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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, June 27, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909062701 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, June 27, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. J 1t BLUEGRA lA S BLADE Volume XVIII LEXINGTON KY JUNE 27 1309 Number 9 DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT Jf7l framtfetitrJT I IJi nr t il By George Gordon Shall we ask the where when or how Of the Great Everlasting Now rf IShall we of Infinitude try 1T4OrTo wander in wonder and windF7 Through lahrynthian chasms f Of Imaginations spasms Trying to picture a distant line Of Natures Boundary or a signry r pi Of when she stretched her spaceless arms V i0r timeless memory back through chqrmsK Of countless eternities sUblimerrt To the never of the first of time A Or can wo find in all the realm Of theological dope a helm hI To guide the floundering bark Of drugged inquiry through the dark tIntenninable waves of the selldd Of doubt and expect to be free To cast an anchor of conclusion jlr Amid the weary confusion Of other tired ships of being ji In the still harbor where seeing tAnd hearing are passive action t t And faith is the satisfaction Of letting others do our thinking j 1if A sort of slipping and sin9ngF And sticking fast in a mire tyj r Ofmad conflicting desire Fed on a slimy collation xr t Of slowgrowing revelation i1 AId hope is hope and alwaysswill1Be hope Thinkst Nature can Thet future with a prophesyingsttrreawm Of light enough to Of limiting the forever lJf Never And Echo nns et81ev f4 Let us realize that a part Can never know the All The li art May beat in rhythm with the great Ii L Fateitever grasp a tow i Gfieuiopoictio causation Counterbalances all creation t the study of present life enough without joining the strife discussion about somethingswhich wo ell ever know nothing its study present being cause will always bo fleeing n our thinking Let us review 0wondrous beauty in each new of the potent possibilities bur progressions The abilities man can ever be occupied with profit So let abide ity with the Infinite t bo content with what finite scan partly comprehend It will take care of his own ends me business and we must ours rutty is his but tho hours jng to us world has been jo uienbeenA ssrble deitiesstarknude ieh from the hands of their maker i the ignorant godfakirtmummied and aged i they became quite exultedStime the race quit malcing pr winnowing anti raking ones from old ecclesiastic e Tis time ese fantastic teps were brought out to the lighttianisji for tfc long weary night ffUDeretition is Breaking progressive race is waking iemorn of humanization Yoilo immortal nationa r it i I l r j ifitBLUE GRASS BLADE j W1 i Woman vs the Papacy j One of the Sex Takes Personal Issue with the Recent Letter of 5j the Pope on This Important Subject J By Mrs J J Fyckes especiallyiretiJures of savagery and that it provides these features the Jsnnction pf God and a baloc1 is amusing perhaps also irritating to see how the churchchanges front whenever policy dictates such a course t For instance while it obstinately opposes progress and with iC2 indefatigable vigor even fury exerts its influence to induce society to hold fast to old conditions it will veer instantly if tj reason proves victorious and claim that the very progress it tOPPOSED has been achieved THROUGH THE JncHi Gibbons in defense of without investigating the truth of his position that woman has lA been crowned and sanctified by his creed and that the Popes ihave aways valiantly defended her from the pagan system of oppression that only sought to shackle and enslave her 16 as merely hoodwinking the uninstructed masses who take for granted whatever he says iIt was Christianity that scourged and crucified woman that nude her the accurst instrument of the devil and it was canon hurch law that reduced her to a social nonenity knew heras nere scapegoat for mans sin and hallowed in the name of Ml the persecution of an entire sex Perhaps Cardinal Gibbons jnot know about this or perhaps ho has been afflicted with t forgetfulness that so often afflicts offenders t the law when their shady transactions are delved into court Docs not Catholicism and Christianity in mention Islam Mormonism etcalready degrade then its conception of heaven and of creation Woman Lde as afterthought a pretty plaything to amuse Gods ep him from being bored but otherwise totally un gnnn complete without woman and extending his even to heaven since the supremacy and importance is vindicated in the Trinity Father Son and Holy feminine element being left completely out ofcal J know they will tell us that God is only spirit and ear lvo1cndow him with sex must be rated a i Icmy orthodox not be scandalized d if m to Our Mother in HeaVon or timitating thepagaris to God as Lady instead oford That the God the s spiritual I deny oven the Angels the rnal Fancy spirits being in Irtye with the daUgtwof sex could not possibly be moreVstrongly Id Testament we read that this was the case that eyipwom used angels to go astray and in the Ivew Testa tgaul rates this pretty fable by facetiously remarking thai en should be veiled because of the angels lest they be ted from celestial paths There is not much spirituality- t this And were not hosts of women burnt during the le Ages because the people believed that they had seduced or become the concubines of devils who were merely tangels Bhurch does well to maintain that angels art spirits and f A + k i that God is a spirit but why if this be the truth did the simple fact that sculptor Borghums marble angels bearing feminine aspect create such a clamor among the churchmen and why did they demand that male angels should be substituted I Moreover why does every illustrated Bible present God asa ven crable bearded man seated upon a throne among the clouds Fancy is helped along by such delineations when it gropes after anthropomorphous God it is taught to place emphasis upon the religious conviction that the Lord is no spirit but an omnipotent man This idea and ideal has wronged and harmed woman grievouslyI in opposition to such a deity a different idealall creative Nature tho universal Mother of whom I once wrote some couplets two verses being given hero From con on to eon in a restless sea of change She swept on lifo in aspects most mutable and strange From mussel leapt to lizard from saurian to bird From that again to mammaltill in man her pulses stirred That is the best religionto believe that man must progress that this is a natural law and let us hope an inevitable one also That would mean that eventually instead ofa man or a woman we would see a human being and grant to each the utmost opportunity for the sake of society and the welfare of the world For in the words of Tennyson tho sexes are inter dependent whether man will have it so or notjIf she bo small slightnatured miserableIHow shall men grow I In a recent dissertation upon womans rights printed in tho San Francisco Examiner April 27th tho Pope with the usual conservatism of churchmen proved his loyalty to the old ideals of his creed and to conceptions that have vitally harmed all sox cannot prove too ungrateful if truth bo told for all the favors that have been showered upon it by the church and its ministers since these favors consisted of gibbet scourge and rack and a most cleverly perfected system of anfL oppression suppressionI Secure in his assumption of Godbestowed Pope would perpetuate tho monstrous errors of his creed and have a fable determine womans status and the ideals of barbar ism lend their fell vitality to our civilization Thus he assumes that womanthe afterthoughtwas created Hfor man after man and of the manthat God determined her mission in tho beginning a mission that may be summed up in few words as being tfconvcttpont fixture for man in mans domain She MUST says thi Holy Father unctuously remain ALWAYS under mans power and he rebukes the mistaken feminism that would set Gods will atnaught by brushing away the cobwebs of the ages that under tho caption of custom and tradition have retarded progress so long Because she dares to be human sho is in tho wrong It was not God intention when sho was mado to fashion a human be ing but only a woman She figures as a wicked rebelagainst him if she seeks to correct his work In aspiring to political equality she stops outside of tho narrow little sphere an actual itisi fI fIJIII 1iWO cccftt IIrtnIPoT S4 j toI4if fJI r1 r ll BLUE OPASS BLADEvdollhouse sphere the allwiso Creator intended for her and if she should be admitted Into parliament the ruin of society would