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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, October 3, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909100301 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, October 3, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. rnr BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVIII LEXINGTON KY OCTOBER 3 agog Number 25 DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDAlOF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT 1Ex Ntfjtta NM 3Ftt i By P M Oliver Did god awake in darkness agotTo see what he could dogf He never had beginning Nor birth like you and me But always has existed From all eternity Now what had ho been doingJThroughout those countless years t No priest has ever told us It in no book appears Perhaps he hud been sleeping With nothing for a bed And nothing for a pillow And nothing in his head With nothing for companion i Through all that dreary night And only boundless nothing On which to feast his sight And when ho rose for action Like one aroused from sleep Ho found but six days labor The tale is rather steep jM f I j He look just a pinch of nothing And made this glorious earth Then another pinch of nothing And the planets had their birth From another lump of nothing He produced the mighty sun Andso ho worked on nothing Till stars and all were done And when all else was finished Of dust he made a man By mixing dust with nothing On some mysterious plan He then took a rib from Adam With nothing for a knife ty And mixing rib withnothing Made him a full grown wife Ho knew tho kind of people Ho was working on to make But they all die soon or later Because of his mistake Ho now damns his every nation Unless they all believe That story of creation The snako the fruit and Eve Gainesville FIn AO ft I f 2 BLUE GRASS BLADE ArgumentIStrong Criticism of Revealed Religion From the Pen and Brain of a WomanVerdict and Judgment Rendered Against Christianity By Mrs J J Fyckes Septembersantagonisticscholars have ventured to blast the rock of ages a peculiarly happy term as priests imagine for that conglomeration of ignorance superstition immortality and intolerance known as bringsfromnot see that the tenets of their creed have like a benumbing fi g kept away the sun shine of nobler ideals from man Every attempt at reconstruction they construe as sacrilege and every liberal sentence as blasphemy And yet what proof have they in nature of the truth of the bible Cry we ever so loud it shall be as though we had not cried for no signs are vouch safed us And this has been the experience of our forbears generations and generations The heavens have been deaf the universe has not answered We may curse god yet we shall not die Wo may blaspheme and it makes no difference We may desecrate holy altars and sanctified vessels we may stable our cows and our horses in the tabernacle and dishonor sacred wafers and deified wine the very blood and body of a god and yet no punishment shall befall us for thisIIIndeed it would seem that a god was so and bore without vindicating himself jibes sneers injury desecration would put to shame the placidity of stone idols over he might waken the suspicion that he was just as power less as they to curse or bless hurt or benefit his votaries Tile idols graven lips are mute He cannot save his own Who miracles to him impute Behold He is but stone And Jehovah is not even stone he is air an hallucination though once in a while ho is paint and varnishin the master pieces of Mnrillo and Carlo Dolci We might ask the priests of Jehovah as Elijah asked the priests of Baal Is your god talking or is ho pursuing or is he in a journey or peradventure sleepeth ho and must be awaked It may be that with the lapse of ages the lords arm has been shortened At any rate we are losing confidence in him That in Elijah s day he manifested himself to the Jews cannot be taken as evidence of his present existence for he is as deaf to us now as Baal was then und if hearsay evidence of a supernatural kind ought to be accepted however stirs the proof for the fabric of faith is reared upon hearsay evidence then our friends the Lcvites must be willing to concede that the Grecian sun god Apollo frightened away the Gauls from Greece that Pallas Athene some centuries later duplicated that performance to save Athens and her sanctuaries by creating a panic among the Goths Wo must moreover admit that Sigurd killed the dragon Fufnis and that Fainis was an enchanted man that tho vestal Rhea carried on an amour with the war god Mars and that Circe changed Ulysses companions into swine By that time every fairy tale may be accepted as fully proven and incorporated in history But until we do this I see a 4 settingthemotherfablesThe colleges stop at the Great Unknown says Hugh Black intimating that Christianity here has an evident advantage over plungesbravelybecause Christianity pretends to have explored it When we remember her blunders regarding the known we may well prove skeptical If she proved so ignorant in what could be found out meanwhile asserting her judgment to be infallible how can we trust her in the things that are veiled f The priests of course have always posed as the genuine interpreters of gods will But have they ever seen him face to face bythemhumor when they asscdt so positively that the oioutive power clayinstillingend all For while they think that this power would be satanic they fail to see that the power they picture their triune infinite godis more satanic still for they deem him guilty of so monstrous a thing that ho should have fashioned an everlasting hell No wonder that men who were fashioned in that gods image could callously torture burn slay persecute unnumbered myriads of their fellow creatures for a mere difference of opinion and the imaginary crime of witchcraft Indeed the principal grudge of the churchmen against the pioneers of the liberal movement is based not so much on the refusalof the latter to accept as divine or true the divine truths of Christianity as on their express denial that god has provided his universe with a torture chamber named hell This seems to the Levites an unprecedented piece of insolence for hell and heaven are the solid pillars on which they rest their faith Hell is the favorite argument of the churches they require it as a contrast to heaven Without a hell there would be no shade in the picture but only high lights the monotonous glare of crude splendora most inartistic proposition Catholic priesthood lids discovered in purgatory a still more valuable asset seeing that institution lids proved extremely lucrative The moneyRedemption says Dr A E Keigwin a New York divine But do we really all rellemptionHow preposterousHow expiatedbythe whipping boy are both out of joint with reason If the guiltless takes upon himself tho guilt of offenders justice not only miscarries but a greater wrong is enacted Tile idea of redemption therefore is absurd Suppose the descendants of the fanatics who burnt helpless women and babes throughout the Middle Ages were to slit their throats in an attempt at atonement an effort to take from the shoulders of those dead bigots the guilt of blood Would we see in their action a sublime thing a sacrifice that commanded admiration Indeed notwe would think they were demented BLUE GRASS BLADE a But say tho priests Christ bought us with his blood That puts a different aspect on the matter Instead of a sacrifice we confront a purchase Though we might be disposed to cavilat the mode of purchase tho pretense of the priests would seem if not less irrational at least less barbarous if they would admit that all men had been brought to salvation Although still n sham the Christian creed would be rendered less cruel and repulsive But wo do not hear of such a thing God does not propose to arbitrate the matter in so trrnninus and happy a way for man It is his desiro to magnify his glory and that can only be done through the instrumentality of a most densely populated hell The gladiatorial shows and amphitheatrical ex hibitions of the Roman imperators fade away into feeble insig niflcanco beside tho more atrocious exhibitions Christianitys divine imperator holds in reserve for the faithful throughout eternity Then mothers will rejoice to behold their unbaptized stillborn little ones writhe in the flames that shall be continu ally fed What an alluring picture to bo sure and yet we call NcVlo a monster Let us apologize and say he was godlike Christ has not saved tho world by any means only a handful of favorites His elect an insignificant minority of the human race shall have heaven all to themselves while the rest of crea tion groans Tho doctrine of redemption under these circum stances becomes not only farcial but devilish It makes of Christthe tender friend and helperan ogro of the worst type and shows us god in the guise of an Almighty Fiend Such a conclusion no doubt will shock the church men but truth is not less holy for being the truth and saying of a lie it is the truth will not induce a change in its real nature It will still be a lie Let us arraign tho fabled god of the Christians before the judgment seat of unbiased human reason and what do we find him to b07 A petty phantom made terrible by