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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 16, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909051601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 16, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. zT a T i Volume XVIIIEINGTON KX SillYfi6 r o Number 3ar- DEVOTED TO THE PROP4G4NZ7 OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT gay Aau taYJUJ 711t SKEPTICAL THOUGHTS 0RA HINDOO PRINCE By A Ca t liaycprodArc t Ood7CWestward across the ocean and northward ayont thoVsnaiw t Do they nil stand gazing as ever and what do the wisestv know n ifffHeroLike wild bees heard in the tree tops or the gusts of aj gathering storm Jffe f r In the air men hear their voices their feet on the rocksaroit seen f t Yet we all gay Whence isathe message and what may7the wonders meant T S svingstqAsrises ever and rises the endless cry Jrs fInllgs are heavy laden and of cowards loth to dicf tt For tho destiny drives us together like deer in the pass of the hills Above isthe sky and around us the sound and shot that kills f Pushed by a Power we se not and struck by a hand n1 I t known We pray to the trees for shelter and press our lips to a stone The trees wave n shadowy answer and the rock frowns hol grimY nod of a demon nro caught in the twilight dim rAnd wo look nt the sunlight falling afar on the mountain J crest Is there never n path runs upward to a refuge there nndia rest The path ah who has shown itond who is tho faithful guide The haven nh who has known it for steep is the mountain i side For ever the shot strikes surely und ever the wasted breath i Of tho praying multitude rises and whose answer is only death r Hero are tho tombs of my kinsfolks till first of an ancient tnllIUO w l were slain on the warlleld and women who diid2 in flame f t 4 J fc They are gods these kings of the foretime they are spirits zIwho guard our race and worship they sit with a marble face 2And the myriad idols around me and the 100iof mtttter pT ings priests The revels and rites unholy the dark unspeakable feasts I What have they wrung from the silence Hath ever a whisper come Of the secret Whence and whither Alas for the gods are dumb Shall I list to the word of the English who come from the jti uttermost sea f The Secret Hath it been told you and what is your sagep to me Tit is naught but the wideworld story how the earth anti the heavens began rIIow the gods are glad and angry and the deity once was a mOil CI had thought Perchance in the cities whore the rulers of India dwell f Whoso orders flash from the fill lands who girdle the earth with a spell They have fathomed tho depths we float on they have measured the unknown main Sadly they turn from the venture and say that the quest is vain Is life then n dream and delusion und where shall therdreamer awake Is the world seen like shadows on water And what if the mirror break Shall it pass as n cnmp that is struck as n tent that is gathered and one1 Prom tho sands that were lamplit at eve and nt morning are level and lone Is there naught in the heavens above whence the rain and the leaven ore hurled But the wind that is swept around us by the rush of tho rolling world 1The wind that shall scatter my ashes and hear me to silence and sleep voicezIT IJ11 RI1JI LJrI lli r J P 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY WHAT is HONESTY WIMCKJI Sooui AND LOUTIQAI OJJDKIJS BKCOMK TIIK FOUNDATIONS KINHCUAKT INVENTORS AND REFORM By Dr A Hausman Ve learned to recognize money not only as a national but as an international universal standard of value which capacity makes it impossible for any particular nation to repudiate it and which permits its transmission from gen oration to generation Since money represents every prod net of labor the struggle of existence between the individuals composing a nation the competition of lahor has for an object the gain of money If we except those fortunate persons who have inherited money enough to live without working that is whose parents have left them a surplus of labor everybody is compelled to earn money and the amount ho gains represents the value of his labor the share he receives of the total wealth of the nation the product of tine various branches of productive labor which however is no fixed quantity As every person works for himself in one of branches of industry which division of labor has made necessary for the sustenance of a people his real value as a member of society consists in the equiva lent which the community receives in return for his material support It is not always possible to express the value of a persons labor as a material quantity by weight or length measure For instance if we can calculate the time a farmer requires to earn a number of bushels of grain the money ho receives for the product represents the material value of his labor for that period But in the case of teachers physicians scientists undothl pivjfessions wo cannot measure tho value of their labor by the same settle Considering that time is the saute fur all Wren that a day has the same number of hours for one as ellI for the other and further that the difference in the physical power of individuals is not proportional to the value of their labor the money they earn we must search for the cause of unequal gain somewhere else Wo established tile filet that civilized nations owe their power to their mental super iority and the same holds good in regard to this compe tition for money the stronger intellect will win Our social organizations division of labor and property are the result of an uninterrupted chain of events being the effect of a preceding cause and the cause of a subsequent effect An individual coming into this world without ing endowed with the most useful quality in the struggle of existence mmoneyis compelled to work millwill natur allystrive to apply his abilities to his best advantage have maintained at another place that personal egoism is the only rational real motive for taints actions and in order to prove the of this assertion we need only apply tho principle to all people and see if it will stand tie test IIIIft Then we obtain following proposition That every lodif should work for himself to his best advantage Tho only possible rule that cant be followed by a whole people withsntisfuetoryresults Remembering the absolute mater ial basis of life and the mutual dependency of all tho mem bers ofa community on each others work wo must establish as tho main issue of the social question not that a person gains money but how ho gains it When a person makes a valuable invention or discovery which saves mil lions of dollars equivalent for labor and receives a largo share of this wealth society is nevertheless the gainer But when a person accumulates a fortune without giving an equivalent of value in return somebody must bo the loser Wo found that the occupation of many persons does not contribute any thing to tho material benefit of the community and that thousands tare supported whose existence is a burdens to society As far as the production of luxuries is concerned we must remember the impossibility of defining the terns and leave it for individual to decide In obedience to tho law of labor every person acts in a double role as a single unit and as a member or a part of the community As a single person he must obey tho instinct selfpreservation which compels him to work and adapt his abilities to the demands of society In this capacity he stands as a single person opposite a large num ber whose powerful material influence ho cannot escape As a member of the community his position is reversed be exerts a fraction of the pressure upon others Wo hear people always talk about making money What docs that mean Do they really produce value or its equivalent money Where sloes money come from From the mines and the amount of real value it represents is tho prize society pays for the production of this commodity Thus the moneymaking business mess is reduced to ap plying their abilities to the best advantage in earning money that is to secure a share of the value they have not produced by selling it Their profit represents the wages for their labor which consists in convoying the product from the manufacturer to the consumer It can certainly not bo claimed that a person selling whisky jewelry or other luxuries ennfcrs benefit upon society but he supplies a want for a number of persons who consider these articles necessary to their comfort Whether they can af ford them or not they must know themselves The man who makes the money is always the fittest Between a gambler and his victim the former is more respectable ho takes advantage of the moral weakness the cupidity and avarice of tIll dept who wants to obtain value for nothing This js the position takon by the majority of people To bo a good business matt is highest encomium bestowed upon a person who haw succeeded in accumulating money and covers a multitude of sins and despicable traits of BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 character What constitutes a good business man If wo read the biography of some of Americas great men millionaires wo are usually informed that they attended strictly to their own business and were shrewd and close in their bargains which simply means that they took all possible advantage of the shortcomings of thoir fellowmon or the faults of social institutions for their own benefit The people be ddand they are perfectly right because givePublicexist as a definite entity HONESTY Considering the immutable material basis peoplelivinged To support a person who himself does not produce the necessities of life requires a certain share of the labor of others expressed by the amount of money ell h one hits to contribute for his subsistence The tendency to give IIonestyThegeneral application in regard to the fundamental material basis of society for if everybody receives material value in exchange for money society will bo prosperous If on tho contrary society supports a large number of persons without receiving material value in return one part of the people must lose in proportion as tIn other gains and great extremes of