You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, April 11, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909041101 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, April 11, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. r 1 5 t BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVII Number 50 LEXINGTON KY APRIL 10 rgog i DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT LUCY N C0LMAN JlPUIIIOIIS ns Abolitionist aid Freethinker dWw II II U UO H U O U U H U l 04 P T1I1f 1111 J W J 141 WVtI JV 1L p f7 F y f L 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE f LUCY N COLMAN BRAVE PIONEER IN FREETHOUGHT AND EQUAL RIGHTS livery member of the Old Guard of Freethought men and women who have braved the slings and arrows of orthodox ven om and hate that Liberty might continue will remember the subject of this brief sketch For years hers was a familiar face and figure at each of the Freethought conventions no matter where held or the distance that had to bo traveled Like a Queen she came proud of her position and happy in her thought contented in her association with kindred hearts and minds Liberty was her one watchword whether of body or mind and her only prayer was the spring of human love She belonged to the old generation the Old Guard now with broken shattered flies gathered into the great Unknown gone from the land of the living to the land of the dead Lucy N Colman was born in Massachusetts in 1817 and was therefore contemporary for a short time with some of the revolutionary patriots Her parents were able to furnish her with as good an education as the country afforded at that period and at a comparatively early age she became a school teacher in her native State During her career as teacher slw labored to abolish corporal or physical punishment in the schools a prac tice then very much in vogue and to a great extent she suc ceeded Her feeling on this subject was natural and inborn It was an emanation from her womanly instinct and love of childhood The keynote to this beautiful and humane sentiment may be found in a few brief words she afterwards penned on the subject of Motherhood She said among other things HI always like to write the word Mother with a capital To me it is the most wonderful word in nil the language it means a joy that can never be equaled I can never forget the ecstasy that came over me when I first looked in the face of my child and knew that it was mine but with the joy came the remembrance of the slave mothers agony as she looked upon her child and knew its fate In those beautiful words may be found the true sentiment the moving theme of her whole life Mrs Colman was married twice At the age of eighteen years she was married to John M Davis of Dighton Mass but six years later was made a widow through death Two years following she was again married to Mr Colman and at the age of 28 became a mother It was when the antislavery agitation began in New England that Mrs Colman looking back at this epoch in her life penned the burning words we have quoted as an argument against slavery She became thoroughly devoted to the antislavery movement and was intimately associated in this work with William Lloyd Garrison Wendell r Phillips Frederick Douglas and others and earned the repu tation of being an ardent and enthusiastic abolitionist Death once more intervened to break tip a happy domestic life for her husband was killed on the New York Central Rail road while traveling and was buried from Corinthian Hall at Rochester New York Andrew Jackson Davis officiating at the funeral At this time Mrs Colman had joined in with the Spiritualist movement as a means of association in that she had given up the church because of its complicity with slavery Even the Unitarian and Universalist creeds had become too narrow too orthodox for her Meeting with Amy Post the latter announced her readiness to begin an antislavery cam paign and Mrs Colman feeling that she must speak for the slave threw herself into the movement She labored in the East and finally took up the campaign in Michigan Here she found a hone with Samuel D Moore and wife both of whom were well known figures and workers in the Liberal ranks at that time From her own lips we learned that in her labors everywhere the church was the bulwark of human slavery When attacked by mobs she found that ministers of the gospel were the leaders in it Her life being thus filled with excite ment and adventure she gave some of its most interesting phases in a published work entitled II Reminiscences which was ex cedingly interesting and showing how great and bitter was the struggle for liberty in those perilous times In the course of time by actual experience aided by reading and study Mrs Colman became a radical Freethinker She was a faithful and constant attendant at each and all Freethought conventions whereat the writer of this sketch first met her nn became acquainted with her She became equally opposed to white slavery as to black slavery and above all to mental slavery She became interested in every living movement for progress reform and human advancement She became an ar dent advocate of the rights of both men and women Sho has mingled with the world ever and always presenting a character as spotless and as stainless as tho polar snows She met and mingled with the greatest men and women of tho Nation and took part in each and every movement for reform Mrs Colman has demonstrated what a woman can do when possessed of courage determination selfreliance energy ambition and devotion to the cause of truth and right Her 1 name still shines in the world of American Freethought and because of its brilliancy our eldest son came nearly having her name bestowed upon him But for the sad death of Charles Bradlaugh in England in 1890 ho would have been so named but close ties and personal association with Englands greatest and bravest impelled the change nt the last moment r Ir t BLUE GRASS BLADE S Morals Health and the State J ADMIRABLE ADDRESS GIVEN ON THE FEBRUARY PRO GRAM OF THE SAN FRANCISCO MATERIALISTS ASSOCIATION By Dr J F Wetzel In the beginning the world was without form and void Ab lighthadoccurred No attraction had ever been manifested No heat had ever been produced Electricity was latent Life was Im possible of manifestation and intelligence had no means of com municating desire Repulsion alone had held sway throughout all eternity past frowning upon every Impulse of attraction to establish closer frowned upon love ands scorned her and the birth of a universe was delayed But time flies and love binds His heart was melted by her graces and his frown gave place to an answering smile His Inertia became motion and the atoms of Impalpable gases rushed together forming the molecules of material nature and by the Intensity of their union giving birth to the trinityHeat Light playtheyary system is evolved with love the attraction binding each to spaceEachtaking do their part in maintaining a perfect and harmonious whole There is no clash of Interests That which concerns one concerns all Each travels his own orbit doing his own life work without let or hindrance getting his Inspirations from all and in turn inspiring nil The least Is as Important In Its own orbit as the greatest and the greatest as the least Neither cah be Interfered with without disarranging the whole and the whole would have to assume new relations to each Time tiles and love binds The planetsi condense as attraction binds the molecules In closer union the most loving nestling closest to the center and clinging with untiring energy become the granite rock And a hundred million of miles from its larger brother the sun there dances and plays In the light of his face a mere mote in the atmosphere of spacethe earth It is In signIficant In size but supremely significant in the part It Is des tined to play upon the stage of life where love will ever be the chief attraction and hate the chief repulsion Love the goon Goddess and Hate the bad Devil It of all the myriads circling worlds may be the only one fitted for the highest pression of sentient life and love Then who may call it accursed which of its planetary brothers may say I am better than thou The solid ground the liquid seas and the gaseous air fitly represent tho three forms or states of matter and any mass of matter may assume either of these three states according to tho attraction or repulsion the lovo or hate that influences the con dition In duo time the love of the oxygen In the waters for the metals In the bowels of mother earth will cause it to form new affiliations divorcing tho hydrogen of the present union and tho milk of maternal love will cease to flow and her breasts will become dry as the moon and all animated life upon her bosom will cease But will love cease with tho environment or Is the law true that there Is no loss or gain but only an eternal change It has long been considered that life and love only came into existence at birth and ceased at death and are entirely beyond the comprehension of man But wo must change our views and learn that they are as constant and Imperishable as any other of the forces of nature and alike subject to law Before tho andtoThree elements which can bo analyzed weighed and measured form 99 per cent of all animated natureCarbon Hydrogen ana Oxygen H O Two in chemical love form the seasO a H Two in chemical union form tile airO N And one eternal imperishable element may bo tho ultimate ands tho pri mate from which all phenomena Is produced As all elements assume the three different statessolid liquid and gaseousat will and an Infinite number of combinations so may the one be all and all be one You are familiar with Ice a solid body water a liquid and steam a gasall being one and the same thing Some of you know it Is not a single element in the sense our fathers thought but a combination of two elements O H We have further been enabled to separate the oxygen into ozone and antizone This latter is of great benefit to the higher forms of animal life In fact a preserving angel It Is set free by waterfalls the surf of the sea the lightnings of heaven or wherever water Is