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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 26, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909092601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, September 26, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. cO t rf f BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVIII LEXINGTON KY SEPTEMBER 26 1409 Number 24 rDEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT Qrrutinti By Mrs r rVJckes J Six thousand years this earth through space hath rolled More than six million would ho nearer truth When Adam lived she had outlived her youth Ages ero Eden bloomed the world was old Ah many million cons must have passed Since the first sun through heavens dome did speed Sinco the first star did circle through the vast If a first star there ever was indeed They wore not meant as candles with their light To cheer our hearts and guard us from all ill 0They were not made as ornaments for night Older than earth a purpose they fulfiJlL The tropic fruits that petrified are found In cold Siberias mines a talo can tell Ofages past when tropic beauty gowned The arctic lands where bear and reindeer dwell Then came tho glacial period ISleet and snow Frozen in icotlib mighty mammoth died In arctic circles found his tusks mid hide Conception give us of the long ago 17 f j And when the age ofman dawned uponearth Eons and cons passed Wholl count them say Races waxed groat declined and passed away Andempires were ai they had iieer lied birth Wo hear of Babylon of Nineveh Of Carthage Thebes and TyreAh but they Queen cities in their pride their luxury Are only of the race of yesterday i i Who knows but that oven great cities may Lie buried underneath the ages pall Nations whoso memory man may not recall F Forgotten dead though earth they once did sway Still man when first created was notno A perfect being who through sin did fall Dominion death had ever over all That conscious or unconscious life did know i lq Primeval man was nearer to tho brute V Than man in later ages Perfect Nay jTraco evil back to him not to Evos fruit Jp Sin sprang from instincts ho must needs obey tiSan Francisco Calif t t if Sibbt Jr tllll T JflU Jr 1ILJ1L 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE Spirit of the Times Full Text of An Address Delivered Before The Recent Buckeye Secular Union Convention at Columbus Ohio By J Atwood Culbertson The Spirit of the Times with respect to Freethought and religion is toward a broader welcome for and understanding of the ever living echoes of the great truths voiced by Freethinkers dead and living To come to a proper appreciation of the present trend of thought it is necessary to compare the thought that measured the ages of the past with that of the present Since entering the arena of thought reform Free thought has had to battle a multitude of gods Through her untiring efforts most of these gods are now physically and mentally incapacitated Each god in his time and turn had to submit to many changes to suit the peculiar whims of each generation The most righteous god idea I have ever read about is the one advanced by Thomas Paine which is to say goditI am acquainted is the Christian The Christian god is the one with which we are most concerned Like other gods Jehovah has been deprived of many of his original powers His creators would hardly recognize him if shown the battered scheme today Active gods have ever been intolerant until dead and buried Therefore the Christian god must diehe must be pruned of the powers attributed to him by his followers andrelegated to the realm of dead things The people have always had a god such as they desire and as the present Chris peopleJehovahhis last crop of humanity for hell When Christianity adopted Jehovah the god of the ancient Jews ho was so far as Christendom was concerned a mere babean alien foundling without power For three hundred years and more his handful of followers battled to elevate courtingdeathpart of the fourth century when ConstantineConstantine the accepttheChristianity was lifted to a position of power It was Con EmpireHeof Rome in what is known as the battle of Milvian Bridge and believing that the Roman generals had secured the favor of the Roman gods he commenced to reconnoiter for some other victoryAtone believed that battles were won by the intervention of supernatural powers and as Constantines predecessors had failed miserably ho was suspicious of the Roman gods He therefore turned to the Christian deity whom no Roman general had ever recognized and who had never been tried out in con flict In fervent prayer he asked this god To declare himself who he was Of course the god did not fail him it was not happenedAuthorities I Eusebius says that on this day just after high noon the Emperor lifting his eyes to the scintillating skies beheld thu figure ofa cross It was located just above the sun and was l rjJJj inscriptionthe sign from heaven as they must have confidence in this new found power when they march to battle Anything that Con stantine saw and pointed out to them they could see of course whether it was there or not as in those days it was the custom to see hear and think by proxy The story continues that on the night after the vision Christ appeared to Constantino in a dream same old way bearing the radiant sign that had been seen in the heavens The next day he summoned Christian onlybegottenseen was the symbol of immortality of the victory which Christ had won over death Such is the story by Eusebius the church historian There are many others however which differ very materially Some tells a different story about the sign and others say he saw a celestial army marching through the heavens Eusebius at declaringthathe saw a cross As much as authorities differ about the story of the vision they all agree that Constantino sought the favor of the Christian god It is well to note however that the story as told by Eusebius did not appear until the year 337 the year of Constantines death and twentyfive years or more after the alleged event Eusebius first tells the story in his Life of Constantine but he says nothing about the event in his History of the Church which appeared in the year 320 fourteen years after the vision Having arranged for the necessary supernatural aid stantine charged the cavalry of Maxentius and victory was his at the first encounter Maxentius forces left the field in dis order and in their efforts to escape many were slaughtered at Milvian Bridge which collapsed and Maxentius was drowned This victory turned the tide for Christianity The pagans could no longer ignore the Christian god as he had won a battle and was now in good repute Elevated to a place of recognition among the various prevailing religions Christians at once com menced to war among themselves and we learn of many appeals to Constantino to settle disputes between warring sects Such is the story of the rise of Christianity to a place of good repute among religions She owes her lifo to the sword in the hands of Constantine the Great that human brute who had his wife murdered in a boiling bath Sopater his friend strangledCrispusrepented on his death bed was baptized according to the Chris tian faith and passed into the great unknown cleansed of his crimes Such is Christian justice Friends this god whom Christendoms leaders hold up to the world as a god of love and mercy is the god of the criminal and ancient Jews bearing all the characteristics of that bar barous tribe As compared with the criminals and friends of our day ho stands like a towering oak in a wilderness of under omnipresentbeingpopulated the earth Then friend that he is after he hall multiplyfordecided to wipe them from the face of the earth with the ex J BLUE GRASS BLADE 3 ception ofa single family of eight persons This family he saved to again populate the earth Some centuries later he I concluded he had made a second mistake and then to redeem all the sinners of the world he decided he would have to come to earth in the form of man To accomplish this he committed adultery with a virgin shifted the responsibility to the holy ghost and in regulation time was born a male babe being as much amazed over the wonders of his great toes as any other child born of woman This hybrid offspring the man deity permitted a man of finite intelligence to deceive him in consequence of which ho was crucified on a cross and this shedding of blood wo are told was for the redemption of sinners According to the Christian narrative we find that their god allpowerful allwise infinite and supreme so claimed has tried three times to make his children on earthproducts of his divine wisdom and powermoral and pure murdering and being murdered in order to do so But those efforts were without their looked for results and now after more than nineteen hundred years have passed since Christendoms god committed adultery with a virgin for the purpose of saving the world we are still in need of a saviour But friends the savior mankind needs is not one born of a virgin and conceived by a ghost nor a god pilfered from a barbarian tribethe saviour of mankind must be reasonedout truth a golden fountain spouting forth its sparkling volumes of Love Hope and Mercy While Christians are forced to admit the god whom they kid naped from the Jews has made three grand failures in at tempting to populate the world with people of his liking they theyhavetianity is a solid record of crime There is the history of the Crusades with twenty million victims as the price There is the Inquisition with its countless dead with its instruments dungeonThereslain There is the Christian Calvin whose twentyfour years reign in Geneva a city of 10000 inhabitants saw three hundred persons officially murdered most of whom were women charged with being witches and possessed of devils This same Calvin burned Michael Servetus at the stake for the unpardonable offense of having written a book There