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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, July 18, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909071801 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, July 18, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. TWAr 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVIII LEXINGTON K7 JULY 18 zyog Number u DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT 1 r 1Selnueb n t4e iGnrb CAN EARTH CONTAIN BU P ONE TRULY RIGHT EOUS MAN WHO ISLAND CAN BE CHRISTl i a KEtBy Aaron De Witt We give to them that ask each day f The borrower never turned away One more command well understood tAndForbid him not to take your coat motherDespiseDetest your children and your wife And above all abhor your life bell all you haveyou cant do morc And give the proceeds to the poor Then take your cross and follow me CalvaryThentreasures you shall find in heaven lAnd will the infonnation give tell me whore such Christians live We take no usury at this bank We loan to men of every rank About a signboard reading thus No Christian banker eer should fuss And take from him another blow Turn him the other one alsot Tfv And if one smites you on the cheek Resist not evil but be meek All take an oath to tell the truth youthYoull swear Go to the Christian court and there Above all things Swear not at all He surely says through James and Paul And bears out strictly what he taught wroughtIsIn every sect through every clan f g Z BLUE GRASS BLADE Jf c The Science of Life Gradual Development Through Natural Processes Brought All Into Life and BeingNo Creative Deity Required Review of Scientific Data Bearing Upon the Origin of Things By Judge Parish B Ladd From out the hidden recesses of inert matter nature is ever producing the germs from which a living universe is evolved childhood followed hy the ushering in of celestial and terres trial life where for a time all is activity then rest and chemical decomposition out of which a new life is evolved The writer can think of no subject of greater moment to the scientist the scholar the Freethinker the seeker after knowl edge of mans origin than the source of life which in its widest sense involves the birth of worlds The origin of the heavenly bodies will be first in order after which life on our earth The reader must not be surprised to learn that in gravitation lies the secret of the origin of worlds and the life of plants and animals on our earth The birth of worlds and animals are but different phases of vital action life so far as we know is eternal it will never have an end Death is but change a change of form each is but the counterpart of the other both the result of chemical action A knowledge of life on our earth involves the study of astronomy geology paleontology zoology new botany embryology comparative anat omy physiology as all relate to the source and development of life the vital energy which permeates the universe life in its broadest sense applies to the universe in a limited sense to our earth it begins with the bioplasm the vitalized cell found in the ovum of animals and the ovule of plants The bound less worlds with their suns come into being from the vitalized nebula possessing a nucleus under the law of gravitation Looking through the telescope one sees nature in her laboratory busy in the process of world making there he sees the germ the cell the celestial nucleus and all their moves in the process of evolving worlds all from nebulae without thought purpose or design Turning the telescope to the south he will see two bright spots near the south pole Magellanic clouds called nebeculae the larger covering a space of fortytwo square degrees Sir John Herschel found these to bo patches of nebulosity in every stage of development there appeared luminous matter which no power of the instrument could resolve up to perfectly developed stars like those seen Jn the MilkyWay rich star clusters were there found nebulae of various shapes and density everywhere abound with globular clusters in every stage of condensation The spectroscope has shown this matter to bo neither fluid nor solid but gaseous vapours some in a very diffused condition others in more condensed form some of these said Sir John are assuming spherical and oval shapes others seem to pass by slow gradations to ellipses of various forms sometimes appearing in straight lines Thus illustrating the process of evolving worlds in boundless space front luminous matter in its most diffused form This is just what ono sees through the microscope in the formation of living beings in the little microscopic Celt Natures process is the same whether in making man or in evolving worlds The nebulae of which these celestial forms are composed is seen first to assume a strictly spiral shape followed as in the microscopic cell by a nucleus a protoplastic germ A number of double and multiple nebulae have been observed in process of forming double and multiple stars which as seen are revolving around each other with no common center Surrounding these stars is to bo seen nebulae of an atmospheric appearance the greatest amount of nebulae is generally found in the regions where there are but few stars where the stars are in immense clusters they seem to have used up the nebulae in their vicinity The author of Unfinished Worlds says That man should ever have been able to penetrate these unknown depths of space and there behold visible evidence of vast aggregations of matterabeing moulded and fashioned into new suns and future systems was a vision to which no philosophic dreamer in olden times ever ventured to point Some of these newborn stars have been seen from time to time to change their color to blaze up then diminish and finally disappear Probably nebulae in the first stages of forma tion being dispersed by the excessive heat of suns dying in their infancy like most animals on our earth The wellknown star Sirius has changed its color from red to white during the last 2000 years it may bo growing old soon to die and become a dark body The star Argus rose from a dim light reached its full brilliancy January 2 1838 blazed up in March 1843 and diminished to a mere speck in 1867 The variable stars ie those which are subject to the law of muta bility number over one hundred Astronomers tell us of a number of stars which for a time become extremely brilliant then slowly faded and finally disappeared All celestial bodies which reflect their own light are suns in various stages of develop ment all dense masses of glowing gas enveloped with an atmos phere or more properly speaking a photosphere in which like the body of the planet exist in a state of incandescence the spots on the surface of our sun are solar storms sometimes covering spaces thousands of miles in extent they unquestion ably exert a great influence on our earth Neptune and Uranus tire still in their childhood both in a gaseous form and this is in all probability true of Jupiter dense vapors says Nowcom tire all that hide its interior Comets are celestial babies yet in their swaddling clothes traveling all alone in search of resting places they have always attracted special attention owing to their eccentricity they como from without as well as within our solar system and travel with little regard to the known laws t which govern other heavenly bodies like the microscopic proto plasm they all have a well defined nucleus which is located in the head from which seems to come the orders for tho bodies movements Some of them disappear never to be seen more died in their infancy- In 1846 when the Bicla comet made its appearance its moves for a time were regular on January 13th it split in two dis tinct bodies each having its own nucleus This is just what the little microscopic nucleus in the protoplasmic cell docs in both cases tho vital movements are the same a now birth has ushered in a celestial child in tho one case and a terrestrial one in tho other in each case tho germ of life divides two lives take the place of the one in each case tho nucleus by tho law of chemical affinity attracts to itself surrounding molecules which enter into and unito through tho numerous interspaces of the exterior when by tho law of condensation tho exterior in the part of tho least resistance is pushed out an oblong body j BLUE GRASS BLADE is the result a part of the germ following tho elongated body where it sets up a counter attraction each center whether in tho nebulae or in the microscopic bioplasm pulls its adjacent molecules towards itself until there appears a closing of the sackand a separation takes place Thus the nebulae like the microscopic cell sends out its artus around which other nebulae aro attracted yet for a time tho celestial child like the protoplasm maintains close relation by tho interchange of spores The tail of the comet like the molecules around the bioplast obeys the law of attrac tion and follows tho nucleus Tho Biela comet on approaching the sun apparently lost a portion of its tail The intense heat of tho sun is supposed to have scattered the vaporous matter until it become invisible It is on this theory that so many nowborn worlds seemingly disappear some permanently others only to reappear It will be remembered it was this comet which so frightened the Christians that the pope issued a bull to drive it from the heavens but as young as this child was 4like Luther it defied the pope and his bull retiring from the heavens only in its own time Let us now lay aside the study of astronomy return to our little earth and see what biology has to say about life on our planet But first the earth itself from infancy to the first appear ance of life thereon Kant was the first followed by Laplace and Herschel to put forth tho theory which has since ripened into true science that the