finely divided by the forces of nature It has great love for the dead of all animate creation combining with their molecules and ren dering them harmless to the living Without this angel that watches over and slumbers not nor sleeps this small worla would soon be rendered uninhabitable by man Deep down in the seas of water where now the fishes swim ages and ages ago there dwelt the lowest forms of animal life a jellylike mass without a head or tall and almost without form having only one sense and that was life The elements composing Its formless body were the same as those composing the earth the air and the water but love had combined them in such a way as to make them a fit medium for the manifestation of life And life thus found its first organ of expression Only Carbon drogen Oxygen Nitrogen Sulphur and a very small proportion of Phosphorus but In certain definite proportions The chemist cannot do this The attractive power of love alone can perform this miracle Time flies and love binds This protozoon carried In the ever varying currents of the restless deep receives multi plied Impressions from contact with tho obstacles In Its way until at last the accumulated sensations have Impressed Its Inmost being until a sensorium Is established the whole mass becomes medullary matter and a low order of nutritive system Is established Later this becomes more complex but persists throughout the length of the entire cain from the protozoon to man The sensorium receiving continuous repetitions of sensations the creature acquires motion independent of the oc an currents and the medullary matter is oncentrated Into cells and cords and ganglia or little brains controlling the means of locomotion anti a higher order of animal becomes the offspring of the lower and again their offspring Inherit all their peculiarities and the sum of their acquired sensations as expressed by their sensorium This Is further perfected by concentrating the ganglia In one larger brain with the cords not unlike an Intricate telegraph system reaching to the utmost extremities of the various organs of locomotion nutrition sensation etc Man being the highest expression of sentient beings has in herited all the accumulated sensations of the entire chain that leas preceded him and Is endowed with the triple nervous system nutritive motor and sensory Tho lowest forms of life may be divided and suDdlvlded but still each part will continue with an independent existence To It alone cans be applied the old song As It was in the beginning is now and ever shall be world without end Amen The higher order of animals endowed with the higher order of sensorium not unlike that of man are mans greatest visible enemies because they obey the highest law of their natureself preservation and that they may live many unfit for the environ ment must die and man the most fit of all feasts upon all and In his death the worms of the earth will find now life His skin worms will devour his body Thus we see that all animals live upon other animate matter either before or after death and the elements that make up one body today will be Incorporated In another body tomorrow and yield to the survivor all the elements and forces It possesses and no difference how round about and Indirect the exchange may the result remains the same For Instance you analyze boIcommon earthworm you find It to be composed of solids and gases you drive off the water by heat and the residue Is the three or four simple elements heretofore mentioned No Ucla of matter la destroyed by the process but It can never paritogether In Just the same conditions again The water and gases go off Into the free air The water will condense fall to I 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE the earth to nourish plant life or quench the thirst of other animals For Instance the carbon will be absorbed by grass flower and tree and some songster of the air will feast thereon and Incorporate It into his own body the same as If It had eaten the worm and at last a dainty meal may be made of poor birdies bciiy lor an Invalid child and It becomes again a part of a human being But not for long the forces of nature are no respecters of persons or things beautiful and If man has broken her laws the body of the child may soon be laid away among the earthly things from which the worm receives Its nourishment Who can trace the Infinite changes of an atom of matter from the time when the stars first sang together to that time when nayare will be hushed In an eternal sleep The protoplasm of all cells both animal and vegetable Is cheni lea ly Identical forever constant In Its proportions but the vege table cell will unerringly reproduce a vegetable and the animal cell as unerringly reproduce an animal each after Its kind because It has been so Impressed by Its heredity the negro will beget a negro the Jew a Jew the hunting dog a hunting dog unless Impressed by other forces and an acquired peculiarity that the parent did not Inherit may be transmitted to his posterity as the present line of begging dogs as the changes that have been going om In the bitter almond changing It to the delightful peach and the short stiffhaired goat of Bible times to the long curly flexible haired Angora goat of today the partially civilized man of today with love gradually displacing the hate of former times He the highest expression of animate existence is no exception to the laws of nature He has Inherited a certain anatomical and mental bias His environment has supplied him with a multitude of Impressions made upon his organs of sensation He perecelves the causes He remembers the perceptions Ho groups them and by reasoning forms his own conceptions He associates these conceptions forming judgments which may or may not be right for various reasons His sensations may bo Impaired or lost and he may think It cold when he Is burning with fever His organs of perception may be perverted and cause hallucina tions His memory likewise may be poor from age ill health or heredity His reasoning may be Incoherent and ho may have Illusions His judgment maole Impaired by a long course of Eased training or by disease causing delusions even violent InsanityIf heredity or environment he holds one opinion or another we should bear with him In all love and kindness fur he did not create himseu or his opinions and he Is poweless to change of his own volition He will Ftlll be the creature of circumstances- As the great little Napoleon that child of destiny said No thing Is more simple than my elevation It was owing to the peculiarities of the times I did not make events they made me My son cannot replace me I cannot replace myself I am the creature of crcumstances If It were not so vain would It be for teachers to teach and science to Investigate I here has been no Ma hi the past but has had Its believers and If necessary they would freely offer their lives In defense of their belief as witness the martyrdom of the Chrlsts and truelflid avlrrs of John Hus Vanlnl Bruno Jlypatla Lady Lysle Michael Servetus Giles Gary and u licet of others who died for their faith Many living are undergoing martyrdom from day to day In order to be true to their best convictions They have asked the ques tion of themselves should the truth be proclaimed at the price of life 1berty and reputation And they have answered It In the affirmative and the young should be so taught and their elders should set the example If the love of truth could but possess the minds of the people there would be little necessity for the dlly spectacle of fathers testifying against their children chil dren against their parents friends against friends that tire the dead sea fruits of our present socnl order The laws of love do indeed revolt against such unnatural laws of usa e Uahab concealed the spies of Israel and then swore ilsely and was rewarded for the good Intention Annanlas and a pphlra on the other hand were struck dead for trying to evade an Income tax livery conceivable wrong has been committed by just men men after Gods own heart as recorded by the parties judging Present ethics Impress the people that It Is right to lie that gocd may come of It This Idea being adopted In regard to our highest conception of ethics must of necessity permeate our every lay thought and Influence our actions toward our fellows oven to martyring them If needs be by rendering false evident or otherwise that cno differing Judgment whether on roll ious social tr economic problems may bo convinced of his errVor receive tho punishment wo Imagine he merits and otters seeing hs example may avoid like heresies by living a lie and thus keeping their views from offending us or like Jennie Deans In The Heart of Midlothian who told the truth with a breaking heart when false usages backed by force wrung It front her lips Or the Bishop In Les Miserables who evaded truth to save the Galley slave And In our own day the Prince of Wales is not the only man who has perjured himself like n gentleman to save the reputation of another if the best Impulses of our nature had always been acted upon the poet need not have written the following lines A score of stout hands rose between The hunter and the flying Age clenched his staff and maiden eyes Flashed tearful yet defying But when told that the pursuer had the law and the gospel on his side the congregation helped to secure the trembling fugitive My brain took lire Is this I cried The end of prayer and preaching Then down wMh pulpit down with priest And give us Natures teaching Just then I felt the deacons hand In wrath my coattails seize on I heard the priest cry Infidel The lawyer mutter treason If the Puritan fathers had followed their highest Instincts tin slave system would not have been planted on the soil of America but the gospel theory warped their judgment and In tho end tho sin was washed away In the blood of their Eons The history of the world Is that falsifying and force methods have ultimately the opposite effect of that desired and the sin will be visited upon the children to the third and fourth genera tion Teach all men that the only truth Is harmony with nature and that a He is a discord