is Luther the in is the history of witchcraft with its countless victims strewn along Christendoms shores which still springs up and claims a victim now and then Murder has been the chief virtue of Christianity wherever it has controlled the throttle of State Every page of the churchs history is covered with the crimson blood of the innocent And in the face of the facts chargehimcharge them who committed murder and torture in his name as being morally inferior to the men and women murdered and tortured If Christians were criminals and brutes in the past indifferImen women the thoughtshnsentitled to a permanent berth in a realm of eternal joy pre pared only for the elect and good I What are we to think ofa god of love and mercy who stood for centuries a silent spectator and allowed men and women to bo persecuted murdered flayed and burned alivo in order that Christian leaders could impress upon the minds of tho populace that their god and the authority of the church must not bo questioned I demand of the Christians to know Arraignedbeforo u J all the infamous crimes upon the criminal calendar villanioulJI enough to excite the envy of the most blood thirsty criminal heinous enough to put to shame the record of the proudest yeggmantSuch is the record of the Christian god and church which was not made by solicitation nor under duress and it is by record they must stand That same old church is still in midst And do we hear her apologizing for her cruelties thatjmalicious errors of the past No but in her old deceptive she is proclaiming that she isan institution of charity mercy We see her trying to administer an anaesthetic to the popular mind by building hospitals orphan asylums etc in amusing contrast to her manners of thopast with money from the pockets of the poor In this way she hopes to keep herself welladvertised with the purpose of leading credulous minds w believe that her hospital and orphans home actions are only repetitions of her manners of the past This same old church with a record as dark and cruel as could possibly have been made is still with us trying to veneer her dark deeds with what she is pleased to call righteousness Friends are we going to submit to an anaesthetic from which we must sooner or later be aroused only to find that we have been deceived by that monumental tyrant of the past the Christian church Are we godlike going to stand idly by and permit this insatiate demon of superstition to fasten upon the minds of the children and credulous of this country the ironlike shackles of faithcreed and tradition Claiming to be possessed of full and absolute truth concern ring every question regarding life and death revealed to them In Holy Writ Christians have ever refused to give consideration to Reasons arguments But the efforts of Freethinkers Rea sons most earnest advocates have wrought a change Free thinkers long sinco declared their independence from the alleged decrees of gods manned the pilot wheel of intellect with the power of pure reason steered their Monitor of truth and justice into the turbulent stream of life and defied Christianity to turn the broadsides of her Merrimac of superstition to battle Match less men of the type of Darwin Spencer Haeckel Voltaire Franklin Paine and Ingersoll endowed with a love for mental liberty have poured volumes of logic and reason into the once polluted stream of learning until it is becoming clarified and pure Great changes are taking place and each day sees moretmen and women and their minds of the iron hand of Christian superstitionfDont understand me to mean that there is no longer a lurk ing in the breasts of the orthodox ruling powers of Christianity that characteristic spirit which spurred Christendoms leaders to the atrocious acts of burning Bruno and Joan of Arc The ruling powers are only meek and tolerant because people will no longer submit to their infamous practices They have only laid down the sword and fagot through force of circumstance They still stand in tho road of truth battling the efforts investigators always the last to acknowledge as tenable the new discoveries of science It is still the practice of the ortho dox to submit every theory to their creeds and bibles and if tho theory does not harmonize with their holy works it isirejected as false As evidence of the battle they are waging against tho progress of science witness the following from the annual report of tho Bible League of North America quoted by the August 1909 number of Tho Gospel Messenger which is in its nature a protest I The Christian church is in the midst of one of the most appalling Crises in the history of Christendom The false teach ings of Radical Criticism introduced from Germany in the name of scholarship and appealing to tho natural man have swept over the church like a devasting flood destroying faith 1J I J rtIH 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE yin the foundations of Christianity and the Bible as Gods au thoritative revelation of salvation One peculiar feature of the situation is that whereas in the IIpast the destroyers of the Faith have commonly been men of world outside of churches today they are inside the churches leaders in a great scholastic apostasy intrenched in the fore most positions of power in its pulpits its press its homes its educational institutions and even its theologicalseminaries poisoning all the springs of its life Let us ask what are the springs of life of Faith Are they youIof truth Then there is that mother church of Christian superstition the Roman Catholic everpresent with a protest against sup planting her antiquated notions and doctrines with modern ideas and new truths We still find her claiming that all marriages are made in heaven and therefore indissoluble She still pro claims that her god is the chief matrimonial agent for the world and vehemently disputes that he is a miserable failure in the office even in the face of the many pitiful and unhappy unions she must see every day The orthodox people of today holding the reins of church find much pleasure in emptying themselves of long and loud discourses about liberty mental freedom freedom of speech and the right to worship according to the dictates of ones sciencei Note that they demand that one must worship They will grant religious liberty and It mental freedom so long as one is willing to worship in some way their god But what happens if one cannot conscientiously worship or acknowledge a god He is at once shamefully denounced and vilified by being called by all the calumnious epithets their Christian minds can manufacture Happily the dark storm has broken The efforts of the church today are only passing clouds of superstition shadowing the shining sun of Reason Just two months ago we learnedof the New York Presbytery ordaining one Rev George A Fitch who denied the historical identity of Adam and Eve the virgin birth of Christ the resurrection of the saviour and the raising of Lazarus This by a vote of seven to ten Presbyterians have not yet decided on which side the devil was working during the casting of the votes Only recently we heard of the Connecticut State Legislature passing a new Sunday statute intended to supplant the old law which has been in force since 1722 Connecticuts blue laws always a disgrace to the State stood at flood tide with Christian sentiment but they are now being supplanted by statutes which would have been con sidered infidel in spirit had they been enacted in the 18th century We find the great State of Pennsylvania a hotbed of Presbyterianism recently enacting a law putting Freethinkers on an equal footing with Christians in giving testimony in court which is nothing less than a confession from these Christian legislators that they no longer consider Freethinkers a sect of liars and that they are convinced a man can tell the truth without believing in the supernatural We also learn of Franco striking It God from her oaths Friends let me say to you that every law written in the statute books is an admission that the socalled divine laws are inadequate for the governing of with at one time all theworld against us battling us with sword and statute fire and dungeon wo are making rapid strides toward the goal of our ambition It is true as the Bible League has stated in its resolution of protest that tho destroyers of the Faith who are inside tho churches leaders in a great scholastic apostasy intrenched in the foremost posi tions of power etc Indeed friends tho destroyers of the Faith are everywhere People are growing ashamed of are I 1 ligion without sense which promises to save the few and dam tho many The Rev Newell Dwight Hillis Pastor of Plymouth Church Brooklyn in his The Influence of Christ in Modern which is an elaborate apology for the errors of his LifoIChristianity in general suys It Christian evolution has also changed our idea of man Slowly it is undermining the old view of the fall that sees each Aristotle as the ruins of an Adam substituting instead man as beginning in a low and savage state and under tho providential oversight of God slowly moving upward toward refinement culture and characterMThis evolutionary view about which the Rev Hillis has at tempted to throw a Christian veil is purloined from the science that acknowledges no god This view of the Rev Hillis is infidel in character and shows him as having responded to the ever working laws of evolution standing mentally free head andshoulders above his colleagues teaching doctrines directly in opposition to the fundamental principles of Christianity The Rev Hillis says further It As the infantile life develops it enters into and passes through the likeness of each lower animal and journeying ever upward carries with it the special grace and gift of each creature that is left behind sometimes a bone or muscle or ganglion until the excellences ofall the lower animals are compacted in mans little body Many organs useful in tho lower realm are found only in rudimentary