the credulity of the masses And if wo concluded that instead of being a shadow he was an actual god what verdict would we return That the churches had misrepresented him when they called him loving good just merciful We find that this loving god made man imperfect and punished him for being what ho made him We find that ho dared to create human life although he foresaw tho fall and tho sins of the people If we deny that ho foresaw this then god was not omniscient and not being omniscient we must deny to him tho title of god If there be truth in tho scriptural account Omar was right when he said accusing his maker Argument From Present Facts as Well as History Offered for Judge Parish B LaddTwo Women Make Answer By Julia C Coon Parish B Ladd occupies neatly three pages of the Blade of August 22d and says want of time and magazine space tire my excuse for lack of a detailed statement to show up the absurdities of this visionary scheme It is to bo regretted that having chosen Historical and Declaratory Social Oh thou who man of baser earth didst make Andwho with Eden didst devise the snake For all the sin wherewith the face of man Is blackend mans forgiveness give and take God indeed stands in needof our forgiveness for most grievously has he sinned against man Foreseeing the fall he deliber ately created him and then punished the innocent with tho guilty a most heinous offense by continuing the curse in the chil dren of Adam making these guiltless beings bondsmen for an others fault As third count against this grotesque chimera of the church we find that he created hell and proposed to punish all whom ho hated beyond all proportion to their offenses Can anyone really conceive that a finite being could possibly bo guilty of such great crimes that infinite punishment were a just sequel That lost souls will throughout eternity burn and moan in hellfire is a conception so horrible that reasoning people are at a loss to understand why it does not repel everybody I ask these reverend fathers of the church if they really are aware of the enormity of such a belief if they really can imagine what they are saying Endless torments for trivial offenses That is trivial for thu most part though these offenses have through tho brutality and malice of a savage god been magnified most astonishingly Was there not a time in Christian history when women feared that they even endangered their salvation by glancing into a mirror because a noted saint had declared that that was idolatry and a deadly sin Is this tort tireloving implacable god for whom the priests demand homage and praise 14107 The love of which they prate Is that torturing fiend tho loving father What father worth the name would consign his babe to torture and to flames No wo are nobler better purer more perfect than this ogre Jehovah for we have kinder hearts than he and could not commit his crimes What I should call on that Infinite Love that has served us so well Infinite cruelty rather that made everlasting hellfThe god of love and of hell together they cannot be thought If there be such a god may the great god curse him and b1 ngifhint to naughtaThis is Tennysons verdict and I think it a sensible one San Francisco Cal I IFailures that Lead to Triumphs ism for a title his time and space gave out before he came to the subject A sarcastic account of some of many attempts an ignorant and oppressed people have made to throw off tho masters who have assumed a godgiven right to rob and enslave them a bitter arraignment of tho failures of these first attempts toward liberty thoughwith till the money arms and experience on one side failure seemed inevitable and natural abuse of that unfamiliar liberty when it was for a ment won is a reason for a general denunciation of Socialism It is much like the Rev Porters denunciation of infidelity when to this infidelity he really owed the privilege of standing in his Baptist pulpit Tie failures of the downtrodden driven masses in their struggles for economic free dom have been as many as the failures of the persecuted multitude for the goal of religions freedom but out of these failures has come a measure of success for both The two armies for freedom are and ought to ho as natural allies as are their pressors tho church and state allies Simon do Mont fort having established the first right of common people of England to be heard in parliament was slain directly after at Evesham in battle with tho contemptible Henry IIIund his work in so far as bringing actual liberty l a L BLADEI4 BLUE GRASS and justice to the people is concerned is as yet a failure Though granted the boon of a voice in law making they know not how to use it Montfort and many thousands of his contemporaries seem to have lived and struggled and died in vain William Wallace mustered an army and drove the English invaders from the land of his birth but he was betrayed by the miserable Scottish lords taken to London and there horribly tortured and executed His life seemed a failure Wat Tyler led a hundred thousand robbed and starving peasants to London to demand redress and was treacherously stricken down by one of the kings aides while the politic king cried out to the hesi tating multitude 1 will be your leader And in accepting him they accepted back their portion of debt poverty and slavery Wat Tylers work seemed a failure And so we might go on down through the years The great mass of humanity has silently plodded on enduring all in silent selfbattle that it is possible for human flesh to endurestriking wildly in an un equal fight when goaded to desperation meeting the almost inevitable failure stoic ally and suffering the penalties But out of all these failures victory has been stead ily marching Perhaps victory at that age would have made little real difference in the worlds history that is little difference in the welfare prosperity and happiness of the people The oppressed if raised to power were ready to become tyrants in their turn It was too early in the worlds career for a true conception of democracy as indeed it is perhaps even now The people were the victims of their own ignorance and bigotry as they are in only a little less degree today- Cromwell attained what the world called victory but he had not attained a concept of actual democracy and all the treasure and lives yielded up for what was believed to be the peoples cause went to naught for England was again reduced to the rule of the degenerate Stuarts Our own pilgrim fathers having attained the boon of liberty by braving the waves and the trackless forest knew not its priceless value and yielded themselves up to its misuse Shall we then in the face of all these failures lay down our banners and own liberty a willothewisp and the cause of economic and religious freedom vanquished for all time From the stilled voices of those who suffered and struggled and in that struggle lay bravely down to the eter nal rest we must take our own course in the battle that is forever waging the battle for human freedom or democracy Bartow Fla From a Text IBy John 1 Clarke The minister kissd the fiddlers wife An could not preach for thiukiu Burns Dearly beloved I take my text from Bobby Burns little song My love is but a lassie Preachers frailties were com mon enough one hundred and twentyfive years ago to make Burns take sufficient notice and let the world know that the minister kissed the fiddlers wife and could not preach for thinking about the kissing Kissing lassies was a common thing in Burns time but it was a kind of custom and the lass looked upon it as a kind of compliment to the family when her fathers friends kissed her Kissing of a mans wife was not so common but the clergy claimed benefits that others could not claim No doubt Burns saw the minister kiss the fiddlers wife and perhaps noted in the kissing something more than a formal salute As ministers did not take kindly to fiddlers the kissing of a fiddlers wife by a minister was audacious and a little passionate perhaps It was along the lino of spoiling the Egyptians and Robert Burns Esq noted all this and when the minister fell through his sermon and made a botch of it Bobby knew that the frag rance of the kiss was at tho cotton of the was in vogue when preaching first began but with the Scotch preachers it reached sublime dimensions Just think ofa man who has consecrates his life to his god and who takes a high view ot morality getting his head turned by a kiss and unable to talk correctly upon Gods business Perhaps there is no fiddler in Scotland whose wife has not spoilt some good dominiess sermon by crossing the parsons path upon Saturday Judas cut short Christs sermons by kissing him fis a measure of identification Priests wha Imo wi women kissd Priests wham led hao ottan miss a Welcome to your gory bed Or to trickery Noos tfie day and any the hour See the front o futtio lour See approach proud priestly 1Qwer Chains and slavery Wha will be a tr toll knae Wha should fill a cowards grave Who sao base as such a slave Will he turn and fleet Whit for womans peace of rriind fi r Treasons hands will strongly bind Free man stand or free man fa Let him on wi me By oppressions woes and pains By your girls in servile chains We will drain our dearest veins But they shall be free