whole universe in the countless aeons of the past con sisted of gaseous chaos in different conditions of density that alloriginally formed one homogenous mass that no celestial bodies then existed all was in a nebulous state of extreme tenuity that this tenuous matter commenced to move that in places tho nebulous matter was heavier than in others that at tho several centers of tho moro solid matter what is called attraction or gravitation commenced to pull or push this nebu lous matter towards tho heavier mass at the center a nucleus of moro dense matter was formed towards which the nebulae in tho immediate vicinity by tho law of gravitation rushed on to join the nucleus as it could not move in a straight line under tho resistance of other particles its course necessarily became spiral thus presenting file nebulous matter as seen in numerous astronomical drawings all moving in a circle towards tho common center This is just what is seen through tho microscope in the little protoplastic cell a homogeneous body fully organized In this way tho countless billions of suns como into being worlds innumerable in boundless space with not an eye to behold tine stupendous grandeur no ears to hear no wish thought to guide no living unit to dream of life to be twill purpose or design Nature one stupendous whole on the fathomless deep The man of today stands forth in his boasted majesty but comparative nothingness and sees through the telescope tho same natural mechanical forces Iatwork creating new worlds some or all to bo peopled by men and other animals all to evolve from dead matter to living organisms under tho great law of chemical affinity and universal gravitation Under tho theory of Kant now generally accepted there arose a separation of this gaseous matter which has since been going on and giving birth to now worlds just as wo shall learn by and by with tho microscopic atoms which form a proto plasm and later tho bioplast the impregnated germ or nucleus which propagates by simple division as did our sun by giving of his satelites and these planets by throwing off their moons This single division has given rise and is giving rise to an end less plurality of worlds multitudes of heavenly organisms chil dren of this nebulous ether Under this theory as applied to the heavens tho centripetal force attracted tho rotating particles bringing them nearer and nearer to tho nucleus while tho centrifugal force tended f throw them into a straight line In other words the two forces compelled tho outer nebulae to lag behind ending in a separa tion of the gaseous matter leaving tho outer to form one or moro centers of its own around which rings at first broke up into separate planets In this way our moon and those of other planets were formed The ring or rings of Saturn are but nebulous matter which in time will in obedience to the law of attraction and repulsion separate into one or more moons of their parent By the process of condensation all celestial bodies become molten masses of burning fluid All such bodies in their in fancy are suns reflecting their own light and heat throwing out a photosphere composed of liquids and molten fluids As the planet cools metallic vapors possessing more specific gravity than aqueous are more readily drawn towards the center of attraction In time all the metalic vapors descend to and form a i part of the body of the planet leaving none other than aqueous vapors outside of the solid body At this stage the planet is crusting over a solid shell is being formed as with our earth at this time As to our earth we must understand that for countless agesfafter it had crusted over its heat was mostly derived from the i fiery mass of burning fluid within tho body such was its con dition in the remote past Under the theories of our greatest scholars we have learned that a rotating liquid body cannot become a perfect globe tho centrifugal force will necessarily draw out tho equator leaving tho body slightly flattened at the long our earth remained in a gaseous state and how long thereafter in a fluid condition before it crusted over no reliable conjecture can bo made all we can say is it must have been countless millions of years It is believed by scientists that when tho crust first formed it covered the entire surface this must have been from time to time rent and broken up in parts if not in whole for this breaking is still going on but time came when the crust had so thickened and so cooled as to per mit of the production of the flora and fauna For a long time as shown by geology and paleontolgy the climate must have been uniform or nearly so as the surface derived its heat from the interior of the planet It was during these ages that the earth was so densely covered with vegetation and a little later with animals At first there was too much carbon in the air for animal life this was the support of tho vegetable kingdom While a large quantity of carbon was the life of plants it was the death of animals Animal life could not have existedon our earth until the vegetable had taken up and absorbed most of the carbon which went to make our vast coalbeds This brings me to the point where annual life on our earth comes up for discussion Where and how did animal life make its appearance f But two ways have ever been suggested The socalled Mosaic account and tho law of spontaneous generation which menus living matter or organic beings from inorganic or dead matter But it is said that all or nearly all scientists have given up the theory of spontaneous generation This at one time was true but not so now If they have failed in their efforts to produce life in their experiments it is because they have not or could not follow in natures path sun air and water being essential As to the socalled Mosaic account that story has not a single fact to support it besides it is in conflict with every known law of nature at war with all the wellestablished sciences even at the outs with common sense No scholar who has any reputation at stake which does not apply to clergymen would in this day of learning dare risk his reputation in an attempt to maintain the Mosaic story which in its time was an edifying romance to tho weak minded Hebrews and Christians The fundamental properties of every natural body are matter f IJ 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE form and force Chemists have succeeded in analyzing all known bodies into about seventy elements or simple units among the principal ones are oxygen nitrogen potassium sodium iron gold etc The chemical constituents of organisms are the same differing only in their formation or structural units it is the different modes of combination which give rise to organic and inorganic bodies every body organic and inorganic by the in crease of temperature can be reduced to a liquid and by further heat to a gaseous condition In other words all can be reduced to their original elements Plants and animals are composed of both solids and liquids the latter comprising the most of the organism By the union of solids and water in proper propor tion mineral vegetal and animal bodies are the result such bodies are tho product of the laboratory ie the chemist has so far imitated nature but he has failed to put vitality into his compounds he has failed to make his organisms assimilate food obtain growth or propagate their species he can make man but cannot make him move so far he has failed to put life into his compounds This equally applies to the vegetal tho simple elements carbon stands as the most im portant in the formation of vegetal and animal bodies it can unite with other elements in infinitely manifold relations By the union of carbon with oxygen hydrogen nitrogen sulphur and phosphorous we have tho albuminous body tho protean which is the first and most indispensable substance of vital phe nomena the source from whence all life emanates In other words we have the monera tho link between dead and living matter their bodies consist of nothing but a semifluid an albuminous lump All organisms including man and all other animals at an early period of life are found to be germcells or eggcells mere lumps of albumen known as plasma or protoplasm they differ from the Monera only by having a nucleus a vital center In the one we find tho little germ cell the source of vitality the spark of life in tho other it is absent the cell has not yet formed this cell will come later but from whence 9 Science so far has failed to determine the chemist has failed to put it life vegetal and animal is traceable back to this nucleated bioplast These Monora arc noncollulu tho process of converting tho noncellular into the unicellular the bioplast has never been discovered From whence this germ of life This source of the animal world including man Here we find ourselves at tho very threshold of life on our globe Can anything bo of more interest to tho student of nature Has this vital spark been ushered into existence by the flat of some heavenly monarch or has tho great law of affinity and gravitation done tho work While tho inythologian will affirm the former the scientist will adopt the latter hypothesis What is this life force but a cooperation of molecules which have a chemical affinity for each other Whence tho affinity Even science fails to discover Why all these atoms which make up tho germ of life revolving around each other like tho binary stars of the heavens colliding only now and then And by what power do they move Is it gravitation obeying the law of affinity tho union of sexuality To this the scientific world can give no direct response we are left tho alternative of speculation founded on the most reasonable hypothesis at our command In the formation of planets the body increases or by accessions of foreign matter the crystal by accessions grows to its surface