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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 30, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909053001 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, May 30, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. 1r iir I1i M i itHBLUEGRASS BLADE Volume XVIII LEXINGTON KY MAY 30 iyo9 Number S J DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT Jn I ijIIl11 liRr 13ll 1u U VIl t IJ1iIir ut fly ntr By Bert Smiley St Peter stood guard at the Golden Gate With a solemn mien and air sedate When up to the top of the golden stair A man and a woman ascended there Applied for admission They came and stood Before St Peter so great and good In hope the City of Peace to win And asked St Peter to let them in The woman was tall and lank and thin With a scraggy bear lct upon her chin The man was short and thick and stout His stomach was built so it rounded out His face was pleasant and all the while He wore a kindly and genial smile The choirs in the distance the echoes woke And the man kept still while the woman spoke Oh thou who guardest the gate saidshe We two come hither beseeching thee To let us enter the heavenly land And play our harps with the heavenly band Of me St Peter there is no doubt Theres nothing from heaven to bar mo out Ive been to meeting three times a week And almost always Id rise and speak Ive told the sinners about tho day When theyd repent of their evil way Ive told my neighbors Ive told them all Bout Adam and Eve and tho Primal Fall Ive shown them what theyd have to do theyd pass in with the chosen few Ive marked their path of duty clear Laid out the plan for their whole career Ive talked and talked to them loud and long L For my lungs are good and my voice is strong So good St Peter you will surely see The gate of heaven is open to neer jBut my old man I regret to Hasnt walked in exactly the narrow way He smokes and ho swears and grave faults lies got And I dont know whether hell pass or not 1 lie never would pray with earnest vim J = Or go to revival or join n hymn So I have to leave him in sorrow there IWhile I with tho chosen unite in prayer Ho ate what tho pantry chanced to affords IEItIflt1 r LordRiulIts a chance if he merited them or not soh Met him go ifilve done enougha saint Hv been 3Jrotit that atone Cant you let him in v JP y grim gospel I know tis so lint the unrepentant must fry below seeThatisa narrow gospel which I pray But the chosen expect to find some way youSoendsay St Peter it seems to me That gate isnt kept as it ought to be ought to stand right by the opening there And never sit down in that easy chair And say St Peter my sight is dimmed lint I dont like the way your whiskers arc trimmed Theyre cut too wide and outward toss theyd look much better cut straight across Jell we must bo going our crowns to win sJSo open St Peter and well pass inLSt Peter sat quiet and stroked his staff But in spite of his oflice he had to laugh Then said with a fiery gleam in his eye Whos tending this gateyon or 17 And then ho arose in his stature tall And pressed a button upon tho wall Kind said to tho imp that answered the bell a Escort this female around to hell KTho man stood still as a piece of stone alone v That his wife was good and ho was bad Jr v e thought that if tho woman went down below t That lie would certainly have to gosP That if site went to the region dim There wasnt a ghost ofa show for him fSfowly he turned by habit bent Tp follow wherever the woman went SKSt Peter standing on duty there r jCJbservedthat tho top of his head was bare f VTlo called tho gentleman back and said T lFricnd how long have you been wed JiltThirty years with a weary sigh t 1JII1 1 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE And then lie thoughtfully added Why SI Peter wns silent with head hent down He raised his hat and scratched his crown Then seeming a different thought to take Slowly half to himself he spake Thirty years with that woman there No wonder the man hasnt got any hair Swearing is wicked smokiugs no good He smoked and he swoteI should think he wouldj Thirty years with that tongue so sharp 1101 Angel Gabriel give him a harp A jeweled harp with a golden string Good sr pass in where the angels sing Gabriel give him a seat nlonc Bands of Music Played Patriotic Airs and Flags Took the Place of Crepe Report of the Funeral of William H Morrow at Ada Ohio May 2 1909 By Dr J H Wilson Before on this remarkable funeral I will preface my remarks by inserting a report of the same by tile Cleveland Press which had a reporter on hand and a letter from a Christian citizen of Ada to the New Castle News Pa Press reports of this funeral were sent allover the country I insert these reports for the reason that while they are scurrilous and mis leading and in sumac places untruthful upon the whole they verify all that I shall say They admit that we had a jam and an overflow meeting and that wits dealt a good hard blow Since they would rattier snake light of and under estimate these reports become important From The Cleveland Press tif ADA 0 Hay ITwo thousand people struggled Sunday afternoon to gain admission the funeral of Wm Henry Morrow 77 atheist which was hold in the national guard armory at Ada A band composed mostly of Ohio Northern University cadets played a patriotic medley of airs in a funeral parade through the streets was carried out just as Morrow had arranged two years before his death The armory held only about lf people Men who could not gain admission crushed against women and children in frantic effort to pass through tho doorway Two women fainted Obituary cards with red white and blue borders con taining Morrows infidel creed and small American thugs were distributed as the crowd rushed past the bier to obtain seats Hov 0 Pershing First church pleaded with the members of his in u Sunday morning sermon not to attend the funeral Christians should not go to hear scoffers he said A W Clutter business man opened the services with out ceremony He reviewed the dead mans life Mor row had been a Baptist minister but turned against He had been health ollicor and head of the One with a cushion up near the throne Call up some angels to play their best Let him enjoy the music and rest See that the finest ambrosia he feeds Hes had about till the hell ho needs It isnt just hardly the thing to doTo roast him earth and the future toofiThey gave him a harp with golden stringsirobe anda pair of wingsIAnd he said as he entered the Well this heats encumbers any day And so the Scriptures had come to pass The last shall be first and the first shall be last Christian Overflow at Funeral of Freethinker Conventional commenting Christianity Everything Presbyterian congregation Christianity tfwasbrought some laughter from the audience Thats right laugh ho saidTO are not here to was a square mat Dr Wilson said If ho had any faults I know of Id name them Wo are not here to consider Morrow as an angel plumed for para dise with a celestial prize package in his possession He believed as do that death ends all Yankee Doodle was the selection Morrow had wanted played when the speaking was concluded The bandmaster carried tilt his directions Morrows widow and his four grown children were the List to leave the hall The band played Marching Through Georgia Columbia the Gem of the Ocean and the Star Spangled thinner as the members of the Morrow fam ily were escorted home Morrow chose his main two years ago and erected a tombstone with inscriptions expressing disbelief in a reads Give humanity truth not myths knowledge not dogmas A verse from Mark Twain renl1sII Look at Adam what have we done for Adam What has Adam done for us Everything lie gave us life he gave us death ho gave us heaven he gave us hell From Tho New Castle News Pa II ADA 0 Slay 2 10J Editor News The funeral of ono of the noted atheists of this country W H Morrow who died last Tuesday was held publicly today in the Armory The retrains will ho sent to Cleveland tonight to he cremated As I witnessed the whole procession which was ono of tho most inhuman and uncivilied spectacles that I have ever seen I thought possibly some of the people at homp would be interested and I knew of no better way to lot them know than through tho News n tBLUE GRASS BLADE 9 preparingwas a plain board collin lined with orange satin and an American flag covered the lid inside He had his mon ument erected some years ago It is a large granite one and be had it literally covered with quotations from Tom Paine and Ingersoll have seen the monument on different occasions and consider ita disgrace to a civilized country He wrote the following notice before his death which was printed on red white mid blue cards and distributed over town after his death No Flowers Death in natural event neither to be dreaded or mourned I do not regard death as a disaster to the individual but esteem itI1S much of a natural event as birthMuch reflection has caused me to discountenance and to disapprove of the ordinary funeral service and regard them as partaking of the custom of harlwrois people whose minds have nut been enlightened by reason or comprehensive views of the order of nature Feeling way I do not want my death to be the occasion of a or egotistical displayof mourning emblems 1this w MOUHOW- Hcfoio he died be ordered that no crepe should he hung at the door hilt that an American flag should be displayed which was done He hail engaged Ir1Wilson of Cincinnati a noted atheist to deliver the address He had also engaged a band which should parade the streets for some time before the funeral playing Yankee Doodle My Country Tis of Thee and Marching Through Georgia then go before