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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 23, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909052301 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 23, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. r o Ji rt i BLUE GRASS BLADE i Volume XVIII LEXIBfGTON 9Y MAY 23 U00Number 4 J DEVOTED TOV0HE PROPJiGXNDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT j j j h It iIi t iV W t nsF rrdj t I4 r Quatrains frriilu AlmlAla h j Persian Poet t i 11035 1 tOur nights void days around each other spin And we like planets end as wo begin Our feet are on the heads of those that i passed f And as the cradle cries tho graves all grin Why drinkost from the fountainof Belief Why seekest at the Stikis door relief Jlio ijjiblbed a thousand lies will breed Anil in the end thyself will come to grief j 1 TTow oft around the well my soul would grope Athirst but lo my pail was without rope I cried for water and the deep dark well Echoed my wailing cry but not my hope A church a temple or a Kaba stone Koran or Bible or a Martyrs boner All these and more my heart can tolerates Since my religion now is love alone To nIl humanity 0 consecrate Thy heart and shun the thousand sects that prate f About the things they little know about Let all receive thy pitylove or hate These superstitions sacred books nnd Jf creeds These culls and myths ill nthqi noxious i1ltjti weeds So nanny lies fare grjwncd in every arer i ff ji fIl tr11 fJi o f tP 1Q ItJl f J 4 f I = t oJ While truth beneath the tyrants heel still tblceds r Or wed thyself to reason and behold 1 The snakes of persecution youngor old Around thee hissing poisoning the well JTOf lifes devotion true their nets unfold jSlfluut not the beast 0 be thou more T humane ince hunted here nor hunted long remain The smallest grub a life has in it which jThoit Beast not take without inflicting pain My goals the grave inv hours are inv good Y stetd JIy life the road on which I blindly speed J A little while and then the one unseen Strikes and behold Im but a sapless weed A hellOIllO shriek its fire tho I do know fls set by evil deeds that in it blow Our hells we make and unmake as wo Iho fTho flames that smoke and burn will warm and glow Rjut even Sultans will to clay return And chancing serve us as a tolTecuni Perchance remolded to a pot and then Drinks from it whoso wishes in his turn i n 2 BLUEGRASS BLADE Criticism on Government n Church and State in Accord Priest and Politician Exchange Votes and Influence for LegislationBrains- andI Superstition at War PART By Judge Parish B Lailil At this time as never before the strife for reform is men acing all theories in politics and religion The latter is worn out the latter is corrupt The people are cajoled by the one and robbed by the other The time has passed when thinking men revere institutions simply because they are old and have been accepted as the standard of justice truth and virtue Brains and superstition arc at war while political robbery can no longer be veiled under the guise of patriotism In the near future lies the battlefield on whose crimson plains the strife for religious and political liberty must soon be fought The church and state in America so far as the priest and politician have the power are ill accord The priests Protest ants and Catholic are trading their votes and their influence in exchange for legislation to support the crumbling fabric of ecelesiiisticism Both parties are striving for power both are hoodwinking the rabble naturally they hate each other The religious man is not a natural politician and the politician takes no stock in religion other than what is necessary to con tinue him in office So far have presented two distinct subjects hilt as the load is too heavy for one article civil government must now cote to the front Every man in a slate of nature lilts unlnunded liberty to do what he decirs right Right and wr ng are largely conventional Mankind if left in a state of nature would ever remain at a standstill Social relations are inlnrn time alone is necessary to develop them An association of individuals cannot exist in peace without the adoption of rules for the regulation of con duct between its members However simple these rules they are the germs of government as the members of any such com munity increase their busncss relations increase corresponding ly to meet this rules of conduct must increase to meet en larged demands Xo government can exist without the surrender of some of mans natural rights these are given up for governmental pro tection ill all others While civilization cannot exist without some kind of government that government which saves the the greatest amount of natural liberty for its citizens and gives the greatest amount of protection at the least expense is the best government This should constitute the foundation of every good government and this question of how much each mans natural liberty is necessary to be given for protection in all else should be left to the courts to determine If mote has been demanded by the legislature than wits absolutely necessary for the public good the courts should declare the act void at least as to the excess The interference by the judiciary on this ground has never been engrafted on a single government of the world This once gained the people would have a government such as all writers on government concede to be nearly perfect J We here ask how far does ally gi vernment comply with this salutary rule Not one Every government as now carried on is a failure none more so than our own Intelligence in governmental mullahs coupled with honesty is indispensable to good government As very few possess tiis intelligence this few are incapable of carrying on any government In every sys tem where ignorance is allowed to predominate corruption and failure are inevitable That our federal state and municipal governments have proven defective will hardly be questioned other than by those whose interests lie in tho wake of our present corrupt system The politician is satisfied the taxpayer is being robbed and this system of robbery is steadily ron the increase The word government as now applied is u detestable term It signifies1 just what it is inplllcticea few political dema gogues ruling and despoiling the many There is scarcely tiny subject says Will Edward 1L Leckyon which the hest men in America are so fully agreed as the absoluteiieccssity of putting an end to the spoils system If American life is ever to bo purified from corruption says Mr 0 Gilmore the spoils system must be eradicated The postal service1 in 1800 had in its employ 112800 men This service much of it uncalled for has become says Mr Curtis a drilled and disciplined army whoso living depends on carrying elections at any cost for the party which controls it This service was used Mr Roosevelt both in his second election and in the IlOlIIiuatioll and election of his successor where cor ruption in her scarlet robes iinblusbingly stalked the public streets The government of American cities says Mr Bryce is the one conspicuous failure of the United States Extravagance eonvption and mismanagement says he tire the rule and this rule prevails in the chief towns until municipal debts have risen to colossal dimensionsI From 18 0 to 1880 says an American writer the debts of the cities of the Union rose front about jilflO00000 to 182000000 From 18iO to 1875 the increase of debts in eleven of our cities was over 270 per cent increase of taxation 150 per cent while the increase of population was but 70 per cent The Board of Commissioners of the City of New York in 1871 after full investigation reported that more than onehulf ofall the then debts of the cities of the United States was the direct result of corrupt misrule Mr Bryce says that political dishonesty bribery and rascality in general prevail to a large extent in till our legislatures- Mr Lecky says It is universally admitted that the Capitol at Washington during sessions of Congress is a nest of trigues and machinations schemes to plunder the people the principal method is bribery though no one can tell the extent of bribery there going on Referring to the Southern Pacific Railroad Company he tells us what some of us remember that 4 8000 wits expended to influence Congressional legislation that the members of both houses were implicated Direct bribery says Mr Bryce over live per cent of the members of Congress or an average State legislature who are influenced in this way This per cent while it might have been high enough when Mr Bryce wrote is for too low now when peen ion bribery absconding with public monies recklessness ex travagance and plunder of the public are about all we read of at this time in connection with olllcial life BLUEGRASS BLADE 3 All this rascality is just what night lie expected in a govern inont carried on by a gang of incompetent political demagogues pure ileiixicracy gone to seed and the seed rotten The old ourhistoryfrom utter bankruptcy or revolution for no other peep e were ever so plundered Since our Civil war political corruption has penetrated every crevice nook rind corner at tlieMorth of our political system federal suite aiid municipal iror has the entire South escaped the contagion It lilts become so common and of so everyday occurrence that the peopleare no longer shocked lit it hut rather look on itliS a inaftcr of course The taxpayers are being robbed all sides by incompetent and dishonest politicians until itIS hard to find a clean spot in the whole political fabric With all this rascality and plunder staring us ill the face Mr Tuft just entering ofllce says the government must have more moneystore grinding must be resorted to has never occurred to this neophite thattiu government should cut down salaries reduce the needless force now engaged mostly in drawing salaries to reed drones In order that the reader may better understand our Repub lican system of government a brief line