You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 29, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909082901 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, August 29, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. MT JI t oc BLUEjRl BLADE J J Volume XVIII LEXINGTON KY AUGUST 29 ityog Number 20 iS ilJ1 DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDAWmJREEDOM OF THOUGHT Iuitttt4t IfipurttttUa it ktr Ily Jlscrh 1SAy He cut these words on 1the shield of Thought w1he people ask the joys of Right The wrong that long the church vitas wrought j Shall aid no more the reign of night 1ffj He saw the Lie in halls of State l The powers that bo take Freedoms all Ho saw Shylock exact his rate And drive the widow to tho wall Ho markt tho thinkers low they built The engines of the countrys might And yet their blood was freely spilt If they did claim a freeman slight The divine mandate everywhere Was trotted out to still unrest Tho shackled thinker did not dare To voice tho thought his mind express II Arise Yo slaves and drive the curse From out your homes to endless death Arise Lot not its greed make worse The woes that Love encountereth H 1ThoII Arise And sound the roar of war And sweep these terrors from the hills Tho reign of tyrants shall no more Enslave tho wish that Mercy wills J A band of men scathed by the fheJOf ills that sappd the nations life Markt well the cause that did inspire The brawny chief to talk of strife 4i r l fItft AJ jI f Hie chieftain closed their marshal d ranks ft As to the foo they nearer drew field of carnage wrapt their Hanks t But fearless marched the dauntless few Pjiljiey saw the boot the bloody rack r lThe bones of thousands on the plain il turned her pages back W MTo show the churchs work again t VijThey noticed Brunos charred skull i J F The blazing stakes upon tho green J jgThe loathsome prisons teeming full a Of men whoso aim the Truth had been They heard the cry of torturd hosts ik i The dying voice that asked relief 1 But echo rang the tyrants boasts f SsTAml added venom to their grief r 3rl j sFTfio feudal lord with vassal train With cruel zeal did carve his way + i hough living flesh through heart and brain To bring a county Heath his sway jskgTho martyr with his face aglow l dayfejAndas ffI Thechattel slave at the auction block I Vji it With anxious eyes survey the throng at S3 As his now master did unlock fit ffho links of love hed known so long aRriio bones of Brown smote by the wind Did groan a warning in tho air Bo careful as yo free your kind i Lest Death oertaketh those who dare- t ii y ri i I ftl r rt 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE The noble Foote in prison bound Did break the grip of iron chains And sprang toward the battleground Where blood was drawn from Freedoms veins 4 An ancient wolf with dripping tongue And pamperd by the modern Church and State About the tomb of Justice hung And snarl the breath of blasting hate The Star of Freedom shone afar To light and guide the nations tread But alas The forces of the CzarThe pathways filled with the dead The chieftain viewed the hosts ahead Their gaping maws of deadly night But matchless valor did not dread To cast tha gauntlet for the RightaThe foe is there and out beyond The promised land of Freedom lies Where Mercy Justice will respond To keep the flag across the skies No weakness now but worthy deeds Will win the groaning world relief I Current Topics and Freethought Happenings Discussed for the Benefit of Blade Readers By Josephine K Henry Churchyard as a Playground It is generally conceded that Trinity Church of New York City is one of the wealthiest most grasping and grinding corporations on earth The grounds around its various churches have for two centuries been fenced in The iron gates were always locked except during services Some influence has been brought to bear and the cloistered silence bus been broken The iron gates have been thrown wide open and the old burying grounds converted into playgrounds for the pour children of the congested districts of the city The gloom and silence of these grounds are now dispelled by the merry laughter and the echo of childrens voices raised in phiy us they romp about these old moss grown churches Good for old Trinity This is tho best thing ever recorded of her For two centuries old Trinity has been busy extorting excessive rents from the poorest classes of people and evicting tenants and professing to lead the mythical souls of humanity to a mythical God und busier still gathering in the dollars by the begging process lighting legal battles and dodging taxes The religion taught at Trinity is out oil date and intelligence is making wry faces at her and she must do something so she has opened her lands worth millions as playgrounds for children The next best and safest thing for Trinity to do is to put itself on the tax list pay till its back taxes give its old mouldy churches a genuine spring cleaning inside and out con rf OJ fIt So follow where my helmet leads If oen to death so spake the chief Halt came a voice from out the night The seated powers will not sharefWith slaves the joys beyond the height Go back The bravest perish d there- In silence like avenging ghosts The trained warriors swiftlyswept Against the foemans steeled hosts Where death from duty never crept The dying soldier as he fell Didshout the gallant remnant on And though abreast the brink of hell The prospect flighten d not a one What need to war when Mankinds good By Freedoms cause was doubly nrmd The warriors zeal the pools of blood Drove Evil from the field alarmd t The heights were gained the chieftain stood In the blazing light of the risen star IIIThe race had gaind the greatest good lived the tune of Loves guitar Salt Lake City Utah IPen Points for Earnest Thinkers vert the buildings into manual and technical schools lecture halls and places of amusement Trinity should dismiss its arrayof clerical parasites use some of its vast income in building a free crematory and remove all its graveyards by tho method of cremation and convert valuable lands to the use of the living One of the crying needs of our time is the establishment of free crcniiitories in every community Cemeteries are breeders of despair disease and death and if Trinity will build a free cVematory it will set a fine example roof do some practical good in the world What is a Presbyterian William Jennings Bryan asks in a despairing voice What is a Democrat Now to this query may be added What is a Presbyterian The Union Theological Seminary in its lifi years war has turned out from its preacher factory as many kinds of Presbyterians as there are kinds of buttons On July 8th the U T Seminary graduated tho Rev George A Fitch In his examination Rev Fitch denied the virgin birth of Christ tho historical identity of Adam and Eve the raising of Lazarus from the dead taut the resurrection of the bodyof the savior After these positive denials the New York Presbytery by a vote of 7 to 10 immediately ordained the Rev Fitch and sent him to convert the Heathen Chinese Hev Dr Gregory violently opposed Rev Fitchs ordination and said It is a case of the Bible against men One or the other had to be thrown out and the Presbytery of New York throw out the bible as the infulliblo guide to faith and practice With Presbyterians Paul is u greater authority than Jesus Christ What will the New York H 11JI 1 w T t BLUE GRASS BLADE Presbytery do with Paul Paul says plainly in 1st Corinthians 151410171810 And if Christ be not risen then is our preaching vain and your faith is also vain For if the dead rise not then is Christ not rais e1JaII And if Christ be not raised your faith is vain ye are yet in your sins Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished II If in this life only we have hope in Christ we are of all men most miserable By the ordination of the Her Fitch the Presbyterians have joined the college professors in IBlasting at the Rock of A- gesf Harold Bolco should look after them as they lave placed a heavy charge under IThe Confession of Faith If St Paul has heard of the action of the New York Presbytery he must be as dazed as ho was on that memorable trip to Damascus Ah welladay Let them have their say It is evident that orthodoxy is in tin advanced stage of creeping paralysis and like old ago there is no euro for it under the sun moon or stars Alone With Jesus A woman returning from church convention recently locked herself in the lavatory of a Pullman sleeper and was singing at tlio top of her voice Theres nobody hero but Jesus and me To protect the rights of the other passengers the conductor called into her and ImidIJosus dont take up touch room what is needed is for you to get out of that room as soon as possible The signs of the times show that Jesus is considered a myth by even ordinary people in all the walks of life Dr J B Wilsons Trip to Rome A careful rereading of Dr Wilsons Trip to Koine pro foundly impresses mo with the fact that it is the best workof travel ever written by an American It leaves the beaten path of tho literature of travel Dr Wilson has a style all his own IA Trip to Rome is an artistic blend of optimism and pessi mism of scutching criticism of the superstitious shams foibles and follies of the past and present and that exalted human feeling which makes the whole world kin In his observa tions of the old world tho author of IA Trip to Rome at one time strikes chords of harmony with the touch of a muster hand that holds the pen then of a sweet singing pod and again of the enthusiastic antiquary and folkIorist then as with the roar of a cataract he smashes into fragments religious legends intoler ance and ignorance with the sturdy icoiiochism and polished diction of a Saladin and an Ingcrsoll Dr Wilson putts tho old picture of European travel in a now frame und in a new light This book will be of immense value to those who have been to Europe or those who intend to go to those who are still in the shell of ultra conservatism and to those who have come into the refreshing atmosphere of free thought A Trip to Rome will make you laugh loudly and smile grimly will mike you serious and at tile same time pro foundly slid will make you smell the odor of spring violets and the stench of the slums but best of all it will always make you thinkFreethinkers in Europe and America have cause to be proud of tho literary work of Dr J Wilson In tho future his writings will have an honored