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I BLUE GRASS BLADE VOLUME xvin LEXINGTON KENTUCKY SUNDAY MARCH 20 1910 Number 16 I EVOLUTION III w ghan Ir4shland E Discussed by One of Americas Leading Thinkers MOTIVE AND EVOLUTION PROVE CAUSATION By Golden Smith in New York Sun Interest is evidently felt in the question which I have been per mitted to treat in your columns and after the notices and queries which I have received there are points on which I should like if myselfdghtand have spoken throughout as an inquirer not as a teacher 1st I heartily accept evolu tion and abandon the traditions which it has displaced I would only be on my guard against be- ingJ carried away as by great discoveries we are in danger of be- ingt Evolution as so far revealed is physical It has not yet under taken to account for the higher man his gifts his ideas his aspirations I do not suppose that J there is any miraculous change if that development is not continu ous Yet there may be an essential change as there is from the germ to the living man There is I believe as yet no attempt to ac count for the potentiality of the germ which in its way is perhaps as great a miracle as the poten tiality intellectual moral and spiritual of the physical man progressivef tion absolute and essential be him and the brutes 42nd I have not broached any doctrine of the freedom i1t A itx shseits spring in motive motive m character and the complex in fluences which form it I only venture to demur to the necessar ian theory as opposed to our con sciousness while by excluding freedom it excludes anything that can be truly called morality or moral judgment of action It as sumes that the motive is the sole factory To me it appears that there are twothe motive and the volition In actions which are matter of course we are not con scious of the duality In doubtful actions where there is a con flict of motives we are Upon what other theory can moral re sponsibility or consciousness ex ist3rd The leaning to orthodoxy with which I am gently reproached does not go beyond a conviction drawn from the study not of theology but of history that of all the types of character hitherto produced the Christian type founded on a belief in the father hood of God and the brotherhood of man appears to be the happi est and the best At its birth it encountered alien and hostile in fluences Alexandrine theosophy Oriental asceticism Byzantine imperialism Later it encountered the worst influences of all that of theocracy engendered by the ambition of the monk Hilde brand Theocracy not Catholi cism or anything spiritual has been the source of the crimes of the Papacy of the Norman raids upon England and Ireland the civil wars kindled by papal in trigue in Germany the extermi nation of the Albigenses the In quisition Alvtis tribunal of blood in the Netherlands the massacre of St Bartholomew the persecution of the Hugenots Jes uitism and the unspeakable evils religious moral and political which Jesuitism has wrought Through all this and in spite of it all Christian character has pre served itself and it is still the basis of the worlds best civili zation Much that is far outside the Christian creed is still Christian in character and traceable to a Christian source 4th I fully admit that society can be regulated by a law framed for mutual protection and general wellbeing without the religious i conscience or other support than general interest But if individ ual interests or passion can break law with impunity as often jthis they can what is there to with hold them from doing it7 What is the value of a clean breast 5th The fatherhood of God seems to be implied in the Christian belief in the brotherhood of man By using the phrase I meant to designate Christianity not to open the question of The ism which in itself I have not attempted to deal It does not seem possible that we should ever have direct proof through human observation and reasoning of the existence of Deity or of the di vine aim and will To some pow er and apparently to some moral power we must owe our being Wo can hardly believe that cre ation planned itself or that the germ endowed itself with life and provision for development But what can have been the aim of creation What can have led to the production of humanity with all the evil and suffering which Omniscience must have foreseen What was there which without such a process mere flat so far as we can see could not produce The only thing that presents itself is character which apparently must be selfformed and de veloped by resistance to evil We have had plenty of evidences in the manner of Paley of the Bridgewater Treatises met by skeptical argument on the other side but has inquiry yet tried to fathom the mystery of human ex r One thing for which I have earnestly pleaded is the abolition nf clenal teatsIqu e are lUlaetJ renunCIatIons of absolute loyalty to truth Would this involve the dissolution of the churches Nothing surely an put an end to the need of spiritual association or to the use fulness of the pastorate so long as we believe in spiritual life I think I have seen the most gifted minds such as might have done us the highest service in the quest of truth condemned to silence by the tests BmLEREVISION By Josephine K Henry The Pope has ordered a new revision of the Vulgate or Latin version of the Bible The Pope has placed the work in the hands of Abbot Gaspuet the head of the Order of Benedictines the Abbot to select his learned associates to revise and correct Gods word which has been proclaimed the inerrant and infallible word of God since the last doctoring it had at the hands of the clergy- I do not know whether the laity will be punished for believing and living up to the mistakes in the version now to be revised It really seems it would not be just to punish them but the ways of providence are past finding out Bible revision has been going on for ages and Doctors of Divinity have had a trust on the business It always seemed to me sacrilegious to be a Doctor of God Surely the Almighty the AllWise All Powerful and Perfect God doS- not need the doctoring of puny men and it seems to me a peril ous presumption to be a D D a Doctor of God Every prayer offered is an attempt to revise and direct Gods methods of deal ing with his creatures and such dictation exaggerates the ego of the dictator and revisor until it seems to annul the will and word of the Father Son and Holy Ghost Why should Gods word ever have been revised Surely God knew what he wanted to say to the human race and how to say it- When an ordinary mortal writes a book it is against the law for others to quote without cred it correct revise eliminate and add to the contents if they do they are held accountable by the author and time world condemns them as literary purloiners and meddlers But when God wrote a book the whole Christian proceeded to tear the worldI erary production into throwing out whole books revis ing and interpolating chapters and sentences declaring that God wrote this but he did not write that The inspired word they keep in Gods book and the unin spired word they throw out and all this time while such liberties with the Bible are being taken the Divine Author enters not a word of protest against the pre sumption of worms in the dust for tampering with the divine literary production Surely thus is an evidence that God is long suf fering under great provocation- It is written Man is made in the image of God some men do not reflect great credit on their maker and cannot certainly be an improved edition of their hea venly Father But certain it is whether men resemble their heav enly parent or not they must write perplexingly like God for the religious world has never been able to agree as to how much of the Holy Scriptures were written by God and how much by his creatures mere men The Bible says if you sin against the Holy Ghost you can not be forgiven in this world or the world to come Surely the Bible revisionists put themselves in jeopardy since God writes so alarmingly like man the world has never decided which was which and now the Pope Gods representative on earth finds it necessary to make another trial to find out what God did or did not write Does it not seem strange that God should afflict his representa tive on earth with the gout Sure ly he cannot represent divinity as ably or effectually with the gout as without it but we are taught thatGod moves in a mysterious way His wonders to perform It is claimed that Jehovah the God of the Jews wrote the Old This was before tIle Son aml the Holy Ghost became parts of the Godheadthe Trin ity three Gods in one yet only one God If Jehovah was the ex clusive author of the Old Testament he certainly proves himself not only a writer of the