Lay the proud usurpers low Tyrants fall in every foe Liberty in every blow Let us do or die This parody upon Burns Bannock burn suits the case exactly Preachers take liberties and not only spoil their ser mons a small matter as the empty pews do not complain but they ruin family relations and put up great scandals Twelve per cent of marriages tire failures as per divorce records Another 12 per cent are failures that are not divorced Clergymen and high churchmen cause di rectly or indirectly half of these failures Pastoral visits arc family menaces I know of one minister who was assigned In two city churches and had to be recalled from both bccojisc husbands and brothers were after him Case never made public same man offered insult to a married cousin His wife is too proud for a parsons wife and desired him to study law so as to have better social position He also had trouble in his country locations His father was a minister and left an interesting past when ho went hence Religion is a menace to the home It is worse than fleas cock roaches and chinches Worse than mo tfA1llllgtOll OCTOBER PROGRAM The Philosophical Bible Class Union of America Text BooksBible Myths and Their Parallels in Other Religions By Doans Oct aChrist Jesus as Creator and Alpha and Omega page 247 to page 252 Oct 10The Miracles of Christ Jesus and the primitive Christians page 252 to page 258 Oct 17SI11I10 cantcnnen from page 258 to pago 204 Oct 24Santo cnnli from page 204 to pngo 209 7th line Oct 31SI11I10 canti front pogo 207 7th line to the close of tho chapter PROF A J CLAUSEN National Organizer St Ausgar Iowa BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 I Seek Ye and Ye Shall Find But Here Is a Compendium of What You Can Find and What You Cant Find From Reading the Bible By Joel M Berry We dont find the name of god or Jesus signed to a word in the Bible Wo dont find the word Jesus in the old testament at all It dont tell us when the beginning was It dont tell us who created the darkness It says that god divided the light from the darkness but it is not likely that they both existed at the same time It says that the first day commenced in the evening The evening and the morn ing wera the first day It says that light was created on the first then again on tho fourth Four whole days without the heat or light of the sun It takes a morn ing and an evening to make a day now It says that god ended his work on the seventh day so he must have been a sab bath breaker It dont tell us when space was created nor by whom There had to be space before there was tiny god ho would require n little room It dont tell us what became of the fe male created on the sixth day The male came up all right but the female has not been seen or heard of from that day to this so god had to make another in her place and that knocked the six days cre ation theory all into smithereens- It says that god is allwise but that ho made a fearful mistake in his first attempt at creating a world so ho had to destroy it and make another So he lips to create two worlds and two females before ho gets things in good running order Ingersoll says the trouble with tho first world was that god made no devil for it anda world without a devil in it would not amount to much Tile bible says that god is a material being that he is a spiritual being that no man hath ever seen him that hundreds have seen him that he fills all space that he goes from one location to another In fact it tells you that ho is all things and nothing after all you cant prove anything good or bad false or true by the bible Cant even prove who tho father of Jesus was Tho first man born in tho world tho bible says was a murdered and from that day to this murder and division has been the order of the day Jesus says that his mis sion to this earth was to stir up strife and division and to set tho people of this world to fighting and killing one another And if ever a prophecy of the bible was fulfilled this in our estimation is tho one The doctrine of polyganny and plurality of wives is taught in the old testament in all its beauty And if a woman didnot Suit give her a bill of divorcement and send her out of your house then if you saw tho wife of another man that you fan cied kill tho man David like I shall always hold the bible in utter contempt for the low estimate it puts upon womankind- It gives tho ago death and burial ofmany of the male population but from Eve the mother of mankind down to Mary the mother of Jesus we have not a single in stanco of tho ago death or burial of one female It dont even give us the name of Noahs wife tho mother of the second worlds inhabitants and in every case possible where any wrong had been done like in the case of Adam and Eve the blame was put on tho poor innocent woman There was Paul he has to expose his ignorance in regard to the poor woman He says But I suffer not a woman to teach nor usurp authority over the man for Adam was first formed then Eve See 1st Timothy 2nd Chapter But we can tell the old woman hater that he is mis taken there was a woman before Eve She is the second one created So it was not Adam then Eve We cant prove from the bible that Paul was married but we can prove from better authority than the bible that he was Then see his love maneuvers with Thecla and Perpctua no doubt ho had all tine wives he wanted Then where would the church be today if it was not for the steadfast untiring efforts of the poor woman A church without n woman would be of no more use than a heaven without a hellone could not possibly exist without the help of the other Natl Military Home 0 Only Two Planks Wanted CINCINNATI OHTOT am heartily in fivor of a national organization and will give it all the support in my power though for mnn business reasons it will bo im posRiblefor mo to attend any of its gather ings at present From my viewpoint I ran qee the neces sity of only two planks in our platform of declarations viz The repeal of nil Sunday laws and tho entire separation of church and state Let n strong organization centralize on those two planks and in a few years the populace would desert their idols and their energies would bo utilized for practical edu cation and the monuments to superstition would be turned into school houses where the pth of the land could be taught to live nty be able to utter a defiant Ha Hill whet old grim death appeared MORGAN WAMSLEY No Doubt About This LOUISVILLE KY Regarding the pro posed organization of Freethinkers I will give the following answers I favor it I will become a member if it is financially possible I select Louisville or Cincinnati for the meeting I favor October for dates OSCAR A JANICKE CANCE- RAFFLICTEDLISTEN I CURE all external Cancers Tumors Wens Carbuncles Fistulas Felons etc Remove Birthmarks and other unsightly growths that disfigure human beings Can cers a Specialty I use liquid remedies I do not use knife or plasters Cure is absolute unless beyond the power of man If you have a suspicious growth dont wait untilone foot is in the grave and the other caving in Please dont cry Fakir Fraud Graft etc until you investigate Write for free booklet DR H H DOW 858 N Raymond Ave Pasadena Calif Evolution of the God Idea The Evolution of the God Idea by the late Grant Allen is one of the most remarkable books of tho century 63000 copies have been printed and nearly all cir culated by the Rationalist Press Asso ciation of London in cheap form and is now offered for 25 cents postpaid by the American Agent of the R P A NORMAN MURRAY 246 St James St Montreal Canada Murrays Clearance Salei75c for 30c postpaid Byrons Forbidden Fruit Paul Berts Jesuit Morals Tolstois Root of Evil Sil coxs Sacredness of Man Livingston and the Boers Murrays British Landlord Moses and the Prophets 30 Propositions of a Pagans Religion The Open Challenge Ten Commandments Bible Texts etc etc The total retail price of the lot comes to 75 cents I will send the whole together post paid for 30 cents NORMAN MURRAY 246 St James St Montreal Canada 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE Christian Defamers of Paine Exposed Testimony of the Camera Brought Before- a Christian Evidence Society and It Could Not Be Contradicted By James B Elliott Secretary Paine Societies From time immemorial it has ever been the aim of Christian believers to misrepre sent slander and abuse the worlds brightest and best if the latter by sign word or deed contributed aught to weaken and impair the senseless and futile superstition in which those Christians believed No man who was born lived and worked and died within the last two centuries has been moro slandered and misrepresented than has Thomas Paine The Christians slan dered him living and now that he is dead they slander his memory For the past one hundred years the dc Gal EIGHT BLADE theaVskhFflRdd fenders of Thomas Paine have been kept busy answering Christian aspersions upon his personal character and denying the nu merous falsehoods concerning his works that have been thrown broadcast in the re ligious papers and magazines There is one particular incident in point to which attention is here invited It is concerned with the house known as No 59 Grove St New York City built and now standing upon the precise spot upon which once stood a small frame