tbo hearse playing Marching Through Georgia When they came to the Armory thousands of people had collected and after they had taken the corpse in they made a mad rush for the door It was with diffi culty that seven mien kept then hack enough to prevent loss of life The only music before the address was Yan kee Doodle by the band Dr Wilson started in by condemning Christianity as belonging to weakminded fools and ignoramuses lIe ridiculed the idea of a Christian God and an omnipotent being He condemned the preachers as a trust a thousand times worse than the Standard Oil Trust a trust which was holding the people of the world in bondage and servitude and inculcating into them a doctrine which they knew to be false He said that all preachers know there is not a stud that they were selling gold bricks and getting the peoples money then they could not deliver the goods He scoffed at a religion that would teach a hell and punishment inflicted by an tingly God a religion that taught as he said that every of every 101 were lost Furthermore be says that salvation is one of the greatest moneymaking schemes ever introduced in this country He declared that Protestantism bad gone into the advertising business and that itas impossible to imagine a heaven beyond the grave more beautiful than this earth lie charged Abraham Lincoln as being an Atheist mid writing a book in which he declared that there was no life beyond the grave that death ended allmill that roan would have as much after death as he hold before birth He declared that this hook was burned by Lincolns law partner to prevent its possibility of weak erring his chance in politics lie declared that Jesus Christ was a heretic and that he would not walk up one IPght of stairs to see Jesus Moses Jeremiah and nil the rest of the prophets that be did not want to go lo the Christians heaven All in all it was one of the worst arraignments of Christianity that think has ever been delivered His language was beautiful and tricky and front lily observation and from what I beard people say after lie wits through fear that he almost if not altogether persuaded some to go ahead as if there was no God Of one thing Iam sure it will make it a great deal harder to get those who are out of the church in and in this a stillllitill took such occasions to get their belief before the people mid he hoped they would enjoy themselves I think that it is time that the people rise in revolt old pass laws pro hibiting such nncivilixed funerals and as far as possible the spread of such doctrine- J C SYLING Dr Wilson Comments on the Funeral Tlie above newspaper reports the first clipped from the Cleveland Press and the latter from the Carlisle Pa News lure about as ta tliS could be expected from the commercial piess want to comment en this funeral not only because it was the must remarkable Freet bought meeting that Iever attended but especially for the reason that it will point out a line of action that all Rationalists should take in the matter of funerals have often proclaimed in the Made that no occasion like that of the funeral afforded such good opportunity to reach the public car and this funeral has well demonstrated this fact We not only reach Christians directly hat the press from the novelty gives us notice Mr Morrow thoroughly understood this fact and so pre pared for it A common expression of his was When die will make Christians stand up and take notice The papers have tidd in a slurring way about these preparations but will repent it in my own fashion Mr Morrow leaving hi en a soldier ordered file flag placed on his door instead of crepe tied gaged a hand to play martial airs He also furnisheda small Hag to be given each person present for a boutoiiiere mid a card about four by six inches with a red white and blue border with a statement of his belief printed upon it for general distribu tion He rented the National Ward Armory for this occasion and ordered the stage draped with tile National emblem IleIwell knew that it only requires a little of the novel and ulnr to draw the crowd and though a modest sJlecllltIhe employed these little tricks that his fuueial might occasion ofit widespread diffusion of Freethoiight frequently said that if it only had the effect of getting two bright people to think independently he would be satisfied Thus we see he was a gauze Freethinker not only to the end but even after death He did not care particularly to be cremated so ordered it just rill the example believing that it was a step forward in solving both the economic and sanitary problems went to see his monument in the cemetery It is a large sloue inscribed till over with a few of his own ideas and with sayings of Paine Ingersoll and others One motto reads as stated in the paper Give Humanity Truths not Myths Knowledge nut Dogmas Another vealing Mr Morrows sense of humor is trout Mark Twain and readsLook at Adam r 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE What have we done for Adam What has Adam done for us ir Everything fe He gave us Life He gave us Death He gave us Heaven He gave us Hell Thousands of people visit his monument yearly and there is hardly a nice day but it is photographed by one anl often several people Thus the old mans soul will go marching on I desire to say something personally about this grand old man He had been a Baptist preacher but he just wouldnt lie and so quit the pulpit Further investigation led him into Agnosticism and Atheism Ho was ostracised of course but it was in him to fight back so a wordy warfare was kept up be tween him and the very religious community of Ada He ceased to be Rev Morrow and Mr Morrow and was commonly called Old lIen Morrow But he got along in the world all the same getting to be pretty well off told the munity while not liking his religion was compelled to recognize his good character and so held him in general respect He was Health Officer for twenty years never charging the city one cent and things had to be kept clean in Ada For the same length of time he was President of the Ada Building and Loan and did more to build up the town than any one in it helping hundreds to get homes by showing them how it could bo done through the building association If a man got pinched he helped him out of his difficulty instead of pushing him for settlement and he did all this without taking one cent extra for himself That was the kind of man Old Hen Morrow was and the good he did was nearly all expended upon Christians For years he stood alone as an outspoken Freethinker and what character so grand as the one man in a community soaked with superstitious prejudice who stands alone for truth and right and the emancipation of the human mind But before he died ho had the satisfaction of seeing others as bravo stand by him and the whole community influenced by an undercurrent of Liberalism which was well demonstrated by tho very unusual attendance at his funeral Ada is the scat of a Normal School which at the present has 1200 students The town itself has a population of 1800 making a total population of 3000 The papers as you observe state that 2000 wore present at the funeral and they would rather make it less than more I judge that thero was fully that many in attendance and it looked as though the whole town had turned out The papers make light of the brass band and parade as though the same was not common in Masonic Grand Army and even in religious funerals The Band played national and patriotic airs as we marched from the residence to tho Armory The Odd Fellows of which order Mr Morrow was a member followed the band then Mr A W Clutter and myselftUoly Men then the hoarse followed by family and friends There was nothing spectacular about the parade or in the least un usual except tho absence of the men of God who taketh away the sins of tho world hut who make more than they take away At the Armory a crowd of hundreds had gathered at tho door many of whom had stood there for two hours to bo sure of get ting choice seats The doors were opened and tho corpse and procession admitted before the crowd was permitted to enter then there was a Christian scramble to get to see an Infidel funeral Was the like ever heard of before They kept a comin till tho hall was jammed and many turned away They even shoved the rows of chairs forward toward tho stage and closer together in order to make more standing room in the rear The gallery and aisles were packed Tho band played Hail Columbia I told Clutter who acted as High Priest and iii Generalissimo that he would better go and tell them to play Hail Hail tho Gangs AIlIICloc c c c Mr Clutter opened lip by paying a fine personal tribute to Mr Morrow then reading a statement Mr Morrow had written for the occasion followed by a letter furnished by his brother Odd Fellows In this letter tho Odd Follows paid Mr Morrow a fine tribute stating that he was recognized by all as one of their best citizens and most enthusiastic members particularly kind benevolent and charitable always first to assist in any worthy cause etc but owing to some features of their ritual they could not take part in tho funeral ceremonies further than to attend and escort the body Of course this was all right They could not well have done otherwise Mr Clutter closed by saying that he hoped wo would receive tho same respectful attention generally shown in churches on like occasions and wo certainly got it I spoke for an hour and forty minutes and not a left the lihll Considering that some of them stood for two hours waiting on the outside to get in and then for two hours on the inside all just to hear two scoffing Infidels this seemed to me if not the limit to be rather a remarkable manifestation