be assured Have we not St Pauls august authority for this as well as Pius Xs apostolic word Did not the former fossil castigate women who sought to usurp authority over the men and tell them they were commanded to be under obedience as also saith the law What an exalted positionto be sure the woman of Christendom has occupied And the only activity outside of the home as mans obedient dependent servant plaything to which she may aspire by the grace of the Pope is one that will fatten the priesthood She may administer of her substance to the Levite the anointed holy priest who tells her in one breath that God has sanctified her and in the next that she is hccurst through Eve The Pope in confirming the scriptural afterthought ver sion does not even appear to suspect that ho runs afoul of the actual facts of the case for the human male and female were not separate creations But if Adam stands as a typo of the mule sex only without reference to his humanity some facts of nature would appear to render it certain that tile details of creation had been falsely set downthat Adam was madq from the ribof Eve For the parthenogenesis and agamic genera tion of the lower forms of life would seem to confirm the views of some scientists that the female sex preceded the male and that the MALE was the AFTERTHOUGHT This of course has no bearing on the creation of mankind or of the higher forms of life But our good friend Pius can just as well take the hint and apply it for a nobler interpretation to the fable ho quotes as history Why can he not be just to woman and if ho would quote scripture prefer the account that makes woman coeval with man erentedsi simultaneously 4Of the Popes infallibility many may have their doubts and viceroyzIknowing not god had thrust upon her nistory speaks with a different tongue For it shows us that the church has always 1figured as the implacable enemy of woman It grew sleek and on her substance and yet execrated her oven while she fed itmores the pity that she should ever have fed it nor has anything exceeded the virulence of its vituperations That woman was the gate of hell the confederate of Beelze bubn Jezebel and the path to destruction were the very least compliments they could pay herbut they were not content with mere vituperation they had to tamper with every code that i favored her and originated the noxious canon law that de frauded her of her veriest human rights The God of the Christ ians filched from hqr her human dignity and made it mans duty to suppress her utterly The Salio law was the only sensible law as the Papacy conceived it But if Pius X inspired by God would prove himself Gods mouthpiece let him do so in a more rational way than through merely reiterating scriptural fallacies or let him prove that the scriptures are inspired But those books like the sacred writs of all the nations from the Vedas and Eddas to the Ko ran stand convicted as if bytheir own mouth i e through their puerile contents of absurdity alsehood viciousness and a most painfully apparent lack of inspiration By their fruits shall ye know them And what have been the fruits of tho church f Hosts or heretics burnt at tho stake myriads of witches suffering the same agonizing death because the Book of Books had condemned them and prescribed their torture fraught doom mere infants executed because a gigantic mania saw in hem the offspring of supernatural forces tho children of the infernal powers multitudes of Jews and Gypsies con signed to the gallows and the fiery stake tho pioneer scientists denounced condemned persecuted with relentless ferocity the j i r JOih J iJotifliJ N4r t tf horrors of St Bartholomews night and the Inquisition learning ragged progress throttled the world chained perforce to the darkness of barbarism these are the fruits of the church In cryforcevhichdehumanizing them till they were devils worshipping a devil For we find that the priests pf the Lord urged the Catholic sol diers to slay and slay yet more for the glory of God in his name mid in that of the church and that they called upon tho Holy Ghost to bless the terrible sickening work of slaughter A line of immoral Popes and ecclesiastics has actually had the effrontery to blazon the immorality ofwomanto prescribe a discipline that emphasized her impurity and mado of her a Pariah for the woman alone was the duckingstool the stool of shame the wreath of straw and the scarlet letter intended and meanwhile the priest holding forth most eloquently on the vir tit of chastity tho immaculate holiness of the celibate and cen suring and execrating feminine frailty was himself a voluptuary leprous with hypocrisy as well as vice Thus the two codes of morals were established and enforcedr iI And what more rational How could can unclean life soil for instance the Pope not to speak of his minor satellites Was hie not privileged every once in a while tospeak to God face to Jfl face to dictate his terms to Him Was ho not empowered to forgive sins to close or open heaven for tho dying to sell in dulgences that authorized men to commit all manner of crimes themotherherself oven as it painted her sinful unclean perverse But the veil of divinity is gradually being torn from the eyes of the church by Progress and wo see that she who posed as an emis sary of the Most jligh is really an emissary of eviluniting delusion with iniquitythat it is she who is Babylon and Jezeb rrthc mother of all abominations and that her wine in the golf eiicuhof credulity has kept the people drunk and a wholo wo mid mf tISun Francisco Calif It Each passing day reveals some Bible legend shatter we are rapidly approaching day when the Christie will be placed upon the shelf of antiquity William jj of Westwood near Cincinnati Ohio who is reporte an actiyo worker in the First Reformed Presbyter a student of Bible literature for fifty years at a re tin of Presbyterian preachers declared that David H the Psalms and that the song of Solomon was not the muchmarried son of Goliaths slayer The infer vouchsafed is not new but the importance of the am lies in the place where it was made to whom it wilt f the further fact that many of the preachers prey en followed the speaker with open bibles inhjyidJLaad so impressed with the force of the argument that it wa to follow the subject further Wo fancy we can all what the result of such nrt ifavestigation must be if undertaken One of tho most impressive facts connected with tho Paine Centennial isthat the secular press of America ga limns of space in more or less favor to extended notici comments 1 Paine and the magnitude of his services Revolutionary cpfee in colonial America Much of the thus given is well known 40 all friends and admirers AuthorPatriot but the fact that the public press is mm mood to treat Paine with greater consideration and more than has been its past policy would suggest that merits is to be bestowed and Paine will soon bo universally as the real Father of the American Republic jfm J oil 1 f lt i G i itt r WI JjT ft fIi I 111tii rtrf Jfff Ilf4 THE BLUE GRASS MADE Morals Health and the State Natural and Unnatural Methods of Dealing with Epideinic and Disease and an Expose of the False System in Vogue Under ChurchRule PART II By Dr J F Wetzel jt t So much for the moral side of the questionNow a few words for tho health side 7 All down through tho history ofl the ages wo find fTIe- Plagues visiting tho peoples who in their wisdom ascribed the deadly scourges to the wrath of the offended deities Their cure was to offer more human sacrifice especially of their wisest t and best who did not believe in their silly superstitions which was also their graft IErasmus tells us that even unto the 17th century the clay floors of English dwellings were reeking with filth that to sleep in a room unused was to be seized with a fever of a deadly type that even Queen Elizabeths chamber floor was covered with hay to keep down the musty smells It The plague of 1C65 swept off more than a hundred thousand souls of the City of London Naked fanatics walked the streets vith pans of fiery coals upon their heads proclaiming woe e The treatment they believed to be most efficient was feayer to the offended deity Many new and special forms of KLvcr were developed afcie great fires of London wore also considered to be direct of God sent upon the city for the sin of Sabbathbreak n fact they were great purifiers The newer portions of being built upon better hygienic conditiohs the disease It areas have been vastly reduced Blaguo of Marseilles was one of the many outbreaks A writer of that day graphically describes it caps of unburied dead in public places delirious men wandering naked through the