cottage in which Thomas Paine breathed his last Tune 8 800 It was in this very house that John Wesley Jarvis who was Paines personal friend and biographer took the death musk which is now in the Historical Societyof New York City and will be given in these col umns later This description of the house is as nec essary as the accompanying illustration in order to give ocular demonstration of a genuine Christian lie which passedcurrent as genuine truth in certain religious periodicals about a quarter of a century ago and repeated more or less since that time by preachers who would not take the trouble to investigate and did not know the facts This lie still finds advocates among certain rural preachers and believers among their simplemindedcongregations Advertising himself as anuInfidel Annihilator some years ago one Rev Charles Clausen D D of New York and professor in some divinity school reechoed this miserable outgrown fable namely That upon the site of the house where Tom Paine the noted Infidel died in New York City whereuI preach the gospel thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor of Je sus Christ there is erected a large pub lishing house which prints one million bibles that are circulated among the popu lation of the world and to counteract the pernicious influence of Tom Paines work on infidelitand immorality and whose bones were stolen from their grave to make buttons for the trousers of his disci ples in England and whoso grave is still unmarked on the farm where he was bur ied his memory has passed into deserved of the publication of such a lent fiction was that I in n quiet way man aged to draw Mr Clausen into an argument before his own bible class The expose took place before the socalled Christian Evi 59 Grove Street Now York City Site of House In which Thomas Paine died deuce Societyof Philadelphia Before undertaking this task I went to New York City and with some difficulty located the house formerly known as 59 Grove St now Bleckcr St engaged a photographer and secured a photograph of the house now cupying the site Mr William van der Woydc took the photograph and made the plates for which I am under obligation to him The accompanying illustration as shown here may look like a bible publish ing house to the imaginative Christian preacher but certainly not to an unprej udiced mind That eventful Sunday when the expose was made is one never to be forgotten Mr J C Hannon was also present I had selected him as my sppport and Rev Clausen selected another preacher Clausen brought in a manuscript weighing at least five pounds in preparation to refute a lec ture which had not yet been delivered We had a crowded house Mr Hannon af terwards wrote It was pitiful to see the look on Clausens face when Elliott flashed out the picture which had been enlarged to 10x20 and asked him if this was tho house referred to by him on n previous occasion And as he could not deny it in the presence of the same people he ad mitted his mistake publicly- It is fitting that in this the centennial year of Paine some reference be made to this subject Future generations will thus be kept informed Later I will give a full account of the Paine dinner at Thetford England where Paine was born presided over by the Mayor of that city After that I will review J W Jarvis work in defense of Paine People Throwing Off Shackles NATIONAL MILITARY HOME OHIO We are more than pleased over the fair prospects of n liberal organization some time in the near future We are also pleased to witness the intellectual progress of the 20th century The fact that the people are just on tho brink of throwing off tho old shackles of religious tyranny And organizing on n more humane and liberal foundation goes to show that they are just getting educated up to the point where they can begin to understand that statement of Ingersoll where he says Oh Liberty thon art tile God ofmy Idolatry No bended knees are required at thy throne and no sacrifice of innocent hood is needed before we can enter thy portals Liberty is what the people need hut they have become so accustomed to a life of religious slavery that it is difficult to make them understand just what they do want But the harvest is just about ripe two thousand years is long enough toMmature one cropTe will now gather in plough the ground and start a new crop with Frecthoiight Liberty and the better ment of mankind as the seeds sown to begin with Dont you think that ought to produce a pretty fair crop Wo think soJOEL M BERRY I r TJill BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 Strong Sentiments for Organization Freethinkers Vent To Their Thoughts Upon The New Movement and All Vote Aye On Blades Proposition Encouragement From Maine MILO MAINE As to my views on conglomeration for pushing the cause of Freethought I should be as I have been ready to do what I can if they the different societies will organize on a liberal broad basis and all members and societies be willing to follow a good leader but I do not think Freethinkers who have the cour age of their opinions will be so amenable to discipline as the rank and file of religious bodies of people who follow the leaders so individual influence came mostly from good books and a good book in the hands of the right man or wotnim will iften turn them when nothing else will I would suggest a crusade in distributing good books not too strong at first and then when many had began to think in those towns or districts where books had been distributed let our able lecturer try his hand in a wellordered meeting Much de pends on the book an Agnostic or Infidel passes to a person fI on the fence if its too strong the enquirer is set back Better for bo too weak than too strong for a re cruit I write from my own feeling which I well remember and to those of my friends who have not fully made up their minds to anything On reaching n strongly worded article I have always been careful to notice that chill to their inborn ideas which they took in with their mothers milk and have held to so religiously all their lives I hope something will be done to drag our cause to the front rank of public noticeW A COOPER Vermont Swells The Glad Acclaim WILMINGTON YTJust received and read the feast of good thing in your last issue But the best of all is your Clarion Call for the St Louis Meeting of Freethinkers November 14 Its welcome tones are heard away up hero in the Green Moun tain State and eschewing its theology r catch tho spirit of Julia Ward Howes Bat tle Hymn and feel tho inspiration of the immortal Declaration of Independence May results make tho day memorable as is the Fourth of July Better than flying through tho air better than discovering the North Pole better even that signalizing to Mnr4 is this organizing of an army of true men nIl true women animated and inspired r with a desire to free our far laud from error and superstition What an opportu nity for meeting and greeting tho bravo friends and promoters of Rationalism and Common Sense Age and distance forbid but in sympathy and spirit I will be there Let the platform be broad and the fellow ship cordial Leave Hfads and foibles to our friends tho religionists One of the rank and file but feeling abundantly honored to be even that I am sincerely yours E A FITCH Suggests Plan For Organization RUMFORD MAINE The enclosed copy ofn platform or declaration of prin ciples was drafted jointly by John H Means then of Dorchester Mass and my self About five years ago we met by appointment in Boston one Sunday and evolved what wo thought would make n set of principles that nil rationalistic mind ed men and women could abide bTOthought it possible to organize tho Ration alists of the country into some sort of a body that would present a constructive so ciety and be capable of subdividing and forming locals and furnishing the people a Creed As often happens to independent persons wo both experienced business changes that made it impossible for us to continue tho work I have not seen Mr Means for at least four years nor heard from him I chink he did send out copies of this to some Freethinkers and perhaps he had it printed But there has never been any organizationI it to you thinking it may ho useful in aiding you in forming v set of resolutions for tio organization you are proposing to forth Organization on the plan proposed by Elizabeth Wile seems to mo to bo the most likely to be effective But the next step necessary to the preservation of tho liberties we now have and to better the condition of mankind through the rational thought that is possessing mens minds is organization Organization that will be a power in social and all affairs The church with a handful of members through organization is able to terrorize supportfromOrganization is the strength of file church They organize and U convert children and tire not above maintaining ILItclallle roll Wo think wo violate the childs right to think for himself if wo seek to impress his mind with our ideas before ho has attained ton reasonable age If it is possible to get an organization that will embrace all Rational thinkers it is tho great and saving monument and all should support it BELIEVING THAT the faith by man in supernatural revelations known by the comprehensive term II