of statstics will here he in order From the Statesman Year Book take the fol lowingirt In our population was uuuiIiIIJI18104 Federal government cxpellllihllCu jiil707ii4 1005 Federal government expenditures uu r727474JIi In 1801 expenses of the several States and their municipalities were uuuuuu 470i51 7 Federal expenses same IllItOuu MflTJl00 State and municipal lIelIcdllIIuuu12lBIUIWe have no statistics of the several States and their munic ipalities since 180 In 05 Federal expenses reached ti72r844r Assuming as we may that the increase of the expenses of the several States and municipalities have kept pace with the increase of Federal expenditures our 80000000 people are now being taxed over 1800000000 per annum One billion eight hundred millions of dollars our people are now paying as taxes for the luxury of government for a single year This we pay in exchange for the promise by our several goy ernments of protection of our lives and our properly How fill this promise of protection is carried out let the daily newspaper reports of murder robbery burglary theft private and ollicial and lesser crimes answer All these things we get for the luxury of living in a socalled republic ill a government where the few rule and the many are fooled by the demagogues appeal to I3y Dr A III1ItSIIIIIII Defining progress by comparing the present condition of tho people with the state of society hundred years ago we found that it consists in an enormous increase of ma terial production and consequent facilities for the smite nature null enjoyment of lifo and in greater estimation of the result of ideas It seems pili Its idle that mechanical whose advantages tire plain and obvious should be adopted sooner tmn abstract patriotism to hush the cry of discontent while the wily poli tical plunderer goes marching on Pensions That Grow With the Death of the Pensioners lc v JA new system of mathematics now presents itself for the ac tion of our Congress and President that they are experts in this line no one will doubt when he has fairly investigated tilts matter It may bo clltssedus the Higher Itt hClllatics htlisan J known only to Congressmen ul their aids Under the ordinary rule of figures after a great war where the veterans are pensioned as in this country the list of survivors and their claims should be the greatest at the start as they die off the slumbers should decrease as well as the amount of the pensions but under tho new Congressional rule the old rules are reversed The longer the time and the more deaths the greater the list of soldiers mill the more money is required to pay them Sin rtly after the close of our Civil war where the most of our pensions come from our government had on its hands all of the soldiers who survived that war who were invited to tilt their claims With ahiciity till rushed to put in their claims inoiig them many who had in no way directly or indirectly been connected with the Will but all the same a lilt goose was to be piclllso all conceivable glades were filed The matter was sent to a commission of highly creditable men to take evi deuce and report who were and who were not entitled to poll sions After a long time that body made its report iccom irendirg all to pensions whose caiirs possessed merit others were rejected as without merit or fraudulent All who were found to have merit by this commission passed on to the roll of pensioners hilt the ones rejected wanted a niece of the goose So they ill their several districts uppeu cd to their Congressmen A to steal pensions and keep the Congress men in otlice was found The Congressmen were to pull the strings while the client was to work at Inure to keep the Con gressneii ill their places All was now ready to punt together lint the claimants were not to press too many at one time in cnlcr lo avoid the suspicion of graft It took both louses of Congress and the approval of the resident to make these graft hills law We shall see later on how this was done By this system of hocuspocus the pensioners and the pen sions continued to increase from a few milli Its of dollars totted 1111111all the soldiers were living to over 101000000 when nearly all are dead It has now been over a half century since the close of that war when but a handful of the soldiers an living hilt with nearly all dead the advance in pensions has never lIasclltlw last one being a little over SHU Continued next week OIlOOI I MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY personality progressive improvements deductions of science To understand the idvantago a railroad oilers over the old method of transportation hire not require grout intellect the difference eau be directly expressed in dollars and remits hilt to appreciate a scientific discovery which has no immediate bearing upon pecuniary affairs requires an intellectual effort of which many are either incapable or unwilling The extent to which the majority understand their own welfare will determine the value of labor or service a single individual hits to give as equivalent for the money he receives The general ten YTo 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE deiicy is to obtain as much value in return for the money as possible and in till brunches of mechanical and scientific labor its present state of perfection fortes a standard and determines the degree of knowledge demanded from a per son in order to be qualified for competition in that line Vest of our mechanical industries mid technical professions as manufacturing of machinery engineering navigation etc have attained a degree mathematical perfection Mud precision which snake it impossible to enter such a business without a certain degree of ability Of a certain number however equally qualified greater or less success will de pend on subordinate circumstances independent of pro fessional skill If two persons sell the saute kind of goods one may succeed better than the other if he possesses per sonal qualities appreciated by a larger number of people The most trivial circumstance may verve to turn the scales in favor of one individual and the less people are able to judge the true character of something they pay for the more their choice will be influenced and decided by some minor unessential point It is wellknown fact of history that inventors mid reformers have often been repaid with ingratitude by the people whose condition they endeavored to improve they were not the fittest for the ignorant muss of the people To some extent it is still the smile todaynot the man who really contributes most to the progress of mankind is the highest respected and receives the largest remuneration for his services hilt the one who knows best how to pander to the taste of the multitude or the privileged classes Tijke Darwin for instance who deserves the palm of all scientific investigators in this century how was he recognized and honored in his own country The hi aristocracy who in England as well as in may other county represents much power rand wealth and a moderate intellect did mt take much notice of his wonderful and important discovery while the Queen created the poet Tennysiii whose works do not possess any real merit whatever a lord And as to the mass of the English and the Americans as wellit prize fighter or religious mountebank why flatters their conceit and prejudices is a far greater person cola reaps a larger material reward For people who will not or cannot ac knowledge truth the liar is the fittest and will succeed The majority of the people determine the direction in which the single individual must apply his efforts and thusclfish who takes advantage of the mental inferiority of his fellowcitizens and tho defects of social Institutions is the fittest and will be the most successful finaneiaHyy while the man who devotes his energy to reforming and amending the evil will earn neither thanks nor reward he collides on one side with tho interest of those who profit by qlo faults of the multitudes mill on the other side with a power against which the gods fight in vain ignorance and stupidity rI OilAlTER Xflr POVJKTV AXi ITS GAUSKS MATIUJIONY UNDER TIM LAW OF INHERITANCE When we are traveling between two places a certain distance apart ami know how far the point where we happen to be at a given moment is from either extremity we CUll calculate tho time when we will arrive at our destination provided our speed remains tho same But if wo find ourselves on an endless track beginning and ending we do not know where we tire unable to fix the point where We are and determine the distance behind and lef us In this position is placed mankind which is moving front an unknown source towards an unknown goal lying between the two extremities which wo must logically assume the beginning of life at a remote period and the cessation of life in a distant future the relations of both sections to human ideas of time we are unable to comprehend And if you want to judge our social insti tutions the only possible way to do it is to look backward to compare the present with the past with history which will show the difference in favor of one period or tho other This has been done in the preceding chapters and the result of the comparative analysis reduces progress to its natural significance tho recognition of the physical laws which govern everything on earth Wo found that these laws have existed always tut 1will continue to exist for ever and that all reforms must bo in conformity with them instead of slaking futile attempts to supersede them by unnatural commandments As a result of these laws wo recognized inequality in person and in intellect and as a natural sequence also in wealth in money This inequal ity will remain as long as men live on earth and it is not necessarily identical with poverty of which it is however a common cause- Attacking it social problem the first requirement must he a clear idea in what it consists If we attempt to define poverty we meet with tho Saute difficulty as ill the case of luxury and