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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, October 17, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909101701 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, October 17, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume XVIII LEXINGTON KY OCTOBER 17 1909 Number 27 DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT ttttl1il1 tt tuttb 6IBy Alice D O Greenwood When the Good Bein made this with do you Reckon Ho knowM what twas con n to Kase if Ho did do you low Ho would 0 sized up the job an called it good t Do you for n mint sposo that HI Would o went an sot out that en tree Knowin as well as Ho does I That twould all bust up in nowI An furdermorc would Ho A critter like that ere sn An jis for a little spot o fun s Let it spile the job that Hod begun No sireo Ill never bliove a Ile put up that job on Adam n e Bekaso t was anythin else but faiths Jis a lowdown undorhan trickfTfi sear useeAFor a man an woman to bo placed 35 With the devil himself to buckaffinJ An then when theyd dono whate know d theyd do He goes an kicks up a hollabaloo An drives em out o the old ace An cusses Mis Adam right tohetfJicqrt 0kAn the poro young things so the jSor gpe s Was driv fruui homo without no clothes Now aint that a pretty howdy yotioli Why r kaint swaller ichr kin xott Now Thought Magazine t t 1J jTtl li iif J I i 1i I i C i Jr lIdlHXIl 1I t I 2 rBLTE GRASS BLADE 1AFreethinker on the Defensive One of the Crowded Out Addresses Intended To Have Been Delivered at the Columbus Ohio Convention of Buckeye Secular Union By Lou Lawrence About a year ago a new family moved into our neighborhood In due time I called upon the lady and was delighted to find her in the main a 4ry congenial person In a short time we began to be very friendly She expressed herself as being attracted toward me and as being pleased to find so soon among her new neighbors a person of similar tastes andopinions This woman proved to be a conscientious energetic enthu siastic Methodist and it was not long until she began to talk church It was Our church Our minister Out Ladies Aid and so on For a while I made such remarks as I could without doing violence to my conscience but she so persistently assumed that I took an interest in church affairs similar to her own that I began to feel it to be hypocritical not to make her understand how little sympathy I had with the church and its methods- I admired the womans sincerity very much so I said to her If I could be a Christian Mrs Monk I should bo tho sort of u Christian you are Of course she was duly shocked at the intimation of such an impossibility and protested that I was just the sort of person who would make an excellent Christian but when assured her that I had belonged to the church and could never do so again she quietly dropped the subject Being alternately away from home it was some time after this before we met again and when we did so Mrs Monk showed no disposition to talk about the church She was some times forced to mention it incidentally but she did not bring its affairs up for discussion- I said nothing about my religious views I knew that now she understood ant so far I was satisfied She seemed a little shy of me and illat ease and it began to look as if my religious opinions were going to cost mo another friend- I was anxious to know how much the lady knew and what she thought and it was not long until my curosity was partially satisfied by a visitors telling me that I had aroused Mrs Monks interest and she had been making inquiry about my information decided my course I liked the woman and wanted to be friends with her but with me there is no close friendship without complete candor so the next time I met Mrs Monk I made ita point to criticize the church Fortunately she happened to be telling with a discouraged air of tho severe strain that had been put upon her as president of the Ladies Aid Society during the preparation for a recent church supper and of how that society had raised 1200 within tho year of her presidency for the purchase of a carpet for tho church and other improvements I declared to her that her efforts were certainly praiseworthy if it could be proved that tho objects for which they had been put forth wore truly beneficial to society but that I saw she was aware I had my doubts on this head At that tho dear little mortals face took on a lookof absolute woe and she cried H 0 Miss Lawrence how can you 1 dont think I could live if I thought about it as you do It filH l LJlt IC l Jf IlL illllL 11m Weill then we both wanted to talk at once and we each wondered how tho other failed to see things as she did and unluckily it was a cold day and we were standing where our ways parted so tho discusion had to bo postponed It has been resumed for a few minutes at various times and on the last occasion I told her that sho must come out to my house and wo would talk tho matter over at length and if she wince mo that sho was right I would gladly go into the churchfwith her Sho has not come yet but sho is intelligent sincere and courageous and Christians of that stamp are not usually so fearful of discussion so I have a hope that she may yet accept my invitation It was these conversations with Mrs Monk which forced in upon my mind an idea which has often presented itself to me concerning Rationalistic propaganda It is this Too much of what is prepared for the Freethought press and platform appeals to those only who are more or less skeptical We see the fallacies of tho various religions so plainly and wo so fully realize tho injury which is being done by them to society that it is difficult for us to accommodate ourselves to the mental condition of the truly believing Christian We write and speak too much for each other and do not make sufficiently simple appeals to meet the needs of tho conscientious religionist- It is to this class of people that I am going to address myself If there is here but one dear Christian sister whose heart is fullof reverence for aH heavenly father who is infinite in knowledge wisdom justice lovo and mercy it is to that one person I want to appeal My arguments will likely seem old to all you fourth year Freethinkers nationalists Materialists or whatever be the name by which you desire to bo known But if you get tired you dont have to listen for I shall be talking to this precious sister of mine this woman who wonders how it is possible for a woman to continue to bo half human and deny tho existence of any god of which she has ever heard Make tho same statement to two persons of similar mental calibre who had similar educational advantages and you will arouse similar ideas and for this reason IlUn going to make hero just such replies and arguments us were suggested by Mrs Monk criticisms and appeals That lady wanted to know how I could bo happy without religion and I assume that there tire some here who would like to make tho same inquiry My answer was and is Because I do not feel the need of any religion We are never unhappy for lack of that for which we have no craving for which wo have no use While tho church as an organization might supply many things which would be acceptable to me the religion it represents that is tho creed tho theology even the morality are not things of which I feel myself in need H 0 but creeds and theologies dont amount to much any more declared my friendHOur minister doesnt talk muchIabout them but he preached a beautiful sermon last about Burdenmakers and Burdenbearers lIe says it is our deeds our lives that count Yes I agree with your minister there It is our deeds our lives that count But it is not our deeds our personal conduct in general on which tho church is founded and of which re ligion consists The church rests upon creeds and theologies As an edifice the church as well us the mosque and tho Joss 11 L Ii 11 L Ii BLUE GRASS BLADE S house is a place of worship demanded by a body of believers in some form of religion- A creed is a summary of the fundamental points ofa given religion Even if these points be not formulated they are there and form a sort of embryonic creed by which one religion is distinguished from another Theology is the science of the being and attributes of a god and of creation and providence The fundamental points of a religion of which a creed is composed form the basis of its Flint in his Theism says Religion is mans beliefabout a being or beings mightier than himself and in accessible to his senses but not indifferent to his sentiments and actions with the feelings and practices which flow from such a belief The Standard Dictionary quotes this statement as authority for its definition and it is probably the best obtainable concise statement of the meaning of the word Hence it appears that a church is the expression ofa re ligion that a religion is a belief in a god that u creed is the main features of such belief and that a theology is the ampli fied science of such features Without a religion there is no churchand without a creed there is no religion To make this matter of the essential nature of creeds and theologies more evident let me ask why we have so many denominations If the creeds are not important there is no excuse for the maintenance of so many churches We have iu our village eight church edifices representing probably 150000 and it is an unquestionable fact that at the