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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, April 25, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909042501 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, April 25, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. t f l1 f BLUE GRASS BLADE fjct f Volume XVII Number 52 LEXINGTON KY APRIL 25 I gog t DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT CHARLES DARWIJI First Great Advocate og uprenuusy of Nspral Law and Evolution J ts 60040000May o x2l Jf r J Jjf 111111 J II tt i i dJ J r 17 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE DeathA Sequel to Life By Lawrence Broadwell REALITY All things within this mundane sphere of ours And een the sun noon and all the stars Owe their origin and subsequent growtn To the secret workings of an Invisible power A power which strangely manifests Itself In cosmic force And which though vastly Imperfect with Its tinny flaws et by Its subtle power of harmonious adaptatiOnjBecame within Itself the first natural A cause which In the lapse of time resolved Itself Into an eternal law Yet not a law unyielding nor Immutable In mold But so pliant so plastic in Its general trend As to hold all things despite diverging tendencies In an har l monious wholejAn allpervading element of progressive force It permeates the air and rules the sea It paints the sunkissed rose and Imparts to it perfume And Is the everImpelling upward force In every shrub and tree The rain the hall the sleet the snow the wind and scurrying clouds Are only varying Impulses each In turn at natures helm And although divergent forces they are held in proper bounds By the harmonizing element In natures mystic realm By it the various elements that form the soul of nmn Are strangely held together tis a force that never tires For every srprato atom Is a magnet that has Iron ever other atom a strange attractive power Vie fused electrical elements that compose the spirit life Uy every roble Impulse is strengthened and made More cohesive more magnetic and beautiful Indeed Is every soul with gentleness and noble thoughts arrayed The mental and the physical are component parts of man What affects the one to both Is harmful And we hold to the conviction they indissolubly tire bound That the mental cant exist without tho carnal Wheneer the nervous system Is impaired or overcome The minds a blank or filled with strange delusions Then how can wo expect to have a future mental state WhFn our bodies fall in death and dissolution The nfllnlty of elements by which man has been evolved Create liie giving fusion which endureth but a day Then like the crystal snowflake that yields to noonday thaw The foul of man evaporates and quickly fades away THE END BLUE GRASS BLADE Criticism on Government REVIEW OF THE PROPER FUNCTIONS AND DUTIES OF GOVERNMENT WHEREIN THE RIGHTS Of ALL ARE TO BE FAIRLY CONSIDERED PART By Judge Parish B Laild After a long life spent in tho practice of the law and a thorough study of the numerous governmental systems of the world more especially of our Republican form unhesitatingly 0say tho world Is too much governed The people of the United aro not only overgoverned but are overtaxed We have j too many officials many of them mere sinecures with little or no occupation other than to draw their salaries and assist their pliedf1body politic Wo have too much legislation too many laws the most of which are as the numerous writers express It mischievous In the extreme Wo have too much expensetoo little pro tection and too much curtailment of our natural liberties While it Is true that no people can enter Into a governmental system without tho surrender of a few of their natural rights In exchange for protection In all others this surrender should be tho least possible amount consistent with protection to all The axiom should be tho government which infringes least on the natural liberties of the people gives the greatest amount of pro tection and at tile least expense is the best The governments of the world more especially ours take for their standard tho very reverse of this maxim Ours curtails more of our liberties gives less protection and at greater expense than any other government in tho world All legislation which has for Its object moral ethics forced morality is mischievous It Is all wrong Pure morals should bo left to regulate themselves subject however to such regula tions ns are absolutely essential to the protection of individuals and tho property rights of others That our system of Federal State and local government has proven a failure has been ad milted by all or nearly all of tho great political writers of tho times Under tho very foundation of our complicated system with Its brief tenure of official life nothing could bo expected other than inefficiency and dishonesty of officials It offers a bait to any one who has the money to buy a place or the sagacity to to secure one by Intrigue deception and fraud to enter the political arena As against these things honesty and capacity have no show Hence tho Incapable and dishonest secure the positions when secured it Is only natural that tho successful competitor should seek to get back tho money paid out for success The proof of this everywhere lies In the records of official life Incompetency dishonesty peculation and rascality In general lino tho pathway of the politician Tro fault lies hi our governmental system more than In men Before wo can expect honest efficient governmental officers tho entire fabric must ho changed Suffrage to tho Ignorant tho penal tho purchasable should bo denied subject to this the sexes should bo placed on an equality The true theory of government should form n curriculum in all our schools at least In nil above tho lower grades In this way tho people educated hi the correct theory of government would bo In a position to Judge of and their fitness for office At tho end of the first generation llmt tho elective franchise to this class and to none other then the world might have at least one good government but never as long as Ignorance dishonesty and incompetency can use tho ballot Too Many Governments To Support We have a Federal State and lesser governments to support in each of which the legislative department seems bent on seeing how much plunder the people will stand without revolution That the executive branch of government where Is lodged tho one mani power Is with some exceptions fairly honest and efficient will not bo denied The legislative department in all Its ram ifications from tho Congress down to the smallest municipality Is rotten to the core Xot only are we robbed but our liberties are In tile balance with overweight against us Government in fact the world over Is Just what the word Implies a few despoiling the many prefer Rousseaus Compact agreement between all for all Our Federal government has since our Civil War been making rapid strides for power not found In the Con stitution Along this Imperialistic line and for Its support the Congress has finally saddled the people with an annual ex penditure of over 800000000 Added to this Federal monster the several State and municipal governments have Imposed taxes of over 200000000 above those of the Federal machine making one billion eight hundred million to bo paid annually for govern meat This sum If Judiciously expended would feed clothe and house nearly all our people It would far more than support all who need assistance It would give them all tihe comforts with many of tho luxuries of life All this vast sum of money our people must pay annually as taxes directly and Indirectly to bo governedto have their natural liberties voted away For this vast expenditure what do bur people receive n return The politician talks to us of patriotism love of country To this let it be said tho country which robs us Is our worst enemy Our love for tho robber will never take deep root All such talk Is political claptrap made by political demagogues to catch voters Driven from this position tho politician tells us that the Federal government gives us protection from foreign foes To this let It bo said we need no such protection Since the organization of our general government we have had excluding our revolution three foreign wars In each of which we were tho aggressors unnecessarily forcing the wars wars made by our politicians by quit st brainless demagogues No war Is ever Justifiable say all political writers except in selfdefense not one such have wo ever had nor are wo likely to have unless be forced on us by some European power by the unwarranted action of poll ticians It Is protection against political demagogues not against foreign powers which we stand In need of Our present arma ment In men and ships while ostensibly to hold Europe In check Is In reality Intended to overawe tho discontentedthe half slaves of corporate wealth and Imperial masters The FedernlIofficials whllo wo credit them with limited brains cannot soo that tho time will come when Federal usurpation and official robbery will have reached their limitsa time when oven the horrors of revolution will be preferable to slavery Tho only reel benefit we receive from our Federal government comes through Its courts and malls For this service we pay In