place in the literary Pantheon A 10Trip to Rome should be in all our public libraries Let us hope that this valuable work of travel and Dr Wilsons forth coming book of poems will require many editions of them to supply the demand A God of Love Walt Mason draws a theapreacher in these lines lie sings old hymns to ragtime tUllestAnd talks of teens immortal souls prunesIlegold As though he had them in his trunk He cords us up within its foldtWith other piles of Pope plebian plutocrat and pauper are all off the same pieceIof goods Scratch the clerical veneer and we have mere in tho great seething mystery we call life Yet amid the storm fflIIisolpunishmentifsupport the priest or any of his schemes we can dispense with a mnnmnde god and his business agents the clergy Buckeye Secular UnioniBuckeyeSecular inspireother t sidering what tho newspapers and magazines are doing for tho cause of 1reet bought as many should attend the Columbus meet ing as attend our national political conventions and but for mental cowardice this would bo the case It would be quite t appropriate for Harold Bolco to marshal his freethought college presidents and professors and come in all the majesty of their intellectual liberty to Columbus on September 12th The world is just waking up and finding out where it is at and the tackof tho Buckeye Secular Union has helped it on to this discovery Let us hope that freethinkers from other sections will attend this meeting and be inspired to more aggressive work The woods are full of freethinkers if they onl dared to come into this open Success to the Buckeye Secular Union A Modern Miracle It seems that tho days of miracles have not passed The press announces that last Sunday July 18 at tho church of Jean Baptisto on 70lh Street Now York a woman named Mary Brown who had been totally blind for 12 years had lieu sight pletely restored by kissing a silver bowl that held the wrist bones of St Anne The woman cried 011II I see you St Anne o good St Anne Isee you Tire worshipers in tine church claim that a great miracle was performed but the blind woman whoso sight was restored disappeared and the police have been unable to find her St Anne whose wrist bones cured this woman of blindness wits tho mother of the Virgin Mary As II Holy Mary was tho Mother of God St Anno is Gods motherinlaw Let us hope that God thinks more of his mother inlaw than some men do of theirs Surely St Anne by her wrist bones is miracle worker doing all she can to perpetuate tho religion founded by her soninlaw Good for St Anne Suppose the faithful start her wrist bones on a tour of tho country opening the eyes of the blind St Annes wrist bores could get in some effective work in tho blind asylums If St Annes wrist tomes will do this she will put ho skeptics and doubting college presidents and professors out of business Ullf 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE The Morality of Christianity Influence of Superstition Upon Conduct Decidedly UnwholesomeMorality Grows With Intelligence By A A Snow During nil of our lives we have heard from Christian pulpits about Christianity being the fountain head of nil morality We are frequently told that were it not for Christianity this would not be a decent world to live in and that we would have no security for life liberty raid property But we have also always noticed that should anyone express doubts on such a supposition it would not bo at all pleasant for him Should he ask for the privilege of giving his reasons for an adverse opin ion and present some facts to the people showing the other way it would raise a tempest indeed And it would not be n tempest of argument or reason either it would not be inspired by intelligence or morality But it would be a tempest that would have no respect for morality fair ness justice or even truth It would be a tempest that would seek to trample all the beautiful features of morality into the lust A tempest whose father is chaos whose mother is hate and whose guardian angel is the black less of night Intelligence is the Creator of Morality and the Supppression of Thought is Its Orthodox Devil The history of Christianity is the history of the suppression of thought Christianity is not the fountain head of morality but a dnm to hold back the flow and be cause the flow overtops the dam the dam mnker asks for the credit of the stream The bible is not a friend to free speech and is thus an enemy to both intelligence and morality Christianity condemns a man to eternal damnation for his belief and the old testament puts him to death for giving his opinion to his fellow man Paul would condemn to eternal flames those that would preachcontrary to his views So this intolerance is not an inci dental feature of some churches not simply a prodigal step of some that have wan dered away from the straight path but it is characteristic or fundamental to the bible itself Those few churches that are liberal or tolerant are such as have wan dered away from the narrow track into infidelity It is true that Jesus now and then is made to speak words that indicate a beacon toward liberty but then again he is made to voice sentiments darker than the dungeon and also to swear allegiance to tie old bible which puts mans intellect in eternal chains There were ancestors of man who were I not moral beings Morality sprang up along with intelligence even the dog has some moral traits according to his intelli gence But man was a moral being ages before Christianity existed Through the use of speech maul grew in intelligence and became moral in proportion to his ability to think and converse Ethics like science is subject to correc tion and improvement by experience and applied intelligence Some things we thought were right in past time we have come to find out are wrong while others that were condemned as wrong we now know were right Christianity claims its code and precepts lire handed down direct from God who is perfect and that they therefore cannot lie improved upon Therefore to move the Christian in a for ward way either in science or ethics is like moving a dead weight In fact he is almost constantly pulling back As an ex ample of this we might cite the case of the Pope of Rome fie comes cut in oppo sition to women having a voice iii the af fairs of government and as usual ho bases that opposition on the teachings of the bible And many other examples might be given What little advancement is made by Christianity is through thj influence of infidelity within its own ranks or through deception as to the real teaching of the there was jnorality before Chris tianity is known by every render of ancient history and all such readers that give Christianity the monopoly cn it preach what they know to be n lie and are them selves malicious and immoral deceivers Some who are more cautious only tell us that the belief in a god inspires the liever to a duty of obedience to that god and thus to morality Of course there is a debit as well as a credit column to take into consideration in this matter and farther so far as the effect is concerned it would make not a particle of difference whether that god really existed or not and the preacher need not be concerned whether he is malting an appeal based on truthor falsehood Now can it bo a healthy morality that is based on false hood I But again this last speaker comes in conflict with his own bible for it teaches that the gods of the heathen are all idols and are all powerless and valueless to man What then inspired the morality of these heathen for they are moral ImOle or less I It is sometimes claimed that the infinite Threats on the one hand and promises on the other of the gods are great incentives to morality But Christianity ran make no boast over the heathen system in this re spect and in this respect too it night absolutely false and have the same as if true Besides an act to be beImust be performed for principle and through fear or the expectation of Ho who takes up his armor for pay outside the moral arena notwithstanding the fact that in the line of evolution the moral has grown out of the nonmoral and the unselfish is the outgrowth of the selfish Besides to orthodoxy and the bible mans eternal destiny does not turn on his moral or immoral acts but whether or not he has been converted or baptized if the moral has anything to do with it it is only secondary in its significance Orthodoxy being true belief is far ahead of deeds Tile desperate criminal has as good a chance of escaping hell as the moral man As to whether a man goes to heaven or hell is a question of chance since every one that grows up is exposed to the penalty of hell fire at least a part of his life and that unavoidably As to whether he finally gets to heaven or hell depends on whether he chances to get converted or not before death All are bound to be unconverted and fire brands for hell a part of their life I detest any idea of morality built on the principle of cseveil up What must the moral effect bo to tell the criminal that he at any time before death can unload the consequences of his misdeeds on soiiitt innocent person and he himself go free I If a man is forced onto this earth ing no voice in the matter forced to be exposed to the penalty of endless woO as it is claimed all are during an indefinite period of time forced to die and that at any moment of time not known to him and then if he gets into an endless hell either because he died before ho made his escape or because he failed to make the escape before he died 1 say if ho deserves such fate for such culpableness what fate does the one deserve that forced him to take such hazardous chances The penalty for sin as given by orthodoxy J or the bible cannot be counted a pen alty at all hilt n tragedy and an awful one too And while it would be policy for one to make effort to escape such a fate should he be convinced that it exists there would be no merit whatever in such nn at tempt no more than in the attempt of an unfortunate matt to petition a governor or jury to escape the gallows Morality will not run in such tracks as is built for it by Christianity That railroad is laid out side of its realm There may be demerit in nn attempt to shift off ones responsibility mid avoid his just deserts But there is neither merit nor demerit in ncccpting or rejecting the salvation offered by the bible It would bo simply a matter of investment Line vi lie Town r BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 I i Further Criticism