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Citizen (Berea, Ky.): January 12, 1911 Citizen (Berea, Ky.) 300dpi TIFF G4 page images T.G. Pasco Berea, KY 1911 cit1911011201_sn85052076 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Citizen (Berea, Ky.): January 12, 1911 Citizen (Berea, Ky.) T.G. Pasco Berea, KY 1911 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. 1 , It L"5 I HENT ' S OF V CE. I3EHEA KY. I BERJtA PUBLISHING CO. J. (INCOItl'imATKIIJ P. FAULKNER, Manager A'y Knltrtd at tSt l'oil effitt at Hrrra, ttau mail nnllrr. , ai itnnd Devoted to title Intereats of title Mountain People BEREA, MADISON COUNTY, KENTUCKY, JANUARY 12, 1011 One Dollar n year. No. 20 The Citizen "BLOODY" BREATHITT BOODLING ADAMS. For yours it 1ms boon Breathitt County, Kentucky. Now it is Adams County, Ohio, or nliould ho. "Bloody" Breathitt; lioodling Adams. Blood and Boodle. Note ttio composition of tlio words. VJoofcbocomcn blood by the dropping of tlio "o" and n renrrango-men- t of the letters, or bloody, if the "o" in changed to "y." But wo hesitate to suggest an easy interchange of tlio words. It can hardly 'now bo called Bloody Adams. If wo knew a little less, and, if for tho last twenty. five years wo hnd seen and heard and eiporiunced a littlo loss, and wero not afraid of being accused of living in n glass house, wo should bo inclined to Hay that the ox hibitiou Adams County has given of herself shows a want of red blood that hers is tho crimo of n decaying, a degraded, an anaemic population. If no, inoro in tho pity; lens the hope. A hundred thousand strong, Ohio marched, moved by the spec taclo of tho Negro on the auctioneer's block. This nas her glory.. Three thousand and six hundred strong, white inen of Adams County, Ohio, scramble on to the block and cry themselves of! to the highest bidder. This is Ohio's shame disgrace. Rivers of her best blood to secure the suffrage for tho nogro; the votes of her own white sons for boodle $1.00 to $25.00 per head. Is Adams county worse thau anywhere else? Wo hope it is; we fear it is not. As hinted nbovo, owing to the fact that we could place a finger upon some sore spots, we nro afraid to throw very largo stones. Vote selling and vote buying. Adams county sets nil the good, liberty loving, the patriotic to thinking. Men tcill barter the blood of their fathers make Merchandise of liberty, their birthright. It is inconceivable that a sane man could be so low. It staggers one's confidenco in the rncc. It unsettles hia faith in Democracy. It is a time forvconsistency and that consistency will demand that we tear down our Statue of Liberty or educate for a new order of Citizenship. Let us do tho latter. Knowledge la power and the way to keep up with modern knowledge is to read a good newspaper. Vol. XII. Five cetitfl a copy. SALE We are on the Job NOW YOU GET BUSY The Biggest Sale YOU FIRST DETERMINE TO SAVE You may be planning various things for your progress and advancement during this new year. The most important of these is for you to determine first of all to save. A snug bank account will serve to give you confidence and free your mind from worry, thereby enabling you to devote your entire attention to bringing your plans to success. $1.00 will open a savings account with this bank. WE EVERj HAD 4 & EVERj BOUGHT The Biggest Bargains 1 SALE STARTS DEDICATION OF BEREA METHODIST CHURCH Stirring Sermon by Dr. W. D. Parr of Indiana Subscriptions Amounting to $4,500 Received Dedicatory Service Proper at Night. On September 29, 1909, Under the pastorato of Rov. S. SI. Carrier, tho corner stono of tho first Methodist Church in Berea was laid. Tho sito chosen for tho church is on Chestnut Street opposite the junction of Boono Street. For mora than a year tho little congregation, which only numbers about forty, has been struggling with . tho difficult problems ot tho orcctlon of their houso of 'worship, tho securing of funds for that purpose and tho payment of their pastor's salary. On last Sunday Jan. 8th, they witnessed the glorious consura-atlo- n of their prayers and efforts, for that was dedication day. Slnco tho last session of tho conference at PalntsTllle tho official board and. the littlo congregation have been greatly strengthened and helped by tho efficient of their pastor, tho Roy. Isaiah Kline. Saturday, January 7 th R. R. COYLE - Berea, Ky. NEWS A OFJE WEEK IN OUR m Win. STATE May Call Pri- New Experiment In Oregon Possibility of Venus being; Inhabited-Whole- sale Bribery In Ohio Suit Against Shipping; Trust. TUBERCULIN TEST Experiments made by Chicago Uni- Judge O'Rear May Become a Candidate for Governor New President for State University marySquatters O'REAR FOR GOVERNOR versity, Northwestern Unlvorslty and Government exports substantiate tho contention o( Chicago's Commissioner ot Health that tuberculosis Is being old to tho Inhabitants ot Chicago by the milk venders. Tho tests show that a halt of onb percent ot tho It has been known for rjulto a while that Judgo O'Rear has been considering the wisdom ot entering tho lists tor tho governorship as a Republican candidate, and It Is now stated by those who aro mora or less closely related to the Judgo that ho will prob ably becomo a candidate It Is Cantliunl on fifth Pace jijjj NEW BEREA METHODIST CHURCH attention of his audience by his logical reasoning, persuasive, eloquence, and stirring appeals; and when, at tho closo of tho sermon, It was announced that a collection would bo taken to cover tho Indebtedness of tho church preparatory to its dedication, the audience seemed to ho ready for that duty and remained unbroken, interested and in thorough sympathy with every movement unand til another hour had elapsed tho indebtedness was liquidated Vy tho magnanimous gifts ot the various members and their friends. Tho subscriptions amounted to four thousand fivo hundred dollars. This will a littlo moro than cover tho Indebtedness on tho church at present. There wero four gifts ot fivo hundred dollars each and Bevcral ot two hundred and fifty and one hundred dollars each. Br. Frost, to show the sympathy ot Berea, announced a . 10 Day Bargain Sale, January 18 to 28 at MRS. S. R. BAKER'S milk sold in Chicago Is infected by tuberculosis germs. Farmers and dairymen have been fighting tho health department's requirements that dairymen submit to tho tuberculin test for their cows or pasteurize their milk. Backed by tho results ot thojo experiments, tho health department iu roltoratlug its requirements niul (Codtlnunl on tilth AND STILL WE WELCOME INCOMING JTUDENTS THE WEEK IN WASHINGTON Pall Over Senate at Reassembling Lining Up Against Lorimer Uncle Joe "Comes Back" Democrats Change Front. Senator Elklns' Death Beveridgo bad announced his Intention to study tho report ot tho subcommittee on tho investigation of Sonator Lorlmer'a election and he had propared tho way for such as his study might Justify Imot mediately after tho tho body. Buring tho vacation both sides had been actively at work, tho friends of Lorimer and tho advocates of decency, and almost as much copy was distributed from Washington during tho holidays as during tho session ot Congress. Beveridge to the Front ac-tl- pig. GOSPEL MEETINGS For tho first time tho protracted mooting, usually arranged by tho comes at tho very opening ot o tho term. Whlio It finds tho workers burdened by school duties, and new students unacquainted, Col-leg- o, Col-leg- success, moro than fifty having finitely bogun a Christian llfo it has yet started with surprising de- Iu tho first four mcetlugs. Brother Lyon is a remarknblo man a thorough scholar, once head ot a great school, and yet simple, forceful, entertaining withal, and a thorough HI bio preacher. Pages might bo filled with his wlso sayings. People who co mo only to hear him and tho music remain to pray and enlist In tho Lord's array. President Frost took occasion early in tho meetings to say that hu hoped all students who beglu a Christian llfo will coma out boldly, begin Christian activity under tho watch-car- o of their teachers, and Join tho church ot their parents as soon as thoy go homo. Tho music Is a great featuro. To begin with wo havo nearly tho entire Harmonla Society, with tho splendid orchestra, and Mr.Taylor at tho great piano. Then wo havo two of tho best rovival singers in Ganiblo and IUgby. Tho gonoral success ot tho nicotluKs, howovor, will mean littlo to you you and your friends como in for your sharo In its blessings. Let every ono reallzo that It Is harvest tlmo this wcok. un-lo- sa Gloom was cast ovor tho opening ot Congress after tho holidays by tho death ot Senator Elklns of West Virginia, which occurred just on tho ovo ot tho reassembling. As usual tho Senato adjourned for a day in resaddresses. pect to bis memory, and business lagTho collcgo has been very actlvo two or tbreo days In equipping now dining rooms, and ged unusually for furnishing dwelling houses for tho thereafter as If still affected by tho uso ot students, bo that all havo been loss of tho veteran Senator. Storms Brewing; comfortably provided for, and by tlio tlmo this paper roaches its readers But under tho surface a storm was thero will bo good places for twenty-fiv- o browing In tho Upper Houso, and unmoro young ladles, and twlco m expectedly tho Lower Houso also had many young men. Let us know before- Its sensation. hand, but como. Before tho adjournment Senator Tho Improved nrrangement for welcoming and classifying students havo worked so well that It is only at a Chapel gathering that wo reallzo what a groat number nro already hero for tho Winter term. And tho Chapel gatherings aro icrtalnly inspiring, with tho stirring music, tho marching, and tho ringing It was known before that Sena- - Coutluucd on fourth pat c. At tho tlmo of his coming in September tho church was not yet finished and It was not ready for tho regular Sunday services for some time, but tho work progressed rapidly and, for a fow weeks before tho dedication, services had been held in in tho auditorium, tho furanco having been gotten In place, a lighting plant installed, a bell provided and comfortable scats put In. Tho Rov. V. D. Parr, D. D., of Ind., was secured for tho dedicatory sermon and a largo crowd wus present to hear him. On tho rostrum with Br. Parr wero Dr. W. G. Frost, President ot Berea College, Rev. T. B. Stratton, District Superintendent, Rov. V. T. Willis, pastor ot tho M. E. Church, London, Ky., and tho pastor. Dr. Parr took for his text "Tlio Just Shall Llvo by Faith" and for moro than an hour held the rapt o, "SAVE THE DIFFERENCE" We Little GUARANTEE to save you 10 gift of fifty dollars on tho part ot tho College to which ho added personally fifty dollars. Tho church as It now stands is valuod at ten thousand dollars, threo' thousand dollars for the lot and seven thousand dollars for tho build- -, lng. It Is a beautiful and substun- tlal structure, as tho accompanying picture will show, tho walls being of concreto blocks, and speaks elo- quently ot tho spirit, tho ideals and tho faith of Its promoters. It is a fitting church for a college town and It it keeps tho spirit ot its present membership and pastor it can but havo a great field of scrvlco in tho causo to which it is dedicated. Dr. Parr Is ono of tho really great preachers ot Methodism as well as ono who has been helpful In many ot her educational projects. It Is nocdless to say that bo was deeply Impressed with tho work of Berea Accompanied by tho DisCollege. trict Superintendent and tho pastor bo was present In Chapel on Monday morning und took part In the exercises. Ho oppressed himself as greatly appreciating tho opportunity his visit gavo him to como into Immediate touch with Dr. Frost and tho work of Berea. Smith, a former Bcrenn, Rov. A. Is conducting revival services at tho church this woek. PER CENT on your year's supply. I. Every time you trade at WELCH'S we both make money. . GOOD THINGS THIS WEEK things soon grow to large ones, WHY NOT begin saving the DIFFERENCE today? we will start you on the right track. Come up and Hundred cents to every dollar. Oixteen ounces to every pound. Welch s The second of tho Home Courso in Health Culturo series pure water In tho home. Seo pago 8. Last week's artlclo created unexpected Interest and tho artlclo this week is still better. Every ono who Is interested in tho good roads problem should read editor Harry Sommers' address before tho good roads congress. It will bo found on pago 3. For light on Kentucky's system ot taxation and a plea for revision read tho address of A. Y. Ford on pago 7. Patfc Two THE CITIZEN QUE TO January 12, 1911 SAVINGS Fil sm.Mm BANK vaW The Citizen B FREIGHT RATES OPENING OF il I THE I POSTAL SON SUCCEEDS FATHER Gov. Glasscock family newspaper for all that la right true and Interesting;. rjr Thuthtajr it Berra, Xj. rubltrie1 IT 13 RESPONSIBLE FOR THE HIGH COST OF LIVING. II ii iiaai I rYTlT. trxwl TirwTT wis cancy to Fill Estate Probated. Appoints Va- - OMRI AND AHAB SanJjr Jcloel Unoo for Jsa. 22, 1911 Specially Arrinted forThli I'aper MemI.KHKON TKNT- -l Klmw lt:J5-ory T. ."). 