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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 15, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909081501 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 15, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. ro j BLUE GRASS BLADE FVolume XVIII LEXINGTON O RlJGUST I5 igog Number r5 DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT wqr ifenntg Trent tho Bystander v A firemist und n planet cellAAnd Caves where the onvoincn dwell Then n sense of law and beauty Anda face turner Jil the clod Soino call it evolution t And others call it Gcd II v A Laze on the far n The infinite tcndoj sky The ripe rich tint of the comfieldsfAnd the wild a sailing high tAnd lowland Tho charm of tlitf goldenrod Some of us call it autumn And others call ilfr1 Like tides on a crcs c seabench When tho moon as iov and thin Into our hearts high Yearnings lgillillmeWhoso rim no fdli us trod Some of us call itiQring And others cull itt d A picket frozen oimluv A mother 8t r1jr her brood f Socrates drl1lkl1l wmlockJ r And Jesus on thtfrood rft And millions wh liuniblo and nameless ii Tito straight hare tthlIr trod r Some call It con crit n And others call iir jl oilto map r 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE Why I Believe in a Future Existencet IArgument Drawn From the Complete Unity in Diversity in NatureSpeech Delivered Before San Francisco Materialist Association By P E Do Stone M D It is with some little hesitancy that I take this platform Not having done any public speaking for over three years and also knowing the antagonism the subject in hand usually inspires in the minds of Materialists I feel that I shall have to be strictly on my good behavior to create an atmosphere of harmony which is necessary to helpful discussion As I have no use for any established ism I feel that my openmindedncss should incline you to meet me kindly on those grounds acceptable to us both and thus before I have finished wo may find that we have many things in common First I will state that I believe that Materialism is the first step in the evolution of the mind towards clear thinking that until wo free ourselves from the trammels of superstition and manmade religions we are not in a proper state of mind to judge rationally of anything pertaining to progress Until a person is ready to discuss freely any phase of being there is little hope of his ever being other than a mental slave He who follows is false to his own niche of work in the great Cosmos a body of such followers become false to everything except to that which redounds to the glory of their particular institution the more devout the adherent the greater his falseness Show me the man or woman who carries his book of faith in his hand and exhibits iton every occasion and Ill point out to you a hypocrite As Emerson has aptly put it We proclaim the loudest that which we are not One of the first things that strikes the mind of the investigator into the secrets of nature is to use the words of Babbitt The complete Unity in Diversity throughout all Nature No matter how multiplied the objects in a landscape when left in its natural state undisturbed by the hand of man we tire struck with the harmonious blending of its foliage colors the pleasing grouping of its trees its hills and valleys the graceful curving banks of its lakes and streams and lastly how it seems purposely cast for the sky that forms its roof and it seems to me that this characteristic of Nature is that which man must cultivate he would reach the heights possible to him and that this is one of the objects in his being endowed with a higher range of sense perception As that great thinker Thomas Paine has s illI1he senses were of little use unless it was a part of design that wo should be endowed with ability to trace out the laws of lifeof space of planets and suns and thereby bo lead to higher lines of thought On this subject of unity I feel to say that as Materialists you can not do better than to take a lesson from the churches You desire to advance the ideas of free thought and a broader view of life but do you rcalio that the work you arc doing is not fruitful of great results do you realize that getting then and women of mature years interested in the cause is about the puniest and least productive work you can Adults are lard to persuade from preconceived ideas 111111oon when con vinced will snore often than otherwise return to the teachings of childhood The old idiom IHs hard to teach an old dog new tricks holds of the human biped quite as much as with other animals My friends if you want to see results from your work you j must get hold of the children and teach them how to think You fathers and mothers what are you doing to fortify their tender minds against church dominance Do you not know that every wile that cunning fanaticism can devise is used to steer their minds into the superstitions of the past Why they can give cards and spades to saloonkeepers or even emmissarics of the white slave trade on schemes to ensnare the innocent You may think that this is strong language and intemperate to say the least but why do priests and preachers say Give me the child till ho is seven years of age and you may then do with him what you will in the end he will return to the teach ings of his childhood Why this strenuous effort at maintain ing parochial schools nunneries Y M C As Epworth Leagues orphan asylums homes foundling asylums associated charities Salvation armies with industrial adjuncts and the ton thousand other schemes that blind the mind to the real issues of life and the last and chiefcst among all the Sundayschool I say again why these strenuous efforts unless it be to instil into the minds of the young tho necessity for godfactories god boxes and the support of the parasites who fatten on the credulity of their followers So naming is their work and so thoroughly has the public conscience been permeated by this sacred twaddle that a child in almost any community is made to feel his ostracism and caused to ask why he should not be sent to SundayschoolIf really broadminded and wish to progress you do not want a label that even so much as suggests that you are groovechasers The name Materialist is not a good one because it fails utterly to represent what you stand for anil I feel sure that there is not a mUll or woman in this audience who believes in what the none strictly implies Tho name American School of Progress or something in that line would be better that shows you unfenced and willing to fearlessly meet tiny issue as well as desirous of getting and keeping in harmony with tho Unity in Diversity of the diverse universe Let us conduct a Sunday school and get the children interested and ore long this society will make itself felt as a power for good in tho world Thomas Paine who you all admire said Wo cannot do jus tice while we have souse leading partiality of our own I shall begin my lecture this evening by outlining some of the ideas that have been advanced by Materialists in order that I may contrast them with what seems to me to be a broader view of life The claim that necessity is the mainspring of human action is a theory advanced by Materialists which reached its final analysis at tho hauls of the French Materialist La Meltrie who said Man is only a blind instrument an the hands of necessity and the universe is only a series of necessary motions spread out in ever widening circles I think John Calvin must have had the first purl of this theory in mind when he annunciated his doctrine of forcordina tion and predestination The remainder of the doctrine is as good an argument as one could wish for the belief in a con tinued existence Why ugly not we be one of these ever widen ing circles This theory was long ago proven untenable by no less a rcasoner than Herbert Spencer ho suillI The doctrine that all emotions all sentiments tire generated by the experiences of the individual are so glaringly at variance with facts that I BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 wonder anyone should ever have entertained themTe must 10admit II That forms of feeling lay latent in the infant and are feebly awakened by the first presentation of the external circumstance to which they refer It would raise the awkward question why at birth there is not a greater power of thinking and thinking correctly as at any subsequent period It would imply that men tire equally wise concerning things of which they have had no experience as of those of which they have had experience 2 Materialists are fond of quoting nature as an unanswerable argument against continued existence Suppose for the sake of argument we admit that all things die what rational argument can they adduce from nature to justify them in erecting a code of morals that would do justice to the most exciting idealist How can they show that morals of any kind are a part of nature If it were true that necessity sad environment did do termine morality we must look for some code of morals among the lower animals but alas for our argument we Hud no evi dence of progression in morals among them since the dawn of creation Quite to the contrary wo find that nature murders the innocent babe just as cheerfully as site docs the deepest dyed villian site warns the thief through intuition of the approach of an officer of the law quite as readily as site aids the saint 3 I have listened with great pleasure to lectures delivered in this hall by avowed Materialists as well as by members of this society who talked learnedly of motive force atoms mole cules ions corpuscles and the differential calculus but no one among you took offense at them or called them imaginative de luded beings or unscientific I ask you what are these but pure assumptions Let anyone say spirit life after death of the physical body or psychic vision and it is like flinging a red llaq in the face of a maddened bull Iask you if it is a fact that you seek truth only why this partiality Did anyone ever see an atom an ion molecule corpuscle or the differential calculus You say we can workout problems in mathematics by the aid of these postulates therefore they aro tangible Psychics can upset tables play instruments without hands overcome till the known laws of