You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 12, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909091201 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 12, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. J qr BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVIII LEXINGTON KY SEPTEMBER 12 i oo Number 22 = = u DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT gpa arui rAuurrtr t By Joseph Rogers Spartacus long in the pay of that church as an assassin of progress sees the light is saved i Yo call me chief and ye do well To call him chief who twelve long years In the bloody shambles ofa hull Has steelu his heart and dried his tears So cries of war would sobs of lovo repel The smitten friend whose pleading look Was lit to wave my bloody hand From off the soul that slow forsook Its clay to find oblivion in the sand Was Roman prey and slaves Ihis Ufo I took The shades of men who felt my stroke Do fill my nights with fear and grief- I hear adieus the heroes spoke And weaklings begging for relief Before my sword across their guard had brokeP No more for me the fearful strife That makes of earth a tigers lair Ill draw no triumphs from the knife teardThe vitals of the suffering human life Salt Lake City Utah I Lkm j 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE f The Atheists Reason and the Christians P thlStrong Article in Reply to Harold Bolces Last Effort Which Was Denied Publication by the Cosmopolitan Magazine By Clarence C Gates Like the colors of the solar spectrum the elicts tfiVhuman mind differ by indistinguishable degrees throughout the octavo of mental conception It is just as impossible to mark oil a defi nite dividing line between two contiguous beliefs as it is hope less to sharply distinguish between two colors of the spectrum Our will is not the factor of our belief but it is the resultant of our physicalmental constitution heredity knowledge and environment Will is the center of these factors of our mental life as the center of gravity is the resultant of a system of weights or weight Belief has its counterpart in physical weight The analogy may be further continued Just as the center of gravity may be known without knowledge of the corresponding weight so may the will manifest itself without personal knowledge of our belief lien in a panic act as does the water of Niagara as it flows over the fall withcenter of gravity in unstable cquili brum so is the will of the panicstricken man The water flows placidly and turbulently Men bravely or cowardly face danger as the weight of all the factors in their life prompt them to act The Niagara water in the penstock becomes useful So do men hccomc useful through the resulting inelligence of proper physicalmclJfcfc stitution heredity knowledge and environ ment The r TOictors that determine the unalterable posi tion of our will Through our egotism we create mysteries from these simple facts But will should we Why should we deny a fact proven by every sensible act of our lives when it cuts the grain of our eager desive By so doing do we not confess our selfish stupidity To declare that we act and believe as we please in this is to snake manifest a serious deficiency in more than one factor of our lives We act as our will acts ie we net as we must The will originates nothing it is not free It is ever the zero mark of free choice But free choice is positive free will is negative it does not exist Free will old free choice arc as cold and heat the first being the absence of the other and having no meaning per se Fatalism denies both free will and free choice denies a fact free choice and a fiction free will nationalism denies the fiction and affirms the fact Rationalism is an enlightened selfishness acting to our best interest individual and concrete Belief is an absolute necessity it is impossible for us to govern it It determines our actions and is the weightfactor of our will Vomay not know the weight of a physical object we may kiuHPI ganged by some standard We may not know the unconscious belief by which we act far better that we do gauged by the best material standard we possess That raises us above the brutes In Harold Bolces article Rallying Round the Cross in September Cosmopolitan ho presents the views of men who believe with authority as their standard of mental values This authority is the Biblical word and to question its authenticity is to summon Doubt The czar of Russia may regard himself as the father to his people In the fathers egotism will ho not deem himself wiser than his children Docs he not resist their advice restrict their actions and perform acts disallowed to them All for the 111 II I childs good Was there ever an act more plausible However theory and practice have distinct meanings Does not the meaning of the one preclude something in the meaning of the other Theory is like the winding rugged path in the wilderness theory and practice is the same path improved into a trim smooth thoroughfare How many of us act by theory alone By theory and practice The moralist dis cowers his golden rule Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you do ye even no to them With a mathematicians accuracy he formulates his calculus of morals and finds to his dismay rules nothing but rules In other words anything more than the simple golden rule involves calculation The moralists theory is correct but his practice ah his practice The animals of the wilderness made the first path With a calfs intelligence it may be followed The acts and reactions of the human kind produced the first morality Are we better or worse than the animals Are we as intelligent God1 Who is God In Mr Bolces article are these sentences The colleges say that God is not gratified by praise that he is not moved by adulation to which the churches reply Oh for a thousand tongues to sing My Great Redeemers praise Do the colleges know Has God spoken Do we latter to cheat or to cncolllngef Both replies n man modestly hiding his face from the gleam of Diogenes lantern Agaiii To kneel and adore is the noblest posture of the soul in which is expressed the opinion of Rev Augustus Coit Such an act makes humility manifest Humility is a minor emotion of the recipient of tin undeserved degradation A slave Why should mankind place itself in slavery when its every effort has been toward freedom The posture of adoration is the divine right of a king of his subject Is God less democratic than manTheology denies the inequality of mans spiritand Gods but can theology analyze either spirit with the same accuracy required by the chemist working on his ele ments If not is it not vain presumption toH teach plainly that God is somehing more than gravity As to the taunt that man has no power over the Pleiades let the answer be f Knowcst thou God Does doubt enter your heart Do you doubt IIIIlfGllcI the rules of arithmetic the theorems of alge bra or the propositions of geometry HBut Christian still looks with the eyes of faith to the spiritual city that hath foundations whose builder and maker is nod1o which trite answer may bo mlldeHOod made tine country man made the city Is it not strange that we have not seen the only city God has made Can we dislodge the doubt of its existence Is not belief a necessity and necessity the mother of reason Cnn we believe whether or no when doubt strongly and strangely infringes upon belief What is faith Is it not belief upon trust Tile Chinese wall seems to us to be a wonderful thing Most of us have never seen it or followed its length Nevertheless we believe it to exist Does doubt enter our mind We have the physical opportunity of quieting or confirming tho doubt Has the Christian the same physical opportunity to quiet or confirm his doubt ofH God and superhuman existence Will ho as readily as tho intelligent explorer submit to intelligent doubt of his asser tions Wo know do we not that a wonderful fact nay be I BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 doubted and a wonderful fiction believed We know do we not that belief is not evidence Why should we wilfully con fess ourselves to be more stupid than a gull Secular faith becomes valid from its dependence upon the physical opportunity of confirmation Christians themselves readily admit that there is no physical opportunity of confirming their statements Hence it is selfevident that secular and spiritual faiths are as widely divergent as the poles of the earth They who have entered into communion with the Father have had revealed to them glimpses of that home not made with hands eternal in the heavensfor which the proof must be spiritual and not secular and physical But spiritual phenomena per se is debatable The atheist denies their pos sibility In this he has an enormous advantage for his proofs are purely secular and physical He uses the secular memory and reason which guides our everyday life acquires our knowl edge and marks the dim line between sanity and insanity Shall we desert such a reason the essential rationalism of our lives in the final crisis and judgment of argument and commonsense understandingThe is well satisfied with his arguments which will not be given here for an exposition of atheism per se is not the purpose of this article The Christian admittedly can not meet the atheist in argument upon a purely secular basis of reason The Christian afllrms the existence ofa personal spiritual God Aside from the bigotry of the middleage sup pression of freedom of thought and discussion the Christian is helpless to convince the atheist with the only instrument known to the latter Secular everyday commonsense reason that is pure rationalism In respect to knowledge of a god the atheist is naturally and unalterably blind He must be convinced if con vinced at all by the senses ho possesses Presumably the Chris tian is more fortunate for he claims to see spiritually beside which with secular reason the oncy mental sense of the atheist It is not only uncharitable but vastly insanely contemptible to speak of the blind as fools But this is just what the writer of Psalms xiv 1aud liii 1 did admitting for the moment his spiritual insight Webster gives a specific meaning to the word fool Is the Biblical writer and the modern Christian as the preachers say may exalt man and his little hour It may darken counsel by word without knowledge is true in a certain sense but why should the Christian deplore the fact that philosophy never has proclaimed but always has waged war on religions Philosophy is the love of learning The equivalents of learning are the words wisdom and truth mentioned in the Bible dozens of times The absence of these words would be deplored by the Christian from the Bible Why should the Christian give double meanings to these words by excluding philosophy of physical phenomena solely because it does not lead to preconceived spiritual conclusions And ye shall know the truth and the truth shall