of Christ ian patience It was the first time and now to them and it had the effect Mr Morrow knew it would have I have never ob served such interest and attention especially from the women told the students Of the latter there must have hen 500 pres ent told after the ceremonies were concluded many came up to shake hands and expressed their pleasure and somo made quiries as to getting Frecthoiight literature There were two professors from the University present five physicians several attorneys and the representative people generally All this notwithstanding the ministers in their morning services had warned their flocks not to attend and students on tho quiet were told to keep away Of course curiosity brought most of them out Some no doubt thought they were going to a circus and they wanted to see the ringmaster Clutter and tho clown yours truly do their stunts Well they came they saw and they gave us their most serious attention In tho early part of my address told them that Mr Morrow had dared to learn and to be dif ferent that we wanted to be serious and dignified but at the same time wo dared to be different in our funeral ceremonies tend I wanted them also to relax and bo different and if I said anything to lead them to smile to be freer to do so and in several parts of my address I awakened their humor conse quently the papers said III joked as Iscoffed In one place I told them that I wanted particularly to impress this one point on their minds and said very slowly While none of us KNOW what the future will be still of this ONE thing we may all bo SURE When a man is DEAD ho will KNOW every bit us MUCH as ho know before ho was BORN They were quid to catch on and a pleased ripple ran over- house I told theta it did mo good to sea them smile and I wanted them to enjoy themselves that most of them hadcomo from curiosity and it ought to bo gratifiedthat if I had been billed to deliver a Frccthought address I would have had an audience of about 15 people and now that I had an audience of 1500 would take advantage of tho occasion and tell them what Mr Morrow desired I should say I had corresponded with Mr Morrow and it was his justJthat I would servo tho Tbbasco hot It wai the strongest address that I have so far given and strange to say tho received which goes to show that the time has arrived when it is safe and popular to speak the blunt truth Speaking for myself I said I want lo live again and hopo for another life hut I dont want to go to tho Christian Heaven which in my opinion is worse than the Christian Hell Also that I had no curiosity or desire to see any of tho Gods Ghosts BLUE GRASS BLADE 6 Saviors or Prophets of antiquity neither the Jewish Jehovah nor Zeus nor Buddha nor Osiris nor Zoroaster nor Apollo nor Jesus nor Jeremiah Ilcckitih Obadiah nor any oi the rest for the simple reason that they were all either myths or frauds and II wouldnt walkup one light of the golden stairs to see the whole hunch This seemed to afford them special nmuscmcn1 and I told them that it was plain to me that this reflected then own minds otherwise they would have been shocked While I spoke feelingly and tenderly at times and got up among the clouds and down among the dewdrop and plucked posies in the pastures and gathered garlands in tin greenwoods and wildflowers by the waterfalls and sailed out of sight through the silver sunsets and all that you know still I aimed for the most part to keep down to plain hard facts and hit the nail on the big end and drive it home It is always a good idea to soothe and soften with the beautiful They will stand the hard knocks better One of the newspaper correspondents says that my speech was beautiful but tricky lie was right This same writer admits that my address was a terrific blow to Christianity and from what ho heard after the meeting he doubts ifI those out ot the church could be induced to come inso it seemed to have the desired effect It is not necessary to make reply to the press reports which always treat us in a slurring ant sensational manner and which are gravicd all over with Ananias Snare They speak for themselves still they always let loose some wholesome truths with their sensationalism and spread the news t far and wide that wo are still holding our own fort and have recruits a comin This funeral was advertised by the press all over the country The many students who attended it will carry their impressions in many different directions while the people of Adawill never again be quite so firmly fixed in their religious prejudices For the people of Ada I must say that from the serious and re spectful attention given us they impressed me as biting not only cultured and courteous but quite up in liberality with the thinking people of larger cities I expected to face an audience of three or four hundred people sonic of whom would get shocked at my If scoffing and leave but instead I had an aud ience of 1500 none of whom left and many of whom stood through the long ceremony and who told us afterward that it seemed short and ended too soon My experience on this occasion has somewhat revolutionized my ideas as to Frcethought funerals Mr Morrow was far seeing and set us a good example Whenever it is possible 1 advise that a theater or a public hall of some kind be secured for tho occasion If Mr Moires funeral had boon held in a theater in Lexington it would have been tilled Instead it was held at tho small cemetery chapel where only 500 came and half of whom could not hear People will go to a theater or a public hall when they will not go to an Infidels home Besides the meeting takes on a public character and tho speaker feels more free to indulge in propagandiu speech than in a house Besides the crowd which is sure to come gives it added importance consequently insuring newspaper notice e The main object in reporting this funeral is to call tho atten tion of Liberals to these points mentioned Our whole lifes work is constantly being cheapened or rendered nil by our fail J ure to make proper preparations for our funerals Every Liberal can write his own funeral sermon Every Liberal is a thinker- oven if ho does not happen to bo a writer which is largely a matter of practice If ho cant composo himself ho can copy what ho wants from the funeral addresses current ill our Liberal papers and pledge a friend to read it Last week Mr E C Wilmot an old and honored Freethinker living 12 miles back of Covington passed away Many of the old Made readers will remember him lie was the younger brother of David Wilmot of Wilmot Proviso fame He was learned and scholarly and was always active in the cause and known far and wide in these parts Last Fall ho called on und made me promise 1 would deliver his funeral address I told him however to Write out what ho wanted said for fear some thing might happen that I could not attend Well he died and was carried to church unda preacher preached him to tho Christian Heaven And so it goes I would have gone had I been notified but knew nothing about his death until the hour of his funeral when a friend telephoned me of the proceedings We should all have the force as well as the foresight of Bro Morrow whose family carried out his wishes to the smallest detail His son DrB Morrow will publish a pamphlet con taining the entire addresses and proceedings of his fathers death and funeral with a picture of Mr Morrow and his famous monument This also will make good propagandie literature and so the old mans soul will go marching on I oust say again that Iant enthused over this manner of public funerals for Freethinkers It gives us importance to the very endour lifes work is not rendered nil and the results arc far reaching As Mr Morrow said I make the clehgy stand up and take notice Usually at tho home the space is very limited and only a few hear If we want the public to hear us we must get a hall for these occasions and so get before the public It was the biggest treat of my life to see Christians jam and scram ble for the good seats and to observe hundreds turned away While at Ada was entertained by Mr and Mis A W Clatter Mr Clutter has stood by Mr Morrow for the last ten years and is well known to Ohio Liberals He is leading photographer of Ada and notwithstanding his outspoken Liber alism he has a flourishing business and is prosperous He has a perfect gent of a residence of fourteen rooms on a fouracre space at the edge of the town certainly enjoyed their hospitality and got on the outside of a lot of good things to eat They have nn interesting family of one daughter and three sons and all of them can see through a ghost as easily is their keen sighted parents Both Mr Morrow and Mr Clutter are evidences that the time has conic when Liberals can be outspoken even though they stand alone in Christian communities and still he prosperous and command public respect Would that every town had just two such men like them Cincinnati 0 Tho Blade is grateful to those of its friends who have labored to secure a club of now subscribers This is a good sign Keep it up and through the prosperity of the Blade wo cum look for greater gains in the number of recruits to our common cause x x x Cuthbcrt C Lee just returned from Labrador in an dress before tho Twentieth Century Club at Boston anni hilated the Jonah and tho whale myth Relating how tho party he was with had caught and cut eight whales ho add ed had tho curiosity to test tho bible storyof Jonah and so got into tho mouth of tho whale but found tho aperture leading to the cabin too small and concluded that the higher criticism was right Ono byOlle the bible yarns are being thrown overboard x x x UMison needs no celestial guide no heavenly monitor Whoro Reason sits