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Digital page images are linked to the text file. 11 II Wf 1lAJr BLUE GRASS BLADE Volume VXVIII LEXINGTON XYDEC BE R 2 iyoq Number 2 7HOUGHTt1trtbtt nrftur4Jut 1J4it4 T 7 IIBy Joseph erB J o The very humble cot besides the sea That stands unmoved by hate of wind or waves Must oft have heard the storm exact the fee The drowning pay in shrieks for ocean graves A pile of stone It braves for years the fray While man its builder crumbles quick away The stories told inside its solid walls Were salted with the flavor of the deep Adieus that paled the lips of sinking souls Who saw approach the herald of eternal sleep Wore told again about the fishers fire By him who saw the doomed ones expire A question asked about how big a catch The nets would gather from tomorrows tide Or how the gale did move the roof of thatch Were problems that their counsels did decide So through the struggles tied to passing years They lived alone with their own hopes and fears I know the cottage best when old John Bird Did limp about the town to sell his fish His cry Fresh fisha thousand times Ive heard And oft has he filled my eartlieru dish Excited hed shake his stick at a boyish prank Then turn to calmly bargain with some crank MfJ lifeIHarpassions tied or cut away their tether Gfimen who loom like shadows in the past showI cast T in off the throng that near it hurry by 1all of ocean timed the tastes of youth d won his nature for its changing moods Ta mold the traits and prove the shining truth f seas add men as nurslings to their broods bredB fed sandsapproached hundslJcastleyTheir cursings hates and soof other faults Were baubles gatherd fromfiftie tossing sea On sunlit waters nestling oer vaults They gleaned the virtues totaVgreat degree But playthings burnt and fo ed byNatures laws They showed the virtues weld to the flaws Salt Lake City Utahk l f 2C BLUE GRASS BLADE The God that Christians Worship Incidents of Scriotaral Record that Delineate His Character A Crude Biblical Conception Let Us Thank for Being Imperfect 1NatureBy Mrs I J Fyckes The Christians call their god omnipotent But docs the Bible ogre support their claim How is he depicted in the book of books When a god stoops to tailoring is not his dignity seriously compromised I Yet this is what Jehovah actually does Out of goat skins he makes clothes for Adam and Eve if we may credit the infantile account of the sacred fabulist Would he not have done better had he taught our first parents the art of spinning flax and wool or manufacturing silk How is it that his crude efforts at primitive dressmaking do not surprise the orthodox As science judges Jehovah merely ranks with an equally startling god who moved by a generous regard for the barbarous Pclasgiaus descended to earth to teach them how to eat acorns And did Jehovah not knead Adam out of clay and shape a woman from his rib He who needed only to say Be it and it would bel Yet this is the god the church worships Though he was with Israel ho could not as scripture rather naively declares prevail against their foes because those pagans had chariots with scythes of iron How impotent then his om nipotence We likewise find him pursuing Moses to slay him and that for neglect ofa custom which instituted by god re moves all doubt concerning that deitys nature ho was a phal lic a sexgod peer of Astarte Ishtar Auuitis and Aphrodite When he overtook his prophet it would seem at an inn and would have dispatched him the intelligent interference of a woman placated him Does this story savor of sublimity or inter pret a gods omnipotence The Lord has to pursue meet over take offenders and has to directly allhbeing seen by Moses his wife et How trivial this Hebraic idea of deity and yet a New York rabbi quite recently ventured to say that the god of the Jewish i scriptures was not a personal anthropomorphous god but a stu pendous spiritual intelligenceall powerful allpervading Did the good rabbi really read the Jewish scriptures His descrip tion does not exactly fit Jehovah Indulging in very ungodliko follies that god is also depicted as having wrestled with Jacob and he came near finding Jacob the better wrestler To prevail over him he had to eventually mako lame that patriarchs thigh As a prince ho said thou hast power with god and with men and host prevailed Thus intimating that Jacob was in nowiso inferior to his god Though Jacob had seen tho face of Jehovah Moses was not so signally favored When ho besought the privilege of beholding tho Almightys visage tho latter denied it to him but consented to let his prophet view his back Nevertheless wo read in Exo dus that the princes and people of Israel saw godandth- ero was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone Yet the churchmen and tho rabbis say that the god of the Bible is not an anthropomorphous deity Probably not but if so what is an anthropomorphous deity I can assure his godship that if he will only do as much for us as ho did for the children of Israel on that memorable occasion exhibiting himself in all his glory with tho sapphire stone neath his feet and the entire angelic hierarchy waiting upon him with sounding of trumpets while they fold a flashing multitude of wingsif he will do this thing I say the world of doubters will be won to faith As it is wo cannot oven be brought to believe that Jehovah manifested himself in this wise in Moses dry or that he ever manifested himself at all This deity forgot his promise to Abraham and requested Moses to let him destroy the Jews that ho might make of Moses as he had formerly wished to mako of Abraham a mighty people Moreover he consented to take up his abode in the ark of the tabernacle and though a god presumably could not be expected to know when tho high priest approached So the high priest had to warn the Lord of his approach which ho did by wearing tinkling bells on his robe When their chimes penetrat el to his retreat in the sanctuary Jehovah vacated the premises lest his servant seeing him face to face should die This at least is the only plausible explanation of an otherwise unintelligible scriptural passage which provides that the bells of tho priestly vesture must sound as the high priest goes in and out before the Lord They must sound II that ho die not for throughout tho Bible we are told that he who sees god face to face under ordinary circumstances must die To safeguard the priest still further another passage provides that he must swing a censer till clouds of incense obscure the mercy seat where the Lord is supposed to rest so that tho sacred presence shall remain invis ible to the Levito and tho latter may retain his life For he is to do this also that he die not What other interpretation can bo placed upon such passages A mystic one no doubtif wo listen to the voice of the orthodox Havo they not succeeded in transforming Eves talking snake into a devil Aarons sprout ing rod into a canticlo setting forth tho graces of Christ and his church God instructed Balsam to go with Balaks messengers and yet when Balaam obeyed was provoked at his obedience Ho commanded the children of Israel to put to death their foemen and all mule babes and tho women who were not virgins and to distribute the virgins among the soldiers and tho priests He sent angels to Jacob to hold conversation with him that were not only far from proper but actually unnecessary To oven imagine that angels would expatiate on such topics smacks of blasphemy God perniittel tho evil inclinations of men to sprout and bear abundant fruit ho indorsed in their case polygamy concubinage and gross immoralities but proved himself an implacable woman hater by prescribing for the weaker vessel barbarous punishments and an inhuman rigor Jehovah walked through the garden in the cool of day hu feared that man might become his equal by eating a certain fruil growing on a tree he the Lord had planted Oppressed by that fear ho drove the man out of paradise lest he become as we for it develops in the end that god was the gods Not the triune Lord tho Christians have installed of whom tho Jews knew nothing but Elohimu host of divinities God looked with a kindly eye on tho cheat which Jacob suc cessfully perpetrated robbing his brother Esau of their fathers blessing Ho was sufficiently callous morally to protect the scoundrelly Abraham and uphold him in his iniquity What astonishment must it not occasion in view of tho claim of divinity made for Jehovah to read as we do that though Abimelech was guiltless and Abraham guilty in that episode in which Sarah figured so it tr i BLUE GRASS BLADE g prominently god nevertheless smote the guiltless man with disease nlllicted his wives even and threatened to kill him un less the guilty man Abraham who really should have been punished would pray for him inducing the Lord to spare him If Jehovah had really been the Lord god would he have given so peculiar a judgment No matter how wo gloss it over it was a wicked and unjust decision Would not a real god have re proved Abraham and have punished him remembering that Abimelcch was innocent and had really been deceived and in jured by Abraham So little faith had that patriarch in the power of his god that ho would not place his safety in that gods hands but liedor at least forgot to tell the whole truth thus denying his wife and inducing her to connive with him in his it is not only through this episode that we learn that god had no conscience and was even deficient in moral sense Wo arc told that ho was guilty with Mary of an offense for which in the days of Moses ho had fixed tho penalty of stoning ston ing for both tho culprits mind you Yet the churches havo of that convcutionallj immoral episode made a divine and awe fraught mystery While their efforts have tended to stain with indelible stain tho birth of babes who were born us Christ was born out of wedlock they refuse to apply tho same stigma of illegitimacy in the case of that divine child If wo say that god Public Press Criticised for Its Attitude on Orthodoxy to the Neglect of Science and Truth By Warren S Dean Tho main consideration with tho state and nation should be the raising up and ed ucating of u body of farmers who call farm without destroying the fertility of their farms That is tho fundamental question But little can bo done with the old farmer He has never made a study of tho three elements of soil fertility nitrogen potash and sulphate His practice shows allover