make you freerJ- ohn viii 32 What the golden rule is to ethics is this Biblical paragraph of thirteen words to knowledge The desire to know the truth or more generally to know is philosophy and is an inbred characteristic of all life Ignorance is bondage truth is freedom Frcethought is as necessary for our minds as pure air is essential for our lungs Can any Christian ration ally convince himself that there never was a philosophy that gave a promise It would bo just as rational to withhold our breathing as to deny the minds natural craving for tho Free thought The word promise as used in the quotation has a general sense but where is the Christian who will not give it a definite significance Tho colleges repudiate tho doctrine that man is ransomed by the blood of Christ but Christians hold firmly to the dogma nevertheless In that they consistent for it is evident that such a teaching is fundamental to Christianity But they tire not consistent in denouncing Judas as a traitor By the secular reason of the atheist Judas to the Christian should be coequal with Jesus as the Savior of the world if savior there was The readers attention is again recalled to the title of this article for an illustration of an essential difference has been given The words of Rev A E Keigwin illustrate tho same distinction The existence of God is not a thought for the reason The caliber of mans mind is too small to obtain an adequate conception of God Also Redemption without blood is bread without gluten To the atheist the religion of boasts could sink no lower than this admitted position of Christianity No wonder can be expressed at the bloody conflicts of denominational Christianity in the past and tho bitter contentions of sects of todayonce we know the basic position of the followers of Jesus socalled the Christ Whatever the college view of the Bible may be the pinion of the peasant Christian ie belief in the Biblical word from kiver to laver is the only consistent basis of Christianity The churches reply that the scholars of the worldwill ulti mately know that there is but one volume in the library of God and that while all things else are vanity and the goodliness thereof as the fading and withering flower and grass of the field the word of the Lord shall stand forever Were not Mr Bolce reporting the opinion and position of the most ortho dox portion of the Christian church we would be justified in stating that what he expressed in the words just quoted was highflying To the atheist it must appear odd and amusing since to him it reflects a highflying attitude of the church That there is but one volume in tho library of God is odd when thousands of books are required to contain the useful information and knowledge of the world That the volume shall stand forever is amusing to the atheist when he considers the nature of some of its parts and passages which cannot be sent through mails on a postal card Which fact should be an offense to the Christian with credit to him The churches insist that the record in Holy Writ of Gods handwriting that spplled doom for sinful Babylon cannot be eliminated by irreverent hands But the atheist asks for an swers to these questions Can a city have intelligent personalityl Is it more reasonable to punish an individual for his sin so called or punish an impersonal city for tho individuals sin7 Again does tho atheists secular reason conflict with the Chris lions spiritual faith upon Biblical authority And yet it is as true today as it ever was in the history of the race that the people who will not obey God shall be cut off from being a nation Tho Jews might be mentioned but they did not obey God perhaps After all that part of the subject is too deep for the spiritually blind atheist and since what is hero written is expositive of the atheists reason versus the Christians faith tho statement will not bo denied However this is a truce in neutral territory and not a stir render most orthodox of clergy claim that the colleges harbor spiritual degenerates men with diseased philosophic minds teaching unwitting youth the way that leads if they care to follow to tho fields of sin It is manifest that philosophy is not diseased since that is a love of learning Rather would a denial of philosophy demonstrate the diseased mind Nor would any conclusion or knowledge due to philosophy be diseased for that would he tho legitimate province of learning II Sin as defined has a questionable existence hut assuming it to apply strictly to the negative of Ethics or human duty philosophy cannot possibly lead to it since the II love of learning and all its fields of exploration are legitimate and rational beyond any sane doubt Hence the use of the words spiritual degenerates byutllO most orthodox of tho clergy and defined by Mr Bolcc as urea with diseased philosophic minds is an evident absurdity Philosophy cannot be diseased even though it be knowledge n Ww wm r BLUE GRASS BLADE Ithe most dangerous to mankind Just as there is no obscenity se in any word or object not placed there by a diseased mindso there is not a fact in all the universe that should not be known and that could not be put to all ill use The mind of the philosopher is not so fortunately granted immunity from a diseased condition us is the philosophy of Universal Facts Students go from Christian altars to classes of philosophy The abandonment of restraint either leads them into fields of folly whose only end is ruin or in pathetic search for truth Another Criticism of Dr Hausman Taking the Origin and Development of Life From Viewpoint of Henry George Further Discussion is Offered By Dennis Leahy Any book that serves to excite thought is a good book and Dr Hausmans book is certainly calculated to do that It is evidently designed to rival that greatest of all economic works Progress and Pov erty If it makes anything like the stir that Henry Georges book has made the Doctor is in a fair way to win a crown of immortality and enshrine himself in the minds and hearts of millions of his fellow menHenry George has been dead for some time But he was never so muchalive as he is today England is ringing the changes on his name while the paramount question of the day is the taxation of the value of the land and the exemption of other forms of property especially real es tate improvements The liberal party of England has flung a new banner to the breeze and it bears the soulinspiring in scription The landowner must use his landor pay for holding it idle It is inconceivable to me how any sane person can bring himself to believe that more people are Horn into ike world than can find subsistence and that thousands must perish ns a natural ceased fence and that only there can hope to survi p who are peculiarly fitted to survive and that fitted means mechanically fit morality docs not figure in the case should ever thinkof offering a remedy for social or industrial ills If that stupid doctrine is true the only sensible thing for the indi vidual to do is Get there Eli and let the devil tako the hindermost Because under those conditions there must be a hindcnnost and the devil must get him The theory has no foundation either in the facts or laws of nature There is absolutely no limit to mans power to provide subsistence for himself He pan draw upon the earth air and water for what he wants they reach lame hands of doubt and say in their perplexity They have taken away my Lord and I know not where they have laid him The Christion conception of love has for its factors sympathy merciful authority and restraint The philo sophic love of learning is as fully intense in its sympathy the essentialof love as is the Christians adoration But the authority and restraint are always the unmerciful factors of learning placed upon the lover of it To be continued and he can reproduce and multiply every thing he eats and wears to infinity We are constantly working ourselves into a state of excitement because overproduction It is the one thing we dread and try to prevent notwithstanding only a fraction of the people are engaged in producing food andclothing We might disband the armies and navies were we not afraid that over production would be the result Destitution should not and would not exist in any city no matter how large it might grow if the natural laws had free play and were not hampered by artificial laws The notion that cities outgrow the ability of the country to supply raw ma terials is downright childish And when we remember that the function of tho city is to convert raw material into finished ma terial and distribute the goods the truth of that assertion ought to bo plain to a wooden Indian Tho growth of a town is analogous to the growth of a sun in a field of nebulae And no matter how largo a sun may grow it is still surrounded by theory that organic lifo originated at a point usually designated by tho Darwin ian as a single cell from which lifo moves out along divergent lines is a mere guess a pure conjecture and it finds no warrant whatever in either tho facts or laws of say that all forms of organic life havo their origin in an egg is one way of stating the case To say that all organic lifo originated in one single cell and radiated from that point is a different proposition altogether There is just about as much diversity of opinion amongst Darwinians in regard to the origin and development of life as there is amongst any other school of thinkers But to casual observers all Darwinians look alike Here is what Huxley says Look ing back through the prodigious vista of tho past I find no record of tho commence ment of lifo and therefore I am devoid of any means of forming a definite conclusion us to the conditions of its appearance L Geology is a badly broken record of the lifo of tho crust of the earth It is most distressingly mutilated by immense up heavals and great subsidence The layer that ought to bo on top is at the bottom and tho bottom layer is on top There are gaps between the layers that can not be filled in There is no true standard by which to measure the age of tho crust and succession is determined by the fossils and by existing species Wo are told that the internal heat of the earth at 10000 feet will boil water What must the condition bo at 130000 tho supposed depthof stratified rock And what must have been tho condition of tho surface of tho earth one hundred millions of years ago How is anyone to know how life originated or when originated As with geology so with paleontology It is also a badly broken record full of gaps It yields no warrant whatever for Hausmans theory of the origin of life Tho first great gap occurs between inverte brate and vertebrate life The earliest known vertebrate being a highly organized fish Wo have tho beginning and the end but tho middle is missing and so it goes all tho way up tho line It is always the transitorial form that is missing The Dar winian tries to convoy the impression