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Citizen (Berea, Ky.): n. Thursday, February 6, 1908. Citizen (Berea, Ky.). 300dpi TIFF G4 page images T.G. Pasco, Berea, KY 1908 cit1908020601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Citizen (Berea, Ky.): n. Thursday, February 6, 1908. Citizen (Berea, Ky.). T.G. Pasco, Berea, KY 1908 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. l lI ESIIENTS OFFICE I3EUEA KY X t tgsaeeeeefeso o8eSoo8Ca 2 BEREA PUBLISHING COO So oSTANLEY i1nUrtd Ille adauo ioioioioiaioioioio8oioioteeoVoL I NEWS OF THE WEEK Thaw In AsylumBit Chicago Flro Much Disorder In Ireland Report of Attempt to Plow up Battleship THAW FOUND INSANE The Jury which has been trying Harry K Thaw for tho murder of Stanford Whllo returned a verdict of not guilty because of ImHinlty Justice Howling who has presided nk the trial declared that ho believed that Thaw was a dangerous lunatic and sent him tonn Insane asylum i Thaws lawyers will now try to 1Ilrovo that ho has recovered from his Insanity sliito ho committed the murder and fJ got him released from tho asylum I UIO CHICAGO Nlltl3A flro which burned over Bevoral big stores In Chicago lout Friday did damage estimated at Jl700000 DYNAMITE IN COAL Tho grat 1fleet of Amerlcnn battleships line passed around the Southern end of South America and Is at Punta Are nas There they are taking on coal and will soon start on their north ward voyage There Is another ro port of a plot against tho battleships Ono of tho officers pn tho Ohio Is quoted as saying that a stick of dy namite was found In the coal If this bad got into tho furnace It would have destroyed tho boilers and crippled the ship probably scalding a number of men to death but It could hardly have sunk limo vessel Anyhow stqrles of that kind coming no far have to bo taken with a good deal of saltB- OYCOTTSt ILLEGAL A decis ion of the U S Supremo Court has again told against the labor unions this time by showing that the law against trusts prevents labor unions I from doing anything to restrain trade There Is no doubt that a boycott restrain trade and so It has boon hold Illegal and damages aro given against the union I MAY RHLBASB MACLKAN Ral 1aull the Moorlih bandit who stole CAld Sid Harry MneLwn on Hngttsh general employed by the Sultan of Morocco sown months ago now says I that ho will release him In a few days FlU UOIIN TO DUATIl Flv persona were bumod to death end twelve Injured IB a fire In a lodg ing house in Kansas City Saturday CYCLONK KILLS TIVEATYAo- tolQno which swept aerow northern MteelMtppI resulted In tko loath of twenty pimple awl did considerable damage on Saturday BUYS OLD LGW 1C Van ilerbllt has bought and will send back to this country the flag at the man otwnr Ghotaptate Tills was tho only Juifwrtwnt vetio captured from the Amerltana by the British In tho Wilt of ISIS and the flag was tho ono flying over CapU Law rence when lio gave his famous dying commands Dont give upi tho ship DIG HANKS F ILAn echo of the business troubles which ore not yet cured by tho way comes In tho failure of two banks which were con t trolled by tho MorseThomas comb nation whoso speculation started the panic Both banks soy they will bo able to pay In full BRITJSH PARLIAMENT MEETS Tho British parliament which met January 20 will have several hard problems to solve and tho first vote taken shows that tho government Shas only a majority of 49 less than half whit there was a year ago Tho business troubles which people hero 1nretrying to blamu on Hoosovelt are j blamed on tho government there by Its opponents and there will be soy f eral hard attacks mado There Is great deal of disorder in Ireland 11wbere tho pour peopld are really sot fering and are stealing cattle and at tacking the tow men who own land anti got rent from tho rest There J v t will also bo another fight over tho at llioxF All will bo glad to learn of tho t provision which Is almost certain to w bo made in Congress for tho pension IIng of all widows of soldiers who have served their country and been honorably discharged The bill lies tPQedthe House almost unanimous ly and will almost certainly go thru the Senate It will cost the country p about 12741000 a year t 2 rrHE CITIZENDevoted to the Interests of the Mountain People BEREA MADISON COUNTY KENTUCKY FEBRUARY 0 1008 GREAT REVIVAL Mr Lyon Dolnc Wonders In Baroa Audience Keeps Growing A Sim ple and Powerful Speaker Berca Is having one of the host revivals over known here and certainly the bust since that conducted by Dr Thomson several years ago The Rev Milford JI Lyon who Ms conducting the meetings has shown himself a wan of unusual power and possessed of tho Spirit of God and a groat work Is being done Then have been many more than tho usual number of conversions and there Is every likelihood that tho series will bo long remembered for tho good they have done Mr Lyon IB rather different from tho J usual revivalist Ho Is free and easy In the pulpit and says tout ho wants tbo meetings to bo pjrfectly Informal Ills sermons are full of short and snappy sayings and truths put in new ways and ho holds his audience all Uio time Ills sincerity Is always evident and has much to do w ills his success and ho has a plain and homely way of putting things which makes them clear to every one If you have not been to the meetings go to those that are Ittt as you will lose what you can never make up If you miss them POINTERS FOR SALVATION Some of the Beat of the many Good Things Mr Lyon Has Said at tho Revival Here A human soul Is the most valuable treasure on this earth and Just In proportion as a man grasps that fact will be his effort In saving souls Gold Is the God of more people than Is Jesus Christ Many people are more Interested in making a lltlng than they are in making a life Tho angels rejoice BO greatly over the saving ur1 soul became they knew what It means tor a soul to be lout and what It moans to be saved to oterIUIIeomo down from all tho joys of heaven and die for ui It is worth our while to live for Him Dont lot the thlnip you dont believe keep you from believing the thlHB you do bellem I have great sympathy for an honest doubter I haYT been one mjrMlf but I have uethnig but contempt for the man Wit tries to hide his sins under tho dock of agnoUotom Ninety nine per oeat of our know ledge wo take on faith and Isnt It strange that we wont take any knowledge of God on faUh There wax ow hypocrite among the diselijlQg The ohureh hat atjgttt to ono hypocrite In twelve HB a good deal bettor to spend a little while with a few hypocrites hero than to paid eternlty with them theroASome folks say theyll take their chances of condemnation There Isnt any chanco ahdutIl- I dont know anywhere In tho Bi ble that a man was saved by his feel lagsdo you If over a man ought to bo sane and sober and leave his feelings out Its when hescojialilcrlng tho claims of Jesus Christ Waiting for feeling Is like taking an ax and going out in the woods and sitting down on a log find walt ing for a sweat If tho religion of Christ appeals to your reason accept It and then when you know that Christ Is your Savior the feeling will Como And then Christian service will give feeling It will get better and bettor all the v way When you become a Christian you dont have to hold out You hold on and God will hold out God Just gives you enough grace every dny and Ha always gives It You havo to live either with Christ or without him Youve got your bur dens any how antI the question Is whether you can carry thorn easiest with Christ or without Htm God created your life and Ho can keep It Tho only thing you have to give up In becoming a Christian Is sin sin that will bo a curse to you any howMy friend the salvation of your sul Is worth moro than all tho rest of the world to you The farther you go from Christ the harder It la to turn- S t ALL ONE STATE t For years the mountain people of this state have been criticised and despised by the other sections of the state as lawless mountaineersIIfeudists and the whole region has been abused slandered and looked down on because of the doings ofa very few News papers and politicians have often held them up to ridi cule as a bad lotandas all in the same class without making any distinction between the lawless and the rest of the mountaineers Now other sections df the state are having troubles Thru the tobacco raising districts night riders are burning lootingand sometime killing A few years ago the bluegrass was terrorized by tollgate raid ers These men have been showing fully as much law lessness as has ever been known in the mountains If anything they arc worse than the feudists for they arc hurting innocent men and destroying property over a money matter while the mountaineers have always fought over personal grievances It is to be hoped that the Blue Grass and the Bear Grass will now stop their holierthanthou attitude to ward the mountains Surely now no one can say that they are better than the rest of the state or boast of good order while attacking the mountains r55Tho this s a great state and there arc a thousand reasons for being proud of her the lawlessness and dis order arc disgraces to us altand now that so many parts of the state arc on the same basis we ought to stop calling each other names and get together to end the lawlessness Whenever there is lawlessness in a place there is cowardice there There are only a few bad men in a com munity only a few that shoot or fight or burn and they would not carry on if the rest did not let them All kinds of lawlessness can be stopped if the peaceful men of any place will show a little nerve If they would even stop dealing with bad men and being friendly with the fellows that are ruining the country those fellows would scon stop their devilment even without any law So of ten the men are scared and do nothing Sometimes they say that they do not want toflaw a neighbor and tinny forget that in not stopping his mischief they are hurting everybody This is an editorial for every man Every com munity js in danger of an attackof some kind of law lessness and of the disgrace which follows And every man can help in the cure which is to let it be known that the best men are against it andwill turn against any man that does itand will not treat such men as friends So let each man do his share and in ashort time Kentucky will be rid of this black stain on her name 1 rand this disgrace to her sos KILL KING AND PRINCE Revolutionists In Portugal Shoot them Down in Street Boy Takes Fathers Place and DAngors Ono of those crimes which shook tho world was committed last Saturday In the assassination of tho King of Portugal and his oldest son Time killing was done by men who are supposed to have been hired by tho Kings political enemies and will OvernjmentPortugal has a constitution and leg islature but tho people have shown little political wisdom and a few men have managed to get the votes and use tho government to enrich themselves They have had of late years tho aid ot the Roman Catholic Church because the king was good enough to stop some of the bad methods of tho church Recently a good man named Franco was made premier by tho king lie dissolved tho corrupt parliament and tried to clean up the government The thieves ho throw out were of course angry and they set up a yell that the poo plo were being deprived of their liberties which got a good many unthinking peoplo to help them There has been talk of a revolution for some time and now this murder comes Tho now King Manuel IT Is only nineteen and is evidently afraid to go on as his father was doing JIll pother too Is much under the In flucnco of the priests so it Is likely that ho will make peace with tho thieves Ho has already dismissed Franco MERCHANTSITHANKS TO The men In charge of the revival services have asked Tho Citizen to express their appreciation of the hearty cooperation of tho business men ot Berea and of their willingness to assist in tho observance of tho midweek Sabbath There has been no opposition shown by any of the leading merchants and their attitude is warmly appreciated The Citizen takes great pleasure In car rying tho message 1 10 BIG1ICASE AT RICHMOND A special term of the Federal Court Is being held in Richmond this week to Investigate charges that a lottery is beIng run in Kentucky Tho Grand Jury is In session there and Indictments are expected before the end of tho week against several persons living near Covington and possibly a few In other parts of the state There Is an Imposing array of Important lawyers and detectives In eluding Chief Wilkie of the Govern ments Secret Service Bureau and thcso things make It look AS if the case was ono of great importance GROUNDHOG DAY The second day of February Is known as Groundhog Day and is supposed to show whether the weath er for tho next sIx weeks will bp good or bad The Citizen does not pretend to know whether the Ground hog has any strange powers of prophecy or not but it is a fact that tho day has been the center Pf superstitions for hundredsof years and that people of many na Indications thodnywhosofollfJlthus Gin Candlemas Day bo bright and fair Malt or tho winters to come and malr Gin Candlemas Jar be dark and foul Halt oMho winter was gane atYule notIsuperI thatlilaythat looked out could not see his shadow It certainly looks like It from the weather we have had since 1 INo roadtowcny good knowledge is holly among lilies and the grass Theri1erough climbing to be done always Rttekin M I t c IN OUR OVN STATE Tobacco Trust Replies Masked Men Destroys Blind Tiger FarmeVs In stitute Soon TODACCO WAR Tho tobacco war goes on with more and more disorder Several barns have been burned during tho last week and there seems to be no way to stop tho disgrace Tho Society of Equity has scored a few points in the sale of a part of Its tobacco and there seems no doubt that there will bo very little tobacco planted this year The American Tobacco Company has been Indicted in Frankfort for a violation of the antitrust laws and has also come out with a statement to show that It is not responsible for the trouble It declares that most of tho disorder has come in thoso sections where It buys little and that where it buys most there has been little trouble RAID BLIND TIGER Masked men raided and destroyed n blind tiger In Trlgg County on Saturday and poured out a good deal of liquor This is about as good a cause as lawlessness was over done in but it is a bad thing to go outside tho law for any reason FIRE AT GEORGETOWN A fire at Georgetown Monday burned sev eral business buildings and caused many thousands of dollars worth of damageFARMERS INSTITUTE Tho state farmers Institute will be held at Frankfort Feb 18 19 and 20 Several good men are to speak and the meeting will be well worth go Ing to by any uptodate farmer or any that wants to become one STATE REDISTRICTING BILL Tho Republican Legislative Redistricting Dill dividing tho state into 100 districts was offered by Senator Burnarn The apportionment district and counties is as follows FirstFulton and Hlckman Second Carlisle and Ballard Third Graves Fourth McCracken Fifth Livingston and Marshall SixthCalloway Seventh CriUendon and Lyon Eighth Caldweli NinthTrlgg Tenth Union Eleventh Henderson Twelfth ZVebster- Thlrteonthhlopkins Fourteenth and FifteenthChris- tian county- SixteenthTodd SeventhLoganEightconthMuhlcnburg Nintcenth McLoan Twentieth Ohio v Twentyfirst and Twentysecond Davlcss Twentythird Hancock and Bresk enrldgc Twentyfourth Meadc TwentyfifthHardinTwentyslxthG TwenlyEoventhrButlcr and Ed monson Twentyeighth Warren Twentyninth Simpson and Allen Thirtieth Cumberland and Monroe Thirtyfirst Barren- Thirtysecond Hart Thirtythird Clinton and Wayne Thirtyfourth lluseoll and Casey Thlrtyflfth Grccn andMctcalf- oThirtysixthTaylor and Laru- eThirtysevonthAdalr Thirtyeighth Marion i TldrtyninthNolsonS Fourtlcth Washington and Ander d sonFortyitrstSpencer null Bullit- tFortysecondShelby Forty third Jefferson county out side city limits of Louisville Fortyfourth Fortyifltth Forty FortyclshthPortynlnth Fiftysecond city of Louisville HenryFiftyfourth Flf tyfIfth Callatjn and Owen Fiftysixth Grant and Boone Fiftyseventh Fiftyeighth and Fif tyninth Kenton county Sixtieth and SixtyflrstrCampboll countySSlxtjsecond Harrison Slxtyrjhlrd Scott Sixtyfourth Franklin Sixtyfifth Bourbb- nSixtysixth Clark- Sixtyseventh and Sixtyeighth Fayetto Slxlynlnth Woodford and Jena mineSeventiethMCrcCr fContinued on Third PageJ t ioA iiw tising g o 0oGoooooooooP Ono Dollar a year No 94 i 1 MONEY TALKS I Some Reasons Why a Savings Account is tho Best Way Ito Save Small Sums A Savings Account Is one of the host ways to put money In the hank t Money deposited In a Savings Ac count with f tho Eerea Bank end Trust Company Is always safe It earns four per cent compound Interest and it Is where you can got It when ever you want ItIYou can start a Savings Account with a very small amount If you can not spare more ono dollar la en ough to begin with Then when over you halo a tow dollars or a few cents that you want to save put It In the bank with the real and every dollar of It willrearn four per cent compound Inter est for you from the day you put It In the bank until you draw It out I again And It Is no trouble at all to draw h money out of a Savings Account You do not have to wait until some note Is due You do not have to give any notice In advance All you need to do Is to bring your book to tho bank and get your money You cnn draw out as much or as little as you want to when over you need It Every ono ought to save money and a Saving Account Is tho great est help any one can have for the money grows faster because of the Interest It earns Berea Bank Trust Co 4 POLITICAL NOTES President Sends Great Message to Congress Endorsement by TaftsHelpIThe chief political happenings of the week have been tho sending to Congress by the President of a mes sage which is said to be tho most thrIlling ever sent out from the White House and the formal begin ning of the campaign of Gov Hushes of New York for the Presidential nomination Tho Presidents message is given In more detail elsewhere It Is well 1 worth reading Jn it ho discusses present day problems with great In sight and ability Time chief point ho makes is that business niust bo con ducted under moral and Christian con ditions Even it there is a money loss ho says there must bo honesty Ills putting the question of the day on this high plane has made clear tho way for a sharp division of the party along the lines ho marks out and may lead to oscltlng times in the convention when his sucessor Is nominated The Democrats have received tliocmessage with Joy and the Lexington Leader says of It that If theDemo i crat party should bo wise enough to nominate for President a maipwhoso j life has been consistent In its devotion to the principles which flndthelr expression In Roosevelts message it would bo more than reasonable to suppose that a pemoerat would suc ceed Roosevelt in the White House In general regardless of party the i Presidents message cccms to be en dorsed by those who have high mor o als and unselfish alms and attacked by those who have selfish In terests which get along best under the present laws Gov Hughes was formally endorsed bjvthe Now York State Committee Jar the presidency and toldhlgplat form in an address Friday night He endorsed the President In almost every way but expressed more worry about any Invasion of states rights As this is the chief bulwark behind which the thieving rich menrare hiding It at onto aroused suspI- cion that bo would not do much if ho wore president SEES TROUBLE AHEAD ITho Lexington Leader commentingoon Boread desire to become a fifth class town says If Berea Is transferred to that class it will have In place of Us present government a mayor a common council of six members n police judgertreasurer city attorney city clerk marshal and assessor all elective There will also be a pound master street superintendent nglT veer weigher and physician When It adds such a formidable array of officers to Its expense account Us fy troubles will begin i- r f r iA r10 dPbt- er = BYy1R171lJlUIElillY rL- faJ2T1IX dyL2iAGE7t7VdLCYB l CHAPTER XXVII Continued Madame de Varnler seated herself la the shadow so that she would not at once confront Helena as she en tend Her jeweled fingers touched her hair lightly her pose suggested the languid indifference of a woman Of the world who awaits the entrance ot a caller Mercy and tenderness and womanly pity were denied this beautl ful animal at her birth Or these divine qualities had been fiercely cinched by fanatic zeal r paced to and fro in an agony of rage and pity and this Medusa followed my every movement with hoi cruel mocking smile The woman whom I had hoped to nave from suffering yes the woman I loved was coming to this chamber ot horror She was coming radiant with hope Happiness awaited her the thought the caresses of a loved brother repentant of his momentary folly And perhaps her heart was boating high with gratitude to moto the man who she thought had made this much wlshedfor reconciliation possible mack despair awaited her In the ilttle oratory yonder She was to be tortured with a dilemma as cruel as ever racked the heart ot woman But her decision I could not doubt I had a proud faith In this lady who had soot me Into the lists to fight for her When first I had seen her on the terrace of the hotel at LucerneIt seemed ages ago instead of daysI remembered how her clear gaze had thrilled me The calm unwavering look of her gray eyes was truth Itself t had thought A lie was not possible for her not even a lie to be spoken by another for her sake nut with what abhorrence would aho regard mol Had I not been drawn la the subtle web of this Circes net the dilemma at least would not exist for her Out if the dilemma did not exist Sir Mortimers dishonor would still bo a terrible reality After nil the curtain had not fallen yet Helena and I wero both puppets in the hands ot capricious Fortune It was she 4who held the balances or rather n God whose wheels may turn slowly but sooner or later He sees that Justice Is done- I had left the door slightly ajar It was pushed open with a brusque sud deans that startlpd The servant must haw known the tragedy that awaited tkp woman ho was conducting here With a Frenchmans love of the dramatic hit ushered her in with pompous cotinony and stood waiting expectantly As I closed the door roughly on fclm Helena saw me Madame de Varnler seated In the shadow she bad not yet seen- I scanned bar face closely I saw that not hope nor the expectancy of a happy meeting with her brother was tier dominant emotion Eager she was but it was the eagerness of anx ety and not of hope Her quiet as curance came from courage and self control Her brother had disappeared mysteriously Captain Forbes had been the victim of a trick she had put her faith In one who was almost a stran ger to her and now she had ventured to the chateau alone Even a man might have hesitated But when I stood before her I was touched to see how she leaned on mo who had twice failed her My brother she whispered Once before she had wrung from mo the bitter truth Now as then a certain courage camp from her pres ence Her own scorn of weakness and subterfuge supported me I answered tier simply as I knew she would have me answerthe direct stern truth Your brother Is dead Miss Brett There followed a silence so Intense that 1 could hear quite distinctly the river Aaro beating against the chateau walls With the carious irrelevance that comes so often In moments ol tense anxiety I thought It strange that