15 (tOl.liCN to ln Ik a tin I Ion hut iilltth any M'iiili" I'mv H Jt. TIM It Omrl reUwil IS your fiotn tl C KM (or W3 tn SB (or W). Alutli. liU win (Ml). from II. O of Israel, l't.At'i: They wern kln with their tnpllat nt K.imtuU. s 11 MS-fi- BEREA PUBLISHING CO. (Incorporate!) A P. Faulkner, Editor and Manage Charlceilon, W. Va. (Sov. William B. Glosscoek nppolnt'-Drtvis I'lklns, of Morgnntnn, Subscription Rntos TAYABUt IN ADV'ANCX BU Month Millionaire Says That People Are Died to Pay Dividends on Nine D of Watered Stock. Akron, O. Declaring that excessive freight rates nro responsible for tbo oldest s'lti of the Into U. Bi- fulled Stutet Senator Stephen m Ttir Ii.m JJ TJirre Month ead money by rol-ofllc- f rt Kiriict Money Or r. Drift. Ktltered Letter, or oat and tw cat tlitnpa. ( The date after yonr norae on Hhel ehowi to arfcet date your uWrlptlon U paid. If It le not WHOID mice wnii auvr iibivi MlMlnr numbers will be fladly tuppiled If we are aotlfifd line Drernlnmi eheap with new nibacrlpUonf aen prompt tenewait. km lor iTemium Liberal trrtnt fleo to toy who obtain new aWriptlona for u Any one lending u, foul raarly aubacrtptlonacan redeecThe Citiaea free ferklmaelf for one year. Advertising- - raici on application. atlir na ff.l ui. MPMima or uurrtrcxY press association. Missouri authorities nro going to Import Mexican stlnglcss bees. Tbnt will bo good news for honey boy. Chicago Is designed to nttract women. Matlneo Idols win bo lis specialty, we Infer. to bavo a new theater This aviation business Is all right, but wo do wish that tho coal peoplo would quit trying for altitude records. Tbo toll of death continues. It Is a case 01 nip and tuck between tho speeding autos and tbo dashing bird men. A Colorado professor rays that peoplo get dtseaso germs by shaking hands. La Grippe from tho grip, as It were. A nttsburgcr has invented a -- "tild no by tho uso f which each man can his own crubalmer. dead ones about it. Tell tho It However, speaking of extravagance. docs look foolish for a man to mortgage a useful homo In order to buy an ornamental automobile. tear Dr. Woods Hutchinson wants to New York down and rebuild city . For a long time we bavo thought It might be improved In that way. According to a Parisian fashion hoop skirt will Journal, tho return In twenty years, but even so, wo'ro too busy to worry about that sow. old-styl- Even If woman is becoming more masculine, as tho Harvard man says, very few husbands will care to expatiate upon tbo theme by their happy firesides. A Velasquez portrait that has been missing lb'O years "has come to light tvt tho country place of tbo duke of Tho duke must llvo at Parma." XoBcsomchurst. ttatprrr; Kansas City has put tbo kibosh on fireworks, and Chicago Is beginning to round up its crooks. Let the ajood work go on. Berlin declares war on the deadly Another expedition has Just started from Now Zealand for the south pole, C. S. OSBORNE IS SWORN IN proving that tbero aro hardy peoplo who on a cold day do not especially Governor Takes Oath as Twenty-Nintcare to sit by a hot radiator. of State of Michigan at Lansing. A plpo that was onco used by Sir Walter Raleigh Is offered for salo in Lansing, Mich. Chaso S. Osborne London. In this connection we should was sworn in as tho twenty-nintlike to know whether Sir Walter ever governor of Michigan. He Is the (earned to roll his own cigarettes. II rat citizen of tho upper peninsula A battery tbo a Japan has decided to let tho em- to bold of 17 ofllce. when the fired of guns oath peror of Korea have a pension. This salute was administered to the new Is generous. It would bavo been too office governor by Chief Justice Ilussell C. bad If tho emperor had been com- Ostrander, but the gold laco usually pelled to open a laundry at bis time on Inauguration seen In profusion of llfA. days gavo place to frock coats and silk hats, Governor Osborno having That dirigible balloon lino from Bo ton to Washington will doubtless bo appointed no military staff. The biennial eosalon of tbo legislature will used at first by people who have no pressing engagements to ill no at tbo oicn Wednesday. Whlto House, us It Is impollto to Veep RENEW WAR ON TOBACCO MEN tho president waiting. h h the millionaire match magnate, has pent a letter to every member of con cress demanding reforms. In, addition to the regulation of freight rates, he tlemnnils that laws bo passed that will effectually limit railroad and industrial capitalization. He declares tbo freight business of tho railroads coats each family JS7 a year. This latter, coupled with the other earnings of the railroads, he as serts, has boosted the average rail road rost per family to $127 annually. Harber starts bis letter to the con Grossmen with Utese threo demands: "What Is tbo matter with America? "What Is tho matter with congress? "Why has tho seat of government been transferred to Wall street? Continuing, he says: "Personally, I appreciate fully tho importance of stability of vested rights In property. corporate or personal. "But I vigorously contend that tho commission of excesses In the capital ization of corporate companies forfeits Instantly the right to claim faco value for such capitalization in tho levying of a tax upon tho American public for the payment of dividends upon this watered stock. And In this offense tbo railroads always bavo set the pace. "Conceived In the master minds of Huntington, Morgan, Hill and Harrl r an, this policy has been worked out to a nicety. These clothed the scheme in the pretty catch phrase of a 'com munlty of interests' and cleverly set about to grab all the through trunk lines of railroad from coast to coast. "They argued plausibly, and with truth, that these trunk lines were tho great arteries which maintained the life of commerce; that they were a ne cessity for quick transportation. "Approximately nine billions of this 18 billions of railroad capttallza tlon Is llctltlous; purely and simply watered stock, upon which tho people of the United States arc taxed In rail road rates to maintain tho annual dividends. "Despite this tremendous stock wa tering, tbo railway net earnings bavo advanced steadily and the average div idend rato has more than doubled in the last 15 years. "In 1S34 the dividend rate wna l.CC per ccnL Last year It averaged 3.C3 per cent, and tbo railroads earned a net Income' of $852,163,280. "And tho people paid the freight! "Railroad presidents Indignantly deny that freight rates affect the cost of existence. James J. Hill and W. C. Browne declare low acreage produc tion by tho farmer Is responsible for high prices. "Trust magnates disagree. All seek to shift the responsibility. S. It. Gug genheim says It Is extravagance on tho part of tho laborer. Ogden Armour says It is the law of nature. of railroad "This one problem freight rates is the great economic question of the age. Were It fairly solved all other lines cf commerco and trade would soon adjust them-sehe- s and a more equitable distribution of the products of business would result. "What nro you going to do about it! "Yours In militant sincerity, (Signed) "O. C. BARBER." high cost of living, Ohio C. Uarbcr, The assets of the Conaghan savings bank are turned over by President Conaghan, aged II, to the Postal bank, being the first deposit. king (o succeed h! father In emigre. The appointment will hold good merely for the time that elapses between the appointment and the action of th log. IsLiturn that niakia the choice of tuo new senator Dnvu Blklus Is :(.'. years of age, nnd tho president of the Murganfimn nml Exciting run started by a deporltor Kliigwixnl ltnllroad Co. lie ha shown In the Sock National bank, the bust In nets of which was taken over by the his power ami ability In pollll such nn extent that for some time ho Postal Savings bank. Im been tbo real handler of hla fa- ther's political fortunes. Tho will of the late Senator Stephen H. KIMns has been probated. Tho West Vlrglnln Trust Co., Davis Blklus ami Stephen 11. Bll;In., Jr. worn undo under the will. The oM.ito will anumnt to between ? 1,000,000 and 1 15,000,"00 at a conservathc estimate. PLAYED "INDIAN." Boy's Head Excited depositors surrounding the AcSavings bank. Old Coffee-Po- t counts transferred to the Postal bank. Scene when the Mattress opened for business. Blown From His ShoulBy Companion. u.i nrM-L- i ders bank tn INDICT TWENTY-TW- DYNAMITERS INDICTMENTS RE. IN TURNED LOS ANGELES TIMES INVESTIGATION. I'nna, Marhci, 1.1, Is dead, accidentally killed by bin cliiitu, George Satolls, '.. MiichezV head was Mown completely ofT with n discharge1 of shot from a Spriuglleld rltlo. LIMIT Is not. under arrest. SETJW REPARATION The two boys had been on friendly terms for INTERSTATE COMMERCE BODY n long while They wero "pl.iylng Indian." Several forms of mimicry woro LAYS DOWN NEW RULE. tried when tlnally Satolls secured a Deelarea That Rebates for Unjust Rim. "Look out, I'm going to shoot'" ho warned Machoz. With thin bo tired. Rates Will Not Be Allowed In All Cases. Sa-tol- ls CHARGE WHOLESALE MURDER Names Are Withheld Until Arrests Not Can Be Made Understood More Than Three or Four Are Named In Bills. Los Angeles, Cal. The grand Jury the Los Angeles Times explosion caso Thursday returned 22 IndictIn Moro than forty witnesses, tho ma with the of them Identified wero summoned union movement, from San Francisco and other cities. It Is not likely that tho names of any of the Indicted will be made public until after arrests bavo been made. It Is believed a number of San Francisco men hnvo been Indicted. Wholesale murder, tho outcome of a dynamite plot. Is understood to be the charge set forth in all the Indictments, but it Is thought that not more than three or four men aro named In the true bills. The return of the Indictments was the culmination of a disaster that excited Uie people of Iah Angeles to a degree that for a few days bordered almost upon panic and resulted In the offering of rewards aggregating almost ments. jority Washington. Tho Interstate Commerco Commission has laid down a new rulo to tho effect that the awarding of reparation will not necessarily follow tho reduction of n rate, whether it be dont by tho voluntary action of tbo railroad or through an order of the commission. For several years each reparation caso presented to the commission has been determined on the facts adduced at tho bearings without reference to any rulo of practlco of tho commission. On account of the Immense number of reparation complaints filed by shippers. It has been deemed necessary that certain general principles bo laid down. These principles aro presented by Judge Clements In tho caso of tho Anadarko Cotton Oil company against the Atchison, Topcka Sc. Santa Fe railway and other Minister Straus Resigns. Washington. Oicar Solomon Stratm, of New York, former cabinet minister nnd for moro than a year and a half American ambassador to Turkey, has resigned hln ;ost at Conslantlnnp'lf. It carriers. J 100.000. BILLS TO CURB RAILROADS Member of the Missouri Commission Prepares Measure for the Legis- lature's Enactment. Wise In their day and generation U. S. Supreme Court Opens Hearing and Receives Broadside of aro Paris modistes wbo announce Trust Lawyers. that their latest gowns nro mado to button In front. Now there will bo Washington. Tho second fight of leas kicking ou tho part of tho tho American Tobacco corporations wbo bavo to pay the bills. against dissolution by decreo of tho Prlnco Henry of Prussia has been Supreme court of tbo United States t law was flying aloug In military aeroplanes. under tho Sherman This Ih a Held whero right of birth begun Thurfday when their attorneys does not count. A prlhro Is on tho advanced ti fuslllado of arguments in tamo level as any other man. and behalf of their cause. The suit under the Sherman antimust prove tbo courago and ability to "todo work for which no amount of b'gh trust law to dissolve tbo titles will avail in doing. 1'rlnco Henry bacco trust" was Instituted In 1907. is to bo congratulated on thus doing Oletz Released on Ball, tho work ulbo of a man. llayward. Wis. John F. Dletr was The western htatos us u rule make Friday released from tho J lay ward a crcdltablu showing In tbo new fed' county Jail following thu approval of oral census. Hut tbo figures show the his bonds by Judge niordari, and on J fallacy of the idea that they aro grow-Io- order or louuty Attorney Williams, much faster than tbo eastern com- the new prosecutor. monwealths. Illinois, for Instance, Marrlea Would Be Slayer, gained 817,011, or 1C.9 per cent., In population during tho Ictt ten years. Ann Arbor, Mlcb. Lulu Lelsmer of Hut New York statu increased 1,814,-383-, ttila cltv. the irlrl who fell 125 feet or 2S.4 per cent., In the uamo down an abandoned mine shaft at time. The cast Is not taking a back-at- , Ishpomlng last May, Saturday married or 'uijtns and is still progrcabiric In health' the man suipocieu her In. Jul fashion, hus-bandanti-trus- Jefferson City, Mo. H. II. Ogles- by, a member of tho board of rail IN FIGHT DIE has Issued a "REDS' road commissioners, statement In which he outlines bills the board will ask tho legislature to Six Die After Shooting Eight In Battle pass nt this session. Thcso give the List of Injured la Long. coniralsiiloners moro power in regu lation of tho railroads. Among theseIxndon. In a pitched battlo In the bills aro the following: anTo rive th totnmlaalon more power over heart of London Tuesday six express companies to prevent chnrKca In archist were slain, threo pollce'offl-cent- , rxcei-- of printed tariff. nnd to Ktve cities threo civilians and two soldiers of certain rl.is free delivery. wore shot and a number of flrcmeu expresa com To prevent rallroiuw and Injured. panies from holding claims an unreasonof time. able Tho nnarchlsts, armed with rapid-firinprevent rallroaa companies from To guns, and barricaded In their delaying frelitlit an unreasonable length Sidney street quarters in a of tlm In transit. building, fought 1.500 policemen and the weighing of coal by the rail roads nt the destination to prevent the two half companies of soldiers, ai shortage on shipments of coat In open well as a squad of artillerymen, for cars. hours. Mr, Oglcsby believes tho legislature They wero driven, finally, to the will Increase the powers of the com roof. Tho building bad been set an mission. fire, cither by tbo pollco to "smoke suspects or br the men themAS STEEL HEAD out" the avoid capture. When COREY QUITS tbo selves to supports burned tbo roof fell, nnd the President of U. 8, Corporation Sends anarchists fell Into seething furnace. No Successor In Resignation Tho dead anarchists are believed Is Likely. to havo belonged to a band that wns King George V. during Now York. William Ellis Corey. plotting to kill for seven yenrs president of tho his coronation ceremonies. United States Steel corporation, reGOV. F0SS HITS PARTY "BOSS" signed that olllco Tuesday, tho resignation to take effect at the pleasure Asks That Full Power Be Given to of the board of directors. Voters Advocates Many Other It Is probable that for tho present Reforms. there will bo no successor elected to noston. Advanced measures against succeed Mr. Corey, and In a statement Issued by Judge K. 11. Gary, chairman "bobs rulo" and for popular control ol of tho board of directors and flnanco government, such as direct nominacommittco of the corporation, be indi- tions, tho recall and the Initiative nnd cated plainly that ho himself would referendum, were advocated by Gov, discharge the duties of the ofllce va- Kugciu N Foss In his Inaugural address Thursday. cated by Mr. Corty. s g four-story Cottonseed oil (s a large product of Oklahoma. Much of It Is shipped by rail to Galveston, Tex., for transshipment by water to various ports of the world. Uy the terms of tho decision handed down tbo rates on cottonseed oil are reduced materially from points In Oklahoma to Galveston, tho reduction amounting to about four cents a hundred pounds, approximately 16 per cent. The existing rates wero declared to ho unreasonable and definite rates for the future wero fixed. No order Is mado by the commls slon, but the carriers are given 90 days In which to adjust their rates In con formlty with the opinion of tho com mission. Reparation, however. Is not granted In tho case, although It was prnjed for by tbo coraolalnanL OSCAR 8. STRAUS. Ambassador to Turkey. has been known for Fomo tlmo