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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, November 21, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 blu1909112101 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, November 21, 1909. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. iB 9t J i + i t J 71tt ITq BLUE GRASS BLADE j Vlua ZVIII LEXINGTON IT NOVEMBER 21 igog Nmber 22 I DEVOTED TO THE PROPAGANDA OF FREEDOM OF THOUGHT nliti r H Ella Wheeler Wilcox Laugh and the world laughs with you Veep and you weep alone For this sad told earth musii borrow itsmirth It has troubles enough W its own Sing and the hills will answer thojairTheBut shrink from voicingcare j Rejoice and men will sck you Grieve and they turn and go They want full measure oftaU your pleasure But they do not want your woe Be glad and your friendsaro many r Be sad and yolt So tjjem all There are none to declinyour heefcared wine But alone you must drink the gall Feast and your halls are crowded Fast and the world goes by Succeed and give and it helps you to live But no man can help you die There is room in the halls of pleasure For a largo and lordly trainIBut one by ono we must all file on Through the norrowvaislo of pain f i WM y jar 2 BLUE GASS BLADE t BASIC LAW AND PRINCIPLES fiti OF NEW ORGANIZATION 1JJ1 t Platform Adopted by the St Louis Convention Upon Which all Elements of Freethought Can Cooperate J for an Effective Propaganda 14r 0 2 CONSTITUTION NAME fl IArticle 1 z r organization shall be THE RATIONALIST AbSOClATiON On AALLJUICA Sec 2The headquarters and the principal offices of this or ganization shall be kept and maintained at such places as the Board of Directors may determine as being the most necessary and expedient for the proper transaction of its businessj OFFICERS Article 2 Sec IThe active elective officers of this organization shall be a President a first VicePresident a second VicePresident a Secretary and a Treasurer Sec 2111e officers named in the preceding section of this article shall be and they are hereby constituted a Board t Directors which said Board shall manage control and direct the business affairs of the organization when the organization is not in convention Sec 3There shall be a list of honorary vic Presidents tpbe elected by the organization in convention at the ratio of one honorary vicePresident to each separate state and territory of the United States Sec 4All active elective officers named in Section 1 of thiS article shall be elected by ballot by the organization in ttion and all honorary vicePresidents as named in Section 3 of this article shall be elected by vivavoce vote in convention arid eachand all of said officers active and honorary shall hold their Frespective offices for a term of one year and until their successors are elected and installed MEMBERSHIP iArticle 3 1ti Sec IAll persons who are in full accord with the principles of this organization and who are willing to aid in its propa ganda are eligible to membership Sec 2Applications for membership herein must be made to the Secretary in writing signed by the applicant giving full name and postoffice address and the application must be aeconMj paned with the full amount of tho annual membership dues Sec 3Upon being admitted to membership each member ofrthis organization shall be entitled to and shall receive a printedscertificate of his or her membership duly signed by tho President and Secretary and sealed with an imprint of the seal of this organizationSec and every member of this organization shall be required to pay to the Treasurer hereof a sum of not less than 1 Two Dollars per annum as membership dues Sec 5All annual membership dues as provided herein shall become due and payable on the First Day of January in each and every year and any such dues that are unpaid at the date of the next succeeding annual convention shall be deemed delinquent Any member may make donations of money books pamphlets and other literature for distribution and propaganda and mem bersmaking such donations of money books or literature in ex cess of the amount of the annual membership dues shall not be required to pay any further dues but said dues shall be con sidered as fully paid for a period of one year Sec 6Duly accredited delegates or representatives of any existing municipal state or national society that is of a distinct ive and admitted Freethought character having proper creden Vtialsfroin their respective societies shall be given a voice and J vote touching all matters properly brought before the conventions of this organization upon the payment by each of such delegates or representatives of one years dues as herein provided ANNUAL CONVENTION Article 4 Sec IThere shall be held once in each and every year a meeting or convention of this organization for the transaction of the business of the organization and such other matters pertinent thereto as may be properly brought before such conven tions The conventions shall bo migratory and the time and place of holding the same shall be determined by the Board of Di rectors Sec 2In their determination of tho time and place of holding each annual convention of this organization the Board of Di rectors shall be guided by suitability of location tho convenience of its members and such other matters as may inure to the best interests of the organization- Sec 3The Board of Directors through the President and Secretary shall publish or furnish to be published in all Free t rr y i t J o f rf jI BLUE G1dSS BLADE 3r a MJ 1 in this country sixty in advance of any I andshalljournals from time to tune concerning the same as shall inure to tho best interests of the organization and its members DUTIES OF OFFICERS jArticle 5 I Sec 1PRESIDENTTho duties of tho President of this organization shall be to preside over direct manage and control the annual conventions hereof he shall direct manage and con ittrol with the advice and consent of the Board of Directors all ilI th propaganda work of the organization he shall be chairman exofficio of tho Board of Directors he shall have full power and authority to call the meetings of the said Board of Directors at such times and in such places as ho shall deem to be tho most convenient and expedient to the business interests thereof ho shall have one vote on all matters coming before the Board of Directors and in addition thereto he shall have a castingvote in case of a tie he shall appoint supervise and direct with the advice and consent of the Board of Directors all of the author ized lecturers of this organization and ho shall direct ahd super vise the proper distribution of all literature and all propaganda work that may or shall be done in the name and under the aus pices of this organization he shall be the custodian of the seal of this organization he shall sign all certificates of membership and affix tho imprint of the seat of tho organization thereto ho shall sign all warrants or orders upon the Treasurer before tho same shall be paid and then only after the same have been ap proved by the Board of Directors he shall from time to time submit to the Board of Directors for their consideration or to 1theconvention as the case may be and as emergencies may do such plans and suggestions for a successful propaganda cs to him may appear to be both necessary and expedient he shall keep a faithful record of all the business transactions of his office and shall make report thereon in writing to thenext annual convention he shall perform such other and further duties as may properly pertain to the office of President or that may be required of him by the convention or the Board of Directors J Sec 2FIRST VICEPRESIDENTThe duties of theOPirst VicePresident shall be to perform the duties of the President in his absence sickness or incapacity Ho shall also render such assistance as ho is able to the proper and effective work of the organization He shall be a member of the Board of Directors Sec 3SECOND VICEPRESIDENTThe duties of the Second VicePresident shall be to perform tho duties of President in the absence sickness or incapacity of both the President and the First VicePresident Ho shall render such assistance ashe is able to the proper and effective work of this organization Ho shall bo a member of the Board of Directors Sec 4 SECRETARY The duties of the Secretary shall be to a correct and faithful record of all the business trans uJtions of the organization in annual convention or other meet ing in a book provided for that purpose ho shall keep and maintain a correct list of all the names and postoffice addressee the officers and members of this organization in a book provided for that purpose ho shall sign all certificates of membership after tho same have been signed and sealed by tho President and shall thereupon send the same by mail to the member whose name appears therein he shall promptly and efficiently attend to all the correspondence from members and other busineeemat t fpi rV ters of the organization emanating from members or that may be submitted to him by the President or other officer or by the Boardof Directors ho shall be a member of the Board of Directors and Secretary thereof exofficio he shall keep a faithful record of all the business transactions of the Board of Directors in a book provided for that purpose he shall keep a roster of all the names and postoffice addresses of the authorized and commissioned lecturers of this organization he shall keep a roster of all municipal state or national societies and organi zations that shall affiliate with this organization for propaganda or other purposes he shall ascertain and record tho names and locations of all cities or towns wherein a lecturer or debater can be used to advantage in the propaganda work of this organiza tion and shall endeavor to keep all such localities in touch with the