Captain Forbes bad not given some sign of his presence In his prison dur ing the past halt hour Helena leaned toward me frowning slightly as if in perplexity Dead did you sayT Not dead I repeated the words unconsciously I spoke a little louder The scene cccmed unreal theatric Again the irrelovant thought intruded how when a boy I used to wonder If all the things that had hitherto happened In my lifeall my existence were not one long dream a dream from which I should awake presently to find myself living a life utterly different lilt seems sir she faltered that your mission is always to bring bad tidings It was only the other day you told trie that the man who loved me had died Now It Is to tell mo that the brother I loved so much Is dead Site smiled pitifully a curiously twisted smile that expressed her suf feting more than any tears No reproaches could have troubled me as did that pathetic smile I turned ab raptly to Madame do Varnlcr whom she bad not yet seen My vase and pity overcome my reason I might havo appealed to a heathen Idol sitting In grotesque majesty in Its temple of gloom with as little effect You are a woman You must have a womans heart you must feel aeae I l tenderness for others In their griet You havo told mo that your life has been ono of suffering then have mercy for this girl who Is suffering You will not torturo her further You will leave to her the only comfort that remains for her the proud memory of a brother who served his country with honorIt is for you to do that monsiour She spoke with assumed Indifference fingering the cross that hung from her nock Mr Haddon said Helena proudly you will make no appeal to Madame de Varnlcr to spare mo from suffering Where lq my brother I suppose that there is no one here who will deny me my right to see him The two women faced each other Death is sometimes not thu worst calamity that may befall one madam At these ominous words Helena turned to me with a gesture of pain Her courage faltered though she fought for her control before the wom an whom she bated so bitterly Death Is not the worst calamity She repeated the words slowly as If seeking their hidden meaning 4th this Infamous woman who dragged down my brother to disgrace when ho lived will not spare even his memory She threatens to make his shame even more public than It is Your champion has it In his power t iiiiito prevent that suggested Madam do Varnler softly Helena turned on her with horror It Is Incredible that you thoul make traffic of a mans love To mo the love of a man like Sir Mortimer Brett would teen a glory nut a disgrace returned tile adventuress calmly But there was no love between Sir Mortimer Bret and myself in the souse you mean Whatever feeling your brother had for me was controlled Yes and I tempted him In that regard his honor Is stain lessMotionless looked into the oth ers eyes And yet you said there is a calam- Ity worse than death Helena quei Honed torn between hope and fear And I say It again Dishonor is worse than death Helena turned to me dazed and ap pealing a trembling drawn slow ly across her forehead You are silent What do those cr traordlnary words mean IhesitatedIt this woman saysbut it Is Do not believe her I cried desperately at length He has not the courage to tell the truth cried Madame de Vamicr walking slowly toward Helena who shrank Your brother is known to be guilty of taking bribes You are right not to believe that Mr Haddon she said scornfully and sighed her relief There arc proofs to convince the skeptical even you Insisted her tcrmeiuor with savage emphasis What you say impossible Where Is my brother Mr Hnddon I pointed silently to the oratory Helena turned to go thither but Madame de Varnlcr burred her ea I trance J Ah Guar afraid she cried standing at the door of the oratory with extended arms You date not face tho truth Listen madam the proofs of your brothers guilt are not Imaginary They exist in ifs own writing Not ono signature which may bo forged there are wholo pages You listen now you will tremble before I have finished At present there Is no one who has seen these proofs except myself But dare to doubt me to Ignore these proofs and they shall be for tho wholo world to read Do you hear I say for tho whole world and Russia would give me any svm tt choso to ask for those papers Do voa hate mo so much and scorn me so bitterly that you prefer to see your brothers namo held up as a byword for Eu ropes contempt You disdain to think It possible that my charge be true Then what you to fear There is no one who can more surely Identify your brothers writing than yourself Which will you choose It is for you to say Will you consent to see these papers now or am I to sell them to tho embassies of Russia or Austria Tho two women measured other In a long silence I watched the duel tho open window where I stood M4dame do Varnicrs threat was a tcfrlblo ono It was tho fierce pleading of a desperate and unscrupu Ions ndvoiturcss striving frantically to move tho ofty of a sister In a brothers icctltuilo and honor I had faith In tho courage and nobility ot soul of Helena I believed that she would taco shame and unhappiness with resolution But I could not wonder that Madame de Varnicrs menace made her hesitate Tho seconds passed and still they faced each other In silence That long silence seemed to me ominous I suffered with Helena In the anguish of her decision To yield would bo to doubt But If she refused to yield to doubt And If this woman spoke tho truth and made good her throat For herself she would endure everything rather than I Your Brother Is Dead Miss Brett havo each hand false back most Is have each from trust calm slow compromise with this betrayer of mens honor But there was the mother to be thought of She had decided She raised her handa slowly in a gesture that pathet ically showed ner submission Madame do Varaler had conqueredso far Do not think I doubt because 1 consent She turned to where I stftod But if this woman is sincere and be lieves that these proofs exist others will believe It too There Is no forgery so clover that I should not de tect it My brothers handwriting was peculiar Ills honor must not bo ques tloned because of a clever trick Come I will see those papers Madame de Varnler glided across the bare room and struck the heavy door of the little chamber she had already pointed out to me as contain ing the safe Tp my surprise tho door had not been locked It opened yon derously and I saw tho gleam of the safe She stood at tho doorway and beckoned to Helena Come madam or are you afraid to trust yourself In the room alone with me Has Mr Haddon already uton these papers that he Is not to como Mr Haddon has seen copies of the original papers In the sao returned Madame de Varnler In tMumpb He was feo convinced of your brothers guilt that ho destroyed these copies You will not bo surprised then If Ire fuse to trust him with the precious originalsI io expostulation I knew thu uselessness of that and we I had agreed that Helena was to decide for herself I had faith enough la her not to doubt her ultimate decision I will see these papers with you alone said Helena quietly And yon will Rive me your word of honor that you will act follow the ex t t ample of Mr HadOon ra atutapung destroy tbemT IIGI My word of honor cried with bitterness Would you believe that If you think my brother guilty of dishonorI bollevo it answered Madame do Varnldr Then I give it to you She walked to tho room with a firm step passing mo where I stood tone bravo I whlspefdtIne on your guard Refuse to believe that your brother Is guilty no matter what specious proofs this woman may show you It is simply Impossible that he bo gnlltr Why do you say thlltr Her eyes were very wistful Because I looked at her steadily I know how Impossible it would be for tho sister Your faith strengthens mine She entered the room passing by Madame do Varnler at the threshold An rovolr M Coward tho woman cried tauntingly and the key turned in the door CHAPTER XXVIII Cowardl- I heart n clock In the village strike tho hour It was six Tho chateau walls cast n long shadow on tho opposite bank of the river Tho mountains in the far distance were purple antS red In tho evening light The long day was coming owlftly to an end and the night was mysterious with Its promise of despair This tower of the three rooms Two of these rooms held their tragedies What If tho third room bad Its tragedy likewise I struck sharply the door of that room In which Madame do Varnlei had said that Captain Forbes was Im prisoned I listened there was no answer I called the name of the kings messenger aloud still there was no answer Soon the moon would rise and its cold rays might fan on tho lifeless body of Forbes for if all wore well why should there be this ominbus quiet Tbo suspense was unendurable I listened at tho door of the room that concealed the two women I beard the murmcr of voices That rcarisurod mo so far as Helenas safety was con cerned but It made mo absolutely certain that Captain Forbes must have hoard my voice If he wore living and In that room And when the two women came out I shrank from that coming with dread I had told Helena to bo bravo to Ignore the evidence of her own sight But I had Itcou shaken in my own belief as to Sir Mortimers Innocence Surely her faith would be greater than mine but the evidence seemed so overwhelmingly against Sir Mortimer If Sir Mortimers letters and notes were genuine At any ratt the woman I loved must hold a hitter cup to her blanched lips It mast be emptied to tho very dregs Her suffer Ing was Inevitable whether site be lieved her brother Innocent or guilty I could not doubt that she would refuse to purchase tho silence of Madame de Varnlcr at the cost of further dishonor even though I were chiefly to bear that myself But If she demanded that Waa I strong enough to resist her tears I must bo My reason told me of the folly of Madame do Varnlcra plan But If I yielded weakly presently and tho ruse actually succcodcd J knew that the hypocrisy of the act would become moro and more dreadful to Helena with the coming years No If In that supremo ccstucy of her agony shp should entreat me I must still refuse I must decide for her even though she thought my own cowardice to sponslblo for that refusal Coward I How that word beat a devlln tattoo on my excited brain II had Leon tho keynote to all my suffer ing and to all my Joy Willoughby had died uttering it Helena had echoed it in thought and Madame dt Varnler had spoken It again and again her fierce contempt during the past hour Yes It was tho keynote of m suffering and my joy It was the motif tbat obtruded again and again la tho stormy music of these past hours It was a baneful talisman a watchword Its letters seemed to hava Al most a magic potency It was a coom tersign that opened for mo the gala of paradise and hell A tallsmant A Watchword I A coun tersign Suddenly I saw the word COWARD written In flaming letters They revolved furiously The danced before my vision Thltf was sheer madness this la poslblc conjecture I reasoned the un reasoning Impulse to bone agalna hope But the forlorn desperate pea slblllty fought obstinately for rccog nltlon It held mo with all tho dams Ing power ota halluclnatlM And then suddenly it became a con vlctlon It was no longer an Iranoss ble hope not even an Intuition It became an absolute belief a certainty And this was the reason for my DA lief Whenever Madame de Varaler had mentioned the safe the had called ms coward COWARD I That was the combination of nit safeAt last a door opened Helena made her way toward me with uncortalt steps her hands hold out before her as one groping In the dark Item apian did fearlessness was gone She looked at me with the r la eyes of i wounded animal vainly seeking a wa of escape As she reached mr aide her hands were still held out as if fob protection grasped thorn floury but I didnotllpoakTO I A kiss on the Upe Ivortfc tn it Ira hand IMPROVED DITCHING PLOW Inventor Who Thinks He Has Provided an Effective Machine A recent Invention provides an Im proved ditching plow especially adapted for digging tiling sower ditches or draining ditches The do vice Is of very simple construction and capable of effective service in any character of soil It Is especially adapted to be drawn by a Unction en glne or capstan says Scientific Amer- Ican As shown In the engraving It comprises a beam A which extends forward and with an upward Inclina lion from tho cleancV II The latter is triangular In shape being provided with two diverging wings The purpose of tho cleaner Is to travel over the surface of the ground and remove the excavated material from the edges of the ditch Tho beam A la hinged to tho cleaner so as to provide for a certain amount of vertical motion He low the bean and forming an anglo therewith Is a blade C provided with a cutting edge at Us lower end which The Plow In Use nerves to enter the earth more or leas deeply ns tho plow In drawn forward and carry the excavated material tc the surface At Us forward end this blade Is braced by menus of a support D which is fasted to the beam A At the forward end of tho Loam A IB a elevls bar K which Is secured at Itt upper ond to draft bar F extending to tho rear of the beam A In this devil bar are a series of apertures adapted to receive a link to which s pulley block Is connected Thy block carves to receive the cable that Is poi cd to the wlndlaM or dram of the traction engine for the punKM ol drawing the car forward Owing tc tho Ifclitnem of this plow It may readily be loaded upon a truck sad transported from place to place THE HORSE OR MOTOR What Kind of Force for Plowing Shall De Used On the ordinary farm the animal It still of greater lorvleo titan any nio chanleal torso The steam plow U loaf on the large area bnt tho map of snail means and having under loll control a small farm will depend on the horw or the ox tho mule or the cow Which kind ho shall use must bo governed by tho conditions undot which he work It may bo surprls lag to those living on the prairies ot the welt to learn that even oxen are itlll used for the work ot plowing Uut on hilly stony land tho ox It still valuable for a plow animal The tact that ho Is slow makes him the more valuable for when tho plow IB moving among atones mil roots U Ik better that It move slowly than rap Idly But on the lands of the went says tho Farmers Review a fast moving animal U needed and namenvariations apply to tho use of plows tcygreater plows driven by steam Some experiments have recently been made In Germany to determine at just what point the steam plow Is more val uable than tho plow draws by horses or oxen The conclusion Is rcachcu that it U Impossible to make an esti mate In the report the cost of power machinery for plowing ana cultivating small farms IB said to be prohibitive but whore farmers owning large areas can corporate anti buy a steam plow this Is declared to be a matter of economy LOW BARN FLOOR TRUCK Will Prove Convenient for Moving Heavy Barrels Boxes Etc A hand truck for UHO on the barn floor where heavy barrels and boxes demand occasional movement can bo made after the method shown in tho accompanying illustration This plan consist of nothing more than taking two 4x4s about two feet long and connecting them by mortising In two 3x3s and ad Dusting castors to each of tho four corners Any ono who adopts such a plan says the Prairie Farmer will find that It Is a good convenient article Use a Line Tho first rows of the garden should always bo laid out by a lino to make thorn perfectly straight and If a hand drill U not used a gOlden marker with three pr four logs Is very convenient lr jqsslhjo the rows should not run north and south because it admits of the suns rays better on both sides of the small plants t I f FREEZING OF WELLS Reason Why the Deep Ones Cause More Trouble Than Shallow Ones Throughout pof tho northern states the freezing of wells and pumps causes much trouble and the greatest difficulty is experienced In keeping some of the wells open for use during tho winter Strangely enough the shallow open wells give lose trouble than the deeper drilled or doublet tubed driven wells In which tlio Inner or pump tube Is carried below the outer casing Tho determination of tho cause of the freezing and of moans for Its prevention Is of so great practical Importance that a study of the subject has been made by ono of the geologists of tho United States geolog ical survey The freezing of wells Is practically confined to districts where too air tem peratures frequently go considerably below zero and where the material penetrated aro either porous or con talc actual openings and passages through which tho air can circulate A recent Investigation of tho well of Maine n largo number of which are In granite slates and other compact close grained rocks discovered no In stances of deep freezing In DUnne Iota North Dakota and Nebraska on tho other hand largo numbers of wells penetrating porous deposits or cav ernouir limestones freeze every winter In Wisconsin and Michigan freezing though less common occa atonally occur and also In Iowa Mia 4 Dourl Kentucky and Indiana 1 Many of the simpler devices adopted to prevent freezing are complete fail urns while others aro partially sue coastal The Inherent difficulty lies In tho construction of tho well The following suggestions are mode by the geologist In open wells whore air obtains ac eelS through the soil and at the Jane tion of curb and cover n cement cover should bo tightly fitted to tilt aunt and the curb itself should be epatod with cement for some distance below thu surface In drilled or doubletubed driven wells time current of cold air drawn In it periods of high barometer between tho outor and Inuor casing near the surface and passing out In a porous bed at the bottom above tho water level will cause freezing If the waters pumped o that It stands In tbn lunar tube above the lower ond of the iiitor casing and a long conUnued rlrrunt tlf such cold air may cause rooting of the ground water about and lu lime well tube For this condi lion ssys the Farmers Volou It Is lug TMtod that tho space between tho out r and Inner tube near tho surface txt iftfkot with sumo Impervious mate tal A Illllnp of comont resting on an mprovliotl plug la probably the most effective The homemade rag pack ns sometimes used Is ton porous to- asrvo the purpose The same treatment Is sitgsMlcd for wells with leaky oa lapi for tlrlv m wolla paMlBK through reeks porous sough to permit tho paiwaio of large surreal of chilled air during periods af high barometer and for wells In wblth the outer easing ends In some avorn or open pasMga that Is the I space between the welt tube and the lump tube near the surface should be tightly plugtod with Impervious ma terial About tome wilt the ground arevlcos through which tho air circa ales are so numerous that Immunity tom freezing can bo obtained only by plugging the space about tho pump tubo from top to bottom with cement A ROCK SKID One Made from Fork of Tree Will Do Effective Service A rock slfld may bo made similar to that shown In the accompanying lUg tration by cutting a fork bream a tree The Completed Skid and nailing six Inch boards across each end The rock Is placed In the space C THEProbably onehalf of the value of all barnyard manure made la tho United States la lost through neglect of It or of tot knowing the best methods for handling and using It In the United States much of the farm land needs tiling oven the land that Is not subject to bolus over flowed Every particle of barnyard manure unpaid be gotten under the surface of the soil If possible as In that way the land gets tho most out of It Flighty acres of good land is enough to keep a good farmer busymore lu fact than many farmers can farm well The hand cultivator or wheel hoe I Is a tool that Is almost indispensable In tho garden Much work can bo pushed now would bo a drag If hold till thatIhence up- How to Drownvyeedi Germination of weed seed Is pro vented by keeping the soil well JmlIverized by frequent stirring hence II frequently cultivated or hood tho moisture will bo conserved end weeds I killed It is a difficult matter to cul irate the gardentup much because stirring tho soil Admits of air and heal which aids tho work of the bacteria in the soil making the plant food more available I WANT FLOWERS I Cut IMowera Tnbla Fern Funeral Drilglii- We l llng Piece Polled Vlnuta PHONE ALBERT The Porter Drug Co iNOOarOBATEO PHONE 12 BEREA KY I ooooooooooooooooooooooooooo i o Berea and Vicinity I 0o o GATHERED FROM A VARIETY OF SOURCES 0- A o o o nnnOO QOOOO e uuv DR BEST 4I DENTIST CITY rHOXB Las OFFICE OUR POST OFFICE Mr Dan Click of Kirby Knob was ID town Saturday Mr A P Settle was In Richmond on business the first of the week Mlas May Smith of McKee has en toted school here Tho Ilov L 11 Brandenburg of Louisville preached two very Inter I esting sermons at tho Daptlst Church last Sunday I Will Dalton of East DurnsUdt Is visiting with homo folks hero Ernest Bender who Is working at Corbin was In town last Wednesday I Marian I till a former student hero who has been at Chicago 111 Is ylsltlng In town this week Miss Lola linker of Lexington Is hero for a visit with relatives And friendsOn of tho III health of his wife E K Wyatt returned tho latter part of last week from an extended trip thru the West Mr Qua Stewart of Ilockcastlo County was a business caller hero I last Monday Henry Ulnguam who has been working In CorMn and London WAS in town last week k Will nranaman and mother Rare moved Into the Lester property on Chestnut street Miss Bertha Robinson entertained a number of her friends at a social at her homo last Friday evening J W Fowler who buys logs for tho Ford Lumber Company leaves this week for a business trip In Clay and Owsley Counties W II Lawson who clerks for n- It Harris line moved his family hero from Wallaccton lion W n Smith of Richmond was In town last Thursday and Friday on business Tho colored people of Uorca and vicinity are planning a pralso meet- Ing for tho 1200000 Carnegie gift to be held on Fob 16 Tho Rev Messrs Uroaddus from Richmond and Maker from Winchester and runny other well known colored speakers will be there Tho meeting will bo 1lwJ In tho Baptist Church on the- 4IIIltlt1 Meadow pike SPECIAL NOTICE Till further advised 1 allwhor bring this notice can get atrip to Richmond and return and the best set of teeth that can be made all for 800 The same terms apply to all who have over 500 worth of dental work done In buying Railroad ticket take receipt tor money for the1 r round trip fare and the re ceipt will be taken as cash Ii All work guaranteed to be respectIk Qnly best class of materials 1 used DR V H HOBSON DENTIST Phone No 2 Richmond Ky T It ar h RICHMOND GREENHOUSES Piton No 18t I OOOOOOQ IMils Efflo Hendrlcka of near Cal cast died hero suddenly on Tuesday from cerebrospinal meningitis She was stricken while on her way to class on Monday Her relatives here have tho sympathy of tho entire com munityThis Is the second case of tho kind and as tho disease Is an unusual one some nervous people got a llttlo pan icky There Is no reason for this ns tho disease Is not catching andI more people are killed every yearI by falling down stairs than There have been no other cases andI are not likely to boo Tho smallpox scare Is all over and there seem to havo been no cases developed hero There are still several cases of measles but none are serious and tho boys seem to think they are having a lark all by themselves Tho Ogg children who have scarlet fever are doing fell Henry Rogers who lived