streets churches Rill thronged with crowds shrieking for mercy plundering tlm hid and CJJDJ hundreds of orphan asylums to starve or cat other Thesis f the horrors when filth foul air and fanaticism de er fifty thousand people in one city in one year j cessions expiatory services public gl1thcriI1etc ory of God Iud thE gain of the tllllJtltliIVin limtic fcf4his urge otestant Colonies Ainerica attributed tho plagues e whom they burned atthe people of tho Southern burn and n it They found ample berit 1 Sam 28 chap Manassa used it 2 Chron shalt not suffer a witch to live Ex 2218 2 Kings ov 10 31 30 27 Dent 18 10 11 Acts i610 and many wore easily quoted method of making away with private enemies or business tors as well as heretics waa ideal and without danger informer as well as a source of glorification and at times iderable profit I Heads judge for reward the priests teach for hire and ets divine for money Micah 3 111 Today itcosts uito a billion dollars a year to support these teachings these ministers these churches that obstruct sanitary advance ment that teach delusions for truth that teach the casting out of devils the laying on of hands even to cure a vile sexual disease and foolish prayer If any among you are sick let him call the elders of tho church and let them pray over him and the Lord shall raise him up James 5 14 The fanati cism of today guided by such unscientific teaching if unchecked would tend to scatter all diseases broadcast over tho land until the plagues would be like tho poor under their administration with us always Calvinistic Scotland overlooking her filth foul air and fanat icism saw only visitations of divine wrath in her epidemics as many as thirty in two centuries sweeping offa multitude of people The religious theory of Divine Providence and ItVain is tho hand of man paralyzed tho hands of all sanitary endeavor The great fire of Edinburg in the 17th century was declared by the Town Council to beU a fearful rebuke of God It was in fact a great purification and the death rate was wonderfully reduced The destruction of all the slums togetherw- ith the business portions of San Francisco Cal in 1D08 was attributed by tho ignorant both in pulpit and among the masses as being a rebuke of God for the wickedness of the people The teal cause was private greed of tho water company whoIgrind every dollar out of tho people they can and who not and will not spend en ugh to give the city adequate fire pro tection in case of an earthquake insurrection or other possible cause of conflagration The rebuilt portion of San Francisco is tho best that man can construct being fireproof ratproof and almost timeproof The bubonic plague lulled about a hundred Chinamen in the rat infested portion of the city but the war carried on in the most scientific manner to exterminate the rat has put an end to this plague after a few months crusade The housefly will now have to go as the next in importance of the carriers of disease whether divine providence likes it or not The most ignorant part of the pulpit and even the press which should not bo ignorant even in this ago of generaliscientific enlightenment still teaches that disease is due to an inscrutable providence instead of being duo tp animal and vegetable organisms propagate by filth foul air and fanaticism Only a score of years ago the Bishop of Lincoln devised a new prayer against the Lagrippe In spite of nil tho opposition of the churches and their burning of Michael Servetus tho first doctor to proclaim tho circulation of the blood a hundred years before Harveys thesis on the sub Joel their murdering of many scientists with devilish cruelty their racks and their thumbscrews their deadly hemlock and other poisons their persecutions their deposing of intelligent honest and truthful professors from their positions in seats of learning and against their every influence sanitary science is advancing along with tho irresistible march of General Science to conquer the world from filth foul air and fanaticism Camp fever jail fever ship fever hospital fever river fever swamp fever are littlo more than names in the textbooks on medicine today Smallpox in spite of opposition to vaccination is almost extinct England is no longer known as tho II Carved Race It from her people being pitted by tho loathsome Tuberculosis the White Plague It maybe stamped disellsej B J i W liI Ji a c t j T r lficf hL THE Bid C RASS BLADE Iall old infected buildings are razed to the ground and sanitary structures alone are occupied by man and beast The history of preventable disease has been written with the blood of millions of strong men and fair women and prattling babies in letters as plain and enduring that the lesson they teach should never be forgottten Cleanliness is the exorcism that shall banish these evil spirits from the eartbnot prayer but works A moment of tire is worth an age of prayer in banishing these demons of disease Offer them to the god of fire and not the scientists the socalled heretics or the witches or any other people cremate everything subject to decay that cannot go to the fields to nourish plant life raze even the great cities to the ground if need be and commence at the foundations to build proper sewerage and gienic buildings Do not wait as San Francisco did for a rata clysm to do a great loss what should have been done by the people at great gain The life expectancy of a child born in the slums of our relit t cities is less than 21 years The old houses are hotbeds of con sumption the germs are in every crack and crevice andlhe WHY THE GLACIAL AGE Cause Assigned Other than Polarity for Extension of Ice near to Line of Tropics By J C Watkins iScientists and scholars generally agree was at a remote period in the past an age or period when a very large area of the earths surface was covered with a sheeting of ice in some places hun dreds of feet thick These glaciers extended from the poles entirelY over the Frigid Zones andover a portion of the Temperate Zones The evidences that such a condi tion existed are so conclusive that scarce ly any well informed person disputes them But while this fact that there was a cial period or age is admitted few if any have ever been satisfactorily able to ac count for itor for the prolonged continuances of the conditions that caused the glaciers to form and to extend so much further towards the Tropics than we now find them On the generally received assumplhn that the earths orbit is now approximately where it has always been the existence of the glacial era is inexplicable for at that time which was very long ago the eat th probably contained more internal heat than it docs now and there is no good rea son for supposing that the heat from the sun was any less than that we now receive from it To account for that remarkably epoch in the earths physical history wo are forced to assume that the sun for very long period failed to send out as much heat as he has since that time been giving us or that there was some other- extraordinaryJ change took place by which 1 1 t 1 i I 4 f JJoft g private pwners should be held in damages for all preventable disease occurring upon their property Half the children born are sacrificed to tho god of filth half of the remainder are Jfsacrificed to foul air in the bloom of their youth and almost j all the rest are sacrificed to the Moloch of poverty with its overwork its intemperance its crime and its general ignorance Only one in a thousand has a life expectancy of the tbeast of the field that can live to be five times as old as its bony growth Man alone does not live five times the periodIf his bony growth If he did the average span of life ofa tem perate man would be aroundone hundred years if his environ ment was free from disease germs his food and drink free from Ppoisons and his mind free from dread of poverty in this liferand dread of the divine wrath of a loving heavenly Father in a suppositional life to come In tho next installment we will consider what has been done twhat is being done and what should be done in the future along sanitary lines that the gods have left undone J San Francisco Calif t the temperature was for along time great ly reduced Evidences are abundant and conclusive suchfrigidApparently the only tenable theory or hypothesis is that the earths orbit is net fixed but that it was originally much fur ther from the sun than it is now If for instance the earth at the time the glaciers began to form or to become abnormally extensive was twice as far from the sun as it is now or evenif it was where Mara is now it is reasonable to believe that the temperature was much lower than it is an the earth now The year then