form in man Drum mond says the body contains seventy vestigial structures like tho vermiform appendix Indeed the human body seems like an old curosity shop a museum of obsolete anatomies and out grown organs Take away tho theory that man has risen from a lower animal condition and these unused organs have abso lutely no explanation With such facts beforeus it is as foolish to assert that man is not related to the animal creation as to assert that the ferns marked in the coal strata and tho fishes found in the layers of rocks throw no light upon tho events of geology Strangely enough some are unwilling to believe that God created tho body progressively through animals but are quite willing to believe that he created it immediately from a clod in tho Garden of Eden Friends the Rev Hillis has uttered blasphemy pure and sim ple but like most blasphemy it is truth No doubt the Rev Hillis preaches to a people who read and aro awake to tho current trend of thought and investigation He preaches to a congregation who will not tolerate tho ignorant doctrine of the Christian past They pay him to preach tho new and uptodate and he must conform to their ideas Behold The Spirit of the Times has aroused the sleepers in tho pews out of their slumbers and now they are dictating to tho pulpit man is dictating to the ambassadors of god This in decided contrast to tho circuit rider who has a congregation of dormant minds and preaches as ho pleases giving them hell fire und brimstone morning noon and night But the preacher who talks about hell fire miracles ghosts and immaculate conceptions as matters of fact is about to go Soon he will only bo found preserved in a glass case in a museum marked A species of the Christian skypilot now extinct existing as late as the early part of the twentieth century who preached damnation for tho many and eternal happiness for the few Mr Harold Boleo in a series of articles which recently ap peared in the Cosmopolitan magazine has shown that the pro fessors in our great universities and colleges have thrown off tho shackles of creed and socalled divine law Released from behind tho walls of blind faith and putrid superstition these BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 professors now ronm in the fertile fields of scientific investiga tion giving to the people of the world the results of their J labors These educators no longer stop to inquire while in the midst of some research to know whether or not their method of procedure conforms with tho laws of Holy Writ They go in search of truth with no thought of gods They recognize that truth is the only power that can save man from a hell of further evidence of the fact that orthodox Christianity is fast decaying before the corroding influence of the light of science let us note the present membership of the Christian churches in tho United States today With a population of upwards of 00000000 people the church only claims about 33000000 at the most as members which includes the padded list many who have been dead for years those who have moved and are forgotten except that their names are on the books and tho many whose religion is held in the names of wives and parents But taking the figures at their face we find that there are 57000000 people in the United States who hold Christian teachings in suspicion About the present membership of the churches Dr McFnrlaml is quoted in the Presbyterian Banner of August 10 1000 assaying U Of all the people in the world who profess Christianity tho great majority probably not less than seveneights entered upon the Christian life or made the Christian profession under the age of seventeen This state ment by Dr McFarland is as much as to say that the churches are not converting mature minds to their belief but are re cruiting their followers by playing upon the fears and unreason of tho immature After battling for centuries against overwhelming odds Truth is about to emerge the victor We have seen that gods can only live so long as the mind is imprisoned and that they decay and die with tho coining of mental freedom Wo now have the churches on the retreat Some preachers ostrichlike are trying to save tho day by hiding their heads under what they are pleased to cnIlt Christian evolution as the Rev Hillis would say orU theistic evolution as Dr Lyman Abbott calls evolu tion While we have the forces of Christianity scattered and in disorder it is high time for us to rally for the last charge To do this The Spirit of tho Time is crying for us to organize The time is ripe for a National Freethought Organization to help in continuing tho floodof tt Radical Criticism which strikes hard at tho dikes of Christian superstition Wo now have standing at our sides the great Universities learned apostates and the men of science Wo cannot afford to let the opportunity pISSTO cannot all be college graduates scientific men and women nor doctors of philosophy but we can support the great Frcethought leaders and encourage them to keep up the battle The Spirit of the Times demands that we throw off our small differences If wo are to win this fight we must organize and take into battle tho whole complement of Freethought minds and have concerted action Why are we Freethinkers known as Liberals Humanitarians Rationalists Agnostics Atheists and Materialists This wrangling over names must end We must get on somo common ground Agnosticism tho ground of Ingcr soll it occurs to mo is a comprmising ground on which all may stand if wo will without sacrificing any selfrespect To be conic Agnostic is to say that we know that wo do not know anything that will satisfactorily explain all tho many questions about tho wonders of lifo and tho future Simmered down that is the position every honest man must take Then too it is time for each of us to sacrifice a little of our opinion out of respect for tho opinion of others so long ns they agree with us in fundamental principles The question of whether or not there is n god seems to bo tho main point that has caused the greatest breach in the ranks of Freethought Most Freethinkers say they do not know They are broadminded Somo say positively that there is no god They are dogmatic But friends have you ever stopped to think how little difference a god really makes If there is or is not a god arguments cannot change the fact There is however one thing about which all Freethinkers are agreed and that is that there is associated with the god idea a great deal of superstition When we have stripped the idea of all the superstition with which it is clothed there will bo but little of the god left When the Christian god is stripped to the flesh ho will have to go the same way as all other gods that have been undressed The question of whether or not there is a god is of minor importance and is not of sufficient import as to afford good cause for a dis ruption in our ranks Friends with our resources controlled by the guiding hand of a National Freethought Organization which Tho Spirit of the Times is calling for I can see the future rising before us like a dream Just as with the passing of the night there comes the dawn with the passing of religious superstition there comes intellectual day with which we are face to face For centuries the rising sun of Reason has been striving hard to break over the horizon of tho East She is up and in the eight oclock of her morn Site is shedding her luminous rays of Truth upon the world of thought and action permeating every cloud of fear and superstition which leave so long shadowed the close by saying as I have said many times before that tho time is fast approaching when Christians will be forced to take inventory of all tho suffering their damnable doctrines have caused and if they have left within their breasts one spark of humane feeling they will become apologizing supplicants before the army of men and women who have fought for mental liberty and truth and on bended knees they will cry out for just one magic word to quiet the stormy seas of pain and anguish whose angry waves beat them against the sharpened rocks of shame they will ask to be FORGIVEN Sewickley Penn Dr Ilnusmans book is being rushed into the binding depart ment and wo hope to have it ready for delivery before the end of this month Get ready to help us circulate it We are pleased to learn from tho news columns of tho Cleveland papers that Brother T 0 rcfferies of that city hug started the organization ofa society of Freethinkers with fair prospects before him Tho papers report that ho has already secured a membership of fifteen and while no publics meetings aro yet being held plans are in vogue for a system of propaganda by tho now organization Onlyat few years ago there wore largo numbers of Freethinkers in tho big cityoil tho lake and it is hardly probable that their numbers show any sign of falling off The Blado wishes Brother TofFerics and his associates tho greatest pos sible success It is recorded that Daniel Webster onco wrote Heavens gates tire not so highly arched as princes palaces they that outer thorn must go upon thoir knees and that aptly describes tho mental attitude of tho Christian believer for it demands a complete human subjugation a sort of piteous whining and begging instead of striving to deserve admis sion by good actions Any man entitled to enter heaven ought to bo to go in with his head up proudly erect tho fire of triumph in his eye Ji1w jA f 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE J t 1 Bnckeye Secular Union Convention j Full Report of ProceedingsThe Convention in DetailSplendid GatheringElection of OficeraDr Wilson on List Song Music and Speech Brightened the Day By J Atwood Culbertson Report of The Seventh Annual Session of the Buckeye Secular Union Held in Schencks Hall 335 South High Street Columbus Ohio Sunday September 12th E1 309 Call to Order The meeting was called to order at 950 a m by President Geo 0 Roberts Music The convention was opened by a duet rendered