near Clover Bottom died suddenly ono day last week Ho had run after a cou plo of cattlo buyers nnd was later found dead In tho road The cattlemen were arrested on suspicion of foul play but Drs Davis and Rob inson performed an autopsy and found that death had been duo to heart failure A now addition to Bcrca will soon bo opened south of town near tho Scaffold Cano pike by Robinson KIdd Tho county officials have promised to bridge Brushy Fork and tho real estate mon will bridge the little branch which has to bo crossed In getting to their land Tho Itev Mr Broaddus has been holding a series of revival meet Ings Irt Richmond which have hid unusual success There have been over seventy converts with about eighty seekers and many bap tismsMr John Muucy who expected to go to Now Mexico from Denver Col returned homo last Monday Ho re ports that Thomas Barnett Is not much better Ho left him and Gro vcr Price at Denver Miss Anna Smith tho Presidents secretary has returned from a two weeks vacation at her homo In Ohio Mr and Mrs Stanley Frost have moved Into tho houso formerly occupied by Mr Frank Coyle Mr W Ii Porter and family left Tuesday for a months vacation In tho South They will go together to Now Orleans where they will sep arate Mrs Porter and tho children going to Houston Tex and Mr Porter to Florida STATE REDISTRICTING BILL Continued frn PInt rage Sovcntyflrat Boylo and Garrard SoventysecondLincolnSeventythirdMadison Seventyfourth Rockcnstlo and JacksonSeventyfifth Pulaskl- Seventysixth Laurel- Soventynoventh Vhltby- Seventyeighth Knbx- Seventyninth Bell IejchorflghtyUratPerry Eightysecond Clay and Lctcher Eightythird Loo and Owole- yEightyfourth Powell and Estill Eightyfifth Wolfo and Magof fin Elghtyslxth Floyd and Knott IaglrtyseventhPiloEightyeighthMartin and John son EightyninthLawrenceNlnticthrMorgan Elliott Nlntyflrst Mculfco and Montgomery Nlntysecond Rowan nnd Bath Nlntythlrd Boyd Nlutyfourth Carter NintyffifthGnenupNlntysixthLOWIE 1 t f Nlntyeevonth Fleming Nlntyelghth Mason NIntynlnth Robertson andv Nich olas One hundredth Bracken and Pen dletonTho Republican senatorial redis tricting bill Intrpduccd In the Senate by Senator Bosworth provides thirtyeight senatorial districts as followsFirst district tho counties of Graves Hickman and Fulton Second district McCraken and Car lisle Third Galloway Marshall Trigg and Llvlngton Fourth Caldwell Lyon Crittenden and Webster Filth Union and Henderson Sixth McLean Davless and Han cock Seventh Hopkins and Muhlenburg Eighth Ohio Breckcnrldgo and Meade Ninth Warren Edmondson and Allen Tenth Grayson Hardln and Hart Eleventh Logan Simpson and But ler Twelfth Christian and Todd Thirteenth Bullltt Nelson An derson Spencer and Lame Fourteenth Adair Russell Cum berland Clinton and Wayne Fifteenth Taylor Casey Marion and Washington Sixteenth Lincoln Ilockcastlo and PulaskiSeventeenth Barren Mctcalfe Green and Monroe Eighteenth Mercer Boyd Garrord and Jessamine Nineteenth Fnyctte and Woodford Twentieth twentyfirst twenty second twentythird and twenty fourth Jefferson Twentyfifth Oallatln Boone Grant Pcndclton and Bracken Twentysixth Shelby Franklin and Scott Twentyseventh Campbell Twentyeighth Kenton Twentyninth Madison Estill and ClarkThirtieth Bourbon Nicholas Rob ertson and Harrison Thirtyfirst Knox Whitley and hell Thlrtyfaccond Jackson Laurel Clay Owsley and Lee- Thirtythird Bath Rowan Mont gomery Menifee Powell and Wolfe Thirtyfourth Carter Boyd and Greenup Thirtyfifth Mason Fleming and Lewis Thirtysixth Elliott Lawrence Johnson and Morga- nThirtyseventh Breathltt Knott Letcher Perry Leslie and Harlan Thirtyeight Martin Pike Floyd and Magoffln I MR COPE ON DEADLOCK Legislator Disagrees with the lie CItizenSome Comments on His Letter Editor Citizen Some ono has sent mo a marked copy of Tho Citizen containing an editorial entitled End tho Dead lock bearing on the Senatorial situ ation I hiyvo also received a tow let ters advising mo to vote for a Dom ocrat for United States Senator and In exchange procure a restricting bill and other measures In tho first placo I desire to say that tho chances to elect Bradley are good I would rather have his chan ces today than of any other mau in Kentucky It Is truo that the Joint opposition has eight votos more than wo have but our forces are united and those of tho opposition are di vided Wo stand agreed and they stand disagreed Mr Bcckham will never agree to surrender his nomi nation In favor of any Democrat On tho other hand thoso Democrats who oppose him will never vote for him All of this gives Bradley a pos ition of great advantage In tho con test In his language all that we have to do Is to sit steady In the boat Somo of thoso Democrats In closest touch with tho situation say to ufJthe Republican members Stand solidly for Bradley and we believe he will win The election of a United States Senator is of vast Importance to our party If wo elect him wo can secure all needed legislation If WB fail to elect him wo cannot bo assured of any legislation If wo surrender Bradley on a trade for legislation the probabilities are that we will lose everything Even if such a trade wore made how could it bo enforced More than this the suggestion that tho Independent Democrats in the General Assembly will not vote for needed legislation except In exchange for Republican votes for tho Senn torship Is an Impugnment of their motives We credit theso men with tho highest motives of patriotism but to suggest that they will not vote for needed legislation except In exchange for votes for office Is to discredit their motives Besides wo owo something to Bradley Indeed wo owo him very much more than we can ever hope to repay But for him we would never havo won a Stato election For forty years ho has fought opr battles In season and out of season Ho has hoped when others have de sponded Ho has fought when oth ers havo retreated Ho has always marched In front lIe has stood oftentimes singlehanded and alone To desert him now after he has grown gray in the service of thoI party and the people would bo an act of tho basest Ingratitude for which wo could and never should be forgiven Finally let me add what is known to those hero In closo touch with tho situation but seems to bo un known to thoso who view tho situation from a distance If Bradley should withdraw tho sixtyfive Re publican votes cannot be solidly de livered to any other candidate His withdrawal would Inevitably result In tho election of Beckham Woo tho Republican members on the ground believe wo are doing that which Is best for our party and that which Is best for the people of Kentucky Wo know tho situation Wo hope our friends out in the State who are Just as loyal to Republican principles as ourselves will trust us In this matter and wo assure them that wo shall act unselfishly and to the best Interests of all concerned W A COPE A few comments on the arguments given by Mr Cope seem necessary First Bradleys chances are no better than Bcckhams except for ono thing there Is a chance that somo Democrats may sell their votes or that some whiskey men may voto for him In a trade to kill the county unit bil- lSecondStnco Bradley cannot be elected there Is no chance to get the needed legislation that way But if ho could be elected tho Republicans would havo no better chance than before to get the laws the state needs Bradley would not have a vote In tho legislature or any power there that bo has not now- ThlrdDradleys services to the stato and tho party Tho Citizen would not deny but how does voting for him when there Is no chance of election repay him anything And then do wo owo him more than we owe the state and should we to pay him sacrifice tho Interests of every person In tho state and of tho party for years to come And If ho had tho RIGHT to demand that would a good and great leader a friend of the people do so1 The Cit izen thinks not FourthSpeaker Gooch has ruled that only a majority of all voting can elect a Senator If the Republi cans should split up and should voto for sixtyfive different people Beck ham would bo no nearer election unless somo of them voted for him FltthU wo can trust the Demo crats to give us the laws we need which they havo never donq wo surely can trust them to keep their pledged word In response to a fa vor And certainly there ARE enough good Democrats to carry out tho program Tho Citizen recommended The election proved that GO WAY Down South and avoid the disagreeable weather we have here for the next few months Do not keep housed up when ygu can live out of doors in Florida where Hunt ing and Fishing are excel lent The- Louisville Nashville R R Now has on sale daily Very Low Roundtrip Rates to all Southern Vinter Resorts Apply to L N Agents or write Y D BUSH Division Passgr Agt- CincinnaH O IlHCOWLEYM D rSpecially prepared to trent dlseaea of the Lye Nose Ear and Throat Industrial Bulldlnl n rca Xy flour I to 1 pm i GREAT SHOE SALE TO BEGIN FEBRUARY I AND CONTINUE 15 DAYS ONLY I give this sale for the purpose of making room for Spring Shoes My shoes are New andof Good Quality and Latest Styles HERE ARE MY PRICES MENS SHOES 500 Shoes cut to 308 400II II 339 350 l 203 300II 239 250 I l 210 200 t 109 BOYS SHOES 350 Shoes cut to 208 300 230 250 I U 219 225 180 200 r 109 150 120 SHOES 300H 2pol 160rSHOES CAN YOU BEAT THEM G M TREADWAY MAIN STREET BEREA KY A Bargain for You EIGHT ROOMHOUSE Eight room well built plastered dwelling house situated on most public street in Berea large garden yard good barn on water main within five minutes walk Berea be taken at Price 15000 You build house price Good condition Sale good Title perfect REPRESENT MUTUAL BENEFIT LIFE INSURANCE CO Newark N J which paid policy holders Po idles absolutely after year The best is too good you and I have best on or address G D HOLLIDAYREALIESTATE INSURANCE MAN Bank Trust Building Berea Kentucky C F HANSON LICENSED EMBALMER AND UNDERTAKER Successor to B R Robinson All calla promptly attended to night and day Teloph n No Itaroa Ky LADAVISMD OFFICE AT RESIDENCE PHONE 50 STi S R BAKERJ KYlogOffice from 8 to 4 City Phene 113 Teeth extracted without pain Sonnoforme ENGINES BOIL ERS SAW MILLS REPAIRED Promptly Returned CONN BROS Lancaster Ky A New Addition To Berea- A NEW STREET Lots For Sale In of Town at only f100 Terms to purchas or Two houses of four and rooms at reasonable prices B P AMBROSE Box 11 Irea WOMENS a 350 Shoes cut to 203 J 239 I 250 e t et 150 120 MISSES 1 250 Shoes cut to 210 225 4 U lPO 200 lag 150 I 125I U IS 109 100 8U Ky nice i of College Must once cant the for the I THE of has 25000000000 nonforfeitable first none for the Call THE AND CENTER DENTIST hoar Work Best Part suit eight SON Ky 120 THEWORLDS GREATESTSEWING MACHINE WEWHOMrt a t If taryShuttleSewing Mnclilno write to t THE NEW HOME SEWING MACHINE COMPANY Orange Mass Manv Mnr are made to tell rtnrdleno- lqiuf cut the New Homo Ii made to wear Our guaranty never rune out i I Sold bT authorized dealers otily roa SAUl ir J M RICHARDSON A COMPANY Central Agents Cleveland B SEE ME AIIOUT YOU- REYES Glaaiea to Suit All Conditions J M EARLY Jewtrler EngraverOvertIio Berea Kentucky t WANTED I We want agents in all parts of the U S to sell our famous Dr Williams Pills Send ui your name and address and we will send you 12 boxes to sell at 25o per box and when sold end iy us the 3 and receive a full set of t cooking vessels consisting of and 6 Quart vessel A limited numberwof these vessel are given to intro duce our Pills Order quick DR WILLIAMS MEDICINE COMPANY ROSJSVILLJC OHIO As f The Citizen A family newspaper for all that Is right true and Interesting Published every Thursday it B m Ky BEREA PUBLISHING CO Incorporate Stanley Frost Editor and Manager Subscription Rates PAYABLE IN ADVANCE ODe Year SIM Rill Months 60 Three Mooths y Send money by Pu toOVe 01 KipirM Monty Order Ketmered Urltrr 01 cur and awe cent alamp The due aflei tout rime on label show i what due your i ptlon U paid U It It not etianged withlu tbiee weeks uliet ieie ral notify us ere rlJmbm1II be gttdty rapplled If w Vine Premium when fat new tutnctlpttoni end prompt renewal iend lot rremlnm 11st Liberal urns given to any who obtain new itibKTir4loiiik foi us Any one nafuut reteveTbeCitueufteeloteAdvertMng rate un application MtMHkii or K1SNTCCKY PRhSS ASSOCIATION uanteln comet Is said to bavo a growing tall 1000000 miles tong but it Is In no danger of being stepped on Ono hundred Chinamen paid the tax of 500 a head and wnro admitted to Canada which puts Canada 50000 ahead Once wore it is reasonably certain that Mars Is Inhabited Out what of 1t7 Have they got any money Ministers In Clnveland are about to form a union and now we suppose will begin an agitation for an clgnt bour war k Two hundred dishes may bo made from curb says a Chicago cook Surely whisky Is not u dish even In Chicago dialect Wu Ting Fang Is coming back to this country as minister There must be a few questions hn forgot to ask when bo WOK here before u Care ilnmld bo taken not to get a scat behind tho latest stylo of fem mine headgear It obxrurcs the en tire landscape or foreground u The king of Annum Is accused of boiling own of his wives whereas as every married man knows only an oc casional mild roast Is allowable 0 A Winnipeg girl has married a cir Ii tus freak called the human torch Now gho probably thinks she has a husband whose lure is not likely to grow cold New York makes contracts to have the manure hauled away from her city stables and thun pays 150000 fur fur tlllier And then she complains ot being robbed 0 A St loull woman Is asking for a divorce because her husband loves a baseball game more than his home Perhaps bo could fix up mutters If ba4 buy her a diamond It appears from t governments latest figures that oats fell farther below the normal yield this year than wheat Less was beard of It for the horses cannot kick In print A man named Rudolph Lesser has Invented a tximuomiil which ho calls aryllhloRlyrolllcowjrlhwMrbollcacId And yet KOIHO leople wonder how printers and proofreaders are driven to drink Japan Is jetting excited About the Importation of Chinese coolies who aro willing to work for half of what a Japanese laborer demands and there are Indications of labor riots In conse quence This Is uo uncertain test mony to tho growing civilization of Japan 0 Over 1000000 letters went to the dead letter oQlco In September and only 525174 was found In the lot 4Ofthis 34371G4 was returned lo send Ii ers but it will probably be Impossible t to make tho remainder cover the I Claims or tho people who will say Well 1 mailed It to you anyway i 0 A young man In San Francisco bas i really perpetrated the old joko oft marrying his grandmother Rut as i iallewas only In her twenties his own r sweetheart and had married his 80 ld grandfather to keep thelato 1tcrlImoney for her disinherited lover dralIi seas sitsytie libraries Now surpasses all 4otherdura according to Mr Car negro Commendation from Financial s Magnate Andrew Is pralso Indeed and now the Empire city In splto cf the munliripal corruption for which she is condemned will says the lies C ton Budget bo more perky than over Norman Bridge M D deploring our n iuifold frailties mentions particu larly our lack ot frankness ono with atirther Ask a frload to go Into tha restaurant with you he says and In quiro what you shall order for thoI meal Teo to one your friend will say beefsteak because he Imagines you want It aad you order beefsteak when really both of yda are iouglng tot tripe I Ik Ju Unman iefnlottiiUtg 11t Euglfelf Joint of lunu By T B SHAW I rMl 1 ANY men many minds 1 but alas I greatly fear mo that as regards this question all men arc of one mind Woman is deteriorating this is tho unanimous verdictandsadly and reluctantly we ncijuicscc reluctantly indeed for who would willingly be an iconoclast Who would willfully shatter the beautiful ideal of womanhood surrounded with tho halo of truthand tenderness simplicity and sincerity piety and piti fulness love anti life which has come down to us through the ages since Eve mother of mankind tram steep awaked much wondering r Here we have the uptodntc damsel shoulder to shoulder with man eager for tho fray for the tussle nnd the effort to wrest from man those pursuits and avocations to which his physique and his qualifications en title him and on which perchance the lives of wife and family depend manly professions and pursuits to which the current of his being has been set since the days when Adam delved and Eve span l Forgetful is she that woman is not undeveloped man but diverse forgetful also that ffshe who makes mans cause hers is liable to the loss of his respect his allegiance that her needless contact with the coarsest side of humanity destroys in her the sweet womanliness the daintiness the uiccnoss whiJi in days gone by formed our sexs chief charm how can it be otherwise Her mind is tainted and her conversation is flavored with tho objection able slang the cheap cynicism of the fmdeaieclo literature her moral perceptions are blunted and coarsened by the neverceasing effort to attract mans attention which her warped imagination frequently mis takes for admiration to outHerod Herod and to view all human nature through an atmosphere of tobacco smoke The uptodate woman is nothing if not strongminded She professes to despise those womanly wiles those feminine graces by means of whichour grandmothers held their sway And yet this very week huve I seen in a society journal u legendrunning thus Waists this season are becoming small by degrees mad beautifully less Paraphrased thus Brains among women are becoming small by degrees and beautifully less It contains much food for thought but how can wo bring ourselves to believe in the superior and strongminded female until she with n strong hand and by an overwhelming majority puts down this abominable custom which tends neither to wisdom nor to beauty and which makes tIll female interior a thing of torture to herself and a perpetual puzzle HID der and delight to that profession which wields the knife in search of knowledge and science One glance at what is mistakenly called the sentimental side of the question Could Wfl but make her ILl the man- Rwvt lave la slain And without love I boldly assert that life is empty to any true woman Love sympathy tenderness tact these go to form tho trile woman whose husband has proudly consecrated to her his manhood his lifes al legiance and whose children shall surely rise up and call her blessed Xnttr can ionctarp p tent Weal By M ALEXANDRE ULAR French Financial Editor Now In America In Franco we are trustful of your financial methods chiefly for tho reason that there is no control of your banking system We also believe your monetary system is entirely wrong At the root the government is to blame of course for it rests with that body to enact such legislation as will bring banks and similar institutions under absolute control of the government As conditions now exist what is there to prevent a recurrence of what has taken place Your financial institutions mire under no more greater legal restrictions than was the case last year nor docs there Seem to be any indication so far as I tan discover that any will be established What guarantee therefore is there for the future Absolutely none afar as can now be seen Is it not possible not to say probable that tin same serious and alarming conditions may again I be brought into existence at any time For myself I am an adherent of the central bank plan but it is Tery doubtful if such a system could boo placed in operation in this country because of tho opposition that would be encountered front the large financial interests The central bank system is a safeguard to the financial interests of the country the value of which cannot In Prance we have had practical evidence of its worth one result being the absolute faith of the people in its and soundness I Jarnlr yutrm 1EmptiriJriinl i By THOMAS SPEED MOSBY Missouri Pardon Attorney dis governmental overestimated practicability I Time decrease in the number otmel1l1CntcnCl withIoutcrease in the number ofi crimes committed may be partially due to time extension of the parole system for first offenders We are by no moans to judge the efficiency of a penal code merely by time number of persons sen uponImany I Pecidivation or professional criminalism exists more extensively in Europe than in America although in some respects criminality has lately increased in the United States The high nervous tension common among us is responsible for a growing neuropathic condition which is most favorable to crime The general lack of industrial condition is developing thousands every year who have never learned to make nn honest living and who sooner or later find their way into the paths of crime Such improvements are needed in the penal codes of this country arc not in the direction of increased severity The certaintyof punishment is of far more avail in the prevention of crime than its severity and laxity of administration cannot be corrected by amendment of the laws I SWIRL OF WIND WAS FATAL FOUR CHILDREN AMONG THE SIX CYCLONE VICTIMS Farms Laid Waste By Mississippi Storm and Many Inhabitants Are Reported Hurt Wesson Miss Feb ISix persons dead lureo fatally hurt and tummy olh ore seriously or slightly Injured li part of the record of a cyclono that passed over this section of the state In addition there la the loss of build- Ings rtized farm animals killed and crops laId waste The first news of the disaster which occurred a short distance north of here was brought by a negro about dark Ho camo to summon physicians and other aid which was sent at onto Throo doctors started ut once for the sceneThe dead and fatally Injured Uavo Martin Jltra Ben Martin Four call dren of tho latter Fatally Injured Den Mania O 41 Maddox Mrs O M Maddox Seriously hurt Dill Allen Miss Allen daughter of Dill Allen unknown negro The dead and Injured are aU white Tho cyclone struck about 4 oclock In the afternoon It cnmo from tho southwest and disappeared in tho northeast At least a dozen homes of whlto families well known hero wore blown down Tho residence of Mr and Mrs Maddox was blown almost completely off the prcmcsls and Mrs Maddox spinal cuiuran was broken Tho path of tho cyclone was unusually wide and was left Uttered with hundreds of dollars worth of dead farm animals and strewn with many thousands of dollars worth of prop arty For a distance of 20 miles tho wind toro a pathway nearly a mllo wuto partly or wholly destroying nearly every building in thin area Scores of dead farm animals littered tho track Tho residence of Mr and Mrs Maddox was blown almost completely oft tho premises A negro was found injured In tho debris of Robert IJttlctons farmhouseSurrounding towns not In tho direct path of the storm suffered damage dur- Ing the taw minutes ot tho cyclones durationAt buildings were blown down and at Hazelhurst two sawmills wcro destroyed Many fences and say oral small buildings were blown down Center Point reported much damage but no loss of life Darkness settled down so quickly after tho cyclone that only an Incom plete estimate of time destruction both to lire and property was to bo ob tamed SWOOP OF INVESTIOATORS On Asylum Developed That There Were No Fire Precautions Lincoln 111 Feb IJl would bo next to Impossible In caso of a sudden and serious fire in tho dormitories of the Lincoln Asylum for Feeble mindrd Children for the 1253 Inmates to bo rescued and escape death or In jury according to the testimony bo fore tbo legislative Investigation com mittee This was brought out follow- Ing a sensational visit by two members