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Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, January 2, 1910. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1910 blu1910010201 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.): n. Sunday, January 2, 1910. Blue-grass blade (Lexington, Ky.). Blade Publishing Co., Lexington, Kentucky 1910 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. BIfLJE GRASS BLADE 1 Volume XVm 1 Parker 6 Hlha nti Ash i ast sinIiUNIVERSE vs SPOOKS IAffirmative Argument of the NonEx = istence of a God an uture Lifer fL =rr- EXPOSITION OF THE PR CIPLES OF THE MATERIALIST ASSOCIATION By President Otto Wctlstein S In discussing anything the weight of reasoning and not of authority should be sought since tho authority of those who profess to teach is on the whole a hindrance to those who wish to Itarn Fur the latter cease to depend upon their own judgment and take for granted the conclusions of those in whom they confideCicero The test of Truth is Reason not Faith for to tho court of Reason must be submitted even the claims of Faith Ambrose Bierce People are not converted to Atheism because who wants to bo convinced in an hour that he has been a fool all his lifeGrier Kidder Reason is the light the sun of the brain It is compass of the mind the over constant Northern star the mountain peak that lifts it self above all clouds Ingersoll Some seek the belief that best con forms to their vunitand ideas of search for facts and andcfgrences xtlytlaeg0kn said are consequences not here to enquire what we would prefer but what is truth Tho conflict between science and theism including spiritism is a con test between reality and mystery be tween fact and fiction between an immutable eternal order pervading nature and caprice of miracle be tween everything and spooks Materialism is the science of all sciences Monism OntologYtPhys ics Biology Astronomy Psychology Phrenology and othersall must be classified un der the head of Materialism If we confine our belief strictly to what we KNOW to facts truth and to what we can rationally infer then we are Materialists Materialism Itnot only implies oneness nature ONLY in distinction from nature AND GOObut also plainly defines what this unity con sists of Matter That is why Mo nism is objectionable it might ply all is God all is spirit all is mind or other superstitions Material ism It defines itself Monism leaves the novice in doubt Materialists reduces the mysteries of nature and life to their minimum Theism vastly augments the problem beyond hope of final solution The mysteries of nature arc grellttlw mysteries of a God and spirits in finitely greater Materialism explains everything which has been can and will be ex plained every phenomena event law growth activity formation pro cess etc from tangible facts or analogically Pram what we KNOW Theism explains nothing The startling wonderful potencies of matter lately revealed to us by science nil confirm the truth that wo must con lone to seek in matter the sole causes of all cosmic activity nod ganic life The platform of Materialism is the- Universetlte GREAT INFINITE ALL of existence Theists monopolize the remainder antediluvian tradition infantile conceptions absurd theories miracles and spooks The infinite aggregate of cosmic phenomena necessitates infinite Gauges to produce them tine job is too lig for a sotnry agent or being unjess we admit of grotesque miracle and then argument ceases These onuses must exist in or rather ARE TTIE MATTER which constitutes the phenomena Science recognizes no extraneous forces agents artificers gnus or a Great Dyimmis hovering around and manipulating matter by mind volition or caprice MATTER ALONE DOE IT It produces of its own inherent qualities men and mice constellajftons and the delicate what ev cr forgimenotThe knowthe knows or can the fiJftterialist explains the transition orb jfrolution of inorganic matter to crudest organic forms protoplasma this to cell or in fusorin lie have explained life The well established facts of evolu tion explain tljmrest The Theist ronlrnrily opens the bible and in Gfncsis ii 7 reads that the Lord Gt3 formed man of the dust of thE grill and breathed in to his nostrilJtthe breath of life and man been living soul And then complae ly insists that intelligent men an Women familiar with the grandeur njd facts of astronomy and the comp1 and delicate organ ism of mart believe the infan tile concepti hat a few thousand years ego a in the image of man yet tlieator and ruler of countless c bodies- with mceivable velocity throl2ut lW expanse walking mei cets frQ1TIl Ia mature man out of dust anatomy flesh and blood nervous and circu latory system organs brain hair teeth and all I can only say with Puck What fools these mortals beAstronomy is radically materialis tic No honest man can be familiar with the facts of nature revealed by astronomy and remain a Theist or spiritist We KNOW there is no God on our earth over the earth between us and the moon8000 miles it would cause an eclipse 1 between us and the sun 92000000 miles or between us and Sirius 8000000000 of miles away We KNOW these colossal fiery bodies and countless millions others all sweeping with inconceivable velocity within their orbits make life of any kind absolutely impossible within in stelar space This knowledge these facts corroborated by all the astroir omers in the world consigns all heavens hells is not existence with out both vastly preferable to exist once with both spiritworlds and spheres also Brother Maddocks Great Dynanisto oblivion Theists entirely ignore the well known facts of nature that life primarily necessitates conditions favorable to life Such conditions do not exist within interstellar space If an infinitely extensive God or aII Great nnaniswere introduced among this vast infinite system of soaring burning cosmic bodies these spooks would be instantly torn to fragments or incinerated Here are a few facts from Lou don Lancet which prove that life from this earth can never reach other worlds realms spheres a heaven if there is one etc Beyond our at mosphere life is impossible At a hcighth of even five miles the pulse rate increases heart action irregular secretions diminish while evapora tion from the skin and lungs is great ly augmented There are swellings of the veins bleeding of the nose and a sense of being unable to use the legs and arms At six miles unconsciousness ensues and the aeronaut unless quickly restored to normal IIt mosphcric conditions expires11 Spirit ists likewise ignore the prom inent fact of nature that all organic forms are transient begin mid end are horn nnll die Yot they believe that all late dead though tho consti tuents of their Bodies are scattered nail absorbed by other forms are still alive duplicate inun nUll women with out physical bodies made of nothing or what Isnt it about time the S P R would tell us what disembodied mortals are made of Physiologists and medical men KNOW that every bone muscle or gan artery and nerve is a necessity to tho life ofa perfect man This physical structure IS the man then how can we believe man can survive its destruction We cannot even thinkof souls or spirits without first investing them with physical struct ure and material drygoods Here spookists insists in reply that Neither can we see electricity yet are aware of its errible potentiality But there is no analogy betwen an in organic force or fluid like electricity and organic spirit formsthe coun terpart of man and women If not thisif transformed into gas air or electricity how can we again meet our beloved dead and hope to retain our own identity Souls or spirits must possess the form and functions of man there arc none But such forms and func tions necessitate organic structure flesh blood bones brain etc In the absence of the latter the former are say It is impossible to prove there is no God you cannot traverse an infinite universe in search of him I do not have to search for himhe has to come to me If he does not eomto me this alone proves there is no such a being be cause the primal attribute of Deity must be omnipresence If then God is not where I am where you are or where science has penetrated with its giant telescopes then this proves conclusively that lie is nowhere To believe that such a being is every where in spite of His invisibility and in spite of our knowledge that life is impossible among suns and planets is to prostitute our intellect and to believe in an infinite spook We KNOW the supernatural does not e istJJ said Col Ingersoll in his Religionknow in the early yeas of his bril liant career he boldly dud honestly rejected the timid attitude1 of an Ag TrosticliflH Hnnj 1 tic l resCifrcli in the domain of science and tacidly but unequivocally placed himself be fore the world as a radical and gressive Materialist On the highway of reasonin the evolution of religious thought there is no stopping place between Roman ism and scientific Materialism The Agnostic should not be an Agnostic BECAUSE HE IS AN AGNOSTIC lIe reasons and pronounces the fun damental doctrines of Christianity uurnsonable He rejects the bible as authority and then has absolutely nothing to build a faith upon Even the great but pious Gladstone con ceded Unless you accept the testi mony of the bible as conclusive wh- aoidnee have you of Gods existence and mans immortality But the bible stories our Agnostic friend can not accept Then science beckons him to enter its glorious temple of facts and truth Here among the record ofsages and thinkers he may revel in the ecstasies of acquiring knowledge and aiding personally in the grandest of all workthat of solving the great riddle of existence and life If he persists in this noble work he wil inevitably join the vanguard of ern thought the Materialist Asso ciation to substitute truth for error and to rid the world of superstition We affirm There is no God und eternal life for the individual There is absolutely no evidence to prove these vagaries We deny as we do Mother Goose or the devil because childish fable We KNOW there