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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, April 18, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909041801 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, April 18, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. c BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVII Number 51 LEXINGTON KY APRIL 18 1909 DEVOTED TO THE PROP THOUGHT1P= = = = S J 0 O PARKER II SERCOMBE Editor Tomorrow Magazine and Idealist and Philosopher I oo OtO Ot tl Qt attl OOIO 1f IIIflllI UV Vf IIIV J =I Imnh 2fmfk J1 rI IK 1 lJ 2 IeBLUE GRASS BLADE DEATH A SEQUEL TO LIFE PART 3POPULAR LEGEND OF HELL Lawrence Broadwell Sliny who in worldly life were wildly sinful Never druniiiud the time would come when they must dwell In a dark said gruesome dungeon foul and loathsome Their portion in a never ending hell Filled with millions of these miserable compartments Kih compartment holds u wretch within its gloom Who though racked with torturing pains and burning hcaitache Must labor for tis so decreed in doom Supplied with pick and shovel he must delve Digging coal from an inexhaustible supply That shall shortly furnish fuel for hells furnace Where sinful souls shall roast but cannot die When at last his cart is filled with latent fuel Like an old decrepid overburdened mule lie pulls his load through many darksome passages Unable to resist the powers that rule Soon he sees flames leaping upward ill the distance And at thought of the awaiting punishment so dire His heart in fear and trembling beats in terror For he knows he cant avoid that awful lire Slowly he approaches to hells furnace A deep dug pit that stretches miles away From which hot blasts or spiral flames cap rpvard Tis useless now for Heavens hcp to tray Arrived beside this lake cf Timeless b rl iul He begins to shovel coal into is depth Thus adding fuel to those cruel flames if tnlure That shall cause his soul to writhe in dire distress Once he allows his gaze to wander to a distance Then from his lips there IIIIS a smothered graiui As his eyes rest on an uglyisagedcreature Who sits upon a plaincarved ebon throne Tis indeed the king of hell the cruel Satan The author of mans troubles and his fall Who has squadrons and battalions of myrmidons Whose delight is to obey his beck and call ml I At last old Satan rises cold and heartless For to him the groans of pain are pleasant sounds And a grim malignant smile ocrspreads his features As ho sees lost souls by millions gathered round In his face indeed is pictured cruel nature Which ill no wise belies his ancient fame As he cries out to the furies about him Ill the lames my hearties to the flames Instantly each million quickly springs To do the masters will his own 11csiro And falling mongst the cringing helpless wretches Begins to hurl them forth into the fire I Heartrending screams rise on the sulphurous breezes Discordant shrieks and groans of pain and fright Combine to form a hellbrewed scene of misery A harrowing wretched horrid ghastly sight To Satans soul these agonizing cries are sweetest music They form wellmeasured symphony in his carIAnd as he hears the shrieks mud wails of anguish His smile becomes a grim sardonic leer Hut Satan too is not without his troubles JiB soul is often limes convulsed with pain As anon from mouth and cars and nostrils There issues forth a bright and sulphurous llamc A volcano in his soul doth work and slumber At intervals in peace then torn with wrath It bursts forth with the strength ofa tornado The awful withering heat of lightnings blast And so with all his minions they in turn Their souls but burning cauldrons boiling flumes Must endure distilling pains their share of punishment For so Was justly ordered in their doom Twelve hours the llames of hell rage fiercely midst its victims Then with wildly storing eyes and mouths afoam Froze out the burning pit the sinners clamber And for a few hours respite seek their dungeon homes BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 The Heretic Killers BE YE NOT YOKED TOGETHER WITH UNBELIEVERSBUT- THE PRAYERCIRCLE FAILED IN SPITE OF THE PROPHETIC FOREWARNINGS OF HELL By May BealsHoffpaulr GlenshurPeter Wilder had hurled forth Invective Sunday after Sunday dogbarksbackfromcharge Inthoers face as she drank In his every word accepting It as the oracle of God Tho minister felt no uneasiness however tcr Dellclas precious soul One so young and pure that the trailing clouds of glory seemed yet reflected In her eyes was felt by him to be safe from tho wiles of Satan Some of the good sisters however who belldesignedDelicia uppermost in their minds when they prayed that the young might be delivered from the devices of the Evil One Meanwhile The Wolf went on his way serenely attending strictly hisleisureorganized Into a Freethinkers Club The wives of some of these genulnodistresslight of tho horrible blasphemies uttered by their husbands and Tho Wolf on his visits to their homes These confessions of others sins usually ended with the request that tho Prayer Circle would pray for my dear husband It was one of theso watchful ladles who discovered that Tho Wolf was a writer of books Tho rest having conjectured that he was an outlaw In disguise or at least a counterfeiter were Ills tinctly disappointed Writes under a non do firma explained the discoverer en signhisHnvo you seen ono of his books asked the others eagerly manuscripttoA manuscript that hasnt been published exclaimed the min isters wife You ought to bum The Prayer Circle assented rapturously Though the burning of a heretic Is forbidden In these modern degenerate days tho truly pious man still burns his books But the discoverer of Gerard Thorn crafts profession was not quite so enthusiastic after she had burned his book and had been discovered In the act by her husband Ho told Mr Thorncroft she repeated to the Prayer Circle and ho told mo holl leave me If do such a thing again Id leave him If were you said the ministers wife solemnly He ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers But whod buy my clothes was tho practical resixmso Delicia seldom attended tho meetings of tho Prayer Circle tho they were always hell In the parsonage parlor She preferred to entertain the Prayer Circles babies under the trees on tho lawn and their mothers were always glad to leave them with her Sho was a sensitive dreamy girl who cared little for tin port chatter boxes of her own ago In the village and as beaux were forbidden as yet by her parents tine children wore rcr nest constant companionsIt tho children that Gerard Thorncroft first mot DelicIa Ho was passing tho parsonage one day when tho Prayer Circle was In session and tho wide well shaded lawn was dotted with groups of children A very small boy had escaped Dollclas watchful eyo long enough to try tho Interesting experiment of 1 striking a match on the seat of his first knickerbockers His clothing caught fire and ho ran sobbing to Delicia who was fight ing the flames unflinchingly with her bare hands when Thorn croft jumped the low fence wrapped the child In his coat and ran Into the house to phone for a doctor The Prayer Circle ladle were en their knees In the parlor and aa Thorncroft waited at theEtelephone lu the hall ho heard a fervent prayer for the black hearted Infidel who was endeavoring to corrupt and destroy every thing that was gcod He only smiled as ho called up the doctor and went his way This Incident softened the most orthodox heart for awhile Even the ministers wife granted to The Wolf a bowing acquaintance with herself and Delicia But a year or two later a tragedy t occurred that drove from the gentlest heart In the Prayer Circle all toleration for The Wolf It was caused by an Ingersoll lecture In the city twenty miles from Glcnsbury The Freethinkers Club went In a body and Judge Lambert the most prominent member induced his wife to go with him Afterward the Judge and his wife with Gerard Thorncroft followed Ingersoll for a month from one city to another drinking In his golden eloquence Their devotion was unexpectedly andjdelightfully rewarded by an Invltatlcn to visit at Ills home On their return Mrs Lambert quietly dropped out of the Prayer Circle and all church work and joined the Freethinkers Club that had always though unwillingly consisted of men only The Prayer Circle foamed with rage To their minds this defec tion was unaccountable save on the black art hypothesis Could they sit idly by and see their Innocent brothers and sisters en snared by Evl Intelligences Perish the thought- It was the ministers wife who conceived the Great Inspiration Snco there was no way to stamp out tho evil caused by Ingersoll and Gerard Thorncroft why not prevent It How asked the Prayer Circle breathlessly Hy death answered Mrs Wilder grim and merciless as an Inquisitor of old We have tried all gentler measures and have failed Let us now petition the Lord to either convert or kill both of these servants of Satan And the Prayer Circle considered the matter and said that It was good Fervently did they pray for tile two infidels conversion or death and for a long time so secretly Mint not even their own families knew of their murderous aim As It became more widely known It was quto generally approved To Delicia however the thought was ghastly She sat In the hammock swung between two great elms on tho lawn mid pon tiered If tho ladles prayers were answered they would be nur derors Their excusewas not the saino with whlei tho father of tie Inquisition had justified their hlduous orgies of blond and tortureIt a bitter moment for a homeihelterd girl when she first finds herself forced to condemn tte atflous of her own mother The world seems totterng on weakened fmmdalons Deltalu found herself longing to discuss this queiMoi with iIts Wolf Those clear dork eyes could urelv sop throu n weightier problems She watched the stoet crrnT around whirls rho Wolf iibinlly came on his way homeward lifter the afternoon mall was Ills trlbuted at the village olllce it was nearly than for him tt pass Perhaps tic would stop for a wonnvr Several tints lately be matt while ho told some bit of news rr gave her flowers from his garden or choco fruits to divide with tho kids Her parents had not Interfered for In their eyes Delicia was still n child But today when nt last Gerard