Revealed Religion seriously retards the moral and mental growth of tho human race and promotes unhappy conditions throughout the earth WE DECLARE 1 For tho utmost freedom of thought speech and press so long as the rights and happiness of no man and the welfare of the nation bo not curtailed 2 That tho pursuance of the moral prin ciples of Truth Mercy Justice Love and Charity are the noblest aims and duties of mankind 3 That all the creeds and dogmas of the various religions by embodying as they do a system of future rewards for acts of piety or virtue inspired by fear of future punishment or hope of future reward do not develop the noblest efforts of man 5 That the Humanitarian system of philosophy that should replace the existing theological stel11s will teach that nature reveals tho only laws necessary to guide mankind in tho ways of wisdom and love and that by honest and upright devotion to our fellowman and to the principles in sections No and 2 and by recognizing taughthypursuing the best andonly logical and scientific moral life that satisfies ethics and truth 6 That the laws of nature are eternal and unchangable and that all moral or physical trangressions are punished 7 That whether or not there be an eternal beneficient force or a future state of individual consciousness in no way effects these principles That tho hope and aim of The Amer ican Brotherhood is the substitution of Truth for Superstition the fullest develop MercyCharity necessarytobrotherhood of humankind 0 That for these purposes we mutually everythingfullest appreciations of tho importance of responsibilitiesnames MANLY A BRIGHAM- P SJointly prepared by John H Means and Manly A Brigham 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded y Charles Chilton Moore in and edited by him until his death February 1MI JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN CHARLESWORTH Editor 1261 N KyPSUBSCRIPTION RATES By advanceFivesixmonthsmonthFerelm per year ADVERTISING RATES fourInsertionsQuarter column single Insertion SIlt one month Hi six months 1111 one year 1610 specialratesThe publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the paidupscribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers er numbers emitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal case of dlsclntlnuance thlmcTH IrTliItTHE BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as secondclass mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P Box III Lexington Ky ABOUT THE ORGANIZATION Let all roads lead to St Louis Arrange to be there in time for tho meeting Sunday November 14 1909 It is now finally settled that the meeting of Freethinkers for the purpose of organization will be held at the placo and on the date above named All ye who love mankind all who desire to establish peace and happiness in the world by resisting all phases ofreligious superstition all who realize that humanity is greater than all tho churches in Christendom all who are unseifish enough to give a little of their time and means to enable Freethinkers to demand a recognition of their rights and privileges as men and women till who are satisfied that by combining our efforts wo can hasten the day of mental emancipation are invited and requested to join with this movement to attend tho meeting at St Louis and by counsel and advice assist in this glorious few of our friends had written requesting us to reconsider the place of meeting after St Louis had been informally given yet wo felt it our duty to permit the larger number to decide and wo have since had friends write us urging that no further changes bo made For this reason we now formally call tho meeting for St Louis on Sunday November 14 1909 at 9 oclock in the morning Correspondence with friends has been opened up in St Louis with a view to having them secure a hall for us to meet in and a hotel that will offer reasonable rates for our entertainment Just as soon as these matters havii been arranged duo announcement will be given in our columns that all may learn this necessary information If our friends will all come well prepared we can conclude our labors in one day Possibly by tho end of the after noon session In that event we can have one or two Free thought lectures given at night but this will only be con sidered in the event wo have time to indulge in such exer cises Nothing must be done that will interfere with tho supreme work we have in hand The lectures at nightlaro simply offered as a suggestion in tho event sufficient time is afforded us in that Parker Sercombo will be ther3 and wo can also help a little in that direction Other friends havp written that they will be on hands me from proximitymake the meeting one of tho largest and most enthusiastic in the history of our cause in America Remembering what has previously been written and publishedon this subject wo now urge upon all to keep the date and placo of meeting well in mind and make every possible effort to get there Further details will be given as soon as we are in possession of the necessary information A SOLDIER OF THE CROSS Reading through a personal description of personal experiences by a Country Pastor whoso name is with hold from the public by tho Womans Homo Companion publishedrelated must bo the common experience of many who imagine themselves called to preach the gospel of Jesus and him crucified as a necessary result of tho advanced methods of education and in spite of tho serious efforts of tho church authorities to keep their training institutions under restraint Tho article is worth reading It is bristling with facts only too well known and without being caustic or critical it explains how many a minister stifles his honest convic tions in an effort to preserve tho sectarian shibboleth engages in a conflict between conscience and religious duty as he has been trained to understand the latter and as u last resort pulls himself out of tho pulpit because ho can no longer teach a superstition that belongs only to tho ignorant past Tho highest and sternest ofall human duties is to bo true to ones self to act and teach in strict accordwith tho dictates of enlightened conscience fearing naught but tho promulgation of error and avoiding those acts that are known to produce pain When ministers of the socalled gospel rise to that high plane of thought and conduct the idolatries of the present will be abandoned M BLUE GRASS BLADE 9 for more practical and beneficial pursuits and tho wealth that is now being wasted in the spread of superstition will be used in other and better channels lifting the race from the quagmire of a senile faith to the sublime pinnacle of Reason and Truth Few ministers are to be found who have not passed through the same stages of thought and the same experi ences as those related in tho magazine article referred to At first comes the desire to qualify for the profession this is followed by the solemn joy of triumph as the ordination takes place and tho young gosling is dispatched t on his mission to preach now comes the real awakening special pains are taken in preparation of the first sermon and it is studied over intensely for the delivery Its reception brings a pang for ho realizes that it is not in harmony with his surroundings and to use tho very language of the article in question there followed an agonizing experiencegrief and dismay among the aged scoffing among the indifferent and a degree of spiritual turmoilamong the young believers all in alla ferment that was to me a horror In this mental discord we find a complete representation of the eternal discord between Nature and orthodox religion In spito of all religious restraints the mind continually struggles to bo free and this very struggle in which the young parson engaged between his conscience and his religion led him as ho declares to prepare to for departure burning my ser mons disposingof my theological books and packing my clothes that were not too ragged to take with me I was joyous now in quite a different way A wild exultancy sprang from the thought that in a few hours more tho ministry would be behind mo forever Conscious of tho fact that tho Christian religion has no power to save no power to uplift no intelligent direction for the great mass of humanity and that human duties are not dependent upon church or creed hundreds and thou sands of tho best minds are drawing away from the church leaving it a stranded wreck upon the shoals of time The wild exultancy which this young preacher enjoyed is the same kind of joy that comes to the imprisoned bird when set free gladly leaving the gilded cage in which it had been confined for the freedom of the sky freedom to spread his wings and fly This is tho supreme joy experienced by tho Freethinker Ho knows no god to terrify with his awful frown and threats of diro punish ment for failure to believe in impossible doctrines Tho universe is open to him to his minds best thought and using that thought without fear of orthodox punishment lie sees and enjoys tho grandeur of tho material universe all his own so far as ho learns to conquer it Ho becomes tolerant of tho rights and privileges of others according to each full choice in mental problems of which tho indi vidual mind must bo tho solo judge and proposes no material