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Citizen (Berea, Ky.): n. Thursday, January 3, 1907. Citizen (Berea, Ky.). 300dpi TIFF G4 page images T.G. Pasco, Berea, KY 1907 cit1907010301 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Citizen (Berea, Ky.): n. Thursday, January 3, 1907. Citizen (Berea, Ky.). T.G. Pasco, Berea, KY 1907 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. oiiotfoisioioioioioioioioioBEREA o E ALBERT COOKPhD Manner e0 I 0o7 cloji matt matter o 10 e Deoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeo IlVotVIII Flvo cents n copy BEREA MADISON COUNTY KENTUCKY JANUARY 3 1007 One Dollar a year No 2U IDEAS Thought of G Campbell Morgan Man la expected to profit by axpsrl ouco and It he declines to do so lio f must boar tho penalty A man holds the truth only when ho Is held by the truth PAtlenco Is the oipaclty for being Still when all around Is tempeatU ad We are ever to live In the power of 0111pTOO plUlcts gnat wind has In It the breath of health God can do much In five minute of mane time if no more can be Slued honfutly BEREA COLLEGE WINTER TERM OPENED JANUARY 2 With torjeit Orowd of Students Ever QfthereJ In Cittern Kentucky SPECIAL Pains will ba taken to pro vide fir still others who ere delayed by hlh water or by schools not yet tlnlehed FROM THE WIDE WORLD The law st raflnir chin h and stAll In Franco well tuirndpd in Hi l U im bur of Doputlffl tilt bill uf amnjmcn tmvlni a Vole of H3 for ifir zgIWt l 1 It Tito gen nl pun rv nt rh am nl moot is to find nlw wiys nd nains to work out the soparattjn ILW undo ntosry by the refund ut the churoh nutborttt to cooperate with the original armffeoMMk The Alccclras ooafvraMe providing for Moroccan reforms having been tat moo by all the faUn aa ooneAnied the trusty was algaed bjr rep io naat1vee of the different powers on the 3 tut December la Madrid Spain Secretary of StAto Root has re clroj a letter signed by J Plerpont Morgan Dr LJ man Abbott and other I prominent citizens of New York urg 1 tor ing him to use tho moral Influence of the government to stop the horrors inr tho Congo provInce cd by aa rorthquiko and other towns In the neighborhood are reported to have suffered more or less sVtU6II IM OUR OWN COUNTRY RooseveltThiel ON organized in Chicago Thoso who are starting it bcliovo that Roosevelt is tho only man iu whom tho country has enough confidence to entrust it prqblomsC tho people of tho country will force tho President to accept tho olRce holngJcandidate again It might bo v bettor for the country to have tho custom formed by Washington of roo fusing to accept u third term broken Thorn might bo very good reasons countryto a 4 t 1 THE CITIZENa A BRIGHT YEAR AHEAD Of course a man who wants to grumble can find plenty of things to grumble about matter where he is or how much he has But he is foolish When things are going well let us cheer up and enjoy them neighbor paper goes thero is coal worth probablymany million dollars and lumber still in trees worth I millions more The roads are getting better and the railroads arc coming That makes everything more valuable The farmers arc learning how to raise larger and bettor crops and they will have a better harvest this year than last The school teachers are more ambitious and study to learn more and the schools will be better taught this year than last More of the boys and irls are going to college this year and they will be- happlcr kinder and smarter than last year The churches and Sunday Schools are helping to give people more religion of the right sort and be more truth and hon esty this year than last The moonshine stills are going fast the saloons have been shutout of slot of counticsin our states and there will be fewer murders and more hap py homes this year than last The laws are being better enforced the grafters are going to prison and poor men are beginning to get their rights God has been do countryIthe new yearI his business and won the confidence j of tho nation in eight years of faith ful service continue as loader four yours or oven eight moro Out the United States has not gotten to such u place that there is only one man in presidontItgave up his position in March WOO And thero are very good reasons why n man whoso promises are so impor taut ns those of a countrys president prosdent will survive On Dcoamber 31 1DOG the wealth of the United States touched tho UIG 000000000 mark lUld tooeoded that of Groat Britain and Germany combined which stand rcaond and third In the roll of natlona- Announcenrunt v miff made on Deo ember 31st that John D Rockefeller had nude a gift of 3000000 to tho University of Chicago Itoce rioting has broken afresh VOl bo no out In Mississippi and Governor Varda tnan has ordered troops to the scono of tho now trouble ITho president and his family have gone to Mrs Iloopevelts county c- stto In Virginia to spend tho holidays Tho surplus In the United States Treasury on December 31st will ba 25000000 three times the amount ttt the samo period last yedr W Bryan In an Interview t Topeka Kins last Thursday rac tlcally admitted he would bo a ron didate for Undemocratic presidential nomination In 1903 The presidents message on the Panama Canal Is mainly a narrative 1 I NI I tJi of whii tk saw and did and hUd during ha May of three days on the IUunus He says that this oounlry never made a beuar investment than UM purdMW of UM canal and roll wary property for 10000000- COMMONWEALTH OF KENTUCKY A riot took pUee In Sturgis late at night on December 24 In which throe men wore killed Tho trouble was between mlno guards and striking miners of the West Kentucky coal mines It to Slid that the Rivers and Harbors Bill Is not likely to give money for the improvements on the Big Sandy find upper Cumberland rivenrKwiiiicKy members of Congress hppe to vhv a conference this week with the chairman of the Rivers and Harbors Committee in regard to gOy eminent Improvements of the Ohio River They are reasonably confident that the River and Harbor Bill will I NO M1M WHO WORK COLUZQU IAUM J provide a pretty liberal sum for Ohio River Improvements Lee county voted against open tn loons in a local option election held under the County ttmInT Kentuckys mineral products for the year of 1 OSWreVnlu at 14871 811 according to a summary Issued by the United States Geological Survey S A purso with little money lost in bringto IJ IIIIIP TI Chief Contents of This Number IAGi OXU Iricai lvurhIInCummonwenllU of lentuck- 1lItorlnllIrllhter Dtjm Aliwul Tho Mountain Olinmtilon IAOK TWO IloelnThelollrof Hong IAOK TIIItliK Heron and Vicinity Tnke Nolle Colleg Items- OnllnatIon or Ilev llnurnnrituilson The Weofcf Ilnppenhgs Ijiteit Market Itrjior- tluciE roirn Comment The Hnecettful Fight Made on Trust Wm II Moody Uunlltjrof Woman1 Ioynlljr 1s Leon nnl Hanhall Illusive Love hnuld lie Ilnnlilieilr J r Juntas Drinker IolltlrBl Talk- Temrerauce Nuf m 1AtJK MVIJt Sunday School Lcson Clilltlr n Depnrttycnt IAOY SIX Th Home Ironing Tli ScbolIIra1th of tho School TlieVarni ItalrjrlVlfttom Student Journal IlereaCullgeSongElghth HUtory- 1AflK Ii SHVI1X In Our Own Country TIe Yom and the Garden IAOK EIGHT Kiutern Kentucky Corrripondence An KdurnlluiiMl FortrV The Mountain Champion Mountaineers Show Their Character by the Large Numbers Which Are Coming to Berea this Winter Winter Term Opens with a Rush College Carriage Meets Every TrainMany Coming on Horseback and on Foot The winter term of Berea College was officially opened by an assembly lu the OoltaM Chapel at eight oclock WtodnOid tnornltlg January 3d Kmlly the officR had bent crowded two days before the opening M stu dent were coming in a little ahead of lme to secure the bESt looms nod other advantages v The full foroa of teachers and Col Jill offlows were preeeJN COMpletely flung tho grflat pkUfQrm In lbe Qhnp el The opening worship wise opened with prayer by Prof Dodge attar which Prealo ut Frost spoke a few words of hearty wetooma and encour agement The Faculty then withdrew the Deans taking their ptaoes in their different offlera and the students wore dismissed a part at a Um to be olMBlfled and organized for the work of the year With surprisingly little contusion the great army Is being formed into divisions and subdivisions so that each student is placed with a group of others like himeelf where ho can make the most tepid progress nlllLS A considerable number of our stu dents Were employed as teachers and were unable to be present at the opening of the winter term Special arrangements are made for these and they will be coming In the next week and the week following to take their places In tholr several classes Certainly our Bistern Kentucky Is going to makaa great advance in education and the young people who are In Beat this winter will be In the front ranks of tho new movement IJDITOUS OKSK Some Interesting pipers have lately come to the editors desk which are worth a little attention and remark Tho American Society of Equity with headquarters at Indianapolis Ind sends a letter and circulars The show that It Isva soci oty to help the farmers get their gettnIrerletter Is from J A Bverltt president of tho society and says that he has road the account of the burning of the tobacco barns with much sorrow and to prove that his society was quit opposed to such law breaking he J oeuioeoioeoioeoioioioioiotirsk The Citizen wishes its road o c i ors A Happy Now year Let us g o all make It so for the others 9o M 50OCO 0 08ooeoDooQOO OO TO TURN OVER A NEW LEAF TO BREAK OFF EXTRAVAGANT HABITS AND BEGIN TO SAVE MONEY is the It the present pros perous times make it easy matt earn money history change may come and it is best to be prepared for hard times A few dollars saved each week or month and deposited in bank will accumulate in a most surprising manner and will soon place one in an independent position Begin today to curtail the careless spending of your earn ings Lay by a little as you go along and make 1907 a be remembered as the starting point Of your fortune We will help you by guarding your savings carefully and protecting you from lossI un xlprerr atrgtrrrrrrrrerrKrstr tCntrXrU ttrrarpRZWtyklt X t i WHO SAID GROCERIES I jShe ought to have said through the telephone No 3Ior called in person and talked on the subject to i W nw ooIn When you want good things at low prices hes the IUD 5 to talk with x 20 pounds Granulated Sugar Szoo 5 Try a Sack of Euroka Flour Best on Earth 55 I 50SI 4 All orders taken before 10 oclock will be delivered before noon IAll orders taken between 10 and 3 will be delivered afternoon IK ti xI Logsdons Up= toDate Grocery Store MWtiiwfctf Mtfcra itttvira il kksdg7sakaSe kk3ltirk7tititkStkPa kCE I 1 I LKAUXING TO DO FINK IUONINO j circulate otters 200 to help bring tho criminals to Justice Then there Is a bulletin of tho Am merlcad Reciprocal Thrift League which Is working to have the United Slates reduce the tariff o imports from certain other countries provided they will reduce their tacit f on some of oUr most Important pro ducts thus guarding and enlarging our trade with other countries Their plan Is certainly a good one It has been followed with very tine results In the past and would be Just as good for tho future We are absolutely op posed to standpatlsm It alway- mains stagnaUonOn thlJ oarthi Is always something better aheadAnd those who can think of nothing better ought to be In heaven or some other place only not on earth to stop the progress of humanity The Christian Science Commltiea has sent out a large sheet of cUp ping from various newspapers de fending It from some of the attacks oitn ChrIstianSclonceand an absurd faith It troches much Jc i I Srstofanewyear- While an r to tells us that some day a year to it j truth but that Is the came truth Aril outer churches properly caned ChrlaV I I 1piemight just as well bavd been healed hasntailed in its attempts to heal in un tIsphy and nonsense which has a pecu liar attraction for people who have a little education and want to show how much wiser they are than com mon people who believe the teachings of Jesus In their simple plain mean a Ing real thoro scholar who un jademtood philosophy and theology ban ever approved of Christian Science 1 There Is a very bad famine In the Yangtse Klang Volley In China nail I the people are starving by the thou s sands The able bodied part of tho population have In many roses do hwogoneThe King of England has mop a meeting of parliament for February 2 In his speech he expresses re ree at the failure of parliament to trot I tie the education question J TI1 POWER OF SONG 1ng from the fullness of your heart Stag from the joy of living tetng as the bird In crowded mart Sing love and pleasure giving ping while you work tU labors creed Sine madrigals to duty Cine while you playtl pleasures need sing to the praise of beauty fling In the morning jhen you rise Sing in the gloom f even line messages to sing patting loula to Heaven Mra M K Payne In Chicago Record Herald THE GRAFTERS 2- llRANCIS LYNDE leoP7db111Qt1I7 Tb BobbjJUrrtU Coj CHAPTER XXVIII COETI CUED This Is no time to Quarrel he Bald The thing to be done Is to stop this train without getting ourselves by that fellow behind the Deadlight yonder The stopsignals Trove that Hawk and the others are doing their best but we must do ours What do you say Halkettt There Is only one thing replied the superintendent weve got to take the Irishman run ahead fast fcnougti and far enough to give us room to stop or take a siding The governor planned It in a few curt sentences Was there a weapon to bo had I Danforth the private see retary roused from his nap In the wicker chair was able to produce a serviceable revolver Two minutes later the sleep still tingling In hla serves to augment another tingling less pleasurable the secretary had panned the terrible gap separating the tat from the engine and was making Sill WAY over the coal fluttering his handkerchief in token of his peaceful Intentionslie charged with a message to Callahan mandatory In Its first form and bribepromising In Its second and he was covered from the forward vestibule of the private car by a revolver In the hands of a resolute and determined state executive One of thems comln ahead over the coal warned James Shovel and Callahan found his hammer Run ahead an take a siding is utt ho shouted glaring down on the mes enger I have me ardhers frm bet ther men than him that sint you Oo back an tell thlm so YonH be paid if you do and youll be shot if you dont yelled the see retary persuasively Tell the boss he cant shoot two AT us to wanst an the wan thats left 11 slap on the air was Callahans answer and he slacked off a little to bring the followlng train within easy striking distance- Dmfortb went painfully and carefully back with this defiance and khlle he was bridging the nervetry ing gap another station with the stop board down and red lights frantically andjFwhat are they doing now called Callahan to his fireman Theyve gone Inside again was the reply Go back an thry the tank was the command and Jimmy Shovel climbed over the coal and let himself down tfeet foremost into the manhole When lie slid back to the footplate his legs wero wet to the mid shin Its only up to there he reported measuring with his hand Callahan looked at his watch There was yet a full hours run ahead of film and there was no more than a scant foot of water in the tank with which to make It Thereafter he forgot the Naught seven and whatever menace it held for him and was concerned chiefly with the thing mechanical Would the water last him through I He had once made 170 miles on a special run with the 1010 without refilling his tank but that was with tho light engine alone Now he had the private car behind him and it seemed at times to pull with all the drag of a heavy train lint one expedient remained and that carried with IV the risk of his lifo An engine not overburdened 1ISei less water proportionately to miles run as the speed is IncreasedHe could outpace the safeguarding mall save waterand take the chance of be lag shot in the back from the forward vistibule of the Naughtseven when he had gained lead enough to make a main line stop safe for tbo men be hind him- Callahan thought once of the child mothered by the Sisters of Loretto In tho convent at the capital shut his epe8 to that and to all things extraneous and seat tho 1010 about her tyisl mess At the first reversed curve fcung out of bis window for a backward Hook Tlschcrs headlight had disap eared and his protection was gone On tho rear platform of the private car four men watched the threatening second section fade Into the night Our mar has thought better of 1C said the governor marking the Inv creased speed and the disappearance 9f the nenacing headlight GulIfQrda sigh of relief was almost it groan My Goat he said It makes me said to think what might happen It ike should pull us over Into the other aatelBst Halkett was still smarting from the indignities put upon him and his comment was a vindictive threat Ill send that damned Irishman over the road for this if It is the last thing I ever dot he declared and he con firmed It with an oath Dut Callahan was getting his punish mont as he went along Ho had scarcely settled the 1010 Into her gait for the final run against tho failing water supply when another station came In sight It was a small cattle town and In addition to the swinging red lights and a huge bonfire to Illuminate the yards tho obstructionists had torn down tho loading corral and were pil- Ing tho lumber on the track Once again Callahans nerve flick ered and he shut off the steam Dut before It was too late he reflected that tho barrier was meant only to scare him Into stopping One minute later the air was full of flying splinters and that danger was passed But one of the broken planks came through the cab window missing the engineer by no more than a handsbreadth And the shower of splinters sucked by the whirl of tho train broke glass In the private car and sprinkled tho quartet on the platform with split kindling andwreckageWhat that gasped the receiver Halkett pointed to tho bonfire reced ing like a fading star in the rearward distanceOur friends are beginning to throw stones since clods wont stop him saidBucks shook his head If that is the case well have to do something on our own account The next obstruction may derail us Halkett stepped Into the car and pulled the cord of automatic air No good he muttered The Irishman bled our tank before he start ed Help me set the hand brakes a couple ot you Danforth and the governor took hold of the brake wheel with him and for a minute or two the terrible speed slackened a little Then some part of the disused handgear gave way un der the threeman strain and that hope was gone Theres one thing left said the superintendent indomitable to the last Well uncouple and let him drop us behind The space in the forward vestibule was narrow and cramped and with the strain of tho dragging car to make the pin stick it took two of them lying flat waiting for the backsurging moment and wiggling It for slack to pull It The coupling dropped out of the hook and the engine shot ahead to the length of the safety chains thus far but no farther upItsDanforth he said raising his voice to be heard above the pounding roar of the wheels Youre the youngest and lightest get down on the 1010s brakebeam and unhook those chains The secretary looked once Into the trap with the dodging jaws and the backwardflying bottom and declined the honor- I cant get down there he cried And I shouldnt know what to do If I could Once more the superintendent exhibited his nerve He had nothing at stake save a desire to defeat Callahan but he had the persistent courage of the bullterrier With Bucks and the secretary to steady him he lowered himself in the gap till he could stand upon the brakebeam of the 1010s tender and grope with one free hand for the hook of the nearest safety chain Death nipped at him every time the engine gave or took up the slack of tho loose coupling but ho dodged and hung on until he had sat fatted himself Its no good ho announced when they had dragged him by main strength back to a footing in the nar row vestibule The hooks are bent into the links Were due to go wherever that damned Irishman is tak- Ing us IShovel was firing and the trailing smoke and cinders quickly made the forward vestibule untenable When they were driven in Bucks and the receiver went through to the rear