organization for purposes of propaganda ho shall be custo dian of the books pamphlets and all the literature of the organization for purposes of distribution and shall distribute the same under the direction of the President or the Board ofHDirectors either or both he shall countersign all orders or war rants on the Treasurer after the same have been signed by the President and approved by the Board of Directors he shall by and with the advice and consent of the President and Board of Directors grant and issue such charters as may bo authorized to municipal or state organizations that may or shall be organ ized by this organization or under its auspices he shallmake out a monthly statement of the business transactions of his office and shall submit the same to tho President which said statement shall bo for publication and shall contain and show all important andnecessary information concerning the propaganda work of the organization he shall prepare and submit in writing to the annual convention of the organization an itemized report show ing all the business transactions and records of his office during the preceding year he shall receive such salary or compensation as may be fixed by the Board of Directors Sec 5 TREASURER Tho duties of the Treasurer shall be to receive collect receipt for and safely keep all the moneys i and funds belonging or owned by this organization ho shall divide and separate tho annual membership contributions unless the latter bo specifically donated for a certain purpose into two funds to bo known as tho General Fund and the Propaganda Fundono dollar of said membership dues going into each fund ho shall keep both of said funds separate and apart each from tho other he shall pay all orders or warrants made upon hijn after tho same have been signed by the President and Secre tary and approved by the Board of Directors out of the proper fund as the said orders or warrants may call for he shall keep a faithful record of all funds or moneys received by him showing by whom and from what source the same has been paid and thetfund to which it has been applied in a book to bo provided for that purpose ho shall at tho end of each and every month make out and submit to the President in writing a statement showing the total amount of money received by him during the preceding month by whom and how the same was paid the fund to which it was applied the amount of money paid out by him during the said month and the purposes for which the same was paid and the fund from which it was drawn also the amount of money on hand in each of said funds ho shall from time to time as the President or Board of Directors may request furnish him or them with a statement showing the actual condition of the treasury he shall make out an itemized statement in writing of the total receipts disbursements and the business transactions of his office during the year and shall submit the same to the annual conven tion of this organization ho shall be a member of the Board off BOARD OF DIRECTpRSvrTho duties of the Boardt fj IPr 4 BLUE GRASS BLADE of Directors shall be to meet in executive session subject to the call of the President in writing at such times and in such places theBoardnotice of the time and place of such meetings the President shall also calla meeting of said Board at any time upon the written request of said Board signed by any three members the Board of Directors shall have charge of the propaganda work of the organization and shall by majority vote be empowered and regulationsbestinterestsorganizationdetermine and approve methods of propaganda the number per sonality and character of public lecturers that shall or may be commissioned by the organization they shall by majority vote determine the compensation to be paid to such authorized or com missioned lecturers and tho mode and manner of creating the fundor increasing it for that purpose they shall by majority vote prescribe and designate the number and character of books organizationcure and employ such literary assistance as the funds of the organ ization will permit for the creation and publication of such now or other literature to be distributed by the organization and the manner and method of its distribution they shall authorize the institution of municipal state or other associations to be affilia maybeor best calculated to subserve the best interests of the organization and its propaganda they shall at all times fender such assistance as is within their power to the officers of this organi zation in the proper and effective discharge of their several duties they shall have the right to call for and examine any or allof the books of the officers of this organization provided that f a sufficient and reasonable notice be given therefor to the officer having the custody of said book or hoop they shall do and per form such other and further acts and things pertaining to their office as may be pettinent to and subserving the best interests of the organization and consistent with its constitution and by laws I V I1W Sec 7 HONORARY VICEPRESIDENTS The duties of the Honorary VicePresfdents of this organization shairTJetcT keep and maintain as close a supervision as possible of the propaganda work in their respective States or Territories informing the President fromtime to time if any opportunity exists therein for the dissemination of its principles they shall strive to in crease the membership of this organization in their respective States and Territories aid in the distribution of its literature and at all times do what they can to subserve the best interests of the organization and its propaganda v DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES r L This Association regards it as an inherent right common to all humanity to alter change and modify any and all forms of religious beliefs or disbeliefs as the light of knowledge and the force of tho highest human reason shall proclaim that such change alteration or modification are necessary to the welfare and happiness of the race 2 This Association regards the inculcation and dissemination of high moral precepts as of greater worth and of more practical utility to mankind than the professions of religious beliefs 3 This Association regards all true morality as wholly depend ent upon human considerations and in effect and practice implies df the greatestlpossible happiness to tho greatest possible numbers without regard to religious beliefs or disbeliefs 4 This Association regards that the promulgation of scientific truth should be the constant aim of humanity CONSTRUCTIVE PHILOSOPHY The practical working basis of this organization shall be to teach and promulgate by processes of education the following elements of constructive philosophy 1 The philosophy of Monism as setting forth a pure concep tion of the universe based upon natural science human reason and human experience 2 The unity of Nature as affirming that all living organisms are subject to the same established laws of existence and velopment 3 The inculcation of the accumulated mental and moral con cepts gained from human reason and experience declining to acquiesce in the mystical conception of a personal creator 4 The accepted demonstrations of modern science which prove that the Cosmos is regulated and governed by uncreated and indestructible natural processes commonly termed natural law 5 The general disbelief in the existence ofa personal first cause or ruler over nature substituting therefor the doctrine that the universe is selfgoverned and eternal- PROPAGANDA As a means to effectively and intelligently carry out and pro mulgate the basic principles and the elements of constructive philosophy of this organization its propaganda woshall con sist of public lectures public debates public discussions both on the platform and in the press and in the widest possible dis tribution of such literature as shall embody and set forth the 1 same This propaganda shall be twofold 0 FirstAs an exponent of the Philosophy of Monism as being best adapted to subserve the best and highest interests of humanity and the upbuilding of human society by teaching the true relations of man to the universe and to each other SecondBy processes of education to overcome the aggres sins of the church and its advocates and to enable the Liberal thinkers of the nations to effectively resist the same by a con certed plan of action SYSTEMATIC PROPAGANDA The systematic propaganda of this organization as inculcative of ifs general principles shall include the following L The proper extension of that degree of culture and refine ment which have raised man above tho other animals and given him dominion over the earth basing them upon a rational cooperation of the race for further improvement 2 The rational organization of human governments through the secular power based on justice and natural law and not upon the wornout traditions of superstition 3 The most strenuous opposition to the theological hierarchy which invests worldly power with the cloak of religion and ex ploits the credulity of the people for its personal gain 4 The intelligent promulgation of tho Monistic Philosophy as embracing the ideals of truth virtue and beauty and to demand equal rights with socalled religious organizations therefor from the state and from society 5 Such necessary reform in our system of public education as will substitute instruction in the different branches of natural science for theological fiction with a view of imparting correct information upon the origin and development of life upon the globe 11BLUE GRASS BLADE t r 0 Tho complete and absolute divorcement of church and state and the abrogation of clerical influence or interference in all matters of education and legislation of a public character 7 The assisting and encouraging of all individual members of this soniety and all