Do not teach wrong for right for the good that it may do for your pet theory and If there is n doubt in your mind give them the benefit of the doubt Mothers a word to rOUtYou have tho early training of the children in your hands You have swayed the world by your Influence upon the plastic minds of childhood You have sung the changes of Mother Gcoso stories fairy tales Bluebeard Santa Claus Elves Dragons and other delusions of the nurury prepara tory to tho greater delusions of witches ghosts spirits winged angels and devil a material hell governed by a material god called Satan together with the resurrected material bodies of the dead that tire In everlasting torment because they could not front definite mental traits believe In a material god miscalled the Almighty lIving no one pretended to know where In a material place called heaven and who is Impotent to check the devil from choosing the brightest nod best and leaving for the golden streets golden harps and golden halos only a few infants Idiots and Materialist you are sorely misnamed you should gracefully yield unto Caesar that which Is Caesars and unto God that which is Gods When we stop teaching these delusions of heavenly government wo may hope to change our earthly format of government based upon them This Is tho first step toward abolishing the wrongs that make lying a necersitythat make tho flaming red paint of the store front cry Fire Sale when there has been no l1rethllt causes tho merchant to lie In the market tho preacher to lie in the the wrongs that force the sister of Jennie nouns to take the life of her unborn to protect her reputation which force Jennie to swear a lie or tell the truth with a bursting heart but allows her partner to go free and oven remain the petted lion of society tint no womans hnnd guided tho pen that wrote KphcslaiiB or Timothy or Corinthians can be seen by any not mentally blind A woman did not write Wives submit yourselves to your hus bands Ho Is tho linage and glory of God but the woman Is the glory of man suffer no woman to teach Neither was tho man created for tie woman but tho woman for the man She did not write In Deuteronomy this abomination After victory if he sees a beautiful woman and desires her he may take her and after loosing delight in ner he may let her go again an out cast in society Neither did silo pen tho statute laws framed front these ethical precept that places tho age at which a girl may bo led to tho altar of lust at from seven to eighteen years but tho legal ago at which silo can become a happy wife and mother at from eighteen to twentyone Wncn womans hand guides tho Continued on page 12 J 1BLUEGRASS BLADE 5 MY WATERLOO How an Unbelieving Cousin Explained Why He Would Not Accept Religion By E J BealsIIoffpaulr At the age of sixteen having been duly called of God to preach Christ I began to look diligently about me for opportunities to do good My heart bled for those tread Ing in the paths of unrighteousness and I felt It my duty to rescuo them from sin If my cousins was one far above the average In intelligence but known to us of the faith as a hard case because of tho persistent hardening of his heart After one of tho Wednesday night prayer meetings several of the young people gath Bred around mo and begged that I make an effort to turn Neal for such was my cousins name from the error of his way My duty was quite plain I had long felt that Neal stood In need of spiritual advice and direction but I really stood somewhat in awe of his sarcasm of which he had an unusual supply Nerving myself for the attack however I called on him one day and found him sit ting on tho back porch By his side was a bottle partly filled with a reddishcolored liquid and this fact considered along with Neals talk and actions suggested that ho had taken something calculated to counter act a certain heaviness of heart In plain English Neal was about three drinks ahead After a few commonplace remarks I decided to get down to the business of tile said don t you think it about t me for you to embrace religion and enjoy a closer walk with God Neals eyes lit up with a queer light which I had often witnessed before and which I know boded ill for me Sonny ho said in a condescending I WHY WOMEN SHOULD VOTE Strong Plea In Support of the Suffrage Being Extended to Mothers of Race By T C JefferlcB Should women bo allowed lo vote On every hand wo hear this question discussed more and moro The proportion of the women capable of tho Intelligent uso of tho ballot certainly compares favorably with tho number of men Surely tho selling of votes would not bo greatest among tho women Why shouldnt women have a voice in a matter which so vitally concerns them They are compelled to pay taxes tone of voice I could be religious If it wasnt for thinking of the manner in which Christ treated his mother asked for an explanation You shall have It said he Christ he continued was son of Mary and Joseph was us fattier Now it so happened that when Christ was twelve years of age his parents went down to Jerusalem and were there for several days As several families from Nazareth had taken the trip and Christ was very fond of traveling wits tho other boys his father and mother paid io attention to his absence for several days after they had left Jerusalem on their way nome thinking that he was among his youthful playmates But when they found that such was not the case they returned to Jerusalem and Inquired of tho police partment as to whether tho boy had been seen or heard of anu were Informed by the Chief that the youngster was In tho temple disputing with the priests Hurry Ing to the temple sure enough there sat Jesus Christ In tho midst of the wise men disputing with them Son sho cried why hast thou thus dealt with usl Behold thy father and nave sought theo sorrowing How Is it that you sought me said Jesus wist ye not that must bo about my fathers business t Now Mary ha said that Joseph was his father and Christ had the impertinence to stand up In that temple and maintain to the contrary Insist that Mary ought to know and that no child should dispute Ills mothers word especially on that deli cate question I refuse to bo guided by any man who manifests so little regard for his mothers feelings had no answer at hand and Neal re mains unconverted to this day Rafter Tenn why not refuse to accept their taxes They aro among the governed and they are taxed to support tho government and they raise sons to matte the government but they are denied any hand In tho government The ballot should not In any way interfere with tho home life and duties of women any more than It now does with the man doing tho voting for tho entire family live woman a chance glvo her as much liberty and as much freedom as is al lowed to man and sho will not struggle along under tho yoke of superstition anu Ignorance as long as matt has done If men there be who can claim that a woman built tho chute on which they went down to nothingness how many men are there who will say that a woman built the stairs on which they climbed to fame and quick we men aro to complain It anything Is wrong In our meals If the steaK is a trifle well done or our breakfast a little late but do we always have words of praise and little compliments for each of the many steakS which are so nicely prepared for us and for the counties break fasts which are ready for us on the dot This world Is unkind and uncharitable too quick to judge and too slow to forgive Elder Davis of Cleveland says know many women have made great progress in many walks of life but It was against the will of God the elder evidently looks upon woman as a menial unworthy of high attainments Ho pays them 1 compliment however when he says their will is stronger than that of his God Nevertheless they can see what kind of a god is the elders and no doubt they will agree that he had best get another god We suggest one with a little sense of the uncommon variety if that Is possible although one with even common sense would be an Improvement It Is possible that a transfer may be issued to Elder Davis from his present woman hating deity to one that Is more of a ladys man Unless the elder changes he never can hopo to bo popular with Indies When god means to any man what tho elders words convey that man is ripe for almost any persecution against womanhood How happy and glorious for Elder Davis could he but have lived a few hundred years ngoIn the good old days of rack and thumbscrew Womans Influence everywhere her nature Is trusting True she has peculiar ities but man was never born who when tho occasion demanded could bo as loyal as a true and noble woman Cleveland Ohio Another New One SAN FRANCISCO CAL Please sendItho Blue Grass Blade to Comrade B Fein stein 690 Post St and credit me with the same Yours fraternally J FRANTZ Papers Are Sent CLEVELAND p Enclosed find 50 cents for more papers beginning with date No and obllgeT M TITE Subscribes to Hausmans Book DENVER COLOEnclosed find P O money order for 200 for which please send mo one copy of Dr Hausmans new book on Evolution FRITZ THIES 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY BARBARITY OF OUR EXISTING POLITICAL RELATIONS THE STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE BETWEIV INDIVIDUALS STATE AND INDIVIDUAL LAW AND RIGHT By Dr A Hausman PART II RELATIONS OF MAN TO MAN Mans relations are of a twofold kindthey refer to nature and to his own species the social life of individuals It was the object of the preceding chapters to define his position in nature and show that he does not occupy a special plane but only forms part of the great animal kingdom and is subject to the same general biological laws We shall now proceed to examine his social relations and demonstrate that they are the result ofnatural evolution which of course they must be if Juan owes his existence to the same process under the same common laws To repeat briefly these laws Every species of animal has a tendency to produce more individuals than possibly can exist and part of them must perish Those individuals who have acquireduseful characters will survive in the struggle for existence and transmit these qualities