the vegetal and animal by accessions from within food after leaving thothe by the process known as digestion stomach passes along the intestines which take up and distribute through the arteries tho life germs which become in the organ and locomotion i e tho foodgrowthism the source of vitality after leaving the stomach passes along tho intestines whence walls of the intesthrough the the nutritious particles percolate tines and thus enter tho blood capillaries from whence it is carried to all parts of the organism and deposited as cells nucleated bioplasts which go to make up tho community of the organic being In tho young it furnishes new cells to increase the body while in the fullmatured organism it supplies the spaces vacated by worn out cells which are thrown off We must remember that each one of these little cells in the human body as in all other bodies is a life within itself possessing all the powers of an independent being Hero comes in the division of labor different classes of cells performing different functions while some are gathering in food others are assimilating it and stillothers are at work carrying off waste materials etc Accepting as we must spontaneous generation as tha source of life let it bo said the step from tho uounuclealed 1Io era the piece of formless jelly tho albumen is but a short one all that is required is gravitation followed by spiral motion As wo see in the formation of planets to create the cell which alladmit to be life once thought to bo tho source of life but by the use of the more powerful microscopes it is found that the cell is but tho habitat of the life within whore all tho spiral and other motions seen through the telescope are at work So it will be seen that nature in constructing heavenly worlds uses the same processes as in the microscopic cell which lie at the foundation of all life on our earth The same process that makes worlds makes man Man as well as all other animals and plants starts life as a simple cell a lump of mucus with a kernel Now let us explain how this little cell which was discovered by Schleiden and Schwann carries on its functions It starts life as a single cell possessing as believed tho inherent power of assimilating its food supply as before said it is a complete individuality within itself it is to all appearance tho source of life and vitality it is surrounded by its plasm a shapeless piece of jelly an albuminous substance which is found in its purest form in the white of an egg in the serum of the blood in tho muscles bones and other parts of all animals it assimilates food grows and expands when of a sizo to propagate it throws out spores little fibers which like the rings of planets break up into what is called nuclcoli in each of which a nucleus is formed as in the head of the Biolu comet after it divided These little artus follow tho law of their parent go on increasing in the same way each and everyone of these artus now a nucleolus goes on until the organism of man and all other animals as well as plants is built up In the cell and in the lower animals all tho labor is performed by ono set of functions tho food is taken in assimilated and the waste matter thrown off through tho entire body higher up in animal life these duties are performed by separate organs Prof Beal after using ono of the most powerful microscopes r tells us that the living germs are never at rest always on the move among themselves as in the planetary universe moving in around and past each otjier with seldom a collision but when ono conies the two little bodies go to pieces and this is just what happens While these internal movements are going on the matter as a whole moves through its surroundings sending out a part of itself to form nucleoli ho says the molecules seem to move at will showing that the moving power resides in each molecule and that the nucleus takes up dead matter and con verts it into bioplasm which as before said is the source of all life life itself The ovule or egg of all mammals is at first but u naked mass of dead plasm followed a little later by a nonnucleated cell after which arises tho nucleus tho vitalized germ which afterwards takes on tho cell wall the inside of which is filled with a fluid where floats tho life germs the living matter which converts pabulum into nuclei I have gone into this matter to some extent to show that life comes from dead matter under tho process of natural law the power being inherent in tho matter itself thus dispensing with the use of an TIlE BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 outside force which the ignorant call god a pure myth which has ever been the source and foundation of the most of human ills If the reader of this article has followed its teachings with as much interest as I have pursued the authorities from compensatedforthan reading it must be studied to be understood A little more along this line and it must be brought to a close In an almost fathomless research the sciences as I find them show not the slightest difference in the process of development of life between man and all the rest of living world below him which with but slight variation equally applies to plants All life comes from the ovule the egg which first divides in halves then divides again and so on until the contents of the oulcovumegg becomes one mass of minute cells Out of this seem ingly structureless aggregation a budding process is first seen The fetal man thus commences life on the me piano withall of the animal world below him he is first a nucleated little cell surrounded with a plasm At the commencement of life the brains of all animals are about the same In mans fetal transit the brain takes on and finally passes one hone that ofall the lower forms of life it is only in the latter stages of develop ment that ho passes the ape The ovum egg in all mammals at an early stage undergoes a process of segregation on each side Dont Expel the Infidel The New Epoch in Religious Liberty By Clarence C Gates Crash Bangl Rip Rip Rip Boom boom do ay Where are we anyway Is this a boiler factory of a locomotive works Cant you keep still coot and let a man the street at the corner of Ago and Custom stands a house of ill fame the Christian Church An old ling Ignor ance runs it nndsho has two pretty white slaves Reason and Ethics held there in miserable bondage Some young men entering there in all the innocence of unspoiled youth see the fair maids Reason und Ethics for the old ling cannot ruin them They fall in love nt first sight do the young men and these maids who are as pure as the day they were born of the human brain though held to this miser able life in the dirty old house against their will These young men are trying to save the fair ones in that loathsome place They will succeed The front do has been knocked down unla blow given old Hypocrisy the husband of Ignorance who tried foolishly to defend a rotten barrier The Chicago Baptist Ministers Conference wont expel an infidel knowing ho is one Prof George B Foster wrote a book called the Function of Religion in which by newspaper report ho equaled if he did not exceed Ingersoll and Paine in of the tube formed by such segregation a furrow rises and grows until it laps over the tube leaving it hollow to be filledwith the spinal cordat first both ends are pointed in time one endintestinesmiddle In early fetal life the man the dog the tortoise the andfeedhisjourneyin the universe owes its origin to molecular actionto the law of mechanics the human body being no exception all ire com posed of molecules the process which builds up terrestrial and celestial bodies is the same all start life as a single nucleated piece of hioplnsm all live grow and die in obedience to the one law the law of gravitation which is inherent in nil forms of matter The millions of suns and their satellites ever moving onward in boundless space are but aggregations of homogeneous atoms possessing the inherent power of attraction j In this way nature collects properties having affinity for each other and calls to her aid the law of attraction and chemical combination as the nonintelligible source of life on our tad of the birth of worlds planetjAlameda Calif his denunciation of Christians and Chris tianity He called the bible believer n fool in the mildest word he could use naive which one minister understood to he a knave which is a species of human bird quite different Under the impression that Prof Foster had used the word knave rather than naive this minister said ho was proud to bo one Upon being corrected ho look his seat in discomfiture believe he has not stated unto this day that he is proud of being a naive Such is the power of true infidelity among our Christian ministry that ono of the birds would rather bo knave than naive Prof George B Foster is an ordained Baptist minister He wont resign under the conscientious impression that his ordination allowed him to think and ex press himself freely upon all religions matters Still ho is a true infidel in other words a hypocrite something Paine and Ingersoll could never have been Ho is callingherfriend Sic But the Chicago Baptist Ministers Con ference wouldnot at first ex pel Foster knowing ho is an infidel though one minister doubted whether or not 1 per cent of the ministers of the conference had rend Posters book Still the evidence was all against Foster as a true Christian and all the freedom in the world will not give my friend the right to cut my throat What does all this mean 1ore than you might expect On the surface it means perfect religious liberty Bui underneath is the same old Jesuitism which was ages old when Loyola was born that filthy creature whom I called Hypocrisy the husband of Ignor ance But Hypocrisy is not ignorant and George B Foster is a more dangerous enemy to free bought than any Roman