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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 5, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909090501 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 5, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. J BLUE GMSS BLADE j Volume XVIII LEXINGTON KY SEPTEMBER 5 agog Number 2r DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT Irnnty lI tU miu t By riAaron DeWitt t 0 what do these my eyes behold Herein This world of woe f Of summer winter heat and cold r Qf dreary frost and snow I see a glorious orb above light4kAnd love And causes day and night oursievery turn or nook Is powersWhichever I suntheAnd in the orbit that they run So smooth without a jar Thorps Beauty in tho lofty hills And in the rocks between And in the littlogentle rills That always intervene t 1 f1 Theres Beauty in the creek that flows So gently along And in tho littlo bird that knows No sorrow in its song Theres Beauty in the ferns and shrubs And in the toads and frogs grdbsAnd Theres Beauty from the monstrous whale Down to the smallest gnat quailfrseoiAllFrom the largest forest tree Down to tho smallest flower belowWhatever goWell f HI 2 Ri ttBLADEF Hausman Answers His Critie d Still Stands By His Original Argument but Is Willing to Hear and Reason upon All Sides of the Question By Dr A Hausman Whenever discoveries of new facts bring forth new ideas- which compel us to abandon our former views it is with a cer- taini reluctance that wo discard our old opinions to which we have become accustomed and the longer we have held them the more wo have become attached to them the harder it is to discard them Such is the force of habit It actually seems as if some persons through the continual practice of pretending to believe something which in their ordi nary way of reasoning they would find impossible to believe become unable to think rational on the subject Only on this supposition can we account for the curious fact that people not only pretend to believe the absurd and contradictory statements of the bible but even claim them to ba divine revelations It seems however that vanity has much to do with this refusal to correct our errors for many people consider it a proof of char changetII1could never have taken place if there had not always existed some men honest enough to esteem the principle of truth higher than personal pride Such scientists as Darwin for instance Jtheirgave to tho world ideas which mark a new epoch in the of human intellect did not formulate their theories from but from compulsion Tho facts they obtained by dili gent and conscientious work forced that conviction upon them which made Galileo murmur II And yet she movesa cotir viction which no human power can alter or destroy There is but one force in nature which can do this the same which has 1created it Let new facts appear which compel us to draw dif= ferent conclusions and tho old conviction gives room to a now jA belief Any true and honest scientist is cpen to conviction he i will not resent any criticism and is ready to correct his opinion provided his opponent furnishes tho facts which compel him to db so People however who believe in some superstition because they have been taught to accept it as authority are not convinced by reason they feel the weakness of their belief and hate to hear the subject criticised From the offensive tone and bitter in vectivcs used by Mr Bowerman it is clear that hd has no opin- ionl of his own about the social problem but believes in Henry George as his prophet the same as a Christian believes in Christ a Moslem in Mohammed and like the religious fanatics he cannot bear a criticism of his idol which he resents as a per sonal insult In my discussion of the social problem I start 4with the fundamental facts of science as premises and draw the according to the good old principle that 2x2 equals 4 and not 5 if somebody does not like this I cannot help itb Thetti ofconsideration has to show that either the premises are wrong or the mode of reasoning Because Mr B evidently does not contemplate the world from tho same viewpoint as I it would be just as useless to argue with him as with a fanatical believer about tho trinity immaculate conception and more than a few comments on the principal Objections would bo a waste of tune Mr H declares there seems to bo but 6no objection to it1 Single Tax etcWh dont you state the truth I did riot f yzy6yf speak of Single Tax but of a an infallible cure which is to make land common propertythat is Henry Georges proposition But because he found it himself impossi ble to design a plan how to effect the transfer from personal to common property he proposed to make no change in possession for the present and to indicate the ownership of the state merely by levying a tax for the use of the land And thus was the great radical remedy reduced to a modification of taxation and called the II Single Tax In what country has land been made common property Considering taxation of land as the solo source of revenue that could be done but I do not it the best policy As to its efficiency as a remedy againstpoverty I fail to comprehend its value and hero is the chance for you to prove that Henry George is right and I am wrong by explaining how this measure abolishes poverty I investigated the causes of poverty if they are wrong name the true ones if you know others tell them and demonstrate how Single Tax will abolish them Land is taxed in many countries but you cite New Zealand as the country which owes its prosperous condition and especially the absence of the extremes in possession to the Single Tax Let Us see what the official reports of that country say In 1800 the revenues amounted to 10604495 of which 2894980 were derived from direct taxation and 7969515 from indirect taxa tion The revenues for 1008 were divided as follows Customs 15517825 Stamps Post Telegraph etc i7754670 Railroads 1 13826975 LandTax 1 2689230 Income Tax 1524525 Total 41313225 Out of this total only 2689230 can be credited to Single Tax andit is up to you to verify your crushing reply and show that it was your Lobby to whom the favorable conditions are due Supposing the land is taxed in England which it ought to be would that abolish poverty There is something else in New Zealand which no other country possesses to the same extent and which brings nearly 15 times the revenue of the land taxthat is the ownership of all public utilitiestrans portation communication water gas insurance etc which Ioconsider the first postulation ofa rational socialism This checks the growth of millionaires and extreme poverty is pro vented by the state providing opportunity for work and tho old ago pension In this respect we are far behind New Zeal and The indifference of the wealthy classes against people in need is remarkable and in striking contrast with the display of religion and charity and there is less protection for the laborer in tho United States than in most of the European countries While there were thousands of people without work in San Francisco large sums of money wore dissipated in useless display at public celebrations and I read of one fellow in the East with more money than sense and charity who laid the foundation of a monument in honor of H Hudson to cost 100 000 The papers contained advertisements for hundreds of laborers while thousands were without employment how could that be The agent charged 2 for procuring work the fore i man of the cstablisment who stood in with him discharged the laborer in a few days to make room for a new victim The law I fj T- CBL E tC SBLADE 3 offers no relief for this outrage there is no money in It as in graftItto have one of the 20000 farmers tell investigatingtives than thp love for Single Tax About the difference Between comprehendinseparable is not able to discuss them intelligently That famous formula I never heard of and never missed it In the paragraph onIIEconomics the important question of division of labor is entirely disregarded The payment of Jrent is the only point on which the social question hinges as that everybody gives at least onethird of the product of his labor to the landlord for the privilege of cultivating the land That some social institutions arising from the division of labor play a more important part in the unequal distribution of wealth than the land monopoly as is so strikingly illus trated by the statistics of New Zealand is never taken into con sideration That control of land will place others in dependence and that this monopoly without compensating taxation becomes one of the causes of unequal possession of poverty I have dis cussed myself and especially the question how this happen which is usually avoided by Utopian socialists If you ask what would happen if one man owned the earth I answer by asking the question How can one man rule the earth a thousand or even one hundred people unless they are cowards and fools f What makes them submit to an inferior force Liberty depends on equal rights to land f Then there has never been any on earth j A land tax high enough and progressive will check land mo nopoly Will it abolish poverty and secure equal rights No only cooperative labor can do that as it does to a great extent in New Zealand Henry George says that liberty is the fundamental law of allr progress Will you dispute it f Yes I will There isno such progresslibertyGovernment has nothing to do with inalienable rights to life liberty and the pursuit of happiness Show me a country now or in history whore the maintenance of these principles is the object of government As I remarked before our views about the fundamental prin ciples of life And society differ so widely that further discussion yourjnitiolBlade containing half of a chapter of the book that would ex saidJyoutoaboutzas illustrating your contention about Single Tax While insist l ing on your arguments being weak I admit your superiority in abuse Stick to that it will help you with some people on which arguments are