ages be fore whom all the warriors of the ages appear like tin soldiers From the murder of Abel with which God begins his book to the murmurings of Malachi where Thus saith the Lord yet I loved Jacob and I hated Esau and laid his mountains and his heritage waste for the dragons of the wil derness where as Edom saith We are impoverished but he will return and build the desolate places Thus saith the Lord of hosts They shall build and I will throw down the oeople against whom the Lord hath indignation forever One has but to read Jehovahs book to find out that the sacred author was in a towering rage from Genesis to Malachi whose last words are Lest I come and smite the earth with a curse nearly every page of the Old Tes tament is drenched in blood and if all the murders recorded there in were counted in comparison the warfare of nations would appear insignificant It is to be hoped that the Popes Bible revis ionists will give careful statistics regarding murder theft debauchery female conunodity ly ing deceit hypocrisy and cow ardice all of which are taught in one single chapter Genesis 34 and treated of in realistic style throughout the entire book A Bible student will observe that the divine author considered his finest chapter for he gives it twice over word for word These identical chapters are 19th chapter of 11 Kings and 37th chapter of Isaiah God must have con sidered this the most important part of ills book to have repeated it twice over It is up to the re visionists to interpret this repeated chapter for it was high time it was explained so that the world may know what bearing it has on the salvation of the human race We are told to search the scriptures to find eternal life All who desire eternal life would do so if they could only find out what the Scriptures are and what they mean Certainly the only twice re peated chapter in the Holy Book must be genuine A volume could be written on this one chapter and the Popes revisionists should concentrate their learning on it For the life of me I cannot see what bearing it has on eternal life How Hezekiah Eliakim Shebna Babshaken Yirakah Go zan Haran Rezeph Hamath Sennacherib Andrammellach and Sharzer from the cities of Sepha raim Hena and Ivah lead to eternal life cannot be found out by careful reading Who these celebrities were or where these cities were the Lord in heaven only knows or ever will know unless the Popes revisionists dig knowledgeTwo chapter need verseIinto mine ears therefore I will put lay hook in thy nose and my bridle in thy lips and I will turn thee back by the way thou com estl Now this hook in the nose business would scare the ordinary mortal away from the search for eternal life and if one is to be turned back with a hook in the nose and a bridle in the lips it would save the pain and humil iation to let the revisionists find the path But the most startling thing in literature is the 35th verso of this wonderful chapter It says And it came to pass that night the angel of the Lord went outIUdsmote in the camp of the Assyrians an hundred four score and five thousand and when they arose early in the morning be hold they were all dead corpses Now what do you think of that One angel slew 185000 Assyr ians in one night This exceeds any warlike demonstration from the time of the war in heaven when Satan was thrown over the battlements to the battle of Muk den One angel like that would have been invaluable in our Civil War or to Russia in its late un pleasantness with Japan But think of 185000 soldiers being slain in one night and waking up early in the morning to find them selves dead corpses Of course if tidy had found themselves liv ing corpses the fate and fame of that angel would have been dif ferent If military execution in sures a clear title to angelhood this angel could certainly Read his title clear to mansions in the 24th verse of this chapter which also needs the attention of the revisionists says I have digged and drunk strange waters and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of besieg ed places It does not say who these feet belonged to but who ever possessed them certainly deserved their name recorded in Holy Writ Paul says a pertinent thing in 2 Thessalonians 211 which may have some bearing on this won derful chapter God shall send them strong delusion and they shall believe a lie The responsibility of Bible re visionists is fearful for the Bible says they shall incur the penalty of having their names taken out of the Lambs Book of Life if they add one jot or tittle to the Holy Book So many well mean ing searchers of the Scriptures have their passports to heaven by adding to and taking away from the Word of the Law until but little is left but jots and tittles But two members of this Trin ity were authors God the Fath er it is claimed wrote the Old Testament and the Holy Ghost wrote the New Testament God the Son wrote no books He left not a line or a word of his com position ft is recorded by the Holy Ghost that on one occasion God the Son wrote on the sand St Jerome and St Chrys ostom who are accepted as au thority by the Pope both say God the Son could not write or read eitherWhen God wrote the Bible he gave it in keeping to the Jews They were not to read it he com manded them to Take the Book of Law and put it into the side of the Ark of the Covenant of the Lord your God that it may be there for a witness against thee Dent 3126 The ark was to be kept in the holiest recess of tho temple and the high priest was ordered in Leviticus 102 Not to come at all times into the holy places within the veil be fore the mercyseat which is upon ark that he die not In 1 Samuel 1819 it is describ Continued on Page 4 PAINE One of Americas Greatest Revolu tionary Heroes HIS PEN AND SOUL WENT HAND IN HAND A GREAT PATRIOT One would naturally think that after his splendid efforts In America had been crowned with success he had earned the full reward of a quiet life But such was not to be Edmund Burkes Reflection of the Revolution In Franco demanded a reply and The Rights of Man was printed The work was so popular that It had an Immense sale and revealed so truly the condition of the country and its rulers that it brought down the censure of the government The Rights of Man was almost as popular in England as his Common Sense had been in America In Febru ary 1792 the second part was printed In May the King Issued a proclamation suppressing all seditious and libellous works That same day the Attorney General commenced a suit against Paine The trial was appointed for the following December In September before the trial he was elected to the National Convention of France and was not In England at the time of the trial He was found guilty Paine says Every ago and genera tion must be free to act for itself In all cases as the ages and generations which preceeded it The vanity the presumption of governing beyond the grave is the most ridiculous and inso lent of all tyrannies Man has no property In man neither has any gen eration a property in the generations which are to follow I am contending for the right of the living and against their being killed away and controlled and contracted for by the manuscript authority of the deadHereditary succession is a burlesque upon monarchy It puts It in the most ridiculous light by presenting it as an office which any child or idiot may fill It requires some talent to be a common mechanic but to be a king requires only the animal figure of man a sort of breathing automaton This sort of superstition may last a few years now but it cannot long resist the awakened reason and interest of man He desired to make a Republic of France as he had of America When he had so far succeeded that Louis XVI was dethroned and the Revolutionary work done in one direction he was hu mane enough to vote against the Kings death and not only that but to speak against capital punishment in general The Republicans of France had no such conception of liberty as had Thomas Paine and his desire to preserve the life of the man after the dethroning of the King brought him trouble brought his almost to the guillotine He was imprisoned as a foreigner by those he had tried to teach the mean Ing of liberty No wonder he exclaim ed Ah France Thou hast ruined the character of a revolution virtuously be gun and destroyed those who procured It It seems strange that with all his suffering for the help be gave to hu nianltl he still persisted in his work for freedom He best explains It In these words What I write Is pure nature and my pen and my soul have ever gone was lacking was the men to appreciate his work The freedomlov ing men to understand and help him Paine was called a foreigner and sent to prison No charge was made against him He remained there