poverty and richness must the result All illustration of this mechanical effect we see in Mexico comparativelylargein comfort at the expense of tho lower classes who live in abject poverty and ignorance Rut this state of affairs is prevailing more or less all over the world even here in America and it is everywhere in connection with the law of inheritance one of the natural causes of poverty While nature itself would eventually draw a limit to the extent to which honesty could bo disregarded that is the burden imposedupon society by nonproducing persons cult not increase indefinitely without becuming unbearable it is different in regard to a single individual for whom honesty is not always the best policy In order to under stand correctly the part which honesty plays ill our social economy it is necessary to give tit accurate definition of honesty To apply this term in regard to an exchange of material value does not cover the ground beea o wo must remember that civilized life does not merely consist in primitive animal existence hut requires many other things as essential attributes Xot the exchange of material value is tho characteristic of honesty when used in refer onco to tho dealings of individuals hut the observance of tho principle of truth Whenever a person soils anything jand tells tho truth in regard to quantity and qnality he is honest Whether tho article is of tiny benefit to tho pur chaser or worth tho money is for the latter to decide If n person is paid for his service ho is honest if he complies with tho stipulated conditions whether his work is of any 0 benefit to his employer or not Jut ifn person bo inclined to bo dishonest ho will not be able to accomplish his object equivitlentdishonestyThethe more honest they will become and also compel their neighbors to be tho same and the result will bo greater prosperity for all SUUVIVAL TIll FiTTKST As a necessary result of the struggle of existence wo found the survival of the tit test which term toes not imply exclusively personal merits but expresses the sum total of all conditions innate physical and mental qualities and accidental circumstances which may tend to give one person advantage over others In this sense wo must apply the principle to the peaceable struggle ofexistenceof labor Success that means the gain of money depends on mechanical laws andno moral significance attaches to it It is not necessarily tho most honest industrious and educated person who succeeds but always the one who receives the most money from a number of people for his services Small contributions from many mean a large income for one no matter wheth HeHlIIiIlghistOIprejudice we found egoism as the only principle universally acknowledged an persons occupying prominent places who wore the embodiment of this principal animal instinct As a modern illustration of this kind within the NapoleonTin till littleness of contemporary mankind and who was worshipped by tho slaves whom ho estimated no higher than a herd of cattle Drawing a parallel between tile political and social struggle of existence we fnrl tho same principle of egoism predominating in the latter and as the most successful class of people who pursue their own advantage regardlessof tho interest of their fcllowcitixens Sonic imlividrals favored by circumstances accumulated an immense fortune tho acme of financial success So well cOlllmpotitionfrequently compared with great general and called Napoleons of Finance a lucky analogy for like their great prototype theyowe their success to a favorable co incidence of personal faculties and circumstances Tho ruins ofn wrecked social and political order became the foundation for the throne of the absolute ruler tho ignor ance of the mass of people permits tho financial kings to control social institutions which tax many for tho enrich ment ofit few Though such a result is not intended by the majority it follows as an inevitable mechanicalIo1cct tho same as ifit person administers poison under the Illflief that it is sugar tho good intention will neither or counteract the deadly effect To bo continued r 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE Some Personal Reminiscences Facts from the Experiences of a Blade Writer and Subscriber that Make Interesting Reading By J Atwood Culbertson For the past seventeen months I have been living at Sewickley Pa a borough of about 5000 inhabitants twelve miles from 1itlsburg ParIt is a beautiful place situated on the north shore of the Ohio and it is here that the richest of Pitts burgs rich will be found They come to the borough to get away from business cares to sleep and to worship and in the immediate vicinity of the town is their Allegheny Country Club where they go to drink have their big social doins etc However till the residents are not rich be ing a living proof of this fact myself The town supports seven churches all trying to overtake or outdo the other They arc the Presbyterian United Presbyterian Baptist Methodist Episcopal Protestant Episcopal Roman Catholics and Lutheran also a Christian Science Society and two or three negro congregations You can see that for its population the town is well supplied with professional skyguides andan abundance of feigned piety and you can imagine the scorn a Freethinker meets in this hotbed of heaven aspirants Each Sunday morning may he seen the same piety on parade in the form of so many persons wending their way to the various churches as though they were religious storage batteries needing to be recharged nt regular intervals of seven days Some believe in getting their weekly supply of goodness before breakfas while othcis must partake before trout fur their new supply of righteousness These differences can probably be accomled fur by taking into account the peculiarities of each person some thinking they can stand more on an empty stomach while others must have a full stomach to give theta strength for the ordeal It was in this town that was taken sick October 3i 1008 of typhoid and ing a considerable distance from home my physician advised that Io to the hos pital the only proper place fora sick person On reaching the hospital my conversation with the Superintendent was something like this QWhllt is your Hum- eA1 Atwood Culhertson QWhere do yon liv- eA702 fenteniiiiil Ave QJJOI old are you single ASingle QAre you Protestant or Catholic A Neither QWell what are your parents A Infidels and to make her understand and so am I 1 might also say that you will please keep away preachers and last answer the Superintendent looked very much surprised probably hav ing never been given a like answer before i was treated very well however was vis ited by church people and found that had a great many friends although they did not approve of my disbelief in the su pernatural and the Methodist church sent these religious people frequently ask why I am not a Christian and I answer them in this way Iam not a Bible scholar but a Bible student and from my studof the Bible I find it out of accord with reason I am not a Christian because Christianity teaches of the super natural its alleged truths are based upon desire emotion tradition faith and super stitionI think of a time when there was no time and cannot believe that there will come a time when there will be no time Time is evidently not the result of god nor god of time A truth must ho a truth at all times and does not cease to bo a truth when it relates to god If it is true that there must ho a beginning to all things it must be just as true of god if nut truth ceases to be a truth when it porains to god finds have always been exceedingly plentiful and if not plentiful enough can aways be imported or exported as the ease demands there heirs no duty on gods tin Christian god of the Western hemis phere being an importation of Columbus being unknown on this continent up to this time Where there is money in sight these g ds have always been well supplied with ambassadors the vocation of being pro fessionally good having been found to bo a very remunerative one ages past a god was detailed to look after each individual law of Nature but as people became more enlightened and learned to know that storms winds light ning thunder earthquakes and the many other things ofto more or less phenomenal character are thin indirect result of Na hires ever working laws these gods have passed into the realm of dead things These gods for a short while were supreme having sprung up lived and IliedII do men nations and as do all things The Christian god seems to be all these ninny gods boiled down having the power of all of themomnipotent omniscient omni present infinite and supreme an imaginary something we know not what set high upon a celestial throne to be the guiding hand of mans eternal destinies But he too must eventually meet the fate of all other gods empires nations men and beasts ho must also die Die for the rea son that that which is known and can bo given a scientific explanation is alike by Christian and Freethinker admitted to be the work of Nature while that which is unknown or of which nothing satisfactory has as yet been learned is by the Christian explained as being the work of god while the Freethinker believes that if the truth could be known a satisfactory and natural explanation could be made the same as has been done in many other cases Each step forward by science is a step nearer to the death of the gods MATTER is that great and mysterious substance of which all things tire composed which may be demolished but cannot be annihilated and we are told that that which cannot be totally destroyed cannot be created This is in opposition to the Christian teaching that matter all things is the creation of an everexisting or self created power called god accomplished not yet six thousand years ago in the aston ishing time of only six days or one hun dred and fortyfour hours All will admit that this is n record time for creation But the Christian does not explain how the creator came into existence They assume however that he always existed and after having spent the forenoon of all eternity in either thinking or doing nothing he suddenly took a notion to create and made EVERY