necessity it is impossible to give n definition applicable to all cases under till circumstances For con venience sake I Avould prefer to distinguish two degrees poverty and misery1o call poor those who darn enough to keep off actual want and destitute those who lire unable to procure the necessities of life told must sooner or later succumb to the deleterious mode of living ending with physical find moral degeneration Looking back in history wo cannot deny an immense progress in regard to tho conditions of tho poorer classes Such famines mill epidemics as in old times when thou sands perished in the streets and roads and whole districts were depopulated are unknown in our time thanks to the modern means communication and the prevailing humane and cosmopolitan spirit With the growing de mands of life poverty has been raised ahovo its former level and people living comfortable and contented on BLUE GRASS BLADE 6 certain income a hundred years ago would fool poor today because lifo has assumed a higher form Investigating the causes of poverty we must distinguish two distinct groups natural and human The former embraces the effect of the dynamic forces destructive to the workof man earthquakes cyclones floods etc over which wo have no control the latter comprises individual char acters and social conditions which arc the stint of individ ual energy and inertness and amenalile to correction within certain limits These are the onlyones that can interest us here because they fall partly within the scope of human power Wo have of course to assume the caso of a person coming into the world without the most advantageous legacy money or equivalent Value As the first human or individual cause of povertywe find innate physical and mental incapacity congenital deformities and defects which render a person unable to earn a living and make his existence a burden for himself his parents and society forever Whether society hits made sufficient provisions to relieve poor families of such onerous care 1 am not prepared to state but I am ready to declare what consider a demand of humanity in such ease If a child was born to mo with heinous deformities tend irrep arable defects I would put it to death in a painless man ner There ought to bo a commission of physicians to examine such cases on application of the mother to decide whether it would bo better for the cripple td live or not Of course the Christian imbeciles who see in the whole sale slaughter of battles the brutal murders filling the columns of the daily papers the holocausts of railroad accidents and other wanton destruction of life from malice or negligence nothing but the hand of god will object to the destruction of life if it is lone from a rational humane the second cause of poverty wo find misproportion between the population lIIul11m natural resources or as it is expressed in the general biological laws tile tendency of every species to produce snore individuals than can exist under given conditions The truth of this principle is frequently denied because the population of the civilized countries has steadily increased both in numbers and in wealth which simply proves that the limit has not been reached everywhere Any farmer knows that ho can only keep a certain number of sheep in an enclosure and that they will become lean anti finally starve to death if that number is exceeded no matter how many items of fresh pasture may lie outside Still people stubbornly refuse to see that it is exactly ho same with mankind that want is the necessary sequence if people are crowded in an en closure where there are no means for subsistence and this is just the condition of largo cities where destitution and misery are mostly found Let us take any largo city Lon don New York Berlin etc where over a million people live on a comparatively small place which produces absolutely nothing of the material necessary for the subsistence of life it is plain that such a community owes its existence to the principle of division of labor raid derives its sup port from converting raw material into articles ready for use and effecting their distribution and exchange industry and commerce It was explained in a preceding chapter that luxury is not a well defined term and that consumption and production can never bo kept equally balanced To speakof overproduction as a cause of depression and want can only be true of articles which are not directly used for subsistence to speak of want in connection with overproduction foodand clothing is simply absurd but in regard to most other articles of industry it is true enoughit quite obvious that people dependent on the con sumption of certain articles for an opportunity to obtain work huso their existence on uncertain unstable factors which neither the state nor tiny private person can regulate Jn every largo city there is always a number of persons who earn barely enough for a precarious living from hand to mouth und will bo deprived of their livelihood by any commercial iwcial and political disturbance that may interrupt their special branch of labor And it is but a very short step from poverty to misery Is this misproportion between laborforce and opportunity to employ it not really overpopulation There may be plenty of land unoccupied somewhere else but what good does it to those who like the sheep are confined witluu the eunpass ofl large city It requires money to go there to pay for transportation to build houses buy agricultural tools and provisions to live until the land begins to produce For a man like Horace Greedy it was easy enough to say Go West but a person stranded in a largo city without any nttonvywill find it ditlicult to follow this well meant advice To bo continued Old King Canute so the story goes bid tho waves ad vance no further told ho got his feet wot So the church lilts sought to fix the mental status of every age bidding progress not to pass beyond a givens mark but the command went unheeded and now the church has got its feet cold Many a cause is lost by following bad advice These are dull days friends as all Frcethought pub lishers know and an effort to renew with an occasional subscriber or two would bo valuable help in a trying time Bible revision still seems to be in demand From St Louis conies the report that a Sophomore student of the Washington University that city has undertaken a revision of the book for tho purpose of omitting all the objectionable features If this is ever completed and published tho orthodox will experience a shock at finding how little there is left in the revised work Jt JIYO BLUE GRASS BLADE Persistence of Superstition When the Immortal Humboldt Announced N that the Universe Was Governed by lb LawJthe Death of Superstition tIU1r Came Hy Dr T J Howies Science long ago demonstrated that a high order of manhood intellectually and morally is absolutely impossible in any human being whose mind is saturated with the wild beasts of superstition As certainly as a good thermometer measures accurately the temperature of the sur medium so does a mans superstitions measure accurately his intellectual caliber and his moral character To hasten the advent of the brotherhood of man and to inaugurate the reign of a pure and rational religion the intellectual and moral men of the world rare now working together in harmony to dig up root and brunch the deadly Upas tree of super stition which lilts poisoned the brain the human race through till the dark and bloody centuries The foundation of this the greatest movement in the history of the world was laid in tile closing years of the eighteenth century by the illustrious and immortal Humboldt who proclaimed to the world the eternal truth that the uni verse is governed by law This was the death knell of superstition this was the be ginning of the end of the universal night that had enshrouded the minds of the hu man race through all the countless ages At one fell swoop the pen of this mighty and immortal man banished from the world forever the vast army of gods and devils demons and ghosts that had preyed upon the hopes and happiness of the mullah race from the very bcginniig of mans pilgrimage upon this beautiful earth at the very mention of the sacred name of Humboldt every head should lo uncovered and every knee should touch gruind Previous the time tif rhis illustrious and immortal man reason was enchained and the whitewin cl irji of scieiird was imprisoned in llij dark foul and dill dungeons of superstition War pestilence famine ignorance misery and degradation was the common heritage of the whole hu man family At the close of the great wars of antiquity Europe was divided into Rus sia and Austria Turkey and Italy Get many and England Spain and Portugal and when Humboldt made his appearance on the earth the awful shadow of mediae J vat superstition still hung like a funeral pall upon all those countries The great continent of Europe was erally a madliotise insane with supcisti tion Every event in Nature every event ill the life of rural and nations was believed to be due either to a good or a ball spiritto a god or a devil Sunday was believed to be a holy day n sacred dayad- ay entirely different from nil other days and that god would damn anybody that indulged ill any k llllIIf work recreation or pleasure on this Holy Day The poor norant masses believed that god himself was fatigued after working IIiI111YS in cre ating the world out of nothing and actual ly rested himself on Sunday Friday was considered a devilish dulya day different from all other tlltysAnt1any important work done on tins dtlygull would sec to it that it came to naught Thirteen was a very dangerous number a number entirely different from all other numbers and if thirteen people happened to dine together god would see to it that one of them would be killed or lie in a year Nearly everybody believed that the era ters of volcanoes were the tops of thc chimneys of hell The belief was universal that the world wits just three stories hightlle devil living