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Citizen (Berea, Ky.): n. Thursday, December 6, 1906. Citizen (Berea, Ky.). 300dpi TIFF G4 page images T.G. Pasco, Berea, KY 1906 cit1906120601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Citizen (Berea, Ky.): n. Thursday, December 6, 1906. Citizen (Berea, Ky.). T.G. Pasco, Berea, KY 1906 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. U jratdoato- lloUoBotltiioocMoeoioroUoUoUo SotloeoeoeoSoeoeoSoeoeoioeoeoTHE VIII Flvo Cents a Copy MADISON COtJNTY KENTUCKY DECEMBER 6 1808 One Dollar a Yoar NO 2t loans A good way to show regard for wife luoiiiiT or ulster is to provide a good upply of dry lirawood- Oud knit taut prosperity tbla Ytwll it ia for ua to IIUMV u wise use of It i Winter U ourtMinly a good time to j go to aoliool Will you bit wlw mi well UK older nun wring titoro young people Own ever lie tOtu are Going to school thin winteri Aro your children going FROM THE WIDE WORLD Tlio Hngltah lour of LncIa petit fiflMU days ditcuMlng Mid amending the Education mil M It had been pafcswl by thu House of OomraoM Tbo cbonaw made by MM IlbuM of Lords cannot poMfbly I attwpi l by tarn llUtfu of W Ma Milan Yttedthe KOVbrniuftnt to rtjeet all Rtm4m nu 1Ulef The nun wpm u at the head of ib Armenian Church auobu the pop ID the head of Ow CUUiollc Church In aolled fct Outkaltajft The Arrnvni uii Church tree Iu rouubera inl ly In Turkey especially in Ale Turkey Rod In some other countries In Ask He has recently given AM order por mluini the attire of the otMrafe to be decided by a general MMmMy of del BUea elected by all aitult iMabera Wumeuboth may +a dnlrcwtra y wcislletrd from Kuttla and think that the aotIons IM WTO wpwillsmall The ROMIM loaAnt Ki tilledwUbplo have ben kilted In the dlffwnt OTHG Omcvr at h OUR COUNTRY Congrcea met In Vt3hlnoton for iu abort b MiIoa iMt Monday On Tues day tho presidents vu read about two hours and a half for IU ruling Dlfr nt tuna of It wore cheered by dtmoerau and rePublicans 8p efal attention was I given to what Mid bout Jipan 11andher subjec In tho United States has been objecting for Some weeks to what tho school board of i I tho excitement has oven run BO high that there has been talk of war with thla country about the matter The president calls for laws providing for mUng citizens of tho Japanese and t oleo eayo that tbe United States gov CcotlnnWl tn JUgbtU PsgI r CITIZEN ORGANIZE YOUR YOUNG PEOPLE what Into the union which has encircled the globe wnich counts its members by thousands which has gone into every land whose societies are found in our city churches in country places on board our menofwar even in prisons wherever young people gather and feel the need of together in the service of Christ But what is this organization The Young Peoples Society Christian Endeavor Started just twenty five y6ars ago it has spread quickly until now it numbers more than five million members Its wonderful success has come because it meets the needs of people of all conditions and of all denominations- What will this society do for your young people It will give them a good time together every week without the evils that belong to many such meetings It will bring them in a band of closest friendship It will buildup their character and make of thom strong active tians Does your Sunday School need workers The Christian Endeavor Society has a committee whose business it is to help it Have you no church service Let the C E prayer meeting take its place It is doing so in other neighborhoods why not in Kentucky All will enjoy atterid irig for C E is not entirely confined to young people Room can be found for everyone r Cnn you not gather your young men and young women into this band Let them meet in the school house or a home if you have no church Have a definite time of meet niglnlorhapsing for the Master in this small way and it willSUlprt you how fast they will grow into wider usefulness Perlintp you have no young people whom You feel could become ofii cars of such a society Just put in best ou have arid Siva them a chance to Show what they can doiIf you wish to find out more of what the Chriitian Eh tdeavor Society is write to the headquarters of the United Society of Christian Endeavor Tremont Temple Boston or Presideaet you can rn organize a society in your district It will strength and power into the lives of your young peoplas it has put strength and power into the lives of i of young people in our own country and the world II1IUICOL31 II 1IUILIIIAY Hiaift Jackion Kr Ill both ho sendinGt Tho Mountain Champion What Eastern Kentucky geode moro than anything olso U a largo number of enterprising young taco who will not together and promote tho welfare of Uieir statIon Our oounny la iIof rood people but they banot tad tho best of load era Too often tho men who have rI nUTuralOnu R iioiiiuTs ESQ IIYDKX KY a 1 t I possessed a little education and abil ity have acted selfishly and a selfish man when educated U moro dangerous than ho was before The really good men who have bad ability and education have been too tow and very often Instead of acting together they have been suspicious of one Another pad GO failed to cooperate IJerhaps the greatest thing Heron College Is do lngjfor tho country today la raising u on army of thceo young men who got Muaiat 4 with Madre County Tmoher one another while In school and go out to work together for the good earlier each county has been almost like nation by Itself but Kentucky to have proper Influence In tho affairs of state and nation tho mountain rauM act In concert each help n This am usolgroups neighbori ate with the enterprising young men and women In the round about For years now there has been such largo attendance of moun tats at Derea that would be poeelbls to bold a state conven to tWe and delogatee from Chief Contents of This Number PAGE ONR Idea Prom the Wide World In Our Own JounlrJ- Cmmonwentlh of Kentky rMltorlnl Orgnnlt the Yeeat 1ptT- he Olinmplon f Colored Tenchvni Slate Aii ltUii- I AOK TWO PoemAt SonI- Serlnlne Ornftern1AOK Ueren and College Item Tnke Notice Lntett Market Report IAOK rouu Comments The Only Wny to Make Mem Mon l Marr llnbelh LeRoy Tlmt Win by 1uk AUue Uali J 1 1 earn No Near Womnn Iu Old JpauTrfrTn- ictdro llonjo TIle ChildrenUartll1eatPAU TIe Warm and the Uord u The Hunduy Hchool Lcou- reonsixTIle Home Cnndy Itecluc The SchoolChildren Help Bull Tartx Iloonmboru The FarmPoultry Talk FHtUulur UC Ulghtli Illttory PACK SKTEW TIle MeMic I PAGE KIGUT- Knutoni Kentucky Corrpoed- An Kducntlonnl FortrMt Htudent Journal oil mountain oountlt atmoet My pode fare of the mountain region We to our readers this TrMk the of a of lhMe carn eat truehearted talented young urea who fairly represent ICOTM and hun dreds who have gone out from and who are thoroly prepared for a life work of usefulnee and honor Hundreds of our readers will recog I thejwelloknDWn i tpssfui young men of hie lIe held a first class certificate Dad mlly supposed that has bad aeat NOAII MAY 4I of Mncoffln of Wo xlworVi Mares Coll t students public In times a It Eastern Is Its the region county counties several Inratah SfOMiitnln Vicinity Irenldent the present picture quartet Be tea eonaty learned all that was worth knowing la tie world but he become acquainted with a Berca professor came to Oollega expecting to stay one term fonad tho way to higher educaUon opealig be for him and completed the Norms course spent a year at the beat wtJOjl working school In the world end ta now an Important member of Brea a HON TAYLOR P QAnDAni Member or the Stnta L gUlnture Owiley Couyly a students It Kentucky teaching force- Ilutherford D Roberts BM also spent his early time aa tca hcr tame to Berea where be found large ad vantages and gathered new ambition Among other things I believe he fOWl at Berea tho delightful and beautiful woman who has since become his wlfo Realizing the need of neB of principle In tho legal profession be bas taken up the study of taw wad recently been admitted to tie bo- ljcetaedatlek ratI U i oIoeoaeNoeoeoUOMouoIoioSmA s Lifo In next weeks issue a 1oeooeoe IIVOL DEREA i OntiuneM OWN mwMR8 taking Into put Itt i LIABLE TO LEAK j i me Family Stocking is liable to f leak Deposit your extra dollars and jwatchlars for you We Guarantee You Perfect Safety I 4 per cent Compound Interest yhe Use ofYour Money When You Want It t ONB DOLLAR WILL OPEN YOUR ACCOUNT Come in and let us tell you 1 more about it I x J 1It t Berea Banking Cof ti t Assets over 114000000 tCapital 2500000 tJ tJ WOOF Prl W H PORTER Cashier irt 1i e I i J THE NEW MILLINERY AND NOTION STORE I 10 1iA J t Has the Largest Stock ofHats at the Cheap rest Prices Gall and see our goods and be convinced MRS So Ro BAKER Corner Center sand Main Streets y The Charts of the Berea National Bank No 8435 tkeasutE department CDffice tl Comptroller of tbe Currency II 1906WntRlltAs I undersigned it has been made to appear that The Berea National Bank in the Town of Berea in the County of Mildison and State of Kentucky has complied ith all ther 1 provisions of the Statutes of the United States required to be complied with before an association shall be authorized to commence the business of Banking Now THEREFORE I Thomas P Kane Deputy and Act ing Comptroller of the Currency do hereby certify that The Berea National Bank in the Town of Berea in the County ofMadison and State of Kentucky is authorized to commence the business of Banking as provided in Section Fifty one hundred and sixty nine of the Revised Statutes of the United States IN TKTJMONV WHERBOF witness my hand and healof office this seventeenth day of November 1906 IISEAL T P KANE Deputy Currencya51 WEtCrt Pres WRIGHT KELLY ViceRres- J 4 L QAY Cashier J JIII1 tAT SUNSET h f Atroia the codwest A magic cloUdland ilea And day Is Hugely bleat That In such glory dies I Kovf crlpison purple gold Out for a moment time What changing forms untold Phantonmlp and eubltmel A mountain temple lake A giant bird or fish Strange glowing fancies wake And stir mans vagrant wish For naming fading far Their radiant splendors teach When comes the evening star How hope may still uprcach- BeyOt i the gleaming west Beyond the cloud and star The hath Its quest And fadeless visions are Charles W Stevenson In Springfieldv Moss nopubUcan THE 1 GRAFTERS I 2J- JIRANCIS LYNDB CopTTlfht 1304 bj U BobtwJIenlU Oat CHAPTER SCXIV CONTINUED I knew youd make difficulties when It came to this paying part of it andI since I didnt know myself I wired Mr Ormsby again Here is what he says and she untwisted a second tel egram and read lUo him Fee should not be less than five per cent of bonded indebtedness fourfifth in stock at par onefifth cash no cure no pay Three million five hundred thou sand dollars gasped Kent Its only nominally that much she laughed The stock part of it is merely your guaranty of good faith it Is- worth next to nothing now and It will be many a long day before1 it goes to par even If you are successful in sav- Ing its life So your magnlfloant tee shrinks to 1700000 less your expen sesBut heavens and earth I thats aw full said Kent Not when you consider it as a sur geons risk You happen to be the one man who has the Idea and If it isnt carried out tbapattenGis going to die tomorrow night permancntly You are the specialist In this case and spa cialists come high Now you may go I and attend to the preliminary details If you like He found his bat and stood up She stood with him but when he took her hand aha made him sit down again You have nt least three degrees of fever sha exclaimed or is it only the 13500000 shock What have you been doing to yourself Nothing I assure you I havent been sleeping very well for a few nights Out that Is only natural And I said you must have a cool head Will you do exactly oas I tell you toy If you dont make it too hors +k Take the car downtown ont walkand offer you have made Mr Loring send his message to Boston you go straight to Dr Diddle Tell him what is the matter with you and that you need to sleep the flock around But the time he protested r shall need every hour between no and tomorrow night One clearheaded hour is worth a dozen middled ones You do as I say I bate drugs he said rising again fSO do I but there is a time for everything under the sun Itls a cry ing necessity that you go into thla fight perfectly fit and with all your wits about you If you dont some bodyseveral somebodies will land In the penitentiary Will you m nd met Yes he promised and this time he got away I tCIIAPTEU XXV PLAINS relief and Quito as much perhaps to PeneVopc s Mrs Brentwood Ured of Ureezelond Inn in less than a fortnight and began to talk of returning to the capital Pressed to give a reason for her die satisfaction the younger sister might have been at a loss to account fqr It in words but Elinors desire to put the outing short was baaed upon pride and militant shame After many trap settings sho had succeeded In making her mother confeos that the stay at Breezeland was at Ormsbyg expenses and not all of Mrs Brentwoods petu lant justifying could remove the sting of tho nettle of obligation There is no reason in the world why you should make so much of It I am your mother and I ought to know was Mrs Brentwoods dictum You wouldnt have any scruples we were his guests on the Amphltrlte or In his country house on Long Is land That would be different Ellnpr contended We are not his guestd hero we are his pensioners Nonsense frowned the mother Isnt it beginning to occur to you that beggar shouldnt ba choosers And besides so far as you are concerned t you are only anticipating a little It was an exceedingly injudicious not to say brutal way of putting it and the bluugray eyes flashed re- Cant you soc thpt you are dally making a marriage octwceh us more land more Impossible was the bitter rejoinder Elinor metier waa cool I ht composure under fire but she was not always able to compass itMrs Brentwood fanned herself vigorously She had been aching to have t out with this selfwilled young woman who was playing fast and loose with attainable millions and the hour struckWhat you break it off with Brookes Ormsby she snapped add- Ing I dont wonder you were ashamed to tell me about itI did not break it off and I was not ashamed Elinor had regained her selfcontrol and the angry light In tho farseeing eyes was giving place to the cool gray blankness which she cultivated That is what Brookes told me but I didnt believe him said the mother Its all wrong anyway and I more than half believe that David Kent is at the bottom of It Elinor left her chair and went to the window which looked down on tho sanatcrlum the ornate parterre and the crescent driveway These family bickerings were very trying to her and the longing to escape them was someUmes strong enough to override cool reason and her innate sense of tho fitness of things But into the turmoil of thoughts half Indignant half selfcompassion ate carol reproach and a great wave of tenderness filial She saw as with the sudden gift of retrospection her mothers long battle with inadequacy and how it had aged her saw too that the battle had been fought unsel fishly since she knew her mothers declaration that she could contentedly go back to nothing was no mere pet ulant boast It was for her daughters that she had grown thin and haggard and Irritable under the persistent reverses of fortune it was for them that she was sinking the Grlmkle Independence in the matchmaking mother The tears in Elinors eyes were not altogether of selfpity when she put DAVID KENT SAID TIlE MOTHEIL i her back to the window Ormsby waa coming up the curved driveway In his automobile and she had seen him but dimly through the rising mist of emotion I Have you set your heart upon this thing mother but I know you have And II have tried as I could to be just and reasonable to you and Pene lope and to Brookes Ormsby He lit nobleness Itself it is a shame to give him the shadow when he so richly deserves the substance She spoke rapidly almost Incoher ently and the motherlove in the wo man who was careful and troubled thew most terrifying to see Elinor the stronghearted the selfcontained breaking down like other mothers daughters So it was the mother who held out her arms and the daughter ran to go down on her knees at the chalreldo burying her face in the lap of comforting TThere there Elite child dont cry Its terrible to hear you sob like that she protested her own voice Bhalllng in sympathyy I have been thinking only of you and your future and fearing weakly that you couldnt beer the hard things But well bear them togetherwo three and Ill never say another word about Brookes Ormsby and what might have been 0 mother you are making it hard IST than ever now was the tearful rejoinder Ithere is no reason why I should be so obstinate I havent even the one poor excuse you am mak- Ing for mo down deep In your heart David Kent said the mother The bowed head nodded a wordless assent There was a tap at the door nnd a servant wets come to say that Mr Brookes Ormsby was waiting in his autocar Was Miss Brentwood nearly ready Elinor said In a minute and when the door closed she made a confidante of her mother tor the first time since her daysf have suspected ever since that summer In New cont I dare to without knowing whether he razes for me Must Imay Isay ycf to Brookes Ormsby without telling him the whole truth Oh my dear You couldnt do that was the quick reply You mean that I am not strong smarten But I am and Mr Ormsby is manly enough and generous enough to meet me halfway ID there any other honest thing to do mother Mrs Hepzlbah shook her head de llberr ely and determinedly tlungli she knew she was shaking tho Orms by millions into the abyss of the un nttainatilo No It is his Just due Hut I cant bclp belnc sorry for him Ellle What will you 4o If he says It doesnt make any difference The bluegray eyes were downcast t dont know Having asked to mucb and accepted so much from him It shall bo as he says mother The afternoon had been all that a summer afternoon on the brown highlands can be and the powerful touring car had swept them from male to mile over the dun hills like an earth skimming dragon whoso wingbolt was the muffled explosive thud of the motorThrough most of tho miles Elinor had given herself up to silent enjoy ment of the rapturo of swift motion and Ormsby had respected her mood as ho always did But when they wore on the high hills beyond the miningcamp of Megilp and he had thrown the engines out of gear to brake the car gently down the long Inclines there was room for speech This is our last spin together on the high plains I suppose he said Your mother has fixed upon tomorrow for out return to town hasnt cheriElinor confirmed It haltabsently She had been keyed up to face the inevitable In this drive with Ormsby and she was afraid now that he was going to break her resolution by a dip into the commonplaces Are you glad or sorry J he asked Her reply was evasive I have enjoyed the thin clean air and the freedom of the wide horizons Who could help it But you have not been entirely hap- PY It was on her lips to say some conventional thing about the constant jarring note In all human happiness but she changed it to a simple No May I try if I can give the reason T She made a reluctant little gesture of assent some such signal of acquiescence as Marie Antoinette may have given the waiting headsman You have been afraid every day lest I should begin a second time to press you for an answer havent you She could not thrust and parry with him They were past all that Yes she admitted briefly You break my heart Elinor he said after a long pause But with a sudden tightening of the lips Im not going to break yours She understood him and her eyes filled quickly with the swift shock of gratitudeIf made a study of woman kind through ten lifetimes instead of a part of one you could not know when and where to strike truer and deeper she said and then softly Why cant you make me love you Brookes He took his foot from the brake pedal and for ten seconds the released car shot down the slope unhindered Then he checked the speed and an swered her A little while ago I would have said I didnt know but now I do know It is because you love David Kent you loved him before I had my chance She did not deny the principal factI but nho gave him his opportunity to set it aside It he couldand would Call it foolish