THING in the record time of six days Granting for the sake of argument that n god did always exist ihat ho created the universe in six days that this work was done not yet six thousand years ago wo find as Tngersoll has argued that ho spent an eternity so to speak or the f rcuoon of all eternity in an infinite vacuum in perfect idleness Yet some argue that the day spoken of in the Bible is an epoch of time and may mean a thousand years or a million years Then we find that during the first million years certain things were dote during the second million years other things were done during the third million years it is alleged a luxuriant vegetation was grow ing and it is not until the fourth million years that the sun moon and stars were created All know that the sun is the fountain of life of all things and the Bible apologists using the above argument have a thrifty vegetation growing before the tl source of life is created and to the thinking person this latter day argument of black menus white and white means black when found in the Bible becomes more absurd than does the argument of a six BLUE GRASS BLADE a lay creation of only six thousand years agoAgain this epoch of time argument is untenable for tho reason that it makes the earth an independent sphere for three millions of years while e cry intelligent person believes that the earth is an alto gether dependent sphere depending upon lighttSkepticism Why Commend Honesty in Business and Condemn It in BeliefGood t Grounds Religion for Rejecting By John F Clarke Skepticism like almost all isms is susceptible of a kaleidoscopic chairoscuro- As distance is said to lend enchantment to the view so also prejudice lends dis tortment to the position of the skeptic- A dictum of the Pauline school is that unbelief is a crime and the Paulists measure a man by the credulity that predominates or makes little showing in his make up The degree of belief is the gauge by which the religious standing is measured Faith is a fine thing provided that the object of the faith ba worthy of the faith Misplaced confidence is hell with the lid off and no mistake If there were any virtue in religion or any conscious power to reward the votary it would even then bo vicious for it would enable one selfish fellow to become still more selfish But as there is no external evidence that the most religious are either happier or more content than the irreligious it follows that there is good ground for the loftiest skepticism A lady said to mo the other tiny Athe ists are among tho most honorable people that I have ever come in contact with This lady is a Methodist She also said that she had often heard similar trib utes from other church people The rea son for this is very simple Atheism is the result of investigation and pioneers in in vestigation are always of a sturdy and straightforward nature Skepticism there is a healthy sign and not an indication of mental infirmity Why should religionists prato of honesty being the best policy and then be ready to denounce the honesty of belief Can they not see that Pauline ism is tho essence of bulldozing Force is illegitimate when applied to proselytism A fair test was given to prove the genuineness of Christian life By their fruits shall yo know them anti heat in other words for its LIFE And so have we any reason to believe in a god Any reason to believe that the many will be eternally damned while the few will be forever saved There has been nn eternity without us what right have we to believe that we will have a life after death The belief in a future life is probably born of the belief of some Tho skeptic surely has a right even der Pauline logic to examine and if the fruit be unsuitable to reject the tree that puts forth such fruit Paul was a shortsighted fanatic He jumped to sweeping conclusions at short notice lie was himself a convert and Byron speaks of the converts fiery zeal Pauls fiery zeal got beyond decent bounds In espousing the cause of Christ he ani madverted upon the unbelief of those who failed to see the beauty that ho imagined he saw Lack of skepticism in evidence of an easymark nature Paul also said Prove all things hold fast to that which is true Ho assumed that what he gave utterance to was true until proven false The skeptic assumes that it is up to Paul to first prove the truth of his claims or quitDoes any religionist think that we the writers for tho Blade would deliberately set out to ridicule religion if we did not have good grounds for so doing After investigation and careful observation we have decided that religion is a fake In the first place it promises happiness yet it breeds discontent and haired It de mands tithes or 30 per cent of incomes that in nanny cases fail to properly feed and clothe the taxed persons It imposes selfabnegation and sacrifice upon tho one who is promised n bounty If this is not false pretense I fail to know the article by description It promises a reward after death for nn expression of belief before death This is a promise lightly made of something based upon speculation It promises consolation for bereavement There is no consolation in philosophy Time is tho only assuager of poignant grief and Time nets slowly Sympathy is more or less soothing but thero is no equivalent for tho loss of a loved one Religion is n miserable subterfuge as ap plied to a heartsore Skepticism challenges the whole world to find any mental element that can sur pass it in virtue morals or in reaching for Truth Belief is often purblind and cepts unrealities for facts people that the world could not get alongs to the111ILeta fixed place among and is one of Natures laws of which we will all receive our just share and benefit- Pittsbnrg Pa If there be a conscious being wlio cle ated the universe that being would be above tho silly scheme of demanding an indorsement of belief from he puppets that were made of its hand It would a sorry being who would hide itselfand place the future welfare of humanity upon the cast of a die of belief or disbelief in its existence Yet around this DAM LIE and defnmnation of a supposedcreator the planetary system of religions revolve Religion hails every coincidental tally with prayer as an answer from God to tho prayer but keeps silent when there be no response If prayer is answered it is so seldom that the rule of prayer is only proven by tho abundance of exceptions This is absurd as a science therefore skep ticism is dignified above the frivolity of belief Skepticism can only be silenced by proof of religions claim Faith is not proof All unproven statements are susceptible to skepticism and in abeyance itArlington MdIPREACHERS AND PEOPLE By The Chaplain There are many Christian preachers who are certainly great reachers For tho graft that there is in itin tine ghost and virgin tale They surely make a living preach tho joy there is in giving To the Lord above in heaven where our souls set future sailkDie revivalists are bumming for an offering thats stunning And take fine care to keep itthe Lord gets left above They arc certainly great grafters loud their voices among the rafters Praising dwhen coin is plentywith deep undying love There are foolish people prayingthats- what Im always saying For their brains are surely rattled and insanity is near They are nearly all unthinking in munion they are drinking And eating stale bread wafers through the future hellfire fear 4 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE Crimes Criminals and Christianity Prison Statistics Gathered from Official Official Reports that Demonstrate the Inefficiency of Orthodoxy as a Moral Factor- PART 4 By E Lewis- I have heard it said that peopb had bet ter look at home instead of criticising their neighbors too closely and that may apply to me in this case So I will investigate my hone state of California applying the same strict rules that I did in the parsons home state of Arkansas and give to the readers of the Blade the results U S Census Statistics for 180 gives to California a population of 1209130 per sons with 1900 church organizations and 1505 church edifices having a seating pacity for 422609 persons and a valuation of church property of 119019 4 with 280619 communicants or members consti tuting 23 and 23100ths per cent of the whole population- At the general election of 1900 the taxes were voted off the churches then the boom in church building was inaugurated Old churches were torn down or sold to smaller organizations and costly ones erected Pasadena has churches ranging from 200 000 down Los Angeles ditto and over 70 per cent of the taxes are paid bnon membersI quote from the State Boardof Prison Directors of the State of California for the 40th fiscal year ending June 30 1890 Religious Denominations Catholics Ro man 578 Catholics Greek 15 Baptist 00 Episcopalians 70 Lutherans Meth odists 95 Hebrews 25 Presbyterians 67 Universalists 65 Mormons 7 Pagans 140 Irreligious 217 Total 1392 To deduct 25 Hebrews and the 140 Pagans who sire nei ther Christians or Atheists leaves 1227 Christians and Infidels Atheists and Free thinkers then deduct the 217 Irreligious from the 1227 which leaves 1010 Christ tians to 217 Freethinkers This is nearly four and a half Christians to one Free church regularly 547 irregularly 469 making 1016 who attended churchagainst 376 who never attended church Attended Sunday School Regu larly 540 irregularly 475 making 1015 Sunday School scholars to 377 who never attended The 280019 church communicants or members constitute 23 and 23100ths of the then population of the State and they 1 furnished 1010 convicts out of their 23 and 23100ths of thei r Sunday School and churchtrained and educated children while we the Freethinkers composed of 920511 of the population furnished but 357 convicts out of our broadminded un trammeled independent thinkers or to make itn little more comprehensive they the Christians with their Sunday Schools as their recruiting offices furnished one convict for each 277 of their superstition stuffed subjects while we this Freethinkers furnished one convict for each 2878of our Freethonght educated members Does this look like there was only one Sunday School attendant in each 600 convicts