is no God as wo know there is no ele phant in our ofilco or parlor or that twice two is not five There are in numerable God ideals varied as hu inanity itselffrom an Overruling Providence Great Dynamis or Heavenly Father etc etc to lit tle Billiken you can buy for a nickel in the stores but all alike are childish conceptions phantoms con jectures idols and SPOOKS We KNOW there is no future life if we consider man his life and death as we consider all other self evident every day facts of nature There is no mystery about it what ever Death is precisely what it ap pears to lIetho disintegration and of the individual Wo know that the origin and birth of his body was his beginning Wo know if his par puts hail never mated ho would not now exist Ho knows his physical hodlyie tho man and the man is his physical body lIe is born and dies liko tho lower animals he is an imal Ho knows absolutely nothing of his soulor spirit only as a psychical process or function of his complex living physical structure He cannot imagine himself alive or exiting t all when al thot made him a man disintregrated anti the con stituents of his body have been ab forms1IIO a dod swallows the bones we know that is ttllFnrof that particular fowl As the hen is no more when eaten so we arc no more when cremated ndall is well jiGrange Illinois SOME BIBLE TEACHINGS wiTH COMMENTS ON CREATION STORIES The writer of the Book of Genesis commences by saying In the begin mug but fails to tell us when the beginning was He says that light was created on the first day also on the fourth that three whole days went by without either the heat light or Arising or setting of the sun He says that the earth after creation was without form and void How is that for an inspiredcontradiction Hi says that two females had to be startedjoneg He us man born into the world was a murderer that he murdered his bro ther and the Lord instead of punishing him for the act protects him iir it by putting a mark upon him lest any should kill him No wonder so murderers get off so easy they have the words of inspiration to protect them The writer doesnt tell us what became of the female created and blessed on the sixth day bit tells us that Adam was found alone and lonesome in the Garden of of4eatione tof plenty he destroys both the s use and truth of the first account b undertaking to give us two In his first attempt he says thatt p an male and female were the last t tangs created In his second at ho hiss man made before tit animals and then brought before him to see what he would call them This writer tells us that God ended his work on the seventh day and that god is the first person spoken of as doing any repenting Several times in the Bible God is spoken of as saying and doing things that he was sorry for and then repenting for them He repents having made man on the parth We have often wondered to what thron God went to do his re penting This writer also says that Soap was the first man to be found drunk and that Abraham was the first to lie about his wife and that Lot was the first charged with the crime of incest lIe says that God made frequent visits to this earth and that he took two to heaven alive Ho also says that he was at me time made a god and supplied with a prophet This writer must have written the Book of Genesis altogether from hearsay as we dont find the record nf his birth until we reach the Book of Exodus How could the Lord or nay one else inspire him to write a book and he not yet born Then we dont find either his own name nor he god that inspirit him signed to a word in the book Thomas Jefferson once remarked that a manuscript not worthy the authors name was not worth reading So we think about the Bible Five books are attributed to this writer but the truth is no man can prove that he ever wrote a word in them He must have been a pretty smart chap whoever he was for when he comes to close his last book he beats the minister out of his fees for a funeral sermon by preaching it himself giving us a full account of his death and burial while he is still living and it takes a pretty smart fellow to do that Yours truly JOEL M BERRY INot To Be Wasted A gentleman lying on his death bed was questioned by his inconsola ble prospective widow Poor Mike said she is thero anny thing that would make comfortable Army thin ye ask for Ill get for ye Please Bridget he ponder I tink Id like a wee tasU of the ham I smell aboilin in the kitchen Arrah go on responded Brid get Divil a bit of that ham ye get Tis for the wake I HUMAN AFFECTION i f 1theHopes of Another Life 1 By J B Wilson M DIMet and women existed before creeds before governments before scientific and philosophic research Love existed before these Love is the only religion the purple life of life It is the religion of humanity spreading itself naturally toward the many harmonizing softening the savage nature and making men be come humane and charitable Love is the Burden of all of Natures Odes It is heard in song of the awak ening birds when the sunlight smites the woods with fire need they strain their warbling throats to record theirI hymns and chant their carols blest It is heard in the wild feet of the elfin wind dancing and prancing mid forest boughs in the fret and fall of the millstream as oer bar and bank it brawls in boisterous glee in the gale which curls the lakes bright lips and lifts a deeper purer water to the light in the purl and splash of the rivulet speeding sparkling through dark woodlands as if maids silvery feet glanced through the star beams on a calm summer night in the marriage of the flowers which spot the meadows and fringe the brookside with strands of dia monds and of pearls in the sighing winds when summer has exchanged her robes of green and arrayed her self in gorgeous tints of gold and pur plewhen all the trees have torches and the fojden rod and russet corn nodand bend in the autumn blaze in the moaning blast when winter whistles through numb fingers and the drowsy snow blows in great drifts across the flowers in the crackle of the fire and the roar of the chimney in the merriment of the hearth around which fireside affections as purely blend as a cloudless blue sky with tho lisp of babe in the lullaby song in laughter and tears in social glee in song of plonghboy in the symphony of the composer in the hum of industry in the tramp of pro gress in tho cadence of night winds in the ntliem of the cataract in the dep water in the high air and in the bowels of the earth Love is the condition and employment ofall things Love is first love is last love is best love directs education and science inspires progress love gay- eties the world The man who loves is touched with Natures choicest charms and all her mystic emotions her sublimest moods her softest lights her sweetest sounds her novelist forms in him un ite to found a habitation a home und so to live at peace with all the worM By love I do not mean the response bysex alone but that union of all the higher emotions which brings not ly individuals but alt the human fans ily together in ties of fellowship and enneord which inspires friendship confidence and a union of interests which leads the strong to help the weak which tames the wild nature in man by the all powerful might of beauty harmony and necessity Ev ery thing beautiful in nature form color sound light all contribute to then civilizing and gracious ends This is lovo Tho father loves to give his off spring education and opportunities never known to himself Nations love to bequeath strength and power to the generations which follow From love of justice neon go to battle and die It is lovo in some form or other which actuates leads and compels men to higher things- It is love which immortalizes gen ins which leads man to hope to live again and as long as man loves that hope will live Because I love I hope to live again II want to live again This is a nor mal desire just as natural as the desire to live tomorrow All around mo I see change everlasting eternal change and I am led from this observation to believe that f death ends all All around me too I it see progression endless eternal pro gression and from this observation I i am led to wish that the progression began in me will be endless eternal of extinction is not pleas ing to me The desire for extinction is unnatural abnormal in anybody of healthy digestion and loving nature in any one to whom the raptured air is ringing with earths music Aye gtwhereTo lie in cold obstruction and to rot This sensible warm motion to become A kneaded cold and the delightedfspirit To bathe in fiery floods or to reside thrilling region of thickribbed ice t r To be imprisoned in the viewless winds And blown with restless violence Hound about the pendant world The ilninortnl bard expressed my feelings It is not pleasant to me to contemplate extinction to rot and to be imprisoned in the viewless winds There is no consummation in such a objectinmystery upon mystery which is with out limitations can manifest her premacy only in the accomplishment of that greatest of all mysteries a progressive intellectual immortality If there be an intellectual purpose in nature it is this accomplishment Na ture is not supreme if she stops short of this purpose- I hear it frequently saidII The worst that can be said of death is that it is a sweet rest This was a frequent expression of Ingersoll I do not see any sweetness in an indefinite rest I do not see anything desirable in rest at allno mystery no philosophy no sublime purpose no supreme accomplishment Much rest is wearisome Give me actiongive me contention give me x the storm and the tempest always in hpreference to the sweet rest of ex tinction If Nature had a purpose in my organization her purpose is thwarted if she does not extend tho rlerclopinent she took the trouble begin i If for no other purpose I want to live again led by the curiosity to see how things turn out Theres some Y thing in this but to diand dip imtmediately into cerberean darkness theres nothing in that to the credit of either Nature or God The healthy mind nay believe