wasted and I do not mind it at allon the ti contrary I even enjoy a gentle abuse it shows that I hit a vulnerable spot in your assumed infallibility I have been called an anarchist so often by my friends that I actually ox HstupidsomnamrJFrom the way you arguo repeating phrases from your gospel Instead of facts from nature it is evident that ydur Georgebecause viewrauthority still adheres to the modern views of Moses and other y f 1 fr 1 aboutvariance with the facts that I added a brief critic to my work which is not a monograf on the social question but a discussion of the Darwinian theory and its application to mankind The great value of this theory and of all natural sciences consists in teaching us to distinguish between natural and human laws and all progress represents a better knowledge of the former and its practical application Henry Georges mistake is that he does not draw his conclusions from the real material facts alone but assumes factors which do not exist as for instance a law merelyhumanBecause you accept the teachings of Henry George as gospel the same as the Catholic accept a bull from the infallible Pope prophetWhileyour case that you are conscious of your inability to criticise his work I do not feel that this applies to me in spite of your protestations that it is presumptions for such a useless unrelia ble and insignificant person as I am to criticise such a paragon of wisdom as Henry George This little trick of exalting a per son beyond measure in order to make it appear the more audac youdarethe Romans replied more forcibly than polite Quod licet jovi non licet bovi You speak somuch about philosophy There is no more such a science In olden times when material or positive science was very limited this deficiency was made up by abstract speculations and big volumes were written about subjects of which we were entirely ignorant Nowadays It means simply the study of cry natural science Abstract philosophy is more ornamental than useful but it has its advantages it does not require real knowl edge and finds some followers A person speaking about a i3 shining light among the faculty ofa college remarked HThat man is truly wonderful he spoke for an hour and nobody under = stood a single word of what he said Judging from the way you handle a subject I think you are made of the right stuff yourprototypeYou maga zinc because it too caustically assailed the reputation of an eminent gentleman It was certainly unfair of the editor to reject it because you used the only argument at your command and I am glad to say there is no danger that the Blade will deny you tho most efficient weapon in your mental armory Use all tho caustic and venom you please open wide the sluice gates of Jabuse and billingsgate as long as the readers the editor and the paper will stand it rAlameda California r Dont forget the convention of the Buckeye Secular Union It meets at Columbus Ohio Sept nand 12 The program is excellent There will be a largo number of active Freethinkers present and visitors from other States will also be there Heed tho call of duty and hie you to the Capital of the Buckeye State on the dates named Qriginlished in tho Blade The book will soon be ready In our next issue wo may have more certain and definite information to give f concerning it Wo would request all who have subscribed for it 4but not uaid to do so now and those intending to subscribe ij ryitUganda purposes and it ought to encircle tho globe 4 BLt7EcIAS BLLDE The Truth 4s Out at Last Rev George A Hough Episcopal Preacher Is Shown to Have Have Knowingly and Wilfully Misrepresented M D Leahy Strong Letter from Brother of tho Dead Freethinker We deem the following communication to be of thathighdt possibreOurthe memory of M D Leahy deceased from the vicious assaults of Rev George A Hough an Episcopal preacher of San Francisco 1 v The first reply received was from C E Alexander of dnanute Kansas and during the past few days we have received a another letter from the same gentleman stating that he had found a brother of the late Al U Leahy who was thoroughly conversant with all the facts connected with the life work of that devoted friend of man and intimated that we would shortly hear from him Just after the last issue of the Blade had gone to press we received the letter which is published below While perusing this letter we suggest that our readers keep in mind what the Rev Hough had to say on this subject Houghs letter was reproduced in our editorial column issue of July 4 last The points Hough sought to make were llhat the National Freethought University at Liberal Mo was a pet scheme of ingersolis 2That JLngersoll had contributed 5000 toward i- t3lhat 11 lJ Leahy was converted and the gospel of Christ at different points throughout the Southwest 4That M lJ Leahy was converted by a lady evangelist in the privacy of a room at Great Bend Kansas 5That M D Leahy was untrue to himself and to humanity Bearing these in mind read and digest the following letter Pawhuska Okla Aug 15 00 r Editor Blue Grass Blade Lexington Ky r SirAn old friend of mine Mr C E Alexander of Cha nute Kansas sent me a copy of your paper containing a letter by Geo A Hough together with your request for full particu lars concerning brother M D Leahy I want to thank you for the invitation you have extended asking for the truth con cerning his life and death I shall only relate those incidents connected with his religious life and his relation to the Free thought University Our parents were very devout Catholics having both been born and raised in Ireland and we were raised under very strong Catholic influences In his early life my brothers ambition was to become a priest and give up his life to the church As a boy he was excedingly devout pureminded and studious When he grew to manhood ho was morally the most perfect man I ever knew At 18 he was teaching in the public schools and stopping at the home of Mr C E Alexander above mentioned There he became acquainted with Freethought literature and soon came an avowed Freethinker This waS in 1883 For two years after this he attended the Kansas Normal lege at Fort Scott Kansas graduating in 1880 George A Hough was a teacher of penmanship in this institution and an earnest member of the Y M C A and naturally gave my bro ther little credit as a thinker although ho was regarded by the faculty as being the strongest student up to that time who had graduated from that college In the fall of 1836 ho established the Freethought University at Liberal Mo This institution received no financial aid out side of Liberal and but little there Col Ingersolls financial aid K was never solicited and he never gave any and the statement As w that my brother said Ingersoll had contributed 5000 to aid the institution I am certain is an absolute falsehood No one was ClOser to him than 1 and 1 am sure no such fact existed and 1 h do not now remember of my brother ever receiving a letter onrany subject from CoL lugersolL the treethougnt University had an existence of two years and C was a success in every way except financially My brother had no means and but few people in Liberal could afford any 1lnanCvial support For the next year he did very little except to buildup a weakened constitution which he was neverable to do p Luring the winter of 8990 ha became identified with a move li to start an institution of learning in Hutchinson Kansas but tuis was shortlived Up to tins tune he had been a radical Materialist but now he began to lean towards a belief in a continued spiritual and men 1 tal existence He met Hutchinsou with some devotees of Chris tian Science lie in part accepted their theories but not in full J nor did ho ever do so He insisted that they only in part underystood the great problems of human life and that no one 1grasp it lie was sure that there was continued evolution ooth hero and hereafter and that the mind that was purest in thougut and freest from immoral cogitations was on the surest road to progress From Hutchinson Kansas he went to Great Bend Kansas where he occupied for one year a chair in tho faculty of the Central Normal College I was not with him at this place but 1 an older brother was with whom M JJ made Ins home I am informed by him that while there no change took place in thc religious opinions of M D Leahy and that the story related by toOhinsonIn the summer of 1892 he returned to Mission Kansas now St Paul the home of his boyhood days and where our mother still lived broken completely in health and with theiseal of death upon him No ono realized his condition better than he He lingered J until the leaves began to fall and then passed away At his own request no religious ceremonies were held over his body Ho died believing that his spirit would continue but without the slightest belief in the creeds and tenets of orthodox Christianity I was constantly by his side during the last month of his life and discussed the question of a hereafter with him I told him that if at tiny time he felt that he wanted to see a priest or min ister to say sOi and his wishes should be granted He answered that he had not changed his opinion in the slightest with reference to Christianity and that so far as he was concerned ho had no desire to seo either priest or minister He died in full pos session of all his mental faculties and with a full realization that the end was at hand So far as his lectures are concerned ho so far asI know never delivered a Freethought lecture outside of Liberal Mo He lectured many times throughout Southern Kansas but only on educational topics and usually before Teachers Associations Ho never mentioned religion in these lectures He died believing his too short life was well spent There were no dark spots in it Ho wits as chaste as a virgin and his l k t f ttItJ lti J r i I It 7k B l1 BLADE mind free from any but the purest thoughts Houghs statement that he spent the remainder of his life trying to end the I wrong he had done is false He had done no wrong to atone for He was not converted