romantic sentiment if you like Is there no way to shame mo out of Itt He shook his head slowly You dont mean that But if I say that I do if I insist that I am willing to be shamed out of It Ills smile was that of a brother who remembers tardily to bo loving kind I shall leave that task for some one who cares less for you and for your true happiness than I do or ever shall And It will be a mighty thankless ser vice that that some ono will render you But I ought to be whipped and sent to bed she protested almost tear tally Do you know what I have done how I have She could not quite put it in words even for him and ho helped her gen erously as before- I know what Kent hasnt done which Is more to the point But he will do It fast enough It you will give him halt a chance No she said definitively I say yes Ono thing and one thing only has kept him from telling you any time since last autumn that Is a sort of a finical loyalty to me I saw how matters stood when he came aboard of our train at GastonIm ask ing you to believe that I didnt know It before and I saw then that my only hope was to make a handfast friend t of him And I did it I believe you can do anything you try to do she said warmly This time his smile was a mere grimace You will have to make one excep tion after this and so shall I And since It Is the first of any consequence tu all my mounting years It grlads I cant throw another man out of the window and take his place If you were anything but what you are you would have thrown him out of the window another way she rejoined That would have been a dagoa trick not a white mans ho asserted hiswaygenerally and you would have stuck to your word and married me but I am not looking for that kind of a win ning I dont mind confessing that 1 played my last card when 1 released you from our engagement I said to myself If that doesnt break down the barriers nothing will She looked up quickly You will never know how near it came to doing It Brooke But It didnt quite No it didnt quite Tho brother smio carne again Lets paste that leaf down and turn the other the Ono that hlUl DavId Kents uamt written at the lop Hi t is going to succeed an aroud Elinor and lam going to help himfor hi sake as well as yours No she dissented Ho la goln to fall and I am to blame for It He looked at her sidewise So you were at the bottom of that were you I thought as much and tried to make him admit it but hi wouldnt What was your reason I gave It to him I cant give It tit you HI guess nato he laughed I wean born on the right side of the Berk shlro hills to appreciate it But really you mustnt interfere As I say we are going to makct omothlng 6t David and a little conscience of the right old Pilgrim Fathers brand goes a long way in polities But you promised me you were ntfj going to spoil him only it doesnt matter you cant Ormsby chuckled openly and when she questioned What he said I was Just wondering what you would say If you knew what ho is In to now It you could guest for In stance that his backers have put up a cool hundred thousand to be used u- be sees ntt OU she exclaimed and there was dismay and sharp disappointment in her voice You dont mean that he is going to bribe these men No he said relenting AS a mat ter of fact I dont know precisely what he Is doing with the money but I guest It Is finding Its way into IcgltlnvtU channels Ill make him give me an itemized expense account for yo3r tmn ant when Its all over If you like It would be kinder to tell me more about it now she pleaded No Ill let him have that pleasure after tho tactIt we can get him pardoned out before you go back cast She asked no more questions being unwilling to tempt him to break confidence with Kent But she was think ing of all the desperato things n determined man with temperamental un balancings might do when the touring car rolled noiselessly down the final hill Into the single street of Megllp There was but one vehicle in the street at the moment a freighter orewagon drawn by a team of mules meekest nnd most shambling pusaia of their tribe The motorcar was running on tho spent velocity of the descent and Ormsby thought to edge past without stopping But at the critical Instant the mules gave way to terror snatched the heavy wagon In to the opposite plank walk and tried to climb a nearby telephone pole Ormsby put his foot on the brake and something snapped under the car What was that Elinor asked nnd Ormsby got down to Investigate It is our brake connection he announced after a brief inspection And wo are five good miles from HUdgins and his repair kit ITo lie Continued IT WAS VERY AWKWARD Major Was tots Mllltnrr Tills In This Case lint the Mans Name Mrs Norton camo home from n call one day in such a disturbed condition that it was evident tears were not far In the background She lost no time In beginning her explanation relates London TitBits John she said to her husband I am so mortified I dont know what to do What Is tho matter my dear asked Mr Norton- I have been calling on Mrs Parent You know her husband Major Pever 111 YesWell I have just learned today to my horror that Major Isnt his title at all Major Is his first name Why certainly Ive always known that What is there so mortifying about It- Nothing said Mrs Norton with a groan only that Ive been calling him Major every time Ive met bfse for the last six months V latter at Information The railroad official George H Dana lellf tells a good story on one of the brakemen of his line A very fussy nervous old woman approached him on the platform before leaving New York and asked him if his train stopped dPoughkeepsie He assured her that it did It was a local train making ft score or more of stops on its way up the river At each of these way sta tions the old lady sought out the brakemanand repeated her anxious query About a score of times the brakeman had given the stereotyped answerYes mum it does At last the anxious traveler got OB tho brakemans nerves At about tht twentyfirst query he replied Nell mum nothing is certain In this life All I can say Is that if this train doesnt stop at PoughkeepIt paylNWorked Out FatherNow look here If you marry that young pauper how Os earth are you going to live Daughter Oh we have worked that all out You remember that hen Aunt Alice gave meT Yes Well I have been reading a poultry circular and I find that a good hot will bring up 20 chicks in a season Well tho next season that will be 21 hens and as each will raise 20 more chicks that will be 441 The next year the number will be 92ffT tho fol lowing year 191481 and tho next 41 01101 Just think At only n shill- Ing n piece wo will then have over 200000 Then you dear old father well lend you some money to pty ofl tho mortgage on thlj ke ua4Cas I sells Journal i IHyacinths NnrclssusI i RICHMOND Phone 188 RICHMOND KYvCut Flowers Designs I I +o +o+od od od o+o+od o +o+oq o+o +o ho pb+o+o+od o Fo+o Fo Fo +o+o ITHE HOUSECLEANING SEASON- o Ihere and every housewife wants one or more t piocoa of now oFURNITURE CARPET or MATTING o Take a Look Through Our Stoolwill surprise you how well and how reasonably wo can 0supply your wants IF ITS FROM US ITS GOOD New Florence Drop Top Bali Hearing Sewing F25 130 and f35 worth SO SCO and J o Machinesi Ihoie CT ea t- u+O+O+O+O+o+O +O o o o n o o o O o O c o+O+O +O+O+O+O h e Carriage Satisfaction Here DurableGraceful OomfortabloStylish bodytintabcarriages inrntiabif give No batter place to buy than HERE No Utter time to buy than NOW lrio down to Hockbottom Qualities up to Topnotch We and retiro Got our KENTUCKY P HIGGINS Pwp Richmond KY J ComMnatiollOffer1 The Citizen for a wholo ycnr and a popular 160 book The ijouutuiu Iooplo of Kuutucky for I 150Through special with tho publish t1printedhave the advantage of the great saving on this lot of books Call or write today and got both IxxJk and paper for the price of tho book The Mountain People of Kentucky was written by a mountain man for the mountain pro and era TilE CITIZEN BEREA KYt2 I Call at TJ Moborloya aud seethe best lino of- COLLARD TEAM BUGGY And anything that you need fan borer Call and get prices they will induce you to buy T J MOBERLEY 1 Richmond Kfutuck 0 rMonumentsURNS STATUARY OF Granite and Marble Monumontal work ofall kinds done In a workman Ijko manner at reasonably prices and with dispatch All our work IH guaranteed Golden Flora RICHMOND KY Corner of Main and Collins Street s Palms 11Ferns GRE3ENIIOUSI3Si IDecorations EVANSi Buggies Phaetons Runabouts Surries Traps It v Useful 1 repaint repair prices CARRIAGE WORKS- C arrangements jrillI HARNESS HARNESS I t a DR W G BESTIDENTIST j I CITY 1MIOXI2 103 OFFICE OVER POST OFFICES I R BAKERj Dentist i 0Slwu oae BEREA KV Office house from 8 to 4 City Phone 123 Teeth extracted without ptln Somneform 1LlCENSEDEM Successor to B R Robinson r All calls promptly attended fN night and day- Telephone No4 Bares Ky f axlKtxp tKp k ttkkrkKKKttet I The Citizen fc BEREA KY H A weekly paper devoted to K the Interests of the Mountain g ecrs of Kentucky Great Premiums for New K IT i Subscriptions- A AGENTS WANTED 4Ti Advertising Rate will be + furnished on application dtlls kB xl k =k ai ll- i f I 0 o A o 0- AnAnAnA Mitchell who has boon drum In Minnesota for somo time has ruturne4 homo for holidays 0 L was In Cincinnati first of tho week Among tho people who attended court at Richmond were Messrs R L Richardson W A Ocg and E Scrlv J It Jackson and havo re k cently moved into Mr Pascoa house on Chestnut street J 0 Gibson from ClnclnnaU was hero first part of tho week Mrs 0 M Green wife of bur pope lar grocer Is away this week on a visit with her relatives In Garrard countyGreen Gabbard of Chesfcrland 0 SANTAf CLAUS Headquarters JL Ja In the NEW BUILDING we are now arranging tho largest and moat com plete line of Holiday Goods over put in by any thisCountyDont it but come and bring your friends and see for yourself that this la the greatest arrangement of Holiday Presents Gifts etc ever on sale in the Cou- ntyBOOKS I You will find books suitable for every stag of life Bibles in al staple bindings and at everybody FANCY STATIONERY In dainty boxes The celebrated Parker Foun Pens Prices from 8150 to S1000 FANCY CHINA In tho newest imports patterns MEDALLIONS Many from paintings 0 world famous artistsTwo hundred subjects LEATHER GOODS Including Ladies Hand Baga Pocketbooks Pur ses and Music Rolls KODAKS Very suit able presents rangin- in prices from a 8200 dingPocket TOYSAn ondloss va riety of Gifts for the little ones There are thousands of them i overy Imaginable form and enough in quantity and quality satisfy all the children and at prices suitable to San ta Claus pocket book To list these articles requires too much apace Wo have what you Come and see The Porter Drug Co INCOBPOIUTKD 1080000000oeoeooe080000oeo080eoeO00080 I nnnnnnnnnnAnnnnnnnnnnnAn GATHERED FROM VARIETY OF SOURCES I Imlng tho Manson tho rier family d the IIrz tain to want Is vIMtlng his father at WnllncetonI and other relatives and Wo are glad to see Mr J B Rich ardaon out ognln litter a severe ntt of typhnlJ Mr Richardson will s bo able to resume bis work In storeMrs Jim Ooyle who Is living at Dig Hill spent Thanksgiving with her parents Mr and Mrs W D Logsdon Tho Fancy Work Club meets ti week with Mrs Pay Hanson Tho upper floor of Mr Durdett houso on Chestnut street Is now being familyMrsW 0 D M entertained a number of young ladles at the Parsonage Monday afternoon MlBMs Welch Speur and HondHcks vo a taffy pull and an informal- socl611o Mwwrs Wheat SplnI1nd Treadway the boys who coaio over rom Willhuiuburg to spend Thanks giving A very enjoyable evening was Mimed pupping corn and pulling tatty Cave Woolf Is making a flying trip to South Greenfield Mo this week on business Mr Nuts Ogg a brother of W A OSB Is Very 111 with pneumonia Mr Alex Vaughn died of pneumonia last Sunday night at his home on the Walnut Meadow pike Ho was sixty seven years old the 20th day of Sep feather Ho had been a member of the Glade Christian Church for a number of years Ho loaves a widow who was Mies Battle Galloway a daughter of the late Prank Galloway three sons and a daughter The community ex tenite sympathy to tho bereaved family Mr A P Settle Sr and family formerly of Louisville have moved In to ono of UiOtBtrea Real Estate hour es on Center street Ray Simpson McGuire conducted tho services at Narrow Gap Church Sunday evening Miss Sarah Dowden is able to re time her work In this bunk after an Illness of almost two months Mrs J D lox who Is living at Narrow Gap his been seriously 111 with pneumonia Jack Haoderton who lias been work IBR at IA Foll Uo Tenn for Uio past few month has come homo to spend a few weeks- The work on Dr Bakers brick build IngNls pracrcwiog rapidly MlM Mary Adios won very sink last is soma bolter eMtaahr Herbert Davidson Is very lick The pupils of Union Church Sunday School are planning to havo Christmas exercisesThe OWA Society glvos the tmnutlful oinUnta Tlie Daughter of Jainu In the Oollege Chapel Mipnds night December 17Ui ooooeooooooeooeo aDI College Items a o a 0go 0 08008080eo080800000 Mr Dlmmora IB able to bo out gate Jttteee OomlM U able to be out but Is not OB duty yet Bewto HwWni who Is teaching fat Ik vHJp Ky experts to be In cbool this winter- TIME Terry and his sister OapUlO of Turkey Ky write that they will return to school this winter Mr 0born wu In tfmnkfort Mon day on buslnees for the Collage President Prat preached In Upper Chapel Sunday night and Dr Thomson la Mln Obaltl t Miss Uoblason give tho Monday lecture oa Venice at Mara Chapel Mr WlllUra Surague gave n Than giving termon at the Coagrogatto HudgIng Poor the luc two Sundays the Y W Ol A has been hatt ing somo very Interesting and Instructive repOrts of the girt who attended tho Danville convention Lucy and Gilbert Ruwllngs of Bunn lad Springs will be In school this win tern Wheat Marl Spink and Ches tr Traidwmy of Ullllannburg spent Thanksgiving with old friends and olnssnmtGB Win Hopkins ono of our students of last year Is now assistant at flab Un Gap Georgia Industrial School He writes very encouragingly of his work Dom Sparks of Waneta Ky who was hero last year will return this winter Mr Malcolm Hollldny a former stu dent of Dana now a United States Revenue officer located at aJckson IlrrQtliUt county Ky was here last week visiting his brother Mr J C Kindred former Dora stu dent now with the MontenegroRIehm petaasuaeaarsaaaa The Taking Cold Habit The old cold goes anew one quickly comes Its the story of a weak throat weak lungs consumptionhe breaks up the takingcold habit It strengthens soothes heals Askyourdoctorabout e I had A terrible cold Iud notblnit rellevnl Itie0aTowonderaturkortueItnJVLvIt IAMd 00LoveUMure i lJers IIPilLS10 IN II Keep tho bowels regular with Ayers Pills Just one pill each Music Company of Lexington was in town last week Monday Miss Esther Favlllo and Mr Vern o i Whcodon spoof from Thursday till MonJny visiting friends in Wllluuns Itjrg o Mrs 1C U Putnam was unable to meet her classes several days last week The Athletic Association took in something like forty dollars from the proceeds of tho football game Thanks giving day Tho lecture given by Dr Cook to Upper Chapel Monday morning on Adventures and Other Things In Eur ope WWI very much enjoyed and all are anxious to be present when he continues tho story The Thanksgiving social given to the students and teachers at the Chapel Thursday evening was quite a success A short program was well rendered TAKE NOTICE Everybody Going Toy the Chapel next Saturday night at 7 oclock to hear tho famous lecture by Dr Hlndloy Will It Take You will hear the answer after the lector- si over but tho answer will make yo feel sad If you havent heard what Dr Hfndley said about It Adults 25 cents children 15 cents Live Stock Market Loulsvillo Nov 27 15Jlght76Fair60Choice 50Coin75Knlr50Cnnners 00J25Goodhair to good do do 2 76 3 25 76OoodCom to mod do do 2 00 2 60 0a00Jnlr60ComCoarse henry calves 250 4 60 00itrintn common do do 10 00 20 00 noas Mrcdlul11Light shippers 120 to ICO Ibs 0 20 Choice pigs 00 to 120 Ills 0 20 10HoughSUEEP AND LAMBS 00Fair00JlncksCholco shipping lambs 0 00 0 60 600Culls orsslr1For SaleI have for sale 00 acres of land lying uearthopiko and on the Gar nerd countylino 2or 3 miles west from Berea adjoining the land of sorghumI wish to sell Call on or address me at Kirksville Ky JAMES E HENRY A GtrAItANTKKU CURS FOR 1ILIIS IIltndIIltedinRProttudingFilaDrugRide eDiIJ11S7Tfalls to cure fn6lo tara sac g QUAKER RICE youoi v rselecteda putted and thoroly cooked glv S- ft lag to It a delicious crispness etyyu QUAKER PUFFED RICE S Is rich In nutriment easily dl a gested and exceedingly nppetlz IO lag Children and older folks can oat Quaker Rico at mealsL ybetterRecipes for dainty Christmas I onoieveryCantlyQuaker g popur1 c ilaB 1DollvcrlesM J C 0 t t oou WILL SELLI am in a position to place you in a business where you can make money As I have decided to go out of the t goods business I am now ready to make a anyonewho J PII BICKNELL Sj BEREA KENTUCKY eu 0 0 0 0 lpPPPP Ptrvr RrrrPrIrr9 V rrlorrrarrrrrrrr rrr rrtraty 1L a A uv She ought to have said it through the telephone No 33 J or have called in J bwJ When you want good at low J x to talk withht x 100Try u White Rose Flour per Sack x 50 R 15All I noon a i All orders taken between 10 and 3 will be delivered afternoon v AKStoreA Y tAkAitN 7111kiC itirAkil AdA + ltd tQi1RAt +iiiARiOititRilAQt2 titttitikliQft 1 eoeooeooeoooeoeoeoo ooaoeoaO080eOOOQ080mOOOOo i We Are Better Prepared than 0I i Ever Before I a Columbia Salad Fork 6 To please you as to quality o oOvercoatsgIand Furs o Mens Rain Coats 1250 g oOvercoats oLadfesRainCo 0Iand 15 g giI2soFurs SI upto SIO We o can saveyou 25 percent on o ofurnishingsiswe guarantee to please ev eery customer There areI methods of 0 ghonest 9 is the best o oII We give 5 per ct rebateiI whenyour purchases SIO or over Itpays to save e Ii1 Articles uot alone beautiful butcscfulatiddurabl goodfraturestocether 1847 Rogers Bros SPOONS KNIVES FORKS ETC an ideal Holiday gift Theyare made in a great TlrCty ohhspes Wes designs handsomely packed in cases and vary in price to 3S0Your dealer can you Vrita V3 for our handsome catalogue No to aid you In making selections IXTCBMATIUXAI BltTtR TO BiMMKt t CoGaa 1 iI Columbia J tSf The Citizen Ia family newspaper for all that la right true and Interesting Publlihcd every Thursday at Derea Ky BEREA PUBLISHING CO E Albert Cook Ph D Editor and Mgr Subscription Ratos PAYABLE IN ADVANCE One Year it alilt Month 60 Three Mouth SS tend money by Iottomce or Express Money Order Draft Registered Letter or one and two cent stamps The date aftet your name on label shows to what date your subscription Ix paid If it U not hanged within three ueeka after renewal aotify ua- IIlulnjt nnmbera will be gladly supplied if we an notllitd Beautiful pictures given as premiums to all ae fr aubscriuera Liberal terms given to any who obtains new ubcrit tlons for us Any one tending u four earl7 subscriptions can receive The Citizen fret for for one year Advertising rates on application Ono of tho troubles of tho hard wood buyer in Dominique Is that some times he has to wait three years for a freshet to Heat his logs Another Is that when a disturbance Is going on la the district his laborers are likely to leave him till it is over to avoid being impressed either In the govern ment or revolutionists ranks J Pierpont Morgans Intimate friends dcclaro that ho docs not look a day older than ho did ten years ago Ho believes that the annual trips he takes have a wonderfully re- Juvenating effect on his physical and mental being I find ho said recently that I can do a years work In nine months but that I cant do 12 months work In a year During a conference with the chiefs and 3000 tribesmen of Sekukunlland Sir Godfrey Lagden the chief native commissioner of tho Transvaal cited as evidence of the governments good intentions toward the black popula lion the fact that whereas formerly a native paid ten dollars for each wife tho cost was now only = 325 The chiefs expressed their loyalty to King Edward If you want to get on go In with the people in your line of business or in your profession Try to mako your self popular with them If a business man associate with the best men in your business if a lawyer keep in with lawyers Join the lawyers clubs or associations The very reputation