punishment for those who fail to agree with him in matters of belief or unbelief Taking tho tenets of the Christian faith sublimely ridiculous at their best tho majority of men andwomen cannot subscribe to or indorse them no matter how vigorously they may try By self argument they may be partially convinced that they aro able to give assent to them but deep down in their hearts there is a feeling of doubt which too many try to stifle and smother So it was with this young minister ITo entertained doubts concerning many things which he had been taught in his divinity school doubts wrought by actual contact with an actual world and in explaining his mental attitude concerning these things ho snJsWhnt galled me was the insincerity of my asceticism When young men asked me privately my convictions regarding such matters I told them privately that those were questions for the individualconscience Whenever I received now communicant it became my duty to require him to avow belief in a scheme of doctrines that contained assertions several of which I myself from Christian motives rejected If remained silent concern ing them was not that a kind of lying Was it not to appear to endorse what I could in nowise endorse row many ministers aro in the land today who are guilty of an insincerity of asceticism And how many ministers are there with the moral courage to frankly admit it As so many matters are for tho individual conscience is it not a gross presumption for any minister to impose mental and moral restrictions upon his fellows assuming an authority not conferred upon him by those whom lIe would hold in subjection There is so much more in the article we would like to discuss but our limited space forbids In conclusion we give the following as fair sample of tho experiences re lated showing to what they lead and indicating the fate of tho church Ho says Must tho minister despite all effort to the contrary become an actor Acting was not to my taste yet I found myself playing a part oven in my social relations with my fellows They compelled it Never would they deal with mo as with a layman They showed toward me a deference out of all proportion to my years or dignity They wore artificially decorous when I was by and artificially reserved They thought best that I should seo only as much of their real characters as seemed to them fit for ministerial scrutiny They were never quite themselves Consequently I was never quite myself It takes two in tho long run to maintain social honesty if one party sham3 consciously the other party will sham unconsciously adopting as second nature an assumed seriousness and a forced propriety His part is cut out for him and theres nothing for him to do but play it As I look back I am not amazed that I left tho ministry after three years Iam amazed that I didnt leave it after three months though I cannot profess shame over having been somewhat slow to allow early experiences however disillusionizing to demolish my hope that honesty might triumphs I 710 BLUE GRASS BLADE BY THEIR FRUITS YE SHALL KNOW THEM Personalcharacter is still discountenanced by the pro fessors of the orthodox Christian religion and faith is fixedas the solitary premium of salvation A man may be honest that is ho may deal honestly with his fellow man cheating none and become an exemplar in fair deal ing He may love his neighbors as far as human senti ment can go and be courteous to all with whom he comes in contact He may bo fair of speech and righteous in act chivalrous bigheartedand generous He may enjoy the laughter of childhoodand revel in the beauties of nature but unless ho believe that a Jew two thousand years ago died for the sins of all upon a cross he is doomed to eternal Christianity It is true Christianity It was the Christianity of the dark ages It is the Christianity of today It is the only Christianity there ever was is now or ever can be When churches calling themselves Chris tian discard such teaching and doctrine they cease to bo Christian and must take some other name While it maybe and is Christianity it is also a degrading and cowardly superstition It is used to terrorize little children and extort pennies from their hands It is also used to furnish an idle and useless living to an interested and time serving few The intelligent minds of the world revolt against such teachings and the more the churches insist that such doctrines are true and proceed to dogmatise thereon the more will be found outsido of andopposing tho church Some time ago the editor of tho Titusville New York Herald wroto and published an editorial entitled Good Morning In it he said amongother things Ho maynot even lie a member ofa church ho may never have been regarded n moving moral force in the community but if ho see the hand of his Maker in the painted sunset if he hears his voice in tho singing of the birds if ho loves the flowers and tho little children and if ho has high deference for womanhoodthen you critical ones may register him as a Christian gentleman whose salvation is as nearly assured as human judgment may understand of things divine Wo do not know whether the author of those lines be a church member or not but we are inclined to doubt it In any event ho will not bo permitted to long remain a member should ho be one if tho orthodox of the community in which ho lives can havo their way The mind that can conceive such sentiments as those expressed in that short quotation must lx capable of rising above the petty tumults and sordid passions of life and can see and understand the beauties of existence without sinking to tho low level of Christian believers Such a mind deserves not toleration merely but encouragement But no sooner hind those sentiments appeared in print than orthodox church members presumably some of them preachers got their heads together and in a short while hadorganized a boycott upon him and proposed to carry on n war against the circulation of his paper because of what he hadsaid They adopted a resolution which was submitted to the editor in due form and time After declaring that the sentiments ho had expressed were not Christian sentiments and after declaring such sentiments as being a dangerous doctrine to teach to the young they closed by sayingi Now sir this faith has builded your schools and col leges brought light out of darkness hope out of despair and we are far from ready to throw overboard the faith of tho church or allow to go without protest a declaration which is so rankly materialistic We dont want it enter ingour homes daily and insidiously meted out to our boys and girls Signed Most sincerelyJ CJUTCHLOW T W CAVANAUGH E E MAHEIUA W II DAI MAX F LEKOY SENOUK OscAit XELSON The Blade publishes the names of the signers of that resolution because they deserve the anathema ofevery honest noble and rightminded man and woman in the land They are the personification of religious intolerance the apotheosis of superstition gone mad This half dozen ought to bo immortalized not for the good they are doing but as showing tho young what to avoid But when and where did the Christian faith as a faith over build tiny schools Did not tho Christian church steadfastly oppose the introduction of learning as being contrary to the church and its teachings When the world was most Christian it was the most ignorant Only as the church has lost temporal power did learning and scholarship become apparent For centuries tho church tortured imprisoned and murdered the scholars in every land where it could obtain a foothold Even today the schools and colleges are breaking loose from church influences because of tho persistent efforts of its leaders to pervert and poison tho instruction afforded with the dogmas of their super stitionIf and hell be realities and choice could be made declare that wo would prefernow we do not hesitate to an eternity in hell with tho editor of tho Titusvillo Herald for company than to bo compelled to spend even one week in heaven with such saints as tho men who signed that resolution of protest THE FOLLY OF PRAYER Prayer by tho supposedly faithful has recently been subjected to a rather severe but practical test andas usual in all such cases its impotency and inefficacy have once more been demonstrated n IBLUEGRASS BLADE 11 I The death of Governor Johnson of Minnesota or the last illness resulting in death was tho occasion of the test During the last crisis when it became known that death was likely to ensue the churches of the different denominations throughout Minnesota conducted special prayer meetings and a volume of prayers was sent heavenward appealing to the god of tho Christian faith who is all wise and allpowerful to spare the life of tho distinguished executive that he might ho spared to tho people of Minnesota But if god heard their prayers he did not hood them Governor Johnson died in spite of prayers Baptists Jews Zionites Academy students in fact all denominations joined in tho farce comedy of religion Inferentially the only argument that could he drawn is that either god heard the prayers and refused to grant the request made got hard hearted as he is reported to have heen withone of tho Pharaoahs or there is no god to either hear or answer prayer Tho latter view is by far tho most sensible and