other Freethinkers in the establishment of alocal societies for the promulgation of these principles keeping them in touch with duly qualified and commissioned lecturers and supplying them with propagandic literature for distribution as the funds of this organization will permit 8 It shall also be the duty and privilege of this organization to protect the civil and public rights of its members to shield and protect them and other Freethinkers from unwarranted tack and unjust discrimination through religious bigotry and intolerance 9 It shall also be the duty and privilege of this organization to strive for and demand the fullest possible freedom of thought freedom of speech and freedom of the press as against orthodox religious aggression and oppression that shall be consistent with honor and morality and to the extent that the funds of the rorganization may permit such to be done that a full complete and practical promulgation of the principles of this organization will subserve the best and highest interests of the race tending to social improvement and progress and a resultant human happiness we cordially invite all persons who ag ee with the principles herein expressed and who I approve the methods of propaganda herein set out to unite and cooperate with the members of this organization for the dissemination of its principles GENERAL PROVISION This Association declares for and adopts the general principles in the government of this Association of the initiative referen dum and recall- Whenever five per cent of the membership in good standing as based upon the membership shown by the report of the Secretary on tho first day of tho calendar year shall propose in writ ing the recall of any officer or the adoption of any law or prin ciple or policy or shall ask that any action of the directors or officers shall be submitted to referendum then tho Secretary shall proceed to submit the matter proposed to each member by mail within thirty days from the receipt of the said petition and the Secretary shall report tho vote on or before the end of one month after the date of submission In case the Secretary neglect or refuse to act upon such petition then the President shall take action thereon BYLAWS 1 This Organization shall meet in convention once each year at such times and places as the Board of Directors may determine 2 The time and place of holding t e annual convention shall bo made known and published sixty days in advance of the same 3 Tho Board of Directors shall meet as often as the business interests of the organization may demand and their traveling and hotel expenses while attending tho same shall be paid out of the funds of the organization but they shall receive no other compensation 4 The time and places of meeting of the Board of Directors shall be at the direction of the President and the President shall at all times specify the same with a view to expediency and necessity 5 Tho cost and expense of the management of this organiza tion shall be paid only out of the general fund 6 The cost of maintaining and supposing lecturers and dis shall be only but the Propaganda Fundt7 The General Fund shall never be pejnitted to drawuoupon i ji1 i tOit j or borrow from the Propaganda Fund r8 Ifat the end of any term there shall be any mon y left 3 in the General Fund it may thereafter be transferred to the i Propaganda Fund but no money in the Propaganda Fund shall ever be transferred to the General Fund i 9 The President and Board of Directors shall be required to see that the laws governing and regulating the General and Propaganda Funds be strictly carried outI10 The Board of Directors shall from time to time authorize the purchase and supply of the necessary books of record papers and stationery to be used by the officers in the proper transaction of their respective duties f 11 A majority of the Board of Directors at any meeting shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of business t 12 Twentyfive members of this organization in good standJing at any annual convention shall constitute a quorum transaction of its business t 13 No person shall be authorized to lecture for in the name ofor under the auspices of this organization without first having secured a certificate or commission therefor from the Board i of Directors 14 Any member of this society in good standing may offer a resolution amendatory of this Constitution and ByLaws at q any annual convention by first submitting the same in writing to the Secretary of this organization at least sixty days preced ing such annual convention No other resolution amendatory hereof shall be considered and acted upon at any convention ex cept by the unanimous consent of the members attending the convention 15 These ByLaws and Constitution shall never be amended altered changed or suspended except by a twothirds majority vote of all the members attending the annual convention whereat such amendment is proposed 16 The order of business at each annual convention shall be prepared and published not less than thirty days preceding the date of holding said convention in all Freethought Journals in America- willing to publish the same 17 To bo entitled to vote at any annual convention members must be in good standing with tho organization and not in ar rears for dues thereto 18 The procedure and debates at any annual convention of this organization shall be governed by Cushings Manual HELEN M LUCAS J ATWOOD CULBERTSON MISS LIZZIE WILEY E G NICHOLS Committee Approved and adopted by the Freethinkers of American in National Convention assembled in the City of St Louis State of Missouri on Sunday November 141909 JOHN R CHARLESWORTH- Attest DAVID W SANDERS Secretary 0 iior BLU1W1 ASSBLADE The Rationalist Association of America FULL REPORT OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE CONVENTION OP FREETHINKERS HELD AT ST LOUIS SUNDAY NOVEMBER 14th 1909 With fifty delegates or more in attendance constituting themselves members of the convention the proposition sub mitted by the Blade endorsed by many Freethinkers that a national organization be effected has borne a ripe fruita- ge and American Freethinkers have now an organization to which they can point with pride look to with hope and rely upon for a systematic advocacy of the principles pro of the delegates and members began to reach St Louis by an early hour Saturday morning Before noon they began to arrive from all directions and cans were made at the Laclede Hotel for this and that person attend ing so that it was early made manifest that the convention was to be a success From as far east as Pennsylvania and as far west as Arkansas and Kansas Freethinkers flocked to St louis to participate in the work contemplated and share in the great glories of the occasion Men and women had gathered from far and near to formulate and adopt a set of Freethought principles upon whichall could consist ently unite in an effort at propaganda- As a full and itemized report of the convention is given that report contains only the actual work accomplished It would require several pages to give even an outline of the intense struggle precipitated by the St Louis Socialists engraft upon the organic law some provisions for the advocacy and recognition of economic reform as paramount to religious reform and the advocates of other isms not relat ed to Freethought were equally as vigorous in their discussions f to the same end wit not quite so numerous Bt reason of these debates the afternon session was prolonged from 2 oclock until 730 Innumerable votes wore taken with the result that the Freethinkers triumphed in the preservation of their principles and the Association was formedupon strictly Freothought lines In one instanco only did the Socialistic element gain a concession which was in the adoption of a provision for the initiative refer endum and recall which will be found in the constitution During these debates the convention bordered upon al most chaos For a brief period of time the Chairman al lowed the Socialists free rein to give vent to their ideas andwhen they had aboutexhausted themselves Dr Morri son was called to the chair and Mr Oharlesworth as tho chairman of the convention took tho floor and by reference to the provisions of tho official call and an argument against the injection of isms foreign to the purpose of the convention the convention to the side of and combat Many still sought to prolong the discussion The Chairman rapped for order There being no motion pending it was ruled that no further discussion would be permitted upon the subject and the convention was brought back to its original and only purpose which resulted in the adoption of its constitution and the election of its officers The St Louis papers gave extended notices of the pro ceedings of the convention With but one exception that of the GlobeDemocrat there was not tho slightest effort at misrepresentation or exaggeration The paper referred to in its Monday morning issue gave an exaggerated ac count of what took place but each of the other papers f treated the convention with respectful consideration and published an impartial report Bothupon his election and tho manner in which he had held the Association to Freethought against those who had combined and inspired to lead it astray President Charles worth was made tho recipient of numerous congratulations and as the convention closed three cheers were given in honorThe are here given in full as follows Z PRELIMINARY OAUOUSIThe proceedings of the Convention opened with the Cau cus held in the parlors of tho Laclede Hotel at 800 oclock Saturday night There were about forty members present Tho Caucus was called to order by Mr John R Charles worth who briefly outlined the objects and purposes of tho Caucus and the work it would be required to perform Upon motion Mr Charlesworth was elected temporary