that Mr. Straus Intended severing his con nection with tho diplomatic service, W. Iiockhlll, William the present American ambassador to Russia, is likely to succeed him, although this Is by no means certain, ns several ittmea In the thirty nnd llrst year of Ami king of Judnh began Omrl to rolgn uer Israel. Omrl was tho gnnernl of Israel's nnny In tho unsettled nnd times that followed Ran trouhtnii sha's reign. Ilcfnro his rail to bo king wo know nothing about him. He wai. tho sixth king of Israel, and founded the fourth dytmsty, which Innted sixty year, with four kings. When first brought to notice ho was lighting for his country against tho rhlllMlnos nt Glbbetlinn. Another general mimed T(mrl was put forward ns ktng, nnd there wa war for several yearit be Flnnll tween ibeno two warriors. Omrl had full possexslou of thr kink dom. Ills first work wns to cbnosn a bet tor site for his capital, for Tlrznh had doubtless boon Injured In tho hIorc. nnd Its location was not the for defense. Ho bought tbo hill Knnmrla for his enpltal. This rholro proved his sagacity as a general and stntes-mnn- . The superior strateglo position of Hatimrla. n conical hill Mamllng 40l feet nbovo the base of the broad val ley, la evidenced by the long Hlogi which It endured, nnd tho stixit roslst-nncwhich It offered to the nnulos of Sargoti, Omrl wrought evil. Wo are not told tho particulars of Omrl'ri sin, tnit Ml rnh says: "For tho statutes of Omrl aro kept." "Wo raiinnt doubt that those 'statutes of Omrl' wore measures adopted for more completely Isolating the people of Israel from tho service of tho house or the I.ord at Jerusalem. perhaps of in ii ml of perpetuating creasing their Idolatrous practlcoti" Men thought him rich and pros'iorou. but God looks on the heart and not on outward appearances. Tho retribution for Omrl's courso did not rouio nil nt once for tho nation, but tho seeds of ruin worn coming up llko upas trees. Ahab, tho son of Omrl, followed his father Omrl In his military traditions nnd prowess but still moro In the Idotatrnns ten dcnclcs, tho debased morality, tho with heathen tintlon!. tho neglect of truo religion, tho downward courso townrd ruin, which e.hnracteri lzed Omrl's reign. Instead of being n positive, creative force for good, ho sailed with the downward tide, us a boat without engine or rower down tho rapids of Niagara toward tho fall "It takes live fish to swim up stream." "A boy's will Is tho wind's will." Aliali "was a man not destitute of ability, not devoid of patriotism, not wanting In courago, nt times not but perfectly Indifferent to tbo obligations under which ho lay at. ruler ot a nation which God had taken Into covenant with himself." Ho war ogutlsticnl, covetous, nelllsh. cruel, tho worst of Israel's evil kings, llo took to wlfo JozoInjI, tbo daughter of Ih-s- I Kth-ba- arc under consideration. PRESIDENT TAFT Heads List cf Speakers For Southern Commercial Congress. Atlanta, (la. Tho program for tho Southern Commercial emigivrs, which will bo held hero on March S, p anil I'rostdont 10, has been completed. Taft heads the list ot speaker, who havu been invited to attend, and most of whom havo accopted. Others nro y Col. Ittosovelt, Wood row Wilson, n Wilson, Secretary of War and 'Mayor ilnynor, ot Now See-rotarDlel:-Inso- York. Madero Reported Dead. Chihuahua, Mux. Francisco I. Madero, leader of tho revolutionary party In Mexico, has Itocn located ou ,i farm near Son Carlos, Co.ihulla. Ho had been reported billed by War. troops. Greeks Robbed. Columbus, O. tJustav Tulos, I'eter mid Tom Glcotiopulas, Gits Dallas Klnikos, Greek hcetlnn hands living in n camp car at Wo.Ftervlllo. wero held tip by two men as they tat tlnwtt to their suiiper, and, after being bound to tho stanchions of tho ear and chloroformed, wore robbed of ,$1,0')0. Tho hold up men oBcaped. Cottly Fire in Chile. Santiago, Chile. Tho central sta. tlon of tho entire electric and telegraphic plant of the city wns destroy-rby fire. Ten dining, Pullman and presidential ears weto burned. This lots is estimated at U.000,000. Will Wear Robes cf Forbears. Loudon. Whilo Queen Mury has set thu uxamplo In com t nnd society of ordering all her clothes for tho coronation season to bo made in Kiiglnrjil, f ot purely Kngllsh 'mutcrial, both ond King Georgo wfil wear, the Iter-oel- d Baer Out of Lehigh. Philadelphia. President Gcorcn V. nacr cf tho Heading company Frldav refined aH a director In the Lehigh Valley railway. It is said that Mr. liner does not approve of the courso of the controllng Interehts of the high Vulley. I. Conductor., Are Discharged. Terre Hauto, Ind. All except two of the passenger conductors of tbo Chicago, Terre Hnuto & Southeastern railroad wero let out Thursday without notice, In advance, and with no reason given. They have been with the road for fn..iy years. Wreck, Union of South Africa. Fifteen persons were killed and for ly or fifty others Injured Thursday In the wreck of a passenger train .tear Nathcart, Cape Colony. 15 Dead In African , them In oxnlted power, loao n terrible mark on tho nnnals of nations. What tbo Ktnpross Irene was In tho history of Constantinople, or tho 'She-wol-f of Fninto' In that of Bngland. or Catherine do Medici In that of Franco, that Jozebul was In tho history of Palestine. Jezebel stands out nn tlx page of sacred history as tho first supporter of religious persecution. Such fanaticism Is n frequent concomitant of guilt. She is tho authentic authorosf of priestly Inquisitions. If no king to completely "sold himself to work wickedness" as Ahab, It was because-"Jezebe-l his wlfo stirred blur up." llo went and served llaal, und wor shipped him. Tho downward eotirsw of religion is marked If not measured by tho fact that wbllo Solomon allowed his heathen wives to worship tholr gods, but did not Join In tho wor ship, Ahab rejected Jehovah by Joining his wlfo In worshiping tho Idol. It Is of tho utmost Importance to nvold false friendships and companionship with tho bud, Bvery power for good In true friendship Ih n power for evil In the false. Our environment, tho persons with whom wo como in contact, especially If wo udnilro them, aro among thu most potent far. tots for good or evil In our Uvea A great deal of evil conies from false friendship. Tho danger Is doubly great because It conies under the guise of friendliness n wolf In sheep's clothing. "Give me," says one, "a roaring devil rather limn u ninepins oho; for u sleeping devil makes mo slumber, but roaring onus provoke unto run to my Master." Many arc ruined by bad companionship! How large u part of drunkennesH comes from tlio custom of soclul drinking! How many nro kept away from Christ and hoOTim by fear of their friends! Looking Ahead. Wo ruuuot change the record of the by bemoaning It; wo can not pai-- t .ttralghten tbo crooked furrows by looking buck over the dlstanro wo hae come, but keep your eyo to tho front and make the lest of tbo straight Rev. P, M. Htrayor, "Tho shadow of Queen Jezebel falls datk for mnny years over tho history of Israel and Judah. Shu was one of those masterful, Indomitable, Implacable women who, when fate place Fa I i With Monoplane; Unhurt Ilnllau. Tel. Ileno Klmnn fell In a Blnrlot monoplane as he was attempt- Ing to mane a miming ncre rrway. nachine was overturned and rem eo Simon was cot Injured. same ceremonial robeH at their coronation on Juno 23 as wero inado for King I'd ward and Queen Alexandria, I'h'ladalphla. William (1. Myers, former past exalted grind ruler of the KIkn. nnd the orlglral "Hello LUIl" It I'end. I'renl'Werlan, Rochester, N. Y January 12, 1911 THE CITIZEN monwealth attorneys' salaried nnd many other things II Is bo embodied Id our laws that the state li th unit that It Is almost fundamental. Compared With School Tax. "I do 'not liMlcvn that there Is an Intelligent man within tho round of my voice who would openly oppose tbo state school tax of 224 c.n!t on tho (100 becatiBo his county pnld Into the state treasury more than It drew nut. No man lias over ndvorated the rcpenl of that law. Any candidate for the leg. Islaturc who would make the raco upon tho platform of tho repeal of the school tax because bis county did not pet back as much as it paid In would be overwhelmingly defeated. Why! Because It Is recognized ns nn nbso-Intnecessity for tho rich counties nt Kentucky to help lo odiiento the children of the poor counties In order lo maintain our public sehol system. Ncnrly half the counties In Kentucky nro ns li'lplem to build good nmdl without stato aid as they would be to mntntiiln public schools without statu aid. Iteallzlng the value which stato nld has been to other states no one can object to it In Kentucky except iikii the mcst sclllslt motives of Haying In a little more Into tho stato trensury thnit they enn draw out, nnd do not be lieu that Kentucky Is going to be governed by that narrow fplilt. Those few peorb) who nro crying out against the small tax of 5 cents o 1 Page Three CENSUS FIGURES, HARRY SOMMERS' ADDRESS ADVOCATING GOOD ROADS A HOPEFUL OUTLOOK Mercantile Agencies Point Out En couranlng Features In Prospective Trade Conditions. New York. It, O. Dun & Co.'s Week-lItevlcw of Trade said! Thero Is little or no change In tbo stato of the larger trades. Contraction of output continues In Iron and steel, but the outlook for tho new year Is regarded as encouraging. In tho month of December 27 additional furnaces wero blown out and tho dally rates of production foil from 63,050 to y KENTUCKY GLEANINGS t WHAT IS GOING ON IN DIFFERENT SECTIONS OF Delivered to the Members of the Kentucky Good Roads Congress In Louisville. Ono of tho principal addresses At the congress of llio Kentucky (Jool Roads association, held In Louisville last week, wn mado by Harry A. Som. a mere, of ICllrabctbtown. Ky. Mr. has Riven this subject much ttudy and Is an nuthoiity. HU address In favor of tlio good roads movement was as follows: "It In evident that In Kentucky wo have dono thoso tilings which wo ought not to haw dono nnd loft thoso things which wo should havo done. Dctwcon our political feuds, our blood feuds la the mountains and our tobacco feuds In Central ind Western Kentucky wo havo rebelled both capital and Immigration from our borders. "Wo bavo neglected tho education of our children until Illiteracy Is a reproach to the state. We bavo left comparatively untouched the groat Som-moro Frankfort Tho Ccns.us Bureau announced the population of the follow, ing Kentucky towmt: Dellevue, G.C8.1, ocmpared with 0,332 In 1900; llromloy 819, compared with 543; Dayton, fi,979V compared with C.104; Fort Mitchell, 80; Ludlow, 4,1C2, compared withv 3,334; Bouthgate, C27, and West Covington, 1,750, compared with l.COC. MODEL INSTITUTION. THE COMMONWEALTH Tho committee endeavored to make It so plain and simple; In a synopsis form that It could bo susceptible of but ono construction, tho 17,252 ton, or nearly 28,000 tons less ono tho framers Intended It should than In tho corresponding period of 1909. However, prices at all lending have. "Kentucky I a unit. Outside the centers still dlsp!ay a tendency tostnto n citizen Is known only ns a ward greater weakness and buyers arc holding back In tbo hopo that further whether he balls from tho mountains, tho Illucgrnss or Western coiHessIonj will bo' granted. Kentucky. No man can rise to disfrom Chicago and Pittsburg InIn any part of this commontinction dicate a better Inquiry from tho railwealth that tho luster of his name U roads, while the outlook In tho strucnot shed upon tho whole stnto. No tural division is considered quite great crlmo can bo committed In tho promising. most remote section that tho shame of Hetallors of dry goods the country It does not fall upon Kentucky. We over nro pushing sales of whlto goods need to give force and effect to tho and domestics, while Jobbers arc busy motto of our state, 'United We Stand, bringing out their now lines of spring and everywhere, Divided We Kail goods for house display. Iluycrs aro showing Increased activity In tbo marfrom the Hlg Sandy to the Mississippi, there should bo a united and concertkets. ed effort to put Kentucky where she on the $100 from selfishnes.) nro cryTrouble With Prices. properly belongs, at the forefront of ing out before even their pochetbooks Selling agents In both cottons and nro hurl. We brllovo that the stnto the States. woolens, In sl!k lines, supervision in tho construction ot It very as well as ndjust prices find difficult to roads would save la the rich counties of tho sutaInod high cost of more than the tax they pay, that lu raw material and production, while the enil tho Increased prosperity of buyers aro operating only for Immethe pauper counties by tho building diate needs. The movement In somo of good roads vvouid scon take many directions is hampered by slow delivof thctu out of the pauper list, and eries. A very fair export trado In cotIn ten yearn tho state would bo that Is now reported with tho far east paid back n largo Interest on the tons Tho footwear market continues InIn roadB by an money Invested quiet anil unchanged. New Eng'and creased valuation of property. producers have but a small reserve for Two Per Cent Provision. spring cutting but buyers generally "There Is n section ot the synopsis arc known to bo carrying meager of tbo bill to be discussed which Is a stocks. Eccilon that has been overlooked by Among the Banks. many. It is tho section which proTotal bank exchanges this week at vides that no county shall receive nny all leading cities In tho United States year more than 2 per rent of tho state amount to $2,90(5,310,490, a decrease This stnto fund will bo fund. as compared with last year of 19.2 per $.",00,000. nnd 2 per cent of cent and of 3.8 per cent compared with will be $10,000 Any county receivIt 1J09. decrease at New York city will 1k U veryThe amount ing this maximum pronounced and exerts as usual drawing out of the state treasury moro a most unfavorable inllucnce upon the than It pays lu unless tho assessed total, tho loss at that city being 28.2 viiluation of the county Is $20,000,000 per cent compared with tho correc.r more. In Kentucky .ve have less sponding flvo days a year ago. At outten counties where tho property side cities the comparison Is comparathan Is valued nt $20,000,000 or more., nnd tively satisfactory, with a falling off these would bo the only ones which of only 4.4 per cent, although only 4 would of necessity contribute more to out of the 1.1 reporting make gains, tbo road fund than they could draw namely, Ualtlmorc, St. I.ouls, Kausao All of these rich counties City from it. and San Francisco. The daily have large t itles In them. There cities average also shows further Increase havo been built up by tho country, and In tho percentage of loss over last It Ii nothing more than right and Just year, but In this respect there Is a should help to build that In turn they gain compared with 1909. i p tho country, for the reason that In In the end they would become Now York. Iirad street's letter said: Uuslness failures in tho United "Allow me to refer to our publlo States for tho week ending January 5 school system ngain. Under the of the law a tax of 22'-.