advance otherwise wo get not one farthing In benefit As for the State she takes care of our blind loaf and dumb and lunatics Our city county and lessor governments build our roads give 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE us schools feed our paupers and rob the taxpayers In general Bribery In the legislative halls from Congress to the smallest municipality both inclusive unblushingly stalks the public streets while the robbers vote away the peoples money In excess of power and without consideration This has become so common as hardly to be noticed Imperialism In all its madness usurpa tion plunder robbery murder and other crimes holds our Con gress in Its venomous clutches The people In general see all this but the most of them are too absorbed in their private affairs to give heed One classthe Socialists are calling for more government more officials more governmental power the very thing which now curses us They would have the government own every thingfeed clothe house direct and control the people when all except the officials would be slaves enterprise would come to an end followed by a return to a state of primitive barbarism Another class Anarchists are crying down with all govern ment They affect to believe that mankind can live and be happy without governmenta delusion unparalleled With all the re straint now imposed by government crimes are but poorly averted Take off this restraint tow long would it be until anarchy in its true and most hideous sense would everywhere abound The Socialists and Anarchists like others see and feel that the present state of society is all wrong It is and It is as to the remedY wherein they err The world will never see the time when some kind of a government Is not a necessity All dis contents should Join forces to secure the best system possible Instead of wasting their time in division over impossibilities A SelfEvident Model System Government In the hands of the least possible number of petent officials to hold their places for life subject to the power of the people to remove them for Inefficiency or dishonesty would keep the power in the hands of the people and at tho same time secure competency In office To prevent usurpation of power so rife in politics the people should at all times hold the reins In their own handsthat Is the people who are com petent Every politician e all who make It a business to seek and hold office should be rigidly excluded under the most positive constitutional provisions from he ding places of public trust This class once excluded the people would be left free to select the most competent officials the corruption which is now prevalent and the source of so much cf our wovs would come to an end With life temro e during good behavior the ofllclal would at all times be on probation his place depend ing on competency and honesty io would have no incentive to do wrong as now for he would know that to do wrong ho would lose his place his salary and his honor besides once fnnillla with the duties of his position few mistakes would be made Tho legislative branch of governmentState Federal and munclpal now potent for wrong and little else than wrong should lie dispensed with and a commission of a few men substituted therefor to be called Senators to be in session at all times to hold office during good behavior subject to removal by their con stituents for cause The Judiciary and all subordinate officials should be selected by the Senate Such a government should bo Inhibited from ever making war except In defense of territory What has herein been said about the formation of the general government will apply In full force to state and municipal govern ments And any State at Its own pleasure may institute such a system withtout reference to tho Federal government This or something better must bo Inaugurated and that soon If we are to avoid a military despotism or a revolution The American people are making rapid strides towards a change What shall it be The monied power Is organized it has the government with Its army and navy on its side Labor too is organized it is aggressive but It has neither money nor disciplined military men Without a second Napoleon a conflict between forces so divided would be of short duration Better that the oppressed would have Justice on their side Stop and think twice before forcing such an unequal conflict cease wast ing time over Anarchy and Socialism form an alliance with one of the great political parties and go into the next Presidential cam paign on the solo Issue of the restoration of our liberties as in tho days of Washington and Jefferson In such a contest tho reign of Imperialism its banditti of plunderers and other cohorts of hell would bo of short duration We once had a Federal Constitution an organic act that was respected Today that charter of our liberties is no more the Congress and the President are working In their own Interest squandering the peoples money without stint and laying the foundattlon for the overthrowing of our liberties Never in the history of our government was there little legislative and executive ability nor less Integrity than now The great men of our past political history are no longer with us small men with limited brains and less honesty are In power the body called a Congress is composed largely of political trick sters and plunderers bent on squandering the peoples money Anything for a change matters cannot be made worse Our Republican form of government has proven a failure and this the opinion of all disinterested writers and thinkers on such mat ters Once a better form of government Is established most of the laws Federal and State which now encumber our statute books and curtail our liberties should bo repealed Give us the common law which Is common Justice with a few simple enact ments for governmental purposes with constitutional limitations against tho encroachments on reserved rights Is all any people common law which we brought over from England as modified to meet tho changed conditions of this country Is all the law needed to meet the relations of our people In their dealings with each other This common law which was largely borrowed from the civil law of Rome Is pliable ever varying tit meet present wants and adjusting itself to the nice equities which arise in litigation Resting on this law with able judges on tho bench to administer It Justice would seldom miscarry As to our expensive foreign plenipotentiaries and consuls never of but little use they are no longer needed since our telegraphs and steamships now so closely unite the world With proper government In the hands of competent honest men three fourths of our taxes could be saved but this Is foreign to the wishes of our officials whose principal desire seems to be the creation of new forces so as to form a vast power all with a free will to rob the people To what has hereinbefore been said I would suggest a banking system wherein the government Issue its notes redeemable in coin on demand and loan them to the people at low rates of Interest properly secured Such notes backed by the government would not bo subject to depreciation so long as the government rested on a firm foun dation As each man would have more or less of this money he would to the extent of his money bo a creditor of the govern ment and thus Interested In maintaining tho integrity and stability of his debtor Each and all would feel that to endanger the stability of the government would bo his own ruin He would ba interested In the suppression of riots threatened revolutions sand in the expulsion of any foreign force as well as In preventing wars Internal and external and In doing away with standing armies and great navies which are always a menace to peace and stability It Is this war arm of government which is not only a curse to the people but Is the principal source of their burdensome taxation Ho who like Roosevelt advocates a great army and navy Is an enemy to all mankind ho sows the seed which produces the prodigious crimes of the world Happy for this country that Mr Roosevelt has vacated the I BLUE GRASS BLADE 6 executive chair and Is about to join his natural compalons the jackal and hyena of the jungles of South Africa where he and the hyena will recognize each other not only by their facial like nesses but from their mutual perverse attributes Though the hyena has no religion he outdoes his comrade In ethical qualities never having maligned the hero of the American Revolution nor been convicted by our Congress of wilfully lying To the foregoing article I would add Give us a law of inherit ance limiting the amount which any one at death or In con templation thereof could give to any one person association or THE COST OF FAITH f By May BealsHoffpauir There runs a tale of tho Far East that holds The meaning of tho ages though its text Might easily be written in the span Ofa childs hand A woman sat and wept Beside tho Ganges One came asking her Whyweopest thou l She answered sobbing sore I havo two children One is beauteous Beyond the dreams of gods I go to cast That child unto the river crocodiles Tho other being of her faithreplied Yea it is meet that we appease the gods But why not keep the beauteous child alive Andsacrifice the other Nay not