nor did he over say so He may or may not have been wrong in his religious views but he never tracted and did without fear m Another Strong Answer to Mr Booher from One of the NonPrivileged Sex By Mrs J J Fyckes The attitude and the arguments of Mr S R Booher on Equal Suffrage in the Blade of July 4th 1909 must ofnecessity seem extremely vulnerable to every think ing woman who favors not only the prog ress of her sex but that of humanity as t question is not really one of either physical or mental difference for physical and mental differences if such actually exist barring of course a positive inca pacityinsanity idiocy ctcQo not af fect a womans natural right to legislate for herself or rather to have a voice in all legislation that primarily affects her and to be fully represented with the same right as man to abrogate measures that injure her sex The timq when every woman was regard ed as a fool no matter how brilliant and capable simply because she was a woman has passed forever and progress be thank ed for this Mentally there is a difference not of sex but of kind All men are not cast into a single mold neither are all women Of 00 women no two will be alike in either character or sentiments Those qualities wo know as feminine virtues are sexes or else they are artificial oxflores cences of custom the result of an extreme ly onesided system of education There is no virtue a woman may boast thatwould not likewise grace a man no vice that can stain her that would not with the same certainty stain a man If we look at the matter otherwise we are prejudiced and unjust not only to woman but to the race since that must suffer indirectly wherever she does The sole fundamental difference between the sexes is grace and strength the first characterizing the woman the latter the i man But strength is only majestic when rliit refrains from oppressing when it op Womans natural sphere may indeed be described as the sphere ofmotherhood t2f1Trustingand particuarlythe rreethihkingnvorld and again thanking ou ifor Iatt to light I am Very truly rH T J LEAHY I IWh Women Shouldote beingimpnrtialIIy degeneratesinto but precisely SOI g natural sphere is only the sphere fatherhood In nei ther sphere is a ufijjrsity of occupations special mental accom plishments or pectiflHprivileges necessary The artists ability instance the poets genius the invcntjK faculties are not part and ofH of paternity they are humantoclivities perfected through slow cvoluiK and lead to civili zation ibut we cannKtoo strongly empha size the fact that yare no more male than femalemorel uman And ifwo man has been found eking in these qual ities it has rather in owing to the fact that abnormal Arcs re and conventional exactions deprived li of every chance to assert her individuanrc than to a natural that is sexual deficiMJay But the right of tiirfranchise is an herent rightthe rigof every fully ma tured human being wfchave some voice in what affects it mostits government and the framing of laws o which it is held amenable Mr Booher would deny this fundamental inherentBright ho would inti mate that the privileiof selfgovernment is absolutely male tripp placing the wom an at the mercy of tmale and reducing her to a mere vassajtif not actual slave in tJustr think of ruling woman and of determining what she shall or shall not do sttbi t to penalties which they impose If the Jballot did not really stand for supremacy few members of the weaker sex would crave it but the voter is also the lawsriverand it has been the experience of all history that tho dominant elementwhether clttiJor sexcannotor will not bo just to toss in To maintain that the disfirCnohisedare not in subjection or that they can bo the equals of the voters excepl theoretically is il logical to say the Jlaat The lawgiver has the whiphand air time Nor should wo overlook the fact that one grand splendid humanity has been placed equally in t Jce1p1nlr of men and women When wo akA sex paramount instead of granting reeminence to that humanity we are s fninu against justice It is as a human beintr that man and woman should be judge and not as marl or woman Jr f The tendency to looknl this matter narrowmindedly through the distorting spectacles of sex has bred much mischief since the dawn of history It has been sponsible for ninetenths of the harrowing 7 injustice man forced tho woman to experi once at his hands For woman was judged not as a human being but simply as a wo manthat is to say an inferior a piece of property It is this property nature givingcow or dog in matters and laws that principally affect herSThe early legislators saw in her a female animal nothing more We can therefore bringssexintoprivileges on such a plea is injurious to progress Sex if we would be just must be made an incident a thing apart and humanity the main issue the prerogative Jjof each individual and their principal ir refutable claim to equality P1 Tho Mahometans ala Mr Booher sub scribed to the sex argument and evolved not only the harem but the wifebeatercs cudgel the Chinese following suit in vented crippled feet the Asiatics endorsed the veil the Hindus perpetrated against woman the crime of suttee Wherever un due emphasis has been placed on sexual difference sex has in case of thman been made the badge of authority power and privilege In case of the woman it spelledonly incapacity and was viewed as a serious handicap When we read of the martyrdom of woman and perceive to what extent church and state combined to oppress a her we must necessarily lose all eon firlonco in a government conducted entirely by men Had woman been allowed a voice I askwould such things have ever been Would those monstrous laws have ever be come operative Hero is where the main evil of disfran chised entities liesthe disfranchised are placed outside of the pale of humanity and must bow to laws they have not enacted and can neither modify nor repeal Tho sex that wields tho ballot rules crushes enslaves it could not bo otherwise justicethree reasons 1st because she is the mother and knows better than man the needs of her children 2nd because as woman she has been left weak and with 0 4 Ii t 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE out redress by ancient ordinances that still obtain and 3rd because she is human and garbed precisely with the same dignity as mah must vindicate her humanity by re pudiating her old position of rightless su pine inferiority We women as a sex ask for no protec tion but justice recognizing the fact that in justice lies womans greatest surest protection and that the progress of the race is bound up in that for while women are slaves men being born of them can not in a true sense be kingly Right never yet lay in oppression never yet lay in depriving a great class of human beings arbitrarily of every claim to a voice hearing and selfgovernment Surely the odalisque is not the American mans high est ideal of womanhood nor can a shack led womanhood appeal to him as beautiful The golden rule as we all are convinced works splendidly in theory but why not apply it in fact and from preaching proceed to practice San Francisco Calif- CONSCIENCE VS RELIGION By John F Clarke Conscientious people have religion and religious people by that same token have no conscience When religion comes in conscience flares out Religion is bad oil and conscience is good water Neither adjectives nor nouns will mix Conscience does not have to emblem itself in faiths hopes nor in Charities Faiths are fakes Hopes are hells and charities are glaciers Conscience gets imposed upon but does no wilful harm Cleopatra put an asp to her bosom for sweet Charitys sake the asp did the rest Religion in the bosom makes foolish Cleopatras of all experimenters An hon est bosom is no place for religion An asp is antihumanso is religion While it agrees with tigers and hyenas in number and person it is beneath the brute in dig nity The coyote has less conscience and need of it by environment nnd is more adapted by disposition to try religion than anything in the air above or in the water beneath the earth The coyote is socialas tIle human is religious Sociality does not agree with coyotes and religion makes the f human dyspeptic It is mentally and phys ically indigestible The religious doctor will tell you that to take on religion one must have a foundation of faith The it faith must hold on to religion as Grim tf Death does to a dead cat One must shut ones eyes to religious faults and open the eyes to faith to see itr benefits Believe that you are blessed whether or not Believe or be damned Stealing a holy apple from a holy tree by the first fear was a peach of a curse and a dam son is the re sult Jesus came along and cursed a fig tree I i ri Ay- d made the fig the savior of the whole fruit tribe If the cherry does not believe- it will be damned E When Adam atethat primeval apple the core stuck in his throat with the lie that he told and the only way to get that core out is to taste death Conscience makes cowards of us all Religionists not hav ing any conscience are brave people They pray and wish for all the good of life and by inference for all the bad to go to the unbelievers This is charity They have faith that this charity will be handedout by God before prayer and hope after prayer God does not care to dispel the hope of the faithful so he says Hope on hope ever Conscience demands no pay Conscience says This way brother and when one goes wrong and then upbraids conscience for speaking tooelow conscience only whispelsHYou heard me brother Conscience sets up no shrines pays no priest and makes no hells She strives to protect your neighbor from your robbery and you from his Sometimes she fails to get a hearing and you and your neighbor suffer a loss of manhood and goods Con science is arIguide philosopher and friend Religion is false fickle and a mendicant A lot of money is paid for soul nostrums and kith fakes Big money is paid to elevate the soul and the eleva tion partakes of the essence of unseen things Conscience will elevate