on Dr Hausman Land and Single Tax Reviewed by Another Disciple of Late Henry George By Dr J C Barnes I see in some previous numbers of the Blade under the heading of Mans Origin anti Destiny criticisms of several chapters of Henry Georges great work Prog ress and Poverty by Dr A Hausmnn which it seems to me to lack lucidity and without offering n remedy for existing equalities of conditions in society It seems to ho a defense of present conditions and an animus against the Single Tax which is in reality an abolition of till taxes and the term Single Tax is used for want of a better term to concisely express the modus operandi of collecting the eco nomic rent or annual value of laudaa value given land by all the people and peopleItence that all men have an equal right to life liberty and the pursuit of happiness which implies an equal right to somewhere to live Since all lave an equal right to land all have an equal right to the choice sites or portions of land And the only possible way to equalize the land to all is for those occupying choice sites to pay to all others the difference between the least desirable sites and the more desirable sites This difference in value of land is termed by political economists Economic oxceptinvalue is proportioned to population in the same country or among the same class of people Or in other words the value of land depends on the social growth ofa munity comingJto the value of lanld under a socalled single tax have to pay rent to all the peo ple even through he lived in a hotel lio would add to the value of the land the hotel stood on and his board bill would go partly to economic rent or annual value of the land The single tax is notat political inven tion for governmental purposes but a covery as all truth is of how to equalize the earth to till and give all equal oppor tunities to live Land is tho source of all wealth and of till opportunity to live No one needs more land than he can use and would not own more and hold itont of use if he had to pay as much economic rent on itliS he or some ono else paid on an adjoining improved lot of the same value So the poor laborer could if not employed by capital erect a house and have a home The single tax would virtually set land free and all who desired a home could have one free of tax except this ground tax which ho now pays anyhow to landlord and the tax ho would pay would be to himself for it would be pended on streets parks sewerage lights fire departments schools etc Land ing fret no maul would work for less wages than he could pay himself on free land The Dr uses tho words capital and money carelessly it seems to mo He writes of land as capital when it is simply the source of capital and other wealth Capital is laid up wealth to assist labor in producing other wealth To show that capital and land aye very different if we tax capital or wealth tho tax is shifted onto the sumer and products art higher priced whereas if you tax land values you make land cheaper Land is neither capital nor wealth for till wealth is the products of labor on land He writes of money being the standard of value when there can be no standard of value Value Is an emotion and can no more be a standard or measure than love beauty sublimity or any other emotion equalizeto whom alone it should belong Capital wealthyCapitalistslord novel All the very rich men own countryisland and to take the annual value of land as a tax would reduce tho socalled wealth of the rich one half The value of land would not bo reduced but tho value would go to all instead of to a few as now Everyman woman find child adds 500 to the gregate value of land exclusive of provements Do they get it Dr Him mail knows they do not and ho knows the producer should have an equivalent to what ho produces And since till or practically all alike produce till the value of land till should have it And there is no other wry under the sun by which each cant get his share of the value of laud except by tho single tax on land values not land hut laud values Much land would have no value to tax Tho farmer on poor land remote from populous centers would pay productsbeingfree his land would fall below the margin of rent or cultivation It would be better L u for nearly all farmers for exempting his improvements his stock his grain and farm machinery and what he consumes lowering the price on all he buys for he is the greatest consumer of any class he singletnlandlord living off the rents of land he charges others for occupying and the man who like Marshal Field who had the vantage of his competitors as a merchant by owning the site il4 acres of land der his store worth 8000010 per acre while some of his competitors paid out as rent 5 per cent on the value of the land their stores stand The economic rent stnndsisworth I per acre for every man woman and child in Chicago Take the population nlllltipbitlion will be the value in dollars of the showingthailand and the owner added no more to its value than any other person Fied died worth 100000000 but half of his reputed wealth was in land values Ho never could fourththatand the remainder would have gone to distribalionBut could write in defense of the single closehopingGeorges works and learn all about the great moral subject the single tax Arcola III THE PHILOSOPHICAL BIBLE CLASS UNION OF AMERICA TextBook Bible Myths and Their Parallels in Other ReligionsBy Doane 1000Septof Christ Jesus from page 215 to page 225 tho 2Sth line Sept 12the resurrection and ascension of Christ Jesus from page 225 2Sth line to page 213 Sept 1JTlw second coming of Christ Jesus the millenium page 231 to 244 Sept 2liCIIIilt Jesusas judge of the dead 214 to 247 PROF A1 CLAUSES National Organizer St Ansgar Iowa J tMrHJtli 1nlilHiltIMtllU IJI J 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE MANS ORIGIN AND DESTINY INDIVIDUALS AND DESTINY ACCIDENT AND CIRCUMSTANC- EHUMANITYCRIMES SENTIMENTS AND CRIMINALS By Dr A Hausman Investigation of the origin of social principles the so called social virtues and morals showed us that they all spring from the same natural instincts modified under various conditions entirely independent of religion and therefore the same under all races and nations Amongall classes and professions we find individuals with more or less sympathy we meet with priests who devote their energy to helping their parishioners in the troubles of life and deserve respect for their actions from all On the natural ground of humanity people of all nationalities and creeds meet human nature can not be suppressed by any laws or teachings But such men with noble dispositions rise seldom to high positions in the church for such are neededselfish men without sympathy who guard the material interest of the church regardless of the welfare of the people who can do a little cursing and damningburning is fortu nately played out Human instincts form the sole moral impulse for a priest as well as for any other person all his own preaching and teaching can not alter a dot in his natural disposition from which all actions spring In the same country where I made the acquaintance ofa priest whom I shall always remember with respect and pleasure another priest was convicted of the murder of his wife and daughter for the sake ofmoney If wo are the helpless product of nature the question naturally arises what can we do ourselves to shape our destiny to what extent can a man be the maker of his own fate The answer is simple enough only to the extent of his physical and mental power no further He can exert himself to his utmost capacity do his duty work honestly and diligently but the result depends on many accidental circumstances over which ho has no control If several persons act alike on this principle wo must call them morally equal because nobody can dp more than it is in his power or as tho poet beautifully expresses it No bird can fly over himself Still tho result of their efforts their success in life may bo a very different one It is therefore impossible to sty how much of the success in life a person owes to his own efforts and how much to cir cumstances All wo can do is to do our best mIll abide tho result fate People who have been very successful in life sire apt to overlook this very important factor they attribute their good fortune altogether to their own mental superiority and look down with prido upon their less fortu nate brethren On tho other hand there are many who have not complied with the first command of nature who have not exerted their faculties to tho utmost to solve II their own social question and who accuse fate of their fail ure which is their own fault The false teachings of the church prevent these people to see life in tho right light and to fulfil their twofold functions as individuals and as part of the whole community Theytare unable to dis criminato between these social features which spring from universal biological laws and are not within human power and those which tire tho result of human errors and mis takes amenable to correction Instead of perceiving the truth that some members of society live in better circum stances because they have not relied upon providence lint exclusively on their own industry and intelligence or the ignorance of the masses which amounts to the same they accuse thorn of having unjustly appropriated more than their share of the earthly goods Hut tho most deplorable consequence of this misconception of life is tho total dis regard for the future of tho offspring Ifn person has succumbed to misfortune and lilts given up the battle against life ho has at least ono advantage over tho animal he taut cheat misery out of another victim if he permits tho curse to die with him and does not transmit it upon a new being This is tho gravest charge that today cnn be brought against religion it destroys the feeling of responsibility against the offspring Rut as mentioned at another place among the causes of poverty there are incidents in human life which may re duce a man to abject poverty without his fault and appeal to sympathy as the only remedy which seldom fails in such cases to respond generously It is tho pertinent misery in largo cities with its accompanying disgusting attribute of squalor and brutality that seems to blunt tho feeling of the wealthier classes who always judging from their own success seem to consider personal fault the only cause Although this supposition is undoubtedly true in many if not in most cases there tire