was more than twice as long as it is now because the further a planet is from the sure the further it has to travel in making the cir cuit of that body and also because planets far from the sun travel slower in their orbits than those that are nearer the still The winter on a planet 150 million miles from the sun would not only be very much colder titan our coldest winters but would be three times as long The summers would be of corresponding length but not so warm as our summers are Under such conditions glaciers formed and continued untias the writer believes the earth circled in towards the sun and they began to recede It may be urged that there is no proof that the planets are shortening their orbits and gradually falling towards the sun but such may never the less bo the case Be this as it may the fact re mains that it is difficult to account for the glacial ago upon any other hypothesis for if the earth is as far from the sun now is it over was there is no apparent reason why there should not at any time bo a repetition of the glacial age an occurrence that no one now regards as probable Kanawha Falls W Vat l i tj tRZM THE PAINE CENTENNIAL By A B Bennett Yir Although I was unable to attend the cele i bration of the Centennial of the death of Thomas Paine yet I am pleased to learn from direct and personal reports that it was an unbounded success Paine was the- gleatest liberator this world has ever t known He was a soldier an author and a hero For the people of his day and gen eration he did more than any man then living He not only freed this country from English dominion and misrule but he ac complished a work that will free the minds of millions yet unborn from priestcraft and superstition and the end is not yet II The mind of man shall be free That was Paines motto He made that his guiding principle through life I am no wor shipper of heroes but of all men living or dead Paine deserves the united admiration of all mankind Quite a beautiful tribute of praise was delivered at the Centennial by Rev Thomas R Slicer of All Souls Unitarian Church Now York David Saville Muzzey of the Society of Ethical Culture also paid a splendid tribute to Paines inemory Both of these gentlemen spoke with a real heart felt sympathy and beyond doubt did jus tico to our cause and conferred both honor and justice upon the memory of the Author Hem of the Revolution A large concourse of people was present to take in the proceedings and pay their respects to Paine s memory Prof T B Wakeman introduced each of the speak ers with a short address Elbert Hubbard of East Aurora Now York also gave one i of his characteristic addresses Thus endedjtine Centennial Celebration of the anniversary of the death of Thomas Paine Norwalk Conn rRtijt t r Il 4 f f q i j rqlti1Id i 1I ti J r iJ1 v 1iU 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE 4ks MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY t CRITIPAI REVIEW OF PROGRESS AND POVERTY BY HENRY GEORGE CHAPTER 15 OF THIS NOTED WORK Is Now REACHED tf r r By Dr A IIausnllmlf j Those privileged classes who owe their highi mtil tion and comfortable thbOlower classes are as a rule opposed to educating the masses claiming that too much knowledge would make them discontented with their lot Very true if man had always been contented with his lot there would not be any progress nor civilization in the world Yes the first atel r must be dissatisfaction and the next one to find tharighv way to remedy the evil And isnt it better to hclpAthoiii find the right way than to wait until tho evil assumes un bearable proportions and seeks relief in a revolution in violence and crime Let them remember the words of the poet jM I fl l1j The free man thou fearst in vain v But dread the slave who breaks his chain i Being well aware of tho difficulty every person oxper fences in changing his view regarding some things and aban doning old familiar ideas which have become firmly rooted in tho mind through long continued habit I believe it ad vantageous for the better understanding of the principles of the social question to illustrate their effect by applies tion to a special case If I select tho United States it is for two reasons first they present tho greatest possibilities for reform second they fire of special interest to meg a citizen of that country But before proceeding Ithink it may not be amiss to say a few words about a worktreat ing the same subject Progress and Poverty by Henry George tho author claiming to have discovered aninfalli Iblo rcme tho social evil of IMfSMK PROGRESS AND POVERTY By HENRY GI i 1 The author of this work claims to have discovered a reinody an infallible cure for tho ills that sociot is heir to which is simple in its application and promptjm its effect There seems to be but ono objection to itjtho people refuse to take the medicine and this is a most for tuna to circumstance for tho doctor because an actual test wouldsoon demonstrate the utter worthlessnessjf the if remedy but as long as this has not been done itenjoys i ffij 11 r the benefit of the doubt and the inventor can continue to recommend the panacea in good faith In taking hold of the question the author does not commence at the begin ning the fundamental laws of society but at the end tile effects of these laws the result of the uninterrupted pro cess of evolution since tho first appearance of life on earth According to his narrow conception tho whole problem centers in ono single feature of the question the relation between capitaland wages and refers to ono class of people only those that do not dependon the direct productiveness of the soil for subsistence but on occupations created by the system of division of labor In tho first book tho author attempts to prove that wages are not drawn from capital but that labor produces tIle wages of which capital receives a share and according to the tendency of the book in this arrangement consists the injustice against the laborer the final cause of poverty which will disappear like magic as soon as tho laborer re ceives the full amount of his wages without deduction by capital This seems to mo the predominating idea the quintessence of the remedy The first question presented- is Why in spite of increase of productive power do wages tend toa minimum which will give but a bare living Is this presumption really true As far as I can judge from my own observation hero and in Europe it is just the con trarywages are higher today than fifty or twenty years ago In correspondence with the increased demands of life which fpnn tho essential character of progress the ten dency is to earn more money and spend more and the wage scale adapts itself to this postulation While in a densely populatedcountry like Germany for instance all kinds of labor is better paid than 20 years ago it cannot bo JeniedIthat the opportunities for obtaining work are scarcer from day to day Nor is this surprising the pop ulation is steadily increasing so is the amount of labor wasted in unproductive occupations arms church and government but the area of land remains tho same Tho productiveness of tho acres is taxed to the utmost capacity aidsince it is impossible that two different people raise two different crops on the same piece of ground at the same time the opportunities for application of physical force are limited while the continuous increase of popula tion creates a surplus of labor for which there is no room and no demand For this excess of population the wages tend to a minimum That more people could live a better life if tho labor expended in the maintenance of the above named nnremunerativo institutions was devoted to productiveness is as true as that the mental inferiority of the working classes is tho cause of this perverted socialorgan ization j J 1 I ft V BLUE RASS BLADE The second proposition reads that Wagesinstead of being drawn from capital are in reality drawn from the product of labor for which they are paid This may be so and may be not Ifa person employs his capital money for some enterprise he does it in the expectation that the result will be a profit to him that ho may receive more money in return than he paid out His motives are egoistic ho hires his help as cheap as he can and the same motive induces the laborer to sell his physical andmental capability as high as lie can His capital creates in fact the opportunity for the laborer to earn his wages because he is under no compulsion to employ his capital that way If this does not imply an advance of capital I do not know what to call it The case of a whaler is quoted as a proof that wages do not require the advance of capital because she carries back in her hold the