As long as there is a dishonest pulpit teaching a supernatural impossibility our prix ons will be crowded with the dupes of false teaching Biennial Report of the State Board of Prison Directors of the State of California for the fiftieth and fiftyfirst fiscal years of 1899 and 1900 A J Johnson Supt of Stato Prisons There was confined in that prison 821 convicts as follows Catholics 416 Prot estants 312 Jews 9 Pagans 34 Atheists 2 Irreligious 48 As I have said before Jews and Pagans have no part in this mutter they have a supernatural religion of their own There are 2 Atheists and 48 Irreligious giving us 50 Freethinkers and 728 Christ ians It is evident that the 728 Christians were carefully educated through the Sun day Schools into the church so that they would not depart from the narrow path of rectitude and righteousness In the U S Census Report of 1890 Cal ifornia is credited with a population of 1208130 of which 280619 are Christians or 23 and 23100lhs of the whole population Out of this small per cent of the wholo people tho church furnished 728 convicts or to bo exact one convict for each 385 and 3397281 lis of her people while we the Freethinkers furnished 10 convicts out of 927511 of our people stituting 70 and 76100ths of the whole or we furnished one convict for each 18555 of our people How does this fit the par sons case Biennial Report of the State Board of Prison Directors of the State of California for the 54th and 55lh years 1903 and 1904 We find that there were confined in that prison at that date Catholics 409 Prot estants 408 Jews 8 Pagans 24 Atheists Irreligious 57 Total 907 making 817 Christians to 58 Freethinkers The 8 Jews and 24 Pagans are not in it I will not J compel a Jew who has no supernatural Jesus in his religion or a Pagan who has a natural religion to share with the results of the teachings of our degraded supernatural atonement racket U S Census Statistics for 1890 give the number of church members in the State at 280619 and the number of church mem bers on same date in Folsom prison at 817 In reducing this to the legitimate results we find that out of the 23 and 23100ths of the population of the State composed of 280619 persons the church furnished one convict for each 343 and 388817ths of its people while we out of our 76 and 76 lOOlhs of the population or 927511 per sons furnished one convict for each 15991 3358ths of our noble band of independent Calif To be continued AN APPEAL By J Atwood Culbertson Prejudice Insatiate and Impartial A demon thing to fight Destroys mans power of reason And kills his sense of right Throw off the yoke of superstition Let Reason reign supreme Join hands with Honest Endeavor And let truth be your aim We have enough of gods and churches Also of ghosts and chrlsts and creeds And of heavens and hellswhere are they Our needs are for works and deeds Place not your faith In creed or preach In Unless you would breed despair Put your hope In glorious Reason A living power opposed to prayer Gods are the result of Ignorance Devils aro the children of fear leavens are only In the Imagination Hells are built by tho Domineer If you submit to creed You Incarcerate your mind Heat down these darkened walls And M your thoughts unwind Somo think only by paid proxy Others do not think at all Some think and arc reticent Others think and speak In splto of all Ho different bo a thinker Ho a doer of things And your reward will differ In tho happiness It brings Sowlckley Pa BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 IThe Evolution of A Planet Theory of the Origin of the Planets in the Solar System as the Writer Says It May Possibly Be By J C Watkins Far out in the vast region of space be yond the orbit of Neptune where the tem perature is perhaps lower than we can even imagine possibly a thousand or more de grees below zero and where the expanded matter sent off from the sun circling out in space is rapidly condensed into its vari ous more solid forms and begins clustering together in great rolling masses the planet began to take shape and as it proceeded on its orbit around the sunfor all mat ter sent off from the sun never loses the motion imparted to it when as gas or ex panded matter it left the parent body gathered to itself by affinity and the at traction of gravitation all the matter in and for millions of miles on cither side of its track It took the planet probably more than a hundred years to make this first circuit around the sun but in that first trip it gathered to itself all the matter in its track and for even millions of miles on either side of itso that when it reached again the point in its orbit from which it started it had become a lingo globe almost as large as the sun But the planet was not a rockribbed solid body like the earth is for it had yet to pass through those long physical pro cesses by which embryo planets are evolv ed into habitable worlds Its mass was probably composed of matter in all the pri mary stages of development from gaseous to solid atoms or particles the heavier or moro solid matter naturally drawing in to wards the center of the planet while the lighter substances in the order of their respective specific gravity were crowded toward the surface The planets motion in its orbit was from West to East and it also turned on its axis in the same direction It must be remembered that while the planet was in this stage of its life it was composed of individual particles of matter each having certain properties and inher ent motion so that there was a continual intermingling and grinding together of these material atoms and by friction in ternal heat was developed to such a degree that in time tho whole fused and the planet became a molten mass This condition of course ended the friction and the planet began to cool While all these processes were going on the planet had made in numerable trips around the sun each one a little shorter both in distance and time than its predecessor In fact tho planet fell in circles to ward the sun in accordance with the law of falling bodies in space In time the sur face of the planet cooled and a crust be gan to form first at the poles gradually extending toward the equator though of course a long time elapsed front the time the crust formed at the poles until it form ed at the equator When the crust be came cool enough the water which had been evaporated and driven off by the great heat of the planet now began be pre cipitated and to settle in the depression of the surface in the polar regions For a long time this water was boiling hot but eventually it drove tho surface heat farther down and then itself not only cooled but began to freeze A sheathing of ice and frozen snow gradually began to extend itself from the poles toward the equator If the planet had remained at its then distance from the sun this glacial forma tion would have continued to extend to ward the equator until the whole planet with the possible exception of its equator ial region would have been covered with it But all these ages the planets orbit was shortening while its speed was increasing This not only brought it nearer the sun but shortened its year so that the heat from the sun prevented any further exten sion of the glaciers and gradually they began to recede Long before this event it is probable that vegetation existedand animal life was developed Whatever of such life had existed in the planets north and south zones before the glacial period either perished or was driven to or con fined to the equatorial region while this period lusted How long this was no one can tell It may have been a hundredor even a million years but it had an end and gradually but surely tine glacier receded until both Temperate zones and a considerable portion of th Frigid zones were vested of the icy mantle that had covered is probable that something like this is tho physical history of our own planet the earth Wo do not know how long it lilts been since tho glacial period nor how far the earth was from the sun at that time Wo may assume however that planets are habitable only where they are within the bounds of certain maximum and minimum distances front the sun That is that a planet docs not reach conditions of habitability until it gets within a certain dis tance front the sun and that thso condi tions ceaso to exist after the planet gets too near the sun The ultimate fate of all planets the writer believes will he to fall into the sun and be burned up or converted into gas and again sent whirling out into space to become a part of the composition of another planet Kanawha Falls W Va NO GOD Secretary of Materialist Association Takes Issue with Editor Maple and Others on Issue of Deity By Eliza Mowry Bliven Editor Maple in April Ingersoll Beacon wants us to believe in a Supreme Being Comrade Mattox wants a Great Dynamis Protestants want the Bible God Catholics want the Pope and Purgatory but tho terialists want the Truth Gods Dynamis and Supreme Being are all founded on the idea that sonic ONE great guiding intelligence or power is backand within all activities of matter That idea leads to reverence and worship and belittling human ability and forces of matter The Agnostics Supreme Power differs from the Gods in being shorn of ability to create perform miracles forgive sins answer prayers bestow rewards and punishments but still bosses everything and is everywhere present yet is a ONE HUGE I AM IT Just get down to commonsense investi gation of nature and mankinds doings to find out whether the universe is run by One Power or by numberless billions of materialatom forces The UNIVERSE IS A UNITis everything combined because all atoms are interdependent every atom controls and is controlled by every other atom each by its attractive force helps produce motions and combinations but eachatom is an individual material IT with its distinct qualities and force Friend Maple is an individual I am another Our environments inherited qualities education foods flue kind of at oms we are composedof are so similar that we act and think considerably alike yet we are different individual Tho indi viduals in a country combine into one government with much in common for mutual welfare