it but no healthy mind no mind that loves can wish it It may be true and I think often it is true but to me it is not an at tractive truth So I want to live again I want tonsee how things turn ous I feel that I am just beginning to grow I shall just be ready to accomplish something when I die I want to continue to ex gaud and progress I want the same for all others es pecially for the ignorant the suffering the deformed the vicious the de prayed and all tho helpless of earth- I want to see every floweret of hu manity nipped like Highland Mary by deaths untimely frost bud and blossom into full mid fragrant being I want to see those youthful gen iuses Hypatia Burns Byron Shelley Heine Keats Poe and May Collins reenkindle and scintillate in the crys talline spheres I want to see those who have dreamed glorious dreams of the good they would do if they only had the choice and opportunity I want to see the broken heart mended I want to see justice crown the martyr I want to see the freedom caged soul which sighed the sad hours heavily away through long years of dungeon gloom pass con scions through the bars of death to delirious liberty- I wart to see the persecuted face persecutor where all things are Continued on Page jJ JI J BLUE GRASS BLADE FOUNDED Dy CHARLES CHILTON MOORE And edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Proprietor 126128 Uorth Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky- P Box tSUBSCRIPTION RATES iiy mall postpaid 125 pr yr in advance Five new yearly subscribers at one re mittance cents each Foreign subscriptions postpaid per yens ADVERTISING RATES One inch jungle column insertion cents one month or lour insertions lib niontlis one year sui Quarter column insertion 2uo one inontn six matins one jeur unit whole column or larger t advertisements at special rules upon up pucuton ALL SUUSCHllJTlUMo to the Blade will uisconlinued ui tne expiration or tile term bur which the uuuucripuon lies paid up in advance Toe uddrcsa sup on sue paper will snow suoscriueis the uatu ol expiialiun of subscription Buck numuem or numbers oiniued will ue sent usKtU bur upon renewal in case discontinuance OliUULJJ ANY bUlinlatlnlat change or Her address advise tins olllue givnid until and nev uUresa us desirc- uItitl Uf publication ot me etude is ut liolis or in Limestone titreei exington KentucKy to which uUllce ininkera vih oe given a hearty wel j collie THK DLADK Is entered ut the 1oslofflro lit Lexington iienlucKy us seconu elite mulling matter AJJIJitKba ALL CUAlAlUMUATlOXsrf TJ JAILS e HUUlitia flux Lexing ton jveiiiucky the blade struck a popular cord m the reduction of its price to one dollar a year It is the purpose of the pub lisher to make the Blade a great popular paper aud to do this we nave placed the price within the reach of alL in this connection we wish to nounce that payment on back sub scriptions will be received at the same rate The address tab on the paper shows the date to which your subsciptiou has been paid1n remitting for back subscriptions or renew als credit will be given at the rate ofone dollar per year And bear in mind you can do some good mission ary work by sending the Blade to ten of your friends for one year for five dollars We have been fighting against time in the ollice of the Blade for the past mouth We are calendar makers on a large scale and the general business prosperity has tended to swamp the ulnae with work of this kind As is well known this work must be com pleted before the first of January Consequently the Blade has suffered some little by being a day or two behind in its appearance The first of January is here now however the calendar work is all done and there seems to be no reason why the Blade shouldnot make its weekly visits promptly and regularly We have some bright promises of articles from friends of the old days of articles that wil place the Blade where it be longsin the front rank of publica tions of its kind We have received a number of let ters from friends calling our atten tion to the fact that certain scurri lous circulars attacking the Blade and accusing the publisher of duplicity have recently been sent through the mails and asking why we do not re ply to them We have not seen these circulars know little of their con tents and of course cannot reply The one humorous thing of this avalanche of billingsgate is that the late editor ial writer of the Blade received the munificent salary of six dollars per week In looking over our books we find that just four times that amount was handed him every Sat urday night and our books are open to any one else who cures to look He was a man of some talenttoo much talent to place upon the market at a dollar a day We hear a great deal now about peace on earth and good will to men We desire peace and entertain for all men good will Our experience has been and perhaps yours has that the backbiter answers himself That he is sure uA tangled web to weave When he attempts to deceive We have entirely too much codi denco in the American love of fair- playthe American idea of a square dealto lose much sleep over under hand methods to destroy us On the streets at night we are apt to keep a lookout for the footpad and the holdup man but safe in our office or home attacks from gentry of this kind are powerless One thing you will notice with a big N is that the Blade is going right along from week to week that it did not die on December 12th In court false in one particular false in all so in all walks of life We were pleasantly surprised one day last wek at receiving a visit from a prominent freethinker who is an oiiicer in the American Ra tionalist Association lie stated he had received a number of circular let ters the first announcing the death of the Blade another denying the ac curacy of the financial statement we recently published in connection with the paper After going carefully ov r the books with us and making some inquiries on his own account he an saying you continue my subscrip and said you continue my subecrip tion to the Blade We were glad to receive this visit and would be glad to receive others from Freethinkers who should happen to be in the vicin ity qur subscribers are our friends We have no secrets from them We are always pleased to show them through the plant to show them the books and extend them a touch of the genuine article of true Kentucky hos pitality One must read these long winter evenings Dog Fennel in the Or ient by the late Charles C Moore and A Trip to Rome by Dr J B Wilson are two books that combine all that is amusing entertaining and instructive They are both for sale at the office of the Blade Price 125 each We have always said that the great fight of the future wil be betwen Catholicism and Freethought Protestantism is an illogical compromise an impossible reconciliation of faith and reason and is therefore but tem porary It has been breaking up ever since it first appeared Sects multi ply doctrines fade away into noth ingness and at last we get the New Theology which is really nothing but Deism under the guise of Christianity The Catholic Church however holds on to the old dogmas and the old worship It makes no concessions to the modern spirit And it thus satisfies all those to whom the mod ern spirit is alien and hateful That indeed is the main secret of its strength It really represents the pastwith all its superstitions and traditions Recognizing then as we do that the Catholic Church is the great and final enemy Freethought we still propose to stand by our own principles in fighting it Our worst temptation is the temptation to re sort to our enemys tactics The Catholic Church lies and falsifies but we must not the Catholic Church persecutesbut we must not the Catholic Church murders but we must not If we were to slay a Car dinal for instance in revenge for the execution of Ferrer we should be false to our own ideas and what is the use of winning in a war only toI find in the hour of victory that you have lost all that you started fighting for What is the use of reaching the goal if you arrive there with the wrong principles How have you triumphed over the enemies of liber ty and light if you have adopted all their vices in the course of the strug gle London Freethinker CORRESPONDENCE Kind Words from an Old Subscriber SHILOH 0 Dec 18 James E Hughes Publisher Dear Brother in Freethought Your letter came to hand yesterday and am very VERY glad to know that YOU are going to keep The Blade running Yours frat ernally CIIAS R KIMBERLY Keep The Blade Going SHILCII 0 Dec 13Jas E Hughes proprietor of Blue Grass Blade Dear Freethought Brother We want C C Moores paper to live and dont you dispose of it as long as it is on a paying basis but sell it if you dont want it Dont under take to kill ityou might fail Yours earnestly CHAS R KIMBERLY Never Received Article MINNEAPOLIS MINN Dec 13 Editor Blade Late in August last I mailed to The Blade my 32nd arti cle of the series entitled Tho Histo ry of Religion I write to ask whether you received it I and ifso whether you intend to publish it If not I wish to know as r may offer it to other publishers and also in that case I shad not find it necessary to renew the subscriptions which I lave been paying for other readers and whichwill soon expire Some years ago I was asked by Mr Hughes to write frequently for the Blade and once ten its publishers thought that the little paper must soon be discon tinued Mr Coo Vale Mrs Vale Uri nh smith D D Dr Wilson Mrs Henry and a very few other writers besides myself sustained it until it became established Through its col umns I may reach n few Christians whom I can help in the right way Please answer through The Blade Yours respectfully SUSAN J PECK Kind Words from Peoples Press CHICAGO Comrade Hughes If I can help you in the way of notices to keep The Blue Grass Blade going let me know or send me any notice you think may help We need every Freethought paper we now have in the cause so keep it going if you can even if you have to cut down the size and expense same as Peoples Press Let me hear from you Hear- tilyJ B LENAU