enthroned justice reigns not god e BLUE GRASS BLADE Criticism on Government How Graft Bills Are VotedView of Legislative Bodies Multiplicity of Measures Make the System of Government More Complex By Judge Parish Ladd The substance of the following copy from a member of the press gallery a most reliable source At the close of the Congressional day Friday February 15 1006 there had been introduced in the House of Representatives 150lii hills Of these nearly 111000 were what are called pri vate bills their purpose being to take money out of the treasury and give it to private persons and corporations Of the 0f 00 of them pensions which had been rejected as fraudulent over 2000 of them grew out of the Civil tar and 1200 more asking Congress to amend the records so as to open up rejected claims In plain English says this writer the whole 13000 are graft bills In the Senate up to the same date there had been in troduced 4484 bills of which over 2200 deal out graft directly iu the form of pensions Besides these 4484 provided relief for those claimants whose graft had been rejected Thus says this writer about 3iOO of the 4484 Senate bills for the first two mouths of the session are propositions to pay money to constituents of Senators for their work in getting the Senators elected by their legislatures This means says the writer that more than fivesixths of the business of the House and more thin fourfifths of the business of the Senate is vate legislation all aimed at the purchase of votes for the Senators and Representatives with public money This in a nut shell says he is the meaning of the private bill graft that is going on in Washington Every pension bill means votes to the man who votes it 1 might quote much more of this On the ith of February 1JOG the House put through 429 of these graft bills in 72 minutes On the first pension day in that body 18J bills went through the Committee of the Whole at the rate of less thin one minute to a bill On the second pension day 203 such hills went through that committee and were passed by the House in just two hours leaving 14000 such fraudulent claims on hand By reading only the heading of such bills the House succeeded in passing 30 such fraudulent bills in less than one a minute Such it will be seen is the way our people are being robbed but why waste time in writing up the neverceasing graft of Congress for it is going an everywhere among our Congressmen and other of our legislative bodies To become laws these must be signed by the President who of course must help out the Congressmen Cleveland in his first term signed 1871 Harrison ill his first two years signed 1388 In his second two years 217 Cleve land in his second term signed 47 MeKiiiloy the pious signed 2085 Roosevelt first term 2171 second tern 3315 total for Roosevelt 5520 The fiftyninth Congress passed a little less than 400 with 8000 more under consideration Here let me turn oico more to our critics what should constitute a correct government In his Liberty land Liberalism Bruce Smith says With the parties in England the battle has always been fought for civil and religious liberty against the dynasties and despots in politics and the sacerdotal and mysterious ill religionf fiov ornment exists slays Mr Ieckynot to abolish or restrain hilt to preserve and enlarge freedom The libertyof each says he should be limited only by the like liberty to all Humbohll says Reason demands that each should be loft free restricted only by the limits of his powers for goodalull this should be the basis of every political system John Bright says The foundation of every democratic state is liberty each should live as he lilies since he is slave if he must live otherwise Sir rrskino May says The history of civilization is the history of freedom The word liberty means freedom to do as one pleases subject to the like freedom of all others Or as Spencer puts it Liberty to bach lim ited only by the like liberty of all Sir Jame s Macintosh says Liberty is security against wrong Blackstonc says Civil liberty is but natural liberty restrained only to the ex tent of saving the general advantage of the public This of Blackstone is the best definition of liberty we have had among till the writers Perhaps even this might he im proved on by saying Civil liberty is natural liberty re strained only to the extent necessary for the preservation of the like liberty to all others for no one can enter into society without giving up a few of his natural rights in exchange for the promise of governmental protection ill all others How far the governments of the world have lived up to this promise fthatGovernments are but the reflection of wisdom or want of wisdom of the men who govern too often this wisdom is extremely limited with selfish motives hack of it Hence the world has no good goellI1ucutsIIIIl American system the worst of all Sir Joseph Cowan says Without mental liberty man is a machine without physical liberty he is a slave and without political liberty he is a serf Henry Broadhnrst says Po litical liberty is best calculated to promote the highest order of manhood hilt nothing eau make all men equal While all may be equal before the law nature makes few equals and what nature does not do in this respect cannot be done Macanlay says Our rulers should confine themselves to legitimate duties leaving capital to find its most lucrative course commodities their price idleness and folly their natural punishment let the government do this and the people will do the rest the people after this should be let alone to manage their own affairs so long as they do not unduly interfere with one another Mr Diey says The state should leave every man to do what he thinks best with hiown so long as ho does not infringe on the libertyif others Mr McCulloch lays down the doctrine that noninterference of government should be the rule and interference the exception Sir Kdmund Burke says It should be the constant aim of government not to find out how much but how little restraint can he imposed compatible with public good before individual liberty should bo touched it should he made first clearly to appear that ho public good demands its curtailment Ho further n sH Af ter a lifetime spent in its studyout wisest legislators are able only to get a glimpse of knowledge of true rules of legislation This is not only true but is apparent to all political economists Apply this true rule and think what wo must get at the hands of our brainless lawmakers many of whom have no more real knowledge or capacity for anything than lost children babes in the woods in a hall of legislation Some fellow in our California legislature now in session in troduced what might bo called a Roosevelt bill pensioning all families having a dozen or more children to which some wag offered an amendment to include the prolific jackrabbit whoso progeny does not have to be schooled in order to fit him for a these fuels slaring us in the face our legislative bodies are filled with men many of whom have not the slightest conception of the rudiments of government much less of the DI BLUE GRASS BLADE I principles of good government The most of them have not even a common school foundation on which to build or practical commonsense on which to stnrt life in any kind of business too ignorant to realize the depths of their own stupidity Yet these tire the men who make our laws and shape the destinies of our several states and national policy Is it any wonder that wo have the most expensive the most reckless and least protective system in the world as shown by statistics The less one of our legislators knows the more anxious is lie to enact laws for the government of others The most legislators go into that body with their pockets tilled with hills then the process of trading commences each ready to support all other bills in exchange for support of his own the result a book of 500 to 1000 pages the most of which are a direct stab to liberty no good to anyone unless cursed Sunday laws which are re sorted to by the devilish priesthood to force their brainless religion on to sensible people This constant tampering with the law has become an intolerant burden to till alike Plato and Aristotle agree in saying no one should be permuted to enter the legislative body without long study of political economy and that none other can form any correct opinion of politics Sir Thomas Buckle in speaking of English legislation says Nearly everything done by the legislative body has been done amiss that as a rule most enactments do more harm than good that legislation which interferes with personal conduct is gener ally wrong If this bo true as to English legislation where a majority of that body are statesmen what is to be expected from the illiterate and naturally weakminded of our legislative bodies The result is just what might be expected Mr Cowan denies the right of the legislature to regulate or interfere with the private actions of individuals Sir Henry Mann lays down the rule that all legislation for the general happiness which interferes with mans primary forces jeopardizes the best interests of the community Join Locke says The end of law is not to abolish or restrain but to preserve and enlarge freedom each than should be allowed to pursue his own course so long as he does not encroach on the liberties of others Herbert Spencer quotes with approval the opinion of Locke Jf Leon says All writers of importance agree that personal freedom should be the rule interference the exception that ho who advocates interference by the state should show most clearly a necessity for so doing Sir Edmund Ilnrku says No man is lit to enter the legislative hall until ho has spent most ofit