tho Union that ho hardly knows how to core for barnyard manure But wo can roach tho boy tho farmer that is to be lie has no prejudice against the knowledge that comes in books and papers His mind is open to tho impres sions of scientific truth if ho can bo put under tho press The hope of tho future of American agriculture lies in the American farm boy Old eyes look longingly 01 tho grand things ho will bo able to do in next quarter of a century when knowl edge shall havo increased a thousand fold above clipping goes to show us that there are editors of publications willing to adimt there is no hopo for improvement in callings in producing the necessaries and comforts of life until there is a gain in knowledge power to think skill of action being all in allis above tho restrictions ho created for man where do wo land Why into an open admission that the im moralities of the ancient gods considered good cause by the priests for rejecting their claim to divinity are likewise moved from censure Zeus gallantries with Leda and Danae are not more revolting more improbable nor less mystical than Jehovahs gallantries with Josephs affianced wife It isImerely a matter of whose divine bull is gored whoso god is being burdened with discredit how orthodox Jews and Christians can crown tho crude bibli cal conception of god with sublimity and power maintaining that that weak lay figure in its essentials substantiates their claim passes understanding How the incongruous ensemble that passes minister as the Christian god can bo associated with grand eur lofty ideals and a superhuman excellence it would be hard to kind is the alleged inspiration that as the devoted maintain permeates the scripture narratives and what will en able us to isolate that inspiration and recognize itas being of god Finally if this scriptural god this tribal fetich of the lIsraelites is perfect let us thank nature that she made us im perfect and let us pray that we may remain imperfect San Francisco Calif 1Mind and Soil Fertility etc And they go on and say in regard to tho farming industry that tho main eon sideration with tho state and nation should bo the raising up and educating of a body of farmers who can farm without destroying the fertility of tho soil Cial OUUllLADB plllbyliJldo Carlyl All true enough us far as it goes but why stop hero What about those editors who are so willing to hand out to study the three elements of soil fertility nitrogen potash and phosphate Do wo over see in their sheets tho advice to their readers to study the tune elements of manhood Truth Reason and Humanity in regard to mental slavery or ancient ignorance Here for instance is tho way they do things in that line taken front tho same sheet as the above clipping Bible Study ClubSuggestive Questions on tho Sunday School Lessons by Uov Dr Siuscott for tho International Newspaper Bible Study Club July 4th Will give a few ex tracts taken from tho hogwash which will show how in keeping they are with our day of American Independence When two Christians fall out is one or both always to bo blamed Are busy women generally more spirit ual than those who have little to do7 IIs it easier for led to open the heart of an industrious person than that of an idler IIf a person is inhospitable or stingy is j that a sure sign of ungodliness And thoso same editors that go on and handout such mental dope based on old ignorance will blandly tell their readers in the other hand that the main considera tion in the state and nation is in educating a body of people in useful work in study ing the three elements of soil fertility Perhaps the old farmers practice showsjall over the Union that ho hardly knows how to care for barnyard manure but the facts remain clear to us that the old farmers crude form is based on an honest foundation working with the light they have in harmony with natures laws trying to produce tho necessaries of life and pay ing their full share to the support of tho government But on tho other hand what are editors as a rule doing to retain the fertility of truth reason and courage and stand for them Pandering to the Igreat est humbug on earth by giving space to we us and the holy ghost to help en courage that system of mental slavery on the people in every community with no ef fort made to show tho contrast between that system which evades payment on their wealth for government protection and tho old farmer who works hard for what ho gets Tho train consideration ought to bo for an honest state and nation to raise up and educate a body of editors who are not in fear of truth and reason and who will try to reach tho boys and girls who are striving to bo upright and honest to think for themselves and investigate for the truth which pertains to happiness and the wellbeing of all in this life Delhi N Y j j BLUE GRASS BLADE The Last Gun By Dr A Hausman Mr Bowerman has gone on the warpath again He has discovered to his surprise that after his first terrific onslaught with crushing replies mid caustic vituperation there is still a little life left 1me and so he seizes once more his deadly pen to finish the foolhardy mortal who dares to differ from opinions he declares to be gospel But ho changes his tactics and instead of try ing to rout the enemy by a bold dash with a terrifying yell and warwhoop he approaches with dignity armed with that calm reason which I admire greatly but unfortunately lack myself Well you are improving somewhat but your remark that abuse is better than de ception shows that you still have to learn the first principle of debating which is to be a gentleman and to treat a subject of general interest in an impersonal manner While I notice more calmness in your seconderuption I regret that I can not say thu same in regard to reason and since this missing factor is quite indispensable in any debate it is useless to argue with you I dont smoke you you dont smoke me as Fenshaw said to the eastern pastor In fact I would be satisfied with referring to my first reply if it was not for the sake of truth to which you claim to be so ardently devoted and about which we seem to differ as much as about the single tax The point in question is II Georges pro poses to solve the social question which means the unequal division of land its natural products and the products of hu man labor by simply making land com mOlt property and being unable to devise a plan to introduce such a radical measure he recommends that the state take the ren tal value of the land My opinion is that his theory is based on a wrong conception of the biological law and can never be carried out in practice or if reduced merely to an exclusive land tax that it will not accomplish what the author claims for it to substitute equality for inequality plenty for want justico for injustice etc If I had the power I would appoint Mr Bowerman to make a practical test of the scheme that would settle the matter while in the meantime the believers in single tax may console themselves with the benefit of the doubt But it is different when I make the positive statement that Georges plan has not been adopted in a single country this is a question of facts which invites everybody to come forth and refute them if he can In his first rhapsody Mr Bowerman states as a crushing reply that It the single tax is at this day the law of the land in New Zealand and Australia Not in its fullest application but because of the demand of the people It is rapidly approaching complete application In my answer I gave the udilul facts concerning New Zealand from the govern ment reports which prove that its financial system has nothing to do whatever with Georges theories and besides the laws under which all improvements have been made date from 1876 several years before the appearance of II Georges book Two million six hundred eightynine thousand two hundred and thirty dollars out of a total revenue of 41393225 de rived from land tax does that show that single tax which means to abolish taxation of labor products abolishing all indirect taxation and increasing the tax on land value is the law of the land What are the 15517825 from customs the 7754 670frol11 stamps post telegraph etc 1524525 income tux and 13826975 from railroads Facts are stubborn things and oven Mr Bowennan in spite of his swag gering talk seems to feel the inconvenient force of these figures and attempts to distort their significance so as to decieve parsons not quite familiar with the point in dispute Hq repeats the last figures add ing Land value constitutes on an aver age over per cent of the assets of rail roads intending to convey the impres sion that this sum represents the annual rental value orH location value of the landtho incidental transportation of goods and people amounts to nothing By insinuation ha wants to make believe as if the railroads in New Zealand were sub sidized by land grants the same as here which would make the matter still more interesting the state builds the railroads grants itself from its own domain the land takes from its own land 13 mililons annually as land tax and pays it back to itself Is this plain According to this subtle logic of Mr Bowennan the 7754670 for stamps post telegraph etc have nothing to do with the cost of equipment the stringing of wires service etc They are simply the rental value of the ground occupied by the poles and the buildings By the same token the 15517825 customs have nothing to do with the value of the goods they repre sent the rental value of the groundon which the buildings are erected And the income tax of 1524525 is not for the money received but for the ground to walk and sleep on After these examples of Mr Bowerman brilliant logic it is not sur prising that ho quotes the statement of Hon G Fowlds that only 778087 acres of crown land remain and II that during the YItIJ three years ending in 1906 the land parted with totalled 1158861 acres in support of II Georges theory to make land com mon property Instead of doing this the rural lands of the colony can be bought from the crown for cash To render himself less liable to be called by the proper name for his brazen false statement that the single tax was the law in New Zealand he adds cautiously not in its fullest applicationas if a mere land tax had anything to do with H Georges scheme His statement in regard to Australia is of the same brand of racity first patented it is claimed by Ana nias there is not a single province in which single tax is in operation