Stuck on New Size CANNON FALLS Dec 21Friend Jas E Hughes Received tide Blada yesterday in the new shape You say you want letters from your subscrib ers so here goes I am 77 years old and am very proud of the fact it enables me to shove off the modesty that false modesty that is put on the common classes by the conven tional lies of our civilization espec ially the farming classthe peasants It is getting to be a scientific fact that five acres of land is amply suffic ient to support a family Now sup posing every reader of this should put in this year about five acres of land pro and con I think many of our financial problems would be solved especially the strike question who knows Then there are our political lies The lie of government could be solved by adopting the plan of propor tional representation let every elec toral precinct calla caucus and elect a commissiona committee of say ten on the Proportional Representation plan this committee to nominate a ticket form plans of procedure and sue to things generally A very sim ple operation but I believe it would do away with the lie of the majority fools and rogues 0 yes there arc other lies except the liof religion that are just as bad We should fight the lies of mankind it is good for the soul and keeps us in good healthy action Yours fraternallyPROF ULYSSES TANNER of Natures University You Are a Blade Subscriber HOWARD KANS lice 20Jas- E Hughes Editor Blade Dear Hughes I was both surprised and lighted to receive a copy of Tho Blade surprised that it still survives after Clmrlesworlh in his circular letter said that it was dead for all time and asking Blade subscribers to fill out blank agreement to accept the Rationalist a new publication to be launched some time in the near future which I and no doubt many others did as my subscription to the Blade is paid for another year and receipted for by Mr Charlesworth I suppose that if the Blade lend gone glimmering I would accept The Rationalist in lieu of nfunding my money but my heart was heavy at the loss or rather the demise of The Blade But lo and behold today it came in its old familiar form andmy heart rejoiced as ifa longlost friend had appeared I love the old form so much better than the new The new Blade was dry and uninteresting and I do hope for the successful con tinuation of the Blade with cver creasing interest And now Mr Hughes will you please explain whether I am a subscriber of The Blade or the Rationalist It seems to me I was tricked into the transferring of my interest in the Blade to the Rationalist Imost anxiously await your opinion in the case I shouted for joy when I saw the old familiar face in the corner of The Blade MRS IDA COON Send Them In NATL MILITARY HOME OHIO Dec 20Jas E Hughes Dear Sir I am sorry to see any dissatisfaction in the publication of The Blade I am disappointed alsr in not seeing any of my articles in print that I have sent in during the last year I have just renewed my subscription but if you intend to pay no attention to my writings in the future you may stop sending me The Blade and I will respond with a paper that will be glad to get my contributions So hoping you may not feel aggrieved at my wishing to see fair play I rm yours truly JOEL M BERRY Likes the New Blade SYCAMORE KANS Dec 22nd Jas E Hughes Ed Blue Grass Blade Lexington Ky Dear Sir The Blade of the 10th is at hand and Inm proud to say it is the best number to my notion that has been put out for sonic time I note that it lies put on its old clothes again I like it It looks good to me And The placing of Brother C C Moores photo at the head of the editorial column is very timely and a fitting recognition in n measure of the good that Bro Moore slid for humanity while living While I did not agree with Bro Moore on his capitalistic views as I am n So cialist yet I admire him for his frankness and wanly courage He was my kind of a man He gave vent to his honest thoughts and in a man ner that could easily be understood Ou all important questions of government or the rights of the people he was frank and outspoken and gressivejust the right kind of a man for a leader He was built of the kind of material that docs things lie had the courage of his convict ions faced death as One who wraps the drapery of his couch about him and lies down to pleasant dreams I remain yours truly J F MAYO AN OPEN LETTER Chardou 0 Dec 25 09 U Dhamiuaioka Dear Sir It may appear rather presumptuous for so humble an individual as myself to write to one of the Wise Men of the East but having seen noble expressions in three of the Liberal sheets of America from your pen concerning Thomas Paine I feel constrained to say that you and your people award him more justice than millions who live iu the nations which he labored to free from the infamous despotism of kings and the villain ous hypocrisy of priests It is ap parent that if Mr Paine had done for India what he did for either America France or England justice and exaltation instead of calumniation and vituperation would have been his lot The American Freethinkers realize that his works are following his name aud that both are reverberating around the world ills works are his monument grander iiuid greater than marble can inspire loftier than any emulation vindication or exultation that his friends can bestow It is an irrefutable fact that he preeminently stands before trio world as the most profound political writer of all nations His monarchical sentiments have grated upon the sen sibilities of kings the hyenns of monarchyIn Rights of Man and in his Dissertation on First Principles of Government may be found some of the most exemplary principles of government coupled with those lofty and trenchant appeals of human erty some of which were penned un der the most perilous situations that the world has ever witnessed He has been justly termed The man of three nations disowned by all Vincent Parke Co New York City have brought out his writings in ten volumes this season They are styled the Independence Edition and sell for 3051 1 trust you will sue that at least one set will be sent to India 1 now come to other mutters First this nation needs you here for every penitentiary is crammed to its ut most capacity with Christian criminals and every poorhouse is filled with the unfortunate When Mr Gandhiwas here at the time of the Worlds Fair I wrote him andre ceived a prompt and courteous reply A friend of mine went and saw him and obtained his photo Can you give his address In Conways book 1 My Pilgrimage to the Wise Men of the East a fine picture of Mr Gandhi is given As it has been t o years since the book was loaned me by Judge Metcalfe I do not remember whether there is a picture of it or not Have you met Dr Peebles He has been five times around the Globe I have heard him lecture talked with and received letters from him He is 80 and in his last letter to mo he saysI I am hale and hearty He met Mr Gandhi in a vegetarian restaurant in London Mr Gandhi presented me with a copy ofI1he Unknown Life of Jesus Christ Dr upIence over ques tion arises that if he did live where was he during those 18 missing years of which the New Testament is silent as the tomb There must have been some foundation for the New Testa uncut therefore I ant of the opinion that he lived but as above stated there is no evidence injCleve1qnd feries 012 Ansel Road and shall re call your words as given in The Blade and shall rejoice lo know that on all sides of the globe men and women will be nssembled in commen oration of the man whose country was the worldIIl1d whoso religion was to do goodWilli high esteem I am yours for liberty and justice B 0 FENTON The murder of Francisco Ferrer surprised a great many people It did not surprise us Religions reaction nil over the world isj fighting against liberty and light with diabol ical energy and we lire bound to smile contemptuously at the milkand wnterIInbelievers who babble about the fight for freedom being over which it is as far as they con cerned and the victory won The fight fur freedom is never over while il has any enemies left wiy more than the fight for reason Is over while there are nay friends of superstition left The wisest of the sons of men well said that Truth can never be confirmed pnougli though doubt did ever sleep There is no end of com bat no rest and be thankful to the soldiers of human liberation in this promisespeople in the next world Even in America the grand home of the no ble bird of freedom etcletcthe greatheadwayis daily meeting a fresh menace Dr E B Foote of New York writes us almost despondently He doubts if holdingitswith the better organization of the tion He says that Catho lie influences are working through politics in public places influencing legislation and the action of officials Tho Comstock mail law whichmakes of sex questions or the question of the United States becomes broader and more stringent with the next year and tho very mildest discussion of sex questions of thegquestion of population will be peualied and sup pressed So after the first of Jan uary Dr Foote writes 1if not al ready you can rejoice in greater free dom of publication than we can What a lesson for those who exchange the divine right of majorities for the divine right of kings London Freethinker THE DOUBTERS PRAYER By John EinersewJioberts 0 thou infinite invisible nameless One whom wen must name and nam ing call Thee God If thou art why may not men know Thee as Thou art If Thou art not why should the thought of Thee embitter and pervert the hearts of men Thy worshippers are guessers and guessing at the Divine riddle men like children at play fallout and quarrel turning happiness and joy to strife and teats In Thy name they have built dungeons piled fagots and devised tortures from which life fled to the cool embrace of death tho last and only friend They have called Thee maker of Paradise and Hell Thou the Infinite and have said the glory of Thy throne shone more refulgent tho music of celestial joy was sweeten ed by tho cry of anguish and the sobs of pain which rose and reached the heartless