profit of the owner and the wages of the crow the product of its labor But Mr George you forget the ship does that not represent capital Is it no advantage of capital to build buy and fit out a ship for a whaling expedition at an expense of say 50 000 Why does not the crew build or buy a ship and go out on their own risk then they will receive their wages in full without any deduction for capital The author is still moro unfortunate in his attempt to prove that point r when ho makes the startling statement that there is no advance of capital when a Sutro or St Gothard tunnelor a canal is cut because the tunnel or canal as it is cut becomes capital as much as the money spent in cutting it The idea of calling an unfinished work which is done for a certain purpose and is useless before it is completed identical with capital is grandly absurd As long as the enterprise in which capital is engaged docs not pay the capital is advanced but if it fails the capital is lost andall the wages are paid out of the capital they are a gain for the laborer only and a loss for the capitalist If Mr George was a heavy stock holder of Panama Canal shares ho wouldsoon change his views and bo glad to dispose of his share of the capitalwhich the canal becomes at the tate as it progresses for a small percentage of the good coin it cost originally and which ho claims it is worth now Book II is devoted to an attempt to disprove the Malthusian theory but all his arguments merely tend to show that the limit of population has not been reached on earth which is quite true But that the limit of population which is by no means fixed is easily reached in certain places and exactly wherp poverty is found in its most acute form in largo cities seems to have escaped his attention Or sloes ho really maintain that population could increase indefinitely until it has reached a density liko that of London or any other large city all over the world Ho must either admit this possibility as tho natural sequence of uninterrupted multi plication or deny jt and thereby acknowledge the truth of tho Malthusian or better Darwinian theory In Book III the results of some biological laws are mistaken for the laws themselves Tho author speaks of land i i+ Jdi JU r l labor and capital as the factors of production which is r wrong in a physical sense Only land and labor are the w Yffactorsof money a person possesses above the amount required implyfixed a His definition of rent is rather obscure no such laws as Jio claims govern and rule this subject exist The simple fact is that everybody endeavors to derive as much benefit from his land or capital as possible and his successdepends on the circumstances under which are placed those who avail themselves of these commodities All these subtle theories seem to be based on the supposition that nobody owns a piece of land himself and that everybody is compelled to pay rent This is undoubtedly true of some localities but fortunately not universally all over tho world Mr George starts his interrogation on this condition as an accepted selfevident fact without making any attempt to explain how it happened that the land was so unequally divided that tho majority allowed a few to appropriate such an incommensurable allotment In Book IV the author describes the evolution of a city from the lonely cabin of tho first settler to a commercial Metropolis But instead of tracing the growth of such a place and the increase in value of the land on which it is built to the real cause far outside of it ho attributes it fa to the local increase of population while it is a fact that such places as St Louis and Chicago would still be trad ing posts if the vast country all aroundwas not so densely settled Such towns grow up in proportion with tho con Si sumption and production of a largo district of which they i form the center of exchange or commerce The deduc tions drawn from these facts are that rent increases which is quito correct tending to diminish the of the produce which goes to capital and labor which isdfquite absurd Every increase in the value of the estate means an increase of tho capital invested All the L land from tho first homestead to tho chamber of com morce is invested capital or labor which amounts to the same because the acquisition of land always implies tho outlay of money labor or capital Of course the rent in Reuchii place may bo too high for many peoplo in proportion to the opportunities offered for earning wages but that is a question of individual judgment To bo continued Count Leo Tolstoi is reported to have placed tho Russian li government in a rather ombarassing position although there is Ja probability that it may result in his deportation to Siberia i imennsthntThou Shalt Not Killwhen ho as author Demanded that tho 0 proceedings bo against him in person If tho government takes I him at his word and ho is convicted banishment will surely come to the aged Russian philosopher 2t it 4 t t I jlhi f t A lf J F 1S I 1 r 8 BLUEGRASS BLADE IBLUE GRASS BLADE i Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February ISM JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager t JOHN CHARLE8WORTH editor 7 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky er P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 116 per year In advance Five new subscribers at one remittance 8100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance torlx months Ct cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion 60 cents one month or four Insertions 111 six months one year 10- Quarter column single Insertion J1IO one month M six months one year JI9CO rates Halt oftCatf column or larger advertisements at special The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent It asked for upon renewal li case of dlsclnUnuane SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at lli118 North Lime oreth Lexington welcome Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky 7 I THE BEGINNING OF THE END j From time to time wo have made mention in theijpgpl units of the decadence of church and theology brought I about by intellectual conflict and the eternal struggle of thought towarda more enlightenqd anda more perfect freedom Innumerable evidences are at hand concerning j the rapid declination of the orthodox religion and many different causes are being assigned No thinker expects or anticipates any sudden change in the worlds religious notions All religions die bard The transformation from one roligioijs thought to another is a gradual roccssAn religions refuse to change uiitil the pressure of public opinion compels it and the step is deemed by those in charge to be advisable in order to pro long life a sort of desperate remedy much as a physician will find it necessary to take chances in an extreme case The drift towards heresy is more marked among the Protestant sects than in any other branch of the Christian system While it is true that Modernism 1ms lraitedj the Roman Catholic Church yet that institutionalthough shorn of all vestige of temporal power still wields a PO- Werful influence with individuals and even with nations but it will not be able to stifle the liberalizing influences that have broken through its onetime power and authority Protestantism beingnothing more than a revolt itself now I1 finds its institutions threatened to such an extent that it is beginning to see and recognize the greater dangers within as well as the impending struggle without It is now quite common to read ofsomo startling utterance made by somo Protestant preacher an indication that they are in clined to break through theological restraints and the time cannot be far distant when rationalism will havo so thorough y permeated the Protestant pulpit that those who in sist upon preaching the old dogmas will be considered by their more enlightened brethren as fogeys and fossils incapable of progress and more fitted for some barbaric age rather than the ago in which wo live According to a recent issue of the Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph two preachers smarting under the whip of theologicalauthority have dared to deliver stinging replies to more orthodox criticism and have joined in a vigorous declaration that the church is in need of reform It may have taken theso gentlemen a long time to findout that fact but they now realize it and do not hesitate to speak out These gentlemen are Rev A 0 Dieffenbach pastor of the Church of the Ascension and Rev J H Dietrich pastor of St Marks church both in Pittsburg Rev Dieffenbach is quoted as sayin- gII little interested in Christianity The behavior of some of the brethren ik simply that of men who have taken