Chairman and J Atwood Oulbertson of Pittsburg Pa temporary Secretary The following Committees were then appointed Order of BusinessH P Bischoff Collinsville Ill Albert P Johnson Vincennes Ind Organization Geo M Jackson Pigott Arkansas Frank Vuch St Louis Mo W 0 Daly Princeton Ind Constitution and ByLaws Helen M Lucas Marietta Ohio Miss L Wiloy Sulphur Springs Mo J Atwood Oulbertsori Pittsburg Pa E G Nichols Nbrgo Va Nominations M Rowe Paris Ill Dr Lindsoy Morri son West Pointy Ky A J Cojka St Louis Mo Finance M R Coffman Paragould Ark Geo Munz Louisville Ky 0 W Rudisill Jacksonville Ill Banquet David Kohn St Louis Mo W 0 Cope St Louis Mo Tho temporary Chairman requested the several Com mittees to consider tho matters submitted to them and to prepare their report for submission to the Convention as earlyas possible l t rv l- v IIiifttly1 t jtt7i 2 t BLUEGRASS BLADEThere being no further business the Caucus adjourned to meet in convention at nine oclock Sunday morning CONVENTION The Convention was called to order by the temporary Chairman in Bowmans Hall at tho corner of Eleventh ancl Locust Streets at the hour designated in the call fnnumber of the Committees were still at work in the i ration of their reports a slight delay was experienced Th the transaction of the business ORDER OF BUSINESS The Committo on Order of Business to be transacted by the Convention submitted tho following report su 1 Call to order by temporary Chairman t2 Report of Committee on Order of Business 3 Address of Welcome 4 Response to Address of Welcome 5 Statement of purposes and objects of Convention by temporary Chairman 6 Report of Committee on Credentials 7 Report of Committee on Organization 8 Report of Committee on Constitution and ByLaws 7 9 Reportof Committee on Nominations 10 Election of Officers 11 Report of Committee on Finance 1 J 12 Report of Committee on Resolutions X 13 Congratulatory addresses r 14 Closing address by PresidentT15 AdjournmentADDRESS OF WELCOME IT The following address of welcome to the members of thri Convention was next delivered by W 0 Copo Editor of The Wheel of Life of St Louis Mo f Mr Chairman Ladies and Gentlemen Tho most cheerful word that over falls from human lips hen it comes spontaneously from tho hninnn heart is the little word the nature of the case the life of the Freethinker mast be a militant one Nearly all of the time ho is in the enemys country Often in his own homo and among his own people this is the case Sometimes even tho wife of his bosom teaches his own children to regard himas an enemy of society So it is a pleasant thing when Freethinkers men and women are able to get away from the daily environment oftentimes of hatred nearly always one of suspicion and come in weekly meeting or annual convention mingling with thoseof like thought and ideals with themselves Welcome means WELLCOME It is well that wo have come hero to form a National Organization for many reasonsr- FirstIt is well that we have come because of tho strength that numbers give Benjamin Franklin said to tho of the Declaration of Independence If wo dont hang together we will all hang separately This is eminently true of those in the Liberal movement The forces of reaction and 04 speciali 1 c 2 i M ttr tff 1II tr fr J 8 = J privilege are combining in a closer and more compact organization all the time If the best way to fight the devil whom we used to hear so much about is with fire the best way to fight an organization opposed to liberty is by a compact National Organization of Liberals Get together is the watchword all along the line This is the only hope not only for our own country but forthe progress of mankind Tho Freethinkers ideals are those which must dominate the world if the evolutionary process is to continue and the world to mako progress What are some of these ideals You know them well but it is a good thing to have them repeated 1 First and including all the others the ideal of Free Thought is that of free and untrammeled thought on all sub jectsReligious Philosophical Sociological and Historical Ex perimentation and verification is the law of Inductive Science and is the Freethinkers Ideal Paul did not follow his own vice when he said Prove all things hold to that which is good This is what Freethinkers are doingtesting trying questioning investigating throwing down an error here finding a grain of truth there but retaining throughout the ideal of free and untrammeled quest of truth no matter where the trail leads Let it lead to the icy peaks of isolation or the torrid climes of intolerance and hatred of our kind the ideal leads us onward and we follow whithersoever it leads There is no hypnotic influence in an ideal whatever that ideal may be An ideal is only an idea which has been suggested to us either from within or without with such force that it has become a fixed state of mind This has been understood by tho church for a long time As MclverTyndall says Our observation and experience convince us that there would be no time loft to do anything useful if the teaching of the church were strictly obeyed The builders of the system were too well versed in the essentials of hypnotism to neglect any opportunity for chaining and holding the attention of its victims Thisis why the church lays such stress upon teaching religion in the schools It wishes to hypnotize the child with the relig ious ideal while the mind is easily susceptible to such impres sions The hypnotic state is an unreasoning state and it is His mind be the so hypnotisedvery hard to arouse person comeS closed to the reasoning process upon the subject upon which ho has been hypnotised The church knows this and it is time for Freethinkers to find it out Let the Freethinking Ideal of free and untrammeled investigation of all subjects be impressed upon the childish mind while it is yet in the im pressionable state If this were done on a large scale among all the nations children it is hard to realize to what discoveries it would lead and what an accumulation would bo added to tho worlds stock of truth Tho Convention has not mot however for much speech welcome on my own behalf as a Freethinker making I am hero to you who is glad to be among his brethren I wolccomc you on behalf of the City of St Louis Its citi in tho histories written of its zens will one day note with pride progress that it was here in this City of St Louis that the National Organization of Freethinkers was started- I welcome you on behalf of our country You are its salt and tho influence you radiate will bo its salvation from all that tends to enfeeble degrade and enslave in governmental policie- welcome you as a citizen of the world In the words of the immortal Thomas Paine The world is my country to do good is religion Such are Freethinkers everywhere from my Greenlands icy mountains to Indias coral strand Where they meet is the spirit of liberty fraternity equality At bot tom their ideal is the ideal of real democracy and brotherhood and multiply the world May such as these live long = t 1j t A c tr 8z BLUE GRASS BLADE byMrpointed remarks explanatory of the principles of Freo thought accepted the welcome extended in the name of the Convention and in Behalf of the Freethinkers generally Both the welcoming addres and the response sounded the keynote of the Convention and the sentiments uttered there in were liberally applauded REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON ORGANIZATION Upon the suggestion of the Chairman that the Convert tionshould resolve itself into a national organization such action was taken upon the report of this Committee which upon motion was adopted as follows Your Committee Reports the Tollowing Firmly believing that both the day and the hour are propitious and favorable for effecting an association of the individual elements of Fraethought in the United States of America welding them into a compact organization for the purpose of enhanc ing a better and more systematic propaganda of Freethought principles and recognizing a constantly widening breach be tween the institutions of the orthodox church and the educational factors in progress and civilization and believing that moral vir tue and human happiness can be better subserved by the pro mulgation of scientific and philosophical methods based upon human considerations alone than by conformity to retigi- ousIcrecds and the orthodox confessions of faith therefore in sponse to the demands made by individual Freethinkers throughout the United States in writing expressed we recommend thin this convention resolve itself into a national organization under such definite name and to undertake such propaganda as shall be hereafter provided by the constitution and bylaws to be adopted by this convention s We recommend as a practical means of organization that the officers shall consist of a president a first and second vicepresi dent and a secretarytreasurer to be the same officer the said officers to be elected by ballot and when so elected the whole to constitute a Board of Directors who shall by a majority vote cast in person assist the officers in the performance of their duties and shall when the convention is not in session manage and direct the business affairs and propaganda of the organi zation We also recommend that a list of honorary vicepresidents be elected at each annual other convention at the ratio of one vicepresident to each slate and territory of the United States who shall agree to aid in the work and disseminate thej principles and policies of tho organization within the jurisdic tion of their respective states and territories We also recommend that all persons without regard to race color or sex who shall in writing signify their agreement with and acceptance of tho principles purposes and objects of this organization and who shall be willing to aid in it3 propaganda shall be