one for the asking Priests strive to become holy by self debasement asceticism flagellation and celibacy Becoming holy is the state of estatio selfishness so good that detestation of bad people becomes a mania The luse becomes enmeshed in self as the tor toise does in its shell and is almost as beatifically beautiful The tortoise hisses and the recluse grunts I never could tell which was the greater sham The tortoise shell is an innocious monastery which can not be claimed of the larger monasteries The cloistered tortoise is no more a real celibate than the cloistered monk The cuneform letters upon the shell of the tor toise seem to spell cloistered celibacy but they deceitfully lie Monks by abstaining from sin or professing to do so claim the right to call down people who love the world Monks are selfset examples of what religion would havoVall men to be Suppose that we all followed suit and became true abnegates and abstainers f What Wo would all starve and religion would die with us When all the lazy graves were full then what The ultimate of religion Its great to be crazy Religion is dementia The more religious one becomes the farther one departs from tho normal Man is man God is a bug and heaven is a bughouse Man is mortal iIIitIlT Imagination is the realm of curious things Imagination is jammed fullof images Spirituous and spiritual application to im agination produce phantasmagora ie a panorama of phenomena Religion paints ghosts in the minds can vas and whisky pigments snakes and other horrids upon the esplanade of fancy TheJghosts are holy and the reptiles demons Conscience is sober and says Beware of religion Conscience is the bent of good inclination Conscience fights only for principle while religion fights ever for stakes When religion Is in conscience is out Where conscience prevails religion is 1Chapl1inDELHI N YOn the subject of Free thought Organization we will readily admit that we are like many others who have notItaken the time to study out the most likely form that would advance the cause of Freethought on a solid foundation but wo would willingly put our names down to help sustain a general National organiza tion of that character as far as our means will allow But we would apply the same suggestions as Manly Abbott Brigham does in regard to tho various Liberal publica tions and that iSI if we aro convinced that Organization is worthy of honest support to stand by and help keep them on their feet Of course there are many objects that appeal to our love and respect but perhaps limited means with many Free thinkers will not allow them to contribute save to some few things that are most likely to do the most good But while some are trying to get a National Organization started it strikes us that one way to get Freethought literature amongst the people is for many readers of those pub lications to make out a list of names in their community and send to the publishers with enough money to cover printing and postage and by that means the seed of truth and reason will find root in brains that are not dominated by fools bigots and slaves An active worker of Freethought often brings quickr turnsIbut it is our opinion that there are many minds so constituted that to read a pubtiIcation that came from the hands of a Freethought advocate would be the means of their being hoodooed tho remainder of their lives But however wo worksingly or in organized form we must notonly try to search out the best way to pro ceed in the cause of truth and right but to firmly lon to the last My an swers to your questions arel We do 2 We cannot attend 3 No preference but ought to be centrally located 4 We will WARREN S DEAN ci i ir u 1iJ I j fifi BLUE G SS GLIDE 7 MANS ORIGIN SAND DESTINYb CLOSING CHAPTER OF TIlE GREAT WORK OF APPLIED EVOLUTION IN SOCIOLOGY 1 J 1 By Dr A Hausman s waving drawn the last consequences from the premises obtained from a contemplation of life in its continuity we find the principle of egoism true in its extreme application All happiness depends on the satisfaction of this egoism which requires labor under a certain system and restriqtion J of our animal instincts The more men learn to under- stand and obey these laws the more they become civilized As long as they stupidly fight each other one mans meat will be another mans poison but if the energy of all individuals is directed to useful labor the poison is gone it is all meat History shows how man has gradually improved r the conditions for his existence and that our present state of society is far superior to any preceding one Yet we hear people often speak about the good old times and the question asked if civilization was not a failure and if people might not be happier if they returned to the simple and primitive ways of our forefathers The question is easily answered In the first place they cannot and if yon ask people who know history if they wished these times back there will be very few to answer in the affirmative This is always a safe test to judge comparative valuesif we have recognized the bettor we do not want to go back to r the good or the bad Although wo are freer and live better than mankind over did before there is still room for improvement In Europe even the nations standing at the head of civilization have not been able to free themselves from a barbaric heirloom the low and brutal national hatred from which grow the glorious battlefields devastated homes military tyranny national debts and other blessings of this kind When a sufficiently large number has advanced far in intellect as to supplant religion which stands for ignorance and mental cowardice by reason which means knowledge and liberty insane butcheries will cease far tho United States are ahead in the race of lthese on account of not being handicapped by the vener institution of hereditary monarchy is difficult to tell In regard to the deficiencies of our social institutions which threaten more and more to undermine the spirit of republican freedom which make one portion of the popula tion dependent from the other for existence and give some classes an opportunity to obtain higher wages for services that are df no benefit than others who perform some useful work we are in the same position as the monarchic countries And there is only ono remedy the same all over the worIdtho people who suffer from injudicious social insti 1 tutions must learn to understand the cause and abolish their 2 p Jot tC l prejudices and erroneous ideas They must further learn that the social question is altogether of a material character and can never refer to anything else but the relative value r of individual labor in exchange for the product of the labor of some one else To reduce the relation of individuals to the exchange of useful services and products would be s the most ideal state of liberty attainable on earth All other sentiments vaguely named the ethical part of life ought not to be considered in treating this question because they only exist in connection with and dependent from the main issue As long as money represents all the valuo man creates by his labor the social question is a money question The araounf each one is to receive cannot be regulated on account of the biological laws heredity etc which makes equal dis tribution an absolute impossibility Therefore the greatest perfection a social organization can achieve is to create the most favorable conditions for a single person to solve the question of his existence that is to abolish all unpro- ductives occupations through which the burden of support- ingt a number of persons is placed upon the rest Of course this does not exclude tho possibility of socialistic organization on tho plan of personal equality if thorn are people who are willing to enter voluntarily into such an agreement there is nothing to prevent them Such a state however j demands such a high degree of moral qualities strict un swervingobedience to the laws of society industry absolute 1- thi honesty and regard for the rights of fellowmen that it sesms rather doubtful if suitable material for a model com f munity can be picked out from the present generation f People must comprehend that a single individual is com polled to adapt himself to tho conditions generated by the actions of the majority The gain of money is compulsory and if they disregard honesty they encourage dishonesty tho tendency to receive high wages for worthless or injurious services And if sensible persons take advantage ofFthis ignorance and grow richer while tho people naturally grow poorer then they begin to look around for a savior but they look in vain All progress is the work of man under the guidance of nature poverty is hell wealth is heaven ignorance is the devil knowledge the redeemer Since we cannot wait for the millennium and have to take life and society as it is we must be satisfiedwith mak ing the best of it and employing our faculties in a manner conducive to our mutual happiness Lot us ever bo mindful of the advice Goethe has given us V Ono thing is not fit for all Soo everybody how ho fares Where to dwell let him take cares And who stands that he not fall FINISi- vwyN X r4 r iRea J f 8 BLUE RASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE r Published weekly at Lexington Ky 1 Founded by Charles Chilton Moore in Itll and edited by him until his death February ilia JAMES HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH EdItor 12l N KyPSUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months ft cents each Trial subscriptions it cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 1100 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four 1100Quarter month 1400 six months one year 13060 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will bo discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers- or numbers emitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal li case of dlsclntinuanc SHOULD ANT SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office riving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at 