motion materialize and materialize forms overcome and drive apart chemical compounds Several millions of people attest these facts but their admis sion would upset the preconceptions of science The shoo now being on the other foot you cry delusion imagination credit lous creature charlatan But will you investigate No Yet without investigation you say that all these statements are fig ments of the imagination doubt if there is a dozen people in this audience who have not at some timo1IllIst for fun interviewed fortune teller medium astrologer or palmist perhaps they are such rank fakes that even u child could see through their tricks as most people who do these things for pay are yet it is dollars and doughnuts if you were told that you were very smart told advised to invest in land stocks lottery tickets or act on a love suggestion the rankest fraud of till you would just for fun try it to seo if the darned fakir did know anything And then because of your own folly you condemn tiny till plans for honest investigation and sneer and pity the poor creatures who tell you that through education there is a way that you emu prove for yourself by attaining these powers within the reach of all Did it ever occur to you that every element of which this earth is composed even to tin heaviest metal sodium floats free in the fair yet you do not sue it Most Materialists do not reflect that this bodyof ours which carries till our sensations and is supposed to bo real is but an aggregation of carbon oxygen hydrogen and nitrogen with a little gum starch and sugar mixed in the latter being resolvable into carbonic acid mid that this aggregation is only held together by its rate of vibration that this nnstaple compound is that which receives nC 1 e sensations and converts them into intelligence which the philosophy of Materialistic practically says does not exist No my friends your philosophy is inadequate to satisfy the mind and as I notice most of you are fond of quoting Herbert Spencer I shall close this part of my lecture by statirig what he thought of Materialism He said1rnth is not expressable either by Materialism or Spiritualism however modified or re fined Carried to whatever extent tho inquiries of the psychologist do not reveal the ultimate nature of Mind mill more titan do the inquiries of the chemist reveal the ultimate nature of Matter or the physicist the ultimate nature of Motion Though we have seen reasons for thinking there is a primitive unit of consciousness That sensations of all orders tire formed of such units combined in various relations that by the compounding of these sensations and their various rela tions are produced perceptions and ideas and so on up to the highest thoughts and emotions Yet this unit of Con sciousness remains Inscrutable Wo can think of Matter only in terms of Mind We can think of Mind only in terms of Matter When we have pushed our exploration of the first to the uttermost limit we tire referred to the second for a final answer and when we have got the final answer from the second we tire referred back to the first for an interpretation of it And this brings us to the only true conclu sion Thai it is one Ultimate Reality which is manifesting to us subjectively and objectively The law of evolution holds of the inner world as it does of the outer world If we can seo a gradual progression from the lowest to the highest forms of physical life and find that mental growth is in proportion to and progressive with physical growth what right have we to say that Matter is the beginning and end ofall things Spencer has here summed up in a few words the argument between Materialism and Spiritualism To put the question a little more crudely and simple The objective world is represented by the sensations made on our sense organs and brain through contact with external objects the subjective world is made up of the impressions relations and ideas which result in the mind from tho receipt of impressions Objective psychology traces the growth of the body the velopment of a nervous system and brain and shows us that there is a gradual development of the mind going hand in hand with tho increased ability of the nervemechanism to record im pressions received front without Subjective psychology traces the growth of the mind from its Rest feeble efforts to correlate seggregato and classify the ideas aroused through tho constant demands made upon it by ob jective psychology or sensing A few words here in regard to mind and then wo will roughly trace physical evolution In my opinion thj Hypothesis that for every impression received through the sense organs there is a separate cell to record it retaining the image for future use constituting what we call memory is a very inadequate one A being in his ordinary daily life receives at a very low estiImate a million impressions per day Think for a moment the thousands upon thousands of impressions mirrored by vision alone at every glance of the eye Think of the millions of words to say nothing of letters a literary genius such as Voltaire Balzac Zola Dumas Dickens Kliott Shakespeare Emerson or other mental giants of history must have recorded why if each impression left an imago so small that only microscope of the highest power could detect it there would not bo brain space to record a commencement of tho images brought by the eye alone to say nothing of tho other senses and leaving out of account altogether the ideas awakened in the mind by these pressions The mind does not reside in the brain at all it merely uses c L 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE Ithat organ as n central point through which the messages pass as a central telephone system is used We would bo aston if anyone should assert that the main telephone olllce where all the messages are received from outside telephones constituted the corporation The thinking apparatus resides outside these machines and operators in the then composing the company The machines do the work of transmitting messages like the nerves The operators arrange correlate and classify that which is needed to be passed on to the owners like the brain Knock a few operators on the head and business is disturbed let the operators go on a strike and business goes crazy The cells in mans body are living intelligent entities joined together by bonds of mutual necessity these cells send their messages to the central station called the brain here to be acted upon by the mind The mind is as large as we are willing to let it bo and will grow in any direction we are willing it should and form around and through the body constituting personality What do you feel when you come in contact with a person Do you think you feel that which is in his skull Manifestly you do not you feel the product of his thought factory Silly psychics call this Aura Let us now brielly trace physical evolution Here we have the ovum or first cell in the ovary of the female the cell seems to be alive but unless something occurs to prevent it will pass down to the womb and thence out of the body But waitNature the keeper of Spencers Inscrutable Unit has other things in view for this cell In the male organ of genera tion there is also a living entity called spermatozoa which un less utilized will meet a similar fate with the ovum The In scrutable Unit Primordial Substance First Cuuso Ultimate Reality or whatever you wish to call itnow draws these two beings together through an emotion which the animal plane we name Desire Its highest manifestation in roan we call love and now the vital powers of each are thrown with all the tensity of the beings natures towards the consummation of natures design The spermatozoa speeds on its way carrying within its micro scopic form the potentiality stored power of the male The ovum also carrying the potentiality of the female receives the sperm within its substance and They twain become one flesh Viewed under the microscope at this juncture the ovum presents no change that the eye can detect but in a few days we shall see that the ovum has increased marvelously ill size that it has within its boundaries a darker area and within this again u yellow spot this yellow spot has received the name Germinal Vesicle Gradually day by day this spot enlarges until at lust it fills the whole cell then the cell splits through its center each half retains one half the germ then each of these halves form new cells and they in turn repeat tho process The aggre gilt ion now begins its slow journey towards the womb but strangely enough when it reaches that organ instead of passing out to die it fastens itself to tile uterine wall and continues to grow by fission and cell multiplication until the limit of form for its particular kind is reached And here again we find our selves confronted by an unanswerable question What causes the limit to forum to be reached in all created matter how learnedly we have talked of cell multiplication No matter if we can trace lifo of any form from tho fertiliza tion of its ovum on through its various processes until it is ready to bo cut free or born as we terns it from its parent and start on its journey of life as an individual we findas with the Ultimate Reality we can give no logical reason that cell multiplication should not have continued on indefinitely The same may be said of plant life the apple grows till it is ripe and then fulls from the tree but just what ripe is we do not know We speak of the growth of affections as n natural itsdevelopment thatitname it LOVE but just what love is or just why the pain of reproduction does not produce hate insteadof love no one comes forward to explain Just what it was that entered that parent cell andcaused the passingfromits walls and grow to maturity l Was it Matter or Force or andforceIs it not more rational rather than to espouse tho cause of either Materialism or Spiritualism to believe that there is a general connecter throughout all mental and material being which makes all parts of a diverse universe a Unit f Is it not as well to believe that in the inception ofcreation at least of our system this principle existed and has permeated every step of evolution since from the original nebulous mass urgeditsthe molten muss circling in space was made to form an atmos phere suitable to