in the basement be low the surface of the earth man lived ill the second story on the surface and just above the surface of the earth was a firmament and this was the floor of the third story where God and his Son and tho Holy Ghost and the angels lived itwas also believed that God and the devil were engaged ill a constant war and that each of them worked night and day in capture the souls of men and that Ulcdl being more cunning them god succeeded in capturing an infinitely greater number than god Neatly everybidy believed that eclipses laid comets cyclones and earthquakes were manifestations of gods wrath and that they were sure to be followed by war famine and pestilence The bones of dead saints and aprons worn by holy women and hairs from the heads of martyrs and pieces of wood from Christs cross and the mill from the Virgin May and the teeth finger nails of holy men and the foul rags by filthy saints rusty nails from the cross were used to frighten and drive away the devil and prevent Hoods and drouths Counting beads fasting and prayer and holy water were relied on to stay tile ravages of pestilence to pro ted the people against the wiles of the devil and the vast swarms of leering fiends that filled the air God and the devil kept roll u perpetual fight and the poor ib1lOlalltI and miserable toilers of the earth JlIethclThe students of superstition should re member that till the holy books and divine revelations were written by teen who were believers in these idiotic and infinite ab sirditiosv For people living to Jay ill tile full enjoyment of innumerable blessings made possible by the Angel of Sc cllcc and the Goddess of Reason it is impossible to imagine the infinite horrors suffering degradation and sorrow caused by superstition when llumboldl made his appear ance ill the world Hy a strange coincidence that has often happened in the history of the human race Humboldt was born when a great nius was imperatively needed to save mankind from hopeless wreck and utter ruin All hope bad lied from the world When he wits born nearly every human being be lieved that god had made a personal devil and a Inkeif fire and brimstone to torment forever a vast majorityof the taco and women that he hall created mid that all the poor little infants plat were not sprink led with holy water would be consigned to the flames of an endless hell In these days when the priests of super stition had absolute control of the whole human family nothing ever happened but miracles nothing coud happen naturally every event was caused by rods devils imps angels ghosts goblins mid spools everything was supernatural and nothing but the blood of men women and children could appease the wrath of these mon st rOils denizens of tho air Nearly every body was idiotic enough to believe that had had a son and that rod put him to death ignominiously on a cross because the cun ting devil persuaded an innocent woman to eat an apple When llumboldl was horn till inhabitants of nearly all the world were on their knees pale as corpses and trembling with fear till slimy serpents of superstition were creeping and crawling in every brain witches and wiz ards by the hundreds of thousands were being arrested solemnly tried convicted hanged lull burned and even horses and cows that manifested any sign of superior hlllte intelligence were brought before ec clesiastical courts tried and condemned for biting under the control of the devil and burned to ashes amid the shouts of joy and diabolical glee When Humbildf was born the air was swarming with inciibi and suc cubi that paid nightly visits to the bed rooms of saintly men and siiintly women Mid despoiled thom of their virtue All the languages of all the tribes and all the nations of the earth do not contain words enough to describe the awful abyss of crime degradation and wickedness into which superstition had plunged the toiling BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 millions of the earth when llumboldt first opened his eyes on this beautiful earth and J beheld the agonies the sorrows the suffer ings and the hopelessness of humanity and the non is yet to be born who can estimate the debt of gratitude which all the inhabit 4ants of earth for all lime to conic owe this illustrious immortal benefactor of tho human race The twelve labors of the mythical Hercules are till insignificant achievements when compared to the price less victories won for humanity by the im mortal Hnmboldt Hercules slew lions poisonous hydras the Stamplmlian birds armed with beaks and talons of iron ho cleaned the Augean stables and tamed the horses of Diomedes that fed on human flesh he slew the dragons which guarded the tree on which the golden apples grew in the garden of the Hesperides and he slew the dog Ccrebrus that guarded the entrance to the lower regions and freed some of his friends from the tortures of an endless hell These achievements have made the name of Hercules immortal in the legends of Greece hilt in the real tory of the world the name of Ilnmbohlt will live forever because by the magic and bloodless wand of science he drove from the clouds the air and the earth nearly all the wild beasts of superstition and nude civilization possible By the operation of some strange law not yet understood his mind was thoroughly attuned to the majestic play of the eter nal forces of the infinite cosmos which ena bled him to clearly see that the wickedness of the human family was entirely due to the universal belief in rods and devils and to profound ignorance of the laws of tire and at tile close ofn long life he re joiced to know that his labors had filled the world with hope and happiness and banished forever from this beautiful earth the awful hosts of invisible fiends that had for a thousand centuries made slaves and paupers of the toiling millions When he closed his eyes in death his triumph over the priests of superstition would have been complete and his happiness unalloyed had it not been for Spain and Portugal and Russia who still continued to count their beads and harbor the serpents of snpor natnralism An example of tIll persistence of superstition which is probably the most astounding fact in the historyof the world is the existence today in this great republic ofn large number of idiots who are clamoring to have superstition taught to their children in our public schools How long 0 how long will it yd be before men and women will learn that the priests of superstition are their deadliest enemies and that the priests of Nature are their only friends Muncie Iml The Minority Preachers Are Afraid to Give People the Facts and Allow Them to Reason Individually By T C Tefferics John B dough oucis said that there is not a social political or rcliyioii4 privilege that was not bought by the bloul and tears and patient suffering of the minority What is the minority The minority is general ly the few who are right as ntraiust file many who are in the wrong Liberal thinkers and believers may day be in the minority hilt they are cer tainly and rapidly gai ing in numbers They are gaining strength cverywheie America ferpitethe great handicaps under which they labor In ths libraries of our great cities we thud a henandtvolumes on suppression and intberanre Christianity to everyone volume on roliuimis or mental liberty the hey afraid to give the people food for thought food for rea soning Are they afraid to have the people think Are they afraid j give them facts and trust them to use tlnir own reasorin powers Yes they cerlawiy arc This B the laud oi the free Not it is the land of the physically End not injirnilv free Tae rood old Puritan fathers amt here seeking freedom and forthwith IIIIlc1 to deny it to others There are Ill am among us today and if PcHI1I1 onoii h they would doubtless have death the penalty for all misdemeanors or failure in tremble at the approach of ouixon v would hoar thundering Oil with his 4tador 9uthis eyes Liberals may fody 10 ill the mime but they are vi while oitlidoxy n moulding and niinblin away Xiiictyiiine per cent of hi physically and mentally strong yoiug men of the niiluii loduj aver r to chin nil IIII yi lag mint with good red blood in hi healthy hit y occasionally low final liiiusilf in a nil liouse ic fceIii apnlnuuing to his friends and hiinseU for his presence there The idea of the hereafter is horn of tho grave hence per cent of the attendants at church are the aged who havent long to live here and want to live somewhere else the children too young to know better and the weak who get from it their only social pleasure Tile battleof Kreet bought led by the generals of science against the illlilyof ignorance and superstition led by tliick necked priests and emptyheaded parsons has been a hard one but it is not the result of a lone battle that decides a war Our numbers lire increasing and we are drawing on the church for our recruits We are becoming strong and tile ehnrch weak in an inverse ratio and this is encouraging The clerical fanatics throughout the country are trying to stop the awful dese cration of the Sabbath the terrible ng on the grass in the parks the heathen ish open air concerts mad the hellish mov ing pictures Read what Robert B Arm strong former Asst Secretary of the U S Treasury has to sayon this subject Pictures and music speak a universal language Young human beiimw have an appetite for plain fun that bloodless old then and ascetic old women constantly try to throttle Boys and girls go wrong simply because some one is sitting on the safety valve live me enough phonographs and pc tare machines and let me have the public schools for two years fillet a week and I will bring about a political reformation The crazy clergy would if possible today have blue laws in every city in every town they would have compulsory church going A happy face and a smiling coun daysimprisonment a skate or a little coasting would merit lashes and an expression of doubt would bo a death warrant These beggarly pulpit orators are today