so The pious woman answered bitterly My god must have the best TisthusHas crept adown tho ages neath tho load Of reverence for the unknown The bestTho sombre Pyramids of Egypts land With nil their cost of treasuro and of life Tho peerless Parthenon tho wilderness And countryside tho costly piles uprearcu Of graceful Gothic arch and spire andnow In our own time in every city town In honor of the lowly Nazarene Ilis follow carpenters may sit on tho stops And freeze and starve tho buildings lockd all theseAre offerings of our best to tho unknown Thero comes to mind a dingy mining town Where men who toil in everlasting night And live in rented shacks havo skimped and saved n To build a costly brick monstrosit- yIt is Jioir best and given to their god 0 n corporation Let the amount to near relatives be sufficient fnr a comfortable maintenance to others less In this way vast wealth could never be piled up by the few to be used to the det riment of the community for on the death of the millionaire hid accumulations would be scattered My next If not objected to by the Editor will be a continuation along governmental lines supported by the great political writers of the world In conclusion let It be remembered that tIle worlds two great enemies and parasites are the priest and politician Thus superstition feeds on ignorance And priests on both The conscious sacrifice Made by our race to the unknown is vast Andmonstrous but far worse if worse can be Is tho deep wrong of bravo men sacrificed By tho ignorant populace kept ignorant By priest and ruler for their selfish ends From Socrates to Bruno from the fair Hypatia to tho no less glorious name Of Ida Craddock we havo killed our best Through fear of the unknown And so our race Languishes like a tree whoso strongest shoots Are lopped off constantly from year to year Rafter Tenn SOONER OR LATER By Julia Cook Coon Sooner or later the rainclouds will pass The gold on the hilltops the gloom will outlast Sooner or later and mankinds long fight Must yield palms of victory all to the Right Sooner or later our hands will be still But others stand ready our work to fulfil Our children will lift up the standard again And battle for justice and truth for men Sooner or later oppression must cease Shriveled be power of king or priest The children of serfs shall send up the glad cry We are free We are free by the Brother hood tie O heart canst mourn oer an hours delay Tis a cloud like a hand oer the dawning day Tis mist from the valley tis drifting afar And Tomorrows golden gates are standing ajar- Bartow Fla- 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE The Bible in the Public Schools Splendid Fight Made by a Freethnker in Iowa upon a Proposed Law on Sunday Amusements and Bible By A A Snow LINBVILLE IOWA Mar SOO Hon John V Riggs State Supt Public Schools Des Moines Iowa Dear SlrI thank you for the copy you sent me of the report of the Educational Commission regarding the codification and proposed enactment of now school laws for the State With all tho changes I notice It Is proposed to leave the bible In the schools as formerly As to whether the committee thought no progression could be made In this particular or whether It was legislation for a nonprogressive part of the people cannot say I am opposed to the bible being taught or read In the schools or supernatural igion of any kind therein taught and as I can give good reasons why It should not I would respectfully ask you to use your Influence to cause this part of the law to be repealed If you will have the patience to read what I here write I will before I am through with this letter promise to prove to you that to read the bible In school as required by the Iowa law Is to teach Ignor ance not only that but It prejudices tho pupil against accepting truth that might In after years be presented and this I will make so clear that even an orthodox Chris tian If well Informed Intelligent and fair will have to admit But I wish to take up this subject in order The law reads Sec The blblo shall not bo excluded from any public school or institution of tho State nor shall any child bo requested to read It contrary to the wish of his parent or guardian 2805 This Is a law with a remedy attached said remedy being In these words nor shall any child bo required to read It the blblo contrary to tho wishes of his parent or guardian There are other remedies and regulations In tho way of notes written In liner print underneath the law they aro doubtless court decisions or rulings of the State Superintendent and are counted as binding as tho law itself I think these as remedies aro practically worthless they are sort of dough pills or pretenses of cures A parade of fairness all In your eye- Like tho Irishmans prescription for tho euro of tho aching of a hollow tooth Fill tho cavity of the tooth with water and then sit on a hot stove until It bolls and you have your remedy But there is this ono redeeming feature of the remedyit ac knowledges tho presence of tho disease whole need not a physician but they that are sick Then the law admits that persons may be wronged by children read- Ing the bible In school Then why may they may not be wronged by the children hearing it read Again tho ruling allows the teacher to require the pupils to read use bible until the parent makes a proUst that it is right to do wrong until the wronged person makes an outcry He who steals my pocket book is Immune from prosecution because didnt make a fuss until after tho property was stolen Why do not the rulings make the other fellow do the hollowing Why dont they say No ttacher shall require a pupil to read tho blbo until he obtains the consent ot his parent Again let us look at the effic iency of this remedy A Jew sends his child to tho public schools 1 The child has been required to read the sacred writings and pray to a polytheistic triune heathen god contrary to ono of the most sacred commandments of tae Jewish religion perhaps two months before the Hebrew parent know anything of It Should the Jew then make a protest against tho Insult his children in many instances would be slighted and treated for their opposition to tho beauti ful Christianity that had so graciously and uprightly prescribed tho remedy The Jew for making his protests would in many cases bo boycotted In his trade by Chris tians for taking tho advantage of the very remedy that Christians themselves had prescribed for him So In tens of thous ands of cases tine wronged will either boar their wrong or silently withdraw their children from a school that they are taxed to support Among the wronged are tho lows tho Roman Catholics Freethinkers Agnostics and many others such as the Unitarians Unlvergallsts and Independents who do not believe the bible Is all true who believe there aro many Interpolations obsceno and contrary statements that are not Inspired altogether would amount to something near half the population Now let us look at another of the reme dies proposed a panacea for tho Ills of this holy legislation The ruling referred to says The teacher must read tho bible without comment and If ho interprets it ho is liable to lose his pay since such an interpretation might shade Into a favor of ono denomination at tho expense of tho other Sure there is plenty of remedy In tho arrangement but who knows that tho rom dy Is not worse than tho disease I say if the teacher Is not competent to ox plain tho meaning of a book ho is not competent to read that book in school 0 Wouldnt ho bo a lovely teacher with his brains all knocked out But let us see farther He may like a parrot read and havo the children read any part of the bible he may select then he and all the children may drop on their knees and peat the Lords prayer This prayer In the eyes of tho Jows was composed by one of the three heathen gods that their god forlbids to be worshipped What does tho teacher do when he delivers this prayer In It he declares his allegiance to the god of the blblo and docs the same thing in the eyes of every child in school as to swear that iio is tho real and true god When ho reads these words All scripture Is given by inspiration of god Tim he declares to every scholar In school whether they do the reading or hear oth ers read that every word of the bible is true Some may say this passage might be interpreted another way to make it mean different from what It seems to say Well what of It There is not one child in 100000 that would interpret it other way and tho teacher is not somotto 1rhoall the plants and animals on tho earth l including man were created within sixLdays time while geology proves this false It But some ono says there is some way to interpret this to make It teach different from what it seems to teach and that we must understand tho word day to mean age Well what of it There is not one child in 100000 that would under stand It so and the teacher is not per mitted to explain It In like manner we can show and In like manner meet every obectlon that can be raised against It that tho bible and tho teacher combined teach to every child that tho earth Is fourcorner ed that tho Copernican theory Is a Ho that the eating of some fruit brought nat ural death into the world that man ani mals and plants have been on the earth only about 6000 