnostic I am going to see that ho gets justice Of course I do not want to wrong the woman in tho least Sho may bo rep resenting tho matter correctly but there are grounds to suspect otherwise A A SNOW From a Contemporary ST LOUIS ltO1 havo been reading with eat Interest your account of tho re cent debate Its rent fun to watch them squirm The average prcacnor never really neard a good freethought argument in his rife but In tho theological seminaries they set up straw men label luem Tree Thought Champions and proceed to lam bast the Innocent men of straw This Is so easy that tho budding theologs got tho Idea tnat they could Just everlastingly knock the wadding out of a real Infidel If they were only fortunate enough to find one bravo enough to go against them So when the Freehtught David does come out anu challenge tne Christian Goliath its funny to watt the progress of their enid tions from confidence to surprise anger exasperation exhaustion fear panic and flight Ono such experience Is enough to last a preacher a life time Ho very seldom wants to play a return engagement Success to youW C COPE Ed Wheel of Life Takes the New Book MOSIER OREI want you to put me on list for one copy of the Hausmans book on Evolution Shall send price of It and 150 for Blade first time I am at the post olllce Am very busy on tho farm now and have not been to postofllco since January 22 My neighbors bring tho mall am glad to see theulade growing lit worth and subscrlbtlons too Science and religion are as far apart as Justice and In justice Such terms as Christian Science are absurd Why Just as well say a learned idiot or a peaceful tempest R W SIMPSON Box FREE TRIP to the PACIFIC COAST ARE YOU ONE ofthe many thousands who want to explore this Wonderland 1111 SUNSET MAGAZINE Las instituted new department whose special work it is to put within the reach ofevery one an opportunity to see the FAR WEST Writefor Sample Copy For full particulars address Sunset Travel Club 16 Flood Building San Francisco Gal WATERPOWER MOTORS and WATERFANS Machine and Hardware Specialties at order CLEVELAND SPECIALTY MFG CO ClevelanaSo Brooklyn Ohio THE WHEEL OF LFE A Monthly Paper Published by Life Publishing Co St oLuls Mo Edited by W Cope DEALS WITH ORIGINS The origin of Marriage of Ethics of igion of Brotherhood of the belief In mortality It treats broamy of Love of Human Instincts and Ideals It takes in the whole Wheel of Life treating all sub jtes In such a clear phln and coloy way that the dust Is shaken out and they become as interesting as a novel to swan the casual reader Send 10 cents for a fllx months trial subscription or t quarter for a year to the Life Pub Co St Louis Mo 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