upon their offsprings according to the law of inheritance In the course of time after this process has been repeated through many genera tions and the useful qualities have increased and become fixed a higher animal type will be the result Thus man has attained the dominion over the animals and the civil ized nations rule over the savages because their higher intellect has given them greater physical power We found that human life has no particular object or mission on earth and that man has no other pursuit than his happiness that everything is good which contributes and everything bad that is detrimental to it Man lives for his individual welfare and not for the state which only represents a condition necessary for the coexistence of many individuals striving for the same object Wo found that in Europe wars and hereditary mon archies are still existing as barbarous relics of the struggle- of existence among the species or races upheld by egoism irrational in the largo masses which lose by this arrange ment rational in the small fraction of the people who profit by materially These brutal proclivities find expression in national jealousy and hatred the outcome of ignorance It is in the interest of those materially benefited by this ignorance the ruling powers the kings and the church to maintain these false ideas of the world to which they owe their supremacy and this is done by teaching the absurd doctrines of religion The weakminded believe them and become moral cowards unfit to participate in progress which aims to abolish these brutal customs and heavy burdens The moral strong and courageous aban don the false teachings but their number is still too small to change matters Some fall into the other extreme and attempt to buildup society upon idealistic illusory prem ises which are just as chimerical as the delusive Christian tenetsWhile the political relations are still as barbarous as a hundred years ago wo find a great change in the relations of individuals composing a nation from which eventually will arise a better understanding among the people furthest advanced in civilization Though there does not appear any possibility to abolish wars altogether as long as there are inferior nations to be conquered there exists no longer any physical necessity to go to war over questions which can always be settled in a less brutal and more just way than the decision of the sword But that time willnot come before the people do not supplant then erroneous religious views by the rational natural conception of things As long as they believe that a person whom they call god rules the affairs of mankind they will not be able to see that no god but egoism causes the wars that their own mental weakness constitutes the power of the ruler that the lives lost on the battlefield are lost forever sacri ficed for an imaginary cause It sounds ridiculous to hear the church profess that through its efforts the wars might be abolished because it teaches people to love each other It might as well teach the lions to cat grass The egoism of those profiting by the brutality of the masses cannot be overcome by teaching it finds its right and justi fication in history and religion God has appointed the kings and has entrusted the honor of the country into their hands which is but a different expression for personal egoism Here we havo a natural cause the mental in feriority of the people and a natural effect the material superiority of a number of individuals ascribed to a false source u supernatural being If the thousands of brutes havo developed into men and wont do it any longer as the old Jew said the useless wars will be over Wo shall now proceed to investigate the struggle of existence between individuals which is confined to the peaceable competition of labor As far back in history as we possess any information about the condition of human society wo find some per manent peculiar features which appear at all times and among all nations independent of race intellect or religion Wo find an unequal distribution of the earthly goods the burdens and pleasures of life While some lIre living in r BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 affluence others are starving while some enjoy all the fruits of labor without doing any work others toil from morning till evening and earn scarcely enough to keep alive When the founder of Christendom arrived on earth ho found this state of society already in existence as it had been thousands of years before It is evident that ho did not discover or make any laws of society nor did his teachings have the slightest effect upon its morals But they proved detrimental to part of the people as we learned from history because they weakened the moral impulse and converted the physically stronger into sub missive slaves just as they do today From the fact that the same social inequalities existed at all times andamong all nations irrespective of race and religion we arrive at the logical conclusion that some universal immutable nat ural laws form the basis of society and as such we learned to know the natural instincts described above Christendom has evidently failed to solve the social question and so have all the pretentious theories of equality liberty fraternity etc Revolutions may de stroy solve unjust institutions and may abolish some abuses that have become intolerable but they can never destroy the natural laws and out of the chaos and ruin created by unchained brutal passions society grows up invariably on the same principles And from time to time apostles of labor appear with wonderful theories to release the world from tho evils of society all ofwhich have as much prospect for realization as the Christian doctrine of universal love Before trying to solve a question it is absolutely necessary to understand it sufficiently to know whether it can bo solved or not In order to comprehend the social question wo must first determine and define the extent to which social phenomena depend upon the immutable physical laws for to battle against those would bo as futilo as an attempt to stop the Mirth in her revolutions around tho sun CHAPTER IX STATE AND INDIVIDUAL LAW AND RIGHT Laws and rights aro inherited from generation to generation like one eternal sickness Goethe According to materialistic view egoism sometimes superseded by lovo or sympathy is the oily natural and rationalmoral impulse and tho enjoyment of life the only reasonable object of existence Orbits the Declaration of Independence expresses it Life liberty and pursuit of happiness that to secure these rights governments sire institutedamong men deriving their just from the consent of tho governed etc This is tho truo conception- of state a condition for individual welfare but in tho monarchial countries tho caso is reversed the individual lives and dies for tho state that is for a few persons Individual happiness demands certain restrictions of the natural instincts certain mutual guarantees which were discussed alreadat another place It is a fact that there are always some members of society who disregard tho rights of their fellowmen from egoistic motives and for thoso the criminal laws aro required Even if all people wore morally perfect and no crimes committed certain regulations in regard to property and public affairs would bo indispensableAre right identical There are but few lawyers who can give a definition of right although they may know tho law well enough Laws aro not the cause of tho orderly conditions of society People dont know the laws they do not learn them in school they dont study them afterwards and yet they know what is wrong or right Laws aro not made by societ but by single persons and aro consented to by tho peopleThe man who frames tho law must have the unwritten law that is the recognition of necessity in his mind If all laws were suddenly suspended or declared void society would not bo overthrown but would move on in the same way Whenever a new country was settled by tho adventurous gold hunters tho same order prevailed as in tho States though thero are generally more acts of violence on account ofa certain turbulent element which congregate in such places I had some experience of pioneer life myself and made the surprising observation that tho entire absence of govern ment courts and the whole legal machinery instead of producing lawlessness or insecurity of person or property had exactly tho opposite effect Tho strong common sense of tho sturdy pioneers did not require any written law their mutual interest was sufficient to unite their efforts in the preservation of order and security and thoso crim inally inclined had more respect for these peaceable citizens than for tho regular courts Later on when a county was organized and a court established with all the im practicable cumbersome attributes of socalled justice crime became very common because the evil doer felt comparatively safe To bo continued It should be gratifying to the lovers of liberty everywhere that Janoff Pouren the Russian revolu tionary refugee upon his second trial before Immi gration Commissioner Samuel Hitchcock has been adjudged to be a mere political refugee and not an actual criminal This has resulted in his discharge and consequent freedom from detention and as he will not be returned to the Czar America for once again may be likened unto an asylum for the politi cally oppressed a trait bestowed upon the Republic by its builders now more than a century agoILook at the date on your tab That will tell if you tire in arrears on your subscription Have you donoIsol Then do not fail to renew in time as this important item with the Blade S BLUE GRASS BLADE Help Needed for the Paine Centennial The Blade desires to make a direct and personal appeal to its readers and friends in behalf of the coming Paine Centennial at Rochelle New York to commemorate the onehundredth anniversary of his deathHerewith we give two representations or views of the old home formerly occupied by this revolu tionary patriot the home that was given to him by the great Empire State in reward for his splendid services in recognition of the grand great and glo rious fact that