years that slavery Is right that witchcraft Is true that tho sick may bo cured by prayer and tho laying on of hands that there is a personal devil that the earth and atmosphere is filled with demons that sometimes inhabit mens bodies And I could name hundreds of other lies that are thus taught in our pub lic schools which the children will retain nless they aro too much Infidel to do so If tho bible is all true it must bo the most ambiguous book in the world not only that but largo portions of it must bo Interpreted right opposite to what It seems to say It Is not fit to read to children without an interpreter Geology Is not taught In our schools and If a book Is thero taught that contradicts It the childs mind Is poisoned against over receiving it and I find this just tho exact BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 case with tens of thousands of children that havo gone through the common schools object to taxation to teach falsehood and to prejudice against truth If we ask most any scientist what has beta the greatest obstacle against science ho will tell you that the church has posed it more than any class of people Yet we find some preachers that are lovers of science and explain the bible in a way not to obstruct it and so It seems are more friendly to it than our schools are for they are permitted to read there a book In opposition to science aud are not permitted to explain it in a way to preserve scientific truthBesides this religion iu the schools Is the bone of eternal strife between sect and sect especially between the Catholics and Inspiresjants each want their religion taught in the t schools and the other fellow pay for it Tho Protestant translation to the Catholic 1 is idolatrous as is the Catholics in the t eyes of the Protestant How will this eternal wrangle ever be settled Catholic ItIInlluence is growing in America Will it be settled by war England has settled it by giving over to the Catholics their quota of taxation and letting them build their own schools But can America levy taxes for religious purposes And then will it dlstrioute it among the ten thousand dif ferent denominations Now if Catholics and Protestants would consent to throw ligion out of tho school both could attend scnooi together and be friends There are passages of scripture so obscene that persons have been imprisoned for passing them through tho mails yet wo give teach ers a license to read these very passages to our children ONE MORE LETTER LINEVILLE IOWA Mar 00 Hon E J Sankey State Representative Dear SlrI thought I would write you and test you how to voto on several propositions and help you out of the entanglement- On tho Sunday Amusement bill VOTE IT DOWN There are tens of thousands of working people who havo one day only in ti3 week for recreation and enjoyment I dont think you havo any right to shut up tho theater or the church on Sunday You have as much right to closo one as tho oth er Why not Wo want tho people moral ot course but wo havf no right to treat them like oxon to make them so I speak for liberty Let tho people bo free They are revising the school laws anti propose to retain the blblo and religion in tho schools as heretofore I think It is out of place there They do not permit the teacher to interpret the blblo for fear of offending the different sects then it ought not to be read there it is too ambiguous a book children are almost sure to get wrong ideas from it that will keep them wrong during life It has given people wrong ideas about science for thousands of years I am with Washington Jefferson Lincoln Grant and GarfieldChurch and State should be kept forever separate- I am in favor of Prohibition The liber ties of men should bo curbed when they nlterfere with the rights of others and then only PROGRAM The Philosophical Bible Class Union of America Textbook by Doanc Blblo Myths and their Parallel in Other Religions Lessons for May 1909 May 2The miraculous birth of Christ Jesus Chrlshna and Buddha page 111 to page 118 Siamese Saviour Cod am May ITho miraculous birth of Codam Sallvahana Laoklun Zeo Hauki Horus Zoroasterpago 118 to page 124May IGThe miraculous birth of Am phon Prometheus Perseus Mercury Aeolus Apollo Aethlus Ar eas Aroclus Romulus Alexander tho Great B C Cyrus Plato 429 B C Apollonlus 41 B Pythagoras 570 B Aesculapius page 124 to page 129 May 23Tho miraculous birth of Ameri can Saviours In Old Mexico Guetzal coatlo tho Yucatan Lana Columbias Bochlca Brazils Zome Floridas Wasc1 Californias Quaagagp Iroquois Tarengawa Northwest Algonquins Ml chaboupngo 130 to page 134 3rd line May JOTho miraculous birth of Christ Jesus from 3rd line page 131 to page 140 Prof J Clausen National Organizer St Ansgar Iowa ST ANSGAR SECULAR UNION PROGRAM OF SPEAKERS May 7Sclenco before Darwin and A- fterBy Win Wm McDevitt L L M for mer Registrar of the University of Wash 14Tho Mystery of Greek Art By E Backus University graduate and on the Evening Globe staff May 21Crlme and Development of Su perstition By George E Kendall of En gland June 4The Motive Forces of Hum- anaActionBy Cameron H King Jr AttorneyaMaw Every Friday evening WHERE IS THE DIFFERENCE Drawing the Deadly Parallel upon Orthodox and Liberal Publications By A E Wade From the columns of the London Freethinker we learn that religious bigots on the Camberwell Town Council have cluded that journal from the tables of the Free Public Library and a storm of protest Is now being made against the act of ex clusion By the time the bigots get through with Editor Foote and his able associates they will know they have been up against the real article Editor Foote Is a stub born and persistent tighter for right an- dtruthFrom the Blue Grass Blade Mar 1909 To be strictly consistent wo must also bar Freethought publications that admit to their columns such teaching I certainly will not accept the false teaching that there Is a god and a future life under the name of Freethought Materialism Rationalism or any other Ism when reject it under the name of Christianity If such publications do not bar these teachers of Idolatry and superstition I shall bar them coming to my horueProm the Truth About God and Life Jan 1909 Query What Is the difference between Editor Kerr of the Truth About God head of the Church of Humanity and the religious bigots on the Camberwell Town would exclude a Freethinker magazine or paper because it teaches No god and future life and he would exclude the same because they teach a god and fu ture life How can Bro Kerr expect to reach and convert the world to tho Truth when they will not have his dirty little atheist paper in their house and how can ho blame them when he would do the same with their literature The greatest dllllculty to the education of tho people by Freuthousht literature to get the people to read it Urbana 1Sends a New Subscriber SAN FRANCISCO Pleaso send Blue Grass Blade to Comrade I Becker for ono year and credit same to meJ FRANTZ 8c BLUEGRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N KyPSUBSCRIPTION RATES Hy mall postpaid S160 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid S200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months J508 one year 800 Quarter column single insertion J200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year J3060 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Buck numbers or number omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal case of dlsclntlnuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address aa desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at 12611 North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky BOUND VOLUME IS OUT Wo are happy to state that the Bound Volume of the Blade for 1908 is now complete and by the timo this an nouncement is being read it should be in the hands of those who have subscribed for it Bound in blue buckram with gold letters it makes a handsome book and our friends well know what the reading matter consists ofas it contains every issue complete from the time the change was made in its form and style January 19 1908 We have just four copies left undisposed of Any friend wishing a copy we will hold them subject to order putting their name on the cover in gold letters The cost is 1350 per volume First come first served Remember wo have but four copies unsold This wo regard as a signal triumph for the Blade and we hopo to do oven better with the volume for the current year LET TUB DEAD REST It is with deep regret that we read in the Patriarch an alleged Frcothought and Liberal publication of Seattle Wash edited by Edward Clayson a reference to this paper as The Blue Grass Knave of Lexington Kentuck mean ing thereby to cast reflection upon the late Charles ChiHou Moore editor and founder of the Blade Whatever narrow minded bigots who didnot know Mr Moore personally may n think of him let it be said that no man stood higher in tho estimation of his neighbors than he Suchattempted slurs upon the leadcan never do tho causo of Liberty any good andas Editor Clayson is past eighty years of age himself it may be hoped that he is not getting into his dotage and may yet live to learn that he has made a serious mistake If we do not agree with each other wo can at least bo charitable and accord to others tho rights and