on the piano by the Misses Kail These young ladies furnished enter taining music throughout the day The Paine and Ingersoll songs were much appreciated Every one seemed to be aroused by the spirit of these songs rind Libby Culbertson Macdonald better known as Mrs E M Macdonald wife of the late Editor of the Truthsecker was heartily applauded Miss Smith and some gentleman whose name I do not now recall also rendered entertaining music Address of Welcome The address of welcome was delivered by Dr C S Carr of Columbus The Doctor is a well known and much talked of man in Columbus and in fact throughout the United Sattes He is a Freethinker broad minded and of a forgiving nature In the course of his remarks he said that he had been severely criticised in Columbus for having accepted an invitation to be with the convention during the day and wel come the members and sympathizers of the Buckeye Secular Union to Columbus He asked us to spare the preachers whom ho maintains are pitifulobjects when seen in their studies trying to think out something that will please their congregation and insure bread and butter for their children Doctor Carr wants us to think that churches of today are good institutions and that they are broad and liberal He states that while ho is a Freethinker he has been superintendent of an orthodox Sunday School for fourteen years He often fills pulpits in the various churches throughout the city of Columbus and says that he never com promises himself The Doctor summed up by saying that he could answer his critics by saying that we Freethinkers what ever else we may bo in the minds of Christians we are human beings after all and therefore entitled to a hearty welcome Response Mr Simon of New York responded to Dr Carrs address of welcome very admirably Appointment of Committee and Reading ClerkReading Clerk Mr D W Sanders of Covington Ind was appointed Reading Clerk for the convention Mr Sanders proceeded with his duties at once and read a number of letters from faithful friends throughout the country which were much appreciated by those present In this way we heard from Norman Murray Montreal Canada Julia C Coon Bartow Fla Wm H Cox Marietta Ohio Samuel D Minks Collins Mo Mrs Louise W Terhune Danville Kyj and L K Washburn Revere Mass Editorial Contributor to The Truth Seeker who sent a message that was highly entertaining and instructive COMMITTEES Press Committee- D W Sanders J A Culbertson Dr C S Carr In f Resolutions Committee Dr T J Bowles Otto Wettstein- J 0 Kathoo- Entertainment t Committee A M Stowe Cora M Kail M S Wagner Election of Officers for the Ensuing Year Gee 0 Roberts President Dennison Ohio 7 H Hunt 1st Vice President Massillon Ohio Dr J B Wilson 2nd Vice President Cincinnati Ohio Miss Lou Lawrence Secretary A resolution was passed to change the law whereby the President is given authority to appoint an Assistant Secretary if he thinks there is need for one Essay The Bible in the Public School This subject was answered by Mrs Helen M Lucas with a highly instructive paper dealing with our present public school system taxation expenditures etc Short Speeches Here was the surprise of the day During the evening of the 11th four Hindoo students of the Ohio State University and one South American visited us in the parlor ofRthe American Hotel Sunday morning N Chakrabarti of Cal cutta India was introduced by President Roberts and gave an instructive and humorous talk He analyzed the story of cre ation the godidea the fall of a certain angel and holds the opinion that if the Christian teachings are true we must give the devil credit for our being knowing seeing men and women He compared the commercial trusts of our day with the great superstition trusts of the ages that have so long dominated the worldof thought and made mental slaves out of the great majority of humanity Adjourn for Luncheon At 1200 oclock the morning session adjourned for luncheonAfternoon Session Address Decay of Orthodoxy or End of Dogma To this Dr T J Bowles of Muncie Ind responded He gave a long and critical review of superstition showing how it has always walked hand in hand with religions and ever operated to enslave the minds of men The Spirit of the Times The writer responded and talked about thirty minutes comparing the thought that obtained in the early history of Christianity with that of the present I attempted to show how Christianity had wormed itself out of Paganism by tho aid of the sword in the hands of Constantino tho Great how people fought and perished as the results of Christian superstitions and the intolerance of the orthodox I attempted to show that the Spirit of the Times has aroused the s people out of their slumbers and that they are now asking questions that intellectual lay is with us and that we are in need of a National Freethought Organization to control oureresources and guide us safely on and help in continuing thefflood of radical criticism which is drowning the aged superstitions of tho Christian past With the closing of this address adjournment was taken until the evening session Evening Session Materialism Atheism Agnosticism and Infidelity Mr Otto J L 11 BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 Wettstein responded and hurled somo telling shots at the basic principles of Christianity In this address ho completely upsets tho theory of the resurrection of the body the spiritidea and the many other superstitions with which Christianity is damned While Mr Wettsteins address was a most excellent one I fear that many of those who heard him did not receive the full benefit of same on account of Mr Wettsteins low voice and it is to be hoped that ho will forward his manuscript to some Freethought periodical for publication which should be given as wide a distribution as possible as it is loaded with logic reason and truth Correct Thinking This subject was handled by that able scholar editor and lecturer Mr Parker H Sercombe Editor The ToMorrow Magazine Chicago Ho did not confine him self strictly to Freethought that is as it pertains to religion He contends that superstition in the nature of things is neces sary and made tho statement that he can show by history that superstition was at one time a saving power for the world Ho begs of us to bo patient and says that things will gradually evolve into a better and brighter state He believes that all tho creeds and denominations every sacrifice of human lives such as the burning of the Iroquois and the many other like disasters are necessary to bring about a better condition He maintains that there is no democracy in this country and says that here we have a commercial deposition that is a mutual understanding among the money powers to work in harmony and thus control whatever their greed dictates Mr Sercombo told about a Catholic woman living in Archer Avenue Chicago whose husband died some 30 years uso and re cently sho had the misfortune to lose her sea By reason of the sons death she received 110000 life insurance and waliiii three months from the time she received this life insurance n Chicago priest had obtained 400 from her for prayers for warded to the Almighty asking him to reduce the temperature on the credulous womans husband who had been dead for 30 years Mr Sercombe is prosecuting this priest on the charge of false pretenses Mr Sercombe also called attention to the fact that tho birth rate among the Christian Scientists is greatly falling off This 1he contends is due to the fact that so much blood is required to thinking about their Science that it takes tho blood away from the genital organs and leaves them without sufficient supply to reproduce life This easily accounts for the Catholics being such prolific breeders They have ever let some one else do the thinking for them and therefore their blood supply can be used for reproductive purposes Mr Sercombo also jolted MateriaMedica He says that if tine people will quit the use of tobacco liquor and other health destroyers and live temperate lives at all times doctors could be dispensed with He told of a record ho has of aged people and a complete record of how they have lived Ho recently went to Washington and proposed that a bureau of longevity be established and at tho head of this bureau ho wants most anyone but a doctor He wants somo one who knows how to live Progress of Freethought and Free Press In the absence of Mr John R Charlesworth who was kept at i home on account of pressing business concerning the cause Mr D W Saunders of Covington Ind talked extemporaneously on this subject and rend a message from Mr Charlesworth Freethinkers Funerals Dr J B Wilson of Cincinnati 0 was to have responded but was unable to be present on account of tho illness of his wife This is a matter that Freethinkers should take more seriously and tho officers of the Buckeye Secular Union much regret that Dr Wilson could not bo present to tell those who have not given much thought to tho event that must inevitably como at somo time to the homo of each and every one of us Before adjourning and after all the Big Guns had had their r say many interesting short talks were made Mr Whicker of Attica Ind made a short talk about Thomas Paine He made such an impression on the audience and President Roberts that the latter told him he would be invited to attend their next Paine celebration A resolution was adopted thanking the San Francisco Materialrist Association for the interest entertained by them in our sucjcess and through the medium of the Freethought press we wish to let them know that their cause is our causeIA vote of thanks was extended to the Secular Union for their faithful and untiring services the past year duringITho daily press of Columbus gave us considerable they seemed to have the habit of getting things badly mixedIThe visit of our Hindoo and South American friends was an agreeable surprise to all of us They are not simply infidel to the religions common to their countries but have rejected