like Minerva from the brow of Olympian Jove Columbia this land of the free and home of the brave sprang full panoplied from the brain of Thomas Paine As Americans we can not forget these services rendered without hope or thought of pecuniary com pensation As Freethinkers especially we have greater and more pressing reasons for aiding in this Centennial and it is our bounden duty to do all that within our power lies to see that it is made a brilliant success the only success it deserves A similar op portunity will not occur to this generation Once this is passed it is passed to us forever Can you think of the starving ano ragged soldiers at Valley Forge and those burning words of Paine that re vived their faltering faith in the destiny of the Re public without being moved to some deed some act whereby to give ex pression of appreciation therefor Then whatever you intend to do do It now Those in charge of the Centennial lack the funds necessary to make it the success it must be A little from each will go a long way and this duty we owe to ourselves that we may not be misjudged by posterity The old Paine farm has been cut up into building lots but through the intervention of the newly organ ized Hugenot Association the Paine home is to be preserved and moved to a new location with a few acres of ground about it as a sort of park or public place One room in the house will be used as a Huge not museum and by the aid of the Freethinkers of America we can use the occasion as a means of compelling a greater and better recognition of Paine to the end that he may be accorded his right ful place in American his tory a place denied through orthodox preju dice and insolence Do what we may say what we will give what wo please but our combined acts and words cannot equal in political and re ligious value the work and words of Thomas Paine Could the Blade find language rich enough strong enough fervent enough to touch the heart of every man and woman in America who read these pages to move them to stir them to rouse them into instant and cooperative action in behalf of this Centennial rest assured those words would be said Friends the Blade is informed bv the Treasurer Dr E B Foote of the combined Paine Memorial and Paine Historical So cieties having in charge the detail of this Centen nial that the amount so far contributed is ridicu lously smullnud that more funds are needed to carry out the desired pro gram This is unjust to the memory of Paine It is now less than two months before the Cen tennial will be upon us The managers must know just how much they can spend in order to prepare the program The latter cannot be prepared beyond their financial means Ifever there was a subject upon which American Freethinkers should need no urging this is it We BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 owe to Paine more than we can ever pay If this Centennial results in failure or is weakened as al demonstration in behalf of Paines memory it will bo our own fault The Blade is deeply interested in the result of this Centennial as a national undertaking It is person ally interested therein as being one of the recognized instruments or agencies of Freethought propaganda in America The Centennial will act or react upon the cause of Freethought in full accord with its fruits We as American Freethinkers regarding this Centennial are standing in the conflux of the ages Trio Republic was christined by and named by d deist Its greatest philosopher was an Atheist and its greatest President was an Agnostic To establish it men of till faiths suffered and fought and died sido by side But none did more than Paine The sword Washington would have failed but for the pen of Paine Then let us not shrink from our duty today even as Paine failed not in the line of his duty more than a century ago Wo have lived upon the glories he wrought and we live in the liberties he aided men to win A full century will soon bo rounded out since ho passed into the portals of that tomb into which Christian bigotry and intolerance descended with ghoulish hand to deny him even the peace that conies with death Come forward friends with your means such as you can spare Whatever that may be send itas soon as possible to Dr E B Foote 120 Lexington Avenue New York City and by your action now posterity will have no cause to look back at this episode with regret for the Freethinkers of this generation DK KEYSER ON CHURCH TAXATION When a modern orthodox preacher attempts to discuss the church and its economic and political relations to both government and society presuming to know things ho labors industriously enough to show his utter ignorance of such subjects and uses fisharguments to support his contentions Some unknown friend has sent a marked copy of the Lutheran World of the issue of March 23 which on page six thereof contains an article from the pen of Dr Leander S Keyser of Canal Dover Ohio the gentleman with whom wo had the debate in February last H was evident that the intention of the sender was that a review of Dr Keysers article should be made in these columns which we gladly undertake as this article was especially marked in order to better direct attention to it Preachers like milliners must be in vogue or they will meet deuced hard sledding no matter what his merits might be The article in question is intended as a reply to the strictures recently made by Eugene Wood in Everybodys Magazine in which he lashed the clergy and the churches for pandering to the Mokanna and worshipping the golden calf Dr Keyser resents the soft impeachment and would with the unthinking elevate the modern clergy to that high plane they once occupied a vain and useless effort In his at temptedcriticism Dr Keyser makes the following statement We lately heard an infidel dilating in a great big way on the themes discussed by the preachers and not one of his antiquated notions is being held forth in the pulpits of the day Then we are led inversely to assume that these antiquated notions were held forth in the pulpits of yesterday If not in tho pulpits of today what has wrought the change Are the pulpits of today right Then the pulpits of yesterday must have been wrong If tho pulpits of yesterday were right then is it not a dun gerous position theologically for tho pulpits o to to get away from antiquated notions and adopt modern ideas for the sake of keeping their heads above the waters of public opinion I Does it not show that style counts more than truth with tlc clergy and that they assiduously study the fashion plates to keep in vogue Dr Keyser resents tho imputation of his critic that preachers are so very much behind the times and makes reference to rows of books on their library shelves which is very much like asking a hungry man to satisfy his appetite for food by asking him to read over a bill of fare from some fashionable hotel The books may be there in some instances and these exceedingly few but the congregation does not get their contents unless they have received the orthodox sanction from the powers that booIf among these books can be found works on science history and philosophy any man and woman of average intelligence can understand that very little of what they teach comes from the pulpit except it is to garble misquote misrepresent and to claim that they came from godare of god and contain some high fangled notion of being a revelation made by science of gods plan But Dr Keyser need not complain of the mental attitude of Mr Wood and his barber con cerning the clergy for this attitude is not confined to them alone being held in common with thou sands of others who have had sufficient experience with the clergy to know them and to understand them Enpassant we might add that we too have had recent experiences with certain clergymen that have tended to shatter duly moiety of respect for the cloth that might have lingered unnoticed in the mind Ninety and Wino per cent of all the preachers in America represent mere mouthfuls of sweetenedwind more painted echoes oratorical hurdygurdys that play the music of others and as he who pays the fiddler names the tune it is in tho pulpit where the possessor 1 BLADEI10 BLUE GRASS possessor of predatory wealth finds greatest com fort so long as he makes generous donations in its support j 1Principal among Dr Keysets statementswe ca not call them arguments being unworthy the name which we desire most to discuss is one anent the exemption of churches and church property from just taxation On this subject we desire to quote from him at some length He says in part But the churches dodge paying taxes See the miserable misrepresentation How can the churches dodge taxes when the government does not assess them at all If tho government taxed them they certainly would pay their taxes as they pay all their other bills But why does Mr Wood want the churches to pay taxes Where Is the justice In their doing so The church Is a public Institution intended for the public good and the property Is not owned by any Individual The church mem bers Including the ministers pay taxes on their Individual pos sessions just as other citizens do on theirs Besides this Mr Wood wants them to keep up the churches for the public weal and pay taxes too This would be a triple tax for the church members to pay all for tho privilege of supporting an institu tion that is not intended for selfish purposes but for the public good We suppose Mr Wood would like to have the school teachers and boards of education of our land pay taxes on the school property they make use of for the public benefit Why not It would be just as reasonable as to tax church property There is not a church member or a preacher who owns a brick or a nail In the church property Why should he pay taxes on what he does not own Moreover those people who are forever denouncing the church for not paying taxes do not help to keep up the churches They pay little or nothing to their support Other people pay thousands of dollars yearly for the support of the church and they do It voluntarily and for the public good The unbeliever and scoffer t gets the benefit of the Christian civilization thus advanced pays nothing