in every one the land tax is of little importance In New South Wales It the bulk of taxation is ob tained indirectly through the custom house in Victoria which has but a small income from railroads the land tax out of a total revenue of 16263195 amounted to only 603165 and that is what B calls single tax the abolition of all taxes except a tax on land value That Mr Bowcirman relies more on de ception this time because the abuse failed is shown again in the statement that I had to go to the book shelves to find out who Henry George was and what ho stood for after I had quoted several passages from his book What I wanted to know was the present qpinjon about his theory in the intellectual circles represented by the en cyclopedias and while his name was men tioned in two of the books there was not a wordabout his theories while the works of other national economists were discussed at deduction that I am no in tellectual importance because my name is not in it is certainly justified from your point of viewbut your name will also sought for in vain so the honors are even To quote the Indian Chief Tecumseh as authority in modern social questions is very appropriate from your standpoint his views are undoubtedly more in accordance with your ideas than tho modern writers and I believe you can learn from him in the way of decent language and common sense I wish to call your attention to another great philosopher in whose sayings you may find some valuable pearls of thought the great immortal John h S According to your standard ho must be equal if not su perior to H George because his name is just as widely known if not more so His persuasive powers are great ho has some very convincing arguments at his disposal the only ones to which some people devoid ofreason truth and decency will yield But there are some against whom all argu ments are lost of which the poet cried out in despair Against stupidity even the gods fight in vain- Alameda Calif BLUE GRASS BLADE 5 i For Course of Study Works of William H Burr Judge Waite and Others are Valuable to the Searcher after Knowledge By B 0 Fenton The book H AntiChrist I havo read a number of times It is a work of great and extensive earch and in its pages many of the as sumptions of the orthodox Christian relig ion are laid bare in such a manner as to render almost worthless any attempt at dis putation or adverse criticism- In Hudson Tuttles work on Evolution of the God and Christ Idea on page 254 he that erudite and profound scholar William H Burr who has devoted a life time to the study of antiquity With such a commendation for his great literary efforts wo ought to feelunder many obligations to William H Burr He wrote under the nom do plume ofH Anti Christ He was a linguist a bibilcal mythographist and a critic and his earches into and concerning biblical lore have resulted in the production of an ada mantine argument against the preposterous claims of biblical advocates for alleged di vine inspiration Ho has given a prac tical solution to many of the fancied mys teries of the past and he cites many of the most profound scholars of the world to sub stantiate many of his claims while furnish ing much reading matter of an original character His references to and quota tions from Lardner Gould Higgins Nean der Davidson and others odds a spicy flavor and rich support to the authors original ideas If any Freethinker should wish to critic ally examine the doctrine of the alleged crucifixion ho or she should rend Austin Bierbowers HWaR Christ Crucified If this is also rend in conjunction with Wm H Burr on the same subject much valua ble information can bo obtained By refer ence to the Protovangelion and Marcion in numerable discrepancies are exposed es pecially the disagreement that exists be tween the Synoptic Gospels and the Gospel of John concerning that feast of the pass over Those who are interested in a discus sion of this character should procure a copy of Judge C B Waitos History of the Christian Religion to A D 200 who so re cently died in Chicago at the great ago of 85 of our own writers do not agree upon an interpretation of the passages found in Josephus which are supposed to make reference to the Christ of the Christ ian religion I have read from many writ ers on this subject When doctors disagree who is to decide En Macdonald for mer editor of the Truthseeker and Judge Waito did not agree in their expressed opinions on these passages The former held them to be forgeries and rank inter polations but the latter held that there could exist no good reason for doubting the authenticity of the latter passage which speaks of James as being the brother of the man called Christ In this same relation Antichrist and Judge Waite did not agree The former speaking of tho crucifixion declared that sit was a forgery of the fifteenth century Waite accepted the testimony of Tacitus as genuineThe is no doubt interesting and important All who desire to know just what Mr Burr has written relative to this James will find it on page 118 of chap ter 20 in the book Antichrist But go slow for the hand of an evident critic is here One of the main features discover able in this work is the establishment of irrefutable arguments which show that there never was any Jesus crucified by an order from Pontius Pilate The author maintains that there was a Jesus who was stoned and hanged about the year 75 B C and a natural son of a woman named Mary by one Joseph Pandora A scrutinizing care is necessary however if one desires to be made thoroughly familiar with this is sue In it both Josephns and Paul are lib erally dealt with For a more elaborate consideration of these two characters the render should obtain HThc Safe Side by R M Mitchell a work that was highly garded as an authority by Judge Waite That he was a scholar all who are familiar with him must admit William H Burr was one of the great est Paine critics that ever wrote a line or walked beneath the great orb of day For upwards of 25 years he sent me documents which ho had unearthed concerning that great apostle of human libertyof whom Burr was an ardent admirer He has also clearly proven that Peter was a myth and that greatnck about which the Romish church has so much to say is wholly a dissimulations and contradictions of many of the features of the new testament have also been set forth with a persistent zeal by Mr Burr While I am in no sense an agent or have any pecuniary interest in the sale of his book yet I would advise all who read this to send 125 to Mrs Wil liam H Burr his widow of 1017 K Street Washington D C and procure a copy of the same for their own satisfaction and in Ohio q CHRISTIANITY IN JAPAN From General Missionary Intelligencer Aug 9 1009 Writing recently Rev J O Dunlap of the Presbyterian Board says A general feeling of discouragement pervades the church in Japan at present Wo are passing through a reaction as has not been felt in a dozen years In several departments of the central government a dead set is being made against Christian work notably in the Department of Educa tion and in the army and the church is feeling the effect Everywhere it is harder to get people to listen to Christian teaching and weakhearted Christians are falling out of the ranks The victory ol an Eastern nation over a Western has given way to new faith in the East and its way and liefs and wo are witnessing revivals of Buddhism Shinto and Confucianism READING IS THE NURSE OF CULTURE An of tho books named below I will send prepaidat the following pricesany where in America Jefferson Bible cloth 100 Ingersoll Lectures 44 cloth 100 On tho Road to the Lake 35 Los Miserables Hugo cloth 50 Education Spencer cloth 50 Data of Ethics Spencer cloth 50 Origin of Species Darwin cloth 50 Descent of Man Darwin cloth 50 Ago of Reason Paine 35 Rights of Man Paineu 50 I have 50000 Other Books Catalogue Mailed Free DAVES BARGAIN STORE 422 N Eighth St St Louis Mo TO SUFFERING HUMANITY A GREETING I cure all EXTERNAL Cancers Tumors Wens Fistulas etc Remove birthmarks and other growths that disfigure you Can cers a specialty I use liquid remedies I do not uso knife or prayers God is a myth prayer is foolish tho Bible is false I am no divine healer fraud or grafter My cure is absolute unless beyond the power of man If you have a suspicious growth or sore write me for free booklet DR H H DOW 858 N Raymond Av Pasadena Calif l r 6BLUEGRASS BLADE The Value of Man Holding That No Man Can Solve the Social Question for Another Each Must Solve It For Himself By Dr A Hausman Does nun possess any value and by what standard is it measured Life ou earth is prodigious it is contin unify destroyed and reproduced in endless succession and man himself is not exempt from the incessant struggle against the same natural forces to whom ho owes his existence If the biblical story that god made man were true he ought to bo of some value to his creator whose energy and time were required for that task and which should bo worth at least as muchas those of any mortal artist Did god also create time What was before it andout of what material is it made Judging however from the way he neg lects his creatures he cannot blame us if wo renounce him and get along without asking his consent or aid Since it is evident that the natural pow ers are not particularly interested in our welfare we cannot assume that we are of value to anyone except to ourselves and our fellowmen Among cannibals the value of a person might bo determined by weight the same as the cattle for a slave holder his capacity for useful and pleas ant purposes would furnish a basis for his valuation but among civilized nations his value must be measured by a different stan dard which is given by our socialorgani zation The enormous quantity of mater ial necessary for the support of large numbers can only be procured if tho work is performed under the system of division of labor and because every product of labor is expressed in terms of a common stan- dardmoneywe may use the same meas ure to determine tho value of an individ ual In fact the loss a community suffers by death from accident or disease is often expressed by tho amount of money tine la bor of the deceased would have been worth Since wo are all compelled to strive for tho possession of money it has become custom ary to judge a mans value as a member of society by tho extent to which he has accomplished this object instead of considering the means by which it has been at tained