all ideas of supernatural powers and have wedded themselves to Truth as the guiding star of mans hopes It means much to know that these foreign born men are becoming enthusiastic over our cause and want to become active in freeing the minds of their fellow countrymen from the bonds of religious superstitions Their work will do much to counteract the poisons being injected by the Christian missionaries They can take back a different story about Americas Jesus Christ and his wondrous works in this country than that carried by designing missionaries Reading of Letters During tho convention D W Saunders reading clerkread the following communications which had been sent to cheer the convention in its work Good Cheer from Far West San Francisco Cal Buckeye Secular Union Convention Schenks Hall Columbus OGreetings to you all comrades Success is assuredJ FRANTZ Sec S F Materialist Assn Praise and Encouragement REVERE MASS Mr Geo 0 Roberts My Dear Friend I mail you herewith a few lines to bo read by you at your convention if you deem them pertinent but you are at erty to light a fire with them instead if you wish You have my sincerest sympathy in the work you are doing and I trust that you and your fellowworkers will see your efforts crowned with the success they deserve Always yoursIJK WASHBURN From the Sunny South BARTOW FLAMy greetings to the members of tho Buck eye Secular Union and Materialist Association assembled in con vention at Columbus It seems to mo that Freethinkers in look ing back over the past year can find reasons for tho greatest couragement and inspiration to renew their efforts for honest thought a free press and free speech As a member of the Ma terialist Assn I endorse Mrs Eliza M Blivens suggestion that her correspondence bo lightened by State or sectional secretaries and that such secretaries bo considered VicePresidents of tho National Materialist Assn I vote that such secretaries bo chos en by vote whenever possible but that in States or sections where members have no present medium of getting in touch with each other that they be appointed by Mrs Bliven to serve until a vote can bo taken Cordially yours in tho cause of Free thought JULIA C COONA from Canada MONTREAL Buckeye Secular Union Ladies and Gentlemen Though absent in body I am with you in spirit If I were with you I would talk to you somewhat as follows Tho greatest blessing in this wprld besides health is liberty A poor man the hare necessaries of life with fresh air and sunshine is better off than a prisoner with all the choice things tho world provides Continued on page 12 J J II L rJL t7 fJ BLADEt8 BLUE GRASS BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In arid edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLE8WORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P O Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES Dy mall postpaid 160 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 1100 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six month cents each Trial subscriptions cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 200 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch sIngle column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 100 six months 600 one year Quarter column single Insertion 200 one month 1400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Half column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription lies been paid up advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers or numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired THE OFFICE publication of the Blade Is at UVeeerstone eff Lexington Kentucky to which will be given a hearty welcome THE BLADE Is enterd at the Postof ice at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box m Lexington Ky WHAT IS THE MATTER WITH THE CHURCHES Mr Theodore Dreiser editor ofIL womans magazine called The Delineator recently addressed a personal letter to a number of clergymen presumed to be prominent in their respective denominations which included Catholic and Protestant in which ho submitted tile question con tained in the caption of this article and as might be pro sumed the several replies were to the effect thnt there was nothing whatever the matter with lily of the churches The Catholic claimed that his church was prosperous and growing Eachof the Protestant preachers made similar claims for their respective denominations but with the different suggestions or hints that appear as one reads between the lines we aro bound to infer that no small disquietude exists The difficulty in finding a fair and intelligent answer to sucha question lay in the fact that Mr Dreiser addressed his inquiries to the wrong places Thousands could havo answered the question more intelligently and with far less hills or prejudice than those who have attempted to answer it When a minor starts out dig coal ho does not climb a tree but enters the mino wherein the coal lies bur iedand there proceeds to dig If an honest investigator wishes to solve a given problem ho must examine on sides and not undertake an cxparte proceeding The first essential is that the investigator shall bo impartial concern ing results He must not start out withja view to finding one result but any result that may confront him at tho 1 r J close of his examination But in the present case wo serve that Mr Dreiser addressed his letter to preachers only and that his solo purpose was to use tho columns of his magazine to assist in tho broadening and bettering of religious condition and to accomplish this end by attract I ing tho attention of those who tire interested in church such circumstances as these what estimate of value can bo made concerning tho answers received Could it possibly be expected that any preacher who must ho interested in church conditions to the extent of his salary at least would deliver himself ofa rcbuko to the church or admit that tho church was falling behind in thorstruggle of existence Not a bit of it The church existsitoday only by reason of its ability to make a bluff go The sole strength of tho church is to bo found in tho indiffer once of tho people the millions of tho unchurched who neither believe in the church or caro what becomes of it Few criminals enter a plea of guilty It would be too muchof an assumption that hired preachers would declaim against the institution that keeps them in luxury and idle ness And yet some of them have gone so far as to give utterance to sentiments that indicate a lurking suspicion that all is not right with the church Cardinal Gibbons insists that no cause exists for com plaint against the church of Rome Rev Charles II Park hurst suggests that tho church should become more spirit- ualized and aggressive Rev Josiah Strong New York admits that the church lags behind tho social spirit Rev Len G Broughton of Atlanta Ga gives a hint that both faithand works aro needed Rev Charles F Aked iNow York suggests that much of tho difficulty with which the church is now confronted would disappear if tho salaries of preachers wore doubled Rev Russell H Conwcll Philadelphia remarks that tho churches too often pass by the real issues Gypsy Smith tho notorious evangelist simply asks that the churches become moro Christlike Strange to say that not one of them has struck tho right keynote and they never will so long us their minds aro permitted to continue in the narrow channel prescribed for them by the denominations to which they belong Tho real matter with tho church is that the great mass of the people outside of tho church aro growing better than tho church Tho people have adopted humanitarian ideals a height to which no church has yet been able to climb The more humanity a man or woman have in them tho less use they havo for tho church and what it represents It is the doom of dogma that reacts upon tho church and not until tho church abandons its foolish dogmas will it assume an air of intellectual respectability to demand public atten tion and consideration The church sought to set a limit to human progress but progress was irresistible and that whichstood in tho way had to bo moved aside or compelled to remodel its structure as to conform with tho demands that progress made The church that refused was destined for destruction Only by adopting newer and higher ideals L T J r Ju BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 T has the church been able to survive tho scholastic criticisms of the age In tho course of time tho church will have so modifiedand remodeled its dogmatic foundation that it will gainertherebypreachers wo have above quoted marks the true spirit of the church in these days and constitutes a sure sign of that decropidinstitutionSearchwell and yo shall find might ho suggested to the Jconypracticetion of the Delineator might be used to wholesome advan tago and afford its readers an opportunity of judging be tween the conflicting opinions entertained SECULAR UNION CONVENTION Tho Blade is appreciably indebted to T Atwood Cul hortson for the excellent detailed report of tho proceedings of tho Buckeye Secular Union Convention held at Columbus Ohio Sunday September 12 Owing to tho fact that ho was compelled to return to his home at Pittsburg in order to avoid interference with his business affairs ho compiled tho report upon his arrival in Pittsburg which naturally delayed it to such an extent that it did not reach us in time for our last previous issue As it will come bet ter lato than never wo aro pleased to givo the report in a extenso this week This report is an outline of what took place Wo observe no minor detail From it wo aro unable to learn tho growth of tho Union during tho past year its prospects for a fur ther increase both in finances and in members Following the former convention that of 1008 at Canal Dover a number of clubs wore organized and started to work Wo regret that no itemized report was made as to their present number and wo express a fervent wish that considerable