of standing well In your craft or pro- Cession says Success Magazine will bo of great value to you Certain Chinese who led the boy cott on American goods In Canton last year and were punished by Im prisonment were released the other day A crowd of enthusiastic Chi Jieso gathered and applauded tho men and a magistrate gave a luncheon in their honor Indeed tho boycott lead ers were treated very much as the leaders of the antiChinese agitation used to be treated in the sandlot days of San Francisco Diligent seekers may now find the Doundaryline between the United alongthevessels one belonging to Canada and the other to tho United States began In October the work of setting buoys along the boundary at intervals of five miles Hereafter Lake Erie fisher men will bo able to learn whether they arc at home or In a foreign coun try when they bait their hooks for whales or minnows Although tho population of the United Kingdom increased by 2000000 during the last six years there has been a decline of nearly 2GOOOOO bar rels in tho consumption of beer There Is also a steady decline In the use of spirits On the other hand the 155767710 pounds of tea Imported for homo consumption during tho first seven months of 190G mark an in pet Rifle shooting will hereafter be in cluded la the curriculum of the ele mentary schools of Great Britain Mr Blrrcll tho president of the board of education who mado the announcement in the house of commons said hadbeent restrictions to allow children of cer 4t atmJutaturebe paid out of the public funds t Australia has the largest duck farm and tho largest Incubator in the world 11440ducksmachine Is in fact a hothouse It stands In open ground and Is con boardsIthtrays each hold 130 ducks or 160 hens thesetuysthe other on each side of tho room making a total of 88 stilllesswhatJI I tolnllhtteoff like leaves when their time comes Home Notes anythingpolsoa works slowly but It reaches There Isnt much use In repairing a ItTheretorethe way and take U easy IDIlr Mij Hag 3u Uljtri to alike Hfou fIUtcut Dy MARY ELIZABETH LEASE I I NT a city where the monopoly of opinions morals and general supervision of vices and virtues has been farmed out by the government to the Qcrrys and Comstocks the PurkhurstB Pinker tons and other amateur overseers there is nothing more ludicrous among the selfdeceptions of modern society than tho delusions regarding the fallacy that man can bo made moral by legislation or by any mathematical ecclesiastical or legal process whatever save by the inculcation and practice of virtue and morals by ancestry To improve the morals of the race religion has mado its experiments in every possible direction but the right one It has tried preaching and praying fasting and selfdenial humiliation and pomp creed and ritual and all the isms and schisms and syllogisms and theorisma of theology but the simple mathematical certainty of racial improvement as embodied in sociology and its demonstrated experiments in the domain of nature it has persistently ignored During the last two years the United States has appropriated more than 000000000 for war tho waste of war and preparations for war Could a tithe of this vast sutra be ex pended in training our boys in the knowledge of themselves a knowledge of what constitutes true manhood nnd true happiness the world would inn very short time become n much more respectable place in which to live If the mothers of the race will teach their children that ignorance is not innocence they will do much toward cleansing the Augean Stables of our modern society- It is not true that the Xew York man ns compared with men in other sections of the country is abnormal or alone in his strenuous immorality The social atmosphere needs purification in every locality though New York with its unwieldy and congested millions more nearly resembles a pesthotise of vice than other large cities We need a bath of new ideas and the luxury of thinking along right lines Dreams and fancies may never be realized but principles altaiiiQd by reason and demonstrated by ample experiments are eternal and sure of future realizationI 1nyswIlut lIitt- by lt511 Alu1tt By DENIS J HERN Former General Manager Mutual District Messenger Company New York won jOH j cmHWOl1tan Japan To ono who for mom than 20 years was asso ciated in a supervisory relation with thousands of boys subsequently won success with nothing but push the question whether pullor influ ence is necessary success must seem a little odd There probably no branch of youthful service in the country that can compare with that of the telegraph messenger service in providing in formation as the ability of boys who have to rise without pull A good messenger boy of course must be a bright boy must have some measure of common sense must be alert andactive honest nnd obliging These ore qualities that usually make for success in nny boy but sometimes we hear of persons claiming to possess these qualities who have not succeeded and who attribute their failure to lack of pull or influence I suppose that no boy has less pull than a messenger boy Tie is hired on his appearance and such recommendations as nny honest enterprising boy may obtain No pull will keep in employment a boy who lacks the qualities that a good messenger boy ought to have And yct it may truthfully be said that of the thousands and thousands of messenger bojs who have graduated from the service hero in Boston in the last 25 years the vast majority of them entered into gain ful occupation which has enabled thorn to become worthy and selfsupport ing citizens and a very large proportion of them have already carved for themselves careers which would mark them as picked men in any com munity These were practically nil boys without any pull whatever except such as their own good qualities enabled thorn exorcise The fact that they were able to leave the messenger service and enter upon promising careers elsewhere was due to their own proved capacity which attracted the atten tion of their watchful elders always on the lookout for desirable omployes The stores and offices the great banking and commercial houses are filled today with young men and men moro mature embarked safely on successful careers who first went to work as messenger boys and by push alone and not by any kind of pull that counted for anything have their way in to By PROF TAICI1IRO HONJO who to is to to cr In Japan there is no coeducation of the sexes except for young child ren of the primary grade Boys and girls above the middle grade have sop arate schools each With its separate programme or curriculum One of the most surprising things to mo in your American school system so far ns I have inspected it is the fact that the education for girls and for boys hero is practically identical They are both taught the same things I In my country the reverse is tho case Tho boys are specifically trained for business for the army for diplomacy The girls are fitted to become good wives and mothers That is the chief end of all the educational facilities provided for then even in the highest gradesCooking and sewing occupy an important place in the rudimentary instruction of Japanese girls With these is combined tho care and train ing of their younger brothers and sisters The theoretical study of peda gogy is combined with actual kindergarten practice Medicine and Burg cry in their simpler domestic applications are also considered a proper part of these little mothers equipment for family life and management English is the only foreign language taught in our girls high schools Their teachers are of both sexes The average ago of graduation is from 16 18The Formosan government is now spending a large sum of money for a new high school on the American plan whose faculty board will include a number of lady teachers from the United States This experiment ia independent of the state educational system of Japan I RUMORS OF WAR STIRS GOVERNMENT OUT FINDS ITSELF WELL PREPARED OUR VICTORY WOULD BE SPEEDY The Only Result That Could Follow Any Conflict With JapanNo Pre cautions Being Neglected tVnshlngton Dec 1 Officials oftlv state department woro somewhat us tonlihotl to read in the newspapers n dispatch front San Francisco statin that Henry U Miller United States Consul General at Yokohama said In an interview in tho former city that the Japanese are highly incensed over the segregation of Japanese school children and id save the na tlonal dignity are willing to go a war If Miller was correctly quoted and tho language used actually reflects his sober Judgment tile situation would appear to bo assuming a sort ousnosa not realized bcforo In Wash hiRton Eliminating tile question whether tho consul general was discreet In talking that way and the possibility of his being called upon by tho state department for an explanation his In terview has hud the effect of provok Ing considerable speculation as to how keenly Japan feels over tho matter and whether she seriously would con template a rupture of friendly relations with tho United Status If her protests aro not satisfactorily ad justed Specter Causes Wonder Administration officials have always been MIl still ore loath to believe that the counselors of the mikado have gone so far as to consider tho possl blllty of war as a result of tho action of the San Francisco school author ties nevertheless tho specter of an armed conflict between tho two na lions has been flaunted so frequently of late that some of them hAve begun- to wonder whether tho school Incident might not provo to bo tho forerunner of conditions loading to such an un fortunate culmination Not that tho doorvlsloned men In the stato de partment or tho president himself Apprehended such an eventuality over tile present situation for they are hopeful that diplomacy will bo equal to the emergency The fact remain however that so long as tho impres span prevails that Japanese snlfaasur nnco and nirgrcaalvonosa constitute an everpresent menace to tho continua tion of cordial International relations the president should and doubtlcM will experience little If any dlfllculty In persuading congress to nuke am ple provision annually for tho maln tenance of a largo and oflleJont navy It goes without saying that Japans first objective in case of war would be the Philippines and although some American statesmen have always questioned the wisdom of acquiring the archipelago and holding It Indefinitely as a dependency of this government none oMhom would like to see us lose It as tho result of Inability to protect It from an enemy Ever slnco Dewey felt Impelled to deliver what practically amounted 11 an ultimatum to Vlco Adm Von DltM rlchs tho commander of the Gorman squadron before Manila In tho spring of 1S9S tho naval authorities have had this eventuality In mind Tho relations between Germany and the United States nro extremely cordial to bo sure but behind this out ward evidence of amiability always lurks the suspicion In the minds ul Washington officials that the omppror In his heart has martial design whlrli n defiance of the Monroe doctrin would reveal WORK DEGUN On the Constitution For the State of Oklahoma Qothrlc Oklo Dec LTho actual formation fit a ccnatKuilon for Okla homa was Inaugurated when proposi lions were Introduced In the constitu tional convention for two plans providing respectively for railway regu latlon and separation coaches for whites and nogrcoa Tho railway regulation bill Is sum marized as fellows Railroad express sleeping car and oil plpo line companies shall bo de clared common carriers to provide for stock Inspection to prevent consol idation and prohibiting tree passes Tho Jim Crow resolution was of crud by Judgo Ledbetter of Ardmore- I T Doth propositions wore referred to the committee on railroads Will Visit Our Coast Toklo Dec lA Japanese training squadron under command of Ilr Adm Tomcoka late president of tho naval cadet school will start from Yokoha ma on January G next on a cruise via Honolulu The squadron It Is expect ed will arrive at San Francisco pa February IS Says Castro U Well San Juan PR Dec tW W Rue sell the Ambrlcan minister to Venezuela passed through hero on his way to New York Ho declared that tho rumors concerning President Castro to Venezuela are exaggerated nnd that Castro Is In his psual health Five Killed Clincbport Vo Doc Irive men Including a foreman and tour foreign ers were killed by an explosion of dy taralto in a cut In which blasting was- beIng done In construction work of th inuth 8 Western railroad near here The New Game of Hot Pots IJII I HotPot A New Game For Winter EvenIngs IA now game called HoVPot Is likely to have an Immense success this winter and you can mako It all yourself It can be played by old and young alike and by any number of people so long as there is un equal number of players on each side The HotPot Is n squaresided box of cardboard without top or bottom U is placed on tho floor the players silting round In a circle alternately ono of each side their chairs being placed exactly six feet away from tho Pot One side has red cards the other blue ones and tho object of tho game Is to flick tho cards Into tho Pot tho ltAoJJililUUtlWFLAG SWINGING A Description of This Picturesque and Ancient Spot Flag swinging ns n national athletic sport comes down from tho Middle Ages and far surpasses the swinging of Dana for wigwagging or signalling as practiced by armies and navies all over tho world It had as far as U known Its origin in tho neighborhood of Krempe SchloswlgHolstoln and It still flourishes there as a national sport and pastime Since 1541 the year of Its establish ment It has played a prominent part on the programme of the annual tournaments of the different Tumor so clothes Two championship aro held and they are Jealously guarded and Jealously fought for by tho holders and the claimants of the honor and tho competitions tako place In tho presence of tho highest officials of Krempe and almost Its entire popula lion says tho Sew York Herald Clad In the same quaint costumes aa were worn by their predccOMors 300 years ago the swingers parade tho streets followed by tho athletic societies and greet the public by lift ing and dropping their flags up over their heads and then almost trailing them on the ground The swinging takes place In tho open market place opposite the Rath sue and consists of many curious and complicated movements Tho flags The Flag In the Air are wound around the body and then unwound by n single twist of tho swingers wrist they are twisted around and between tho logs under one arm around the body and over the other arm they are thrown with enormous force high In tho air abovo the houses and then caught In ono band A masterpiece of tho flag swing or is to burl the flag as high as bo can and whllo waiting to catch It In his left hand to occupy his right hand by throwing several oranges above his head and to spear them with a dagger as they fall- Nothing positive is known as to the origin of tho sport but It Is supposed to have been of military birth and to havo served as a field game for tho victorious troops while resting aftor a battle Dont es YourIt Is a common mistake to think that pots can only bo taught when hungry and to commence a birds training by depriving It of breakfast dinner or supper is a most unhappy beginning In reality pays Mary Dawson In St Nicholas tllO feathered folk ore just as apt and full of fun after a comforta blo meal ae before It and to starve scold or1 otherwise illtreat tho little creature will usually render It too un happy to learn quickly if at all Birds are extrejncly norvors btin b They love a low quiet voice and gentlo movements love to be talked to coax ed and made much of If tho pot in a new ono and seems specially excitable or timid you will have to teach it first of all not to fear you Any little Eimes haUto learn must be acquired iattGnranl side getting the most In winning the game and tho bost out of seven games form a Kt The cards nro held by ono corner and a twist of tho wrist should send thom eUgoway Into tho Iot but it inquires n good deal of dexterity tc succeed nnd tho fluttering ot tho cards ns they hover on the tho Pot II most exciting to Uio 1I1ayIore A hotter genie for a large party could not bo Imagined ca everybody can tnko n band for everyone thinks potI Avw I THE THUMB STRING Dons Swiftly It Will Mystify the Spectator This U a very simple trick but by performing It wlftly you may surprise and puzzle a spectator very mUM Wind a piece of string about your thumb thus Lot ono end of It A drop between tho thumb nnd forefinger of your loft hand then wind tho other part which you retain In your right hand two or threw times round your thumb next make a little loop U How It Is Done with the gismo end which hold between your finger and thum Now let go tho end C and toga bold of tho end A which you mutt havo Itt about six or eight Inches long And you make a spectator fancy you pass It through the loop and take hold of it again whoa so passed through In the twinkling of nn oyo To Increase tho surprise suggest Peoples Homo Journal you may mako the loop KM small nil posslbln This apparent pleco of manual dexterity Is performed by passing that end of the string marked A as quickly as possi ble around the top of the thumb so as to come between tho forefinger and the thumb It will thus got Into tile loop and you will seem to havo passed tho end through It muffin to tho wonder Went of the Audience at the seeming imposslbllty of such a thing WordsIThe Derivations of There are some very funny stories told about tho derivations of words since people are likely to twist their language Into strange forms Tints the pope Is even today called by the name pontlfox which boys In tho Latin class all know Is taken by him from tho title of the old Roman priests Now pontlfcx inonnH bridge builder I nnd It Is true that tho Roman priests In tho early days of the republic worn In charge of bridges but scholars tell us that the word jwutlfox probably d should bo pomptifex moaning maker of ceremonies Many of you havo t wondered what tho priests had to do with bridge building and thin little change of nt to mp makes the wholo matter clear NO DOUBT ABOUT IT IMothQrNow can you tell mo InII which T of his battles don Wolfo I killedSon and Heir In his last wasnt ityScrapsft I When tho whippoorwill ben lda plain live crtIAnd the tho IIky I sleepingForTho eiJ Sandman goes ucrooulnx bYI I TOBACCO BREEDING Scientific Method pf Obtaining Unl formity of Strain Visitors to tho United Statos dopart meat of agriculture station In Con withIj Growling for uniformity of strains Vim work U to bo further carried on Tlio nbovo Illustrates a choice plant with the lood pod bagged Sued saved under bag In this manner U larger dllel18eI v Choice Tobacco Plant than when saved In the ordinary man neroTho main value of the process le- o prevent accidental crow fcrtlllza lion between poor and good plants thrown the agency of boos and other Inrocts HoMilts arc no far notable Sew Hngland homestead A FEW TIMELY DONTS What the Farmer Should Remember Not to Do Dent throw forks farolessty on the flares of passageways In barns That It a sort of carelessness that may nl most Ite classed aa criminal Dont neglect to keep all wheeled vehicles well greased A wheel that cries out for lubricant Is a good many 1OUnda added to the loadof your horse Dont throw forks carelessly on the and other trimmings and rufnw from arcTwnl garden and truck patch for thereby you dottroy many harmful tnnvct and seeds Dont Invest any money In old mines coffee plantations copper works and the like thousands of mile from your home and managed by men you lave nover soon By taking this advice you may pogiltrty miss the opportunity of getting enormously rich but U 1n altogether likely that by liceding it you will ravomonoy enough to buy that piano your daughter hat boon wanting or tho now buggy yon pntmlxod your ion If he would sUck to the farm Dont allow any line fence nqnabble or any family difference to como up to spoil your Thanksgiving fonit It Is always a wise rule to think twice be willlthrough life without uttering any liamh words and that moans a serene and sweet existence which It niter all the only thing worth while Dont speak In sharp peremptory tones to yonr Children Yon wont ni low tho hired man to use such tones to thu horses lost 1t makes them ncr