long life in the study of government Thomas Jefferson said The tyranny of the legislature is most to be feared How apt are these words to our legislative depart ment where some are without brains sonic with brains only for mischief a few honest and competent John Stuart Mill cites with approval the French rule Laissez fairc nonintervention In the first republican con stitution of France 1711 it is declared that liberty consists in the right to do everything that does not injure others This is just what is meant in our federal declaration or rights That all men possess by stature certain inalienable rights which no law can take away from them No power at common law or by permit in the federal declaration can deprive tiny man of pursuing his own way in the acquisition of property or the en joyment of his personal liberty in his own way so long as ho does not deprive others of equal rights All Sunday laws tire a violation of the common laws in con llict with the declaration of rights repugnant to natural law and at war with ethics common sense good breeding and the rules of humanity None but priests and other ignorant relig ious bigots have the impudence to interfere with these salutary rules The French Constitution of 1818 embodied these vital principles in an enlarged furor Everytine says Kant the great American law writer may seek his own happiness in his own way so long as ho sloes not infringe on the like course of Whets Mr Kant had our federal declaration of rights before him when he wrote the above Mr Mill one of the ablest writers on government that ever lived defines his position in the following language The sole end for which mankind are warranted individually or collectively in infringing on the liberty of action of tinyof their members is selfprotection In the foregoing have quoted front most of the great writers of the world on political economy and the science of government showing what government should be if carried on in the inter ests of the people All of these great writers are out of liar mony with the legislation of all governments especially with ours radically with the tenets of Socialism All governments are today in the hands of politicians whose interests are at war with the good of the people The politician like the priest is all for selfnothing for the people Ho works or pretends to work for the people when forced to do so to hold his place Both tire vampires parasites on the people The complete annihilation of the one and the utter extermination of the other will restore truth peace and happiness to a downtrodden world My next will be along other lines probably the science of life or ancient history Alameda Calif THOMAS PAINE CENTENNIAL MEMORIAL MEETINGS OFFICIAL PROGRAM The official announcement of the program for the Paine Cen tennial is now made through the medium of a printed circular a copy of which is being sent to all friends of Paine as far as these are known Front itwo now learn that two meetings will he held Both are under the joint auspices of the Thomas Paine Historical Association Paine Memorial Association Brooklyn Philosoph ical Association Society for Ethical Culture and the Hugenot Association of New Rochelle The first of these meetings will be held in the rooms of the Long Island Business College Eighth Street near Bedford Avenue Brooklyn X Y Sunday after noon May 10th The following speakers are announced for this meeting Rev Robert J Lockhart of the Presbyterian Church Nichols N Y Rev Henry Frank of New York City and Mr Henry Rowleyof Brooklyn The next and greatest meeting will he held at New Rochelle N Y on the afternoon of Saturday June 5th The services will be held on North Street and Paine Avenue located between thoIIPaine Monument and the old Paine House The exercises commence at 2 p in Following is the program Thomas Paine as the Devotee of LibertyRev flies Slicer Pastor All Souls Unitarian Church N Y Paine as a Prophet of DemocracyIavid Saville Muzzey Society for Ethical Culture Paine the Pioneer of International Peace Piof Thaddeus Burr Vakeinan Pres Thomas Paine Historical Society Special Round Trip Railroad Rate of Fifty Cents from New York City Tickets to bo had of Dr E B Foote Treasurer 120 Lexington Avenue W M Van Der Weyde Secretary 241 Fifth Avenue W A Viuham Asst See lOll ewes St Brooklyn N Yor at the Grand Central Station before 1 oclock at the entrance on Lexington Avenue facing 44th Street Train leaves New York New Haven at 108 Trol ley at New Roehelle runs up North St from Depot to monument Distance title and onehalf miles of good level walk 8f BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly nt Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES mnll postpaid 160 per year tn advance rive new yearly subscribers at one remittance 1109 each Five trial subscriptions sent with one remittance for six month cents each mini subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions JlOO six months 1509 one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month J400 six months 2000 one year 13000 Hnlf column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisement nrrpl GENERAL BUSINESS RULES AM StOSCniPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up advance The address slip on tile paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Hock numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal case of dlsclntlnunncfi- BUOILD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thi office giving both old and new address as desired TIM OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 126118 North stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will he given a hearty welcome Till BLADE enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as ernndclas mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO TITS BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky PHYSICIAN HEAL THYSELF In matters of religion man is responsible for all the ills and inconveniences it has wrought Every religion is butt human invention Its fcrms an ceremonials being a litter production Geology has upset the biblical notion uncut tho corners and the foundations of the earth and the science of astronomy hs revealed the fact that the blazing suns planets told worlds that dot the firmament at night are something more than mere phcsphorescent bubbles on the bosom of infinitys shoreless mi True science unaided yet opposed by religion has wrought the wondrous changes in the human mind that prohibits tho belief that somo almighty personality spent forty days chiseling laws on tables of stone for the edification and glorification ofu few wandering tribes semibarbarians For centuries the Jewish scriptures as interpretedand supplemented by tho orthodox Christian church contained all there was of true knowledge and the church taught and insisted with rigorous discipline that it was the 0110 in fallible true font of information All outside knowledge was deemed to be unnecessary Even the philosophy of the middle ages if it be justifiable to call it by that name but it is all there was were so confounded and befuddled by theologians that every conclusion was readied with a view to harmonizing with ecclesiastical dicta The church meaning thereby the clergy used every argument that II II ni could ho invented to show how and why that which is taught to be true was true No matter how short tho dem onstrations might have been no matter how great an element of mystery remained tho church was always ready to check tiny excesses in information by resorting to tho secular arm of tho law Tho secular was controlledand dictated by the ecclesiastical tho latter lone being supreme No wonder tile air became peopled with demons no wonder that evil became personified with good tho formerrever seeking new Jobs to afflict with festering sores and fool friends no wonder the priest was made the intimate friend and personal representative of tho deity no wonder that men believed because they did not know Our timid and oppressed ancestors of that period had a living belief in these theories and they acted upon it in till their dealings with their fellow mono The only culture known to them was saintliness after the notions taught to them concerning saints and every element of education was poisoned by the deadly dicta of theology Even tho earth had been cursed for mans sake and cursedwas he who sought to remove the race from such terrible conditions In till this we can in retrospect view the great struggle between right and wrong between tho true and the false between men of learning and men who merely believed between the forces that make for progress and tho elements that held down the brakes Tho friction engendered by this ceaseless strife gave a greater headway of steam and the social train began to move forward at a moro rapid rate Men learned that in tho course of all Nature had a fixed order from which there could bo no deviation with out disaster They learned then that Nature could not ho altered through the agency of supposed spiritual beings as they were moved by prayer for good or had And so tho conflict wits found to be of almost eternal duration or doomed to exist just so long as men shall live In this wo we tire forcibly reminded of tho language Byron puts into the mouth of his Lucifer when discussing himself and tho deity ho says Andworld by world and star by star and Universe by universe shall tremble until This great conflict censes and it neer shall For what can quench our immortality our Mutual and irrevocable hate Had tho different races and nations of men been left to themselves it is probable that such beliefs as those hero enumerated and such conditions might have continued for centuries longer But