crystilizution and thus inorganic life became a fact When wo do take this viewpoint we shall see that ever on ward and upward has circled this spiral of evolution till from tho lowly lifo of crystals only crept slowly forth that subtle something call it what you will which prepared a state that would support plant life Then onward and onward through countless ages from lowly lichens mosses ferns ever gaining in expansive force and forward sweep this throbbing cause reared giant forests and jungles such as the eye of man has never seen again burying them beneath the mother crust that nourished them here gathering power each period bringing more persistent life and stronger growth when lol The time is ripe the atmosphere created whets life in the lowest fauna call to the mighty cycle repeats the efforts of the past and creeping crawling things bepcoplo the earth and generation after generation take the stage play their parts and pass away to make room for a higher order ever looking forward to tho time when u suitable instrument should be made capable of containing within itself that which stake possible unlimited expansion which when reached would perpetuate the principle of progression and give to earth the full objectifying of this subjective Universal Unit At last Man tho epitome of all that has gone before stands before ns Out of the Nowhere into the Here 1 To what conclusions does this tracing of life throughout its various stages lead us Docs it not show us that there is something besides matter and motion which holds them in perfect union producing what we know as life and nltimating intelligence as its highest expression Does it seem at all probable that this Ultimate Reality has been caused to function and push evolution from phase to phase until it hits created a creature endowed with the requisite in strument to carry it consciously beyond this plane ends itwOlk at this point- It does not seem so to mo therefore I point you to my first point ns a treason for my belief in u future existence namely The very filet that my reason has shown me unlimited possibili ties in mind unfoldmcnt 2 Even the stubbornest Materialist will admit that there is an urge running through till being on this earth that demands reproduction as its goal Ho will admit tine universality of desire among animals ho will admit that desire reaches its flJfJlI r BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 highest manifestation in man and is then termed LOVE He will admit that love is unlimited eternal and axiomatic because the mind cannot conceive of its negation Just so does consciousness spreadout before us an interminable network of roads leading us to everwidening avenues on knowledge till the mind grows bewildered in trying to grasp its I score my second point for a belief in continued individual existence The mind cannot grasp the negation of an axiom It cannot grasp the limit of space the end of time Neither can the mind grasp a First Cause because till of these thing are of Infinity As Emerson would say they are conceive of a time when the human mind could not still further expand because my friends it is a Whole it is Infinite it will live Forever 3 My third point is a timeworn argument namely that all races no matter how ignorant have a belief in a future state but I shall apply it to your organization I do not think you believe in annihilation because your acts belie you You are trying to educate your fellows out of the superstitions religion you tire doing this because you believe religion is a curse and does not lead its followers into the higher broader view of life which the continuous urge that nature has placed in every human breast demands You there fore show by these acts that you have kindly hearts that sate in pity for poor ignorant superstitious humanity Now put this question to yourselves in the quiet of your own homes in silent communion with your innuermost thoughts Would you willingly bring a child into this world knowing well the hard road of experience he must travel through life if you believed his only recompense at the end of the struggle would be annihi lation No my friends you would not You would not because the urge of nature forbids the thought The desire for pro gression and a better fuller life for yourselves and fellows shows that you are already living in the future and that no cheap subterfuge of living in your posterity has satisfied you Nor will it quench the fires of millions of years of inherit anoo that still burns in your veins for they are fed by tho fuel of hope and shall not cease till you are born into the ocean of conscious immortality I MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY KximiTS LAIIOU Discussion WAUKS POUTICAI- LAIIOU PIATKOUM Sucm KSTKD XATIOXAI ENTITY MoitAJ OTIVKS AND THE ACTIONS MKX By Dr A Hangman Tho people luivo no money for incii capable roil willing to do tho mental work necessary for reform to design the plans etc which must necessarily precede unanimous action They Mare more important matters to attend to If you want to know Americas great men of today the sublime topics and subjects engrossing tho mind and com manding tho purse of u largo portion of the population take tho papers and look at tho pictures of tho great base ball IWN This stage has now been reached thanks to the societies of psychic research and many able scientists besides for it has been scientifically demonstrated that future existence is not only a possibility but that it is the only rational answer that their senses can give after years of patient painstaking investigation 4 That thoughts live outside the brain is proved by Telepathy If thoughts do live that are generated by the mind then itIS not a bad argument to say the mind itself will live when the body is discarded altogether 5 Psychometry has shown us that every known object has an atmosphere that images its character and environment and which is as much sensed by the psychic as is the aroma of a flower A French Scientist has demonstrated that the body weighs less immediately after death showing something has left it 7 Science has demonstrated photography of persons known to have left this body 8 The greatest chemist the world has produced has demon strated that there is in nil living cells a principle that can be stained with carmine which is not a part of dead protoplasm he named this principle Bioplasm thus demonstrating a probable physical basis of the soul To my mind the evidence of a future existence is so over whelming that it is much harder to believe in annihilation than it is to believe in continued existence Finally I as a psychic could entertain you for days by recouping personal experiences of demonstrations from the so called unseen world but as such evidence can never be other than personal testimony I shall not weary you with them I will state however that I was as sceptical and as thoroughly a Materialist as tiny among you when I began my investigations which have covered a period of fifteen years or more After memorizing the bible and studying nil the leading philosophies and religions my philosophy of life is summed up in three words Live Your Convictions Tile way is open to all to get personal proof of a future life it requires no religion nor docs it require any practices that are not in accord with common sense and the living of a perfectly natural life in har Molly with natures laws San Francisco player who receives 500 1in or tho famous sprinter who mado a fortune by running a certain distance in a few seconds loss titan settle ono olso before him or tho prixo lighter who earns 10000 in a few hours by knock ing some one down The issue ofit prize fight or a gmno of ball is of far greater importance to the people tlum tile fate of an important law pending before committee or legislative body Telegraph lines tore reserved to flash all over tho state tho stunning event that so and so caught or missedit ball extra sheets are issued by tho great dailies announcing tho stupendous news that ouo man is knocked down by another When a champion honors a town with his presence tho baud turns out and plays see tho conquering hero coming tho authorities and promi I aJ 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE Went citizens vie with each other to receive the distin guished guest and offer the hospitality of the place the reporters strain their oars to catch n few flattering remarks from the lips of the great man which next day gladden the hearts of thousands Supposing a Darwin should pass through such a place the majority of the people would not take any notice of him not a dollar would be expended on his account where thousands would be offered to receive a worthless member of society And whoro thoso people who waste their money on useless avocations and childish play Principally the classes that earn it by the labor of their hands who according to the Utopian apostles do not get tho wages to which they are entitled Mr II George probably includes this application of the peoples money under the functions of capital to give direction to productive labor by consumption because ho docs not men tion that people could make any other than tho most judi cious use of their labor their money But what must bo the mechanical effect of this great folly to attach tho value of productive labor to brutal sport Tho thousands of single dollars become capital in the hands ofa few for which society has not received any value Ambition is tho soul of tho Americans they must excel allother nations even if the object is not a desirable one and in respect to injudicious expenditure of money for worthless sport they tore the greatest fools on earth At tho present stage of evolution of tho human race a great concourse of people has seldom a reasonable object In the old country largo numbers are brought together for the purpose of killing each other for the exaltation ofa few here they assemble in the interest ofa few politi cians between whom tho people may choose for the salve of pleasure from nearsighted egoism and hypocrisy in at tending what they call divine service Or they meet in secret conclave to indulge in feasting their vanity dress in gorgeous uniforms and paraphernalia and glorify in imposing titles so grand awl sublime as no potentate on earth had ever