yet each remains an individual So all atoms are combined into the Uni verse by their interdependence and tractions causing the Laws of Nature and all activities yet eaehatom is an IT Each individual person was born andIwill die every collection of atoms mayIseparate and the atoms unite into other compound forms but atoms were never horn and will never die Every atom in tho endless universe is an ETERNAL IT When you discard the old Gods as man- made stories make no new Gods teach the Truth and provo it best for all man kindBrooklyn Conn I P 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES mall postpaid 160 per year advance Five new yenrly subscribers at one remittance JlOO ench Five trial subscriptions rent with one remittance for nix month Cfns each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 1200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four insertions 100 six months 1500 one year J800 Quarter column single Insertion J200 one month J400 six months J2000 I1lcirC13 rHalf or larger advertisements at special rater upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALT SHlSCrilPTIONS to the made will be discontinued the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Duck numbers or numbers omitted will be sent asked for upon renewal case of dlsclntlnuance- PHOILD ANY SlHSCRItlEn change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired TUB OFFICE of publication of the Blade at 126liS North Lime stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky aa secondclass mailing matter ADDHESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P O Box Lexington Ky PERSONAL TO OUR READERS Owing to lack of funds caused by the business and finan cial depression now upon the country the scarcityof money in circulation the Blade has been compelled to consider a curtailment of the expense of publication until the effects of the panic have completely passed away About the only thing that could bo adoptedas u temporary measure with safety to the paper itself was to sus pend for the time being the publication of the portraits and biographies which wo have now been running for eighteen months The additional expense attaching by reason of having to mule halftone cuts is not justified in the light of the revenue being received Hence the Blade will suspend the pictures and biographies until a more opportune time Wo shall only bo too pleased to resume this feature just us soon as circumstances will permit real izing that they are pleasing and interesting to ninnyof our subscribers FREETH OUGHT ORGANfz1klIOl With a wide and varied experience in the work of Free thought propaganda extending over twenty years or more The Blade is in a position to know that the trend of thought among the best Freethinkers of the country is toward u moro perfect organization to enhance mutual good and mutual benefits For years the one question has been how to effect the right kind organization Innumerable plans have been suggested Some have been tried Others are being oxperi mented with With them all it does not appear that a plan lies yet been formulated that is capable of receiving univer sal assent universal support and encouragement All admit the necessity of organization but the difficulty is to bring all together on u common plane for the common good Some years ago Eliza Mowry Bliven started the Mater ialist Association For a long periodsite worked almost singlehanded andalone Members came in slowly Fi nancial support came slower still Today the Association numbers upward of one thousand members with a fairly good support for propaganda work and the publication and distribution ofa largo quantity of Materialist literature is not only contemplated but actually under way Still there are many Freethinkers standing out for organization who will not join the Association on the ground that its application blanks require a dogmatic assertion regarding god said future life Many earnest and capable minds are hoMing aloof on this account On the other hand the founder and organizer of the Association having accom plished the object originally intended declines to permit any change or departure and tho upward progress of the Association is for that reason necessarily slow and exacts ingTho Church of Humanity under tho leadership of W II Kerr while standing for similar principles is equally as dogmatic in its assertion refusing fellowship withall who decline to acknowledge or admit that as an institution it is the beginning and the endof all knowledge concerning godand future life To oven question the assertions made is declared to bo an insult to its membership and hero again thousands remain indifferent on the ground of dog matism a failing wo condemn with theologians mid have condemned for generations past When the right of per sonal judgment is denied men cease to be liberal and the illiberality displayed becomes a contention that bars hundreds from the fold Apart from this however both of tho organizations above named while working struggling hoping in their re spective spheres may accomplish some good Every cause t having real merit behind it as tho prompting motive is capable of rendering somo service Now thoughts may bo stirred impulses quickened investigation encouraged discoveries made and in tho end tho object sought may be the past few months the Blade has been in re ceipt ofit number communications bearing upon tho questions organization Somo propose a society of a fra ternal beneficiary character secret in its operations work ing on a lodge system with weekly meetings and the mem bers carrying a life benefit certificate as in fraternal societies already in existence One of tho arguments offered for the formation of such a society is that because of their 4 i J r BLUE GRASS BLADE beliefs or unbeliefs Freethinkers are denied admission into a largo number of fraternal bodies provided they tell tho truth at the time of making application therefor It is true however that many Freethinkers aro members of fraternal orders but in the majority of cases their Free thought has been acquired since first joining and once a member always u member they have been kept on the roster This has led to the suggestion of a fraternal bene ficiary organization for Freethinkers as a means of fur thering tho interests of tho cause and affording a social atmosphere in which Freethinkers can meet together in secret It is proposed that a regular ritual be adopted and put in operation for initiatory work the same to bo drawn with a view to excluding those who are opposed to Free thought views Other suggestions have come to hand till of them con taining some value and merit But one which ought to meet the approval of all is to tho effect that tho recognized leaders in tho Freethought movement in America to day should meet on suitable ground discard all differences of opinion sink all personal feelings lose sight of personal ambition or gain and formulate a plan upon which one gigantic or ganization Freethought men and women could be effect ed appoint a central committee to take charge of the work in detail and then issue a joint appeal to till to join hands in tho movement and demonstrate to the world the strength and power of tho cause wo love Tho Blade is not prepared to say whether or not the fraternal secret society would bo a proper step to take but it does approve of tho latter suggestion and expresses its own willingness to enter into negotiations with the liberal editors and liberal leaders of America for tho purpose of bringing about one grand great central union in which the Freethinkers of the country can have confidence and to which they will readily extend a hearty and liberalsupport Let it not be thought or understood that the Blade would hamper tho existing societies in their work Far from it Such a national body of which is hero spoken could give aid and encouragement to all wherever and whenever they appear worthy There could bo wheels within wheels all movingrevolving and rotating for a common object There can be no doubt that an alliance exists secretly of course between tho church leaders and tho political t leaders Tho latter want votes The former desires legisla tion They enter upon a mutual trade Tho result is that our liberties are gradually being frittered away at the theologicalpolitico bargain counter The very existence of one great national body of Freethinkers properly organ ized would curtail much of this traflicking and by a system atic propaganda under its management a vast amount of it could bo suppressed or at least prevented In this brief article only organizations assuming a tional character have been considered No intention exists to slight any state or local body Tho Buckeye Secular Union as a State organization is doing sonic excellent work Many local societies are maintaining a good reputa tion for propaganda All these must bo encouraged and r their number increased in places where it is shown to boIpossibleAs stated tho Blade is willing to take part in such a movement This suggestion is offered simply for what it is worth If it is passed by without notice or comment we have lost nothing except a little labor and some of the Blade editorial space It can bo taken up with profit at any time when the Liberals of the country are prepared to begin operations Uhat is needed is the determining of a place ofmeeting u date upon which to meet and then let all Liberal editors and Liberal leaders come together There need be no fric tion The one and only thought permeating the meeting must bo for tho common good the good of all Let the majority decide when and where tho meeting shall be and then let each go back resolved upon work to carry tho pur poses and objects agreed upon into practical effect live it as wide a publicity os possible Let us all unite on some such plan and Freethought in America will soou become something more than a mere name Tho suggestion that such a meeting be held by the per sons indicated is worthy of consideration and it may result in lasting benefits to the cause- CANADIAN PIETY Some time ago a friend interested in the Blade sent us mightbeCanuck had received but two copies of the Blade when ho sent us a postal