average service no one of them is more than half full Last winter Mrs Monk complained to me of the meager attendance upon the revival services in her church I was there a number of times myself when there were less than two hundred people in an aduitorium which will comfortably accommodate as many as seven hundredprobably more without the Sundayschool annex If the creeds amount to nothing or if they are not im portant features of your religion I said to Mrs Monk why should not your church and the Presbyterians havo held joint services and thus have saved the expense of heating and lighting an extra room and the preparation of an extra sermon to say nothing of being more sociable Or taking the weaker nominations the Methodist church would accommodate in addi tion to its own average attendance the members of the Catholic Christian and Quaker churches and the cost of these extra buildings would provide the town with a public library a thing of which it sadly is iu need Again If the creeds and theologies are not important why collect millions of dollars every year and send it away for the purpose of teaching the Christian religion to the Mohamedans the Budhists or the Hindus whose morals are in many re spects superior to those of Christendom The missionary goes to other lands for the express purpose of converting the people to Christianity and to his particular brand of Christianity Ho may teach morality may found schools and educate children but his primary object is to make Christians of them And why Ostensibly at least it is because ho believes and because the people who furnish the funds to pay his salary and other expenses believe that a knowl edge of and belief in Christianity are essential to the eternal salvation of these people and there is absolutely no other excuse for sending so much money out of the country- If a desire to educate and reform the ignorant and vicious be the motive behind missionary work there is an ample field for its operations in our own land and the Heathen might aptly quote to us the homely adage Sweep before your own is not necessary for mo to recall to your minds the distinguishing features of the theologies which imderly the various religious sects The very fact that a large number of sects exist and that their adherents refuse to combine in a single organization proves that these adherents consider their various creeds of paramount importance Mrs Monk was inclined to commend their minister because he did not preach theology but gave them good moral lectures This is in accord with the present church methods and is the present method of church because it is in harmony with the spirit of the times There is more morality in the world today than ever before and there is less religion I confess that morality is a part of the teaching of most religions but the ethics connected with a religious system is not its most im portant or distinguishing characteristic Morality is MORALITY irrespective of the fact that it is incorporated with any one of a hundred religious systems or withnone Morality is the same whether it be found in the Jew the Christian the Mohammedan the Budhist the Ration alist or the Atheist To know a mans morals will not enable one to decide upon his religion but let him give the important points of his theology and you can name the church to which he adheres Now I think Mrs Monk and maybe some others will admit that I am as moral as the average churchmember If that be the case it would be folly for me to join a church to improve my morals The only reason I could have for allying myself with any church organization would be to get the benefit of its theology and as I know of no theology which meets any mental or physical need I do not feel that religion is in any way necessary to my wellbeing 0 then you say you are so selfrighteous that you do not feel the need of help to lead a higher and a better life No my friends I am not selfrighteous I do feel the need of very much help I have long ago discovered that it is difficult nay sometimes impossible to live up to the moral standard which I admire and after which I am blindly groping I am often conscious of being greatly benefitted by the advice and examples of my friends and neighbors as well as by the writing of the great minds of this and other times and yet there are occasions when I would welcome a guidance a support which I have never yet been able to discover But where am I to find this assistance Your religion teaches me nothing which I cannot learn from some other source except i such dogmas as are narrow selfish and unscientific I believe Mrs Monks particular brand of religion Methodism as well as all other Christian religions still holds out a hope of reward and a threat of punishment added I think to the profession of certain beliefs as incentives to right living But these dogmas are altogether unreasonable and in contradiction to other tenets of that faith The reward which Christianity offers is an eternity of happi ness after the cessation of mans present existence And who is to attain to this condition Your answer must be Those who have repented of their sins and believed upon our god You may add if you choose who have lived humble contrite lives but I am not so sure that your creed requires much besides repentance and belief and these two requirements are irrational unjust and perfectly absurd Ropcntenco is produced by pain or unlmppiness in some form It is utterly impossible to repent of an act which has brought unalloyed bliss and how can a man perform the im possible On the other hand nil men repent in greater or less degree for such conduct as brings them suffering and I would ask is there any merit in the performance of an ncl which is unavoidable How could a just god hold his creatures responsible for a lack of that which they could not possibly feel or reward them for an act which they could not escape The same argument will hold good against any requirement of a given belief Belief depends either upon education or upon j J 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE evidence An individual may be educated in a certain faith and despite the fact that he has no knowledgeof the circumstances on which it was founded may never come to question its validity He takes what he assumes to be authority as evidence and does not ask for other proof If however he begins to doubt the authority and goes in search of other evidence and a sufficient demonstration is not forthcoming he cannot keep u hold on his faith even on the promise of eternal happiness Hence you see that to reward a man for belief or to punish him for unbelief is not compatible with even our finite sense of doctrine of reward for repentance and belief and pun ishment for nonrepentance and unbelief not being found consistent with the simplest rules of reason let us examine our other assertion viz that it is in contradiction to other tenets of the Christian faith The God which the Christian church holds up for our reverence is a being infinite in power knowledge wisdom love J mercy kindness and justice I think this is a fair statement of the case I have no wish to everdraw and I do not believe I Some Ministerial Anar histsIRun Contrary To Law and Constitution When They Compel By Force the Reading of the Bible in the Public School By Channing Severance A new brand of Anarchists have made their appearance in Los Angeles the city of the surprises and I consider them more dangerous than Emma Goldman or the Patterson Reds They are Methodist ministers by profession and a religious anarchist is the worst thing that society has to fear for their intimate relations with Gott have given them the big head and they assume superiority over everything that walks this earth and demand that their wishes be granted and respected by the people at large The constitution of California is the supreme law of the state and this law clearly and explicitly forbids religious tom foolery in our public schools and that means the bible which is a religious book shall not bo read therein to prevent and corrupt the minds of budding men and women It is a good law and one that shows the wisdom of the old timers when they enacted it Up to date it has been effective in keeping our schools secular in character as they should be but these Methodist Anarchists have started a direct and determined movement to nullify this law and are now working to force that trouble producer of the ages the Holy Bible into the public schoolsA by the imported It Dr Lock has been preached with this object in view and a committee appointed from the parsons of this city who meet every Monday to regulate the affairs of the universe by consultation and inspired remarks has indorsed his views and worked off a resolution pertaining to the same They have pledged themselves to work for the evasion and the nullification of the law that keeps the bible out of the schools and by so doing have set a very bad example for if varied classes of people who dont like certain laws should try to destroy their course and try to destroy their efficacy it would have a bad effect on the It law and order the parsons have always been such sticklers for But these holy men see nothing wrong in their anarchistic actions though if one should try to evade the law which makes it compulsory to eat a lot I that a consensus of Christian opinion would permit the omission of any one of