bestowed upon him How it flatters the corner grocer or saloon keeper who in ordinary life does not count among tho four hundred to sit on a dias and receive the respectful homage of the brethren who address him as great worshipful master high chiefranger etc The real commendable object of tho lodges does not re quire tiny secrecy and can bo expressed in dollars and cents but tho tomfoolery and pomposity form tho prin cipal attraction for a certain class of people Vanity and conservatism are the conspicuous features in the constitu tion of most of tho lodges The patriotic sons of America find it necessary to recognize tho divine being whichmust be very gratifying to tho lord who is losing followers every day Concerning tho principle of nativity I dont think that any intelligent person will envy tho home bred ass whoso nationality makes him a more eligible subject for membership of this order than tho highly educated foreigner Hero are the Knights of Tabor and similar organizations formed for the laudable purpose of protecting tho interest ofa certain class of people who depend for a l facilities for work created through tho system of dhisiontof labor But as usual in such cases they apply their efforts rather onesided they concentrate their energy upon tho solution of the wage question exclusively which is but tho result of many other social factors described above They can never hope to establish a permanent unchangeable scale of wages which will always tend to go down unless two of tho causes of poverty bo removed tho con sumption by unproductive labor and tho unlimited supply of physical force by immigration and natural increase If they believe mere physical force the predominating power in society they denounce progress and attempt to stop the world in its onward course To tho dynamic forces of tho universe pressed into tho service of mankind by human intellect wo owe tho heat advance of this century over tho past Will must precede action in one individual as well as in a thousand and intellect must guide the will in order to accomplish tho object If there are people who earn much money without doing tiny work do not say they steal it acknowledge tho truth They obtain it through shrewdness by taking advantage of institutions which tho people in their ignorance permit to exist If lawyers accumulate fortunes everywhere it is not because they ren der any important service to their fellow citizens No it is simply because laws permit them to eOn ten or a hundred dollars for tho same time in which other people can earn but one by honest labor If railroad owners come manifold millionaires because they control the means of transportation whose use is compulsory for the multitude do not accuse them of stealing they simply do what everybody else docs seek their advantage and they know it while the people do not If elegant churches rise everywhere consider that this money is spent for buying false teachings instead of truth without which there can be no progress Remember that a thorough reform of our social organization requires tho cooperation and unison of all classes representing productive labor and cannot bo introduced and enforced by one faction or party alone All attempts to overthrow society by acts of violence directed against possession in general without discriminating between individuals must bo futile and can only result in destruction of life and property by which nobody is hen ofitted Tho object of reform must bo to abolish the causes for certain evils m1 1not tho impossible reversion of the past effect The platform ought to bo Revision of tho constitution in regard to tIll legisla tive power of the singlo states 2 Revision and amendment of tho civil awl criminal laws on a rational basis on tho true supposition that the majority of tho people tire good tend sensible enough as far as their intellect goes not to need any laws and that a community is not altogether an insane asylums Conversion ofall public institutions mln public properly r Taxation on tho basis of necessity Concerning taxation wo must always keep in mind unit wrrra t IlIUI J BLUE GRASS BLADE 7It it is absolutely impossible to establish a just andequal i basis from tho same reason that makes it impossible to establish a just and equalstandard for tho value ofa per sons labor inequality of persons and conditions This I impossibility was early recognized by the founders of our republic who resorted to direct taxation only in case of emergency war etc It is nevertheless easy enough to find n rationalstandard for taxation when wo clearly define in what it really consists Taxation means the levying of u contribution to defray tho costs of labor required for the welfare of the community Since the amount of money a person earns represents his share of tho material value produced by the labor of tho whole community necessary to sustain and enjoy life it is plain that a person whose income is limited to the amount necessary for his existence cannot pay taxes In a primitive state of society there fire no taxes because tho simple mode of living does not require division of labor to any great extent But in a state of high culture division of labor leas developed into a very complicated system and requires much labor in order to enable u harmonious cooperation ofan tho ramifications and subdivisions Those who are able under this system to earn more money that necessary to supply tile wants of life can well afford to devote some of this surplus to tho welfare of society for some useful purpose insteadof more luxuries From tho significance of money as a social institution tho render will perceive that the use of money is limited to only two possibilitiesto the purchase of necessities or luxuries and ifIt person can procure all the former and a fair share of the latter he can certainly afford to suffer a retrenchment which does lint even demand a sacrifice of his comfort but only of tiro stupid pride that demands boastful display of wealth Therefore tho only rational and sensible principle is to take till taxes from tho rich in proportion as the poor aro relieved and this is perfectly just because it tends to increase tho means of happiness for ninny without any detriment to a single one lint selfishness and greed seem to increase with the income and it is a wellknown fact that hrich try everywhere to avoid adequate taxation and place tho burden upon tho classes who make a living by tho labor of their hands Thus tine licenses upon the useful avocations tho trades supplying tho necessities of life baker butcher tailor shoemaker etc are unjust be cause they tax rich and poor alike or rather make tho litter pay for tile privilege to live Licenses ought not to be imposed except as restriction upon trades or professions that of no benefit to society When I practiced medicine in St Louis tho city imposed a license of 25 upon tho profession I protested on tho ground that it wits unjust to take such a largo percentage of my scanty income while there wore so many colleagues who earnedmuch more but the city solons paid no heed to these arguments and demanded tho money However I did not pay amidrelied on my superior right beyond which as tho proverb says oven tho emperor cannot go T had nothing to lose and was absolutely writproof While I was enduring a kind of siege by tho minions of tho law succor came from an unexpected quarter Tho city council in a moment of rare mental illumination concluded that the legal profession some of whoso members were said to make 50000 to 100000 a year could well afford to pay tho same amount I believe they afterwards re gretted this step Theysmote the calf in tho eye as the saying is The legal fraternity was not slow to decide that the license was unconstitutional and that settled it For once the just cause was victorious and the laugh was on my side Need I state hero that those who paid the illegal tax never saw their money again Nearly all the people having a comfortable income are op posed to income tax which theoretically would be the only just and correct one Even Henry George does not reCon mend it because it would check the incentive for production or accumulation of capital Such an assertion is too stupid As far as production is concerned the necessities of life are 111111will always be sufficient incentive and in regard to accumulation of capital isnt a check on that just what ho and other reformers demand Or does ho really believe that a person with an income of 50000 on which he had to paysay 5000 would rather reduce it to half the amount on account of less taxes We must remember that there is a limit to necessity below which nobody can go but there are no boundaries for extravagance and luxuries The limit of freedom from taxation ought to be based upon the fact that a certain income is absolutely necessary for tho maintenance and enjoyment of life and people have a good right to demand exemption from taxation as long as there are members of society whose income exceeds thistpostulation many times Instead of fighting windmills like Don Quixote and draft highsounding platforms and resolutions against natural laws and wasting time and energy on childish play tho secret societies might turn their attention to mat ters of practical interest as taxation for instance to better advantage Taking a nation as an entity it is impossible to fix the blame for the imperfectness of society upon any particular class or profession The condition of society is the mechan iced result of tho action of tho people and if it is found that certain institutions aro advantageous to some and injurious to others there is no other remedy but to abolish thea But in order to accomplish this it is necessary first to correct tho ideas and views which must precede action The erroneous conception of life expressed in religion excludes the recognition of the natural laws governing society and though it has no influence upon tile mechanical effect tho unequal distribution of wealth it prevents people from discerning the true cause and reforming the evil as far as possible While those who cattle too late as tho poet says to partake in tho distribution of the earthly goods can not distinguish what part of their mumble lot they must attribute to the force circumstances and what to their own actions it is