sots nor to the cows test 1t Interferer with their tnllk production Tour I cons arid daughters pro of more value than many horses or faith upon a thousand h111aFarm Journal Hints for Farmers Sod novrtag In tbo fall will help km out the fchltw grubs Aeration of the soil Is fit great benefit from plowing Haul In a good supply of dry earth for uso In the stables i Have you a good pile of fro wood cvt split and piled whcio It Is dry and I handy Farming demands a mans best ef fort No vise to try to work any old scheme and expect sncccss toot up tho old unproductive fruit trees and plant In their place young vigorous trees from the nursery- If not attend to It now so the wom en folks wont have to hunt In tho sow some morning for wood to got breakfastTho Experiment Station Fort Collins CoL has published flu letin Jfo 116 entitled Tho cotton Maplo Scale thaIMissouri Experiment Station Colum IopyIlooks up tho tip of tho year unless wo keep topping till the work Is all duo Ono agriculturist says that ho would rather bavo four Incfiea of soil well tilled with hupna and well tilled than 12 inches filled with humus and poorly tilled I Ao to Soil ofII In a soil before It can yield a fair j crop Lees of this Plant food t will be prOlOlt1olilI I I r-t AIR IN THE SOIL ITHE Part It Plays In Maklnij Plant Food Available There Is a soil atmosphere as cer tainly as there Is an atmosphere abovo tho surface of tho soil This Is not generally understood It Is Imagined that no air penetrates tho soil bo cause a person could bo smothered In tho soil It Is not that there Is no air In tho soil that a person smothers but because that air Is not In mo lion sufficient to supply tho lungs with the largo amount of oxygen re quired ovary minute Tho soil of tho earth Is full ot air as certainly as tho waters of tho ocean ore full of air which is breathed by tho living things In tho sea by means of appliances es pecially adapted to that purpose The Insects and worms deep In the ground breathe air and live by so doing Everything Is full of air down to tho solid rock It Is this soil atmosphere that supplies nitrogen to tho mlnuto plants on tho roots of other plants that it may bo made over Into a kind of nitrogen that tho plants can teed upon Tho amount of air In tbo soil Is surprising In Its quantity says tho Farmers Review It U not small as might bo supposed but very large Ono half of a cubic foot of coil Is air spate Tho soil particles In a foot of earth of average texture havo a Gar face of over three acres Wo see then how it Is that tho soil warms up quickly If It Is well drained Tho air In tho soil readily transmits tho Mat rays That air should be In tho soil Is very necessary and Its presence should bo encouraged by draining tho soil so as to keep out water Tho presence ot water In the soil Is the greatest detriment to tho presence ot air as tho amount of air In water Is very small compared with the propor tlon of air in tho soil In which tea only water Is tho film water surround ing the soil particles Most plants that are useful on tho farm cannot grow with as little air as they can get out of water but there aro some that can Such however are tho marsh grasses and forms of vegetation that wo call semi aquatic Even the aquatic grasses use air but only In small quantities which they are prepared to draw from tho water Wo under stand but little as yet about the uso of air plants and what plants require more and what less air or what plants are adapted to get their air from tho water and what from the land Wo merely say that this plant or that plant Is Injured by tho wet If a man Is devoting his farm to the growing of plants that need much air In their feeding operations ho must so to It that tho soil Is so free from water that tho toots of tile plants can find free air and can take their water only In the form of tho film that sur rounds the soil particles This con sideration should lead to much more perfect drainage than wo now have on most farms If tho drainage Is only lair tho water will remain about tho roots of the growing plants for days and during that limo tho growth of tho plants will be at a standstill Too much water will therefore sometimes extend the growing season of tho corn plant till It Is caught by the frost be cause tho plant has lost time and had to stand still for days in Its develop meat HANGING SEED CORN A Good Place Is on Nals In Joleta of Barn lime Is ti method of hanging seed corn to tho joists In tho barn Nails are driven Into the Joists at a distance of three or four Inchos apart Each ear is hung to a nail either by a string attached to a nail drivun Into tho end I Hanging Seed Corn In the Sam of tho car or by ono or two husks If placed where there Is plenty of venti latlon says Prairie Farmer this method of drying corn la reported to be very satlBfactorywhoro tho corn is selected early and given a chance to dry out durlgg fall weather Place For Long Ladder I It Is often a puzzlo to know whore to put tho long ladder when It Is not In uso By spiking two solid pieces of board about a foot long to tho Osts In tho back of tho barn shed high enough up to be out of tbo way otthe cattle and then hanging the ladder on them you will solve tho problem sug goats Farm Journal Rut these strips of board will not bo of any use unless you keep tho ladder on them Be Careful Bo careful how you handle dyna mite or any of Its compounds when blowing out stumps t It Is a most dangerous way of getting rid ol stumps If you uso It at all have seine ono with you who understand the use of tho explosive 1Ca fuse appears to go out wait a day or twc before you go to seo what Is the mat ter This precaution may save you 6 lot of jrouble Farm Journal JESUS RISEN FROM THE DEAD Sunday School linson for Dec 16 1906 SpeeUllr Prepared for Thus Paper LKB8ON TEXTMatL 8115 Memory Yemen ft 4- UOLDgN TEXTHo U rlnen even an he saidMatt 2S0- TIJIi Jciui rose from the dead sun- day morning April V A D 30 PLACKThn remirreitlon was from the tomb in a carden near Calvary The homo of the dlulllel during tho CO days wn In Jeru and IAHAUKL AfCOtTNTSMark 111 11 Luke ilM John 20122 Comment and Suggestive Thought- V 1 At the end of tho sabbath Toward daybreak Sunday morning To seo tho sepulchre Not ouly to try to asBuago their grief as mourners still are wont to do by drawing as near as possible to the beloved form of the departed One but also to apply to the body spices which they had pro pared for Its further embalming Luko 23CC 241 V 2 A great earthquake This was merely a local disturbance and occurred before tho woman reached tho place An angel rolled back tho stono This not to lot our Lord out but to let his disciples lu and show to tho world an empty tomb V 4i For fear of him Any aj5 pearanco that is supernatural or boo lieved to bo such strikes fear to tin hearts of men The keepers Members of tho guard set hero by Jews with Pilates permission Became as dead men Swooned Into unconscious I ness V G Angel answered To calm their perplexity he spoke these assur- Ing words Fear not yet Those who love Jesus have naught to fear In earth heaven or hell From Genesis 161 to Revelation 117 tho Bible rings with Fear nqt 1 know that yo seek Jesus Holy angels know and rejoice over thoso who love testis and are eager to comfort them V C Ho Is risen ns ho said Jesus had plainly foretold his resurrection the third day But while enemies rec ollected this his friends seemed as If they never had hoard It Tho strong est evidence of Jesus resurrection were required and given so that our faith In the living Christ rests upon the most fully proved fact of all his tory Come see tho place See John 3047 V 7 Toll his disciples So that their sorrow may bo turned Into joy Peter was mentioned by name Mark Ho gooth before you Into Galilee The going before Is In the sense of leading U represents tho action as already begun There shall ye see him What wo may call Jesus onl clal meetings with his friends all oc curred in Galilee V 8 Departed quickly They obeyed at once Fear and great Joy Their awe was not gone but with It Indescribable joy contended for mas tcry of their hearts V 3 As they wont In what ho now relates Matthew summarizes all of Jesus appearances to tho women Mark and John tell of a first meeting with Mary Magdalene- V 10 Bo not afraid or Fear not Jesus repeats tho angels exhor tation and addresses the commission tl1shighLord calls his friends V 11 While they were going At the time when the women were on their way Somo of the watch guard came to the city Not all could leave tho place at one tlmo un til released by their superior omcer I but tho stunned watchmen had recov ered their senses enough to dispatch somo of their number to make report of tile extraordinary occurrence Showed told nil They re ported tho earthquake and angelic vi alonnll that had come under their observationV Tho chief priests who felt their own ruin was sure It this story got abroad Assembled with the elders Possibly a meeting of the Sanhedrim but more probably by secret call the leading participants In the recent trial of Jesus were brought together Gave largo monpy They bribed tho Roman soldiers to keep what had occurred a secret and tell in Its stead a story which they fabricated In a hurry and without proper care to render It credible V 13 Say yo His disciples came by night and stole him away white wo slept It was well they were not cross puestluned on this tale V 14 We will persuade him and secure you By bribes and threats such as they were well practiced in usingthey would manage Pllato and deter hint from carrying out the law which required hint to put to death guards found sleep IllS ou duty Practical Point V 1 Wo now can lock upon tho graves or our friends WIUI composure fur wwnow that their release there from and reunion with us are sure 1 Cor 1505 67 V 2 We too should rejoice to be Cols servants toTTrbll away the stones from the patliway of others Hob 1213 V 8 Joy without fear have thoso loving hearts which see limo ever pres ent Jesus John 1022 V 9 Jesus always brings good cheer Ho longs to banish every cloud from each heart Phil 44 V 12 Futile are their wisest plane who league themselves against God UaS10 t The Only Trouble To listen to Muggs talkyoud think ho was a man of the finest kind p principles lie nut ho never uses teem I 0 1 REASON OF DOWIE IS DETHRONED MADLY HARANGUES HIS FEW FAITHFUL FOLLOWERS In the Dellef That He It a Ores tGen eral Grievously Wounded During Battle Chicago Dec IJoltn Alexander Dowlc founder of Zion City and first apostle of tho Christian Catholic church In Zlon Is insane This fact was demonstrated when Dowte in an address to his followers in Shiloh house described himself as a general his hearers and his soldiers add his homo as A tent on the battlefield Tho spectacle presented by Dowl as he harangued his faithful adherents was pitiful Ills eyes glared with the fires of madness his manner was nerv ous and his address Incoherent and reasonless He fancied ho had Just conducted his hearers to victory after A frightful battle In which his general was slain and himself sorely wounded and ho pointed to his warships which lay in battlo formation In the lake their guns protecting Zion from boa tile Invasion Deacon John A Lewis and James F Peters his most faithful friends sought In vain to quiet Dowlo and es cort him to his chamber Ho ordered them to remain quiet and threatened to have them court martalod for In subordination on tho battlefield He pronounced an Incoherent eulogy over the body of his faithful general which he fancied lay at his feet and cx hortcd his hearers whom ho termed his trusted soldIers to follow hill banner to more glorious victories over their common foe You have naught to fear he shout ed Our general has been slain but have I not taken his place and wound ed aa I am led you to victory over the enemy Now as wo meet In this tent to pay our last tribute to the greatness of our fallen leader let us not forget that more battles are to be fought and that wo must stand together as- a man if we hope to defeat our foes The first evidence that Dowici mind was hopelessly shattered pro sealed itself when tho first apostle nppoared In the meeting room garbed in black Ills hands were swnrpod In flannels and his slippered feet were encased In cotton bandages Laboring under the delusion that he had received serious wounds in a mythical battle bo lied acted as his own surgeon and had come to pay his tribute to his fallen general whose office he bad assumed with triumphant honor Let every soldier remain seated cried Dowlo in a burst of passion Remember this is my tent and I nm commander of this army At a sign from Peters several men advanced and Uowle was gently seized and taken from the room Ho expostu hated and fought his supposed kidnap- ers fiercely though vainly He was taken to his room above pod threaten ing and pleading by turns was placed in bed where he lay for somo time muttering meaningless phrases of war like tenor Worn out by the strain he sank into a fitful slumber TO WIPE OUT THE STAIN t On His Public Career Made By Insurance Companies Washington Dec 3Deforo he retires front once President Roosevelt Intends to have refunded to the poi Icy holders of tho Big Three Insur ance companies the money contributed to the republican national commute in 1904 by the Equitable Life the Mutual Ufo and tho Now York llfo In suranco Cos The aggregate of their contributions made out of tho yellow dog funds of tho companies was 148000 Tho foci that ho was elected with tho help of money taken illegally from the policy holders of the three companies baa nettled tho president for many months Ho fools that It has placed a taint upon his administration as well I1S upon his public career It leaked out for tho first time that the president has already taken steps to have tho money refunded and that this would have been dcno long ago but for the obstlnancy of Postmaster General George B Cortelyou and Cor nelius W miss of New York It Is known positively that President Hoos v volt sent for both Mr Cortelyou and Mr Bliss several months ago aid di rooted them to pay the money with Interest Dr Crapsey Says Farewell Rochester N Y Dee JDr Alger non S Crapsey preached his farewell sermon at St Andrews church The church was crowded to the doors He- W S heard with close attention and many of his parishioners wore deeply affected Dr Crapsey made no rotor ence to his departure from tho minis try Plans to Aid Indigent Consumptives Atlanta Ga Dec 3The American nntltuberculimls league Is planning a campaign for the Introduction In the legislature of every state In tho union bills to secure uniform legislation for the care of indigent consumptives Battle noIIgrcesIs tho result of a general row and shooting affray growing out of an old feud at Marietta seven miles from tills city The Jawbone of one negro was shattered and tongue cut oft Raid Made On Coal Train North Yakima Wash Dec 3As a result of the coal famine hero a raid was made on a coal train Trainmen who made an effort to stop the seizure were threatened with bodily harm and kant from interferrlnr 1 1855 Berea MJ College 1 FOR THE ASPIRING YOUNG PEO PLE OF THE MOUNTAINS i p Places the BEST EDUCATION in reach of all Over 50 instructors 1017 students from 27 states Largest college library In Kentucky NO SALOONS A special teacher for each grade and for each main subject Sa many classes that each student can be placed with others like himself 1 where he can make most rapid progress Which Department Will You Enter THE MODEL SCHOOLS for those least advanced carne lecture library and general advantages as for more advanced students Arith t metic and the common branches taught in the right way Drawing Singing Bible Handwork Lessons in Farm and Household Manage ment etc Free text books TRADE COURSES for any who have finished fifth grade frac tions and compound numbers Brickwork Farm Management Print ing Woodwork Nursing Dressmaking Household Management Learn and EarnIACADEMY REGULAR COURSE t years for those who has largely finished common branches The most practical and interest ing studies to fit a young person for an honorable and useful life Choice of Studies is offered in this course so that a young man may secure a diploma in Agriculture and a young lady ia Home Science ACADEMY COMMERCIAL i years to fit for business Even I part of this course as fall and winter terms is very profitable Small extra fees ACADEMY PREPARATORY two three and four year courses with Latin German Algebra History Science etc fitting for college COLLEGIATE four years Literary Scientific and Classical cours r es with use of laboratories scientific apparatus and all modern meth ods The highest educational standards NORMAL three and fouryear courses fit for the profession oi teaching First year parallel to 8tb grade Model Schools enables oue to get a firstclass certificate Following ears winter and spring terms give the Information culture and training necessary for 0 a true teacher and cover branches necessary for State certificateiMUSIC Singing free Reed Organ Voice Culture Piano Theory Band may be taken as an extra in connection with any course Small extra feeskExpenses Regulations Opening Days fj Berea College is not a moneymaking institution All the moneytreceived from students is paid out for their benefit and the School J expends on an average upon each student about fifty dollars a year more than he pays in This great deficit is made up by the tbatIChristian and patriotic people who are supporting Berea in order it may train young men and women for lives of usefulness 1 Planning for a Year of School PERSONAL EXPENSES for clothing laundry postage books etasMvary with different people Berea favors plain clothing Our climate tt 1 is the best but as students must attend classes regardless of the weather warm wraps and underclothing umbrellas and overshoes rtinecessary The Cooperative Store furnishes books toilet umbrellas and other necessary articles at cost artitleiLiving Expenses arc really below cost The College asks for the fine buildings in which students live charging only rent to pay for cleaning repairs fuel lights and washing of bedding and towels For table board without coffee or extras y 1Q5 a week in the foil and 150 in winter For room furnished fuel lights wash i ing of bedding 40 cents a week in fall and spring 50 cents in winter School Fees are two First a Dollar Deposit aq guarantee for I return of room key library books etc This is paid but once and is returned when the student departs ISecontl an Incidental Fee to help on expenses for care of school buildings hospital library etc Studcifts pay nothing for tuition or f services of teachers all our instruction is a free gift The Incidental Fee for most students is 500 ti term 400 in lower Model Schools UQO in courses with Latin and 700 iir Collegiate coursestPayment be is advance incidental fee and term board by the month Installments are as follows I For Winter Term 12 weeksFirst day 1700 bcside 1 do posit 28th day GOO Seth day GOO total 29 If paid all a advance 28 For Spring Term 10 weeksFirst day lUOj 28th day 540 BGth day 270 total 2250 If paid all in advance 2200 I The two terms together paid for in advance at a reduction of 250 making only 4900sr Longer Winter Terra 11 tracksFirst day OGO 2Sth day t 000 5Cth day GOO 81th day 540j total 3800 If paid al in advance 3700 lbackance is made for any fraction of a week and a fee of fifty cents is charged for leaving the boarding hall anti fifty cents for leaving a ioom inform time There is no refunding of incidental fee v I in It Pays te Stay When you have inado your journey and faro well started in school it pays to stay as long as possibleIThe First Day of winter tern is January 2 1907 1 j For information or friendly advice write to the Secretary WILL C GAMBLE BEREA KENTUCKY iiJ Madison County Roller MWsi+ 1dIB4TA Manufacturers Fancy Roller Rout f Conflict Ship Stuffs Crushed Corn Etc Hi riOur HOLD DUST Roller Flppr will be bard to beat tPRIDE 0F MADISON is apolhcr Excellent Flour leeIi4sIki tJ 1i 0 a Potts Dueason Vkitw StatkaKy fJI ft r tiJiftbiL cr l 1 JIll LTHE HOME I Some ChristmasCndles lr Mm Illll Peanut Brittle Boil together ono cup of granulated sugar ono cup brown sugar ono quarter cup of molasses and one cup ofwater Stir until sugar is dissolved but do not stir after the syrup begins to boil When tho syrup has