getting away with their swag but the time will come when the world will awaken and then it will wonder how it ever cattle to stand for such stuff at Cleveland Ohio ELEGY IN A COUNTRY CHURCHYARD By B Lorali1 The lights gone out forever Tho body lies under the sod That brain is lifeless and mouldy Which believed in a mighty god You have fount at last you believer That we have no souls to save That the brain and the mind die together And their heaven is the grave Oh you poor priestridden Christian You lie in the ground six deep Yon have found the bible fiction And death a dreamless sleep 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mail postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 1100 each Five trial subscriptions sent in with one remittance for six months cents rrlalsubscrlptlons cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid J200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions six months J600 one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the made will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up advance The nddl slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Hack numbers or numbers omitted will be sert If asked for upon renewal case of dlscintlnuance- SHOILD ANY StItSCIUBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 12611 North stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Poatofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky LAMBERTS NOTES ON INGUUSOLL We tore in possession of a 240page hook well bound in cloth written and compiled by Mrs Helen M Lucas of Marietta 0one of the most willing and earnest advocates of Frccthought told entitled View of Lamberts Notes on Ingersoll With a keen eye for the defects contained in the criticisms on Ingersoll the misrepresentations in dulged in and for garbled fact Mrs Lucas plunges ifito the intricacy of that memorable discussion which many Freethinkers remwnbcr so well So many conflicting stories have emanated from the pulpit concerning Ingcrsolls discussions with Judge Jere miah S Black and Mr Lambert that the work in question is a timely production told through the medium of an ex haustive review of till the facts anterior and posterior to both debates Mrs Lucas explodes manyof the claims made by the adherents of Ingorsolls opponents Copious extracts are quoted from the arguments offered by each debater followed hyn comment from the author on each point sought to bo made Citations to history and precepts from moral codes formulated by religious systems as drawn front each argument arc given that the reader may draw an intelligent comparison This book is for sale by the Blade at 100 per copy Mrs Lucas has donated a number of copies to each of the Liberal publications as a means of enabling then to keep J up and to help he cause of Frecthought thereby AsidoIfrom tho filet that tho sales will financially Blade this book ought to be read by Christians and Free thinkers alike Send in your orders now The books arc ready for delivery l DK IiAUS11AXS BOOK During the process of serial publication of the manu script of Alans Origin and Destiny by Dr A Halls all numbers of our readers and subscribers have been so favorably impressed therewith that nearly one hundred have been sold already with the publication onla little more than half completed 0 In our judgment as the work proceeds it will be found to bo one of the most valuable contributions to modern literature both from a scientific anda sociological iewIpoint Its pages deal so sharply with the fictitious and mythical elements in religion land in society that many cherished notions are completely shuttered The author is fearless in expression a virtue unknown to many contemporaneous writers and tho iconoclastic hammer is laid upon theological and social idols with so much force that a careful perusal must convince the earnest seeker after truth of the scientific precision and accuracy of the several theses laid down J The further we read into the manuscript the more pleased are wo that the Made accepted the opportunity and privilege of publishing it When tho book is finally launched upon the uncertain sea of advanced literature it should be and ought to be read by till who are capable of unprejudiced and unbiased thought As an exposition of Monism it is superb As a destroyer of false systems ofreligion and theology it has no superior It puts an argument into the mouth of every render But the greatest value to many will be found in its ap plication of biological law or evolutionary processes to human organization society and to individuals Tho study of society and its functions the state and its function having been reduced to a science this now hook fearlessly plunges into the whole scheme of things flaying error portraying truths that cannot be gainsaid J The book will make morn than three hundred pages contains and represents the life workof its author Freethinker can really afford to be without a copy Itrwill cost a largo sum of mohey to prdpcrly publish it aid in this it is our earnest desire to secure large advance subscription as possible The book will be at 200 with postage charges thereon prepaid if the subscription be paid before the date of publication After that time it will cost the amount of the postairo extra or 225 per copy Tile edition will number twelve hundred copies land everycopy ought to bo sold in advance We expect to have tho book ready for delivery by August or not litter than September BLUEGRASS BLADE If you intend taking u copy order it now and by so 1ding yeti will aidus and save yourself motley IMMORTALITY t The religious desire for immortality is based upon the hypothesis that any future life ifa future Jifo is to bo had will bo vastly superior in every way to our present lifean existence of perennial bliss a place of habitation where neither pain or sorrow can be known And yet how contrary and antagonistic to such a con dition must appear the conduct of the majority of those pretending or claiming to entertain such a belief The whole Christian world is rushing pellmell into every social conflagration and spend considerable portion of their waking moments in studying out plans how best to extract the greatest amount of pleasure this existence affords Nor indeed are some of these believers in immortality overcautious or ovorprudent regarding the kind and character of the pleasures they seek to raspittatter disregard of their own theory they live and act hero as ifno pleasure could possibly bo had when the fitful fever of this life is oer Not one in hundred of these Christian believers are in any great hurry to reach this land of perennial bliss but exhibit a desire to remain on this old earth until compelled to leave by forces they cannot J control Hilt all pleasure hypothecates pain Wo would know no daywithout the night Even the poet wrote that Spring would bo but gloomy weather were hero nothing else but spring Minus darkness we could not appreciate the light There would be no cold if wo had no heat So it is with pleasure and pain Every medal has its reverse Wo know of pleasure only as the antithesis of pain hence if there can bo no pall in a supposed future life there can be no pleasure unless the surfeit of pleasure becomes pain The desire for pleasure and the knowledge acquired of tho great difficulties men experience in their efforts to attain it may have really produced the dosiro for immortality and suggested tho continuation of pleasure without pain Still the capacity to enjoy implies an individual consciousness that must capable of realizing the effect of both pleasure and pain ff this degree of con sciousness hO claimed then it must follow that no pleasure can bo had that is not alloyed by pain and this fact must r ofa necessity destroy tho popular notion of immortality The theological assumption that a belief in immortality increases the total value of human life here not trite Such a belief detracts front it Such a belief encourages neglect of this life by inculcating satisfaction nil content ment with unjust conditions in this life upon a specious promise ofa probable betterment elsewhere Every possible concept ion of existence must bo based upon life and living as wo know it here Could the Christian believer cullnll that is best and most desirable from our present life and with tho materials thus obtained construct a place for future existence it could not bo such as would make an eternal existence in the least desirable It is a well known psychological fact that what may produce happiness for one will have a contrary effect upon another Human nature is diverse This diversity precludes tho possibility of extracting universal happiness from a precise similarity of conditions Heaven would be hell to one while another would wish for neither No religion has yet built a heaven that is calculated to produce happiness for all and unless this call be done anni hilation is preferable DARWIN COMMEMORATED Tho San Francisco Materialist Association under the admirable leadership of r Frantz has recently celebrated the Darwin SemiCentennial through the medium ofa public meeting It is fitting indeed that the thinkers of the world should pay grateful tribute to one whose mind and heart and brain revolutionized tho worlds thought and bnn nouncing tho truths of evolution brought upon his devoted head the combined opposition of all theological advocates Even the socalled educated classes in England denied tho great truths he had promulgated and sought to cover them with ignominy and contempt Real intellect gave Darwin every consideration Little by little his views crept into the growing literature of tho nation Men began to think Belief salted Demonstration offered proofs Scientific minds announced an acceptance but tho church ever a stumbling block in Reasons path still opposed for in Darwinism its advocates saw tho overthrow of all theolog ical cosmogonies and a passing of the age of proscription and privilege Tho last act in this great strugirle was that Darwin