these attributes And now let us see to what they lead and how they harmonize with the doctrine of rewards and punishments Before infinite power could produce the first man infinite knowledge would grasp in detail the fate of that man and all his descendants and a god possessed of both these attributes before he embarked upon the creation of the human species vas fully aware of every act every thought as well as the final doom of every individual of the race This is a selfevident proposition but one which has not been fully sensed by many who are familiar with its verbiage Yet all that is required on the part of people of average intelligence to enable them to appreciate its inerrancy is a moments consideration If there was a single act of a single man of which the creator was You see this word infiinte is a large affair To be infinite is ever ignorant then that creators knowledge was noi infinite to be unbounded unconditioned unlimited either in time or space To bo continued of beans ham sandwiches and other articles of food if you get a drink of beer or wine on Sunday they would howl them selves hoarse over the immoral and pernicious act yet where is the difference in the two offenses I see none from the standpoint of law and order Some newspaper discussion has folldwed this move of the ministers and the Catholics have in tended to remark they are glad their separated brethren are waking up to the fact that education without religious training in resulting in tho formation of clever criminals the multiplica tion of reformatories etc and to get religious education they declare there are but two ways to establish separate schools as the Catholics have done or join tho Catholics in their de mand that tho school funds bo equitably shared for secular purposes only with anybody which can fulfill carefullyprepared conditions to the satisfaction of the government leaving the question as to what doctrine or lack of doctrine is taught in addition to the bodies in control of said schools But until tho law is changed only the first plan can bo legally worked for that purpose So if Protestants want schools where they can read tho bible and instil religious nonsense into children let them too have parochial schools and keep their hands off tho constitution of California But why are the active forces of priestcraft so anxious to get the bible into our secular schools It is not because crime is on the increase but because Christianity in all its forms needs bracing up with every influence that can bo used or utilized If the Catholic claim that crime is caused by lack of religious instruction were true there would bo very few Catholics in our penitentiaries for Catholic arc stuffed to repletion with their brand of re ligion Yet it does not keep them out and their numbers therein testify loudly to the falsity of such a claim With a nation where twothirds of the people have no con nection with churches and make no profession of Christianity wo behold this fact the great majority of our criminals are believers in the Christian religion And that fact makes it necessary to have chaplains in these institutions so wo find them there reading the bible without opposition for the State gives them another chance to try their spiritual forces on their fellow Christians who went wrong in spite of the bible BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 But again the bible fails as a criminal restrainer for a large per cent of discharged convicts wend their way back to the steel cell So some other reason for reading the biblo in our public schools must be presented than the absurd one that it prevents crime It never has and it never will and every dealer in religious superstition knows it It is simply a bunco game when the priesthood tries to connect bible reading with good morals and right living for a long and unbroken record shows the two have no connection If the bible ever had power to make the world better why did it not do so in the past when it flourished without restraint and it was a crime punishable with imprisonment torture and death to speak against the book Such a time once existed and this world was as near a veritable hell as priestcraft could make itand life was not worth living because of the horrible and damnable conditions the biblo and belief in it produced The world is better today than at any time since human records were established though that is not saying it is yet an ideal place but it is so much better than when Christianity reigned supreme that every human being with a knowledge of history looks back only to shudder with honor and feel thank ful that conscious existence was delayed until the age of faith was superseded by tho ago of reason The best thing that ever happened to humanity was losing its grip on tho bible for of Rang Farm Bell Every Year tc Commemo rate Paines Birthday Aaron Davis of Frederick Md a Blade Sub scriber is Dead By D Webster Groh The following clipping from the Hagers town Md Daily Mail briefly tells of the death of Mr Aaron Davis of Frederick Davis the veteran Rationalist who rang his farm bell in commemoration of every anniversary of Thomas Painos birthday for tho past forty years died yesterday noon at his beautiful home at Park Ridge near Frederick Md in his 90th year lie was an honest industrious temperate intelligent progressive ox teacher and farmer respected and honored by all who knew him and was widely known as the originator of Davis Prize Sugar Corn tho seed of which he ex tensively sold His homo was embowered by a great variety of rare trees and vines from varieties of grapes ho originated Ho will bo buried at 10 a m Tuesday in Mount Olivet cemetery Frederick and Rationalists from this and other counties are invited to attend tho funeral which will bo a Rationalistic one The Hagorstown Md Evening Globe said of the funeral under largo headlines tho following kMWO L when that happened clear thinking became possible and the mental vision was no longer blinded by H thus saith the Lord All progress dates from that time and to look back to the thousand years in which the world stood still is like looking into midnight darkness and I doubt if even a Methodist min ister would care to recall those times and live in them but they are the times the bible blindly believed in insured and were the human mind to become enslaved again by it can doubt the same cause would once more produce the samo result So let us keep this ancient curse and source of despotism out ofour public schools and prevent as far as possible its power and influence on the undeveloped minds of children for the book loses its force as a thought controller when age has developed reason and tho credulity period of has departed If Christianity and the teachings of the bible were not per petuated through taking advantage of childrens minds WPIwould not be long in getting rid of these gigantic evils so is the duty of every man who can by tongue or pen to fight t the clergy in their efforts to regain lost power and privileges if he desires freedom and progress to continue for as long as they walk this earth priests and preachers will plot for power and tho control of society through superstitionILos Angeles California f I Aged Freethinker at Lifes JourneyI whoI mentalI liflI End SON CONDUCTED FUNERAL SERVICE D Webster Groh This City and Miss E Groh Breathedsville Assist From his beautiful country homo tit Park Ridge embowered with raro trees vines and exotics of his own planting the body of the late veteran Rationalist Aaron Davis aged 90 years was yesterday borne to Mount Olivet Cemetery Frederick Md and interred as he had requestedwith Ra tionalistic ceremonies and honors conducted by his son George and D Webster Groh of this city Miss Laura E Grohof Brent hedsville conducting the musical pro gram Mr Davis had been a teacher horticul turalist and farmer originating an excel lent variety of pink grapes and also the Davis Prize Sugar Corn the seed of which sold widely hero and elsewhere He was a friend and correspondent of Luther Burbank originator of the noted Burbank potato andwas extremely intelligent broadminded and progressive Baltimore papers printed brief extracts and the Frederick Md Daily News said substantially tho same as above adding that Mr Davis son George road to those gathered at tho house tho following ad dress My Dear Friends and Relatives Wo have gathered to pay our last re spects to the remains of our aged father whoso request was not to hayo an ortho dox ceremony over his remains as he was a strict believer in natural laws which un fold and develop everything on earth His motto of life was Seek for truth wheroer tis found Among your friends among your foes On heathen or on Christianity ground The flowers divine whereer it grows Evade the frickle but secure the rose As to his character it will speak for itself through all who know him Ho also requested that Mr D Webster Groh of Hagerstown Md pass a few re marks over his remains before departure burialMr then delivered a eulogy upon tho deceased after which the remains were convoyed to Mt Olivet cemetery and in terred beside those of his wife His body lies beside his wife within a few hundred yards of the monument to Francis Scott Key composer of our famous national song The StarSpangled Ban ner The heroine of Whitters famous poem Barbara Frictchie also lies buried near meet surrounding to inter with Ratiohalistic