there carne a commingling of peoples Beginning with the Moorish civilization in Anda lusia now known as Spain followed by the Crusades men of different nations and countries were brought into contnct each with the other Each rondo tho acquaintance of tho others literature and religions They began to compare notes and make contrasts Discussion entered its forceful BLUE GRASS BLADE t Iwedgo and Reasons bright day had dawned Its sun once above the horizon was destined never more to set For it there is no western horizon It may be temporarily ob scured its light may misunderstood andmisinterpreted but it will shino on and on in spite of priestly proscription and prejudice The Nemesis of all religion is finality The battle cry of education is to move forever forward and onwardIn these few expressions of thought the following apt quotation from Huxley may prove interesting as sum ming up in a few brief words the case wo have tried to make out Ho says The distinctive character of our own times lies in the vast and constantly increasing part which is played by natural knowledge Not only is our daily life shaped by itnot only does the prosperity of millions of men depend upon it hut our whole theory of life has long been influ onced consciously or unconsciously by tho general con ceptions of the universe which have been forgedupon us Jby physicalscience The few words hero given contain tho sum and substance of all there is to life and truth In them may bo found tho very essence of the freest of Freethought Cour ago yea a superb courage is required to follow where truthmay lead when popular prejudices are to be over come but consciously or unconsciously the leadership of Science is admitted oven by its bitterest foes and a com plianco therewith becomes inevitable FREETH OUGHT FUNERALS IN ENGLAND The National Secular Society of England will hold its Annual Conference on Sunday May at Liverpool The call has been officially promulgated Among tho matters to bo discussed is tho issue of Free thought funerals exceedingly pertinent and important at all times and in all places Freethinkers should by all means bo given a purely Freothought burial But our Englishcousins propose to take a step immensely in ad vance of tho American position They not only demand a surrender of Christianrites upon such occasions but insist upon legislative enactments securing to deceased persons a respect duo them in tho matter of funeralceremonies The following resolution will ho introduced by Presi dent G W Foote- ConsideringII tho present scandalous state of affairs under which Freethinkers funerals tire so often and against their express wish and even directions carried out with Christian ceremonies this Conference is of opinion that its Executive should take special steps sco what can he done to frustrate this gross abuse of power on the portof relatives and executors and this Conference likewise calls upon the Government of Great lirittun to pass a short hill securing civilized respect for the convictions of deceased persons in connection with their interment PAINE CENTENNIAL Our friends and readers will probably bo aware of the fact that the Paine Centennial will take place during the coming week and that ere another issue of thb Blade can be printed the meeting will he history The Blade expresses the hope that it can bo made one of tho greatest historymaking epochs of the century next to tho Declaration of Independence and if the proper support lots been given to it success is sure to follow We trust that we may bo able to furnish our readers with as full a report as possible regretting our inability to attend the Centennial in person From the London Freethinker wo learn that Editor G W Foote President of the National Secular Society of England has offered a motion for tho consideration of tho Societys Annual Conference to bo hold in Islington Square Liverpool May IJOth as a commemoration of Painos services to humanity The motion reads This Conference desires to place on record a hundred years after the death of Thomas Paine its admiration of his genius and character and of the marvelous courage and disinterestedness ho displayed in fighting against super stition and tyranny and this Conference rejoices to see that the great cloud of calumny with which his name was surrounded by the sinister interests he attacked is now slowly but surely lifting and dispersing so that he is beginning to shino forth to the world at largo as ono of tho noblest and most effective of modern soldiers in tho war of liberation of humanity Wo anticipate that the resolution hero quoted will bo adopted with eclat by our English brethren and how much more do Americans owe to Thomas Paine IMPORTANT CHURCH TAX DECISION In support of our contention heretofore made that every church will try to dodge paying taxes on anyof its property we have at hand a decision ofa Pennsylvania Judge compelling the payment of nearly rue thol8fl1l1rdollars in taxes ba Presbyterian church Manyof our readers will recall that Dr 1 S ICey cr as given in our columns urged that no effort was made to lodge tho payment of taxes for tho reason that the property of tho church was Mot assessed and he argued that there could bo no dodging until an aseniwmt had been made in accordance with law Replying thereto we argued tho opposite view and held flint in cases where Assessors had listed church property for fixation tho church authorities resisted payment through the courts preferring to pay out money in legal foes tool Gmt costs rather than topny a just proportion of public burden To corroborate this view vo reform to a saso in Lexington whichupon investigation proved our contention to bo correct t 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE The ease now ill point is in connection with the Taren tiuii Presbyterian Church either in or hem IHtsburg A portion of the property owned by the church had been assessed by the local authorities for a pro ruta payment of the cost of public improvements The church refusal tp pay on the ground that the property wa rsod religious purposes and therefore inidor tli law ol iiii ylvauii it was exempt Judging From the fans proven in the case tho municipal authorities iidlIot attinpt to tssei and col lect taxes upon the ilrnvh building propel but uj on nn adjoining lot used aa i luxvn for beautifying Ill rpSea ind not for religion or religious orhi 1Ihe liilIIlI ion drawn by the Judge roioiing the dooi ton between prip erty used for religious pnrpiso oxcllllldt and property owned by a churdi but nt isod for religion purport s ar all presents a Ingalaspet thai should ire fairly and partially considered by all classes and conditions of our people Innumerable frauds are perpetrated under the church exemption law but if this decision becomes final it will go far toward a partial solution of tho issue of church taxation For the benefit of our many interested readers we here give that part of the opinion coming into our hands in full as follows From it our readers may infer its character and nature It reads As we understand the law the religious use must bo both aeuta land exclusive otherwise the exemption does not apply In this case the southern portion of the lot upon which tho church building is erected is actually and exclusively used for religious purposes and could not if tho act of 101 is constitutional be charged foi improve ment of this kind The vacant portion of the lot adjoining East Tenth avenue fronting on that avenue 218 feet and extending back a distance of 05 feet tannot however bo said to be used for religious purposes It is merely lawn which adds to the beauty of the property and consequently in our opinion is not exempt from liability for tho im provement under the law of 101 The foregoing opinion was rendered by Judge Kolxjrt S Frazer of the Court of Common Pleats in what is known as the ease of The Borough of Tarentum vs The Presbyter inn Church of Tarentnm Tho amount of taxes sought to ho recovered was 01185 As the opinion holds that property owned bya church in order to be brought within the purview of the law of exemption must bo in actual use for purely religious purposes and that such use must also be exclusive it would follow as a legal position that a lawn not being actually and exclusively used for purely religious pur poses a parsonage although used by tho officiating and regular minister of the church must partake of the same legal character and therefore not exempt from its just shave of tho burdens of taxation This opinion is more farreaching in its general effect IS concerns the taxation of some kinds of church property than the opinion given in the case of the Broadway church- ill this city In tho latter case it seemed to bo the view of the trial court that a parsonage would bo exempt provided it was actually in occupation by the parson his The there occupancy ofit parsonage in such manner canInot he construed as being an actual anti exelusivo for religious purposes only Under this latest ruling which trust be held good both in law and equity only that trop s erty exclusively used for acts of worship can bo held to be exempt J Little by little the courts fire coining to a more just view concerning church exemption and the time is not far distant when even churches must made to pay TilE INTELLIGENT MARCH OF PROGRESS So fur as the religious temperament of tho American mind is concerned wo may safely presume from all the surrounding facts and circumstances that it is in a period of probation The greater intellect is to bo found outside the church The lesser still occupies the pows Although the majority- of church members and church attendants fire women this statement must bo accepted as true