happiness of the blest In Thy name men have trampled into tho mire tim sweet earth with blood und touched with fingers of hate every nerve of painviolated every holy human rightcursed the world with every crime and in Thy name Listening for Thy unspeaking voice men have been heedless of the cry of a suffering world reading the revela tion they said was Thine they have been blind to truth deaf to reason and enemies of knowledge Follow iug Thoe they have gone astray serving Theo they have burdened their flellowman Dwellers in huts have built Thy cathedrals andoverlaid them with barbaric gold Wearers of nigs have woven purple and fine linen for indolent tyrants claiming to act for Thee Priests have fattened while children cried for bread And Thou art Godf Hndst Thou been mother the cry of children had touched Thy heart Marys tears as she watched the death agony of the cross were kindlier than Thy silence in the skies Help us to forgive Thee If Thou wouldst have Thy name revered on earth make kind and gracious thoso who embroider iton their garments and banish it from their hearts If religion is to endure among men cast out from it the devils of hatred and clothe it with the comeliness of sanity and love If Thy temples are to remain open them to the light and make them hospitable to every honest thought Since Thou art silent may men speak modestly whun they speak of Thee f Since Thou art hidden may men not claim they see And if iu the illimitable rnysteri8 of life death there be those who seeking cannot find pondering cannot know who question tho eternalsi lence in vain who say at last Thou art notturn not Thou from theml May honest doubt find favor in Thy sight reason unfjearing walk the earth character be counted as salva tions very self the noble purpose and unselfish aim bo dear to Thee virtue unblushing meet Thy search ing gaze and love the key unlocking an the gates of joyif Thou art God THE HOLY RELIO CLUB By Joseph Rogers 1 Johnson the Bouncer 1Vitl1 hairthats light and skin that Hushes red Ho shows the Danish gore tho ancient dead Have left as artists dope to paint their heirs With facial glows and tonings that were theirs Besides they gave their names to kithand kin So coming men may know why hair and skin Are light or dark or foreign to the tints That other breeding round its prod uct prints The name of Johnson spells a Danish source For the chap who rul dour councils with brute force As bouncer forI ye old and noble lodge This brawny lad no form of work would dodge The sacred bones by which the mem bers swore Theyd air their likes behind the council door Were valued junk the chairman duly blest Andwhich our Johnson fitly boiled and drest Reminders of the men and times long gone Their polish d facings at our meet ings shone To keep alive the memories of the past And that our order treasure trove amassd Dicks martial eye would flash a fierce dissent If some deluded lad on mischief bent Would try by skit or joke or thoughtless deed To prove that boiled bones we did not need You Furness folk may oft have heard his roar As standing by his cart outside your door He gave by use of lungs a value to his spuds By bawling out a rivals brand of goods Well then with such a whoop he drown d tho groans That aimed to ditch the orders cher ished bones But then whateer on Johnsons color we may write The fact remains hes strictly white Salt Lake City Utah Ho who is not master of himself is unworthy to rule others WINTER TOURIST TICKETS SOUTH anrSOUfHEASTON VIA QUEEN CRESCENT ROUTE GOOD RETURNING UNTIL MAY 31st 1910 For Particular call on or write B C KING P T A MID St lexicon Kj f THE HUMAN MINi WHAT IS IT By Channing Severance The human will has always oeei regarded by Christians and certaii individuals mentally tied to the Bible as an independent force in man tha always had perfect freedom to act and voluntary choice way what decid ed action There is no more basis for such a claim than there would be to say that a weathervane controls the di rection of the wind What is termed the human will is nothing but the force of mans desires and any man who is rash enough to assert that he creates and controls his desires can bo knocked out in one round by reason and logic The Chinese have a proverb that runs thusly Great men have wills others only feeble wishes When this is inspected and analyzed we find that all there is to it is this Great men have stronger desires than some others whom we call and rate with the nobodies No man ever performed an act of any kind that was not preceded by desire and all desiresno exceptionare voluntary comers Desires are the controlling factors in mens lives and the strength of them decides the force of mens act ions With weak desires no man will ever do great things or try to but if his desires are strong and persistent ho will go through hell to gratify em and then some one will say What a will power There is no will power about it Ifa mans desires aro strong enough to drive him he will be driven by them it they are not he will depend more on circumstances to gratify them than on personal exertion Lazy men have weak desires and they drift through life instead of making hard and per sistent efforts to accomplish some thing wlule active vigorous men have strong desires and work with vim and vigor to gratify them A certain bricklayer had a desire after ho had followed that business tor years to be a Methodist preacher and that desire was so strong it drove him into the pulpit Had desire of another kind like that of finding the North Pole or being the champion pugilist of the world got hold of him his course in life would have been differ ial desire and not one of the others itl desire and not one of the others lie dont know you dout know not do L Desires come exist and exert their influence and we know no more about them and in these involuntary visitors is found the source and the cause of mans every act I am a philosophical fatalist and 1 defy any man that walks the earth to show that we are anything but puppets in the power of universal forces Every man is what he is from necessity and we ore all play ing the parts that circumstances in life have decreed we should play whether the same be good or bad from the worlds moral standpoint If we have weak desires it is not our fault if we have strong desires we deserve no credit for them but the kind and character we do have will determine our actions for desire is the mainspring in every mans life and will power is nothing but another name for it We are no more free moral agents or actors frm choice than the fish in the sea are there because they preferred that rlife to being on the land and as we walk downward to the tomb we go as blind men for we cannot see one inch into the future THE PAST AND THK PRESENT To appreciate the present we must now and then look into tho past and make comparisons That the world is moving ahead with rapid strides is too apparent for denial cud we are living in an age that nothing in all history ever approached in discover ies inventions and general utilities that contribute to mans comfort and pleasure Why are we progressing so remarkably and why is the world so full of light and knowledge of in tellectual forces and tho beneficial re P sults of rational thinking This query has but one reply that fits it and gives the true reason for the wonderful activities of mind and muscle that everywhere confront us Chris tianity has lost the despotic power it onco had and it is no longer a crime to think freely with imprisonment or death as a penalty or to have ideas not found in that compound of sup orstition and nonsense called the Holy Bible While the world was in bond age to priestcraft and this book it stood still nnd progress was as possible as movement of a ship securely anchored or tied by power ful hawsers to some dock For lone centuries Christianity and tho Bible were the curse of the world and yet there are people so stupidly foolish as to bemoan the fact that past power has departed and to wish for its restoration Such people are constantly prating about what will ascenjdency such a thing possible no greater cn lamity could befall the race We know what these two forces did when triumphant in society and their and bloody record that cannot cruelJI stroyed is sufficient to damn both to the end of time There was no such thing as liberty of thought and action when Christian priests had their way and ho who thinks there would be if they had it again knows not the nature of priest craft All religions are naturally stationary for they are tied to the dead past and forever trying to keep the world looking backward instead of forward and that man whoso mind is satisfied with bible litera Lure is a tit associate for those semi barbarians that wrote the book It is live ideas that move the world and Christianity has always fought them for self preservation When the printing press first peared its priesthood saw and pro claimed the fact that the art of printing must be destroyed or it would destroy them and the general decline of Christianity und its power from that day to this gives them some standing as prophets Looking back to tuoje days with the inquisition trying to insure uni formity of thought and the ignorance and stupidity of mankind in general who that thinks and reasons would revive the good old times viiu would select that period as more uesirubie than the present No one out a religious fanatic or members or a fiDeuytiatiug priesthood One of the first useful inventions to save uuman labor was the windmill whet the human mind awoke trout tat stagnation of Lurk Ages and tills was condemned oy we priesthood be cause toe iJibie bud decreed that mat must earn hIS bread m the sweat of brow Had these enemies of thought aim action of liberty and progress uud their way our present civiliza non would be unKiiowu tor it hat come ouiy turougti constant conuici with Weal and their euorts to prevent Lloderu civilization has come in spite of Christianity und nil the ma Lariat oenenis and blessings that wt enjoy touuy have come gradually us lieu applied their