that only ono link is missing As a matter of fate tho missing links are too numerous to mention Tho following facts are estab lished by geology and paleontology At one time tho earth was swarming with an infinite profusion of crustaceans of infinite variety At another timo tho waters swarmed with fish of infinite profusion and timo an infinite variety of reptiles swarmed over the earth then camo mammals Then tho primates This is tho ago of primates and wo have still got fish reptiles mammals in profuse variety But no transitorial forms Tho transitional business stopped just about tho timo it commenced There is absolutely no evi dence to show that lifo originated as a single cell and moved out along divergent lines Tho evidence proves that lifo began tW 7IBLUE GRASS BLADE with an infinite profusion and infinite variety of forms During what is known as the carboni ferous age the earth was covered with primaeval forests There can be no ques tion about the infinite variety and pro fusion of vegetable forms of that age And there can be no question but what contrac tion has seriously affected both variety and profusion which is altogether contrary to the Darwinian theory of the origin of life I have no desire whatever to undervaluej the service of the Darwinian or to ignore a single fact adduced But conjecture is not increasingthat the complexity is at the expense of quantity which is entirely foreign to the Darwinian theory of the origin and development of life While it serves to utterly destroy the Malthusian theory it is in strict conformity with the fact that propa gation falls as the form rises and rises as the form falls All the primitive forms of life are still in existence They have reproduced them rACommon Sense View Bible Strange It Is that a God Would Authorize a Production and Furnish Ito with Brains to Reason and Lead Us to Unbelief By C Watkins The book called the Bible which is in reality a collection of books or writings has come down to us from tho past The part of the book known as the Old Testament was written at various times and by different persons prior to the be ginning of tho present era and in a lan guage which is now not spoken or used to muchextent The several books of the New Testament were written or produced for tho most part during the early centuries of the present era and in what is long since a dead language Our English version of the Bible is therefore a translation from the language or languages in which these scriptures were formerly written Wo take for granted that the translation is approx imately correct though of course not ab solutely so Wo are told by theologians that this bible as we have it is the word of goda revelation inspired and infalli ble and that it is tho only authoritive rule of faith and practice Many of us cannot believe this though wo regard the bible as a useful bookifnot regarded with a superstitious reverence as it is by many very good people In the first place a revelation from god selves for countless generations without in anyway being affected by either hereditary transmission natural selection or the sur vival of the fittest And this is all the more remarkable when we remember that the higher form draw subsistence from the lower forms even to the extent of consum ing them for food In spite of heredity and the survivalof the fittest everything reaches n limit of ex pansion and then yields to contraction Everything rises and falls ebbs and flows progresses and retrogrades Life is one huge pyramid with boundless space and limitless matter for its basis Its sides are made up of arrested species and forms that have reached the limit of their development Man is at its apex with tho AngloSaxon at the very top while the sides at the top are formed of atTested and extinct races and civilization Shall wo retain this exalted position or in duo course yield it to a fitter race Nature determines who is the fittest to crown her work And the Victor must be morally fit of the as Thomas Paine contended would have to be made directly to each individual or it would not be a revelation to those who received itat secondhandTe do not know certainly that there is any personal god or supreme being but nearly every person believes in a great Eternal Intelli gent Beneficent Energy or Force in the Universe and in Nature which is contin ually revealing itself to human conscious ness But even if there is a personal god in the sense most people understand that word it is scarcely probable that he would only reveal himself and his will in a writ ten work like tho bible If god wrote or authorized the bible ho also made our brains and endowed us with the thinking power or faculty Why then do not these two creations of god always agree Why must wo believe contrary to all our senses often in order to believe some things stat ed in scripture Regarded as a purely human creation production or work the bible is natural and understandable It is only when we regard it as a supernatural production that it becomes incomprehensible and irrecon ciliable with what we know to bo true Examining this book in the light of reason and getting our minds as far as possible from prejudice and bins we find that the biblo is a collection of books or writings by various authors at different times and under various circumstances Apparently the Old Testament scriptures is a collection of Hebrew literature em bracing history traditions allegories fa bles laws religion philosophy poetry public addresses and socalled prophecies really priestly oracles Much of the history in the bible is doubtless true but often there is such an intermingling of true history and tradition that it is not easy or possible always to distinguish be tween them except that we may reason ably conclude that the record of miracu lous and unreasonable occurrences in cor porated with historical facts are not true But the bible is valuable and may be read and studiedwith interest and benefit In the first place it is a very old book and much of the reverence with which it is regardedis owing to this fact It shows us what people in the long ago thought and believed about many things as for in stance tho origin of the universe the ori gin of man their idea of god life andImany other questions We see what of government and laws those people had what they wero mentally morally and so cially Wo learn what progress they made in art science and literature what their manners and customs were and many things that it is both interesting and useful for those now living to know It is remarkable of course that these writings have survived and come down to us but there are other writings in the world which are as old if not even older than the Hebrew scriptures and their preservation is equally remarkable So far as I am able to judge there is nothing in the Scriptures but what could have been written by intelligent educated human beings Most that wo know about the sciences we have not learned from the bible but by human thought research investiga tion and painstaking observation And it is to science andnot to the bible that we must still look for the solution of the great problem of human life and Falls Md Heartily Favors the Plan LOUISVILLE KYIn response to the call in tho Blade of Aug 15 that Free thinkers write tho Blade and express their opinions regarding a National Organiza tion of Freethinkers I will give mine on the questions submitted 1 I favor a national organization of Freethinkers and will do all that is possible for me to help make it a success 2 If Iinn financially able 3 Cincinnati think would be tho most suitable place the date is immater ial to me 4 Yes if I find that the decla ration of principles are in accordance with my views Hoping that you may receive enough favorable replies to warrant calling a meeting I remain yours fraternally OSCAR B JANICKE r J BLUE GRASS BLA- DEGetsJudge Ladd His Too Scientific Socialist Criticizes His Recent Review of Historical and Declaratory Socialism By J A Robertson I would respectfully nsk you for space in the Blade for a brief comment on an article by Judge Parish B Ladd published by you in the issue of the TOth instant under the caption of Historical and Declaratory Socialism in which the writer attempts to show the origin and present teachings of that organization I will state at the outset that being but a lay member of the Socialist party it is with more or less trepidation I assume to challenge the statements made by one whoso titlo is Judge small or great but Iam not satisfied to have erroneous statements put off upon the public as true when their falsity is so patent that even one who does not lay claim to be other than an ordinary reader and reasoner can see it But I do claim to know a little about scientific Social ism as to its origin and purposes and must say that of all attempts I have ever heard Q to expose the teachings of Socialism in support of capitalism and competition the Judges article takes the cake Ho tells us that at least two attempts have been made to establish Socialist so cieties and both were entire failures If he hadsaid that scores of attempts had been made to establish Utopian Socialism resulting in failures he would have been nearer right But great heavens Doesnt ho know the difference between Utopian Socialism or communism and modern scien tific Socialism If he doesnt then permit me to suggest that ho read as a primary initiative to a more exhaustive treatise Common Sense of Socialism by John Shargo or Vails Scientific Socialism and after ho has assimilated these books he might continue the investigation of the subject by reading Morals of Socialism by Chas H Kerr also After Capitalism What by W T Brown Introduction to Socialism by N A Richardson Then if ho desires stronger meat I would suggest he read Marxs Capital and SocialismA New World Movement by Unterman There are hundreds of other books and tracts that can almost be had for the asking of the Wilshire Book Co New York If Judge Ladd is really desirous of championing tho cause of capitalism and at the same time to expose the fallacies of Socialism or cooperation let him first of r all know his premises by becoming quainted with the primary principles of the subject he attempts to discuss It is noth ing less than ridiculous for him to state as n fact that Socialism is in any way related to communism or anarchy No Socialist writer advocates the confiscation of the property of tho rich to distribute among the poor Dismissing the French Commune as in no way connected with modern Social ism I desire his attention to the error of his statement that because the workingmen would be the officials of the nation under Socialism that therefore anarchy would reign supreme A general smashup of all the industries as well as the state Why Who runs our industries today Are they now run by the owners of the machinery of industry or by the workers Would work ingmen be less