boiled until a soft ball is found in cold water add 10110 teaspoonful cf butter one quartor teaspoonful of cream of tartar and one tablespoonful of lemon juice Boil until the syrup is brittle when dropped in cold water Cover the bottom ofa buttered pan with eholled peanuts pour the hot syrup over them and set aside to cool Walnut Brittle Make as for peanut brittle but without butter and pour over chopped walnut meats i HickoryNut Brittle Use hickorynut moats instead of the walnuts PopCorn Brittle Moke syrup as for peanut brittle Pop the corn and roll until broken Cover bottom of buttered pan with the command pour hot syrup over it ITHE SCHOOL I SCHOOL CHILDRENS AID Asked In Erection of Kentuckys Fort of Boonesboro at Jamestown Every school boy and girl in tho state is invited to nssistiu commem orating two historic events by the erection of a Kentucky Building at the Jamestown Exposition which will be held next year at Norfolk Va Prof Kontuckyanypirectoof WednesdayDecto devote an hour or wore on that day to instruction ing on the first English settlement in the territory now comprised it li United States and on history connected with the erection of this unique fort by Daniel Boone near the present site of Boonesboro Ky in April 1755 Prof Fuqua sug gests that the scholars bo called on for compositions in connection with these subjects and that readings from history be held in the schools Each teacher iu tho State has received letter from the Superintendent of Public Instruction asking that tho pupils bo requested to bring to schoolon Jamestown and Boonesboro Day one or more pennies accord 4 gointoFort of Boonesboro a Kentucky BaildSng at Jamoitosvn Children under five years of age in the kindergarten are asked to contrbuto one cent each pupils between five and nine years of ago are asked to contribute two cents each those between ten and fourteen years three cents each those between fifteen and twenty four cents each pupils above twentyone five cents each partDereason of the unique building Kentucky will have we want the school pupils of the state to be identified with the movement and through the aid superintendents and teachers have every one of them add his mite to the fund Though tho sum given by each pupil is small an amount that can be spared without every family with children of school age in the state yet thototalamount received in this manner will be a handsome one and should prove devoted as it will be to BO laudable an undertakinga monument of enduring fame to tho schoolchildren of Kentucky I THE FARM I Seasonable Poultry TalkI From the Pnrm Journal The rule is to sell when things are high and buy when they are low Let us set our wits to work to learn how to have eggs when folks want them In May hens get insects gravel stones all sorts of seed8pure air ordoughgive them something else A bit of fresh meat now and then some scraps ground bones ashes and sand to roll in and a warm dry house whore the sun comes are as good as anything to make hens lay and eggs sell now at high prices One of my neighbors has for a few years past been able to secure a goodshowing of eggs in winter and from old fowls at that helpingthefore cold weather notbeingWith feathers half off they are chilled and weakened then bitter cold springNever with the soft food but instead put them where the hens can help themselves supplied Select dry land for poultry never build tho house where water will profitDrypoorlandIf strong lively chicks are desired next sprin from now on is the hardybynatures laws when we keep our stock too fine and warm with nothing to ofoutdoorOur leghorns are privileged to run in and out f heir houses when workhunting winterfinde severelywhich jfI pot doneop the average farm layingbyconditions are what we are after I DasketinHogsSome in limited quantities will also be relished and tend to balance the ration A little corn and oats fed at times also makes a good feed but the less expensive foods should be used if possible etcWhenmore danger of cholera and disease t bekeptWhen engaged beore killing hogs usually bring better prices than when taken to market at the mercy of the buyers The pens for the store hogs should be put in order cleaned whitewashed if necessary where lice may be Spraying with kerosene emulsion will pestsThe and cold wind can get in should be repaired inexpensivewayU y f I fri r- 1 Jl 11 k 1L ll 1 ji J Lo irf 080008000000000o Eighth Kentucky o History 0 Tht Illlnu Story ot the fart tits Onl p O liint Reghneut talk In the Civil Wnr 0 000800000008000CHAPTER XIIQontlnuedI Tho principal part of tho Eighth except those captured or wounded ral lied to tho new lino ot battle formed about u toile north of our former posi Hon whero we remained until about 8 oclock p m- At twilight on that bloody day a large rocket shot up from tho enemys line and firing Boon ceased Our loss In this two days battle was ten kill ed tonysix wounded and twentyfour prisoners most of the latter also were wounded Lieutenant Colonel Hay tieV wus cupturad on tho 19th On th 20th Major Clark lost his horse and hat and many of us had bullet holes In our clothing That night all our army except Thomas corps and Uio cavalry made a silent and for many of us a sad march to Uossville four miles from Chattanooga arriving there about 1 oclock a m tho 21st Wo throw our weary bodies on the ground and for a short tuna bcoame oblivious to the din roar and crash of arms but awoke at daylight most of us feeling sore with every limb and joint aching The sad powder blackened fncsat the men their cloth ing torn Into rugs by the brush some with pantaloons oft at the knees and others without hats all looking war worn and brushtorn as they silently grouped around the blvouack fires preparing our seat remnants for the breakfast would under other circumstances have caused mirth among ourselvoe at our own dilapidated nIl penranco Dut we could neither laugh nor ignore the toot however that for Hip tart time we had left our help less Wounded comrades on tho bloody Held In possession of the enemy We all knew our army had defeated gruffly superior numbers In their main oar ject L a to regain possession of Chat tanoogs from which Drsggu army had retrooted eleven days before We also knew that the enemys loss in killed and wounded tar exceeded ours and they gained only whit they had before sad lost thslr boasted gale city of the south CHAPTBR XIII We arrived at ChnUanopgtt at noon the 2lst of September and were aa stgned our position qn the extreme lei wing of the new line near the Tennes see River halt a mile above the city Though the EIghth boys were some what dispirited at our loss of com rdet they were not the kind of men to mope or entertain mslonoholly feel tugs Every man in our army know the great importance of holding the city and notwithstanding we had taken but throe hours sleep within the last for yelght hours our bodies nab ing with pains from fatigue and hunger as soon as the lIno of rifle pits were staked oft the Eighth boys seised picks and spades with eager ness selfconfidence and determination beaming from every lace vow lug the rebels should never take the coveted city and commenced heaving up the rOd earth and to sUmulaUs each other the boys assumed their wonted cheerfulness Tho company commanders went into the city and each returned with several canteens full of whiskey captured from the enemy The writer spent eight dollars for his companys spirits and thought It was a good Investment The picks and shovels wore not permitted to be Idle a moment day nor nlghL The EIghth offices would occasionally Jump Into tho ditch and take some Ur ed soldiers place and allow him n few minutes rest By dark the 22d a line of good title pits extended for six miles in a semi circle around the city from our position to the mouUi of the creek below the city The 23d the enemy made their ap pearunco oh Mission Ridge We ox pted an attack the next morning That night the officers and men labor ed nard carrying small trees and brush from the river bank forming an entanglement in front of our works We also stretched a telegraph wire about one foot above tin ground peens to strong stakes among the brush In our front intending to trip up un contuse the attacking rebels should they charge our works But the threatened attack was never made Their lino of pickets was established east of Cities Creek along the foot of Mission Ridge Tho 25th of September our pickets being much annoyed by some rebel sharpshooters concealed In a house east of the creek ono ot our batteries at Fort Wood sent a few explosive shells over One of them went crash ing through and fired the building About twenty Johnnies left there very suddenly and our men could raise their heads above the edgo ot the picket holes without so much danger Soon after this the enemys pickets lying In hailing distance of ours now agreed to cease hostilities unless eith er should advance This was a pri vate affair but was maintained with few exceptions for several weeks Howover tho rebels would Insist on the fun of shooting at our officers 1J when they came near our line Wo often took advantage of them by swapping coats with our men and carrying a gun nnd no sword On Olin of thcst occasions the writer over hoard the following oollver lon between a rebel picket nnd ono ot tho Eighth To bo continued A lltniKA TIIANUSOIVINO fly trof J W Ulinmore In northern climate clear anil cold ThatikfftlvtnK dawns M dawned of old Th nkglvln ilayt where pilgrim trod New lingUnd thartu In fear of God nut on Kintuckyf auntlllIltb- lIr blue gran pUIni her creek and rllla iron Southern brtetes hold the4r sway And keep hold wluter a elilll away A bountcou year Iran crowned our tell WllIllchea gathered from the soil The barns are filled the garners stored With grain and ba4 generous hoard The cellar mud the tattler all Cheerful respond to housewife end Her table morning noen and night Olve hutbnnd and little one delight ThcM nutuninday In Kxilhctn dime Afford ipettaele sublime Rich coloring of bush and tree Charms every eye thats teamed tee Sweet autumn tlmel the mn o milt ways Clothe bill aud dale with vrftewteg Iwtei The song bird trill from noon till night The whirring partridge wings her light Thus dawn November a- In 9 nineteen sir the bright xtnthlne floods grove sad town white nature usy joins u In prat e ThankntrHIng I ar We seek Gap house with hearts abrim To sing our Mnll af prmt tollllt wilrere end one bow ta Httn kofte Our prayer atcend to havens throne We thank him for hi raeretc past And humbly pry that they MMy teal We oentctnte eur atoegala- To haste the day when Chrfet hall reign The oen4ee oer we linger Mill Itxtend to aetghtor near gat l war The great bell ittike and MtmmoH ill To meet at once 11alUUaIL The mighty throng a galha Ii g ash All eager for the warm repastI We wend our way with wilting ed- TB tat the fat end drink the weft Note now the txwkmi dlnlugfcall With tables grated from welt te wM Ttoch ViUlt spread with iwpety wfcke With vlaoil crowned a templlMf 4fhL Student and tea dim gather retrnd flub one hit place bee qtrickly fMixl All hoods are bowelwhere gate M Mltl To Him who glees ut daily breed ThanksgiHog Vet and Nantes prays leach teat M fillet web mH or auM A iHMgry tlirevg but happy unite Sloe plenty was on appHMe The had man dlgMgodo4 greed Ivook Iowa the IbM on eMkrr bead hiI fork cod carvtog knife Aa one prepared fee medal Mrifk A weftbtowed turkey Me OH llgh The cyawMM of evtty rye Loop feaitait gobbled be with vim New others wok to keMak him Atouedbbs pMeefaaeeple- An ilafatlw gathered lot cad weSp4ees sad fruH frata every toad lived fit for kings U httcal band The plate are served a gamma slice Well flanked with dtcMtae rich cud doe With happy rleMu btfta The pleasant task with Many din Now take a look at this rest bK SO fine a lot few xbool CM b at Hrigbt bambome tutu and maU aa fair As eM Kentucky hit it spare The allege ttudaeU salad Wfk With bulging brow card eteMe rye Their number maH but Mill mere hash tifM hla plate like kung er ajttcen- Acadetiiy sari NettMttte A greater throng bet leaser Hghta undismayed they cheerful wait To fill their place to church er stale The Model School outnumber alt They fairly overflow the hall Their heart ate yourfg their hope are many Sieve they eon do swell a any Teacher tit by with easy grace True aolon of the UBM sod place To vein regrets should they yew tongue Of happier day when they were ymtHg Not so their Joy are tit cowpletc Am here with tudet new thy mpet And forward look to useful days In guiding them In window ways And now lhIt but not the trig We greet the one prepared the sent Per Ua greed on every hotel Out gentle matron beats the band Her malehle skill In houtefeej arta We view with pride and grateful heart Kcr helpers too Yllidr weed Of praise from us In word and deed Our genial toasters hue their share Of gratitude for mental fare The muter with his wit so clever ong may he live and flourish ever But twere too great ataik to count Our blessing to the full mount Were thankful for them all and pray To meet again Thanksgiving Hay KEEP CLEAN and get your clothes leaned and pressed by J C BURNAM The Writ End Barber Shop Phone 67 GOo a suit is all it wit cost you h of Farms for Sale Mississippiscbool land well watered on the railroad toimprovementsinterest Supplies for first year to experienced farmers who can offer good references For particulars CoNatchez DATTake YOn0Y i A Sketch of Southern Life Dy Mn 1 II kklRway Tho south Is a land of tradition ot romauco of beauty and ot song The lights and shadows of history fall over this land with unusual Intensity mlng lad nui tau Joyaud brislunM of its past liiiifu was much ui ojiimwaiou ol conttict and ut aur t w tide wuu niHttuutu uturege aUU nopt the ouia bra j oiilo lmt II turuud irum lUll JMSI and today gtudnMB tills tut air nail liatMio tutu nil UK Itrn til the Uir eufJtlahtl Tlio pvrsMU of northern birth who goes to rue fur Sarah ItuUfl tuuuwif m u Uiriorviu wuuu iillHuwu largely becauM lUa dramas ut the swum welt unreel flue to UM irttduiuu dud be hero of hU lAiAuni anti w u ale iuea ut the arum largely formutaud by bigtyro IU M rare he nitus nun ol his opinions are ra others dw tuned and Aa t general raooruHruo tlon ot his IdtMU uececeury Vnilw lie may exiwrtenep K few diMjinoini ineuts ho will mesa nun aiilondld surprises Injftmd of tepy antluiMiUd little towns which lit may lUTe pictured In his mind he slll see btuuiHul clt lw whlth are mlnuturw uC Chicago and New York Inetoad of ointwaru downtrodden dtwantrauU negroes he will find a llghthamied good lured optimistic r0I iMteud ot no crlnionloiM rooMjrbet l gryeoatexl man dwelling on rtwnialacMiou ot the Civil War he will nad alert broadminded oaiMbl men IntMMly lutor orted In tine uracMM of tbteountry ales well lsfurmd upon the worlds affaire At a Ymskw lie may oxp o a rather cold UBcractom reception Inalead ha will be met with a fine cordiality awl frlen llln a which will dlmrm him ot say IlMwiac prejudice or diallhe Such exirle oe will torn a few ot DM pteaatat wrprtaoa he la certain to have lint aa OM leaves the beautiful farmlands ot the north with their wealth of guides graltt their fine oat tie great oroharto tied bemMtlful homo sad coea down taco DIXie l ete like ly to esperienoe OM great Ihntiprinl meat for the country as a whole has a rather fgnakM neglected imped He sees no ateek cattle jmtftlnc on green hillside no garden like farina cad no INI country bornca Ooowrto ally ho jijaa a treat while colonial nuuKOfi now iteeertetf Solitary cab in dot the coantry A few loneborn irf cow and lain pica laally eke out their extaUM Darbies Mearely drive ititrpy male np and down the field or lift MIl hoea in time to weird melodic The sky la wonder tally dear and MM the air sots sad balmy and perk ps laden with the fracrance of macnoHa blontoMM or if H lUunce to be cotton aonnon then U a n w Afuue ofgrwenflelda crown ed with their moray burden Nappy little plckjtnnlnlen are tumbling in the aunllsbt while the older nocroea with lore baakata heed to their snake chasing awl Uugblng with carefree fcearu This one of the spat pletnr cosine mince of the south and one which will linger In the memory How ever tJf the thrifty northern mm the natural nUnMJoa eX the ooHRtry way be ohexnre tar n time by UM negteot ed nneultltnted 0panratce and M ho eompnrea it with Ids own nrostter ono looking country a large amount of native pride permeates his thoughts In this case it Is well for the travel ler to recall abitof htaeory nod then he will see pntiuw In the negjeet Bometbtag akin to admlmUon owl fen i v will liege his thoughts aa Bo recalls that lees then fifty years ago Ute south was thrown proatmta among ate ruins of her fine pleaSe Slow and benutlful tnmea Thru untold Slag deprlmtion and herd hlia has risen and today ninnds firmly on her feet with tremendous energy and purpose bounding thnl- every artery of tier being Tho sJie lies ued her poise ski nllll liMN some of the scars of the great conflict thru whloli alto hu p3seed- In tho ettlae of tilt south with their iiroapeitNW manufsotnres spice dill sriiools boMiMful churches nnd stalely homes ono sees now no marks of the long year ot suffering But tho rnral regions have not yet recovered Owing to labor problems which have existed sluco the close ot the war Uio plantetlon owners have gone to live In the towns leaving tho v untry to the oars qf the negro nnd tho poor white The south If not Indifferent to this situation for she recognizes the splendid resources of the country she In directing her groat elierglea toward neglected fields and by rid by they will blossom ng the ruse and tho S11I1I y sQuthland will bo one ot the g nlen euots of tho world Ioilmns ono of tho most Interesting things ono sees In the south Is the omnliireeent dirkey Th genuine outuorn negro Is n remarkable per sun because ho the most optimistic In dividual under tho skies He bubbles over with hippn sg Ho may bo rag ged have llttlo to rot aryl not a pen ny In his pocket but ho will laugh andtng with the oorfreo abandon tohardest01 rouble To bo Continued t ARMS CARRIED BYJAPS WHO 1LULUt Early Action of Congress 8ouM by i Members on Pending Ellie That Cover Sltuatlen I Honolulu December 4 ladloatloui are oropplnr out that the Javauosa who have been arriving here fur some thno past WI well as those wio have been granted passports and who will nnrlvo In tho future are ploked men with military experience K Y Iilzum representing Wet A Fraser tho amalicamaUou of the Amer lean and British shlpi u firms In Yokohama whose steamship the Shi bats Is now In port gays that there arc at least 100000 Japanese la Japan ready to conic to Hawxll The labor leg classes throughout the interior portions of Japan are begtanlac to hear of the opportunities they are told oxlit hero and are showing a desire to come The Work of PollUelane Los Arigules Cat Dee LThereI- s no occasion fur war belwsea and tho United SUlta and lafanjbe no such war said T IlI personal rcpr sentaUTe of Ue JnIwe government and mlhmlei commissioner of conuaeroe I think the United States government should and I believe It will haneitly and Zwortwith the government ot shy eouutry It Is the boat government ta the world today and the people ot ttoe salt are looking to It for eollchtenaeat 1 sponk from persocti tnvwledgo whoa I state that the responsible anJ reputable cltlioni of ISA rraoolsco are sympathlsors with the JAJHAMS In their rightful demands KatursJIy the JapAneio are a peaceful people but unfortunately for ut we have large nurobnni of the coolie classes oa this malt and these laborers come U con tact and competition with laboring for olcners It U but natural that foreign laborers who havo no ambition to ad vanes should be jtfsJous of the Indus try ot our people There Is no foundation In the world for U i war soars As I sU before the pottlolans aro working It up Japan the United Statue U r InIas tip utoUier of clvllUaUoa and A loa nil her Institutions are highly ro- apecced Every Japuaete feels ladbt ttt to tho United States tor oventn the doors of olvllUtttoo aa4 ennIally I am ready to die for America at any moment It nocoiiary- Bvrrythlng connocteJ with theNstars and stripes command reaeat t Japan Na we Japanese irho knew and Mote our own oouatry ad kraur 1 sad revere our adopted heeae tee lit tin sad bellcvo loss of the way talktThe Japanese axolu lon