1K11I Nrth Lime sun Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflc at Lexington Kentucky usecondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO TIlE BLUm GRABS BLADE P Box Lexington K- yCONCERNING ORGANIZATION So many communications are being received by the Blade upon this very important question that we are now convinced the hour is at hand when the Freethinkers of America both need and demand a now start in the direction named In this issue will bo found a numberof such letters and to these we wish to add that so far not one dissentingvoice bas been heard or a dissenting opinion expressed Only one letter expressed any doubt concerning the stability of an organization and that doubt lay in the mere pos 1such of schismatic elements seeking to force individual upon the body As an indication of how the question is viewed in Amer ica we publish a number of these letters in this issue For the purpose of furnishing an idea as to how the issue of organization in America is viewed abroad we hero give a reproduction of an editorial papagraph from the columns of our valued English contemporary the London Free EnglishSecularThe Blue Grass Blade Lexington Ky is one of our welcome exchanges The last number to hand contains an editorial article headed WantedA Leader A call is made for Freothought organization in the United States It is expected that if the initial steps are taken to form such an organization lithe leader will be found In t 1 ir 4 England our contemporary says the late Charles Brad laugh saw and feltthe groat power that lay in organization and he constantly urged the Freethinkers to organize and give mutual aida d mutualstrength to the cause Pres ident G W Foote of the English Secular Society is now pursuing the same policy with increasing success Refer once is made to Ingersolls recognition of the necessity of organization and his holding aloof during the later years of his life for reasons only too well known May we suggest that those reasons should be borne in mind Ingersoll rightly objected to a Freethought organization which every now and then compromised its members on outside questions Freethought organizations shouldcon fine themselves to the actual questionsof Freqthought Men and women may profit well by the lessons of exper ience provided those lessons are heeded The history of organized Freethought in America furnishes nu merous examples of bright flashes and then sudden death andoblivion owing to the persistent efforts of some mem bers to compromise the other members by injecting into the propaganda of the organization matters that are alto gether outside of actual Freethought work It was such conditions as these that led the late Ool Ingersoll from actively interesting himselfas ho formerly had done in organized Freethought and to which our English con temporary makes timely reference Hence to organize upon a proper basis and to court success we must if we organize at all follow Editor Footes advice that Tree thought organizations should confine themselves to the act ual questions of Freethought These actual questions afford ample room for our labors and as the issues of economics socialism eugenics etc hove their own agen cies of advocacy the proposed organization should by all means maintain a pure Freethought advocacy as opposing ecclesiasticism and by educative processes prove the fal lacies of all theological cosmogonies and work upon a constructive plan for the improvement of humanity by teaching the fundamental truths of biology as related to the individual and to society Organize and workalong these lines and our success is certain to follQw From the numerous expressions we have received in fa vor of the organization it now looks reasonably certain that a meeting can be expediently called With this in view the place must be centrally located The time set for the meeting should be determined from the standpoint of noninterference or the least interference with business and domestic affairs The purpose of such a meeting should be solely for labor and not with any idea of in dulging in any sort of public demonstration for the pres ent It should be of an executive character planning dis cussing and mapping out lines for future action The communications published this week are not exhaustive as we still have others ready for publication and these willshow the attitude of Freethinkers on the subject we have under discussion S i d 4 f If bA t fi 1ft BLUEG1 SS BLADE 9 In our previous issue last preceding we outlined a sort adoptIcrudescences incompatible with pure Freethought work itwill bo broad enough and big enough to bring within the fold some of the many thousands who have rejected ortho dox Christianity and yet are pnindentifiedWitJl the Free thought movement Doubtless hundreds of these have merely been waiting an available opportunity The pro posed organization will supply that opportunity The great mass of people abhor religious aogma The creeds of Ohtristianity are outworn The people want and demand something better Freethought is better if properly presented and the people will accept it Let it be understood from its very inception that the organization shall bo for Freethought work alone as that work has to deal with orthodox religions Hero is a vast field for our active labor The religious question is still vital and important We havo but to observe and reflect upon the activity of the ecclesiastical brigade in the political affairs of nation state andmunicipality to sea and to know that the dread super stition still wields a fearful power for evil upon the minds ofunthinking and credulous women andunsuspecting children Then friends by all means let us organize Weldour forces into one compact body Its business detail will require considerable work and skill but we have those in our ranks capable of intelligently conducting its affairs direct its propaganda and keep the cause we advocate alive Make up your mind that the day nay the very hour is propitious Follow this with a determination to bo ofsome real service Resolve to attend the meeting when called possiblydothose who shall be placed in charge Do this and we have nothing to fear concerning the results AN ORTHODOX PRIVILEGE We have heard it said in argument that ifn person is dissatisfied with social and political conditions by which ho is surrounded he has the glorious privilege of avoiding them by movingaway In one of our debates many years ago with a notorious clerical scalawag we wore politely informed in public that if we did not approve of the religious faith of the American people we had the privilege of selecting some other country as a place of habitation The argument is of the doubleaction variety It can be made to work both ways A great deal may depend as to advantage of the one nhvnysbeforefathers of the American republic did when they emigrated to tho great andunexplored western continent departurofrommore and more fashionable in America the prthQdQX have tL j ti rijf jt jA the privilege of moving away at their own sweet will Members of tho orthodox churches at Morrisville Pa- so it is reported in tho Chicago Journal of Monday Aug 23 aroputting this into effective practice and are really moving away because one solitary infidel got the best of them by using timely precautions to check them from moving him after his demise It is reported that one Samuel McCracken an infidel died and was buried in the cemetery at the place named byexpressscription i In Memory of Samuel McCracken whbdied April 13 1802 V cell Leading Politicians and Priests All go to heaven then I am bound To stop at some other station e 1 Within tho last few weeks a protest has been Sinade against allowing tho inscription to remain The cemetery authorities were appealed to in vain and the latter were all at sea as to what course to pursue for while the ortho dox church members had threatened to digup andmove their dead away to some other cemetery or burying place and thus leave tho McCracken tablet alone in its glory it was found that his tablet could not be moved because of tho fact that he had owned a considerable interest in the cemetery and the plot in which he and his wife were buried side by side was actually owned by him before his death It appears however that McCrackons wife died first No tablet had been put at her grave When McOracken b died the executors of his will carried out the trust imposed dcsignedNow y finding no other opening for revenge they got together and had a tablet made for tho wife with an inscription thereon which reads In Memory of Phoebe wife of Samuel McOracken who Died March 30 1800 She Died a firm Believer in Christ Her Savior As Mrs McCracken died fifty years ago it can hardly bo expected that any of tho present generation could know dj what sho believed or what she did not believe at the time of her death But what sort of man was this Samuel Mc Oradkcn Let tho report of the newspaper speak for him and in it one may see what infidelity means to personal character It says- McOracken who many years ago owned half the town and entertained lavishly posed as an oldtime country gentleman and was considered jolly good follow by all who know him He was lenient with his tenants generous to their children and sympathetic with them in their dis f- 10 BLUERASS BLADEttreSs His home was filled with guests almost continually as the host loved company In his boyhood ho took a dislike to religion and inhis manhood was an infidel He despised politics and poli ticians No decent gentleman is a politician was Kis contention His hatred for the clergy in iwas intense Ho also believed that when a man became mortally ill he should not wait for death ifJatis REV HOUGH CONVICTED k We are constrained to express complete satisfaction at the result of the investigation entered into concerning Key George A Hough tho Episcopal preacher of San Francisco and the late M D Leahy founder and instructor of tho erstwhile Freethought University at Liberal Mo When tho statements of Mr Hough were first