Nor loci this mean that in many instances tho greater intellect h not to bo found among women Considering only the general liver age occasioned by greater and wider opportunities extending over a long period there is more intelligence among teen than among women Too long were women compelled to depend upon their husbands for knowledge and it is only within a comparatively few years that education equal has been extended to women On the other hand a large umber of women abstain from church in many instances women oppose tho church mid all that it teaches in trotters of religion and socalled morality while some men attend church and pretend to accept its dicta It would follow then that tho most intelligent women are not in the church some of tho most ignorant of melt are in tho church which leaves the highest and greatest intelligence of both sexes in opposition to the church and its methods Wo can readily understand that many women find a version in attending church which theyare unable to obtain in other channels Men have their lodge rooms their clubs and social institutions galore and for tho men tho latter have actually taken tho place of tho church Following the rule that men must first learn to doubt before they can learn to tolerate the lime will inevitably como when both then und women will have learned to estimate each other by their personal character and their acts not by their religious pretensions or beliefs When this stage of thought has been reached whatever religious opinions yet remain will ho formed from purely transcendental processes of which in everyage of the world glimpses have been grunted to a few giftedminds To tho observing mind it has long been apparent that I 1 BLUR GRASS BLADE U there is a general drift today of women from the church That this is the direction in which things are now hastening must ho clear to every one who studies the progress of modern civilization Women are no longer submissive IIgainIuntil it stands today as the most colossal beggar on the face of the earth It has not only been compelled to abandon its longclaimed and longestablished supremacy but it hits evacuated its strongholds wherein it mutllcd free opinion and from which in the face of advancing knowledge it has vainly attempted to secure a safe retreat The greatest triumph of humanity over the church came with the establishment and acknowledgement of the authority of private judgment as forming a tribunal for opinion front which no ono had the power of appeal This was tho first great blow at the power of all theological institutions It would follow then that if the ultimate test of truth is individual judgment man must have some positive basis somo final standard hwhich and upon which that judgment may bo formed This basis is only to he found in physical science From this we must infer that there can be no decisive criterion for what is called religious truth save that which can bo drawn from science Because of these developments theological interests have ceased to bo looked upon as the supreme concern of man Realizing that tho inevitable must befall them tho clergy tire striving with different motives to check the rapid rise of tho great wave of skepticism that threatens to engulf them and into which utility of their own class are drifting through tile exorcise of that right of private judgment which onco theyso bitterly denounced Frc thought together with the principles it advocates must inevitably become recognized as the leading and prompting feature of the human mind Realizing this it becomes tho dutyof every Freethinker no matter his or her inclination to do everything within their power to encourage that which however painful to some is salutary to all because by Frccthought alone eau religious bigotry bo destroyed True a nation deprived of physical liberty may win it a nation dividednnay reunite but any people denied tho right of private judgment become mental serfs the penalty of which is poverty suffering and decay To longer permit the arbitrary authority of tho church over the human mind brings us to the verge of national decline and national shame It is not necessary that the Earth pilgrim should struggle through Slough of De spond and the Valley of Death before ho can reach glo rious condition of mental independence but while tho process may induce a mental distress tO once there is an exhilaration to tho hold and intrepid marcher ho climbs the steeps of libertys golden heights PREACHERS PAST AND PRESENT No less an authority thin Buckle in his History of Civilization says that tile preachers willingly fostered a de lusion hwhich they benefitedand those wOI l811ro equally as true today as they were upon tho day they were first written Tile only difference is that the preachers cannot make so gigantic a success at it now as they did then From ancient times even to the present day the clergy would have tho people believe that they had free and unlimited access to the Almighty if one there be accepted into tine celestial councils and given omnipotent confidence In their sober moments when conscience is given free rein these gentlemen must admit if not in public then in private that they are no more thin their fellow mon that they know no more ofit supposed infinite being than the humblest beggar clothed in rings and waiting at tho back door of a cheap restaurant for a handout But as Buckle says just so long as they can derive benefits from anysort of delusion they willingly foster itand this fact has brought tho pulpit into popular contempt The eyes and minis of the people have been quickened by tho advance of educative influences and men now see in tho clergy nothing of higher consequence than a mere mean preaching for a pension Hut what must have been Buckles estimate ot the clergy in his day and age and tho ago that preceded If the clergy willingly fostered a delusion they must have knowingly played the people false And this for personal profit Albeit how many delusions are the clergy fostering upon the people today Do they show ouch improvement upon tho clergy of bygone ages In a measure the clergy of today know more than the clergy of the past and yet they foster and cherish the same old god and future life delusions that have driven thousands to madness and death Realizing that myth and miracle are now incapable of moving tho masses elmfitcii yard they resort to political expediencies to keep tho church alive t It is reported that a certain Georgia judge lilts adopted a custom of opening his court with prayer Recently a murder trial was in progress before him fund the preacher hired to open the court Rev Toe McDaniel while praying referred to the defendant Jordan Swain as a man whoso hands are dyed in the blood of his fellowman The de fendants attorneys immediately moved for a mistrial using tho language of the prayer as a ground therefor which tho court wits compelled to grant Does it not seem that the preachers are alllicted with the meddlers itch to such an extent that they become Moro undesirable every day k Tie dogmatism of the church begot doubt and tho doubter begin to study the bible Instead of finding it tho stor age house of wisdom and truth ho became convinced of its folly and falsehood and Infidelity was born L2 BLUE GRASS BLADE MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY WEAKNESS AND STUPIDITY SOME HELP OTHERS TO PHOMT BiiiLicAL ADVICE CIUTICISKD UELIGION AND TIm NArUItI Ltws OJ SOCIETY POPULATION By Dr A Hausman As the third and very prolific cause of poverty we find individual faults lack of application physical andmental inability laziness and improper uso of money earned Thanks to the innate force of inertia and the false teachings of divine predestination utility people have not yet fully conceived the law of labor and look upon work which their own interest compels them to do as a kind of injustice Such people claim that the world owes them a living and often manage to live by their wits which really means that they subsist on the stupidity of others without doingany work If they did not find weakminded people to prey on they would soon discover that not the world owes them a living but that they themselves do Avery important source of poverty is misappropriation of labor which means to use the assignation of the common wealth the money to procure luxuries of purely imaginary value In order to get an idea of how much labor is wasted without receiving any useful equivalent it is only necessary to consult the statistics of the United States In 1870 for instance the consumption of tobacco amounted to over ninety millions the consumption of intoxicating liquors to one hundred and seventytwo millions together in a round sum two hundred and sixtythree millions Doubtless of this immense sum a large sharp has been contributed by the people who ought not to spend a cent for such unwholesome luxuries In same year the property of the church is valued at J51 millions which means a lead loss to society of all tho labor this sum represents In a bible issued in 1889 I find tho following statistical items taken from tho report of the Commissioner of Internal Revenue for 1887 Missions 5 millions clergymens salaries 12 millions education 9G millions tobacco i0 millions liquors and beer 900 millions This extract does not give the church propertywhich has to bo added to the unprofitable invest ments of society Much of this dead account was undoubt edly furnished by people who had good reason to uso every cent for tho purchase of tho necessities of life What pro portion of poverty must bo attributed to this cause is im possible to ascertain but from personal observation I am inclined to believe that the share must bn a rather largo