honors this ardent vet eran Freethinker Ho died about 11 a m Sunday September 5 1009 from falling through a post and rail fence his head striking n small stone and his wrist being simultaneously I r 6 BLUE GRASS BLADE Ibroken and his son George found him dead about 1230 p m He was one of the oldest most intelli gent beneficient and progressive citizens in Frederickcounty In 1852 he demonstrated the feasibility of raising sweetpotatoes there instead of shipping them as formerly from the Balti more market and exhibited several bunch CountyAgriculturalMaryland farmers generally began raisin their own sweetpotatoes for home consump tion and in 1856 his experiments with sorghum sugar cane and exhibits of syrup therefrom attracted much attention- In 1859 he moved to Frederick city and taught public school there and developed the growing of early garden plants of which ho was the pioneer in this city He was a deep thinker and close student of human nature and other natural phe nomena generally Intensely loving justice truth and liberty he quite naturally openly advocated free ing the slaves read and circulated Horace Greelys H Tribune and in 1860 he and five friendly followers cast the only votes in Frederick for the immortal Abraham Lincoln Surrounding slaveholders and their many sympathizers then regarded him as a favorite looked on him with suspicion and hatred and called him auBlack Re publican because all neighboring whites but him and his five Republican comrades were Democrats But ho lived to see the great grand noble Lincoln for whom he presidentsthe schoolchildren of his opponents thus amply vindicating his advanced position then Stray Copy of the Blade Induces Strong Letter to Japanese Freethinkers Who Are Now Fighting For Mental Liberty By Olin J Ross Mr D Kotuka Editor of The Jiyu Shiso Tokio Japan My Honored Sir I ran across a back issue of the Blue Grass Blade of Lexington Kentucky Sep tember 17th a Freethought read your letter to A Johnson of San Francisco which was printed therein The reading of your letter about tho starting of your paper and the troubles of your friends made me think that Iought to sit down und write you a few lines of He did not live to see entirely the same of leading Freethinkers though Freethought has grown much more popular and leis children may yet live to see his advanced position therein as thoroughly vindicated- In 1870 he purchased and moved to his farm near Fogeville and began propagating new varieties of sweet corn fruits and corn is noted for its sweet ness large size deep grains abundant ears and many rows of grains to the car He was a son of Jonathan C Davis and Mary Winter Davis and born in Union town Carroll county Md September 20 1819 He is survived by his four sons and one daughter Edward T Washington D C John W Union Bridge Md Wm 0 Chicago and Georgo Hand Flora Davis at home He was a zealous consistent conscient ious intelligent practical advocate of Freethought exerting a wide and lasting influence for its advancement among all who knew him even so planning that in death his funeral might be advantageously used in justifying and thus propagating his Rationalistic ideas As Rationalistic speakers will generally serve free on such occasions provided their traveling expenses are prepaid by those siring their services the Rationalists should follow Mr Davis excellent example and thus lay a good foundation for a Rationalistic monument that will stand for ages impressing Rationalistic principles on countless coming generations and of which posterity may well be proud Hagcrstown Md I Cheering Words Sent to the Orient paperand encouragement and good cheer and tell you that though you and your Freethought friends may bo hnving great trials and tribulations and though it may seem to you that tho world regards you not and takes no interest in you except to hurt you you after all in the general round up you will find that you were in the lime light and that tho world did see you und did listen to what was going on much as many a faithful soldier who has stood nightinsurrounded by enemies and nil sorts of dangers und where it seemed that his country would never look for him nor lit tle care whether ho did his duty or not has waked up on some other day after he r had performed his lonesome vigils nnd staked his life for her to find that his country had been looking at him and lis tening on that night of gloom and danger when he was all alone close by her foes performedmake of you these soldiers and that the world as you will find some day was looking and listening for sometimes these lonesome vigils the lonesome work und the lonesome struggle have not been so lonesome after all Sometimes the spirit the hopes of a nationeven of the world comes nnd hovers around these lonesome scenes these singlehnnded strugglcrs When I lived at Hillsboro Ohio I waged war for years und years against the liquor traffic one of the demoralizing powers in this country and it and its allies made war against me One of these allies as I claimed during the last few years I lived there was what calls itself The Church of God and so between the churchof god and the liquor devil Iwas between two fires They managed to make things warm for me I can tell you Sometimes in the heat of some of the fights things would become sulphuriously red and blue as it were and my friends at a distance away off from the scene of the conflictwould write me an encouraging letter defending and praising my position So remembering the good this encouragement from home did me I thought that I would put in few words for you Sometimes in human affairs the words away from home are more effective than the words at home for the words from distance calls attention to the fact that there is an audienceand these fellows do not want an audience when they are doing wrong So I drop you a few lines though I never saw you and only know of you as one of those lonesome soldiers far out on the picket line of the army of civilization and progress Your war ngninst superstition is all right It might very properly be cnlled uThe Holy War If there ever was A Holy War as applied to things religious this is the one It is strange how venerable and sacred falsehoodsuperstitionhas- often become There be those in this my own free country who look with disdain on those who dispute ns facts that a man who was killed 1000 years ago is alive and well today and is capable of living in a million places at one and the same time that ho can go through a brick or stone wall or fly through a key hole or down a chimney that ho was born of a virgin had a ghost for a father raised the lend arose from tho dead himself couldcast out devilsdevils too that after they were out could and did go into hogs that Continued on Page 1 BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 National Organization of American Freethinkers OFFICIAL CALL FOR CONVENTION In the name of and by the authority of the persons whose names are hereunto affixed Freethinkers of the United States of America who having in writing duly expressed themselves as being in favor of a new national organization that shall undertake and maintain a systematic and advised propaganda of Freethought principles all persons who hold and believe that the doctrines theories and teachings of the orthodox Christian church regarding the universe and the origin and destiny of mankind are erroneous and who believe that happiness and morality can be better subserved by a study and observance of Natural Law than through the medium of prayer faith or god worship who reject all phases and forms of superstition and idolatry who arc free and who desire to be free from orthodox religious restraints in matters affecting human action and science who believe in a full and complete separation of church and state with all that such separation implies are hereby called to meet in National Convention in tho City of St Louis State of Missouri on Sunday November 14th 1009 at the hour of oclock a m for the purpose of devising and adopting a declara tion of principles as a basis for such organization a constitution and bylaws for its proper and effective management and its better government to elect officers to outline and adopt a system of propaganda and to do all other acts and things that mayor shall bo pertinent to and shall best subserve and aid in the accomplishment of the objects and purposes herein expressed Hotel Accommodations Arrangements have been made and completed with the man agement of tho Laelede Hotel at Sixth and Chestnut streets in tho City of St Louis for the accommodation and entertainment of all Freethinkers attending the convention at fairly reasonable rates This hotel is conducted on the European plan and pro vides sleeping accommodations only There is a well appointed restaurant in connection with the hotel at which good meals can bo had for small cost The hotel rooms vary in price and range from cents to 100 per day according to quality of room or whether two occupy the same room The cost of meals will run from 20 cents up The hotel is large and commodious It has ample facilities for the accommodation of all who wish to attend and is situated in the heart of the business district Business and Social Owing to the great distance that some of those attending tin convention will have to travel and recognizing the natural desire for sufficient social intercourse during