Thorncroft appeared all thought of the Prayer Circle was driven from Dellclas mind for she saw at a glance that great tears were streaming down his face and falling unheeded on the open letter In his hand She rose Impulsively and went toward him lennng over the fence as ho approached and holding out both hands n If to rescue him from unknown danger He tool one hand for an Instant only The street was quiet and deserted but ho remembered tho eyes that mIght bo at windows My best friend Is dead ho answered to her look of distressed Inquiry My best friend Is dead om so sorry her voice was tremulous with sympathy Ho was a friend to all mankind tho young man said You 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE have heard foul lies about him and will hear worse for any jackal Is brave enough to howl at a dead lion but remember this Robert Ingersoll had a brothers love for all the human race Ingersoll The girl shrank back white faced her eyes wide with horror The man turned away biting his lip to keep back a harsh word not for her but for the superstitions that enchained her Walt she gasped I must tell you He waited unwillingly for he thought she wished to convert him They did It the girl said solemnly They killed Ingersoll Who The Prayer Circle They will kill you They are praying at this moment the girl shuddered for Ingersolls death and yours IrreslsttIgreat frame shook with convulsive explosions until he clutched the fence for support- I beg your pardon he gasped as Dellciae white face slowly crimsoned It Is very kind of you to warn me I dont think I understand your point of view she said bewildered do you think the Lord wont answer wicked prayers Theyve told you God Is love havent they how could a God of love become an executioner at the beck and call of his earthmortals whims- thought you dcnt believe there Is a I dont Im merely pointing out their Inconsistency They dont know Ingersoll was a good man Dnllcla said In extenuation Wont you come In and tell them They wont listen But ho vaulted the tence and went to the parsonage with Delicia An author can seldom resist the tempta tion to put human nature to any available test They stood at the parlor door and listened to the last sentences of a vengeful prayer As the ladles rose from their knees they were were startled by those two accusing faces Your prayer Is answered said Thonicroft solemnly In gersoll Is dead Thank God echoed the Prayer Circle Thank God cried Mrs Wilder What Freethlnkeis Must Do They Gr i t S p the By J C Watkins It should be the aim of Freethinkers and of all who believe in the right of private judgment and liberty of expression to be educational and constructive as well as province of not only to demolish error but to build up and foster truth It is not charitable nor be neficent to break peoples false images and to show tie falsity of their beliefs unless we give them others that are truer and better It has often been charged against Free thought that It seeks to destroy established beliefs and Institutions but lIves nothing that is better adapted to the needs of the world In the place of them This is not sjrictly true though in the past tho efforts of Freethought have been mostly directed to assailing errors of belief This has been necessary and Is still necessary for people must be convinced that their beliefs are Mother cried DelicIa her voice shaken by a strange new anger You are cruel cruel Uellcla said her mother iternly It Is God who has answered our prayer nt believe It said Dellcla Id sooner believe there Is no Prayer Circle raked shocked hands aghast Her mother stepped forward Uellcla go to your room she said Mr Thorncroft leavo my house You are deliberately seeking to lead my daughter astray You have poisoned her Innccent mind He hasnt contradicted Del cla flatly He never said a word about religion till today and I went out of my way to speak to him O you admit running after him Miss Impudence The ministers wife was quite beside herself with rage for the meek and gentle Dellcla had never talked back to her before Madam said Gerard Thorn sternly you shall not Insult your daughter In my presence Then leave my house as I ordered you to do Ill talk as I please to my own daughter The girl shrank from her mother and turned to Thorncroft with a glance of unconscious appeal and the desire long hidden In his heart spoke suddenly from Ids lips Doll cia he said you can never have any peace under this roof Wont you como to mine Seducer shrieked Mrs Wilder You dare Insult my daughter openly rdaro marry your daughter openly said Thonicrof Aro you eighteen yet Dellcla come She slipped her hand In Ills trustfully and turned to go Ik yo not unequally yoked together with unbHlev her mother shrieked after her warningly If you disobey so plain a command how can you escape the damnation of hell- dcnt care to escape said DeIc a serenely If he dont The Prayer Circle who w uld kill heretics stood on the paron age veranda and watched the fairest lamb of their hid going down the street beside The Wolf The Into red sunlight fell across her uncovered bronzebrown hair and the simple blue linen that must servo horfls her wedding dress Once she turned her face partly toward thorn as she went and they saw on It the Instinctive utter confidence of a child In Its mothers arms Ratter JennfI NEED OF ORGANIZATION Thfoloolcal- Church IconoclasticIt Freethonght commandingly rroneous before they will oven consider the duty cr expediency of accepting those that are more rational But tho time hag come when it is necessary for the loaders in tho Freethought movement not only to organize more thoroughly for tho purpose of currying on this work but to give to the world something in place of theology and the church What wo want in the first place Is more knowledge rinoro rational beliefs a higher standard of morality and a larger devel opment of human itarlanlsm With all its errors of belief It must be admitted that the Church Is doing much good Many of the people are better than their creeds and are trying to follow the Golden Rule Not only this but multitudes are deriving much benefit and consolation from their religion We believe that tho majority of professing Christians are hon st In their beliefs and conscientious in their conduct All that this class of people need Is to bo shown that it Is living the good life and doing good deeds especially to their follow be ings that Eaves them and that It Is not necessary to believe contrary to reason in order to bo moral and upright In life that there Is no virtue in mere forms and cere monies and that good conduct Is more portant than accuracy of theological be lief or membership In a church- bollevo there are thousands of good people In the churches who do not believe In tho creeds nor In many of tho theolog ical dogmas of the Churchbut they want to belong to somethng to be In fellowship with ethers who seem to bo trying to do right and so they remain In the Church because there is no other organized In stitution with which they can Identify themselves Many would join tho Unitar- Ians but Unitarian churches are not found everywhere Many would Identify thorn solves with Liberal or Freothoiight societies but these societies are found only in tho cities or larger centers of population and aro not available for skeptical church members nor for avowed Freethinkers and ntncliurch goers In the country and small townsIt to bo hoped that In the future there will bo local Liberal societies established all over the country just as tho churches now are Kanawha Falls W Va J W BLUE GRASS BLADE 6 I DEFENDING MATERIALISM Reply to an Article In the Humanitarian Review from the Pen of John Maddock on Materialist Mental Attitudes By J Frantz California State Secretary and National Lecturer- In answer to Mr John Maddock wish to state that ho too like Prof Jamieson is somewhat mistaken In regard to the Mater ialist Philosophy and tho Materialist As sociation especially by considering it nar row and unphllosophlcally dogmatical Ho says It Is narrow because no ono is allowed to join tho society unless ho will subscribe to tho nogodnorfuturolifo prop osition What does Mr Murdoch expect us to do Accept any narrow creed or dogma Accept those who have not senso enough to distinguish tho difference tween a fact and a fable Accept those that are so Ignorant that they still cling en to tho same old superstitious non comprehensible myths which their unrea sonable nondeveloped poor Innocent brain pictures before thorn r No no not we Wo are a different class of men anu women although of tho samo kind of material but not of tho same reasoning faculties What want are those that think our way and as to those who think otherwise they have tholr own societies and are at liberty to Join any thoy see fit As to his assertion That all the above are Materialist although not being mem hers of tho Materialist Association Is concerned I wish to state that also in this ho is greatly mistaken In this manner of reasoning ho may as well state that ail animals are Materialists But he can still go further than that and assert that all vegetables in fact all that Is in existence are Materialists because It is all matter and It would therefore bo narrownilud cdnoss to not accept these as members of the Materialists Association But hero Is whore I want Mr haddock to do a little reasoning make use of sonic of his gray matter On this point I want him to give attention and allow his brain n chance to develop No doubt you aro a learned man to somo extent and probably studied many sciences Have you studied astronomy geology chemistry botany zoology physiology natural history etc If you have have you over stopped to think reason and use your Judgment about what you have read Have you considered these sciences as coming from men who have labored all tholr lives to bring tho sciences up to tho standard of their greatness considering the ago they havo existed In Or do you consider those sciences as coming from seine unknown sources And after studying all the above sciences havo you stud led your natural surroundings in connection with them olcl Jf so then let mo tell you Mr Maddock that you arc a Mater lallst In the full sense of tho word But what is a Materialist I A Material is to my knowledge is a human being possessing the highest developed Drain or any present