nearly ten months because no American of authority claimed him Most of his friends In France were guillotined and he would have been but for the care or careless ness we do not know which of the man who marked the doors of condemned prisoners Paine was ill and his door being open when marked made the mark come on the Inside when the door was closed and so was not visible when the headsman went his rounds We have seen the warrlod side of Paine but he had another side or many sides He was an inventor of great ability Among other things he invented a smokeless candle The flame going out at one end of the candle the smoke at the other He also invented a planing machine and crane but the best of all was the iron bridge He not only Invented the bridge but was capable of making his own models Liberty was his Ideal and slavery of body or mind found In him a deadly enemy m His faculties were even being exer clsed for the good of his fellow cre atures The immense range of his power seems marvelous and his in sight most keen and wonderful Any thing of Interest to man was of Interest to him and any place in need of a worker was a legitimate field for his labor Paines boyhood was passed in the sombre drab colored existence a Quaker home His seriousness of life and grave promise of practical results in the thinking world when he should reach maturity- In speaking of an existence in his boyhood he says I well remember when about seven or eight years of age hearing a sermon read upon the sub ject of what is called Redemption by the death of the Son of God After the sermon was ended I went into the garden and as I was going down the garden steps for I perfectly remember the spot I revolted at the recollection of what I had heard and thought to myself that it was making God Al mighty act like a passionate man and killed his son when he could not venge himself in any other way and as I was sure a man would be hanged that did such a thing I could not see for what purpose they preached sermons This was not one of that kind of thoughts that had anything in it of childish levity it was to me a serious recollection arising from the idea I lad that God was too good to do such an auction and also too almighty to be under any necessity of doing it I be lieve in the same manner at this moment and I moreover believe that any system of religion that has anything In it which shocks the mlttd of the child cannot be a true system So we see that the idea that Christ was not crucified because that was too wicked for God to do was believed by him when only eight years old and fifty years afterward he adds any system of religion that has anything In It that shccks the mind of a child cannot be a true system We are little able in the present day to appreciate the reverence with which Paine was regarded by those who saw in him the greatest apostle of liberty In the world Elihu Palmer spoke a very general belief when he declared Paine probably the most use ful man that ever existed upon the face of the earth Finally he came home to America Ho always bad many friends but many deserted him as his Age of Reason became known to them He was neglected by those who would be expected to stand by him Probably the worst blow he ever received was to have the right to vote refused him in New York on the ground that he was not a citizen of the United Slates Not a citizen of New York when the home in which he lived had been presented to him by the State of New York for his serv ices In making it a state and he had lived on money presented to him by Pennsylvania for his services there Not a citizen Can Christianity with Its pretence of charity and brotherly love go to such an ertent as that In as It appears such Is the ease and George Washington wrote that the one who refused Paines vote did rightly and Paine died before the courts of New York recognized him as a citizen after that gratuitous iusult These patriots had worked with him as far as their limited sight could determine was right but when he could see a horizon beyond them they refused to go and put all possi ble obstacles in his way They for got he had been their nurse and guide In Republican childhood forgot they were given a measure of freedom through his efforts forgot gratitude to an old friend forgot honor forgot they were human beings and so deserted this grand warrior who loved peace so much that he would fight for nothing else r BLUE GRASS BLADE FOUNDED Dy CHARLES CHILTON MOORE And edited by him until his death February JAMES E HUGHES Proprietor 126128 Uorth Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky P Box SUBSCRIPTION RATES By mall postpaid 100 pr yr In advance Five new yearly subscribers at one re mittance cents each Foreign subscriptions postpaid 160 per year ADVERTISING RATES One Inch single column Insertion cents one month or lour Insertions 100 six months 600 one year 800 Quarter column Insertion 200 one month 400 six months 2000 one year 3000 Halt column whole column or larger advertisements at special rates von ap plication ALL SUBSCRIPTIONS to the Blade will be discontinued at the expiration of the term tor which the subscription has been paid up In advance The address slip on tae paper will show subscribers thn date of expiration or subscription flack numbers or numbeis omitted will be sent If asked tor upon renewal case of discontinuance SHOULD ANY SUBSCRIBER cnange his or her address advise this office giving both old and new Address as desired THE Ol ICE of publication of the Blade is at 126128 North Limestone Street Lexington Kentucky to which all Free thinkers will be given a hearty wel come THE BLADE is entered at the Foatoffioe at Lexington Kentucky as sccond clas mailing matter ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO JAMES E HUGHES Box Lexlng on Kentucky LOOK FOR THE PINK SUP We enclose in the papers of our subscribers whose subscriptions remain unpaid a pink slip which will make it easy for them to make their remittances The little yellow address tab on the paper or wrapper will show the time to which subscriptions are paidand the amount due can i be readily computed at the rate of one dollar per year For in stance if your tab reads Nov 09 one dollar will pay you up to November 1910 It may seem to you that your dollar is a small miatter So it is But if six hundred subscribers who are in ar rears would think otherwise and pay up it would mean 600 to us and 600 would be right handy just now Of course you expect to pay your subscription some time Do ft now Another thing We are walling to help th ecause The cause has helped us and we are not unap preciative If in sending your own subscription you will add two dollars and fifty cents and send us five names and addresses we will mail the Blade one full year to these five addresses This is not a moneymaking scheme Let us figure with you To send the Blade a year to five persons will require 260 sheets of paper This paper will cost us 143 The postage on the five papers will cost us 52 cents during the year This will leave us 55 cents to pay for the labor of printing folding and wrapping 260 papers Not much profit in that But we are willing to do it Remember your own subscription costs you a dol lar Any single subscription or any renewal costs one dollar But if five new ones are sent at one time they come for fifty cents each Now its up to you to get busy We dont propose to waste any time looking for nn invisible God It should be his business to look after us imImortality iI1Ul1ortlllit11So Ministers will ask Is it possi blo for God to forgive man But we after taking a careful view of the case would ask Is it possible for man to forgive God How could a God accept his own sufferings in justification of- the guilty That would be a com plete subversion of all ideas of justice and morality known to mankind A God could not make a law for mnnthen suffer in the place of the man who had violated it then say that the law had been carried out and duly enforced The Bible renounces religious liberty in toto All it says on that subject is He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved he that believeth not shall be damn ed Hear the Christian pray Our Father who art in heaven lead us not into temptation Does God lead them into temptation What is the devil doing while God is tempting them Does God and the devil both tempt them Once upon a time before things had been made God was a very clever artisan Day and night he kept on working and talked very little But he was always inventing something new suns comets and so on He was once told You really ought to write a book and perpetuate these mag nificent results No replied God nothing is as yet as perfect as I should like Just let me complete my discoveries and wellsee But one fine day