brought to our attention wo were not sufficiently familiar with the facts to essay a reply with any degree of satisfaction or conclu siveness Our active work on the Freethought lecture platform did not begin until 1880 and tho institution at Liberal had become defunct Through correspondence the had become acquainted with but one person residing at Liberal namely George H Walser and it has been many years since we heard from him oven now not knowing whether ho still be in tho land of the living or has entered tho realm of the dead In order to got at the facts the Blade called for information from those who were in a position to know and did know that the reading public might be given accurate information and our efforts in that direction have not been in vain There is now sufficient evi dence at hand to convict this Episcopal preacher of having grossly wilfully and maliciously told the members of his congregation in a Sunday sermon an untruth concerning Y D Leahy and as a fitting climax wo take pleasure in publishing in this issue of the Blade a communication from a brother of the dead Freethinker which is conclusive on the subject Ingersollr1scheme of Ingersolls but lived only about two or three That M D Leahy its first president afterwards became converted in the privacy of a room at Great Bend Kansas by a lady evangelist and spent the balance of his life in trying to undo tho wrongs he had done and had preached Christianity extensively in the Southwest This t statement of course was made to his congregation alone and had it not been for the manuscript copy be had furnish ed tho papers of San Francisco for publication no further notice would or could have been given it and these state ments would have passed unchallenged Tho one source of danger to Mr Hough lie in the fact of the publication That brought his utterances to the attention of others and the investigation undertaken by the Blade iRev Hough is convicted of having told an untruth instating that the National Freethought University at Libv eral Mo was a pot scheme of Ingersolls t 41i fi i Ar f i 7 Rev Hough has been convicted of having told an untruth by stating that M D Leahy had told him that Ingersoll had given 5000 to the support and maintenance of the inIstitution Rev Hough has been convicted of having told an untruth when ho said that M D Leahy was converted Rev Hough has been convicted of having told an untruth when he said that M D Leahy had striven to undo the wrongs he had done by his unbelief and hadextensively preached Christ and him crucified Rev Hough has been convicted of having fabricated story of absolute fiction connected with M D Leahy for the purpose of disparaging the name and memory of a dead Freethinker whocannot defend himself and to draw the cashoutof a credulous and unthinking congregation Rev Hough has been convicted of being anything but a gentleman and possessing an utter disregard for truth For these findings tho Blade is grateful and thankful to C E Alexander of Chanute Kansas who has rendered capable and valuable help in this undertaking and it is also thankful to T J Leahy tho surviving brother of M D Leahy author of the communication which appears in this issueFrom a careful perusal of the letter in question our readers will be able to understand something of tho nature of the case Attending Kansas Normal College at Fort Scott Kansas from which ho graduated in 3880 M D Leahy was thrown in contact with Georgo A Hough who was a teacher in penmanship thereat also a worker in the Y M 0 A and Leahy being an infidel to the Christian religion at that time Hough had very little use for him and as T J Leahy suggests naturally gave him little credit as a thinker Wo can now understand the animos ity of George A Hough and wo can also understand why this intolerant bigotry should be made manifest so long after M D Leahys death for is not George A Hough formerly a teacher in penmanship now an Episcopal preacher and do not Episcopal preachers of tho Hough stripe appear will ing to defamo the dead whom they disliked in life Fortunately we have also from the same source learned something of L A Hanson or Hausam as Mr Hough renders the same and it appears that his unbelief as a professor simply consisted of his being a Christian Scientist but not content with distorting fact Hough had this man converted at tho same time and place by the same lady evangelist of whom nobody has the slightest knowledge That M D Leahy should confine himself to lecturing upon educational topics alone after the demise of his University at Liberal is not strange to those who have perienced the force of Christian bigotry intolerance and hate M D Leahy had to live and he had to earn the means of livelihood Without saying aught concerning religion for it or against it ho lectured on other subjects and this is taken by one of narrow illiberal and evil mind to imply a conversion to Christianity During our previous active work in tho field of Free thought we had incidentally heard of Liberal Mo of the S it AWL T1 foiI i ii irjir1 t tt J BLUE GIMSB t BLADE University that once existed there but we had never been given the facts aswe have them now Wo have also learned that this is not the first time that preachers have made the claim that M D Leahy underwent a conversion and had renounced his philosophic unbelief for the Christian re ligion With this exposure of the arrant falsehoods of George A Hough it is to be hoped and the public have a right to expect that such proceedings will forever cease The Blade is pleased that its attention has been called to the statements made by Mr Hough that it undertook the investigation and it is doubly pleased with the results BUCKEYE SECULAR UNION Two weeks from the date of this issue the annualcon vention of the Buckeye Secular Union will be in session at Columbus Ohio and as the officers are now working and striving for its success their efforts ought to be met with that reward which is their duo by a largo and enthusiastic attendance The program which appears in this issue of the Blade is sufficiently attractive to induce every Freethinker in Ohio who can to attend this convention In addition to the members of the Union there will be many of the did guard present and from personal letters received there will be considerable of the new and younger element on hand those who are preparing to take up the fight for mental freedom and human progress when the present warriors are compelled to lay down their arms For a state organization the limits of which are circumscribed there is no more active or a better officered body of Freethinkers in all America than the Buckeye Secular Union and it is deserving of the support and encouragement of all who arc interested in the causo Not more than two days of your time will be required to attend this meeting and with existing cheap railroad rates not much of an outlay will bo necessary At tho same time you are brought in contact with kindred minds you are given an opportunity to meet and know the leaders of Freethought in the Central States An examination of the program will show that Dr J 13 Wilson Dr T J Bowles Parker H Sercombe Otto Wettstein J Atwood Oulbertson and the Blades Editor are among the speakers while others will render musical and literary selections affording variation and additional interest Then there is the round table talk in the parlors at the hotel Only those who have mot before under such conditions can know and appreciate what this means for tho earnest and sincere advocate in the cause of freedom Taken altogether this convention should be made a record breaker but as the officers cannot do this alone the result depends upon the Freethinkers themselves Go then if you can and show the workers which side you are on in this mental contest The Oolumbus News an extremely liberal paper in its issue of Sunday August 22 devotes more than half a column to an announcement of this coming convention pro claiming it as promising to blen largo gatlirinqof FreGv V jt 4ia j tf i i thinkers from Ohio and other states and prints the prou gram in full This fact alone is worthy of notice as show SiJ t ing the recognition by the press of Freethought gatherings as heretofore such conventions have had scarcely a pass ing notice All this ought to encourage the Freethinkers of the Buckeye State and especially the members of the Union Take on new enthusiasm in the cause and help all you can to make this convention a fitting and memora ble success Among the incentives recently furnished ua is a card from Charles Betscher of Canal Dover an enthusiastic young liberal who offers to donate aufive or a ten to makeup a fund for printing 500 or 1000 extra copies of the Blade containing tho program and announcement of the convention and have the same distributed free of cost to the people of Columbus as a means of creating and stimulating a wide interest in the meeting Without considering the financial part of this suggestion as it would concern the Blade it is an excellent idea and could this be done it might be the means of bringing the Blade and the cause it advocates into wider notice and prominence y EDITORIAL POTPOURI Death the great king the mighty monarch to whom all must bow lias claimed one of the strongest and staunchest Free 4 thinkers in all America Dr A A Bell of Madison Ga The Blade has been apprised of his death by Dr A K Bell a son of the deceased He died of apoplexy on the 7th day of August 1909 and as his son writes happy in the belief he had so long expounded to the world Our readers and the readers t of other Liberal papers will long remember the name of DrsBoll Each week brought to tho Blade office some note or notes from Mm which now will bo sadly missed The Blade extends- to his sorrowing family a heartfelt sympathy and condolence Wo are more than pleased to report through E B Moffitt of Newton Iowa that the recent memorial service to the late Col Ingersoll hold in his beautiful Iowa grove was a decided success The principal address was made by W G Clark