more of detail as to practical business and less speech making could have been indulged in Tho officers of the Union can afford to consider tho advisability of holding a convention for two days hereafter instead of one if so many speakers aro to bo scheduled for wo see by the report com pared with tho program that in spito of tho failure of Dr Wilson and tho Blades editor to bo on hand there were so nanny speakers that sonic who wore on hand had to bo crowdedout of tho program One of tho failings of Free thought conventions for years has been an uttor lack of practical business methods the solo idea appearing to bo to meet reelect the old officers adopt a set of resolutions listen to a few speeches good bad and indifferent and adjournIt is just such conditions as theso that detract a larger attendance at Freethought conventions Our experience has been that a national Freothought society in annual convention would meet with or 30 members nearly always composed of tho same persons with a jaddressesto meet present exigencies or emergencies so must we taking profit by past experiences and as one of tho BladeRfcorrespondents aptly expresses it learn what part to adopt and what part to avoid It is the duty of the executive of each Society national state or local to plan devise design and suggest with a view to adoption methods of work that shall bo practical and tend to an extension of the LPrivatetheir reports of tho convention terribly mixed Two of the newspaper clippings aro before us One is taken from tho Ohio State Journal date September 12 the day of the convention Tho other is from tho Columbus News same date The first named paper is rabidly orthodox and wo expressionsTheside or tho other The State Journal says there were only 50 present Tho News says that over 100 were on hand Saturday night preceding the convention The reporter who prepared tho item for tho State Journal is evidently n religious enthusiast for his effort bears the marks of having made a deliberate attempt to report things that did not1ha-ppen and to quote Freethinkers upon what they lidnot say Our own knowledge of President Roberts ofr i 1Sandersdid not say what the State Journal reporter quotes them as saying and not in tho form ho has seen fit to put it After all the reporter may not be to blame wholly for have been a reporter and wo know what it is to hand in a story and then have the copy and tho text mutilated by tho editor who did not see and did not hear tho things related Yet this is a sample of tho treatment accorded Frcnth inkers by sonic of tho papers in some cities It is upon ourselves to compel respectfulcriticism instead of being ridiculed The Blade congratulates tho officers old and new upon their election Wo are pleased that the convention passed off so auspiciously oven though we did not get there to take a hand in itTO hope for oven bettor results nt this next convention Wo congratulate Cleveland tho city by the big lake upon having secured it Wo promise now accidents unforeseen not included to bo on hand and render all sistance possible to the work of tho gathering Cleveland is a liberal city The convention ought to do good there It ought to result in a local society or better still why not organize ono in advance to receive it A HUMAN HYENA I tho lord will bo n lying spirit in the mouth of allAprophetsHave gentle Christian this many be rank blasphemy to the earnest and sincere Ieliovor in the goodness HllIlCHI rtr I J ft 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE and wisdom of Jehovah but tLe languand is not our own tObserVe the quotation marka ft is taken from tho Old Testament of what is commonly known ISIUI0 bible Accepting the language quotoI as representing the true Christian attitude and as furnishing men and women with a true picture of tho character of the Christian godwe opino that one Amos II Gottschal of Harrisburg Pr must be on the most intimate terms with Jehovah a sort of boon companion birds of one feather or Jehovah has ap pointed him President of the recently organized Annanias Club Any man who will knowingly and wilfully publish a lie is too unclean to bo designated as carrion unfit for the buzzards a product of Sycorax and Satan a disgrace even to such a parentage and were ho born in hades he would cast dishonor upon the place of his birth Such must be tho character of him whose name and address is given above Through a Blade subscriber J A Osborn of Greens bore N Cwe are in receipt ofa small yellow leaflet and appropriate in colorwhich purports to give the last words that were supposedly uttered by some of the worlds greatest men on their death beds These last words are made up of a collection including Christians and Infidels among tho latter being Paine Voltaire Mirabeau New- portI and Chartcres Of the three latter wo are sufficiently informed to question merely to doubt but as concerns both Paine and Voltaire wo are in a position to know and can furnish acceptable proof We here give veruatim what this lying apostle of a revengeful god is circulating concern ing Paine and Voltaire STAY WITH ME FOR GODS SAKE I CANNOT BEAR TO BE LEFT ALONE IT IS HELL TO BE ALONE a These are given as the last words of Thomas Paine I AM ABANDONED BY GOD AND MAN I SHALL GO TO HELL ff These are ascribed as the last words of Voltaire Neither Paine or Voltaire gave utterance to any such sentiment thoy did not use any such language and as the burden of proof is upon him who makes the assertion we challenge proof or Amos II Gottschall must stand con demned as a wilfull falsifier a base slanderer but withal a worthy representative of the Christian religion One would think that such a man as this could never find even a temporary lodgment in a land where libertyof conscience is supposed to reign supreme or beneath the flag of a free people History teaches that the more ridiculous a craze foolish a fad or base the lie it will find some ready believers Doubtless this Pennsylvania hypocrite will find some foolish and unthinking people to believe in him The mores tho pity of it Ho is a Benedict Arnold to truth His ancestry must have belonged to those ancient Hebrews whom tho Lord of Hosts sent to deceive old King Ahab His mind needs a bath nay it needs fumigation Such a man should be given a rope instructed carefully how to tip the knot and then invited to play the Judas act f I tl Either Amos H Gottschall at tho time ho prepared the leaflet knew that he was about to publish and circulate a lie or ho was ignorant of the facts in each case and just invented what he wanted Wo are inclined to believe tho latter view of the situation Every quotation used bears the imprint of invention The last words which he puts in the mouth of dying Christians are given to express a belief in Christ crucified and salvation through faith Thealast words ho puts in the mouth of dying Infidels are framed for the purpose of suggesting a horrible and fearful agony Tho mind that could conceive such an argument is incapable of comprehending the eternal principles of truth and would wilfully misrepresent for the greater glory of a god of supposed truth That the dying expressions ho attributes to both Paine and Voltaire aro mere personal c inventions is suggested by their newness and novelty Wo have never heard or read of them before Wo have read all we could get concerning both on all sides and we have never heard or read of these last words before getting this leaflet The author must have a vivid imagination but it would be advisable for him to turn it in another and different direction Malice like death always loves a shiningmark and there is no sting so venomous as that springing from religious hatred i That man who would slander the living without cause can be but a human vulture but ho who sinks into the grave andslanders the dead is but a mangy flee and not worthI tho price of the powder to blow him into a warmer climate Christians managed to learn and put into practice the kill ing ofreputations finding that reputations were more easily slain than persons and with less risks They turned from murder to slander and infidel deathbeds have afforded them a field for their operations The English language is lacking in words or sen tences to fittingly describe the author of this yellow leaflet THE NEW ORGANIZATION Judging from the letters that continue to pour into the Blade office with reference to the proposed now organization of Freethinkers tho tide has turned towards it with in creasing favor and but little now remains to be done but to i meet organize and get down to work The great bulk of thoso undertaking to write their opin ions have not made mention of any place or locality for tho meetingand as many of them are unable to attend it is a matter of indifference whore it shall be hold The Blade has named St Louis for the reason that the larger number have expressed themselves in favor of St Louis Since the last issue of tho Blado has boon mailed out wo have re ceived a few suggestions that tho placo of meeting ought to be a little further east and both Cincinnati and Indianap Either of the latter olis have received favorablo mention points would bo more convenient to the Blade as being muchnearer but wo have not been guided by our own con siderations or preferences being desirous of conforming to the wishes of the majority as expressed and to call tho I 1 1BLUE GRAS BLADE 11 T meeting for that place which will insure the largest attend anco of those actively interested in the work Of course the only guide wo could possibly have would jo the ex pressed opinions of those able and willing to attend Where ever the meeting is hold it will be less convenient for some than for others St Louis is but ten hours rido from Cin- cinnatit and while one is traveling that could make but very little difference except in the matter of railroad fare All things fairly considered wo see no reason that would bed just for changing the place of meeting but if it is to be changed