plat form where they wero presently joined by Halkett and Danforth Ive been trying the air again said tho superintendent but its no go Whats next The governor gave the word Walt ho said and the four of them clung to the handrails swaying and bending to the bounding lurches of the flying car Milo after mile reels from beneath the relentless wheels and still tho speed increases Station Donerall is passed and now the pace is so furious that tho watchers on the railed plat form cannot make out the signals In the volleying wake of dust Station Schofield Is passed and again the sig nals it any there be are swiftly drowned In the gray dustsmother From Schofield to Agua Callento Is but a scant ten miles and as the flying train rushes on toward the state boundary two faces In tho quartet of watchers show tense and drawn under tho yellow light ot the Plntech platform lamp The governor swings hlmslf un steadily to the righthand railing and the long look ahead brings the twinkling arcstar of tho tower light on Breezeland Inn Into view lie turns to Guilford who has fallen limp into one of tho platform chairs In five minutes more we shall pass Agua Callente he says Will you kill the Irishman or shall U Gull fords lips move but there Is no audi ble reply and Bucks takes Danforths weapon and passes quickly and alone to the forward vestibule The station of Agua Callente swings Into the field of 1010s electric headlight Callahans tank has been bone dry for 20 minutes and he ts watching the glass watergauge where the water shows now omen the engine lurches heavily to the left lie knows that the crowneheot of the firebox Is bare and that any moment It may give down and the end wit come Yet his gauntleted hand navel falls from the throttlebar to the all cock and his eyes never leave tho bubble appearing at long intervals in tht heel of the waterglass Shovel has stopped firing and li hanging out of his window for the straining look ahead Suddenly hi drops to tho footplate to grip Calls hans arm See he says They have set the switch to throw us in on the sldlngl In one motion the flutter of the ex haust ceases and tho huge tenwheeler buckles to the sudden setting of the brakes The man standing In the forward vestibule of tho Naughtseven lowers his weapon Apparently It is not going to be necessary to kill the engineer after all But Callahans nerve has failed him only for tho moment There Is one chance in ten thousand that the circ- umambulating side track is empty one and one only and no way to make sure of It Beyond the station as Cal lahan well knows tho siding comes again Into the main line and the switch Is a straightrail safety Once again tho thought of his motherless child flickers Into tho engineers brain then he releases the air and throws his weight backward upon the throttle bar Two gasps and a heartbeat decide It and before the man In the yes tlbulo can level his weapon and fire the onecar train has shot around the station heaving and lurching over the uneven rails of the siding and grinding shrilly over the points of tho safety switch to race on the down grade to MegilpAt miningcamp tho station is tn darkness save for the goggle eyes of an automobile drawn up beside the plat form and deep silence reigns but for the muffled Irregular thud of the auto cars motor But the beam of tho 1010s headlight shows the small station building massed by men a score of them poising for a spring to the plat forms of the private car when the slackening speed shall permit A bul let tears Into the woodwork at Calla hans elbow and another breaks the glass of the window beside Mm but he makes the stop as steadily as If death wero not snapping at him from behind and roaring in his ears from tho belly of the burned engine Be doomplng yer fire lively now Jimmy by ho says dropping from the box to help And while they wrestle with the dumpingbar these two the poising figures havo swarmed upon the Naughtseven and a voice is lifted above the Babel of others In sharp pro testPut away that rope boys Theres law hero and by God were going to maintain it At this a man pushes his way out of the thick of the crowd and climbs to a seat beside the chaffeur In the waiting automobile- Theyve got him he says shortly To the hotel for all youre worth Hudglns our part Is to get this on the wires before one oclock Full speed and never mind the rots- CHAPTER XXIX sunlit SADIK Tho dawn of a new day was graying over the capital city and tho newsboys were crying lustily In the streets when David Kent felt his way up the dark staircases of tho Kittleton building to knock at tho door of Judge Oliver Marstons rooms on the top floor Hi was the bearer ot tidings and he made no more than a formal excuse for the unseemly hour when the Moor was opened by the lieutenantgovernor I am sorry to disturb you JUdge Marston he began when he had closed the door at his back and was facing tho tall thin figure in flannel dressing gown and slippers but I Imagine Im only a few minutes ahead of tho crowd Have you heard the news of the night- I I have heard nothing Mr Kent Have a cigalpassing the box of unutterable stogies Thank you not before breakfast was the reply Then without another word of preface Judge Mar ston for the time being you are the governor of the state and I have toss toOne moment interrupted his lis tener There are some stories that read better for a foreword however brief What has happened I This last night it was the purpose of Governor Bucks and Receiver Gull ford to go to Gaston by special train In some manner which has not yet been fully explained there was a con fusion ot orders Instead of proceed ing eastward the special was switched to the tracks of tho Western Division was made the first section of the fast mall which had orders to run through without stop You can Imagine the resultMarston got upon his feet slowly and began pacing the length of the long room Kent waited and the shrill cries of tho newsboy floated up and IB through the open windows When the judge finally came back to his chats tho saturnine face was gray and hags gard I hope it was an accident that can be clearly proved he said and a moment later You spoke of Bucks and Guilford were there others Im the private car I Two others Halkett and the goy ernors private secretary And were they all killed I A great light broke in upon Keal when he saw how Marston had misapprehended Also he saw how much it would simplify matters If he should be happy enough to catch the ball ID the reactionary hound They are all alive and uninjured to tho best of my knowledge and belief though J understand that one of them narrowly escaped lynching at the bands of an excited mob ITo B Continue f LOGROLLING DAYS ORIGIN OF PHRASE COMMON TO POLITICS On Southern Plantations In the Ole Times It Meant a Period of Hard Work Followed by Frolic and Merriment Everybody knows tho meaning of logrolling In political parlance In plain language It means You tlcklo mo and Ill tlcklo you or You vote for my bill and Ill voto for yours Tho orglsal moaning may not bo so well known to city readers says the Lynchburg Va correspondent of the Philadelphia Record Tho word came from tho plantation It Is now almost obsolete In this part of Virginia be causo tho thing It represents has passed away Tho memory of tho writer runs back 60 years when a logrolling was an annual affair on every big plantation Tho practice then was to clear now ground every year for tobacco Felling tho forest trees and preparing tho ground for cultivation was no small undertaking First the undergrowth was cleared away and then tho big trees wore attacked by tho ax brigade consisting on our plantation of ten or twelve men I well remember tho scene It Impressed mp In my boyhood as real work and It was hard work A dozen axes wielded by strong arms rang contlnually nnd over and anon a great tree the growth of a century fell to the earth with a tremendous crash The now ground was about 20 acres In extent or as It was visually spoken of by planters 100000 tobacco hills allowing 6000 hills to tho acre When tho trees were felled tho fork was not halt done Tho branches had to bo cut off and prepared for fuel and tho great trunks had to be cut Into manageable lengths Tho logrolling was Invested with all the Interest that attaches to an athletic game and festival as well A big dinner was prepared for tho oc casion and plenty of whisky was pro vided The latter was seldom slighted by any of tho men Tho hands from tho adjoining plantations wore Invited sad there was always friendly rivalry between the crows of the several plantations and between the men on the samo plantation Tho big logs furnished excellent means of testing tho manhood of tho contestants In a trial which taxed their muscular powers Hand sticks wore planed under tho log and as many mon were as signed to tho log as Its wolght re- Quired Couples wero chosen nearly equal In strength Then If a man out lifted his fellow at the other end of tho stick and brought him to his knees or as tho phrase was pullet him down ho was proclaimed victor If then tho same man pulled down all other contestants In succession ho carried off the pennant so to speak for that occasion and If equally successful at othor log rolUngs that season was declared the champion strong man of tho neighborhood Tho contest was carried on with pprfrrt good humor and sometime with great hilarity many exchanges of wit and sharp repartee- It was a muchcoveted honor to come out victor in a logrolling con test After tho work of tho day a danco to tho music of the banjo usually followed at night and the merry making continued Into the small hours of tho morning Tho Incidents of tho day furnished themes for discussion and conversation for months Another great event on tho plants tion was the corn shucking Tho af fair Is called In tho north a husking bee but In this part of tho world It Is a cornshucking Hero tho envelope of tho oar Is called tho shuck and the cob tho husk If you should send a negro to bring you some husks he would bring you cobs The corn was hauled and thrown out In a long pile containing from GOO to 2000 or more bushels of corn Thou a bright moonlight night Is selected and the hands of tho neighboring plantations aro Invited They are not slow to respond Soon a big crowd Is on the ground and work and fun begin A laader is chosen who has a loud volco and some skill In mublc Ho takes his place on top of and runs from end to end of the pile singing a couplet and all tho assembly responds with another couplet or joins In tho refrain The music Is wild and weird but tho effect Is pleasing especially at a little distance The loader docs not shuck much corn but ho Is the most Important and most valuable man In tho party because ho enlivens the crowd and keeps all awake and in good humor The work continues till midnight and sometimes later It Is followed by tho big supper and the Inevitable dance Cow In Strawstack Ten Days Ten days ago William Howlschcr residing southwest of this city lost one of his milch cows and feeling positive that the animal had strayed away advertised his loss In the nows papers The advertisement however failed to bring tho usual results Howlscher had abandoned hope of over finding his cow again when on passing near a largo straw stack on tho farm his attention was attracted by a noise which seemed to como from within the stack Securing a lantern ho traveled a long dark passageway in tho stack mado by tho stock at the end of which ho found tho missing cow which had got fast In the passago and could not extricate herself Sho was given her freedom and does not seem to bo much the worso for her experience Wapakon eta 0 special In Cleveland Plain Dealer Hyacinths Nnrclssus Crocus Tulips rr Cut Palms 188 KY Flowers Designs 1Ferns RICHMOND GREENHOUSES Phone RICHMOND Parlor I +O+O +O+O ko+O +O+O+O+O +O+O+O +O+O +O+ +o+o+o+o t1ft o here end every housewife c pieces of new oFURNITURE CARPET or tTale a Loop Through will surprise you how well and we cann supply your wants + IF ITS FROM US ITS DecorationsBuggies New Florence Drop Top Dall Bearing 15 J30 and 53G worth KO IJopllnlOld CRTJTOHER Stand Richmond KJ Day Phone 7t u o o Carriage o o o o+oo+o+o+n+o+ o+o+o +o o+o+o +o Phaetons RunaboutsSurries Traps Durable ComfortableStylish bodyHarshcarriftfrea inv viably give twNOWVe repaint repair and retiro Get our prices KENTUCKY CARRIAGE WORKS C HIGGINS Prop RlehmotU Ry r Combination Offer The for n whole year and n popular 160 book uThe Mountain People of Kentucky for 150Through special arrangements with the publish er of this book n largo second has been printedand tho subscrilwrs of Tho Citizen are to have the advantage of tho great saving on this lot of books Call or write and gut both book and paper for tho price of tho book Tho Mountain People of Kentucky WM pealeinn and who are interested in Kentucky This offer applies to both new and eld subscrib ers who pay DUO year in advance Call or address THE CITIZEN BOREA KY Call at T J Moberleys and SM the best line of COLLARSTEAM HARNESS BUGGY HARNESS And anything that you need for i horse Call arid get prices they will Induce you to buy T J MOBERLEY r Richmond Kniucky MonumentsURNS STATUARYt orGranite and Marble Monumental work of all kinds done In a workman like manner at reasonable prices and with dispatch All our work is guaranteed Golden Flora RICHMOND KY O IMT of Mail tad Callas Mmta Church and 11 GracefulUseful F Citizen edition today DR W G BESTIDENTIST CITY PIIQNE 103 OFFICE OVER POST OF- FICEa1AkER Dentist 0Ovsri Printing Oefoe BEKL rOffice hours from 8 to 4 City Phone 123 TMth extracted without IIIaoaOt C F Hanson LICENSED EMBALMER AM J r UNDERTAKER II i Successor to D R Itoblosoa All calls promptly attended M night and day- Telephone No4 Bereft Ky r i The Citizen BEREA KY A weekly paper devoted toe the Interests of the Mountain 1 ecru of Kentucky Great Premiums for Wee SubscriptionstAGENTS WANTED Advertising Rate will to i fmrnlihtd em appllcatiwi 0000800000000000000000000000 Berea and Vicinity o 0 U 0 o GATHERED FROM A VARIETY OF SOURCES S ivwwvvwvwwwwwwt TAKE NOTICE I Tho Womans Club has its regular mooting next Tuesday January ith Thoughsuo tho study of Uiwwnlngp JUng and tho Book Tho annual meotlng of Uio Union Church will bo hold BUurdny Janu ary CUi commencing at noon whoa tho idea of the church will servo dinner In the Uvrlsh Church House All members of tho church iiro urged to bo present with Uielr families Trof and biro Dodge returned Christians thorning from tholr trip to Niwhvlllo Tennessee Prof Dodge gave n lecture in tha Howard Cong rogatiotml Church npoko to tho Btu lefts in Fink University and hind some meetings with tho twenty colored students Korea College is keeping thero f Prof Josh Dodge now a teacher In thoruJio schools of East Stono n grnndnephow of our Prof Dodge won visiting hero lost week WonT cornea of the happy birth of a sou on October 5th to Mr awl Mrs Dean ref Vomhiro Vermont Mrs Dean is well Jftiowu to tinny Koreans on Miss Eloise Partridge teacher and extension worker hero a few years ago She would bo glad to hear from out friends Dr S ILTJikor will occupy pint of Mr C1 Cgs house Mrs Jl811 William dial at her homo Saturday ot typlwld fever Her eight ytur old biby died on Thursday and the entire family lavo bad the rover Mlsws Btte Lewis and Mafra lllok usll returned Sanilny from a visit tn Mm KvtnU Twdd at Sfoedwell LaM Friday night ilte cs Nel Bur detto and UNa Marsh cntorsainvtl a few frlondu at Uw homo of Miss Bar drtAa Dr HernJon from Doonevllle took dlnnor with Dr piker Thursday Mr William Stout left Tuesday tar Georgetown Kjr whore Iw B a to enter fqlicwl- Tlw 0110 Club held Its first open mooting at the home of Mrs llwt Saturday night Quito a course of rofrenlimtaitt wee n rv d- Momliy night jI8eml young people guheml at Uio home of Mrs SUtt- o watch tlio old year out They report a ploaittnt tlnio Mr OSOAT Qaulwrd and Miss Mary lllnntan wwo united In miritago at tho homo Of tho brides lstr Mrs Ulniun JlU Wo extend our con Krutulatlorta to the happy lulr Mr Lewlro Parks and wife from Cincinnati 0 arrived Monday for nn extended visit with hla parents la Jackson county Miss Sue Parker njxttit a few days with Mrs Laura Gibbard last week Mrs I I I vacs of Irvlno is the guest of her parents Mr and Mrs J II Jackson Mr Roy CL Jackson whrt was rolled liomo In Novembr on account of his brothers death has returned to limn ois MisKs Hattlo and Fannie Moyera from Jackson county and also Dorms Wilds will be in school this winter Mrs Silllo Adams returned Monday from a two weeks visit in lUch mond dir Allen Wallaco spent Christmas with hit folks but has returned to Jelllco Tonn Mr A K Short his moved to his form about throe miles from town Mrs Spurlock will move into tho howl rwjwuly occupied by Mr Short Cnllrgtt Ilona Miss pmlth n now lonelier from St Louisville 0 arrived Sxturdiy Miss Oimeron Is being detained in Now York on account of the serious illness of her sister Mr and Mrs Dlevlns Allen of Bluff City Tuna are visiting In Ilerea ofpat Palnesvllle 0 Mr Qroyor Faulkner a former otu dent called on friends in Berm Stt urdnjTlio social given Friday night by Mr and Mrs Oibarne anti Saturday night by Miss Corwin at Ladles Hall were greatly enjoyed by all who at tendedA was given Friday night at LidlfB1 nail by Prosldoa Frost and Miss Welch for Prof and Mrs Rumold fl1oU88 Qnico Cornelius la visiting nt her homo this week Secretary Gamble has been on Uw sick list for rovrrol days For Sale Fiftynine acres of land threo miles from Boron close to tho Borea and Kingston Piko near tho rarticfJJarsapplyx Ordination of Mr Hudson Last week Thursday night December 27th Mr Howard Hudam was or Unifrd n minister ot tlie gospel In the tfuloa Church Mr Hudson was 11 censed to preach some years OBO in his home church Baptist la Massa chusetts Since corning to Bcrco he lias been doing splendid and efficient Christian work In Blue Lick Narrow Gap and Fcrrlstovm It was thought by tho Union Church tuft his work might bo still more effective If he Wero formally set apart and ordained and to a tow weeks ago the church Voted to do thla and appointed a com tnltteo to arrange a time and program The program arranged was a very Interesting ono and was enjoyed by u large audience It was opened with the doxology and Invocation by Dr Thomson Coronation wae rung Dr Thomson road an appropriate scripture lesson from 1st Peter C 111 Prof Dodgo offered prayer Director nigby sung He Laideth Mo a beau tiful saorod solo Prof Dodge clerk of Uio church roll from the minutes the action ot tho church authorizing the ordination Prof Roan then prrnchod a strong sermon on tho text Oomo with me and I will make you fishers of mon Then President Frost Prof liable Dr Oook Prof Dodge and Dr Thomson laid their hands on Mr Hudsons head as ho knelt and Dr Thomson offered a ferv oat ordaining prayer while the church monikers and other Christians In the room blood Dr Cook gave tho charge to the pastor and lie right band ot fellowship welcoming him to the class ot those who while sot apart for Gods rpeclal work are therefore only to be the more united to and sympithotlc with halt fellow men President Front then spoke ot the Interest the ColUvo had m Mr Hudson and this ordination nwvlce A hymn was sung and tho Her Mr Hudson pro nounced tho benediction and was lion cordially greeted personally by his many friends from the congrega tion InstructltoCorrespondents 1 Write with pen and Ink not with pencil 2 Write very plainly and take special taro In writing the names of people and places to write plainly to spell correctly and begin such names with capital letters Begin names of and days with capital 3 Do not number tho Items of your news 1 2 3 etc off these paragraphs are numbered senInpublished In the paper and see how tho spelling wording punctuation on arrangement ot sentences has been changed by the editor and make your news more like It next time so the editor will have less correcting to do 5 Wrlto out the names of months and days of the week and other word printedDo6 If you receive a copy of these In structions with some paragraph es pecially marked with a pencil pay special attention to the instructions marked personlaomit these titles Mrs should not be omitted 8 Begin the first word In every sen once with a capital Do not begin words in the middle ot a sentence with capitals unless they ought to have capitals according to rule 2 9 Ia writing numbers