parrotlike the dogmas distrib uted in their days at school They do not think for themselves they do not study they do not grow So they aro retailing a lot of rubbish that the people arc sick of hearing Rev Dietrich is also quotedas saying I have reached a period in religious development when I no longer feel constrained by an external- authority I refuse to have the church dictate me what shall be preached or who shall preach it from my pulpit The minister who thinks is bound to outgrow the standards of his church These are the most encouraging signs that have ap peared upon the theological horizon in America for somo years past Tile words quoted signify a desire more prev alent than utility are willing to concede among innumerable of the clergy to free themselves from the restraints and restrictions of creeds forms and formulas canons and other limitations that have been sot for the purpose of preserving the sectarian shibboleth It is indeed a truth that too manyremain in the church because of the dogmas distributed in their days at school This is the solo mission and aim of every Sunday school in the land Train up the child to tiny form of belief you wish and unless he have a mind of his own and capable of thinking for himself the chances aro exceedingly favorable that ho will be found in the church as he grows to manhood Impressions 0 i 41- 1 THE BLUE GRASS BLADE made in youth are deeper stronger and move enduring than impressions received during middle age And how frequently have we assorted that church members do not think for themselves do not study and therefore are in capable of growth There is some sort of intellectual sat isfaction to learn that ministers of the gospel are now com ing to a realization of that fact but once the people do think for themselves once they begin to study and once they be gin to grow the occupation of the pulpit will be entirely gone and the churches will become converted into temples of learning instead ofas now used for the worship pf mammon But what is the rubbish of which Rev Dief fenback speaks Does he mean the biblical legends the specialcreation the flood the fall and the scheme of Christian redemption That such doctrines are rubbish no intelligent person will doubt but it is decidedly refresh ing to see Such startling truths emanating from gentlemen who are paid to cultivate and propagate them We are bound to feel sympathetic for those who are con fined within prison wills whether their punishment be for wrongdo Jigor having been unjustly convicted So we must experience sympathy for men who are prison bound in thought and mental progress ambitious to bo free and independent yearning for the privilege of speaking as freemen but bound by tho iron rules of a fettering and pestif erous creed In such frame we can admire the utterance of Rev Dietrich when ho refuses to permit the church to dictate to him in matters of individual conscience and proclaims his personal freedom of constraint by external au thority Those are tho utterances ofa man Other men havo been imprisoned and torturqd aye burned at the stake by ecclesiastical authority for giving utterance to words of far less import Just as the minister who thinks is bound to develop beyond the standards of his churchso is the layman who thinks bound to outgrow the foolish twaddle of those who insist upon retailing rubbish that the people are sick of hearing Thought cannot bo confined Imprison the body but thought must be free t The expression of those freer thoughts may be prevented and a lip silence ensue but tho thoughts are there and strive as one may to check the process the r struggle will be in vain Realizing tho vast importance of the statements made by the Rev gentlemen above quoted wo are prone to look upon them as marking a more rapid and serious decline in the church power an actual defiance of churchauthority They tine stops in tho right direction All progress has come from thoso who dured to think and to speak Thus wo repeat here then is tho beginning of the end MAN NATURE AND GOD The whole of Nature Ijelongs to man so far as manleas learned to conquer itand to mans conquests no liihitcan fbe set When the belief of man in god was universal man vast Y ft ifj 6im Natures serf In proportion that man has learned to dis 4 card god he has triumphed over the natural elements I There rolls the sea said Clytaimnaistra who shall t fthet time and aunm who shall exhaust itBllt mans attitude towards Nature has changed Man his assumed a bolder a more warlike and aggressive attitude than over before in the long history of this planet Earth and air and seaiare coming under his dominion and in very truth is he Jstt IThof highest possibility her limitless resources he none the less insisted that man should follow her and obediently wear her yoke But man refused to remain a slave He ex tjplored He investigated He experimented and then dem 13J onstrated All this was the workof man and he made vast improvements on the work of god Bible compilers attrib ute an exceeding imperfect world mechanism to their dcitties Every invention of utility or luxury has been the workof man without the aid or intervention of any god tIThe most thrilling and romantic volume will be the history 1i t of the twentieth century recording the achievements of mau through the struggles of natural science against tht Jintense spoilers who thousands of years have preyedupon their defenseless and unwitting victims but aro now at last discovered in their most secret retreats expelled from the have long profanedN i planet they so Haeckel in his last words on evolution says God is f conceived as the supremo being but turns out on closer examination to bo an idealized man He continues The childish conception of this extramundano god who is r set over against tho world as an independent being tho ti personal creator maintainer rind ruler of all things aro quite incompatible with tho advanced science uf tho nine teenth century especially with its two greatest triumphs the law of substance and tho law of Monistic evolution I If such was the great triumph of the last century and measuring the progress of the future by tho progress of the recent past wo fire filled with speculative wonder con corning what tho present century will produce ere its full term is rounded out The present century may not alto gethcr mark the passing of a belief in god but it will refduce such a belief and with it tho object of that belief to a mere signpost of a traditional bygone authority Modern progress has been made more rapid by a trio of r active emotions in the mind of man Contradiction nega tion and defiance First came mans contradiction of thing 1 called divine This was followed by a negation of an sumed divine authority by selfstyled agents of the supsl posed divinity Last of till came an open defiance to fictu iitious authority over man With this the ono daring stop t jL iL 1 0 10400 41t rJL i r Jj t f 1jIff J it k t 01n r1 r J h BLUE GRASS BLADE had been taken and man soon thereafter occupied the tm throne of power upon which imaginary godp had once reigned Before this era of mental rule had dawned man Zryas very much of a whipped child Ho cowered under the ijVj outstretchedarm of heaven tho priest and waited in whimpering terror for the next fall of the scourge But t i the tables have turned Heaventhe priestis prayerful ly impjoring permission to exist but a little longer This thattIpowers an iron rod- Modern V tfff scientific education is constantly forging the Achillean armor of the intellectual warriorman The exapingi levers heaving on high the fabric of human thought and action and being until man may with reason look aloft and d exclaim Thou wilt not leave us in the dust for men has r worked out his own salvation It is this lofty inspiration 5jthat exercises anennobling influence upon tho human mind t through which blazes the light of true knowledge freed from all superstition and belief in gods good and gods bad st and issues the impulsive force that speeds humanity in con quest along its lines of limitless desire The more perfect mans understanding of Nature the more does ho realize the common relationship of all the common heritage and the common destiny Human con- temptj and human indifference for creeds is apparent inmost everywhere Mon and women are growing greater and grander than all religions Tho heart and mind of the race are improving and a higher and nobler purposo is given to t life and endeavor Unbelief in all dogma is daily becoming more fashionable and tho renovating force of intellect shall yet rule tho world with kindness and love v PROF FOSTER AND HIS ORITIOSt 0 Great is god and still greater