tho sand with those favored by luck They fire prone to attribute their fortune solely to their own Continued on Pago 12 r 4 J JIfIcltMJD r 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky rounded by Charles Chllten Moors In and edited by him until his death February 191 JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor I26I N KyPSUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 150 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 1100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for ilx mentbs seats each Trial subscriptions It cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions six months J5CI one year Quarter column single Insertion one month 1400 six months 2010 one year 33000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal case ef discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE ef publication of the Blade Is at llf118 North stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE- P Ilex IIS Lexington Ky MORE ABOUT ORGANIZATION Several flattering letters have been receivedsince the Blade undertook to formulate some plan for the purpose of effecting a national organization and if the correspond ence keeps illtit its present rate we may now conclude that a meeting will be held for the purpose of bringing the matter to some focus One suggestion hits been made that the subject be brought before the Buckeye Secular Union at its conven tion und while there can be no doubt that the active officers andmembers of that hodwill lend their support to the movement yet it must bo remembered that those attending that convention will largely be made of Freethinkers front one state with but a few front other and adjoining states as speakers for the occasion What is needed is a meet ing that will be as representative of the Nation as it is possible to got it Freethinkers from many states ought to be in attendance so that truly national questions may be discussed and the organization built upon a national scope It may bo that an organization upon state lines alone at first full then expansion to national extents would bo advisable but this is to decided by the proposed meeting if it is told at all and once under dis cussion the majority will of course decide That success can only bo won through organization or that organization is conducive towardsuccess may bo gathered from the powerfuland effective efforts of the prohibition elements which lave been so thoroughly andtsystematically organized throughout all the states a few years ago this party was too insignificant to deserve jcapabofrom them some recognition of the principles for which it stands Tho vast amount of legislation that has been ob tained from the various state assemblies is also an indica tion of what can ho done by organization and surely the Freethinkers of America are no more nor no less devoted to their cause than are the prohibition people to theirs What has been done by the latter can bo done hus provided wo present a solidly organized front The repeal of Sunday laws and other statutory provisions ofa decid edly religious character could be undo one of the working motives of the cause so far as political purposes may be consideredat all but in the end our great flint should heIto encourage and take part in promulgating by all able means the higher education that has brought orthodox institutions to such disastrous results as we have witnessed within the past few months Whether the foundation of the proposed organization be along state or national lines there will be needed a central supervising body capable of and given the power to direct find manage national in character in scope of opera tion and work To this hotly should bo given the right and authority to build up subordinate organizations and to select the material that shall engage in the work under its name and sanction These tire but suggestions for the purpose of stimulating thought and fire not intended to be conclusive So far the bulkof the letters received suggest the month of October hiring which the meeting should bo held but on slightly different dates By giving until tine end of August for Freethinkers to express their views there will bo ample time to arrange for a meeting in the month named Do not hesitate to express an opinion on the subject hero being discussed It is your right und privilege With the first issue in September tho Blade will give a summary of the opinions already received and to bo received during the intervening period THE RELIGION OF THE FUTURE By the caption of this article our readers might infer that we anticipate that there will be a religion of the future even as we have a religion of the present fund to a certain extent the inference would bo true But if religion as wo now understand what that term means is to survive from ono generation to another for some years to come it must bo admitted that the future religion will bo a vastly different article from the religions we now see I1ndus and about us What is meant by the term religion Its etymology suggests that it is but a mere ligament or a tic that blinds society fund if this bo accepted as its literal meaning then r r Ld i BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 anyta the absurd forms and ceremonials now commonly practiced l and without the compulsory maintenance of a gI1HlIIIHI costly system which studiously robs tine poor and draws from humanity that love reverence and support we now know to be its rightful heritage The charitable impulses of men have led to lodge ties masonic and otherwise where tho essential human virtues find room for outlet and the ties that bind through these institutions tine less vulnerable than those emanating from the church and they find a moro ready and willing acquiescence Political and social considerations alone are also capable of giving cohesion to largo numbers of the human family welding them as it were into one and through unanimous action from choice they act as one Taking religion then in this light we may safely assume that it will survive the centuries but prayerbooks and bibles creeds and sacraments myths and miracles prayers and faith will find no part or portion in this religion of the future for it will be a purely human consideration upon which it is built for tho satisfaction of humans wants the gratification of human ambitions and its work will he upon purely human ideals To this extent we appreciate the sentiments uttered by Dr Eliot in his estimate of what tho religion of tine future will be and which have drawn from Bishop MeFaul tho almost useless charge that tho colleges of tho country are enshrouded in an atheistic or agnostic atmosphere That tine charge is true wo have discovered from tho writings of Mr Harold Bolce of which mention has previously been made in our columns and that tho atmosphere of which tho bishop complains will grow thicker and heavier no dis cerning mind can deny Dr Eliot has been given abund ant opportunity to sco and to know Ho has been brought in contact with tho best scholastic minds of tho country Himself at tho headof one of tine most powerful and influential educational institutions of the nation ho has been able to perceive tho drift of education and it has exerted no small influence upon his own mind On the other hand Bishop McFaul docs not mingle with tho world of thought Ho is employed in sacred mummeries tho swinging of cen sors tho kowtow in front of tho altar and tho masticating of tho hOllof his god Professor Eliot suggests by in ference that these are relics of barbarism and belonging to barbarism then to barbarism will they bo ultimately relegated Bishop McFaul would have us believe that these are as essential todayas they have over boon for human happiness and progress The latter fails to see however that progress is rapidly leading the people away from theme and in a few years more ho and his coadjutors will bo practically alone In an address recently delivered before tho summer school of theology at Cambridge Mass Professor Eliot definedwhat ho believed tho religion of tho future would be At tho very inception ho announced that that religion would not bo Christianity Ho argued that in it there would bo no deification of remarkable human beings which is a cutting loose from orthodox Christian traditions concerning Christ and tho cross Ho further declared that tho new religion would reverence tho teachers of liberty and righteousness and that it would respect all great and lovely human beings Such a sentiment would bring the peoplo approving tho now religion to a greater and higher reverence for Thomas Paine and Robert G Inger soil for their grout selfsacrifice to the cause of liberty mental and physical place both at tho head of libertys martyrs and their known character the great nobility thereof is such as to command tho admiration and respect- of all men and women Dr Eliot further outlined tho religion of tho future as ho perceives it by suggesting that it will not bo based upon authority either spiritual or temporaland that in it there will bo no supernatural element Ho also declares that man will yet learn to place reliance on nothing but tho laws of nature and that tho now religion will not attempt to reconcile present ills by tho promise of future compensation Running through these sentiments wo aro able to observe a full and complete expositions of tho principles of Free thought Shorn of tho supernatural tho natural will come all sufficient for human purposes With the elimination of tho supernatural tho belief in god will disappear as it must and man will learn his true relations tonll humanity To do evil is repulsive to tho refined andsensi tive mind Coarse brutality and tho vicious promise of redemption by salvation an avoidance of tile consequences of wrongful acts makes beasts of men rolls them of tho ennobling influence of selfvirtue which makes them mOIl indeedAbundant cause for gratification exists for Freethinkers of Dr Eliot should takethat a man occupying tho position such a firm and decisive stand against orthodox concep tions and wo may conclude that if the future is to em brace tinysort of religion it will bo along tho lines ho has given and tho church if it would continue to exist as a church will be compelled to accommodate itself thereto or it will perish Remove god