capabln of running a train of cars if under their management and ownership than under private ownership If so why No Judge your idea that the workingmen must have masters to serve is but the repetition of what the ruling class has said since the days of barbarism a relic of the darkest of the Dark Ages Please come down along the pathway of the upward struggle of humanity for freedom from priest and king and learn who it has always been that bore the brunt of the first time in the history of the world the workers of the world are uniting not to rob and pillage but for the estab lishment of a just and equitable industrial system in which he who labors produces something useful for his fellowmen shall be the owner of such product and shall not he compelled as under private ownership or capitalism to give threefifths of such products to a master in the shape of profits Again let me urge you Judge to get right in your discussion of modern Social ism by informing yourself in its principles Tf private ownership is to be preferred to the social ownership and control then thousands would he glad to have it shown and proven to them Judge Ladd I suppose will admit that whatever our social condition is it is the fruitage of private ownership If all is sub rosa then there is nothincr to do but point to the system and say there it is a thing of beauty and a joy forever You intimate though you do not directly say it that because all capitalistic govern ments have declared in favor of private ownership of tho means of production that therefore it is one of natures laws and right Antiquity of ideas does not make them true or right The time was when it was not popular nor even safe for one to say the earth is a sphere when tho priests and everybody as to that matter said Its flat you can see it with your own eyes Yes said the slaves Its lIatwe can see for our selves The divine right of priests and kings was just as natural as the naturalllight of private ownership of the capitalist The curse of private ownership is that it takes the substance of life of the workers and gives it to the nonproducer Our coal fields our mines the entire earth and what it holds for the race is taken over by a handful of men who say All this is mine we are the masters And Judge Ladd says Amen Anniston RELIGIOUS THOUGHT By The Chaplain Youve heard the story preachers tell About a virgins child Whose father was a holy ghost A Bible reading wild And even Joseph doubted Till ho had a ghostly dream Ill tell you private what I think The storys awful mean Youve heard them tell about his wounds When stretched upon the cross About his saving sinners souls if They would let him boss Youvo heard about those heavenly streets With pavements laid with gold And seen tho contribution box That takes it in to hold Youvo heard about their phantom god Upon a great white throne Thats reached through gates of pearl ajar By Christian souls alone By Christians here who never think Of Natures wonder life Resistless when she trembles yawns Relentless in the strife Youvo heard these things and cast aside Yet Christians pray and pray Through crucifixion of the mind In plastic childhoods day You know all fables preachers tell And know them all as lies Get in and fight with dynamite- Or thought where Freedom flicsI il BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 Still Favor the New Organization I Additional Correspondence Showing How American Freethinkers Approve of Organizing as Blade Suggests In our next previous issue we gave a number of letters from Freethinkers in which there were shown a unanimous ex pression in favor of the proposed new or ganization While the bulk of those writ ing are indifferent as to time and place of the proposed meeting three have voted in favor of Cincinnati five in favor of St Louis two in favor of Cleveland The only dates suggested are October 3 and 17 1909 The majority will he unable to attend the meeting both from distance financial con ditions and others from ago and hodily in firmity As an incentive for others to write their views on this important subject tho following additional letters are now given For Organization with big 0 ST LOUISI have long been interested in that proposition of yours to form an Association of Freethinkers but have neglected writing just because of urgent duties nearer home Query IYes I do favor Organization with a big 0 Query 2WillaUem1 national meeting if at all possible Query 3Place1 Of course I would prefer St Louis but I think Cincinnati most appropriate place The Ohio river seems to throw up a lot of infidels in that 4Date Any time The earlier the better Query 5I certainty will become a mem her if it is a Freethought Association I favor a very broad association one that can become as strong as are the Free Masons I would suggest a secret organiza tion with degrees It should have a social side and should deal in morals and religion not much politics Freethinkers of tho World or Freethinkers of America later to become Freethinkers of the World would not be a bad name Tho term covers a multitude of ideas and could take in n large membership I for one know that the parties at the head of the Blade have no selfish interest in this matter and I do not favor making the Blade a party organ I will not join any organization terming itself n church or with the word church appearing in ils title If meeting should be held in this city I am sure our German friends hurt will allow us tho free use of their hall how- 1 ever I suppose wo could obtain a free hall in most any large city Yours very truly MISS ELIZABETH WILEY Will Join and Help PERRIS CALIF In your late issue you want an expression from Freethinkers in reference to organization I certainly would like to see an org iaization with a strong central point and branches in all the largo cities of tho states I am too od and also afflicted to be f active usj I am in my 83rd year and afflicted with asthma I will join an organization and contribuate one dollar monthly at least and otherwise render what little service I can to tho avsc Yours truly C S GOVE Organization tho Soul of Success WASHINGTON D CThe Blade has Iomo to inn since tho mergemcnt with it of TIealds Higher Science of which I had Vtur been a delighted reader and whose astronomical theory Iso much approved that I almost became a convert to tho TIeald idea of the Procession of Planets barring only a few points which were in explicable to me and which I have not hero limo nor snaco to point out During the lifofiiie of Mr Moore exchanged papers with him Iwas then engaged in the pub lication of a radicalreform journal in this city and no oxeliniice came to my table that was more catrorly awaited mid sought for than tho Blue Grass Blade may say on passant Hint for fnrtv years have been cntraced in publishing printing liberal literature among others following Journals Thn Womans Advocate Dayton Ohio devoted to Womans emancipation from religions social Political and moral slavery Tho Nineteenth Century 1870a radical reform journal that ripped tho pnnifs anti news out of tho temples of s Parsti tion known as churches The Chicaco Lodger the only paper surviving terri bto conflagration of 1871 and for three dnvs tho only newspaper in that meat city This Pacific Liberal Ran Francisco Cal in 187570 than which no more advanced journal along the lines of radical free Mioieht was over known on flip Pacific must See D M Bonnelts Specs Tn fidols and Thinkers vol 18761n 1027 mid Rnnnml Putnams Fr Hundred Vonrs of FrelhoiiKht pn 7013 was California representative of the Lib eral League when that body was born and I am a member still its successor being till Secular Union and Freethought Federa tion Tile Mission Mirror The American Patriot and others followed and in 1805 I began and published for two years here in Washington The United American specifically devoted to the curb ing of tho political encroachment of that greatest of all tho foes of the republic political Romanism So you see I am a veteran in tho army of Freethought in America and hence may be pardoned for this egotistic reference to myself It is of course intended more particularly for the eyes of tho Blades younger readers Last r Thursday celebrated the 70th anniversary ofmy birth Of course too like the re i form workers my lifework has left me a poor man financially but rich in the un bounded satisfaction of having contributed what I could to tho emancipation of man kind from tho thraldom of religious super stitionthe one great curse of the earth The old Boston Investigator has dono its good work and passed away So have doz ens of others nil along the past but the Truthseeker and the Blue Grass Blade and n few lesser lights remain to hammer away at the II dragon of death Religion I feel thankful for all this and can see hope for tho future Everywhere tho dark ness of superstition is fleeing away and the rainbow of hope spans in splendor tho heavens so long darkened by the infernal ism of ccclesiasticism Your editorials are splendid nnd your recent work in Ohio will Iam sure produce good results I used to enjoy Mrs Henrys writings in tho Blade under tho Moore management and love them still So Frantz and Wat son and Roberts and Northrnp and Dr Bowles and Jeffries and tho restaU write well But tho noblest of them till is Judge P B Lndd of California 0 for n few more such scholarly erudite writers Religions rotten remains wouldson crumble into dust And of Dr Haiisman well as long as ho confined himself to scientific biologic and ethnologic phases of his subject ho did well but with his nitions of political economy and industrial man ninny of us must differ However I ran overlook his efforts to demolish tho theories of my old personal friend Harrv George and his seeming prefer ence of Ornnnn over American patriotism because of tho sledsehammer blows tho doctor rives clinrchianity and religion word more as to organization and I will close this already too long letter Continuedon page 13 n g BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until hit death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLE8WORTH Editor 12S8 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P O Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months one year 800 Quarter column single Insertion 104 one month 400 six months 2010 one year 8000 Half column whole column or larger Advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES BTBSCRJPTIONS to the Blade will bt discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription lies been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal li case of dlsclntlnuanca- BHOHLD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his pr her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired TILE OFFICE of publication of the Blade Is at IllUS North Lime crane Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will he given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofllce at Lexington Kentucky as spend class mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box Lexington Ky NEW ORGANIZATION CERTAIN Tho overwhelming and unanimous sentiment already expressed as in favor ofu new national organization of American Freethinkers should he sufficient to remove all doubt As a result of the voluminous correspondence we have received on this subject the responses made und the nature of those responses together with the glad and universal acclaim with which the proposition hits been received pels us to the conclusion 1 That the proposed meeting will bo held 2 That it will probably bo held in St Louis as the larger number have so far spoken in favor of that city 3 The date is yet undetermined We have so far published twentyone letters All favor the organization and none have spoken against We have more than that number on hand awaiting publication The latter without a solitary exception speak to the same end The majority will not be table to attend the meeting lint a sufficient number of capable and earnest workers in the cause will bo on hand to advise and suggest in the forma tion of its principles and its method of organization and propaganda This would appear to insure success at the very outset and the only practical thing remaining is the organization itself Giving a brief summary of the letters received we find that the 21 whose letters have been publishedand we will not speak of the others until they are in print all favor the organization and will become members thereof provided it is made a Frcothought organization pure and simple Five of these have declared in favor of St Louis as the place of meetingwith three in favor of Cincinnati and two in favor of Cleveland Eleven are indifferent This leaves St Louis with the larger number Later expressions may change the above figures As to the date it will be seen that the larger number favor the last week in October but the Blade would advise that we be not too hasty in calling the mooting Let us first determine upon whom andupon what we can depend and then go ahead with the movement In any event it should bo hold in time to prevent any inter ference with the business arrangements of our friends for sonic are engaged in a line of business that is depending upon the trade of the coming holidays so that in any event it should not be held later than the middle of November In our next issue we have more definite information to give and we trust that our friends will hold themselves in readi ness for the proposed gathering From the expressions and sentiments given wo may safely conclude that when any number of people demand a certain movement it will be undertaken Wo may strivo in vain to start a bunch of cattle on a stampede but if they take a notion to stampede on their own account wo find our own powers helpless to prevent them Apply this homely simile to the present situation American Freethinkers demand an organization They have come to the conclusion that an organization is not only proper but altogether necessary If theywill but follow this up by making the organization a fact then selfinterest no matter the source will be pow erless to prevent it Once successsfully organized they will constitute a poser in the republic for good Such an organization will be a constant check to tho pernicious influences ccclesiasticism and by a system of education in propaganda it will do much to counteract tho false sys tems now being taught by the church institutions Freethinkers who can are urged to attend the meeting Come well prepared withsuggestions and practical advice as to the detail of the organization both as to structure and t propaganda Importance will attach to its principles itsIsystem of acquiring membership eligibility for member ship its financing the number and duties of its officers and its method of propaganda including the character of pro paganda in which it is to indulge Exceeding great care must bo exercised in these matters lest we fall into the same groove or channel that has brought ruin and disaster to previous efforts of this kind The outlino we have already furnished will bo food for thought Taking these as a base for our operations wo can formulate an acceptable plat form and win to our cause many of the thousands who are t s BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 r outside the church and its ramifications Wo must be care ful to avoid burdening tho organization with isms that aro foreign to the purposes and objects of an organization of Freethinkers Gathering information from past experience wo aro in a position today to know what to adopt and what to avoid In any event wo should not bo too hasty There is no need for any particular hurry Wo can take our own time and think over the subjects to be considered and dealt with Our minds will then bo fully prepared for tho important stop wo are about to take Lot this organization once get fairly launched and it must know no such thing as failure There is plenty of work before it It willneed those who are capable of leading and leading right and it willneed those who are willing to work and to help Its member ship ought to include utility thousands which can be won ifwo but do our duty Lot every earnest Freethinker whose heart is in the right place and who loves humanity resolve to bo with us to work with us and to staywith us always More definite information regarding the meeting will be given in our next issue ON THE FIRING LINE Tho battering rams of10c and tho ballistic ofreason are again hammering at the decaying bulwarks of the orthodox Christian faith and it is an indisputable fact that it will not be much longer able to withstand these con tinued assaults Nor are these attacks the result of any concerted plan action for they emanate from entirely different sources having their origin and finding their strength in the innu merable observations independently taken of human society as it is today and contrasting them with the con ditions of human society as they were in the past These observations havo led to tho intelligent conclusion that just in proportion as myth miracle beliefs in gods blood atone ments and crucified saviors lose their hold upon the people of any country social improvements set in and a compara tive peace prevails But so long as religion with its dogmas and doubt cnn exert tiny influence whatever upon tho pub- t lie mind social degradation ensues and communities are fraught with dissensions arising from most trivialcauses Wo have made an extended comment upon tho work of Harold Bole in the Cosmopolitan Magazine and in those comments wo have hinted that other writers of equal force and other magazines are taking up tho same line of work until today it would be considered as something out of tile ordinary and unusual ifa magazine of any importance should omit the publication of an article bearing upon these issues The American Magazine of tho September issue contains a strong article by Ray Stannard Baker upon tho Faith of tho Unchurched wherein the prevailing ortho dox system of religion is accorded a serious overhauling While not so strong or forceful as the work of Harold Bolce the article in question is a direct assault upon tho integrity and purpose of tho churchmen their lack of toler ation toward those ofn different faith or of no religious faith told as these kind of articles aro multiplying at a rapid rate they arc bound to create both suspicion and doubt in tho public mind Side byside with criticisms of this character one may per ceive in the columns of the secular press a growing tendency to discuss matters of religious belief and disbelief with greater freedom than they did a few years ago Many of the latter in order to curry favor with tho orthodox ele ment of human society still declaim in favor of the old superstition but tho majority do not hesitato to furnish facts with able comments upon the situation Thinking people will welcome these liberalizing tendencies They demonstrate that the serpents of superstition can no longer coil about and crush tho independent thinker but that natural facts alone are in public demand Priestly mis representation will not be accepted as infallible finalities Tile ancient sacredncss accorded to the church does not figure in present methods and modes of thought Ago is not per mited to give irrevocable sanction to practices inculcated by a savage arid barbaric past Tradition is not now accepted as historical fact Earth is conceded to contain more of promise than any fancied heaven Men have risen superior to gods Men have accomplished what gods were unable to do The lay of mental liberty is upon us and in this great achievement tho glorious armyof libertys advocates f find tile fruition of their years of patient toil and sacrifice Accepted statistics demonstrate that tho church is not keeping pace with tho growth of population This would suggest beyond the possibility of doubt that the church is losing ground Tho cause of this is not that tho churchs getting away from tho people as some writers seem to imagine but that tile people aro drawing away from tho church Every year records the building of now churches at great cost but tho congregations are growing thinner Remaining members who may really try to bo honest in their beliefs and pretensions concerning tho orthodox faith experience innumerable doubts which induce serious ques tionings Tho doubts increase and faith becomes weakened Everywhere are abundant signs of intellectual progress and tho more widespread and tho higher our methods of education become religious weakening grows more and more manifest The soldiers in libertys army draw nearer the firing lino every lay Andalmost every day witnesses a volley of unanswerable argument hurled at the orthodox foe Tile latter is unable to reply in kind and tho best they can do is to utter a feeble protest and beg for the privilege ofa J I 10BLUE GRASS BLADE truce But liberty knows no truce mid will ngree to none with the forces of reaction and stagnation Onward for ward is made the battle cry and the day of orthodox dismay is nigh TIE CHURCH HAS CEASED TO GROW Althoughchurch statistics are as a rule exceedingly unreliable we may safely infer that no sect or denomination will furnish figures to the census takers that are overwhelmingly against their own interests but will strive at all times to make the best possible appearance and indicate a sectarian growth in common with other and opposingsects and in duo proportion thereto Every few years the several denominations furnish esti mates of their strength which include membership church buildings and the number of preachers employed One of these combined estimates which includes all sects has just boon sent out by the census bureau labeled as a census of religious bodies but inasmuch as the figures given had to bo taken from the leaders of the various religious bodies