The correct understanding this rela tion the reduction of all individual func tions to the common material basis forms tho key to tho proper comprehension of the social question and willIe discussed later in a special chapter of tho book In this brief article I only wish to make a few comments on your article The Man and tho World which expresses tho first so cial and material principle that ought to bo taught in place ofreligion namely that every one must take the world as it is and must solve his own individual social question because no one else can do it for him It is quite true that the world owes nobody a living and that it is criminal to take re venge on innocent individuals for injuries suffered through the faults of laws or other common social institutions But it can also not ba denied that some times injustice and wrongs are inflicted upon individuals through abuse of power which is condoned by society or at least al lowed through indifference If the abuse in such cases becomes intolerable and leads to violent resistance the attack will be rected against an entire class because it is impossible to fix the responsibility upon distinct individuals Tile greatest exam ple in modern history of this effect of ac cumulated misrule and abuse of power was tho French Revolution Even in our own country individual rights guaranteed by the Constitution ore often grossly violated by means of tho law and there is no remedy one has to grin and bear it I have been unfortunate enough to furnish an example of how a person may bo deprived of the right to make a living oven if he has given abun dant proof that ho is able to render the equivalent society is entitled to I am re ferring lo the socalled medical examina tion in California which in other States less accustomed to graft would probably be called a holdup Presumably for the purpose of protecting the public against in competent practitioners the examination is really intended to prevent physicians from outside to settling in the State which re moves competition and preserves the control of the medical affairs for tho ring This is easily accomplished by asking only ques tions on subjects which are either absolutely worthless or need not bo known by coming to Son Francisco I had practiced for eight years in a Mexican mining camp where severe surgical cases wero of frequent occurrence which is proof absolute that Inm able to do the work But hero T found out according to the Cal ifornia standard of science really had no business to practice and my patients no right to recover bcauso T could not an swer many of the profoundly scientific questions of which a few examples may demonstrate the wisdom of the examiners How much alcohol contains whisky sherry brandy koumiss How is liquid air obtained Where does asafoetida Teufelsdreck 1Describo swer the purpose not to bo answered To discourage outsiders still more a fee of 25 is charged for this farce whichonly proves that a fool or rogue can ask more questions than ten wise men can answer While the Chinese doctors ore permitted to try their tricks that are vain on tho Christina brethren I am denied the right Why Did they pass the examination Not much but they probably passed something elsea few of the round yellow gods worshipped by tho heathen and the mel cino mnn alike If I had the means I would practice without the license and fight tho board of medical extortioners in Oal EIGHT BLADE dfxv Carlyle the courts because they have violated the law but without money no rightsno protection against the grafters which differ from highwaymen only in name and method Tho people in California are indifferent they tire used to graft and besides tho medical profession is looked as with a cer tain distrust No wonder with such fellows in the Board of privileged medical pick icon man alike If I had the means I humbug seriously and believe it a bona fido test of ability At any rate tho non passing of tho examination is liable to cause inconvenience and forms a barrier against tile employment of tho man who failed Alameda Calif A New RecrnitIHOMESTEAD OKLA Enclosed 150 for which send the Blue Grass to tho following address Would nIodoIthe numbers with Mans Origin and tiny I received the sample copy of the 1 Blade you sent me for which please my thanks ALEX COCHRAN ncceptj One More New Recruit TUSCUMBIA ALAI am and in sympathy with tho enclosed clippingIwill not bo in position to be at ing Nov 14th but would bo glad more of it and get samples of tho literature sent out on the subject I am an admirer of Col Ingersoll and have his Lectures published by Mr Ferrcll Vol One Are there any other volumes of his authorized hoop Hoping I am not intruding too much upon your valuable time I am very respectfully W S BELL BLUE GRASS BLADE 7 r I THE REPUTED SAVIOR Divine Plan of Salvation a Trifle Too In credible to be Believed I By Joel JL Berry Nearly two thousand years ago the byIcalling himself a It Savior He claimed that God was his father and that he had sent him clothed with divine authority to seek and save a lost and ruined world Ho says nothing about a motherdoesnte- ven claim to ever have had any For some time the people were at a loss just what to thinkof him So in order to convince them of his divinity he resorted to what is now called It sleightofhand performances and called them miracles Having a little of the mysterious about them the people caught on and it was not long before h had quite a lot of followers vil it dii net amount to much In a shore time compar atively charges wer brought against this reputed Savior Ho was arrested tried fore a court found guilty and finally cified between two thieves He is reported to have prose from the dead a thing too incredible for any intelligent person to consider for a immuit and in a short liiro vanished of their sight with tho remark that ho was coming again in tho lifetime of some of them living but lIe has not been seen or heard of from that day to this Now tho whole sum and substance of the affair as far as we have been able to find out seems to be about this A marvelous fraud and deception was imposed upon our ancestors by this man calling himself the Savior of tho World and the people of the 19th and 20th centuries are just beginning to realize the deception and reject him The truth is that neither this world nor tho people in it have ever been lost or j ruined Did we not find them all safe and sound when ho entered the world Then if a Savior was needed when he came what j about the millions and trillions that lived and died before his time Are they all lost Then what about the world and the people of the present day l Are they not all safe and sound and getting along fine without a Savior Ho was of no benefit to lessIhis efforts In case any one should hear of such a thing they will do the public a greet kindness by publishing it in tho Blue Grass Blade Natl Military Home 0 r r FROM A CHILD WRITER Our Girl Correspondent Sends One More Contribution on Bible Reading By Anna Koglin- I think the Blade is getting more inter esting every time I read it I always read it from cover to cover I also read the Bible but it isnt half ns interesting or has onethird of the sense through the whole book as the Blade has in one line Joshua was as smart as Moses was which isnt saying much and God is still killing people Hes doing great magic things He makes the waters of the Jordan stand in a heap and flints more than anybody today can do even if we are in tho 20th century According to that we are getting feebleminded In Joshua chop 5 verso 15 God tells Joshua to loosen the shoe on his foot for the place where he stood was holy If Id been God Id been afraid his feet were not as clean as his shoes But still I dont sup pose he meant to take it off and the way God talks he must have had only one shoe But still Id like to know what good that would do to loosen itwould it make the ground any holier I suppose he meant to take off the shoe but if he meant so why didnt ho say so I was at a funeral a few weeks and the preacher explained many thing Ho explained that we think God says things that lIe does not want us to understand or I mean speaks in parables but this was he cause God was so deep And ho also explained how we lived after wo got to heaven God dwells in a man sion and when we die we also go to heaven and also dwell in that mansion so we arc all one united family That is a greet ex planation but where did ho get his knowl edge Was ho inspired If God can in spire why dont God inspire the unbeliev ers and stop all our doubts about his exist ence God also said when he made the commandments that they were very easy to keep and in Jos ch 0 v 24 after com manding tho Israelites to kill tho people he tells them to take tho gold and silver and put it in the house of the Lord TIenn allpowerful Godcannot keep his own commandments then how can ho expect a poor weak person to keep them Of course he did not take tho gold and silver himself but it was as much No wonder the churches tire such nicelooking buildings But now instead of killing tho people they Ho to them Ho also killed all the people of Jericho Ai and Merom How very kind of him to kill his own children for they were his own c ildren oven if ho wont own it I would just as soon go to a murderers den and pray to them but still I think a murleror is better than God for God killedmore people than any murdero ever can In Jos ch 1 v 5 God tells Joshua ho willalways stand by him and in chap 7 v 50 he lets the men of Ai kill 36 Israel ites Is ho a person or rather a spook to be trusted I would not trust him Im Ezekiel ch 5 v 11 the children of Israel had defiled his sanctuary withall their detestable things and God said he would destroy onethird by pestilence one third should fall by tho sword andone third should be scattered to the four winds of the earth Thats the way he would take care of them if they would desert tho Egyptians and follow him They had it better with tho Egyptians is my opinion I enclose nn article I cut out of the St Paul Dispatch I have rather delayed in t sending it I think its rather a good ex ample of a preacher It also shows that preachers are not as solemn as they look even if they do put on sanctimonious faces once a week I hope you will succeed in organizing the Freethinkers Wishing tho Blade success Cranberry Center Wis From a Friend in Grief FORT FAIRFIELD MEIn tho death of Joseph A Conant of this town Free thought has lost one of its most