Jesuit ever born because he is n wiser man He wanted to hold on to the Baptist organization just as the politician holds on to the Political Machine And wo know BaptistMinistersinfidelity to Christianity or they would have expelled Foster upon the evidence given In other words itwas a meeting of rats who could not agree to run away a rat wiser than themselves uppltoII When youre up youre up When youre down youre down When youre halfway up youre neither up nor down parablethink of Foster as one of the young men who will save Reason and Ethics Ho will save neither for ho is neither up nor down Rather would I not bo surprised lo find him the husband of Ignorance who received such a hell of a blow But not by the Chicago Baptist Ministers Conference The men to do that are the men honest enough to quit the Christian Church without being kicked out Tuscola III i 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY QUit PRESENT CRIMINAL SYSTEM DlSGUSSED TlIE OBJEC- LAW AM JAWnltTn JUUY SYSTEM By Dr A Hausman Far from intimidating crime tile present system of criminal jurisprudence actually encourages it by removing the terror of quick and ignominious punishment by flatter ing the vanityof the criminal and allowing him to pose as a hero before the public Undoubtedly a large per centage of the brutal murders committed every day in this land ofchurches andcourts must be attributed to the stimulating effect of the criminal laws What a contrast is there on the execution of the criminal laws between hero and Germany for instance There the lawyer is always conscious of the object of the law and his duty as a citizen and ifu heinous crime is fixed upon a scoundrel he does not defend it but confines his exertions to pointingout what mitigating circumstances may exist But what is the object of the law hero To accomplish the object of tile lawyer under tho conditions created by the confusion of absurd technicalities in tho statutes to convict or acquit the defendant no matter which but to make money However brutal and atrocious a crime it will find an ardent defender among the members of tho bar who with almost fanatical zeal puts heaven and hell in motion to save beast from deserved punishment and turn him loose upon society again Why From personal egoism it means money the more dastardly the crime the greater tho glory to save tho brute from tho gallows the greater tho reputation A murderer with money is a gold mine for tho lawyers because a person will usually sooner part with his mammon than with life or liberty The safety ofa murderer increases with tho amount of money he can place on tho scales of the blind harlot and from my own observations I should think that the safety lino begins from 20000 upwards The moral aspect taken by the law of the destruction of human life on which the classification of murder in degrees is based must have sprung from the brain of an idiot In tho first place why is it necessary that a murderer must accomplish his work before ho can lc killed in return Is not the attempt to kill sufficient to demonstrate his in tention why not remove him before he can accomplish his object But as it is tho stupid law gives tho assassin the benefit of tiny accident that may thwart his nefarious pur pose Then tho irrelevant circumstance of time elapsed between tho conception of a deed and its execution is male tho standard by which the severity of n crime is measured What difference does it make whether the thought tho impulse precedes the action one second or a thousand Tho only circumstance taken into consideration ought to be provocation because as tho law hits no right for anyone who has not tile money to buy it there is n constant in centive to resort to violence Tho law presumes that all people aro idiots and must bo guided entirely by tho letter of the statutes What a masterpiece of imbecility is for instance the indictment of a grand jury in a ease of shooting That so and so was shot killed wounded mantled crippled mutilated etc with a gun of tile kind called so andso loaded with powder and a ball of lead etc Would it not bo sufficient for the ordinary intellect to say shot and only specify tho weapon if anything else but a gun had been used per haps bow and arrow or a boomerang What a contemptible farco is a trial by jury The stupid and ridiculous provisions of the law exclude nearly all in telligent people from tho panel either by demanding an ignorance which no halfway educated person can afford or by making tho serving on a jury such a burden that everybody except loafers who can not earn a dollar in an easier way is anxious to escape this proud privilege of selfgovernment and ditty to his country And tho law further assumes that everybody is such an imbecile that ho can not change an opinion obtained by reading in a news paper an account of some event but all tho same this idiot is to decide over life or death In other civilizedcountries a jury is selected from tho respectable citizens and education is a condition instead an obstacle In fact tho judgment of one intelligent honorable man is worth more than tho opinion ofn thousand fools but under tho present system opinion of one foolor rascal is sufficient to frustrate tho verdict of eleven intelligent honest men It would lc a far cheaper and just as reliable method to decide a case by throwing dice than by a jury To obtain right in civil matters is next to impossible The enormous expenses make any person think twice before appealing to tho law It is not surprising that people resort to violence sometimes but it is surprising that it happens not more often and that they bear patiently so much abuse and robbing There is one department of tho law that takes tho prize for stupidity and ignorance namely the mining laws They were made as it is generally tho case by people who did not know what they were doing and hal no idea about the requirements of that industry in behalf of which the laws were protendodly made As the result we find more conflicts and litigation in mining property than in any other kind of real estate and tho map of a mining district shows a maze of claims crossing each other in every direc tion against which a crazy quilt is model of regularity And as to expecting justice from the courts ono might as well ask the devil for blessing The court does When a case is setnot care a snap for the people for trial on a certain day tho parties aro expected to bo present with all their witnesses but they have to await tile pleasure of tho court and tho case may not bo called for a week notwithstanding that tho parties have come u BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 u long way andare under heavy expense I know a case from my own experience when a judge received wordabout sonic private business and adjourned court after the parties lad been waiting a week for the trial This is tbo way the servants of the people treat their plaster what no judge in the old country would daro to do the free people submit to with the most submissive servility Tho trial is if possible still more disgraceful farce than one for criminal offense A jury of farmers mer chants artisans etc is expected to decide the most intri cate technical and scientific questions And no attempt is made by the court to ascertain the truth except from the evidence produced in court the statement of witnesses who testify in the interest of the party who summons and pays them Even if the testimony in regard to facts is indirect contradiction no attempt is made by the court to ascertain who committed perjury it is left to the option of the jury to believe one party or the other Is it sur prising that this disregard of the truth has a demoralizing effect upon the voracity of the people compelled to appeal to the courts Nobody is expected to tell the truthunder oath and people who would otherwise despise a lie are often compelled to resort to crooked ways because they have no means to prove the truth in court In other coun tries the judges have sense enough to see for themselves or send a commission of experts to investigate the facts and altogether questions involving technical or scientific knowl edge are decided by competent persons How absurd and stupid is the practice hero to postpone cases for years with out putting on record any evidence any fact as proved and established beyond doubt In the now trial the whole evidence has to be gone through again from thn beginning and it is easily understood how with the lapse of time through death or removal of witnesses it becomes more and more impossible to procure the evidence The people have no faith in the justice of their own courts they avoid them like tho pest and suffer rather a loss or insult than to appeal to tho blind goddess whose ambiguous sword strikes without any regard to right or wrong Nor have tho lawyers themselves any more faith in tho legal machinery as a dispenser of right and justice but they make tho best of it for their own benefit and arc careful not to introduce any reform that might simplify tho process and decide conflicts and disputes on time maxims of reason instead of letters which after all are nothing but tho opinions of other people And why must we be guided by the opinions of people that are dead by rules and cus toms that are antiquated and no longer in harmony with our own progressive ideas The lawyers enjoy a privilege that is denied all other professions they are not hold responsible for their actions as regards tho interest of their clients Although tho courts make it impossible for a person to conduct his own case and compel him to engage the services ofa lawyer they offer no redress if his interest is wilfully or through ignor ance neglected From my own experience I know an in stance when a lawyer received 500 for retainer then allowed tho case to go by default and