- . cents wero 291, against 251 last week, 271 Is levied on all tho property of tho in tho like week of jftlO, 329 In 1909, state nnd paid into the state treasury. 13.". in 190S and 283 it. 1907. Business failures hi Canada for tho !t Is disbursed according tl tho number of children in each county, and tho week number 27, which compares with tin) hn'l tO nisi 3 Bifida 35 last week and 33 In the like week r.Mr.lV I ..... . ill in ..niI il.. i Imnotlt nf llila fund. of 1J10. II, t, SOMMERS, HARRY The Export Trade. The state aid to roads la on a much Editor Ellzabethtown (Kentucky) News, and Good Roads Advocate. fairer proposition than this. It proWheat, Including flour, exports from vides that not n dollar of the tutn tho United States and Canada for tho State Aid Not New. wealth which tho Creator stored In county which week ending January 5 (Portland, We of our mountains. tho bowe'fl "Tbo question of state aid Is no new money shnll go to nny splendid timber thing. Over ststy millions havo been docs not cocr It with cither $1 or fi Ore., advices not received) aggrcgato havo fihlpicd out our to bo manufactured In other states, In- appropriated by the various Btates in of its own money, to bu used in tho 2.5GS.914 bush, against 2,179,929 last stead of manufacturing It at home. tho union to aid In tho contraction of construction of tho roads according week nnd 3,1S1.H.r, last year. Tor tha pay. In other words, 27 weeks ending January 5. exports Thirty-twWo have legislated against tho rail- metal hlghwnys. states to Its ability to to roads, those great pioneers of prog- arc aiding In various ways In tho con- if tho stato puts up $300,000 n yearwill aro 03,59S,S47 bush, against 90,91:5,234 In the corresponding period last year. ress and development, Instead of en- struction of roads. I havo the Inst re- nld In road building, tho counticB $l,00O,-00Corn exports for tho week aro 3,249,-37couraging them to extend their lines. port of tbo federal highways depart- bavo to put up frqm $300,000 to years This means that In ten bush, against 1,149,411 last week An a result of nil this tho census figment nt Washington City, which 3hows 10,000 to 12,000 and 1,730,CS4 In 1910. For tho 27 ures nhow that only three states In what tho various states aro doing In there will be from In Kcntuckj weeks cudlng January 5 corn exports tho Union have a smaller percentage this direction, Maryland has appro miles of good roads built comaro 13.33S.C49 bush, against 10.4C4.597 Is It not prlated for this year $350,000, Massa- according to the direction of a of growth than Kentucky. engineer nnd after the lout year. civil' tlmo to turn over a new leaf Just be- chusetts $500,000. Now Jersey lias petentnpproved methods of road buildfore tho Now Year nnd use to tho f till-- spent $2,S39,735, nnd has appropriated mcst to develop extent the great advantages which for 1910 $300,001). In thU connection I ing. This will do moro It than tho Kentucky and to enrich nature, has laid at our feet nnd which would say that Now Jersey U tho money spent In any opportunity has brought to our door j.loneer stnt in granting nld, nnd nn u samo amount of way." "In ray humble opinion the first nnd result It shows double the lucres so of other greatest step for the material develop- population of nny state on tho AtlanCincinnati Grain Market. Devouring His Books. ment of Kentucky was taken last fall tic seaboard. New York hns appro"Yes," Eald Mrs. Lapsllng, "Johnny Flour Winter patents $4.30a1.C3 at tho good roads meeting when this priated $11,000,000, and hns set aside congress was called and n committee for this year $2,500,000. Pennsylvania, Is getting along splendidly at school. do family $3.20a3.40. low grade $2.50a spring appointed to draft a state aid bill for the second stato In growth lu the cast, He has utmost finished alimentary 2.70, $4.83a5.20.patent $3.60a5.75,2 do family red 99a Wheat No. public highways to be' submitted to It. has appropriated $8,221,01)0, and for arithmetic." $1.02, No. Il red 92a97c. No. 4 85a93c. Wnsbington, Is not my purpose to discuss nt this tho year 1910 $1,000,000. It No. 3 Corn No. 2 whlto Honey In Switzerland. time In detail tho value of good roads which outgrow any of tho Pacific 47a47c, No. 2 yollow 47'a Though but a small nation, Switzer- whiteNo. :i yellow 47a47t,c, No. 2 or tho cost pf bad ones. I merely wish Btates, has appropriated $020,000 for 48c, to omphaHlzo that bad roads uro n this year, nnd so on through a long land mnkes 100,000,000 pounds ot mixed 4GH;a47c. No. 3 mixed 4fia40'4. honey a year, so well U Its Cora Oats No. 2 white. .'l.laS.H.jc. Ltandaid heavier tax upon the people than any list of states. No. 2 mixed U3ia21c. whlto reasonable, tax which may bo levied "l.ot mo Bay that no stato In the adapted to beo culture. to secure good roads. Tho bad roads union bus mado material progress In Cincinnati Live StocK. road building, except those states of Kentucky cost tho peoplo moro Interested. Cattle Shippers $5.50a0.50, butcher than nil tho state tax, tho state which bavo granted financial aid, and "What did the rhinoceros do when steers, extra $r,,S3aC, good to choice school tax and the county taxes com- that every stato which has grunted you fired at him?" nsked the eager $3ar,.7.", bolters, extra $.r.50aC.75 bined. A government statistician has aid has mado material progress. State listener. "Ho Just stood still and good to choice $1.50u5,35; cows, extra to choice, $l.25a4.75 $4.S5a5, good estimated that the bad roads In the pid Is nn absolute necessity to secure watched mo run." Dulls Ilologna canncrs $2.50a3.75. United States cost $12.50 per capita a good roads. Wo will never havo them $4.2"a4.U0, Calves extra $5.00. year. If they only cost half that much in Kentucky without It. It means. In Ought to Do Thankful. to good $Sa9, Kxtra $9.25, fair In Kentucky tho peoplo nro paying an- the first place, that the roads will Hogs nnd lar;e $4aS. Bomo peoplo grumble because the common nually $12,000,000 to pull through tho be properly built. This has not been (pod to choice pacHers nnd butchers mud. th enso In Kentucky savo with rare rose has thorns. Tbey ought to ba $S.15aS,25. mixed packers exceptions. It will not only stop tho thankful that thorns have roses. common to cholco bea.' fat hows Bad Roads a Perpetual Tax. waste from Incompetency, but It will pigs (110 lbs and lota) $7.50 $(.50a7.sr(. "The cost of bad roads la a pcrpot-ua- l nlso stop tho gruft which has been nS:30. Sheep Kxtra $1.33a4.50, good Did Not Strike Reiponilvo chord. tax which can only bo stopped by hinted at as existing lu sumo counties. The man who sat on tbo woodplla to choice $3.75al.25. Lambs Kxtra tho building of good roads, Good "Kentucky, of all states In tho union, and told funny stories, expecting thi $0.75 yearlings $4a5.25. reads not only stop tho tax of bad should provldo stnto aid, for the rea- wood would split, evidently did not Cincinnati Miscellaneous. roads, but they Increase tbo valuo of son that no statu has such a great strlko a "rosponslvo chord," Poultry Hens 13,4c lb, spring chick. the land moro than tho roads cost. dlffcrcnco In tbo wealth and poverty ns 15c lb, ducks 14c, turkeys Tbey nro great moral factors and llko ot our people. Wo havo ono county flutter Cream 20c, gecso 9al!c. ory, extra 32c, llrsts 3!c, fancy dairy the railroads arc great ctvlllzem. whoso assessable wealth Is over Look Ahead. "My son, remember tbts; marrylnj 21c, Kggs I'rlmo firsts 33c, flists "Tho measure framed for your conand u dozen whero the a bhl Is lew than $1,000,000 sideration was drafted by a commlttco Tha on a salary has been the salvation ot 31c. Apples uFancy $5a5.50 Mil. $4 50 consisting of Senator Joo S, llosworth, principle of stato aid has been recog- many a young man." "I know, did. choice ilozpu. Celery Carrots N. (), 20a25c dozen. IIOilOc of tbo mountains; Judgo James P. nized In Kentucky throughout Its en- but suppose my wife should, loan act Kgplants Homegrown $3n:t.?r n Gregory, of I.oulsvlllo; Mr. (icorgo l' tire history. Our public school system salary 1 ulaga $5.60a7 n crate, drapes IMckott, of tho Uluegrass, and tho lentil upon It nnd without It half tho kerf. Onions Yellow S3a9Ur, whlto speaker, from Southern Kentucky. It counties could not maintain public $U1.25 per bu. Pineapple- s- $?aS.5(l Keep It to Yourself. any par- fcchoohi: Ohio 40a waa trained without regard to Tho state, Instthd of tho II a crate. PotatoesNorthern yourself. "Ilorrow trouulu lor ticular section of the stnto, but upon counties, under our Inws p.ys all tho that's your natu'e, but don't lonrt it 43c a bu, Michigan and bomcgronu ISn.V.'c a bu, sweet potatoes. Jnisey tho brood plan of hiring cery part Jnry claims, witness clalnitt, pauper to your nef.shbors." "Itewartl t4 $2.29iU.SO a bbl. Turnip COaTO a u't of Kentucky and tbo commonwealth idiot claims, circuit Judges' and com Fairies." by Itudyarrf Klp'1'.a bene-bciarle- s. pin-vfeeV. o 0 as a whole. SETTLE BECOME8 SECRETARY. Frankfort. Charles C. McCbord, ot .cnrisvllle, recently appointed r member of tho Interstate Commerce commission by President Taft, has appointed, Klmoro Settle, of thlfl city, as his private fcccrctary. Settle la a son of JiuIo W. K. Settle, of the court of Inspector Commends tute for Kentucky . Insti- Feeble-Minded- Frankfort. In a report to Gor. Will-soMcKen.lo It. Todd, stato Inspector nnd examiner, points out the Kentucky Institute for Feob!o Minded ot this city as a model school and horn for children. Ho comments favorably on tho department or domestic science. Ho .also sneaky faappeals, and Is a lawyer. vorably ot the manual training departKENTUCKY LANDS. ment and the kindergarten. Todd saya that in Supreme Court Sustains Holding of childrenthe educational department tho are well instructed In reading, Court of Appeals. writing, arithmetic, spelling, slmplo history, geography, nnture study and Frankfort. In tho United States su- physical culture. premo court tbo dccklon In tho Eastern Kentucky Coal Lands corpora$500 CIGARETTE LICENSE. tion's case, afllrms tho action ot tbo lower court and thus clears title to upFrankfort. What Is regarded as th ward of half a million acres ot land In drastic ordinance Kastcrn Kentucky. Tho decision has most proposed In Kentucky was Introthe effcjCt of confirming In the posses-son-? over In tho Catlettsburg council. It tho title which has been claimed duced by heirs of those who received the fixes a license ot $300 a year, and not only provides a lino of from $50 to original grants 100 years ago. Shortly after the close of tho revo- $100 for violations, but In addition a lution tho stato ot Virginia Issued workhouse sentence. Tho ealo or givgrants of largo tracts In what Is now ing away of cigarettes, papers or Kentucky. The original grantees and "makln's" is forbidden except by tbosn their heirs have paid taxeo only to paying tho $500 annual Hccuse, which Is regarded as prohibitory. tho amount of $115 upon tho land, and for generations thero havo been disHISTORIAN RESICNS. putes over the titles. About four years ago the Kentucky Frankfort John Wilson Townsendt legislature passed an act providing that unless the lands wero registered of Lexington, historian for tho Kenfor thrco years and taxes paid on tbem tucky Historical society, resigned hla tbo lands should bo forfeited by tho position. Ho gave as his reason tor grantees. Tho taxes wero not paid the resignation Uiat It was not can and the lands were forfeited to the venlent for him to live In Lexington possessors. Tho decision of the court and nttend to the duties ot the eoctotr bore. uyholds the Kentucky law. weak-minded n, DELEGATES APPOINTED. TO BE TRIED AGAIN. rrankfort. Gov. Willson appointed II. G. Garrett, of Winchester, and John Speed, of Taylorsvlllc, as delegates to tho national convention of tho National Tariff association, which meets in Wafchingtou the latter part of this month. MAGISTRATES APPOINTED. Frankfort. Charkw Howard, who murdered I'd ward IUco In this city last fall, will bo tried again, as the Jury that tried him failed to agree and woa dismlfised. Klght of the Jurors stood; for execution ami four life, sentence. Frankfort. The stato board of agriculture, forestry and immigration, changed the date for the opening ot tho slate fair at Ioulsvlflo from September 11 to September 4. Tho chango was made to avoid conflict with tho dates of tho stato fair.; of Ohio and Indiana and to secure some of tho exhibits that will be made at those fair. 1 INJUNCTION ASKED. Frankfort. Gov. Willson has appointed J. T. Logan magistrate of Cumberland county to fill a vacancy. Ho also appointed H. S. Herr a Justico of tho peaco in Daviess county. W. P. Thomas was appointed police Judge of Denver Dam, DELAY IN PRINTING. Senate and House Journals Not Ready for Distribution. Frankfort. Unless tho members of the printing commission change their plans, Henry Dacon, representative of the Continental Printing Co., the etatc printer, will bo called before the board at tho next meeting of tho commission to mako a statement why tho senate and house Journals have not been published and distributed according to law. Under tho provisions of the statutes the Journals should be printed and ready for distribution CO days after tho legislature adjourns. It Is Impossible now for them to bo printed for distribution before tho middle of January. Dacon In an Interview said "I can not print the Journals until tho proof ha been read and the copy for these Journals has all been given to me. The house Journal was ready for publication within CO days after tho legislature adjourned, so that there has been no delay on that. There are two days of tho senato Journal that I have not yet been able to get, and the journals can not bo published until they are completed." Louisville. In an amended bill ot complaint filed in tho federal court W. D. Drown, who recently sued for a receivership of tho Cltixeiw' National Life Insurance Co., ho asks for an Injunction against tho obmpaay to pre-veIts reducing its capital stock from $1,500,000 to $750,000. FAMILY LEFT HOMELESS. Mayklng The residence of Mrs. Liza J. Fugato was burned on Ilottom Fork, tho llro having been act by ono of her small children during the absence of tho mother. The mother and, four small children aro homeless. Tho loss Is Feveral hundred dollars. NO