existing being on this planet Materialists are men and women who think and reason those who are not afraid to investigate A Materialist Is the highest order of the animal kingdom In fact the highest of all the humanists in existence A Materialist is he or she who reads thinks observes reasons Investigates ery side of every question extracts the best of all great sciences by all the great men and women condenses them into ma terial facts then derives his knowledge trout them A Materialist is he who serves his natural surroundings and con nects them with his other studies then creates perfection A Materialist is he who destroys the supernatural imaginary structures and Instead builds solid foun dation upon solid grounds with solid con crete materials that will stand forever Such is a Materialist to my understanding and he who thinks otherwise is the oppo site or Materialist All that Is in the Universe Is matter material and a Materialist is the result of all that Is To be a Materialist it requires u good developed brain great intellectuality a pure system and a healthy good phy sical body Yes perfection to the highest extent possible He further states It Is not division but unity that is needed Well well this Is just what we want we are after this unity ourselves but you afraid of a truth tremb ling individuals dont understand us You are still doubtful about tho nonexistence of nonexisting incomprehensible myths you still cling on to the same old supersti tions and mythological visionary charac ters and then you accuse us Materialists of being dogmatical and narrow H w do you expect us to accept you as a mem her of an organization of people with in tellectuality which you agnostics spirit ualists etc cannot comprehend Yes wo want you all but not In that state of mind We want you to come up to the same standard of thought understand all there is to be understood according to the ago of knowledge wo are existing in Base your theories upon facts think your thoughts logically use plain common sense Investigate every subject scientifically and more than nil reason reason and reason then you will be thorough Materialists then we will accept you as weathers but not until then We know that you Rationalists differ but wo Materialists dcnt differ fact cannot be a fable a fact remains a fact two and two cannot make live a truth cannot bo a He a god is not a thing a thing Is not a god death Is not life and life is not death something is not nothing etc etc He further says that Harmony cannot Tr J II 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE be reached by authority Where does our authority come In We dont compel you to Join us It Is you who Is using au thority over us It is you who Is trying to beIhind the times friend You belong to the past generations and we cannot therefore harmonize with you unless you are able to do a little more reasoning He further states That there Is no an thropomorphic god But If rod is not an thropomorphic what then is he or she Is he love Love cannot be In existence un less it is in some living creature which has some form Is god intelligence Intelli gence cannot exist outside of a brain but a brain receives the Intelligence through the living beings struggle for existence and through the desire for perfection and earth was In Its molten state there was no possible chance for intelli gence to exist Intelligence must come through evolution Intelligence requires a brain to evolute A brain requires a system a system requires a body and a body must be anthropomorphic or some other shape If it is not anthropomorphic ani mal or some other living form then It has not the above named qualities and If it has not the above named qualities It has no In telligence and a god without intelligence cannot bo a god If god is a material form we ought to be in a position to see him If he is far distant from us we could reveal his presence through the aid of our powerful telescopes Has any astronomer revealed his presence Why no If he is on another planet then what good is he to us If he is not good to us what good is ho to the others If god is on some planets then all planets must have some gods If this be a fact then where Is our god tho god of this planet If It is not a fact it must be a fable and a fable we are not a position to accept No no not unless we lose our senses As to tho Infinite ruling power I see no sense In this I can only see unconscl entlous purposeless scopeless manifesta tions in the whole universe as far as my sight can reach and what is beyond this cannot be otherwise or any different than the kind of substance or any way you wish to call it according to its proper definitions only that they are In different shapes and forms as nothing in existence can be equal This alone ought to bo sufficient proof of the unconscientlousness nonex istence of the Infinite ruling power or god whlcn you take such great delight in nam ing him her or it You say wo cannot give you sufficient evidence of the nonexistence of gods and future life How do you wish tho evidence to bo brought to you Do you wish us to create a god and then destroy him and bring him to you to show the nonexistence of his existence or do you want the non existing existence to come down and demonstrate his nonexistence Is not tho fact that we cannot smell taste hear feel nor see him her or it sufficient proof of his nonexistence Is It not a fact that he Is not here there nor anywhere sufficient proof of his nonexistence Then what more evidence do you want It you claim that there Is such a thing in existence It Is your place to prove it am ready for your convictions and furthermore I will become a follower of your theories Dces not this prove fair to you As to the future life proposition positively assure you that there Is no such thing Ip existence unless you mean a fu ture life for the future generation and the generations following them If this is what you mean by a future life for those that are living today no future life for you mo or anybody else no future life for the past generations unless you look at it this way that their decayed bodies disintegrate and enter the air which we breathe and we thus sustain our lives through tho assistance of past generations Taking that standpoint which Is a fact then the sub stance of the past generations must be in everything and everywhere then tho present life composed of all living and dead matter human animal vegetable rocks trees the oceans the air and all is ac cording to this theory composed of the past generations which is hereby a change of form this future life that you are re ferring to you dont mean to say that after tho human or the animal body has been placed In the grave this integrating will after this appear In the same shape or form on some other planet or somewhere else in space And where does tho law of gravity come in San Francisco Cal TO THE CHAPLAIN By John F Clarke Chaplain Al hath a merry face That maketli sadness fled So piously he saith his grace Without a crook In his knee His sermons all are preached in white And saint he turns to sinner His verses run In numbers trite And each one Is a winner Of Sweet Marie of me ho askd If her yet remember In dream smiles of Aprils ghost she baskd Tho kid canto In December The ghost was sent from heavens throne To deal in sexual pelt In godly lust was Father prone t To reproduce himself And thou good chaplain didst attend At this great reproduction A star then lit our way to wend We wise men to the ruction The stable well do I recall We said thero was some danger Lest a fire break out in the stall And roast Christ in the manger You Kid and Iwe three were there And three wise guys were we A firstrate trinity to stare At what there should be to see So why should ever I forget tVeOf that there can be no doubt Arlington Md From a Stalwart Freethinker CRANBERRY CENTER WISPlease find enclosed one dollar and a half 150 for which give me credit on my subscription to tho Blade the best liberal paper I have ever readAbout a month ago I sent you twentyfive cents and four addresses to send tho Thomas Paine Issue to but I have reason to believe that you did not get my letter for I have visited my son at Camp Douglas and ho had not received It If you have sent them please let mo know if one of them sub scribed I send you also an article if it might bo called such rather a gag on the Gospel Triumph to which my wife sub scribed a few months ago to please a fellow neighbor If you find any merit in It print when you can find space for It The little girl Is just busy too with her letter to you told her we better start a paper of our own Best wishes to tho Blade J W KRUSCHKE They Are Not In Print EXCELSIOR WISFind enclosed ona dollar and a halt 150 to set mo ahead one more year hoping to live that much longer so that I can finish up a fight aa W Et Morgan please to call it with a preacher that was commenced last fall on the Sunday rest Can you or some friend furnish mo all tho blue laws of Massachusetts and Connectlcutt Sunday laws would like them In pamphlet or in the Blade Wo should all take a hand In fighting this Sunday law Dont leave It all for the Advents to do Yours for truth morality and human ItyJ S McKENNEY II BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 1FUNERAL OF A BLADE SUBSCRIBER Editor Suddenly Called To Perform Last Sad Rites over George T Johnson at Rogers Gap Kentucky Was a Fast Friend of the Late Editor Moore Tlio afternoon of Sunday April It came the sad duty of tho Blades Editor to deliver a funeral address over the body of George T Johnson of Rogers Gap In Scott county Kentucky He was ono of the first and original subscribers of the Blue Grass Blade a firm friend of its founder and former Editor a true and staunch Free- thinkert who will live throughout the yeas to come In the hearts of all who knew him for his kindly deeds and charitable minis trations to the poor tho needy and distress ed Ho died April 2 In the house wherein ho first saw tho light of day years of age and 300 friends came from far and near to attend the obsequies and pay their sweet respects to tho memory of tho beloved dead Telephone communication on the day be fore the funeral made us acquainted with tho fact of Brother Johnsons death and that ho had mado It his last request that tho Editor should attend and conduct