much nearer tho truth Some day even Christians may be able to learn from experience CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT What men once readily undertook to do as a voluntary act believed to be a religious duty is now regarded as an altogether useless proceeding and the same act is now imposed by a judicial tribunal as a specie of punishment It is reported that Mayor McCaskcy of Lancaster Pa sitting as a judge of tho police court recently sentenced six male students of the Sophomore classes of tho Franklin and Marshall College of that city to learn tho ten com mandments and tho Beatitudes of tho old testament as a penal punishment for having violated a city ordinance in tacking some printed cards on the telegraph poles of the municipality The law required a fine of 50 and costs upon proof of guilt in such offenses and the accused students being adjudged guilty the Mayor it is saidre mitted the fines and costs but ordered them to read tho bible and to learn those portions above indicated The explanation is offered that in duo time the Mayor is to send for tho students and examine them to ascertain if they have really performed tho task ho had thus imposed At this writing we hmo no information concerning the outcome The judgment of Mayor is unconstitutional It is provided by the Constitution of tho United States and by the constitutions of a number of tho States if not all that no cruel and unusual punishments shall ever bo invoked against persons adjudged guilty of crime and there is no law or authority conferred upon a mere police judge to go beyond tho provisions of tho statutes or tho ordinances under which his court is sitting Could it bo reasonably argued that tho mere rending or com mitting to memory selected portions of the bible had a tendency to elevate and uplift to produce high moralcon cepts and thus act as a preventive of wrongdoing tho n silly judgment of this unique Mayor might be tolerated as a general practice It was his clear duty under the law to invoke the punishment actually prescribedupon proven guilt and no judge can bo permitted to set aside statutory provisions and invent a punishment as his whims or fancies might suggest Tho legal aspect of this remarkable case is but a mere side issue and wo do not deem it of sufficient importance to enlarge upon a discussion of that feature but wo do want to direct public attention to the fact that the reading of tho bible is now regarded and has been judicially de creed to bo a specie of penal punishment so that infrac tions of the law may be dealt with in this manner Such a punishment legally imposed will suggest to the think ing mind that the young people of the present age dodge and avoid the reading of the biblo as they would a pesti lence and instead of looking upon it as a duty or a pleasure it is given tho air ofa penal proceeding made compulsory through the vindictive element of the law Unconsciously perhaps this Mayor has placed the bible in a truly ridic ulous light and it is a safe presumption that if tho half dozen students perform tho task thus assigned to them they will never again touch tho bible afterwardslRELIGION IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS From tho Philadelphia Record wo learn that Judge Rice of the Superior Court has recently handed down an opinion upholding the State law which prohibits the wear ing ofa distinctively religious garb in the public schools While the courts of Pennsylvania are not accreditedwith an overabundance of eminently wise decisions yet in this case they must bo accorded all due credit for a judicial liberality in so far as matters of litigation pertaining to the orthodox religion is concerned For many years in some states the Catholic schools enjoying a prorata of the public school fund permitted fostered and encouraged tho wearing of religious garbs by the women employed to teach therein and at tho same time undertook to display a profusion of images pictures and texts all having a religious import and intended to so affect the minds of tho pupils under their care as to impress them with a decidedly religious sentiment with a view tb denominational acquisition Protestant hostility induced a reaction and exclusive Roman Catholic schools were denied by law tho right of participation in tho school funds Under the notion that tho State ought not to bo taxed for the support of tiny religious system this denial was acquiesced in by all liberal people and a threatened extension of the system induced a sort of compromise in Minnesota whore tho FnribnultStillwntor plan was adopted which permitted participation in tho public school funds conditioned upon tho removal from tho schools of all religious objects even to tho wearing of tho garbcommon to tho sisters of Charity Whether this plan is still in vogue wo are unable to say as wo have heard or read of b I 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE no discussion concerning it and it is highly probable that some sort of a compromise stillexists The tendency of the measures of this character was to prevent the threatened and anticipated designs of Roman Catholicism upon the public schools of America They have had their effect Efforts have been made in Ken tucky to secure for parochial schools a portion able appro priation out of the common school fund but it has been to no avail Roman Catholic parents may enjoy the right and privilege of having their children educatedunder Roman Catholic tutelage but they must bo required pay for that privilege out of their private funds The State has no right to be required to contribute towards the support of any school of a purely denominationalcharacter Tho public schools supported bya common tax are open to all children within the scholastic age and Catholic parents with the same rights as others have the privilege of using these schools for their children The work of the priest however is to retain an exclusive controlover the infantile minds hence their bitter opposition to the public schools which they denounce as being godless In the case under consideration however the proceed ings were instituted against that sect known as Mennonites It appears that a Miss Lillie Risser a member of the Mennonites these people being n German adjunct to the Baptist church was employed as a school teacher and insisted upon her right to continuously wear the garb prescribed by her church during her attendance at school Tho District Attorney of Lancaster county caused the school directors of Mount Joy township to bo indicted for a violation of the law The directors in their answer to the indictment undertook to demur on the ground that to deprive Miss Risser of her right to wear the garb in controversy would be an infringement of the constitutional guarantee of religious liberty The Judge of the County Court before whom this demurrer was argued sustained tho contention of the directors and dismissed the indictment The District Attorney appealed from that decision upon an issue of law which resulted in a reversal of the findings of tho lower court and Miss Risser must either give up her sectarian garb or quit teaching in tho public the present law first became operative in Pennsyl vania it was reported that a number of Catholic women sisters as they are called were employed as teachers in the public schools or in schools supported by public money and these at once either quit their garb or resigned There is no doubt that the law was originally intended to reach this latter class but to have any force it must be made applicable to all denominations wearing or requiring to be worn a distinctively religious garb at all times Com menting upon the law and its importance Judge Rice in his opinion said among other things Tho system of common school education in this commonwealth is tho croaturo of the state and its perpetuity and freedom from sectarian control are guaranteed by ex press constitutional provisions Tho power of the Legislature to make reasonable regu lations for tho government of tho teachers conduct while engaged in tho performance of their duties must bo con ceded Primarily it is the province of the Legislature to determine what regulations will promote the efficiencyof the system and tend to the accomplishment of the object for which it was established- As shown by the preamble of the act under considera tion tho Legislature deemed it important that all appear- nnces sectarianism should bo avoided in the administration of the public schools of this commonwealth This was the ostensible object of tho Legislature and wo can discover no substantial ground for concluding that it was not the solo object which the Legislature had in considera tion Attention is directed to an article in this issue of the Blade by Sam E Bear regarding our criticism of Mrs Besant and her Messiah We have no authoritative denial from Mrs Besant to the effect that she had been misquoted and wo sincerely hope she has Since receiving that letter the American papers quoting from Mrs E1 O Pcots president of the Theosophical Society of Cleveland Ohio Mrs Besant now claims to bo both Hypatia of Alexandria and Giordano Bruno of Rome reincarnated Assuming this to be a claim made also by Mrs Besant we have nothing to retract from our views