advanced andopenly avowed Liberals always reedy to give expression both in private or pub lic to his honest thought At tho time of his death and burial Ins indisposed and t confined to tho house the most of the time hence I wits unable to attend his funeral Mr Geo E Baxter interviewed me in re gard to having tho exercises published in the Blade I advised him to do so He in formed me since that hind ho done so but up to this date I have not seen it published Mr Conant and several of his sons are classed among our wealthiest farmers and exercise considerable influence in this com munity They all openly advocate Free thought and I think if you would give the report of the exercises and the address n place in tho Blade it would nrouso a deep interest in your paper and help to increase the subscription list in this vicinityIt L BAKER Subscribes for Hausmans Book CAPLTNOERS MHvLS MO Enclosed find order for 200which apply to pay ment for tho Hausman bookIIMans Ori gin and Destiny 0 T HACKLEMAN Count Him a Member BROOKLYN CONN Count mo n mem ber of tho proposedorganizationDAN TEN AUSTIN New England Secretary of Materialist Association 8 BLUE GRASS BLADE BLUE GRASS BLADE Published weekly at Lexington Ky Founded by Charles Chilton Moore In and edited by him until hit death February JAMES E HUGHES Publisher and Manager JOHN R CHARLESWORTH Editor 1268 N Limestone Street Lexington Ky P O Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES ny mall postpaid 158 per year in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one remittance 109 each Five trial subscriptions sent In with one remittance for six months cents each Trial subscriptions IS cents per month Foreign subscriptions postpaid 100 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or four Insertions 168 six months 600 one year 810 column single Insertion 200 one month 4M six Quarter one year 3000 Half column whol column or larger advertisements at special rates upon application The publisher has the right to reject any and all advertisements offered GENERAL BUSINESS RULES ALT RRSCRIPTIONB to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term for which the subscription tits been paid up In advance The address slip on the paper will show sub scribers the date of expiration of subscription Back numbers nr numbers omitted will be sent If asked for upon renewal rase of dlsclntlnuancet- mOTTLD ANY SUBSCRIBER change his or her address advise thl office giving both old and new address as desired OFFICE of publication of the Blade la at 1JIUS North stone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Freethinkers will bp Riven a hearty welcome THR BLADE Is enterd at the Postofflce at Lexington Kentucky as npcondolass mailing matter ADDRESS ALT COMMTNICATIONS TO THE BLUE GRASS BLADE P O Box Lexington Ky Several belated letters asking for dates for lectures along the line of travelof my recent lecture trip were found at the office upon my return home Through not writing in time a douhlo disappointment has been occasioned Friends disappointed because they did not hear from mo and I was disappointed through not knowing they had written The moral is that such letters should ho written in time Some of these letters are from Tennessee and pklahoma also Arkansas and Kansas I will in the early spring of 1910 make a tour of these states hut all dates must le secured well in advance so as to insure neither delay or disappointment Among other feature of this trip will ho the establishment of local societies wherever possible under the Rationalist Association By that time tho Association will have its prqpagandic literature in shape for distribution andwork and I expect to accom plish much moro for our cause under these improved con ditions The return trip will bo made through Missouri Iowa Illinois and Indiana It would ho well enough to begin arrangements now so that ample time will be given to make it a success Friends able and willing to arrange for lectures in tho states named are asked to write at once Try and get up a club of five subscribers to tho Blade at tho regular annual rates and wo will send you a free copyof tho 1900 bound volume postpaid to any address THE CHILDREN OF THE Discussing our recent reference to VIRGINIof children ascribed to tho alleged alleged mother of an alleged Jesus Union and Times published at nounces the Blade as a Blue Grass Blasphemer a coming from such a source the Blade is proud to ac knowledgeOf and as any intelligent man or woman would expect this Catholic organ takes issue with the Blade on the subject and undertakes to place its personal construc tion upon the passage we quoted from the Now Testament and denies the soft impeachment that tho alleged wife of tho Jowish carpenter had any other children by her lawful spouse In order to feed the myth and keep in sound health the goose that lays tho golden egg the Union and Times undertakes to explain the situation and foster the fraud for the benefit of the faithful Among other things it says Test our friend might deem himself original we would say that as early as the fourth century St Jerome defended tho virgin against the same calumny penned by Helvetius and showed conclusively in this tract to which wo refer our modern scholar that the brothers of our Lord wero not children of Mary by her husband nor St Josephs children by another marriage but wore cousins of our Lordchildren of Mary the blessed virgins sister by her husband Alpheus For the benefit and the information of our wouldbe scholar the Blade insists that it is just as capable of con struing a passage in scripture as was St Jerome four hundred years after tho event is supposed to have occurred Nor is Helvetius tIle only one among the early writers who understood the text to mean that the brothers and sisters referred to in Mathew 1355 wero actually children of Mary the alleged paramour of the Holy Ghost We take it for granted this representative of Catholicism has heard or read of Origen This writer said There are some say tho brethren of Christ were the children of Joseph by a former wife who lived with him before Mary and they are induced to this opinion by some passages in that which is entitled tho gospel of Peter or tho book of James An analysis of this statement would show that the same subject was a topic of serious discussion among tho early fathers of tho church some inclining to a belief on either side lacking tho necessary actual and positive evidence to prove either claim In any event it is certain that it was commonly held and believed by the people of that period that Christ had brothers and sisters by tho same mother and it was left to the church at a later period to attempt an overthrow of tho belief in order to preserve tho sacrosanct character of tho alleged Mary In the Protovangelion or what was known as a book of James written about tho year 125 of the present era wo havo the following I am an old man and have children but she is young and I fear lest I should appear ridiculous BLUE GRASS BLADE in Israel This language is attributed to Joseph the alleged husband of Mary who bore the child called Jesus and was made by him in answer to the command of the high priest who had told him that ho had been selected to take the virgin and husband her We respectfully refer the Union and Times to these writers whoso works j appearedone hundred and seventyfive years prior to the time of St Jerome For a further reference to this subject i wonow quote from the history of the Christian Re ligion by Judge 0 B Waite pages 10 11 After a t reference to the subject matter above related Judge Waite says Though Origen was not fully prepared to accept this statement yet the fact had become so wellunderstood from the previous use of the other gospels that it was by MOSTof the fathers implicity received as true for a long time afterward Epiphanius Ohrysostom Cyril t Theophylact Ecumenius and all the Latin fathers till Ambrose and the Greek fathers afterward held to the opinion that Joseph was a widower and had children by I a former wife Taking the suggestion of pretended originality for what it is worth the Blade asserts that no expression of opinion on this subject at this day can be said to be original but wo have quoted enough to show that the scholarship or learning of the editorial writer for the Union and Times is far too shallow or onesided to permit him to discuss it with that perfect freedom so necessary to an elucidation of the truth The best wo can do is to sift the most likely view from a mass of contradictory writ ings produced in an age when frauds of all kinds were abundant The reference to St Jeromes defense as early as the fourth century would carry the implication that the Union and Times believed that this was the first time in history the virginity of Mary had been questioned We have shown that it was a topic of wide discussion nearly two hundred years in advance of the period desig nated It might also bo added that the theory that the brothers and sisters of Jesus mentioned by Mathew were merely cousins the children of another Mary is but an invention of tho priesthood designed for the purpose of deception and to allow a worship of the Immaculate The Catholic Columbian published at Columbus a Romanist organ which wrote the original letter to an Indiana correspondent which brought on this controversy also undertakes to answer the Blade by numerous quotations from the now testament wherein the terms brethren is used and it seeks to place a similar construction upon all suchreferences Tho same organ also denies that the Virgin Mary is worshipped by Catholic congregations as a goddess of tho faith A sufficient answer to this will bo a reference to a prayer taught to Roman Catholic chil dren which the Blades editor has heard them repent upon retiring to bed It starts Holy Mary mother of god bless the fruit of thy womb etcIf the mother of god is not a goddess we have missed our guess as to the meaning of the terms used On the other hand if this mother of god is capable of bestowing a blessing upon the fruit of her womb which was god she must be possessed ofa supposed power for both good and evil or the request for a blessing at her hands upon godwho is almighty would be vain My what tangled webs we weave etc Returning to the quotation from Mathew There is but one view According to the story here related Jesus while sitting upon the sea shore with multitudes gathered about him related a few parables and departed