of Chicago Franklin Steiner of Des Moines Iowa also spoke and thero were other numbers on the program consisting of music recitations etc The attendance was much larger than usual which indicates a vast change in public sentiment con corning Freethought We must have more of such demon strations It is a pleasure to call our readers attention to Eugenics formerly known as Lucifer now being published by Moses Har man at Los Angeles California No man has suffered more for opinions sake than Moses Harman No advocate of liberty de serves greater praise and commendation for his splendid efforts and Liberals can well afford to extend to him a hearty and will ing patronage as a token of their appreciation of his efforts The next time Rev George A Hough essays to discuss infl dels and infidelity he will be inclined to investigate his subject and make sure before he opens his mouth or mayhap he will not beso prone to give reports of such future sermons to the newspapers wherein they can be read and dissected c s f l j + 12 BLUSRASS BLADE Buckeye Secular Union Convention Rousing Meeting Promised Big Program Has Been Prepared All Freethinkers Are Invited Make It a Banner Event Next week the seventh annual convention of tho Buckeye Secular Union will be in session at Columbus Ohio Tho date of convening is Sunday September 12th There will be a round table conference Saturday night all friends members and visitors in tho parlors of the American d Hotel No 20 South High St Headquarters will also be maintained at this hotel Special rates frdm 100 to 150 per day have been arranged for all visitors The program is inviting and ought to insure a large attendance Upon the subject of tho convention the Secretary Miss Lou Lawrence writes as follows The prospects for a successful meeting of the Buckeye ular Union at Columbus on the 12th of nest month are bettor than they have been for tiny similar convention in the history of the organization There is every reason to believe that the program will be a credit to the cause for which it stands and we have more assurances of a general attendance than we had any reason to hope for Let no one stay away for fear of feeling lonely He will have plenty of companyand good company Let everybody come for Saturday evening nt the hotel PROGRAM Morning Session 900Address of WelcomeGeo 0 Roberts Response Dr Ellanore II Poland 1000Appointment of Committees by tho President Report of the Secretary Miss Lou Lawrence ufa Report of tho Treasurer J Wilbur White j1030 1100 11YLucasJ 1115Song Thomas Paine Libby Culbertson MacDonald ll30 Short Speeches by Members v 1200 Adjourn for Luncheon to American Hotel or elsewhere Afternoon Sessio- n100Address Decay of Orthodoxy or End of Dogma Dr r T J Bowles I23oSo g IngersollLibby Culbertson MacDonald 245The Spirit of the TimesJ A Culbertson cores of Letters on this Important Sub ject and What They SayTime for Action Seems Ripe New Organ t ization in Popular Demand Full of Enthusiasm CLEVELAND 0 Referring to your you ask My answers follow I favor t f such an organization I will personally at iQI INIIR I315Co815 Materialism Atheism Agnosticism and Infidelity Otto Wettstein 900 Progress of Freethought and Free PressJohn R Charlesworth 1000Choir Invisible ElliottsLou Lawrence Notice The headquarters will be at the American Hotel No 20 South High St where ample accommodations for members and visitors will be reserved Rates 100 and 150 per day American Plan The Parlor will be used by the Officers and Members on Saturday and Sunday The Secretary Miss Lawrence will have charge and all members will register on arrival The Reception Committee will be at the hotel Satur day to look after the comfort of arrivals so comelcarly and get acquainted r4f K Round Table discussion in parlor all evening to r ill Freethinkers and friends are cordially andcourteosuly Invited GEO 0 ROBERTS 1 t MISS LOU LAWRENCE HELEN M LUCAS- ReceptionCommittee i J SEPT PROGRAM OF SAN FRANOISOO MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION Jf No Freethought organization in the country is abla to show a better progress than this active wideo take body It is fa vored with a very large audience and many interesting discus sions develop The lectures are of a highly ducative tendency as tho following program will show Sept 3The Darwinian TheoryBy Dr David Starr Jordan President Stanford University Sept loThe Origin and Necessity of LawCameron King Attorney at Law Sept 17Water Food and PopulationBy Wm Powell B A Sept 24 Truths and Fallacies Concerning JC Anthony M D This lecture will be followed by a social and dance ending a- tlam j Unanimous For Organaiztion organizationJt LtI TuberculosisBy tend a meeting to establish such an or ganization if it is possible for me to do so but would be unable to go any great distance from Cleveland at this time Place most suitable for rao andothers here with whom I am in close touch is Cleveland 0 Date most convenient any time from Sept 11 to 27 whether I can or cannot attend tIle meeting I will be come a member 1 shall be glad to send you the names of others whom I am sure will be with us in this movement if you desire them =T C JEFFERIES Organization Strongly Favored MARIETTA OIf the work of the proposed organization should be confined to religious subjects especially church and state I shall be glad to join So very few would be able to attend a convention that I should think it might be a good plan to work by mail and local meetings for some time If there should be a meeting I will attend if possible at any place others may choose Here is my vote for you for Pros It c r rd I BLUE GRASS BLADE 13 ident You arc especially fitted for the officeHELEN M LUCAS Strong and Favorable Argument PINE GROVE ARKIam in receipt of a sample copy your paper in which there is much talk of a National Organization of freethinkers Allow nn to saythat I am heartily in sympathy with such a movement Should such an organization be effected I shall at once apply for life membership To my mind the cause of Freethought is suffering more from lack of organization than trom any other cause The country is full of Freethinkers but iu many instances they lack the moral courage to oppose the religious tide single handed Properly organized and fostering a systematic educational propaganda we should able very soon to make our in fluence felt Why should wo stand idle till the day long while our religious breth ren are expending every effort in making fools and idiots of our children by ham pering their minds and shackling their brains with a religious system so absurd that a savage would not receive it I Let us wake up and put our heads and our hearts together in carrying on a systemat ic crusade of Freethought As to time I have no choice further than I think the meeting should be at the earliest date practicable As to place I think the meeting should be at as near the center of the U S as can be arranged Im not able financially to attend but would like very much to do so Yours for Freethought R G EARLE To the Fullest Extent MOLINE KARTI favor such an or ganization but I cannot personally attend thb meeting to establish it St Louis would bo my choice and October tho time I will become a member if such an organ ization is effected I am old and poor but will do all I can for the cause of Free thought Yes I am yitu you to the full extent of my mind I am an old subScrib- er to the dear old Blade ELLA P HUNT Time Is Ripe EAST LYNN MOYou are asking for- an expression on that National Organization question It seems to me the time is ripe for organization I would want to bo a member and will do all I can to support the movement Would certainly at tend if it wore possible much depending on distance would say St Louis EMILY C JONES Both State and National HIGGINS TEXI am in favor of or ganization by States and by the nation Let us have a central committee of seven for the national body and in case of a iv 1 Hufx Fr4 national convention let each state send a delegate fpr each 500 or 1000 members tr any number that may be agreed upon ilie hour is at hand when Liberals both ithi and women must organize and get to ether for their own good MRS NELS JINSON Organization the Proper Thing EAST LYNNE MOAm a Blade reader and note with pleasurethe proposed National Organization Think the time is here when those of liberal ideas concern ing religion should be organized on a broad basis and surely this can be successfully done considering the already prosperous localorganizations such as Church of this World Kansas City Free Religious So ciety Chicago and others Would be como a member and could probably attend fraternallyPRINCESS Straight to the Point ANNAPOLIS M1Jtour earnestness in soliciting members for tho proposed treetliought Organization and the stirring appeal of friend Culbertson for our resurrection compel mo to respond I do favor such an organization and al though 1 cannot attend your meeting this year I WILL become a member There are some few earnest active and pugnac ions Freethinkers who unacquainted with the idiosyncrasies of the tribe exclaim Why in tho name of humanity and truth are tho Freethinkers of this country hold ing aloof from a movement of this descrip tion According to official statistics tho churches can claim hardly onethird of our population but if a call should go out from the Roman Catholic Church a call covering the same territory canvassed by tho Bladeasking membership for nn organization to assist that church the re plies would bo twenty thousand instead of twenty But one conclusion can be reach ed from this stato of affairs Given one thousand Methodists and wo have 1000 minds or rather prejudices not one of which can escape from that narrow rut tho big and the little the deep and the shallow all running in the same groove Otherwise they would not be orthodox Again Given 1000 Freethinkers and what have wo One hundred kinds each of Atheists Agnostics Materialists Rationalists Liberals Infidels etc Otherwise they would not bo Freethinkers I know many different kinds