time and euorts to mis worid and ceased living toe sow purpose of saving their soul and geiiiujj tutu lihother of Whist no one knows anything whatever the past when Christianity flour fished without hindrance was a per rod of darkness and gloom and noth tug but its fabled hell could be worse than this world was for 1000 years or purgatory for at least 1600 tic when we feet like kicking over general conditions now a comparison ol the present with the past will reduce the violence of our efforts CHANNING SEVJSIIANCL THE CREATION LEGEND By Joel M Berry In the Book of Genesis we had two accounts of creation differing in ready every detail bo much so at least that they neither be reconciled with each other nor made to harmon ize with science or reason The late Dean Stanley admitted that the first and second chapters of Genesis tain two narratives differing from eachother in almost every particular of time place and order The legend is like the Fall of Man The Deluge and The Tower of Babelof Babylonian origin all being obtained during the captivity But here is what we wish to call the attention of the reader to tice that in the first account which includes the first chapter and to the third verse of the second chapter the word God is used in the singular number every time But when we come to the second account which commences with the fourth verso of tho second chapter we find the plural word Lord God is used in every instance unto the end of the chapter Where does the difference come in between the words God and Lord God Dr Hardwicke in his Evolution of Man says the first account was written under or during the Elohistic period and the second under what is called tho Yavistio riod The difference consisting in the appellation applied to deity the first being Elohini the second being Ya hu erroneously rendered Lord God in the authorized version The writer says that earth was without form and void Now ery object must have some form which is an essential of material istence Void simply means empty or vacant So to speak of the earths beingi e existing occupying space and yet voidis a direct tradiction Again light and darkness could not have been created on tho first or any other day for every intelligent educated person knows 1UT T + ++ + +++AIJo N IJoIJo +H + + 441Jot ++ ++t +++++ + N ++++ t- It 19O9 1909 i t i Blue Grass Blade Bound volume i Containing Fiftytwo Copies of The Blade and all handsome I bound in Blue Buckram with gold lettersAt 300 Reduced from last years price 300 A AA Subscribe NOW and get your name on the list in time A 1 A STILL BETTER OFFER + + t For Five New Subscribers For Five New Subscribers A y tWewill send ONE COPY of the Bound Volume + A FREE OF COST i tTo before Dec 31 1909 t AAf BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Krt2 + + that tney are butte produced by the relative position of tee earth will regard to the sun hut the sun is nut created tuf the louriu day And ugh and darkness could not be divided for they never were united Again in speaking of the fall of man ii must be borne mind that the Gen esis cosmogony is based upon mis taken ideas of the universe the shape and movements of the earth nun sun and their mutual relations And upon tue truth of the occurren ces reported in Genesis rests tht whole Christian theory of Redemp tion for if the fall of man die not occur sin did not enter the work by the disobedience of Eve j and it Eve did not sin there is no sin foi mankind to inherit and consequently no necessity for a redeemer to suffer the sacrifice imputed to Jesu and entailed by the supposed faufi of our ancestors During the explorations of the ancient cities of Assyria and Baby lonia a number of Clay tablets were discovered in 1876 and again in 1887 at TelelAmarna in Egypt Evi dently relics of an ancient library containing the official correspondence between the king of Egypt and the officers and sovereigns of Assyria Babylonia and other Asiatic coun tries A tablet was also discovered among the ruins of Lashish in South ern Palestine They disclose the originals of the above legends We are waiting anxiously to hear some rousing good reports from the organized Freethinkers of the coun try Deceptives flee when no mat pursueth but Agnostics are bold as lions SOME COSTLY CHURCH PEWS great is the demand for pews ISo Johns Episcopal church is immediately opposite the White House with but the beautiful Lafayette Square intervening that aucIa pew was recently purchased in this church for 3000 the highest price on record according to a Washington letter to the New York Tribune New York prices for pews easily surpass the Washington record A pew in the Fifth Avenue Presbyter ian church has been sold for 5000 The costliest pews in the metropolis and probably in America are in Temple EmanuEl Fifth Avenue and Fortythird street For annual rent age in this synagogue 0000 has been paid Average rentals arc from 2000 to 5000 The price for a pew rented just for tho two holidays of the Passover and New Year in spring and autumn reaches 600 Last year 615 was paid for two Trinity church has few pews to sell and limits its price to 125 plus annual ground rent of about 35 but a pew offered recently in the tlement of an estate brought 500 St Bartholomews Protestant Epis copal church ones received 30000 for a pew but this was hardly a legitimate market quotation being in tho nature of a gift to Iwlp the church to meet a debt At St Patricks Catholic Cathedral 1000 is tho record pew rent Two blocks above the cathedral pews in the temporary structure of St 4 Jft t yy1 Searchlight I A A 20 Page Liberal i A t Att iPublished by J D SHAW Waco Texas A yta + yiy A Write for a sample copy which will be sent freeA YvNVHV + IJoIJoIJoIJoIJoIJoIJoIJo thomas bring from 1000 to 1500 In Brooklyn the best Plymouth church pews rent for each and there are fourteen of them Other pews are as cheap as 5 VAUABLE PAINE LETTER At a recent sale of Philadelphia of the letters and papers of Elbridge Gerry a singer of the Declaration of Independence a letter by Thomas Paine brought 31 Paines letter dated at Paris Prarial 10 6 year May 2J 17U8 as copied by Mr Jas U Elliott is as follows Sir I sent you the enclosed pa per this morning by Mr Barlow but as you were not at home he returned it to me I send it again but with the injunction that you return it to morrow morning at the farthest as I intend to send it afterwards to Lar evelliereLepeaux Whether it was prudent in John Adams to make the information it contains public is a matter 1 leave to your own judgment or whether it was prudent in the Com missioners to hold conference with unauthorized persons in which the Directory is implicated I also leave to you to judge of The persons who employed themselves in this business are concealed under the cypers W X G X but they ought to bo known in order that the suspicion may not fall on other personsTHOMAS PAINE Blade Will Still Come- McCONNELLSVILLE 0 Dec 2- 3Jas E Hughes Lexington Ky My Dear Sir Your paper came to me this week in the old form which I ways did like when Bro Moore had chargo of it I told you when my time was up to stop the paper as I was not able to take it I am 73 years old and crippled up with the rheumatism While I am sorry to part with it for 1 have taken it so TTT TWO NOTED BOOKS Doa THE Charles Chilton Moore When a young man the author had started out to walk through the Holy Lands on foot Reaching Paris he gave up the Journey and returned home He made the trip by rail and boat about three years before his death This book gives an account of what he saw and explodes numerous Christian myths It Is especially suitable for a present Cloth Bound Pages Postpaid 125 Address orders to BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky long I will try and do all I can for you My time was up last May and as soon as I can I will remit to you the amount I owe YoursJ II WIIITAKER Is your name on the Blade muster rollT Now is the accepted time to arise hump yourself and do something to keep the Blades head up The Blade is making preparations for a strenuous campaign and urges its friends to give all possible encour agement in spreading the beneficent light of Freethought over the land Hopkins Blenching Glove- sawhaelwrpurru l alwt wlTuJLbativJuutbrblufur na tfrllefo lermtoA Unl Jlvc uox Yes Cincinnati TRIP TO ROME byfDR J B WILSON The International Congress of Free thinkers was held In the City of Rome Italy September The author attended that Congress as the American delegate It Is an account of travel and personal experiences that has received an universal encomium from press and people In It religious dogmas and tales of priestly notion are ruthlessly exposed while the general style Is without com parison In American literature of travel Cloth bound pages Illustrated Address orders to BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky IBILLS VENUEcheerful and It is a In the WHEEL grows on you yourself walling for what lUll next flMBRIOftN In IeI in the WHEEL DILL OF LIKE It Is written by Mary Fees Todd the ablest wrltir of Liberal action since Grant Allen and Is a beautiful presentation of the essentially modern problem Woman In Business THE WHBBL OF LIFE- A monthly periodical It deals with lOINS the origin of Marriage of Ethics of UellKlon of Brotherhood of the belief In Immortality It treats broadly of Love of Rumen Instincts and Ideals It takes In the whole Wheel of Life treating all subjects II such aclear plain and spIcy way that the dust Is shaken out and they become as in terUoK as a novel to even the casual water Send 10cents for 1 sIx month I trial suuicrlptlou or a quarter for a year CONFESSIONS OF ft D NEby Joseph MedlilPsttereon- a ithT of LITTLE BROTHER OF THK UUI sent without extra charge with a months trial nubsorlptlon to the WHEEL OFLlPrf Address UFE PUB CO Desk A St Louis Mo THE S JIN HIOPHET A Death That May Mean the Regeneration of Spain and the Nations By Thaddeus Burr Wakeuiau in New York Truth Seker Render tnereiore unto Caesar- tho things whicn are Caesars and unto lod tne things which are odsMatt xxii 21 What