He came into his own country He began teaching in the synagogues and the Jewish people were astonished They had known the child from his infancy and they had watched him grow up among them They knew him They knew his alleged parents and they also knew the other children of his parents They knew that his paternal ancestor was a simple carpenter without the slightest pretension to schol arship They know that the child that had grown among them had not been accorded much of an education Thev did not know at this time the claim of Jesus and his fol lowers that ho was the product of a mesalliance between his mother and the holy ghost Hence they were astonished that the young man should teach these things and make such extravagant claims Hence the reference to his brothers sons of the same mother by name James and Doses and Simon and Judas At that period of the worlds history especially among the Jews women did not count for much They were inferior beings Hence a mere reference to the feminine products of the same Mary as sisters only Such an occurrence in our day and age and sucha reference to the names of persons as brothers and sisters by a daily newspaper would be given but one meaning and that a literal meaning as it is written For our own part we do not believe that such a person ever existed as the Jesus of the gospels and this we repeat in spite of the assumed horror manifested by the Union and Times at our blue blasphemy and our green im peachment The reference to historical writings made by the Union and Times has nothing to do with tho discussion and Weir infection into it can only be retardedas a hid for Catholic admiration because of the ability to use names and writings from ancient history But whether the Odes were written by Horace the Tlind by Homer Juvenal scorned tho gluttony of the old Romans cannot be hold analagous to the subject under consideration Men are not to be damned for any disbelief concerning tho actual existence of these men or the authenticity of their writings Besides the priesthood and the editors of re ligious papers could not cajole the cash from out the pockets of the faithful by preachments concerning them Onlywith Christ and him crucified is mankind to be damned for unbelief and this puts a different phase on the case at bar It is a matter of extreme indifference to this Kentucky Colonel whether the paramour of the r ro BLUE GRASS BLADE holy ghost had seven children or seventy but we insist that even Catholic editors and writers should be required to tell the truth Even such as they should know that the canonicity of the Catholic or Douay version of the scrip tures was not finally decided until the Council of Trent and that this decision was made by men fat less compe tent to do so than the stevedores of Buffalo Wo would suggest that tho Union and Tithes and its coadjutor tho Columbian unite in a petition to tho pope that he advise his bible revisionists to strike the words from out tho text of Mathew and give those n chance who still exploit the credulity of tho people for their personal profit After all tho Romish church is wise indeed to discourage tho reading of the bible by the laity and conversely en courage them to accept tho ready made opinions of tho priesthoodconcerning it Wo know of no better method for the manufacture of unbelievers than reading the bible provided it be read understandingly INTERNATIONAL RATIONALIST CONGRESS In another part of this issue of the Blade will bo found a communication from Parker H Sercombe suggesting an international congress of Rationalists to be held at Barcelona Spain on the 14th day of October 1910 the anniversary of the assassination of Francisco Ferrer last of the martyrs to education and freedom The Freethinkers of the world may be afforded a splendid opportunity to advance the cause of Rationalism by just such a demonstration as that suggested and the Blade heartily endorses tho movement In addition thereto the matter can be conveniently taken up by the Rationalist Association of America witha view to advancing the movement to the extent of its capabilities Friends of freedom everywhere recognize tho murder of Ferrer as the direct work of the priesthood and this gathering of Rationalists from all parts of the globe in commemoration of his memory and as a tribute to his great services to the cause of education will be the means of serving notice upon all ecclesiastical authority aye even kings that a human life is too sacred a thing to be thus destroyed in gratify the whims and caprices of a tyrannicalorthodoxy The suggestion is a good one The Blade hopes it can bo brought to a successful consummation As President of the Rationalist Association the Blades editor promises all possible assistance to that end By all means let the Congress be held THE TRUE CHRISTIAN SPIRIT The impossibility of tho leopard to change his spots has often been used as an analogy to point tho fact that in spite of the humanizing influences of education com bining with culture and refinement the intolerant attitude ofa rabid orthodoxy remains precisely the same The belief ina god capable of inflicting cruel punishment necessarily produces a belief that cruel punishments are perfectly proper in the mind of the believer and this be lief without oven the slightest effort at cultivation becomes so thoroughly intensified that god believers do not hesitate to express the hope and the desire to see tho unbelievers fully and completely punished Fortunately tho believers are deprived of their former power to wreak personal vengeance and tho very best they can do now is to live on hope that sometime somewhere and in some manner those who entertain views differing from their own will fall victims to the vengeance of the god they happen to believe in This is orthodoxy It is all there is to religion This very revolting thought is tho natural product of religion It has led to innumerable tortures and cruelties The feeling is as strong today as it was in tho middle age but the number of individuals entertaining it aro now considerably in the minority Tho mentality of those still clinging to sucha notion is so vastly inferior to the majority that men and women look with pity and compas sion upon those who hold to it Occasionally we findone who poses as a moral teacher and guide to the people holding to such a belief but an analysis of their inmost thoughts would reveal the fact that they are prompted to give utterance thereto solely from selfinterest and per sonal ambition Even the stars are not all of the same magnitude and the character of men differ iT iccordanco with tho same law The power of hereditary influences and tho force of environment drawn from society and pro enital conditions exert a stronger influence upon some members of the human family than others causing them to degenerate fitted only for the lowest mental stratums of humanity Tho work of Rationalism consists in so im proving the individual that society derives a benefit there from and with this object in view the heart and mindof tho Rationalist is filled with eagerness and hope Apart from this however there is another feeling or sentiment that is decidedly Christian in its character istics It differs from the feeling induced by any other religious system in that it is more vindictive and cruel in concept more heartless in conduct and more fiendish in practice The Christian system of religion is moro con spicuously marked for this despicable trait than any other known to man Even with this unfavorable comparison there aro still extreme cases to bo found where a professed believer in and teacher of the gospel of the Nazarene finds especial delight in causing human suffering and agony for a mero difference of opinion not for actual wrongs done Wo have ono of these extreme cases before us and we experience no conscience qualms in describing this ono mnn as the meanest most cruel and fiendish in all America With it all he is a true typo of the orthodox Christian Upon arriving at tho Blade office at tho close of our recent lecture tour we found a communication from T W Cummins who advertises himself as the pastor of tIt First Methodist Episcopal Church of East St Louis TIt The letter bears tho date of November 15 1909 In tho now a BLUE GRASS BLADE 11 letter was a clipping from the St Louis Globe Democrat which gave a glarbled and exaggerated report of the St Louis convention of which we have previously written After a truly Christian reference to the report this amiable Christian gentleman writes us as follows You and your bunch get together immediately and take yourselves where there is no Christian Church if you dont know the place I can cite you Withan imagination strengthened by years Jf personal experience with orthodox Christian fanatics wo can con strue him to mean that you and your bunch ought to go to hell for the Christian finds special delight in con signing the unbeliever to his imaginary place of torment It would be a sufficient answer to say right now that if Pastor Cummins of the East St Louis Methodist church is bound for heaven we prefer hell to being compelled to spendeternity in the company of such fiendish brutality Ho may be fit to preach Christ but wo would not en trust the training of a dog in his hands To think that little children through a Sunday school must fall under the tutelage of such a monstrosity is pitiful to contemplate- A persual of his letter would convince any man or woman that ho is densely ignorant This feature wo do not care to discuss Wo are not inclined to criticise the vehicle and ignore tho freight It is tho thought to whicha man gives utterance rather than the language in which it is clothed Lot it bo sufficient to say that in the very thought he has given ho has won the unoviablo distinction of being the meanest of men and fit to sing the praises of a god of infinite love If there be any friend in St Louis or East St Louis who has the time and is willing to distribute free copies of the Blade containing this article among the people of the community in which this preacher lives we will gladly furnish them in order that the inside of his character may be made known NOTES OF MY LECTURE TRIP After the strenuous work of the convention at St Louis and a meteorlike trip into a number of states I am back once more with my family and my work on the Blade My last letter found me forcibly detained at Council Bluffs for whole day but itwas profitably spent Com pleting