APPEAL ALLOWED When Circuit Court Refuses to Transfer Case to Federal Tribunal. In Le MARKETS Frankfort. When tho circuit court Kentucky decides Uiat a case can not be transferred from tbo state to the federal court, thero is no appeal from that decision to the court of appeals of Kentucky. This point ot law was decided by Judge lousing in dismissing the appeal from Doyd county PERJURER GOES FREE. In tho case of tbo Chesapeake & Ohio ltallroad Co. against Dellla Helton'a Frankfort. Tho court of appeals re- administrator. versed tho judgment of tho Jefferson him failed to agre cand was lircult court In tho cpc of Hugh Gor- that tried open court vs. commonwealth. don In Frankfort. Gov. Willson, through Gordon confessed tin' ho had sworn Acting Adjt. Gen. Dasset, notified W. falsely ns to the fact.) In tho damage L. Jott that his services as compiler caso of Hon!, etc., npnlnst the Louisof Confederate record.) would bo disville Hnllroad Co., but his admission ot with. Jett. who Is a Confedguilt camo over a year after he had pensed erate soldier, was appointed about committed the perjui '. He was pro three years ago. It Is not known, cccded against for co.itempt of court whether the olllce will be disconand convicted, but the court hero says It pay $1,200 a year. the statute of limitation bars any pro- tinued.. ceeding for contempt after the lapse Frankfort. L. 1). Morrison, of Cyn of a year and directed that Gordon thiaua, known to his fellow convicts frco. to as the "moiikeymau." loft the penitentiary, having been pardoned by DR. GARDNER SELECTED. He saved enough Gov. Willson. Frankfort. Gov. Wlllaon appointed money while a convict from tho salo Dr. Thomas W, Gardner as a member ot monkeys carved from peach seed jf tho state board of control of chari- to buy a farm lu Harrteou county, four-yea- r term wbcro ho will go to upend the rest ot table Institutions for a to succeed himself. his life. ! rankfort Circuit Clerk Den" Marshall had a narrow escape front n most icrlous Injury when a pinto over n loal hole ,n the sidewalk tilted when he stepped on It. lie was unuble even ,0 rpeak for several minutes. $200,-000,00- Frankfort. Tho body of Mrs. Frank Johnson was found in a well at her home. It Is thought by tho family that she walked to the well In her sleop, as she wus a eomuambulUt. Frankfort Gov. Vlllsou appointed Attorney I.. L. IlrUtow, or Georgetown, Judgo of Scott county, to till the, vacancy occasioned by the death ot Judge J. J. Yates. The governor left for Louisville to confer regarding tho appointment ot a successor to Judgo Shackloford Miller, of the circuit court banal). r January Gov. Willson nnd Mrs. Wilson received an Invitation from President and Mrs. Taft to attend a reception at tho white houso January 10. Gov, Willson also received un Invitation to attend n meeting of the Periodical PuMUhlug association on Frankfort. C. Page Four. THE CITIZEN. Mrs. Will Duncan and llttlo son from Cincinnati havo been spending sovoral days with Mr. nnd Mra. Jas. January 12, 191 FOR YOUR 1. Groceries and Candies GO TO Jackson. Aviation or Auto Turbans MYSTERIOUS FIRE What camo nenr being a serious flro started last nlRht In Win. Haley's storo next to Itoono Tavern. It was discovered by persons coming from tho midnight train nnd tho nlnrm given. TUo flro seems to have started under tho telephone. It climbed tho wall and spread out over tho celling, doing dnmagc, estimated nt nbout f 100, before It was extinguished. Tho theory that' it was caused by tho Is absurd ns tho lines nro dead except when tho number Is rung, and tele-pho- TATUM'S ---3 lbs Prunes Apples - 4 lbs. Dried 3 lbs. Dried Peaches, best 6 Bars Soap - - - CIcancasy. 25c 25c 25c 25c $1.25 $1.50 COYLE'S DRY GOODS STORE You pay Fells Napthtn, Ideal, Ivory. Lenox and Delphine, 3 for 10c Navy Beans - 5c per pound Colored Beans, 3ic per pound 1st Patent Pearl Flour - 70c 70c Talbertha less or get more o o o o o o oooooeoooooooooooooooooooooo o o o Berea and Vicinity GATHERED FROM A VARIETY OF SOURCES 21 oeoooeooooocoooooooooeooooooo again. STOVES j R. H. CHRISMAN Funeral Director nnd Embtilnilnij A Complete Line of Modern Funeral Supplies SPECIAL SERVICE DAY OK NIGHT. DR. BEST, DENTIST CITY rilONK OFFICE 1B3 Jcsso Batrd Is In school Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Ellis of I Illlss- - ' j field, Mich., stopped In Berea on their way to Florida where they will spend tho winter. Mr. Kills Is a cousin to OVER RACKET STORE DAN H. BRECK Fire, Life and Accident Insurance Richmond, Ky. Phone 505 L. & N. TIME TABLE North Bound Local 11:00 p. m. G:3u a. m. ICnoxvIllo 3:D7 a. m. 1:20 p. m. BEREA C:10 p. m. 7:45 a. m Cincinnati South Bound Local 8:25 p. m. 6:40 a. m. Cincinnati 11:69 a. ra. 12:29 p. in. BEREA 6:50 a. m. KnoxvlUo 7:00 p. in. Express Trains. Stop to let off and take on passengers from beyond Cincinnati or from profession In Corbln, London, Atlanta and beyond. South Bound and other eastern Kentucky points. 8:16 a. m. Cincinnati 11:44 a. m. BEREA For Shoes, Clothing and Heavy UnNorth Bound derwear, go to R. J. Engle, Berea, Ky 4:56 p. m. BEREA Miss Dora Ely left at the first 8:35 p. m. Cincinnati of tho week for Hugh, Ky., where she will teach for the next three N. J. Coylo has returned from a months. business trip to Jackson County. Professor Ellis Is still very sick nt Judgo Lewis has gono to Letcher his home. It Is reported that there County. Is no appreciable change in his condiMrs. Fowler has moved her line of tion either for the better or the groceries Into the Gay building on worse. Chestnut Street. Tho annual debate between Alpha Mr. Wilson of Irvlno has rented Zeta and Phi Delta which was to on Boone havo como off, tho 13th Inst., has , ono of J. K. Baker's houses Street. been postponed to Friday evenlug, the Orris Mooro and Barbara Jackson 20th, owing to tho revival meetings. . were married on tho 6th Inst. Our regular prices are low none Stella Henderson spent her Christ- undersell us. Come to our Bargain mas holidays with Edith Harrison, Sale, and Judge for yourself what a Gettlo Beam and Miss Parker In money saving opportunity we are Ohio. presenting to you. Mrs. S. R. Baker. Miss Ruth Putnam who visited her Interesting reading In Prof. Robertmother, Mrs. Kate U. Putnam, at Boono Tavern for two weeks returnson's second article on tho history ed to Suo Bennett Memorial Satur- of tho translation of the English day to tako up her work as Dean of this week. Every ono should folWomen. low theso articles and clip them. Clydo Stllwell, class 09, has changAll our goods reduced to wholcsalo wo ed his position In Chicago and now prices, somo below wholesale, pay the freight, you save tho money, Is iiecretary to Cyrus 11. McConnlck, visit our storo during our Ten Day President of tho International HarvesSale, and convinco yourself of theso ter Company. statements. Mr. A. I. Settle of London wa3 in Mrs. S. R. Baker. Berea, Wednesday, and called nt Tho Miss Hope Wilson is also among Citizen office. Mr. W. B. McLaren of Gallen, Mich., tho old students who havo como back. Dr. Cowley went to Lexington last Is visiting his son, Mr. I. L. McLaren. Thursday to assist Dr. Stucky in Tho Lyceum Course will not begin an operation on Mr. Marcovltz, a as early as usual this year ou account of tho unusual time of tho restudent, for sinus trouble. Mr. Walter Whltlock has been vival meetings, but when It becompelled to drop his school work gins It will bo better than ever befor a tlmo on account of 111 health. fore. Tho first number comes on Fob. Ho has gono home. Mr. L. II. Davis of Lexington was 4th, Uio fourth and last on March here last wook to place his son, Prt-w- ltt, 14th. You aro Invited to worship at tho in school. Congregational church, Sunday morning. Mr. Rico will speak. Como Regular preaching and worship tho second and fourth Sundays of each month. H. M. Racer, minister. Mrs. Turrcll of Xenla, O., visited her son, Robert, of tho Academy departUSEFUL AND ORNAMENTAL ment a fow days last week. Miss Sarah Ely, a nurse In the Gib son Infirmary at Richmond, has been NOW ON DISPLAY spending several days In town with FORj 5c, 10c, and 25c her mother. . lo our Professor Ellis. Wo are offering our goods at a sacrifice during our Ton Bay Bargain Sale, which begins Jan. IS and continues until Jan. 2Sth. Mrs. S. It. Baker. Mr. and Mrs. W. S. Glvcns and daughter, Ella, of HawesvlUe, Ky are staying at Boono Tavern. Miss Glvons has entered school and she and her mother will llvo at the Tavern. Miss Sarah Stewart, a former Berea student and graduate In tho Nurses' Training Course, who was In a Lexington Hospital for bomo weeks with typhoid fever and who has been recently with her undo in Madison County, Is visiting frlcuds In Berea. Miss Stewart, at the time she was taken sick, bad an office in Corbln, Kentucky, and had been practicing her "VNLY A FEW more days for the special reduction sale on Heating Stoves and Ranges. You shouldn't overlook this opportunity. If nothing more, come in and have a look and ask to see the heaters going for $1.00, $2.50, $3.50 and $5.00 and the All Steel Ranges at $17.50, $18.50 and $20.00. Now is the best time this year to SAVE THE DIFFERENCE Dy then there to Phone 26 Is Nliiht tho remainder of tho 46. not sufficient current ios-'slbl- WELCH'S Mr. Will Swope of Lexington has been visiting friends In town. I Tho object of our Ten Day Ilargnln J. S. Gott, on Depot Street. Mr. and Mrs. U. M. Burgess of Salo Is to savo our patrons some Paint Lick were In Berea at tho flrU money, and at tho same tlmo reduce our stock of goods to mako room for of tho week. On Friday and Saturday nights tho our largo stock of spring goods. Mrs. S. R. Baker. services in tho Chapel will begin at 7 o'clock Instead of 7:30, and tho meet In all tho big cities of tho United Ings will closo Sunday evening. States meetings aro now being hld Captain and Mrs. R. J. Cowley who to celebrate tho fiftieth anniversary have been visiting their son and daugh- of tho organization of the Woman's ter, Dr. and Mrs. R. H. Cowley for Missionary Society. On Jan. 26 nnd 27 a month left Monday on their way to ono of theso meetings will bo held Florida where they will spend the In Louisville. There will be a mass winter. They may stop again In Be- mooting at tho Fourth Avenue Methorea on their way to Ohio In tho dist church, rallies at tho various spring. churches of tho city and a luncheon Miss Hazel Blazer, a nlcco of Mrs. at tho Woman's Club with addresses Bert Coddlngton, Is hero for a visit. on missions. I ; Mr. Tom Norwcll, who has been making his homo In Illinois for the past few years, has been visiting friends In town and in tho country near hero. WANTED All good, fat geese, 7 cents per pound. Eggs 29 cents per dozen. , ' I Mr. Matt McColIum Is visiting in Berea this week. Mr. E. H. Faulkner of Lot, Ky., was In Berea last Thursday as the guest of Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Faulk-- ( ner. Iu tho IOwer House, as said above, tho sensation was unexpected, though It was divulged later that It was prearranged. It may ho designated as tho "coming back" of Shaker Cannon. THE WEEK IN WASHINGTON March It will bo remembered that Contlnun from firt kigrl tho Insurgents, aided by thu Demotor Frazlcr of Tennessco nas opio8vd crats, strlpicd Mr. Cannon of much of rejiort and his jHivver by sustaining nn appeal to tho Senator Owen of Oklahoma had an- from his decUlon and enlarging the nounced that ho would tako the floor commltleo on rules. On Monday a llko In opposition to tho report, but en motion to tho bo railed Norrls reMonday Mr. Beverldge, experienced solution was put before thu house and' tactltlon Uiat ho Is, set tho hall roll- Cannon ruled ns ho ruled last March; ing with a long lawyer-lik- e soech, but this time, to tho amazement of analyzing tho teatlmony before tho tho House nnd unmindful of their Incommittee nnd showing to tho satis- consistency, tho Democrats Joined faction of the country, nt least, that with tho s nnd sustained by tho speaker's rule, tlniH reversing tho was secured Lorlmer'a election bribery. Mr. Beverldgo closed his rctlon of tho llouso last March and speech by offering a resolution that putting themselves on rtcord ns rethe seat of Lorlmcr bo declared va-- i actionaries. Democrats on Record No White wash Tho Insurgents endured their reLorimor, or tho "blond Ikjss' as versal without a murmur, but from nil ho Is called, has announced his In- over tho Itcpubllcan sldo tho Demotention to bo present during the dis- crats were taunted for their dlsloyal-it- y cussions, and the fight Is on a fight nnd for being mere opimrtunlsts. for tho reputation of the UprT llouso Now that they nro soon to Iw In n of CongrcBs nnd for tho principle of majority In tho House they am will-lu- g decency In representative government. to recedo from tho advanced It Is assured that there will bo at ground thy helped tho Insurgents least not a unanimous white-wasto take last year nnd Beem to bo planand It Is very probablo that tho re- ning to securo for their leader Mr. port of tho will bo re- Clark, tho Bame nutocratlc power that jected and tho Senator either expell- Speaker Cannon hns wielded. Tho ed or his seat declared vacant, for only defenso that Mr. Clark had to Senator Root and other influential mako for his chango of front and members of tho body havo mummied that of his party was that "every their Intention to come to the sup- man Totod as ho pleased and I adport of Iloverldgo, Frazler and Owen. vised them to do so." In tho Senate, then, the Issue is So tho Democratic partj Is on reLorlmer, and everything else except cord already, ami If tho House of tho appropriation bills may be exRepresentatives Is to bo liberated it pected to tako a back sent until Is yet to bo dono by Republican that Issuo Is decided, If It consumes o Papers kept under the phone, a loose match and a prowling rat may bo the solution. Mr.'Ilal'-carries insurance. start n fire. Cnnnon "Comes Back" lat stand-patter- h, The Man or Boy who's looking for Bargains in Clothes will find them in the Well Made Suits and Overcoats at our Store T tnc Conclusion that because the prices are reduced that in the DOIl't illTTlb These are really great values in the very best Makes. New the qualities areperfect least diminished. Patterns and fitting garments. Three More Days Men's Suits and Overcoats $10.00 Suit or Overcoat, Sale Price 12.50 13.50 15-00 Suits and $ 7.50, Overcoats 11 11 9.50 10.50 11.50 12.50 13.50 15-50 at Reduced Prices Come and See 16.50 18.00 for Yourself 20.00 Thousand ARTICLES MRS. EARLY. Ten And, Ladies, don't forget that we are Selling Coats and Skirts at Reduced Prices. New Goods in the latest Styles. THIS SALE CLOSES SATURDAY, JANUARY 14th. Come and Get a Bargain. XLbc IRachet Stove FOR SALE. Flvo room cottage on Walnut St, Well built and nearly new. Price $1,100. Mrs. Llda Why land. Main St. RHODUS HAYES THE QUALITY STORE Berea, Ky. January 12, 191 1. THE CITIZEN. Pao-- Five. To The NEWLY-WED- S Old Folks and Young Folks, Beginners Here is your oppportunity to start housekeeping or to keep on keeping house. H During the month of January, 1911, I will refund railroad fare or livery hire, not to exceed fifty miles, to anyone who ccmes to my store and makes a purchase of not less than a fifty dollar outfit from my complete stock of FURNITURE, CARPETS, RUGS, MATTINGS, STOVES, RANGES, WALLPAPER, BUGGIES, HARNESS, PIANOS AND ORGANS. H 1 furthermore promise and guarantee that I will furnish your outfit from a larger stock and lower price combined than you can find anywhere on a radius of fifty miles, Sears Roebuck not excepted. H To make the proposition equal to all I will give on the same basis, to those who have no carefare to pay, a premium which shall equal an average refund. J If you want to buy, all I ask is for you to look through my line and hear the price. The rest is easy. I WONDERS NEVER CEASE Bob Engle is Selling More Goods than Ever ! No Wonder 25c. Coffee 15c. Granulated Sugar $1.00 Meal 30 cents. Best Patent Flour 65 cents. 