great men are worth becomes known by tho great which liver to the world by their deathI What their contemporaries are worth is measured and shown by the way they receive and benefit by such sages The atrocious way in which the martyrdom of Francisco Ferrer has been mace a fact the allimportant message which was the glOry oi Jus life the cause of his martyrdeath and his legacy by his last words and his will and testament to his surviv ors impose a solemn duty upon them which tuey cannot escape ins wider by too powers of darkness is a direct challenge to the powers ol progress cud iigut wnicu must fo ab soiuteiy impossiuie in the future Un less that is uoue and dune eiiecuveiy the 1reeniumed people of civilization indeed the whore modern world will pass down through the ages under an indelible stigma of disgracea dis grace which touches every intelligent person now living and witch can nev er be effaced What then was this lifeobject of Ferrer which brought to him death and to us the first and main duty of bIel It was the fact that the hu man children of this earth are its heirs and possessors and that their highest duty is to administer its and their affairs so as to secure the high est liberty welfare anti progress of each and all in every succeeding generation To this end like the ideal Christ of old Matt xxii 21 he spent his life in teaching that the selfish greed and power of old Home I should be separated and receive no tribute from the only God the all that is And this separation of the Komish church and Spiritual Pow er from the temporal state must begin by the education of all the children of mankind of this world- into which they have been born and of the laws and principles of social moral and economic wellbeing of the state republic or communityof which they are born as parts This secular scientific human practical education of the Spanish people com mencing with the young was Ferrers enthusiasm religion and object aim because it was the powers of darn ness hunted up made up and borbI laise witness against him and slew him utter the mockery of a trial a trial which that reported of thtI ideal Christ of old puts to shame What was the head and trout ol his oiiendmg It was that his iviou ern Secular schools were succeeding there grew up out of his enorts AU international League for the Katiouul Education of Children Jof wnicu and Proerror was made president fessur liaecKei of ueruiany and Pro fessur beigt tue great Italian an thropoiugiai were among tue vice presidents We read of these school of nis and of the republican mode exceeding ninety in number and school teslivais attended by 1uu children Care was taken to avoid au matters offensive to the government Nothing tending to disorder or vio lence was allowed or thought of What was taught in ways suitable to the advance of the pupas was wit curriculum or program of subject and illustrated studies 1 The Evolution of Worlds 2 Ihe Story of the Earth 3 The Origin of Life 4 The Evolution of Living Things 5 The Factors of Organic Evolu tion 0 The Origin and Development of Man 7 Thought- S The History of Civilization 0 Religions 10 Laws and Morals 11 Social Organizations 12 Economic Systems 13 The Evolution of Technics and Art 14 The Factors of Social Evolu tion 15 Man and the World The above course of studies is quoted from Joseph McCabes Martyrdom of Ferrer The first word of this program Evolution meant anathema and death to the teacher as soon as the Romish church in Spain could get him in its power This was done by charging him with participation in the uprisingof the people in ona first in 1000 when Ferrer was acquitted and 1909 when a court martial under church domination fused to hear his defense and orderI cd his execution The old Inquisition used to say Without the shedding ofblood which meant death by fire Ferrer was shot He was to kneel with bandaged eyes Ho asked to standand receive death with open eyes He was allowed to stand but not unbandnged He dared to face death nnfliching But did his executioners fear to have their instruments look him in the eye7 Fortunately their bullets through his brain meant instant death From every civilized people there rose at once cries of horror and in diguntionl Here is the tragedy of Bruno reenacted in our era of science and immunity What can be what can humanity do that it may nevci happen again What it lan and must do is to stand together so thatJby union of peoples and their nations Spain and its church shall learn that the lesson and message of Ferrer is the condition that humanity now im poses upon rulers who would continue to govern or to exist r There must be a real practical separation of church and state and the state must do the work that Ferrer began of making known to each rising generation the world of which it is realya part and the conditions of a happy lot fate and duty in it And how may this be done f By the general uprising and voice of the people everywhere and where they have any power through their representative government too Mr Sercombe proposes that a general congress of freeminded people of the world be held in Spain at larcslonn if possible to teach and impress these lessons in a way to show that the results of blood am violence will not be the repeating of them This may be well if that con gross can represent societies now be existing so as to send delegates in quantity that will add strength weight and reality to the voices the peoples the press and the gov ernments whence they come The first step is to consider how tins interest and feeling can take practical shape That first matter may come up at the next dinner and meeting of the Sunrise Club of New York where many of the wise freeI liberal and justfeeling counsellors and friends of liberty and humanity and justice will be present And tably among these Prof Lester F Ward president of the Sociological Society of America It is rarely that he leaves his professors chair to ad vise with fellow citizens upon any concrete social subject or event But there he is to beland there is strength courage and confidence in that fact alone From that meeting nay not there result the first stage of the mighty power of a public opinion that shall make Ferrer though lead the real savior of Spain and also the regenerator of a real living secular government and education in very land and people of our earth It can be done but done only by the establishment and extension m every land of the Modern Secular Scientific Schools of which Francisco Ferrer was the father in Spain The very first need and right of very child that is born into this world really is to be taught and so learn what the world ready is ana what the means and condition of a useful happy and successful life in it and for it may be The first dutj herefore of every geit ration is to see and know that this indispensab knowledge is actual imparted Wha hat knowledge really is is shown b ihe program and curriculum of Fer rers Modern Schools above quo ed What the Romish powers of dark ness think of it is shown by the bullets through his brain No not b hem nor by any of their churches ind can such saving knowledg b imparted That can be done ony b a really secular and intelligent Re publican state sustained by a peop themselves secular and intelligent The church vote is a practical the ocracy with a veto or threat over political and educational a ffaisI applies to the kindergartens up to th highest universities in the land and- every political party and candidate It is being dealt out in Utah As against that power of darkness gen orally working in the dark wha chance has a simple American citizen in the open Who has now the cisive sway in American affairs na tional and international Who are becoming the teachers in our so called public and 1 secular schools who the successful candidates and nominees for office from President nvnour last two Presidents not cepted How much longer must this transformation go on before the murder of a Ferrer in America will ba as 1 natural and inevitable as the one the enlightened world now mourns over with such righteous indignation in Spain Let our naturalization laws pro vide for the renuncintion not onlyof all allegiance to every prince power and potentate on earth but also to every socalled pope priest church or other religious power as to faith other matter trary or morals or any to the laws of our country and the wellbeing of its people as they may hereafter declare j Mansaj tByDr A Hausrnan Alameda California 2 f Tins is the Greatest Book of modern tim s on the theory of Evolution applied to Sociology 1 i will shortly he issued in hook form by the Blue Cms Biotic making a book of nearly fl0 pages The author hits j t- It dedicated it to Prof Ernst Hacckcl and tl great Jena philosopher hits accepted tho dedication ti2 1 Subscribe Now and Save Money 1 r t All charges of postage will be prepaid upon advance subscriptions L Y The first chapters are now in the press and publication in book form will immediately j i follow its serial publication in the blade columns + y ascribe Now Subscribe Now i iJAMESE HUGHES Lexington Ky X- t Y 0 l N NNHNNN N Nt + +TT TT TT TT TTTT TT TTTT TT HUMAN AFFECTION Continued from Page 1 evened up I want to see development and progress all along the line 1 would bo a God if I could and impar adise the whole world within my armsI want to see all of earths unfor tunates especially those made so by tyranny and heredity have another chance 1 want them to be repaid for the degradation and affliction imposed upon them for the benefit of others- I want to se the crippled the crooked and deformed stand straight and be beautified Some time ago as I was passing along a street Imeet a little old bunch of a woman hobbling upon two sticks Her head was almost on a level with her hips 1 never before witnessed a human being walk with head so low Her legs were crooked so far under her they seemed to prop up her breast As she walk t or rather sided and hobbled along her face to the pavement she presented strange and curious sight 1 turned and followed her some dis tance having a