spell them out such as two six Instead ot 2 6 unless you are wrIUng a sum ot money or a date Dates should bo written like this the 26th of July or July 26 and money with tho usual signs as 6000 A new steel bulgy tiro was found on the pike near Welchs store a tow days ago Loser can receive informn lion about It by calling at Citizen Office and paying for this ad The Taking Cold Habit The old cold japes a new one quickly comes Its the story of a weak throat weak lungs a tendency to consumption Ayers Cherry Pectoral breaks up the takingcold habit It strengthens soothes heals Askyourdoctorabout it ihadaq rriblecoldasdnothtogrelirat- ins 1 tried Aytti Chef IMtoral and It prompts brolle up my cold sto pal nr riToledorV 0Ayr00LowoltausAo A I IAlJers SAiSAPARHLAI Keep the bowels regular with Ayers Pats Just env pili each night r 1 WITH ACID Railroader and a Woman Kill Themselves In County JailI tElmira W Y Dcc 27 Frank Do laney a railroad man succeeded In a bold attempt to end his life and tho life of a woman who occupied a cell In tho Elmira county Jail Tho woman was Bessie Wells awaiting sentence for abducting a young girl and harbor trig her for Immoral purposes De lanoy possessed n power of attorney tor tho woman tad when he called at tile jail and stated that ho wished to consult her regarding tho signing of important papers there was no objec tlon on tho part ot the warden who sent a guard along with him This guard stood close by while tho man and woman were conferring together when suddenly Delaney drew from hIs pocket a bottlo of cnrbolto acid and passed It through tho bars The wom an seized It nnd swallowed tho con tents Instantly Delaney pressed a second boltlo to his own lips Tho guard sprang upon him but the roan fought fiercely for a moment and then collapsed lie died before a physician could bo called When tho doorf tho celt was unbolted thin woman lay dying on tho floor She died within a short time Tackled Two Robbers York tfob Jan 1C0 MoHrls night agent for tho Burlington grappled with two masked robbers and beat them oft Ono stood guard over hIm whllo tho other rifled tho cash drawer Grabbing a fire shovel Mor rte struck his guard a stunning blow Then ho grappled with tho robber at the drawer who had his hands full ot money They fought their way tajhe platform nnd wore engaged in a ter rifle struggle when tho other robber recovered Ho came to the platform called to his companion and thoyran away The robbers secured a taw dollars i Soldiers Give Evidence f Leavenworth Kan Jan 1ThQ of clal investigation of the disturbance between u streetcar conductor and negro soldiers tho night before Christ mas has been completed and it Is learned that Private Stewart Troop F Ninth cavalry throw brlaksjnto the electric car Private Stewart will be courtmartlalcd There was no hesita ion on the part of either tho negro Qr tho white soldiers in tolling what they knew and tho Investigation developed that Stewart jumped through a win dow and throw bricks although ho did not take part in this fight in tbe car Jeffries Signs to Fight San Francisco Dec 20 ArUolaa wero signed by William Delaney representing James J Jeffries and B F Taylor representing the nhyollte Ath letic club for a fight for shy heavyweight championship ot the world and a 30000 purse at nhyollte Nor nut April between Jeffries and William Squires of Australia The fist Is to bo with flvoounce glovos under Marquis of Quoensberry rules Taylor has received a cablegram from Squires say ing that bo is ready to start for America Sentenced to Death Dayton 0 Dec 2S Roy Fowler was sentenced to die in tho electric chair May 2 for tho murder of his sweetheart Mamie Haggorty Aug IS last The murder followed tho girls scfnsal of Fowlers proposal of marriage THE MARKETS CHICAGO Cattlt Common to prime teen IS 0007 00 lockers and feeder H OOO eo cows JJ 365 00 hifera U OOO1 SB Sheep and Lambs Sheep U OOO6 CO lambs JS HOT SS Calves SS 2S6S 60 Hoga Shipping and selected II 40OI CO mixed and heavy pnoklnc 10 WOO v light grades SG 30G 4Ttf pigs and roURha II Goal IS Wheat No 2 red 74a ConnNo S JJHOSSWo OatsNo S SlUc EAST DUFFALO Cattle Shipping teen II ISall JS export cattle IS 200CI 00 butcher cattle II sees 00 heifers 13 OOOI 65 fat cow 12 SOfH IS mllkori and iprlnRen IS OOgSS 00 Sheep and Lambs Choice yearling 16 0001 SO wethe Ill IS COOS 75 mixed IS 2S35 CO Owes I6 OOQS 60 spring lambs If 000 S 00 Calves neit 19 000 EO Hos a Mediums ant heavy IS CS Yorkers IS IS 05 iOi pigs 17 BOCS 00 stiffs I 000 B 00 roughs IS 9006 00 CLEVELANDcattll Prime dryfed 13 6007 BO chofoo fat steers II E003 25 heifers 3 5r0I BO fat cows I 2 Sf13 IS bull 13 2SC3 7S milkers and iprlngars IIS 000EO 00 Sheep and Lambs Choice lambs 17 COO7 75 wethers IS 1505 BO mixed 14 50O5 25 Calvea IS BO down Hogs Yorkers and piss It B5QC 10 me Alum 18 CS roughs 5 85J6 00 stags 4 IOO5 00- PITTSBURQCaltle Choice II 000 6 28 prime IS COGS SS tidy butchers 11 65O5 20 heifers 12 5004 50 fat cows and bull 12 OOO4 00 fresh cows US 00- CSO 00 Sheep and Lambs Prime weth ers 15 COGS 05 Rood mixed 15 3905 60 lambs 13 000S 00 Grivm Veal Ii 000 9 00 Hoes Heavy hogn mediums and heavy Yorkers 1C 7E0S fJU light York ers and pigs SI 7BCO 8- 0CINCINNATIWheat No S red 78O 7IHo ComNo2 mixed HSHio Oafs No 2 mixed375i03IeRyeNo 2 710 72o Lord3 n Hulk meats IS If nacori 110 00 HopS SOfTS E5 Cattle 12 COOS BO Eheep 12 OOO4 75 Lambs 14 2JO7 7- 6TOLEDOWhent 75o com 43Uo oats 37oj ryo 660 clovenced 330 1907 JANUARY 907 SuMoTiiWeJTaJFrSaJ 12345- 678910II1 13 14 5f67 1819 20212223242526 2728293O1 A WEEKS HAPPENINGS RELATING TO AFFAIRS IN THIS ANp ADJOINING STATES An Affray In a Kentucky Hamlet In Which Two Persons Are Fatally Wounded shooting Affray In Lee County Other Mention SerBcnt Ky Dec 28One killed and another fatally wounded formed a tragedy on Boone Fork Will Ells wick 21 and Clark Vanover 24 were the participant Ellswlck struck Van over three times across the forehead with a shotgun knocking him to the ground Regaining hIs foothold Van over fired two shots from a Colts revolver one of which entered Ells wicks right side ranging up past tho heart killing him Instantly Flourfsh Ing hIs revolver In midair Vanover walked Into tho hotel of William War rick near whoro the tragedy occurred pnd with an oath declared there is more blood In my gun and attempted to take tho life of Warrlck Vanover then swooned from loss of blood He will die Ho was known as a des perado Feudists Meet Lexington Ky Dec 27 Hiram Mulllns and his son William wore shot and fatally wounded In a feud battle fought at theIr homo with a gang of desperadoes headed by Charlos and Dud Little acd John Brewer There had been a feud of long standing between the Little and Mulllns famllto When the men mot tho Little flrod on the Mulllns The latter mado a running fight to their home where they barricaded themselves Tho Lit ties followed shooting as they came They surrounded Mulllns homo firing Winchester rifles and revolvers The house was riddled with bullets and every window was broken Tho bat tie ceased only when both the Mulllns were shot down Over 200 shots wero fired Hiram Mullins was shot through the abdomen and was brought to tho hospital hero for treatment Four Persons Wounded Tullahoma Tenn Dee 27 During a shooting affray In a billiard room hero Mel Parker was wounded four times nnd Ii reported tcr bo dying Henry Drlnkloy was shot In the back James loft In tIe hip J D Baxter In tho back and Tom Pirtle In the hood Tho origin of thq trouble is apparently unknown but it seems that Brinkley and Parker wero first involved and then the shooting Ikoamo general With tho exception of Brinkley and Parker the wounded wero however noncombatants Mountain Tragedies Lexington Ky Deo SIn tho Leo county mountains Daniel Watson n prominent mercbanL shot and instantly killed Daniel Home Horne is al loged to have attacked Watson with a knife cutting his clothes to shreds Watson tried to evade the attack ot Horno when Homo struck a child of Watson Watson then shot Horne In a general fight In tho Floyd county mountains a deputy sheriff Samuel Allen shot and killed John D Bag ley John Allen was also badly wound ed in the fight Rockefellers Latest Chicago Jan 1 Announcement was made that John D Rockefeller has made a gift ot 3000000 to the University of Chicago Farms for Sale Fiftyaero farms in Mississippi goodlandPrice 1500 to 2000 according to improvements Fife years time no interest Supplies for first year to experienced farmers who can offer good references For particulars address Southern Commercial Co Natchez Miss- tl6aleital6K +tltAltit i111a61s Rka lsJt Q o s Quaker Corn Meal o S- j Thoro la no other corn J5 J meal like Quaker Corn Moal s It Is much better that the ti- k other kinds brpuse It Is put up In noat clean packages thus JijA other kind can IInlio your corn k o nmftina with Quaker Corn Meal rend you will be S3 pleased and SS satisfied with the results that alwaysa V t operations Quaker Corn Mol J- S is the product of careful and 3 Sr scientific preparation being a S K product of the Quaker Cereal Insures Its 11 jKfc Deliveries made to all parts of X cltrok7shkk167951kit111tk 65t17114itSttlk161riri 1 3iI The Charter of the Berea National Bank No 8435 Uteasur 2epartmentff- icc of Comptroller of tbe Currency Washington D C November 17 1906 undersigned National Bank in the Town of Berea in the County of Madison and State of Kentucky has complied with all the requiredtobecommence the business of Banking ActingThe Berea National Bank in the Town of Berea in the County of Madison and State of Kentucky is authorized t commpnFe tHe business of Banking as provided in Sectioa Fifty one hundred and sixty nine of the Revised Statutes of the United States IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF witness my hand andseal eJ office this seventeenth day of November 1906 SEAL IT P KANE v Deputy and Acting Comptroller of the Currency HAnk opens December 1 SoE WELCH Pres WRIGHT KELLY VicePros J L GAY Cashier =oaottolKoKottottottosloato3orottosloKatto6toKotgoo Ring Phone No 10 f 0 ioK GROCERIES I f o 0 GOODS PROMPTLY DELIVERED K TO ANY PLACE Ir TOWN io 0 NAVENLAUNDRYJ B Richardson I0- o Rhlol tosokostostostosrokosoelo34c2toroeororotro3torolro9toroto3 WILL SELL I am ina position to place you in a business where you can make money As I have decided to go out of the 1 goods business I am now ready to make a proposition to any one 4 who is interested I JIPa BICKNELLBEREA eoooooooowooooooeoeooeoMooooooooo We Are Better Prepared than o Ever Before Io To please you as to quality and price on Rain Coats r Overcoats Cloaks Jackets and Furs oIMens Rain Coats 1250 If andji5 Overcoats 8 10 1250 0 and 15 otLadles Rain Coats 1250 0 and 15- Coats and Jackets 3 to o 1250 lure 1 up to 10 We o can save you 25 per cent on o these goods Our line of furnishings is complete and we guarantee to please ev iery customer There are g many methods of doing o business but we believe oisoWegoods befor you buy iWe give 5 per ct rebate when your purchases reach 10 or over Itpays to saveI IYourso ITheHarris Rhodus Co BEREA KYa o olioSeloIo5oioeo5o5o1oMoioRo5oUoOp0oo0otaoo5oNi its i The Citize- nss k newspaper for all that Is right f true and Interesting rubtUhcd every Thursday t Dem Kjr BEREA PUBLISHING CO ft Albert Cook Ph D Editor and MIr Subscription Rates MY1BLB IN ADVANCE m Tear tI w ILMeutha eo- Tbre Months 3S Send money Potoffice or Kxpr u Monty Clrdtrj Draft Registered letter or one and two amp- en bte art t your name on label show to Wbol 4ite our U paid lilt mot flO16et1rUlMlnr numbers nlll be gladly itipplled U we rt notified Beautiful plcturta Ken aa premiums to all saw aubtcrlbera Literal termi given to any who tbtalni new ct1PtlODI for us Any one endlnt us tout leant ub trlptlons can receive The CiUUD freer fclotelf for one year AAftrtUlag rata on appllcatia h j The expression about not caring a red cent may be a misfit Tho first one coined In 1793 has been sold for j82 Even a couple that Is wedded in a den of lions might be unable to with stand the Jars Incidental to married life Maxim Gorky declares that tho Americans aro a gloomy silent race And ho was hero during tho latter part of the baseball season too Count Bonl do Castcllano degrada tion may be said to be complete His colleagues In tho French chamber of deputies have refused to listen to his speeches Prof Bailey Willis holds that there is conclusive evidence that tho North American continent has been sub- mergedt four Umes and has five times been elevated above tho sea The St Louis woman who found her lost hat after a four days search probably had an exclusive model the kind that wives tell their husbands about after the bill falls due The wife of an Indiana policeman Its suing a rich widow on the ground that the defendant made love to her husband But Isnt it customary for one to tell her troubles to a police many Apples grown In Tasmania south of Australia are shipped 11000 miles to British markets and yet they pay so well that Tasmania apple orchards havo sold as high as 1100 an acre Five hundred dollars an acre Is a modest valuation Church attendance in rural districts It is said is greatly decreased by the prevailing motor fever The ever Increasing use of the automobile for Sunday touring on country roads ban Jshes the churchgoer who drives with hIs family to church for tho horse Is apt to take fright and life become thereby endangered A London medical Journal suggests that for the sake of safety steps of stairways should be of standard size of uniform height and breadth the world over and wide enough to take the whole foot An equally necessary reform Is the removal of the extra step which In the dark one thinks is r not there to that other place where In tho dark one thinks thero Is a step and find only unsustalning air Derllnlsof smokeless fuel In the form of coke and briquettes the skillful scfenUfic construction of boiler furnaces and chimneys and finally to the high standard of skill taught and enforced among firemen who stoko furnaces with coal for steam and other pur poses Before a man can assume such a charge In Berlin he must bq taught the theory and practice of economical scientific firing The French have a neat way ot showing disfavor When Bonl do Cas tcllano who Is a member of the house of deputies ascended tho tribune to make a speech half of his follow members arose and left tho chamber administering such a public snub aa has seldom been Inflicted Bonl has a reputation as a duelist but it is doubtful If ho will feel impelled to challenge every manly man who took I such an opportunity to express an opinion of Castellanos conduct Sir Patrick Manson In his recent lectures on tropical diseases although accepting the theory that the only mode of transmission ot marsh or ma lanai fever is through thq bite of the Anopheles mosquito adds the statement which will probably bo new to most readers that the mosquitoes are 1 capable of becoming Infected by absorbing i tho blood not merely of human patients but also of anthropoid apes and perhaps even of varl ous other mammals which In an evo lutionary sense are related to man Persons who think the railroad companies do not do all that they might for the comfort of passengers will bo Interested to hear a report made recently to the Royal Meteoro logical society in London about the cars on the Uganda railway In Africa To exist amid armies of wood eating Insects the cars are built of metal Tho large ventilators are protected by gauze against mosquitoes The windows are of green tinted glass which allows the passenger to see the landscape and at the same time shields him Iron the glare ot the tropical sup I rIuxrr nfttl ft tit ma ntt tip rant By WILLIAM H MOODY AttorneyGeneral of the United Slates Trusts and monopolies would never have grown to be a menace to tho welfare of this country if they lied been denied preferential treatment by the rail roads The railroads said Thcro is law enough We have ceased to give rebates anyway The statement- was inconsistent to say the least After a tiMc I concluded that the railroads wore right us to there being law enough Aid wrong when they declared that rebates had stopped Subsequent crdhts confirmed my conclusions There have been 00 cases brought against railroads persons and corporations under the interstate commerce law since Jlr Hccgcrclt be5 came president G3 of which are underthe Elkins net Fines amounting to more than 350OpO have been levied and In tWQ instances sentences of imprisonment were imposed So far 23 jicrcons and corporations have been convicted At my suggestion the law was changc1 so that the courts might fond railroad officers to jail However I do not believe that a money fine is a light or inofTctual method of punishment lint tho world takes that view What it asps do the officers of a railroad care if they are made to pay 10000 They have plenty of money They taro a great deal Usually they are conspicuous melt in business and society and even the church They are called into court convicted of breaking the law and fined like a cul prit before a police magistrate Dont tell me they are indifferent to such shame and to such a stigma Theywear the brand the rest of their lives and are buried with it But even so n day in jail is better still Imprisonment not only makes tho penalty more drastic but it satisfies public opinion and better than all it is a powerful deterrent ualtiy nf IInUttttt J3 njntftj By MRS LEONARD MARSHALL Every woman is Joynl to n manl This is riot necessarily the man she loves He may bo a friend a chum a hero she worships an actor n curate or a soldier tome peg on which to hang her souls emotions I Her prodigal son loved beyondall others her scamp of a brother for many are the girls who have shielded their brothers from paternal anger and unconsciously aided and abetted them in wrongdoing A womans loyalty is a question of sex When she takes up a political cause be sure that cause represents a mann king maybe or the chief of a band of robbers but he is her ideal for time time being Loyalty to tho best beloved is T matter of courseTo the man she loves she will sacrifice everything Honor loyalty truth sho will learn that which is most foreign to her nature tho secret of golden silence more potent than speech and become absolutely fearless when danger ip nigh The Russians are clever in having utilized women in all their political movements They know that women un der the guidance ofa man will work wonders From Jeanne dAre to Flora MacDonaH we have no dearth of loyal heroines who risked their lives for the men they pinned their faith to andthe cause they had at heart Garibaldis wife and in our own days Lucie Dreyfus are undying examples of loyalty Napoleons heroines from Josephine to Bclilotte were all enthralled by a great mans magnetic personality Goethesold age was brightened by the springlike sweetness of the youthful Bcttina It is this very abandon and ardor of selfsacrifice that makes n woman untrue to herself and disloyal to all but one yet the more lovable withall for her very frail ties Women are I grieve to state rarely loyal to each other There are cases of devoted feminine friendships but they represent a trucean armed neutrality If a man intervenes that friendship may turn suddenly to an active hatred fanned by the fiery breath of jealousy A man might give up the woman he loved to his friend bur such a sac rifice would be impossible to a woman Love absorbs every faculty of her being blinding her to right and wrong Not one woman out of 20 will willingly praise another It is always She is pretty but what a pity she has such a bad figure or something to that effects Sllhtsitt span qn1tl 3h 1Btttti51 gif- ly DR JULIUS DRINKER Professornf Nervous and Mental Diseases Chicago Pot Graduate Medical School If the people of Amer ica would keep the corn ing generations from in habiting madhouses they shouldabolish in discriminate marriages forget that hallucination called love and choose their life partners on the same principle that a successfulcattle man chooses his stock Like begets like and tho nervous system bows to tho law of all lifethe law of heredity the law that governs your life and mine If we are bundles of unstable nerves and abnormal sus ceptibilities it is but little trouble to trace the cause back to our forefa Ihers The youth of today should be educated and compelled to choose his mate in the way that fine horses and cattle are chosen When