and man still remains Take man away and wo have nothing left Is it not essential therefore that the love the admiration the sympathy tho help wo each have to give and bestow should be conferred upon man and leave tho gods to their own methods In tho now religion and it will como most surely there will bo no gods to propitiate no devils to fearno hells to shun no heavens to bribe Earth and humanity with all tho natural surroundings will furnish all that it will need for worship and praise love and hope Hearts will then become more true and hypocrisy will cease among men Various criticisms or assaults have been made by differ ent preachers upon Dr Eliots position Unwilling to admit truth unable to foresee tho general drift unprepared for tho mental transformations that are now threatened from tho onetime strongholds of tho church the o preach ers are very much like tho ostrich for they shut their own eyes to impending dangers and pretend because they do not appear readily to tho view that no danger exists Con I JlJ Ii Tl 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE corning Dr Eliot mid his critics we can say as the lute Col Ingersoll once said of Garfield JTc speaks from the inside out Dr Eliot knows The preachers speak front the outside in They do not know They merely assume and then infer While orthodoxy could wield a control over education it had powerful allies for the young wore incessantly trained to believe No inquirywas made Criticism was denied the privilege of existence Now noIIarrayed against the myth and fable of the Christian sys tem tine preachers are at once forced to take the defensive thereby keeping them fully occupied with their personal concerns depriving then of the opportunities they have hitherto enjoyed of meddling with the rights and liberties of others The tenor of the arguments offered by those who have attempted to criticise the new declaration of religious in dependence is that if Dr Eliot speaks true then must Christ hum lived and suffered in vain the Christian re ligion must be all wrong and the work of the missionaries the result ofa mistaken zeal And all this is true By close reasoning and comprehensive study the preachers themselves will come to learn that no Christ lived or suf fered as depicted in the four gospels that this Christ was a mere myth that the Christian religion is till wrong and that no matter how sincere missionaries may bo their work is the result of a gigantic mistake a mistake that has oost thousands of human lives and wasted considerable treasure Then will the preachers come round to Dr Eliots way of thinking and the religion of the future if religion there must be will have surely dawned MRS BESANT AND H IvR IESSIA II Once a tan twice a child Thus runs an old proverb the truth of which is readily recognized blIIen and women of reflective lIIindIDuring infancy the mind lacks judgment it is deficient in perception and conception principally from inexperience and the want of educaton Near the summit of lifes journey the mind is most active the faculties are stronger the intellect more keen and the judgment reached by the minda result of both education and experience is store firm and worthyof consideration Upon passing the meridian and going down the decline as the shadows fall to the west senility sets in the faculties become more or less impaired and the period of the second childhood begins The infantile conceptions of the mind in this hit tel stage will be largely dependent upon the streuuosity of the life through which the individual lilts passed If the voyage has been calm and peaceful the traveler will enjoy greater repose during the days of declining mentality but if the passage has been over shoals and bogs rough awl turbulent trying and tiring the mind gives way quicker reason loses its grip and an advanced stage of mental ab l beration follows It it in this light that wo would prefer to judge of Mrs Anuio Bant mid her message of the now messiah who is to Hake his or her appearance upon tine soil of the now world The life of Mrs Besant has boon far more stormy and turbulent than falls to the lot of the average man and ceedingly few women Tim brilliancy of her mhul and intellect during the period of her advocacy of radical thought stands unexcelled and with but few equals Originally the wifo of a church of England clergyman im bued with a desire to assist her husband in his worksite undertook to write a history of the life of Christ and through liar personal study and investigation announced there was no life of Christ to write A legal separation followed whereby Mrs Besant was deprivedof her children under the law of England which held that an Atheist whither Mrs Besant had drifted wits an unfit and an proper person to have charge of the education and training of a child Something was then said as to the probable effect of this separation from her children upon the mind of Mrs Uorfaut but her strong mentality her vigorous tellect held her up and her remarkable argumentative and oratorical abilities soon brought her to the front among English Freethinkers and she became an active associate of the late Charles Bradlaugh with whom she worked and labored and suffered for tho cause of mental freedom A willing follower at all times Mrs Besant was never a leader She developed into an ardent advocate of socialism and was an associate editor of the National Reformer a weekly Ereethoiight paper edited and published by Charles Bradlaugh Later Mrs Bcsant started a monthly maga xiuo of great merit entitled Our Corner which flourished for a season and died In everycity or twit of import ance throughout treat Britain her voice was heard in an advocacy of Frcothought and Socialism and the radicals of tho country gave Tier warm welcome Her pen wrought eloquent arguments ill behalf of Atheism and her tongue ciinvincod many None dougbtod her sincerity and leer name became a byword in almost every English home During this jmriod of her most active public work Mrs Bcsunt would have scorned the thought that leer mind would over be brought lo such idiocies as she is advocating today Were site as mentally vigorous today as she was a quarter ofit century ago she would never express a belief in a Messiah intended to offer a plan of vicarious atone ment for sin Not until tho death of Madame Blavatsky a notorious adventuress slid Mrs Bosant become pro nounced in her departure front Frcothought principles but with the leadership of the Theosophists confronting her and a reconciliation with her children following the death of her husband her mentality began to decline mid she was now capable of indulging in the wildest sort of beliefs which included mahatmas spirits goblins mull divine ineswiahships Tlio Editor of tho Blade know Mrs Besant in Knglaud while still a youth heard lion lecture became impressed with her earnestness mud was actually started on the road r BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 to Freethought by reason of her strong argument and irresistible facts It was through tho efforts of Mrs Besant followed by Charles Bradlaugh and G W Foote that lie became a member of tho National Secular Societyand later engaged in the advocacy of the smile cause In the fall of 1SSS the Editor mot Mrs Besant again in New York City but she wits a theosophist now and the great change that had como over her was plainly noticeable She didnot seem to bo tho same Mrs Besant She avoided as much as possible any discussion of her former labors and adroitly turned tho subject whenever it was brought up Constant association since that time with the society she now represents lilts in our best judgment affected her mind to such an extent that she is mentally unbalanced and this is the most charitable judgment that could be pro nounced upon her at this time Judged by her former capacity to think and reason Mrs Besant would know that there is no messiah that there was never a first messiah to admit tho probability or possibility ofII second Her effort to give America as the place of this second messiah to make his or her appearance would seem to bo an at tempt to play upon the vulgar thought of the ignorant in tho hope of making a profitable investment out ofII few wordsStruggle as site may Mrs Besant has been unable and she will lie unable to bring any of her former friends and associates to her present wayof thinking It is a pity that such a brilliant intellect should bo so overcome but it is an inevitable law mid we are once more brought to the old proverb Once a man twice a childIInd the second stage of infancy is now most surely upon tho leader of the Theosophical society THAT NATIONAL ORGANIZATION More letters commendation tire coming to tho Blade office as concerns the proposition to bring about a new national organization of American Freethinkers There is yet however an insufficient number to justify the under taking and if we are to organize we urge upon all who are ready to aid in tho movement to get into line by the endof tho current month Wo nave now less than twenty letters The majority of these are unable to attend from financial fund other reasons but till will become members of the organization if properly fleeted and give of their means to make its work a suc cess Three points are most favored for the meeting These are St Louis Cleveland laid Cincinnati Tho dates run from October a to 17 have some who have promised to attend no matter where tho meeting is held or the date of holding it ought to have not less than fifty but thirty will bo sufficient to start tilt ball rolling It may bo as wo infer front some of the letters written that the idea is entertained that tile proposed organization is intended to supplant existing organizations Far from it On the contrary it is designed to weld all existing organizations together to bring them wider ono flag to im bue them all with one purpose Under suchconditions each existing organization should have a representative at the meeting provided meeting be held Each could then take a part in the formation of its constitution and tho building of tho plans for future work Without workwe are at a disadvantage and we must all work together if we would win and enjoy the fruits of our victory Under such a plan the working power and facilities of all organizations