card with tho following verse written thereon UiHiMJ Kindlycease to send to mo Your baneful Blue Grass Blade If Gods a myth how could there be A suite of matter made Freethought youll find will bye and bye Deposit you where you willsigh The nostrum has been tried in France And only made tho devil dance And what did uVr your potted Paine From all his vanished vaporing gain If it bo a waste of lather to shave an ass what must be tho waste in comparison by sending tho Blade to one whoso mind could produce thoughts like those contained in the lines quoted Tho kindliness ho solicits by having us discontinue sending him the paper is not exhibited by himself for he appears to fairly gloat over the prospect of our having to sighliS ho bcliovcs and his supremo pleas ure is to see another suffer because of a difference of belief or opinion This is characteristic of all true Christians and affords an unanswerable argument anent the baneful influences wrought upon tho human mind bL belief in Christian teaching and dogma Any mind presumably in 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE telligcnt that must have n god to make matter is not capable of reaching knowing and understanding those great and lofty ideals embodied in the principles that underly the Freethought philosophy If matter was not made then even a sanctified Canuck could be brought to realize that a god is not needed anda the crowning glory the great triumph of scientific endeavor was in the demonstration of the indestructibility matter god was eliminated as a factor in creative energy It follows that if matter cannot lx destroyed it cannot be created for creation must imply destruction The suggestion about a devil dancing may be attributed to poetic license or a desperate attempt to find a word that wouldrhyme The gifted author may be capable of be lieving that a dancing devil actually exists for such a creature is really necessary in his peculiar philosophy We are led to the assertion however from the refernco to Freethought being tried in Franco that he docs not even known nor can ho have the remotest idea of what constitutes FreethoughtIt that one Paul extolled charity as the greatest ofall tho virtues but charity is an extremely doubtful quantity in tho breast of one who could write of the vanished vaporings of Thomas Paine Petted is Paine indeed and his memory will bo kept green by mil lions of true men and women long ages after the author of these lines is dead and forgotten But what did Paine gain He gained a republic He gained a now nation lie gained the love and respect of thousands of honest men received feelings of enmity and envy from those only of the mental caliber of our Canadian poettaster Is not this a case of the mentally blind wanting to led by tho mentally blind until both fall into the ditch of dogmatic superstition wallowing contented there and vainly imagining they have found it all Tho Christian religion has no other purpose or object in view than to pretend to prepare man for another life of whichnothing is or can be known Freethought would teach all men how to rightly live the life they have actually before them the life they are in of which knowledge is abundant to all This distinction makes Christianity a sham and a pre tense It presents Freethought as a real living truth Christianity extorts money from the pockets of the poor by making promises it can never fulfil promises that in any event are not to lo realized until death comes Christian perfection was the alleged creation of the uni verse for man and givs its deity no higher aim no loftier purpose than to use this earth as a place upon which to breeda few harpers for heaven andn host of hoodlums for its hell- Freethought would not undervalue human effort human life or human aspiration nor would it mock tho blind struggles of man seeking to solve tho great riddle in his feeble way BUCKEYE SECULAR UNION Through the medium ofa communication from Miss Lou Lawrence Secretary of the Buckeye Secular Union the Blade is reminded that tho annual convention of that splendidorganization will take place at Columbus Ohio tho first week in September next Although this is but May still there are but four months intervening and the convention will be at hand Members and friends should do all in their power to make it a success not only by their contributions but by their presence Columbus and vicinity can boast a goodly number of Freethinkers men andwomen of liberal mind and heart and by concerted effort tho coming convention can be made a banner meeting in the history of the State Begin to prepare for it now This will give you ample time and an excuso will not be necessary to account for your absence when the time comes EDITORIAL POTPOURI During the last week no less than eleven newspaper clip pings have been sent to tho Blade office containing court re ports of offenses committed by preachers against women Many of tho details are nauseating and from them we gather that tho preachers are bent on maintaining the reputation of tho profession 0 Tho official report of the Jailer of tho City of Lexington shows that during 1908 two prisoners were committed to his custody upon conviction in the police court for having violated the Sabbath Wo have no knowledge of tho character of tho offense committed other than its classification but at best it can only be an artificial crime created by ordinance n pandering to superstition but an argument against the moral status of Christianity 0 If you are sufficiently interested in tho cause of Free thought to desire tho success of tho Blade a now subscriber sent in by your effort will bo a step in that direction Holdup your hands for Jesus and tho preacher pro ceeds to go through your pocketbook 0 0 If Christian people in some other part of the country are praying for rain wo implore them to quit instantcr for Kentucky is getting more of it than she wants or perhaps Gorormity has sent it to tho wrong locality Kentucky does not take kindly to water anyhow With heresies in tho church and out of tho church pagan doctrines being taught in our schools colleges and univer sities what is to become of the orthodox church within the next generation The Blade has little personal interest in tho fate of theaproposition to tax incomes as a revenue raiser It wouldnt have touched this office 7 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE It Wo have the second part of Judge Ladds article on tho Criticism of Government upon tho desk and it will appear in our next succeeding issue It may also bo pleasing to know that other contributions from the pen of Dr r FP Wetzel are in store for Blade readers Have you read Mrs Henrys pamphlet on Marriage and Divorce Scud her twentyfive cents to Versailles Ivy and get a copy Wo were moved to serious thought by reading Dr Jiaus mans quotation from Goethe wherein man appears more beastly than the beast And it is almost a truth To bo men we must learn to conquer tho beast that istill in a largo number of us More than half of tho human race has not yet learned how to think Mind cannot bo stationary Wo must either go forward or backward As wo cannot bo tomorrow exactly what we are today wo must bo either greater or lesser Tho churchwould have us still less but Freethought struggles to place man on the pinnacle so long given to a fictitious god In a measure belief determines what wo are and furnishes the key to human character Tell a mans belief and you can discern tho kind of mentality ho is made of c Barricaded behind the brazen lips of cannon and the ranks of soldiery Christianity cut and carved its way to power with never a thought for reason truth or fact And this is the same bloodstained religion that is trampling upon tho American Constitution overthrowing liberty that it may gain a few more years of power But the end will come and it is not so far distant A rumbling is heard Christian advocates know what it means BOOK REVIEWS TUB CHRIST By John E Rcmsburg For one thousand years following tho advent of Christianity into Europe and its acceptance by tho people but exceeding few could be found who dared to question the existence of the central figure of the Christian myth There is a lapse of hundreds of years within which there was almost a universal acceptance of the mangod a suffering savior died risen again from which a way was found to enable man to shift the responsibility for j his wrongdoing from the shoulders of himself to the shoulders 1ofanother and him innocent of sin Today the whole intellectual world presents a question mark Alleged Christian history is denied Modern criticism has placed tho Jesus of the Gospels side by side with the mythical saviors of other and older religions Innumerable literary accretions are wrought from day to day which undertake to demonstrate by fact and argument that the real existence of Jesus was an impossibility resolving him into a simple myth Prominent among these and of recent publication is a page volume by John E Hemsburg and issued by the Truth seeker Company 02 Vesey St New York City No man in America is better qualified for such a work than the author of this buok Years of experience on the Freethought lecture platform close and comprehensive study of all the issues in volved have eminently fitted Air Uemsburg for the task he has assumed while the product of his pen and brain given in this volume will stand for centuries to come rs a monument to his memory and literary skill The book is divided into twelve chapters These take tho gospel Jesus through all the phases of his alleged existence It is an elaborate collation of all obtainable authorities and dem onstrates the method and manner by which spurious writings so prolific in the first two centuries became interwoven with historical fact in order to bolster up ad strengthen the Christ myth Such a work has necessarily involved a vast amount of research careful preparation and painstaking labor Xo intel ligent person rail read over these pages thoughtfully and be lieve that Jesus had an actual historic existence Destroy Christ and Christianity is destroyed There can be no Christianity if its Christ be taken away Price iflJo postpaid Till SOUL QV THE WORLD