the funeral Leaving Lexington on an inter urban car for Georgetown and accompanied by Edwin T Gordon wo wero met with a hack at tho place named and a drive of ten miles brought us to tho afflicted home Friends and acquaintances began to rather at an early hour On all sides could be heard words of tribute and high praise for tho personal character of tho deceased His death was regretted by all Owing to such a largo crowd being present it was impos sible to hold tho services in the house and a rather high wind prevented tho ceremonies all being held at the grave As a last re sort tho casket was brought out upon the front porch around It sat tho members of his family and tho big crowd assembled on tho lawn among the flowers and shrubs to listen to whatever might be said Although It Is now Impossible to remem her all that was said In an Impromptu funeral address an effort Is made to furnish at least a synopsis thereof as follows My Friends Wo meet hero this day beneath tho blue vault of a boundless sky in tho bright sun shine and amid tho songs of birds but with heavy hearts our hearts being filled with sympathy for these whoso sorrows wo now reverently share Wo have met to pay the last tribute of affection and to perform the last sad act of lovo toward him who now lies wrapt In quiet sleep Wo have mot take tho lust look upon the taco and form wo have known honored loved and ro spected In life but who must now soon mingle with the dust Our friend did not fear death Conscious of a human duty fully done he feared not to face tho future knowing that to all who have life death must come In his practical everyday philosophy he saw no good reason to indulge In fear of the wrath of an angry god angry because his great intellect and mind could not be brought to believe In him and he died as he had lived true to his principles and true to the world as well as to himself He knew that men live by deeds and not by creeds Ho knew that human character built upon the golden foundations of kindness and love weighed more in the balance than mere professions of belief and your presence hero today will stand as far better monument to his moral anJ manly worth than either marble or bronze Through all his life he cheerfully accorded to others tho same rights and privileges he wished to enjoy for himself and thoso he loved His homo was his temple these hills and valleys gave him his Inspiration wife and children became the objects of his con stant devotion At the age of sixtythree death has touched his tired heart and he now sleeps forever in that sleep which will know no awakening and in tho repose of which there Is no personal future Ills race Is run His Jounroy Is oer We encounter superstition at tho very dawn of our existence It Is with us at till cradle It follows us all through tho uncer tain paths of our lives and too often makes Its presence felt at tho grave But our parted friend heeded It not Ho disregarded the false bribe of heaven and gave open expression to his contempt for tho supposed tortures of hell IIo loved right for rights own sake for the Inherent virtue that lies In a good net Ho did good because It was good and not for hope of reward or fear of punishment IIo lived right and knew that by sodoing ho could Ito right Ho knew that mens beliefs or professions of beliefs could not alter one fact In Nature He knew that belief would not create god and he knew that If did god exist all the unbelief In the world could not remove him from tho clock of time whose seconds tick centuries whose minutes are ages and whose hours are eternities Is slowly run ning down Each second Its pendulum stops nearer tho center of eternal rest and so it will continue until tho whole of Nature has been resolved back to that atomic primeval forest from which It sprang As we stand by the side of this casket gazing upon the load lot us resolve to render sweeter aid to the living to do as our friend has done pluck out the weeds that encumber the soil of happiness and plant a flower wherever a flower will grow Let us not forget that every hour we misspend is forever lost We cannot recall the past Upon the past not heaven Itself has power Our departed friend Is now beyond our help but wo can help tho living Would you cherish the memory of him who Is gone then emulate him for his was a life worthy of it to the fullest measure My presence here today in fulfilment of his last request Is to give testimony to the honesty of his life the truth of his intel lectual position upon the creeds and to offer that consolation to his sorrowing fam ily which comes from tho knowledge that he Is now beyond the reach of sorrow and pain It Is not true that the good men do die with them for in the life of him who now lies before us In the cold embrace of death there was much that will keep his memory green and offer an inspiration to all who knew him to go and do as he would have done At the Grave Following the address tho funeral cortege wended Its way to the summit of a cedar crowned hill on the farm place where within a small enclosure tho body was laid to rest As the casket was lowered and a bank of beautiful flowers laid thereon the following words were said Now Into the arms of Nature our uni versal Mother and our final Home we con sign thee Free forever from the trials of life free from the tears of sorrows and of pain Sleep forever beneath Summers gold en dawn In Autumns chilling frost and In Winters shroud of snow Sleep beneath tho sunlight the starlight and tho moon light Rest sweet rest Sleep eternal sleep A long last and forever farewell Extends Congratulations HAYDEN COLOI wish to Improve this opportunity of expressing my high appreci ation of the Blade and of congratulating you on tho brilliant success you are making of it Wishing you all Blade readers hap Illness and prosperity I am J B GAMBILL Proves His Faith OnOVESVILLE TEXAS As have fall cd to get another subscriber send you check for three dollars In effect Is equivalent to doubling your subscription want tho Blade to live I would bo ho pleased If you would visit Texas on a lectur- Ing tour and preach for us a week- J G HAIllV 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore in and edited by him until his death February IMS JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SU SUBSCRIPTION RATES Ry mall postpaid 1160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 1100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column insertion cents one month or four Insertions 111 six months 500 one year 1800 Quarter column single Insertion 1200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Buck numbers or numbers omitted will be sent It asked for upon renewal case of dlsclntlnuanc SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade at 12C118 North stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflc at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box IU Lexington K- yCHRISTIAN v CATHOLIC While a friend has written us asking that we un dertake to explain what difference if any there be between a Christian and a Catholic they are very much alike in that both are a danger and a menace to the free institutions of a people among whom they acquire unrestricted rights and privileges The Catholic goes at it in a purely businesslike way by making political trades with the heads of govern ment but the Protestant is the more tyrannical of it is historically true that the Roman Cath olic church was the first great body of politically organized Christianity yet there were small bodies and groups in different parts of Palestine andeven in Rome the more or less meeting in secret calling themselves Christians and of whom the historians of that age do not speak with very high regard Prior to the accession of Constantine the Christians were very few in number of a very low class of the people lacking intelligence and many of the higher moral virtues There were groups at Antioch in Thessaly and about the middle of the secondcentury they entered Rome They were soon compelled how ever to meet in secret and for many years they existed as a sort of outlawed body but by persistent propaganda they increased in numbers owing to the cheap and easy scheme of salvation offered for wrongs done by them Many accepted the strange doctrines as a religion of convenience and this fact is borne out by the expression of Constantine who after having committed a number of murders refused to be baptized in the new faith until just before he was called on to shuffle off this mortal coil declaring that he would make this sort of an atonement for all his sins at one and the same time The presumption being that in his mind lay the suspicion that he would commit other sins after baptism which could not bo affected thereby and when ho underwent the spir itual washing he wanted to make a clean job of the whole nefarious business Historically these groups or societies antedatedJthe Roman Catholic church but it was that the latter was built Not until the Christian sect were granted political recognition in the Roman Empire did the Catholic church come into existence but taking its component parts into consideration it was able to claim and did claim a direct succession from Peter although it is by no means certain that Peter ever saw Rome much less was he the first occu pant of the papal throne And yet from the year 325 down to the sixteenth century that is for thirteen hundred years it was the only Christian church known to history and it has handed down the myths and superstitions with innumerable colorings of a personal character to the Protestant organizations of our own day We realize that the modern Christians claim that this was not real Christianity but it was the only Christianity then in existence and the only channel through which modern Christianity could travelThe apostles creed like papal infallibility is an in vention of priestcraft for the subjugation of the masses and the strangest item in this connection is that seemingly intelligent men and women still pro fess to believe in both It is true that the Catholic church has a bible differ ing from that of the Protestant church The latter accepts the Latin or King James version adopted by the Council of Westminister the former has what is known as the Douay version adopted by the Coun cil of Trent The Douay version contains more