others in which tho hard fate is undeserved who suffer under the general prejudice The only way to alleviate and eradicate poverty is to discrim inate between tho unlucky and tho unworthy elements to apply charity judiciously assist sonic with money and advice to a more elevated position and others with a rope As a result of the perverted idea that charity has any moral merit it is only a social necessity and is a good work that will bo rewarded in heaven wo find that people are loath to lend a helping hand to any ono who is struggling against bad luck before ho has completely succumbed and become n ragged pauper To poverty after it has assumed an appalling form and lost all decency and shame alms flow freely front vanity and conceit Tho glaring contrast between tho supplicant and tho giver causes the latter to indulge in flattering comparisons and it appeals to his magnanimity But deserving poverty that does not lose BLUEGRASS BLADE 7 beingIto cope with adverse circumstances and struggles to J dollarfor tie last moment there is little hope for assistance in a for than to give him a cent while ho is living People are OpportunityforHow afraid people are to suffer any inconvenience in behalf of a human being is illustrated by tine following in cident Once I was going hstago to a small mining town in Colorado and just before entering the place the driver occupiellbycruel treatment When I asked him why the citizens did not interfere and take tine girl away from them before they accomplished the crime ho replied it would have been lynchingformedtive I can not vouch or the truth of his statement but it Iiseems quite plausible and in conformant with the terror the people have of the law Lynching is an unwritten law universally acknowledged a dictate of necessity but to take a child away front fiends in order to save its life would have brought the whole machinery of the law down upon there is brding to till agnostic views no merit in giving alms and no reward in heaven it would superfluousa constant menace for society Poverty engenders crime and brutality when combined with ignorance and becomes dangerous in proportion as the numbers increase The reign of terror luring the French revolution and the com muno during the siego of Paris in the last war show the tendencies of this class and what may be expected when it comes into power So far wo have had but a few out breaks of this element but the social laws are the sauna hero as in Europe matters are rapidly approaching the constantlyincreasingrecommend as the best plan to relieve misery and remove its disgraceful consequences to abolish till alit to organize a municipal department for the correction of society and devote all money that is now wasted in churches anil worship to this purpose ltmy of the members of the two worthless avocations law and divinity could devote their energies to the useful occupation of assorting the flock andseparating the white and the black sheep And in the sane measure as deserving persons are assisted and couraged the severity against certain elements whichwill not listen to anyother argument hut force ought to be is a certain class of people who call themselves Humanitarians who look upon a criminal as a deluded erring brother denounce capital punishment and propose to reform all sinners by gentle persuasion and reasoning These saints are a great obstacle to social reform they courage crime and their motives spring often from an im pure source vanity and cowardice They pretend to be so noble and good because they lack the courage to execute the severe measures which are often necessary for the wel fare of society From such maudlin sentimentality arose responsibleforThe Indian policy of the United States the cowardly atti tude ofsuch n nation towards a handful ofworthless savages is a disgrace of which any other nation would be ashamed and for which the pious hypocrites in the East are principally responsible Tudor the pretense of sym pathy but in reality from mercenary motives for the sake of stealing for which the agencies afford the opportunity this pernicious policy is kept up and the ferocious hordes ofworthless savages are permitted by the government to rob and kill its own subjects The lame excuse that the noble red man is abused by tile ranch man and the hlHlIcowboys is a stale lie The western settlers are genoraIan energetic industrious class superior in intellect they refugeinSam exasperate the noble red man by stealing his allowances or trying to make him work And for this the peaceable settlers are expected to suffer and submit cheerfully to scalping because as the humane idiots say it is the nature of the noble red mug and ho ought not to bo inter happinessHumanityagainst their victims To be continued Correctly estimating the value of an unscrupulous press agent as an advertising medium an investment of business giant no matter the method used to obtain it preachers tire not averse to their employment for tho purpose of attract ing attention which they could not win by fair and hottest means Rev Mr Gordon pastor of Highland Park Pres byterian Church Chicago IInow confesses that he made a pretense of rescuing a nineyearold child from water only waist deep hut secured a newspaper reporter who wrote it up as a daring rescue at the risk of his life One more fakir Thats all x x Vo are nearing the end of Dr Hangmans new book so far as its publication ill the Blade columns is concerned Once more wo would remind our friends that postage will be prepaid on all advance subscriptions Hut a short time remains for you to take advantage of this offer If you intent to subscribe do so tow x x a x Tho manuscript ofIt strong article front Judge Parish P Ladd criticising modern socialism is now in our office Wo expect to publish this in the issue of August the 29th j i Bit8 GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore and edited by him until his death Februiry Mil JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Edlter 1261 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P Box snfSUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 151 per year In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 1101 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 100 per year ADVERTISING RATES Ono Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 111 six months 601 one year 110 Quarter column single Insertion ItO one month 411 six months 1111 one year 8910 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up in advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers emitted will bo sent If asked for upon renewal case of discontinuance WOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 111118 North stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will given a hearty welcome TUB BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflc at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box lit Lexington Ky DR HAUSMANS BOOK ALMOST COMPLETE With ono more issue of the Blade or more technically speaking with the issue of September 5 we will have coax pleted the serial publication of Dr Hausmans book Mans Origin and Destiny in the columns of the Blade and it will only be a matttcr of two or three weeks Inter when it will be put into pages and bound in book form ready for delivery to those who have subscribed for it Having eliminated few pages the latter being written as an afterthought by the author the manuscript has been reduced to that extent but this will in nowise affect the bookor tho completeness of thoargumcnt One of the ob jects existing in tho mind of tho author by writing this book and striving for its publication was to stimulate thought sand discussion This ho has done The criticisms ho has wrought will bear witness A book with which the multitude can agree and does agjee can not contain any startling truths In order to osier this discussion wo have decided to publish with tho book as an addends tho criti cisms that have been made and closo its pages with such responses as tho author deems necessary or fitting to the occasion This will snake a work well worth reading by every thinking man and woman and increase its value as a contribution to the current advanced literature of the nation Tho book will contain a picture andshort biographical sketch of Dr ITausman tho dedication to Prof Ernst I l Haeckel the letter of acceptance by Prof Hacckel reading the manuscript submitted to him the book as it has appeared from week to week in our columns best criticisms that have been made by Blade writers aftcrifinal response of the author As this will furnish an idea of what the book will tain wo now urge upon our friends who desire the to subscribe for it in advance and thus enable us to more satisfactorily meet the cost of its publication and at same time save themselves the cost of postage wo prepay all postage charges on advance subscriptions thoIafter publication an additional charge must bo made 20 should be widely read Its strictures upon the churchupon religious conceptions in general its criti cisms of society and of individuals in society ought to give it that interest which means a wide Now friends the book will soon bo circulationrwe hope for ita good reception I THE LKOPOSKD ORGANIZATION There is considerable satisfaction to be found in the fact that one Frcethoiight Editor has been found who seconds the motion of the Blade for a now national organization of American FrctthinlCrsIWhile heartily approving thcroject on general prin ciples Editor William Maple oT the Jngersoll Memorial Beacon Chicago Ill offers the wholesome suggestion that in order to command that respect which must be its due the proposed new organization must be built upon an up todate scientific foundation and he further suggests that the theses of Prof Ernst Haeckel be made the tentative declaration of principles for the same On this subject Brother Maple says We second the motion pf The Blue Grass Blade for a national organization of rationalists and suggest as wo have many times that Prof Ernst Haeckcls theses be made its tentative declaration of principles Mere antiorthodox sentiments as tho Blade suggests will not do for there tire scores if not hundreds of fads and foolish notions in this country just now that are antiorthodox Such an organization to command respect and bo of worthmust standOn an uptodate scientific foundation The Blade appreciates the interest thus manifested and agrees with tho suggestion in all that it implies but