may be utilized to the fullest All must admit that there exists a very large element of liberal people who are in no way identified with the propaganda They have failed to affiliate with existing organizations for solve reason or another By constructing a platform that is broad enough and free enough to embrace all these ele ments with a practical philosophy as the educative feature of the movement and sound policies for the working side there is no just reason why such all organization should not succeed The present break from orthodoxy as shown by current literature furnishes abundant material for us to continue our efforts but five must show a combined effort and purpose for individual labors alone will be insufficient to gain tho desired end Write the Blade at your earliest convenience if you have not already done so and state 1 Do you favor such an organization 2 Will you personally attend a meeting to establish such an organization a Name place and date ofmeeting as you deem most suitable 1 If you cannot attend and an organization is effectedwill you become a member You have tho current month ill which to answer but as the undertaking must involve considerable labor it must be made known in time what tho wishes of tho majority are in this respect Manyof tho friends writing to us as favoring tho proj ect are men and women who have never previously been affiliated or connectedwith tiny Freethought organization This means now blood in tho movement capable of incul eating now ideas mid this is precisely what wo need if wo wish to succeed Tho question is then are you with us Mayor II Baldwin Bice of Houston Texas is a man of nerve and action Satisfied that W C Horton Com mander of tho Union Christian Army was working a plain ease of sanctimonious graft ho gave a limited number of hours to shako tine dust of Houston off his feet Tho fakir shook but it is not said whether ho went in tho direction of tho bayou to cool off i After successfully converting Tames Weldon to his own religious views Ivov Abel Dickerson pastor of the Church of god and saints of Christ Pittsburg caused his converts arrest OIl a charge of embezzling iSO The accused got tho money showing how quickly and how sure the religious fervor exerted itself UIIr1 aIS 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE iMANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY Continued from Page merits or to divine providence the easiest way to shako off moralobligations towards society In the old country this relation is far more pronounced and obvious than hero Wo have the working classes farmers artisans etc on ono side as tho cause the nobility and clergy on the other side as tho result both representing the ignorant conservative element of society Between the two is wedged in the intel lectual portion of tho population from which all progress emanates It is obvious that no sharp boundary lines can exist between the factions which are however plainly dis cernible in the political life ofn nation Hero in America tho evil is less conspicuous and the better condition of the working classes together with the enormous increase of national wealth is conclusive proof that the greater part of individual fortunes comes from the only legitimate source industry Wherever this is the case wealth and intelligence are usually associated But among tho rich people wo find also some low intellects whoso entire life is devoted to tho gratification ofn con temptible greed who never cease to add to their fortune which is already more than sufficient to buy all the luxuries tho world can offer Instead of making good use of their money at home they apo their aristocratic cousins across the water play the Maccen and pay enormous sums for dauhedcanvass because they havo been told that it is the proper thing to do although their own artistic taste would ho better satisfied by the dashing picture on a cigar box or tho gaudy colors ofn cheap chromo These people spend millions for building useless churches and seminaries they engage ministers at enormous salaries to tell them pleasant lies that tickle their selfconceit Their wives are charitable they are much concerned about tho spiritual welfare of the heathen in Africa they are solicitous about tho noble red man and see that his innocent pastime of scalping tho lowbred white settler who is trying to make living by disgraceful labor is not interfered with If Catholics they contribute liberally to the church or even join a clerical order to which they bequeath their fortunes in the vain anticipation of becoming angels in heaven and saints on earth after death all for their money But they have no eyo for tho misery at their door The stern reality is disgusting Tho negro in Africa and the Indian in the far West arc cleaner subjects for the ostentatious display ftf their charity Hypocrisy and misapplied sympathy charities wasted on unworthy subjects for tho sake of vain show tad boast are often the only way by which tho rich chow their regard for their fellowmen Not long ago I saw in tho papers that the children of once of the richest railroad magnates intended to erect a votive church to tho memory jf their father Indeed a lucky thought they could not hit upon a more appropriate symbol to commemorate tho stupidity and ignorance of the people to which their father and through him they themselves owe their immense fortune Summing up the moral motives governing tho actions of men we must distinguish tho two classes those who always remember that they aro members of society and always re flect what must be the effect upon the welfare of their fellow men if everybody acts as they do and those who have no other consideration than their own personal interest regard less of the consequences for the community The former aro morally the better the latter are financially the more successful they are tho fittest to survive because the najorityof the people have no other standard than the near sightedegoism whoso vision is limited to tho size of tho dollar In regard to progress wo must draw tho same dis tinctions There aro people who aro incapable of thinking logically and independent who believe because others do tho same This class includes till tho religious believers They do not prove the truth of their creed by tho accordance of their teachings with tho facts but in the material cir cumstances of numbers Not because tho existence ofu personal god could bo demonstrated in nature or because the probability ofa future life could be logically inferred from the biological laws and mans relation to nature must religion bo trueno because the savages havo their idols the barbarous races have their gods and tho ignorant classes of tho civilized nations pretend to see their own image in nature and call it god These dupes who have no better argument for truth than numbers must remember that minds or intellects are circumscribed entities which cannot bo added together A superior intellect rises above thn masses like a tall tree in tho forest over his companions One herder has more sense than all his oxen oven if their number were millions one wise man knows more than all tho fools and savages in the world but they have tho power Tile other kind of people think for themselves they study nature through the weans she has given us tho senses they Acknowledge no other truth but facts and seek it in the only phuo it can bo found in nlltllrcin the universe To the searchers for truth mankind owes all its progress its ele vation above tho animal kingdom This class is always in tho minority it has never ruled tho world and has never derived tiny material benefit commensurate with the blessings it has conferred upon mankind America is tho country where society will first attain more perfect form but for tho present we must console our selves with tho poet- ilfeaitwhile until philosophyrShall hold tho world together Love and hunger rather Keep going worlds machinery To bo continueds I d 9O l BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 F URGES FREETHINKERS TO OR GANIZE By J Atwood Culbcrtson I address these few words to Frccthink crsto those Freethinkers who have not responded to the Blades request for ex pressions regarding a National Freethonght Organization This movement the Blade has started I am certain for no other purpose than to provide for Freethinkers a better way of spreading Froethonght and battling our religious enemies and without hope or desire of personal honor or glory I am also certain that most Freethinkers are in favor of some sort of an organization No lone man can decide the kind that should be formed The only proper way is to get into convention and give every mans views proper weighing and consideration The Blade is only waiting for a sufficient nujjfber of favorable replies from liberal ed men and women to arrange for a meeting Now each opinion will count for one It matters not if you have been aII dead Freethinker if you will only return to life long enough to voice an opinion it will count for one and possibly bo a means of awakening you from your mental doze Freethinker resurrect thyself Burst open the grave in which you have been lying and let yourself be seen and heard by men as we are about to have a judgment day Arise ye sleepers You Freethinkers Liberals Rationalists Agnos tics Atheists Materialists what sort of men are you If you have any care for mental liberty and personal freedom get out of your stupor and become live active pulsating men and women interested in the work of freeing humanity from the clutches of the only existing hell religious super stition Respond to the call of our noble and untiring Freethought medium and say whether or not Freethought shall livo and progress Much is dependent upon you Periodicals such as the Blade cannot do tho wholo work These mediums must have tho support of Freethinkers individually and collectively Tho Blade lias done her work mid faithfully many times doubt6without remuneration just to give us food for thought Do you appreciate your Freothoiight Sunday meals f Are you digesting your portion It would seem not Therefore I say to you men and women wino pride yourselves upon tho fact that you are Freethinkers Rationalists Liber als etc and free froth the religious superstitions which have so long cursed tho