for It and still wants the Christian people to pay taxes on their church property It will be a sad day should it over come when unbelief gets everything it wants With all the moral and spiritual forces now at work the world is bad enough What will become of it if all these forces are removed If it be true that a miserable misrepresentation has been made it was made by Dr Keyser and not by Mr Wood At whose instance forsooth were the Jaws enacted that exempted church property from taxation Not the people It came from the preach ers Only recently have some states enacted laws granting churches this exemption Why was it done Who asked for it When the preachers turned them selves into lobbyists to induce the members of the several legislative bodies to enact special legislation for the benefit of the churches exempting their prop erty from taxation it is the prettiest subterfuge to claim that the reason they do not pay taxes is because they are not assessed Suppose some assessor should put church property on the taxable list would not Dr Keyser if it happened to be his own churchrush to the courts asking for a writ of injunction If a man or an institution can only be moral within the law he or it must be made of poor material indeed and will well stand watching in any sort of a busi ness transaction If an agitation should begin to put allchurch property on the taxable lists every preacher would break his neck hurrying to get to the State capital with a protest in his hand and this is the quintessence of clerical honesty No good reason exists for drawing a comparison between the churches and the public institutions for education The latter are altogether supported by public taxation They are public property owned andcontrolled by the public and every good citizen is ready and willing to pay his proportionate share for their maintenance There is no reason why such institutions should be called upon to pay taxes and for Dr Keyser to offer such a plea in behalf of church exemption is the veriest moonshine Churches are not public institutions They are private institu tions They are in competition with each other They are business rivals Every time a Presbyterian gain u new member the Lutheran church figures out that it has lost his fare on its own lines Baptists run their churches for Baptists and Methodists for Meth odists They do not contribute towards the support of churches of a different sectarian faith In many instances as was the case in Chicago tho Catholic church owned one million dollars worth of rentable house property which was on the market in compe tition with other property of like character and yet every dollar of it was exempt from taxation thereby increasing the tax rate on all surrounding property and the burdens fell upon tho cottages of the poor In this little city of Lexington the Campbcllite church owning a parsonage gave it up as such be cause the minister desired a more pretentious dwell ing and the parsonage was rented out for cash An effort was made to dodge taxes on it but an honest tax assessor and an honest county judge made them pay taxes and the case was affirmed on appeal to the highest court in the State Being the action ofa church Dr Keyser would not call this a miserable misrepresentation but perfectly proper and in strict accord with the Christian moral code Church property should be no more exempt from taxation than saloon property One poisons the mind with rum the other with religion and it makes small difference what a man gets drunk on he is just as dangerous when the influence is full upon him Nor is it true that churches are for tho public good Less than onethird of the population belong to them and the majority are taxed to maintain and protect church property for the benefit of the few All church property enjoy the right of protection the accretions in value from surrounding improvements the various means of sanitation street paving and lighting and protection from fire All this takes money and it must come out of the public purse Not one penny does the church contribute to this end Jlj J IBLUEGRASS BLADE n Jew and Gentile believer and unbeliever through exemption are compelled to pay an indirect tax to support Dr Keysers church and Dr Keyser calls this honest True Dr Keyser and the members of his church have a constitutional right to worship any old god they please but they ought to pay for the privilege and not demand exemption that places the burden on the shoulders of those who do not want Dr Keysers church or Dr Keysers god But listen We read The unbeliever and scoffer gets the benefit of Christian civilization thus ad vanced pays nothing for it and still wants the Christian people to pay taxes on their church prop erty The benefit of what Christian civilization Of all the advancements in science and art in music and poetry in literature and law point to one new idea one new thought one step in material progress that emanated from a Christian pulpit or a Christian church Christian civilization Aye with millions of brothels in which believers sate their lust and lit tie children cry themselves in hunger to sleep beneath the frowning walls of some dead Christian church Christian civilization in which the people are divided into classes industrial and sets social with wealth mocking poverty and poverty cursing wealth And yet a Keyser will devote his energies to the prop agation ofa religion which Reason that pitiless monarch of the mind tells him must as inevitably pass as did those of Egypt Greece and Rome Chris tian civilization wherein hundreds of thousands of Christians are being trained in the art of murder to more effectively slaughter other Christians with whom they have never had the slightest quarrel or misunderstandingIt day for Dr Keyser and his ilk when unbelief gets anything it wants but it will bo a milleuium for the people In unbelief as dis tinguished from orthodox Christianity and all that it implies lies the only hope of the people In that great day a priest or a preacher will be looked upon with the same regard as a soldier The one hired to kill the body and the other to kill the mind Freethought points to the future it will if granted the opportunity awake the nations it will liberate and arouse the faculties it will give courage deter mination and hope to every man and woman Rev William Forkoll pastor of The Peoples Churchat Aurora Ill has resigned his pulpit quit tho church and gone into business The reason for such an action is best told by himself When ho renounced tho ministry and tho church ho said I do not believe in tho bible I believe God is not a distinct being but is all over tho world As tho world is unfinished God is unfinished r Evolution is the perfecting method It is the growth of Gods body of which we are part- I dont believe in prayer I believe in handclapping or any natural demonstration in church I believe congregations should act in church as they would at home or in a theater A CALL TO AMERICA Selection from Parker H Seroombes forthcoming book thou giant America My beloved my walling one Como forth from the easy shadows where thou hast tarried too long Falter not before the tasks set for thee Thou hope of the world No more grotesque and gruesome burdens as of the past Thy labors to come shall but lighten thy very load 0 Democracy Open thlno eyes let thy forehead shine part thy lips In the prayer of determination Forget thy scars bury thy vengeance let thy sins be thy guide And thy tardy tears moisten thy passion into the doing of deeds Arise champion An unarmed warrior thou A cleanser- of nations Thou hast love in thy bosom tender as a babys kiss deli cato as the caress of sunlight Powerful as all the worlds engines fresh as watercress nurtured in cool springs It is tho love in thee which hath stilled thee dropped the wine of slumber upon thy lids Lulled thy golden spirit Into dreams that hath made thee a plaything of courtesans A companion of gourmands and roues a purveyor of baubles and titles A slave to thy mirror a sharer of bribes a worshipper of self A punisher of victims a liberator of traitors a stultlfler of childhood Arouse thyself Beloved Como away from thy dalliance Stretch forth thy hand Thou child of Franklin Jefferson Paine and Washington Dost thine eyes not see thy brethren with their torn faces in the mire Dost thy heart feel no tumult Do not sobs possess thy throat And the earth arise to cradle thy convulsed body at sight of these The time was 0 Son of Liberty when thy nostrils would revolt at such stench of tradition When the swinish folly of thy people would be staid by the hand of Wisdom When tho tears of thy panting breast might drown the enemies of peace and understanding l 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE MORALS HEALTH AND THE STATE Continued from page 4 pen that writes religion and law we will see different things from these Ah there Is a higher law than Law and a higher religion than Religion and many strive by voice and pen to raise the people to their Ideal Confucius gave expression to It In a sentence Do not unto another that which you would not that another should do unto you Many Bibles written since echo the thought and put it Into the mouths of their Messiahs as the central gem of their ethical diadem What a pity they hid away the gems In caskets of lies and based many of their laws and customs upon the casket Instead of the gems concealed within It would have been an exponent of Justice If the truth alone were taught The truth the whole truth and nothing but the truth Life is no small thing that it should be sacrificed to delusions and selfish lies Liberty is no small thing that it should toll In chains to uphold creeds which teach delusions for truth Reputation is no small thing that It should be seduced to yield a fleeting pleasure to dogmas that are themselves delusions Again I say abolish the wrongs both ethical and social that offer the Life Liberty and Reputation upon the altar of lust delu sion and selfish desires The first step toward It will be to tell the truth ourselves and to allow others to tell the truth We must allow our preachers to teach the Higher Biblical criticisms as