By Estella Bachman luck to Nature to the equality of Nature to the perfect order of Nature seems to be the ruling thought of this admirable work as as a means of adducing the highest possible human happiness a state front which we are shown to be rapidly drifting through the observance of too many social forms tend ing to disorder wrought by what is called civilization It may be possible to attain some happiness in fact more happiness than man now eau enjoy but it is an over shifting rainbow constantly eluding our grasp What would produce happiness in one ago of the world or for one race in tho present age would prove an utter failure in another ago and with another race Simple desires are more easily gratified than desires that must grow complex If happiness is to be reached only through a gratification of desire then the fewer desires the beL ter the way to reach it Here we are brought face to face with one of the thoughts expressed by the writer namely tho suppression of thought provided that thought is calculated to produce a desire difficult of gratification If this be true there is wisdom in the doctrine Natural philosophy could but point to a similar line of conduct Thought suppression may not bo easy to accomplish but there stands the hard school of experience awaiting doors open for its pages there isji touch of single tax of theos ophy psychology and other modes of thought enunciated by modern writers and thinkers It consists of 450 pages and is written in tie form of a novel with splendid dialogue and made up of characters that are admirable to contemplate The book is published by the Equitist Publishing House Station A Pasadena California Wo tare pleased at having rend tho book satisfied that a perusal thereof will create noble and inspiring thoughts something positively necessary to take the brute out of man and improve individual character The moral tone is excellent L2 BLUE GRASS BLADE LIGHT AND HEAT An Essay upon Important Scientific Sub NeitherJBy E A Byrne- It is the generally accepted theory by scientists that heat is received by the earth with light from the sun and the ob ject of this essay is to controvert the cor rectness of this theory We are taught in treatises on natural philosophy that heat is not a substance like the natural elements that form the earth ie oxygen carbon hydrogen ni trogen etc but that it is simply molecular motion Also that the heat from the sun unlike common or artificial heat passes through panes of glass without imparting heat to the glass A very simple and easily produced phe nomenon I think proves the fallacy of this theory ie with a sunglass focus the rays of light from the sun after they have passed through a pane of window glass and hold the head of a lucifer match in the focused light the match is quickly ignited then focus the light from an im age of the sun in a mirror and the match is as readily ignited as when held in the focus of the direct rays of light from the sun Now granting that heat is not a material substance but simply molecular motion when it impinged against the solid substance of the glass the motion heat would in reason be checkedand not pass through the glass and if heat is an imponderable substance which I think it is and pass through the pant of glass and thence to the mirror it would be ab sorbed by the background of the mirror just as it is when it impinges upon the surface of the earth and objects thereon hence there would not be any heat of either kind in the image of the sun in the mirror to ignite the match Now it appears to my mind that a more reasonable theory than the one that the heat has passed through the pane of glass in the window and ignited the head of the match is that there is no heat associated in any way with the light of the sun but that instead it is the intense light of the focussed rays of light that by some chem ical action upon the substance of which the head of the match is composedsets up or starts decomposition by which the latent heat in the tend of the match is liberated in sufficient amount to produce ignition by which the match Is quickly and electricity I conceive to bo imponderable substances and used in the economy of nature in cementing the simple elements oxygen hydrogen nitro gen carbon etc that are necessary in the building up or growth of both animaland M vegetable corporal things much the same as a cabinetmaker and other manufacturers use the various cements in their work ofconstruction of the various articles in use by mankind The heat perceptible wlien any member of our body is exposed to the sun light is simply the latent heat in our flesh being set at liberty from the effect of sunlight upon the flesh which is thereby put in a partial state of decomposition hence lib erating heat Note the wonderful amount of heat generated by the combustion of a tiny match sufficient to blister ones hand if held in the flame I will note a phenomenon resultant from a very simple experiment ie heat one end of a rod of iron two or three feet long and threefourths of an inch in diameter to a red heat then take hold of the cool endand plunge the hot end into a basin of cold water the cold end is soon too hot to be handled with comfort the cold water cooling the surface of the hot end so rap idly that it contracts so suddenly that the heat in the interior of the rod is forced to the cool end of the rod Xow this proves to my mind that heat is not as scientists contend simply molecular motion but instead it is an imponderable substance for if it be simply motion it would be checked by the contraction of the surface of the rod Light according to the best efforts of my judgment is not a material substance but simply a state or condition of matter And I hold that there is nothing thrown off from the sun The light of the sun that we perceive is like the flame ofa candle and as the light of a burning candle is confined to the burning end so is the light of the sun confined to the body of the sun and although the sun may receive by attrac tion wandering meteors yet by the same force retains holds fast to all site gets The effect of sun light upon the earth is to arouse the latent heat in the objects upon its surface and thus make possible and facilitate animal and vegetable life I am satisfied that if the rays from the imago of the sun in a basin of water the surface being perfectly still for instance under a very thin covering of ice were focused by a good lens and the headof a match held in the focus that the match would bo quickly ignited but my environ ments are such that I have not as yet had an opportunity to perform the experi ment and I hope that some one more fa vorably situated will make the test for it seldom freezes in this locality and then tis difficult to obtain perfectly clear water If this idea bo found to be true it would establish the truth of my theory without doubt for if there be heat in the light of the sun the ice and water would assuredly absorb it when the rays of light impinged upon them and there would be no heat in the rays of light front the image of the sun in the water thus showing that it is the intense light of the focus that causes the latent heat in the head of the match to start combustion STILL READS HER BIBLE Another Interesting Letter from our 13 yearold ContributorHow Previous Article was Kindly Noticed By Anna Koglin- I have been reading some more in the Bible I have finished the five books of Lord seems to threaten to punish the Israelites if they worship other gods Especially in Deuteronomy 18 ch The people are afraid to do anything else so they worship him against their will It is not to be wondered at that they worshipped him But only cowards worship for brave men dont care for his threats I would just as soon go to hell as to heaven for it is said hell is bottomless and if there is such a place folks who go there do not injure themselves for they keep on falling and never reach the fire I think it is rather perplexing to know which one is the Lord for Christ was the son of David and it is said that he was the son of god so David must be the Lord In Deuteronomy 29th chapter Moses said he was the Lord and the person that commanded Moses claims he was the Lord Thin Lord says that if the Israelites wor ship other gods ho will make them cat the flesh of your sons and daughters Deuter onomy 28 chapter 53 verse Now the Israelites worshiped other gods more than once and the bible never states of the time they ate human flesh Ac cording to the bible wo wouldnt have any respectable people for in Deuteronomy ICth chapter 10th verse it says Thou shalt not respect persons The Lord says I killetc etc in Deuteronomy 32 ch 39 v When one of his own commandments were Thou shall not kill How does he expect people to keep his commandments when he cant keep them himself No wonder there are so many wicked people on earth for in Deuterono my 30 ch If v also in Deuteronomy 11 eh 26 v he tells them to choose from good and evil In Deuteronomy 32 ch J2 v ho says I will make mine arrows drunk with blood and my sword shall devour flesh What a kind merciful god One place in the bible Christ says Thou shalt call no man a fooland in St Matthew 23 ch beginning 15 v all ho does is to call the scribes and Pharisees fools and hypocrites- In St Matthew 22d ch 23 v n woman TBLUEGRASS BLADE 18 married seven brothers I dont wonder the Sndducccs asked which man would claim her when he got to heaven So Jesus had one lucky answer anyway and that was there was no marrying in heaven- I have been reading in the Blade that some one thought Ezekiel 4th chwas tlo worst chapter in that book but I think the further you get the more vile it grows A very kind gentleman from New York rMM M M M M M M r y Bound Volume a Beauty McGREGOR IOWAThe Bound Volume of the Blade received Thanks It Is a beauty and the article The Birth of Our Little World by Judge Parish B Ladd alone Is worth tho price of the volume and there are othersC FETTE One of the Right Kind GAINESVILLE GA Enclosed please find New York Exchange for 350 to pay one years subscription to the Blade and two dollars for Dr Ilausmans book which you will please send me as soon as it comes out Wishing you