God died quite suddenlyperhaps of heart ddisease His son who was be ing brought up by the Jesuits was at once called in He was a gentle and zealous youth without an inkling of practical mechan ics He was conducted into his fathers workshop Start away they told him and govern the world The poor boy was in a quan dary and asked But how did my father do it7 Oh he used to turn this wheel and make this or that out of it The son is turning the wheel and the engines are reversed Stendhdal MUSINGS BY WETTSTEIN Physicists and chemists seeking for Creative Power outside of matter or nature reminds me of the old lady searching for her glasses on her nose Why search for the creative power ex traneous from matter when the sum of all creative or rather for mative power of which the scien tist has any knowledge is in the matter producing the phenomena for which he seeks a creative 0is nothing IN a watch that makes it goit goes it selfThere is nothing IN a man that thinks man himself thinks There is nothing IN an otom that moves itit moves itself or in conjunction with other atoms There is nothing IN matter that acts upon or animates itit acts itselfThere is no overruling power or Divine Artificer IN the universe that causes cosmic phenomena and lifeiinfinite nnd eternal nature alone does it It is too big a job for a solitary worker BIBLE CLASS QUIZ The Philosophical Bible Class BookBible Myths and Their Parallels in Other Religions by Doane The Class Reader first reads the lesson for the day then the Quiz Master begins the Mem ory Training of the class The reader silently follows the quiz in the text The Quiz Master after receiving a satisfactory answer in substance reads the answer in the Quiz Ifa question has been put to three members of the class without a satisfactory reply the reader without request proceeds to read that portion of the text covered by the question The question is then again put to the class etc Singing Cosmian Hymn Book Lesson for March 27 1910 Paganism and Christianity Chapter XXXVI from page 394 to page 39- 9QuestionThe0ancient Scandinavians consecrated one day in the week to the Supreme God Odin or Wodin even at the present time we call this day NorseIDutch and English names for that dayAnswerOld Norse Odinsdar Swedish and Danish Onsday An gloSaxon Wodensdeg Dutch Wocnsday English Wednesday QlIow was the great festival day changed from the seventh Saturnsdayto the first Sun day among the Christians ABy Constantine a sunwor shipper who had as other heath orIderedish Sabbath QWhat was done with other pagan festival days idols and churchesA days were changed into Christian holydays the idols were converted into Christian saints and temples into Christian you name a number of temples that changed A1he temple at Home sacred to theI Bona Dea the good goddess was dedicated to the Virgin Mary the sacred place to Apollo is now the Church of St Apollinaris the temple of Mars is now the Church of St Martin Qfhe noblest heathen temple now remaining in the world is the Pantheon or Rotunda which was dedicated to Jove and all the gods is now reconsecrated to whom ATo the mother of God and all the saints QThe church of St Repartae at Florence was formerly a pag an temple dedicated to whom Alo the great goddess Nutria Q The church of St Stephen at Bologna was formerly tiie temple of whom 11IsisQThe temple of the Rumu lus and the brazen wolf is now the church of whom ASt Theodore QThe Roman matrons of old used to carry their children when ill to the temple of Romulus Do the Roman Catholic matrons of today carry their child ren to this same church of St Theodore when they are illY AYesQIn Christianizing these pa gan temples free use was made of the sculpture and painted stones of heathen monuments In some cases they evidently painted aver one name and inserted another Can you give some example Alhe Temple To Mercury and Minerva Tutelary Gods is now to St Mary and St Frances My Tutelaries second To the Gods who Preside over this Temple is now To the Divine Eus trogius who Presides over this Temple third To the Divinity of Mercury the Availing the Powerful the Unconquered is now To the Divinity of St George the Availing the Power ful the Unconquered 4th Sacred to the Gods and Goddesses with Jove the Best and Greatest is now Sacred to the Presiding Helpers St George and St Stephen with God the Best and Greatest 5th Venus Pigeon is now The Holy Ghost represented as a Pigeon 6th The Mystical Letters I H is noir The Mystical Letters I H S Q How were the pagan images treated AThey were in many cases Christianized and continued to receive divine honors QWhat was done with the Statue of Jupiter in St Peters tome1ire was deprived of his thunderbolt and given the keys of PeterQ was the object of the Catholic Church in leaving the pagan images for the Christians to pay divine honors t- oAIt was done in hopes that in the process of time they would learn better QNestorius Bishop of Constantinople from 428 A D refused to call aryIthe mother of God on what ground AThat she could be the mother of the human nature only which the divine Logas used as its organQIn many parts of Italy are- be seen pictures of the Holy Family of extreme antiquity The pictures represent the mother with a child on her knee and a little boy standing close by her side the lamb is generally seen in the picture They are inscribed Deo Soli and are simply wluit A Ancient representations of Isis and Horns Q How did the Christian monks fix the islanders gods A Wargod Thor was Christianized Michael the WarAn gel Freyje their godddess gave place to the Virgin Mary the god Vila to St Valentine F S WEAVER ANSWERED By Joel M Berry Mr F S Weaver undertakes a criticism of my article in which I stated that an allegorical construction of the Bible would de stroy the literal sense in toto He commences by saying Well the literal meaning is of no value I did not say tho literal meaning was of any value Mr Weaver says that He is simply quarreling with himself in that case I said that an allegorical construction would destroy the literal meaning in toto and say so yet He then says Berry takes the Bible as it reads So do other orthodox people That would imply tttat lair Weaver does not taKe it as n reads We wonder WhO employed rr Wea ver to write up allegorical moles bur the people and put allegories construction on those already written Mr weaver then classes me as an orthodox cry complIment- ary mr Weaver indeed 1 re nounced orthodoxy over lilty years and embraced Freethougut uut Here is what beats the bugS Air Weaver says that the word allegory means Uodtalk And He cites Paul as his authority Where no gets such a meaning of the word allegory as that Uod only knows That must be one of his own getup W e never saw such a rendering as that in any dictionary And as for Paul he says that he told a lie that the grace of Uod might the more abound Perhaps he lies a little when he tells Mr eaver to read the Bible as an allegory He also says that Mind is call ed Adam We are now four score years of age but outside of Mr Weaver we have never seen or heard of such a rendering of the lerm Mind as that before That is Mr Weavers own allegorical definition of the word Mind we suppose In that case we wonder what his definition of the word Adam would be In our article we asked What became of the female or woman created on the sixth day He says Maybe Berry can tell us what her name is and if he does then we will tell him all about herI Now we contend that sounds a little allegorical for if he is able to tell us all about her he ought to be able to tell us her name himself Now we are ready to wager one years subscription to the Blue Grass Blade that Mr Weaver cant tell us a particle more about that woman than we ourself know He can give his opinion but opinions are not think he is patterning a wee bit after Paul in this case Again he says Berry claims that no Savior is mentioned in the Old Testament Wo said that the word Jesus was not mentioned consequently no crucified Savior spoken of in the Old Testament Berry does not claim it as ho says I The Book itself says Weaver says that Jehovah and Jesus are the same person Now whoever heard of such a far- fetched conclusion as that No one outside of Mr Weaver Again he says Bro Berry ought to remember that the the ancients had no good language We dont know just how good a language they had but one thing we do know and that is we dont hear of them calling the mind Adam nor Jehovah Jesus Neith er do we find reason personified as Jehovah or Jesus for we dont find anything very reasonable about either one of them And finally he says If Bro Berry and other socalled Freethinkers would try to learn something and stop copying from the ancients they could uproot orthodoxy in a