the convention that such a gathering must create there will be an informal social and business gathering of the Freethinkers attending the convention and those residing in St Louis and vicinity in the parlors of the Laclcdo Hotel on tho Saturday night after supper preceding the Sunday of the convention This will afford an opportunity for renewing old friendships and forming new ones In order to facilitate tho business of the convention there will also bo an informal caucus to prepare an outline of the workof the convention select and appoint tho several committees name a temporary chairman and secretary in order to facilitate the business of tho convention and assist in the speedy dispatch of its business Tho caucus will first designate a temporary chairman and secretary given duo authority tho temporary chairman will thereupon appoint tho following committees On order of business on organization on constitution and bylaws on membersship and finance on propaganda earlySundaysubmission when the convention is properly called to order The Convention The Convention proper will be called to order promptly at 0 oclock on the morning of Sunday November 14th 1000 by the temporary chairman who shall be designated by the Saturday night caucus Such sessions as may be deemed necessary shall be held throughout the day The Convention Hall is situated ut ELEVENTH AND LOCUST STREETS Organized SocietiesJAll organized Freethought societies national state or local now actively engaged in the dissemination of admitted Free thought principles are invited and requested to send or to cause to bo sent any number of delegates or representatives to this Convention in order that the gathering may be made as univers t ally expressive of American Freethought as it is possible to be All individual Freethinkers will receive a hearty and cordial welcome Charter Members All persons Freethinkers adopting the declaration of principles j the constitution and bylaws of the organization andwho shall attend the convention in person and all persons signifying their approval acceptance and adoption of the same in writing addressed to the Secretary within a time to be specified by the convention and nil those whose names arc appended to this call shall be deemed and recorded on the books of tho organization as charter members Invitation Extending a fraternal calla fraternal invitation and a fraternal welcome to all who love mankind better than fancied gods who believe in the worship of work and who desire to unite and cooperate with us in the work of disseminating the high and eternal principles of truth as expressed by Freethought wo are John R Charlesworth Lexington Ky Parker H Sercomb Chicago Dr T 1 Bowles Muncie Tnd Helen 51 Lucas Marietta Ohio William C Cope St Louis Mo Josephine K Henry Versailles Ky T C Jefferics Cleveland Ohio Julia C Coon Bartow Fla J C Watkins Kanawha Falls W Va E D Northrup Ellicottville N Y George 0 Roberts Dennison Ohio D W Sanders Covington Ind J Atwood Culbertson Pittsburg Pa Carl Baerwalde Cleveland Ohio Charles F Randall Cherokee Okla J M Reed Chicago J M Frost Tampa Fla Wm J Howerton Tularosa Texas James S Davis Wayncsficld Ohio Tames ONeal Ft Smith Ark E A Fitch Wilmington Vt R 0 Earle Pine Grove Ark Ella P Hunt Moline Kan Emily C Jones East Lynne Mo Anna 0 Jones East Lynne Mo Mrs Nels Johnson Higgins Texas W L Trace Annapolis Md M H Oberholtzer Los Angeles Cal Miss Elizabeth Wiley St Louis Mo Andrew Jackson Boyer Washington D C E G Nichols Norge Va Joel M Berry Nat Mil Home Ohio Harold Banning Mt Vernon Ohio Charles G Brown Ithaca N Y H M Fisk Pella Iowa A J Carson Ardmoro Okla George C Bartlett Tolland Conn Moragn Wnmsloy Cincinnati Ohio Oscar A Janicke Louisville Icy W A Copper Milo Me Manly A Brigham Rumford Me 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE members may celebrate what they have done and a nuuber of short discourses can be given by prominent Freethinkers present This dinner can be made a sort of combined family affair at nb greater cost to each than an ordinary meal would be and at the same time it brings ns in closer union and affords a splendid opportunity for closer socinl compact This can readily be determined and provisions made therefor at the Saturday night caucus The convention is no longer a mere conjecture In uric month it will bccomp a fact We are going to make Free thought history in America Its value to posterity audits character depends upon what we do Giant strides are now being made toward the consum mation of our great desire Wo have long been accustomed to regard as Freethinkers those who are known only as subscribers to one or more of our Freethought publications tastily recognizing the large body of men and women who stand in between militant Freethought and militant orthodoxy as passive indifferentists But Frcelhought has opened in more avenues than one The term Fred thought is wide and it is comprehensive It is broad liberal and free Elements strong within themselves never heretofore openly allied on the side of active and aggressive Freethought are to be with us in this coining meeting for organizationThe has received the following from Dr Charles McCormick of Chicago Ill The Doctors name was sent to us by F Clayton Stevens of Hackensack N Jtt1 a good place to drop a sample copy of the Blade W onl them Dr McCormick is president of the Association of Independent Doctors and has borne the brunt ofa hard legal fight for the freedom and independence of the medical profession lie was prosecuted in Kentucky which we feelsomewhat ashamed to admit but Governor Beckham to his credit stepped in and quashed the proceedings Dr McCormick is also Editor of the Optlmlniologiat a journal devoted to the interests of the association of which he is president and this is what he means when he says that wo will reach 0000 Freethinkers about the 20th of this month The arrangements had been made for the Lacledo Hotel before we received the Doctors letter The letter reads October 5 1009 Editor Blue Grass Blade Dear Sir I note that you are to have a meeting for the organization of Freethinkers at St Louis November 14 I note you say the arrangements for a hull are being made Any hotel will furnish a clubroom free that will seat several hundred people Let us have a notice of the it in The Opthulmologis Call theplace so we can print meeting for The Southern Hotel Theyll make good Wo willreach six thousand Freethinkers about the 20th of this month Yours truly CHARLES McCORMICK Who can say wo are not going to win L Just as Mrs Lucas writes lot us all get together at St Louis let every clement society and individual be at the appointed place of meeting and we can effect an organization that will mean something A PRIEST IN ERROR For a layman to seek and expect reliable information from a priest or preacher when in doubt cjnrirmnjj disputed questions of religious import is an altogether useless proceeding for if an answer is vouchsafed it is either misleading of doubtful authenticity or greviotidly wrong Old Dame Partington in her battle with the waters of the old ocean with only a mop for her weapon stood a far letter chance ofsuccess In the old days the laity had no other recourse but the priest for information upon almost every subject Tho priest was the Alpha and Omega of instruction Tho priest gave such information as was best suited to the perpetuity of his profession without regard to the truth or falsity of the answers given As time progressed the inquirer turned to other and different avenues of information and at last Truth crane forth armed with Reason and the priest has never quite overcome or forgiven this invasion of his assumed rights and tho ignoring of his prerogative as a dispenser of knowledge Priests of the present ago are not dissimilar to priests of former days in this connection The same old spirit of misrepresentation animates the order Hero and there a single individual may bo discerned who will candidly refuse to discuss issues of doubt and who will avert the necessity of giving an answer that ho feels is in direct conflict with religious authority or his individual conscience But these are so few quid far between that they constitute a rather glorious exception to the hard told fast rule of the priest hood rust a few days ago the Blade received the following communication Preferring to deliver our views thereon through the columns of the Blade we so wrote those sending it Tie letter reads Jasper Ind October 1909 Blue Grass Blade Lexington Ky Gentlemen Enclosed answer from Catholic Columbian Wo have asked them several questions It took thom nearly two months to answer this one Perhaps you can give us some history concerning this question Yours truly Jasper Furniture Co In order that our renders may fully understand the im port of tho issue in controversy and what was meant by reference to tho Catholic Columbian wo publish the fol lowingwhich was enclosed for our further information Columbus Ohio September 10th 1909 Jasper Furniture Company Jasper Ind Gentlemen Wo crave pardon for apparent negligence BLUR GRASS BLADE 11 in replying to your letter of the 2nd of July In sonic mysterious manner not altogether unusual in a newspaper office it was mislaid The Blessed Virgin Mary was tho mother only of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ For further information I wouldrespectfully refer you to Catholic Encyclopedia which no