and were not secured upon direct and positive information duo allowance must be made for the many extravagant claims by denominations and the evident desire to appear as numerically strong as possible Practically speaking there is but a trifling departure from the old methods appearing in the new bulletin and the figures do not appear favorable to modern Christianity From the bulletin we find that the total church member ship of the United States in the year 1900 amounted to 32930445 or approximately 53000000 Considering the fact that the population is now nearly 90000000 and accepting the estimate as approximately correct we observe that 50000000 in America tare not churchgoers or near burs of churches leaving the Christian superstition in a decided minority This ought to suggest to the faithful tho necessity of missionary work at homo and less attention to proselyting abroad One of tho most potent causes of this disparity between population and church membership is to bo found in modern methods of education and the growth of tho higher educational systems now in vogue in the public schools Faith can not exist side by side with practical knowledge Education submits all questions to tho mind upon scientific methods Tho reasoning and think ing faculties are thereby stimulated and tho educated tho really educated find little favor for superstitious creeds Wo do not imply that all educated men and women arc out side of tho church but we do insist that tho majorityof them are Many who are educated still prefer to believe because it pays them well to make such a pretension or profession but by far the great majority of churchmem bers have never been brought in contact with the higher education they do not want it and prefer to remain in their present mental rut and believe than to receive a higher education which would lead them into disbelief But with the coming generations things will bo different It will be impossible to thrust church creeds and beliefs upon future generations and the figures now before us clearly indicate that the tide has sot in against tho church Ono peculiar feature appearing from the statistics now furnished is that while they show a general stagnation of church activity tho Roman Catholic church is accredited with an enormous increase This would suggest and must suggest that Protestant denominations are constantly los ing ground It is given out that the Catholic and Protestant organizations in American show tho followingnumbers Protestants 20287742 Catholic 12079142 Total 32366884 These figures taken from tho bulletin show 509501 less than its original total estimate although there is an intimation this margin represents a membership in and belonging to some other socalled religious bodies and admiting this as true Christianity has no right to claim of our readers expresses unnecessary alarm because of tho rapid growth of Catholicism While it may bo true that the Catholic organization can boast a larger increase than its Protestant relatives that increase comes not from within but from without It is duo almost solely to immi gration Thousands of ignorant foreigners still flock to our shores The majority of these como from Spain Italy Ireland and other strongholds of Catholicism These were Catholics before coming to America and tho vast majority remain Catholic after they get here Hence while tho Catholic church shows an increase of mcmbershipjn Amer ica it must show a corresponding decline in other countries and can not be regarded as a healthy growth of that institu tion Whatever dangers may exist so far as America is concerned from Roman Catholicism lies in tho number of votes it can dispose of in a given political contest and as a consideration therefor demands political concessions in its own behalf Even tho very bulletin wo are now considering betray tho earmarks of tho priesthood and an inclination to make the Catholic church appear in tho best possible light compared with other Christian denominations But what can Freethinkers detect in tho figures given Simply that a vast population of moro than 50000000 is in America outside of tho church awaiting for an effective propaganda on our part to mako them opponents of the church instead of indifferent and passive individuals Hero we have a vast field for our operations No stronger argument could be made in flavor of tho proposition to organ izo and got down to real and effective work As wo have BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 said the harvest is hero for our reaping and what shall wo do with it GENESIS NO LONGER BELIEVED- I guess nobody takes the opening chapters of Genesis literally these days says Rev T S McWilliams pastor of the Calvary Presbyterian church at Cleveland Ohio but in tho utterance of that simple truth the reverend gen tleman undermined tho authenticity and alleged inspira tional truth of tho entire book When one minister can with impunity question the voracity and literal truth of any part or portion of what they are pleased to term holy scripture then the same right must bo conceded to any other person to question and reject any other part or portion Nor is this privilege accorded to tho clergy alone for in its very nature it is a right common to all humanity The only method by which any man or woman can obtain a correct idea of tho teach ings and character of tho Bible is to read and investigate it for themselves Granting this right then it exists as to tiny chapter and book It can not bo limited to one portion and denied as to another Exceeding few people take Genesis literally in these days and there aro increasing num bers who reject tho doctrinal now testament as well as tho allegorical old testament When tho contents of any book is found to bo at variance with known truth our clear duty is to turn to the truth and cease to regard tho book as finaland authoritative Any institution that is built upon a book must fall with tho book All books aro of human origin They simply record tho ideas and beliefs of tho writer when other than history is given In tho latter instance wo find many histories tinctured with individual opinion in tho relation ofu sup posed fact which impairs tho value of the book and renders its narrative almost useless as a guido to tho student By throwing overboard tho opening chapters of Gene sis this particular clergyman has undermined tho entire fabric of Christianity His statement came in an expres sion of approbation of tho ordination of Georgo A Fitch by tho Now York Presbytery after ho had refused to express a belief in tho virgin birth and had uttered his doubts about tho historical identity of Adam and Eve As tho garden of Eden story is tho whole foundation upon which tho structure of tho Christian superstition was built it would follow that when tho foundation is removed tho structure must fall If Adam and Evo had no historical identity then Adam did not fall It there wits no fall tho Christian scheme of redemption must be a lingo fake If tho scehemo of redemption is a fake there can bo no neces sity for a redeemer This is tho end of tho Christian re ligion Crucified saviors aro abolished Resurrection and ascensions become figments of tho imagination Divine mediators with a supposed creative deity are thus placed on tho shelf of antiquity So believing as Rev MeWilliams leads his readers to believe common honesty wouldcompel him to relinquish the advocacy ofa superstition that can do humanity not the slightest good It is no argument to say that tho Christian religion may be wrong but it is a beautiful belief and ought to be sustained There is no beauty in a lie There is no beauty in deception and when that deception is the result of inten tion purpose and premeditation the injury is magnified thousandfold Truth alone is beautiful Only truth is deserving and worthy Only truth is capable of leading humanity to higher and nobler conceptions of life and duties Religious error increases tho burden and wears out tho traveler before his time It is a priestly parasite with out a single excuse for its existence Continuedcriticisms of tho Bible such as the one wo have quoted and discussed will be bound to result in overwhelm ing disaster for the Christian church This may not be intendedor desired by those making use of them but tho result will bo tho same It may not dome this week or next but it willcome and little by little tho preachers are aiding unconsciously perhaps in the work Since our former announcement that wo wouldsend sam plo copies free for one month to names and addresses furnished us by Blade readers wo have received several lists and much good has been done Our friends aro in a much bettor position to know people in their own vicinity of liberal tendencies than we are and a few minutes work in tho preparation ofIt list of their names will not take much effort on your part and it will help tho Blade to get into many moro homes This offer is permanent It is made with a view of getting moro people interested in the Blade and tho cause it advocates Those who have not yet sent in list are now urged to do so and our circulation will probably bo largely increased as a result A LAST APPEAL Before another issue of the Blade reaches its patrons many of them should bo on their way to Columbus to attend the vention of the Buckeye Secular Union Date September 12 There is a bettor prospect for a good attendance than ever before The program promises many good things and there is no reason why the social features should not be a source of a long list of pleasant memories There is great ferment in tile spiritual world The brains of the country are coming our way Let us get together and prove that the Buckeye Secular Union is a haven worthy of their acceptance With but two objects viz To expose tho fallacies of so called revealed religion and to oppose the union of church and state and with the scope of its work limited to such dis cussions and lectures and the distribution of such literature us will tend to tho furtherance of the abovementioned objects there is no reason why every advocate of religious Frcethouglit should not join in an effort to make the next convention of the association a brilliant success LOU wn ENC Secretary B S U r 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE TO LECTURE IN THE WEST Beginning about the middle of November next the Editor of the Blade will undertake a lecture tour of one month or six weeks in Illinois Iowa Missouri Kansas and Oklahoma calling in Indiana on the return journey To make a traverse of the States named our appointments must necessarily be few and friends desiring lectures are requested to communicate with the editor at once concerning dates subjects etc Provided tho new organization as proposed comes into exist ence by that time we also propose to lay it and its princi ples before the people and embark in what might be called a regular campaign for Freethought To