as the strength power and influence of tire proposed organization CUll lie found only ill the number of individual units brought into cohesive power and force the declaration of principles should bo broad enough to include tho vast army of schoolmen and collegiate instructors who have openly declared against orthodoxy and announced new departure from superstitious methods and practices Such elements may not unite with tho movement at its inception but once properly and successfully sot in operation the doors tare i open for their reception and whether their admission bo t soon or late it will offer them a haven or refuge outside of l I BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 mid beyond the church which they have practically re that sonio one must prepare the way the Blade submitted tho proposition through its columns and solicited expressions from all concerning it Front a perusal of the 1cOlllJll1lUications published in our columns it will be ob unaninnouslyinsimilar letters appear in this issue Believing that the meet possibilityration of u declaration of principles for submission to the body when in session simply as a means of bringing the subject up for discussion and for such amendments or addi showinghowb coincide with our own wo submit that part of the declara tion of principles we had drafted and while we do not r entertain tho thought that these may be final they furnish an outline of what may and can be done provided tho meet ing followingWo to nil religiousbeliefsof human reason shall proclaim that such alteration change and modification become necessary to the welfare and hap piness of tho race Wo believe that tho inculcation and dissemination of high moral concepts are of greater worth to humanity than tho professions of religious belief Wo believe that morality is dependent upon secular con siderations and is in practice and effect the greatest possible good to tho greatest possible numbers irrespective ofre ligious beliefs or disbeliefs Wo believe that tho conservation and promulgation of truthshould bo tho constant aim of humanity Wo believe that all orthodox religious conceptions of tho universe are erroneous and that Monistic system of Philosophy announced by Prof Ernst IFaeckel will satisfactorily account for all phenomena and offers tho best known system of Philosophy that could bo applied to human life andendeavor Wo believe that Science demonstrated and applied to human affairs constitutes the real savior of mankind I As previously stated in the submission of tho foregoing J it is not intended that they should bo final but simply to suggest to lay a foundation as it wore for others to fall into tho discussion with such amendments changes or addi tions as may bo deemed advisable Beyond this however lies the plan or method of propa ganda Also the plat of organization Both tare equally important The organization must bo something more than propllImust to To merely organize and lay down will bo a wasto of effort To organize and work will bo the means of success That work must bo along definite lines Some system or method must be formulated Such details as these can only bo decided by the meeting if it is held For the purpose of bringing publicings and a distribution of literature We would suggest an entirely new literature for it must bo admitted that too muchof the literature now being disseminated by the Free thought institutions of America center upon mere Bible doctrine with too little upon tho constructive elements ofour cause Sticha work will demand two things Persons capable ofcreating the kind of literature necessary and the money needed tormeet the cost of publication and distribution Happily we have both We have men and women fully capable of pre paring the literature and we have within our rank and file persons of means who would willingly contribute once they were convinced that the organization or those at its head meant business With these agencies at work the propa ganda should be made twofold First as an exponent of tho constructive elements em braced in the Monistic philosophy as best adapted to sub serve the highest interests of humanity and the upbuilding- of society by teaching the true relations of man to tho uni verse and to others Second by processes of education to overcome the pre sumptions of the church and its advocates and to enable the sass of liberal thinkers to resist the same ha con certed plan of actionsTho next issue is the plan of organization whichneces sarily goes to the manner of acquiring membership tho election of such officers as may bo deemed advisable and necessary the payment of membership dues and the gen oral management This is a matter of business detailIwhich can be determined by the meeting itself The prin cipal things to be considered in this relation are It set of capable and competent officers working Board of Directors and tit efficient corps of workers in tho field The directors should bo given authority to pass upon and give approval to all who undertake to represent the organization in fields of labor maintaining a high standard of repre to approve ofsuch a plan is not sufficient it needs active cooperation to win From all parts of tho country wo tire receiving approving communications But as wo have previously hinted tho movement demands a Leader as every movement must demand and that Loader must be one in whom tho mass of American Five thinkers repose implicit confidence one who is capable competent and sufficiently experienced to carry the move ment to the highest pinnacle of success With such an organization at work can anyone doubt what tho result will bo Tho harvest is ripe and ready for our gathering Discontent dissatisfaction aye even strife marl tho orthodox world Old ties are being loosened There is a rattling of tho drybones Men and women have been and theyfire now thinking for themselves It would be the lImo of cowardice for us to sit supinely at ease A 4 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE while our liberties ire being slowly frittered away when we have within our grasp the power to check all encroach ments Just as soon as wo can get our hearings in an intelligent shape the result of this present effort will bo duly an nounced mHIII semiofficial call issued or the movement declared at an end for the present The Blade would appeal to the heart the intelligence the patriotism of every Freethought man and woman to rally round the banner of mental freedom and as the Blade has presented the motion which has been gallantly seconded by the Ingcrsoll Memorial Beacon now lot your decision bo made PREACHERS ARE XOT THINKERS There is an old German proverb which the average preacher would do well to remember It runs Say not till thou knowest but believe all thou sagest This suggestion which we offer to preachers is trite It would also be advisable for many of their followers und supporters to do likewise Preachers are not apt to say all they know They would lose out if they did Xor would it be a safe bet that preachers or their followers actually believe all they say Upon speculative subjects such ns theology some doubt however small must exist in the nor mal mind If no doubts are entertained the mind must lit abnormal The natural tendency is to inquire where posi tive and direct information is lacking Mere inference are altogether unsatisfactory The mind that is satisfied is sure to be neglected told this inevitably leads to mental stagnation Every inquiry is the child of discontent Ifitd humanity been always satisfied to believe without invest imi tion there would have been no science no progress and Jehovah would still be the lord of hosts Just as it has ever been the great aim of the worlds wisest greatest told bravest to formulate some system of natural philosophy whereby retrenchment of the evils of ife might obtain so has it been the concern of interested persons moved by selfishness and egoism to multiply and magnify those evils by preaching sentimentalism and super Itition The latter trend is out of harmony with nature It leads humanity away from itself It strikes at shadow ed loses substance It leads the human family into a fierhonian hog from which complete extrication seems well sigh impossible Only hII system antinaturalism is uporstition able to live Changes may como and go but ho dread monster is still with us to torture and finally to ill Nature means harmony Superstition sometimes jailed religion is a perpetual discord Religion steels the part poisons the mind warps the judgment and sours the iisposition of those who have it Extreme piety is chronic Despair Preachers saymany things they ought not to say and lave unsaid many things theyought to say Preachers nd people represent extremes What is to the advantage A the former is a loss to the latter Their interests are r not common Posing as friends of the people the preach ers arc really the peoples greatest enemies The preachers friendship for the people depends upon the amount regu larity and frequency of his pay Friendship that must bo bought is not worth having A true analysis of the preachers religion would resolve it to a cash basis If ho has a habit of thinking he dare not let his thoughts be como known For the same reason he gives utterance to much ho does not believe and keeps silent upon many things he does believe The ecclesiastical system discourages independent thinking Deeply religious countries cannot progress beyond u point permitted by their mental masters The physical slave hal freedom only to work for his owner and his owners personal profit The mental slave is at liberty to pray and stake joyful contribution of his means but he must not think No true believer expects a reward for his servitude until after ho is dead The preacher demands his pay right off Unlike his flock ho is unwilling to wait or to take any chances lib is a millstone about the neck of humanity a deadly cramp that seizes upon the swimmer in the ocean of life CHURCH AND STATE When many years ago the Freethinkers of America adopted as one of their principal aims a complete separa tion of church lUu1stllte they were regarded as a sort of erratic extremists bent upon undermining the social fabric to merely gratify a personal whim minus any laudable motive and unworthy of the slightest consideration But the Freethinkers have never ceased in their efforts In season and out of season by tongue and pen they faced opposition with hearts forward and their backbone straight