are the preacherswhq proclaim themselves tho authorized interpreters of his will the medium communication between the creator andtho creature V When a preacher speaks it is generally undcrstoodthatroan he lets loose his vocabulary through special on high Were it otherwise his speechwould bo without force and entitled to no more consideration than that of the humblest beggar This is the notion tho preachers seek to inculcate and there are numerous of tho laity who readily acquiesce in this view There are time when the people who think may lend credence to such a view though somewhat modified and we have a particular case in mind deserving of some comment ii It is amusing yet disgusting to observe the pimyandv tt malicious assaults of weakminded men assuming divine authority upon their more intellectual fellows and under taking the huge task of establishing fixedmental status Certain Baptist preachers in Chicago are makingsystem atic war upon the orthodox standing of Prof George Burn ham Foster of the University of Chicago because of the extreme liberal views to which he has given publicity in his book on The Functioii of Religion in Nuns Struggle for Existence At a recent Baptist Conference held in Chicago two preachers in particular were especiallyviru lent in their attacks upon the now noted and famous author Rev Johnston Myers a persistent notoriety seeker moved for tho expulsion of Prof Foster and ho found ready seconder in tho person of Rev W A Mathews Both fare Baptist preachers and their one dominant thought seems to be Baptist I was made and Baptist I will die The last named preacher in his argument on the motion before the Conference is quoted as saying Whoever holds to the evolutionary theory and processes must give up his belief in a personal intimate deity i Then wo are prone to inquire what becomes of tho orthodox claim now so frequently urged that evolution is only gods plan of development The statement above quotedcontains a veritable undying truth Evolution and orthodox religion are not compatible despite attempted ar guments to bring them into harmony No evolutionist can bo brought to believe in such a deity who is both personal and intimate Such a belief is fanaticism gone mad Withwhom is this personal deity known to bo intimate Is tho Rev gentleman himself upon terms of personal intimacy with this deity Dare he to open and publicly assort such a claim l So far as history is concerned and sacred history at that it is recalled that this deity in which Rev Matthews believes became personally intimate with a woman to the womans disadvantage and shame But hero we have evolution and orthodoxy placed in hostile and belligerent camps If Rev Matthews is an orthodox authority in such matters ho has brought himself in con flict with thousands of other preachers who hold and teach opposite views And yet wo agree with Rev Matthews Evolution is not in harmony with the orthodox religion But read further Dr Foster is no longer a Baptist Ho has insulted us as Baptist ministers This from Rev Johnston Myers who unablo to shine by his own light has for years struggled to got into the calcium rays through the medium of another and greater intellect All that need be said on this point is that judg ing from his own remarks Johnston Myers is exceedingly to insult and he has put a low estimate upon tho intellectual worthandmerit of Us as Baptist preachers With it all we can but admire in part the stand taken 0f t i ti hhh4 1i Ji T f 4 40 tIP f l i ep y Z 1 i ci f lf t Y jrtjq 1tfJ t f 1 7rf rt 1 I iJi BLUE GRASS BLADE flhl by Prof Foster He refuses to sever his connection with the Baptist ministry and in this alone do we criticise his action Ho has no place in such an instituton His intellectual attitude is in conflict with orthodox institutions and their teachings He can do no good in the world a Baptist preacher for none aro of any practical value to society Ho can do good as an exponent of evolution and a teaclier of humanitarian precepts and as ho has announced his course in the event of his being thrust out of the church to go out in the wide wide world alone wOhi most wish for his expulsion that he may be given his freedom and independence in the matter of further promulgating the truths ho has advocated The age demands that men like Prof Foster get rid of orthodox trammels and restraintsVLATER Since the above was written another meeting of the Baptist Conference was held Monday Juno 21st when among scenes which the newspaper reports describe as resembling a political miccting in a rowdy ward Prof Foster was ousted and his name dropped from the rolls It now remains for Prof Foster to keep his word about being free and independent and leave the rowdy religionists to pursue their practices of expelling the intelligent and educated on a charge of heresy What a contrast between the intellectual poise of Prof Foster and the inane idiocy of Johnston Myers his most relentless foe Possibly the greatest sanctified wmiinnl oi fie day is Rev F G Schenck pastor of tho Evan lical church at Stolpe Mo Failing to give an appearance bond in the sum of 5000 ho was committed to jail in St Louis to await trial on a charge of bringing ayoung girl from Ger many for immoral purposes Tho girl had been brought on a pretext of becoming a servant in tho preachers family but the authorities discovered tho preachers criminal ject and promptly had him jailed The girl Gertrude Waif was ordered deported back to her native land To tho police Schenck admitted that he was tho father of the eldest child to which tho girl had given birth but ex pressed his doubts as to the parentage of the other Oh Christianity what crimes are committed in thy name Fist fights broken noses black eyes arrests trials scan dais characterize the Disciples Church at Sidney Ohio One faction insisted on firing the preacher and hired a new ono The old one refused to vacate Thonew vne insisted on having tho pulpit So it was that Rev J H Wiugflte and Rev William White brothers in the Lord preachers of the gospel of peace sailed intb each other with fisticuffs in the good oldfashioned way White was arrested for assault and tho latters friends had Wingato arrestedon a charge of porfoming a marriage ceremony when ho wasnotV lawfully authorized so to do instead oftllngtQ it troubles to the Lord thv eachran for n noliccnmiL Pcneprv ifulreligion sweet confidiitg faith Lj r4 it4 hJ ijiJff iJl t EDITORIAL POTPOURI r Church Creeds and Party Platforms tho title of a lfcal little pamphlet coming into our hands It was written byrDavid Sanders in a clear pointed and lucid style and sells for i50cents per copy It is published by the Manual Publishing Company of Indianapolis Ind and is both instructive entertaining andj i The II Ax to the Root is now in the hands of President Otto Wettstein of the Materialist Association and Secretary Eliza 1 Mowry Bliven This admirable work ought to pet a wide fdistribution Ten thousand copies have been printed and mem flbers and friends of the Association must now see that it well read Write the above for copiesitBear in mind that we have reduced the rate on new sub i scriptions to 100 This applies to any number from one new subscriber up Keep pushing Devout Thief Poses as a Good Samaritan These words constitute a big headline in the Chicago RecordHerald and X tells of one Charles H Moyer whom we are told was President of the Cook County Bible Class Athletic Association in the Woodlawn M E Church Sunday School SuperintendentI and Secretary and Treasurer of the Epworth League With sucha string of official orthodoxy none will doubt his exceeding tgreat piety Moyer stole 1700 from a glue company where he was employed and landed behind prison bars There is a storyltold in ancient fable about a certain other thiefwho became penitent when he realized his game was up Most thieves are very pious and are largely given to the praying habit t The Chicago InterOcean ever and always a foady to farm of superstition makes an editorial claim that a wholeitown in the far West made up of the most vicious clement of z fIIHistory that such an occurrence has been reported the Inter Ocean may lay claim to have given something original So did Baron Munchausen Nobody is compelled to believe it how i Jever and the toady may retain its reputation bandWritingr1ex- pert The Judge of an Ohio court refused to permit a witness to testify because ho declined to take the usual oath giving as a reasonIII do not know whether there is a god or not From what happened it would appear that the r judge did know or thought ho know but judges are not required to give a reason why If that Judge would but carefully analyze his own mind