of the committee who swooped down nt midnight on the asylum when ell tho Inmates were asleep and found no facilities for the rescue ut tho feeble minded should a fire occur Inquiry developed tho fact that there Is no fire drill of the attendants at the asylum no such drill being possible for the mentally Irresponsible children although there are ccrtPlu fire rules for tho attaches of tho Institution but no one appears to know just what they are Full details of the burning of Frank Glroux of Chicago were brought out through tho examination of Dr Ho I chow It developed that the boy was Belied with an epileptic fit whllo sit tang In a rocking chair Ho fell against a badly covered radiator where for five minutes he lay with his face and neck against the hut iron until ho wau literally cookedITrlnldnd Col Feb ITho Nsl1 dencoof A Alexander oftba Frederick mine superlntendenI Fuel and Iron Co 20 this city was partly wrecked by en explosion of dynamite Tlio explosive l had been placed undor n bedroom In which three children were sleeping All tho Inmates of tho house escaped with slight injuries It Is believed tha- the explosion was caused by dls charged miners Aiding the Unemployed PltUburp Pa Feb ITho city councils are preparing plans to give employment to a largo number of Idle men A special meeting has been lot for next Monday to rush through an emergency bond Issue of about JJOV 000 for park Improvements Council committees aro also working out lc alls for about 3500000 worth of other improvements for which bonds will be Issued Fire On Big Liner Southampton Feb IA fire broke out In the ftrst class smoking room ol the White Star lino steamer Majestic Only through tho utmost efforts ol the fire department on the deck bud the city fire brigade was the vessel saved Robbed In His Office Scituate It I Feb 1WliPn State Senator Henry II Potter town clerk and tax collector was at work fn flu fllcu bo was robbed of 1000 by three tasked men The robbers matio tlielf escape I rrKentucky Gleanin S IIJ IMoat Inlpnrlnnt Naws Gathered row- All Party oi tlto SIneIt3ECKHAM LOSES ANOTHER VOTE Opinion Held That Ice Is Broken and Further Breaks Arc Looked For Frankfort lyTho emit IUecklflmU men are Jubilant over Klalrs desert lor of llcckham though an tar as can bo learned hla vote for John Allen had no special significance except it placed Dcckham ono vote farther away from a majority The anilttockbam democrats have confidentially claimed from time lira that more democrats besides tho drat six would leave Ueckham In duo time nnd Klulr was the first to break the IceThis gives them hope there will he others follow Klnlra lend In u few days Tile democrats who ulo against Hcckhain declare they will never tote for Bradley or any other republican und claim that some democrat will tililmatcly be elected senator it anybody ID elected this session Tats given no encouragement to the repub llcans but these name democrats are so frequently In conference with the republican leaders that it gives cotoi to the oft aseerted claim that Hradloj will win out BLIND MOTHER Dragged Her Sons Corpse From the Bottom of a Bath Tub Louisville Ky When William N Ryan aged 62 was asphyxliiKM 1114 blind mother aged 70 groped for hli body at tho bottom of n bath tub and lifted him out Ryan had boon nn In valid for years as the result of the loss ot n leg In n street car necldent Ho tools a bath and In attempting to light a small heater two of tho home ITS did not Ignite and the escaping rui flied his weak lungs Ho drowned lu about three feet of water Ills mother smelled tho gas and led by her rtmiijn Icr Mrs C T Daniel sho entered the bathroom where she felt for tbo bath tub and reaching through Iho water seized her suns body and pulled hln out on tho floor Sheer Kllllng Dogs at Work Newport Ky ShcupklllliiR dogs played havoc with n fine flock of stitMp the property of USllIlro llynl nt tIo ryvllle Campbell county live wore killed outright und a number of oth ers were wounded and worried no that they died shortly afterward Mr flyrd under Iho new state law will bo pair by tho state for the sheep killed by making nffldavlt within 24 hours be foro tho nearest magistrate as to the vnluo of the sheep Still at It Mt Sterling Ky =Night riders burned the large tobacco barn of John C McOanlnl near lingers MilL All the tobacco crop was consumed Ills loss Is 2000 Hamilton Bros nnJ Foley Bros tho heaviest tobacco growers In Bath county have best warned by night riders to retrain from selling Tho two firms have 76 300 pounds Tho warehouses are un der heavy guard IHer Identity Revealed KyJimmy Allen cab n boy an the Falls 1lty was arrested am Mildred Allen und she admits tint Iho Is For three weeks she has beets doing duty on tho steamer and the crew was astounded when her sex WM disclosed by the stilcinonts of the jfflccrs Sho halls from West iolnt Ky but Ills never been contented with N life In kltts It Is said ilBlew Off His Sisters Head Ky Patrick Crawford 7 shot and killed his sister C at theIr some near Furmlnglon Tho children were playing robber und the boy pretending Hint he lizard a nolso nt the door seized a shotgun and marched out Just ns Ihe boy opened tho door tho tlttto girl tnurched In nnd the weapon wns accidentally discharged the land blowing olt her head Insurance Company Quit Louisville KyThu New Amster dam Casualty Co hu withdrawn from Iho Krntuchy Held All policies whl h are now In force will be continued b it no now business will be written Gen rrully unsafe conditions were given as tho cause Formal Ballot Is Taken Frankfort IyA formal ballot for senator was taken to preserve the rIm llnuliy nf Iho balloting ns content pint ed by Ihe law Ihe leglslnltiro having udJourneil Bocklmm received one vote nnd Bradley one Cut the Cable Rope Lexington Ky Reports from Knox county are lust a posse Is pursuing a negro minor wtio elan cable rope sup 1iMllntj a coal car allowing It tocrnnh down u shaft killing one unm coil wounding 12 others The Goods on Him Lexington JyOlllo Forslon charge tel with having stolen Congressman anpleys vnllst from n C k 0 rntln pleaded guilty and wan sentenced to a year In the penitentiary Porstcn had on n boiled shirt onco a part of the tongrescniavs wardrobe Turfman Lewis Dies SuddenlyI Frankfort Ky Waller Louts ned iJ3 years who with his brother hV J lpwjs owns they noted Relnlr stock form hear here dropped dead if heart fnllnre caused by an attack it ImllgrMlon HOPKINS DESERTS DECKHAM i Other Opponents of Former Governor Unite on John R Allan Frankfort Ky There wtw a sugar change III tho scnntortal ballot is Deckhnm lost another yule W W 1 Hopkins ot Floyd county voting for J C Mayo All the other anllBockham domn crats united and voted tor John il Allen giving him 7 voice It Is claimed by tbn opponents ut Uecktmtn that two or ihrco morn dem I orrats will desert him but that they will not vote for Bradley The two brnnches of the legislature adopted a Joint resolution irt odjourn to give certain committees tltno ti visit the stylums and other stale IH slliutlons In the sHoato the IcRlslatlfe appor linnmnnt hill was lutroduied by Stator liurnam Mnny vbauges ors made Senator Curelon Introduced a bill giving rffpres ntatlvna end senators salary of 149 per month end clot lien truant governor ntOO per year Outer bills lull oouccd were as lot los1lJfly II II flmlth Locating oni tub iportment station In Western Ken lucky land nnn In Kastcrn Keitiuoky By Mr Ronukur GlviiiR need aNd Indigent confederate MiMlots la pull slue uf J125 per year MAY END DEADLOCK Temperance Fight Fail Merging Iota Senatorial Fight Frankfort KyTho tonip rauss fight Is fast merging Itr into ltV s nntorlQl fight and tho IpdJcattoui ore that the morn prunmincud anti bent option democrats will ecunto In bitter If Cur HaukhauiV friend pMtit too passage ut the county unit btl that they will vote for nrlldl T- It Is asserted that time fight In tLn house to recommit nnd thus delay tt county unit bill wun mode by the r publicans who hope through thin plea to cnipbnilio time allured hntllllty ot Bocfcnam toward the liquor pcophj and Induce tho liquor dciniicrnto to arrevenue try electing Bradley Another story says that for Mech hum Is now assured of n pcrroaueat dtmdlocic and will hold out to th j kiL and go before the people ognln od nsx l thIS next lesltlnturo to olcct him Drilled For the Governor taulsvlll KyGov Wilson bad his tint onirlal exp rlenc H cuss manderlnchlef of the KectucKr troops when ho Inspected tho rap mental dress drill of Iho First Itw lucky Infantry at Us urmory hero lit showed that ho was well pleased Mill It 1 wren touched the Runs With Mf gloved hsnds said he and nota spot of grease could 1 seo on ttt t gloves Company II tho Hppkliui rill company gave a 1 and patadeiSeek Powers Rileate Washlnxtun Llglit hundred em ployes of the pcnilun otllco signed a petldun which was sent to flovi AVlll son asking that Caleb Powers bo lite crated It Is said ComtaUidcmor Of PenIonitllnll Wanicr wroth p lieraouul letter to thu pardoning GUn mlislun requesting the pardua of fate famous Kentucky prisoner Asked to Make GoodrAugusta Ky KxClty Marshal LafcQ Tool who was also city lax wtlocCnr hns boon called upon to tarn an nl leN deficit of 800 This sum la charged to him by nn auditing fug mttleo appointed by lime now city flow ell The alleeed iliorta t came about r It Is raid partly through a faulty sylr tern of keeping books Ol For Washington if 1 Lexington Ky Jouetl Hhouse sec rotary uf the Kentucky Breeding Ilii renu left for Washington lu deliver nn address before thd members ot lair Amerlran Ureeders nBllocnUon lilt x subject Is Tho Thoroughbred lionv lu America Ills Utility and WhatrThorouKhbred mood line Dune i r Maurice Galvln Resigns Frankfort Ky Tho formal resigna lion of Mnurlce Calvin ua common wealths attorney of the Covlnxluu JIM Islet was received ut the governors office Gnv Wlltson In u few days will appoint A successor lo Mr Bat vln wbu Is nssuinlttg his dull II as col lector ot the Internal revenue 4 Indictment Returned Frankfort KyTllo irnnklln coun ty grand Jury relumed nil lndlctmciOtagainst the AmerlCiiti O 0 loglng that II Is u corporation huvlun yt Its Its purpose the resirnlnt of tho tobacco trade In this county Jury Failed to Agreetnulavlllc KyTho first trial grow jfJ Ing out of the street car riots last No lJ vember relSlllftcJ In n hunK Jury Hl v en wanted lo convict while one held tint lo ncqitlt Herbert Thomas 17 who was charged with tfliootlus Into u car and wounding Miss Lillian Baud r- Aped Odd Fellow Called Hopkln vll Ky rtoy John V 1 Vennbsl for many earn pastor iit Grace Rptsrnpal church hero and for f if Sthe last 40 years sovereign grand chaplsln of ihr 1ddKeltanr ln ii Jt Untied hales died A A h- r+ ueweasra i 1THA lfsO llJDio L INSANE ASYLUM I w Jury Finds Him Not Guilty and a New Pisa by Littleton Is Refused f+ G BASED ON MENTAL CONDITION- s The Panel Declares White Slayer WasOnbolanced onhc Time of Act In Company with Officers Defendant Departs for Mattewan Leav- Ing His Wife New York Feb Jll4rry K Thaw p nocnced of the murder of Stanford White la resting In tho Mnttowan p nsyluin for tho insane following Ida acquittal Saturday an tho ground of Insanity at tbo time the died was com mitted Attornuy Littleton for tho defendant rondo a desperate effort to secure a writ of habeas corpus for after deferring commitment for tho aftcrncon Justice Victor fowling or dared that Thaw bo taken to tho In Evelyn Netblt Thaw anon asylum nil it was dangerous to allow him to be at large Thaw In company with officers was taken to Mattownn on tho Into train Satttrady Recalled from Custody Thaw was recalled from tbo cus tally of his Tombs guard when Jus taco Dowling granted tho delay In exa outing tho order of commitment Mrs Thaw had brought Lila luncheon down Iito him in her automobile and It had boon spread In the Tomb as usual Tho repast was sent for anal Thaw and hla wHo ato together In an ante room of the court chamber where ho had twlos stool trial for his life the first jury having disagreed 7 toG for conviction h It In sold District Attorney Jerome f will iiernbnally opposo any move for liberation of Thaw cithor at theJ lthejI t limo or at any time in the fu turo Thaws family were pleased F i with tho verdict and declared it win tbo best they had hoped for The are particularly however that Thaw slut ho taken to a private anyliua or some other hospital undoi etate direction than tho ouo for crlnv inal lnsant Mutt Be Cured Thaw will remain In the asylum un UI such time as ho can convince the state lunacy commission that his be ing at largo will not endanger tho pub Ho safety Justice Dowllng said The defendant shall not bo discharged but being In custody shall ho so hold and committed with nil dispatch to tho state hospital for the criminal insane at Jlaltowan Tho sheriff of the count IB directed to take custody of the defendant and louver him to the state authorities ut Mattowan The law provides that once a defendant le found not guilty oven with the insan ity clause attached ho may not again havo his life placed In jeopardy Sc Boon aa Thaw can convince a commis I dons especially appointed for his ox umlnatlon or tho state board bl lunacy as may be the cane that he Is ono and no longer to bo regarded an a menace to tho public safety he may be released Few Spectators Allowed Onsy a fow spectators were allowed to enter tho court roam when tho jury reported Justice fowling warned a them ugalnet any demonstration what Mover but despite this one Yo null L i HISTORY OF NOTORIOUS I WHITE MURDER TRIALS Stanford White who was a member of the noted architectural firm ol McKIm Mead White was shot by Harry Kendall Thaw spendthrift son of Wlllam Thaw of Plttsburg on the evening of June 25 1906 at the Madl con Square Roof Garden In New York I during the performance of a comic opera White was sitting alone at a table listening to the chorus I Could Love a Million Girls when Thaw came In with his wife Evelyn Neiblt Thaw and a friend Thaw shot three times White dying almost immediately Thaw submitted to arrest quietly and made the statement that He referring to White ruined my wife Mrs Thaw as Evelyn Nesbit went from Plttsburg to New York as an ar tists model and later was a member of the famous Florodora chorus Thaw was Indicted three days after the shooting and his begun two weeks later He pleaded not guilty the defense being made by his counsel on the now famous brain storm theory After nearly two months and a half of trial and Inquiry during which a special commission de tided Thaw was sans the Jury dls agreed seven voting for the Inflic lion of the penalty fcr murder In the first degree and five holding out for acquittal The trial cost the state 76000 and the defense 22500d The second trial began on the 6th of this month and has been pushed rapidly to Its conclusion man broke Into vociferous applause as tho foreman uttered the first words of tho verdict not guilty lie was Immediately arrested arraigned bo fora Justice Dowllng after tho jury bad been discharged and fined J25 for contempt of court Just 25 hours after the Jury retired tho first word como from their council room An officer was dispatched to Justice Dowllng lu his chambers that the 12 men wore ready to report District Attorney Jerome and counsel for tho defense quickly assembled and young Mrs Thaw rushed to her accustomed chair In tho court room Tho Jurors as thoy took their places In tho box gave no hint of their conclusion In fact It was generally believed that a disagreement would bo stated Thaw and Wife Together Holh Thaw and hit wife the latter being the only member of ills family In court when tho Jury unexpectedly returned Its verdict after a delibera lion of 2C hours seemed pleased and satisfied wKh the outcome of tho case Thaw stood and smilingly bowed his acknowledgments to the Jurors as they filed onu by ono out of tho box District Attorney Jerome also seemed satisfied as ho has contended over since tho crime was committed that Thaw was medically It not legally insane Thaws counsel thanked tho jurors with a hearty handshake for each of the 12 Attorney Littleton also filed an exception to Justice Dowlings decision retaining Thaw In custody and committing him to the asylum Thaw Recalled to Court Thaw had been led back to too Tombs but ho was called back from tho prison and had luncheon with his wife in nn antechamber of tho courtroom Tho jurymen all refused to dl vulgo tho secrets of their deliberations further than to say that 14 ballots Were taken When their verdict was read Thaw was commanded to stand and faco tho Jurors and they In turn were called to their feet Jurors look upon tho defendant defendant look upon tho jurors called Clerk Penny Gentlemen of tho jury have I Martin W VIddleton you agreed upon a verdict We hats said Foreman Qremmcls What say you is tho defendant guilty or not guilty Not guilty on tho ground that ho was Insane at tho time of the commission of tho act charged in uhf Indictment Then camo the an plauso which caused tho commotion It tho court room and spread the rumo that a great demonstration was Ir progress behind tho big oaken doors Woman Gets Long Sentence New York Fob 3trlt Annie Ack crly the first woman over convicted of arson In Brooklyn has been sentenced to servo 14 years in prison BEGINSSIMPLEUFE IN INSANE ASYLUM THAW DECLARES THAT HIS STAY IN MATTEAWAN WILL NOT BE LONG LAWYERS WILL SUE OUT WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS No Arrangements for specially Prepared Meals Having Been Made For Him He Shared the Hospital Fare With All the Others Mattcawan X Y Feb 3llnrry 1C Thaw began the routine of a film plo life which tno authorities in tho state hospital for tho criminal insane say wll make his long stay in the Toombs prison In New York city seem like tho height of gayety in compari son The now patient in the observation ward slept soundly tho presence of the fifty other men In tho dormitory not giving him thoslghtest concern It was after tho usual retiring hour when Thaw reached tbp hospital and ho immediately went to bed lie had enjoyed tho trip from Now York with his counsel as well as the dinner in tho hotel in Hohklll Landing with his counsel and ono or two newspaper friends Although tho two deputies who accompanied him were guest at the dinner there was no suggestion of prison or asylum restriction during tho repast and ihaw found the oc casion much to his liking Ho arose In tho morning at G ho ato a hearty breakfast at tho knife and fork tableAbout COO men were In tho main din Ing hall when Thaw reached the breakfast table Sunday and ho was the center of attention Tho novelty of the noted patients presence had riot worn oft by dinnertime and ho was compelled again to eat under tho ucru tiny of many eyes No arrangements for specially prepared meals having yet been made for Win Thaw shared tho hospital tare with all tho othcni Ills dinner In cluded roast pork potatoes Bauer kraut bread and butter and coffee At 3 p m Thaw attended divine services in tho auditorium or theater conducted by the Rev Harry Sheldon pastor of tho Fishklll Landing Moh odlst Episcopal church During tho day Thaw declared to one of tho attendants that ho probably would not bo in tho hospital moro than ono week Ho said his lawyers would suo out n writ of habeas corpus In his behalf and was sure ho would be allowed his liberty as the result of a tearing In court or ah inquiry before n commission LOOTED BY SAVAGE NEGROES Was Sinking Liner While Crew Hid In Small Craft Hamburg Feb 3rA thrilling no count of tho shipwreck of tho Woer mann liner A scam Wocrmanu which recently went on tho rocks off LJberli and became u total wreck is given by tho sailors of tho steamer who have arrived here Tho night tho steamer struck was a dark one and she seemed to bo going to pieces rapidly Tho crew took to tho boots and Immediately thousands ot piratical negroes In canoes who hail not replied to the signals of distress from tho steamer surrounded the Yes yet swartnod aboard and plundered herWhen tho seamen attempted to re turn in order to obtain provisions and arms tho attitude ot tho negroes b entire so threatening that it was impos sible to do so They feared to land on tho hostile coast jn the darkness and were compelled to stay In Iho small boats throughout tho night When morning came the crow land ed und camped In tho brush for several days always fearing an attack Mean while they watched tho negroes going to the ship and returning from her laden with booty FInallr tho vessel disappeared As soon as tho negroes departed and tho crow hastened to their boats again they rowed for 17 hours to the northwestward and were picked up completely exhausted by n passing steamer off Monrovia Ran Into Open Switch Chattanooga Tcnn FOb3PMScnJ- lcr Train No 25 known as tho New York Limited wa wrecked one mile east of Hwcetwntor Tenn Tho train while going ata rate of 3G miles nn hour ran Into an open switch nnd crashed Into n loaded coal car A num her of passengers were seriously in jured The moat seriously hurt are Engineer Copeland Kncxvlllo Mail Clerk I M Thomas Cleveland Tens Robert Ashton express messenger Mail Clerk J C Matthews Johnnoa City The passengers were all badly shaken up and tho track was blocked for some hours LookSt Petersburg Feb tA revision ot tho College of Heraldry of Georgia TransCaucasia has resulted in the uncovering of monster forgeries ol princely titles Among 2000 roelstep cd hereditary coatsofarms GOO hnvf been found to bo bogus FNo Persons Injured Kansas City Fob 3rivo person were injured ono fatally in ntlr which destroyed Lnndla court a three story apartment house on the west- side of the city AU the injured lirrt OQ the upper fleers I Jesus Heals the Noblemans Son- S School Lesion lor Feb16 1908 Specially Prepared for This Paper LKSSOtf TEXTJohn 41354 Memory verses n fn- OOLDEN TEXTTho man believed the word that Jesus hail spoken unto him and ho went his wayJohn 40TIME December A D 27 or possibly early In January A D IS A few days after tho last lesson Beginning of see end year of Jesus ministry known ai the treat Gulllcan ministry John the flap tilt pas ttlll preaching in wilderness ot Judel1PLAClCana of Galilee a few miles from Nazareth unit Capernaum a city 80 or 25 miles to tho northeast on the shore of the Sea of lattice SCIUPTUHAL REPEUENCBB Miracles as an AM to Kalth Matt 96 112 compare with JAIl jIG 6 1423 15S1 2764 Mark 210 12 737 Luke 634 716 1843 John 211 1823 32 44S R3 tM C14 731 916 3033 1021 23 37 S3 12911 lt16 11 2030 31 Act 2 Comment and Suggestive Thought- V 45 Tho Galileans received him because they had seen all tho things that ho did at Jerusalem at the feast John 21417 23 32 Because the miracles were signs and proofs that Jesus camo from God and they Indorsed his message Tho miracles wero no breaking or changing of tho laws of nature but were the personal will of God acting directly upon the needs of men A miracle is simply Gods doing with his Infinite power tho samo qual ity of action though vastly greater in degree that wo do every hour when we exert our personal will amid the force of nature I lift up a bookJ turn on tho water from tho water works and make a shower on my parched lawn or garden I stop a part of tho machinery in tho factory and rescue n child taught in its wheels If Jesus was divine they were as natural to him as any other act of his will They wero objectlessons In tho spirit and tho work of tho Gos pel tho principles of which ho hat been teaching Every miracle Is a vis Iblo picture before men of tho char acter of Cod of the nature of tho Gospel of the loving kindncss of our Saviour of his