they believe them We must not force them to teach that Moses wrote certain parts that he believes were not written by Moses or Jeremiah or Ezra or David or Solomon or any other fictitious author when he believes the names of the real authors have been lost in oblivion Let him make correction Instead of forcing him to perpetuate the error or lose his pulpit We must give him the liberty of pointing out the error as well as the truth of religion separate the part that was Inspired by hate from tho part Inspired by love And again we must not force error upon IMAGINE THESE THINGS Answer to Question about Cnnstian being Right and Freethinkers Foolish to Take Chances By Andrew Rood In answer to tho question m tae Blade of March nth If Christians are right la not this vast army of unbelievers very tool Ish in taking too chances they do would say i0 You niouldu hardly no tice it at all A uod woo would devise auduiaiutaln the Christian hell would not be competent to build turn and manage a neaven raul says that a spring will not give forth sweet and bitter waters so neither can a good uod lead such a dual existence Human genius cannot justify the nell dogma nor the bram comprehend It and retain sanity The most cheerful feature about ortho lox Christianity Is its entire lack of truth How long is eternity jMiuless Step into the realm of the imagination and suppose we start winding tho finest spiders thread into a ball wind and wind intll the ball grows in size until It has brushed away constellations space and has reached tho Milky Way all around ho long Is the thread No one knows but it has two nds Let every inch along its entire lengtn epresent a decillion years still eventually be time would END because there IS AN the children In the schools by teaching delusions for truth but must give our professors as well as our preachers freedom of conscience to teach the truth Bible theories that were ancient efforts to account for phenom ena must not oe taught way as the sum of all scientific research No more Cecco dAscolls must be burned alive at the ago of 70 years for not believing the earth to be flat neither must any more be damned for not believing It Instead let us teach ancient bibles as ancient myths and moderns religions as modern theories to be accepted or discarded by final judgment Let us teach tho book of nature as written In the geological formation of tho geography astronomy and science of the Infidel Moor and Saracen as perfected by modern scientific research let us Imbibe and for morals let us teach modern ethics Independent of creeds Let all error go with the divine right of kings polygamy slavery Infant damnation and all such abominations and In their places teach the natural rights of the five races cf men women and children to the air water and land and the products of their own exertion Teach love uninfluenced by fear teach freedom to do and to enjoy to the fullest extent compatible with tho collective Interests Teach the truth the whole truth and nothing but the truth And In due time the social conditions that make lying a necessity will pass away like a hideous dream Private interests will give way to public weal Selfish desires will lose the mar cbinery of law Idleness with its manifold temptations on the one hand and overtaxed energy with Its unhealthy craving for stimulants on the other cease with the conditions Gambling in lands and the products of labor will cease to curso the world Wars and rumors of wars will cease lies will ceaso to bo told by lawyers because there will be no Incentive and supreme courts will no longer decide In favor of the Annanlasea and Sapphlras And man will no longer be crucified by the classes who rule And Life Liberty and Happiness will have new meaning to the peoples of the earth END to the thread but not so with the Vnrlstlans cherished hell If for tho sake of the argument the Christian dogma is true then tho coming of man upon the earth was and is the sad dest of all happenings and there would re main for him one of two tuings First to stoically meet his fate or Second do as Job of old curse the day upon which ho was born read Job chap and take his medicine because happiness In either plan is inconceivable Imagine a man in heaven wlUh a wife and nine children In hell or a large family In heaven with the boy next to the baby m hell Imagine a Christian In hell who went through life singing Blessed assurance etc who lived long and well on earth but died Ignorant of tho fact that he had not been baptized when a baby Think of the countless people in hell who lived and never heard of the illegitimate Jewish kid Oh says the unrlstlan God does not damn those nations who are In ignorance of tho light Ho saves then all Then why send damnation among them by spreading the blighting light to them through preachers missionaries and sions But to conclude Science Evolu tion and Reason are rapidly dispelling such fearful follies and speculations and they will soon bo relegated to the rear only to 4WV1 be recorded on the tearstained and blood besmattercd pages of tho history of the pages of the past Hasten the day Kansas City Mo Takes Dr Hausmans Book BOONE IA Kindly put me down for a copy of Mans Origin and Destiny and let me know when ready and Ill remit Did you get my 350 for Blade for lJOSL C HOXSIE Subscribes to Hausmans Book ST LOUIS 1OI hereby subscribe for one copy of Dr Hausmans Mans Origin and Destiny to my uddressJ H AUG MgYlm Asks About the Blade TRUXTON l1OWm you kindly send me the price list of the works of the lute C Moore especially do I want Behind tho Bars am now reading Dog Fennel in tho Orient Is tho Blue Grass Blade still In existence W LABAN MOORE THP PROCESSION PLANETS nom wit T BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 PH N N N NHN N H N N HON N N N N N i + iCbe Blades Cottttespondence is erON MURRAYS CLEARANCE SALE I Byrons Forbidden Fruit Paul Berts Jesuit Morals Tolstois Root of Evil j Silcoxs Sacredness of Man Livingston and the Boers Murrays British Land lord Moses and the Prophets 39 Prop ositions of a Pagans Religion The Open Challenge Ten Commandments Bible Texts etc etc The total retail price of tho lot comes to cents I will send tho whole together postpaid for 25 cents These pamphlets will suit the fol lowers of Voltaire Thomas Paine and Aristotle Taey will not please Atheists NORMAN MURRAY St James St Montreal Canada Sends Six New Ones HUNTINGTON W VAEnclosed find for six new subscriptions for one enr each to the following first subscrip to begin with Mans Origin and Des by Dr A Hausman If you have the 1tlon have made this donation to above for one year only They will bo by a great number of people and hope he tho means of Increasing tho subscription list of your paperW W GWINN Blade and Emergency Fund MANHATTAN KANIt with pleas ure I send you a few lines to let you know that tho Blade is always welcome I like to read tho Blade and will not be without It as long as I am able to pay for It and you publish It I will send you three do- llars150 to have my subscription tag moved up to April 1910 IUd tho other 150 for the Emergency Fund or as you think best Success to you and the Blade THOMAS DUELL To Those Who Have a Garden MILO MAINE It may bo of Interest to some of your renders who have a garden to know that I sent 25 cents some months ago for the advertised list of bulbs in tho Blade from II W Buckhee of Rockford Every one has done well and though I did not give tho bulbs half a chance cith or for just put them In any old tins I could gather In off tho waste ground My wife thinks more bulbs are blooming than put In but Its a fact that all have ma tured or are doing soW COOPER VYYYYY YYYYfYT The Monkey Problem LINEVILLE IAI acquiesce In the ution of the squirrel problem as given by Bro Gnndelot as a final settlement of the case and had he hailed from Missouri In stead of PIttsburg we would denominate his solution The Missouri Compromise In the case of the monkey If all friction Is eliminated when the monkey climbs the rope the weight at the other end of the ropo will begin to raise just a trifle slower than tho monkey and when the monkey gets to tho top the weight will not quite be there How much will It lack do you ask Oh just some and that Is all theoretically an Infinitely small amount It will take more power than the weight of tho monkey to start It up and this will bo exercised In the way of drawing up the balancing weight True It will take more power than the weight of tho weight to start It up but It will not take so much to start It slow as fast so It will sure have to goA A SNOW We Are Gaining Ground NOSIER OREGON Enclosed find 350 money order for which please set my tab on tho Blade up to 1910 and credit mo with for Dr Hausmans hook Mans Origin and Destiny I am deeply Inter ested In his writings In fact I am at all times ready for anything pertaining to scientific research The field of science Natures Laboratory Is the only place from which we get truth All other sources of Information are founded on myth superstition or the product of a weak mind or psychological effect of environ ment or early training am pleased to seo the Blade teeming full of good solid reading When I get It I read It through that night before I lay me down to sleep and pray tho lord my soul to keep Bro Hughes I think wo are gaining ground when a Senator from Arkansas stopped Congress from donating 15000 to build a church for soldiers The Idea of soldiers needing a church They are hired mur derers nnd they and the millionaires aro tho vampires of tho nation consumers but not producers only of bloodshed and misery Tho church nnd army are useless to real civilized nation Where on earth Is there a civilized nation today Echo answers none They all fight With best wishes to you and Mr Charlcsworth I remain yours klndlyR W SIMPSON A Good Devil Story NORWALK CTIf Don Quixote or Bar on Munchnuseu were alive today we could hardly hear anything more erratic than the several articles that are appearing al most dally In our New York papers the lat est being a genuine devil of biblical lore having been discovered and seen in many different parts of the State of New Jer gars description