at death was given sepulture in Westminster Abbey among Englands greatest dead This was not Darwins greatest triumph however for dissolution comes no mutter where laid but it was to be found in the attitude of thoso who had most latterly fought his doctrines in that they now accept them and hypocritically declare that evolution is the plan of deity for tho unfoldment of occasion referred to it is reported an ad mirable address upon Science before Darwin and After was delivered by Hon William MDevitt formerly Registrar of tho Universityof Washington At tho same meeting Miss Read said to be a grandniece of tho great expounder of evolution was also present to witness tho exorcises Music and sonS enlivened the program and the reports indicated that the services were a gigantic success Measured by modern scientific methods and they alone t are right god is an everdiminishing quantity Tho only question is how long must it bo before ho is frittered away t 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE UKLIGION IN KANSAS From private sources we are given some small informa tion to the effect that some Kansas judge has rendered a decision declaring that the Christian religion together with hqlk1eJIIlII ajl that if implies may legally bo taught in Jhcmnion public school in spite of constitutional fflMitiWsiifij s Brother W II Kerr of the Church of lluiminty is now engaged in a persistent war against an enforcement of that decree and ho is entitled to and should have the courageous support of every Freethinker in Kansas in such an under taking The state has no more right to teach Christianity than it has Mohammedanism Lothare gross and sensual superstitions Both are arrant falsehoods teaching false Icos1II0gollios and false concepts of moral conduct But such decisions will continuo to bo while personal opinion mid personal preferences can he delivered from the bench ill the guise of law and this is one of the crying evils in the American judicial system According to this decision the children of Freethinkers Tows and all who are opposed to Christianity fire not only compelled by law to attend school but when there j they are also compelled by law to study the bible and render a lip service to tho Christian religion Two weeks ago the Editors wife was called to Kansas to the bedside ofII sick mother She took our Infighter with her being of scholastic age It was intended that she should attend school ill Kansas so as to prevent the possibility of losing her grade tit home but request has now beets mado that she pursue her studies at home and that sIte bo not allowed to attend any school where religious instruction is to be forced upon her Keep up the fight Brother Kerr and may you gain strength in heart full mind and find ample encouragement front the hosts of liberty loving people in the West A VOICE FROM TIlE PULPIT Honesty is at last making its appearance in the orthodox Christian pulpit Libertyof conscience fund freedom of thought and expression find ardent supporters even in the most unheard of places From points where the thinking mind would least expect it arguments are offered fund poli cies advocated for which the Freethinkers have battled for generations and at times with seeming littlo hope of site cess Little by little the tide is turning and with tho morel of the higher criticism the fables of orthodox ligion will soon he laid upon the shelf of antiquity One of the hardest jolts that has fallen upon the church in recent years came from the lips of Rev Samuel n Ale Connell pastor of All Souls Church Now York City while addressing the Episcopal Congress in Tromont Temple at Boston No advocate of Frcethought not excepting tho lute Col Robert G Ingorsoll ever gave orthodoxy such a lasting as it received from this preacher Wo have been deeply and seriously impressed with his utterances and feel inclined to commend for his honesty and courage But before indulging in tiny comment upon what he said we prefer to give a liberal quotation from him as he is ported in the columns of the daily press Amongother things ho said They toll tho children lies in the lesson papers now in use in hundreds of our Sunday schools They present myths or legends as realities They give descriptive meas urements of a temple such as never was and a tabernacle such as never could be They teach history which childrens day school books how is not true They utterly ignore the results ofu critical study of the Bible Unsafe Which is more unsafe to tell children the truth or to tell fables in the name of religion fables which they are as sure to find out as theytire to grow The world is amazed and Christianity ought to le at the spectacle of our denominational divisions What hinders reunion It is this spurious loyalty to dogma not a statement of truth lint as barriers ofn surety which is tho obstacle to the reunion of the divided churchThink over the names of tho Presidents of tho United States Governors of States editors of great newspapers great financiers lawyers litorateurs philanthropists engi neers physicians Ninetenths of them hold themselves to 1HowThe Made has used similar arguments but it lilts mained for one of the faith to denounce as lies thatIwhich is being taught to children in the average school It sounds much better cowing from suet a source Tile whole storyof a suffering savior is now shown to be nothing but a myth with very little of legend attaching to it andas things are taught in Sundayschools that fire indirect conflict with things taught in tho public schools a variance is presented which when the child reaches an age wherein it is capable of thought reflection must produce a reaction and unless stultification ensues through any cause whatever the mind is brought to a point where it trust reject mintyof tho most important tenets of the Christian faith In this wo find a candid admission that education is not a good thing for the orthodox faithn position wo have repeatedly taken and insisted upon On these grounds Freethinkers have invariably sought to en courage education in its widest sense well knowing what the result must be and this result is shown in the uttcrilances of tho preacher referred to Ito may ultimately lose his pulpit and newt the same fato as that which befell Rev Crapsey but whether unfrocked or not ho will ho able to enjoy that supreme satisfaction of knowing that ho had discovered truth mill had tho courage to boldly express it But what did Rev McConnell metal when ho declared 400K r r BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 that suchit proceeding suchas ho denounced was unsafe Unsafe for what For the people No Hut for the church Is it possible that truth is unsafe for a theological system that is founded upon a divine revelation from its god If this position is correct it must follow that the revelation is not true for one truth will fit every other tiiith iiitho universe billy a lie will demand other 1ieittI bolster if IftllUehurch would but follow the advice Urn iMcConitfll sought to give namely to tell children the truth instead of teaching them fiction the church could not long survive for the teaching of truth must destroy it Then it would be unsafe for the church to follow his advice It Would be unsafe for the church to teach the facts of history as concerns tho religion it would promulgate At the period in Jewish history at which this alleged Messiah was supposed to have come upon earth Palestine was filled with foreigners had become veritable religious Babel a theological chaos The time was ripe for a re ligious revolution such as hind been inaugurated in India six centuries before It was accomplished andas might have been expected front such people in such an age it resulted in a curious composi or religious ollapodrida in which tho profound wisdom of Zoroaster and the childish superstitions of western barbarians were intermingled a grand morality and It monumental absurdity elbowing each other like spectres in a wild delirium From that day down to the present the priesthood lilts corrupted tho mind until even a McConnell revolts against the of selfevident absurdities rejects its supposed 1jlllllhio of a more nursery tale and seeks by tho light of and Truth to find the cause and reason ofexistence I It is true however that tho world hits long been amazed at the Jeaiominational divisions among Christian believers But this amazement has only been experienced by the thinking world With Christian believers themselves those who believe without thinking these divisions tire but natural and they tare looked upon as perfectly proper How could it be otherwise when the whole system depends upon hu man interpretation and construction oven the bible pre sents no unanimity of opinion or teaching for from it till sects claim sanction and authority assuming each one is right and till others wrong While it may bo true that tho brightest minds of both the present and tho past hold themselves aloof from tho church yet common experience has shown that as a rule the desiring politician will play at religion for tho sake of getting votes Hut what a concession is made by the assurance that ninetenths of the scholastic and leading minds of tile nation hold themselves aloof from the church If this be true then upon what class does tho church depend for its support from what class is its mem bership drawn A truthful answer given in the light of the statement above quoted must he far from flattering to Ithe church and upon reflection will show where the in of the country stands in regard to religion Tho Christian religion will continue to be so long as the If masses of the people are kept in ignorance Until a higher education can prevail the clergy will continue to bluff with threats of hell those whom they cannot bribe with the questioned fruits of tHeir heaven There is a strong veing ofsuperstition even in the best of men and this psychological fact has been useful to hothchurch and clergy The philosopher was made to yield to the un answerable