power to help of the wonders of grace ho can work in our hearts of his power to deliver from the diseases of sin V 47 When he had heard that Jesus was come Into Galilee Ho must have heard abott him and especially of the miracle at Cana It was the knowledge of what Jesus had al ready dono that gave him faith to bo Hove that ho might cure his son Earnest Seeking The faith was so strong that ho went unto him from Capernaum to Cana 25 miles away a long days Journey Jesus must help or there was no hope The fact that he went to Jesus shows that he had some faith and that his faith that was theoretical from what ho had heard had now come to bo a working living force Besought him contln ued to beseech that ho would comedown Thinking that Jesus must go and see the boy in order to cure him At tho point of death Showing the difficulty of the cure and the urgency of haste Sickness and trouble are often ono means of Increasing faith Like Jacob from his pillow of stones in the night of sorrow many have seen visions of heaven and of our Father and have received the messages Gods angels have brought Countless stars invisible by day shlno upon us in tho night- V 48 Then said Jesus unto him Jesus neither refused nor granted the request nt once but uttered a truth Which tended to awako a fuller and more spiritual faith Except yo see signs and wonders miracles in two aspects yo wilt not believe Perhaps Jesus was thinking of tho form of the request when ho said thisthe feeling that Jesus must go to Caper baum If he would euro the boy that the father must see Jesus present to heal But chiefly ho wished to lift the man beyond tho outward form of mir acles out of wondering out of mere proofs of faith to insight into tho very nature and spirit of Jesus as the Son of God A Heart at Rest What interesting lesson can we learn incidentally from this part of the story Tho cure took place at one oclock In the afternoon tho seventh hour Tire distance from Main to Caperna um was 25 miles Tho nobleman In hasto could have reached home riding down hill some time that same night perhaps as Mac Jaren says before dark But It was the next day some die tance before ho reached Capernaum that ho met his servants coming U report that his son was restored The natural inference Is that the father did not hasten home himself and the beast ho rode being weary by their swift and urgent Journey In the morning He had como weary and heavy laden and found rest Ho that belleveth shall not be in haste Ho had a foretaste of the promise Jesua gavp to his disciples moro than two years later Believe that yo have re ceived and ye shall have Mark 1124 n V V 64 Second miracle Sign Not the second miracle Jesus baiTwrought r 45 but tho second in Galilee Why was this the best of all the blessings which rewarded his faith How can wo have such faith 7 Prof Drutnmond says So tar aa I can see there is only one way in which faith Is got and it Is the same in the religious world as it la In the world of men and women I learn to trust you my brother aa I come to know you I watch you I live with you I aretrustwortbyIaad leas upon you 1855 Berea College 19078 FOR THE ASPIRING YOUNG PEO PLE OF THE MOUNTAINS q r Places the BEST EDUCATION in reach of all Over 60 inttrnctors 1175 students from 27 states Largest college library IB Kentucky NO SALOONS I A special teacher for each grade and for each main subject So many classes that each student can be placedwith others likehimself where he can make most rapid progress Which Department Will You Enter THE MODEL SCHOOLS for these least advanced Samo lectures library and general advuntugns as for moro advanced students Arlttimotto and the common branches taught In the right way Drawing Singing Bible Handwork Lessons In Form and Household Management etc Free text booksTRADE COURSES for any wire have finished fifth grade tractions and compound numbers Brickwork Farm Management Printing Woodwork Nursing Dressmaking Household Management Learn and Earn ACADEMY REGULAR COURSE 2 years fur those who have largely finished common branches Tho most practical and interesting studies to fit a young person for an honorable and useful life CHOICE Of STUDIES Is offered In this course so that a young man may secure n diploma lu Agriculture and a young lady lu Homo Science ACADEMY COMMERCIAL 1 year or 2 yearn to at for business Even a part of this course mi fall and winter terms is very profitable Small extra foes ACADEMY PREPARATORY 2 3 and 4 year courses with Latin German Algebra Hlxtury Science etc fitting for college COLLEGIATE 4 years Literary Scientific and Classical courses with use of laboratories scientific apparatus and all modern methods The highest MlucaUrnul standards NORMAL 3 and 4year courses fit for the profession of teaching First year parallel to Stir grade Model Schools enables ono to get a tlrstclaa certificate Following years winter and spring terms give the Information culture and training necessary for a true teacher and cover brunches neces nary for State certificate MUSIC Singing free Reed Organ Voice Culture Plano Theory Band may be taken as an extra in connection with any course SmaU extra fees Expenses Regulations Opening Days Berea Collgn is not a moneymaking Institution All the mousy received from students Is paid rout for their benefit and the School expends on an average upon each student about ratty dollars a year more their he pays In This great deficit Is made up by the gifts ot Christian and patriotic people who are supporting Tteroa in order that it may train young men and wowea for lives of usefulness OUR SCHOOL IS LIKE A FAMILY with careful regulations to protect the character and rcfmtntlmi of the young people Our students como from tho best families and arc earnest to do well and Improve For any who maybe sick tho College provides doctor and nurse without extra charge All except thoso with parents In Uerea live In College buildings and assist In work of boarding hull farm and shops receiving valuable train ing and getting pay according to the value of their labor Except in winter it is expected that all will have a chance to earn as much aa 35 cents a week Some who need to earn more lillY by writing to the Secretary before coming secure extra employment so as to earn from 50 cents to one dollar a week- PERSONAL EXPENSES for clothing laundry postage books etovnr with different people Rerea favors pi HU clothing Our climate Is tire best but as students must attend claw regardless of tho weather warm wraps and underclothing umbrellas aud overshoes are necessary The Cooperative Store furnishes books toilet articles work uniforms umbrellas and other necessary articles at cost LIVING EXPENSES are really below cost The College salts no rest for the fine buildings in which students live charging only enough room ront to pay for cleaning repairs fuel lights and washing of bedding r and towels For table board without coffee or tetras SL35 a week la ho fall and lr0 in winter For room furnished fuel lights wash Ing of bedding 40 cents a week in fall and spring 50 cents In winter SCHOOL FEES are two First a Dollar Deposit aa guarantee for return of room key library books etc This la paid but once and Is returned when tho student departs Second an Incidental Fee to help on expenses for core of school txitto Ings hospital library etc Students pay nothing for tuition or senrtcts ot teachers all our instruction is a free gift The Incidental Fee for moet students Is 300 a term 400 In lower Model Schools GOO In courses with LUn nUll J700 In Collegiate courses PAYMENT MUST BE IN ADVANCE Incidental fee sod room rent by the term board by the half term Installments are as follows FALL 14 weeks 2950ln One payment 52900 Installment plan first day 2105 including 100 deposit middle vt term 9d5- eWINTER12 weks OOID one payment 2850 Installment plan first day 2100 including 100 deposit mlddl Iterm 000- REFUNDINGStudontswha leave by permission before the end ot a term receive back for money advanced tin board in full except that no allowance is made for soy fraction of a week On room oil but fifty cents but no allowance for any fraction ot a monthOn incidental fee a certificate allowing the student to apply the amount advanced for term bids when he returns provided It is within four tern but making no allowance for any fraction ot a month IT PAYS TO STAY When you havo made your Journey and fir wets started In school it pays to stay as long aa possible THE FIRST DAY of tho winter term Is January 1 1908 For information or friendly advice writs to the Secretary WILL C GAMBLE BEREA KENTUCKY I J That Premium Knife tak4s tho eyes of the men and boys who see it The nwranfaln people like a good thing when they see it and to get a 76 cent knife with ttgtr blades of razor steel and a dollar paper that is worth more to the noun talc people than any other dollar paper in the world TheKmfe and The Citizen few One Dollar That brings is ettWcription all the tJma U jWLkaye set JOtit pe ought to bare I THE SCHOOL I Problems of the District School Chapter VII Making the work Practical Jlr 1rof IHntmore 5 ARITHMETIC From the days of our fathers till the present arithmetic has been the great study of the District School More time thought and attention has been given to It than to any other branch It has been considered the most practical and the most Important branch be causa business cannot be carried on without It It Is necessary to all computationsYet the attention It has re celved It Is responsible for the ma jorlty of failures in examinations and is the bugbear of a multitude of young people who aspire to teach and who wouldnt mind the examina tion If It were not for arithmetic So many have been the heart breakings that a great question has arisen for the consideration of teachers associ ations and institutes What is the matter With Arithmetic It is not difficult to find enough that is the matter but the remedy is not so eas ily discovered The trouble origi nated In part from the love of the oldtime schoolmaster for solving difficult problems and thus proving the superiority of his attainments from the early textbooks that were made for mature minds and were fill ed with hard problems and puzzles to show the ingenuity of the authors from putting these books in the hands of children whose minds were not sufficiently developed to grasp them thus subjecting them to discourage ment In the beginning from cram ming their minds with a mass of rules and definitions before inducting them into the processes that would make principles rules and definitions plain and easy from expect ing ripe scholars in arithmetic when other branches just as important have scarcely been touched- It Is not the intention of this work to argue against arithmetic It is agreed that it is important and deserves its full meed of time and at tention It Is rather a question of what to teach and how to teach It whether to confine our efforts to the practical for the sake of business orlater in life or to use such exercises as will cultivate the mental powers without much reference to their prac ticability Will not a mind that is trained to proceed from the known to the unknown to reason from cause to effect to go from step to atop In logical order be able to grasp the details of the practical problems of life oven if it has not met them all in Ito training No reasonable per son can doubt It Moreover a great majority of prob lems in the business world are not arithmetical They are not cuch as are found in books with tho answers set down The practical problems In arithmetic will not teach the farmer tM anything about the rotation of crops or when to plant corn or what breed k of sheep will yield the most profit k They will net show the merchant where to buy his goods how to be polite to his customers nor Inform him as to the best selling articles These are samples of the practical problems we meet with in life and a trained wind Is required to success fully cope with them Is It not evident then that practical arithmetic should have for its object the cultivation of the mental powers rather than skill in comput ing the cost of so many bushels yards or pounds at so much per Item If the problems In computa tion are as good as any for training the mind by all means use them but let that bo the test Among the objects to be attained In the study of arithmetic are two 1 that need attention The first in point of time Is skill in handling numbers and In setting down figures For the sake of economizing time all thru life every child should be taught to compute rapidly and accurately This together with neatness can be taught In the early years of school life thq secret of success being Intel ligent and enthusiastic practice hard problems are not only not ncpeasa ry they are a positive detriment 10 CORRESPONDENCE Continued from tat Pige t the uncertainty of the tie market Mr J W Hurley of Hurley Ky was hero Monday trying to buy cat John Gabbard was in our 1tieMr Monday Mr Bluford Dees has been mpved into thisJ neighborhood for a fear weeksWmC- unagin is out on a drumming trip as substitute salesman for JHHundley representing Otter Co The revival meeting at Friendship church closed Sunday with ten ad 1 progress When rapidity accuracy and neatness aro the objects sought no other stimulus is necessary To make good progress is success and success is a sufficient reward for hard labor But it must bo remembered that skill while first in point of time is not the main object The second and main object Is the cultivation of the mental powers Skill is only a means to this end and to the econo my of time and effort thru life One of tho most valuable powers of the mind Is that of observation and this faculty should receive attention from the outset Much of the work of arithmetic does not require rea soning but observation Addition subtraction multiplication division tables and computations are evidence of this That two and two make four Is not the result of thought nor reason but is merely to be observed You observe if you have three apples and cat ono you have two left If you divide ten pears among five boys each one gets two etc etc A considerable amount of the work should call for thought but not too complicated for young minds Abun dance and variety of material rather than mental strain should be tho watchword Show them how to go from the known to the unknown One pound of nails costs three cents that is the known What will three pounds cost That is the unknown Starting with the known we say if one pound costs three cents three pounds will cost three times as much which Li nine cents The reasoning in this consists in seeing that the relation that exists between the price and the amount in the known must be the same in the unknown and of following this relationship thru the arithmetical process to the conclu sionA great number of such simple problems hhould be given begInners until tho powers of reasoning is fixed then make the work more complicated by adding some new fac tor as If three cakes of soap costI fifteen cents what will five cakesI cost Here we go from the known to the unknown but we cannot go directly to the conclusion we mustI make an intermediate step From knowing what three pounds cost weI first find what ono cost then we proceed along the well knowing pathI of reasoning from one to any numJ ber If the first is well understood before undertaking the second and each one thereafter thoroly learned there will never be any trouble A student can readily learn to go thru the most difficult mazes of reasoning If only he bo required to learn one new step at a time and Is given a sufflccnt number of problems for 111 ustratlon and practice A considerable number of the cub Jects In the old arithmetics are nel ther practical norcultural Such topI ics as duodecimals alligation medial true and bank discount cubo rootI and miscellaneous problems that aroI too difficult for most mature minds are to say the least of doubtful use in the district school If they l1aeI a place it is in the higher schoolsI Pupils would much bitter employ their time in literature rhetoric composition letter writing and busInessc forms all of which will be useful ev cry day of Choir lives When you are catlcfled a certain course is right stand for it and follow it but be tactful in so doing I The city schools all over the land have done much in the past few years in abolishing too errors of teaching arithmetic by omitting such subjects as thoso indicated above or relegating them to the high school The wrong and frequently cruel prac tice of subjecting young minds to problems far beyond their years is no longer tolerated- If the country teacher cannot abol ish the evils that aro obvious ho can at least advocate reform wher ever opportunity offers and be ready to join forces with any movement whose object Is for the betterment of the schools dltions to tho church Mr C C Burnam expects to start back to the U S Army In a few da8lrjBent Burnam who has been S Ariliy for some time is expected homo In a few daysMisses Nora Price Rosa Hundley Ellen Wilson and many others of this place at tended church at Friendship Sun day31r John Lear drumming for The Power Grocery Co was calling onI our merchants Saturdaay evening Mrs 1yoF Cpjp who has been sick f IrV u visiting merchants hero Monday KKllltY KNOll Kerby Knob Jan 2GWo have been having fine weather for tho last few days for the time of yearltr and Mrs James Williams visited their daughter Mrs Lyda Click Sun dayMr Curtis Lane of Boar Wal low took dinner with Jas Click Sun day and visited John Lane Sunday night Miss Beanie Powell and sister Nettle visited their uncle Robert HaW Saturday night Miss Ethel Jackson was tho guest of Miss Myr tic Click Saturday night Mr Rnbo fleece gave the young folks a social Saturday night Miss Dossto Powell visited at Mr George Powello Sat urday night Miss Myrtle Click vis ited her grandpa Mr John Lane Fri day night Mies Martha Click and Maud Halo who are going to school at Berea came homo Friday and re turned to Borca to dayMr Robert Pearson who got hurt very badly by a mule a few days ago is well again Mr and Mrs George Johnson vis ited James Click and family Saturday Mrs Late Williams visited Mrs James Click Wednesday evening on business Miss Olllo Hnlflcld U teaching a private schpol at her home MoKHK McKee Jan 7llr C A Minter of Green Hall has been In town since the 20th working in the County Clerks office There are only two cases of smallpox In town and they are almost well Theyll be let out In a few days Most every body hero Is1 Immune now by vaccination In a few Instances vaccination was more severe than smallpox has been There are four cases of smallpox near Privett and ono near Welch burg Thero have been but few exposures to these cases consequently we will soon be rid of this loathsome disease The McKee Academy is closed temporarily on account of measles Eight families in this Im inedlale neighborhood have them Mr Wm Moore of Llle broke out with them while serving on the Board of Supervisors All of the patients are doing well so farThe Revs Luns ford and Lewis held a series of meetings here last week But on ac count of the epidemics there were not many in attendance Mr Robert Tillery moved from McKee last Saturday to tho farm of John Gabbard- on Birch Lick HURIKY Hurley Jan 30 Sintha Roberts and L J Cole visited Mr and Mrs Llge Angel Saturday night and took dinner with Mrs Jas Angel Sunday Old Grandpa Gabbard Is very poo- rIrThe measles and smallpox are getting scattered nearly all over thIs counly Some of the gentlemen of thIs place are cutting and hauling wood for Elihu PhillipsEllen Roberts and Lollle Cole were the guests of Lucy and Llzle Roberts Tuesday night Jas Hamilton and others are hauling coal from here Ihl3 week Our Sunday School and singing are progressing nicely Mr and Mrs Frank Gabbard wore the guests of Mr and Mrs Christ Roberts last Sat urday night Jake Gabbard Jr is helping his brother Dave Gabbard palling timber this week Ellhu Hurley came home from school Wednesday on account of measles being In school imiKt Ethel Jan 30We are having some cold bad weather Every body seems to be very busy getting wood Wo aro Informed that quarterly meeting will begin at Elnghams IIInJohnson pastor Wo are proud to have Brother Johnson with us this year The petition from Ethel ask ng executive clemency for Caleb Powers contained 123 men and 95 women Wo all want Mr Powers pardoned as wo dont think ho is guilty of the charge against him U S G Rice Is on tho sick list at this writing Mr 11 P Marcum Is wearing a 15 cent smile Its a fine bqyMr Sherman Marcum is Improving slowly Mr Willie Bowling who was accused of shooting Jim Neeloy some time ago had his trial last Thursday at Manchester Willie Bowling came clear Mr Bowling and Mr Neeley are both under a E260 peace bondllr Blevo Allen and Mr Walter Neeley have gone to tho U S Array Henry Carter has joined tho Army and gone to Columbus HYDEN CITIZENS BANK Transacts a general banking business We Invite you specially to place at a portion of your account with us whether large or small It JIfs iHYDEN KY1 c11i BALANCE OF POWER In the Kentucky Senatorial Congest Apparently Held by Liquor Men THEY MAY DECIDE ELECTION It la Now Openly Hinted That Oppo nents of County Unit Dill Are Ready to Favor the Side That Favors Them Some Interesting Capitol Gossip Frankfort Ky Feb 4 Another week has passed and the senatorial race seems no nearer a solution than it did three weeks ago Tho deadlock Btlll holds firm and unless tho temper ance question can cut the Gordian knot there Is no prospect of an elec tlon at this session of tho legislature The temperance fight has already butted Into the senatorial race how ever and may be tho ono thing that will cause an election There aro soy eral members of the legislature who are to bo more strongly Interested in preventing the passage of tho bill extending thb county unit law to I every county In Uio state than in election of a senator or In any thoI legislation If the Democrats L GOV AUGUSTUS WILLSON majority of them try to pass this bill then It is asserted that these liquor members will vote for and elect tho Republican nominee for senator If the Republicans vote and work for the county unit bill then these liquor men will not vote for the Republican nomi nee The llouo men seem to hold tho balance of power and want to use It to further their Interests They are opposed to Derkham becauso of his tem perance views but they do not want to vote for Bradley unless the exigen cies of the temperance bills require such a course That Is tho situation now and If anyone can guess what will happen ho can do moro than any man in Frankfort Senator Hubble of Lincoln county has Introduced a bill in the which requires all legal senateII insurance companies doing in Kentucky to invest 80 per cunt of i the reserve on all outstanding policies issued In Kentucky In Kentucky secu rUles such as state county or city I bonds mortgages on real estate and mortgages on tobacco that is pooled by some responsible organization which Is operated In tho interest of the tow bacco growers Tho primary objector the bill Is of course to prevent the I enormous reserve funds of tho big In suranco companies from being nnd Invested in New York alone heldI Kentucky legislature has no these insurance companies it Is true but It can pass a law to the effect that no company can do business In Ken tucky unless it invests a part of the money it earns from Kentucky policy holders in Kentucky securities This same bill with the tobacco feature left out was Introduced In tho legislature two years ago but tho Influence