doubt you will find in your public library If not your local priest will give you some authority that will satisfy you on the question Very truly yours Jas T Carroll Manager It Whilo tho Blade fins subscribers in Jasper Indiana we have no means of knowing nor is the knowledge given to us that tho correspondent sending us the communications quoted is on our mailing list or not and wo assume that he or she must in any event bo a seeker after knowledge givenfromwriting to tho Blade Expecting as a natural result a truth origiigilfytions relative to the progeny of the alleged Virgin Mary whichmay be inferred from tho tenor of the reply The Catholic Columbian is a publication devoted to the interests of the Roman Catholic Church and as that institution worships tho virgin Mary as a goddess of tho Christian system the investigator naturally assumed that the church organ would bo loaded to the guards with biblical or other authority and looked to it for tho desired information Wo are asked for some history concerning this ques tion There is no history concerning it outside of and be yond tho now testament and that is of such doubtful origin andauthenticity that it cannot bo reliedupon Tho old testament makes no reference whatever to the reputed father andmother of Jesus Tho first mention of these pseudo sacredcharacters is found in tho now testament Other writers have discussed tho subject from different viewpoints but both tho now testament and the other writings referred to repudiate tho position taken by tho Catholic ColumbianFor purpose of this discussion wo might add that while tho Protestant churches all accept tho bible as tho authority upon which their church is founded and superior thereto tho Catholic insists that his church is above tho biblo and accepts tho interpretations of tho bible given by tho priesthood Protestants are encouraged to read the bible but Catholics are enjoined to leave such matters to tho priest who will it is assumed give them so much of the bible as tho priest deems best for them This is why tho Indiana investigator was referred to tho local priest who is regarded as being able to give some authority that will satisfy Wo now refer our correspondent to tho 13th chapter of St Matthew and beginning with tho middle of tho 54th verse wo read as follows 54 Whence then hath this man this wisdom and these mighty works 55 Is not this tho carpenters son1 and his brethren James and Joses and Simon and Judas 5G And his sisters are they not all with us Careful analysis of tho foregoing quotation willshow that Jesus if ho ever lived at all which we doubt hadat least four brothers and two sisters himself making seven children born of tho alleged virgin Mary and the stupid church stillcontinues to worship and pay homage to her as a virgin immaculate Tho author of St Matthew named his alleged brothers Among Jews women did not count for much hence his alleged sisters were not mentioned by name but simply bunched together and referred to as his sisters The term being plural implies more than one sister There could not possibly be less than two and probably more The Jews wero celebrated as being carnally prolific oven in that age and the probability was that Jesus had more than two sisters and some writers have ascribed as many as eight children to the allegedvirgin Mary In any event tho quotation from Matthew is at variance with tho James T Carroll who speaks for the Catholic Columbian Nor could such a work as tho Catholic En cyclopedia bo of any value in such a controversy for having escaped tho Index Expurgatorious it is admittedly special preparation for such of tho faithful who are willing to accept it as an authority to tho exclusion of other sources of information Nor would an appeal to tho local priest afford any additional light on this subject in that tho aforesaid local prist is admirably posted on what information to give and what information to withhold- It is evident that the writer of Matthew assuming tho account to be true had recognized Jesus as tho son of tho carpenter Tho people who are reported as having used tho language quoted must have known him and his familJIrelationships from his infancy up They were bo his neighbors Tho carpenter and his family connec tions including his children must also havo been known to them Wo say accepting this as true for tho sake of argument only they must have known more about tho situ ation than tho Catholic Columbian or tho local priest at Jasper Indiana There is no record that the carpenter over forsook his spouse and took unto himself another wife Tho ono answer needful is that tho wholo business is a howling farco and none of it can possibly bo true including tho Catholic Columbian Rev D II Carrick has just resigned from the North Lawrence Christian Church at Lawrence Kansas and has become a street car conductor for tho reason that ho says I dont believe a minister can live n really honest lift If he preaches tho truth ho will bo condemning tho lives of most of his congregation and offending them Ho passes over this and that and lives a Ho every day of his life in order not to offend the influential members of his congre gation It will take time but ono by ono tho clergy are coming to their senses J 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE HALLEYS COMET AND JESUS Suggestion That This Known Astronomical Occurrence Might Have Been Mis taken for Socalled Star of Bethlehem By Manly A Brigham There have been many speculations as to what planet may have been so brilliant in the sky about the time the birth of a Jewish redeemer was expected as to impress the minds of the recorders of the birth of the son of Joseph and Mary who was named Jesus as a special star sent to herald the event Of course there is the possibility and as Mangasarian shows a large one that the whole story was originated as a play and had no foundation in fact but grant ing that there was some real happening upon which the story was based and that about the time of the birth of Jesus the sky was illumined by a brilliant light that seemed to be moving rapidly we can not help wondering what light it was It has always seemed to me that the planets were common sights in the skies of those days even though what they were was not known and that one of them would not have been taken to relate to any par ticular event The other day it occurred to me that possibly a comet might have been seen and that would have been of sufficient strangeness to have impressed the minds of men And when in later years the man who was born near to the time when the comet was in the sky was proclaimed as the savior the fact was remembered and made to do duty in the manner that it pears in the gospel story In calculating the orbit of Halleys comet it is found that not many years from the time Jesus is said to have been born it must have been crossing the earths orbit It is not impossible that allowing for the varia tions in its time orbit and the uncertainty of the year of Jesus birth that the events may have been in the same year It is likely that the comet was sighted then by the first of January It is calculated that it will appear this time about the first of March A rough calculation of the cycles of the comet makes it appear about the year 16 A D It is easily seen that those few years may be closed in upon from both sides and narrow the difference materially between the two events if not bring them togetherI suggest this matter hoping that some of your readers who are wellversed in astronomical lore will find out if there is anything tangible in the idea The mat ter may have been written of by others but I have never seen anything upon the sub jectRumford Maine NEW SUGGESTION FOR PROPAGANDA By Julia C Coon Now that the Blade has become a paper that FreetHinkers can be proud of why would it not bo a good plan to print an extra large edition and arrange with all subscribers who can to employ a newsboy in the respective towns and cities to sell the paper The Blade is attractive in size and appearance and should sell readily for 5c a copy the newsboys adding the name Frecthought to the title I began to inquire where a Freethought paper was published three years ago and I found no one here who had ever heard of one And I believe there are thousands of others who are awakened to the false foundation of Christianity but who have never chanced to get in touch with the Freethought press We ought to devise some way to reach them When we realize how greeat a fraud Chris tianity is and its mighty power in holding the people in poverty ignorance and slavery we are not entirely free from self censure that we have reached so few while millions ore yet to reach At our barbecue at this place nearly every Adventist man woman and child bud a bundle of Adventist propaganda offering to sell to the general public at lOc a copy These people are zealous in their cause be cause they fancy they are appeasing the wrath and courting the favor of a jealous fiend Surely Freethinkers may have as much zeal to defend freedom and truth as these people an ancient myth It has long been one of my hopes to see Freethought newspapers sold on the streets And now that real organization is ata hand it seems to me a most fitting time Per haps it would be best to try the experiment with a special edition with optimistic let ters on organization your good editorials nailing Christian slander and