alleged sacred books than the King James version The old testament portion contains the books of the Maccabees and others held by the Protestant world to bo uncanonical and it also contains in its new testament the gospel of infancy and other books now discarded by the Protestant world Wo have said that if there is any difference to use a common expression they are both alike and Protestant tyranny is even more virulent than Catholic conspiracy The rabid attempts of Protestant ism to throttle human liberty in America has done BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 more to bring Christianity into popular contempt than all the machinations of Rome The latter plays for high stakes the former is petty and exacting in minor details If liberty is to be destroyed it can make but little difference whether it be at the in stance of Protestantism or Catholicism And yet it is true that no church can ever expect to gain re spect through persecution It may coiiipel a lip service but it cannot drive love and respect into the hearts of men with a maul The day inevitably conies when men weary ofa heartless presumptuous and cruel creed Then they rise in revolt The stronger the repression has been the fiercer the explosion If it be true that pride goeth before a fall then Prot estantism in America is preparing to hit the ground and hit it mighty hard The fact that the Pope of Rome resides in a sort of a palace and is continually guarded by soldiers is no more inconsistent than for Protestant bishops and archbishops to strive to imitate him The one is but a copy of the other The pope keeps to his palace because the people of Italy will not allow him to venture beyond the enclosure of the Vatican grounds Ho is a prisoner from necessity not from choice Coercion always breeds rebellion and the religious tyrannies of the past have brought such a fearful reaction that all Christendom is quaking and trembling on the verge of destruction As Freethinkers we can be no respecter between the different elements of orthodoxy An intolerant Protestant is as dan gerous to human welfare as an intolerant Catholic Place both on a level and aim our shafts of truth and thunderbolts of logic at all who would trottle liberty and convert the American republic into a religious hierarchy ROME INVADING OUR LIBERTIES Bishop Mntz of Denver Colorado in a pastoral letter addressed to and read in tho Roman Catholic churches of his diocese has delivered himself ofa tirade against di vorco and Socialism in America and pretends to see therein only gross immoralities such as are in his opinion calculated to hring about tho downfall of tho republic From a casual reading of tho newspaper reports of his let ter it is evident that Bishop Mate inclines to tho belief that divorce is a product of tho teachings of Socialism alone After insisting that only a return to Christian prin ciples will save this nation from rushing pellmell to the howwows tho agent of tho Vatican declares Wo will find ourselves exactly in tho same position as Franco before tho revolution when God was dethroned on the altar of Notro Damo and His place filled by tho goddess- of reason in tho form ofI naked woman The guillotine did tho rest Let us not deceive ourselves history only repeats itself and this is tho history of tho world for 0000 years But what was tho condition of France before the rev olution to which this Roman representative directs atten tion It was an era of lust and licentiousness in which the clergy and nobility were the principal participants Both were tarred with the same brush Both subsisted upon the people and piled upon them one burden after another until tho deluge came and swept the orgiehunters iroin power What wonder then that tho people ignor ant twd illfed famished and only half clad should turn trom one excess to another They had the examples of die clergy and nobility before them and though an excess jt riot and bloodshed followed it was manipulated by tho party of Robespierre himself a believer and his canaille tho Jacobins were also believers At no time did tho French people during that tumultuous period reject a belief in god as a national proceeding but tho Girondist party which was the Atheist party sought to arrest tho bloodshed manyof them losing their own heads for tho effort and Robespierre continued it until his own head fell into tho basket The horrors of that eventful epoch cattle as a result of too much compliance to and with Christian principles an undertaking which the Romish Church would like to fasten upon tho American people Not for any love entertained for them but that they may be brought to a recognition and support of tho Romish Church Tho Bishops tirade against divorce is but an echo of tho Vatican audI following out of tho mandates issued by papal decree It is almost certain that if no such decree had been issued by the Pop rn Romish priest in America would have inveighed against divorce Assuming tho right to interfere with and proven tho exercise of the right of private judgment tho church and especially that of Rome invariably employs that right if right it maybe called to subjugate the people and confer upon tho t priesthood greater power and authority over them But all pnpnl decrees are arbitrary and will be set aside sus pended and held inoperative for the wealthy class which has money enough to purchase an indulgence therefor a proceeding which is denied to tho poor Like all other papal decrees this one against divorce was simply intended as a measure for raising money and will ho obeyed literally only by those who tire unable through poverty to disregard it Such a proceeding however is an insult to tho American people Through their legislative assemblies laws havo been enacted and printed on tho statute books authorizing regulating and providing for divorce Time pope and his clergy have set themselves above the statute law They say by implication that our laws are wrong and members of Roman Catholic congregations are thus denied tho pri vileges conferred upon them by law provided they hold the church in higher regard titan they do tho law But Catholic and Protestants aliko irrespective of their church decrees will seek divorce when statutory grounds obtain and they are hound to unhappy wedlock Bishop Matz to to tho contrary notwithstanding V lU BLUE GRASS BLADE And why his tirade against Socialism As a political palladium Socialism is not responsible for the existence of divorce laws as these laws obtained long before Social ism secured the wide recognition accorded to it today The danger sign confronting the bishop lies in the fact that once even a Catholic can le TO ght to a proper understanding of economic freedom religious freedom will inevitably accompany it While the Blade does not undertake to advocate Socialism it wouldrather see and live in a Social istic State than a State in which Christian Prin ciples prevailed as those principles are understoodand would be applied by the Church of Home If there was ever a cancer eating the heart out of the American people that cancer is represented by the orthodox Christian church of which Bishop Matz is a worthy and fitting representa tive The day is too far gone the light of liberty too far advanced in the political heavens of our republic to ever again admit ofa return to Christian principles and give the clergy unlimited power and authority over the people in both public and private affairs This is the sole ambi tion of the clergy Their ways are not the ways of the people Their interests are not in common The advancement of the clergy is a detriment and a hurt to tho people If it be true that GG000 people annually in America fallvictims to tho cancer of divorce it is equally true that multiplied millions daily fall victims to the rapacious cruel and grasping greed of the church As moral tenden cies demand the greatest possible happiness for the great est possible numbers the American people would be far happier and their liberties more secure to permit their divorce laws to remain to encourage and foster tho growth of Socialism and to destroy the church power once for all PROF FOSTER AN AT HEIST Atheism over the recognized and admitted correlative of education has developed in an unexpected quarter of tho University of Chicago resulting in tho transfer of Prof George Burnam Foster from a position of promin ence and influence in what is known as the divinity school to a mere professorship in tho department of sociology It appears that about eighteen months ago Prof Foster wrote and published book entitled the Finality of tho Christian Religion to which the more orthodox members of the faculty have taken exceptions A storm of vigorous protests was aroused and the officials of the University had to take serious notice It was fitting that they should for in his work Prof Foster gives utterance to tile state ment startling indeed for a divinity teacher that God didnot make man but man made GOllnnel followed it up by asserting that the example of Jesus is no longer worthy of civilization Once the hook had been launched upon the sea of litera ture it was fiercely criticised by his brethren front all sides Fuel was added to the flames by Prof Foster maintain ing a running fire upon them through tho medium of lee tures and magazine articles andat last driven to sheer desperation unable to answer him they started upon the customary arts of abuse and ridicule protest complaint and boycott until the orthodox advocates succeeded iu having him put in a position wherein he could no longer mold the mind and shape the thoughts of divinity students in the university Rev Johnston Myers pastor of tho Immanuel Baptist church in Chicago and formerly of the Ninth Street Bap tist church in Cincinnati and has recently been made one of tho trustees of the divinity school at the university denounced Foster as an Atheist a mere notoriety seeker demanded his removal from the faculty in the name of the Baptist church and even so far as to predict a failure in tho sale of the book This professional skypilot should not allow himself to speak with so much feeling and bitter ness for those who have known him also know that no man in the American pulpit of today is so persistent a seeker after notoriety than is Johnston flyers As a fledgling or gosling preacher without merit or ability