of the insurance companies smothered It It will bo quite a feather In Senator lIub I bles cap It he can put his bill through and thus help the tobacco raisers I bring tho tobacco trust to terms C Judging from the number of bills In troduced the members of this legisla turo are anxious to do something for both tho living and dead soldiers Senator Renaker has offered a bill pro viding for a pension of 125 per to all disabled and indigent yearI crate soldiers and Senator fered ono amending the law governing tile Confederate Homo so that a Con I efderato soldier who In entitled to become an Inmate of the home may It ho chooses remain with his family nnd draw the amount for his support that would be paid for his maintenance at tho home The bill la appropriate 25000 for a monument or memorial I to tho Confederate nnd Union soldiers at tho VIcksburg National park VIcks burg Miss has already been approved by the senate committee and will likely pass without any serious oppo eltlon This Is considered a small j amount when compared with the 200 000 appropriated for tho same purpose by Illinois 200000 by Iowa 100000 by little Rhode Island and similar amounts by many other states Ken 4 rr tucky was represented by twelve red ments at the siege of VIcksburg In eluding both tho Union and Confeder ate forces and she should not lag be hind the other states In paying fitting tribute to her bravo sons that fell on that famous battle ground Several bills have been Introduced this session to make eight hours a le gal days work for several different classes of laboring men but tho legis lature itself has much shorter hours than that As a matter of fact tho legislature does not learn how to work till the last three weeks of a session For the biggest part of the sixtyday term they Just loaf along and take things easy They meet about 11 oclock In the morning go through with some unimportant routine work till noon then tako a ballot for United States senator nnd ndjonrn for the day It Is true that some committee meetings are held In the afternoon and at night but no far this year tho senatorial race seems to have demoralized all attempts to get down to hard work It has been suggested that better results could be obtained If the legislators were paid a fixed salary for their full term instead of tho five dollars a day they now receive Sen ator Nat Cureton of Louisville has of fered a bill providing that all legisla tors shall receive tO per month for their full twoyear term nnd tho lieutenant governor to receive 2500 per year It is not believed that this bill will pass however nnd If It should pass It would not apply to tho present legislature an tho salary of an official cannot bo changed after ho has en tered upon his duties Out of all the bills Introduced look- Ing to the securing of a better system of public roads it Is believed that some one good measure will be adopt ed The constitution does not permit state aid to roadbuilding but state aid teems to be the only solution of tho problem With this Idea In view Senator Bosworlh has Introduced a bill providing for a vote on the propo sition to so amend the constitution that the state may lend Its credit to any county to help that county build good roads The plan Is to have a county vote to Issue bonds for a cer tale amount to build roads and then the state will endorse tho bonds and thus the money can be raised to carry on the work Other states have even gone farther than this In New York the state contributes CO per cent of the cost of all roads California and Cole rado pay all the cost Massachusetts pays all tho coat but requires the counties to refund onehalf In six years In Ohio the state pays 25 per cent the county CO per cent the town ships 15 per cent and the abutting property owners 10 per cent In Penn sylvania tbi state pays 75 per cent A large number of other states help tho counties to a greater or less de guess to bMId the roads and unlet some meat rods adopted by the led laturo to promote rondbulldlnp Kentucky will oon drop behind her sister states and bo known as tho mudroad state Kentucky has neglected her fish and game laws for so long or has tailed to enforce them that fish and game have almost become things of the past Other states have rigid laws on this subject and enforce them to tho let ter but It hns never been done in this state In fact there Is an attempt at every session of the legislature to re peal tho few restrictions M to fishing alt hunting that nrn now on the stat ute books Representative Hunter of Clark county has Introduced a bill providing for tho appointment of n state game and fish commission that shall appoint n game warden The bill tar thor provides for a gun license for all hunters of 2 for pump or repeating guns and I for other gun It also provides for a license of I for every fisherman who Is n resident of tho state and 5 for all nonresidents and limits the amount of game and fish that may be token In any ono day Representative W C McCbord of Washington county has offered a bill that he thinks will to a great extent solve tho tobacco troubles In this state Ills bill provides first that all persons companies corporations oc governments that are engaged in man ufacturing or buying tobacco in this state must first procure a license to do so from the state commissioner of agriculture second it provides that It shall be unlawful for any person en gaged In growing tobacco to put on any growing plants any poisonous sub stance for the purpose of destroying worms or Insccta or for any other pur pose third it makes It unlawful for any person having tho posaesslon of tobacco the title of which Is vested In another to sell or otherwise dispose of such tobacco without tho consent of tho person In whom the title Is vest cd Tho latter clause In to prevent anyone who has pooled tie tobacco from taking It out of the pool and sell ing It to the trust About tho first bill to pass the sen ate was tho Bosworth bill which au thorizes under certain conditions nod restrictions tho use of the public high ways toads and turnpikes by persons firms nr corporations engaged In tile manufacture transmission and distri button of electricity for lighting heat ing nnd power purposes The condo Lions and restrictions nre that the fix tures of fho said companies shall not in any way interfere with travel or public roads and the said transmission lines shall bo under tho reasonable control of tho nlthorltlea having control of the roads Nothing in the act ahal be construed to prevent the prop erty owners from obtaining damages for such rights and the act shall not apply to any Incorporated town or city r- 1vrJe THE MARKET MADISON MARKET Richmond Feb 3Mt Sterling and Winchester market no good last court Only 500 cattle at Mt Star ling We had 700 at Madison stock yards todny Market brisk and all sold Best steers brought 4c DestIheifers brought 4c logs sympathy with other markets J J EmbryIBerea Eggs per doz1820c i Butter per Ib15200 Potatoes Irish per buO S0100 Apples per bu 1502CO iBacon per lb 1220c Ham per lb 17c Lard per Ib1012c Turkeys undressed 11lZe Rabbits each 10cIChickens on foot per lb lOc Chickens dressed per lb 12ftc Walnuts per bu 40COc Live Steck Louisville Feb 4 1903 Choice export steers 4 75 5 23 Light shipping steers 4 CO 4 71 Choice butcher steers 4 25 4 C9 Medium butcher Btra 3 75 4 l1i Common butcher etrs 3 25 3 75 Choice butcher heifers 3 CO 4 00tMedium butcher heifers 35 3 75 Common butcher helfera 2 75 3 25 Choice butcher cows 3 CO 4 00 Il Medium butcher cows 3 00 3 CO Common butcher cows S 25 3 00 Canners 100 2 06 Choice fat oxen 4 25 4 75 Medium oxen 3 00 3 50 Choice bulls 3 00 3 ct Medium bulls 2 25 3 00 Common bulls 2 00 2 50IChoice veal calves 00 C Medium veal calves 4 00 G CO Common calves 2 50 3 00 Good feeders 400 4 76 I Medium feeders 3 50 4 00 Common feeders 3 00 3 CO IChoice stock steers 3 50 4 00 Medium stock steers 3 00 3 50 Common stock steers 2 CO 3 Choice stock heifers 2 75 3 Medium stock hollers 15 2 00JCommon mixed stockers I 25 2 Choice milch cows 35 00 40 00 Medium milch cows 25 00 30 00 Common mlloh cows 10 00 20 00 noos Choice packers and butchers 200 to 300 ibs 450 Medium packers and butchers 160 to 200 Ibs 4 CO Choice pugs 90120 lbs 4 35 Light pigs CO90 lbs 3 7C 4 00 Light shippers 120160 Ibs 4 14 Roughs 150COO Ibs 2 CO 4 25 sugar Choice fat sheep I 3 60 4 00 Medium sheep 3 00 3 60 Common sheep 2 00 3 00 Bucks 100 2 CO Choice lambs 6 CO 6fiO Good butcher lambs 4 CO C 00 Culls and tallend 3 00 4 00 MESS PORKS 50- IIAMSCholco sugar cured light and special cure ll 4o heavy to medium 11 to HMc SHOULDERS SWc per lb BACON Clear rib sides 9J4c reg ular clear sldoa 9J4c breakfast bacon 14c sugar cured shoulders SHic bacon extra 9140 bellies light lie hea 10j4LAItDPrime steam In tierces 9J4c pure leaf In tierces 10ic in tubs lie DRIED BEEF =12c EGGS Cose count ISc per doz candled 20- cBUTTEII17180 per lb POULTRY Sprint chickens smell 14c lb tlns01111young lOc old 8c geese 8c rabbits 150 per dos SQUIRRELS4L25t WHEAT No 2 red and long berry 102 No3 red and long berry LOO CORN No 2 white GGJic No 3 mixed CCH- cOATSNO 2 white 53c NO 2 mixed 52H- cRYENo r 2 Northern 93c Tan lark Price at tho depot at heron per cord 7 00 Ties TIESPrIce at tha elation at Bsrei Firsts 48c culls 20cboth 8 andstffoot lengths ISpokes Prices paid by Standard Wheel Co at Berea for black or shell bark hickory spokes split or sawed Per Tl1ouiFirstFirst size C grade p CO First size D grade 7 00 Second size A and B grade 2100 Second size C grade 12 00 Second size D grade 9 00 Third size A and B grade 250 Third sIze p grade 12 00 Fourth size A and B grade 30 00 and size is 2 In on the hea t21Dy r A OC 4 PRESIDENT URGES NEW LEG1SLTIO- Nit IN HOT MESSAGE lila CORPORATIONS SCORED BE CAUSE OF ATTITUDE TO WARD GOVERNMENT EMPLOYERS LIABIUTY LAW Executive Declare Act Needs 1Chief Revlilon Righting of Injunction Abuses IB Urged I Tn the flennte nd lloti of Tlepresen TIm tnt rtccitlon or tlie IU eNSrt fri rzard to IIft rnployeri net the experience of tho Inter Ctotnnieree Commission anti of the or justice In enforcing the In rammera and antitrust laws Itat1rti gravely significant ultltmla the law nnd in adminIstration r adopted by certain heads of corporations render It detlrahle om should be additional Icglsta reran certain of tho relations 11r and capital end between t ttie Ktml rnrrornllons ana the public tllIrloIreU1tUonnJ NmiiM Its terms apply to cm- ctiflrg StothttTItn1S engned wholl tl Intrastate rom ruajortty thn court holds that tho con Kftn has powur to deal with the ques ommereetl lawSspplraMtYnlyhutI this ncrrpa Intrntata employment Iwing I nationalIIWf I wilt toO Pert In the action of the several I lain Wit this clear definition of I rrpan 7WWy tho states will undoubtedly I artro to the performance tit their duty I wtttitn their field the consideration the I I importance of tile subject demand Con enctIon for Employee I IHlfttIn Government Service 1 urgently mlvlfa that a com I rhrtnrtv net bto passed providing far Itioiift by the government to all I j eminoy t InSured In tha government ser vteo frrxtor he present law an Injured I worknxm In tilt employment of the gev I J colliehuNlbaI ia n an his wife ami liti roung ohft rrrIb in an outran It Is n matter I to the nation that there I pronI I rael rnktrnrlun when It romea uprn whilefaMltn I theor11I i for rilmM sit etvllls4 tuition htva en I acted VetaUllon nmbmtytra the complete I cetogmpiin or the prtrrlpl hlr I cuthe nnOiv tnido risk for Industrial ao M lonttt o eiiiIg of course nidcnta4- Uo tn wHirul mloeonduci by Ihr em I repreanIciifie Rnrfrn ant In all INW ri untrln goranntlwatTsdr no rlminiitan Itoukl the In Jvrca t nntwe nr ha vurrlvlnc tpenrt ntii tie ra Kilra4 in brIng null ocnlhit the rorfrrtnpnt oar should there Iw the n iDlrwment that In order to insure re covery nentlvenen In some form on the IlwnlurmpIoebtsrlnirIei received In the course nt The burden of the trade rIm sh gUl bo placed upon the Tcrmrenl 1xartly oa the worhlntrniau r OUIm 4 In his wagee so he should bo entitled to Inilamnltv for the injuries sue taM4 n the natural course of hlto labor The rate o mmnensntlon nnd the revt atlnn fr Its payment should bo speel flod In be Iw nnd the machinery fnr latPrrnttitn the amt to JIn tIJ use tiff provldeil In such manner Ihat fin emptove Is 1roptlrl vrestlltAd wllmml expend 10 other words lid crtmrwneAtton should lia paid Aut- omatt5lY while the application of the law In iha tint Initanre ahoukl tic vetted In tli diqirtmnt of commerce and labor Tho tlW aliouM apply to all laborer me orItBttodlnis ihnro In tho service of the Panirma rntml commliilon and of the in- solar gsverimefl ti- F1lf ame liroid principle which shmIil npy to the government hiiMi1 i3IIuiiitlv loa made aPlI ablA tn on prIvate employer Where the tmtlon lute the nower It houdenact laWs to this iffert Where the utp Ihouttlt t an cmploveni law does riot really IIIn mnicllnc employers In dam- aces It merely throws upon the em tloyer the Iwtnlen of accIdent Insurance ualnrt mimIcs which are sure to occur It rccnlrea him either to bear or to ills trfbulA tiirnuili Insurance the lna whien ran rrndHy 1 e bacon when distributed lot q1it1 It imdlitrlbuted heirs with hardship upon tho unfortunate ISfrlgiituI nccMent In theory If wacra wnvii freely nut adjuited Uwjrwoirtil lIWA VII Includt nn alinwance U otnlntl HH risk of Injury juit ueralnly ii tho Into of Interest for mon ey tnrfudea nn allowance for Insurance Itantl the risk of lou In theory If nip 4n were nil experienced tiulneimen thoy would employ that part of their mcea whch II received berausa of the usda Injury to secure nrcldent ln WTsrtice Hut as A matter of tact It I pot tririlr t to expect that this will ha done tir tho great hour of employe An inn wri JIhllllJRW makes It rertntn that It In effect by tlw employer anti It will ultimate impow no to additional burJen upon him Thtorft tit n bill to whIch T call your attention Kecretnry Taft haa ur Etntly rw immnded tho Immediate pta- sage tT n lw Provldlnc for eomivnaillo o nployeeii the sovernmcnt Injurcil wo t1 o the IrthmUn canal anti ttir tTIMJII8OI pproprliitsl for this pur rose txirti yonr I earnestly hope thla will ho c1at1N end that a paccial bill be pasand rirvKrfnt tIm cwtei of TnrUmeiter Ilanton who wan Injured nearly two year nito while roll Mi duty Me if now help tern tn support his ivlfo nod his three little hbOV- SAction Urged to Right Abuses of the Injunction t acnln call your attention to the nend nl ronM lurtlon In connrrtlon with the Abirpo of Injunction In labor cases A- srritntiio rlclit Rn wrongs of laior and rtMilUH from blackllatliik to ijoycot tine the whale tibet la covered In ad tnlrnlilo fiuhlon by the rurort of the Anttlmrttc Coal Strike commission which rtiiort nhould serve an u chart for tbo fjuMwcwof both le llatlve And exec titlrb ofneera As renrds injunctions I can flo but repeat what I have said In my tQtt tnea to rnjfrellll Even though It were possible I ahGu con elder moot unwise to tho use of the prncoea of Injunction It la nocen itary In tittlut that the courts may main fain their own dlcnlty and In Hint they way In effective manner check tIIO rlnl violence The judge who IIIS ft cAutlously and con ervatlvely but who wlicm the aced arises uses It tear leech confer the greatest service unor our i onle RIlI his preeminent useful nervnut licarti ly rocGenltcd nut there I nu question In my mind that It has sometimes teen used liccdlcsay and unjustly and that solon of tha Injunctions Ifxued InlllQi grave thoKO and occailomilly Irreparable VrOIIiI lnlunctiJto main actions of labor organisation In their struiTda for Industrial or uuder the guise of prutcctlns property rlchta unwarrantably to InvaJo the fun dnmrntal rights of tho Individual It Is fulllu to concede DII wo all do the tehtl1ucl the netsaslty of orlfanllcetort on tho part of wuROcarnera anti by In Juncilvo process to forbid leaeeuhlu nc tin to arcomplili the lawful objenta for which they are orzanlced and upon which their aurrcs depends Tim iart that for the violation of an Injunction must to make the order effective necessarily ba summary und without the Intervention of a jury make its Issuance In doubtful cue a danger nus practice and In Itself furnishes a reason why the process should bo cur rounded with tn protect In dividual against being from ex ercising their proper rights lleaonable notice should bo the adverse party This matter II dully brjmnnic of urevor Importance and I can not too urgently recommend that the congress give care ful consldrratlon to tIle subject If nomo WRY of remedying tho abuses ot found the feeling of Indignation ago aat them among inrfro numbera of our cliUena will tend to row no extreme M to prodticu a revolt the wholo use of tho process of Injunction Tho ultraconsnrv ntlvra who olrjcct to cuttlnR opt tho nhuiMa will do to remember that It tho popular feeling does strong ninny of thoso upon whom they rely to defend them tho first to turn against them Men of can nlt- afford to trust In anything save the rplrlt- of justice and fair play for Uioao very public men who while It la to their In latest defend uhl Ihe obut committed by ca tilt rtl and pose an the champions of conservatism will tho moment they think their Interest changes toko the lend In juit such n matter us thla and pander to what tlmy rateom popular fool nit endeavoring for Instance rf lhelrto dratroy tho power of the of Injunction and will powertoer the very cxlstenco of the orderly administration of justice depends It la my purpooe IS soon as may be to uhmlt sonic further recommendations In lborloonlllloniauthority A very recent decision of Iho supreme court ot the United Stews ren tiered since this message was written In 8latfSamlnllyconacquenceahasviews on tho iHJaers of tlm congro In the premises to such a degree ac to makn careful consideration of the opinions therein tiled before It is pos ethIc drnnlrl to Oecldo In what way to call the matter to your attention Asks Federal Supervisionof CarrIers Not only aliontd there b action an cer lain laws art tlntr wagenorncra there should alto be such action on law bet lor to secure control over the great busness concerns engaged In Interstate rom merce ami especially over the great corn mon carriers The Interstate Commrrco Commhwlon should be umpmrnrcd to paaa n rate or practice on Its own Initiative Moreover It should be rommllllonhvane in A rats ought not tn be made without Investigation It ahoald have nu tliorlty to iiaue an order prohibiting tho advance pending examination by tIme eomml lon I wuuM not ba understood ns oxpreealnR au aplHUtn that aimy or even a m4ority- of these advance are Improper Many ot the rale In this country been normally low The operannir erxpensna of our rallmaida tho wagea paid rallroail employssi have greatly InCruised This and other eauaea may In city Riven CM s Justify an advance In rate and It an the advance should be mayLiela not true and our taw should be oo teemed that the government M the rep Irotlttaction for tha use of these public high way The interstate Commerce Com mlsrtnn aliould bo provided with the masers la make a physical valuation of any rued aa to whlnh It deems thla valu ation neceotary In Rome form the fed oral government should exercise supervision over the financial operations of our Interstate railroads In no other way can justice ba done botwicn the private liuheliean Inflated onpltnllxntlon has gone upon the market rind hu liecomo fixed In recognizedAsabsolutely to take account of the thousands of Innocent stockholders who have purchoseit theIr stock faith The usiiAl result of such Inflation Is therefore to Impoao upon tho public nn unneceesary but everlasting tax while the Innocent purchasers of the stock are also Iiarmed and only a few speculators lira benefited Bueh wrongs when unco accomplished ran whim dlf foulLy bo undone but they can Im pre JusticeWhenmust obtain government sanction when It la no longer possible for an Interstate railway to issue stock or bonds save In the manner approved by the federal gay eminent when that government makesure that the proceed of every stock and beau Issue go Into the Improvement of the and not the enrichment of somo individual or syndicate when whenever It become material for guid mince In the regulative action of tho guy ernment iliti physical value of ono of Ihrao properties la determined made known there will Iw eliminated from railroad securities that element of tin certainty which buds lo them thrlr spec ulatlvo quality and which hall contributed much financial stress of the reo rent past Would Permit Pooling of Railroad Interest In thla connection t desire to repeat my recommendation that railways w per mitted to fonn tranio associations for tho purpose of conferring about and agree inir upon rate regulations and t n cttcoB Directing Interstate business In which the mutuallyIntareAteilshould bo given the right to pool their earnings or their traffic law ro ifulrca that rates shall no so adjusted as not to dlscrimlnato between individuals localities or different spectra of tranio Ordinarily rates by all competing lines must bo tllO same AS applied to practical conditions the railway operations of this country can not ba conducted BOO cording to law without what Is equivalent to conference coil agrwmenu This articles operatohuldall their operations anouM ba O n to public and tho rates regula lions nnd practices upon Which they should bo subject lo disapproval by the commission I urge this last provision with the same curnestnCM that othcrn This country piovldca Its railway facilities by private capital Thoon focllltlea will not yIIreturn In living tIre horJCtI of our railroads 1 bcllovn that consldurlng tIm Interests of tho pnbllo alone It bet ter to allow too liberal rnthttr than too scanty earnings for otherwise there U grave danger that our railway development mty not keep poco with 110m and flrfnlllrlRtlunlJlllt tile fundamental Idea ore public bight WRY must be recognized anti they must be open to tho Whole upon equal terms nnd upon reasonable ernie In reference to the Sherman antttrust law I repent the rvcDmnuiidations mado n my inresago at tho opening of the pros emit congrctis ns well as In my message lo tho previous congress Tim attempt n this law to In mwrepiug terms agnlnst alt comoinauon or wiuitnir character If technically lit restraint of radn IU such restraint has been detinad by tho courts must bo elthVr utllo or mischievous and sometime both The present law makes coma com blnatlons illegal although they may be tinoful to tho country On Iho other hand as to sumo huge combinations which am jotli noxious and Illegal oven It the no Jctv JRdfrtftknn ngulnst them under tIm law by thu Iftlcmment Is successful time result may bo to work but n minimum leneflt tho Gven thought thn ombtnatlnn bo brolcen up and n small neasuru of reform thereby produced ho real gvod aimed at can not be obtained for uch rent good can come only by a upcrvllonorthoso ns to prevent stock watering Improper forms of competition and In short wrongdoing generally The law should correct hut portion of tho fiber man Act with prohibits nil combinations of the character above described whether tiny be reasonable or unreasonable but this should bo done only as part of n conceal shemo to provide for this ef foctlvo nnd thoroughgoing supervision by tho national government of nil tIme oper ations of Iho bl Interstate business con Coma poasibtehutthat In connection with measures to restrain stock waterinit And ovorcaplaI ration there should bo meacure taken to at toast tho forms of gambling In securities