world I repeat to you What sort of men and women are you Have you in your greed to devour all there is on tho Free thought subject overloaded your brains and become mentultl dyspeptics IlIggishand stupid and degenerated into that II dont care state What matters it if you have before expressed your opinion about organi zation verbally or in writing You aro now asked for an expression about tho matter so right now is the time for you to get your paper and pen and answer the questions that have been asked Dont put it offuntil this evening or until tomorrow Your answer is wanted and you owe itas a debt to yourselves to humanity to tho editor and the publisher of the Blade to all Freethought periodicals and all Free thinkers to let yourselves be heard Will you pay your debts Again I repeat to you What sort of men and women are you Reveal your natures by letting your selves be heard on this momentous subject Stfwickley Pa THE ASCENT OF MAN Mans March Has Been Up and Not Down So That One of Darwins Books Ought to be Renamed By Joe B Thorn No slightest change in childhoods early day No storms that raged no thoughts that ran But left a track upon the clay Which slowly hardens into man A great utility people trace back their kin to Adam and thence to God A person is severely ridiculed who falls a little out of line and states that wo have ascended from some lower animals The monkey is the chief one that is thus imposed upon The belief that lower things evolve to something higher is rejected by practically all Christians who deny that animals have souls and believe they are akin to God by direct descent- I have ono objection to one of Darwins books I think that it should be Tile Ascent of Man and not Tine Descent of Man Any how Darwin deserves more credit than all tho allies of superstition from Constantino on down Heres where it hurts The Christians want to bo kin to every man on the globe but dont see how they can do so with some enlightened men unless God is kin to tho monkeys I dont know whether the nionkeys would like this relationship or not but there are some men who they wouldnt care to associate their relation ship with on account of purely mental ca pacities of the saute who Irun inclined to believe rather descended than ascended Let us compare monkey to man Man has arms legs eyes ears hair nails teeth and sometimes a few brains The monkey has all of these attainments in a more or less degree with one exception ho hasnt a soul or a God It seems that tho monkey was created before man but some how or other got off in the woods to gather cocoa- nuts or something and didnt know when God was coming and so failed to have the Holy Ghost shut up in his internal organs by the breath of life and as a result doesnt possess a soul I dont believe that he is allowed even the privileges of going to hell when he dies Heres where he has the best of usho doesnt have to smoke when lie dies and he doesnt have to go to heaven and live on the love of Jesus with a little of his blood thrown in The kinship with the monkey is denied simply because he hasnt arrived to his stage of progression where he pinches his waist up by a belt that would do for a necklace he doesnt wear high heeled French shoes a merry widow hat is lack ing and ho doesnt carry a sixshooter and drink Milwaukee beer The monkey is capable of a smallamount of development any how and with special training might be taught these things You might practice a little Christian Science on him to help matters out If he dont understand the 3 in 1 part of your religion dont let him ask too many questions The kinship with the monkey and tho French in the time of Louis ishe dont wear enough clothes- I have seen a great many monkeys in cages I couldnt tell exactly whether they were Baptists Methodists Presbyterians or Campbcllitcs but nevertheless they let their children have allof the fun they could and showed good manners by not going to shoutings at night and disturbing the peace in general by their noise and t next tlll tine one of their members andxencluseiim in cage within a cage because he she or it happened to break a Sunday t law and shock tho Trinity by not being at church and going off bug hunting without a gUll Now I want to ask the Christians which is tho noblest To come from almighty Jnrtificinllassuming tho lead over monkeys and gods Even if we did come from lower animals we should be proud that wo have advanced so far Anyhow I shall take my stand un der the monkeys banner and leave all Christian Scientists and Salvation Army ists to divide elitists body anions them selves as they see fit Ill cat my cake with the monkeys Valparaiso Intl- RATIONAL RELIGION Elements Upon Which Religious Society Should be Built in Contrast With Prevailing Ologies i By J C Watkins In the minds of most persons religion is more a system of theological belief and ritualistic observances than it is a code ot i r- 14 morals or ethics Among savage and bar barons races there is practically no relation of religion to morals It is in fact a system of buying the favor of imaginary good or Cilspiritsby offering ceremonies and personal suffering Even mining more enlightened people the great virtue is thought to bo belief ritual istic observances membership in a religious body and contributions to its support with goodconduct and right living as a sort of secondary incident Even in our own country religion has not the deep significance as a moral force that it ought to have It is freely conceded that many ministers and multitudes of the laity are earnest sin cere noble and good people These people are honorable moral and upright in life good citizens good neighbors and good in all the relations of life though some of toavowedBut while all this is true there are mul titudes of people in the churches not be cause they are good not because they are seriously interested in morality but be cause they think that the church is a savior that religion consists of forms and ceremonies professions and prayers as sent to creeds and articles of faith They think that belonging to church gives them standing in society credit at stores and patronage in their business They arc loud in their denunciation of unbelief and unbelievers many of whom are not only their superiors in intellect but in morals and conduct Suppose all of this kind of people were weeded out of the church and their names erased front the roster the numerical strengthof the church would be very much reduced It is popular now to belong to church or to be at least an adherent of the Christian religion and there is always a very great number of people who always get on tho popular side for no other reason than that it is popular But there is getting to be a vast number of people who while they believe in morality and good conduct are not considered religious because they have no church con nections or nfllliations They find most ligious organizations so burdened with theology and creeds to which they cannot scientiously subscribe that they could not be admitted to membership in any of them even if they shouldapply What intelligent people of the better class want is a rational religion one based upon scientific facts and at least reasona ble theories right living good conduct principA honor goodness of heart humanitarianism love of truth honesty and justice These surely must be of more im jMirtance than assent to creeds or sets of theologicalopinions We want a religion whose cornerstone is i Jllilf BLUE GRASS BLADE reason rather than socalled revelation good conduct rather than creeds and humanitarianism rather than piety Kanahwa FallsVII BUCKEYE SECULAR UNION CONVEN TION Attractive Program is Announced and Friends of the Cause Are Urged to Rally to Its Support The olllcial call and program is now is sued for the Seventh Annual convention of the Buckeye Secular Union to be held at Schencks Hall 335 South High Street Columbus Ohio on Sunday September 12 1109 It is to bo hoped and the Blade hopes that all Freethinkers in Ohio and adjoining states and from other states who can consistently and conveniently do so will not only attend this convention and encourage these gallant workers in our cause by their presence but work to make this the greatest gathering ever held in the history of the Union While the last vention at Canal Dover was a goodone well attended and financially successful with Colmnburi rs a more central point and the hosts of Freethinkers residing in the immediate vicinity the coming convention ought to eclipse all past efforts- PROGRAM Morning Session 000 Address of Welcome Geo 0 Roberts Response Dr Ellanorc M Poland OOAppointment of CommitteesBy tho President Report of the Secretary Miss Lou Lawrence Report of the Treasurer J bur Whit- e1030Election of Ofllcers for the Ensuing Year 1100Essay The Bible in the Public Schools Helen M Luca- s1115Song Thomas Paine Libby Cul bertson Macdonald 1130Short Speeches By Members 1200Adjourn for Luncheon to American Hotel or elsewhere Afternoon Sessio- n100Address Decay of Orthodoxy or End of Dogma Dr T J Bowles 3 JOSoug Ingcrsoll Ltbby Culbertson Macdonald 345Tae Spirit of the rimesJ A Culbertson 315Correct Thinking Parker 11 Ser combc 400 Trolley to Indianola and Olenlnngy Parks Everybody happy Evening Sessio- n730Oration Freethinkers Funerals Dr J B Wilson 815Materialism Atheism Agnosticism and InfidelityOtto Wettstein OoProgless of Free Thought and Free PressJohn R Chatlesworth 1000Choir Invisible ElliottsLou LawrenceNotice The headquarters will be at the Ameri can lintel No 20 South High St where ample accommodations for members and visitors will be reserved Rates 100 and 150 per day American plan The Parlor will be used by the Olficcis and Members on Saturday and Sunday The Secretary Miss Lou Lawrence will have charge and all members will register on Committee will be at the hotel all day Saturday to look after the comfort of arrivals so come early and get Table discussion Jii all evening to which all freethinkers and friends arc cordially and courteously in vited lEO 0 ROBERTS MISS LOU LAWRENCE HELEN 11 LUCAS Reception Committee PICNIC DEBATE L1NEVILLE IOWA Sunday August 15 I will hold a picnic debao in a grove near here on the Prophecies of the Bible There will be a fore and afternoon 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