year Now we say if Bro Weaver would spend his time in trying to teach the people how to live good honest moral lives instead of calling them ugly names as he has done me he will no doubt have as many friends He says that most Liberals delight to abuse those who differ in opinion with them which state tent we denounce as untruthful It is only from such men as Mr Weaver we hear such talk as that And in closing we wish to say that we can respect Mr Weavers a man but not as a gentleman until he rescinds the uncalled for abusive epithets applied to me as well as to all Liberals in general Natl Military Home RAVPJRR V INTOFRSOLI By Joel M Berry It is stated in the Bible that the Devils believe It would seem from this that belief is not such a meritorious thing after all Is it possible that God will hate his enemies when he tells us we must love ours lie says he takes ven geance on his adversaries The en emies of God cannot injure him ours can How could you injure a conditionless being Is it nec essary to believe in the existence of an infinite intelligence before you can know right and wrong Banish me from the Garden of Eden as quick as you please but first give me a bountiful feast from the tree of knowledge I want no part in hell where the saved drown with merry shouts the cries and sobs of hell Against this heartless doctrine every hon est soul should enter his solemn protestBy intention backof what man called good God was produced Then by putting in tention back of what man called bad the devil was created Leave the intention out and gods and awayWhy God of infinite wisdom wish to experiment with man The very thought of such a thing is a slander upon his dig nity If God knew that his book differentlybying of the Bible is the real revel ation to me If this is so I have no right to take tho understand ing of another It will not do to WITsn u4mloaforaorolwleaerdoI na Writero termto Antnox it Ctnetnaatl Uhis say that thin universe was created and then say that suchcreation wns miraculous Who knows that the universe was created Wo must not jump at conclusions If it was not created and has existed from all eternity then the miraculous is impossible No miracle can be established by human testimony but throw away the mir acles of the New Testament and all tho other teachings of Christ dont amount to a grain of sand It is impossible to establish anyIcreed or system of faith and bealief by a miracle Like all other religions Christianity is a mixIture of good and evil The church has made more than it has fed It has never built asy lums enough to hold the insane of its own snaking It shed more blood than light In speaking of the imaginary heaven and hell Ingersoll says They the church put a master tyrant in the sky and warn their hands at the imaginary fires of Hell Then says It is related of Horace Greeley that one cold day he went into a country store sat down by the fire threw out his hands in the act of warm ing when the store boy camo to him nnd said Mr Greeley there is no fire in that stove Mr Gree ley looked at the boy and remark ed You little rascal What did you tell me that for1 I was get ting good and warm I IIf you want to be of ser= vice to the cause you es= pouse and at the same time help some of your friends you can have The Blade sent to ten of themi one year for Five Dollars BleachingGloves es orphans A TRIP TO ROME by DR J WILSON The International Congress of Free thinkers was held In the City of Rome Italy September The author attended that Congress as the American delegate It Is an account of travel and personal experiences that ha received an universal encomium fnv press and people In It religious dogmas and tales of priestly notion are ruthlessly exposed while the general style Is without parison In American literature of travel Cloth bound pages Illustrated Address orders to JLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky SEbDSBuckbees Full Northern Pedigreed have a reputation years o growing behind them It the Seasonable BEANS Earliest Valentine Extra Early Strlnglcss Pod WardwelPs Imp White Wax xfrs Curries Rust Wax PEAS Extra Early Alaska Early Gradus Herefords Market Garden Buckbees Lightning Express Lettuce Toronto and a line of Seeds Plants and at growing prices Send for catalogue or submit a pricesIViit H W BUCKBEE Fuss WINTER TOURIST TICKETS TO THE SOUTHand SOUTHEAST ON SALE DAILY VIA QUEEN CRESCENT ROUTE GOOD RETURNING UNTIL MAY 31st 1910iFor Fall Particulars call on or write 0 G KING P T A Main St Lexicon 6yfi 4 J t MOaEtf AND JOSHUA Uarryin havo grcleadersJoshua spent their hves in mur tiering poor innocent women und children and everything else that drew the breath of life Murder robbery and the destroying the peace and happiness of some other nation seem to havo been the chief aims and objoot8 of their lives And both claim to have carried on their work of death and destruction under the special supervision and com wand of a just allwise and merciful God Now if any one can see any justice or mercy or anything godlike in such horrible butchery they can see more thun I Yet we find Bible lovers and believers who will read those miserable works of bloodshed and death swallow them all down us the inspired word of God and then give him the praise of being Our Father who art in heave hallowed be thy name Moses claims that God chose him as the leader of his people Israel for he wished them to subdue and conquer all other nations Was not tho Lord able to do the work himself It seems not and the birth and preservation of Moses is made to border strongly on the miraculous lhe first thing he does after arriving at the age of maturity is while one is looking to murder a poor Egyptian and hide his body in the sand lie says that he was mad a God to Pharoah and that he hath seen and talked to God face to face lIe says that the Lord was right with him from star to finish that he gave him any thing he would ask and that tho Lord supplied him with a hug army and sent him forth on hIS woru of destruction He also says that the Lord sent out lying j ueiore him in order to ut ceive the people and that on one occasion no icss than four hundred prophets were deceived atone time The Lord says also And it a prophet be deceived when he hath spoken a thing 1 the Lord hath deceived him and will stretch out my arm agains him He also states that the Lord prepared the way for his by sending swarms of lice frogs flies locusts darkness and aillict ion of the people with boils hail and hornets all to bring them in to subjection to the God Moses On another occasion Moses is or dered to take the heads of the people whom he hath slain and hang up before the Lord against the sun that the fierce anger of the Lord might be turned away Finally the Lord tells Moses to vex and avenge himself on the Midianites a powerful nation of people living in peace and quietness molesting no one He accordingly raises a huge army of twelve thousand men and sends them out and they slay all the male portion men and boys but the women and children they kept alive So they returned and Moses met them coming back and asks Did ye save the wom en and children alive When told they had he was wroth and ordered them to kill every wom an and child of the prisoners All but the young girls and these the officers of the army were to keep alive for their own use and when they came to count up they had no less than thirtytwo thousand young girls and virgins to divide See Numbers 31st chapter This massacre of wom en and children about ends the career of Moses He is getting oldso the Lord calls him home But before he dies ho appoints a man by the name of Joshua as his successor He tells him to take up the murderous work where he leaves off and to trust in the Lord for help But before Moses dies ho preaches his own funeral sermon tells us his age with an account of his death and burial See Deuteronomy 34th chapterSo the death of Moses the Lord appears to Joshua and tells hint that he will be with him So his first great slaughter is that of the inhabitants of that great city and plain of Jerichowrheir king with everything in which runs the breath of life is slaughtered except the harlot I ahab and her household She was saved because she had se creted the two spies that Joshua had sent into the city The waters of the Jordan divide and the army passes over on dry ground and at the blast of a few rams horns the walls of the city crumble to the ground Next he captures the King of Ai and slaughters him with his the kings of five other na tions combine to make war upon Joshua and it was during his tbeuJgtlight with he conunul stho sun mid the moon to standstill Ho captures and kills tbem all He goes m ono kingdom to another and Sys all who come within his It is stated that he subdued