privileges we would ourselves enjoy TIlE BLADE IN WEST VIRGINIA At first tho fools rush in so it is saidand afterwards angels fear to tread Through surreptitiously purloining a file of the Blade for 1909 from the reading tables of the Carnegie LibraryN at Huntington West Virginia two preachers of that city have createdsuch a decided opposition that Freethought will derive considerable of an open advocacy proceeding these preachers sought to repress Some time ago YoWI Gwinn secretary of the Huntington Philosophical Association and a Blado subscriber sent in six new subscriptions for as many clubs andreading rooms in Huntington asking that the subscriptions commence i with the initial number of Dr Hausmans series of Jarticles on Mans Origin and Destiny Thinking that a 1 complete file for the year would bo preferable the Blade sent to each all tho back numbers beginning with January 3 1909 to late In a private letter wo advised Brother Gwinn of what wo had done and cautioned him to main tain a close scrutiny on tho fate of tho papers This advice was not illtimed as subsequent developments will show During the past week wo havo received two letters from Brother Gwinn which are given in the Blades correspondent column stating that two preachers members of the Carnegie Library Trustees perceiving tho Blade files on the tables of the public reading room at once determined for themselves of course that tho people of Huntington who patronized the Library should not bo allowed to read the Blade hence of their own volition they tookand car ried the Blade file away and no ono but themselves know what has beconio of them Acting immediately upon quest of Brother Gwinn it now and complete file was sent once more to the Library and a letter advising him againrof what wo had done was sent to him Wo havo not from either at this writing but judging from tho dotermiJ nation expressed by Brother Gwinn in tho letters referred to we opine that tho end is not yet and these sanctified servants of tho lord will find that they have disturbed a hornets nest It is a historical fact that any cause grows by persecution Just because these preachers had been granted little brief authority they have sought to use it in persecuting n cause to which they sire professionally opposed and which is opposed to them Public attention is bound to result Tho cause of Christianity would have died out in its infancy BLUE GRASS BLADE lead it not been for the persecutions to which its devotees were subjected and which had the effect of banding them closer together History will repeat itself in the present situation at Huntington The members of thu Philosoph ical Association led by Brother Gwinn are determined to carry on tho war to a conclusion and the natural result will be that the Blade and the cause of Frcethought will come more widely known among the people of that city and tho suggestion to follow this up with a course of Free thought lectures will add fuel to the flames so that these preachers will readily see what they have succeeded in stirringup by their arbitrary conduct The London Freethinker of England has undergone a similar fight with tho Town Council at Camberwelland although the contest has not been finally settled we have- no doubt that Mr Footo will como out a winner So it will bo with the Bladoj Once the people of Hun tington are informed what these preachers have done many will want to see and read tho Blade and we propose to flood the town with copies of our paper provided we can get Brother Gwinn and his associates to distribute them It is perhaps needless to say that just as soon as our Itrip to Indiana and Illinois is completed wo will be pleased visit Huntington on a similar mission DK KEYSER IN TILE TOILS it is said ofttimes makes cowards of men fConscience person will deny that it is quite frequently a persistent accuser Just as man built gods out of his own imagery and naturally enough constructed deity after himselfand conferred upon hinihisownfaiiltsfailiug8 and passions so is one given to trick subterfuge cunning and evasion only too apt to attribute tho same feelings to others and such u person is Rev Leander S Keyser of tho English Lutheran Church at Canal Dover Ohio In ti recent issue we discussed Mr Koyscrs attitude anent church taxation and to justify our criticism wo produced a liberal portion of Dr Koysers remarks there on At tho same time wo made mention of tho Broadway Christian Church in this city attempting to dodge tho payment of taxes on its parsonage although not occupied by the parson but rented out to other parties and made a revenueproducing property Mr Koysor veryevidently ibelioved that the Blade had not told tho truth and in tho illhopo of detecting us in a lie or an evasion of truth whichever it might be tho Canal Dover nondescript wrote to Rev 1Mark Collis pastor of tho church in question asking for r concerning tho suit which resulted in a judgment against tho church Mr Keyser has been thoughtful enough to copy Mr Collis letter which ho sends to our oflice with a comment thereon to tho effect that wo had been guilty misrepresentation in tho premises But not so fast my little man do not attribute to others that of which you have been proven guilty before your own people Our statement was that tho church mentioned sought to dodge tho payment of taxes on its parsonage and that an honest tax assessor and an honest county judge hadmade them pay these taxes after judgment Without securing a copy of the judgment which we prefer to believe is un necessary tho Blade is willing to rest its case upon tho letter from Mr Collis to Mr Keyser which reads as follows LEXINGTON KY April 10 1909 Hev Leander Keyser Canal Dover Ohio My Dear Brother Your letter sent to Bro Spencer has been handed to me for an answer The charge of Mr Charles worth Is a half truth only These are the facts When was called to the Broadway Christian Church eighteen years ago I was living In my own home In the City of Lexington where we had a largo yard and an open park for our children most of whom wore small to play In The parsonage had no yard and the only place where our little ones could play was the street This was our only reason for not taking the parsonage for our residence This State exempts church property Including parsonages In use by tho minister of the church from taxation When the questlpn of taxing our parsonage came up our officers claimed that while I did not live In the parsonage I paid taxes on my home and that tho rent of the parsonage was added to my salary In place of my use of tho building They claimed that the pur pose of the law was to tax church property that was held for vestment Furthermore the parsonage is built upon what would otherwise be the church yard where we would never have thought of erecting a building for rent The claim of our people was regarded as just and for several years no assessment was made But when another assessor was elected he at once listed our parsonage for taxation Tho officers consulted one of the best lawyers of our city not a member of our congregation who said our position was tho right one and we should not be taxed We tested the matter In the courts and the decision was against us hope this statement will be satisfactory Yours etc Signed MARK COLLIS In tho opening words of his last letter to tho Blade rIKoyser says feeling pretty sure that you lead given a coloring to the matter of tho taxing of tho parsonage and this is used as a sort of pretext or excuse for having doubt ed our word and for writing to tho preacher in this city Immediately following his quotation of tho letter above printed Mr Koysor further says This is untrue as to tho effort made to dodge taxes on it The trouble with Mr Koyser is that ho so frequently plays fast and loose with truth that ho judges others accordingly and in an effort to save and protect a sinking ship which is yielding him a fair revenue ho grasps at every rainbow that comes upon his mental horizon Did all our readers know Mr Ko ser as wo know him and as utility in Canal Dover know him this comment would have been unnecessary nut what are the facts as they appear from Mr Collis letter Simply that when tho tax assessor listed tho property and made demand for payment the church rushed to a lawyer not1l member of tho congregation paid for legal advice paid for legal help in an effort to resist paying taxes and would rather givo fees to lawyers than to pay tho State its demand for taxes upon tho property If this in 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE not an effort to lodge taxes then Keyser needs a little in concerning the meaning and definition of terms IIItruetion motive that induced Mr Collis to prefer a residence other than the parsonage the Blade has nothing to do It is not an issue of begrudging little children a pleasant playground to which Kcy cr wishes and strives to shift this discussion The one issue is that the church does not want to pay taxes on its property and willnot if it has to go financially busted in fighting through the courts in an effort to dodge tax payment The Blade is ontent with Mr Collis reply although this gentleman de lares that our statements were half truth only Even this much is a concession coming from an orthodox minister when dealing