worthy of the name he sought to ride into notoriety by abusing the late Col Ingersoll preaching upon him from his pulpit and it was tho good fortune of tho Blades editor to make a public reply to his strictures on the platform in Cincinnati before the Ohio Liberal Society to which Johnston Myers dare not offer a reply although invited to do bOoEver public man of prominence was assailed by Min in the expectation of shining by a borrowed light And to think that such a man should have the temerity and audacity to accuse ono immensely superior to himself in intellect of being a notoriety seeker is much like some son of Main calling a white man black That Prof Foster is an atheist does credit to his intel lectual manhood his candor and courage of expression It does further credit to him that other Baptist ministers have joined in tho hue and cry for his removal for the rea son that their action gives evidence of the fact that they fear him fear his influence and they are not so blind but they can foresee what the result of his teaching would bo and its effects upon tho congregations of future Baptist churchesBut Johnston Myers insists that the Foster senIsation is over and the people are forgetting him he is hut t expressing a wish in his own mind that it might bo so Ho is like tho proverbial ostrich Uo is simply hiding his head beneath tho cover of his pulpit and because ho cannot see those before him ho vainly imagines that Foster is forgotten No thinker can he forgotten so long as his thought reechoes down tho ages Time thoughts to which Prof Foster has given utterance are like nomo giant pyramids compared with the inane drifting sands of speech that flow from Baptist pulpits and will ho seen read fund understood by posterity when tho Baptist pulpits are no more and the Johnston Myerses are all forgotteuIIn this respect as if to prove tho truth of concerning the standing of Prof Foster we have but to JH J BLUE GRASS BLADE U quote his own words when asked for a statement on the subject Ho said in part It is true that I am no longer connected with the divin ityschool hut it is not true that anyone forced me out There was no need to force me out of that department for I did Hot want to he in it any longer I myself asked for the transfer although I am suro these preachers are welcome to gloat over it as my downfall if they core to These are bravo words and they are bravely spoken Prof Foster indicates thereby that lie knows full well the kindof cattle preachers are It is an admission that ho has rubbed against them and lots knowingly stroked the fur tho wrong way in order to make the sparks fly IIe knows they will gloat over any mans downfall if ho only dares to intimate that they do not know it all That ho didnot wish to longer remain in a department that did violence to truth for a cash consideration gives one a fair estimate of his character When the world begins to sit in judg ment it will give commendation to Prof Foster and con demnation to those of his critics who have thus sought to dealunfairly by him EDITORIAL POTPOURI Death has once more broken the thin lines of the Old guardof Freethinkers in America by laying ruthless hand upon Judge Charles n Waite of Chicago March 25th last His demise came after a lingering illness A monthago the Blade had been advised that he was con fined to his bed by reason ofn severe cold but his great age prevented recovery mid on the date named he fell into the quiet and eternal sleep of loath About three months ago the Blade published his picture and gave a brief sketch of his life and words fail to pro duce the encomium we would pronounce upon hits Brave fearless courageous in prosecuting the wrong and defend ing tho right manly in his advocacy of truth Judge Waite won the admiration of till who knew him and our cause has lost another valuable champion in his demise x Press dispatches announce the death of W C Frew off Coshocton Ohio a pronounced and admitted Freethinker whose funeral was recently conducted without prayer or t hymn Personal friends gathered about tho bier and while admitting in their talks his unbelief in Christianity and its implications committed him to the care of gOIIn sort of travesty upon tho life and character of their friend The best testimonial tho speakers gave him were in the statements that while he differed with them in orthodox beliefs ho wits always right on tho great moral issues and that his creed was to pluck a weed and to plant a flower wherever a flower would grow His whole life was a Free bought argument stronger by reason of its Ion sistiug in deeds rathor thins spoken words While on our lecture tour through Ohio till Cleveland r News asked the Blades editor for an interview on the subject of Living as Christ would live which was given and published Since that time a wide agitation has been given the subject Now comes Bishop Warren A Chand ler presiding over the Baltimore Conference of the M E Church South and expresses his professionalopinion that tiny attempt in these lays to live as Christ would live must end in failure He adds that till who have tried these plans have ended by becoming morbid from Thomas aBcckot down Xo stronger argument could be offered by tiny apostle of Frcethought against orthodox Christiani religionmorbid and fit subjects for the church through its clergy to prey upon That humanity cannot live right be happy bright and cheerful by living as Christ lived is proof pos itive that the character of Christ told tho religion built upon it is out of joint with tho times and can be profitably dispensed with Come again Bishop Rev Martin Johnson aged 40 years a Baptist preacher on tho night of March 22nd last shot and killed Rev Sol omon Odella Presbyterian preacher in a quarrel over rival telephone systems in which theywere respectively interested Tho killing took place at Russ in Laclede county Ohio An effort was being made to consolidate the rival companies and a joint meeting had been held at which the preachers were present Some remarks passed and as soon as the preachers got outside Johnson pulled a revolver and shot Odoll killing him instantly How glorious is the influence of religion oven on the mindof a preacher The editorial writer on the Ohio State Journalmay be well versed in the arts of newspaparo criticism but when ho undertakes indulgence in theological controversy or tempts to discuss patriotism he is as but a mere child in fho veriest kindergarten Ho SIlSHIt is our business to say that this republic is built upon tho idea that God reigns and true patriotism consists in recognizing that fact in our words and acts It is not true that the American republic is now or ever was built upon tho idea of god or his supposed reign On tho contrary its founders denied the doctrine of divine rights for priest and king It is a republic of man built by man for man however perverted the church may strive to make it But the Journal man in sists any person who finds himself in an attitude of mind littering from his own is engaged in a sort of treason to the Commonwealth mid this is tho rankest kind of egoism superstition and idolatry It is tho doctrine of having to believe as I believe or bo damned and get denounced as a traitor It is ignorance per sc It is tyranny apoth eosized Tho real traitors to tho republic are those who would subvert its principles of religious and political liberty and convert its sovereign citizens into humble and suppliant slaves to a debasing superstition I t 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY BEGINNING SECOND PART OK THIS GREAT WORK AND DISCUSSION OF MANS RELATIONS TO MAN EVOLUTION APPLIED TO SOCIOLOGY By Dr A Hausmnn Laws merely express the opinion of one or a few persons endorsed by the majority of chosen assemblies They may be right or wrong They arc right as far as they are the exponent of necessity they are wrong if they interfere unnecessarily with personal liberty with acts that do not injure anybody As the first indication of progress in every country of the world we find the guarantee of re ligious liberty or in other words the acknowledgment of truth because intellectual compulsion cannot exist No law in the world can alter or revert a mental conviction all it can do is to compel a person to conceal his ideas and become a hypocrite In regard to the freedom of mind the laws of the civilized countries are nearly alike and do not leave much to be desired It is but seldom that our liberalconscience comes into conflict with any existing law but it may happen as I demonstrated from personal ex perience But it is to be feared that this conflict may occur more often if the fanatics of the various churches representing the smaller intellect but the largest numbers shouldsucceed in forcing their ideas of Sunday etc upon the people differing from their narrow views All they can accomplish is tho encouragement of hypocrisy no man is bound by duty to his fellowmen to obey laws emanating from ignorance and bigotry it is a question convenience whether one may dare to disregard such laws with impun ity Here is the difference in the conception fright If there was one religious devotee among ten thousand liberals theywould sacredly respect his privilege to worship his god on any day ho pleases but if there are but two fanatics strongenough to compel one liberal to perform their rites they will do so pretending that their superior brutal force means the will of god Laws cannot protect life or property the security of both depends upon the moral law of the majority aud if that is broken by an individual the law can only deal with the accomplished fact it can never restore destroyed life or property A review of all the best laws would undoubtedly reveal some stupid and unjust acts for instance the prohibition of marriage between brother and sisterinlaw in England but as this book is not intended for a revision of the statutes it must be confined to establishing nat ural basis for all right the infallible moral principle of all law If observed the laws arc right and must bo obeyed iisregarded they are wrong and it is not a question of liorals but of convenience whether to obey them or not The proverb Nobody can be his own judge ought to read Everybody shall be his own judge He J tI should consider that no deed can be made undone If there were not many people who guide