and commodities such as making larpo sales of what men do not mind cornering tho mar ket legitimate purchases of commodi ties AntI of stocks and securities for In vestment have no connection whatever with purchases of stocks or other securi ties or commodities on a margin for purpoellThcrflgambling at cards or In lotteries or on tho race track and gambling In tho stock market Ono method Is just as petal cious to thn body politic aa the other In clod and In degree the evil worked Is fur greater nut It Is a far more difficult groatbillexchanges Is not only legitimate but Is necessary to the working ot our modern Industrial system and extreme care would liars to be taken not to Interfere with thli buslnpsa In doing away with the bucket shop typo of operation We should study the surcease and thn failures of foreign legislators who not ably In worked along thislItnnnnYihRvotine sa nnythlnl harmful Moreover them la a special In dealing with this matter tho federal government In a federal republic like ours nut If it is to a way to deal with It tho effort should be made oven If In n cautious end tent avay It would seem that time federal government could at least act by forbidding tim use of the mulls tote graph and telephone wires for mere gambling In stocks anti futures just as does In lottery transaction Santa Fe President Had Guilty Knowledge of Rebating I Incloto herewith a statement Issued corporabans statements which I also Inclbso made by mind on behalf of tho agents of the Standard Oil corporation Appendix tand n letter of lie attorneygeneral Ap ft containing an answer to cer- tAin statements also Inclosed made by tho president of tho Bantu Fa Hallway Company Appendix 4 The Standard I1mlanyhllIcourts of criminal misconduct both have been sentenced to fines and each tins Issued and published broadcast these statements asserting their Inno cenco nnd denouncing aa Improper the cotton of the courts and juries In con victing them of guilt These statements am very elaborate are very Ingenious partlculnraclosure from Mr lleney sufficiently thus rate thin methods of the high officials of the Hnnia Fe and show tim utter falsity of their of Ignorance the similar equallyWIthoutDepartment of Justin Office of tho United States Attorney District of Ore gonPortland January II tOO TbP President D Dear Mr Prvskltnl I understand that Mr Itlnley of the Atchlon Topeka Santa Fe Hallway system has comment ed with some upon your attitude toward tho payment of rebates by certain tmnivontlne ta railroads and that ho has declared that ho personally never know anything about any rotates balng grantnl liv his road I In rlinj you herewith coty of n letter from ICdward Chambers freight traffic manaqer of the Atchison Topeka Bal- I Fa Itallwny system to Mr O A David wn auditor of time same company dated February 17 IMS This letter does not deal with Inter state shipments hut the constitution of the state of California malice tha pay ment of rebates by railroad a felony and Mr Tllpley has Apparently not been above the commission of crime to secure business You are at liberty to use thla Ineloxuro In any way that you think It ran be of aarvlco to yourself or the publicSlncerely yours- FRAITCIS J IIENBT San Francisco February 17 1507 Dear Sir I hand you herewith n file of papers covering tbe movement of fuel oil ahlpped by tho Associated Oil Com pany over our IInft from January I 1900 up to and Including November Ss IWi- Wo agreed with tho Associated OH rna negotiations with Mr Illplny Mr Wels and myself that In oonsUUrstlon of belt making us n sneclal price on oil for company use which Is covered Tiy a contract nnd the further consideration that wo would take n certain tity- thee would In turn ship from Ilakorifleld over our lln to Sin Francisco Hay points n certain minimum number of bar rels of fuel oil at rate of H cents per barrel from Itnkersfleld exclusive at the switching chsiue These statements cover the movement except that they have Included Stockton which Is not correct aa It Is not n bay point nnd could not be reached as con veniently by water Wo have paid them on account of this movement 739 which should be deducted from the total of movement shown In the attached papers I wish you would arrange to make up- I statement check tho same and refund to the Associated Oil Comtrtnrdown to the basis of U cents r Ba kerrflcld where they are the shippers regardless of who tsconslgree ns all their fuel nil Is sold delivered The reason for making this deal In addition to what I have tAted Is that this Associated Oil Company have their own bouts and carry oil from fields controlcd by themselves along tho enact near San Iuls Obtrpn to fllln Francisco ot a much lower cost thami tho special flits we have made them and In competition with the frlon OH Com Pftny and tho Standard Oil Company It was reeesnry for them to sell at thf- ten Francisco nay points on the basis of the cost of witr transportation from liecoast noM Tbey ihiclitrit toy could only afford to pay ui tho 21 cts per barrel if by doing thlp they sold our company n certain amount of fund oil oUicrwUo the business covered by the attached would Uav como in by boat from the coast fields I nm writing this up completely to that thero mity bii In the papers a history of the reasons why title arrangement was made I wlali you would go ahead and make tho adjustment as soon as possible as tho Associated Oil Company are very upIvember IKth at n conference between Mr Mr Wells Mr Porter and my selftroiyEDWARD CHAMnKllS Snmcnt ocllltt Oil Company Mr 0i Davitson Auditor Los Angeles The attacks by these urent corporations on tho admlnlitrntlons actions have been given a wldo clrcofttinn throughout the country In the farspaper und other wise by thoMJ writers and speakers who contclouMy or unconsciously at ns the representatives of predatory waalthof the wealth 1 on a giant scale bv All forms of InIQult ranging from tho lon of wugcworktrH to unfair sand unwholenomo methods of crushing out eompetltlnn ard to defrauding the public by jobbing and the manlprt lation of iectttitioi CrrtAln wealthy men of this slnmp whose conduct should be abhorrent to every man ot ordinarily docent conscience end who commit the hideous wrong of teaching our young omen that phenomenal business success must on dishonesty have during time last Cove months made apparent that they have bonded to to for I reactIon Their on lit is to overthrow and discredit ar hn administer tho law to pro vent any additional legislation which would check nn1 restrain them and to secure It possible n freedom front alt re straint which permit every unscru wrons toer to do wisher unchecked provided ho has enough mon err TIme only way to counteract the moroncnt In which these moon are on gaged Is to make clear to tho public jus what they have dono lo to past and iust what they are iwzkVa to accomplish In tho present Time adttilnlitratlon line those who 1J1Ip enggdInpropertyUndercountenance attacks upon lawabiding property or do aught but condemn those who hold up rich men ait beIng evil men bcciiuro of their riches On the contrary our whole effort is to Insist upon con duet nnd neither wealth nor property nor any other class distinction as being tho Proper standard which to Judll the actionS of men For tho honest man of great wealth we have a hearty regard thehouflltnut part of the movement to uphold hon rty must be a movement to frown on dlshonraty We attack only tbo corrupt men of wealth who nnd In the purchased politician tho most ctllclent Instrument of corruption and In tho purchased newspa per most efficient defender of ear ruption Our main quarrel Is not with hem agents nnd representatives ot tho powerfkum puprct ning men and the mighty forces working for fl0II behind and through thn puppets with whom wa havo to deal We stock to control lawdefylng wealth In tho first place to doing dlro evil to republic and in tho next to the vindictive and dreadful mdi calism which If left uncontrolled It Is certain In the end to arouse Sweeping attacks upon all property upon all men theydoknell of tho and ouch attacks become Inevitable If decent citizens per mit theo rich men whoso lives corrupt und evil to domineer In swollen fir unchecked and unhindered over tho destinies of this country Wo act In no vindictive spirit and wo are no re specters of persons Italnbor union does wrong we oppoao It ns firmly on we oppose n corporation which does wo stand equally stoutly for rGmand tho man of wealth nnd tot the wageworker Wo seek to protect the property of every man who acts honestly of every that represents wealth honestly accumulated nn Used Wo sock to stop wrongdoing end wo desire to punish the neccuarytoCampaign of Lawbreakers Against Governments Policy TlIfO are ample mAterial rewards for thoso twho with tho roam unrighteousness but they are monif for by the people who per representatives whether in pub lie lite the press or In tho colleges where their young men are taught to preach and to practice that thero Is one aw the rich and snottier for tho poor The amount of money tho representatives of certain great moneyed ore willing to can bo gauged by their recent publication broadcast throughout the pi era of this country from tho At Illntloto tho Puclttc of hugo advertise ments attacking with envenomed bitter ness tho administrations of warring Against successful dishonesty and by their circulation of pam hlets book prepared with the same object push time circulation of the writings and speeches of men who whether because they are or bo causer seeing the light they yet aro willing to slit against tho serve three thelrmmasters of great wealth to the coat of tA plain people The books and Iam IIt tho controlled newspaper the speeches oy public rlvRlo men to whlrb J refer are usually nnd especially In thy Interest of the Standard certain notorous railroad com binations but they also defend other In OlvhlmU and corporations of great wealth that have been guilty of wrong- doIng It Is only rarely that the men re sponsible for time wrongdoing themselves speak or write Normally they hire oth ers to do their bidding or find others who will do It without hlro From the rail roadrnte law to tOe purefood law every measure for honesty that has hen passed during the last six years has Lop opposed by there men on Its pea sago and In Its administration with every resource that bitter Cad unscrupulous rrnftcould suggest nnd the command of almost unlimited money secure But for the last year tIme attack has been mado with most bitterness upon the actual ad ministration of tho law especially through the department of justice but also through the Interstate Commerce Commission and the bureau of corporations Time extraordinary violence of the assaults upon our policy contained In these speeches editorials articles ad vertisements pamphlets nnd tho enormous sums of money spent In these VA rOil ways give a fairly accurate of tho anger and terror which our public actions have caused the corrupt men of vast wealth to feel In the very marrow of their being Too attack Is sometimes made openly against us for enforcing the law and sometimes with a certain cunning for not trying to en fore It In come other way that which experience shows to a practical One of thn favorite methods of tho lot ter class of assailant Is to attack the ad ministration for not procuring time Im prisonment Instead of the fine offend ers under antitrust laws The man tanking this assault Is usually either a prominent lawyer or an editor who takei y from the financiers and his arguments from their attorneys If thin former he hoe defended and advised many wealthy malefactors and ho knows wen hit thanks to the advice of lawyers like himself A certain kind of modern rorporuitluin lies been turned Into Bn lid mlrsblo Instrument by which to render It wellnigh Impossible to get at the head of the corporation at tho man who la realty When we are ablo ro put the real wrongdoer In prison this s what we strive to do wa have actually done with some very criminals who moreover sentod that most baneful of all allances the siianco between the corruption or organized politics and tho corruption of high finance This Is what wo have dono In tho and Greene case In tho coca of tho misapplication of funds In connection with certain great banks In Chicago In the landfrand cases whore aa In cases likewise neither tho highest political position nor tho posses Ion of great availed to save the offenders from prison TIme federal government does scourge sin It does bid clatters fear for It has put behind the bars with Impartial severity the powerful nnllnclr the the rich land thlrf the rich contractor all no matter bow high their station against whom criminal misdeeds can be proved All their wraIth nd power can not pro tfft them But It often happens that the effort to imprison a vcn defendant is certain tn bo futile while It la possible to fine him or to line the corporation which ho la head so that In other words tho only way oJ punishing the wrong Is by fining tim corporation unless we are content to against the minor agents The corporation lawyers to whom I recr and their employers are tho men mainly for this state of things and tlicr responsibility Is ihrcd with all who Ingeniously oppose thin parsing of just nnd effective laws or who fall to execute them when they have been put on tho statute books Much Is saul Inrtlieao attacks upon tho policy of tha present administra tion about the rights of Innocent stockholders That stockholder Is not Innocent who voluntarily purchases stock In a corporation whose nnd management he knows to be corrupt and stockholders lire bound to try to secure honest management or else aro estopped from complaining Lout tnt prcceedlnf the government finds necessary In order to compel the hasInocent stockholders by overcapItalize tlon stockwatering atockjohlnir tock manipulation Tills wo have oimht to rev1nt first by exposin the lung done and punlzhlnar tho offender vhen any law had hen vlo atedl second by recommending the pas age of laws whloh would make nnliw til similar practices for the future Tho public men anti editors vho loudly fI oclm their sympathy for the Innocent stockholders when a treat tawdefying corporation Is nun shied are theOrst to protest with fran tlo vehemence against all efforts bv ivr to n ttop to the practices which xre the reAl anti ultimate sources of this lamntre alike to tho stockholders and hn public The apologists of success ul dishonesty always declaim asalnat tny effort to punish or prevent tt on ho ground that nny such effort will unsettle business It Is they who ty their acts have unsettled business ind the men raising this cry spend hundreds of thousands of doll In i I curing by speech editorial book or millstateItheydulalmdepreclotsuTheyhonest working men honest formers and now thuy clamor against tho truthbeing told The keynote of all these attacksupon the effort to secure honesty In business and In politics Is well ex pressed in brnzenrrotCBtll against any effort for of the business world on the ground that It Is unnatural unwarranted and Injurious and that business panic Is the neces sari penalty for such effort to secure business honesty The morality of such a plea Is precisely as great as If made on behalf of the men caught In a gambling establishment when thatgambling establishment la raided by the police If such words mean any thing mean that those whose lien intents they represent stand neralnst the effort to bring about a moral re generation of business which will pro InsurancebAnkingNew York A repetition of the Chicago A Alton deal a of the corn bination between certain professional politicians certain professional labor certain big financiers from tho dlsgraco of which San Fran repetition Standard Oil people to crush out every competitor to overawe the common carriers and to establish a monopoly which treats tho public with a contempt which the public deserves so long as It permits men o such principles and sentiments to avow and act on them with Impunity Tho outcry against stopping dishonest practices among wrongdoers who happen to be wealthy Is precisely to outcry raised against every effort for cleanliness and decency In gov ernment because forsooth It will hurt business The same outcry IB jusIce sal corporations that has been mad against tho men who In San Francisco have prosecuted with Impartial sever ity among business men public officials and labor leaders nUke Tho principle Is the same In tho two cases Just as the blackmail er and bribe giver stand on tho same evil eminence of Infamy so the man who makes nn enormous fortune by municIpalItles tho public stands on the same moral level with the creature who fattens on the blood money of the gambling house and tho saloon Moreover In the last nnnlynls both kinds of corruption are far moro Intimately connected than would at first sight appear the wrong Corruptbuslnesllreact with ever Increasing debase meat one on tho other the corrupt corruptlaborgree the enemies of honest corpora rebate the manlnulator of securities the purveyor and protector of vice tho blackmailing ward boss the ballotbox stutter tho demagorue the mob leader the hired bully and manklllr all alike work at the same web of corruption byhnncstThe business which Is hurt by the movement for honesty Is the kind of business whloh In the lonif run It pays the country to have hurt It Is the kind of business which his tended to make tho very name high finance a term of scandal to which all honest JoinInera for business dishonesty In denounc ing time present administration for en forcing the law against the huge and corrupt corporations which have defied the law also denounce It for endeavor leltlllInti Ing employers liable for Injuries to their employes Business Hurt by Movement for Honesty Should Be Crushed apololtlatlltoreffort to relieve weak and helpless peo pIe from crushing misfortune brought upon them by Injury In the business from which they gain a bare livelihood The burden should be distributed ItIs hypocritical baseness to speak of a girl who works In a factory where the dangerous machinery Is unprotected as having time right freely to contract andlimbsuffer want or else to expose herself to such dangers and when she loies a hand or Is otherwise maimed or disfigured for life It Is n moral wrong that necessllrUyInoldntllplaced with crushing weight upon her bybierwhat opponents of a just employers liability law advocate and con sistent that they should usually also advocate immunity for those most dan Kcroua members of the criminal class the criminals of great wealth enbitterlYferred to In the accompanying commu nications from tho Standard Oil Com mmivIng erltlell solves In denouncing the most re I sreclful and continue discussion ofI the ofllcltil action ot a judge which re suIts In Immunity to wraith and power nugatory omonKthotobehooves respect the high office of Judge nnd our judges ns a whole aro bravo andupright men Reaoect for the law fortimenow as In the lllt that the judges stand In character and service above all other men among their fellow alltIntthlllhllthof sympathetic understanding and ofcourage should hive their eyes ooened Ajudlttsternlyrepressing whofllUarights of property on the ono hand oron the by misuse of the process of Injunction or by hits attitude toward tilt measures for tho betterment of tho wageworkercourts are hostile to him or who tails Intheirstorm tho abuses of tlio criminal richsuch a man performs an even worse tmeirglslatordutywlnIItansservice to tho People than any otherpUblo 8tfvantt entitled to great acrvuntMIhofearless he will unhesitatingly dlire Ittheyplea of right ns against wrong Ho must serve the people but he must AllImonorTho opponents of thn measures we champion elntrlo out now one nnd now another measure for especial attack and speak as If tho movement In which won engaged WAS purely economic It lies a largo economic Side but It la fonda m ntaly an ethical movement It Is not a movement to bo completed Irf one year or two or three years It Isa movement which must be presevered In until the deepIntoOrtanttoOrtllnttoand this purpose is to secure national honesty In business and In politics We do stat xubscribo to tho cynical belief that dl hone ty and unfair dealing are essential to business success are to be condoned when the success Is moderate anti applauded when the success Is great Tho methods by which the Standard Oil and those engaged lu ho other combinations ot hlclll have spoken J above lowe achieved great fortunes can inly be Justified time advocacy of n system of morality which would also justify every form of criminality on the part of a labor union and every form of violence corruption and fraud from murder to bribery and ballotbox stuff lug In politics We aro trying to secure equality of opportunity for all and the struggle for honesty la the samu whether It la mado on behalf of one set of tacit or of another Laws Must Continue to Be Administered with Even Hand Tho laws must In tho future be ad ministered as they are now being administered so that the department of justice may continue to bo what It now ma very fact the department of jus permItsjusticeto great and small rich and weak anu strong Moreover there should be no delay In supplementing the laws now on the enactment of further legislation as outlined in the message I sent to on Its assem bling Under tha existing taws much very much has been actually nccom pushed during the past six years und it nsa shown by actual experience that they can be enforced against the wealthiest corporation and the richest and most powerful manager or manipu lator of that corporation as rigorously Anti fearlessly as against the humblest offender Above all they have been enforced the very wrongdoers and agents of wrongdoers who have for so many years gone scot tree and flouted tho laws with Impunity against great lawdefying corporations of Immense wealth which until the last half dozen years have treated themselves and have expected others to treat them as being beyond and nbovo all possible check from law It Is especially necessary to secure to the representative of the national gov ernment full power to deal with tho great corporations engaged In Interstate corn merce and above all with the great In terstate common carriers Our people should clearly recognize that while there art difficulties In any course of conduct to be followed In dealing wIththese great corporations these difficulties must be faced and one of three courses followed The first course Is to abandon all ef fort to oversee and control their ict1ons In the Interest of the general public and to permit a return to the utter lack of control which would obtain If they were left to the common law I do not for ono moment believe that our people would tolerate this position The ex traordinary growth of modern Industrial Ism has rendered the common law which grew up under and was adapted to deal wth totally different conditions In many respects inadequate to deal the now conditions These new conditions make It necessary to shackle cunning as In the we have shackled force The vast Individual and corporate fortunes the vast combinations of which have marked the development of our Industrial create new and necessitate a change from the old attitude of thia state and nation owned the rules regulating the acquisition and untram meled business use of In order both that property may be adequately protected and that at the came Smut those who hold It may be prevented from wrongdoingThe and third courses are to have tho regulation undertaken either by the nation or by the