curiosity to speak to her and to see her face When 1 bpoke it was with great ditliculty that sue turned her face half way to one side she could not looK up and for ward to see who was speaking to tier 1 shah never forget tire exprcs oion on that facthe pinched weaz cued look the agony the vacant gaze tu years of pam written there 1 asked her if she had suffered an ucciuent or what might have been me cause of her affliction she said she didnt know that she u Deal teat way since a child wit eisid a attic with her asked herI Inc Suliered puma and if she ud bhe said she suffered all the uic and reading was the only joj ae had on earth 1 was thankful fur she hobbled on I looked at herd said I hope that woman that curee numan thing will b given an her Hfe to repay her for the inis ties of this which are no fault of hen vn I hupe she will live again to stand straight like others For the pain and humiliation of his lift for her endless disappoint eats for her sad secret hopeless ongings I hope she will live again be endowed with superior gifts of udy and brain that she will have a ace like a Pbrye lit with eyes that ire fountains of thought and song rave glorious tresses to sweep tel heeks like goldhued cloud flakes on a rsy11orn great billowing breasts to tingle with sweet passion and chaste yearnings of motherhood limbs dim pled and rosy full curved and straight to bear her along with vol iptuous grace 1 hope that poor emanciated crooked form will be straight and rounded out thrilled with potent passion and palpitating desire inspired by ambition and glorified by ennobling thought- I know not whence she came nor whither she went and have never seen her since but I trust the few kind words of sympathy I gave her will linger in her memory pail lend her to feel that site is not altogether repulsive nut altogether an object o gazed at not altogether out of harmony with the universe but that pity still links her to human tender ness while hope over weaves n rainbow fringe of transformation over her shriveled form and misty brain There may be some who read this TT who likewise in degree are thus afI flicted If so I want them to know and feel ny sympathy and that I hope if for no other reason that there will be another life just for their sakes that the bent backs may bo straightened that their heads be lifted high toward the upward looking and the light An immortality a new life of happiness as long at least as the present average life cannot be too good for such or for all who sorrow suffer and I think of the suffering in the world of the ravages of war and famine of the persecution of the weak the cruelty to women and chil dren the disease and degeneration in pitted upon the innocent through ig norance the curse of superstition its inquisitions and slaughters the quisition of territory through death andconquest the general selfishness and cruelty of man the corruption of virtue the tyranny of governments the grinding power of plutocracy the millions who through various adverse causes are naught but driftwood onI the stream of time I cannot but wish to see a rectifications of all this cata clysm of crime and suffering and woe tinder circumstances which this lilt dues not afford In these remarks my affections have spoken not my reason Were I to speak now from the standpoint of reason and I wil discuss tins subject from this standpoint in some near issue 1 would speak in almost direct opposition to these statements The world though is directed these two extremesReason byI Love The primary government man is founded upon the affections and wisely so The affections are children of ignorance and instinct theI the horizon of our experience and models multiply wo enter a chill atmosphere and love and miration perceptibly vanish Reason disintegrates Love unifies Reason exalts Love tempors affec tion Though Reason is the highs power yet it is not all powerful nor all essential Reason may cure illu slums but not suffering It has many eyes to see evils but how often it is helpless to prevent them Men are destined to reason wrongly as well as rightlyhike the clergy to reason backward instead f for ward to take ideals fruit the post instead of the presyiK They wore trained that way iml ulnna ell it They have a tender samiiivi n ard for ancient ghosts which never pear to them and they spout avoid reasoning together moro than any- Body They cannot always help it Some are destined nqt to reason at all and some ore destined to persecute those who do reason Such a complex state of affairs ex sting seemingly necessarily more und more I perceive that Reason should never leave Affection behind nit hand in hand should go dispensing light and joy along their shining inarch We cannot get away from suffering The world is full of bruised and gushed hearts and desolate spirits nouns of sorrow creep vein likc thro the Ktinshiije nut underlie the laugher however gay and loud pillows of pain pad chambers where the soft aliioerthere is no perpetual bloom the world is furrowed with grave mounds and the darkness and silence nrp ever hard by where no tweet care or gen tIc word can do any good One after N N H another of our dear ones go from us and pass out into the darkness and withour feet stumbling among their graves the golden summer sunshine seems only to bleach white our hairJ baptismAnd pain knits itself to pain and complaint joins itself to complaint till a thankless if not reproachful undertone runs through all the world and to millions life becomes a heavy burden an echo among ruins lion and more I perceive the necessity of cherishing the affections There is no moro of Loves supporting arm Along lifes slippery pathway and its frost There is no more need for Love to wrap us warm From winter winds when summer flowers are lost There is more need of Liberals cul tivating the social instinct of being affectionate among themselves for thetoo in addition to suffering alii the pains and nfllictions of others must suffer ostracism and more or less contempt and martyrdom for their is essentially affection ate in his relations to mankind but I am sorry to say has not that warmthof affection for his own class that ho should have This may be due partly from lack of contact through the Liberal is the most affectionate of men He exhibits this affection in the selfsacrifices ho makes in helping others to become intellectually free The Liberal is peaceable lIe opposes war Ho does not coerce lIe gains converts by pelling none lIe does not resort to the stratcgems of opposing brutal force He does not seek to shed hu man blood lIe wants every one to have health and happiness in this world He does not sigh for the bow ers of paradise and trample the flowers of this life under his feet I would that the affection Liberals bestow upon mankind they would squally bestow upon each other Reason will never bo popular and neither will Atheism its child Pas lions emotions especially tho religious may be Pop ar because they belong to tho Ignorant many but Reason ever remains tha property of he select few Said Beaconsfield No affections and a great Inainrtheso are lire men to command tine world I would be proudtto command men but let my brain Ijo riot so grant and my affections large Like George KUJSt I believe that U affection the broadest basis of a good lifeIt is affection which lends me to devote a large part of my time in assisting my fellow man out of the slough of ignorance into which perstition has plunged him away from the wrathof a brutal god and the fears ofa hell born of the evil natures of mean and designing the the ignorant to a higher plane Reason must always be pered by Affection They should work together The proper work of mar the grand drift of human life is to follow Rea son to walk eyer more to hjglicr paths by brightening Reasons lamp Tho drift Of intlligencp is always to ward Reason never towards ligion N + + N N iron the death of the old the new proceeds And the life of truth front the rot of creeds In the face of the growing intelli continue selfishment an immaculate conception a blood atonement and foolish mira elesJall of which are employed to mental enslavement of the masses There can be no remedy for this crime but the exercise of Reason tempered with Affection Men can only be Jed gently affectionately extremesinstupefy the reasoning powers The result is it leads us to be wise with discretion IIReason says Confu cinsJshould teach us to think wise ly to speak prudently and to behave employ Reason then the highest attribute to our beings with Affection the tenderest With Affection let us ever stand wrongstinelet us walk among the stars THE INQUISITION OLDER T1I1N- ISABELLA By A J Dover It matters little in itself as to line introduction of religious infernnlism in the world enough to know that tlnronghnthetion and is cursing mankind still but it may bo best to keep history straight in our recounting of the re ligions abominations of the past Thus Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain arc usually designated as the Spainlheenoughhutquisition they merely gave it their powerful sanction and established it nt the time of this union of Arragon and Castile in1480Jfirst at Seville and under the authority of Sixtus V Dominic the founder of the minican Order Ita man of most bloodthirsty disposition and one of those fanatical enthusiasts whose eon sciences justify any means for tho at tainment ofa desired ond II was tho founder of tho Spanish Inquisition organlzeclIrethirteenth century about 121012 I simply watt to make this correction of a statement Included in the splendid article of Harold Banning published in tho Blade of Dec 19th wherein he says Inspired by re ligion Tsablla established the In quisition mud the scream of tho tortured victims were heard for the first time in tho towns and cities of pain Mamas Business Little Minna was saying her pray ers When slip hail finished her usu al petitions her mother said fYon have forgotten dear Make Minna a good girl you know 10hJmotherJ she answered re proachfully Idont lets bother God about that tints your business rJr