ho would find himself in tho same boat 2 as the expert witness t Once more we urge upon readers an earnest attention to Dr Hausmans new book The last two chapters published inrthe Blade are especially valuable to Freethought We need as f many advance paid subscriptions as we can possibly get in order f to facilitate its speedy and effective publication We will pro jf pay all transportation on paidup advance subscriptions Dont wait until the book is out Subscribe now and save money helJmerits of the new book are such as to deserve a distribution 4 The instability of orthodox Christianity is asserted by a daily newspaper at Newport News Va which declares that a new fttfreak religion is born every three days But this can make little difference as what is original of the Christian system is the freak of them all However let them multiply The f L triumphj t i Ia 4 1ftiL cWt f r j9i IM Ww- 12BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 NAPOLEONS RELIGION Having rend in Dr Hausmans article Mans Origin and Destiny a quotation from an article on Napoleons religion which recently appeared in a certain pub lication and which endeavors to prove anyfaythe word false false on every page of the article Dr Hausman treats this article with deserved contempt and in fact only mentions it to hold it up to ridicule and puncture it with his keen sarcasm Napoleon was an Atheist and but few writers have the courage to deny it We have only to refer to his conversations at St Helena to prove our point Napoleon spoke at St Helena as a man dead to the world and no political consideration in fluenced his speech no repsect for the opin ions of others restrained him We hear the real Napoleon at St Helena General Gourgand was a special favorite of Napoleon having saved him from a Cossacks r t lance at the bloody battle of Brienne youngIleon expressed his real ideas In Gour companion in glory and to him Napo gands Journal the following remark is recorded Matter said Napoleon is everywhere and pervades everything Life propertiesLaplacepMange BerthoIIet and Lagrange were all Atheists but did not proclaim the fact Napoleon said the sight of so many thou k mnterialistGreat Emperor These words were uttered ofras strong and active as when it directed his veterans at Marengo and Austerlitz Yet in spite of this some writers have put words intothe mouth of this great man which were only fit to soil the mouth of a Spanish priesNofthe fifteenth century It is true states that he died in the Roman Catholic Church There are two causes for this declaration Either Napoleonweakened by disease and near death changed his policy of utter in difference to public opinion and dictated this clause in his will in order to gain the affection of priestridden posterity or he imagined thatlthis clause would produce sentiments in France favorable to his son We must remember that he was suffering from a terriblemaladycancerand that every tissue and cell of his once powerful brain was poisoned by the toxine in his blood He wno longer Napoleon But no one can fjbfUevo that his great mind f though wrecked and dying could accept the old JewishTfable With these facts before us we can arrive at the conclusion that Napoleon- Bonaparte was an Atheist Tf wo wish to discover his real belief shall we accept the pitiful delirious ravings of n dying man or the crisp ear thoughts that flashed from his mighTy brain when in the prime of life and with faculties unclouded he snidH Deatlpnds all Mt Vernon I SOME EXPLANATIONS By A E Wade With your kind indulgence I will make a few explanations as to what I meant in mycdticisn the mental attitude of J Frantz as referred to in the Blue Grass Blade of June3th byvDr A Hausman First I wisnjto criticise his spelling the proper nameiJGod with a small letter g jIf I know ahything about Englislj gram mar all proper nouns commence with a capital letter My purpose was not to prove that Lincoln was a spiritualist but to bring out jBejACTS connected with his Emancipation proclamation that go to prove that he was advised by unseen or spirit agencies Bro Hausmajjliadmits that Joan of Arc and Holy have heard voices H Such things may happen in certain nervous disorders This is nod hearsay ev idence The ease of Joan of Arc is an historic fact as much so as Napoleon Bona parte and his iishmentto the Islandof St Helena TJeveryone who has heard voices is siibjf t to nervous disorders is an unwarranted assertion and will not bear the proof 1dono t believe that Bro Hausman intends to brand the Hon Jno D Works whoTyaa at one time Judge of the Superior Courtof San Diego county Cal Mr R Pfiighop of the firm of Bish op Co Mr E Brown of the firm of Brown StanlewBflCp commercial brokers and a number offfthcrs all good and relia ble citizens off Angeles Cal as dis honset or but one might infer such was his by his language Bro Hausman see have very little faith in any of our s of justice in fact his language wouli plyan utter contempt of court and all t proceedings Whatever may think about Mrs Eddy orChri Science treatment it is no doubt a f hat Mind is the solo or principal ageri the cure of all diseases Not only fun 1 But organic dis eases must yi the proper actionof the mind If we lid break an arm what is it that Se bone to knit together organicdisease oj if we can destroy the germ that causes con sumption Nature Mind will rebuild the wasted tissue and restore the lungs again- I do not doubt that Mind or Nature whatever you may call it is the main fac or in the cure of all cuts braises fractured limbs or wasted tissues of the body Med ical science if it would keep up with the new discoveries of the timeSj must recog nize the action of Mind on Matter in the treatment of all diseases both functional and organic Urbana IThe term god is nota proper noun even according to the strict rules of gram mar and in our opinion it should be spell ed with the lower case H g On the other hand we might ask what it can possibly bo to Bro Wade but hearsay evidence that some one else not he heard voices Editor THE PHILOSOPHICAL BIBLE GLASS UNION OF AMERICA Text Books and their Parallels in Other Other Religions by Doane Lessons for the Month of July 1909 July 4The Genealogy of Christ Je sus and other Saviors of Royal Descent Crishna Buddha Rama Fohi Confucius Horus Hercules Bacchus Esculapius etc Chapter 17 July l1The Slaughter of the Inno cents a universal fable The Myth of the Dangerous Child The following are n few of them Crishna Salivhiina Bud dha Hanke Horus Abraham Zoroaster Persons Esculapius Hercules Edipous nmasChnndraqupta Jason Bacchus Cyp selus Romulus and Remus Apollo and JesusChap 18 July 8H The Temptation and Fast for Forty Days by Buddha Zoroaster Quctzalcatle and JesnsH The Forty Days Fast a universal fable in prehistoric times ascribed to Moses Elijah St Joa chim Quetzalcoatle of Mexico The an cient Mexicans starved their prisoners of war forty days before they put them to death The females of the Indian Orinoco tribes fasted forty days before marriage Among the CaribCoudavo tribes in the West Indies When a child was born its father fasted for 40 days etcChap 19 July 25Tlio Crucifixion of Christ Jesus arid the universal superstition of human sacrifices for the atonement of sin of cannibal origin Crishna was crucified centuries before Jesus for the sins ofman a reform to do away with the custom of sacrificing all the firstborn Page 181 to page 187 PROF A J CLAUSEN Natl Organizer St Ansgar Ia jI i 1 41J to lq I rr Jt f BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 s HHHNNHNNNHHHHNHH4 + + N NHNNN + I i 1V4 i + t + FREETHOUGHT FUNERALS Following is a list of names and ad dresses of Liberal speakers who Ore pre pared to conduct Freethought Funeral ser all instances expenses must be paid and the person officiating must bo enter tained A voluntary contribution to com pensate for loss of time would also be ad visible On account of probable delay a call by telegram is LIST John R Charlesworth Editor Blade Lexington Ky- Josephine K Henry Versailles Ky Dr J B Wilson 200 E 4th St Cincinnati Ohio Parker II Sercombe Editor Tomorrow 139 E 56th St Chicago Ill Marion W Marley 15 S Kalamath St Denver Colorado Prof A J Clausen St Ansgar Iowa John P Thorndyke 441 Central Street Manchester N H Dr Perry Engle Newton Towa Stanbory Alderman McConiiollsville 0 Dont Want to Lose Any GERVAIS OREGON This is to in form you that I have changed my address from Salem Oregon to Gervais Oregon Am now located at latter place and have not received any copies of the Blade since April 18 On receiving this will you be kind enough to mail mo the back num bers up to the change as I 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