what writing I had before mo I crossed the big Missouri river and spent a few hours in Omaha to take a look round the Nebraska City It was sixteen years since I had been in Omaha and some wondrous changes were in evidence Both Omaha and Council Bluffs have prosperedsince I last saw them but the Nebraska City has far outstripped her Iowa sister although the latter is mucholder of the two In Omaha there worn abundant signs of activity bustle and progress Largo buildings are to be seen on every handand a number of new ones are in course of construction Thero seemed to bo more life more business and a greater activity than on the Iowa side of the river My time being limited I could not stay long Just a cursory glance over the streets upon which I had once trod in my younger days being then engaged in tho same missionary work for Freethought and I returned to the Bluffs took an outgoing train on the Wabash and started for Shenandoah just fifty miles awayThe delay in my arrival at Shenandoah caused a postponement of the lecture for that night Being met at the depot by Jerry G Brown whom I had met at the Chicago Congress in 1893 I was escorted to the Hotel and a hasty consultation resulted in putting the lecture offuntil the next night 0 B LoBarron and other friends agreed to this plan and the arrangement proved eminently satisfactory The attendance was much larger than it would otherwise have been Ao it was we had something over one hundred in the audience They were attentive throughout Here as elsewhere I found that tho religious element had been hard at work in an effort to keep the people away from my lecture Revivals were organizedand special prayer meetings provided for The Campbellites had just closed a months revival and the Presbyterians started one just as I arrived in town T also found a strong healthy liberal sentiment but lack ing cohesion they were not in a position to make muchof a demonstration Iam hopeful ofa local organization in Shenandoah and as soon as the Rationalist Association cnn get its working plans in shape an effort will be to get an organization in Shenandoah for future madoIthought work It was conceded that my lecture had duced a favorable impression upon all who heard it good feelings prevailedon all sides Three ladies had ven tured into the Opera House but probably feeling a lonli ness of their sex they retired before the lecture began My audience was therefore composed entirely ofmen Tho men were exceedingly attentive Not one of them loft until I had closed This is tho best kind of evidence of appreciation They gave a demonstration of this as T closed Several came forward to greet mo and expressed approbation of whet had been said I am personally satisfied that much good has been done for the cause It was indeed a pleasure to meet so many Freothoupht friends In addition to Jerry Brown and 0 B LoBarron there were A S Bailey L Beeson Frank Sparser Wal lace Rose J A Bardolph James Nesmith Thomas Nes mith E Fletcher and J W Graves all of Shenandoah and A S Thomas and E W Smith of Farragut Theso constitute a band of loyal Freethinkers true as steeland with tho couracro of men carrying conviction and truth Wo talked considerably ofa local organization under tho Rationalist Association and Iam satisfied that the near future will see one in existence It was a deliehtful occasion and I shall not soon forget if at all tho hearty welcome given me tho courtesy hospitality and generosity extended to me by these sturdy Iowa Freethinkers Shenandoah is a prosperous little city in the valley of the Missouri river The soil is rich and black Some years ago it was recognized as one of the greatest grain centers 12 BLUE GRASS BLADE in the country At one time it had thirteen miles of grain elevators arid warehouses The name is of Indian derivation and signifies Daughter of the Stars Ncar the city are two small rivers tributary to tho Missouri namedrespectively Nishnabotna and Nodaway bith of Indian nomo clature The former means crossed in a canoe and the latter means waded Tho waters of tho former are deep the latter be forded at many places Thus in our civilization tho traditions of tho Reds who once roamed proud and free over these prairies stillsur vive and in the use of these names those traditions will be carried to future generations wo know not wither But Freethought is needed in Shenandoah With a poupla tion of 5000 it has also thirteen churches The different denominations are now vieing with each other in securing funds for building new churches Each one wants the best Subscription papers are going the rounds More than a quarter ofa million of dollars are involved in these deals Imagine what public improvements could be made with that amount of money if utilized in that di rection but as it is tho sum mentioned will be wasted in tho propagation of a useless but mercenary superstition Even tho newspapers are crowed into a servile submission to musty Christian creeds Somo time ago a com pany of actors presented tho play called Tho Devil Several fine moral points were drawn from it and ono of tho local editors made a strong and favorable comment on the play A goodgoody preacher imagining himself an authorized moral censor for the community calledupon the editor and commanded that no such editorial appear in the columns of his paper in future I am told the editor submitted to tho censorship and has faithfully kept his promise His paper is now devoted to notices of church doings and church programs There is little news in it This editor in all probability failed to grasp the truo situation Ho made himself a mental slave He is not and cannot be a free man He daro not oven freely ex press his own thought He is fearful of tho orthodox lash Imagine what mental food the renders of his paper must be receiving Just a little courage only a little and this same editor could have brought the church and its parsons to his feet humble suppliants begging for favors I must relate an amusing anecdote given to me while rore It is a true story It concerns Jerry Brown For years Terry was known as the champion of the childrens rights and every child in Shenandoah knew Jerry and they know that they had his sympathy and love Among his youthful admirers was one Jeff ODay then a thir teen year old lad now a prominent newspaper man in Nebraska At tho age mentioned Jeff was sent to Sunday school for the first time The teacher a young lady rend to her pupils the story of tho crucifixion She gave it till tho horrors and sufferings of which the story is capable As she unfolded it Jeffs feelings began to get worked up Tears came into his eyes Another vivid word picture of torture and agony from the teacher and Jeff couldstand it no longer He jumped up from his seat and in a loud voice exclaimed By god if Jerry Brown had been there he wouldnt have lot em done it This broke up the school for that day AT DAHLOREN ILLINOIS Saturday night I was on the wing again and once more boarding a Wabash train I was being whirled to St Louis where I spent Sunday morning and in the afternoon embarked on the Louisville Nashville lines for Dahl gren Illinois I arrived here Sunday night Monday morning I got busyand went to work to get up an interest in tho lecture This was my last point as Decatur had failed to yield mo a date T S Coker a Blade subscriber was soon working with me and assisted by J B wo soon had it well advertised that I was to lecture inlthe Opera House that night But alas and alack The church plotted with greater success than any ofour friends had even suspected The preachers actually com manded tho people to not attend my lecture This com mand was given from tho pulpits In order to see that the command was obeyed tho preachers organized prayer squads eight in number and each squad was assigned a certain section of tho town to conduct a number of prayer meetings and to see that none of tho church members attended This was the first time on this trip that the church had been able to score tho slightest point Their workresulted in a diminished audience For a few moments I felt like not giving tho lecture but a few more stragglers camo in making a total of about twentyfive men and boys so J began an informal talk from tho floor of tho Opera House Getting warmed up in my subject I was requested to take tho stage and the crowd moving up I gave it in any and all events A fair and friendly discussion resulted and the feeling I have succeeded in leaving at Dahlgren insures a return visit and I am positive that far better results will accrue the next time Dahlgren is about 100 miles east of Sit Louis It is a good little business town of about ono thousand inhabitants It is in the midst of an agricultural com munity Two or three years ago Dahlgren was recog nized as tho center of the Sunflower seed market hundreds of acres being devoted to tho cultivation of that product Tho people are as a rule exceedingly orthodox Mine wore tho first lectures of the kind over given here Many of tho people wanted to hear me but tho preachers would not permit them and tho fear of incurring orthodox wrath and personal enmities deterred them from coming One thing is certain My subject started a discussion which will intinuo after I am gone In this way wo havo laid oxcollnil foundations for future work in this place While here tho Freethinkers vied with eachother in an effort to entertain me with tho result that I had to apportion my timo out among them Tho earlier part of Monday I spent in meeting tho townpeople I took din nor at tho homo of Mr and Mrs J B Koons These are sincere spiritualists but none the less ardent in their advocacy of Freethought Supper was taken at tho homo of Mr and Mrs T S Coker and their splendid family L JnGRASS BLADE 13 Other friends gathered and from here we repaired to the Opera House I spent a few more hours with Mr Coker and at midnight left again for my journey homeward arriving the next day That I mayshow the manner in which the Freethought leaven has been put to work in this little community I have only to cite the fact that Mr J W Goin a member of the Baptist church owner of the opera house and a banker donated his building for the lecture and attended it in person apparently being well pleased with the result Dr George Cremeens a local physician and superintendent of the Methodist Sunday School acted as treasurer of the little group of men that worked to get me to Dahlgren and he also attended the lecture Besides these I had