eligible for membership- We also recommend that all Freethinkers now in attendance upon this convention and all Freethinkers who have expressed themselves as being in favor of this organization who shall accept its principles and agree with its objects end purposes and all Freethinkers making application for membership within sixty days after the adjournment of this convention shall be deemed charter members of this organization and shall be en rolled as such upon its books We also recommend that this organization shall be and remain purely and distinctively national in character but shall through t t r its Board of Directors foster encourage and assist in the form ation and maintenance of State organizations under its auspices for the purpose of affording a more efficient and systematic propaganda of its principles issuing charters therefor and thereto properly signed and sealed in such manner as the constitution and bylaws may provide and that such State organizations shall be likewise assisted and encouraged in the organization of local bodies to be under State auspices and State control With full and implicit confidence in the wisdom of the plan outlined in this report we respectfully submit the same and rec ommend that it be adopted GEO M JACKSON FRANK VUCH W C DALY The Chairman then briefly stated the object and purpose of the Convention as outlined in the official call expressing a solicitude that in its organic law there should be no departure from the principles of Freethought and that the organization should not be burdened by the side issues of political economy and other isms which have provendjs astrous to Freethought advocacy in the past Ho expressed the hope that the organization when effect ed would maintain a purely Froethought attitude and serve as its propaganda such policies as are distinctively tntiorthodox The following Committee on Resolutions was then appointed Parker H Sercome Chicago HI David W Sanders Covington Indiana j George M Coffman Paragould Arkansas Upon the annosaacement that the other committees were not yet prepared to submit their reports a few extempora neous remarks were made upon the meaning of Free thought and the general scope of the tfrn in which several members indulged when upon tho motion of Dr Lindsey Morrison the Convention took a recesS for lunch until 200 p the Convention was about to recess Miss Princess 0 Jones of East LyJineMo took the floor and delivered to the Convention the greetings and good wishes of Dr John Emerson Roberts of Kansas City which were received with enthusiasm AFTERNOON SESSION Convention called to order at 220 p m Minutes of morning session read and approved The Committee on Constitution and ByLaws submitted its report which after a session lasting more than five hours resulted in the adoption of the following Several amendments were sought to be made as each section was being considered and being put to a vote the following was finally adoptedf Tho Constitution and ByLaws as adopted are printed elsewhere ELECTION OF OFFICERS With the adoption oifpfe Constitution and ByLaws designating the number of and providing for the election of s1 BLUE CRASS BLADE 9 honorary and active officers the Committee on Nominations reported the following For PresidentJohn K Qharlesworth Lexington Ky For VicePresientW H Maple Chicago Ill For Second VicePresidentDr J s Wilson Cincin nati Ohio CovingtonIndiana Upon motion of George M Jackson of Pigott Ark duly carried tho temporary Secretary was instructed to cast one ballot as a whole for the Convention for the per sons nominated in the report for tho several offices The Secretary having cast tho ballot tho foregoing were declared to be elected as the acting officers of the Association amid enthusiasm HonoraryVicePresidents therein HONORARY VICEPRESIDENTS Suggestions for benefit of Nominating Committee 1 Alabama Jacob Friedman Birmingham 3514 7th Ave N 2 AlaskaHelen Scott Circle 3 ArizonaS J Garrett Tucson 4 Arkansas M R Coffman Paragould 6 CaliforniaSingleton W Davis Los Angeles 0 ColoradoGeorge Leeson Cedaredge 7 ConnecticuttA B Bennett South Norwalk 8 DelawareJohn H McCloud Wilmington 2010 Market St 0 FloridaDr J M Frost Tampa 510 Emeline Ave 10 GeorgiaC F W Gunther Gainesville 11 IdahoF P Ball Sr Caldwell 503 Cleveland Bogjeyard 12 IllinoisJ H Schwartz Marshall 13 IndianaDr T J Bowles Muncie 14 IowaProf A J Clausen St Ansgar 15 KansasHenry C Roberts Bennington 10 KentuckyDr Lindsey Morrison West Point 17 LouisianaMrs Hazel Putman Wilburton i 18 Maine Manly A Brigham Rumford Falls 19 MarylandJohn F Clarke Arlington 20 MassachusettsDan Crosby Osterville 21 MichiganF B Hall Augusta 22 Minnesota Gegrge Wheelock St Charles 23 Mississippi Dr E B Robbins Vicksburg 24 MissouriDr Emil Simon St Louis t25 Montana Charles Wegner Great Falls Box 122 26 NebraskaJ W Gilbert Friend 27 Nevada 28 Now Hampshire John P Thorndyke Canaan R fo D 29 Now JerseyN Berne Newark 11 Gouverneur gti 30 Now MexicoA A Burdette Silver City 31 NowYork C R Woodward Lockport 32 North CarplinaLeger Meyer Wilmington 33 North DakotaR Anderson Cooperstown 34 OhioDr J B Wilson Cincinnati 206 E Fourth St L 35 OklahomaN Grayson Oscar 36 OregonMrs Lula Gibson Herr Heppner 37 PennsylvaniaJ Atwood Culbertson Pittsburg 1013 Penn Avenue 38 Rhode IslandHenry Pickering Woonsocket 39 South Carolina Glejm P Peake Union Gibbs Co r l iftr 40 South DakotaL M Macomber Lennox 41 TennesseeArthur Stone Chattanooga 2 12 Main St 42 TexasJ D Shaw Waco 43 UtahJoseph Rogers Salt Lake City 247 S Main St v 44 Vermont E A Fitch Wilmington 45 Washington H T Ahrens Spokane 614 Sinto St 47 West VirginiaJ C Watkins Kanawha Falls 48 WisconsinJ W Kruschke Cranberry Center 49 WyomingI W Beckwith Lander The Finance Committee reported that it had received sufficient funds to pay the expenses of the Convention which had been discharged in full and that a balance was left to be turned over to the Treasurer which was done The Committee on Resolutions reported the following which were f AS ADOPTED t RESOLVED That Froethought free speech and free press and a constant seeking after truth conduce to the highest civil ization peace and good will As orthodoxy is opposed to all these we in turn are opposed to orthodoxy in all its forms We denounce the governmental murder of the Freethinker and i modern educator Professor Francisco Ferrer of Spain which murder was instigated by the fanatical clergy as a part of their campaign to oppose all intellectual progress and the cause of freedom from church domination We cherish the hope that Ferrers death may be the last great sacrifice to satisfy the de mand of priestcraft and that his name may be accorded a place among the worlds brave martyrs The Constitution of the United States makes our government strictly secular in that no religious test shall be made for citizen ship or for holding public office Therefore all legislation de manded by the church and clergy in the interest of religion is contrary to the spirit of the Constitution The placing on our coins of the motto In God We Trust is an attempt to have this government officially recognize the existence of a personal godwhich many of the best citizens of this republic regard as much a myth as the clergy regards the old Greek and Roman gods All church property should be taxed according to its actual physical valuation We are opposed to the reading of the Bible in the public Schools as a book of authority above ordinary fairy stories or vtbe singing of religious songs or to have any devotional exercises in any schools supported by public taxation The Convention adjourned sine die THE BANQUET Tho Convention had been in session from 200 oclock in the afternoon to 730 p m Upon adjournment tho members repaired to the Little Hungarian Restaurant at Broadwayand Locust Streets and sat at a Banquet prepar ed for them During the evening while seated around the festal board several short speeches were made in which Parker H Sercombe David W Sanders Mrs Helen M Lucas J Atwood Oulbertson David Kohn Dr Lindsey 7rs TJf5iIJlI Ul 01101 Rogow oil 1 10 BLUE GRASS BLADE Morrison and Miss L Wiley took part congratulating those present upon the work of the Convention The proceedings were brought to a close by a short address from President Oharlesworth in which ho outlined his plans for the com ing years work He made a strong plea for unity and harmony in the ranks of American Freethinkers and stated tthat if the officers of the Rationalist Association of America could but receive the support of the Freethinkers their re ports at the next annual convention would be able to show a volume of work reflecting credit upon the Association and its membership The President stated that these plans would be given later in the form of a circular address to Convention proceedings Mr Sheridan Web ster of St Louis in behalf of and at the request of E G Nichols of Norge Va handed to the Presidentelect a jewel in the form of a watch fob containing silver globe upon which is inscribed the motto of Thomas P ineliThe world is my country to do good my religion This trophy is to be held in trust by the President of the Association and handed to his successor With three rousing cheers for the officers of the Associa tion the Banquet and Convention came to an end NOTES OF MY LECTURE TRIP When writing of my experiences on the Freethought lecture platform in Ohio during two recent trips through that State and the vastly improved conditions that prevailed the growing Liberalism among the people and the increasing popularity of our principles the thought came to me after I had written them that such conditions might bo confined in a largo measure to the Buckeye State and that in other States among another and different people I might not experience such flattering prospects Only a practical test could determine with any degree of satisfaction whether or