and all are entirely differ ent One says this devil has u head like an soy The account each reporter gives beg owl and has horns and wings and claws Another says It has a head like a mule and wings and spits fire The latest report Is that It has been seen In Connecticutt A Mr Cyrus Williams of Oakvllle Leltchfleld county as he was going to his cider mill to get four barrels of cider saw His Majesty sitting on the barrels In the mill The far mer states that his team of oxen were so frightened that they turned Inside out that Is turned In the yoke and Mr Williams had to drive thom home backwards Now this devil business Is getting to be a very serious thing The several reporters have undoubtedly been reading up tho Books of Revelations in the Interest of the preachers or else they are trying to get a monopoly on Ills Majestys honor or they may have been Imbibing too freely of Jersey lightning or corn bugJuice However they evidently have Annanlas skinned a block A B BENNETT Sends Answer to Puzzle CENTRAL LAKE nCHI enclose here with two dollars for Dr A Hausmans book Mans Origin and Destiny Hero Is my solution of Robert G Gande lots problem In the Blade of Feb 21st Suppose that tho monkeys nnd the balance weight are tho same weight that the rope alone will just balance and hence remain stationary If friction and weight of rope could be eliminated so that there was noth ing to take into consideration except tno Inertia of monkey and rope they being of tho same weightthe weight would rise as fast as tho monkey each at onehalf of the climbing speed of the monkey But friction and weight of rope cannot be gotten At first tho monkey would rise faster than tho weight and tho less the fric tion of tho ropo and pulley tho less tho dif ference In their rate of motion upward But as the weight ascended tho rope on that side would be shortened and on the other side It would bo lengthened which would Increase tho motion of the weight nnd les sen the onward motion of the monkey nnd tho weight might vot to moving tho faster In actual fact tho relative speed would bo controlled by the friction and tho weight of tho rope FREDERIC L CHURCH 7 TT Mans Origin and Destiny By Dr A Hausman Alameda California This is the Greatest Book of modern times on the theory of Evolution applied to Sociology It will shortly be issued in book form by the Blue Grass Blade making a book of nearly 500 pages The author has dedicated it to Prof Ernst Haeckel and the great Jena philosopher has accepted the dedication 200 200 Subscribe Now and Save Money All charges of postage will be prepaid upon advance subscriptions The first chapters are now in the press and publication in book form will immediately follow its serial publication in the blade columns Subscribe Now Subscribe Now JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky FREE TRIP to the PACIFIC COAST ARE YOU ONE ofthe many thousands who want to explore this Wonderland SUNSET MAGAZINE has instituted new department whose fpecial work it is to put within the reach or every one an opportunity to tee the FAR WEST Writefor Sample Copy For full particular addrcu Sunset Travel Club 16 flood Building San Francisco Cal WATERPOWER MOTORS and WATERFANS Machine and Hardware Specialties at order CLEVELAND SPECIALTY MFG CO ClevelandSo Brooklyn Ohio POPULAR LINE SOUTHBetween AtlantaBirmingham Knoxville Ashville SavannahJacksonville Mobile Yicksburg Orleans and Texas Points For rates and printed matter ad dressW 0 Rinearson G P A Cincinnati Ohio Give Fm Fits I That8 what TilE 8CAJirKT SHADOW Walter Hurts great rad ical novel doss to the forces of bigotry and superstition And the ular press of the country goaded by the churct element throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which sufficient proof that la all right It tins cre ated a rensatlon In con servative circles and Bused consternation among the clergy- It Is enthusiastically endorsed by leadlni Freethinkers through out the world You al know how Hurt can wrlto and In this boot he Is at his best It an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood cloth Price JlEO GRASS DLADE Lexington Ky 7 BLUE GRASS BLADE1eBe Sure and Subscribe For Secular Thought Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti cism In Politics Science ani Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms 1 per annum in advance single copies cents All communications for the Editorial partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 185 Queen St West loronto Can All Business communications orders for ooks printing etc should be addressed C ELLIs Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought Toronto Can GRADUATION GIFTS What can be nicer and more suitable for such gifts than a genuine Diamond daintily mounted In Ring Pin Stud or otherwise These can be had for 10 20 and up They are indestructible a Joy forever and will last as long as the world will revolve in its orbit neither do they over depreciate in value Or a Gold Watch which Is useful during life as well as ornamentalLADIES GOLD WATCHES Large size Elgin Waltham or Hamp den 20year goldfilled hunting case latest style artistic hand cdased 7 Jewels 15 Jewels 16 Jewels adj 15 Small size 7 Jewels 11 IB Jewels 16 jewels adj 18 Riverside extra fine 24 In 25year case 1 more In 14k solid gold case 10 to 20 more All in velvet box prepaid wit guarantee Every watch fresh from factory CHAINS FOBS OR LONG GUARDS Latest styles best filled g3 and THE IDEAL GENTLEMANS WATCH Small 12 size Hampden elegant ar tistic handchased or englnoturned gold filled hunting case guaranteed 25ycars Genl Stark 15 Jewels 15 Deuber Grand 17 Jewels adjusted 150 John Hancock 21 Jewels extra fine 2900 In open face screw case 100 less Also in solid gold Send for prices of Watches not hero enumerated Jewelry Rings Silverware in gersoll Spoons Freethought Badges Opti cal Goods Ring Guage and my tract Tho Ism in the Crucible free Describe goods wanted as near as possible 10 per cent off In lots ot two or more OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook County SEEDSFrisk to Plillteraboald PurI nerUI SPECIAL a FOR 10 CENTS- postpaid our FAMOUS COLLECTION pip Dr I pip Prleepip Arrowh4Cabbaq rlloriollo 1atse la 1rletls ad Iii taajand red PIra11 NORTHERN SEED hose 8t Rockford Illinois TOMORROW MAGAZINE FOR PEOPLE WHO THINS TOMORROW does not draw Its inspira tion from Tradition Mysticism Super stition or Custom It is A Journal of Rationalism Dealing with the questions of Life from the impersonal standpoint and accepting the scientific interpretation of all phenomena TOMORROW is not for those who are partisan not for those who aro wedded to some pet belief or ismnot for those who are governed by fear of God or of Public Opinion- TOMORROW is for Free Soulsfor Men and Women who are not Afraid to Think in Harmony with Natures Laws Send 15 cents for Three Months Trial Subscription and our Special Book Offer lOc the Copy 100 the Year TOMORROW PUBLISHING CO 139 E 56th St CHICAGO ILL The Woman and The Prospector Is the title of a romance every man woman and child should read It should be in the hands of all who are opposed to supersti tion and graft as it Is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and the administration of drugs to human beings at the same time points out the only method for the cure of the consumptive The booklet is really free but the cost of advertising and postage we figure at 10 cents so if you wish a copy send us 10 cents A M PARKER 416 Crocker Sc Los Angeles Calif SEND 10c FOR SAMPLE O- FHealds Religious Stickers The same being short quotations frog Our Dear Heavenly Father Our Blessed Savior Baalams Ass Mary Christ Our Friend the Devil and other person ages of sacred memory These are suitable for sticking on church doors and other objects where they will do the most good in spreading the glad ings of great joy Until April 1909 address FRANKLIN HEALD Clrcleyille Ohio Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important at Pigs Potatoes and Pups Dc you believe that we grownups and even the Children should know M much about ourFPlvvp ns we know abov Flake Flowers ant FiogsV Do you believe in Better Piogeny a More Elevated Race anyway It en Fend 225 for a years subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Malt St Los Angeles California U S Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage cents stamps The Holy BibleIn Nutshell New Booklet showing up the contradla tlons and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faith and destroy their godwebs Ready Soo- Order Now Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 10 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 1112 Eddy Street San Francisco Gal SEEDSBUCCBEES SPECIAL OFFER lade to build trIal will makelou our permanent Prize Collection11aaA1r arletiesttet TtwTrlp I UAiLANTEED Write today Mention this Paper SEND 10 CENTS at valuablepantodo latreilre f nook lieauItie Ptaut We8uckbe0 auk qt I JINHH i OUR MARK FOR 1909 IS TO i- I DOODLE OUR CIRCULATION j y j iJust Read Over the Beautiful and Valuable Premiums we i i Offer and Make up Your Mind to Get Busy IY t Elegant Dinner Sets = = iWE MUST DOUBLE OUR PRESENT CIRCULATION DURING 1009 AS A GUARANTEE OF PERMANENCY AND STABILITY TO THIS END WE OFFERtINDUCEMENTS IN THE WAY OF USEFUL PREMIUMS TO YOU FOR THE TIME YOU EXPEND HELPING USt1 PREMIUMS PREMIUMS 1 i 1 Roman Gold Monogram China Dinner Set 42 Pieces i j j prettydecorationtwoen in monogram and burnished upon every piece in pure gold letters SUBSCRIBERSyou can tgetthese without actual cost j y i 1 NoonTime China Dinner Set 45 Pieces i iThis set is equally as attractive as the other but has no monogram It retails at 4 t 500 per set An ornament to any table SUBSCRIBERSeTERIf its that you intend working to secure one or either of the above dinner sets and wo 1willenter your namo in a book whereon to credit you for every subscriber you send and = a record Subscriptions may be sent in at any time and the paper will bo sent as soon as received When you have sent in tine requisite number for either set it will be sent toIat once j tyoui SUBSCRIPTION BLANK FORMS WILL BE SENT ON APPLICATION i t IH Iri1 IIrt n