20 lbs. 2 Cakes Soap 5c. All Calicos 5c. 50c. Work Shirts 35 cents. $10, $15 Suits Clothes $8, $9. Overcoats $2.50 to $7. 1000 Pairs Shoes 50c. to $1.50. Men's Socks 5 cents. 1st Reason Only Two Reasons can exist why Best Goods You should Trade at Engles, 2nd Reason For the Least Money Everybody is trading at BUY, SELL, RENT OR EXCHANGE. ENGLE'S But Three Copies Phone 60, Berea, Ky. ed llko a good priest, studied most ot tho day and tho night at his book, and would eat but sodden meat, by his good will, nor drink but small beer." Tindaie's English Tho following passago from tho parable of tho prodigal son Is a good illustration of tho English of tho Tlndalo Now Testament and may bo compared with tho similar passago from tho Wlcllf Biblo given In last article. "And he sayde: a certaync man hadde two formes, nnd the younger of them sayde to his father: father give me my part of the goodes that to ine belongeth. And he divided unto them his substance And not longe after the younger Sonne gauciereu an mat lie Hail to pi elder, and take his jorney into a farre countre and thcare he wasted his goodes with roye-tou- s lyvine;." 2G PHONE: day, 46 night 1R. lb. Cbrisman "THE FURNITURE MAN" Assembly on Jnn. 2 to tho wholesale voto buying and voto selling In Adams County on tho last election. "It Is not tho oxlstcnco or discovery of tho wrong doing" says Governor Harmon, "that brings bhamu to a stato, but tho failure to put a Btop to It." Tho governor recommends a law requiring thu publication of nil contributions and their source, but suggests that It would be better for tho stato to pay all cxpciibcs of elections. Ho thinks that tho buyer Is a greater criminal than tho seller. Up to dato about eighteen hundred voters hnvo been Indicted, fined and disfranchised for flo years, and it Is said that tliero are fully eighteen hundred more that will have to pay thu penalty, or about half of tho voting population of tho county. NEW SENATORS TO DATE In a Joint caucus of Democrats in tho Ohio legislature, Mr. Atleo was selected on Jnn. Sth ns tho party's candidate lor United States Senator, to succeed Senator Dick. Ho wilt bo elected Jan. 11th. To succeed Senator Depew in Now York It Is now nuthorutlvely announced that James W. Glrurd, Justice of tho Supremo Court of New York, will bo tho party's choice. In West Virginia, owing to tho death of Senator Elklns, which occurred on Jan. 5th. his 6on Davis has been appointed by tho Governor to Kit for a few days until tho Legislature, which Is now In session, can elect, and, as tho legislature Is Democratic, Senator Elklns' iiermanent successor will bo a Democrat. History of the English Bible BEREA, KY. Second Article Tindaie's Great Translation Extant A Martyr. By Prof. James R. Robertson based upon his views on tho liquor -- NEWS OF THE WEEK (Cuntimirtl from fitut question. MARKER ASSUMES DUTIES IKcj tuber-i.uIobI- -- to offer to Chicago s. milk that la ut least freo from loot's have thu tuberculin tost for cows everywhere. promises soon It may not bo fa Id thnt Oregon do.'S not bellovo In tho old, but It may bo claimed that uho believes In trying tho now. Her newest experiment will bu Inaugurated next Apill when u voto will bo taken In a stuto-wld- o primary to select nominees (or tho Presidency ol tho Uultod Stales. Ht present policy Is to select L'nlted Stato Senators by a direct voto of tho eoplo, that voto being obligatory upon thu legislature. In tho caso or tho voto (or presidential candidates In tho coming primary, tho state's electors will only be obligated so long as then) Is a possibility of tho selection of their candidates. After that tliuy may uso their discretion. It Is hotted by tho promoters of this plan Uiat It will soon galu such favor o among tho other states ns to national conventions to thu past. rele-gat- ivTicsr ritoji oukgo.v Former Chief Justice Darker attended a banquet at Lexington last week on the cvo of assuming Us duties as President of tho Stato L'nl-- ! vcrslty. Governor Wlllson and others inado addresses and President Darker responded. Many felicitations wcro exchanged and tho hopes of thouo who nro Interested In the University run high for tho new administration. MAY Goal of Religious Ambitions Tho previous artlclo of this scries showed how our first English Bible camo Into cxlstenco in tho fourteenth century. This Wlcllf Biblo, however, was only a translation of tho Latin and this did not get Into tho possession of many people, because It had to bo copied by hand. Tho goal of religious ambition In those days was to got a Biblo that was based on tho Hebrew and Greek. Tho near-o- r to tho original text It was possible to como tho purer would tho message be. in public squares and out of tho six thousand copies only threo aro known to exist at tho present time. Tho now testament was later rcvls- od and republished by Tlndalo a'nd tho first tlvo books of tha old testament wcro translated from tho Hebrew and published. Scholarly Work All ot Tindaie's work was done in tho truo spirit of scholarship. When wo consider that ho had no model or "forensamplo" a3 ho called It In his Introduction, wo must wonder at tho great accuracy of tho work. Tho English differs much from tho Burned at Stake Tlndalo was In constant danger of his llfo and his work was dono in In tho greatest consecration as ho know what tho end must be. Several times ho changed tho placo of his nbodo but was at last treacherously arrested at Antwerp in Belgium, confined In prison for many months, and then strangled and publicly burned as a heretic In 153G. YET CALL PRIMARY It Is known that tho action of the Democratic Executive committee, which a few weeks ago decided upon n primary for tho selection of can- dldates for stato offices but at the samo ttmo voted for a convention to nominate, tho party's candldato fur tho United States Senate, has met with n good denl of opposition, thla inconsistency not being easily defend-- 1 ul. It Is rumored now that tho com-- 1 mltteo may rcvorso Itself and voto to Include, tho senatorial primary in the prlmarty for stato officers. SQUATTERS WIN A recent decision of the UnlfM States Supremo Court will bring Joy Into many mountain homes. It Is tho caso carried up from tho Court pt Appeals from Kentucky which was in- IS VENUS INHABITED? Professor Pickering of Harvard University Is credited with faying that thcro aro many physlcinl teasons for thinking that It any other planet thu earth is Inhabited It is Venus, Uiu earth's nearest neighbor. Jt Is about tho samo sizo and has about U10 samo gravity as tho earth, and Its atmosphere is thought to bo of about tho name constituency of thu earth during tho carboniferous period when llfo on tho earth was most proNot Always the Case. The man that tells his wife everylific or at least was characterized by tho hugo sizes of its ciilef species. thing he knows doesn't know much. It Is thought that tho lifo there may Exchange. corres)ond to that of tho earth threo in'our ownstate hundred thousand years ago. cc) iContimu-t- from first HARMON' TAKES A HANI) thought that In Republican councils Th oho who remember tho action of tho contest will bo between him and Governor Harmon In tho caso of Lieu taut Cox who has tho advantage tho Newark, Ohio, riots last summer of tho support of tho Bradley wing will net bo surprised at tho referof tho party. It Is said that Bradley's ence In his mcssngo to tho General opposition to Judge O'Rcar will bo bo-sll stituted to test tho titles of certain coal and land companies to largo tracts of land which depended largely upon grants made by tho Lesls-- 1 laturo of Virginia, while Kentucky was still a county In that state. If tho corporations had won, tho numerous Individual claimants to tho property whoso titles had been handed down from their fathers would hnvo been dispossessed. TO LEAVE KENTUCKY night Olllver, confessed Milton rider and witness against other alleged Lyon County night riders, who hns been guarded for soma tlmo by state troops, has announced his Intention of leaving tho state. It is expected that ho will fllo suit In tho Federal Court for damages after ho gets located In another state. ANOTHER FIRE! HAIR HRIiADTH ESCAPE this time, from what, with a few minutes more headway, would in all probability have proven the worst fire in the history of Heron. You can never toll when or where a fire is going to start. Sometimes it is in the very best constructed and best protected buildings, as was the case last Tuesday night when the magnificent Chamber of Commerce building, the finest building in Cincinnati, burned to the ground with a loss of $1,000,000.00. Your building may be the next. If you carry no protection against fire, secure such protection today. Sound business judgment compels you to protect yourself. A Crafty Helper In tho preparation of his work Tlndalo depended mostly on tho Greek and Latin texts of Erasmus, but ho also used tho Vulgato, WIcllf'3 translation of that and tho version of tho New Testament put into tho German by Luther. Tlndalo was aided In his work by William Itoy, a MInorito friar, a man whoso help ho needed but whom ho did not like. Ho was described as "somewhat crafty" but ono to bo ruled as long as ho had gotten no money." Roy was employed to wrlto nnd help in tho comparison of texts. Tlndalo suffered nil things till tho work was completed and then "bado him farewell for our two lives and a day longer." Believing that ho could accomplish Tlndalo was in person a small nnd his purposo ho went to London. Ho thin man, who lived sparely and stuhoped to bo received by tho Bishop of died without stint. While In LonLondon, but found thero was neithdon It was said ot him that ho "llv- er a placo for him nor his Now Testament In England's chief city. Realizing that his work must bo done outsldo of England, Tlndalo went to Germany whero thcro was liberty King and Bishops Oppose It was not until tho sixteenth century that this was brought about. This was tho wonderful century th.it gavo the world Martin Luther, John Calvin and other men of ability and courage. It was tho century of Uio revolt against tho Catholic church and the beginning of Protestantism. Tho greatest heroism was required to produce such a Itible, for England's King, Henry VIII, was the "Defender of tho Kalth" and such great churchmen as Cardinal Wolsey insisted a change. Tindaie's Vow William Tindale, or Tyndalo as It Is sometltno spelled, by training and character was tho man for this work. Ho was born about 1450 in Gloucest ershire, In tho west of England. Kven as a boy ho showed a great aptitude for languages and knowlcdgo of tho Scriptures. As a student at collego ho was wont to gather tho boys In hl3 room nnd read to them "Some parcel of divinity." When ho left col lego ho entered tho service of a nobleman. Sir John Walsh, and bo- camo chaplain and tutor. Ho was an opponent of tho church as It existed and won to his support his patron. Ho preached on tho collego green at Bristol until ho was called to account by tho officials of tho church. It was In heated argument with a bishop that tho purposo which occupied tho rest of his llfo was first niado known. "If God sparo my llfo," ho said, "cro many years I will cause a boy that drivcth tho plough shall know moro of tho scrlp- turo than thou dost." Completes Task in Germany modern but a large proportion of tho translation has not been altered materially In later versions of tho Bible. In tho revisions many ot tho phrase of tho now testament camo into tho form which wo recognize in our later Bibles. In tho parable of tho prodigal son, for example, tho text which first read, "Then ho remembered himself," was changed to read 'Then ho camo to himself." In tho sermon on tho mount the phiaso "If tho salt bo onco unsavory" was changed to read, "It the salt havo lost her saltness." Many words wcro translated in such a way as to arouso tho hostility ot tho existing church whoso organization depended in largo part on tho terms used In tho Latin Vulgate. Kor example, Tlndalo used tho words "congregation," for church; "elder" for priest, "repontanco" for penance, "know- ledge" for confession. Apostle of England o Becauso of his character and to religion Tlndalo Is entitled to the namo ho received ot "Apostlo ser-vlc- ot England." Although his version was opposed, It wrung from tho church tho confession that a Biblo was needed :n tho mother tongue, for Sir Thomas Moro, his chief opponent wroto: "to keop tho wholo commodity from any wholo pcoplo becauso of harm that by their own folly and fault may como to somo" part, wcro as though a lewd (unlearned) surgeon would cut off tho leg by tho kneo to keep tho too from tho gout, or cut off a man's head by tho shoulders to keep him from tho tooth-achoWANTED Reliable, energetic man to 011 Lubricating oils, greases and paints In Madison and adjacent counties. Salary or Commission. Stetson OH Co.', Cleveland, Ohio. ." PUBLIC SALE. On Jan. 20, 1911 tho following property will bo sold at auction salo on tho premises: A now house and eleven acres ot land at tho west end of Berea on Wallaccton Pike. Tho placo has everlasting water. Also will bo sold, two horses, harness and wagon, ono buggy and harness, ono milk cow, three sows weighing about 175 lbs. each, about threo tons of hay and ono hundred shocks of fodder. Terms mado known on day ot salo. C. H. Todd, Berea, Ky. THE FLOUR THAT MOTHER USED couldn't begin to compare with ISAACS' Flour. We'll not say it makes bread like mother