a uian comes to marrying he should choose his wife in the same way that she chooses a new dress Love is a wonderful thing Is is a hallucination an illusion pro vided by nature to cause men and women to mate and to procreate the species But love should be thrust in the background and relegated to the scrap heap of wornout adages if the health and security of posler ity is to be taken into consideration Do not have your children af flicted with the evils that have been inflicted you Stop falling in love with a pretty face and get a wife who is healthy and will rear strong and wholesome children If there should be a law passed in this country by which men and women would be compelled to undergp physical examinations and have the physical records of their ancestors investigated before a marriage would be allowed it would be the best thing that could possibly happen If it were possible that this law could be passed hundreds of diseases BilmcD4 au1 ills would be eradicated from the race A GERMAN AATTITUDE THAT OPTRYINQ TO ENFORCE AN UNFAIR ALTERNATIVE Not a Square Deal Pint to Increase Tariff Rates and Then Forco a Rtt ductlon of Our Rates As the Price of Fair Treatment In a recent speech of Count Speck yon Sternburg at tho banquet of tho New York Chamber of Commerce no now light has been cast upon the tariff controversy precipitated by tho Oar man threat of discrimination against exports from the United States Accepted as spoken In Rood faith all of tho anibassadora protestations of Germanys earnest dealro for amity alike In political and commercial rela tions tho fact yet remains that Ger many Is alono responsible tor any prospective breach Naturally the tlermnns pnjfor commercial pence but they have started out to get It qti their own terms Commercial peace Is a good thing a very necessary thing for n country which every year sends to tho United States 150000000 of Us products most of them products competing with our own labor and Industry and whoso steamship lines receive fully as much more for transporting Amer- Ican commerce A total of 300000 000 a year Is quite well worth keep Ing tho peace for Tho 20000000 a year of American sales to Germany arc on the contrary mostly of noncompetitive products commoTIIUcs that are indispensable to German manufacturersIt stake that Germany Is playing for but she cannot win against a hand full of American trumps The cards arc against her Her opening suit is a blunder It is a double tariff with maximum rates placed outrageously high purely for the purposes of compelling concessions from tho American tarltt rates and from American customs regulation suclpaa will enable her to crowd larger quautltlci of competitive goods Into tho American market Obviously Unclo Sams proper play Is to trurcp the trick by pointing out the fact that in respect to tariff rates and customs regulations Germanys exports to the United States are treated precisely as the exports of all other countries aro treated and that it would be farcical to suppose that we are going to reduce our own min imum tariff In return for Germanys reduction of her maximum tariff Then when any move shall bo made to carry out the threat of subjecting American exports to the penalty of the prohibitive German maximum the answer should be must bo a retaliatory Increase of tariff rates on nil Im ports from Germany This play would end the game With such n certainty In plain sight the German bluff would never be carried to tho point of actual operation German Industrial producers can not afford tho loss of a market of 150000000 a year German steam ship lines cannot afford tho loss of freight earnings amounting to another 160000000 a year It was of course not to bo expected that Count von Slernbnrg would incorporate Into his Chamber of Commerce speech a recognition of these facts and conditions That Is not what he was there for To have done so would have been a prodigious stretch of diplomatic candor Ho was speaking to orders and his orders evidently did not authorize any laU I tude on tho question of tariff rates Otherwise the Count might have hinted at the possibility of a square deal In which Germany would un dertako to reduce her minimum tariff rates not her maximum In return for tariff concessions on tho part of tho United States Such n proposal would at least open the door for negotiation and place the United States In tho posi tion of deciding whether or not It would consent to an Increase of Ger man competition in manufactures as tho price of lower tariff rates on our own exports nut as wo have said Germany starts wrong Sho starts with a bluff a threat a club In her hand She demands concessions and grants none It is impossible to see how tho United States can deal with such a propo sition other than by p peremptory refusal To yield to Germanys demand Inlts present form would be a political blunder and an economic crime Using the Cloak of Revision It will bo noted by thoso who re view such literature to any extent that almost every complaint coming from Democratic sources against any existing conditions are based upon to the protective tariff If representations from tho political opponents of protection were accepted It would be believed that railroad re bates pod the meat packers wrong binge and violations of the pure food laws as well as all trusts and cor poration troubles are directly due to the existing of protective duties Tariff revision Is urger front such sources as an Incident of tariff oppo sition and not as a helpful move In eny direction Tho tariff schedule as at present arranged may not bo per ted or beyond Improvement but it will bo well to keep the fact in mind that dpposiUbn to protection will not be disposed of or material y lessoned through attempting to meet tho de glands of those who aro using the cloaks of tariff revisions to cover the terms of opponents to protection Adrian Mich Times I f y j ANOTHER SET OF PATRIOTS Want Protection Removed from the Other Fellows Products At its closing session In Chicago the National Association of Agricultural Implement and Vohlclo Manufacturers adopted a resolution calling upon con gress to rovlso tho entire tariff laws bearing upon lumber and Its productS and calling for general reciprocity bo tween tho United States and all coun trios regarding all timber products Hall tho timber which goes Into tht construction of an ordinary farm wagon was brought from some foreign country and tho duty thereon was paid and If tho duty paid was added to tho soiling price of tho wagon It would not increase the price so much as 60 cAnts but when wo consider that lumber is a homo production It Is like ly the price bears no relation to tho duty on material In so far as Amen can Is concerned It mattes IItUowhether there Is a duty on lum ber or whether It Is admitted free Like many other products tho protec tlon on lumber It It can bo said the duty Is protective Is a matter of con corn to only a limited territory contiguous to some other country like Can ada or Mexico for Instance Lumber of all kinds has Increased many dol late per thousand feet during tho past taw years while the duty Is only two dollars per thousand on cut lumber and less on squared timbers hence wo know that tho duty practically has no bearing on tbo lumber prices Tho Wilson law removed the duty on lum bet and Canada our bnly competitor Immediately put on an export duty equal to our former tariff Canada does not want her lumber sent to this country and hence when wo do not put up a discrimination lien laws supply what Is missing lint tho plaint ot the vehicle manufactures Is an old one It Is the scl fish policy that demands cheap raw material and high prices on finished products Tho vehicle manufactures evidently overlooked something They omitted to ask for a reduction of the tariff on tho goods they mako for other people Iowa City Republican Almost Obsolete An abridged report by cable tolls of an address lately delivered at a Ocr man institution of learning by Prof John William Burgess ot Columbia university Now York In which the statement was mado that In the Unit ed States protection is an almost obsolete doctrine One must Indeed go far from homo to learn the news at home Wo dont happen to know Prof John William Burgess but we should think that aj an educational curiosity ho might be worth knowing To do claro protection almost obsolete in tbo United States of all the countries of tho world It an exhibit of freakishness In superior Intellectual culture that should command a permanent place In some museum Suitably embalmed And adequately spiced the remains could for centuries to come be dls played In a case bearing tho inscrip lion Strange example of mental ec centricity a college professor who told tho Germans In 1900 that tho United States had discarded tho economic policy which at that very moment was In full operation and was effective In preventing the Germans from captur Ire the great American market He ferrlng to the present epoch It he could glvo positive assurance to tho German exporters that protection It now or Is about to become obsolete ID tho United States it would be a great deal ot money In John Williams pocket Not So Very Wish Few cars are closer to the ground than those ol lion Shelby Moore Cut lorn When that wise old bird pip u for tariff revision it is time for tho stand patters to wonder If the sacred and Immortal tariff Is a good risk N Y Sun There have been times when this same wtto old bird mistook what he heard with his ear cldso to tho ground For example threo or four years ago he was certain that Kassons foolish bunch of reciprocity treaties were going to Us ratified with a rush The treaties were smothered and never saw daylight Again a llltta more than a year ago he told tho Chi cago reciprocity conference that tho Dingley schedules were sufficiently high to serve as a maximum from which reciprocity concessions might bo made That idea has Just beea repudiated at the polls Now tho wise old bird Is eager for an extra session of congress to monkey with the tariff rates The country has also pronounced against that and the presi dent Is not IIkelytn be In spy such hurry to plunge tho business of the country Into tho vortex of thrill dlt turbaticc There Is a wise old bird called tho owl which sees best after dark and does nothing but blink and blunder In tho daylight The Panic Party They toll us that trusts are ID favor of Republican principles The trusts are In favor of prosperity the amP as every Individual should be In favor of prosperity That la the only rea son The black hand of Democracy makes capital tremble It means de struction of great enterprise It means empty pockets It means hunger and financial cyclone It means more than that It means that tho ragtag and bobtailed element which wants free lunch and which never prospered would tako control and with Democracy la control it moans a panic No one want another panic like the one of 93 But Democracy gave hl that and put it In power again tbo panic must come Moravian Falls N C Tel low Jarkn r n STRONG TESTIMONY lWhat Writers Have to Say About the Effect of Alcohol In Brain Work The Literary Echo a newspaper of t Berlin printed recently a symposium 4 signed by many of tho most eminent writers of ixmtry and prose la Got ninny on tho question as to whether or not alcohol Is an Iris jratlon tc J creative literary and poetical work I Some of tho opinions aro given as follows Karl Henckoll I dare say a good cognac has occasionally delivered mo from an attack of stomach ache but It has never yet carried my lyric bal rloon Into moro rarefied air For hair iItual drunkards total abstinence seems the only cure no matter wheth er tho tippler is a grocer of a poet 1 A SshmltthennerWhenever Ihavo tcohobeen that both the wish and abilityItto work have Invariably vanished I take no stimulants apart from a bot tIe of light beer Just before going to bed Detlef von Lillonacron I never take alcohol before or during work I have observed that It Interfere with my working powers r Fritz Ltontmrd I take next to no alcohol I have no need nnCL no do sire for fttoGeorge IlelcherAlcohoI may occasionally Inspire this or that idea but real work Is only hindered by It 1 would not do away entirely with nice holic drinks but the greatest modern lion should be practised F Avcnnrlus Since I began sort ous work I havo never taken alcohol either before or while I am at work It does not Inspire tho Imagination and It does paralyze the critical foe oily Judging l y personal expo nonce and observation alcohol Is tba greatest stupcflor In existence Dr Karl Busse1 own with satis faction that mine Is n good German throat which I take care to moisten every evening I object to temper anco principles because they seem to me to go hand In hand with a certain lack of temperament It Is nonsense to to to force a man physically and morally sound to adopt methods re qulred for Invalids and those morally weak Otto Julius Utcrbaum I have noth ing to say against people raising their spirits by the consumption of a moderato quantity of alcohol Should do 11 myself If the consequences were not fatal to me Unfortunately nice holbegotten hilarity does not makes my heart merry but hoary and hat tho exact opposlto effect of tho feel lag of exhilaration in rarefied moun tain air or tho sight of a thing of beauty or the sound of good music or tho fragrance of certain odors They smallest quantity of alcohol absolute ly paralyzes inc U stupefies my brain a- Like Wormy Apples President David Starr Jordan otcLeland Stanford university after b many yeas experience says lions who smoke cigarettes aro tike wormy apples They drop long before harvest time They rarely make failures In 0 after life because they do not have auy after life The boy who begin smoking before his fifteenth year lWheno of the world work ho is concerned J with the sexton and undertaker Out of 412 boys examined by thfnaval enlisting officer at 1corU Ill only 114 were accepted Of tho 2118 ro t Jcctlons tho greater number wore on account of weak hearts and in tho majority of eases this was caused by cigarette smoking Warning of Cigarette Smeker The use of cigarettes makes many a boy a nervous wreck The New t York and Brooklyn papers seine time ago told of a young man who died at St Josephs hospital In Brooklyn as a victim of cigarettes Ho was a chorister In ono of the Brooklyn churches and was said to be la general an exemplary young BIBB JIll only marked faults wero lying andyi cigarette smoking When brought to thin hospital his fingers wero yellow with the cigarette poison His suffer ings were excruciating Juet before ho died he said pitifully I wish all tho boys who smoke cigarettes could set me now They Dont Advertise That Way They say saloons help a town Did you over see n real estateman put In his circular something like this This town has two smelters two brick fac tories gus and electric plants a Car negie library YM 0 A 14 churches and ten saloons If saloons help draw people toa town why do not i towns advertise the saloons more rv J Canon City Col Record Beer and Whisky Waste In the year l905 tho people of this country drank more than a dollars worth of beer and whiskysExcuse us please did we say worth We should havo said beer and whisky that cost that much though worthless Chicago DallyKSun Doubles Saloon License Knoxville Ala la tho latest city tof a double tho price of Its chastity It g y has rallied thosaloon licence frtun 500 to1000 1- u t 000000004- fJ MAN MADE IN TIlE IMAGE OF GOD Sunday School L ton lor Jan 13 1907 Ppeoltlly Prepared for TbU Paper n t k JImortlcreatedHClUInTIlK HKHKHKNCK9Man u Itwgofe Sa neV li9 The orrprlnl of Cod Alai a1api wheraIv Ood u B 10Comment I V 27 So God created man He formed hIs body but he created hla spirit made In tho Imago of God he put Into man something that waa not In tho world before Breathed Into file noslrlls the breath of life Thla means moro than Iho Inbreathing of nnlmal life fleeing that our author onlyinof animals It would stem that in It Is meant to consist tho specific proemlv fence ot man over tho animals that which In va 2C 27 Is called tin Imago of Goo h o that by this Inbreathing affecting man personally Is meant tho communication not merely of tho physical but at the same time of tho mental vitality ot than tho communication of tho spirit Dlllmann Male bothilkoboth alike aro his children How ha mado them in told In tho second story Gon 318 5121 U was not good that man should bo alone Norm of tho animal crwUlon not oven tho high est ape was near enough to him to b- Ills e companion and tho mother ut tho new human race No man could de velop Into his best while alone Either It would bo necessary to create n woman In tho same way as Adam wa created or In some other and bettor way to supply the needed rompanlon The Dominion of Man V 28 And God blessed them by giving them children and dominion nnd noble work and food U would be a blessing a happlnesa to live Tho joy of Goo himself was bestowed upon his children Ho fnillfiiL Aa God delighted In his work of creation so that tho morales etars sung to gather and all the sons of God about ed for Joy Job 387 no ho would havo his children blessed In tilling the earth with people And have domin ion over the flsh and every living tiling Those aro by na turo subordinate to man and by hla higher nature man would havo tho power to benefit tho lower animals supply them with food and care and give them a larger usefulness and a higher and happier life than they could have without man This Is true of all wellcarcdfor domestic animals today Mans relation to the beach Is that ot 1rovldoncc aya George Adam Smith And subduo If Urine It under cultivation master all Its forces poaavss thcmaelvis of Us ro sources subject it and nil that It con talna to their use This man ts grad wally learning to do In tho advance lent ot knowledge and the progress of science and the artOroon Marvelous as has been mans con trol over tho forces of nature beyond ccrs vision or pools Imagination yet man has oven now attained to but a small portion of the Ircaaurcs of hla kingdom n few grains from the liar veal a few drops from the measure Mess ocean Uut aa ho regains tho ImngO of God he will gain Ida domin ion over all nAture For It la written t on the history of tile world that only BO fast and far aft man becomes filled with the spirit Chrlsliaully does ho hold dominion over animals cr make the earth hla servant V3 And God blessed the seventh liar Mnjle It a blessing to man one cf tho srcitesl blessings ho over ho towed endowed It with a treasure of grace flowing forth from the root of the Creator Pcllttwh This IniiUtu flon through Ilko other Institutions capable ot abuse haa nevertheless operated on the whole with won derful efficiency In maintaining the life of a pure and spiritual religion Prof Driver In trailing Bible Diet And sanctified it Hallowed It r Bet It apart for sacred uses Made It n holy day takes out from among the Common days and devoted to God Hiving a special relation to a holy Cod Dillraann ijorao euch Institution was eiscnUal P to the moral and rellgloua develop meat ot man tile moans of cultivating his higher nature and hence to tho besl progress of his clvllizallon physical and mental The two great essential foundallone of mans progress and true prosperity wero ordained at thoorery beginning the family and the Sabbath These two primeval Institutions kept sacred and wisely used are the remedy for stoat ot our social and moral evils forthighest and noblest part of man k Practical Points k Tho same God who brcnthod life into the duntmado body still breathes r Into Iho soul defiled by sin dead In sin the now life of rlghlcousncaa and heaven by his Holy SpIritITho reason here rlvort for tho Sab bath Is repeated In tho foartli cone jnandment to enforce an0 illustrate the duty of Sabbath keeping r Tho glory of man is that ho Is made i In tho Imago of God Heroin Is bpeIjOy lito and Immortallly t The revealed fact ot oar origin en abtas us to know what wo need to IThay about i tail our Father 1 e DAINTY HOME EXPfAIWENT klfMe Machine HomeMadsThat Will Produce Pretty EBrt pollqisheellicit and most Interesting of human nvontlons Ills merely a round lovel able which Is rotated rapidly by nouns of a treadle Tim potter puts i lump of wet soft clay on tho center goingIlump of clay and lot it grows cforo your eyes Into a column a owl or a beautiful vaso according to Ao way In which bo