short selec tions of Ingersolls eloquent appeals apd Paines good sound logic The very best arguments for Freethought truth morality and humanity should go in irrespective of originality for it would all make new read ing for the greater part of the purchasers For my part I would want no better answer to the vilifiers of Paine and Ingersoll than leaves from their books and pamphlets The denouncers of these heroes are mostly people who have never read a word of their then let us have news News Freethought progress organizations papers and magazines able lecturers and writers We have them and U nothing succeeds like success and letting the world know about Bartow Fla CHEERING WORDS SENT TO THE ORIENT Continued from Pago though he died a long time ago ho can get into a mans bosom or womans bosom the same as he ever could that the bosom is where ho delights to live that he had the faculty of forgiving the wrongs some people had done to other people as wellas to himself that ho has been able to for give these sins ever since he was killed just as well as he could before ho was killed and that he has a big heaven iknd a big hell somewcre the exact location f which no man his ever been able to find outYes sir these spook house gentlemen as I have named tl rm not only believe these great tales about their friend Jesus but they will sneer ijt the intelligence of the man who does think of the gall that it takes to seer at the man who re fuses to accept claims made for U Friend Jesus Such sneering puts me in mind of the little boy who would sneer at the grown school teacher when she told him that it was not true that there was a Santa Claus who roamed the heavens with a reindeer team hunting tall chim neys and little boys stockings on a certain night of the year Tile learned gentlemen of the spook house schools of thought believe the tales about Jesus and his two fathers god and the ghosts just as the little boy believes the tales about his friend Santa Claus They are no further along than the boy The learned gentlemen in your country who have thrown your friends into prison because they have suspected the existence of the sacred spooks called Gods or what not are in the position of the little boy whose mind is filled with the glories of his friend with the reindeer outfit only the boy would scarcely throw his skeptical friend into prison for saying that there was no such personage with the rein deer team that if there was ho did not go down chimneys and hunt for little boys stockings- To Bo Continued Plenty of Confidence BROAD TOP CITY PENNIinden closed 2 please give mo credit on my subscription to the Blade I am an old man and not able to work or I should bo with you on the 14th of November at St Louis I would prefer Cincinnati I have confidence in the contributors of the Blade and know you can get up an organi zation that will win with such as yourself Dr Wilson Mrs Henry Mrs Closz Dr Bowles and a host of others that have the good sound brains to get up an organiza tion to suit us Wishing you success in the undertaking I am very respectfully JIENRY COOK IBLUE GRASS BLADE Still Clamoring for Organization Ideas and Suggestions Offered for our Best ConsiderationPure Free thought WantedMoreFavorable Comments on the New Movement Helen M Lucas Speaks Out Arc suggestions in order On what can all Freethinkers unite f They differ on many subjects but I know of no Ole who does not oppose the union ofchurch and state They oppose the em ployment by the government of chaplains in the army and navy Congress State Leg islatures penal and charitable institution All oppose religion in schools supported wholly or in part by taxation exemption of church property from taxation the use of the oath in our courts of law religious proclamations by our Presidents and Gov ernors all laws enforcing the religious ob servance of any day Can not all unite on these questions There are many lines of argument against all these ways in which church and state are united in this country Is not the work here suggested enough for one society Of course no member would be restricted to these things but could take up as many as ho pleased either individually or in their particular organizations But we can not all unite on other questions though they do not pertain properly to Free thought Local clubs could discuss them but a national society must stand for what we all believe If the money of a Spirit ualist should be used to spread Materialism there would be a split more or less wide and it would be the same with other dif ferent beliefs We have Materialist Spir itualist Woman Suffrage Socialist and other societies where no one need drag in the work of our proposed organization To be plain the work properly belonging to them should never bo allowed in this one Guided by former complaints it seems to me the expenditure of the money of the society should be governed by the ballot of its members Let the new organization bo irreproach able in every respect TO ST LOUIS NOVEMBER 14th Marietta Ohio The New Organization MONTREAL CANADA The news of the conference of the Buckeye Secular Union and the proposal in the Blade to organize a National union is inspiring This is a kind of work in which there should be no imaginary geographical lines F drawn I shall be most happy to become a member of any such union providing the fees are not very high I believe I was the only subscriber from Canada to the Paints Celebration last Summer My trouble with the Clerical party hero in recent years was closely identified with men from the South side of the line of 45 A Yankee by the name of Torrey comes to Montreal and insults tho memory of a famous Free thought Humanitarian Yankee Robert G Ingersolland he is brought to his knees by a Highland Scotch Freethinkerthe writer of this note It is only one who like myself has been fighting the enemy without organization for the last 15 years that can really appreciate the value of organization They have of late years or ganized a hellish reign of terror by secret means Keep away from the Infidel Dont read any of such bad literature That is their method They are afraid to take up one man in a fair and square open fight on the platform yet they will stoop to all the ways of the serpent to terrify him through his pocket This is Christian love These people deserve all the roast ing that a Juvenal a Voltaire or an In gersoll can give them and it cnn only be done effectively by organizationNOR MAN MURRAY For Organization CHAFFEE MOI heartily endorse your plan to organize a band of Free thinkers as outlined in the Blade for the purpose of investigating all questions pertaining to the wellbeing of man I approve the nine articles of the federation as pro pounded by Brigham and Means in Oct 3d number of tho Blue Grass Blade especially the first which reads For the ut most freedom of thought speech and press so long as the rights and happiness of no man and the welfare of the nation be not curtailed The platform should be so liberal and broad as to include all who are seeking to gain all the light and knowledge on nil questions that affect our peace and well being both Christian and Infidel Deists and Atheists Spiritualists and Materialists With this purpose in mind I dei retires owmtteos lsf KQJ mind I desire to throw some light on a vital principle I mean the American universal Brotherhood in the 8th article of these decdarations of principles Brotherhod means children of one common father and if we have not one father how can we bo brothers Prof Tyndnll snid1nttel is not that 4 empty capacity that theologians have pictured it but the universal mother who brings forth all things as the fruit of tier tomb Herbert Spencer saidsee Ax at the Root page 9 If then I have to originntinghaving attributes akin to those of the only mind I know and without which I cannot conceive mind at all I cannot think ofu single series of states of consciousness as causing even the relatively small group of actions going on over the earths surface how then is it possible for me to conceive- of an originating mind which I must repre sent to myself as a single series of states consciousness working the infiitely mul goingRight here is the dark point that has puzzled some of the greatest minds that have reasoned on the subject and here is where I want to throw some light on tho subject Granting that we can onlcou ceive of an originating mind by the mindof man it is by my mind that I know that I exist and that this mind pervades is omnipresent in every part of the body I know that mind formed every organ and controls every movement of its members As tho mind of man governs the whole body by the nervous system so although a single engineer could not possibly cupy each engine and all of them at the same time the train despatcher can know and have in his minds eye every train on tho road and direct its movements by the telegraph The bodies of men and animals science tells us are infested by myriads of animalculao and bacteria the same as this world is filled with organic and vegetable life and they sustain the same relation to our bodies as we do to the world which wo inhabit Now if we can conceive how a single series of states of consciousness the Mindcaul cause the actions going on in the body we may in some measure at least conceive how an originating mind can be omnipresent and govern not only this world but the entire Universe for all