the pleasure of meeting G T Rhodes editor of the Echo a weekly paper published at Dahlgreen and a strong liberal Also Gideon Miller Albert Miller Frank Grigg G D Jenkins Cicero Hall and others of liberal heart and mind Upon leaving I was assured ofa rousing welcome back to Dahlgren provided circumstances can be relied upon to have a return visit arranged for My long jumps and enormous distances of travelat great expense made the trip a failure from a financial point of view In other words I paid out more money than I received Still I am well pleased I am pleased with the result of my efforts I succeeded in rousing a dormant liberal spirit wherever I went The splendid victories achieved fully compensate me and I am willing to undertake a similar venture when an opportunity will I must buckle down to work I find a pile of correspondence that must be attended to and friends who have written are asked to be patient at the delay in answering on account of my absence The Leader a SanFraiicisco Papist organ denounces Ferrer as an anarchist and approves of his assasiuation The priesthood demands this defamation of the martyr to Rationalism and so the willing tools fall in line This organ places Ferrer at the head of the anarchists in Bar celona and it demands the killing of others of Ferrer friends to equal the number of people killed in the riots Such is Christianity It is a religion of blooda creed ofmurder a collection of fanatics who demand human sacrifice as an evidence of the existence of its god of love As each member of the Board of Directors of the Rationalist Association will be at the Indianapolis conven tion December 4 and 5 an official call for a meeting of the Board has been issued by the President to consider specific matters pertaining to the business interests of the Association Some important matters are to be discussed and it is hoped that our propaganda work mayspeedily follow Prof A J Clausen of St Ansgar writes that church members of that town who had offered previous criticisms I u J of my coming to attend the banquet arranged for my benefit have since expressed the wish that I had been permitted to have given a public lecture instead The leaven is at work In a little while and the majority will be openly upon our side Twentyseven days remain for those wishing to become charter members of the Rationalist Association If energy and ambition count aught for the future weal of the Asso ciation a certificate of charter membership will be an honor that must soon get beyond your reach Send in your name as soon as possible in any event before January 1 1910 If you wish to be a charter member of the Rationalist Association send in your application to Secretary D W Sanders Covington Indiana before the end of the present year The books were ordered to be kept open for this purpose until January 1 1910 The Darwinian theory is dead and he who doesnt know it is an old fogy declares the Journal and Mes senger a Baptist publication Then is it not strange that the Baptists should still be found so vigorously fighting a corpse It is simply a case of the wish being daddy to the puny thought The same paper quoting from some exchange insists that god andnature are not at strife How true Wo know Nature and we also know there is not god outsidefof nature to cause any strife If there be any god he she or it must be a part of nature and it would be a foolish god who would indulge in strife with himself For a proper understanding of the subject of Marriage and Divorce send twentyfive cents to Mrs Josephine IL Henry for her admirable pamphlet on that subject and your eyes will open wondrous wide Address her at Versailles Kentucky or through the Blade office Letters congratulation are still pouring into the Blade office upon the successful organization of the Rationalist Association The new organization has already won its way into public favor and a membership of not less than five thousand is expected before the next convention Get in line with the workers Send your name to the Secretary Dr George A Gordon Pastor of the Old Southchurch Boston has written a book and he is in the same fix that bofel Professor Foster of Chicago Taking what ho has written his brothers in Christ denounce him as an infidel and demand his expulsion from the church The same old story Preacher thinksgives utterance to his thoughtsHersey trialsPut him out The logical infer once is that preachers must not think if they wish to keep their jobs IM BLUE GRASS BLADE Be Sure and Subscribes for Secular Thought Fortnightly Journal of Rational Criti cism In Politics Science and Religion Organ of the CANADIAN SECULAR UNION AND THE TORONTO SECULAR SOCIETY Editor J Spencer Kllli Published at 185ft Queen St West To ronto Canada Terms per annum In advance single copies 10 cents All communications for the Editorial partment should be addressed J Spencer Ellis Secular Thought 1854 Queen St West loronto Can All Business communications orders for books printing etc should be addressed C ELLis Proprietor and Publisher Secular Thought Toronto Ctt THE WORLDS BEST WATCHES The Worlds Best Watches Mens Regular 18 size Hampden Special Ky 23 Jewels 26 New Ry 23 Jewels 20 Dueber Watch Co 21 Jewels 15 Dueber Grand 17 Jewels 8 15 Jewels 6 7 Jewels 450 Elgin or Waltham Veritas or Van guard 23 Jewels 29 Father Time or 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which Is sufficient proof that It is all right It has cre ated a sensation In servative circles and mused consternation among the clergy It Is enthuslastlcall endol by leadlni Freelthlnkers through out the world You at know how Hurt can write and In this boot he at his best It Is an elegant volume fit to ornament the finest library containing pages printed on heavy eggshell paper and bouna In oxblood cloth Price 160 GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky BOOKS BOOKS THE MASTERPIECE LIBRARY Cheap reprints of the Masterpieces of the Great Modern Authors on the Christian Superstition published for Missionary pur poses by the Rationalist Press Association of London England The Riddle of the Universe Haeckol EducatlonSpencerThe the Idea of God Grant Allen Origin of Species Darwin Emersons Essays Herbert Spencers Philosophy Creed of Christendom Greg Spencers Essays Ingersolls Lectures and Essays 1n volumes Paines Age of Reason The above is only a selection out of 76 Complete list mailed on application Price 25c each postpaid Six copies to one ad dress at one time 125- NORMAN MURRAY 6 St James St Montreal Canada Naumans Orcheatrs I D NAUMAN Violin ANNA L NAUMAN Piano OTTO S NAUMAN Cornet or Clarinet Other Instruments Added If Desired Over 600 pieces of the beet music suitable for any program always on hand Phone 128 12 Lock Box 800 SIGOURNEY IOWA J A TRIP TO ROME By DR J B WILSON This work is acknowledged to be one of the best descriptive literary efforts of the centuryA Freethinkers view of the old world and what ho saw there Oloth125 postpaid BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky Evolution of the God Idea The Evolution of tho God Idea by the late Grant Allen is one of the most remarkable books of the century 63000 copies have been printed and nearly all cir culated by tho Rationalist Press Asso ciation of London in cheap form and is now offered for 25 cents postpaid by the American Agent of the R P A NORMAN MURRAY 246 St James St Montreal Canada BILLS VENUEmakes you cheerful and thoughtful It thepersonaldepartment In OF LIFE that grows on you You find yourself waiting with Interest for what lUll has to lay next fN flMBRIGflN- MrtDONNfVlsftser laLrunnlnltln the WHEEL BILL EIt Is written by Mary It ei Todd the ablest writer of Liberal fiction since Grant Allen and U beautiful presentation of the essentially modern problem of the Woman in Business THB WHBBL OF LIFEmonthly periodical It deals with ORIGINS the origin of Marriage of Ethics of UellBlon otlirotherhood of the belief In Immortality It treats broadly of Love of Human Instincts and Ideals It takes In the whole Wheel of Life treating all subjects In such Iulear plain and spicy way that tho dust is shaken out and they become as In ternHtlnu as a novel to oven the casual riador Send cents for a six months trial subscription or a quarter for year OONFESSIONS O F R DRONE by Joseph Medlil Patterson author of LITTLE UROTHEK OF THE sent without extri charge witha months trial subscription to the WHEEL OFLIFK Address UFE PUB CO Desk A St Louis Mo BLUE GRASS BLADE 15 t5ne Searchlight A 20 Page Liberal Monthly Published by J D SHAW Waco Texas Price of Subscription 1 a Year Single Copies 10 Cents Write for a sample copy which will be sent free THE AMERICAN JOURNAL O- FEUGENICS Formerly Known as Lucifer the Light Bearer The Pioneer Journal in Modern Times f an old and almost forgotten science tl most important of all sciences a so nee successfully and openly taught and practiced by the ancient Greeks and Egyp tians but ignored defeated scorned by all modern nations viztho Science of Right Doming the Science of Good Generation The Century Dictionary thus defines Eugenics The doctrine of Progress or Evolution especially in the human race through improved conditions in the rela tions of tho sexes Its central thought is freedom of Moth erhood the SelfOwnership of Woman in the Realm of Sex and Reproduction in telligent and responsible Parenthood This much neglected this tabooed dis graced and almost unknown science was named Eugenics by Francis Galton a cousin of and coworker with the great Charles Darwin and now both in England and in Continental Europe U beginning to receive the attention its importance demands The American Journal of Eugenie ia now in its 30th year of publication sustained by a long list of able and well known contributors women and men of national and international reputation it ia now published bimontbly standard mag azine sizeat Los Angeles Calif prioe a year postpaid single copy 15o Trial subscribers will reeeive three hack numbers less than a year old also a copy of tho booklet Institutional Marriage a lecture by the editor all for Ms ia stamps or coin For sale by newsdealers or tent postpaid by the editor and publisher Moses Harman with lists and prices of standard English and American Eugenic publications Address 1319 Ket lam Ave Los Angeles Calif lI Mans Origin and Destiny By Dr A Hausman Alameda California 1 This is the Greatest Book of modern tim s on the theory of 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