make this trip a success dates must be completed as early as possible and for this reason an early correspondence is solicited- It has been a long time since a Freethought lecturer has been heard in the territory named The clergy have been having things pretty much their own way The people have been prevented from hearing the other side and their minds tilled with prejudice instead of furnishing them with an opportunity to form an independent and personalopinion To make these lectures successful we must depend on our friends Come let us reason together and start tho Free thought ball rolling once mor3- EDITORIAL POTPOURI By the time this issue of the Blade is in the hnnds of a largo number of its readers the Buckeye Secular Union Convention willbe in session will have met adjourned and indulged in the wholesome good cheer such gatherings bring to those who are fortunate enough to attend Circumstances not altogether un foreseen have prevented the Blades editor from attending it Realizing however the unselfish and patriotic motives that ani mate and move the hearts and minds of its officers and member we speak for it an unparalleled success and express tho hope that it will be able to extend its work We wish to get our readers interested in a campaign for new subscribers to the Blade The fall months are rapidly approach 1ing and wo are anxious to get the Blade into more hands If our friends will but put their shoulders to the wheel our eJrcula tion could be doubled in thirty days In order to do what we can to reach the desired end new subscriptions will ho received at the rate of one dollar each with the understanding that newals remain at the regular price The Blade being a weekly paper this means fiftytwo papers for one dollar less than two cents each Now then is the accepted time to get busy Ever since the priesthood invented heaven and hell they have been unexcelled money makers and not one of them can escribo their location by metes and bounds In spite of almost infinite inquiry at Sybil caves the patient poring over hatfartiuiilalc prophecies these still hover indefinite in the great inane mere drifting Delos which no scientific Jupiter can fix with latitude and longitude While Dr Cook has been able to reach a point on the earths surface where all about him in every direction he looked was r ncquisitionsU S we will give our share to anyone who is willing to pay the taxes Theology reduces the mind to a mere machine which grinds no grist for the hungry multitude and theologians strive painfully to blast the fruitful fig tree in humanitys vineyard Gods come and gods go but only the Man in the Moon remains to look in silent and serene majesty upon the ruined altars of human love and the deserted fanes of human hope blasted by the withering touch superstitions fleshless fingers Rev T R Courtice of where we know not in a twocolumn article publish in the Little Valley N Y Hub undertakes to prove the sacredness and duty of Sabbath observance from bible authority His first ground is that god is recorded as having rested from his arduous toil of world making on what is sometimes designated as the eseventh day and sometimes as the seventh periodagain on the alleged life of Jesus and third from the socalled II Apostolic life Like the Frenchman and his rabbit Rev Courtice must first catch his god and prove him thus endeth tine first lesson In the next place there was no actual life of Jesus and therefore his second argument falls Lastly as tho apostolic life is now regarded by all intelligent beings as a monstrous sacerdotal fake his entire authority lacks even plausibility and his effort is reduced to a mere waste of words Most Christian believers imagine themselves rich in heavenly blessings not from what they have earned and stored up but by merely counting over the riches and idle indolence of others Recent church statistics show that the proportion of women members far exceed that of men Doubtless these females expect that in the hereafter they will become angels with two pair of reversible wings and be given strips off the aurora borealis for a lint ribbon Could Jehovah lint have foreseen the mental caliber and makeup of his devoted followers at tho beginning of tho twentieth century he would never have given old Noah a hint to get in out of the wet The Blade wishes to see more women with the moral courage to cast aside superstitions yoke it wants to see mothers who would rather bo queens of their homes than the favorites of fashionable society it wants to see more real men and fewer dudes hope of the future lies in tho union of all the mighty forces that make for progress tho real emancipation of man kind This means a union of practical philosophy and sound science a union of reasoning thinking intelligent men and women Preachers make tho mistake of asserting that whatever pleases tho people unless sanctioned by themselves originated in perdi tion As tho whole is greater than a part so is it wiser Piety becomes the most offensive when it insists upon preventing other peopio from enjoying themselves IHCContinued from page 7 THEY ALL FAVOR ORGANIZATION site3cessas is all that Freethought or Secularism as I prefer to term our work has ever wanted The reason too is plainly to be seen The masses who let one or a few do their thinking for them are easily organ ized because having no minds of their own they readily follow any bellwether that essays to lead them The freethinker likes to think and act for himself Yet Rationalists should get together determine upon a set of general broad principles that all can approve as we do in the matter of our countrys Constitution and then work along local lines as in our states for detail work Issue n new antiecclesiastical Declaration of Independence that gotten up by Harold Banning is just the thing awl adopt this general motto as the slogan of our party In the thorough and com plete secularization of the state alone lies the hopo of the republic If we do this new American political party so im peratively necessary at this timewill eventually bo built up upon itand by getting rid of religion in state affairs and forbid all appropriations and support of the churches from the government the re ligious monster will perish from its own innate rottenness In this way alone can wo overthrow the religious conspiracy against human liberty ANDREW JACKSON BOYER Washington D Substitute for the Church NORGE VANo doubt after a still ness of five or six years you will be a little surprised in receiving this But when I tell yon that I have been dead or supposed to have been dead to the moral interest of mankind for some time and givo you my reasons for same possibly you will overlook my indifference On several occasions as I have journeyed through life and came in contact with tho superstition ignorance inability to reason and the persistent stubbornness towards common sense and true logic in my fellow man I have become so disgusted that I have said tho whole shooting matchcould go to II and stay there so far as I was concerned But as I journey along I find it impossible to maintain my position and be true to my convictions Hence this letter Somo twentyfive or thirty years ago I had impressed on mo tho plan and working for a church of truth which I suggested to our departed Bro C C Moore some ten or twelve years ago which he at the time in a personal letter approved but criti zed in 7Now I believe tho time has been ripe for some time for such a church church wherein people aro taught how Jive better and happier lives where you old not change the nature oL mankind s much but where conditions would bo changed to make tho rising generation a better and happier people I can better illustrate what I mean by giving you a little history of my own life and that of my family When my daughter who js now twentytwo years of age was a little girl I used to move quite a little principally to keep from paying rent The first thing I did after unloading at our humble abode Iwould send tho teamster to the river after a load of sand and dump it in the back yard for the little girl to play in Then after I had set up the stove and the neighbors had brought in a few things and my good wife had pre pared a meal wo would call the little girl Instead of coming in all covered with dirt she would come covered with clean bright sand she would give her skirts a little shako and her mother would brush her hair and there she stood as bright and clean a new dollar Now I take the position it want people to quit playing in the dirt we must give them a sand pile and this is what I believe my church of truth will accomplishI this to you knowing you are in touch with the feeling of Freethinkers and if in your judgment the time is ripe I would like to give my plan to somo one who has the education and ability to organ ize or found same I am aware tis only a step from tho sublime to the ridiculous and my idea may only be tho fanatical workings of a cranks brain inasmuch as my plan is as foreign to anything I have over seen or read in tho church line as tho workings of Free Masonry is to tho actions of a Catholic nun Inclosed please find check for which please send mo tho Blade as I feel lone some out of tho ranks Yours fraternally E G NICHOLS Will Try to Be There NATIONAL MILITARY HOME 0 I say by all means let the Liberals organ ize I will bo with them in any effort to that end I think your plan a splendid ono and it ought to bo adopted I know sev eral Liberals here with whom I have talk ed and all are in favor of organization I am sick in the hospital at present but hopo to bo able to meet with you at umbus on Sept 12 Yours for organiza tionTOEI4M BERRY Men do less than they ought unless they do all they can Carlyle A TRIP TO ROME By B 0 Fenton Reforms are wrought by those who are in earnestConwayThis to Freethought literature has been tendered to mo for perusal and so eager was I to familiarize myself relative to the work of the Free thought Congress I turned to the index and finding that it began on page 142 I proceeded at that point It is one of the most interesting descrip assemblagethating It unmistakably demonstrates that tho blood of Italian patriotism is fully aroused in defense of Liberty and that Garibaldi and others did not live and work in vain In all ages tho rights ant liberties of man were trod beneath the feet of priests and kings but through and by the efforts of the few their power has been torn asunder The great and enthusiastic demonstrations made during the march to tho monuments of Bruno and Garibaldi should be given a careful reading by all intelligent people The greatest man that lived to my mind Haeckel gave his distinguished presence to encourage that great and fitting Con gress of Freethinkers at Rome and while many other distinguished men of different nations were there and poured forth their eloquence Haockcl was the capstone of them There are many