with such a problem Dr Koyser further discussing the matters here involved says in his letter- I contend that it was a good thing for this church to lo what it did because there was a technicality in the case that should have been decided by the courts for the benefit of allePure bosh Veritable moonshine Cheap talk in a cheap effort to argue himself right There was no techni cality The only issue in the case was whether the church should pay these taxes or not The church refused to pay Practically dodged The courts made it pay It did pay That is all there is to the case Should some future tax assessor in Canal Dover make similar claims against Dr Keysets church that gentleman unmindful of the tech nicality ho pretends to see herein wouldstubbornly resist payment even though this case in point is decided and for the benefit ofall Dr Keyser with that true Christian charity so peculiarly characteristic of ministers fairly gloats over the fact that it is the radical Infidels of the country who do the whimpering because they the said Infidels cant have the church property of the country taxed What a beautiful sentiment How beautifully expressed Does it not por tray the character and reveal the motives of him who wrote it Can any Blade reader wonder why we should have criticised Dr Keyser Can even Dr Koyser actually believe himself honest and his motives pure Would it not appear that truth and taxes are what the average preacher seeks to dodge As a mental and moral twister and contortionist Dr Keyser has few peers in all America Let it be suflicient to say that the Blade is abundantly satisfied with the re skypilotfeelingwith the opportunities that carne our way and willing to allow the people to judge between us Dr Keyscrs letter is given in the Blade correspondence column that our readers may see it in full The modern Christian church is now completely envelop ed by the gilded halo that hovers around decay u Liberty of mind and thought are as essential as bodily freedom Men and women cannot hop astride a millenium built to order To enjoy it wo must work for it and win it In this supreme battle each must do his part One willing worker is worth legions of sanctified lolli pops who preaching of sacrificing till for the glory of god never risk their life or their gold in his service Friends desiring lectures in Illinois and Indiana are re quested to write the Editor as soon as possible This lec ture trip will be taken during the last week in May and the first week in June We are now selling A Trip to Rome and Dog Fennel in the Orient for one dollar postal charges prepaid This is a reduction of 2cents on eachvolume x x Dr Lcander S Keyser of Canal Dover has sent a long article to the Blade in which he resents editorial reference to himself Owing to its great length we cannot afford to print it all to the exclusion of more valuable literature but wo shall make an effort to print some portions having a direct bearing on our criticisms As for the personal mat ters which developed during the debate at Canal Dover wo prefer to leave Dr Keyser with his own conscience assured that he will find it a truly persistent and stubborn accuser x There will bo no debate at Marietta Ohio after tillas the preachers have taken to the tall and uncut preferring to shelter in the cowards castle where there is allowed no back talkIx x One moro preacher accused of crime and one more young girlruined is the story that comes from Galveston Texas Rev Joseph J McMasters Methodist and working in connection with the Redemption Rescue Home an institu tion for supposedly fallen girls is now in jail upon his own plea of guilty to a charge of seduction The young girl had been brought to tho Home for her souls salvation and the preacher pounced upon her like a hawk swooping down on a brood of young chickens It seems almost impossible to keep the Christian wolves from tho sheepfolds of humanity Rev J A Seibcrt pastor of the First Congregational Church in Kansas City is in a fair way to bo deposed for heresy In a paper recently delivered by him before tho Ministers Alliance of that city ho declares that the Gen esaic story of tho creation is parabolic and not historic a statement which brought vigorous dissent from his brother preachers One by ono oven tho clergy are growing to learn that truth is truth and must prevail in spite of orthodox tradition and myth x It does not follow that because everything is closedon BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 Sunday that everybody is good according to the views of Prof Zueblin of the Chicago University The professor is engaged in a crusade for civic reform and recently de livered a course of lectures in Lexington which created a great deal of local interest Better homes better people with less restrictive legislation seems to be his motto and Sunday baseball playing even the Sunday theater cannot detract from morality any more than the Sundayschool can add to it The Editor will be pleased to meet with tho large number of Blade subscribers readers and personal friends living within the vicinity of Chicago upon the occasion of his lecture before the Independent Religious Society the last Sunday in May x Many letters commendation have been received by the Blade for its publication of Dr Ilausmans forthcoming book Several have subscribed for it aheadand tin Doctor writes us that ho has also received a number of ap proving letters This book bids fair to become one of the most valuable contributions to scientific literature and by subscribingnow you can save postage charges Only two dollars per copy It will be bound up immediately upon its completion in the Blade columns Some eighty pages aro already printed The Blades editor has been invited to lecture before the Independent Religious Society of Chicago Uicn some Sun Hay during the monthof May Having accepted and while the date has not yet been fixed it is probable that the en gagement will bo filled about tho last Sunday ct the nth Lamed 11r Mangitsarian is the regular lecturer for this Society but ho is to visit Europe during that month and arrangements aro now in progress to have other speakers occupy his platform during his absence Among tho in vited speakers aro Elbert Hubbard John Emerson Roberts and the Blades Editor 0 x While on this trip other lecture engagements will be filled both in Illinois and Indiana Negotiations tire now pending for lectures at Mcndota and Peoria Illinois at Warsaw Covington Hartford City Noblesville New Ross and Muncie Indiana As soon as completed the list of appointments with dates will bo published i c The Blade has created somewhat of a sensation at Huntington W VII and the end is not yet Recently a friend of tho Blade W W Gwinn a prominent merchant and business man of that city paid for six now subscriptions to the Blade for tho benefit of a Carnegie Library Elks Club andother institutions with a request that the subscriptions begin with the opening of Dr Uausmans articles on Mans Origin and Destiny The back numbers were sent and tho Blade placed tho names on the regular mailing list Last week wo received information from Brother Gwinn to tho effect that two preachers members of the Board of Trustees of tho Carnegie Library had taken and carried away all the Blade copies from the tables of the Library reading room A request was made that wo send other copies This was done but at this writing wo are not aware of their fate The result of this has been to create a determined antagon ism to the aggressions of the preachers Brother Gwiun persists that tho Blade shall be kept at the Library and hu proposes to bring the whole affair to public attention This is to be followed up by a course of Freethought lectures by the Editor and Huntington bids fair to ot a sort of ortho dox shaking up before the matter ends Iforthodox Christianity bo true with its pains and penalties its wrathful and avenging god till serious feeling believer should never indulge in a hearty laugh Such a religion is fit only for morbidity and gloom Heclntlnt Towanda Penn an evangelist caused the arrest of four young men on the charge of liBtitv ing religious worship by laughing in church The evangelist servant of the lord its he professes to be had delivered one of his jerkpro ducing sermons and the young wen actually laughed The justice before whom the cases were tried was unable to render a decision in tho case so tho reports go and had to order another hearing It was contended by the prosecu tion that it was wrong to laugh in church And tho pros ecution is right A sermon on hellfiro is scarcely calculat ed to produce that hearty laugh which can only arise from the cheerful springs of an nnoppressed heart Dr Joseph Krauskopf Jewish rabbi in charge of tho Keucsoth Temple in Philadelphia denounces the fiction long promulgated by the Christian world to the effect that it was tho Jews that crucified Christ He insists that the story was simply written to satisfy the mythological predilections of tho Romans and to induce their acceptance of the new creed by freeing them from the guilt of murder Tho eminent rabbi finds fault that it should over have been charged ngainst the Jews that they had slain a godun mindful of tho fact apparently that a god if one there be couldnot bo slain by