maJe for it makes a whole lot better. Try a sack and even the most critical husband will have nothing to say about mother and her baking. He will eat your bjead and thank his stars he is married to such a fine baker. Berea, Ky. A I of belief In somo places. Tho translation ot tho now testament from tho Greek was rapidly dono and tho work was brought to a closo in tho uuiversuy wwu 01 tvmenucrg wueru Luther had taught and preached. A printer was found to undertako tho task of printing in Cologno and It was partly completed when enemies ot tho causo discovered what was going on. Tlndalo hurriedly gathered tho sUeots already printed and went with them to tho city of Worms Made by....... whero tho work was finished with- BEREA ROLLER MILLS ANDREW ISAACS, Prop. Porter-Howe- ll The Aiiency with the Bitf Companies. Co out further disturbance. Fiery Opposition In England Copies to tho number ot six thousand wcro priutcd and sent to England in 1C26. Tho opposition to their circulation and uso was great. Tho leaders of tho Church of Henry VIII saw clearly that It tho pco-pworo ablo to couiparo tho church ot tho Apostles as described la tho book of Acts with tho Catholic church ot England their powers wcro not worth much. Many copies ot this now testament wcro burned lo PALACE MEAT MARKET Fresh and cured meats. Call for what you want and get what you call for. Highest market price paid for hides, furs, butter, eggs and chickens Kidd Building, Coiner Main and Richmond Streets. Open for Butlnen Dec. 19th U. 1. ROBERTS, Prop. v - Page Six THE CITIZEN rim ot bench nnd stretched himself iiin uriu uuiiex crncKcd. Again tho hidden head shot forth from Its concealment. A sudden turn nnd Captain Plum would certainly havo been start'td. For It was a weird object, tills spylug head; Its fnco dead- whlto against tho denso green of tho verdure, with shocks ot long whlto hair hanging down on each side, framing botweun them n pair of eyes that gleamed from cavernous sockets, llko black glowing heads. Thero was unmistakable fear, a tenso anxiety In thoso glltterlDg eyes as Captain Plum walked toward tho paper, but when bo paused and stretched himself, tho solo t his boot carelessly trampling tho discarded letter, tho bend disappeared ngaln and there camo another chuckle from the satisfied blrd-llkgloom of tho thicket. Captain Plum now put on his coat, buttoned It close to conceal tho weapons In his bclU and walked along the nnrrow water-ruthat crept llko a whlto ribbon between the lako and tho Islnnd wilderness. No sooner had ho disappeared thnn tho bushes and vinos behind tho rock wcro torn asunder and a man wormed his way through them. For nn Instant ho paused, listening for returning footsteps, nnd then with startling agility darted to tho beach and bolzod tho crumpled letter. The person who fer tho greater part of tho nfternoon had been spying upon Captain Plum from tho security ot the thicket was to all appearances a very small and a very old man, though thero was something about him that seemed to hollo n first guess at his nge. Ills faco was emaciated; his hair was whlto and hung In straggling shoulders; his masses on his hooked noso bore apparently tho stamp ot extreme nge. Infallible Yet thero was a strange nnd uncanny strength and quickness in his movements. There was no stoop to his shoulders. His head was set squarely. Ills eyes wcro a3 keen ns steel. It would havo been lmposslblo to havo told whether ho was fifty or soventy. Kagerly he smoothed out tho abused missive and evidently suc- "Dry as tinder." "And balls lots of balls, nnd ft fow guns, eh?" "Yes, wo havo a few guns," said Captain Plum. The old man noted the emphasis, but tho darkness that had fast settled nbout them hid tho added meaning Hint passed In a curious look over tho other's face. "Odd way to como In, though very old!" continued tho old man, gurgling and shaking as If tho thought of It occasioned him great merriment "Very cautious. Level business head, Want to know that things nro on the January 12, 1911 glittering piles alo'tgslde tho candle tick, tumbled tho rest bnck Into the leather bag, deliberately tied tho end, and smiled up Into the faco ot the exasperated captain. "To bo sure you'ro not tho man," ho said, nodding his head until his danced nround his fnco. "Of course you'ro not tho man. I know It ho, ho! you can wnger that I know It! A llttlo ruso of mine. Captain excusable, eh? I Plum. Pnrdonnble wanted to know If you wero n llnr. I wnnted to sco If you wero honest." With n gasp of nstonlshment Captain Plum snnk bnck Into his chair. Ills Jaw dropped nnd his pipe was held flrclcss In his hand. "Tho devil you sayl" "Oh, certainly, certainly, If you wish it," chuckled tho llttlo man, In elf-loc- ?serial7? STORY yi turn cJ jl STORY.CSJ cheek. Ito lifted ft bond m IhougH to ward sound from tho vory walls that closed them In. "Franklin Pierce, president of thi United States of America!" CHAPTER II. The Seven Wives, The Courage of The Courage of Captain Plum. Br JAMES OLIVER CURWOOD i square, eh?" Plum, "That's It!" exclaimed Cap-'aicatching at tho proffered straw. ho was wondering Captain Plum By JAMES when his E (Coprli-li- l by Mjni C. 5 n, feet would touch bottom. Thus far ho had succeeded in getting but a single grip on the situation. Homebody was expected nt Heaver Island with powder and balls nnd gins. Well, he had a certain quantity of these materials aboard his sloop, nnd If ho could mnko nn ngrecnblo bargain Tho old man Interrupted tho plan OUVER CURWOOD that wns slowly forming Itself In Cap- tHH by UobbwMf rrlll Co.) CHAPTER I. of the setting Bim. had risen above his liead In unremitting volumes for tho Just half hour. Thero was Infinite contentment In his fnco, notwithstanding the fact that ho had been meditating on a subject that was not altogether pleasant, nut Captain Plum was, In a. way, a philosopher, though one would not havo guessed this fact from his appearance. Ho was, In the first place, a young man, not mora than ?!?ht or nlno and twenty, and his trong, rather thin face, tanned by exposure to tho sea, was Just now lighted tip by eyes that Bhono witlt an unbounded good humor which any Instant might take tho form ot laughter. At tho present tlino Captain Plum's vision was confined to ono direction, which carried his gazo out over Lake Michigan. Earlier in tho day ho had been able to discern tho hazy outllno of tho Michigan wilderness 20 miles to tho eastward. Straight ahead, shooting up rugged and sharp In the red light of tho day's end, wcro two Islands. Between these, three miles nway, the sloop Typhoon was strongly silhouetted In tho fading glow. Beyond the Islands and tho sloop there wero no other objects for Captain Plum's cyea to rest upon. So far as he could sco there was no other sail. tin tv.im Rhut In hv n. ilensn At his growth of trees and creeping vines, I and unless a small boat edged close In ' around tho end of Heaver Island his ploco of concealment must remain undiscovered. At least this seemed an assured fact to Captain Plum. Letter. lt Was a Dirty, Much-WorIn the security of his position he to whlstlo softly as he beat tho ceeded even In tho falling light in debowl ot his pipe- on his boot heel to ciphering much ot It, for the glimmer empty It of ashes. Then he drew n of a smile flashed over his thin fearevolver from under a tures as he thrust tho paper Into his coat that ho bad thrown asido and pocket. Without a moment's hesitation he examined it carefully to nee that tho of Captain Plum. . rowdcr and ball wore In nolld and that set out on tho trial none of tho caps was missing. From A quarter of a rallo down the path ho tathe samo placo ho brought forth n overtook tho object of his pursuit. "Ah, how do you do, sir?" ho greetbelt, buckled It round his waist, shoved tho revolver Into Its holster. ed as the younger man turned about And dragging Uio coat to Wm, fished upon hearing his approach. "A mighty out a letter from on Insldo pocket. It fast paco you're setting for an old letter. Per- man, sir!" Ho br'oko Into a laugh was a dirty, much-worhaps ho bad read It a score of times. that was not altogether unpleasant, He read It again now, and then, refill- nnd boldly held out a hand. "We've ing his pipe, settled back against the been expecting you, but not In this rock that formed n rest for his shoul- way. 1 hope thcro's nothing wrong?" Captain Plum had accepted tho ders and turned hl3 eyes In tho direcproffered hand. Its coldness and tho tion ot tho sloop. The last rim ot tha nun had fallen singular appearance of tho old man below tho Michigan wilderness and In who had come llko an apparition the rapidly Increasing gloom the nloon chilled him. In a moment, however. It was becoming Indistinguishable. Cap- occurred to him that ho was a victim tain Plum looked at his watch. Ho cf mistaken identity. As far as ho must sttll wait a little longer beforo know thero was no ono on Ueaver .vetting out upon tho adventure that island who was expecting him. To had brought him to this Isolated spot. tho best of his knowledge ho was a Ho rested his head gainst the rock, fool for being there. His crow nboard and thought. He had been thinking tho sloop had agreed upon that point for hours. Hack In tha thicket ho with extreme vehemenco nnd to a man heard tho prowling of some small ani bad attempted to dissuade him from mal. There chmo tho sleepy chirp of tho mad project upon which ho was launching himself among tho Mormons i bird and tho rustling ot tired wings nettling for the night. A strange Stai- In their Island stronghold. All this nes's hovered about him, nud with It camo to him whllo tho little old man , there camo over him a loneliness that was looking up Into hla face, chuck-lli.gnud shaking his hand ns It he was chilling, a loneliness that made him homesick. It was n new nnd un- were ono of tho mo3t Important and pleasant acnsntlon to Captain Plum. most greatly to be desired personages He could not remember Just when he In tho world. nothing wrong, Hopo there's Nad experienced It before; that Is, If ho dated tho present from two weeks Cnp'n?" ho repeated. ugo tonight. It was then that the letnight as a trivet here, dad, re filled thu young mail, dropping the ter had becu handed to tiliu In and It had been a weight upon cold hand that btlll persisted In clinghis soul and a prick to his conscience ing to his own. "Uut I guess you've ever since. Onco or twlco ho had got the wrong party. Who's expecting made up tils mind to destroy It, but ino?" The old man's face wrinkled Itself each time ho had repeuted at tho last inomtnt. In a sudden revulsion at his In a grimnco and ono gleaming eyo weakness lie pulled h.lmelt together, openod and closed In an uuderstundlng crumpled tho dirty missive- Into a ball wink. "Ho ho, ho! of course you're not and flung It out upon tho whlto rim Anyway, you'ro not exexpected. ot beach. At this uctlon thero camo a quick pected to bo expected! Cautious a clover thing to movement In thu dense wall of verdure born gonerall-migh- ty behind him Noiselessly tho. tangle ot do. Strang should appreciato It." Tho vU)i' and u bend thrust old mnn gavo vent to his own approbaItself out In limn to sou tho bit ot tion in a series of Inimitable chuckles. paper tall short ottho water's edge. "Is that your sloop out thero?" ho InThen the head hhot back as swiftly quired Interestedly. Something In tho strangeness of the ami as silently as a serpent's. Perhaps Captain Plum heard the gloat- situation began to Interest Captain ing chucklu that followed tho move Plum. He had planned a llttlo advenment. If so be thought it only bouio ture of his own, but hero was ono that promised to develop Into soraothlnf night bird In the brush, with more exciting. Hu nodded his bead. hu exclaimed, "HcL'h ho! "That's her" M"ue return yt his old cheer, "ll's "Splendid cargo," went on the old about Uuie we were starting!" lie lump a 10 his feet and began brush man. "Splendid cargo, eh?" Pretty fair." tng thu dust eft hlH rlolheH. Whcrn j Powder In good shape, eh? tie bid dono. walked out iiou lb n be-u- an n Chi-rag- The Two Oaths. On an afternoon In tU cnrljr summer ot 1S5C Cnpt. Nathaniel l'ltim, master and ownor of Uie Bloop was engaged In nothing more important than tho smoking ot nn enormous pipe. Clouds of strongly adored smoke, tinted with the lights (.I'opnuM VM by UobbvJIrrrlll Co.) of tho gold beforo you land tho goods. I'll show It to you. I'll pay ou tho SYNOPSIS. wholo sum tonight. Then you'll take I tell you to. Kh? the stuff whero ulcxip Captain Ntitltnntel Hum of th Isn't that so?" Ho darted ahead of Typhoon, lam! iccrctly on ltf.urr ! Island, lako Mlchtcnn, vtroriKhoM of Captain Plum with a quick alert move- Mormon. Obndlali l'rlco. un rrcrnlrlc ment. "Will you plenso follow me, oM mnn and councilor of the Mermom, wlio !in Item spying on hltn, suddenly sir?" confront Mm and toll him lie Is expect-rt- l, IMum Insists h lias got the wrous For nn Instnnt Captain Plum's Impulse wns to hold back. In that In- man. stant It suddenly occurred to him that CHAPTER I Continued. ho was lending himself to a rank Imposition. At tho samo tlmo ho was "tto seated. Captain Plum; right filled with a desire to go deeper Into over tlmre opposite me. So!" tho adventure, and his blooi thrilled IIo continued for n moment to with tho thought of what It flight hold smooth out the creases In tho letter for hlra. nnd then proceeded to read It with as "Are you coming, sir?" much assurance ns though Its owner Tho little old man had Hopped a wore a thousand miles Away Instead away and tvrned ex- of within arm's reach of him. Capdozen paces pectantly. Ho felt tain Plum wns dumbfounded. "I tell you again that you'io got tho tho hot blood rushing to his face and wrong man, dad!" his first impulso was to recover thu "Will you follow me, sir?" crumpled papor nnd demand some"Well, If you'll havo It so damned t thing more than nn explanation. In if I won't!" cried Captain Tlum. Ho tho next Instant It occurred to him felt that ho, i had relieved his con- - ( that this action would probably spoil science, nnyway. If things ihould de-- , whatever possibilities his night's velop badly for him during tho next j might have for him. So ho few hours no one could saj that ho held his peace. Tho old man was to , had lied. So ho followed Intent In his perusal or tho letter that edly after tho old man, his eyes and tho cud of his hooked noso almost ears alert, nnd his right hand, by force scraped the table. Ho went over tho of habit, reaching under his coat to dim, partly obliterated words line by tho butt of his pistol. His puldo said line, chuckling now and then, nnd apnot another word until they had trnv- - j parently utterly oblivious of tho othtied for half an hour along n twisting er's