not the principles of Freethought were as acceptable in one community as another that is in com munities remotely situated from each other and not influ enced by similar environment These lectures which were given on my way to the St Louis Convention have convinc ed me beyond all doubt that the church is losing ground everywhere Not that the church is any worse than it used to be but because the people are growing wiser and bettor The masses are now beginning to feel that they are capable ofconducting their own negotiations with the throng of grace and can dispense with the services of the middlemen The masses now feel that they can map out their own route to the now Jerusalem and do not need the help of a theological surveyor Thus it is sufficiently manifest that the people of Indiana are not behind the people of Ohio andneighboring States n their acceptance of tho new order of things To one who has borne the brunt of many a hard fight in the old pioneer days ofa generation ago the changed conditions are extremely noticeable and appreciable The people are now upon our side in thought and heart and mind but the influences of heredity and environment i are difficult of escape The child encounters superstition in the cradle and it follows him all through the uncertain path of his life to the grave Many now calling them selves Freethinkers are not entirely devoid of its influ ences Hero and there traces of some form of superstition will be perceptible in the ordinary routine of daily labor or habit With this we can far better appreciate the diffi culty experienced in attempting to sever church connections church influences and church environment Innumerable of lifes traditions are closely interwoven therewith and itiis a struggle the mental magnitude of which we must underestimate in our propaganda work The people are growing more liberal Those who remain with the church willsurely liberalize it The more fearless will step down and out Among the latter we may prosecute our work with a measure of sure reward as the newly encountered exper iences assuredly indicate Upon undertaking the present trip I had two objects in view These were to enable me to earn my way to St Louis to attend the Convention and to work up an interest in the business of the Convention I have succeeded in both Leaving home on the afternoon of Sunday Nov 7th I arrived in Cincinnati the same night and spent several hours in the company of Dr J Br Wilson talking and dis cussing plans for future work I regret to say that I found him somewhat indisposed the result ofa longcontinued heavy mental strain argumented by an attack of rheuma tism which placed him almost out of commission Ho hadnot lost heart however and taking as his mottoaPhysician heal thyself he had gone to work bent upon a recuperation which Iam sure our readers will heartily wish for him Dr Wilson expressed wish to ac company me on my weeks work in Indiana and Illinois and at this writing I am in hopes that he willcatch mo a Marshall Ill where a rather warm time is expected Monday morning I boarded Big Four train fpr Coving ton Ind I was down hero for three lectures A ride of six hours brought me to my destination During this trip an incident One of our best and most l1cl1guardCovington boarded the train upon which I was ridiig entered the same coach and occupied seat directly across f the aisle from me and not knowing each other wo cOn tinued the journey without speaking Had I been a lira i more observant I could have detected tho Wottstoin badge ho was wearing and this would have been an enough without 0I any formal introduction Mr Bruch had come to hear the lectures however and wo made up for lost tine We were met at the depot by D W Sanders Secretary of tho Indiana State Secular Association and in ft few min utes other Frethinkers had gathered An informal love feast followed at tho hotel Later Captain LaTourette rdrove in and this being our first meeting I found him Ii genial bighearted open and generous supporter of our common cause Tho afternoon was pleasantly spent and after supper came tho lectures jot 1 i W 7 I r f t 5j BLUEGRASS BLA DE n For the lectures the Courthouse had been secured It is quite a commodious room and well apportioned for public speaking Although we lost a few because of a slight mis understanding as to the hour set for opening yet there was a splendid audience for me to talk to A conservativi estimate would place the audience slightly in excess of one hundredwith about twenty ladies present Two ministers were on hand One Rev Thad Hudson pastor of the Oampbollite church occupied front seat and tookcopious notes of what was said during my lecture to be used in all probability after I had gone The other was Mrs Oliphant a lady evangelist of pleasing personality who in a person 0 conversation at the close of the lecture I found to be ex ceedingly liberal in her views and she frankly admitted that I was right in my arguments as far as I had gone but suggested that 1 ought to have gone just a little farther and admitted God as a factor in human affairs Of course it was at this point we locked horns and agreed to disagree Rev William Ellwood also of the Gampbellite persuasion was also in my first audience but he had no opinion to express It was extremely gratifying to me to know that I had succeeded in creating a favorable impression in the public mind concerning our views and that my presentation- had won many new friends for the cause It was also a pleasure to meet so many Freethinkers several travelling for miles to hear the lecture even from Danville and other points in Illinois Some days before my arrival D W Sanders with whom the arrangements had been made for these lectures ad dressed a personal letter to the preacher or priest ofevery local church inviting them to be present and to bring tho openmindedmembers of their congregation with them Except in the instances above named none of them ac cepted The local Catholic priest a Father Schmidt went even further It was reported that he stated to his congregation in his broken dialect Theres going to be soma In fidel lectures in the Courthouse next week Dont any of you stick your head inside those doors Of course we have no means of actually knowing but it is a fair presumption that the order was obeyed under pain of excommunication The Methodist church also gave us opposition The Methodist dislikes controversy Although as I am informed it is contrary to the custom of that church in this city to have any meeting on Monday night yet one was arranged for this particular Monday in order to keep the faithful from hearing the other side With both god and the bible on their side they do not feel sufficiently armed to face an intel lectual foe The second lecture produced even still better results There was by far a much larger audience the increase showing on the side of the ladies as well as the gentlemen This time my subject was upon the Bible its place in liter ature and its influence upon morality Another preacher was in my audience on this occasion in addition to tho others who had returned and further notes wore taken which are to be used as is presumed after I am miles away from the scone There was one peculiarity conspicuous and Ii l tlIl f r noticeable The people appeared to manifest varying emo tions At first they hardly knew how to take it They appeared timid Gradually they began to take courage and approved So marked did this approbation become that at the close of my second lecture a lady Mrs Kaufman wife of the local station agent came to the rostrum and handedme a boquet of beautiful white chrysanthemums I was both pleased and surprised at this demonstration Twenty years ago when I first essayed to lecture on the Freethought platform there were few ladies in the land who had courage enough to thus give a public appreciation of the lecturer Now conditions have changed The church has lost its power to browbeat and terrify It is not that the church has grown any worse but because the people have grown wiser and better Of this I am thoroughly con vinced The actual contact with the people through this work on the platform has given abundant demonstrations of its truth We have every reason then to take courage and make preparations to reap that great harvest now al most ready to fall into our hands Just before the lecture began I was informed that Dr William Ellwood the local Campbellite preacher was to be present for the purpose of challenging me to a debate the proclivities of the preachers of this denomination for sputin I was resolved not to permit these tac tics to interfere with my lectures as they were arranged but ifa debate could be agreed upon I would bargain to callat Covington after the St Louis Convention and fill in a few days between my last lecture appointment as ar ranged and the Indianapolis Convention But the chal lenge did not materialize The reverend gentleman was present We met and talked before the lecture began and at its close not a word was said As I am writing this there is still another lecture to be given and the challenge may come We shall see For my own part I wouldwel come it provided the subject be broad enough to expound by comparison the merits and demerits of the opposing sys temsAt this point I wish to state to some of our readers that at the time I left home to embark upon this trip I noticed some letters on my desk which were forgotten in the hurry of departure This correspondence must therefore remain unanswered until my return and I trust our friends who had written me expecting an answer will accept this ex planation for the seeming neglect or delay During Wednesday I had to begin preparations for de parture as my next appointment at Marshall HI tho home of J H Schwartz one of the Blade contributors made it necessary that I should leave on the midnight train As I have