bills cuu by nopreeenutlvo MoKllAy at Califor nia and the other bf Oe rftesMatlre Hayes of California are naw la4wlIIn congress SLACK HAND Marks the Governor of Minnesota fort Assassination ItJJ1edautl Titles refuse to divulge ws re ceive I by Mayor Robert A Smith announcing that tho BUck Band so cleor whose American headquarters are in New York hud planaei to as Rauinate GOT Johnston ot Ktaesata sad two European rulers unnamed The Ipiler says the writers who are member of the bond came from Cala brio Italy According to the lItter they are now working on tUUau la 3L Paul thrnatrnlng death enleee money In forthcoming The writer asks May or Smith to communicate wfth the Now York police pad the Reclo Cala brig to verify these abatements The mayor referred the letter U Chief of Polka OConnor and the Italian oonsul In Chicago It Is proposed to provide a guard for tho governor but he will not consent to such a thing unless his mead find the situation dangerous enough to overrule his wishes In the matter Would Aid Rural Men Washington Dee 4 Jlepreseota live Smyscr of Woeter Utroeuoed a bill In the house to morease at the rate of 200 a year the saUrlea of all rural letter carrion It curio a total appropriation of 3000053 Durtsg hU recent campaign for rosleetlos Judge Biiiyser promised the earns of kin district that ho would hUMdase seek a measure The Smoot canrWashington Dec 4 Senator Bur I rows chairman ot the eenate commitItee on privileges and announced that ho will on UosAny next bring up the report against Crea tor Smoot of Utah being permitted to retain his seat DiedMxlco Mexico City Doc 4 John Hoylan a prominent American contractor who has resided In this city for the n 25 years died at his residence putI 1JLoutsYouthful Killer NaparanojNew York Dec 4 John 15 years old was arrested with having shot aej4 BMrtally wtjbneV- e Fnaolaes Dnm4llIe M years ct4- I i J r I I THEPRESIBENTSii t4 TO WMAKER5 I Recommends Legislation on Now and Important Subjects INCOME INHERITANCE TAX Ho Believes Such Laws Would Curb I Growth oF Fortunos to Dangerous Proportions tilt View on Negro Question Asks for Currency Reform and Shipping Dill Would Make Citizen of Jap Many Other Important Subject Discussed nooleI1b4t Kittyninth congress deals with a number of new anti Important subjects prOe4ution tions In labor troubles tbe negro quo hAtrrdhveoenopltAlanll corporations reformThe statement of what the last congress left unfinished and of this he says prohlhltlnlrallcampaign expenses of any psrty Such m already pat one house of con ttrflflIlremaklnceontrlbuUon Indirectlyl has Just past one house of the congress and which Is ur Into1iwmont the right of eppeal In criminal ae on question of law This right InWerropnelIh1t otIdethe government had Indicted certain prsans for conspiracy In connection with jobat m the court sustained the defend Jurlldletlnn I and bylbtwo defendants sentenced to Impris onment The two ours referred to may net be In real conflict with each other but It le unfortunate that thtre should even be an apparent conflict At pros ent thwa Is no way by whlrh the gov ernment can cause such a conflict when toIare blocked without any real decision of the question I can not too strongly urge the passage of the bill In question eriouslyhamperingto obtain justIce especially against wealthy Individuals or corporations who theIwigeworker who are not themselves whereIIn view a recent decision by a district Judge leaving railway employees without remedy for violation of a certain so called labor statute It seems an absurd ity In permit a single district judge nxalnet what may be the judgment of the Immense majority of his colleagues on the b41nrhtto declare a law solemnly 4enacted congress to be uncon and then to deny to the government the tight to have the su rrome court definitely deold the quo tlon Evasion by Technicalities- In connection with this matter I would tike to call attention to the very unset s isfactory stats of our criminal law re vlUng In lange part from the hAb t of setting aside the Judgments of Inferior courts on leohnkwlltlfr absolutely un I connected with the merits of the case ana where there Is no attempt ti show that there has beer any failure of sub stantial Justine It would be well to en act a law providing something to the effect that No Judgment shall be set aekie or new trial granted In any cause civil or crim thejuryjvetlon or error ai to any nuttier of or procedure unless In the opinion of the court to which the application Is made after an examine tion of the entire onus It shall affirma tively that the error Complained 01 has resulted In a Justice Injunction- On the subject of the abolition of In saysIn en actment of II law In connection with the Issuance of Injunctions attention hay ing fen sharply drawn to the matter by the the right of apply Intr injunctions In lAbor csses should iewholly abolished It is at least doubtful whether a law abolishing altogether the use of Injunctions In such cases would stand the tout of the courts In which case of course the legislation would be Ineffective Moreover I believe It would be wrong altogether to prohibit the use 40 of Injunctions It Is criminal to permit sympathy with criminals to weaken our hands In upholding the law and If moot seek to destroy IIf or property by mob violence there should be no Impairment cofthe power of the courts to dual with them In the mot summary and effective way possible Hut so far as possible the 4tabuse of the power should by some such law as I advocated last fearfla In there is In the hands ot the Judiciary a N100Ied ower whjoh I nevertheless I to the possibility of grave abusew f a power that be exercisedI Mwith extreme care and should be sub I t e ject to the Jealous scrutiny of all men And condemnation should bo mated out II S a5 much to the judgo who falls to use It boldly when necessary aa to tho JUd o oiproslieiyA resortdoI conspiracy no matter what his opinion quarvtjs likewise be no such abuse of the In 5 power as Is Implied In forbidding 5jTabring men to strive for their own bet In peaceful and lawful ways merelyImary Injunction In a labor clue If ranted without adequate proof even i when authority tan be support the conclusions of law on which It Is founded may often settle theI between tho parties nod therefore If Improperly grunted muy do Irreparable wrong there are many Judges who I Mumo n mattcroffnct course granting of a preliminary Injunction In bo tho ordinary proper judicial disposition of such emeu ther have undoubt edly ton flagrant wrongs committed by judgn1 In connection with labor dis I even lIhln the last taw yont ultlio I think much less often titan In unIbrtndt oJthoso whnaro atnJnffontroI- yH b to do away with the power of lnjtmcuon thoInJuncUvftvery existence for If the American pea plo eves become convinced that this proem Is habitually abused whether In matter affecting labor or In matters af wrllnlhImpoulblo Tho Negro Problem The negro problem Is given consldera tothesectiontiessubject piled to the negro of the south lie saya lawIIcrime of rape a crime which he terms even worse than murder lie quotes the spokenbyago and by Qov Jelks of Alabama recently and then realizethatnegro criminal and above all the ne dreftdful as In the highest degree an offense against the whole against the colored race In particular for a colored man to fall to help the officers of the law In hunting down with all possible earnestness and zeal every such Infamous offender Moreover inmy Judgment the crime ot rape should always be punished with death a Is the case assault with In tent to commit rape should be made a capital crime at least In the discretion of the court and provision should be rosyfollowthe offense while tbe trial should be notbetimony and that the least possible publicity shall be given to the details raconthoevery by just so much a loosening of the bands of elY lynchinginevitablythe community all the foul and evil creatures who dwell therein No roan can take part In the torture of a hu man being without having lila own moral nature permanently lowered muchmorlwho have any knowledge of It and therefore just so much additional trouble for the next generation of Americans Let justice be both sure and iwlft but let It be Justice under the law and not tho wild and crooked savagery of a mobNeed for Negro Education There Is another matter which has a direct bearing upon this matter of lynching and of the brutal crime which sometimes calls It forth and at other times merely furnishes the excuse for its existent It Is out of the question permnrntlytoown number Even those who them selves for th v moment profit by such maltreatment of their fellows will In the lone run also suffer No more shortsighted policy can be Imagined than In the fancied Interest of one class to prevent the education of an other class free publle school the chance for each boy or girl to Ret a thefoundationation In every community the poor- cit citizens those who need the schools most would be deprived of them If they only received school facilities paidThlcountry as of another It la a true for the negro as for the white man The white man If he is wise will de cline to allow the negroes In a mass to grow to manhood and womanhood without education Unquestionably ed publie wards making a man a good citizen but It don much The lowest and most brutal criminals those for Instance who commit the crime of rape are in the great majority men who have had either no education or very lltle just as they are almost Invariably taco who own no property for the man who earnlnKaIIkois usually lifted above mere brutal criminality Of course the best type taken is conferred In schools like Hampton and Tuskegee where the boys antI girls the young men androunr wo men are trained well aa In the ordinary public school branches The graduates of these school turn odt well In the great ma thembecomecriminality there ii never takes the form of that brutal violence which invites lynch saw Every graduate of these echools and for the matter of that every oher colored moan or WOo manwho loads a life so useful and honorable as to win the good will and respect of those whites whose neigh bor he or she Is thereby helps the lpedInhimself the man who can do most to help the negro Is his white neighbor who lives near him and our steady effort should be to better the relatfons between the two Great tho the bene lit of these schools has been to their colored pupil and to tho colored peo pIe It may be questioned whether the benefit has not been at least fta great to the white people among whom these colored after they graduate Capital and Labor On the subject of capital and labor the president takes the agitators of class prearhhatrfdto seek to mislead and Inflame to mad ness honest men whose lives are hard and who have not tbe kind of mental training which will permit them tp preciate the danger In time doctrines againsttheworthy principle and tradition of Amer ican national life Continuing on thl subject he says The plain people who thinkthe mechanics farmers merchants work ers with hud or hand the men to whom American tradition are dear who love their country end try to act decently by their neighbors owe It to themselves to remember that the most damaging blow that can be given pop ular government is to elect an un worthy and sinister agitator on a hypocrisyVheneverthis country nothing can be gained by flinching from It for In such case democracy in Itself on trial popular self government under republican form la 1tflf on The triumph ot the mob is Jut an rYII a thinK 05 the triumph of the plutocracy and to have escaped one nothing If we sucuiimb to the other In the end the honest manwhethcr rich or poor who earns his own Jiving and tries to deal justly by his fellow lute as much to fear from the Insincere and unworthy demagog promising much and performing nothing or else performing nothing hut evil who would set on the mob to plunder the rich na from the crafty corruption who for his own ends would permit the common to be exploited by the very wealthy If we fever let this government tail Into tOn hands of moe of either of these two classe we shall show ourselves false to Americas past Moreover the demagog and corrup tlonlst pften work hand In hand There are at this moment wealthy reaction aries of such obtuse morality that they reprnrtl tho publlo servant who prose elites them when they vtolatn time law or who seek to maku them benr their proper share Qf tho public minIons as being even moro objectionable than the violent agitator who hounds on the mob to plunder the rich There is nothlntr to choose between such n re actionary and such an agitator funda mentally they are alike In their nelllnlt disregard of the rights of others and It lit natural thai they should join In opposition to any movement of whip the Plrn iii frnnlesy to do exact and oven justice to all Railroad Employees Hours He asfca for tho passing of tho bill limo Ulna the number of hours of nndjlaIIECa A I of labor with III a goal the general In troduction of on eighthour day but In slits that on the Isthmus of Ianama the conditions are so different from what they Dre here that the Introduction of an elcnthour day on the canal would be absurd and continue Jut about as absurd a It Is so far a the Isthmus Is concerned where white labor cannot be emlloedJto bother as to whether the by alien black men or alien yellow men Investigation of Dispute He Urges the enactment of a drastic child labor law for the District of Co lumbia and the territories and a federal Investigation of the subject of child and female labor throughout the country He reviews the wonic of the commission appointed to Investigate labor conditions lit the coal fields of Pennsylvania In 1902 and refer to the wish of the commission that the state and federal governments should provide the machinery for what may be called the compulsory Investiga ion of controversies between emplerers and employes when they arise referring to the fact that a bill hu al ready ten Introduced to this end be says Many of these strikes and lockout would not have occurred had the parties to the dispute been required to appear before an unprejudiced body representing time nation and face to face state the reasons for their contention In most Instances the dispute would doubtless be found to be due to a misunderstanding by each of the others rights aggravated by an unwllllngnes of either party to ac copt as true the statements of the other as to the Justice or Injustice of the matter In dispute The exercise of a ju dicial a disinterested body representing the federal government such as would be by a commls slon on conciliation and arbitration would tend to create an atmosphere of friendliness and conciliation between con tending parties and the giving each side an equal opportunity to present fully Us case In the pretence of the other would prevent many disputes from developing Into strikes or lockout and In other cases would enable the commission to persuade the opposing parties to come to term In this age of great corporate and labor combinations neither nor employee should be left completely at the mercy of the stronger party to a dIS- pute retsrdlei of the rlsjhteouines of their respective claim The proposed measure would be In the line of securing recognition of the fact that In many strikes the public has Itself an Interest which cannot wisely be disregarded an Interest not merely of general conven ience for the question of a just and proper public must also be considered In all legislation of this kind It Is well to advance cautiously testing each step by the actual results the step proposed can surely be safely taken for the decisions of the commission would not bind the parties hi legal fashion and yet would give a chance for public opin ion to exert Its full force for the Control of Corporations A considerable portion of the message is devoted to the subject of federal con trol of corporation In what he refers to the passage at the last session of the rate meat Inspection and food laws and sas that All of these hays already juati fled their enactment hilt recommends the amendment of the meat Inspection law so as to put dates on the moat alsO to place the cot 0IrOlUclland the packers rather than on the government Continuing on this subject of the control of corporation by the federal government he says It canno too often be repeated that ex penance has conclusively shown the Im possibility of securing by the action of nearly a hundred different tate legislatures ineffective chaos In the anythlnfbut with the great corporations which do not operate exclusively within the limit of any one state In some method whether by a national license law or In other fashion we must exercise and that at an early date a far more complete control than at present over these great corpora tlonsa control that will among other things prevent the evils of excellive- oercapltllzaUon and that will compel the disclosures by each big corporation of Its stockholders and of Its properties and business whether owned directly or thru subsidiary or affiLiated corporations Thl will tend to put a stop to tho secur ing of Inordinate pront by favored Individuals at the whether of the general public the stockholders or the waltworkera Our eTort should be not so much to prevent consolidation 55 such but so to supervise and control It a s to see that It results In no harm to the people The reactionary or ultraconservative apologist for the misuse of wealth assail the effort to secure such control as a stop toward socialism As a matter of fact Is these reactionaries and ultraeoniervatlves who are them eelve most potent In Increasing soclallt Uc feeling One of the roost efficient methods of averting the consequences of a dangerous agitation which la SO percent wrong is to remedy the 20 per cent of evil AI to which the agitation Is well founded The but way to overt the very undesirable move for the governmental ownership of railways Is to secure by the government on behalf of the people as a whole adequate control regulation of the groat Interstate common carriers as will do away with the evils which give rite to the agitation against them So the proper antidote- to the dangerous and wicked agitation- aKalnsl the men of wealth as such is to secure by proper leflilatlon and execu live action the abolition of the grave abu5 which actually do obtain In con nection with tho business use of wealth under our present systenor rather no system of failure to exercise any ade quate control at all Some speak as It the exercise of such governmental control would do away with the freedom of Individual Initiative and dwarf Indi vidual effort This Is not a fact It would be a veritable calamity to fAil to put a premium upon Individual Initiative individual capacity and effort upon the energy character and foresight which It Is so Important to encourage In the Individual IJut as A matter of fact the deadening and degrading effect of pure socialism and especially of its extreme form communism and destruction of Individual character which they would bring are In achieved by the wholly unregulated competition which results In a aingie or corporo- ation rising at the of all others until his or Its rise effectually cheek all competition and reduces former competi tons to a of utter Inferiority anll nubordinatiOn In enacting sod enforcing such legis latlon as this congress has to Its credit we are working on a coherent plan with the steady endeavor to secure the needed reform by the Joint action of the moderate men tho men who do not with anything hysterical or dangerous but who do Intend to deal In resolute commonsense fashion with the real and great evils of the present The reactionaries and the vio lent extremist how ymptom of Join log hands aialnst us Both assert for instance lint If logical we should go to ownnship of railroads and the reactionaries because on such IIkelthe they hlnk the people would stand with them while the ex trcmlct care rather to preach discontent and agitation than to achieve solid re suIts As a matter of fact our position Is as remote from that of the bourbon reactionary III from that of the Imprac ticable or sinister visionary We hold that the government should not conduct the business of the nation but that It should exercise such supervIsion as will Insure Its being