immediately after wards appeared as coowner of the property won by tho other party through his fault It may be said that tho law might bo appealed to for redress but that would simply bo fighting the devil with fire Tho only satisfaction a person could obtain might bo the suspension or expulsion of the rascal from tho bar and such a step is seldom taken by tho legal fraternity whoso members show much Christian forbearance towards eachother As the effect total of tho antiquated and imperfect system of government and law we find murder embezzlement and all sorts of crime prevailing to an alarming extent and in social circles which in other countries contribute a much smaller percentage Tho public sense of honor is blunted and illegitimate means for gaining money encouraged by estimating a person only in proportion to his wealth Tho maintenance of such a largo number of officers and lawyers means a corresponding loss and burden for tho working classes who receive as much money less as the others receive more for their labor With better laws and a better system the object of government could bo attained with a fraction the present expense Everywhere wo seo tho fnrmersIsuffering under the burden of taxation required fraudulent debts contracted by the chosen officers people while one piece of land after the other etas into the hands of politicians lawyers usurers etcThe following generation must necessarily suffer from this system Tho small amounts taken from many people form a big capital in the hands of a few it means control of tho labor of those ivho are poor and also control of tho possibilities for applying labor of tho land This money power is inherited upon tho children and gives them advantage over the de scendants of the poor who could not acquire such a for tune by honest work Tints tho word of tho bible is literally true that the sins of tho father stall bo transferred upon the children they are born slaves through tho sins of their t parents They have sinned not against a god but against nature and their sin was ignorance- If Mr H George had studied the condition of some coun ties for instance Cass and Franklin in Missouri ho might have discovered that while parasols and elephants mad with i pride do not grow on every land but that the monopoJlists of the land are groaning under tho burden of taxation imposed by tho payment of debts contracted by a few smart persons whom tho indifference and stupidity of tho inhabi tants permitted to do so lie might have learned tho fact that money measures tho value of the lund respecting the prod ucts of labor for which land forms tho basis that a certain sum always buys a certain amount of land but not vice versa If tho land is taxed highwhich means that the labor of tho man who owns it is taxed to that amount a maul may own thousands of acres and bo poor but ho can not bo poor when ho has in possession a large stun ofiHo land for but notmoney can always get money money for land To bo continued m y 8 THE BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly it Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until his death February ISM JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1211 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box Ml SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 181 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 160 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months it cents each Trial subscriptions IS cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid f N per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 161 six months ISOI one year SII Quarter column single Insertion 119 one month 4M six months 2101 one year 1000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent if asked for upon renewal It case of dlsclntinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER chaste his or her address advise thL office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade is at IllIll Nerth LIme erethe Lexington welcome- THE Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will BLADE Is enterd at the PostoOce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE- P Box til Lexington Ky BUCKEYEI SINGULAR UNION Arrangements are well in progress for the coming annual convention of the Buckeye Secular Union tho only State organization now actively at work in the country which has been called for September 12 next at Schoncks Assem bly rooms Columbus Ohio President Roberts reports that a splendid program is being prepared and ho asks that the Blade extend for him a general invitation to all Freethinkers to bo present and tak part in the wholesome deliberations of that body If any of our readers seeing this are inclined to attend a great favor will bo conferred by you writing either to Presi dent George 0 Roberts at Dennison Ohio or Secretary Lou Lawrence Barnesville Ohio This will enable them to form some estimate of tho number of visitors and prepare for accommodations in advance According to present plans there will lo an informal round table conference on tho night of Saturday September 11 Tho Sunday morning session will bo devoted to tho reports of officers and committees and tho election of officers with tho general business affairs of tho Union Sun day afternoon and night will be devoted to addresses by prominent men and women speakers President Roberts will bring tho matter of Freethought funerals before tho convention for some definite action in regard thereto Let this convention be turned into a banner meeting of Ohio Freethinkers and by strength of numbers as well as intellect ring a challenge to orthodoxy that will be heard throughout the land THE INDICTMENT OF EDUCATION AGAINST CHRISTIANITY Tho continued efforts of Harold Bolco in tho Cosmopolitan Magazine to draw tho lino of demarcation between tho church and progress between dogma and candid in vestigation between theology and education as these again appear in tho August number now on sale contain a far more terrible indictment the reactionary influences Jthoto the propaganda antiChristian effort Tt is an in dictment to which nothing need bo added to which nothing can bo added It charges the churchand its advocates for without them the church would bo a nonentity with retarding progress stifling hon uponhypocrisyNo criminal arraigned at the bar of justice has so forcefully been charged with crime against the race against society against individuals and against the best interests of the human family than is tho church in the words of this indefatigable and painstaking writer Ho has brought the professors of colleges and teachers in tho great American institutions of learning in sharper conflict thane over with tho church and its now discredited dogmas pointing to tho rapid approach of that day when tho church will bo rele gated to tho rear of public thought influence and estima tion or else completely annihilated Every great or radical change made by tho church as a concession to tho demands of intellectual thought or demon strated scientific fact is a retreat from which no recovery can bo had Boasting a divine authorship and u divine pro tection assuming a loftier and higher origin that it was willing to grant to other religious systems the Christian religion is now facing tho inevitable Abandoning one position after another and readily yielding at those of controversy whence tho pressure was too strong up a fortress or two where the least resistance huildingJ t detected tho church has struggled for a power pnd tho attempt to control and dictate tho chmmelsjmethods and modes of education tho enlightened minds of tho nation have been led to a revolt and tho disaffection has now become well nigh general To use a selection from Mr Bolcos language ho argues after giving further quo tnitions from college men on tho subject And as the oPl sition to truth as it is claimed is still tho role of religious bodies the inescapable duty ofunfettered institutions of learning is to give the world a new revelation Wo are a trifle anxious to know what Mr Bolco means by a now revelation Failing to express his personal S rr THE BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 belief or disbelief in the existence of a personal and creative deity a deity capable of making a revelation to man that it may be understood and accepted for what it really is we do not understand the sort of revelation to which he makes reference or if ho simply expects that the god of the Chris tian concept is trying his hand at the revelation business once more Tho only revelation necessary to the constitu tion and promulgation ofa purely natural philosophy are those revelations made from time to time and that are now being made bmen of science and letters Earthand sea sun and stars the firmament on high all reveal facts to the mind of man at variance with the Christian concept of things the animate and inanimate things of earth make now revelations every day and every hour The chemist in his laboratory tho geologist turning back the pages of i earth history the naturalist dealing with the oneness off life tho astronomer weighing celestial bodies andmapping out the sweep Qf their mighty orbits the biologist making his inquiries into tho laws of life all combine in producing revelations that furnish a basis for a naturalism in human endeavor whch if conformed to makes church and church thought unnecessary as a factor in the affairs of human purpose here however is not to criticise Mr Bolco 1rather would wo encourage and stimulate for ho is accom plishing a grand work and its results upon public thought must prove beneficial to the cause of Freethought in that it can lead to no other termination lie who reads after Mr Bolco must think Thought begets doubt and doubt is fatal to every theological system under tho sun So forci ble tire his conclusions