written elsewhere I am looking for big doings at Marshall which may be inferred from letters IIhave received from Bro Schwartz This can be better plained later onIWhile in Covington I had the sincere pleasure of meet ing with and enjoying the company of a number of Liberal men and women Among them were D W Sanders of whom I am deeply inspired with great hopes for future t J If jl vlre r 12 BLUE GRASS 3BLADE work Captain Schuylor La Tourotte and his son Fred tho former having faced powder and ball for freedom of the blackman and willing to face dynamite if necessary for the freedom of the white man Capt M V Allen also a battlescarred veteran who gave one arm at the battle of Missionary Ridge in freedoms cause and is willing to surrender the other arm if necessary to make mental free dom doubly sure S 0 Kaufman and wife both of Lib oral heart and mold a credit to the cause and an honor to tho principles we advocate Guy F Spinning who has recently been elected County Recorder and tho Mayorelect whose name I cannot recall both of whom are not fearful of Liberal thought also Colonel J L Allen a wealthy land oowner who inclining toward Universalist ideas was liberalenough and generous enough to give material aid to the lecture course and attended them all Charles K Bright a worthy and capable young school teacher David 4S Ferguson and wife who enjoyed the first lecture so much that they camo back and brought more with them to the others Phillip Bruch of New Ross an old standby Iandfearless in his stand for tho cause W A Berlin an now a Freethinker who came from Danville HI to hear the lecture There were many others who came forward to greet me and to thank mo for tho expressions given during the lectures but I cannot remember the names Thus I can truthfully say our cause is growing by leaps and bounds and we can make tho growth more rapid through the gentle art of cultivation a course we must steadfastly pursue t fMy third and last lecture was a fitting climaxtoall that had preceded The audience was bigger and larger than ever It was composed of the very best people in the com munity Intelligence was depicted on every face Both sexes had increased in number The joy and beauty of the occasion was enhanced when just as I arose tQ begin talk ing Captain La Tonrotto entered the hall withalarge bo quet of flowers which ho placed on the table directly hv front of me These were a present from his estimable wife who had been prevented from attending on account of sick ness The lecture was well received The audience seemed to thoroughly enjoy it At its close ulli onehalf of the audience came up to shako hands and congratulate me upon my work All this bears witness to tlio truth of what I have said about the people having comdipvir to 9ur side7 XV Just as Bro Sanders was about to close iRe Rev Thad Hudson whom I have proviouslymentionA Elieinghimself but with some unknown person whom they the preachers would secure Unwilling to submit to a lap in the dark I declined their proposition butTr Sandera and Rev Hudson were named to enter into negotiations for persons and principles for a future debate r My next letter will be from Marshall Iam morethn pleased with the result of my labors in Cyi The Frethinkers expressed themselves as being delighted beypnd Lf fw t f measure This leaves a good feeling on all sidles It put both Freethinker and Christian on friendly terms Peopl of all phases of religious belief enjoyed the lectures and a distinct gain has been made for our side of the question It is now growing late in the night and I must bring thin letter to a close A few short hours of rest and at 220a m I board a train and leave for other fields of labor SPOOKS IN THE CRUCIBLE tlAn Address Delivered at the Seventh Annual Convention of thj Buckeye Secular Union at Columbus Ohio V September 12 1909 1 By Otto Wettstein V V There is no ecclesiastical science and there will be none so dwellBuechnerWo are not here to inquire what we prefer but what truthHuxley Last year I presented to you A few well established facts in evidence that a God is not only impossible but also superfluous xin the infinite economy of nature If it was not your good fortune to listen to that eloquent discourse or if you doubt unprovabletour i Having disposed of the great infinite spook I now propose to prove that the entire hosts of finite spooks devils witches ghosts souls and spirits are notuexistant also i When a collegebred young man was recommended for a place masteryxexclaiming damn grammar this office wants facts t Taking for granted that a presentation of facts and not a i desire for pulpit eloquence and spreadeagleism is what you are 7 here for I venture to address you to present facts reason from facts and to prove from facts that such phantasmagoria as a supremo spook or individual spooks do not exist In our schools and churches everything is taught authori tatively The scholar must accept everything taught as final and nteII Obedience is the command But the teacher or priest has also been so educated and his teachers so before him and so all teachers have been taught to teach what their teachers i again in turn may be centuries before were taught to teach as infallible gospel If this is true it becomes selfevident that the higher education though a precious acquisition in its practical branches based upon knowledge and factsmay on the other hand entirely defeat the purpose of true education A parrotlike training in the wisdom of the dark ages or in the religion of our grand mothers cannot possibly become a potent factor in modern r civilization on the contrary it tends to the perpetuation of error What the world most needs is new bold and analytical thought freely expressed and tolerated and the right of the humblest to criticize tIle greatest scholar- r The most learned and wisest men have made lamentable mis takes and no authority is infallible Confucius said Words i ought not to be accepted because uttered by the lofty nor v rejected because uttered by the lowly And I may add or by a Jeweler i The belief in immortality was born of the vain desire to attain in the future a degree of continuous happiness not possible here I and now If I could prove to the world which I intend to do kf r h D MON BLUE GRd ODE 13 in my next address that eternal life is not worth living this infantible hypothesis would be universally rejected Less than a half a century agowithin the memory of many now living the belief in a literal hell and all the horrors it implies was yet almost universally associated in the minds of Christians with the more felicitous belief in a heaven and a God Today thanks to Ingersoll and Beecher almost the entire intellectual world peremptorily rejects if not Christianity entire at least this grotesque and monstrous doctrine of eternal punishment for temporal sins What are the causes of this sudden apostacy from a vital doctrine which for eighteen hun dred years has been held sacred and which is so intimately associated with the scheme of Christianity What causes led to this remarkable revolution of sentiment Both doctrines are fundamental tenets of the Christians faith both are taught in the bible both have same origin and same basis why then have a vast majority of the more intellectual men and women complacently rejected the former belief while tenaciously cling ing to the belief in a literal heaven and a life of eternal bliss1 To the analyst who calmly searches for truth regardless of consequences and personal preferences the answer is selfevi dent viz because of the egotism and vanity of humanity Men and women do not relish misery and pain therefore as soon as they have cast off the yoke of tyrannical hierarchy they cheerfully reject a belief not to their liking They enjoy the idea of prospective unalloyed bliss during eternity therefore do not apply the rigid analysis to their favorite belief that they do to an obnoxious one consequently cling to the belief of an Utopian existence in a literal heaven An atmosphere of fire and his Satanic Majesty armed with harpoon stirring up the flames does not conform to their ideas of a comfortable abode during eternity therefore they do not fail to see the absurdity of the myth and gladly reject the hideous nightmare Butt mansions of ideal architecture in the sky constructed of onyx stone and alabaster with pearly gates in a city paved With gold where milk and honey flows and where musical instruments spotless robes and roasted pigeons are free to all this suits their vanity this they yearn for this they demand and the priest tells them God supplies every demand therefore they greedily endorse this promise of Christianity pay for it cheerfully and live and die by it But here a higher critic will protest and insist that there are other reasons why the doctrine ofa hell is rejected that science formulates that there is no such a place on the earth the earth over or under the earth Also that life could not tIn in conditions unfavorable to IHcAhuman bcingfcast a seething cremetory oven would expire instantly Com implies something to combustto be consumed This process as far as man is concerned would at most continue a few moments then this only hell would be over and this man exist no more Verty true Mr higher critic but now to be honae t And consistent you must apply same rationativo processes to your heaven God and spiritlife the twin doctrines of the myth you ejectThere is no such a locality as the heaven you expect Ito go to on the earth in the earth over or under the earth nor within the realms of boundless expanse Furthermore if there were such mansions in the skies human life from this earth could never reach them Man is an organic structure and decarnate souls or spirits if there are such beingsmust also be of organic form or could got possibly resemble a human being much less constitute rm an woman or child