their actions by this standard law would be powerless to prevent a social chaos CHAPTER X LAW LABOR DIVISION lDouoXI MKNTAL AND PHYSICAL LABOR PROPERTY INEQUALITY OK POSSESSION LABOR AND OAPITVL LABOR is A LAW NATURE Even where natures gifts tire gratuitous it requires labor to gather them A paradise in which man could dream away his life in pleasant idleness without any work and without tiny care has never existed and will never exist Even the animals must work and if they live in communities must conform with a principle characteristic of life which wo know ready as tho most powerful factor in the evolution of ono individual as well as a community This most important biological law is Division of labor and its necessity is based upon the steno mechanical conditions us tine struggle of existence the relation of numbers to space and time From the fact that tine manifold natural products which are required for that condition of life known as civilization are never found close together in any place it iollows that cooperative labor is necessary to procure them But not only in regard to quality but also to quantity does this principle exert a powerful influence upon the result of labor In conformity with the principle of adaptability and variability an individual attains a certain skill by performing u certain task and the result is increase of production This law applies as well to physical as mental work With savages living 1u a primitive state of society the simple character of the worl to lie performed for the preservation of tine commrniiy does nut require a minute division of labor among the mimLcr but with development of higher culture the necessity lot dinof social functions increases The technical skill jviiiicl for mechanical work and the immonco material representing the scientific professions of today make it impossible for one to consider all the branches of either division of labor Thus has the mechanical effect of this principle made men dependent of each others work for the necessities and comforts of life and lots created a common interest among all individuals comprising a state or community Since no single person produces the necessities of life by the work of his own hands it follows that ho must exchange the product of his labor against the products of the industry of others because the contributions of manyoccupntions are required to supply our manifold wants We all l BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 must have food clothes ami shelter They form the basis of happiness without them such a condition is impossible want and contentment exclude each other like light and darkness These conditions are tho same for all men however the additional wants constituting refinement and luxury may differ Taking this absolute postulation as tho basis of society it will bo easily understood that for every person who does not contribute anything to tho wel fare of society himself somebody else must perform tho work necessary for his support On the basis of tho immutable laws of labor and division of labor wo can readily understand the significance and necessity ofa peculiar device for tho exchange of tho various products of labor between individuals and nations which originated simultaneously with tho progressive evolution of mankind and has existed ever since some races became civilized MOSEY What is money Although everybody handles it daily its true character is not generally understood and great financial calamities have been wrought upon nations by financial operations based on an erroneous conception of money We must examine the part it plays it national economy together with those laws in order to comprehend fully and correctly its meaning All men depend on tho same materialsub stance for tho sustenance of life for food clothing and shelter which can only bo produced by physical labor Considering the multifarious occupations it is obvious that utility are not devoted to the production of the hmno diate wants of life and it follows with absolute necessity that some one else must furnish the means to live for those who themselves do not produce them This simple rela tion forms tho immutable natural basis of society and tho key for the comprehension of the social question Taking into consideration how many hands contributed to produce the material needs of life it will bo easily understood that n direct exchange of the products of labor must be an utter impossibility and tho employment of some medium to mediate this exchange an absolute niece sity But money is not merely a medium to effect an exchange of material value it has a broader significance Since no material value exists without labor but much labor does not contribute to the material wealth of the people money is the xltwdard for the value of labor Every state represents a socialistic but not a communistic commonwealth Tho amount of money a people possesses represents the total value of its material possessions and tho amount each individual has or receives ns an equivalent for his labor represents his share of the common wealth Aside of role it plays in our social affairs money is worthless it has no material value at all A man with all tho money of the world confined on a barren island would lie a miser able death In itself it is immaterial what substance serves as a standard but it is certainly not without sore good cause that gold and silver have become tho universal medium all over tho world To their physical qualities wo have to look as tho cause why these metals have been preferred Owing to tho selfishness of man it was necessary that the substance must not be too common too easily obtainable but likewise not too scarce must be of con spicuous color sufficiently durable but not too difficult to handle There is no other metal that possesses these requirements in such a measure as gold and next to it silver Undoubtedly the physical properties and topographical distribution or geological occurrence of these metals led naturally to their adoption as a cosmopolitan standard Gold especially is mostly found in a native state on the surface of the earth and was probably discovered and known before any other metal Besides their supreme importance as a standard of value and their bright colors they are in regard to usefulness inferior to most other metals To speak of gold Ar silver as having an intrinsic value is nonsense for except as money or ornament they are far less useful than iron To social laws owe their importanceIIn using money as a standard it seems preferable to assume its stability and speak of fluctuations of tho value it represents instead ofa change in tho value of money Supposing a nation has a billion dollars of gold in circula tion this amount represents a fixed weight while the amount of material value for which it is the equivalent is continually varying If one dollar for instance buys 100 parts of one kind of value and fifty of another and the next day this proportion is reversed it would be foolish to say that the dollar had diminished and increased in value at the same time but it would bo correct to say that tho relative value of tho two kinds of goods has changed and this change is expressed by tho fractional parts of the unit tho fixed weight of the coin If two walls are five and ten feet high respectively and the first one is raised to fifteen while the other remains at ten it would bo wrong to say that tho tape lino by which they were measur ed had changed GOLD ou SIIVKU Onlya short time ago tho money question attracted considerable attention and formed the principal topic in the newspapers Hi gold lsilver was tho warcry of the parties who fought for their opinion withmuch zeal and acrimony both in the paper and in tho legislative halls In all these controversies and discus sions the respective parties fail to go to the bottom of the question They consider only tho subordinate part of the problem tho material of tho money apart from its signif icance as standard of labor To bo continued Just before going to press tho Blade received informa tion of tho death of Harris Hoover whoso picture and biography appeared in tho issue of January last Ho lied on tho 17th inst and was buried two days later at Kirk Ark Paralysis was the proximate cause although other complications had set in Through tho long years of his illness and in his death tho cause of Freethought has lost another capable and willing advocate I 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE Be Sure and Suoscrtn vor Secular Though Fortnightly Journal of Rational Crll clam In Politics Science ani Hellglon Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNIO AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at Queen St West ronto Canada Terms p r annum In advance single copies cents All communications for the Editorial partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 185 Queen St West Toronto Cm orders forcommunicationsAll Business hooks printing etc should he addressed- C M ELLIs Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought Toronto Can GRADUATION GIFTS What can be nicer and more sultabl for such gifts than a genuine Diamond daintily mounted In Ring Pin Stud or otherwise These can be had for 20 Indestructible a joy and up They are forever and will last as long as the worn will revolve In Its orbit neither do they ever depreciate In value Or a Gold Watch which Is useful during life as well as ornamentalLADIES GOLD WATCHES Large size Elgin Waltham or Hamp den 20year goldfilled hunting case latest style artistic handcnased 7 jewels 9 IB Jewels 11 16 Jewels adj 16 Small 0 size 7 jewels 11 15 Jewels IS jewels adj Riverside extra fine 24 In 25year case 1 more In 14k solid gold case 10 to 20 more All In velvet box prepaid wit niaranteo Every watch fresh from factory CHAINS FOBS OR LONG GUARDS Latest styles best filled 2IVM and 5 THE IDEAL GENTLEMANS WATCH Small 12 size Hampden elegant tistic handchased or engiacs turned gold filled hunting case guaranteed 25years Genl Stark jewels 15 Deuber Grand 17 Jewels adjusted li50 John Hancock 21 Jewels extra fine 2900 In open face screw case 100 less Also In solid gold Send for prices of Watches not here enumerated Jewelry Rings Silverware m gersoll Spoons Freethought Badges Opti cal Goods Ring Guage and my tract The ism In the Crucible free Describe goods