They felt themselves growing with the importance of their work and their labors have borne a splendid fruition On almost every hand we now find that the notion ofn completo divorce between church told state is not only proper but necessary Many politicians have ventured an approval Judges recognize and admit that social evils would result from a union of the ecclesiastical institutions and the governmental machinery of the republic Magazine writers now fearlessly express themselves upon the subject and these indicate a growing sentiment among the thinking and reasoning stratum of society that till curvet is alto gether out of place in government and the government should keep itself aloof from church influences unrestrained told untrammeled by these reactionary forces During the past week it became necessary for the Editor in a professional capacity to read over the proof sheets in page form of Volume lJO of the Kentucky Reports These reports are made up of decisions of the Judges of the Kentucky Court of Appeals upon litigated eases brought from the trial courts upon issues of alleged legal errors These judicial opinions once formally pronounced become the law of the Commonwealth establishing judicial prece BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 dent for tho guidance of future litigation along similar lines Among tho cases reported in this volume is one brought from Knox County Kentucky wherein an issue was raised by the refusal of the County School Superin tendent to pay the salaries of the teachers and janitors of tho Graded School at Barbourville because of an alleged partielpancy ofIt Methodist College Two lads attending Union College tho institution in controversy had been employed as janitors at the public school for a compensation each of 800 per month as a means of enabling them to earn their way through school We offer this statement of the case as an explanation of the Courts opinion Judge Henry S Barker wrote tho opinion wherein hslIil It is not denied that the services ofII janitor were needed or charged that the young men did not faithfully earn the pittance paid them but the fact that they were students at Union College at the time of the employment seems to have presaged all the evils ofa union of Church mIll State With tho local issues in the case wo have not the slightest concern Tho real point of interest to the Blade and its readers is to be found in tho filet that a School Superinten dent in a remote mountain countyof Kentucky has had the courage to raise such an issue in the Courts and has practically secured a judicial declaration from tho highest legal authority in tho Commonwealth that there exist evils in connection with a union of Church and State and is therefore to bo rigorously avoided But when this eminent judge made use of the expression all tho evils ho argues by implication that these evils are manifold and real Were they not so wh would it he necessary in n judicial opinion to discussthem Tho expression used is a practical declaration of tho Kentucky Court of Appeals that evils would attend such It union and as it is the duty ofsuch tribunals to repress social evils we may infer that a union of Church and State would not be tolerated in Kentucky unless tho Court of Appeals as a Court of last resort should oveirulo itself In addition to this wo find front a perusal of the Sep tember issue of Success Magazine a somewhat similar reference to tho subject One page is devoted to Women Everywhere which consists of short notices concerning women in all parts of the world socially and politically An item dealing with the bill recently passed by the English Parliament legalizing the marriage ofa widower with his deceased wifes sister is among severalothers and the author after making reference to the opposition of tho established clergy toward tho bill adds Tho least we can do is to hope that a marriage so con traded will bo happier and less troublesome than tho iinjon of Church and Stale has proved ill Entland There can bo no mistaking these sentiments They aura the outcome of years of constant agitation upon tho part of American Freethinkers But a few years ago a Judge who dare to give such judicial opinion and a magazine editor who would allow such a sentiment to bo published would have felt the full force of Christian bigotry and hate subjected to business boycott and political ostracism Xow things have changed The intelligence of the nation is coming to our way of thinking This old world is still Jesus could possibly err in judgment or belief would not bo admitted by tho sincere believer but Rev a Deligrcn pastor of the First Swedish Unitarian Church Chicago declares that the mangod of the Christian faith was wrong in his belief concerning devils and had simply accommodated himself to current superstitions The whole system of religion is a mere matter of accommodation It follows the popular will as soon as it finds it is losing power to compel its own When tho mountain refused to arise and hump itself Mahomet did tho camel act and went unto the mountain Because tho people of Lima Ohio will not go to hear tho parsons in church on Sunday tho parsons have agreed to take to street preaching and will go to the people Tho average parson will run hard enough if there is onln collection in sight x 1 Dr Washington Gladden of the Congregational Church Columbus Ohio declares it would be mocking god if I trusted him to do what I could do thyself If godwill not respond to prayer and do just whatever is wanted of him ho must bo a sort of a cheap affair and of small use to man Xo man wants a god unless he can use him According to statistics furnished by Rev Walter Laid law of the Federation of Churches New York tho number ofchurches to tho estimated population of Greater Xow York has diminished in ratio during tho past five years This is an excellent sign and may a greater decrease be shown during tho next five years to come The Blade is receiving an unusually largo number of applications for sample copies which at this season of tho year would suggest that it is rapidly becoming more widely known Apropos of sample copies we willsend the Blade free for one month to anyof your friends provided you furnish us with name and address for that purpose Think out a list and mail to us t In our next issue wo propose to give our readers a stim ulant on organization by a publication of sonic of tho let tors receivedon that subject Wo are still a long way from doubling our circulation which wo hopo to do by tho present year Get busy ii f 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE c J TGod Earthquake Speech Delivered by Dr F Iska at the Meeting of the Free Congregation in CzecksEnglish School Chicago Spoken in Czeck Translated by C J Wastn The great poet and philosopher Goethe writes in his autobiography horrors of the earthquake in Lisbon in 1755 lie was only seven years old In school lie had been taught about the god who rules the world and without whose will nothing hap pens He learned about the attributes of God his omnipotence which is such that he only thinks and it happens his good ness that knows no limit his greet wisdom that cannot be mistaken neither can it be deceived his righteousness that reward the good and punishes the bad At that time when his childish imagination was wholly occupied with that power and goodness people spoke in his presence of the horrors of the earthquake in which 00000 human beings perished in a minute II God creator and ruler of heavens and earth which the first dogma described to me as so wise and kind had not proved to be a good father when he gave honest and dishonest to like destruction My child mind could not comprehend and settle that says Goethe More than one hundred and fiftearshave passed and frequently therehas been the same or similar destruction of lives honest and dishonest Now again just at Christmas tune when the churches and homes of the most ligions inhabitants of Southern ftaland Sicily hummed with rejoicing Christ the Lord was born ho glad rejoice At night on the Sunday after Christinas which a urge majority of the inhabitants spent in prayer that country over which God wisely rules shakes so that houses fall and bury in their ruins hundreds of thousands of honest and dishonest among them inno cent children who just at the hour before they went to bed in their gratitude spe cially prayed to Jesus and recommend themselves to the protection of Gods ingcls The ruler of heaven and earth is om licicnt religion teaches lie then knew slat will happen He is omnipotent His viII alone or a single action would have keen sufficient to avert all these horrors fhich he knew of ahead hat he remained inactive And when the disaster already vcurred he was not moved by tho lament Jon wailing and gronnn of the injured dying in a horrible torture lie certainly must have heard cries for help of those pious and honest victims He hears them but what docs he do Nothing He allows the sea to raise and with its waves flood the ruined cities and colony ruins everything what yet alive remained where the waves could not reach there he gives free field to fire in which flumes are tho dying father mother son daughter and hahein a horrible torture Idly he looks lit it ruler of heavens and earth yet he is in the way of maul who hurries to help With his willwithout gods a hair will not como off mans head All connec tions are broken with the unfortunate col ony railroad tracks torn up und waves of ocean oppose access to harbors Only for those hymns in a human form he makes it someway possible so they could be first on n spot and in their greediness for gold could cut fingers and ears off the dead and yet even of the living With his will they give the finishing blow and plunder And God knew that it was good Genesis 10 Man has heart lie subdues instinct of selfconsciousness and with a spirit of a hero multitudes hurry to help They do not mind that every second new concus sions of earth may follow and prepare them a grave after a horrible death Even a worlds ruler of course one whose blood is not yet poisoned ofa heroic liberator of a nation from gods deputy he hurries with his Slavonic wife so he could stop and lessen horrors that are done with his will ruler of heaven Work of rescue is in full force everyone without difference of nationality and re ligion Russian Frenchman Englishman schismatic heretic Catholic unbeliever man and woman everyone strains to a superhuman