that ho is led to quote approvingly and to illustrate ono of his strongest arguments that old saying of Augusto Comto Science will ultimately escort him tho Christian god to tho frontier and bow him out with thanks for his professional services In the present article from the of Mr Bolco liberal quotations are mado from DrAndrew D Whtitc former president of Cornell University Prof Borden P Bowne of Boston University Prof Frank Sargent Hoffman of Union College Arthur T Hadley president of Yale Uni versity Dr Jacob G Schurman president of Cornell Uni Iersit Prof W IT Lough of New York University Mary Calkins professor philosophy and psychology at Wbllesloy College and others His interviews with them r J and their utterances on tho subject force the conclusion that modern education willno longer tolerate the presumptuous and arrogant influence and pretensions of tho Iclnirch and to free forever so far as education in America is concerned every institution of learning from orthodox influences and restraints to the end that education and tho mind of man shall bo free In point of truth this learned writer argues The last slavery from which runt must free is tho slavery of sacred myth Ho continues Tho doctrines and traditions that deal with fear have been the instruments that have tortured tho spirit of man and kept him from his true development Instead of living in liar mony with god tho church tho colleges say has sot upa 0Jb1 r 1W j JL celestial czar a conception which has been an injury to man because it has given him a sense of weakness in feriority and fear And fear has been the deadening ele ment in the whole history of mans faiths and wars Tho colleges say that the church through its fear of new truth has at all times been an obstacle to progress The intelligent reader of such an article will be able to detect its power as an arraignment of the church andat the same bring the colleges of tho country in open conflict and actual rebellion against the church If tho colleges of tho country through tho heads of their several depart ments can utter these things without fear of punishment or boycot at the hands of the church it is a selfevident fact that the day has now dawned when the college and their professors no longer regard tho church as a social necessity and that they further look upon it as a stumbling block to education and progress Modern education is being impartedupon purely scientific lines and as tho church has been compelled to drop back recede from every as sunned fortification against tho advancement of science it lookedupon tho channels tho fields of public education as its solo hope and refuge but even this is now lost Educa tion and humanity will gain thereby The higher the educa tion the purer and moro refined the humanity The less dogma the greater freedom and liberality and it is a fitting jewel in tho crown of Columbias great glory that of all nations on earth her shores contain institutions of learning that have manifested sufficient courage to not only throw off tho yoke of orthodox tyranny and oppression but to actually assume a hostile attitude As Mr Bolco further says the college professors have reached that stago wherein they lore to assert that civilization is under tho domina tion of many false doctrines and that tho fact that these are held sacred is no reason why they should be preserved At this point wo cannot do better than to quote Mr Bolco again upon what ho assorts as coming from the colleges It constitutes tho strongest count in tho indictment and its every word is known to bo true Ho says Tho present crusade of the colleges is surchargedwith the conviction that tho churches and church thought tire not only behind the times but that they have throughout tho centuries been an obstacle to human advance and are oven now the last barrier keeping roan out of his spiritual kingdom They say that man has earned tho right to know the truth the truth that will make him free and that roans ignorance of his power in a world of spirit where ho could if ho would bo master with all tho harmony health and happiness and abundance that that mastery implies is the secret of tho centuries of travail hatred wars and crimes that have cursed tho world Freethinkers may rejoice that in tho language here quoted they may discern a portion at least of tho fruits of their labors A generation ago scarce ono per cent of college professors hare give utterance to such antiorthodox senti ments To do so would have meant a loss of place and posi tion The church controlled and it dictated Today things liavp changed Tho college is tho most virulent in its 4 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE attack upon the church indicating a determination to no longer cringo in fear at tho feet of orthodox dogma or to worship at their shrines of faith Fact destroys faith Education displaces orthodox claims Asido from the purely theological tenets and interpreta tions of nature the colleges according to Mr Bolco aro preparing for an attack upon more vulnerable points In fact the churches now advocating more severe strictures regarding divorce may find in this last article a timely warning that such interference with the marriage relation will not much longer be tolerated On this subject Mr Bolco says Thus somo say that marriage is not a sacrament that marriagebondhigher laws of the spirit to set up a legal relationship as superior to tho spontaneous preference ofa man and a woman who find their love a security moro eacred than anything tho church can create If marriage is a sacra ment the professors do not hesitate to say divorce is similarly sacred In fact divorce is one of tlm conveniences through which the spirit is finding liberty Oh would that it were possible that this notion of liberty could bo brought to the minds of all the theological reactionaries in the country Coming as this docs upon the top of the Popes message to tho American Catholic church and tho letter of Cardinal Gibbons on the sane subject both ofwhich have been ably criticized in our columns by differ ent writers it is all important for it may mean a sharper and more clearly defined antagonism between the college and the church It is evident however that in America at least tho church is nearing tho end of its tether and so the labors of Paine and Ingersoll to say nothing of the host of lesser lights in the ranks of liberal thought have not been in vain Tile best thought of the country is now shown conclusively to bo on our side These have not yet gone as far along tho path as wo have ourselves trod nor have they risen to that supreme height wherein they can oppose tho god idea with impunity but the day is not far distant when Atheism will bo the dominating thought in American education There is much more wo would like to have given much more wo would have been pleased to discuss but space for bidsTO can but advise our readers to obtain a copy of the magazine in question and read what is there said for themselves In closing this discussion wo cannot do better than to reproduce Mr Bolcos quotation from Prof Arthur T Hadloy president of Yale who is referred to as saying Tho old moral despotism used to say you must do this you must do that but precepts that take this shape are not morality they aro law and only a part of tho law at that Tho new morality opens to man tho opportunity of choosing tho unselfish side Tile day for supernatural sanctions has passed REV HOUGH NAILED DOWN One of the favorite weapons of the Christian clergy is that of slander when dealing with in intellectual foe and ser mons galore have been preached upon tho horrors of the dying moments of infidels The recantation lies told of Paine and Voltaire furnished many a pulpit theme for years but with tho light of history turned full upon such subjects greater caution has prevailed in the orthodox camp Only a few weeks ago we reproduced from tho London Freethinker an Ingorsoll recantation fake and wo still find preachers of pretended respectability claiming that certain wellknown infidels were converted ofRmNationalFreothoughttioned his statement that this institution was a pet scheme Americandiscredithothliberty Later wo published letter from Mr IHough in which ho sought to give purported facts in con nection with M D Leahy Ingorsoll and others upon which wo sought to elicit all possible information from those who know and were familiar with the history of both Our efforts have been partially rewarded and we have recoivedIa communication published below which flatly provesthopreacher may feel safe in what ho says so long as it is only given to an unthinking and noninvestigating congregation trulydangerous hythatceased wo observe an article from tho pen of the late 0 B Reynolds a Freethought lecturer of the old days and an editorial dealing with tho establishment of tho Freethought University at Liberal Mo From there we learn that thoIUniversity was established in 180G by M D Leahy L Carter M D Joseph Gillson Thomas Joseph Sedgebcer Tile name of Col Robert Q is not mentioned either as a founder or as a Charlest Remember Mr Hough said this institution was scheme of Tngorsolls and that ho had contributed to its support- A pot scheme is generally regarded as having originated with tho person who had made it a thing to bo pettedor having been originated before hand became so devoted and attached to it that it absorbed his time attention and money That it was a pet scheme of M D Leahy and his admirable colaborers there can bo no question but so far as tho records show and so far as can now bo recalledaTngersoll was not connected with tho institution in anyIway It lived but a few years and died with tho retire A y a BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 molt of Mr Leahy who had got into sonic disagreement with the other builders Lie No 1 