worlds and systems are connected and controlled by the electric and magnetic currents A E WADE Endorses the Organization DEVOL OKLA I heartily endorse your proposed organization but I cannot say that I will be able to attend the conven tion Have no choice as to place of meet ingM C MARTIN 1I 14 BLUE GRASS BLADE Naumans Orchestra E D NAUMAN Violin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Cornet or Clarinet Other Instruments Added if Desired Over 500 pieces of the best music suitable for any program always on band Phone 128 12 Lock 800 SIGOURNEY IOWA A TRIP TO ROME By DR J B WILSON This work is acknowledged to be one of the best descriptive literary efforts of the century A Freethinkers view of the old world and what he saw there Cloth125 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Evolution of the God Idea The Evolution of the God Idea by the late Grant Allen is one of the most remarkable books of the century 63000 copies have been printed and nearly all circulated by theIIRationalist Press Asso ciation of London in cheap form and is now offered for 25 cents postpaid by the American Agent of the R P A NORMAN MURRAY 246 St James St Montreal Canada BILLS flVENUE makes you cheerful and thoughtful It Is a personal department in the WHEEL youYouwith Interest for what Jill has to say next flN AMERICAN MfDONNflsnserlul running In the WHEEL byMaryfiction since Grant Allen and Is a beautiful presentation of the essentially modern problem of the Woman In Business THE WHBBL OF LIFEA monthly periodical It deals with ORIGINS theorem of Marriage of Ethics of Kellglon Brotherhood of the belief In Immortality It treats broadly of Love of Human Instincts and Ideals It takes In the whole Wheel of Life treutllllz all subjects In such a clear plain and spicy way tllltt the dust Is shaken out and they become as in tereettng as a novel to oven the casual reader Bend IOcellU for a six months trial subscription or a quarter for a year CONFESSIONS O F fl DRONPby Joseph Medlll Patterson BROTHER OF TILE ItlCH sent without extra charge with a months trial subscription to the WHEEL OF LIFE Address FE PUB CO Desk A St Louis Mo Jl ne SearchlightA Monthly Published by J D SHAW Waco Texas Price of Subscription 1 a Year Single Copies 10 Cents Write for a sample copy which will be sent free THE AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EUGENICSFor- merly Known as Lucifer the Light Bearer The Pioneer Journalin Modern Times ofan old and almost forgotten science the most important of all sciences a science successfully and openly taught and practiced by the ancient Greeks and Egyp tians but ignored defeated scorned by all modern nations vizthe Science of Right Borning the Science of Good Generation The Century Dictionary thus defines Eugenics The doctrine of Progress or Evolution especially in the human race through improved conditions in the rela tions of the sexes Its central thought is freedom of Moth erhood the SelfOwnership of Woman in the Realm of Sex and Reproductionin telligent and responsible Parenthood This much neglected this tabooed dis graced and almost unknown science was named Eugenics by Francis Galton a cousin of and cQworker with the great i Charles Darwin and now both in England and in Continental Europe is beginning to receive the attention its importance Journal of Eugenics is now in its 30th year of publication sus tained by a long list of able and well known contributors women and men of national and international reputation it is now published bimonthly standard mag azine sizeat Los Angeles Calif price a year postpaid single copy 15c Trial subscribers will receive three back numbers less than a year old also a copy of the booklet Institutional Marriage a lecture by the editorall for 25c in stamps or coin For sale by newsdealers pubslisherprices of standard English and American Eugenic publications Address 1319 Kel lam Ave Los Angeles Calif T 111 f l l4T BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 Be Sure and Subicrlh for Secular Thought Fortnightly Journal of national Criti clam In Politics Science and ellglon Organ of theICANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J SpenceJl Kills Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms 1 per annum In advance single copies 10 cents All communications for thctlEdl al de partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thd ht Queen St West Toronto Can All Business communications orders for hooks printing etc should be addressed C ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought Toronto Can THE WORLDS BEST WATCHES The Worlds Best Watches Mens Regular 18 size Hampden Special Ry 23 Jewels 26 New Ry 23 Jewels 20 Dueber Watch Co 21 Jewels 15 Dueber Grand 17 Jewels 8 15 Jewels 6 7 Jewels 450 Elgin or Walthatn Veritas or Van guard 23 Jewels 29 Father Time or Crescent Str 21 Jewels 2250tB W Raymond 19 Jewels 20 Same Al Premier 17 Jewels 1850 Wheeler or P S Bartlett 17 Jewels nickle 9 Same gilt 7 15 Jewels 6 7 Jewels 5 all in Silverine screw case In 20year Gold case 3 or in 25year case 5 more Every Watch fresh from factory prepaid with guarantee Send for prices of Watches not enumer ated here or order from any of my old pricelists Chains Fobs Diamonds Jewelry Optical Goods Freethought Badges Ingersoll Spoons Ring Gauge and my great little tract Theism In the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook County Ill The Woman and The Prospector Is the title of a romance every man woman and child should read It should be in the hands of all who are opposed to supersti tion and graft as it is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and the administration of drugs to human beings at the same time points out the only method for the cure of the consump tive The booklet is really free but the cost of advertising and postage we figure at 10 cents so if you wish a copy send us cents M PARKER AFFLICTEDLISTENI I CURE all external Cancers Tumors Wens Carbuncles Fistulas Felons etc Remove Birthmarks and other unsightly growths that disfigure human beings Can cers a Specialty I use liquid remedies I do not use knife or plasters Cure is abso lute unless beyond the power of man If you have a suspicious growth dont wait until one foot is in the grave and the other caving in Please dont cry Fakir Fraud Graft etc until you investigate Write for free booklet DR H H DOW 858 N Raymond Ave Pasadena Calif WANTED Men or women to learn the barbers trade or ladies beauty parlor work This is the largest college in the States A 15 tuition includes everything Steady practice wages while learning and position afterwards Write for catalogue PALMER BARBER COLLEGE 305 W Jefferson St Louisville Ky fiEPLANETSISi ltlt Murrays Clearance Sale 75c for 30c postpaid Byrons Forbidden Fruit Paul Berts Jesuit Morals Tolstois Root of Evil Sil coxs Sacredness of Man Livingston and the Boers Murrays British Landlord Moses and the Prophets 30 Propositions of a Pagans Religion The Open Challenge Ten Commandments Bible Texts etc etc The total retail price of the lot conics to 75 cents I will send the whole together post paid for 30 cents NORMAN MURRAY 246 St James St Montreal Canada JUST OUT NAMING SONG AND BURIAL SONG FOR FREETHINKERS Each a Duet and a Concert Piece for Piano Also Variations for Violin Flute or Bells PRICE 25 CENTS EACH I have composed these songs for the benefit of Freethinkers or men of Common Sense who do not wish to insult our Cre ator with Bible rot QUIRIN BACHLER 2277 Fulton St Chicago HI The Holy BibleIn Nutshell A New Booklet showing up the contradic tlons and fallacies of the Christian bible Justt he thing to pass around among your religious friends to jarr their faith and destroy their godwebs Ready Soo Order Nowl Single copy 10c 3 for 25c 19 for 100 Address J FRANTZ 1112 Eddy Street San Francisco Cal Give Fin FitsIThat what THE SCARLET SHADOWIWalter Hurts great rad ical novel doss to the forces of bigotry and perstition And the ular press of the country goaded by the church element Is throwing a over It too No other lovel of this decade has been so widely and so bitterly denounced by orthodox critics which Is sufficient proof that It Is all right It has cre ated a sensation In con servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy It Is enthuslastlcallj 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and publication in book form will immediately follow its serial publication in the blade columns Sascribe Now Subscribe Now JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky CORRECT THINKING This Book is a Herald of the New Learning tie First Gun in a Revolt Against LeisureClass Ideals of Education By PARKERJH SERCOMBE Editor ToMorrow1 Magazine Expert breeders and trainers of horses permit their own children to fade and die for want of applying he knowledge they have but do not use Owners of Angora cats who know how their pets have become beautiful as the result of but a few generations of intelligent selection do not dream of the wondrous results were the same law applied to their own race The world thoughtlessly overlooks the principles employed by Burbank and other successful ybridists not realizing that each discovery has its corresponding application to the human species Man has not yet started to live a minddirected reasonedout life OUR ENTIRE SYSTEM OF EDUCATION is WRONG 25c the copy Five copies 100 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