one Being employed in an isolated mining camp I had a good opportunity to observe what use the mon nuide of their hard earned dollars Regularly on pay day a Catholic priest would maO his appearance and collect a handsome sum from tho faithful for tho future benefit of their souls and tho welfare of tho church Some of the men monthshard 1 ing etc Thus they wasted tho wages of their labor re tcontrihutothe stupidity of their patrons Henry George says Tho demand consumption determines the direction in which labor will be expended in production and very nearly gives expression to one of tho fundamental principles of labor question The above named occupations are certainly not productive and the passage ought to read The inducements heM out by tho majority will determine tho direction in which a single individual must apply his fac ulties The above named individuals were tho fittest tho men who gave them their money losers To these causes of poverty must be added another im portant factor by which the evil is not only intensified but often transferred upon tho next generation Matrimony There is no subject in regard to which more prejudice exists and which is treatedwith more reserve and hypocrisy than this social institution Although its solo object is tho gratification of a powerful animal instinct tho church lass attached to it a spurious moral significance made it a re ligious rite a sacrament as wo were taught in school Describing the unwholesome condition of tho poorer classes the gloomy picture of famished women and children is always brought before tho reader as a neverfailing appeal to his sympathy But everything in its place ifa physic ian has to find seat of a disease ho must strictly follow rules of his science as the only way to benefit tho patient his sympathy is of no avail It is the same with a social disorder Want is material and in searching for the mechanical causes wo must put aside till sentiment and socalled moral reflections and deal with facts only Matrimony is one of tho most prolific sources of poverty it engenders and aggravates misery The advice of tho Bible Be fertile and multiply may bo worth heeding in a lo cality where there is room enough for an increase of popu lation but under tho peculiar conditions created by tho system of division of labor it is incurring a great risk to obey tho precept At another place was demonstrated tho impossibility of balancing production consumption in the different branches of labor and tho statement made that any existence based on such uncertain occupation must be likewise uncertain and subject to fluctuations whichno power elm control People who marry on such an insecure basis of support earning barely enough to live front hand to mouth are liable to be thrown from poverty into want byany unforeseen unavoidable event for instance sickness BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 or other calamities probably without their fault but never theless followed by the same dire results While u single person cant easier save some money and go somewhero else in search ofemployment it is different with married people If two people depend on the labor of one ho is deprived or his liberty to a great extent and made the slave of circum stances The trite phrase that three will find enough to nut where tho table is set for two will he found u delusion when tried in practice With the increase of the family the acres and sorrows will grow in proportion It is tilt inevitable i suffering family whose existence seems to K assumed as selfevident which imparts a pathetic touching character to poverty and forms the basis on which the wage question is generally discussed Must that be so Tho impulse of love is a natural stinct which it is natural to obey but tar inexorable physical laws pay no attention to any moral or tthic dictates which sir human mulJIIay l wrong Tt a provision of ho statutes that ignorance of tho law is no excuse for breaking itmul this maxim applies with far greater force to tho laws of stature they assert their power without any regard to the welfare of their creatures Man possesses sauna instinct of sympathy as tho animals but is able by virtue of his higher intellect to givo it a wider application in re gard to time While the animal obeys implicitly the in stinct of propagation without being able to premeditate tho effect of its surroundings upon the future welfare of its offspring man has the ability to tako into consideration tho influence of the natural factors which must determine the fate of the children Is it right to put children into this world when you know that tho curse of poverty will be their only legacy An analysis of the relations between religion and the natural laws of society showed that tho deleterious effect of its teachings consists in substituting a false motive to human actions arising from natural instincts without any regard to tho inevitable mechanical sequences Thus religion grants the gratification of the passion of love on condition of performing certain rites and protends to re lieve thereby tho parties of all future responsibilities Do not caro for tomorrow for tho lord who feeds tho raven in fields will taw caro of you or something similar saya tho bible But everybody knows that this is one of tho gross lies of religion that the lord neither feeds tho birds nor tho people but that they must die as thou sands did in olden times if tho supply of food givcsout If people pacify their conscience with these cheap morals of religion they do not avert tho grave consequences of an imprudent act and then they look around in vain for somebody else whom they might hold responsible and turn against society at large They say like tho Vicar of Wake field that an honest man who married and brought up a largo family did a greater service to his country than one who lived single and expect tho state tho country to acknowledge this service by giving them material aid in re turn But if they would candidly sound their own motives they must admit that nothing but personal egoism tho de sire to love induced them to marry and if they wouldask tho opinions of all tho other members of society they would learn that nobody considers himself benefited by their action and that nobody cares whether they have any children or not It is somewhat different with tho absolute monarchies where tho word of the king Petal cest mo still holds good and the food for tho cannon must bo replenished hIlt in this country the only one in tho world where the government is recognized as the means for individual life liberty and pursuit of happiness and not as tho object of individual existence tho words of the good Vicar of Wakcfield are a delusion and everyone believing in them and emulating this precedent docs so on his own risk The deleterious effect of generating children under con ditions which do not afford the means of rearing them like civilized beings has been recognized by a lady in England Mrs A Bcsant who has written a book on this subject recommending some means to check tho increase of popu lation As might bo expected from any publication which offends tho orthodox doctrines of tho church it was ar raigned before tho worldly court under charge of being immoral but a comparison with tho filth and corruption in tho holy bible had the unexpected result that reason was victorious in an English court I have been informed that this rendition of tho episode is not correct and I give it with reserve To bo continued If Christians who worship at Jehovahs shrine cannot live in peace on earth how is it to be expected that they will foster unity in heaven where they have got to bo for all timo At Easton Pa pastor Howard Jl Longof the Reformed Church has been arrested for stealing oil from the Lutherans and tho Reformed churchmembers caused tho arrest of a number of Lutherans on a charge of malicious mischief in tearing down a coal bin Tho trouble came up because both sects worshipped in tho sane church building What saints tho Christian religion can producolIIgnorance accepts religion because of tho l and for the same reason intelligence rejects it One Lexington preacher insists that men make a mistake by judging god from bible instead of judging tho bible by god As wo can know the bible and can not know god except by the bible men have no other means of judging godor his book and that judgment must necessarily lo adversely rendered concerning both Tf miracles could bo they would bring about interrup tions in tho harmony of nature and render man tho inno cent sport of the caprices and whims of the powers working them i4 BLUE GRASS BLADE 1 AN EASTER OFFERING By A B Bennett As is customary in all churches why cannot we as Freethinkers imitate our Christian friends by offering to our risen Lord whose trinity is Reason Common Sense and Liberty a trinity that leas made for progress wherever practiced Would you go to Russia to Spain Italy Portugal or Mexico countries that have not yet thrown off the galling yoke of church and state and expect to find liberty oi lman progress Decidedly not And this is because those Virtues of civic life are incompatible wifli existing conditions and are held in thralldom by a lot of parasit ical priests and preachers Therefore as true Freethinkers we owe to one of the grandest causes the world has ever known Unman Liberty a debt of gratitude that can only be paid with the price of eternal vigilance This glorious trinityof Frecthou ht has already risen Its horixon is illumined with an Aurora Borealis that all men may see and enjoy its streaming light An Easter offering for the risen Lord of Freethought I herewith enclose in the form 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