thus nailed to tho cross What may ho regarded as tho most important of Mr Houghs statement is that referring to M D Leahy ho said llo was converted in his room at Great Bend Kansas by a lady evangelist As Mr Leahy was never known to us as previously stated wo solicited all possible information concerning him his alleged conversion tho time and place and by whom it was supposed to havo been accomplished Years may fortunatolJJtion to know has written tho following letter in referencf to the subject under ccnsideration The letter reads Chanuto Kansas July 1909 Editor of Blue Grass Blade HladuIabout its founder I will try in my poor and nearly blind way to tell you something I will write of its founder first I knew him well as a boy and a brighter lad never lived Ilis parents lived only a mile from my farm Whilo ho was attending tho district school ho would come to my house for mo to teach what I could of elocution so that he could compete with tho othei boys lib was a very apt scholar and was soon able to teach me His parents were poor Irish people born in Ireland but Maurice as I wo called him was born in this country His mother and stepfather intended to niako a Catholic priest of him They lived at tho Osago Mission at that time and wero devout Catholics Ho was instructed in that faith while under I their care After leaving homo ho went to Fort Scott and attended college under Prof Saunders where ho graduated Ho then taught a few terms of school His first term was in my district No SG Neosha County Kansas and while so teaching he boarded at my homo as I lived but a half mile from tho school house Ono day at my home he pickedup ono of my Freethought papers the goodold Boston Investigator and in it he read something like this Man should always do his own thinking and not trust preacher or priest to do it for him From that timo ho developed fast into an outspoken Freethinker Ho stopped praying Ho threw off his beads and burned them in my stove Ho then helped mo to organize tho first Liberal League in our county ho being tho first secretary and I tho first president Ho went to Liberal Mo and founded the National Freethought University which ho managed in fine stylo until a rupture cattle Some trouble between himself and Mr Walsor caused him to quit tho school and it soon afterwards went down He then went to Illinois and studied law Ho then camo back to St Paul formerly tho Osage Mission contracted consumption and died at his mothers Monte His mother and It priest tried hard to have him recant but I am told bIt friend who attended him during his last days and hours that he remained firm in his atheism to the end Ho told mo himself that ho had an audience with tho old priest and that tho priest could not answer his thrusts turned from him refused to dis cuss anymore and told him ho was doomed for everlasting hell I never heard of his being at Great Bend Kansas and do not think he ever was there I can say that M D Leahy was a great admirer of Col Ingersoll but I do not think ho over saw him for if ho had he would have told me either by pen or word as we were close and intimate friends and he often wrote to me While in Fort Scott and in Liberal Mo ho sent me an invitation to tho com mencement exercises of tho University fwifo and I attended It was a rare treat I have tho orations that were delivered and willsend them to you if I can find then M D Leahy was a grand honest noblo minded man I loved him living and I now love his memory dead C E ALEXANDER 1105 S Central AvoIAfter reading that M D Leahy was not at Great Bend Kansas teaching school that ho was not converted in his room by u lady evangelist that ho did not preach religion after his alleged conversion that the University was not a pet scheme orIIIngersolls that Rev Hough has stated what is not truerThese investigations will bo pursued further and wo haveIyet to elicit information concerning few moro points would like to know First Whore and when did M D Leahy ever preach in behalfof religion trying to undo tho evil ho lull done Second Tho name of tho lady evangelist who converted himThird The object Mr Hough had in view by saying Leahy had been converted when ho had not Fourth Did Mr Hough believe the cause of Christ could bettor served by a lie than y truth Summing up as far as wo hive gone it may bo inferred that as an effort was made to convert him by members of his family tho story got out that ho had boon converted and that Mr Hough is simply repeating idle gossip as fact without over investigating Suffice to say that we have no confidence in Mr Hough What wo with to ask now is Will ho be honest enough to inform tho members of his congregation who hoard that sermon that what ho told them wits merely what lead been told to him that ho did not have tiny personal knowledge of tho facts or that it was simply a fiction of his own inventing and used to point an orthodox 1II0rl1llndudorn his rambling utterances As additional information is vouchsafed wo shall furnish Mr Hough with further food for thought l2 BLUE GRASS BLADE The Mission of Freethought iconoclastic Work is Necessary to Clear Mans Mind From Superstitious Faith Before the Seeds of True Knowl edge Can be Sown By J C Watkins The primary objects of freethought propaganda are to encourage independent thinking to insist upon the right of expression and to seek and promulgate the truth In pursuing these objects it is found necessary to be somewhat iconoclastic and to show that many of the things popularly believed by the people are erroneous super stitious and mythical The minds of people must first be cleared of the mists and fogs of error and super stition before they are in condition for the reception of true knowledge Among what believe to be erroneous notions that arc held by many people are the inspiration infallibility and truth of the bible the so called plan of salvation the divinity of Jesus of Nazazreth tilt idea of heaven and hell as taught by the church and in reference to the existence of a personal god We claim that these teachings of the ology and the church are not well sup ported by evidences that appeal to intelligent reason It has been pointed out time and again that the bible which is offered as authority for these beliefs is either not understood T is not trustworthy in all respects It the bible is evidently n human pro iuction so that it does not tell its any pore about things that are outside the of human knowledge than can intelligent- lien who are living now The socalled plan of salvation does not ommend itself to the intelligence of this age because it makes salvation depend upon faith belief or trust rather than upon merit and earnest endeavor Like aris tocracy it depends upon the accidents of birth and environment rather than charac ter and conduct It is true they say sal vation is freett only believe and you shall be saved but it depends upon ones ability to believe or to exercise faith which is n gift of god that is upon an ability we may not have and upon the possession of something we do not possess and can not get until it is given to us If we have not faith and the ability to believe what is necessary to salvation whose fault is it If the faith or belief required were in some thing tangible and reasonable then we might be censurable for not believingbut- this is not the case We are asked and expected to believe contrary to the evi dences of our natural senses and to our own Nazareth admitting that he lived at the time it is claimed that he did and that ho said and did some of the things recorded in the gospels was a human being probably goodmeaning earnest man one who had the courage of his convictions and who died a martyr in defence of what he believed to bo true As such ho is entitled to the admiration love and respect of everyone and if lie were living on earth today freethinkers would be among his best regards the existence of a personal deity the immortality of the soul and of future rewards and punishments no one can speak with authority These ideas cannot be proven nor absolutely disproven therefore it cannot be so very wrong for people to say they do not believe them If they do not and cannot believe them of course we may speculate and theorize about these questions all we like but we must not assume that because we believe things they are necessarily true It is by this speculating and theorizing about the unknown that truth is discovered Most that we know now about the universe nature natural law and about man has been learned by research and investigation thought and human experience We must expect that most of the knowledge that we shall continue to acquire will come in the same way It is scienco and not revelation that willsolve the riddle of the universe and discover what that something we call god is and what the destiny of the human race is to Kanahwa Falls W Va- FREETHOUGHT PIONIO Ohio Patriots Enjoy Happy Day and Take Action Upon Subject of Free thought Funerals r By Pres Ceo 0 Roberts The members of Club No1of The Buckeye Secular Union held their first picnic at the homo of J W White in Midvale 0 July 4th E M 30fand we certainly had a royal time A large tent had been erected on the a 11 lawn in rear of the house where the tables were set and from the appearance of the great piles of cakes pies chicken sand wiches and cold ham also the strong lemonade hot coffee preserves salads and ice cream the members must have thought the picnickers would cat some and I guess they were right for we surely did cat and drink to our entice satisfaction- I might mention however with one excep tion and that was in the case of Harry L Hostetler who is somewhat like Sirs Eliza Mowry Bliven or Parker H Sercombe who only eat when they have to and not when they want to perhaps Mr Narragon cau tioned Mr Toomey II tp be careful as he was not used to such