and killed thirty one with their subjects He finally gets oldand liar to tire But li1t Moses when he dies he beats t i minister out of his just dues b t preaching his own funeral sermon IIe tells us his age and where he is burnt and also tells us all about what the Elders of Israel did that out lived him and it takes a pretty smart man to do that The Bible tells us that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him but here we have two men who spent their lives in murdering poor helpless men women andchildren and both claim that they did their bloody work under the direct supervision and com mand of a God who says Thou shalt not killW Now the question is Does God after makinghe above command then go and produce great nations of people on purpose to have tho fun of killing them Let all believe who cant BIG FREETHOUGHTFUNERA f At Independence Ky- Independence Ky i Mar 20 10 Editor Blade- I wish to report the death and funeral of A J Senour of this place Mr Senour was 72 yearsI of age and had been a lifelong resident of this vicinity He was a man of wide acquaintance and universally respected for his upright character and kind undI loble nature The Senour has long been recognized as one of the old established families of this community Among the yoWl gel generation are men eminent in the professional and business vorld among them Dr Senoui of Union Ky Dr Senour of Cincinnati Dr Senour of Speer lospital Bellevue Ky and J Uwood Culbertson of Pittsburg Pa grand on of Air Senour and all of whom attended the funeral Mr Senur in his usual practical way arranged for his own uneral desiring that the last act hertainiptto his life should be the testimony and example of lLis chef He wished the occasion tie used as a means of helping ree the minds of others and lifting them to a higher plane of thought so he provided that Dr Vilsou of Cincinnati should officiate The funeral took place at the runty Court House and the largo crowd attending many from a distance was evidence of the high esteem in which Mr Scour was held Every seat in the Court House was filled and till isles and doorways packed with those standing It was the first reethought funeral ever held ir this community and although it- wus the same hour as church services the leading citizens were resent attorneys physicians usiness men and farmers fin round Many an old gray head wus present and many such for- the first time in their lives listened to a Freethought address and nIl were alive with curiosity and iterestThe address was given in Dr Wilsons usual wellknown style firm forceful noncompromis ing yet withal eloquent logical wipathotic beautiful tender hopeful and sweet leaving a pro Mind impression upon all present While it shocked a few the general aftersentiment was one of approval many saying they had never listened to such a grand funeral sermon Among the chief mourners were 11 Timothy Senour an older and only surviving brother of- the deceased He is one of the substantial farmers of this community loved by every one and generally known as Uncle Tim Like his brother he is an enthu siastic Liberal firm in the conviction that the of humanity depends upon the emancipation of the human mind from the fears and superstitions and blinding creeds of past ages Likewise Aunt Jane wife of Uncle lim a woman of fine personality and strong character is equally enthusiastic in the cause of mental liberty If character be- the result of ones belief these grand old people are certainly evidences of the uplifting goodness to be found in Freethought ut least they are shining examples in refutation of tho charge lat infidelity makes bad people Now that the ice is broken we expect that such funerals will be- more in the future If every community could experience the same Ute Freethought + + + t + + + + IeIeft + t 4 + + + t cI 19091909 it Y i Blue Grass Blade Bound volume tContaining Fifty two Copies of The Blade and all handsomely j bound in Blue Buckram with gold letters s A i 300 Reduced from last years price 300t iSuBscribe NOW and the list time 4 bAf A 3For Five New Subscribers For Five New Subscribers + ateti I FREE OF COST + t To person sending us five new subscribers in one club at the regular rates before Dec 31 1909 t iTHE CLUB IS PREFERABLE GET UP ONE SECURE A COPY FREEtt BLUE GRASS BLADE Lexington Kr- S2 + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + t + + + ji cause would advance with leaps and bounds The Freethought funeral is the best method we have of reaching the public as illustrated in this instance and strange that Liber als are not more alive to its importance W P The doctrines of immortality of freedom and of a God who is in his relation to ourselves separable from this processis mint only a system which is unsuppor ed by any single scientific fact but is also a system for which among the facts of science itiS utterly impossible for the inter lect to find a placeW H Mai lock t 1 d The doctrineof mental freedom is vindicated Bigotry is not dead but its fangs are draws It has come to be seen that the de voutest of minds are not neces sarily those which unquestionably accept the teaching of authority but those who bend themselves seriously and fearlessly to search for truth wherever it may be David Christy Murray There is no fool so great as he who will not investigate There as no one so blind as he who will not sec Uncle Hiram looking at bath tubs in a plumbers window Well I swan Ive heard that these here New Yorkers are pretty nervy but I never supposed hey had the cheek to take a bath iu the front window It was in an experience meeting in an African Methodist church over in Virginia They had been singing the wellknown lines While the lamp holds out to burn The vilest sinner may return A new convert had been giving in his confession He had told the brethren and sisters all the sins of his life and more too with all their aggravations He had confessed to every crime known to the statutes and every sin known to the decalogue When he paused for breath gasping at his own wickedness a brother in the jallery shouted solemnly Putout dat lamp Wha ferY asked the pastor Coz said hesolemn brother the vilest sinner done returned fLet us if possible banish all ear from the mind Do not imagine that there is some being in the infinite expanse who is not willing that every man and woman should think for himself and herself Do not imagine that here is any being who would givo to his children the holy torch ofreason and then damn them or following the sacred light Let us have courage In gersoll BLUB GRASS BLADE Du nJ Uxltitot publishersI J i N NO1 N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N 1N N N N N N N N N Ne Liu + SearchlightA o Monthly Plished J2yJ DeSHA WWaco Tex 1fI + Yit t Single Copies l oiCent- sf i Write for a sample copy which will be sent freeYA to A + + f41J The First and Only Complete Edition of 1 VOLTAIRES WORKS I ever published in English has firs been completed by the CRAFTSMEN OF THE ST HUBERT GUILD New translations by r the Notes of 1SMOLlETT Revlsed and Modernized Critique and Biography by the JON bas of authors of and ItImIDESPREAD JIp have deied C elite as lire troaomlttr tatalltt tad tie LoW by hisIUeurIde Ilhe mutelJ of has a i The aelfuplDlory and enlerIlie a be any pest 1 aaatldsm as toIStratum or of time witha X1 lhatI FORTYTHREE HANDSOME VOLUMES I Size 8K x 5u Inches 13034 over Illustrations of which 45 are hand colored dramas hilI to ell an lodes It a that it I a text printed a THE EDITION of s and a or a Ii TilE METE SET SENT FREE FOR APPROVAL base bousd a of sellin Jlots ate to the tree satisfactory The are 1 to I720 AU a psss REMEMBER THERE ARE BUT AAxaeet axle I FEW SETSof you CUT OUTCOUPONBasket trnot SEND TODAY f Stgsataez StfttuDert wullaRafdeear Addrttt 1lloribsbopstrr AKRON OHIOstate Dale 7t n A uijirr Jrv BIBLE REVISION Continued from Paso 1 ctl how carefully the ark containing Gods book was guarded Tlioy read and the golden mice according to the number of ull the cities of the Philistines belonging to the live lords both of fenced cities und of country villages even unto the great stone of Abel whereon they set down the ark of the Lord which stone remaiueth unto this day in the field of Joshua the Bethshemite Instead of placing his book in the ark one would suppose if God really wanted to guide his child von to eternal life he would have seen to it that it had a wide circulation but he did not und instead because some of the men of Bethsheuiesh peeped into the box that held Gods book in 1st Samuel 618 we are told God smote the men of Bethshemei because they had looked into the ark of the Lord even he smote of the people of fifty thousand and three score and ten men i and the account seems to indicate that the people of