any people But such is tho way of tho Christian world It deifies and worships a dead Jew while it curses abuses and points the finger of scorn at living Jews 0 t It is currently reported that while the congregation of St Peters Roman Catholic Church at Pittslmrff Pa were eating and drinking god Miss Ella Manning a sixteen yearold girl was detected in the net of stealing a purse containing 585 Forgetting the awful solemnity of tho occasion tho congregation abandoned both body and blood to give chose to tho thief in an effort to get back the money Tho girl was caught and the money secured but tho con gregation by its net proved their opinion as to tho relative value of tho communion and tho cash nu I BLADEj12 BLUE GRASS MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY WHAT is MONEYITS FUNCTIONS DISCUSSED TIlE PART IT PLAYS IN TKADK AND COMMENCE PROPERTY UIOJlTSlINTELLECTUAL LAliOJl- OK MOUE IMPORTANCE THAN MECHAN IOAL1LEN ARE NOT BORN EQUAL By Dr A Hausman Comparing the physical qualities of the two metals in question we may justly ask why the gold should be so muchsuperior than silver as the material for money Gold has a yellow color a specific weight of 105 melts at 1200 degrees 0 and is the most malleable and ductile metal It does not oxydize in the uir and is attacked only by one acid Silver is the whitest metal has a spe cific weight of 105 melts at 1000 degreesC is next to gold in ductility is not oxydized in the air but attacked byseveral acids Why these physical differences should lonstituto such a vast difference in value in favor of gold difficult to understand In an extract from a recent publication Universal Bimetalism and an International Monetary Clearinghouse by R P Rothwell occurs the following passage What then is absolute money Evi dently under the division we have made only gold can bo to considered Absolute money must be something which lerives its value neither from the stamp upon it nor from the solvency of the issuing institution These qualifications are of prime importance for tokens and certificates of Credit but are of very minor consequence for absolute money The substance of which absolute money is made must havo full intrinsic value and be practically inde structible and its forms must bo interchangeable at will without loss of material or variation in composition Such a substitution can bo an elementary metal of all the metals gold best fills these requirements There are other metals which are rarer and more costly but not one which unites more of those properties which are known as metallic The value of a 20 gold piece or of an English sovereign is not fixed by the stamp upon it If the coin is genuine the stamp certifies to its composition but the value is fixed by the weight We have compared the physical qualities of the two metals and it is absolutely impossible to find any reason why gold should have an intrinsic value and silver not Intrinsic value can only mean the value a metal has aside from its significance as money andns mentioned above in this respect gold and silver are both inferior to iron They owe their superior value exclusively to the fact that they serve as a standard by which the relative value of all labor is measured That the weight of gold is taken as the standard ofcomparison does not constitute any intrinsic value the same can bo done with silver or any other metal And also occurs the following passage The American silver dollar the English shilling the French franc as well as all subsidiary coinage are tokens not absolute money The metal in them has not the value indicated by the stamp upon them they circulate at their value within the limits of the issuing government only and then solely because it is believed that the government can and will redeem them if required in absolute money So far as their currency value is concerned they do not differ from paper money and are less desirable because less convenient for handling in quantity If these coins represent a certain fraction of the moneyunit and can bo exchanged for the same number of money made of different material value for value they are absolute money because they perform all the functions of money and that is all money can do and is good for Between paper money and silver currency there is however a great difference Silver is an element as well as gold it does not occur in unlimited quantities and it cannot even be obtained as cheaply as gold from its natural source Paper is entirely an arti ficial product made of very cheap material and its value as money depends on the arbitrary figure on its face It can be produced in unlimited quantity and its money value depends entirely on the honesty rind solvency of the issuing government Why gold has been raised to the standard metal by which the relative value of all the others are measured has its reason undoubtedly in the physical qualities described above among which the beautifulcolor and the brilliant lustre are perhaps the most important ones To what a surprising high degree of fictitious value a substance may bo raised through the innate love of the beautiful and the vain desire for display in mankind is shown by the price of diamond whose only intrinsic value consists in its fitness for cutting glass and boring through rockIn the saute paper occurs the following passage No correct answers can be given to these questions until wo have accurately solved the problem of the sufficiency of the worlds gold stock for all the present and the future needs of trade The author does not give his idea about the manner in which this can done but leaves it to the commission In the face of tho fact that it is impossible to determine the amount of gold and silver in the worldor to ascertain how much money is actually required for cur rency in the daily exchange of tho necessities of life it docs not seem possible that this question can be solved From the fact that so much silver circulates ns money of tho smaller denominations for which it is far hotter suited than either gold or paper it might be inferred that the question whether silver coin isa necessity is answered in the affirmative Then there remains nothing but to fix the proportion tho weight of these two metals shall bear to the arbitraryunit of the dollar or cent BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 The question of free coinage must be considered in connection with the true significance of money Both metals are obtained by mining but since their application for technical purposes is limited their value aside of the use as money is very slight and society does not derive any direct advantage from tho labor devoted to their produc tion While gold can enter circulation at once at the exist ing ratio between bullion and coin silver is denied this privilege and its value as bullion is far less than its value as coin There is no logic in this arrangement and it seems absurd that the pure silver shall be worth less than its equal weight of alloy in form of moneyfro compare it with paper money is nonsense It is an element as well as gold and cannot be produced artificially nor is it so abundant that there need be tiny fear of its losing its value from this reason Since money represents all realvalue the product of labor it does not matter how much there is of it provided it enters circulation through tho only legitimate channel as a certificate of performed labor Silver may bo given a fixed ratio between moneyunit and weight and therefore can serve as money while paper can not bo guaged by that standard Tho distribution of wealth depends on other causes but it is plain that a minority who is able to control tho cir culating medium has the advantage over the rest of the object and scope of this work does not permit ofa thoroughand exhaustive treatment of this difficultandc- omplicated subject and I would suggest that the reader in order to comprehend the significance of money imagine the consequences of two propositions First that suddenly till the money disappeared from tho face of tho earth secondly that allat once everybody became a millionaire It is easy to see that the effect would be identically the same In the first place the real value would remain but a now adjustment would become an urgent necessity In the second case money would lose its value and tho result would bo the same Thus it will be easily under stood that money derives its value and social importance only through the increase of human wants civilization de pendingon tho principle of division of labor for their supply and gratification MKNTAL AND PHYSICAL LABOR Wo see that the labor performed by a community is ofit twofold kind mental and physical or intellectual andmechanical Which kind is tho most valuable Since time immemorial we see that mental ranks above physical labor and that persons enjoy tho largest share of tho common wealth who never did a stroke or work It is still tho samo today and if we deduce from this general fact tho logical conclusion that mental ranks above physical labor wo recognize a natural law If Socialistic agitators maintain tho superiority of manual labor and accuse the wealthier classes who are tho more intelligent of withholding tho just recompensation from the common laborer they do not perceive in their ignorance and