states or course In event both the national government and the several state gov ernments must do each Its part and each can do a certain amount that the other cannot do while the only really satisfactory results must be obtained by the representatives of the national and state working heart thy together within their respective Hut in my thoroughgoIng and satisfactory COmi trol can In time end only be obtained by the action of the national government for almost all the corporations of enormous wealth that Is the ions which It Is especially desirable to control are engaged in Interstate com merce and derive their power and their Importance not from that por tion of which Is Intr state but from the Interstate business It Is not easy always to decide just where the line of demarcation between the two kinds of business falls This line roust ultimately be drawn by the federal courts Much of the effort to secure adequate control ot the great corporations by state action has been wlso and effective but much of It has been neither for when tIm effort Is made to accomplish by itho notion of the state what can only be accom pushed by the action of the nation the result can only be disappointing and In tho end the law will probably be de elated unconstitutional Ho likewise In the national arena we who believe In the measures herein advocated are hampered and not aided by the extrem lets who advocate action a violent It would either be useless or else would cause more mischief than it would remedy We havo just passed through two months of acute financial stress At any such tlmo It Is a sad fact that entirety Innocent people suffer from no fault of their own and every one mast feel the keenest sympathy for the large body ot honest business men of hon est Investors of honest wageworkcrs who suffer because Involved a crass for which they are In no way respon sible At a time tImers Is a natu rat tendency on the part of many men to feet Gloomy and frightened at the outlook but there la no justification for this feeling There la no nation so absolutely sure of ultimate success as ours Of course we shall cue cecil Ours Is a nation ot masterful energy with a continent for Its do main and It feels within Its veins the thrill which comes to those who know that they possess the future We are not cast down by the fear ot failure We are upheld by the confident hope of ultimate triumph The wrongs that exist are to be corrected but they In nc way justify doubt as to the final out come doubt aa to the great material prosperity of the future or of the lofty which Is to be built upon that prosperity as a foundation No misdeeds done In the present must be permitted to shroud from our eyes the glorious future ot the nation but be cause this very tact It behooves us never to swerve from our resolute our pose to cut out wrongdoing and uphold what Is right I do not for a moment belIeve that the actions of this administration have brought on business distress so far as thIs is due to local and not worldwide causes and to the actions of any par ticular Individuals It la due to the specu lative folly and flagrant dishonesty of a few men ot great wealth who seek to shield themselves from the effects of their own wrongdoing ascribing Its results to the actions those who have sought to put a stop to the wrongdoing lint if It were true that to cut out rotten ness from the body politic meant a mo check to an unhealthy anemia prosperity I should not for one moment hesitate to knife to the corrup Jon On behalf ofmiii our people on behalf no less ot the honest man ot means titan ot the honest man who earns each days livelihood by that days sweat of hits brow It Is necessary to Insist upon honesty In uaineU and polItics sIlica in all walks of life in big things and In little things upon just and fair dealing as between man and man Those who de main this are striving for the right in the spirit ot Abraham Lincoln when he said Fondly do we hope fervently do we pray that this mighty scourge pass- away Yet It God wills that It continue until all tIme wealth piled by thin bonds mens two hundred and fifty years of un requited atoll shall be sunk and until of blood drawn the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword ns was said three thousand years ago so still it must bo said The judgments of the Lord are trite and righteous altogether With malice toward none with charity for all with firmness In the right as Oo l gives ua to sco the right let us strive onto tlnl li the work ive ore In In tlm work we of this generation nsq In there la thanks be to the Almighty no danger of bloodshed and no use toe the sword but there is grave need ot those stern qualities shown alIke by this mon of the north and the men of this south In the dirk days when each val iantly battled for the light uIt was given each to see the light Their spirit should be our spirit aa we strive to bring nearer tho day when greed and trickery arid cunning shall be trampled under ftet by those who tIght for the rightcousnea hat exatteth a nation TflODO ROO8VlHiT TIlE WhlITli HOUSE January Il 1105 oooeoooooeoBOOBoeooooaoeoeo oeoeoe oo0 i East Kentucky Correspondence 1 s News You Get Nowhere Else I iNocorroipondcnce pnbuihta nnleii signed In laU by till writer The namee Is not fora Wlt tlon but it ta evtdeuoe of rood faith Writs pUlsly 0 0000000080008080000008000808080800 Mountain Life as wo Mean to Make it Coed Rood Coal unite Cowl Churches Cool Schools BEREACAPTAL OF THE MOUNTAINS MADISON COUNTY FAUKISTOW- XFarrlstown Feb 3Miss Lucy Fife of Fort Estlll was the guest of Miss May D White Sunday The school at Farrlstown Is progressing nicely Miss Leer Mason was the guest of Miss Cleva Maupin Sunday They had a fine entertainment at this place Saturday night Misses S E Martin and E G Simpson visited Mrs C D Doty at Richmond Miss Mary Lee White left January 26 to see her sister Mrs Harvey Thump son who Is very 111 at Topeka Kan VAtLACETOX Wallaceton Feb aTho Re Mr Smith filled his regular appointment here Sunday We have preaching four times a month and Sunday Let ev School twice every Sunday erybody comeMlss Julia Brewer Is teaching subscription school here We wish her success Wm Asher and George Smith were called to Richmond one day last week on buslnessMr Calllham of Jackson County and Miss Nannle Hornsby were united In marriage by Rev Smith on Jan the 30th We extend congratulations Brother Smith has begun his singing school again Every one Is cordially Invited W J Weaver and daughter were In Berca shoplng Friday IIUKYlUS Dreyfus Jan 27 Misses Dora Bengo and Beulah Ruble visited their uncle Jason Riddle at Fox town last weekMr Owen Rose and wife have moved to Lexington KyMr Wm Jones went to Rich mond cne day last week on business Mr Robert Hudson and family have bought and taken possession of the Owen ROle farm Brother J W Parsons of Asbury filled his regular appointment Saturday and Sunday at the Baptist church at this place They ordained Bros Dan Hudson and Tom Baker as deacons Miss Flossie Baker returned homo Saturday from Borea whore she had been visiting her brother Jimmi- eBakerWe are expecting Bro C A VanWinkle to preach for us noxt Friday night at the Disclplo church Mr Emotto Miller and family moved down on the Speedwell Pike to a farm known as the Jonathan Estill place Miss Nina Jonee is z about like she has been for several I weeks We hope she will be better i IjoonMr ll 1C MoKeohan of near Kingston was a welcome visitor Sun day ROCKCASTLE COUNTY llISrUTAXTA- Dlsputanta FeL 3Rev J W Lambert filled his regular appoint ment at Clear Creek Saturday and I SundayRev Lambert and Mr Ruben Swinford wore the guests of Mr and Mrs L Rowlett Sunday The wife of Mr John Crouchor died I Fridaynlght with consumption She leavesa husband and eight children to mourn her loss but their Joss is heavens gain We all extend our greatestsympathy for the bereaved I ones Tier remains were laid to rest t In the old Scaffold Cane graveyard The Infant child cf Mr and Mrs WI1 llo Norther has been very ill with pneumonia but is some better now There is much slcUnoss in this part of the neighborhood Mr Huston Rowlett of Dlsputanta went to Borea oil business Saturday George Payno SunIfroth his horse yesterday and was bndlY hurt JtOOXKw Boone Feb 2 Mr Tom Wren recently removed to a farm belong ing to his mother Mrs Mary Wren Mr Jess Wren went to Berca one day this week on some business Mr Cal Chastecn visited relatives hero last week and returned to his t home near Jelllco Mr and Mrs George Lamb visited friends and rel atives near Duluth last week Mr W M Smith is at home again after visiting relatives near Clover Bottom 7Mrs Davo Culton of Hamilton 0f w a- I I I visited relatives hero last Sunday and Monday W M Tatum of Borea was hero on business one day this week Sol Saylor Is reported some betterMr and Mrs LIge Grant of near Cartoravillo visited relatives at this place Saturday and Sunday Mr B W Poynter had six nice hogs killed by the train near this place Thursday eveMrs Fannlo Bowen has been quite sick but Is much bet ter nowMrs Daisy Lambert visited her mother Mrs Mattlo Wren Thurs day CLIMAX Climax Feb 3Regular church services were held at the H S B Church Saturday and SundayTho- Rev Mr Culton married on January 22nd Mr David Abney and Mrs Margaret Chasteen They will make their future home at Straight Creek Mr Isaac Rector has bought a pho nograph The mumps are very prev alent in our little town at present Mr W Baker returned homo after a two years stay in Hamilton HAMILTON OHIO LETTER Hamilton 0 Feb 1Thursday was the coldest day of this year In Hamilton the mercury reaching 10 degrees above zero Auditor J E Drato has closed the tax books of Butler County Approximately GOO 000 was collected the largest amount ever paid Into the treasury of Butler County by about 36000A petition for the paitlon of Caleb Powers Is being circulated thru Hamilton and Is being signed by numbersGrlppo- has been raging for over two weeks Also many cases of pneumonia and some of smallpox havo been report ed Clarence Durham who has been suffering from pneumonia Is con valescent His two brothers Jones and Charles Durham from Rockoaa tle County Ky came tills week to see him Coroner Sehumaker hold an inquest Thursday over the death of Mrs Mary Larake who was burn ed to death recently Mrs Lamke went Into tho Foliar of her house to get coal After lighting a latteh her fascinator caught fire and she was burned to dllthThe Injunction suit filed In court here a oouple of weeks ago by the C C Paper Co against the striker pt the Paper Makers Union for molesting em ployees has been tried but Judge Murphey has fared to render his decision The companys private guards are still ou duty night and day The company Instead of clos ing down as the strikers have tried to force them to have been running steadily and In the meantime have started their now paper mill which cost about 1500000 We are proud to hear of Pros and Mrs Frosts guc cess in securing the promise of 200 000 from Andrew rnegleA letter received recently from James M Brown a graduate of Berca who Is studying for the ministry at Roch ester N Y tells of the delightful work their mission bands havo been doing Ills address is 32 S Alvah Strong Hall Rochester N Yr P Gabbard another old student and teacher of Berca College is now at Camp Virde Ariz Ho Is Special Ins bursing Agent and Supt of Indian schools for the United States govern merit He was first located a Par ker Ariz but has been transfered to Camp Vlrde since September Taylor has his wife and little girl Ethel with him Ho says that the Indians have made much progress since tho whites came among them and that the U S government Is doing much towards educating and civilizing them CLAY COUNTY llItldUTSIIADK- Brlghtshado Jan 30The stave mill is running again after standing idle for a month Thos Smith D B Smith Gilbert Smith John T Mills and Milton Jackson are serving on the Jury at Manchester where circuit court Is going onJ W Jewell has given up his position as clerk for Flat Lick Stave Co Chas Coins andIlw I nr Y bookkeeper at tho commissary It Is reported hero that there are more than twentyfive cases of smallpox at Manchester Tho Infant child of Mr and Mrs John Taylor died yesterday Mrs Taylor Is confined with consumption HUItNINO MMHXC58 Burning Spring Jan 27 Martin McQuearys many friends are sorry to hoar of his illness In IxmUvlll Ills brother Sam loft lest night to oro for hlinHr S veda MsDan tel left last wok for Danvlllo 111 to visit her sick father Mr PomUr Since then her family have learned that ho has died At one time Mr Ponder resided on tho MoQueary tarn above town lie was a man and Integ ot unusual Intelligence city and will be greatly mourned by lib ninny blendsM1Leo Jones who has boon very ill Is greatly Im proved Thoro seom to be much said about the smallpox among the colored pooplo In Manchester Tho cases aro all said to be light ones and the doctors do not fear an opt demic Wo regret to lenrn that the Odd Followa lodge of this place contemplate fonolns off their little plot of ground thus depriving our school children of tho use of that nice dry ground Tho reason for do- Ing so Is because a window light ot their building was broken and the children use their gate Alexander Smith will soon move to the farm recently purchased near London His old home will be occupied by one of his sons Nelson Jarrctt and wife have recently returned frdm Hamilton Oour freo schools ot this place will close Thursday February C and the winter term of three months will open the next morning We would advise those wishing to send their children hereto begin at onco as acommodatlons are being made now for the work A small tee of one dollar per month will be charged The work extends thru the first eight grades and anyone completing It thoroughly will be well prepared tc enter higher schools JACKSON COUNTY Ivrnmtre Evergreen Jan 26A protracted meeting is being held at Bethel this week by Rev Tom FlinMr Bob Rose has bought his old creek farm back agalnA K Baker has been on Morse Lick taking depositions in the Griffon divorce suitTom E Jones and Archibald Bundy were at J W Jones Wednesday wild cat hunting Mr T M Lake has bought the old Tom Lake farm on Dig Clover from his uncle Will Lake Mr T E Jones is going to mow to his fatherinlaw I Mr F J Griffon at Gray Hawk Mr Perry MeCollara sod wife vie ited J n Caltibnn Sunday Mildred JanJIILJlIUIIIIvery bad scare of the smallpox butIthere scorns to be no new ca Kr1Isof ROMS Creek has moved to W K Jesse farm Mimes thoI Bowie Nora Jones Eva Peters i Cook Pornolla Robertson and also Uellrs Chester Jones Rvwett Joaw Luther Bowles Isaac Bowie Fred l Jones and Jamb Moore were the guests of Mr and Mrs W 1C Jones Monday nlgbL Harvey Moore liasIput up a new shop on Main Mr J S MOOT made a flying tripI to Owsley county last Saturday Mr Frank Barrett the stove bIND is very poorly with the meaalc Mrs M C Jones has purchazed n tine stove for 73 and she says that she alms to charge tho boys 1 eMIt for wedding cflkca that shoo bales In itMrs Jane Hamilton Is improving Tho Oak Grovo meeting was given up on account of the smallpox the preacher having boca cxooacd TlolLIS Peoples Jan 27Miss Laura Spenco entertained a large crowd of girls and boys at her school on tho 17th School will close Feb 12Mr Jim Dalton was in our vicinity Tuesday lost John Carter of Laurel county was tho guest of A J Baker Sat urdayMr Ellsba Baker and W JIBall will soon complete their log hauling and go to trmtngTho Rev Robert Murry is our moderator Shllo church now Mrs Sam SGtI tles Is very poorly Whooping cough is very common In this vicin ity but no cases of smallpoxWI J Ball and wife spent Ing with W D Baker and oICJmNlJuTH wlCeI Grccnhall Jan 26 is all smiles over the arrival of twins j one a boy weighing 7U1 pounds the other a girl weighing GYt pounds Mother and babies are doing well I Preston Flang has scld his tine tim ber to Mr Harm Rowlett and hasI a contract to float it to the mouth j of Sturgeon Creole Wm Hughes is having much trouble with his hound dog that ho bought several weeks ago Alfred Erower has been jeral Ing for Robert Flang In Losllo coun ty Thoro Bro no now cases of small pox and all who havo had them are getting along finely Corbsrt Evans says ho Is going back to Dora College J R Cook who has been In London for moonshlnlng is back at home Mr Cook is a good fel low and wo trust ho wont havo any more troublo of this kindTho Jftck son County Bargain Store Is giving away some nloo calenders and postal portraits to all their regular custo msrgO W Plerson was visiting at Bunk PUrsons several days last week I4tAXl CITY Sand Gap Jan 28Mrs J Dur ham Is on tho sick listDied Friday night at tho homo of Its owner a young alligator belonging to mor oliaut A P Gabbard The alligator was sent to Mr Gabbard from tho warm swnmps of Florida by former Judge T J Coylo An Inquest was hold and It was decided that death was duo to pneumonia brought on tompcrnluronnlei school at this place and Laura Hat field Is teaching ono at the homo of John Durham on Durhams Ridge Wo wish thorn great suooeesBen- II Gabbard was a visitor at J R Durhams Wcdncsdaay night Jaa Durham is working for the family portrait company again We are grad to hoar that Mrs I W Williams who was 111 for so long la up agalnJas Durham wont to Beroa last week to visit his sister Maggie who Is In school there Nathan Pier son has Invented a washing machine and Is going to try to get It pat ented Ho says It cuts the dirt without the tiss of soap or water We hope ho will soon get a patent on It as it would bo a cheap washer Maggie Durham Is visiting homo folksE E Durham is building nlco barn which will add murk toI 1 bIGLAND SAYS AINJand strictly prohibits the sale of alum baking powder So does France So does Germany The sale of alum foods has been made illegal in Washington and the District of Ct hum bin and alum baking powders arc everywhere recogniz t1ns injuriousTo protect yourself against alum when ordering baking powder I SoypllVinp687 F ROYAL and be very sure you get a n the beauty of Narrow Flat Flor enco Durham was on Chestnut Flat laat week Jan 71113 Mandy Wilson Is very sick at this writing Tie hauling la the go hero now There Is some little excitement over Centlnunl en Sixth rgal IPOWDERRoyal GrapeCream rssomrAUItO- TParot FREE Celuloid Plates Repaired Free DR HOBSONDENTIST Richmond Ky no nno BARGAINSF- OR OUR OLD SUBSCRIBERS OUR BEST BARGAIN IS THE CITIZEN A paper that gives you more than the worth of your money and in growing bettor nil the time You know what a good paper you have been getting You con got others as cheap but either they are not us good or they aro not made for the mountains or thuy do not give nn much Just look nt n few of the things we nro giving you now NEWS nil the nuns of the world of thin country awl of the state that is worth reading All the news of the mountains that we can gel and morn than any other paper gives All the news of dozens of mountain towns where eorro8 oiidtmts write to UH every little while CATTLEAll the latest cattle prices also tho prices on tits and tanbark and spokes etc FARM HINTSA n bOOcolumn and sometimes more of hints abut will help in the work ou the form HOME HINTS Good hints on housekeeping by nn export SCHOOLA running article ou how to tench to make your school one of the lost in tho stale byone of the lest teachers in tho state THE SUNDAY SCHOOL LESSONA full column everyweek STORIESA fine good iutort8lingtiscitiu serial story nil the time and often a good short story n week TEMPER A column of good reading about temperance AND OTHER THINGSYou nil kruw how many other good things you get in Tut CITIZEN ninny of the things that you onnt gut In ntiy other paper And nil for FIOO the price of lots of poorer papers That la our host bnrgttin Dont mills it Send in your dollar for another year if your subscription is out But we hero other bargains we have made arrangements GO that we can sell several very good things to our subscribers nt low prices To pow subscribers wo give thlngtf so they will have itclnim to learn what n good paper TUB Cmzut is but after boy have once road it wo cannot afford to give things with it for It is worth more than the dollar it costs nut vo onn soil you numo other things cheap paporJIoroNo IThat Citizen Knife Most of you know It We give It nwny to tow subscribers hut 0111 OUCH can buy it from us for twenty live cents when thny renew their paper The knlfS 76 conts Tlie Oltl2n lOO Until worth 170 fur 186 No 2The Farmers Rapid Calculator n thirty five ont book tltttt Is worth several dollars to any up to Unto farmer It tl111 what you want to know about almost anything on the form It is a good book nu illHcnsiH of horses cattle nbeop and hogs this you how to know what Is the matter anti what to do It gives figure tflllH you how to reckon IntermIt It you Jfavo borrowed or leaned money or how wooly of corn there are In aloud that weighs so moll or how fo measure the corn In a crib or in n pile and how much seed it takes to plant niiacro or how innuy brick to built n chimney anti lute of things of that kind And It has places for you to kooptCCOUIlfotYQuroXfIJllliollnlld earn ings and uf what you bought and pold lend nn3ttlltlg rtlRO farm is feet the tlllllg you want Tho Calculator 8li coals The Citizen 10U Moth worth 110M forer10it No 3The National Handy Package Just the thlllg your wifo has boon looking for Needles and puts of nth kinds More than a quarters worth It usually sells for a quarter Wo sell It with The 110No4AFor school toiiohnrx or studotits or hiiHlneKH nlonfor any one that wants a pen handy often AVo soil It with The Citizen for 60 cents Tho fountain pen lGO The GllUuti worth 2tO for IIm No SA book Tko Mountain of Kentucky By William If Ifaney a mountain man tolling the history mid the present coiiilUion uf the mountain as ho sees thorn The book Is worth JlCObut wo will it with Tile Citizen for 60 cents Tho book J160 Tho Citizen JlOO Uoth worth mo for 160 No 6 Another book Jesus of Nazareth A flue urn of Christ by tho Itev Dr William E liartou A fine book In beautiful binding with 850 Illustrations an ornament to 111 homo nnd a good book to rend Tho usual price Is260 but wo soil It for JlOO Tho book S2CO The Citizen 5100 Uoth worth MCO for 20- 0You can get one of these with Your Citizen They are easy to get Just write to The Citizen Berca Ky Toll us that you want to renew plnllllfhoalso sold your check OR YOU CAN GO TO OUR AGENTS Wo have a lot of them and can take subscriptions nnd solid your name and money nod most of them can give you the premiums If they havent them wo will send thorn to you as soon as we get your money Nu premium aro vent till tho money in paid If you want to do that go to one of UIVBO people IlreiilhlU CountsAndrew Bowman Atliol Clay County Mr Murjr K Murray Burning Fnilngi Henry Held SMoll Etlll County Tillthn Logwlon Happy top June n lane Cedar Grovel Irvine Sallie M Kindred Loeuit Branch Mr Jill Lane Hlcei Station liirrnnl County National Bank of Lanratter Lancaster JnckionCouii IIWtlllamsAloornl1r A TNzlAunvlile J to Bailer Uradilmw Mlw Anna Powell Clover Bottom J W Sons Ktcrgrccn Jackson County flank McKcc N J Coyle Foxtiwn J P Tlncher Gray Hawk Mln Mangle Jlenge Hugh J H IlejnoliU McKee Pelts Ansel Mlddlefork Mln Florence Durham Said OI1IIIlda King Olin Lnurrl County O P NeUon Tempter aiiiilUon CuullirMMI Eva lone Dreylu- iOulty County J 0 Itonlett Tr Tclcr Re1ti pcpoilt peak Bnoncvllle- ItockcnutU County Cltlzent Bank Brodliead D 0 Iulllru Conway Pan Ponder Oauley B f Button Level Green J W Dooley Withers I DONT WAIT RENEW NOW II f rJI