handles It Now I am going to show you how 0 make a llttlo machine says a writer In Good Literature which may jo called fancifully a potters wheel iccauBo yon can mako vases on It out you will not havo to muss with wet sap because the vases will bo pban om vases Tho wheel Is a round card fastened jo ono end ofa smooth round stick Iko a pencil or penholder whlch furore ho axle Now open a largo English walnut take out the meat and cut away a little of each shell at each end so that when you put the shells together ypur havo n smooth round hole at each end of tho hollow wal out Ono holo should fit loosely tho iharpencd end of the axle while the other must bo forgo enough to take In the full diameter ot tho axle Mako a thlrdhola still larger in tho side of the nut put tho axle In place In ono of the shells fasten a flno cord to U opposite tho third hole pus tho lord through this hole put on tho oth er shell and tauten tho shells together with glue or wax taking caro not to got any In tho holes Mako a small bolo lengthwise In tho top of tho axle if you havo used n penholdor the hole Is already there and your pot fees wheel Is complete To mako tho phantom vaso stick a hairpin bent Into any shape you choose In the end ot the axlo and wedge It tight Then holding tho nut untilsyou havo wound up tho cord and pull the latter Tho wheel spins rapidly and on top ot It appears the phantom vaso formed by tho hairpin which revolves so quickly that you ice it In every position at once just as you see a circle of fire when you whirl a burn lag stick The appearance of tho vase is peculiar and very pretty It looks something like glass and you can seo through It Its form can be changed by bonding the hairpin and so you can mako a bowl a columnIn short anything round as the potter can on his wheel You can make the phantom vase moro simply though not sowqll by sticking the bent hairpin through the The Phantom Vase middle of a rubber band which you havo cut ond opened out Then lay- Ing tho hairpin on the table so that It cannot turn you take an end of tho band In each hand and twist them both In the same direction as tightly as you nn Tho hairpin will spin rapidly to and fro and produce tho nppeanmco of n vase or other round object when you raise your hands from the table and separate them to stretch trio rubber Or tho hairpin may bo attached to u humming top or a teetotum spun with the fingers or to n buzzer A card with two holes and an endless cord passing through them A CRYING NEED Gee I wlllh the president d invent some kind ov simplified rllhrae Uc Most Birds Love Toys Most birds love toys Tho playthings help to while away the tlnre and prevent them from tearing their plumage Parrots are especially de Wilted to playthings says Mary Daw son In St Nicholas and can be trained to Ih simple tricks with tho objects specially fancied A softbilled bird will amuse Itself for an hour with a peanut which It cannot break a tiny bell or n mirror Just big enough to re flect Its own head The Mikado a Sportsman Tho mikado of Japan is fond of out door sports and warmly encouraged Introduction Into Japan of football as played In England He Is a hunter and label man of no moan ability uWelt as a good baud at lawn tennis HANDY KITCHEN TABLE- t What Can Be Done with Empty Sir cult Boxes emptyblacultFlff 1 and sot them en end against tho wall as indicated back to back and about 18 Inches apart Lay ft very Fig 1Tho Boxes In Position wide board or two narrower ones upon thoso boxes allowing to project at least ono Inch beyond boxes In frontUnder this projecting edge crew to each box a narrower strip of wood with an arm hinged to It as tugsested in Fig II Now hinge a lear to the Fig 2Wlth Top and Folding Anus front edge of the top ns shown In Fig III and tho tablo top will bo complete Tho hinges can bo attached to tho under surface of tho projecting edge of tho top and tho under surface ot tho leaf so they will not show at all When the lean la lifted to a YFig 3Thtl Finished Table horizontal position the two hinged arms are pulled out to support t- It remains now to fit a draw snd a cupboard Into each empty box or three drawers If preferred Small empty grocery boxes can be used for those drawers though they may need a little cutting down to fit nicely A Slight Disadvantage She was only ton years old little Margaret but there wore two younger children and she bad already taken upon her shoulders some ot tho roe sponsibilities ot life but did not pre tend to enjoy them all says tho Youths Companion Where aro Helen and Agatha asked a visitor who found Margaret sitting on tho doorstop alone ono afternoon looking particularly sober Theyve gone off to have what mother calls mischief and they call fun said the solitary one And you didnt go with them sail the visitor with a hint of sympathy In her voice Oh no said Margaret with a sigh mother trusts mo so dreadfully I cant havo much of any fun A Royal Company An amusing Incident onlo occurred when an American vessel was lying at anchor In tho bay of Naples and was visited by tho king of Italy with hit suite Ono of the members of the suite brave In a cocked hat and uniform with sword at Nt side and a fierce mustache says Youths Companion was exploring the ship and unfor tunately leaned against tho main hatch wind sall which ha mistook for a mast ThOjniccr of tho deck was Informed ot tho ensuing catastrophe by tho boatswains mate who had seen It from a distance Youll excuse me sir ho gasped but I think one o them kings liar fell down tho main hatch err His Poor Excuse When President Hadley of Yale was professor of political science there says the Now York Tribune a student offered him a poor excuse for a bad examination paper Prof Hadloy listened to the excuse in silence Then ho said with a grim smile That excuse Is about as poor as the one ft criminal lawyer offered for hIs client In a case that had gone shard with him- Gentlemen I of tho Jury cried this lawyer eloquently remember that my client Is hard of hearing and that therefore tho voice ot conscience ap peals to him in valnt To StoryLand When all the world U dull and gray and rain comes slanting down Dont step to fret but rlJe away away to Wonder Town The broad road stretches wide and while and free on either hand And you can always nod the car that tuna to StoryLand For A D C la motorman and any book the car Why you can go whereer you plan farSte anII long to nee and Isnt It just grand To think you never pay it rare to get to BtorylJindl I Alice Van Leer Carrick In Youths Companion I Deepest Mine I Australia now possesses the deepest I gold nilio in the world IChumhave been Bunk to a depth of over 4 300 feet and tho quartz there tapped has been sampled and crushed with tho result that n yield of gold equa to an ounce per ton has been obtained Tho operations IB the mine have been tested by government offlclnla In vlow of tho fact that never before In the worlds history has gold been obtained from solow a depth u tree quatori of a mile 4 NO GOLD SCARCITY DEPOSITS OF PRECIOUS METAL ALL OVER THE WORLD In Small Quantities It la Found In Almost All Volcanic Rocks and Will Vet Profitably Be Taken from the Sea The worlds gold supply Is absolutely Inexhaustible no mat what doe wands are made upon it sa writer In Moodys Magazine juuiur the attention ot miners has been entirely directed to comparatively rich easily worked deposits But It has to be re membered that gold In small quanti tics occurs In enormous masses of rock throughout tho world Almost all volcanic rocks and tbo formations derived from them such as granite serpentine and rhyolile con tam n appreciable quantities of gold and vast deposits of sedimentary rocks derived from such volcanic formations contain gold In concentrated form and jre today In some lotalltics profitably worked Profit Ir and always has been the Incentive to gold production Should there ovfr be need for working the volcanic and sedimentary rocks that aro auriferous the means of profitably working them will be found Experiments have shown that gold Is regularly falling to tho earth in association with cosmic dust and day and night settles all over tho land and sea Some of this gold when concen trated by wind or water or dissolved by acid surface waters and redepos Itcd In a more conccntratedfonn Is recoverable Tile waters of tho sea also are auriferous and there can bo little doubt that If over In the remote fu turo there should bo an extraordinary demand for gold means could bo found for profitably reducing tho gold In the seawater The area of the seabed Is much larger than that of the land Its com position la similar IQ every respect with that of tho land It Is composed of mountains plains rnd plateaus of Igneous metamorphic and sedimen tary rocks which contain great areas of gold bearing and other mineral veinsOnly In a few instances however wliero tno BamarIno gold fields are close to the land will It bo possible to work them as tho submarine coal holds are now worked But those oceanic gold fields on which the voles outcrop nt tho surface are subject to constant attrition by the waves This causes the shedding of gold which Is concentrated by the sea and washed ashore Gold deposits thus formed exist In many countries and they aro remark able In that they aro renewed or en Ached by almost every storm that passes over them These deposits are known by various names but tho term auriferous beach sand sufficiently de scribes them They occur In tho Pa cific beaches from Alaska to Terra del Fuego and throughout tho coasta of Australia and Now Zealand where they have long been worked with profitable results The gold output from the gold bear Ing beaches at Nome Alaska this year Is expected to reach 4000000 Tho coast between Capo Nome and Point Rodney for a distance ot more than 20 miles Is being worked for gold by hundreds of men The beach Is In places auriferous for a width of 2000 feet Inland from tho tide level and sometimes to a depths of 60 feet From the western base of Capo Nome there fan series ot gravelly sea beaches extending Inland several miles which contain gold and are In places belng worked today These marine deposits yielded gold to the value of 2200000 In 1903 2185 000 In 1901 and 2850000 In 1905 The earth has also Immense depos its of auriferous sands and clays These are chiefly In the arid regions In many countries they are profitably worked by dry blowing processes But experiments In Australia have shown that much of tho gold can be extracted In these oases by a special adaptation of gold dredging known as the paddocklng process These de posits are formed by the erosion of auriferous rock formations and tho concentration Of the gold by tho action ofwind and rain- Married Men Appreciated Kveryqne looks with favor on the married man In Australia and he Is considered to deserve well of his coun try Even If he Is so Imprudent as to wed on nothing and has no homo to which to take his bride ho Is not much blamed his relations other re lotions generally come to the rescue nod sot the young couplo on their feet In the government service tho married man Is very tenderly treated and this Is one place at least where It Is a strict rule that no married man shall be dismissed except for Inaubordlna youagIpositions Scotch Weather Mrs Auchterbody Weel Sandl yon was a fine dry day wo had last month Sandlo Deed aye It just put me In mind o ann wo had when I was tfblt laddie but It was It onythtng fully drierA Correction Crlttlk Yes ho said he under stood you wrote advertising poetry Rlrauey Tho Idea i hopo you corrected his error Crlttlk Oh certainly I told him it was wrong to say poetry that you merely wrote rhymes c 2I 1855 Berea College FOR THE ASPIRING YOUNG PEOPLE OF THE MOUNTAINS Places the BEST EDUCATION In ptaoh of altI statesLargest aubJectl4Imanywhere he can make most rapid progress Which Department Will You Enter cturslibraryDrawinSingingment etc Free text books TRADE COURSES for who have finished fifth grade frse hoes andcompoundnJmbera Brickwork Farm Management Priatrag Woodwork Nursing Dressmaking Household Management Learn and Earn Jaalargelying studies to fit a young person for as honorable and useful life Choice of Studies is offered in this course BO that a young man may secure a diploma is Agriculture and a young lady kHome Science ACADEMY COMMERCIAL 3 years to fit for business Eves part of this course as fall and winter terms lg very profitable Small T extra fees ACADEMY PREPARATORY two three and four year courses with Latin German Algebra History Science etc fitting for college COLLEGIATE four yean Literary Scientific and Classical un es with use of laboratories scientific apparatus and all modern meth ods The highest educational standards NORMAL three and fouryearcouraeit fer the profession e1 teaching First year parallel to 8tk grade Model Schools enables oue to get a first class certificate Following years winter and spring terms give the information culture and training necessary fer a true teacher and cover branches necessary for State certificate PlanoTheorycourse Small extra fees Expenses Regulations Opening Days moneyreceivedexpends oa an average upon each student about fifty dollars a year more than he pays in This great deficit is made up by the gifts oi thatitOUR SCHOOL IS LIKE A FAMILY with careful regulations to protect tho character and reputation of the young people Our students come from the best families nnd are earnest to do well and improve For any who may be sick the College provides doctor and nurse without extra chargeAll except those with parents in Berea live in College buildings and assist in work of boarding hall farm and shops receiving valuable train ing nnd getting pay according to the value of their labor Except in win ter it is expected that all will have a chance to earn as much as 35 cents Secretaryheforoone dollar a week PERSONAL EXPENSES for clothing laundry postage books ante climateisweather warm wraps and underclothing umbrellas anderanecessary The Cooperative SUr furnishes books toilet artieleetwork uniforms umbrellas and other accessary articles at cost Living Expenses are really below cost The College asks no rent for the fine in which students live charging only enough room rent to pay for cleaning repairs fuel lights and washing of bedding and towels For table board without coffee or extras 135 a week ia the fall and 150 in winter For room furnished fuel lights wash ing of bedding 40 cents a week in fall and spring CO cents in winter School Fees are two First a Dollar Deposit as guarantee for return of room key library books etc This is paid but once and is returnedwhen the student departs Second an Incidental Pea to help on expenses for care of school buildings hospital library etc Students pay nothing for tuition or services of teachers all our instruction is a free gift The Incidental Fee for most students is 500 a term 400 in lower Model Schools 000 in courses with Latin and 700 in Collegiate courses PajTHeat auut be h advance incidental fee and room rent by the r term by the month Installments are as follows Per Wiater Terra 12 weeksFir day 1700 besides 1 deposit 28th day 000 66th day 600 total 29 If paid all In 28 Per Sprbf Term 10 weeksFirst day 1440 28th day 540 66th day 270 total 2250 If paid all in advance 2200 The two tents together paid for in advance at a reduction of 250 making only 4900 Wr Winter telll 16 weekaFirst ay 2060fsth day E 600 66th day 600 84th day 540 total all ia advances 3700- Refunding Students excused to leave s fore end of term receive back all they have advanced on board and room except that so y ance ia made for any fraction of a week pada fee of fifty cents IsIcharged for leaving the boarding hill ano cents for carfag a room in term time There Ino reundingof incidental fee 1 It Pays te Stay When you have raids your journey and are well started in school it pays lo stay as longas possible Tke First Day of winter term is January 2 1907 For information or friendly advice write to the Secretarye WILL C GAMBLE BEREA KENTUCKY MexicanMtlSTANGLINIMENTAVor the Aliment V IFOR HORSES COWS CALVES MULES SHEEP and OXEN IBEAlST Ij Mexican MUSTANG LINIMENTfJj I I I f J t JfJ Y Ironing Table cloths should bo stretched the last Ihing before Ironing Each clothshould then be well snapped doubled down its length right side out yrdand ironed with very hot irons For this heavy irons ore best and the linen must bo pressed until perfectly dry else it will not bo glossy or show tho pattern as it should Even thin coarse goods BO finished will look well The French method Is when it is rendy to bo ironed to dip each cloth into boiling water wring out rapidly between sheets and Dunc1 Itately iron withvery hot irons As few folds os possIble shoulll I in into tablecloths fancy folding savors of hotels and restaurants The sntuo thing is true of napkins the necessary folds should be perfectly oven Towels having embroidered initials should bo folded in three lengthwise nnd the initials should be pressed on the wrong side in order to raise tho embroideryPillow cases after being ironed on both sides should bo opened and separated the side will adhere if starched nnd any wrinkles thou made bo pressed out before folding Skirts and petticoats should be ironed on a board rather than n table To keep them from being soiled the clothes basket should be placed un derneath or a piece of muslin should be spread on the floor Colored gowns black ones especially should be ironed on the wrong side This applies more particularly to tho skirts as the sleeves of waists must be finished on the right sido The cuffs of shirtwaists should be iron- edI first and if wished very stiff they should bo dipped into raw starch when sprinkledStockings should be pressed on the wrong side with a moderately hot iron then folded one or more times x Many housewives prefer not to have woven cotton and woolen under wear Ironed if they are a warm not hot iron should be used I Embroidered doilies and centerpieces aro usually washed bj them selves As soon as taken from the rinsing water they should bo snapped andspread wrong side upwards ou a heavy smooth towol on the table coy ered with several thicknesses muslin or a fine towol and pressed with hot irons until dry The Lamp Almost every lamp wants boiling occasionally when the light burns dimly and no attention to oil or wick will make any difference Take the lamp apart remove the wick and then boil both burner and wick in hot water in which has been thrown some sal soda When every part has been thoroughly cleaned and as thoroughly dried put in the wick trim it fill the lamp with oil and the light will be brilliant IT E SCHOOL I Health of the School The Health Department of the City of Chicago gives these rules about what the school children should be taught and it would be well if the same rules could be followed allover the country canu nEN SHOULD BE TAUQHT Not to spit it is rarely necessary To spit on a slate floor or sidewalk is an abomination Not to put fingers into the mouth Not to pick the nose Not to wet the finger with salive in turning the leaves of books Not to put pencils into the mouth or moisten them with the lips Not to put money into the mouth Not to put pins into the mouth Not to put anything into the mouth except food and drink and tho brushNot swap apple cores candy chewing gum nilday elickerehalf eaten food whistles or bean blowers or anything similar that is habitually put into the mouth Teach the children to wash the hands and face often See that they keep them clean If a child is coming down with a communicable disease it isreasonable to believe that there is less chance of infecting persons and things if the hands and face are washed clean and not daubed with the- o t secretions of the nose and mouth Teach the children to turn the face aside when coughing and sneeze ing especially if they are facing another person or when at the table Children should be taught that their bodies are their own private poss essions that personal cleanliness is a duty that the mouth is for eating ant speaking and should not be used as a pocket and that the lips should I not take the place of fingers 4 Among the reasons for the foregoing are The poisons of some of the common and also some of the most loath some diseases are freqently contained in the mouth In such cases any thing which is moistened by the saliva of the infected person may if it touches the lips of another convey disease