Kirjathjeari were scared nearly to death und no wonder when 50070 men were killed because two of their neighbors had looked into the box that held Gods Book No one knew a word that was in the book but in Exodus 2522 we are told God said to Moses There I will meet thee and I will commune with thee from above the mercyI seat from between the two the ubims which are upon the Ark of the testimony of all things which I will give teehethezddddw fw I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel Moses is considered a model of meekness but he should also hay been famous for his bravery to meet God at the mercyseat in the Ark after the divine author had killed 50070 men for merely look ing into the box that held the bookWhat the people were doing for spiritual guidance all this time I do not know but it is up to the is recorded that the Ark containing the Book of the Law was not opened until in the reign of Sol omon And when the Ark was openedthink of the terror of the discovery Gods Book was not there The Ark is never heard of again except in intimation that Jeremiah hid it in a cave on Alt Pisgah Jeremiah was lucky to have escaped with his life but he seems to have spent the rem pant of his days writing the La mentations of Jeremiah Three hundred and fifty years after Sol omons one thousand widows hay worn deep mourning for their liege lord builded monument and planted flowers on his grave a high priest found the Book of the Law 2nd Kings 228 says Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe I have found the Book of the Law in the house of the Lord It is up to the Popes revisionists to prove the authenticity of Helkiahs find Reviewing what the book has cost the world so far in fear blood tears and treasure it seems a pity that it ever was found The inunortal Saladin who wielded the strongest pen on the planet and who shook the temple of superstition from foundation stone to steeple says of the Bool of the Law Every leaf has proved the pa rent of division schism and hate Every line has been a row of dra gons teeth from which have sprung a crop of armed men Every word has been an anvil upon which have been hammered ten thousand swords Every letter has evolved the fire the scaffold the dungeon the rack All the ink that has bees shed in producing its millions of copies is a mere drop in the buck et to the merciless deluge of blood with which it has dreachec the fireblackened plains and ruinedcities of the world And the fetters of iron which it has riveted upon the limbs of the most valiant of our race are oj nothing to the shackles of intel lectual bondage which worn fox long ages have made humanity an aggregation of credulous para sites crushed by a superstition under the weight of which all creation groans The Church of Rome must be in the throes of evolution for the Pope to order a revision of the Bible for Rome has always opposed its translation out of the original tongues If the re visionists are seized with violent attacks of inspiration they may bring more light to the world than the votes and revisions of church councils The Catholics say the Books of Yobit and Judith Wisdom Ec clesiasticus Barush the Epistl tho11hreogenuine and include them in the Catholic Bible The Protestants spurilous If lad did write these books in the Catholic Bible the Protest ants have much to answer for and if God did not write these books the Catholics should never neglect going to confession for they have grievous sins to be for given God does not seem to want his children to understand his book perhaps for the reason the less they understand it the more they believe it Thousands have spent their lives reading and repeating like parrots a jargon about everything under the sun moon and starsI except common sense wading through cruelty brutality scenity and conglomerate nonsense to find eternal life Think of a human being counting the letters in the Bible and finding 2567180 hunting for the middle chapter and finding it to be Job 29th and that the word Jehovah occurs 6885 times Think of wasting time and vitality with such things on the idea that it was serving God and securing eternal life Did you ever try to find any thing in the Bible It is much easier to find the Lost Tribes of Israel Melchisadek the Lost Chord or the man that struck Billy Patterson The preachers sad the Pope himself cant dc it without a concordance and aside from a few threadbare texts not one person in a million can quote six verses correctly and tell where they can be found You can tell the most devout Bible students of a hundred unprintable things in the Bible and they ivill vow they are not there and when you show them they de voutly say We are not allowed- to understand such mysteries it toes not mean what it says Bible quoters generally make a muddle of it An old man I knew who carries a Bible in his pocket recently said to me that this winter had been hard on him He said I am out of work my cow died and now my folks are down with the pneumonia but I always trust in the Lord The Bible says Whom the Lord loveth he chasteth and it looks like the Lord has been chasing me up hill and down dale for the past sixty years The Popes Bible revisionists should make it plain why for the souls salvation it is necessary to know that Shorn begat Arp taxed Eber begat Peleg and Ha ran begat Lot and to keep up with the progeny of a few thousand more Bible gentlemen It seems to me such Bible students are entitled to a longer eternal life than usual It ought to be explained how the 28th and 29th verses of the sixth chapter of Kings can promote good morals ft says And the King said unto her what aileth thee And she answered This woman said unto me Give thy son that we may eat him today and we will eat thy son tomorrow So we boiled my son and did eat him and I said unto her on the next day Give thy son that we may eat him and she hid her son How in tlie name of common sense can that help people to get to heaven Those women should not only have their names taken from the hunch books but from the Lambs Book of Life also I hope for the sake of good morals that the Popes revisionists will find out that God did not write the Songs of Solomon and the Book of Ruth They seem entirely unworthy of a divine au thor The revisionists should settle once for all whether the Hebrew chronology or that of the Septuagint is correct The Hebrew account says Abraham was born 2083 years after God created the world and the Septuagint says it was 3549 years after God rented the heavens and the earth A little difference of L466 years is a slight discrepancy but the world should know the correct date of the birth of Abraham for all thesaints expect to rest in his bosom The Bible revisionists have a fearful respon ibility as millions have placed their destiny in Bible truth There are a few thousand other discrepancies mysteries and con radictions in the Holy Book that should be submitted to the revisionists but the Blade readers cannot hear them all now so I niust call a halt on this volumi n011 jabject + 1 + t tie et + + + Mans Origin and Destiny By Dr A Hausrnan Alameda California + This is the Greatest Book ofjjniodern tirms on the theory of Evolution applied to Sociology U will shortly be issued in book form by the Blue Gras Blade making a book of nearly 500 pages The author has dedicated it to Prof Ernst Haeckel and Uu great Jena philosopher has accepted tho dedication 2OO 200 Subscribe Now and Save Money All charges of postage will be prepaid upon advance subscriptions- The first chapters are now in the press and publication in book form will immediately follow its serial publication in the blade columns t SMC scribe Now Subscribe Now JAMES E HUGHES Lexington Ky N N4N NNN NON4 NN N4N N N N N N N N N N N NI + + F + +O 1 1 A REVIEW OF FATALISM Editor Blade I wish to give a short review of Bro Channings lecture on Philosophical Fatalism The greatest objection I have to fatalism is that it gives a plausibl excuse to every criminal that ever disgraced humanity According to the doctrine of fatalism ther is no responsibility attached to the criminal for any crime he may commit hence there can be no justice in punishment What kind of government ytouh we have if every judge jurymai and lawmaker were fatalists Would we have any government How could a judge justly impose a punishment on a criminal when he could not help committing crime I object to some of his ground work of facts because they are mere assumptions and con trary to the facts He sees Goth ing in Nature but matter und force working under blind immutable laws without PLAN or PURPOSE for nature has never done anything but build up und tear down If he can see no pur pose in Nature it is because he is mentally blind Let me illustrate A poet was journeying