previously expressed andwould criticism to the mental condition even go further with our as of Mrs Annie Besant The Editor of the Blade has been booked for lectures at the following places for November but tho precise date is not yet fixed Friends in the vicinity are invited to attend and tlitoeo along the route desiring lectures are requested to communicate at once with tlio Blade office Tho lecture appointments are as follows Covington Tnd IMVirslinll Tll Decatur Ill St Ansgnr Town Shenandoah Town and St Louis Mo Since securing these dates several friends have requested that wo visit Oklahoma Two matters intervene at present Ono is that tho distance is too far away from the Blade office where tho Editor is most needed and the other is that preparations can only bo made for a trip to Kansas City as tho furthest point If wo find that inability prevents our reentrance into Oklahoma tho sceno of many a previous battle another trip will bo planned for the early spring and we may venture into tho pow State again at that time Tho flood of letters demanding the now organization for which tho St Louis meeting has been called continues pouring into tho Blade office and we predict that this will prove tho greatest and most important movement in our cause for a century past It is fitting too in that this is the Centennial year of Thomas Paine r JBLuEGRASS BLADE ni JIDEFENDS MRS CRITICISM BESANT AGAINST Blade Editorial upon Leader of Theosophical Society Draws Comment and Protest By Sam E Bear My attention has been directed to an ar ticle in your splendid paper of Aug 15 which had you been apprised fully of all the facts I am confident you would not have published or at least would have greatly modified before putting it into print I refer to the article entitled Mrs Besant and Her Messiah I feel sure you would not intentionally do this great and gifted woman an injustice and I would therefore respectfully request tLo privilege of setting the Blue Grass Blade and its distinguished editor right as to the atti ut Mrs Besant with respect to rite Coming of the Messiah The truth is Mrs Besant was grossly misquoted in interviews in various Eastern journals which were distributed broadcast by the Associated Press soon after her arrival in this country about Aug 1 She did not say all or nearly all the things at tributed to her In fact Mrs Besant does not believe that Messiahs Saviors or Christs are made specially to order as a propitiation for the sins of the people on this globe of ours She believes in Evolutionary progress both spiritual and physical and it is to lead and guide such great Evolutionary processes that she believes at the proper time and when they are the most needed that great souls are incarnated into tho physical world as such teach irs leaders and guides Suchshe con ceives Confucius Buddha Zoroaster Moses and the Christ to be Eventually she ex pects the appearance of others like unto themthe next one probably in 50 or 75 that you formerly knew Mrs Besant well You then must know how im possible it would be for her to believe with the wildeyed longhaired fanatics ivho perennially prophesy the coming of the Lord Jesus Christ as the preserver of ton per cent and the destroyer of 90 percent of the people in the world Now as to her mental condition or as you prefer to call it herIt second child hood1rs Besant is not yet 65 years of age and is in full and complete possession of all her mental equipment She was never more vigorous in mind or body than she is today She still has all the impassioned forceful and magnetic eloquence that so charmed yon years ago in England when site was in the forum in defense of the Equality of Rights No Mr Charlcsworth it is wrong and believe you as a fair and just man will acknowledge you are wrong in referring to this great and good woman as an inane prattler in her second childhood No mat ter what you may think of her system of philosophy at least give her credit for ability and sincerity in its presentation Theosophy merely means divine wisdom a striving towards the attainment of the di vine powers latent in every human soul In our humble way we are all searchers after truth each according to his ability to know and grasp the truth when he finds it1111s Besant happens at this time to be the leader of the Theosophical Society and a great and noble leader she is Still she calls herself a mere student along with the great body of us In your article you refer to Madame Bla vatsky as a notorious adventuress I have always considered an adventuress as one who sought to profit personally by some bold stroke of fortune Madame Blavatsky never profited one dollar in her great work as the cofounder with Colonel Henry S Olcott of the Theosophical Society Her great books will be the lasting monuments which will make secure her fame although she always shunned rather than courted fame No contemporaneous encyclopaedia classes her as a notorious adventuress and I cannot believe that you as a gallant Kentucky gentleman will do so after ture deliberation Kansas City Mo MORE POINTS FOR JUDGE LADDS CONSIDERATIONBy A disciple of evolution should know that tho sumo laws govern in tho evolution of Socialism as in other lines of human eu dcavor early efforts being always weak and imperfect However Utopian the early Socialists may have been Karl Marx and Frederick Engels placed Socialism upon a scientific basis because capitalism had then developed sufficiently to make their work possible Capitalism alone with its concen tration of wealth and consolidation of in dustries could prepare the way for SocialismA of history may observe that the form of government of a country adapts itself invariably to the economic develop ment of its people Tile changes from slavery to feudalism and then to capitalism have each been brought about because tho ruling class that superseded the one be fore had different economic interests With the advent of machines it would ho folly for the ruling class tho capitalists to own slavesto clotho and feed them in sickness and old age when ho can get moro hands than ho needs to slave for him without being responsible for their bodily what person is so benighted as to think that capitalism is the final stage of social evolution or that the wageworkers some 70 per cent of the people will forever continue to let the capitalists exploit them of threefourths of what they produce No the workers are slowly but surely getting wise witness tilt number tf Socialists in Germany who are wringing one ref MfeRter another from a reluctant governs B There must be something tho matter Hjcrmauys schools JudgefR is badly mistaen if he thinks Socialism s no strength in tho Scandinavian sell s which lie says have the best system tt education In 1907 there were 133000 JUuespaying members in the So cialist Jirty in Sweden alone There are at present 300000 workers jn u strike in Sweden and they show such selfcontrol that not a single arrest was made in Stock holm during the first four days of the strike Such a solidarity on the part of tho workers spells doom to capitalism Judge Ladd seems to think that revolution means bloodshed A revolution is the CHANGE in the om of a government and blood shed needlfot accompany ital witness the bloodless revolution of Brazil On the other hand there can be plenty of blood shed without a revolution as when the Czars troops shot down in cold blood the unarmed petitioners to tho crown Socialists propose to mako tho change to Socialism with the ballot and if there is any bloodshed it will be because tho small minority of capitalists refuse to abide t by the legally expressed will of tho ma Ladd sneers because Socialists dont agree on all points but wouldnt t think of condemning Freethinkers for haw f ing opinions of their own All Socialists of all countries agree on this fundamental principle That all the means of production and distribution which are socially necessary should be socially owned Can Freethinkers agree as well Aro not our atheists agnostics and deists oven now cudgeling their brains to find a platform they can agree upon for a national also agree that labor produces all wealth That to keep the full product of his labor the wage worker must control the government This will not be difficult when once ho becomes classconscious conscious of his own class interests seeing that he is overwhelmingly in the majority While Judge Ladd questions the ability of tho Socialists let us try to fled out what his class tho lawyers have done for tho advancement of the race Please enumerate tho useful inventions or scientific discoveries lawyers have made I being alllig norant socialistIlont know ofone Priests and preachers excepted lawyers are the greatest foes of progress in tho world for they live with their faces to the past precedentProgress 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE NaumarTs Orchestra E D NAUMAN Violin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Cornet Clarinet Other Instruments Adde evired Over 500 pieces of the best c suitable for any program alway band Phone 128 12 Lock E 800 SIGOURNEY IOWA A TRIP TO ROME By DR J B WILSON This work is acknowledged to be one of the best descriptive literary efforts of the 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