conducted In the Inter est of the nation Our aim Is so far as may boo to secure for all decent hardworking men equality of opportunity and equality of burden- Combinations Are Necessary The actual working of our laws has shrtwn that the effort to prohibit all com blnatlon good or bade Is noxious where It Is not Ineffective Combination of rpital like combination of labor Is a necessary element of our Indus system It is not pomlblo completely to It and If It were possible such complete prevention would do dam age to tho body politic What we nctd is not vainly to prevent nil combination but to secure and ll1oQllalo- conlrol anti supervision of the combination as to prevent their injuring the public pr existing In such form oa Inev to threaten injuryfor the mere fact thAt a combination has secured practically compete cotrol of a necei uary of would under any circum stances show that such combination was to be presumed to be c4vore to the pub lie Interest It Is unfortunate that our present laws should nil combina tions Instead of sharply discriminating between those combination which do evil Itelxvtcf for Instilon ore as often duo to tho iMS uro of big shipper as Jo LV was shown In the Investigation of the Standard Oil company and as has been shown since by the Investigation of the tobacco and sugar jrustu as td the Initi ative of big railroads Often railroads would like to combine fQr the purpose of preventing a big shipper from maintain lng Improper advantages at the expense of small shippers and of the general pub lie Such a combination Instead of being forbidden by law should be favored In other words It should bo permitted to railroads to agreement provided those agreement were sanctioned by thl- lIntertto commerce commission and were published With these two condi ions complied with It li Impossible to seo what harm such a combination could do to the public at large It Is a publl evil to have on the statute books a law Incapable of full enforcement because both Judges and juries realize that Its full enforcement would destroy the business Of the country for the result Is to make decent railroad men violators of the law against their will and to put a premium on the behavior of the wilful wrongdoers Such a result In turn tends to throw the decent map and the wilful wrongdoer Into close association and In the end to drag down the former to the latter level for the man who becomes a lawbreaker In one way unhappily tends to lose all respect for law and to be wlllinc to hi many ways No more scathing condemnation could be visited upon a law than Is contained In the word of the Interstate commerce commission when In commenting upon the fact that the numerous Joint trafllc associations do technically violate the law they say The decision of the United States supreme court In the Traniimltilsslppt case and the Joint Traffic association case has produced no practical effect upon the opera Lions of the country Such associations In fact exist now as they did before these decisions and with the same gen oral effect In Justice to all parties we ought probably to add that It Is difficult to see how our interstate railways could be orrralod with duo regard to the Inter est of the shipper and the railway without of the kind nC forded thru these associations This means hat the law as construed by the supreme court Is such that the business of tho country cannot be conducted without breaking It I recommend that you give careful and early consider ation to this subject and If you find the opinion of the Interstate commerce com mission justified that you amend the law so a to obviate the evil disclosed Inheritance and Income Tax It was expected that the president would in some way to his belief In the necessity for the curbing of enor mous fortunes and he hat done so by recommending legislation for both In come and an tax He be lleves the government should Impose a graduated Inheritance tax anti If possi a Income tax He says I am well aware that such a subject as thlll reeds long And careful study In order that the people may become famil- Iar with what Is proposed to be done may clearly see the of log with wisdom and selfrestraint and may make up their mind Just how far they are willing to go In the matter while only trained legislators can work out the project In necessary detail But I feel that In the near future our nation al legislators should enact a law provid log for a graduated Inheritance tax by which a steadily Increasing rate of duty should be put upon all moneys or other valuables bequest or devise to any Individual or corporation It may be well to make the tax heavy In proportion as the Individual benefited Is remote of kin In any event In my Judgment the pro rats of the tax should Increase very heavily with the Increase of the amount left to any one Individual after a certain point has been reached It is most desirable to encourage thrift and ambition and a potent source of thrift and ambition la the desire on the part of the breadwinner to leave his children well off Thlt bject can be attained by making the tax very small on moder ate amounts ot property leftt because the prime object should be to put a con stantly Increasing burden on the Inher itance of those swollen fortunes which It Is certainly of no benefit to this coun pupetuteI question of the eth government thus de termlnlng the conditions upon which an rift or Inheritance should be received Exactly how far the inheritance tax would as an Incident have the effect of limiting the tranemlitlon by devise or gift of the enormous fortunes In question It Is not necessary at present to dUouts It is wise that progress In this direction should be gradual At first a permanent national Inheritance tax while It might be more substantial than any such tax has hitherto been noed not approximate either In amount or In the extent of the Increase by graduation to what such a tax should ultimately be Inheritance Tax Constitutional This species of tax has again and again been Imposed altho only temporarily by the national government It was first Imposed by the act of July 6 1TS7 when the maker of the Constitution were alive and at the head of affair It was a graduated tax tho small In amount the rate was with the amount left to any Individual exceptions being made In the case of certain clone kin A similar tax was again Imposed by the act of July 1 1SSJ a minimum sum of SIIOO In personal property being excepted from taxation then becoming progressive according to the remoteness of kin The warrevenue act of June 13 lBS provided for an inheritance tax on any sum the value of 10000 the rate ot tax Increasing both In accordance with the amounts left and In ac cordance with the legates remoteness of kin The court has held that the succession tax imposed at the time of tho civil wAr was not a direct tax but an of excise which was both cod- stitutlorial and valid More recently the court In an opinion delivered by Mr Justice White which contained an ex certllncly able and elaborate discussion of the power ef the congress to Impose death duties sustained the constitution ality of the Inheritance tax feature of the warrevenue act of U9I Is Income Tax Constitutional In Its Incidents and apart from the main purpose of raising revenue Income tax on an entirely differ- Cot tooting from an Inheritance tax be cause It Involves no question of the per petuation of fortuntJ swollen to an un healthy Ille The question is In ItIessence a question of the proper adjust ment of burdens to benefits As the law now stands It I undoubtedly dim cult to devise a national Income tax which shall be constitutional But whether It is absolutely Impossible Is an oAier and if roost certainly desirable The first purely In conie tax law yes by the congress In 1551 but the roost Important law deal Ing with the subject was that of IS94 This the court held to be unconttltu IonlrhO question Is undoubtedly very In tricate delicate and troublesome The decision of the court was only reached by one majority It is the law of the land and of course Is excepted as such and loyally obeyed by all good citizens Nevertheless the hesitation evidently felt by the court as a whole In coming to a conclusion when considered together with the previous decisions on the subject inky perhaps indicate the poulblUty ot devising a conltltutlonAI law which shall substan tlally ucccompllsh tho results aimed at The dlHlculty of amending the con stitution Is so great that only real ne cessity can Justify a resort thereto livery effort should be made In dealing with this subject as with the subject of tho proper control by the national over the use of corporate wealth In Interstate business to devise legislation which without such action shall attain the desired end but If thin fills there will ultimately be no al ternative to u constitutional amend montlie makes n tromplel for technical nnd Industrial education for tho masses nnd while tho fixlernl government can do bat little in this line he asks that schools of this character bo established In the District of Columbia usnn ox ample to the various states Agricultural Interests Ho appeals for every encouragement that the congress can give to the agri cultural Interests of the country He points to tho goal that Is being done by tho various forms of grange organlza tiara nod rys Several factors must cooponxto in the Improvement ot tho farmern condition Ho must Two the chines to ba educated In the widest pirVMe senrsin the rena which Ister ever vUjY tht Intimate relationship between the theory of edu an the facts of life In all education we should widen our alms It Is a good thing to produce a certain num her of trained scholars and students but the education superintended by the state must seek rather to produce a hundred good citizens than merely one scholar and It must be turned now and then from the class book to the study of the great book of nature Itself This Is especially true of the farmer as has been pointed out again and again by all observers roost competent to pass prac tical judgment on the problems of our country life All student now realize that education must seek to train the executive powers of young people and to confer more real significance upon the phrase dignity of labor and to pre pare the so that In addition to each developing In the highest degree his Individual capacity for work they may together help create a right public opinion and show In ninny ways social and cooperative spirit Organization has become necessary In the business and It has accomplished much for good In the world of labor It Is no less neces nary for farmers Such a movement as the movement Is In Itself and Is capable of a wellnigh Infinite further extension for good so long as It Is kept to Its own legitimate business The benefits to be by the association of farmers for mutual advantage are partly economic and partly sociological Moreover while In the run volun tary effort will prove more efficacious than government assistance while the farmer must primarily do most for themselves yet the government can also do much The department of agriculture has broken new ground In many directions and year by year It finds how It can Improve Its methods and develop realm usefulness Its constant effort to give the governmental assistance In the most effective tray that Is thru as sociations of farmers rather than to or thru Individual farmers It Is also striv- Ing to coordinate Its work with the agri cultural departments nf the several states and so far as Its own work Is educational to coordln tu It with the work of other educational authorities Agricultural education Is necessarily based upon general education but our agricultural educational Institutions are wisely themselves makIng teachingIto young country people or young city people who wish to live In the country Great progress has already been made among by the creation of farmers Institutes of dairy associa tions of breeders associations horti cultural associations and the like A striking example of how the govern ment and the farmers can cooperate Is shown In connection with the menace offered to the cotton growers of the southern states by the advance of the boH weevil The department is doing all It can to organize the farmers In the threatened districts Just as It has been doing all It can to organize them tn aid of Its work to eradicate the cattle lever tick In the south The ment can and will cooperate withallsuch associations and It must have their help If its own work la to be done In the most efficient style He urges the extension of the Irriga tion and forest preservation system and asks for an appropriation for building a memorial theater at Arlington Marriage and Divorce As a mean of bringing about national regulation of marriage and divorce he suggests a constitutional amendment and says it Is not safe to leave these ques ion to be dealt with by the various states Continuing on this subject he says When home ties are loosened when men and women cease to regard a worthy family life with all Its duties fully performed and all Its responsi bilities lived up to as the life best worth living then evil days for the commonwealth are at hand There are regions In our land and classes of our population where the birth rate has sunk below the death rate Surely It should need no demonstration to show that wilful sterility Is from the standpoint of the nation from me standpoint of the human race the one sin for which the penalty is national death race death a sin for which there Is no atonement a sin which Is the more dreadful exactly In proportion as the men and women guilty thereof are In other respects In character and bodily and mental powers those whom for the sake of the state It would be well to see the fatherand mothers of many healthy children well brought up In homes made happy by their presence No man no woman can shirk the primary duties of life whether for love of ease and pleasure or for any other cause and retain his or her elfrespect The president asks for the enactment Into law of a shipping bill that will place American Interests on the seas on a par with those of other countries and urges especially that something be done hat will establish direct steamship communication with South American ports Currency Reform Amendments to the present currency laws are asked for and after showing that present laws are Inadequate because of the wide fluctuation of Interest charges he says The mere statement of these facts shows that our present system la seri ously defective There Is need of a change Unfortunately however many of the proposed changes must be ruled from consideration because they are complicated are not easy of compre hension and tend to disturb existing rights and Interests We must also rule out any plan which would ma terially Impair the value of the United States two per cent bonds now pledged to secure circulation the Issue oj which was made under conditions peculiarly creditable to the treasury I do not press any special plan Various plans have recently been proposed by expert committees of bankers Among tIme plans which are possibly feasible and certainly should receive repeatedlybroughtent secretary of the treasury the es sential features of which have been approved by many prominent bankers and business men According to this plan national banks should be per mitted to Issue a specified proportion of their capital In notes of a given kind the issue to be taxed at so high a rate as to drive the notes back when not wanted In legitimate trade This plan would not permit the Issue of currency to give banks additional profits but to meet the emergency pro sented by times of stringency Need of Automatic System I do not say that this Is the right system I only advance It to empha sIze my belief that there is need for the cl rome system which shll be automatic and open to all sound banks So as to avoid all possibility of discrimination and favorit ism Such a plan would tend to prevent the spasms of high money and speculatIon which now obtain In the New York market for at present there Is too much currency at certain seasons of the year and It accumu lation at New York tempts banker to lend It at low rates for speculative purposes whereas at other times when the crops are bing moved there is urgent need for a large but temporary increase In the currency supply it roust never be forgotten that this question concerns business men generally ns much as bankers es pecially Is this true of stockmen farmers and business men In the west for at present at certain seasons of the year the difference In Interest rates between tho eat and the west is from nix to ten per cent whereas In Canada the corresponding difference la but two per cent Any plan must of course guard the Interests of west ern and southern bankers as carefully as It guards the Interests ot New York or Chicago bankers and must be drawn from tho standpoints of tho farmer nnd the merchant no less than from tho standpoints of the city banker and tho country bunker The law should be amended so as to specifically to provide that the funds de rived from customs may bn treatS ed by tho secretary of time treasury I1S he treat funds obtained under the In ternal revenue laws There should be a considerable Increase In bills of mnll denominations Permission should ho given ranks It necessary under settled restrictions to retire thfJr circulation ta n larger amount than J009CM a month He ngaln asks for free trade with this for the Ihlllpplnes ami In the name connection reviews the work done by this country tn the Islands antI says 1C we have erred In the Philippines It bat been to proceeding V o rapidly la r i t r TI 1 the direction of granting a large messure of selfgovernment American citizenship should be con ferred on the citizens of Porto Rico The harbor of San Juan In Porto Illco should be dredged and Improved The expenses of the federal court of Porto Rico should be met from the federal treasury The administration of the Hf fairs of Porto Illco together with those of the Philippines Hawaii and our other Insular possessions should all be direct red under one executive department by preference the department of state or the department of war- Naturalization of Japs President Iloosevelt scores San Fran cisco and other Pacific coast cities for their treatment of time Japanese anti makes tIme following recommendations Our nation fronts on the Pacific just hopstothe great ocean or the orient We wish as we ought to wish for a great dealinge question that we should permanently treehigoodtreatmentIn return It Is only a very small body of our citizens that net badly Where the federal government has power It will deal summarily with any such powerIwisely and promptly with such con duct or else this small body of wrong doers may bring shame upon the great rightthinkingnation as a whole Good manners should be an International no less thanan Individual attribute I ask fairtreatment for the JapaNfcan ns I would ask fair treatment for Hermans orEnglishmen Frenchmen Russians or Italians I ask It as due to humanity and civilization I ask It as due to ourselves because we must act up rightly toward all men V recommend to the congress thatan act be speVrvally provdlng for the naturalization of Japanese who come here intending to become American cit izens One of the great embarrassments attending the performance of our In ternational obligations Is the fact that the statutes of the United States gov Theyfallsufficiently ample power through United State courts and by the use of thai army and navy to protect aliens In the rights secured to them under solemn treaties which are the law of the land I therefore earnestly recommend that the criminal and civil statutes of the United States be so amended and ndJrxS to as to enable the president acting for the United States government which In responsible In our International rela ions to enforce the rights of aliens un den treaties Even as the law now is something cab be done by the federal government toward this end and In the matter now before me affecting the Tap anese everything that It Is In my powerVto do will be done and all of the forces military and civil of the United States which I may lawfully employ will be so employed There however be no particle nf doubt as to the power oC the national government completely to perform and