The more direct the contact the greater the danger personshavingmany cases this is impossible Little restraint is put on certain mild dis eases during the time that they are infectious In many cases this is impossible t Little restraint is put on certain mild diseases as measles diphtheria noticed and children affected with them mingle freely with others It is probable that in such cases one of the chief vehicles of contagion is tho secretion of the mouth and nose teachinghabitsBut if such instruction is to be effectual it must be continuous The teacher should notice and correct violations of the more formal school rules of hygiene Even if the question of disease and contagion did not enter into the teachersOuris perhaps quite as important that they should inculcate cleanliness deo 5 refinement and manners reInItion4 ITHE FARM I WISDOMrTram Tho Jnrm Journal Have a wrench a screwdriver and a small hammer just for use around the separator and other buttermaking machinery and never use them for j any other parposo Then they will always be where they are wanted Dont sacrifice the good cows and the young growing stock Give them the best care for another yearthey will all be wanted Dont let the cows nor the young stock start to lose flesh this month ea It cost food to get an animal in good condition l production When an animal is first made fat and then made poor there is a double loss Ii It must be gotten in good condition again before it can be sold or can produce All the fattening stock should be rounded up nnd sold by tho holidays coldlDeath and loss are in such cold draftse coldAtokeepIf you have no tight shutters on the cow stable windows put them on at onceDo not let the heifer form the habit of drying up as soon as cold wea ther begins Feed her liberally and keep her milking nearly the year round 5 I Students Jdurnal Containing Bretty Notes Corn I ins Events And Trials And Triumphs of BtrtA Students O ot Jam Jam Jamqup as they used lo say In Rome where the old heath ens spoke leanthat moans Jell and Jam It commenced doubtless for many with jamming the few extra clothes and looks Into tho grip or trunk anti d pleas of broad and jam into the mouth and running down to the station Thou It was a Jim In the oars with a lot of other tudnl and holiday travellers on tho way home or to school Thou thorp was the Jam at tho station at Uoroa rather a sticky jam for some and well sweetened and then tho jam In the offices of tho Assistant Treasurer Dean of Women Registrar and other officers cnigod In putting up tho grunt and ripe fruit of tho mountains and plains and then there was the jam social 1 It was recommended as a cure for In dlgepUon and homesickness to be taken In largo doses spread on thick Prof llalne Was chief spreader and he put It on well Vhllo ho was teed ing the crowd you could see tho Jam smeared around their mouths It tnstod good It was a sight to make ones mouth waUr and ehut oft the water works of the ores ProfUu mold not yet half thru his honey moon thought ho had enough honey so bo oould afford to pass some of It around and thus give variety to tho Jam diet The Glee Club also gave some honey from its buzzing bum blebees to the tune of its light guitar evrtdntt9eA m11Iv W rAr mJjJIJxlijJ i2Lualtlcjw44L r V fJJ fI411UtLte eAreIa jtCJr ll q1t1rftx v t a 1JarI 1 rATJuAuiJfJ 1 ae tJ i9x J JtL Ylvw 744i M4 1h Bern Is the College Kentucky Its the place te get your knowledge Kentucky It eaxtfbk i in U fall With IU pupils Large and amiill And you nt count all In Kentucky XRPBAIN Banal old Vera There no spot In Kentucky Quite so Ifa teacher the beat In Kentucky Hut they never a rest In Kentucky Ior thy day Id battle tight With their faces towa light In Kentucky ner students are the brightest In Kentucki And their heart are lightest Kentuckyfrom far and dear Lad and lassksgather hereYou can catch their cheer In Kentucky Refrain Our rldent ii the greoleit In Kentucky When he speaks you hear for latest KentuckyWhether t or West Crowd he ha addressed But hes olway at hia best In Kentucky Our football tams a rare In Kentucky And a scorer yellYou J Was Popular Railroad Magnate Philadelphia Dec 29 Alexander Johnson Cassatt president of tho Pennsylvania Railroad company and one of the foremost railroad men and financiers In tho country died sudden ly at his residence here Mr Cassatt who was a little more than C7 years of age was stricken with heart disease and died before asslstanoe could be given Though Mr Casnatts death was entirely unexpected his health bad been bad for nearly a year 111- 11condlUOIllowalloggrnvnted by an attack ot whooping cough which he contract ed from his grandchildren while at Bar Harbor In September Ho never entirely recovered frora the effect of this attack Porto Ricans Deft San Juan P It Dec nR Ma tlenzo Cintron speaker of tho house of delegates and leader of tho Union let party published an article In La tho party organ In which ho criticises the mtmgugo of President Roosevelt to congress con taming references to Porto Rico tron says that citizenship without self government has no value and is oven debasing The idea is Impossible of acceptance but should it become a fact Senor Clntrpn declares that would be the hour to say to tho people of Porto Rico Preparo your elve to win llbertyjwltn gwprd and gun and with all tho honey and Jam around wo wonder If there werent any who showcd symptoms of being stuck on come others when tho order came to choose partners and march around to tho tune of illsa Campbells light Plano That reminds us of the Ucroa lang It may not huye any direct conn ctlou with jam but It will stick oven bot UT when you once learn It and we print It this week in order Uut nil tiny learn lu Cut It out of tho paper ana pin it upon your wall 6r paste In- oue of jour books learn tho word and get somo one who knows it to touch JTDU tho tune it has a good and swing to It Friday night you will want to bo in one of the literary Boclotle ltllnd they wilt want you there The Union Society boys are allow ing their colors In various wajs tho latest being on their cups They hate new purple caps with U S in white on tho front giving at the same time thorn ai15 lifWwhlto and purple and an IDdlwttlrot their loyalty to the U S They meat at 7 oclock 1Tlday night in Lincoln Hall Room 4 and have boys from tho Academy the Normal courses and rome frwnftho Model Schools among their members The Delta ICaviu Society welcomes the same class of students in Room 11 Lincoln Hall The Phi Delta So ciety in the Phi Delta Ball and the Alpha Zeta Society In Room 17 coin lull have their members mostly from the College Department The two ladles societies tho Utlle Duloa and tho Pi Epsilon PI lure hel meetings in parlors of Ladlce Hall Next week we hope to have reports from all of their now officers nnd bright plans for the term Iv 1 J lO l J tULaU4 J lIH dh t J J J I J j- J lu In them Rood old Kind are labor their hearty often our Corrcspondencln Cln rln IAn That our are well In KentuckyRefrain Now you hear our glee club sing In As rloJInstyleTrdleuyourato YOU ran liter It full a mile I InKenlutky I Our campus the decant In Kcntucky I Her stately trees are ereenest- I1erdoudy In Kentucky days the fewest The skits the bluest And our sweethearts are the truest In Kentucky Refrain Our squirrels ate the tamest In Kentucky And these verse are the lAmest In Kenttttky You can watch the chipmunks play llrar thejobin and the lay And be happy all the day In Kentucky Our fraternities are the stionjest In Kentucky They can keep up the longest In Kentucky Alpha Zeta is the neatest Old Ihllklta the mplctnt And Utile nuke sweetest In Kentucky Refrain Then heres to old Derea In Kentucky May she have a carter In Kentucky May she never enact to grow Never fail to strike a blow KentuckyRefrain Taft Would Accept Washington Dec 31 Secretary Taft jnado the following statement concerning hli presidential asplra tions For the purpoflo of relieving the burden imposed by recent publications on some of my friends among the Washington correspondents of putting further Inquiries to meI wish to iay that my ambition is not politi cal that I am not seeking the presidential nomination that I do not cx poet to ba the Republican candidate U for no other reason because of iriaat seems to me to bo the objections to my Availability which do not appear to lessen with tho continued die charge of ay own offlplal duty but that I am not foolish enough to say that in the Improbable event that the opportunity to run for tho great office of president wore to como I should do clirjo it for this would not bo true Four Million Starving Poking Jan lowlDg to excessive rains and consequent failure of tho crops the famine in Ihq north of An but province and lp the north of Kl angsu is worse than for 40 years It ii estimated that 4000000 persona are starving and tens of thousands aro wandering over the country The dan ger is increased by the activity of tho secret societies as the wanderers are gladly joining them in order to obtain HM rarr It r oooo ooooooooO-o Eighth Kentucky i 0History 05- 2 Thrilling Story of the Part tale thd o o lnntllnlin nt took In life Civil Wnr o 00000000000001 At turk Colonel Darns information that the enemy was advancing on us All our cheerful camp tires were reluctantly oxtlngulnhod and we by in line of battle during tho night ready tar any emergency Wq weN not attached but BpttU a sleepless night At sunrise wo ate a Hasty bratkfost and immjhtd over u pur of Itucuoou Mountain lord hewn Cloarwater Croak My conijuuy ou duty as train guard waa at deck s- Lung way behind the rfgtnumt auuml oy bad roads and broken down wag ons Tho night of tho 2d November 1S03 found us back ul Snillnwund Pennl- 8500 where Ginttol Vukojccr inform ed Colonel llamas wo mould fortify and BO into winter Qiunorn Front this umo until the all wo suffered much front the Inolenwnoy of the wither having lift tiro rumunt of uur old tents at itxwasin Mend and moat of tho mens overcoats and blank MS were attll boxed up at Naauvill where they wore tent in tho spring by general orders The nights were cold for this oilman but the won of Uio Eighth were not the men to ah still and freeze or wrve without an effort to remedy the evil Procuring at many axes as could be had lose were cut and lArGe fires built around which tho men at night oolleuted stir sonde and joked each other about ibelr ragged appft ranot with OB muel oheerfuln sa M If w were In the btsT wtrrachs ikffxtnt Wax rwiurlwA 1 can stand a heap If they will only feeds mo will We were ki t 100 busy Uij6o dstys to fcql the cold Cut ting down trees and buljdlng fortift hulons ocouiiUxl tart of our limo the tint two weeks here A large ptrt- of each regiment was detailed to out treca and prepare watorltl for our win icr quarters A dally guard of forty teen was furrrtahed by our brigade to escort our pruvUlooa trains to While aide Station The Jwrrtblo oondltloi of tho road through tune Narrows made laird work helping woflorM DIll of mud holts but Mfflllra for a large urtny at front could not be ntgta od Tho 9th Col Barites iUJor Ctark and Captain Powell laid off our now eoampmntt ClMptaln Kindred OJp lain Dixon and myaatf were 6j polBte4 by the oohHiel to Mks wrge owl superintend the building inrttan Our men worked under many dbud wKHg ea for w nt of axes This wee JOt1 remedied by borrowing front the division quaruiruM8tar and a few old erossout saws gathered up from Uu urrouBdlng neighborhood Thua the work on our cabins progrgsseddally CUAPTHRXIV About the ISth of Jtovembor CrnetA al Shermans army begun to pars up tho river rout toward Cliatnnooga unplllUj1nUlethe IStu our brigade WM reviewed by General Whluker Our lines were much shorter than twelve months ago but In marching flm old Wet he rained his hat and sold Col Barnes that regiment of yours is an honor to tho state Gad tut they can march without music as well a to it Too next dry tho ever welcomo face of too paymaster appeared and eve resolved our Nowanco of greenbacks for September and October That nigh after all had retired with full pocket orders camo to prepare to march but recent rains had rendered tho bad roads almost impassible and tho rear of Shermans force bind not cleared the Narrows therefore wp did not Nova until tho morning cf the 23d The 22d tho colonel and Captain Smallwood had a tow short words resulting in tho latter being put under arrest After a hard days march with sixty rounds of cartridges and four days rations wo haulted for tho night at the base of Mount ItarOOu op posite to tho west of frowning Lookout on whore summit and western side the encmya numerous camp fires twinkled llko stars In tho black dis tant horizon Every man In our nrmy from a private to Gonenil Grant know It would be a desperate undertaking tc drive the Johnnifs from tint mountnli Its inalntenanco was of Importance to thom therefore they had fortified this naturally strong pocltlon where ever the best of military skill ol the rebel officers thought would ode to Its defense But tho possession of Lookout was also of great importance to the Union army and General Grunt said it must bo taken We lay down to rest our weary bodies for tho hazardous undertaking before us Early on the morning of the 2ltli our brigade of the Fourth Cornr Jain ed Slocums troops of Hookers Corps intodense a where the entny lost eight of us for a few hours CTO BE CONTINUED SIGNAL IS OVERLOOKED Tliirlyfivc Persons Killed and Sixty Injured In a Collision PASSENGER HIT BY FREIGHT I I I Latter Plowa Through a Local Train on the Baltimore t Ohio Crushing Out the Lives of Occupants of Several Coaches Accident Occurred In a Heavy FogeWashington Jan IThe most con servative estimate of tho dead an a roSult of tho wreck le G3 with threo scores of Injured In tho hospitals or at their homes Ponding Investigation- of the disaster five of the train crew are under arrest Including KiiRlncor Harry Hlldobrand and Conductor Frank F Hoffmelor Washington Dec St Thirtyfive persons were killed nnd over CO In juried Sunday evening In a wreck on tho Baltimore k Ohio railroad at at Torra Cotta three miles from this city Tho catastrophe was enticed by thu colllilon of boat No CO from Frederick Md known as tho Fred erick special with n deadhead pas vsoiiger oqulpnrant speclnf of eight cars Over 200 patMiigora woo on board the Illfated train Tho railway officials are unable to assign any cause for tho collision AH noon as the newa of the wreck ranched this city all ambulances available with as ninny 111I1tr a tfI meld bo nsscm Wed wore seat to Meno of disaster The dead bodies wore found lying beside the track for n considerable distance Tlu wreck occurred at 039 P m A dense foe was provnlllns and made objt ota porecptlble but a tau feet ahead It was Imposlbh at lint to determine toe exact extent of the catastrophe Those passengers In the forward coach who wrote but slightly broised hearth this groans of the dying and wounded and did what they could to give aid A number of tho p ssen gera walked to llrooklanJ thrcc fovrUic of a mile away The ill fntgd train rasa only on Sun day tar the beeeftt of many Wash ingtpulans who either have country place on the Una or go to their rola Uvel It leaves Jnsderfek at 4 p m and la seIiedaled to reach Washington at 6K p m The dead lUlsnbettv Pearroan Ta coma Park T A Kelor Kensington Md Mary Iattold 10 employed bu nion of engraving and printing this city George IllcMa 8 Ilrookliind D a Pr It awUwr Harrtfl WashlnK ton MlM Koll to Y M C A card we i found la her pocket white girl IS nnldeatlfled white girl IS unl dontlttod ne ro baby unidentified white bab Hnli ndlle l Norman RII whte Marion lad Mra J MeCaiblry ad her 14rearold son f 1ttgaalst Vehr chapel Kensington 1twowoman dentified wVUo woman 90 unidenti ned white child unidentified Col J rind Robert Anderson Newark O United Stales DhKriet Attorney D W liaker who was a passenger on the forward car suffered Internal In Juries Ho was able to walk from tho wreck to a drug store whore his in juries wer treated Ho was later taken to bis borne In an automobile Hoth Etnlne r Hlldobrand and the fireman ate the freight train wore an rested and brought to Washington About 100 hundred workmen are en paged In clearing away tho wreckage All traffic on the division has ben stoppedIt ion proved that tho danger signal at Takomn Park a short die ante from the place of the accident was sot when the train of empty freight cars parsed Tho train was going at tho rate of CO miles an hour and Engineer Hlldorbrand stated that on account of tho heavy fog ho could not BM tho signal Ills train ran Into tho Frederick train just III It was pulling out of Terra Cotta where It had stopped to tako on four or five passenger two of them being among tho killed Man and Woman A word to the wlao man Is sufficient but a woman generally wants a more extended explanation I Correct Silverware andidainty china or fine linen if you goodtaste IBM ROGERS BROS plecetforeverywhere UloguCL telU about the genuine IMemtttoMl Silver Co MtrMta Co a f IN ARMy UNIFORM LACKS SHOT UP STREET CAP NEAR ARMY POST ANOTHER SNARL IN DISPUTE Now Waging Between Foraker and Roosevelt Fourteen Cavalrymen Were Arrested iiLeavenworth Kan Dec 2GAs the f a car riot here started by a negro soldier refusing to pay hiD tare 14 cavalrymen mostly members of tho 9th cavalry are said to have been placed under arrest President Roosevelt has been apprised of tho ate fair Tho trouble coming as It dOM while tho controversy over tho discharge of the negro troops concerned In tho Brownsville Texas affair Is the ab norblng topic owing to tho different sight In which It Is viewed by Iresl dent lloosevolt end members of tho Vnltod States senate and Is liable to result In more complications Tho trouble occurred on a car between Leavonworth City and the fort Fifteen or 20 soldiers Including both whites and blacks according to report engaged In a tree for all fight In which several shots Wero fired and some of the window In tho car smashed Negro Would Not Pay Conductor F L Drown who was in charge of tho car says that the troublo arose over tho refusal of a colored trooper to pay his faro or get off Tho negro became abusive and truck tho conductor A general fight followed In which tho white soldiers came to tho aid ol tho street car menfTho scgro troopers wero finally ejected from tho car In retaliation several shots wero fired and stones thrown through the windows of tho car Two women and four civilians woro nboartltbe car which WM crowd ed owing to the fact that It was th- olut car front the downtown district to tho fort During the molco tho motorman locked himself In the front vesti bule leaving tho conductor to bo bade ly beaten up by tho negro soldiers be fore tho white troopers came to his aid Tho negroes who created the dis turbance were captured early while attempting to roach their quarters at tho fort and will bo courtmartlalod LEMON MAILED ROOSEVELT I But It Was Rushed To the Dead Letter Office Washington Dec GA number of things received at tho local postofflao have caused considerable amusement among tho clerks A mailing tube was received which was addroMod to Theo doro Itoosovolt and It was act hard to sco that It contained a big juicy lemon Tho postoffioe authorities assumed tho right to hold this up and It was sent to the dead loiter office along with hundred of postal cards which come within the ban of tho postal laws and regulation 100 Horses 400 Mues Burned Atlanta Go Dc GA lose of 4100000 was caused by fire here which destroyed tho livery and Mies i tablet of Harper Bros and of lags dale Carlisle near tho Union stockyards One hundred horses and 400 mules which tho night watchman was unable to release wore burned to death Tho tire Is supposed to have been caused by tho overturning ot a stove In tho office and this by tho ef torts ot a robber to blow tho safe Murder and Suicide New fork Doc 26 Followlag a quarrel John J ORourko an electrician drew a revolver and crying Theres Christmas present for you fired two shots at his wife Ono of tho bullets struck tho woman In tho temple and tho other In tho right forearm ORourko then turned tile woapon on himself and sent a bullet Into his Jiraln and fell beside his wife Ended In Vltch Colorado Springs Col Dee 2GThe entire force of Japanese laborers em ployed at tho Charter Oak ranch Irri gation reservoirs 1C miles south of Colorado Springs quit work because tho Polish overseers name Alexandra