arguments of the Inquisition but Philosophy yielded not an inch When we reflect that in accepting his ordination Rev IcConnell vowed to disseminate tho orthodox fictions he now denounces and perceiving tho wondrous change that has been wrought in his mind by education aside from the church tho people may indulge in a fond hope that the day nay the very hour of theological proscription has passed and an era of mental liberty is now about to dawn There be manystill who through desire for personal gain or this egoism of which Dr Hausman speaks will continuo the propagation of these orthodox idiocies and it is to combat these that Freethinkers must keep up tho mental war TO CALIFORNIA FRIENDS About ono week ago tho Blade pressman Edwin T Gordon received word that his brother Jesse A Gordon had died at Vicksburg Calif but upon identification it was shown that a discrepancy existed and the dead person showed no resemblance to Mr Gordons brother If any of our California renders know of Jesse A Gordon or where ho is located wo would be pleased to hear from them lie is about 23 years of age and is reported to have married at Los Angeles He has also been at Sau t Bernardino and at iMarysville He was a member of thofCalifornia Guards Co K 7th Infantry Address Edwin T Gordon Lexington Ky What is there in life for the man who has no friends To win friends wo must ourselves bo friendly Friendli ness begets friendship If we would win happiness for ourselves we must make happiness for others This is the very essence of tho gospel of Frecthought i Tho Blade is highly gratified at tho pleasant reception given to its bound volume for 1008 by those subscribing for it and receiving it This is decidedly encouraging Wo were a trifle slow owing to business difficulties but we managed to get there Wo will have another for 1009 1 The deeds of great men oft remind us that other gener ations tire to follow and our thought should bo what wo cue going to leave for them as coming from us An earthquake may remove a mountain in the course of few seconds hut the dropping of tho gentle rain will do tho same if it is only given time r12 BLUE GRASSBLADE WHAT ONE SUBSCRIBER THINKS Approves Dr Hausmans Sentiments but Thinks that the Blede Has Not Broadened Out Enough to Do Real Good ByH T Ahrens In writing this want to bo frank with you in regard to expatrons views of tho think the Blade is not covering enough ground In plain language it is too narrow Of course I realize and can plainly see that you are broadminded and that you favor a diversified class of read ing but I am aware that a certain number of patrons have theidea that Frcethought would cure all ills of our body politic and they set up a howl if an article of reform politics puts in an appearance As long as Freethinkers make such onesided demands and show such little tolerance they can only be classed with the narrow bigoted religionists who think everything will be solved if the world was converted to their narrow belief If these wellmeaning people who seem to dictate the policy of the Blade and hold it down to the discussion of the hakm of the retrogressive tendencies brought about by the belief in a personal god and the infallibility of the bible If these people would stop harping this song and give their attention to political ques turns and while they are studying these diftdront demands of the different parties wunlrf studwith an unprejudiced mind the claims and demands of Socialism they would come to the conclusion that there lire more questions awaiting solution besides the demolition of religious superstition- The present state of superstitious relig ious worship and the power of the clergy is based on hypocrisy brought about by the dependency and Uncertainty of life which the present generation is facing How many business and professional people would pretend to be religious if they were economically free The churchs popularity and power is founded on hypocrisy each one is trying to make the rest of the world think that Christianit is the sign respectability and that because they are dependent on other people who are as much hypocrites as they are they cannot afford to have the illwill of those who contribute to their existence If we had a different economic system a system which would give each worker an equal chance for a living with the rest of the population then people would be economically independent lA and they wouldnt be in terror and afraid to speak their true sentiments If eco nomic freedom was given today it would only be a short time until we would see an emancipation from the domination of the churches The emancipation from church power and the consequent results will never hap pen until we have economic freedom and since economic emancipation is the founda tion on which religious freedom will be erected the enlightened and broad Free thinkers should not object if the editors of a Freethought paper broadens out into other questions I had the pleasure of hearing Arthur Mprris Lewis of Chicago His lectures were simply grand Ho knew how to interweave the tenets of Freethought with Socialism 1 am certain his lectures would find furor with the Blade readers was so discouraged with the monoto nous reading the Blade furnished I mean discussing the old question in the old way that i aimed to stop the paper being sent to my address But when Dr Hausmans writings made their appearance I took on courage Judging from the tone of the articles Iant hopeful that ho will create a sentiment which was lacking with the majority of the Blade readers I am hope ful that Dr Huusinans articles will show that economic evolution must be had be fore we can expect evolution of the mental kind am certain that lifter Dr Ilausman gets through with his articles the thought mode of the majority of the Blades read ers will see u change and that it will broaden their views to such an extent that they will not reproach you for admitting to the Blade columns articles treating the subject of political evolution and its rela tionship to the making of a free and proud humanity a humanity which will rely on its own strength instead of asking favors from a god in the sldesa humanity which will lose the belief in a hell of fire and a terrible ruler Wo will then have a humanity which knows how to live and use the demands of nature us a rule to live by We will have a humanity who will be better and grander and more beautiful who will throw aside nil selfishness and recognize the rest of hu manity as a part of the human brotherhood and will surpass the present human being to such an extent that the present society will be spoken of as we do of the period of the Middle Ages I did not write the foregoing for publi cation but I got started on my sentiment and couldnt stop when I ought to have done so I beg your pardon for this explosion but accept my congratulations on being so fortunate in obtaining the articles of Dr Hausman Spokane Wash HAS CREATION STOPPED Facts Drawn from Science to Indicate that Creative Processes Are Still Going On By Joe B Thorn Life is the product ora body of adequate size and supplied with proper ele ments in passing from a heated state into a coldone It is stated by scientists everywhere that the heat of the earth would have destroyed any germs that might have happened to be upon it when first formed by the sun Tho germthe soulis either electricity or else something closely related to that force as fire light magnetism etc No matter how hot n body is it could not have destroyed any of these forces Therefore I hold that it could neither destroy a germ If you take a grain of corn and heat it you may cause a disintegration but is the germ destroyed Remember this You may annihilate form but neither force or material The condition and not the substance can bo destroyed Possibly in the grain ofcorn cause there was no disintegration but simply an alteration of condition which keeps the grain of corn from being capable reproduction on account of the destruc tion of the germ cells We believe that the earth was capable of creating only one cell organisms I dont suppose that there is a man living who ever saw this done but there is no reason for doubting it If all now living animals were vertebrates we would have reason to believe that the earth stopped creating long ago But such is not the case The animal kingdom stretches from man the highest of the vertebrate family down to the lowest one cell organism Therefore we hold that the earth stopped creating only a short time ago or else In the tepid currents of tho equatorialstreamsin the marshes of tho Torrid Zone or in the rank atmosphere of a gloomy southern forest Mother Earth still displays unseen by human eyes her various forms of present creation- It is true that conditions have changed but can we deny that there is still enough perpetual external heat in the 1orridIZone to keep up till process of creation Tins question remains to be answered If creation in lowest forms was still going on could man tell it Another unanswerable question The invisible flora and fauna of tho air which we constantly breathe could not have been created millions of years ago If the earth can qrpalo one germ it can create thousands at the same timQand place The flordand fauna created by the earth BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 at the same time and place will be one species Species may be derived from other species but the earth was capable of producing a variety itself By a blending of species we are lain to all fauna as well as glom hilt if we deny relationship by blood to certain animals we are at least all akin by direct descent ascent from Mother Nature But we have at least got to claim kin with sonic lower animals as the earth is incapable of creating verte ancestors of man must have been the first created as ho is the most perfected If the human race has a distinct line for itself the monkey at least had his ances tors created not long after IIIlInsr at the same time under different