enforce Its own obligations to other nations The mob of a single city may at any time perform acts of lawless violence against some class ot foreigners which would plunge us Into war The city by Itself would be power less to make defense gainst the for eign power thus assaulted and If Inde pendent of this government It woul4Vnever venture to perform or permit thiperformance of the acts complained of The entire power and the whole duty to the offending city or time offend ins community lies In the hands of the United States government It Is un thinkable that we should continue a pol icy under which A given locality may be allowed to commit a crime against a friendly nation and the United States government limited not to preventing the commission of the crime but In the last resort to defending the people who have committed It against the cOns quences of their own wrongdoing Cuban Intervention The rebellion In Cuba and the Inci dents leading up to the establishment of the provisional Is reviewed and the president saysAWhen the election has beeii held and the new government Inaugurated In peaceful and orderly fashion of the provisional government will come to an end I take this opportunity of expressing upon behalf of the American people with all possible solemnity our most earnest hope that the people of Cubs will realize the Imperative need of pre serving justice and keeping order In the Island The United States wishes noth ing of Cuba except that It shall prosper f morally and materially and wishes noth ing of the Cubans save that they shall be abe to order among them selves and therefore to preserve their Independence If the sfarce and If the Insurrectionary habit becomes confirmed In the Island It Is ab solutely out of the question that the Island should continue Independent ami the United States which has assumed the sporsorshlp before the civilized world for Cubas career as a nation would again have to Intervene and to see that 1 ho government was managed such orderly fashion as to secure the safety of life antI property The path to be trodden by those who exorcise selfgov ernment Is always hard and we should have every charity and patience with th Cubans as they troad this difficult parth I have the utmost sympathy with for them but I most earnestly adjure them solemnly to weigh their re sponsibilities and to see that when their new government Is started It shall run smoothly end with freedom from fib grant denial of right on the one hand and from Insurrectionary disturbances oa the otherVConsiderable space to the International conference of American reSpublics and the visit of Secretary Root to South America and points to the tact that our efforts In behalf of the nation of that country are appreciated by thorn On the subject of the Panama canal he promises a special message In the neal future The Army and NavyVThe message closes with a plea fan the maintenance of the navy at Its pres ant standard to do which he says would mean the building of one battleship each year Of the present efficiency of1 UM army and navy he says The readiness and efficiency of both th army and navy In dealing with tho re cent sudden crisis In Cuba Illustrate afresh their value to time nation Thus readiness and efficiency would have been very much less had It not been for the existence of the general staff In the arrajr and the general board In the navy are essential to the proper development and use of our military forces afloat an ashore The troops that were sent tat Cuba wore handled flawlessly It was the swiftest mobilization and dispatch at troops over sea ever accomplished by our government The expedition landed und ready for Im mediate service several of Its organiza tions hardly remaining In Havana over night before splitting up Into detach ments and going to their several poet It was a fine demonstration of the vales and efficiency of the general start Sun ilarly It was owing In large part to thsgeneral board that the nuv was abV at the outset to meet the Cuban crisU with such Instant efficiency ship after ship appearing on the shortest notice atany point while the marine corps In particular performed Mnaurpena able service The army and nary war colleges are or Incalculable value to the two services and they cooperate vltsv constantly Increasing efficiency and Im portance The congress has most wisely provide for a national board for the promoti of rifle practise Excellent results hit already como from this law but It doe not far enough Our regular army Is so small that In any great war we should have to trust mainly to vol untceraji nod In such event these vnltm tears should already know how to shoot for If a soldier has the fighting edge and ability to take care of himself In tue oren his efficiency on the lino o battle la almost directly proportionate to excellence In marksmanship We should establish shooting galleries In all the largo anti military schools should maintain national target ranges In differ sot parts of the country anti should In every way encourage the formation ot rllle clubs tliruont all parts of timelnndVThe little of Switzerland offers WI an excellent example In all matters connected with building up an emcintVcltlaen I oopceopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopopop I East Kentucky Ii News You Get Nowhere ElseJe o 0 II eomiponitac pabliihed nnleit limed la tall by the writer Tat ramq ti oat for tot ti an TUenc of rood faltt Write 2ooeooooeoooeoooooThe winter term of Berea College will begin on Wednesday Jan 2 The College Is erecting two new illding olr the accommodation o indent The oall for rooms is BO one who plans to be edinsnd his deposit dollar to Secretor Vii a aGmble and engage his moat once See College ndvertUsemen page 5 CLAY COUNTY UUllNINO SPRINGS To the Hdltor of The Citizen The County Teachers Association was held is scheduled there was a good crowd I and the meeting was well attended the teachers The day wits not fcivoraWe but the result was satisfact ory Many interesting and Instructive talks were given during the morning session After some demonstration and cUM work by Prof Brock and Emma J Haagen the dinner was prepared while the teachers and the pa trons Inspected the work on baton Then dinner was served all the crowd and proved to be one of the pleasant things on program Af ter dinner some valuable talks were given and the County Superintendent Hatton summed up the days work and the meeting adjournedour char el IB now lighted with gasA revival meeUng Is going on this week being conducted by Rev Montgomery who experts the assistance of Rev Wilson who Is superintendent of Union Sun day School work In Eastern Kentucky We shall be glad to welcome him to our community and town Nancy Brock and Rebecca Smith left Saturday for Beroa to attend school Our school Is doing well The children are faithful The average attendance In Prof Brockn room for the fifth month was 3tThere will be preach ing In the Chapel at Burning Springs December 1st and 2d Everybody Is- Invited JACKSON COUNTY SAND GAl Nov 26 People of this vicinity ore most thru gathering corn and digging potatoes Corn is turning out quite wltThe church house at this Place is most completed and church was held in it Saturday and Sunday Moile Durham is very 111 with an attack of tonsllltls but is improving Died of consumption the 16 Inst SluTnvn the son and eldest child of Mr tad Mrs Sheridan Johnson The remains were interred In the Durham burial Around Sunday week The be reaved parents and relatives have our deepest sympathy Aunt Elizabeth I Williams who has been very low for the last month Is very slowly recover lnlUrs J R Durham is on the sick list Mrs James 1l Williams is visiting relatives at Red House and PreyfuB Lillian Isaacs of Lexington in u relatives at this place and Birch Lick Mr Tyler the nursery man U in this vicinity delivering fruit trees He says the earlier he has fruit the earlier he will get wanted that many a girl has married Just to get Bu iug 10 actRev Wm Powell and wife are visiting relatives at Whites Stationhaggle Durham and Bessie Hurley were guests of Martha and Rosle Harrison Sunday afternoon Mrs Frank Jones of Kerby Knob recently visited relatives and at this place E E Durham is preI l ring to batch he has lumber to build a house and has bought o warm ILl stove He says he does not need a cook stove lhat he can cook all ho can furnish on the heating stove I Rev Samuel Stondlfer and family lave mpved to Hamilton O A tarn ily from Perry county by the name of Cornett has movttu to the place vacat ed by Stnndifer During the violent wind last Tuesday the foundation was blown from under the storehouse of James Johnson and David Durham The damage has not as yet been as certlnod but must be very groat T O Durham who is teaching at Ba kersvlllo visited home folks recently J R Durham went to McKee Sat urday on business Saturday night while out hunting Robert Day El mer c uion and Fred Hurley cam upon a lrge sheep and taking It to be a boar or some ferocious animal Hurley shot and killed It while I Day was trying to kill it with an ax The sheep belonged to Wilder Gab hard and the boys went In thirds and TMid the owner 3 and divided the takingbeHurley the hide Hurley says he is going to study that sheep skin BO carefully that the next sheep he meets he iuj know It ittmuSr Nov 36Jacob Gabbard ST lind a house raising Thursday Mrs Jno 4 dabbed who has been visiting friend fewhysDlrchLlcl 1 r Thursday night Mrs Rachel Woo and Mrs John Gabbard Jr were the guests of Mrs Jacob Gabbard Thurs- t day luinmlo Angel visited her sis sister Mrs Jacob Gabbard Jr Wed nesday Airs Sarah B Hurley visit her aunt Mrs Chris Roberts last Charles Gabbard who was leastmis much bettor Born to Mr and Mrs Daniel McCollum Wed nos day morning a bouncing boy There wes preaching at John Roberts last Friday night Saturday and Saturday night conducted by Rev John Jones LHe had quite a large congregation Wes Angel of Middle Fork visited his sister Mrs Jacob Gabbard Tues daytire W M McCollum was the guest of Mrs Susaa J Johnson last Monday KVKIIOUEEX Dec LThe singing at Bethel is progressing nicely Sunday school Is expected to commence next Sundry Martha and Louis Lake went to Be TlvlnksglvlncJ LouisLakeOallohan traded horses with Rev John Jones this week Nathan Jones traded horses with Louis Abrams this buboughtJohn Martin went to Livingston San rsbuildingROCKCASTLE COUNTY nocicponn Rocktordtraded tilledhis4 Cane Sunday His son ArnIa cmi with hlmThe meeting at Jiiacedi nii closed Friday nightJ W Todd and II E Bullen went to Richmond Monday on business Mr and Mrs lohn Guinn visited T E Mara Su- nd3yMr and Mrs R L Anglln of Climax visited II Linville Thursday Ml OUR OWN COUNTRY fConcluded from Pint Pnge1 eminent should have power to protect tatsgcountry foreign lands Now if ooone city or state chooses to Insult or injure such people the United Stat es government can do almost nothing payheavya result The representatives from California are sold to have been die pleased by the message The remarks on the negro problem nllprovedbyThe urging of a tax on inheritances end Incomes it one of the most Im portent parts of the message and it seems Nkely that eottfrews will take TheIiwue Much Is being said about the negro problem everywhere Some especial events hAVO aroused such talks just now A week ego Senator T411 man of South Carolina broke loose in Chicago Th4t greatest disgrace In Umt matter le for the womans pital that was responsible for gottln- Tillman there with his pitchfork Till man said he was the best gualitl man in the United States to sptnk o the negro problem If that is true we would like to hear a few fools and villains speck on the subject They could hardly Imndle it Worse There U still much excitement es pecially among the colored people about Uie dtemtefnl of the colored troops in Brownsville Tex because a unrulier of them shot up the city and Ute rest did nothing to help bring the murderers to Justice This out cry ajplnet that action of the presidents sNuB foolish but especially from tha colored people The presi dent has done enough for the col ored people M they ought to know that he to their friend and will da thorn Ju8tleeln every way The soldiers In Brownsville were not die- mined became they were negroes but because they were criminals and not to be treated In the service of the country Some of them were prob ably Innocent but Uipv were under military Authority and had to bo hand led as regiments and the Innocent suf fer with the guilty There seemed no countryfromThere are just two parts to the ne gro problem They are How shall the negro be made a good wise and valnaMo rttlzon and How shall white mfn helve to treat him Justly The only thing that the negro ran do to THE S 10 YD ItOOJI W teat solve this problem Is ti answer the the first quest fa n and nuke his race guod educated and Industrious Then the second question will already I be nlnetentha answered KENTUCKYIfactories In Princeton were =TilE NJ W C11AP11 I pitn burped by a mob because they be lunged to parties who bought tobac co for the tobacco trust State Fire notLately Is no coward and says he will rind out all he can about the tires There cue two things we need to re mind ourselves of in connection with such events First Ito man has a right to earn a living growing or selling What will hurt other people and one Who will do this will also break the law commit error and oven murder If ho thinks he can thus Itjust mon who are supposed to bo relpect able which make fire insurance so high as to be Impossible for many peopleThe girls of Uio W a T U set tlement school In Henderson showed themselves heroines In fighting the fire which burned down the main school building BO as to save their dormitory last week Thursday night The night was very cold but as there girlsSomeformed a bucket brigade under the thegThe talk of Associate Judge Har SuprotnonKentucky on the republican ticket is still going on Friends of his think that the rocs and the work would be too much for him even If he won lie Ia nearly seventyfour years old but In tine health lie will not yet whehtor he will try to win the gov crnoiBblp here but is considering it carefully and is thought to be the strongest candidate the republicans could have for that place Uovernor Beckhatn Is taking some step as it seems with the honest Plan of trying to have tho saloons In Louisville and other cities closed on Sunday Commonwealths Attorney Huffaker of Louisville seems unwill- Ing to help the governor in this plan byAt is thought that the povernar WIn Appoint a lawyer to take up thla pirtleular work Local option fights are on In Som creel Mlddlesboro and Curbln Mrs Carrie Nation has come to Corbin to INDtlT assist the temperance people In contest this Another local option fight Is on In county The Mountain Citizen of Manchester has been doing valiant In the line of bottle and will fcome of the glory It the el ection next Saturday December 8th drives out the saloons s The Monntaln Champion Concluded from Hint rrc Wecxpec for him largo usefulness that he will not be oat to take ad vantage of his clients but a promoter of just and tale dealings Taylor Gabbard Is a young manof whom Owsley county is Justly proud schools which he taught were always largely attended full of en thusiasm and in case there a good Sunday School of which ho wan the promoter lie was die satisfied the attainments he had made and came to Beroa to make the acquaintance of a largo number of Qistingulshed educators and teachers While at school he was marked for the Interest ho took In his fellow students which him a naturaf friend end leader lIe pleated the Normal taught one year in the Berea College Model Schools and is carving with credt Wehopesuch a promising son Malcolm Holllday does not look like the of moonshine When StntesMarshalshining by giving a frienly warning I to those who were engaged In that mysterious business But when that failed the breaking up of be gnu and was pushed forward an earnest purpose The day came when were fired and Mr Hol lIdy stood blooding a dozen bullet holes In his overcoat and h smok- Ing revolver in his Thero are hundreds of women and children Uiruout his district who are happy and safe today because of the closing out of the whiskey business and the reputation of Kentucky end tho moun 111811loyally wishes of his many friends who did not at time believe In education Ho I I umIIIwas distinguished In his student Oi s for his friendly disposition isle devo tion to study and tho nuitnwui withI which he kept his room and the oare he took of all hli belongings It Is young men of tills auunp who will put Eastern Kentucky far forward in internal prosperity and outward fame An Educational Fortress Probably of nil the departments of Beau College the one most widely and favorably known la the Normal Berea trained teachers are r rwhero In the lead They tare not only been trained t pace oxamlpattoni but nice U teach school A Dorm teacher is always a promoter of progress and good things In the community about ho school- Lees known but equally careful 1t00llIlAL JlUILDLfO WITH MILL AND their week Clay work front have Thci every chief with already made course hero raids stills with shots with hand have been Boroaa plansjor Industrial Education Two great things Borea- ltoaobcefirst that training In the useful axis Is educative to tho mind end tends even to Improve the moral character Industry and helpfulnl are cardinal virtues la tho sight of tied and man And la the second place tho welfare of the community will bo rapidly and advanced by increase of skill in tho useful arts Wo need more of our soap trained to be surveyors stock breeders fruit- raisers carpenters furniture makers tlIolhouseholdand household management We tam give at this time only the merest glimpse at Bereao work In these important departments Tho agrlIcultureschools Instruction In hOWlo1holdWo shall spook next week of what Beroa College does especially for girls householdWe exhibit this weep ono section of the groat Industrial Building Our thetwovtDeroosAccompanying this is a cut of the new Chapel tower built by students and a lasting example of the good InthisBesides this we show a glimpse of I I a what Is called the Bloyd room The mottoes on tho walls of tills room are tit coo Jesus was a carpenter I Thom Is only ono best way to do a thing Tho hand of tho diligent shall boor rule Ho that hath a trade bAth a fortune ItItAJlIILTONBed 3 Thanksgiving Day was cel ebrated In Hamilton by th closlng ofe all of the factories and n great many of tho mon robed themselves as bunters for tho daYA two weeks tfle rival has Just closed at theFint flap list Church having boon conducted by Dr Mi of Marietta O Dr Mills Is a man of broad knowledge and a de voted ChrisUim having done evangel Tiii luticit nay was com letb work In the west and other planes Ho ls a native of Canada and hu traveled In the Old World a great deal A pjodly number were converted during his services horoW U Flanery of Beroa Colleco spent Saturday and Sunday with Mr and Mrs Meredith Gabbard lie was on Ids wry to Madison Wla where he ex peons to enter for a tour months t1Ilt1Ithe Fin Reformed Church preached a Thanksgiving sermon to tho United wh a of Hampton taking for his wbjeet A Plea for Genuine Grati M tobevoHobrUed them by the Almighty and lealdutt the reason men were not basbeenythr hV Mr Keats paid a glowing PLANING CAllPKNTItY greatly receives tribute to tho man whoscname is sign ed to the national Thanksgiving proc lamation Theodore Raosovelt He said that President Roosevelt stand up before the world cs one of Qode deeds among the people u Ml J A FAMILY EDUCATOR should be an authority In all the of knowl tpnclafonn IpellIas as cities towns and the natural fea tures of of the globe facts in history biography ture etc- Sucb an authority U Webster International Dictionary I NO HOME IS COMPLETE Iwithout Information this storeaowe of n Lyman Abbott DD Faller el the Outlook says i WobtUr DU alwAU been Hit famrUt In our bOUll btl40 alld I have seen no reuon to traniftr JUT Wr glaooe to lUll of bit oomp tlton EnIRlEedFdfUoBhaa etealllarris PhD JLD U S Com- mlsslonor Ot Education New plates throughout 2380 pages sMArtoJ RREE1 TM t In PronmaeUUaa In itructlro and untertAlnlnj for oho whole family Alto rlUluBtrutocl pamphlet f 0 O MERRIAM 00PUBUtHIMf kcteu PRINOFICLO Maa9 t