high living and might have night horse Of course it is different with Phillip Zeigler and my self for we got used to it in the army Brother White had chairs for lot only half that num her put in appearance some letters of gret read many having other engage ments for the Fourth some saying we had iton the wrong day well those present thought that the Fourth of July was n child of Washington Franklin Paine and Jefferson all of whom were Freethinkers and who in their wisdom gave us a con stitution minus any hocus pocus and from the way the churches are losing power the day is not far distant when the Fourth will be for Freethinkers altogether I think I can say without any hesitation that it was the best picnic we were ever at and that everyone was happy and hoped we would have many more During the afternoon a committee was appointed who drew vp the following which was unanimously adopted with re quest to bo printed Whereas It has occurred in many in stances that Freethinkers have been buried from the church or residence with church service conducted by a preacher or other religious person in opposition to the wishes of the deceased and with the view of carrying out the desires of dead Freethinkers we offer the following Resolved First When a member of the Buckeye Secular Union or other Free thinker dies and so desires tho Buckeye Secular Union shall take charge of the funeral and conduct the service in accord ance with tho Freethought forms and re quest of tho deceased Second The Presi dent or other person shall read a sketch prepared by the deceased of his life after which members and friends will be called on to speak and to close with an oration from somo one selected by the deceased with music and singing as requested SAMUEL TOOMEY HARRY L IIOSTETLER lEO 0 ROBERTS T Committee r BLUE GRASS BLADE Christianity vs Socialism The Relationship of Crime to Poverty and Posterity With Dis cussion of an Article in Copy of Instructor By Julia C Coon An article under Socialism and Christianity in a late number of The Youths Instructor an Adventist publication contained many errors and misstatements a few of the most striking of which I would like to point out though I am fully aware that it is not in accord with Christian policy to correct errors Robert Blatchford is a Socialist and also a pronounced atheist as the writer in Instructor affirms Robert Ingersoll was a Re publican and also a pronounced unbeliever in Christianity and an apostle of ireethought I have yet to see in the columns thoHepubliean divinitycannot have the slightest claim to the name Christian But wouldforof the Roman pope History tells us of horrible characters in the dark ages Of Jeffreys and Bonnus who condemned hun dreds of men and women and even children to the flames for entertaining an honest opinion But wo may offer a partial excuse for them on the ground that they were courting the favor of an impossible god But for William Taft who con detailed the people of the 1hillipines to resubmit to the power of the friars after they had carried their freedom there is no produceThe assertion that Socialists say Blessed arc they that stir up and foment strife is an error No individual who is recognized as a Socialist speaker or writer or leader ever made any such statement and the author of tile article in Instructor ought not to have used quotation marks Socialism is the most potent factor leading toward universal peace that exists in tho world today Another purported quotation given without naming tile au thority is Socialists believe that when everyone has an equal chance to earn a living there will be little temptation to steal All can never have an equal chance for the strong and intelli gent will produce wore than the weak and ignorant But tho point made by tho writer in Instructor that our great trusts show men cannot bo kept front stealing by having plenty is certainly unfair to the rank and tile of the American people It is unfair to judge the entire nation by its biggest criminals But let nio ask the writer whether crime is more rampant during prosperous years when there is plenty of work at what is generally considered good wages or during a panic year when factories are closed down and utility men in enforced idleness If hard times idleness and tho concentration of wealth into tho hands of tho few lessens crime these of course are tho conditions wo should all work for The article in Instructor further says The facts of tho case are nearly everyone who is willing and able can male a living This is probably true the requirements of willingness often being a bnilalness ready to push out some fellow workeu by cutting wages The competition among workers which results in the maximum amount of work their over estimated bodies can give and the minimum wage upon which they can subsist shortens the life of our working people by one half Can the writer of the article in question see any crime in this Of chattel slaves cringing under tho lash we may also say Nearly anyone who was willing and able could make a living Does the Instructor correspondent justify chattel slavery on this ground And what of those wage slaves who are unable Does Christianity say only to the sick or the aged Let them beg or starve To quote further Again the Bible says that tile heart is deceitful above all things and desperately wicked To justify chattel slavery or wage slavery or any other wrong on this groundseems to mo most unfair The words may be true so far as the writer of them was concerned but to impeach all tho race a race that has produrda Bruno and thousands of others ready to choose death fo the sake of Truth is deserving of a scathing rebuke Again Though Socialists renounce Christianity what do they offer in its stead Has Socialism preserved anyone from ChristianityDeathfort to those who have lost loved ones No Neither does Re publicanism or Christianity None grieve so hopelessly as do Christians fearful that their loved ones have been doomed to the bottomless pit Does it promise life and happiness for promisesShallregime Only in a degree Very much sorrow and pain dis appeared with the abolition of chattel slavery and much more will disappear with the abolition of wage slavery To quote again Socialism panders to the selfish instinct of man and discards the only antidote Christianity Is a plea for simple justice and honesty a pandering to selfish in stinct And in view of tho 1500year sway of Christianity over Europe is it strange that people are beginning to turn their faces toward n new hope a plan of salvation that concerns the Hero and Now Front Deut the writer quotes For the poor shall never cease out of the land This is probably true but it may lie answered much tike same as was another Bible quotation Docs the writer purpose to excuse usury and robbery on this plea Must tike chattel slave and the wage slave labor on witliout hope and be content to be robbed of their hirthlilhtthe right of every person lo have that which he is able to produce While the Christians press of mighty denominations generally condemn Socialism when tho Adventist press resorts to this measure it does so against its own very best interests While it is true that many Socialists are freethinkers a larger pro portion than of Republicans or Democrats history does not record an instance where freethinkers have ever sought to perse cute those who do not happen to agree with them They could not be freethinkers and do this Adventists believe that religions persecution will be reinstated but in uniting with the Catholics in denouncing Socialism they are uniting with their enemies and tu ring against their strongest allies in tho fight for com plete religious liberty Biirtow Flu t tJ rv oem MrPnaatsrnwc M BLUE GRASS BLADE NOT TILL THEN The green grass growing oil the grave of the lust cleric will alone secure to the world the ripe fruit of peace liberty prog ress humanity and happiness Judge Parish B LaddBlade By the Chaplain With the last of the tribe of parasites gone And their Bibles all gathered and burned When their god is forogtten our freedom will come And a race will develop well learned For man saves himself theres no other way He must look for his savior within Where the will mighty will alone has the say Who shall master himself and his sin A GHASTLY VISION By the Chaplain The Creator idea a god now to fear Is certainly beyond my reach For I cannot conceive much less believe But for preachers hes surely a peach Producing the coin when Christians here join In the name of theII Father and Son The Son was dear Mays born heavenly ways But I think that the ghost takes the bun No visible form for making things warm And yet we are asked to believe That Jesus the Christ was born from a tryst That was kept by a ghost to rclieve All sinners of sin Oftentimes in The calm of night hours at home- I think what damn fools come out of the schools Where the Bible is the book taught slang It fills them with rot they forget it not In fact they go crazy at times Heading his wordhes surely a bird For the clergy to rake in the dimes And coin is the thing the choir will now sing Praise god from whom it all flows With blessings galoreIm squitting no more On the preachers great faking shows WANTEDBoys and Girls to sell Jewelry Noreltles at I BallSuitormoney today Send name and Arvidson Novelty Co 23033 4CHATTANOOGA 400 AND RETURN QUEEN CRESCENT ROUTE JULY 19TH AND 20TH Return limit July 31st 1909 Lookout Mountain and Chickamauga Park Stopover Privilege at RHEA SPRINGS Spring City Tenn SPECIAL RATES AT ALL HOTELS or Write tf P JUST OUT NAMING SONG AND BURIAL SONG FOR FREETHINKERS Each a Duet and a Concert Piece for Piano Also Variations for Violin Flute or Bells PRICE 25 CENTS EACH I have composed these songs for the benefit of Freethinkers or 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