conditions HOLY THURSDAY THOUGHTS By The Chaplain Inspired in St Marys Cathedral during Pontifical High Mass and blessing the holy oils Bishop 0 Council and high dignitar ies celebrating with all their glad rags all the of their barbaric show WhereBeason has no place dethroned entire watch the puppets dance low bending low As scenes are shifted by a priestly liar Tis not of manhood born this worship here Of some strange phantom there beyond the sloes Itshows the blighting slain of craven fear A cravens worship of the priesthoods lies There is no god to worship love or fcnrGreat Nature sways the world and sways it blind There is no soul to live beyond the bier Imagination of the rankest kind INCLINATION THE CHURCH OR REASON Which of These Potentlan Agencies Do We Follow In Regard to Life and Conduct By J Watkins It Is probable that all the people In the world who are BUIIlclentJy Intelligent to have any Idea of right and wrong or the quality or life and conduct are Influ enced and moro or less governed by one or the other of the above named potential agencies Doth as regards Individual actions ann our general course In life are moved either by natural Inclination religious belief or teachings or by reason liven when wo endeavor to follow the teachings of the church or to be guided by the dictates of reason Inclination will so assert Itself as for the time being at least to be the con trolling Influence In our life There are some of course who believe that natural inclination might be accepted as a proper guide and the rule of life but this Is an er roneous and absurd Idea Natural incll ntions aro the result of hereditary tendencies which have come down to us from our savage and barbarous human ances tors and more remotely from the animal beings from whom man was evolved The tendencies in us to do what civilization says is wrongthat Is the evil propensities and dispositions In uuseven in the best of us is a remnant of the animal na turo in usnot yet entirely eradicated even after centuries of evoluutlon To follow natural Inclinations therefore Is retrogresclon rather than progression The teachings of the church are partly true and partly false partly rational and partly mythical and superstitious partly good and partly evil In so far as these teachings calculated to promote morality make people better more truthful honest humane and happy they are good but where such teachings and beliefs engender sectarian strife and the spirit of intoler ance and persecution they are not good As before stated religious teachings are both rational and superstitious Wo may assume that the rational beliefs and teachings of religion are always good and con cede that even some superstitions or ill founded beliefs may be Influential for good Che Blades Cottttespondence Still One More IOXE CALIF Enclosed find money for 200 for which please send one copy of Dr llnusiimns new book on Evo lution1I DUTSCIIKE And Another Ono COLORADO SPHIXOS COLO Please send a copy of Dr A Ilausmnns took fI Mans Origin and Destiny for which I enclose check for j2OnT ARCULA RIUS Would Do Any Good CLEVELAND OWould it not be well fur Freethinkers country petition resident Iaftasking him rec ommend his messages Congress the passage of laws providing for the taxation of all church properly or amending lire constitution tolliatend This might do in the lives of some people That is that belief In God heaven hell Immortal fly future rewards and punishments and all that may make some people more moral and more particular about their conduct than they might otherwise be ant that under the incentives of hope of future reward or fear of temporal or future ishments they may be held to a certain line life and conduct that becomes know that men have been abled by this means or under such ences to throw off the chains of certain evil and harmful habits and to become de cent respectable and useful citizens Of course their motives and tile incentives that Influenced them at the start were not the highest order Probably the chief Incentive was fear and that which they feared did not really exist Still in their case at least it was effective and the result was good But admitting all these things it is certainly better in all the affairs of life to depend upon the guidance enlightened reason We want to riseto the high plane of loving and doing right for its own sake of abstaining from wrong because it Is wrong Wo want Intelligence enough to enable us to see and to understand that whether there Is future rewards or pun ishments or not that it is not only our duty do right but it is the only way that brings real happiness and makes life worth living Kanawha Falls W Va tN N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N H N = TX i i TTTTTT me me II It to to in to of we of of to N N N N no good but surely petitions of this kind coming from all parts of the country at the smile tune would do no harm In this connection the fact that PreiUleut Taft is a Unitarian might be to tile advantage of IYiethoughl T C JEFF E12IES Praise for the Blade DEXISON TII have Ioted with satisfactioit the great strides fn improvement of the Blade ll1lngtlle past years and shall keep up my slIhs ri tworto itso long as it continues on the cOIllsel V MUNSON Approves Our Plan KANAWHA FALLS W YAI read thitwcokplan that you indorse What we waujfjfe a general national organization or federa tion of all Freethinkers and liberalmind 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE ed people no matter what their individual the importance of organization and the difference of belief or degree of unbelief There are certainly a few general principles on which we are till in accord no latter how much more or less we may believe about other questions Everybody should be left free to speculate and theor ize all they want to but all should be earnest and sincere seekers after truth and willing to accept it when they find it Many Freethinkers are not Atheists nor- een Materialists in the strict sense of the word Some prefer to believe and I think there is evidence in support of the belief that there is an Eternal Intelli gent Force in Naturen vital element in matter which while it may itself be ma terial differs in some respects from what is ordinarily regarded as matter But what foes it matter particularly what may ecerally believe we want to be an or ganized body of earnest seekers for truth who are trying to elevate morality and human wellbeing in the world In union there is strength and as an organized body we will be helpful to each other and comnand more respect than we do without such general organization J C WAT InNS Give Em Fits Thats what iHE BCAHLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great rad ical novel dons to the forces of bigotry and perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the churcl element throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade ling been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which la sufficient proof that It la all right It has ated a sensation In servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy It Is enthualaatlcall endorsed by leading Freelthlnkers through out the world You at know how Hurt can write and In thla boot he la at lilt best It la an elegant volume 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spreading the glad ings of great joy Until April 1909 address IClrcleTllIe Do You Believe That We Humans are as Important ai Pigs Potatoes and Pups you bellere that we grownups and even the Children shield know amuch about oiirpolvip we know abo Fiche riowir nnl Flog UP you believe In Better Ftogeny a More Elevated Race anyway- It i pond J25 for a years subscription to the American Journal of Eugenics and be in the Van of Human Progress Published monthly at 649 South Mali St Los Angeles California U S Samples ten cents Trial three month with pamphlet Institutional Marriage cents stamps The Holy BibleIn Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the contradlc lions and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faltIand destroy their godwebs Ready Soo Order Nowl Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 19 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 1112 Eddy Street San Francisco Cal SEEDSsuclceEBs SEW r SPECIAL OFFER to build trial our r Prize Collection 10rlRkinds Ttws Il Jlneat Trlp splendid incites au To l Write today Mention this Per J 10a Roe 10 CENTS tcl this aa i 1li Jfr hook lipsarlale eta a Jjjl aucuu aocttOJUlLi Mans Origin and Destiny By Dr A Hausman Alameda California jj V tThisis the Greatest Book of modern times on the theory of Evolution applied to Sociology It will shortly be issued in book form by the Blue Grass Blade niaking u book of nearly 500 pages The author has dedicated it to Prof Ernst Hacckel anti the grijat Jpna philosopher has accepted the dedication t 200 200 i Subscribe Now and Save Money r f All charges of postage will bo prepaid upon advance subscriptions immediatelywISubscribe Now Subscribe Now JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky s CORRECT THINKING This Book is a Herald of the New Learning The First Gun in a Revolt Against LeisureClass Ideals of Education By PARKER H SERCOMBE Editor ToMorrow Magazine Expert breeders and trainers of horses permit their own children to fade and die for want of applying the knowledge they have but do not use Owners of Angora cats who know how their pets have become beautiful as the result of but a few generations of intelligent selection do not dream of the wondrous results were the same law applied to their own race The world thoughtlessly overlooks the principles employed by Burbank and other successful hybridists not realizing that each discovery has its corresponding application to the human species Man has not yet started to live a minddirected reasonedout life OUR ENTIRE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IS WRONG 25c the copy Five copies 1OO p 15OO the hundred TOMORROW PUBLISHING COMPANY 139 East 56th St Chicago Ill