much success F W GUNTHER The Way of Some Is Hard BASALT COLO Some time ago I sent you a list of names for sample copies of your paper You will please discontinue all except two whose addresses I will write I will guarantee those two for the year One of the addresses I ask you to discontinue is one of those cocksure Atheists He said to mo recently When I die It will he tho last of me Thats my Idea so do not know that the Blue Grass Blade will help me or benefit me Such Freethinkers are as tiresome as the cock sure Campbelllte CHAS H SCHWARTZ Freethounht Sentiment Growing NEWPORT NEWS VATho Blade con tains ninny valuable articles I am glad to note a letter from Huntington W Va I was a resident of that city for 18 years and know many who advocate the Free thought causesome of tho best citizens men whom any community would esteem for their sterling qualities I do not know of a better field for the growth of Freethought than West Virginia and the Blade will find able supporters there I do not think tho Freethought press Is growing us rapidly as the Froethought sen timent but the time fast approaching J H ESKEY Mr Hickoxsent me several packages of cards with my name on them as a re ward for writing the letter to you and I thank him so much for it encourages mo to continue as I am doing- I also thank the lady fran Kansas Miss Hunt who complimented mo in your paperCranberry Center Wis in care J W Kruschke MMMMM 1yNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN Just a Friendly Chat STILLWATER OEnclosed you will find P O order for 150 to apply on my subscription Should have done this long ago but I always needed the money in my family in fact I would need this too but I suppose your family needs money as well as others I was very much amused when reading some of the church notices in tho Dover paper and last Wednesday I put my thoughts on paper This evening I copied part of it and will enclose copy for you to read If you see fit you may publish It In the Blade if not burn It You can form a very good Idea as to where I stand in this awful superstition and foolishness I attended tho debate at Canal Dover on Friday evening and can see where all the preachers arguments went to the four winds In that five minutes closing speech of yours Had you gone after tho preacher at tho same rate in your two other speech es the poor excitable Imp would have Jumped clean up to the ceiling and would have said damnn two times If you desire I shall prepare for you a short sketch of my experience In the church I was reared in the old original Amish church but joined the Mennonites I have several stickers that the preachers and Sunday School Superintendents have so far not been able to answer for me Long live the Blade GoodbyeJ H HOCIISTETLER Shows We Are Doing Good NEW YORK Kindly send me five copies of the last issue of the Blade containing the article Bible Inconsistencies by Josephine K Henry Kindly charge it till the next order in about two weeks Also put mo down on tho list for a copy of Dr Ilausmans hook and let mo know when you want tho money Yours for Frcotliought and Freedom MARK C HOUSMAN Likes the Bound Volume BOONE IOWAThe bound volume of the Blade for 1908 came to hand yesterday d it looks fine and if you ever bind up 1009 just put me down for one Am looking anxiously for Dr Ilausmans new book Am reading it now but will be glad to have it bound The last Blade was the best ever to my notion May it continue as good or better is tho wishof yours trulyL C IIOPSIE Blade Worth It All CAMERON MOEnclosed find draft for two dollars for which please renew my subscription and use the other fifty cents for whatever you wish The Blade is well worth two dollars itselfA J DHL Suits Him to a T CAPLINGERS MILLS MO Enclosed find money order for 150 which apply to my subscription Should have remitted sooner but I suppose the spirit failed to move me The Blade suits me just to liT Put me down for the Bailsman bookC T HACHLEMAN Sends His Renewal ACKLEY IOWAEnclosed find money order for 150 subscription for another year for your paper I did not receive the issue of April 11th and would like to have you send me one if you have it LEONI DAS LEACH Wants Hausmans Book TOCELE UTAHYon will find enclos ed a money order for 100 to pay on the subscription for tho Blade I saw in the issue of April 3rd your editorial in regard to the Correspondence School and I lieve that it will be a good plan Iwas one of the first to send my name as a stu dent about one year ago but on account of unforeseen circumstances I could not spare tho money when the time came so Ithad to lose the opportunity as I to post myselfon the true origin of tho I earth and life on the same so when I saw your article I was pleased as you very well realize I am short of money at the present time but I am going to have a copy of Mans Origin and Destiny by Dr Hansmnn of Alameda Cal Yours for tho advancement of Frcethought EUGENE A ASGOODIEUGENE A An Invitation TACOMA WASH A friend gave me n copy of your paper that I might send you an invitation to our Liberal Outing School this summer There will be n boat tho school to the Exposition fromIouting on Puget Sound with small fIliIIT 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE pense for those at our school Come and bring your Liberal friends and spend a few days with us The rest will do you good and your presence will do the school good This is not an anti or ism school but a Liberal Cooperative School Yours for all LibertyL A WINT 200000 SALAR- YWANTEDTlie Church of Humanity wants a competent lecturer and organizer to do Held work in teaching the dis coveries that no real god exists and that death ends life forever and to organize those who learn them into local branch churches A salary of 2000 annually is offered for the services of a man or wom an competent to fill the position For par ticulars address W H KERR Great Bend Kansas CHURCH TAXATION By T C Jefferies In all the United States there Is not a question of more Importance than tho taxation of church property The only property that should rightfully be exempt Is property which Is owned and enjoyed by the people as a whole and not enjoyed by merely a fanatical few Of course some will say Why goodness me our church Is always open to everybody If you care to go you will surely be made welcome ycu may enjoy It too If you wish True by compromising with ones sell and chloroforming ones senses one may If he wishes step Inside and hear meaning less words rattle around in the head of a parson But if you do not want to adopt Christian standards and methods but rather want to be square with yourself and keep right with your intelligence then you cannot enjoy tho blessings In order to enjoy a church too great a personal sacrifice is entailed Thoughtful people realize this the thoughtless do not care It Is tho stcgcy show they are after At church Mr Smith gets a chance to associ ate with Mr Jones his employer and ho thinks his employer will henceforth think him overweight Mrs Smith talks with Mrs Jones her husbands employers wife and endeavors to appear like tho real thing in the latters eyes And tho whole outfit deceive themselves Into thinking it is tho one real way to get In with the nice people of the community Few of the think It people of any community fill out tho pledge slips of help to pile up tho contri button plate If certain property wrongfully and un justly escapes taxation It must necessarily follow that the taxed property wrongfully and unjustly pays more than its proper a imwil proportion in order to make up for that which escapes When wo consider this we realize the full importance this ques tion and its vital concern to every citizen Cleveland O JUST OUT NAMING SONG AND BURIAL SONG FOR FREETHINKERS Each a Duet and a Concert Piece for Piano Also Variations for Violin Flute or Bells PRICE 25 CENTS EACH I have composed these songs for the benefit of Freethinkers or men of Common Sense who do not wish to insult our ator with Bible rot QUIRIN BACHLER 2277 Fulton St Chicago Ill BILLS fWENUE makes you cheerful and thoughtful It u personal department in the WHEEL LIFE that grows on you You find yourself willing with Interest for what 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subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Mali St Los Angeles California U S Samples ten cents Trial three months with pamphlet Institutional Marriage cents stamps The Holy BibleIn Nutshell Now Booklet showing up the contradio tlons and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faith and destroy their godwebs Ready Soo Order Now Single copy 10c 3 for 25c IB for 100 Address J FRANTZ 1112 Eddy Street San Francisco Cal SEEDSBUCEdEES SPECIAL OFFER Jade to build BI trIal wilt mite our permanent Prize CollectionItadihlrTari eITrlp W T0 rujABE Write today Mention this Piper SEND 10 CENTSncttt this eIletloe taad Plant ruled Plant JWBuckbe iralum MlL t v U1 L r E4ft v i t 5f IF 1 7 Mans Origin and Destiny i By rA Hausman Alameda CaliforniaIt j This is the Greatest Book of modern times on the theory of Evolution applied to Sociology It will shortly be issued in book form by the Blue Grass Blade making a book of nearly 500 pages The author has dedicated it to Prof Ernst Haeckel and the great Jena philosopher has accepted the dedication 200 2OO Subscribe Now and Save Money r All charges of postage will be prepaid upon advance subscriptions The first chapters are now in the press and publication in book form will immediately follow its serial publication in the Llade columns Subscribe Now Subscribe Now JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky CORRECT THINKING This Book is a Herald of the New Learning The First Gun in a Revolt Against LeisureClass Ideals of Education By PARKER H SERCOMBE Editor ToMorrow Magazine Expert breeders and trainers of horses permit their own children to fade and die for want of applying the knowledge they have but do not use Owners of Angora cats who know how their pets have become beautiful as the result of but a few generations of intelligent selection do not dream of the wondrous results were the same law applied to their own 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