shortsightedness that they attempt to fight a natural law something utterly impossible If we go back to the cradle of mankind and trace the cause of its progressive evolution what do wo find Was it physical strength that elevated man above the rest of the animal kingdom Certainly not his superior intellect constitutes his strength and all the mechanical contrivances that have so immensely increased the possibilities and the enjoyment of life arc the result of intellectual work The savages possess the brutal force as well but what can they do without tho lead ing intellect to guide it Ignorant people have always been averse to the introduction of laborsaving machines for fear it would reduce the opportunities for manual work Although it cannot bo denied that this may be a temporary and local result the beneficial effect on the whole far exceeds the evil in particular and while it is not difficult to find a new field for tho physical power placed at disposition by introducing the mechanical substitute it would bo impossible to achieve the great material advan tages in any other way How unfounded these apprehen sions were is sufficiently demonstrated by the fact that since tho increased employment of machinery the condi tion of tho socalled working class has been steadily im proving On tho basis of tho immutable natural laws we have been able so far to establish the following maxims Every individual depends for subsistence on the prod ucts of labor to procure the means of support for a large number of individuals requires tho system of division of labor This necessitates some means to exchange or distribute the products of the various branches of labor money the amount of money a people possesses represents its total value tho amount of money possessed ha single individual represents his share of the commonwealth tho material progress of mankind is the rSultof his superior intellect and mental work therefore ranks above manualIlaborIf we ask What distinguishes civilization from barburIism we can answer the question by comparing tho savages with the nations who lead tho worlde find life simpler less wants less regards for individual and tribal rights Civilization is characterized by increased intellectual and physical wants requiring greater production of supply and compliance with complicated social laws In civiliza tion tho natural instincts have developed into another form life has assumed a higher typo it has become more valuable the brutal murderous propensities are waning and tho struggle of existence is reduced from the war of extermination on tho battle field to tho peaceable compe tition on the field of labor to tho conquest of nature inIstead of nationsIero be continued 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE r Y i the Blades Cottttespondence i 1 + 4 Dr Keysers Lamentations CANAL DOVER Feeling pretty sure that you had given a wrong coloring to the matter of the taxing of the parsonage of the Broadway Christian church of your city I wrote to the minister of that church and have received the following reply which I copy verbatim This letter appears In our editorial upon Dr Keyser In the Tolls Now I cannot help calling your attention to the bad coloring you gave this affair You say that the church rented the par sonage to other parties because the min ister desired a more pretentious dwelling Just like your reading bad motives Into the hearts of church people The minister him self says that he was living In his own home at the time he was called to the church that he preferred living there solely because It had a yard and a little park for his children to play In Surely you do not begrudge little children a pleas ant playground Moreover ho paid tax on his own property as all ministers do and just as you and other citizens do You also say An effort was made to dodge taxes on it This is untrue They secured legal advice sincerely thought their position was right and just and the officers agreed with them so that no as sessment was made for several years This was no effort to dodge taxes but was an open and honest course In which they and the officers thought they were right Another assessor being elected whose view differed from that of his predecessor ho listed the parsonage Then the church did the only right and selfrespecting thing any body of men could have done secured competent legal counsel followed It and had the case tested In the courts That was the only way to find what tho real meaning of the law was They admit that tho decision was against them but that does not mean that they were dishonest In their claim It was a peculiar case and tho proper thing to do was to test It In court That will set the matter clear for all similar cases In your State Why In tho world should you malign the character of the church In this matter and try to make out that they are a dishonest set I contend that It was a good thing for this church to do Just what it did because there was a technicality In the case that should have been decided by tho courts for tho benefit of all I am ready to say I believe that since the courts decision that church has been paying Its tax on the parsonage If It Is rented like good lawabiding citizens and have not been whimpering about They let tho radical Infidels of the country do the whimpering because they tho said Infidels cant have the church property of the country taxed It Is so hard for them to have to pay a few cents more tax because such property is exempt I am glad that the legislatures of our glorious States have a wider and clearer vision and are able to appreciate the commercial eco nomic and moral value of the Christian churches Yours very sincerely LEANDER S KEYSER From a NewFound Friend ST LOUIS MOI came into posses sion of a copy of your paper through Mr Copes the editor of Tho Wheel of Life and perused It This paper is written up In a style much different from any I have ever seen and I think that in the course of time It will be read by all human beings that have the courage to break away from orthodoxy When people become their own Messiah and shoulder tho burden of their own mistakes called sins by the clergy and abandon tho Idea that a Christ came here 1009 years ngo to die for their sins then the human family will progress In stead of attempting to abide by laws pro mulgated years ago under different circumstances and at different times When people learn to do things not merely say them read tire Bible and reject Just what they please say what they think think with their own thinker then you may expect to see people and conditions better When tho human family abandon tho Idea that goodness consists of reading the Bible praying five hours wearing phylactery and many other things that today are simply relics of barbarism then watch Mr Pro gress All I say is to act right DAVE Two Letters with a Tale HUNTINGTON W VAReplying to yours of tho 2nd Your papers going Into tho Carnegie Library had the effect of a bombshell on tho clergy Two of tho saints or selected people of god said they should not bo there and took them away I am going to see the Board soon and try to get their consent I know two of them are Liberal two are Theologians there are five In all Please send mo all tho back numbers commencing with the Origin of Man by Dr Hausman and Ill try to get them In the Library to bo read For some reason the back numbers did not come to the U C T Club or the Elk Club and I havent heard from the College yet The Professor promised to phone me I in structed the Postolllco to look about the office and try to find the bundles Do not send only one lot till I report they may ho found yet There Is going to bo something doing In this town before long if a few preachers think they can dictate what wo shall read or not read at the Library I am telling my Liberal friends what they did about your papers Can we get a good Lecturer to como here and what would It cost I have been bearing most of tho expense myself I want to get them to thinking and thinking right I talked to some of tho professors and teachers here In the colleges and schools and they said they were tied and ruled by tho preachers and glad to see me take this stand but they could not afford to Join mo as they might not get the job next time Yours trulyW W GWINN Box 73 The Second Epistle HUNTINGTON W VASince writing you last evening I have been thinking over the matter and have como to the conclu sion that it will be a great ad for your paper for me to give tho dally papers here a statement of the facts about tho two ministers who were not members of the Advisory Board taking your papers from the tables of the Library saying they should not be read there etc and get up an agitation of some sort then later on you could arrange to give a lecture or debate with somo of tho Revs If they will do so Awaiting any suggestions from you Very truly yoursW W GWINN The foregoing correspondence was caus ed by the preachers removing copies of the Blade from tho tables of tho Carnegie Li brary where they had been placed by tho Huntington Philosophical Association of which W W Gwlnn Is Secretary It is perhaps needless to say that the Blade will help all It can In the fight thus inaugura ted Editor Sends His 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