wanted as near as possi ble 10 per cent off In lots two or more OTTO WETT8TEIN La Grange Cook County SEEDS purl8uaranteed FOR 10 CENTSItend FAMOUS COLLECTION i plf rrlietu o1oe oaoe1abbrI rUrto lIrbl 0hn GREAT NORTHERN SEED Rose 8t Illinois TOMORROW MAGAZINE FOR PEOPLE WHO THINK TOMORROW does not draw Its Inspiration from Tradition Mysticism Super stition or Custom It is A Journal of Rationalism Dealing with the questions of Life from the impersonal standpoint and accepting the scientific interpretation of all phenomena TOMORROW is not for those who are partisannot for t lOse who are weddec to some pet belief or ismnot for those who are governed by fear of God or of Public Opinion- TOMORROW is for Free Soulsfor Men and Women who are not Afraid to Think in Harmony with Natures Laws Send 15 cents for Three Months Trial Subscription and our Special Book Offer 10c the Copy 100 the Year TOMORROW PUBLISHING 00 lag E 56th St CHICAGO ILL The Woman and The Prospectors the title of a romance every man woman and child should read It should bo In the hands of all who are opposed to superstl lon and graft as It is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation lad the administration of drugs to human icings at the same time points out tho sly method for the cure of the consump ave The booklet Is really free but the lost of advertising and postage we figure at 10 cents so if you wish a copy send us 10 cents A M PARKER 415 Crocker binLos Angeles Calif SEND 10c FOR SAMPLE OF ttealds Religious Stickers The saute being short quotations froc Our Dear Heavenly Father Our Bless ed Savior Baalatns Ass Mary Christ Our Friend he Devil and other person ages of sacred memory These are suitable for sticking on church doors and other objects where they will do the most good In spreading the glad ings of great joy Until April 1909 address FRANKLIN AID Clrcleville Ohio Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important a Pigs Potatoes and Pups Do you believe that we grownups and even the Children should know a mitch about oiirFolvcp we know abov richer riuwtrs ant Flog Do you bpllfv In Better Fiugeny a More Elevated Race anyway It send 225 for a years subscription to the American Journalof Eugenics and he in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Malr St Los Angeles California U S t Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage 3 cents stamps The Holy Bible In a Nutshell New Booklet showing up the contradic Lions and fallacies of the Christian bible lush he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faltl and destroy their godwebs Ready Soo Order Nowl Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 10 for 100 Address J FRANTZ Eddy Street San Francisco Cal SEEDS SPECIAL OFFER to build trIal will prize CollectlonuwhblrvarietiemlGet Il Tolp Jel VeuANTEELTO LEASrnaU Write todDY Mention this Paper SEND 10 CENTS cent this valusbie 11rgInlruellr4 lteauttfal iced lied Sod Flan n Euck6eolwl l BLUE GRASS BLADE 10 M N NO N N N N It y ICbe Blades Correspondence 1 NNNNNNNNNNNNNN a NNNNNNNNNNNNNN Some Valuable Suggestions BROOKLYN CONNI guess you are right about that Lecture Bureau Hope you will work toward It It you can One of ou r members Daniel Austin for many years a freethinker and reader of Truth Seeker made us a visit staying here over last Sunday He proposed getting up a leo turo on Evolution ho Is something of an artist and intended to paint a number of lifesize pictures showing the development of man etc to Illustrate his lecture I real him your letter ho saw at once that ho couldnt earn his living that way Ho In tends to find work to earn his living so at to have some spare time for painting and preparing that lecture hoping to find portunity sometime somewhere to use It Years ago he took part In discussions and ho with Secretary Truheart had been pre paring for a live discussion with an Advent preacher at Plalnvllle Connecticut but the Advent backedout before the date set Austin and Tduheart were in the Phllll pines War together Truehearts health has given out from Diabetes and he has gone Himowhero In York State to be with friends there Im sorry to lose him Ho was a good Symposium writer and Secretary Im very glad you have taken up the Correspondence Course again I like what you havo decided upon as far as It goes but It looks meagre compared to the plan last year- I wish I had time to write articles for the limo Grass Blade to help It on but Ive begun cleaning this big house and cant write even one finished article now perhaps some suggestions might bo worked over bv you Make arrangements with tho pub Ushers to supply you with those nature study books advertise them In the Blade etc Then you will know how many dents you have Some will buy a book for young people rind urgo them to study It Iwill buy a Geology I dont understand that as well as I should Tho examination questions once a month Is right enough but why not have a page every month on the Correspondence Couiso to Increase Interest encourage the dents supply helps not found In those books invite whoever is competent to send In articles to help along the Nature Study and keep up the Interest Besides this I propose that all tile students bo encouraged to make uso of what they learn by teaching It to others every Sunday Suppose one hundred each bought one book and by Its aid started a Sunday NatureStudy Class That Is Just what Is needed In place of Bible study and lots would like It too Suppose another one hundred each wrote articles for some local paper tram what they learn ed In those books each thus would lead a thousand or more the subscribers to that local paper to learn about natures law etc All Freethinkers have become such by observation or study of Nature and finding It did not agree with the bible they dropped thin latter and becamo Freethinkers Most Freethinkers and liberal papers only fight the blblo and the Christians Nature Study and study of mankind in place of tho Bible is what Is needed everywhere Lead guide push it to the front It may take slowly at first but If wo keep at it it will keep gaining headway for the realities have proofs which religion has not and Nature must win It seems to me a page or two pages de voted to this NatureStudy Correspondence Course every week will make tho Blue Grass Blade so much more valuable that It will win many more subscribers thereby Teach us all something worth learning and Interesting and set us to teaching others ELIZA MOWRY BLIVEN On the Emergency List The writer of the following has been cred ited for two years on our lists out of the Emergency Fund Name nnd residence withheld Ed IOWA As I havo been sick more or less for over a year I will havo to ask you to stop the Blade for the present I am not able to pay up and It Is hard telling when will be I have not earned a cent since November 190S I was In hope I could pay a little at a time until had the debt can coiled but every time I got a few pennies It seemed I had to buy medicine or something elseI am troubled with what the doctor calls tuberculosis of the throat although I think I am Improving a little now it will be a long time before I am well I do hato to hear tho paper stop as It Is tho best of Its kind ever saw and seems to be proving all the time Just as soon as I got able I will pay up and start taking the paper again as I do not want to Incur any more debt than I can help Hoping you will excuse this long let ter and wishing you and the Blade success I remain yours truly THE WHEEL OF LFE A Monthly Paper Published by Life Publishing Co St oLuis Mo Edited by W C Cope DEALS WITH ORIGINS The origin of Marriage of Ethics of ligion of Brotherhood of the belief In Ira mortality It treats broauiy of Love ot Human Instincts ana Ideals It takes in the whole Wheel of Life treating all sub jics In sucr a clear plain and rutty way that the dust Is shaken out and they be come as Interesting as a novel to neon the casual reader Send 10 cents for a all months trial subscription or Quarter a year to the Life Pub Co St Louis Mo 1000 BOOK for S100 51000 Sold 408 Illustrations Will null ou receipt of 5120 BLUE GRASS BLADE Publishers Box Lexington K- yrill PLANETSllsoda iwl scRAicLtaltLLC tutlcu r I wI II r 4 fT 1 r J rt i 11 1I Mans Origin and Destiny i j t By DrA Hausman Alameda California f i This is the Greatest Book of m vii i i rntimjn tlO theory of Evolution applied to S ciologyI It will shortly be issued in book form by the BIuoGrnsa Blade making a book of nearly 500 pages The author has dedicated it to Prof Ernst Hacelkel and tliegfeat Jena philosopher has accepted the dedication J 200 m 200y Subscribe Now and Save Money f All charges of postage will be prepaid upon advance subscriptions t I The first chapters are now in the pressand publication in book form will immediately follow its serial publication in the hlade columns Subscribe Now Subscribe NowIt t JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky i I FREE TRIP to the PACIFIC COAST ARE YOU ONE ofthe many thous ands who want to explore this W ot derland Till SUNSET MAGAZINE has instituted new department whose special work it to put within the reach ofevery one an opportunity to see the FAR WEST Write for Sample Copy For full particulars address Sunset Travel Club 16 Flood Building San Francisco Cal WATERPOWER MOTORS and WATERFANS Machine and Hardware Specialties at order CLEVELAND SPECIALTY MFG CO ClevelandSo Brooklyn Ohio u POPULAR LINE SOUTH J Between Atlanta Birmingham Knoxville Ashville fS 1Ja Mobile Yicksburg Shreveport New Orleans tI and- Texas Points For rates and printed matter ad dress WPO jBinearson G P A t Cincinnati Ohio 1 Give Em Fits t Thats what Till SCAU1HT iH p Walter hurts great rod teal novel dons to the juices of bigotry and su litiixlllliin And the src ulur press or the country goaded by the churcl element throwing a over too No other novel of this decode has been so widely and so bitterly denounced hy orthodox critics which sufficient proof that nil right It has cre ated n teiinatlon In conservative circles and consternation among the clergy- It entliuslastlcall endorsed by leading Freelthlnkers through out the world You Know how Hurt can write and In this book he Is at his best It Is an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood cloth Price 160 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky lJ