strength and only god proceeds in his awful deed he wants toand allows new concussions to which victims tire falling oven part of those heroes and he sends a new cross Who he loves he visits him witha crosshe sends hunger insanity sickness and perhaps already pes tilence that will certainly como if church fanaticism will win that opposes the burn ing dead bodies which are sown in a whole under Homos fanaticism in their spiritual dulness stand in opposition to tine most necessary protective means and looks for protection to St Agathy patroness of earthquake allrlexpects toed from holy banners and the most holy hosts thoy r IINI carry in procession They are looking for miracles to happen that this 01 that priest or nun came out unharmed and that a cer tain chalice with hosts did not horn That thousands of innocent children perished and also hundreds of clergy and that num bers of churches tumbled and hundreds of holy statues arc ruined that thousands of holy hosts lifo sons of god either burned or floated as food to sea monsters that will bo forgotten They will look for miracles and they will find them and belief among people uneducated willet be strengthened null there are many of them in Italy and Sicily and as soon as the survivors will come to themselves a little their first solicitude will be to order and pay for holy masses to liberate unfortunate victims of earthquake from purgatory Holy father already ordered mourning masses to bo read for that purpose in the meantime per haps without pay but soon paid orders will gather in and everything at last will come out well for church and god who what ho death he docth well The uneducated among the religious will even not think butt will pray further on the half educated among church members will be satisfied with that gods ways are unknown and educated people as far as they wish to believe will say that earth quake is a phenomenon of nature with which god has nothing to do and immediately they will praise almighty om nipotent god wise ruler of heaven and earth This is the logic of those who wish to believe In proportion there will bo only few of those who like sevenyearold Goethe will acknowledge impossibility of such awful horrors by gods omnipotcncy and as they cannot doubt the fact of this horrible catastrophe they will begin to doubt about tho omnipotent ruler of heavens and earth I know ahead that my language will bo condemned as blasphemy but also know if there be a god he will certainly give mo mi heaven for this that I deny that he is omnipotent and could prevent those horrors if ho wanted to Not the one who says There is no god is blaspheming but the one who preaches and believes that everything is the work and will of god including these awful horrors at the description of which the blood runs cold that one is blaspheming He is blaspheming man to whom ho gives such a god as an example Far more human and godlike is ulna as it was proved in this horrible event Hero ism of those who on the ground of horror risk their lives the humanity of those who tore trying with their gifts to lessen tho effects of the disaster tears of tho poor who has nothing himself to give hut sympathy those are cheerful revelations that offer a contrast from the bloody luster of a supposed gods deed Ira love find charity man excels your god r I BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 and science has projected high above him Science greatly assisted in help It is to the credit of science that help and necessaries were delivered so rapidly to the place of horrors Catechism did not give receipt for locomotives and steamboats neither bible revealed to us wireless telegraphy with which first help was called and with which boats were called together circling on a high sea Doctors armed with knowledge saved thousands of unfortunates of the earthquake who would have died in awful suffering How fortunate for them that science is not like god who remains constantly the same Jehovahs madness and revenge made the prophet Jeremiah weep and reproachfully call Look god and see to whom you ever done so Neither women eat their product blissful babes Look on the ground in streets lay young and old virgins and bachelors winefell you killed you murdered them in the day j of your rashness without mercy Weeping of Jeremiah 2212 rod did not change hilt fortunately science advanced Science had proved blessed in its activity enabled help and laid boundary to tho raging destruction Science also gives us the only consolation in view of such phe nomenon of nature Who believes that nature is ruled by the arbitrary power of an omnipotent rulerhe must at the sight of his terrible act shudder with constant fear and boundless anxiety for what that rule ill his despotism will carry out morrow Who studies science knows that the universe is not a dread monster with which some being could play at pleasure He knows that the universe is ruled by cause and effect and that all phenomenon of nature are acted upon by necessary causes These causes as far is they go for injurious phenomenon of nature science is trying to remove Tt has already discovered causes of earthquakes and then it will be possible to nnnvo entirely thes causes at their strength and extent itwill certainly bo possible to ascertain time and place of earthquake beforehand whereby its horror will bo removed Science has already made considerable steps in this direction Seismology as tho science about earthquakes is called has a lino of shrewd workers who are armed with delicate instruments with which they record all concussions of earth Let us hope that as it has been with most pho nomcnons of nature that it will also he the same in view of earthquakes that after their first beginnings their explanations will rapidly follow by discovering their causes and means with which these causes will bo acted upon The horroni of tho last earthquake in Italy and Sicily will inflame searching minds and in that we can behold the only conso lation of that horrible phenomenon of nature The struggle with the injurious phenome lions of nature that threaten our lives have awakened a lion in the human breast who gathers his strengths man sharpens his sense and his will is of steel For scien title research the professional man will exert their sharp senses and will persist until science will get even this horrible phe nomenon under its control We hope that and to that is aimed our wish in the interest of those who will conic after us In this light we see true martyrs in those un fortunate victims whose death will bring profit to future generations To the memory of tho dead we give the honor and to the living belongs our help Chicago III THE WEIGHT OF EVIDENCE Truth Alone Can be DogmaticNot Justi fied by Mere Personal Beliefs By Julia C Coots Writers of the Frcethoiight press not un commonly speak of Materialists as being dogmatic in their assertions that there is no god and no future life The expression awakens some interesting questions as to just what dogmatism signifies Was it a preacher or an agnostic who said that at least no one could be justified in declaring there are no gods until he has searched every nook and corner of tho universe to make sure What a precarious state such an individuals mind must be in ITa must still suspect the existence of the great monsters ancient geographers used to ture in tho unexplored countries their maps for it is not likely he lilts been o all these places to disprove their existeiu1 Ho accepts Alice in Wonderland and all the rest of the wonder tales inflicted on helpless children for how is one to be sure Ho cannot say as to Zeus and rest of the long line of Greek godsit would sound dogmatic to express an opin ion It would bo necessary for him to sit up on tho house roof all night before he knew what he thought about St Nicholas and oven then he wouldnt want to maka any strong dogmatic assertion To como clearly to the point is a person dogmatic when he says there is a god and not dogmatic when lie says there is not It would seem that the assertion that there is a god requires reliable proof which never yet peen furnished Tile alleged proof that has been produced has beets found to bo spurious And until reliable proof is furnished or until sonic god makes a revelation to each individual and ex presses a desire to be believed in worshiped flattered and advised is such in dividual not justified in ignoring any such creation It appears dogmatic to assert there is a god without proof to back the statement and tho height of dogmatism outside of tho Presbyterian Confession of Faith may be found in the ascribed teach ings of the meek and lowly Jesus where he stoutly asserts He that believeth shall be saved and he that believeth not shall be damned And in regard to future life the same argument is true We have never yet had reliable evidence that conscious life exists after death None have returned or spoken from the grave From the countless les sons of nature wo find no promise no hope no chance to enter another arena and again try our part All point alike to ceaseless rest reafHliation with earthy matter and the oblivion from which we came To build groundless hope is the part ofa there is no end of alleged proof and it is of the saute order as the god proof Many saviors far too many are said to have been resurrected Spurious proof invariably weakens tho side for which it is produced and strengthens the other side Truth neverlins need to resort to spurious proof Those who would fain find comfort in tho thought of a future picture to them selves an existence without the many ills that wo seem heir to in this life A de generating or entering into a life where people were oven more ignorant and fool ish and consequently more miserable would not appeal for it would lack the power of consolation And yet of tho innumerable messages claimed to have been received from the spirit world is there one an intelligent adult ofour material world would want to own Those given to the press have invariably been ofn trivial childish unreliable and contradictory nature Surely by Paine and Lincoln and Ingersoll are exonerated hall people in tho least familiar with their writings from having ever said tho things ambitious mediums attribute to them Here indeed is a prospect tending to lend horror and terror to tho contemplation of death the possibility that mediums will put their prattle in our mouths Bartow Flit CANCE- RAFFLICTEDLISTEN I CUHK Jtill external Cancers