througl some beautiful hill country His soul was filled with delight at the gorgeous colorings of early Spring Being thirsty he stopped at a farm house on a hillside Ai he drank the welcome draught he remarked to the master of the house about the beautiful coun try round about What was his dismay when the countryman spoke with disgust Cant set nothing beautiful about this never could raise any corn or these hills The countryman was blind to the beauties of Na ture and could see nothing but corn and hogs Is there no plan or purpose in Nature Let us see Why dc you love honor or respect youi mother Was it not because you owe to her your birth training and culture that has madde you what you are What is it that causes the mother to work plar and provide for her offspring Is it not her nature that causes her to so doY The forces of Nature pump mans breath and blood independent of his will digest his food etc Can we see no purpose why Nature should cause the blood to circulate the food to di gest power is nothing but the rtrength of desires he says I leny that assertion I know that I can will and do directly contrary to all my desires and even my best judgment if I choose Every redeemed sinner or reformed drunkard has willed and acted directly in opposition to all his sinful desires or corrupt appetite He says Nature has never lone anything but build up and ear down He has evidently lever studied evolution or the urvival of the fittest to any purpose or we would not say that Is not every death tearing down succeeded by a life rebuild somewhat better than the former life Does not the tudy of evolution go to prove hat man in his present highly developed state owes all that he- to countless millions of living icings before him I freely admit that we are the creatures of circumstances or environment more or less but these circumstances or environments have ever been such in the main as to gradually advance man from the lowest order of life up to the high position he now holds in the order of creation Nor does Nature stop here we are ever advancing to still more perfect beings and who can tell what the end beA WADE Chaffee Mb I AM A PROHIBITIONIST By C G Brown Ithaca N Y I am a Prohibitionist Because when men are fools Society must protect itself By arbitrary rules Because the sale of whiskey is For every time and place A drag to human progress tied A national disgrace I am a Prohibitionist Because by it I hope To save tlie economic loss From making mental dope Because Iwould not see the race That ought to wear the crown Use all its brain and muscle up To drag its virtue down I aim a Prohibitionist Because Ive neer been told Of any good that ever came Front whiskey hot or cold Because tis clearly evident That it has furnished more Of suffering and want and crime Than pestilence and war I am a Prohibitionist Because one drink will set 11ans brutal passions all on fire The dagger in him whet Unchain the tiger in his breast Then burn his reason up And make a wild and crazy thing This demon in the cup I am a Prohibitionist- A Crank perhaps you say Since appetites men wont con trol Id put the drink away You limit personal freedom then Indeed I would I hope And bring mans manhood back to him In place of whiskey dope Twixt mental freedom and the right To paralyze the brain Then walk the streets a mental fool Spreads out a mammoth plain Whod prop the whiskey traffic up On such a specious claim Has either got an appetite Or microbes on the brain SHAKESPEARES RELIGIOUS BELIEF J E Remsburg in the Truth Seeker- I read with much interes Franklin Steiners recent article n Shakespeares religious belief It recalled a passage in the writings of the great French critic md historian M Taine In his History of English Literature Book LL chap isee 3 Taine saysIt was Paganism which reigned in Elizabeths court not only in letters but in doctrine a Paganism of the North always serious generally sombre but which was based like that of the SouthI on natural forces In some men all Christianity had passed away many proceeded to Atheism through excess of rebellion and debauchery like Marlowe and Greene With oUt ers like Shakespeare the idea of God scarcely makes its appearance they see in our poor human life only a dream and beyond it the long sad sleep For them death is the goal of life at most a dark gulf into which man plunges uncertain of the issue If they carry their gaze beyond they perceive not the spiritual soul welcomed into a purer world but the corpse abandoned to the dadmp earth or the ghost hovering about the churchyardThey like skeptics or supersttious men never as true believers Their heroes have hu mannot religious virtues against crime they rely on honor and the love of the beautiful not on piety and the fear of God About thirty years ago I was conversing with Gen D W Wild er the wellknown western author and journalist a brother of Alex ander Wilder on Shakespeares belief I referred to this passage in Taine General Wilder was then editor of the St Joseph Herald and soon after published an article on Shakespeares belief quoting Taines testimony Referring to our conversation and Taines testimony he said The passage is a remarkable one we had overlooked it in our reading of Taine This reminds us that some years ago we asked Colonel Ingersoll if he was an infidel not supposing he was and knowing how often men who do not agree with us are so called But he instantly replied I am and so was Shakespeare and he went to citing death scenes and other passages from the great dramas An no doubt he remembered this passage from TaineShakespeare and Ingersoll two of the worlds immortals two of the greatest masters of tho En glish tongueEnglands and Americas greatest poets were both InfidelsAgnostics Today I opened my Shakespeare In it for nearly a score of years has reposed a sheet of paper bearing in Col Ingersolls own handwriting the following wellknown tribute to Avons bardShakespeare was an intellectual ocean toward which all rivers ran and from which now the isles and continents of thought receive their dew and rain The history of this relic is as follows On Sunday March 1 1891 Colonel Ingersoll delivered for the first time at Albany N Y his now famous lecture on Shakespeare The same day I spoke at Glens Falls Monday morning I took a train for New York and was joined at Albany by Colonel Ingersoll I had procured the Albany papers at Saratoga These contained reports of his lecture The peroration had evidently been butchered by the reporters and I called Col Inger solls attention to it on tile way down Ho took a sheet of paper wrote the passage as he had delivered it and handed it to me This was probably the first and is probably the only autograph copy of these immortal words for they were originally dictated to his stenographer THE UNFORTUNATE God gave her a lapfu of embers Without her consent or request And pleased with their warmth and their beauty She cuddled them close to her breast She fanned those redhot coals of passion With the breath of her tender desire And soon was a spark in her bosom And soonwas her garment afire She writhed as the heat scorched her being She fought with the torturing flame Till piecemeal her garment dropped from her And naked she stood in her shame t Then God turned away unob- serving But the World gave a glance and a frown Not because she had toyed with the embers But because she had ruined her gown James Ball Naylor BIBLE KISSING Where is the Bible thewit cssnes kiss when they swear to tell the truth a visitor to one of the police courts asked a city magistrateIt abolished in these courts several years ago he responded The volume that was in this court must have been kiss ed thousands of time by all sorts of people Sometimes a witness would be detected kissing his thumb instead of the sacred book on the theory that he did not bind himself to tell the truth Some of the volumes contained only the New Testament whereas many of the witnesses were Hebrews But it was the germ theory that drove the Bible from the courts It wasnt possible to give the volume a sanitary bath after East Sider swears under the present system he holds up three extended fingers If only two fingers are extended he is making a mental reservation like the man that kissed his thumb instead of the bookNew York Sun Doa FENNEL In THE ORIENT bytCharles Chilton Moore When a young man the author hadJstarted out to walk through the Holy Lands on foot Reaching Paris he gave up the Journey and returned home He made the trip by rail and boat about ithree years before Ma death This book gives an account of what he saw and explodes numerous Christian myths It especially suitable for a present Cloth Bound Pages Postpaid 9125 Address orders to BLUB GRASS BLADE Lexington Ky