Roncovltch ended with tho usual Rue alan termination His Throat Cut Mobile Ala Dec 26John McKcn stn a master plumber was found mur deed on o principal street here His hint was cut from car to oar tho head being almost severed from the body An old knife with blood on it was found on tho sidewalk near body Gifts To the Sailors Now York Dec 2G Fifteen hun dred sailors of tho United States received Christmas presents from Mrs Russell Sage Tho gifts were all alike Simple Life calendars for 1907 tied with red cord and containing good ad vice for each month Burned To DeathIMilwaukee Wis Dec Suelflow who played Santa Claus was burned to death In her sisters home This U tho first time that a woman Las met death In this fashion lorut waukee although several men have tiea burned In other years Land binp Charged Helena Mont Dec 2QH Brady a prominent Great Falls lawyer has been Indicted by the federal grand Jury In this city on the charge of hay fag lllecally fenced 13167 acres of pub lie Unas la Valley county LEVELED BY THE EARTIIQUAK WAS TOWN Or ARICA IN PERU MANY PLACES SUFFERED Appalling Loss of Life and Awful Do structlon of Property Reported In Tacna Province Santiago Chile Dec 27 Meager de tails reached hero of an earthquake to Peru rivaling In violence the seismic upheavals which led to tho frightful catastrophes In thU city and Valpa raise last Auguat Tho province of Tacna Peru is reported to have suffered most severely especially the town of Arlca near tin seacoast half of which was destroy ed Many other towns In tho Immo dlato vicinity of Mica suffered more or less severely though tho seaport ol Iqulquo about 120 tulles south Will not damaged In the business portions of Arlca not a building was left standing and many of tho residences were razed cauilni an appalling loss of life No accurate report of tho dead and Injured hat been received Tho authorities are taxed to their utmost to bury the vlo tints to to care for tho wounded As the weather Is warm and there is plenty of food for tho sufferers there seems to bo little destitution among tho hundreds who have been forced to form camps for shelter nov ortlieloss the government at Lima It hurrying troops with provisions and relief trains with surgeons to tho sceneWith the recollection of tho fall dls aster fresh In their minds there li groat alarm among the people throughout the earthquake zone while tho In habitants of Tacna province are panlo stricken oaring a recurrence of the quako at any moment The province of Tacna Is regarded u tho AlsaceLorraine of the southern continent It has for years been tho bono of contention between Peru and Chile It contains vast nitrate depot its which were not worked until about 20 years ago To this day tho fate of tho province remains unuulllod and causes constant disputes between the two republics both claiming it as orlg inally theirs The treaty of 1883 stipulated that whllo Ioru definitely ceded Tarapaca to Chllo she surrendered Tacna and Arlca for 10 years at the sad of which A plebiscite was to bo taken the loser to receive 110000000 This plebiscite has been postponed from yofr to year and now Peru claims the Cory ban reverted to her Somo CflBan states men hove counseled thjpTno attempt should bo made to re provo inces since though rich In resources they are everlastingly threatened by earthquakes and volcanic outbursts ENRAGED TOREADOR Hurled a Javelin Into the Side of an American Doy Douglas Arlt Dec 27 Ernest Lc lovlor 11 son of 0 G Ll vler an American editor was seriously assault ed In the Aqua Prteta building by an enraged Moxlcar toreador on the Mex loan side of tho line Tko toreador burled a Punta debantlarillo Into the American boys side The Javelin stuck until removed by surgeons The stabbing brought the exhibition to a closo In a tumult American Troops Needed Havana Dec 2iUnIt8l1 States troops havo been obliged to again take tbo field to suppress what appeared to bo another revolution In Santa Clara province Till Iturals In tho province InterferoIlleriouslBell has ordered the garrisons reen forced and a regular patrol to bo main tained at the danger points A Blow For Japs Honolulu Dec 27Tho Hawaii Medical association has proposed legis lation requiring all applicants for li censes to practice medicine to pass tho necessary examinations In English Many Japanese applicants havo Insist ed on their examinations being con ducted In tho Japanese language h Say Story Is Absurd Washington Dec 87 Gov Magixin at Havana cabled Secrotary Taft that a Havana newspaper printed a story to tho effect that Japanese had been Intriguing to obtain control of Cuba Coy Mnguon ridiculed tho story and Secretary Taft also characterized It as absurd and ridiculous Distilleries To Be Visited Washington Dec 27 Secretary Wilson Government Chemist Wiley and Solicitor McCabe of tho depart ment of agriculture will start early In January on a tour of tho distilleries ot tho country to learn how whisky Is made Distilleries In Ohio Kentucky and Indiana will be among thoso visited Trains Collide Two Men Killed Tacoma Wash Dec 27An Inter urban train from Seattle and a work train collided a mile north of Milton near Edgewocd Two persons woro killed and 12 In lure J The flagman who caused tho neck escaped Says Cabinet Cant Agree Rome nee 77 According to advices received t the Vatican from Paris n strong feeling of rcoontmont exists In tho Clomonceau cabinet against the minister of public Instruo Lion as the rosult of his reccut clrcu lars on the Tcllgjoua question Will Sail For England Washington Dec 27Sir Henry Mortimer Durand retiring British am bassador and Lady Durand will sal lor England Eamo Howard will ua Charge daffaires until the arrival of Damon Bryce tho new ambassador HEARD MOB COMING AND COOLLY DRESSED HIMSELF AS IT PARLEYED OFFICERS PUTUNDERLOCKAND KEY By Masked Men Who Later Took Lebergs LifeAlabama Shoot Ing Scrape Pueblo Col DOe 28A special to tho Chieftain from Las Animas Col says Lawrence Loberg was lynched here for the murder of Henry Lavenmcycr by n mob of masked mon About 40 men entered tho jail and easily over powered the sheriff and other officers and locked them securely In a room of the building Then tho men went to the cell oc cupled by Loberg struck tho shackles from his limbs and took him from tho jail A larger body of men and boys were waiting outside and when tho prisoner and his captors appeared they formed a procession and proceeded a short distance from tho jail and hangS ed Jiborg to a telegraph polo Tho self confessed murderer made no re sistance and mado no statement Tho members offered no violence and no shots wore fired during tho en tire affair Before tho mob reached the jail Le berg hoard tho men coming Ho arose from his cot dressed himself coolly and awaited them Tho leader of the mob made no effort to disguise him self and it is declared that tho ring loaders arc known to tho jail officials NEGRO PERISHED After Seeing His Father ShotKIlling of Two Men Avenged Selma Ala Dec 28Two white men have been badly Injured two ne groes killed and a third negro wound ed In a shooting scrape near Nicholas vllle Morcngo county Alexander Jones a young negro shot and wound ed another negro In a crap game Jonos tied and barricaded himself In his houseLee Pope and Zeeko Pope whlto men attempted to arrest Jones when tho negro opened fire wounding both A crowd of whlto men gathered and efforts wore made to drive tho young negro from his house Bob Jones father of Alexander tried to carry am munition to pie son but was shot dead Several negroes joined tho besieg ing party and ono negro for a reward of 5 crept up to tho house and set fire to It Alex Jonas never loft tho house and was burned to death In tho flames Mexicans Killed Dy Yaqui Indians El Paso Tar DecSA special from Nogalos Mexico says Details are arriving hero of tho butchery of a party of Mexicans by Yaqul Indians near Valencia GO miles below Guay mas Right Mexicans were killed and all tent houses burned From all accounts there wero over a hundred In dians In the attacking party Tho em ployes of tho Southern Pacific railroad In that section are frightened It Is said that many are leaving and tho masMcro may delay the road to Oua dalajara Race Suicide Preferable to Race Decay Springfield 111 Doc 28 Speaking on the Juvenile Problem before tho Sato Teachers association W L Bodlno of Chicago declared that race suicide Is preferable to race decay and that race suicide among the poor er classes Is not to bo deplored but rather encouraged He took Issue at once with President lloosevolt In tho course of his address ho touched on divorce and marriage and child labor Womans Cry Started a Panic Manila Dos 2STbe governor of tho province of Oriental Xogros has reported that 14 natives wore killed end 13 wounded In a panto at a mitt night Christmas mass at Tonjay A woman wea seized with an epileptic fit and cried out far help This caused a stampede with tho fatal result mono tloned Will Discuss Jap Situation Washington Dec 2QUnltoo States District Attorney Robert F Devlin of San Francisco who was called to Washington for a conforence regard ing the exclusion of Japanese pupils from San Francisco schools has are rived Mr Devlin refused to discuss the Japanese question Insurance Men Indicted Now York Dec 2Slt was reported that the grand jury voted Indictments against two men as n rosult of the In durance Inquiry It was said that forgery In the third degree would be charged Thoso In a position to con firm or deny these reports refused to discuss the matter Made Suicide Sure Liverpool England Dec 28The Russian consul hero Col Do Hclmann committed suicide by shooting him self Fearing that the pistol shot would not be fatal ho stabbed himself Taxless Island Threatened London Dec 28Tho Pembroke ohlro county council is considering a proposition to levy a county rate on tho Inhabitants of the Island of Caldy The population of the Island Is about 70 and tho Islanders have never paid any rates Engine Turned Over Houston Tex Dec 2SA Gulf Col orado Santa Fe passenger train was wrecked near Somorvllle Tot Tho engine turned over fatally Injuring Engineer James Scaly and Fireman I Felder No passengers were hurt RIOT AT THE ARMY MANEUVERS h OF THE OHIO ENCAMPMENT AT TRACTS ROOSEVELT And Foraker Forces Who Are Seekln DataRegulars Ruthlessly Shot States Militiamen Athens 0 Doc 29Tho celebrated riot In this city during the military maneuvers In 1904 Is to figure In the contest between President Roosevelt and Senator J D Foraker over the discharge of the colored battalion ot of 25th regiment because of the Brownsvjlle shooting up It became known that both sides to the controversy are securing transcripts of the records of the case In the once of Prosecuting Attorney Israel DL Foster to bo used In the argument before the committee on military affairs If an Investigation Is ordered by tho senate It will bo remembered that this riot culmlpated In a detachment of reg elate shooting down one of a picket of soldiers of the state and wounding others The consequence was the summoning of a grand Jury which Indicted several of tho regulars on the charge of murder At that time tho war department appeared to lIdo with tho soldiers to such an extent as to cause public protest which wont unheeded Letter of Protest An Investigation was held In which It was plainly evident that an effort was being made to throw the blame upon the mllltla When tho Indicted soldiers were arraigned for trial they were defended In part by representatives of tho army This caused Con gressman Charles H Qrosvenor toI send a letter of protest to Washing ton In which ho bitterly declared that It was tho first time In history that tho power of tho government was be ing used to defend and protect murder ous blackguards Gen Grosvenor was retained by the state and succeeded in securing a conviction of the cul prits It Is understood that the first ad vance toward securing tho evidence and other records was made by those In league with Senator Foraker The purpose Is to show that tho secretary cf war has not according to the negro soldiers shown the same sympathetic treatment as was shown their white brethren In this city Naturally there are many who believe that Gon Gros venor may have been responsible for this latest move Roosevelt Active Following the inquiry on tho tart of tho representative of Senator Foraker came a second one from the other side Indicating that the movement had been penetrated and that the presidents representatives were securing the evi dance to protect themselves against any surprise There Is no gainsaying tho fact that at the time of tho trouble and during the trial tho public In gen oral believed that tho war department was endeavoring to clear tho accused men oven In face of the fact that tho shooting was unprovoked and brutal in tho extreme and that their act en dangered tho lives of many Innocent people Of course it Is to be understood that the charge is a doublobar ruled one as Secretary Taft was then In charge of the war department SIXTEEN KILLED THIRTY HURT Snowstorm Causes Terrible Railroad Accident In Scotland Dundee Scotland Doc 29ln a railroad collision caused IndlrecUy by the heavy snowstorm ot tho last few days 1C persons have been killed and over 30 Injured Tho accident occurred near Arbroath on the North British railroad between Edinburgh and Aberdeen and some distance north of here Among tho persons injured is Alex ander William Black member of the house of commons Tho train had stopped at Elliott junction and tho danger signals were thought to have been sot They failed to act however through being clogged with snow or from some other cause and an express train dashed Into tho roar of tho waiting train President Cassatt Expires Philadelphia Dec 2DAlexander Johnston Cassatt president of the Pennsylvania Railroad Co and one of the formost railroad men anti finan ciers In the country died suddenly srt hits residence here Mr Cassatt who was a little more than 07 years of age was stricken with heart disease and died before assistance could bo given Though Mr Cassatts death was en tirely unexpected his health had been bad for nearly a year The operation of the railroad in tho last year is said to have had much to do with the breaking down of Mr Cassatts health Will Not Visit Manila Washington Dec 29Tho state ment was made lit tho white house that President Roosevelt does not con template visiting the Philippine It had been reported that ho contem plated a trip to Manila next summer and table reports from that city indicated that there was much rejoicing over the prospective visit u Rutsull Preparing For War Tangier Morocco Dec 29 Accord Ing to the best Information obtainable lUlsull has refused to resn his gov ernorshlp has sent his harem to tho mountains under protection of a detachment of Kabyles and Is preparing to meet the hostile forces An Iroquois Victim Chicago Dec 29Atter suffering for three yours lacking two days trout Injuries received In the Iroquois theater fire Mrs Carrie the wife of a wealthy business man of this city died v GATE WITH A WHEEL ON IT The Swinging of a Heavy Gate May Be Made Easy Many times for various reasons it Is necessary to have an extra long gate on the farm Generally a wide gate is heavy and hard to handle in open lag and shutting The sketch which I am sending you illustrates an easy way vovercomlng the difficulty of handllnJrW heavy gate writes a cor respondent of Prairie Farmer In attaching the wheel to the gate I first take a piece of 2x4 about three feet long and size one end down until it will enter the hub of an old cultl Wheel Attached to Heavy Gate rator wheel After the wheel Is fast ened to the end of the 2x4 I fasten the latter to the gato by two or three strong bolts Place the 2x4 and wheel just high enough solho gate will clear tho ground when swung to ono side When the gate Is shut the wheel stands between the end ot the gate and tho post as shown in the cut When a gate of this kind is arranged properly a child can open and shut it without difficulty GOOD SOIL FOR CROPS Some Comments By J F Wojta of Gustavus Adolphus College An Ideal soil for tho growth of crops should be one containing the property of being friable loose and porous one that retains a reasonable amount of moisture and heat one that will allow Itself to bo worked over easily and of which drainage is good ono whose aeration or ventilation is good To get such a soil we would recommend the following composition 1 A certain amount of clay enough to regulato tho capacity of tho soil for water and heat as well as mineral matterI2 A certain amount of humus to supply nutrition and regulate capacity for moisture heat and chemical ac tion 3 A certain amount of sand to In crease capacity for drainage and till ageThis would In brief furnish a good mixture of the various soils for such climate as is found In this middle northwest TIMELY HINTS Coach horses are rapidly Increasing in prices notwithstanding manufacturers of automobiles are full of bust ness alsohTho Kaffir corn Introduced for trial In tho arid region In tho southwest where It has succeeded remarkably well makes very excellent meal It Is a splendid time these cold days to sharpen up the saws grind the axes and fill the box with kindling While you are at It dont forget tho butcher knife tho shears your wile uses and tho chopping knife A correspondent of the Rural New Yorker tells that paper that a flock of seven sheep brought him In 100 In a year If a large Hock can bo made profitable In that proportion thero should be no question about tho advis ability of keeping sheep- A common wire brush can be used to remove the rust front farm tools If a finer finish Is desired a bit sand paper will answer tho oI After this treatment apply somo metal paint This will prolong tho life of any Iron or steel tool Thero is a demand both for little pigs and for hogs Therefore pork IB not likely to decline In price In the near future The conversion of a large part of tho enormous com crop into pork Is sure to be profitable to all who engage In ItFarm Journal Fall Seeding of Alfalfa The Pennsylvania experiment sta tlon has gained much experience In fall and spring seeding of alfalfa and aye that the prlpclpal objection to spring sowing is that weeds come up and choke out tho young plants before they can get a good start The fall seeded alfalfa on dry land was ablo to withstand the severe winter climate perfectlyIn foot better than tho common red clover Under average good conditions from 20 to 30 pounds of seed should bo sown to tho acre Manure gave better results on Penn sylvania soil than did commercial fer tilizer Lime did not give satisfactory results In some instances it gave no appreciable results and In others It was decidedly harmful but In no case was It applied toe advantage Deep well drAlned soils are the boat for growing alfalfa Husk In the Barn Whoa corn is to bo husked from the shock in cold woather time may be saved and comfort added by hauling part of It to the barn Cold and stormy days may then be used to ad vantage la husking corn In the barn I4iTHE SIZE OF FARMS They Should Be Smaller Rather Than I Larger For Best Results The American farmer has always had before him tho temptation to grasp a largo amount of land This is not surprising when wo consider what his education has been It has teen seven or more generations since our ancestors settled In this country and during all of that time the do scendants of the old settlers have had tho thirst for land bred Into them This was because in the beginning of tho development of this country land was very easily obtained and the most common way for men to enrich themselves was to get posses lion cf large tracts of land But today the new conditions are In conflict with the tendency to own land for the mere sense of owning It Before a man buys more land ho should first sit down and consider whether he can use that land says Farmers Review Ho should also consider more carefully the question of whether he can not more fully use the land ho has Today there are multitudes of families that are made miserable by the possession of too much land A man known to tho writer had 80 acres of land located within a few miles of a thriving town He had only himself and wife to provide for and he found It hard to get help even to take care of tho 80 acres But he had always owned a farm of from half to a square mile in area and ho was miserable on his little piece