valuable details of tory and other events other than those of the Congress given in this book These will bo found of great interest to all who are not conversant with them I might say How long Oh how long will matt bend the knee and pray to an unknowable god and a mythical Christ and support an anathe matizing priesthood which have consti tuted tho greatest curse to humanity in all the ages past and present While those who have labored to broaden and expand the intellectual horizon of man from Copernicus to Ingersoll have been accord ed the jeers and sneers of despots The author Dr J B Wilson has imperishnblooilfing details of a great and noble work and no Freethinker can afford to live and die without reading A Trip to Rome Chardon Ohio Sloth like rust consumes faster that labor wears the used key is always bright Franklin He beau misery best who hides it most Shakespeare u I 14JBLUEJRA BLADE INaumans Orchestra D NAUMAN Violin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Comet or Clarinet Other Instruments Added If Desired Over pieces of the best music suitable for any program always on hand Phone 128 12 Lock Box 800 SIGOURNEY IOWA A TRIP TO ROME By DR J B WILSON This work is acknowledged to be one of the best descriptive literary efforts of the century A Freethinkers view of the old world and what he saw there Cloth125 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky r NEWS FROM THE WEST IF YOU WANT to learn about the Western Slope of rado good free Government land favorabe relinqulshments subscribe to Norwood Record- A J McNASSER Publisher Subscription Rates One Year 160 Six Months 50 Three Months 40 Published Every Thursday BILLS fVVENUE makes you cheerful and thoughtful It li a personal department In the WHEEL youYouwith interest for what Hill has to lay next RN flMERIORN MR DON Nf Is a see lal running In the WHEEL byMaryfiction since Grant Allen and Is a beautiful presentation of the essentially modern problem of the Woman In Business THE WHEEL OF LIFEA monthly periodical It deals with KIQIN8 the origin of Marriage of Ethics of Religion of Brotherhood of the belief In Immortality It treats broadly of Love of Human Instincts and Ideals It takes In the whole Wheel of Life trentlngull subjects In such aolenr plain and spicy way that the dust is shaken outand they become aiteresting as a novel to even the casual reader Rend lOcents for a six months trial subscription or a Quarter for a year CONFESSIONS OF fl DRONE by Jnseph MediliPatterson- author of A LITTLE BROTHER OFTUK UIUH sent without extn charge wIth a months trial subscription to the WHEEL OFLIFK Address rIFE PUB CO Desk A St Louis Mo t t5her Seaich1ight A 20 Page Liberal Monthly Published by J D SHAW Waco Texas Price of Subscription 1 a Year Single Copies 10 Cents Writejor a sample copy which will be sent free THE AMERICAN JOURNAL O- FEUGENICS r Formerly Known as Lucifer the Light Bearer Tho Pioneer Journal in Modern Times of an old and almost forgotten science the most important of all sciences a science successfully and openly taught and practiced by the ancient Greeks and Egyp tians but ignored defeated scorned by all modern nationsviztlle Science of Right Borning the Science of Good Generation The Century Dictionary thus defines Eugenics The doctrine of Progress or Evolution especially in the human race through improved conditions in the rela tions of tho sexes Its central thought is freedom of Moth erhood the SelfOwnership Woman in tho Realm of Sex and Reproductionin telligent and responsible Parenthood This much neglected this tabooed dis graced and almost unknown science was named Eugenics by Francis Gallon a cousin of and coworker with the great Charles Darwin and now both in England and in Continental Europe is beginning to receive the attention its importance demands The American Journal of Eugenics is now in its 30th year of publication sus tained by a long list of able and well known contributors women and men of national and international reputation it is now published bimonthly standard mag azine sizeat Los Angeles Calif price 1 a year postpaid single copy 15c Trial subscribers will receive three back numbers less than a year old also a copy of the booklet Institutional Marriage a lecture by the editorall for 25c in stamps or coin For sale by newsdealers or sent postpaid by tho editor and pub lisher Moses Harman with lists and prices of standard English and American Eugenie publications Address 1319 Kel lam Ave Los Angeles Calif L le lure and Subscribe Pr Secular Thought i Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti clam In Polltlci Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ellis Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms 1 per annum In advance single copies 10 cent All communications for the Editorial de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 18634 Queen St West toronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should be addressed C M ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought Toronto Can THE WORLDS BEST WATOHES The Worlds Best Watches HampdenhSpecial Ry 23 Jewels 20 New Ry 23 Jewels 20 Dueber Watch Co 21 Jewels 15 Dueber Grand 17 Jewels 8 15 Jewels 0 7 Jewels 450 Elgin or Waltham Veritns or Van guard 23 Jewels 29 Father Time or Crescent Str 21 Jewels 2250liB W Raymond 19 Jewels 20 Same or A T Premier 17 Jewels 1850 Wheeler orliP S Bartlett 17 Jewels nicklo 9 Same gilt 7 15 Jewels 6 7 Jewels 5all in Silverine screw case In 20year Gold case 3 or in 25year case 5 more Every Watch fresh from factory prepaid with guarantee Send for prices of Watches not enumerated here or order from any of my old pricelists Chains Fobs Diamonds Jewelry Optical Goods Freothought Badges Ingersoll Spoons Ring Gauge and my great little tract Theism In the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook County Ill BLUE GRASS BLADE The Woman and The Prospector Is the title of a romance every man woman and child should read It should be In the hands of all who are opposed to supersti tion and graft as it is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and the administration of drugs to human beings at the same time points out the only method for the cure of the consump tive The booklet Is really free but the cost of advertising and postage we figure at 10 cents so if you wish a copy send us 10 cents A M PARKER WATERPOWER MOTORS and WATERFANS Machine and Hardware Specialties at order CLEVELAND SPECIALTY MFG CO ClevelanuSo Brooklyn Ohio The Work and v kys of Literary Folk VACABONDIA Sold b Subscriptionl per year VAGAdONDIA is an illustrated month ly magazine devoted to people who write and draw thingsAuthors Playwrights and Illustrators EACH ISSUE contains interesting arti cles on the personalities of literary men and womenHuman Interest Biographical Sketches Appreciations and Estimates of all the present day writers and their work stories of their hobbies and recreations thrilling accounts of literary successes unconventional photographs of authors and their homes with glimpses of their workaday life Criticisms Short Stories and Literary NewsContributions by well known writers on subjects having to do compositionincluding EVERYONE engaged in literary work or curious about literary people will find Vngabondia interesting and instructive It is invaluable to the literary worker VAGABONDIA is in a class by itself being the only writers and illustrators magazine published It is the II trade pa per so to speak of the writer class Book Reviews Magazine News Publish ers Notes and Announcements VAGABONDIA EVERETT LLOYD Editor and Publisher 1411 Security Trust Big Chicago THE PROCESSION PLANETS AddressfRANKLIN 15 JUST OUT NAMING SONG AND BURIAL SONG FOR FREETHINKERS Each a Duet and a Concert Piece for Piano Also Variations for Violin Flute or Bells PRICE 25 OENTS EACH I have composed these songs for the benefit of Freethinkers or men of Common- Sense who do not wish to insult our Cre ator with Bible rot QUIRIN BACHLER 2277 Fulton St Chicago HI The Holy Bible In a Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the contradic tions and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to Jarr their faltb and destroy their godwebs Ready Soo Order Nowl Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 19 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 1112 Eddy Street San Francisco Cal Give Em Fits Thats what rim SCARLET SHADOW Walter Hurts treat rad ical novel doss to the forces of bigotry and su perstition And the sec ular press of the country goaded by the church element Is throwing a over It too No other hovel of this decade has been ao widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that It Is all right It has ated a sensation In con servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy It Is enthusiastically endorsed by leading Freetthtnkers through out the world You know tow lluit can write and In this book he at Ills best It Is an elegant volume lit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood cloth Price 150 GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky W F Bozeman Leesburg Fla Southern Fruit and Produce Broker Melons n specialty Fifteen years experi ence buying and shipping melons Will as usual follolw the business in Georgia Ala bama and Indiana m r Mans Origin and DestinyB- y Dr A Hausman Alameda California This is the Greatest Book of modern times on the theory of Evolution applied to Sociology U willshortly be issued in book form by the Blue Grass Blade making a book of nearly 500 pages The author has dedicated it to Prof Ernst Haeckel and the great Jena philosopher has accepted the dedication 200J 2OO Subscribe Now and Save Money All charges of postage will be prepaid upon advance subscriptiolJsJ The first chapters are now in the press and publication in book form will immediately follow its serial publication in the blade columns Suoscribe Now Subscribe Now JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky a CORRECT THINKINGIj This Book is a Herald of the New Learning tie First Gun in a Revolt Against LeisureClass Ideals of Education BT PARKER H SERCOMBE Editor ToMorrow Magazine Expert breeders and trainers of horses permit their own children to fade and die for want of applying the knowledge they have but do not useJOwners of Angora cats who know how their pets have become beautiful as the result of but a fewjgenerations of intelligent selection do not dream of the wondrous results were the same law applied j their own race The world thoughtlessly overlooks the principles employed by Burbank and other successful hybridists not realizing that each discovery has its corresponding application to the human species Man has not yet started to live a minddirected reasonedout life OUR ENTIRE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IS WRONG 25c the copy Five copies iplOO 1500 the Hundred TOMORROW PUBLISHING COMPANY 139 Eat 55th St Chicatf 111 1 1Jv