the Blade invites suggestions to that end so that it can positively be known by the middle of October in order to give at least one months notice to those who willat tend to admit of proper and necessary preparation Under these conditions the call for the meeting still stands in favor of St Louis on Sunday November 14 at 9 oclock a m The next important consideration is the basis or ground work of tho organization Upon what policy what system shall the organization take place This is the greatest of all questions Upon this depends its future weal or woo One mistake may cost the organization its life Withfpositive Freethought foundation and an educative propa ganda wo cannot got astray Whether the organization shall adopt the theses of Prof Haeckel solely or make any 1additions thereto is a matter calling for the grave and ser ious consideration of all The history of organized Free thought in America is strewn with wrecks of what might J have been potential factors in an advocacy of tho principles r of Freethought ruined impaired destroyed and sent oblivion from different combining causes well known those who took an active part therein This intolvaluable if we but utilize the knowledge thus gained the purpose aiding in the formative work of the zation the Slade now suggests that each one come with data or memoranda for the following outline or plan 1 Name of the organization 2 Declaration of principles 3 Plan of organization including number power and duties of the officers i 4 Method of securing membership eligibility etc 5 Some method of raising funds sufficient to carry on its work 0 Its character and method of propaganda i I 7 Plan of expansion 8 Provision for annual or other meetings under iw auspices 0 Mon and women willing to accept and capable of I 11Amplepresent and the late sot for the meeting in whichour friends can study over tho items hero enumerated andas these constitute tho very life of the organization they should be well considered by all Past experiences havo taught those identified with pro vious organizations that a liberal support will be given thei aij movement provided it is established on a proper basis broad liberal and yet strictly Freethought and with the managementbefile of American Freethinkers that they mean businesslI This is no idle pastime It is by far the most important stop contemplated by Freethinkers during the past half century It calls for and demands the united support of all With this its success is assured The Blade is not undaunted by reason of the fact that it has practically assumed this burden alone unaided by the Freethought press of the country with the single exception of the Inger soll Memorial Beacon We believe that the time is ripe for such an organization and so believing we feel confident of an overwhelming success EDITORIAL POTPOURI Through the courtesy of the Truthseeker Company we are inTreceipt of a valuable publication entitled Free Press Antholo gy by Theodore Schroeder attorney for the Free Speech League of New York As its name implies it is a collection of subjectunderAmerican Freethinkers they who have borne the brunt of the jsrattle for a free press The selections have been carefully made and the comments by the author are apt and pertinent This i abject is of vast and growing importance in America where under the influence of the dominant superstition there is a tendency to muzzle the press and restrict the use of the mails toa certain class of literature The book consists of 270 pages and is well printed and handsomely bound We are not advised is to its price but this will be given upon application to the Truthseeker Company 62 Vesey St New York City It is pubIshed under the auspices of the Free Speech League and should hive an enormous circulation Bit is evident that Rev Thomas J Glynn of Brownsville Pa- inis doubt about the existence of a creative deity for in a re cent comment upon what might result as following the discovery of the North Pole ho speaks of the wondrous mysterious power of magnetism wherein he declares lies hidden its mysterious secret To a god believer this should be no mystery for god solves all mysteries Without god it does become somewhat- of a mystery which students of nature will have to solve Seven thousand dollars a year for preaching moonshine from an orthodox pulpit is excellent pay yet this is the sum the gregation of the Second Presbyterian church of Pittsburg have contracted to pay the Rev Ira Landrith a Texan for such ser vices That sum spent in the advocacy of truth would be far better The coming convention for the purpose of establishing a new Freethought society must be made as representative of Free thinkers as it is possible to get Posterity will judge of our worth by what we do now This is the accepted time vfikeep your eyes on that new subscriber and make up a list of the names of your Freethought friends to whom sample copies Sight be sent We want the Blades circulation to go soaring thin winter Remember new subscribers at one dollar each for yearrl vf1t t 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE J Continued from page Some years ago experimented on a young rat I put him in a cage and surrounded him with nil comfortssoda biscuits water and cotton waste to keep him warm He ate the biscuit out of my hand Finally after petting him for about six months I opened the cage for him After watching me and the cage and walking all round the place quietly for about 15 minutes he finally disappeared in the woodpile and never came back Only those who have been brought up in tiny of the orthodox religions Judaism Christianity and Mohammedanism and afterwards came out and opposed them can realize the hateful nature of these religions Many who are inside are really quite sincere in believing these religions to be based on love and charity Now it is absolutely impossible to inculcate liberal ideas inside any religion based on a supposed revelation The primary object of a revelation is to STOP investigation The attitude of modern Christians toward those who investigate proves Christianity to be false If they had sincere faith in the truth of their religion why should they be hostile to investigation f This is where my former associates and myself first parted company I discovered they professed to be seekers after truth but when any one made a very simple discovery such as the Bible contradicting itseif they always took a hostile attitude The great thinkers of the ages ore on your side Aristotle Socrates Confucius Voltaire Renan Volney Paine Ingersoll Let your watchword be Lib erty in all honorable affairsnot license in vice Thero is only one philosophy in allagesRight Living The Bible is not a literature of right living It is a record of Faith Lust and TyrannyNORMAN MURRAY From the Show Me State COLLINS MOGeo 0 Roberts Pres B S U I am glad to see your good work going along I would like to hasten it all I can I have been a Freethinker all my life and am now in my 68th year I have read Ingersolls books and I think he was one of the greatest men our nation ever produced I named my youngest son after R G Ingersoll I joined the Materialist Assn about six months ago and I consider it the right thing in the right place I have been working for the M A and have taken about 15 names in as members and sent them up to our first Secretary Eliza Mowry Bliven I think her plan of organization is a good one and should be adopted SAMUEL D MINKS Good Cheer from a Woman LIMA O1Ir Roberts Dear Sir I received your welcome letter but am sorry to say that it is impossible for either my husband or myself to attend the convention We would love to go and we thought for awhile that one of us could that is why I was so long in answering your letter but we knew at last that we had to give it up this year again however we will keep on trying and perhaps we will be able to atend them some time It seems so strange that in as large a place as Lima there are so few out spoken Infidels You can talk to them privately and they will agree with you on evrything you say hut they dont want tho public to know it Mr Evans says that all ho Infidels in Lima belong to the church and they are afraid to own up to their lief for fear of being turned out Well every one who knows Mr E and myself know our belief I dont know one woman either in Lima who is a true Infidel and will say they dont believe that old story book the bible I have talked to all classes of women nnd I find the worse a woman is and the lower she is the more she trusts in that dear Jesus to save her I get so disgusted at themI have no patience with such people Some who are a disgrace to humanity expect to be saved live in fear of hell till their lives and depend on Gods peoples prayers to save them in the end The doors of the church are open all the time to them if they have a little money and the church members tire after them all the time But they wont bother you after tlwy discover you are an Infidel and after you get a chance to tell P l them why you are one So tho church people dont bother me anymore but I would love to meet a true woman Infidel A few weeks ago a man about 30 years old I judge came to my back door When I first saw him I took him to be what we call 1 dude tramp But he was selling a religious paper to help him to raise money to study for the ministry I told him I felt sorry for himfto think that he was wasting his young life for such a purpose and told him that it would be much more honorable for him to go to work on the streets and more money in it And I could not refrain while speaking from looking down at the ragged lining of his coat I told him if he really wanted to savo the young men whom he thought were going to hell he could gut closer to them and have a better chance to give them good advice by organizing a Freethought Society and inviting them to it than by compelling them to listen to the gospel of Jesus Christ for he knew that young men would not go to church and listen to a sermon