Tumors Wens Carbuncles Fistulas Felons Etc Remove Birthmarks and other unsightly growths that disfigure human beings Can cers a Specialty I use liquid remedies I do not use knife or plasters Cure is absolute unless beyond the power of man If you have a suspicious growth dont wait until ono foot is in tho grave and the other caving in Please dont cry Fakir Fraud Graft n etc until you investigate Write for free booklet DR H H DOW 858 N Raymond Ave Pasadena Calif n j 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE Naumans Orchestra IED NAUMAN Violin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Cornet or Clarinet Other Instruments Added If Desired Over 500 pieces of the best music suitable for any program always on hand Phone 128 12 Lock Box 800 SIGOURNEY IOWA A TRIP TO ROME By DR J B WILSON This work is acknowledged to be one of the best descriptive literary efforts of the century A Freethinkers view of the old worldand what he saw there Oloth125 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky NEWS FROM THE WEST IF YOU WANT to learn about the Western Slope of rado good free Government land favorable Klinquishments subscribe to Norwood Record A J McNASSER Publisher Subscription Rates One Year 160 Six Months Three Months 40 Published Every Thursday BILLS fWENUEmakes you cheerful and thoughtful It li a personal department In the OF LIFE that grows on you I You find yourself watting with Interest for what Bill has to say next RN rtMBRIGflN MR DONMR Is a ser Q1 iol running In the WHEEL BILL OF LIFE It Is written by Mary Ivos Todd the ablest writer of Liberal fiction since Grant Allen and Is a beautiful presentation of the essentially modern problem of the Woman In Business TUB WHBBL OF LIFEA monthly periodical It deals with ORIGINS the orIgIn of Marriage of Ethics of Religion Brotherhood of the belief In Immortality It treats broadly ot Love of Human Instincts and Ideals It takes In the whole Wheel of Life treatincall subjects In such a clear plain and spicy way that the dust Is shaken out and they become as In terentlna as a novel to even the casual reader Bend cents for u six months trial subscription or a quarter for a year CONFESSIONS O F ft DRONE by Joseph Medlll Patterson author of A LITTLE BROTHER OF THE RICH sent without extra charge with a months trial subscription to the WHEEL OFLIFK Address LIFE PUB CO Desk A St Louis Ma 67e SearcHlight A 20 Page Liberal Monthly Published by J D SHAW Waco Texas Price of Subscription 1 a Year Single Copies 10 Cents Write for a sample copy which will be sent free THE AMERICAN JOURNAL O- FL3UGENICS Formerly Known as Lucifer the Light Bearer The Pioneer Journal in Modern Times of un old and almost forgotten science the most important of ull sciences u science successfully and openly taught and practiced the ancient Greeks mid gyp tians but ignored defeated scorned by ull modern nations vizithe Science of Right Horning the Science of Good Generation The Century Dictionary thus defines Eugenics The doctrine of Progress or Evolution especially in thu human race through improved conditions in the rela tions of the sexes Its central thought is freedom of Motherhood the SelfOwnership of Woman in the Realm of Sex and Reproduction in telligent and responsible Parenthood This much neglected this tabooed graced and almost unknown science named Eugenics by Francis Gallon uI cousin of mid cqworker with the great dairies Darwin and now both in England told ill Continental Europe is beginning to receive the attention its importance demands The American JournalIof Eugenics is now ill its BOth year of publication sus tained by a long list of able and well known contributors women and men of national and international reputation it is now published bimonthly standard mag azine sizeat Los Angeles Calif price fit u year postpaid single copy 15e Trial subscribers will receive three back unlimbers less thin a year old also a copy of the booklet Institutional Marriage a kcturo by the editor all for 25c iii stamps or coin For sale by newsdealers or sent postpaid by editor and pub lisher Moses Ilarinan with lists and prices of standard English and American Eugenic publications Address law Kel lan Ave Los Angeles Calif JilTl LUTE GRASS BUM 15 Be sure and Subtcrlh for Secular Thought Fortnightly Journal of Rational Crltl clam In Politics Science arm Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St West ronto Canada Terms per annum lu advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should hn addressed C M ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought Toronto Can THE WORLDS BEST WATCHES The Worlds Best Watches Mens Regular 18 size Hampden Special Ry 23 Jewels 26 Now Ry 23 Jewels 20 Utteber Watch Co 21 Jewels 15Dueber Grand 17 Jewels 8 15 Jewels 6 7 Jewels 450 Elgin or Waltliam Veritas or Van guard 23 Jewels 29 Father Time or Crescent Str 21 Jewels 2250 B W Raymond 19 Jewels 20 Same or A T Premier 17 Jewels 1850 Wheeler or P S Bartlett 17 Jewels nickle 9 Same gilt 7 15 Jewels 6 7 Jewels 5 all in Silverine screw case In 20year Gold case 3 or in 25year case 5 more Every Watch fresh from factory prepaid with guarantee Send for prices of Watches not enumer ated here or order from any of my old pricelists Chains Fobs Diamonds Jewelry Optical Goods Freethought Badges Ingersoll Spoons Ring Gauge and iy great little tract Theism In the Crucible tree OTTO WETTSTEIN- La Grange Cook County Ill 1 The Woman and The Prospector Is the title of a romance every man woman and child should read It should be In the hands of all who are opposed to supersti tion and graft as If Is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and the administration of drugs to human beings at the same time points out the only method for the cure nf the consump tive Tie bcoklet is really free but the cost of advertising and postage we figure at 10 cents so if you wish a copy send us 10 cents A M PARKER WATERPOWER MOTORS and WATERFANS Machine and Hardware Specialties at order CLEVELAND SPECIALTY MFG CO ClevelandSo Brooklyn Ohio The Work and V kys of Literary Folk VACABONDIA Sold bj Subscriptionl per year VAGArfONDIA is an illustrated month ly magazine devoted to people who write und draw thingsAuthors Playwrights and Illustrators EACH ISSUE contains interesting arti cles on the personalities of literary men and womenHuman Interest Biographical Sketches Appreciations and Estimates of all the present day writers and their work stories of their hobbies and recreations thrilling accounts of literary successes unconventional photographs of authors and their homes with glimpses of their workaday life Criticisms Short Stories and Literary News Contributions by well known writers on subjects having to do with every form of literary composition including the novel playwrighting et EVERYONEengaged in literary work or curious about literary people will find Vngabondia interesting and instructive It is invaluable to the literary worker VAGABONDIA is in a class by itself being the only writers and illustrators magazine published It is the II trade pa per so to speak of the writer class Book Reviews Magazine News Publish ers Notes and Announcements VAGABONDIA EVERETT LLOYD Editor and Publisher 1411 Security Trust DIg Chicago THE PROCESSION PLANETS me i ItIt JUST OUT NAMING SONG AND BURIAL SONG FOR FREETHINKERS Each a Duet and a Concert Piece for Piano Also Variations for Violin Flute or Bells PRICE 25 CENTS EACH I have composed these songs for the benefit of Freethinkers or men of Common Sense who do not wash to insult our ator with Bible rot QUIRIN BACHLER 2277 Fulton St Chicago HI The Holy BibleIn Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the contradicftlons and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faith and destroy their godwebs Ready Soo Order Now Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 19 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 1112 Eddy Street San Francisco Cal Give Em Fits f Thats what iHE SCAHLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great Ical novel doin to the j forces of bigotry and su perstition And the see ular press of the country I goaded by the church lenient Is throwing a over It too No other lovel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox criticswhich Is sufficient proof that It la all right It has cre ated a sensation In servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy- It Is enthuslastlcall endorsed by lead Freelthlnkera through out the world You nt know how Hurt can write and this boot he Is at his best It Is an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper nnd bound In oxblood cloth Fried 1150 GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky W F Bozeman Leesburg Fla Southern Fruit and Produce Broker Melons a specialty Fifteen years experl once buying and shipping melons Will as usual follolw tho business In Georgia Ala bama and Indiana r c V f Mans Origin and Destiny By Dr A Hausman Alameda California SociologyIIt will shortly be issued in book form by the Blue Grass Blade making a book of nearly 500 pages The author has dedicated it to Prof Ernst Haeckel and the great Jena philosopher has accepted the dedication f200 I 200 Subscribe Now and Save Money All charges of postage will be prepaid upon advance subscriptions The first chapters are now in the press and publication in book form will immediately follow its serial publication in the hlade columns Sm ascribe Now Subscribe Now JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Kyt CORRECT THINKING This Book is a Herald of the New Learning de First Gun in a Revolt Against LeisureClass Ideals of Education By PARKER H SERCOMBE Editor ToMorrow Magazine Expert breeders and trainers of horses permit their own children to fade and die for want of applying the knowledge they have but do not use Owners of Angora cats who know how their pets havo become beautiful as the result of but a few generations of intelligent selection do not dream of the wondrous results were the same law applied to their own race The world thoughtlessly overlooks the principles employed by Burbank and other successful ybridists not realizing that each discovery has its corresponding application to the human species Man has not yet started to live a minddirected reasonedout life OUR ENTIRE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION is WRONG 25c the copy Five copies 91OO 3 15OO the hundred TOMORROW PUBLISHING COMPANY t139 East 56th St Chicag 111 y t L lj 1 r t r H