of Christians who are Freethinkers or who Ire at least not or thodox It seems to me that organizing such a heterogeneous mass would bo a gantic undertaking I believe I have been personally acquainted and associated with more Freethinkers than any other sub scriber to thy Blade That is a very sweep ing assertion but my calling in life for 25 years has kept mo among that kind of peopleand they are neither pagan nor heathen If the ono thousand Freethinkers above mentioned were invited to join an organization the avowed object of which was to make war on the church by expos ing the false teachings and laying bare the foolish pretensions of that institution 990 of them would reply I have my beliefs concerning this life and the hereafter and I am perfectly satisfied with them If the church people are happy in their dreams and visions and frenzies and tomfoolery why should I interfere with them When I attempt to convert them to my way of thinking I put myself on a level with their pnests and missionaries I am going to be just as careful that none of my children fall into their hands as they areJo keep their offspring beyond the reach ofAny in fluence and I believe we both baye the same rights in this respect And I apprjo ciate the fact that their feelings are just as badly lacerated at not being able to get a hold on my progeny as mine are at ing their little ones pumped full of fairy tales and legends and turned over to an unscrupulous priesthoods However this is one object for which all the Freethinkers I have ever known would readily organize and that would bo for the purpose of influencing legislation to tax all church property The State of Mary land my present habitat is the most bigoted section of the U S if not bf the world and I know that even herean unbiased assessment of taxes would put onehalf the churches out of commission Even by a combination of all tho orthodox institutions into one organization it could never become the living core of power and tyranny that they once were They ore dying a natural death and nothing will hasten their demise liko putting upon them their legitimate quota of the burden for sup porting the State that protects them W L LUCErOrganize By All Means LOS ANGELES CALIF As to myex pression upon tho question of organization it seems to mo we all ought to see tho ne Intl accomplishpect the simple matter of organization Jo bo all there isto accomplish It will mean incessant work upon the part of all Then again we must have suitable meeting places and make these and the program so interesting and attractive that we will attract oven the Christians In fact these are tho people we wish to reach We must give the Christian tho same opportunity to express his or her views and beliefs as do tho Freethinkers thereby setting a better example than tho Chrisfians do Hencea step in advance M H OBERHOLTZERlt lefts hi 14i tfLUESGRASS BLADE Naumans Orchestra E DNAUMAN Violin ANNA L NATJMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Comet or Clarinet Other Instruments Added If Desired Over 500 pieces of the beet music suitable for any program always on hand Phone 128 12 Lock Box 800 SIGOURNEY IOWA A TRIP TO ROME By DR J B WILSON This work is acknowledged to be one of the best descriptive literary efforts of the centuryA Freethinkers view of the old world and what he saw there Oloth 125 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky NEWS FROM THE WEST IF YOU WANT to learn about the Western Slope of Colo ado good free Government land favorable relinquishments subscribe to Norwood Record A J McNASSEK Publisher Subscription Rates One Year 160 Ii3ix Months 60 Three Months 40 tiPublished Every Thursday BILLS VWENUE makes you cheerful thoughtful It Is a personal oPLIFEthlltllrOWlonJ1OuYou with Interest for what lUll has to say next fiN ftMBRIOftN MfIDONNft Is a ser r a sal running la tho WHEEL BILL OF LIFE It Is written by 4Mary IVls Todd theablest writer of Liberal since Grant Allen and Is a beautiful f presentation of the essentially modern r problem of the Woman In Business THE WHBBL sea LIFv- ORIGINS l A m periodical the origin of Mnrrlaee of Etblcs of Religion of Brotherhood of the belief In Immortality It treats broadly of Love of Rs Human Instincts and Ideals It 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ally in tho human race through improvedconditions in the rela tions of the sexes Its central thought is freedom of Moth erhood the SelfOwnership of Woman in the Realm ofi Sex and Reproductionin telligent and responsible Parenthood This much neglected this tabooed disgrace and almost unknown cience was named Eugenics by Francis Galton a cousin bf and Xcqworker with the great j fijb i r f i lSf Charles Darwin and now both in EnglandJ and in Continental Europe is beginning to receive the attention its 1demandstained by a long list of able and well known contributors women and men of national and international reputation iris now published bimonthly standard mag azine sizoat Los Angeles Calif price 1 a year postpaid single copy 16c Trial subscribers will receive three back numbers less than a year old also a copy of tho booklet Institutional Marriage a lecture by tho editor all for 25e in stamps or coin For sale by newsdealers or sent postpaid by the editor and pub lisher Moses Harman with 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but the cost of advertising and postage we figure at 10 cents so If you wish a copy send us 10 cents A M PARKER WATERPOWER MOTORS and- WATERFANS Machine and Hardware Specialties at order CLEVELAND SPECIALTY MFG CO ClovelandSo Brooklyn Ohio The Work and v fcys of Literary Folk VAHABONDIA Sold b Subscriptionl per year VAGAdONDIA is an illustrated month ly magazine devoted to people who write and draw things Authors Playwrights and Illustrators EACH ISSUE contains interesting arti cles on the personalities of literary men and womenHuman Interest Biographical Sketches Appreciations and Estimates of all the present day writers and their work stories of their hobbies and recreations thrilling accounts of literary successes unconventional photographs ofauthors and their homes with glimpses of their workaday lifeCriticisms Short Stories and Literary NewsContributions by well I known writers on subjects having to do withevery form of literary composition including the novel playwrighting etj EVERYONE engaged in literary work or curious about literary people will find Vngabondia interesting and instructive It is invaluable to the literary worker VAGABONDIA is in a class by itself being the only writers and illustrators magazine published It is thet1trade pa perilso to speak of the writer class Book Reviews Magazine News Publish ers Notes and Announcements VAGABONDIA EVERETT LLOYD Editor and Publisher 1411 Security Trust Big Chicago lIt THEPROCESSION PLANETS wttor i AlldrusfRANWN ipJsr t 1t i giKi JUST OUT NAMING SONG AND BURIAL SONG FOR FREETHINKERS Each a Duet and a Concert Piece for PianonAlso Variations for Violin Flute or Bells PRICE 25 CENTS EACH I have composed these songs for the benefit of Freethinkers or men of Common Sense who do not wish to insult our Cre ator with Bible rot QUIRIN BACHLER 2277 Fulton St Chicago HI The Holy BibleIn Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the coutradlt tlons and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to jarr their faith and destroy their godwebs Ready Soo Order Now Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 19 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 1112 Eddy Street San Francisco Cal Give Fm Fits Thats what SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurts great Ical travel doze to the forces of bigotry and su perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the church element la throwing a over It too No other novel of this decade has been so widely and soQbitterly denounced byrorthodox critics which la sufficient proof that It la all right It has cre ated a sensation In con servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy- It la enthusiastically endorsed by leading Freelthlnkera through out the world You know how Hurt can write and In this book he la at his best It la an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper tand bound In oxblood cloth Price 150 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky W F Bozeman Leesburg FlaySouthern Fruit and Produce Broker Melons a specialty Fifteen years experi ence buying and shipping melons Will as usual follolw the business In Georgia Ala bama and Indiana 1f r 0 1wtt j t Mans Origin and DestinyJBy Dr A Hausman Alameda California This is the Greatest Book of modern times on the theory of Evolution applied to Sociology V twill shortly be issued in bookworm by the Blue Gra Blade making a book of nearly 500 pages The author has dedicated it to Prof Ernst Haeckel and the great Jena philosopher has accepted the dedication 200i 6200 Subscribe Now and Save Money All charges of postage will be prepaid upon advance subscriptions f The first chapters are now in the press and publication in book form will immediately followjts serial publication in the blade columnskt L SiAscribe Now subscribe Now r jo JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky f J CORRECT THINKING i This BooK is a Herald of the New Learning f lie First Gun in f a Revolt Against LeisureClass Ideals of Education t SfB PAP iER H SERCOMBE Editor ToMorrow Magazine J t t Expert breeders and trainers of horses permit their own children to fade and die for want of applying the knowledge they have but do not use Owners of Angora cats who know how their pets have become beautiful as the result of but afew if lied to PPWijieirThe world thoughtlessly overlooks the e by Burbank and other successfulr t ybridists not realizing that each discovery has its corresponding application to the human species i Man has not yet started to live a minddirected reasonedout life Y i WRONGFr 25cthe copy Five copies a 1OO p1500 the Hundred 4 TOMORROW COMPANYPUBLISHING rO= 139 East 56 iSt Chicag 111 i fJ i lAf