that forbade them all enjoyments of this life and then hell in the future Well he did not stop long after I told Hm this but went on his way My letter is long enough So hoping to meet the ladies and gentlemen of the Buckeye Secular Union in the near future and extending an invitation to one find all when in the city of Lima to come and see us I remain very truly yours MRS NELLIE EVANS 540 W Hallcr St P S Tell the Indies at tho convention that I would love to be with them and a worker in the Union yet I try to do all I can as it is the cause of Freedom Cheer from Old Kentucky DANVILLE KYMr Geo 0 Roberts Your letter mid program of the B S U received some days ago I know it will he impossible for me to attend the convention in September as I have trouble with my eyes having them treated twice a week I am a member of the C of II G B Kan and owe the annual dues Also subscribe for the Bluegrass Blade and occasionally send Mrs B Brooklyn Conn a donation of stamps Will send 50o in my next letter Altogether this is as much in this line as I can carry just now I am a member of the M A Please ac cept this with best wishes also thanks for writing Yours MRS LOUISE W TERHUNE A Letter That Helps MARIETTA 0Mr Gco 0 Roberts My Dealt Sir In reply to your favor of recent date will say it is impossilj for mo to attend this Seventh Annual Convention of tho Buckeye Secular Union I am so tied down at the present that I cannot get away for even one day but my thoughts are on the convention and the grand and noble work that is before it There is nothing that would give me more pleasure than to spend n day with the noble men and women who will bo at this convention rind may the fruits of this gathering be felt throughout the length ann breadth of our country is tho wish of your coworker and friend WM II COX In a fow more days nnd tho last forms of Dr ITaiisinnns book Mans Origin and Destiny will bo off tho press It will then bo rushed to tho binding department nndMmr ried to tho point of mniling to subscribers Wo ought to have n subscription list for tho entire 1000 copies that are to be printed Tho very fnct that it lins stirred up some strenuous criticism shows that it is possessed of an individuality entirely its own Brighter grow tho prospects for tho now national organization nnd if wo can only secure a fair representative at tendanco nt St Louis its future will bo brighter still Lot nil who are willing and ablo get to St Louis at tho appointed time BLUE GRASS BLADE FREETHINKERS MUST ORGANIZE An Array of Strongly Favoring Sentiments Expressed by Interested and Capable Workers in Libertys Army Dont Let this Opportunity Pass Some Valuable Advice By Julia C Coon It is most encouraging to note that Free thinkers are at last awakening to the im portance of organization The success of Mrs Eliza 51 Bliven in organizing Materialists into an active society of nearly 1000 members at least proves the possibilities along this line and whether Materialist or not Freethinkers have reason to be con gratulated on the Materialist Association But there is need of an active Free thought organization that may include all who are in the fight against religious super stition and oppression and will cooperate wih the present societies the Materialist Association the Church of Humanity and the Buckeye Secular Union against Christ ian invasion of our public schools church favoritism religious legislation and gov ernment protection of idolatry and super there are several important ques tions that ought to be freely discussed by our Freethoiight press before such a society whichought to become a tremendous power for truth and liberty is actually started No one should join a society un til they know just what it stands for what objects it has in view what classes may bo included in its membership and what ex penses are liable to bo connected with it If the word Frcethought appears in the name the question immediately arises Who are Freethinkers and whom may Freethoiight include Tho name is becom ing very popular An Adventist declared to me a few days since that ho was a Free thinkerl I would have a great deal of difficulty in making Adventists accord with my ideal of Frcethought as I would also Unitarians Spiritualists and praying Deists My reason is that nil who depend or have any tendency to depend on non earthly beings for guidance strengthor protection cripple to just that extent their own natural reason and judgment and can not bo Freethinkers in the broadest sense of the term On the other hand it is un fortunate that a few oven after abandon ing belief in gods and a future life show themselves to bo narrow bigots inclined to deny the privilege of Fr eethought to others Ono of the reasons often advanced for Freethoiight organization is that a strong society may have some weight in petition ing against undesirable legislation Person ally I have little sympathy with this view The people have spent very much time and money petitioning their servants to do this and not to do that It is somewhat as it would bo if a woman should fill her house with servants fresh from the jails and then should write out an eloquent petition and read it off to them imploring them not to steal all her silverware The place to make petitions count is at the polls and as long as a majority vote for religious op pression we will get it The only hope is to educate the majority This leads to what should be the pre eminent work of a Freethoiight organiza tionthe preservation and publication of our best literature in the most attractive form and the selling of it to chrisinns in a businesslike way Christians manage to make the heathen pay for their conversion to Christianity and while Freethinkers must show Christian fraud I believe our litera ture could be put in such form that it could bo sold to the general public in place of the indiscriminate and wasteful distribution When the readers pay the cost of printing we can reach thousands where wo now reach tens and that which has a cost price is more highly valued With the Materialist Association and the Church of Humanity to blaze the way their successes adapted and their failures avoided the path ought to bo comparatively easy for a Freethoiight organization The rapid growth of the Materialist Association over the Church of Humanity is mostly due to tho absence of any initiation fee or an nual dues and it is to be hoped that Free thinkers will never cripple their organiza tion by such a premise Nor is this tho only or tho chief reason against tax It is generally the case that tho assumed right to tax leads to tho assumed right to waste and to misuse And again the publishing of this fee requirement and all calling for funds or begging of any description would almost ruin our papers for propaganda pur posesRecognizing the fact that Freethinkers are generally far from rich they do not employ Christian methods in getting ahead tho organization should bo planned on the most economic basis possible Salaried of ficers should never bo installed for the reason that every one should help push the work to the best of his ability and not de pendon leaders All those who have ever been a force toward progress so far have taken their salary chiefly in Christian abuse Tho plan adopted by the Materialist As sociation of having everyone who wins new members counted secretaries has proved so successful that it is worthy of attention as is also the plan of dividing tho work of enrolling members by having ono leading secretary in each state or section Tn view of tho wido distances that divide Freethinkers it would undoubtedly be wise to have each accorded a vote by letter or postalon all questions of importance and thereby get the wish of the actual major ity All expenditures of Association funds should be decided in this way and an effort might bo made to conduct the organi zation on more democratic lines than have ever yet been undertaken by any society- It may be question whether it is a wise move to call a convention at the start of such an organization The number able to at tend such a convention would necessarily be very small compared with the number who wouldwish to join not because the interest is faint but because the distance and ex pense make it impossible Personally I think the first move ought to be the enlisting of the entire Free thought press if possible their enrollment and an extended discussion of ways and means Then by another fall we ought to be able to unite with the Materialist Asso ciation the Buckeye Secular Union and the Churchof Humanity in such a ringing con vention as will cause the world to sit up and take notice So my vote is for a National Freethoiight Association neither too narrow nor too broad but composed of the actual Free thinkers those who are liberated from church gods and spirits and who will work to tho end that all people may be so liberated Bartow Fl- aEvolution of the God Idea The Evolution of tho God Idea by the late Grant Allen is one of the most remarkable books of the century 03000 copies have been printed and nearly all cir culated by tho Rationalist Press Asso ciation of London in cheap form and is now offered for 25 cents postpaid by the American Agent of the R P A NORMAN MURRAYI240 St James St i Murrays Clearance Sale I 75c for 30c postpaid Byrons Forbidden Fruit Paul Jesuit Morals Tolstois Root of coxs Sacredness of Man Bert8Itho Boers Murrays British Moses and tho Prophets 30 of a Pagans Religion The Open Ten Commandments Biblo Texts etc etc The total retail price of the lot comes to 75 postpaidNORMAN MURRAY t 240 St James St Montreal Canada l i r l 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE Naumans Orchestra E D NAUMAN Violin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Cornet or Clarinet Other Instruments Added If Desired Over 500 pieces of the beet music suitable for any program always on hand tPhone 128 12 Lock Lox 800 SIGOURNEY IOWA A TRIP 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