and all it implies But organic forms are very frail things and dependent for their existence upon the favorable conditions of their environments If in the course of time climatic conditions upon this planet change but a hundred degrees either way every vestige of human and animal t i r Jiwould soon be exterminated Now it so happens that the qfree frgiditrbeyond our atmosphere is so intense that life d no more than It could in the opposite extreme arina crematory oven in full blast Therefore it is plain that ke journey to heaveneven if such a place were a factwould Jnre physical impossibility ajBFurthernujre all cosmic bodies like the earth revolve on their besides sweeping around the sun with lightning velocity pttrcury travels within its orbit at the rate of 2454500 miles jtwjtdayand our earth at the rate of 1260000 miles in theme r Think of it And all other cosmic bodies are con incomprehensiblei their exit from this world our reach another and survivepg J Ijump off a railway train speeding at the rate of a sand miles an hour on to another train moving at the d inconceivable speed in an opposite direction and survive uld be childs play in comparison to the feat of any living j i rotatingmgland upon another speeding and gyrating world and escape J Auction It cannot be done unless we posit miraclea aculous being and a miraculous journeythen all science and I ussion ends- piritists claim that spirits con reach distant worlds the same bought can reach distant places But science disproves this Ja it affirms that a thing cannot be said to move from one to another unless it passes in succession through every Immediate place r fLe Seur in a late Popular Science Monthly says The t no of immortality has been accepted upon the same au y as that upon which the most preposterous fables have given out as solidtruth That authority now is discreditted intelligent classes is becoming more so from day to mystery with which mans life and death has been in can never be settled by personal preference obscure feysics morbid sentimentality or questionable authority ir can we trust our priests preachers or mediums to settle us These are interested financially and otherwise to lie matter enshrouded in mystery As long as we are k their services are an apparent necessity and our caSh illy flows freely into their coffers This mystery removed location and income is gone a To be continued LOOK FOR THE PINK SLIP do you stand with the Blade If your sub i is not paid up you will find a PINK SLIP in this issue stating the amount of your arrearage punt may be small but taken together with tho indreds of the same kind it runs to a considerable i I means a great deal to us The Blade depends its subscribers for its cannot jwper maker and printers if the subscribeiii do not r pay this subscription Please see if there isti ran your paper and if so make a remittance now r tJlJut 11 l 1 fj BLUE GRASS BLADE Be Sure and subscribe For Secular Thought i Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti cism In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Ems Published at 185 Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms U per annum In advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 1854 Queen St West loronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should be addressed C M ELLIs Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought Toronto Can THE WORLDS BEST WATCHES The Worlds Best Watches Mens Regular 18 size Hampden Special RyP 23 Jewels 20 New Ry 23 Jewels 20 Ducber Watch Co 21 Jewels 15 Dueber Grand 17 Jewels 8 15 Jewels 6 7 Jewels 450 Elgin or Waltham I Veritas or Van guard 23 Jewels 29 Father Time or Crescent Str 21 Jewels 2250 B W Raymond 19 Jewels 20 Same A T Premier 17 Jewels 1850 Wheeler or P S Bartlett 17 Jewels nickle 9 Same gilt 7 15 Jewels 6 7 Jewels 5 all in Silverine screw case In 20year Gold case 3 or in 25year case 5 more Every Watch fresh from factory prepaid with guarantee Send for prices of Watches not enumer ated here or order from any of my old pricelists Chains Fobs Diamonds Jewelry Optical Goods Freethought Badges Ingersoll Spoons Ring Gauge and my great little tract Theism In the Crucible free OTTO WETTSTEIN La Grange Cook County ILL TheW ornanand The Prospector Is the title of a romance every man woman and child should read It should be In the bands of all who are opposed to superstition and graft as it Is a protest against vaccination vivisection medical legislation and the administration of drugs to human beings at the same time points out the only method for the cure of the consump tive The booklet Is really freo but the cost of advertising and postage we figure at 10 cents so If you wish a copy send us 10 cents A M PARKER CANOER- IAFFLICTEDLISTEN I CURE all external Cancers Tumors Wens Carbuncles Fistulas Felons etc Remove Birthmarks and other unsightly growths that disfigure human beings Can cers a Specialty I use liquid remedies I do not use knife or plasters Cure is abso lute unless beyond the power of man If you have a suspicious growth dont wait until one foot is in the grave and the other caving in Please dont cry Fakir Fraud Graft etc until you investigate Write for free booklet DR H H DOW 858 N Raymond Ave Pasadena Oalif WAITED Men or women to learn the barbers trade or ladies beauty parlor work This is the largest college in the States A 15 tuition includes everything Steady practice wages while learning and position afterwards Write for catalogue PALMER BARBER COLLEGE 305 W Jefferson St Louisville Ky PLANPTSI1iithor I AddressMUN Murrays Clearance Sale 76c for SOc postpaid Byrons Forbidden Fruit Paul Berts Jesuit Morals Tolstois Root of Evil Sil coxs Sacredness of Man Livingston and the Boers Murrays 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sensation In servative circles and aused consternation among the clergy It enthusiastically endol led by leading Freelthlnken through out the world You know how Hurt can write and In this book he la at Ills best It Is an elegant volume nt to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bound In oxblood cloth Price triO postpaid BLUE QRA8B BLADE Lexington Ky BOOKS BOOKS THE MASTERPIECE LIBRARY Cheap reprints of the Masterpieces ot the Great Modern Authors on the Christian Superstition published for Missionary pur poses by the Rationalist Press Association of London England The Riddle of the Universe Haeckal EducatfonSpenccrThe the Idea of God Grant Allen Origin of Species Darwin Emersons Essays Herbert Spencers Philosophy Creed of Christendom Greg Spencers Essays Ingersolls Lectures ands Essays Jn 8 Age of Reason The above is only a selection out of 76 Complete list mailed on application Price 25c each postpaid Six copies to one ad dress at one time 126- NORMAN MURRAY 246 St James St Montreal Canada 1iff1111 uA4J t J Y r iH BLUE GRASS4BLADE 15 Nau mans Orchestra E D NAUMAN VIolin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Cornet or Clarinet Other Instruments Added If Desired Over 600 pieces of the best music suitable for any program always on hand Phone f28 12 Lock Box 800 SIGOURNEY IOWA A TRIP TO ROME By DR J B WILSON This work is acknowledged to be one of the best descriptive literary efforts of the- centuryA Freethinkers view of the old world and what he saw there Oloth125 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky t Evolution of the God Idea The Evolution of the God Idea by the late Grant Allen is one of the most remarkable books of the century 63000 copies have been printed and nearly all cir culated by the Rationalist Press Association If of London in cheap form and now offered for 25 cents postpaid by the American Agent of the R P A NORMAN MURRAY 248 St James St Montreal Canada BILLS AVENUE makes you cheerful and thoughtful It is a 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20Page Liberal Monthly Published by J D SHAW Waco Texas Price of Subscription 1 a Year Single Copies 10 Cents Write for a sample copy which will be sent free THE AMERICAN JOURNAL O- FIEUQENICS Formerly Known as Lucifer the Light Bearer The Pioneer JournTrinr3Iodern Times f an old and almost forgotten science tl most important of all sciences a so nee successfully and openly taught and practiced by the ancient Greeks and Egyptians but ignored defeated scorned by all modern nations viz tho Science of Right Borning the Science of Good Generation The Century Dictionary thus defines Eugenics The doctrine of Progress or Evolution especially in tho human race through improved conditions in the relations of the sexes II Its central thought is freedom of Moth erhood the SelfOwnership of Woman in the Realm of Sex and Reproduction in telligent and responsible Parenthood This much neglected this tabooed dis graced and almost unknown science was named Eugenics by Francis Galton a cousin of and coworker with the great i c e 1 Charles Darwin and now both in England and in Continental Europe is beginning to receive the attention its importune demands The American Journal of Eugenics is now in its 30th year of publication sus tained by a long list of able and well known contributors women and men of national and international reputation it illnow published bimonthlystandard mag azine sizeat Los Angeles Calif price 1 a year postpaid single copy 15c Trial subscribers will receive three back numbers less than a year old also a copy of the booklet Institutional Marring a lecture by the editor all for 25o in stamps or coin For sale by newsdealers i or sent postpaid by tho editor and publisher t Moses Harman with lists and t prices of standard English and American Eugenic publications Address 1319 Ellam Ave Los Angeles Calif i i7i 1h rh ta2i tVI Mans Origin and Destiny By Dr A Hausrnan Alameda California i This is the Greatest Book of modern tim s on the theory of Evolution applied to 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