of 80 acres His wife wanted to stay there for she had been overworked on tho big farm But he Insisted on selling the nice little farm and then moved to tho city while waiting to get hold of a big farm What tho country needs is a large number of well Ulled small farms That means more Independent farmers and fewer hired men It means a solution of the bird help problem It means more families In a township and that too of families that own the land on which they are located Such make the best citizens In tho world Such people thrill with tho delights of ownership They are a help to the communities Their children do not have to rush to tho clues to make a living More farms means better schools It means more electric lines running here and there over the country for tho electric lines go where populations are sufficiently dense to Insure them patronage If the American farmer does not get down to this idea the foreigner win take his land The foreigner comes In from his little piece of land In Europe Ho has been accustomed there to farm Intensively a little piece of territory lie takes s small piece here and is contented with It lie works and his family work They have no hired help problem They soon own tho land on which tho American farmer was lord but on which he had a mortgage Tho thirst for mere ownership of land Is a thirst that can no longer bo gratified with out the danger ot losing even the land necessary for the support of the farm ers family DURABLE WATER TROUGH How an Old Boiler May Be Given a New Lease of Life A useful and durable watering trough can be made of a 30gallon galvanized boiler such as used for holding hot water and connecting with ranges The openings In each end are closed with plugs The boiler Good Use for Second Hand Boiler la laid on Its side on a suitable foundation as shown in cut says the Farm and Home and an opening cut length wise about 8 to 10 Inches wide the edges are turned smooth Water can be let into the trough at either end or wherever desired and a shut off can ba screwed Into tho bottom for a clean cut andCornExperiments continuing for three years at tho Indiana experiment station with barnyard manure as a ferti lizer for corn showed that while three tons to the acre Increased the yield 149 bushels per acre six tons made ah Increase of but 162 per acre Thus tho addition of the second three tons of barnyard manure estimated as hav ins a value of two dollars per ton as a fertilizer or six dollars for the three tons Increased tho yield only 13 bushels or about 65 cents In value Tree Growth Trees naturally grow whore there Is moisture In tho fall leaves fall from tho branches because they are not needed there any longer but are needed to protect the roots and retain tho moisture in tho soli you always find a little rise around the base ot trees Tho raise around the trees keeps the water away from the stem and also keeps the ground frozen and mice or worms are not attracted to winter there Take Care of Plow When through with the plow whether for the season or for ft few days always cover the sharu and moldboard thoroughly with linseed oil An old brush or cloth a very lit tie oil and a minutes time are all that you need to keep the plow free from rust To remove when ready for work use kerosene and rub vigorous Iv oeoeoeoeoeoeoeoioeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoe East Kentucky Correspondence i News You Get Nowhere Else io If connjxmjiact published OBleif tlfiH U lull by the writer Tile name o Write pTlo- lyoeoeocloeoeoeopoeoeoeoeoioeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoeoioeoIoeoi Prof Jnmra Watt Kalno Several now Instructors have soma to reintorco the Faculty at Berca nnd we would like to give the picture und an account of each one of them Prot Ralne has boon here during the fall term and Is no longer a stranger In fact he never seemed like t a stranger InBerra He Is a graduate of Oberlin College and the Union Theological Seminary of New York City and Is a grcrrt stu dent of English literature pnrUcular ly of Shakespeare and tho Soottlsh pools His Instruction la literature and elocution Is of real value and we bane to spare him from Bert at times In order that he may give ridings nnd lectures In other places- JACKSOII COUNTY BAND GAP Dec 30Albert Powell of McKee la moving to Kerby Knob Noah John son of Dry Fork Is visiting Sand Gap this week George Combs of Braiil has taken for his lifes companion Norah Harrison of this town May their path be strewn with roses oA P Gabbard with G W Helloed Is survey ing land on Clover Bottom this week Walker McFurtand caught two fine coons Saturday night William Brock and Richard of this town who recently went to Texas returned Monday saying they prefer the pure air and water of Jacksons hllla to any place on earth George C Johnson of Moores Creek Who taught the school on Dry Fork closed Friday showing a better attendance than was ever had before We congratulate him 01 his splcndld succors at Dry Fork Senator W H Clark of McKee was 31 its Josephine A Robinson In town on legal business Monday John Farmer Jr won In town last MondayT G Gay of Foxtown Ky Is an avowed candidate for jailor All success to you Thee Benjamin Gay of this place was married to Laura Johnson of Beroa last Thursday Best wishes from many friends Harry Gabbard visited Berea Saturday and Sunday Ocar Johnson and David York pissed thru here enrouto to Mr Fred Balls Friday The big tide makes the timber men smlleA par ty of sight seers composed of Goo 0 Johnson B H and Login Gabbard W R Johnson I D and Elias Gay Alice Gay McJva Johnson Myrtle Har- rIson und Golda Julia Cain and Miss Alarner Isaacs climbed upon a cliff two hundred feet high new the mouth of Dry Fork and beheld the beauty of the white fine stone cliffs tar up and swollen and slave after stave and Uo after tie and saw log after saw log floated byJohn Johnson is visiting In Berea this week HUGH Jan tThe weather Is quite die agreeable Lewis Parks and wife from Cincinnati 0 are visiting Mr Parks parents at this race1IOOb Perkins and Miss Ella Lain were mar ried on Thursday last Wo wish for them much Joy and a happy life George Benge and wife entertained e quite a number of friends at their homo Sunday Gracie Parks gave the young people a social Saturday night Melvln Solon Tom Azbill Hur ley Hunt Ebb and Algon Rose and sister George Bongo and wife visited Maggie Benge Saturday nlghtrIrvin Baker visited W R Bongo Mon day night Melvln Azbill Is visiting his parents at this place Mr George Benge and wife visited Mrs Hade Rose Wednesday William Henry and I = a Bessie Powell were married Christmas Day We wish them much Joy KVKRGIIEKX Jan tThe Plno Grove Choir via Ittxl Dora McWhortors exhibition Fri day Grover Drew had an entertain ment Monday the last day of school Quito a crowd of young folks from Indian Creek were there David Gab bard of Hurley visited friends on Clov er Bottom this week Bradley Gab bard made a flying trip to Little Clover Sunday J E Lakes and E F Rose expect to go to McKee to school this winter On December 24th Mr EHJa Witt and Mies Lucy Shear were united In carriage Wo wish them much joyMrs Bet Martin and Mag gie Morris visited Ed Lakes family Friday Walter Martin has rented the Grit McGuire property and will move In a few daysMrs Salllo and Eugenie D Hellard accepted thE In vitation to a Birthday Dinner Christens Day Everybody rooms to enjoy reading the Hurley news J W Jones says he Is thankful to see another New Years Day And his hair Is as black us when he was sweet sixteen DISPUTANTA Dec 31Vlrgte Payne was at Rock ford S ntkyW C Ogg of Berea was at Dlsputanta this week on busi ness Thonfus Linville la on Crooked Creek this week on business Born to Mr and Mrs Harvey Ramey a fine OOyO V Owens was In Mt eVrnon last weekMrs Wm Gadd wlio has been sick Is somewhat betterL L Anderson and wife of Cincinnati ore visiting Richard King this weeJtI Jams Sexton Is very sick at this time Ho was a soldier In the Mexican war Fount Like of Johnetta was hero last week on businessDaisy Lakes school will be out next Friday There will be some exercises A protracted meeUng was held at the Reeds Tan Yard last week by the Rev J F Phelps and J W Todd There war nineteen conversions John Seals bf Miss Mary K Welch Arkansas Is visiting his Lather at this place this week KEnny KMOII Dec 28The Kerby Knob Sunday School Is going to kayo a Christmas tree on Christmas Day We hope everybody will come Wm Jones of Bear Wallow is visiting his son Frank tonight Janle fleece returned home yesterday after a few weeks visit at Mr Hlrts of Big Hill Myrtle Click Is slowly Improving Herbert Click who had his leg broken Is able to walk nMrs W Williams and family spent Christmas with her parents at Dear Wallow Aaron Williams and Walter Click visited Mr M M Broughtono family of Brassfleld Saturday night Jan tThe Christmas tree was a success and everything went oft nicely and all seemed to be having a Merry Christmas Jake Perkins and Miss Ollie Lane were married Thursday at ternoon at the home of the bride We wish them a life of happiness Mr Albert Powell of McKee who rented tho Garret farm of Mr James Click is moving this week Will Jones of Bear Wallow stayed at Mr James Clicks Friday night He says that his daughter Mina is gettfng along finely since they moved Air Albert Powell has bought a steam roUt and has It at work near bis home HACLDEN Dec 20 Christmas is overjHow different from the Christmas of ten years agol No drunkeness and highwayThe ing for something better than whis key and forty fivesThe Cincin vat Cooperago Co have about five waytoand they are waiting for another tide to take them onJames Amy and his sisters Laura and Etta of Egypt RogcrsvilloTennRobert W A Cope of this place were all most pleasantly entertained by Miss Cora Amyx at her home Christmas AmyxJohnersville Term are visiting friends and relatives in this countyG M j Moore closed his school at Hickory Flat last Saturday with it Christmas tree All report n nice tinge Died on tho 14th inst Aunt Rebecca Far mer of this place Aunt Rebecca had been ill for some time She was n true Christian lady nUll n member of the Missionary Baptist Church hero She leaves an aged husband six sons two daughters and a host of relatives and friends to mourn her lossRoy Farmer formerly of this place but now brakemau on the L R N passenger from Cincinnati to Knoxville is spending the holidays with friends and relatives in this county IMU5YFU8 Dec StWo have had rain nil week and the roads are disagreeable to travolJ C lowell has sold his farm to Clifton and Curtis Bengo of Day touO for 7000 Flossie Baker was the guest of Maud and Vickio Elexander Saturday night Martha Charlie and Suds Powell + pont Christmas with their grandpa Lewis Sendlin of KingstonW B Baker is in Beiea on business this week L C Powell and Seth Kates of Rich mondwere the guests of J C Powell SundAyMr Williard Lake has gone to Louisville to attend tho Medi calschoolJoe Asbil of Kingston called on his friend J C Powell Tuesday evening Bird Rubles has returned the Kindred place which is just vacated by Toni Guess Mrs Ellen Powell spent Friday eve with Mrs Bettie Robinson MADISON COUNTY SIIVKK CUIMK DeCo 31The people of this place are through with their fall work and are enjoying Christmas fine all but tho cold weatherEvory one reports i fine time at the Cow Bell Christmas tree Many nice presents wr tfvu Dr So tla passed through h r yesterday on his way to BereuTlK Infant child of Mn end Zits Irueki Gay died last wcfik We eutn our sympathy tn the byeiived pirns Mtmlo Harris was In Dues ytatnio on buslntss List week Urn Golf w is married to Miss Laura otLSIv oral of the boya and girls from bJt ore going to Bo rea this winter to at tend school DUIUTII Dec 23 WJlUnl InUos spent the afternoon with Fred Lake ChrWmis Day Anda Stephens gave the young folks a nice partly Thursday night Willard Lakes nMurad to LouUvttto Thursday where ho will study med- lclneMr end Mrs John Lamb spent Christinas at Fred Lakee 3Ir said Mrs Curtla takes uhe vlMUBG their relatives at Nccdnioco this week J lira Hurley Is vUiUBs his brother Alfred Hurler at Bier Wallow ttoto Wvvk Alma Lnk s njijw she will spend hor time ia Bairn College bIB winter Mr and Mrs Tank Webb tok ChrietmiB dlnMr at I A Hunt ris Tuesday 1v tLLtcerov Dec 29 Wllllo Ilesaro of Boras and Jennie Todd of PAlntLick drove to Richmond Thursday nod were mar clod They were accompanied by Rob crt Botkln Fannie Todd George Rogers and Ruby Smith Their many friends wish them much Joy Walter Bowlln who has been in Illinois for two years is home on a visit Gen Pollard and family were the guests 4k TIn IltCSIDI of his parents Mr and Mrs Tom Ballard FrldayMre Fannie IJrock anan was the guest of her mother Mrs O B Gabbard Tuesday O L Gab bard spent Wednesday night with E Brockmaa and tu1l1yR II Soper baby whoa was quite sick ant week Is well again Tom and Sun Eden John Hill and William Bowlln went hunting Wednesday and killed fortyeight rabbits Bert Gulnn and wife spent Sunday evening with D S Botkln and family Hulo Bean of Hamilton 0 U at homo on a visit BInam Plats and family visited Joe Wallace and wife Christmas DayG- B Gabbard spent Friday night with M J Gabbard at Beroa- OWSLEY COUNTY tunosK Dec 27 We are having lots of rainy weather now Everybody ear Joyed Christmas There was some drinking here One man was nccl dently shot Christmas night Slamy of the boys and girls are planning to attend school at Bsrca this tern We pork innr coiiiji cviiMxm MIIUAUY This It our of the mot rfiTlljr conntrurtnl buUilIng In the Mouth It U inmln of stone double wnll Illrriroof niul It contain tint Inrgrnt mllpRti Illiniry In tilt Mutr w r i MIOVr SKITIONH 41 IYbt6TIt1th lit ILIUM IGartiold Campbell sad OilllP UKtil of South Bon vllle were mirrlid tinder tM holly DtcOlJbl ItJJi Thy will spend tlwJr Uimpjrmam In noon vllle LIntern Bckn ll and Map BrandfburB weer HUrrlcd on the 2 l of DeeeelherICd CimpbeK of ftnuf DooiMVtlle Is morlng to Oneldi this week We awe sal sorry to Irse hint 00 ROCKCASTLE COUNTY itooiCFOiin Dec llYlrIIIa Payne vtolUd Mettle McGalr SHorday sera Sunday Mr and Mn H R Ilullm and DteM vMud J WTwM Stawkiy Ttw Wal nut Grove School will elow Tnot hty Jaautn 1 lto7IMtao Rich U plan ning to visit her eonaln Mrs MOs HartMn of Pont IC tale week Mlse M R McGuire gvr a eandy per ty last Saturday nldtt which Query one enjoyed v ry mach K1ton Wild and Neulft Flab visited Mm J R McGuIrt Saturday and Sumlar G T Payne and R T Abnejr Tlted XI E McGuIre Sundiy Nvxt Saturday end Sunday Is regular lueetiog tame at Scaffold OinoW T Linville and B McGuln havo g me to Drub Creek to let t r r t tI NTS HOl815 workIt D Cook went to Borea on Monday Jtunefl Sexton Is not ox pocted to live very lon- gIIoon Dec 31LItUo Muncy Covlngton whose Illness was reported In list weeks writing died the 18th The remains were taken to Richmond for burial Mr and Mrs Sam Lambert are the proud parents of a fine girl born the 18thMr and Mrs Armp Gadd spent last week with B B Chas teen and family Edna McClure of Richmond spent last week visiting her sister Mrs A W Arthur and Miss Talltha Coylcv Mrs Rose Grunt has been on the sick list for some time Mrs Martha Dobs of Spring Place Gaf Is visiting her son Sim- LambertMr and Mm A W Ar thur spent Christmas with Mr and Mrs S B McClure at Richmond Mr and Mrs Charles Wren have moved to their new home on Copper Creek Llzzlo Lewis of Snyder was tarried to Calvert Wilson last week In Tonn03SCCIj Jr ON10 NEWS HAJIIITON Dee DThe shot all closed on Tuewfcty and eats were closed butli IuII anl Th6II fr th jiurjMw if vftiriUng Clu anuiH Diy Tl wtxtthor WJB told with plenty of no- naI INThe churches nil had eerv Icw CUrUuuiB Some gene eiAertnln t aitU with 0hrii mss inca The Y M C A had iilamml to keep nylon hom New Yrara Day with a tIfItC- Jill prognat of anulImlflUt41 end Mn MlolM l Reynolds sjmnt Chrlat MM with rehLive In Cavii ton Kr Mr end bin Lewd UckaM epees ChrtaVnar with home folks Mar Naw port Ky alao Mr and MM Samwl Laugh with knee folks seer New Rlctawwd Ky Aboax alx wlomtata weld MM attrvlva the awooU nuack of tba AUran tax wkkh WM ice Tba 1 Itt aemlamunl iwymoM wee due lea Tbaradajr Tter ara now In littler county Ill nknn whack have peW tile MDBd laaullnwnt of the tax Tkte put 108000 Into Qie essay UwMwy An Educational Fortress The splendid buildings and other equipments of Biroa College slow to aood advaotage bfM opening days of the winter term whoa they are UiroogedMVUh students It U an Inspiring sight to see the great Chapel tilted stand main floor and galterlca Under tho same roof la the study room where students sit to study butweea cladcs ffhoro are also three lesson rooms In this youngIThe Library next to the Chapel of which a picture Is repeated this week Ira Just oomo Into full use In the Itisement U a childrens room for tho younger pupils and an extension room whore are kept tho Jwxed Hb brarles which norm Collegd rends out with its students when going to tech In the far away county districts In the basement are also found tho of fices of the Treasurer AssU Trmu uror Secretary and Presldtnt On the main floor are stock rooms whore some twentyfive thousand books ore arranged so that the librarian con Mud any book In half a minute Then them ore two great reading rooms one for newspapers and magazines and the other for histories encyclope dias dictionaries and works of refer once la these rooms also are the reserved booms Each teacher sets aside certain books for the use of the students In his jnrtlcular clnsec so that without trouble they can readily get help from the particular hooks that they need On the upper floor Is the Assembly Room or picture gal lery lighted from above and a num ber of other rooms where classes can meet who wish to life leaks In some special way When entering the front door of tho library you are greeted by a vision of beauty Next beyond the library Is Lincoln hell Hero are the offices of the Dean of the Academy the Denn of the College and the Dcanof thoNor e ii uiparmen1 the rooms tor the infing of tho Literary Soclttlw and i largo number of cfaai rooms all- beaattd by BtHiin and furnished In the b at manner SUII further eastward In title row te Uta Grew Building where ore tho offleai of Ute Superintendent of tho Mo4l SahouK and the Library of free text books which are given out to Model StI alud nt8 at the beginning of rash term to os to save than titers all exp n a and trouble about brooks A llttl further east and north ts Scfrftea nail Here are the labor + Melee where till ntudwta use the mteroMD ea and perform experiments of their own In chemistry and phyelca arnlHg about light hunt electricity lHICIIaInISItU eaMward are the groat UMIsoon to be removed to its now home lit the Brueo Building It Is a well worth a long tourney to power plant and other hbttthe IndHUtrlal Building SUII further northeast are the 1titCon nn not nXl boarding lull In the back or north port of thoIoampiiB are three wooden for the Model Schools and the great Tabernacle which U used during taro year for a gymnasium where boys and Igirls who wish to do no can meet fdr exercise and military drill We Invo not yet spoken of tho dot mltorlffl whtro students have their J rooms and of the boarding hulls where they have their meals Wo Siva this week a portrait of bias Welch ft i who Is Uio teacher In charge of the iIwillyoung girls on their arrival and of I Mlw Robinson tho Dean of Women The good rare which la tikea of OW students Is made evident by the fact that the young men have Kilned In weight during tho first term an aver age of about eight pounds each and the young ladles an average of six pounds each I overIAs la well known the College vides a doctor and nurse whose tellS it Is to take care of any peraoue who aro sick and better than they would bo looked after In their own homes and who also take every moons to prevent them from becoming sick so that the young people are real ily safer here theta at home The organisation of tho grout edu cational army at Dorm Is something to admire Eoch student has an advls Ing officer whom he can consult as a parent and who helps him in ever difficulties may arise wbitIthis the Young Mens Christian As sociation and tho Young Women 8 Christian Assochtloa are active In welcoming new students Thousands of young people through Eastern Kentucky ore gbd today that they have been a part of this educa tional army and lhousanoa more are heading toward DeI