presence. When he hail come to path and stood nt last on the bald sum- - tho end he looked up, his eyes glittermlt of a knoll from which tSey could ing with unbounded satisfaction, carelook down upon a number of lights fully folded the letter, nnd handed It twinkling dimly n quarter of a mllo to Captain Plum. away. Ono or tneso lights gicamcu "That's tho best introduction In tho above all the others, llko a beacon set j world. Captain Plum tho very best! among fireflies. Ho, ho! It couldn't be better. I'm "That's St. James," said the old glad I found It." Ho chuckled gleefulIt ly, nnd rested Ms ogrclsh head In tho man. His voice had changed. wns low and soft, ns though he feared palms of his skeleton-likhands, his to speak above 1 whisper. elbows on tho table. "So you're going "St. James!" back home soon?" Tho young man at his side gazed "I haven't made up my mind yet, down silently upon tho scattered lights, dad." responded' Captain Plum, pulling throbbing In a sudden tu- out his pipe nnd tobacco. "You've read his heart mult of excitement. Ho had set cut tho letter pretty carefully, I guess. that day with the Idea of resting his What would you dor' eyes on St. James, in Its sINnt myii- "Vermont?" questioned tho old man tcry the town now lay at his feet. shortly. "And that light" spoke tho oM "That's It." man. Ho pointed a tretnbllnii arm to"Well, I'd go, and very soon. Capglaro that shone mow power- tain Plum, very soon. Indeed. Yes, I'd ward the fully than tho others. "Tbnt light hurry!" Tho old man Jumped up with marks the sacred home of tto king!" tha qulcknoss ot n cat. So sudden His voice had again chnnged. A mo-- was his movement that it startled Captalllc hardness camo Into It, Ids words tain Plum, and ho dropped his tobacwere vibrant with a strango excite-- ; co pouch. Uy tho tlmo ho had recovniont which he strovo hard to con- ered this nrticlo his strango companIt was still light enough for ion was back in his seat ngnln holding ceal. Captain Plum to see that tho old a leather bag in his hand. Quickly man's black, beady eyes were startling ho untied tho knot at IU top nnd ly alive with newly aroused ovuo'lon. poured a torrent of glittering gold "You mean " pieces out upon the table. "Strang!" "lluslness business and gold," he Ho started rapidly down tho knoll . . r, 1. Hnn.iJ Ki1r rt f ,1 tltn t M gurgled happily, rubbing his thin .1 hands and twisting his fingers until Plum tho soft notes of his meaning- they cracked. "A pretty sight, oh. Capchuckle. A dozen rods farther on less tain Plum? Now, to our account! A his mysterious guldo turned Into n by- hundred carbines, eh? And a thouknoll, path which led them to another Or of building mado sand ot powder nnd a tonmakeballs. difcapped by a any Is It in lead? It doesn't of logs. Thero sounded tho grating ference not n bit. It's threo thouof a key In a lock, tho shooting of a sand, that's tho nccount, eh?" He fell bolt, and n door opened to admit them, to counting rapidly. "You will pardon mo If I don't light For a full mlnuto Captain Plum up," npologlzed tho old man ns ho led In ntupeflcd bewilderment, siway In. "A candle will bo the nnd unexpected must be lenced by tho sudden taken. Fasci You know there alwvys. Kh? turn his adventure had privacy In these matters nated, ho watched tho skeleton fingers Isn't that so?" as they clinked tho gold pieces. What Captain Plum followed without re- was tho mysterious plot Into which ho ply. Ho guessed that tho cabin was hnd allowed himself to bo drawn? mado up of ono largo room, nnd thiM Why wero a hundred guns and n ton nt the present time, nt least, It pos- nnd n half of powder and balls wanted sessed, no other occupant than tho by tho Mormons of Heaver Island! singular crcaturo who had j ulded him Instinctively he reached out and closed to It. his hand over the counting fingers of "It Is Just as well, on this particular the old man. Their eyes met. And night, that no light is teen at tho there was n shrewd, window," continued tho oil man as gleam In tho black orbs that fixed ho rummaged about n table for n Captain Plum In an unflinching chaln candle. "I havo a llttlo lenge. For a llttlo spaco thero wns match and corner back hero that a candle will sllcnco It was Captain Plum who brighten up nicely and no one la broke It, world will know It: Ho, ho, ho! how "Dad, I'm going to tell you for the nlco it is to havo a quiet Itt.tl a corner third nnd last tlmo that you'vo mado sometimes! Kh, Captain Pluia?" a mistake I've got eight of the best At tho sound of his uarto Captain rifles In America aboard my sloop out Plum started as though an unexpected thero. Hut thcro's n man for every hand had suddenly been laid upon Mm. gun. And I'vo got something hidden So ho was cxptcted, after ill, nnd his away underdeck that would blow up name was known! For a moment hi St. James In half an hour. And there surprlso robbed him of tli power uf Is powder nnd ball for tho wholo out speech. Tho llttlo old rnn hed fit. Uut that's all. I'll sell you wnni lighted his candlo, and, grltm'ng back I'vo got for n good price, lieyonu over his shoulder, passed tf rough a that jou'vo got tho wrong man!" narrow cut in tho wall that ,ttnld hardIIo settled bnck nnd blow n volume ly be called a door nud t tinted his of smoke from his pipe. For nnothef on a table that stood :lii the cea-te- half mlnuto the old man continued to light of a small room, or ifuisot, not look nt him, his eyes twinkling, and more than Hvo feet square. Thm Im hen ho fell to counting ngaln. Un coolly pulled Captain Pluri'i Cuptaln Plum was not given over to ter from Ills pocket and siroottVd It Iho habit of cursing. Hut now he out In the dim light. lumped to his feet with an oath that (TO J1K CONTINL'Kr ) nrrd the table. The old man chuck"Tone" anopars to bo thi Ctitnoir ed. The guld pieces clinked betwoen Coolly hq shoved two il flnjrs iword for "black hand." J ( lli;ht-heart-j j e I 1 I I good-sizeaulfl-clen- t. tain Plum's puzzled brain. "It's tho price, eh?" He laughed shrewdly. "You want to seo tho color E by Mjjcti C KcIImt high humor. "I would havo visited your sloop today, Captain Plum, if you hadn't como nshoro so opportunely Ho, ho, ho! n good this morning. Joke, eh? A mighty good Joko!" Captain Plum regained his rompo-surby relighting his pipe. Ho heard tho chink of gold pieces nnd when ho looked again tho two piles of money wero elojo to tho edgo ot his slilu ot tho tnble. for you, Captain Plum. , "That's Thcro's n Just 11,000 in those two piles." Thero was tenso earnestness now In tho old mnn's fnco nnd voice. I'vo Imposed on you," ho continued, speaking ns ono who had suddenly thrown off n disguise. "If It hnd been nny other man It would havo been tho snme. I want help. I want an honest man. I want a man whom I enn trust. I will give you n thousand dollars tf you will (nko a pnekago back to your vessel with you nnd will promlso to deliver It ns quickly as you can. "I'll do It!" cried Captain Plum. Ho Jumped to his feet nnd held out his hand. Hut the old man slipped from his chair and darted swiftly out Into tho blackness of the adjoining room. As he camo hack Captain Plum could hear his Insane chuckling. o "lluslness business business " he gurgled. "Kh, Captain Plum? I)!d you ever take nn onth7" Ho tossed a hook on the table. It wns the lilble. Ho Captain Plum understood. reached for tho book and held It un der his left hand. His right ho lifted above his head, whllo n smile plnyed nbout hU lips. "1 Biipposo you want to placo mo under oath to deliver that package." ho raid. Tho old man nodded. Ills eyes gleamed with a fevprlsh glare. A sudden hectic fltiBh had gathered in his death-likcheeks. Ho trembled. His loicc rose barely nbovo n whisper. "Repeat," he commanded. "I, Captain Nathaniel Plum, do solemnly swear before (lod " A thrilling Inspiration shot Into Captain Plum's brain. "Hold!" ho cried. Ho lowered his hand. With something that wns n snarl the old mnn sprang back, his hnnds clenched. "I will take this oath upon ono other consideration." continued Captain Plum. "I camo to Heaver Island to seo something of the llfo and something of tho peoplo of St James. If you. In turn, will swear to show me ns much nn you can tonight I will tnko tho oath." Tho old man was besldo thn table ngaln In nn instant. "I will show It to you all 'I will Bhow ho exclaimed excitedly. al!" his head nnd his Hps moving ns If In prayer. Ills eyes burned wltU n dull glow ns though ho hnd been Middenly thrown Into n trnnco. Ihi seemed not to brenthe. no vlhrntlon of Hfo stirred him except In tho movement of his Hps. With tho third loll of tho distant bell ho spoko, nnd to Cnptaki Plum It wns as If tho passion and fire In his volco camo from nnnther Iwflng. "Our Christ, Master of hosts, wo call upon thy chosen peoplo the three blessings of the unlverso pene. prosperity nnd plenty, and upon Strang, pi lest, king nnd prophet, tho bounty of thy power!" Three times moro tho distant bell tolled forth Its mysterious mcssngo nnd when tho last poIioob hnd died away the old man's arms dropped besldo hlin nnd ho turned ngnln to Captain Plum. "Franklin Pierce. preshVt of th United States of Amerkn," ho repented, ns though thero had been no Interruption since his companion's question. 'The packngo Is to bo delivered to him. Now yos must excuse me. An important mattor calls me out for a short tlmo. Ihit I will be back soon oh, yes, very noon. And you will wait for me. You will wait for mo here, nnd then I wUl take you to St James." He was gone In a quick hopping wny, like a cricket, nnd the Inst that Captain Plum naw of htm was his ghostly fnco turned hank for nn Instant In tho darkness of the next room, nnd after that thu soft patter of his feet nud tho strango chneklo In his throat trnvclcd to the onter door and died away ns ho passed out Into tho night. Nnthanlel Plutn wns not a man to be easily startled, hut thero was something so umimtal nbout thi proceedings In which h was as yet plnylng a blind part that ho forgot to smoke, which was saving ruoch. Who His was the old man? Was ho und eyes scanned the llttlo room nnd nn exclamation of astonishment foil from hla lips when he saw tho leather bag. partly filled with gold, lying where had ncqualntmrro Ms mysterious dropped It. Surely this wns madness err else nnother ruso to test his honesty. The discovery thrilled Mm. It wn. wonderflly quiet out In that next room nnd very dark. Wore hidden eyes guarding that bag? Well, If so, ho would glvn their owner to understand that he wns not a thief. Ho roso from his chair nnd moved toward tho bag. lifted It In his hnnd. and tossed It back ngatn so that tho gold In It chinked loudly. Then he went to tho nnrrow aperture nnd blocked It with his body nnd listened until ho knew that If thero had boon human llfo In tho room ho would have Hardly ftad tho words fnllcn from tho lips of Obnllah Prlco than tho old mnn strnlghtcned himself nnd stood na rigid ns n gargcyle, his gazo penetrating Into tho darkness of tho room beyond Captain Plum, hrs head Inclined slightly, every norvo In hlra strained to n tension of expectnncy. Ills companion Involuntarily gripped tho butt of hit plstot and faced the narrow cntrnnco through which they hnd come. In tho ffioment of absolute sllonco Hint followed tlwro como to him, faintly, n sound, unintelligible nt first, but growing In voluiun until ho knew that It was tho last ncJio of n tolling bell. Thero was no movement, no cound of brcnth or whisper from tho old mnn nt his hack. Tint when It camo ngaln, floating to him as tf from n vast dlstnnce, ho turned quickly to find Obadiah Prlco with his Tncc lifted, his thin arms flung wide above heard It. "That's for You, Captain Plum." It to you yes, nnd swear to It upon tho body of Christ!" Captain Plum lilted his band again nnd word by word repeated tho oath, When It was dono tho other took his io r placo. "Your namo?" asked Captain Plum. A change scarcely perceptible swept over tho old man's face. "Olmdluh Price." "Hut you nro n Mormon. You have the Ilible there?" Again tho old man disappeared into tho ndjolnlng room. When ho returned ho placed two books sldo by side and stood them on edgo so that ho might clasp both between his bony lingers. Ono wns tho Hlhlo, tho other In a tho Hook ot tho Mormons. cracked, excited volco he repeated tho strenuous oath Improvised by Cap-taiPlum. "Now," Bald Captain Plum, distributing tho gold pieces among his pockets, "I'll take that package." This tlmo the old man wns gono for soveral minutes. When ho returned tTo m: continuhim tightly he placed a small pnekago bound nnd sealed Into his companion's Good Advice. hand. "Anil now, son." snld tho old rabbit, "Moro precious than your life, mora priceless than gold," ho whispered "hero's a hit of advice. Always keep tensely, "yet worthless to nil but tbe on tho good sldo ot n dog," "Hut, pop," queried the youngster, ono to whom It Is to be delivered." ho wns about to go forth Into th Thero were no marks on the packhlg world, "which Is the good side age "And wh. Is that?" asked Captain ot a dog?" "Tho ouUlde, son." answered Ihi Plum. Uuc, Thn old man came so close that his o. r.. as he bit oft another rnhbage. (ell hot upon the young man' breath 1 n nnl Tho outor door wns opened through It there camo to him the soft breath of tho night nlr nnd tho sweetness of balsam nnd wild flowers. It struck him thnt It would bo pleasanter wnltlng nutsldo thnn In, nnd It would undoubtedly mnko no dlfferenco to Obadiah Irlce. In front of tho cnbln ho found tho stump of a log and seating himself on It whom tho clear light of tho stnrs fell full upon him ho onco more bignu his Interrupted smoke. It seemed to him thnt he hnd waited n long tlmo when ho heard tho sound of footsteps. Thoy came rapidly as If tho person was half running. Hardly had ho located tho direction of tho sound when a flguro red In the opening nnd hurried A toward tho door of tho cnbln. dozen yards from him It paused for a moment nnd turned partly nbout, s If bad Inspecting tho path over which come, With a greeting whlstlo Cai tain Plum Jumped to his feet. Ho heard a little throat noto, which wns not tho chuckling of Otudlnh Prlco, und tho tlguro ran almost Into his nrnis. A sudden knowledgo of hnving mado n mlslnko drew Captain Plum a para backward. For scarcely moro than five seconds ho found himself staring Into tho white terrified fnco of h girl. Kyes wldo and glowing with sudden fright met his own. Instinctively he lifted his hand to his bat. but before ho could speaU tho girl sprang buck with a low cry nud ran swiftly down tho pnth that led Into the gloom of tho woods. np-lie- u 4 January 12, 1911 THE CITIZEN etshllih-ment- s. wratlh. It ylsMa steadily a smaller pro I rnnttlo and msnttrsxttirlng This ha gone so far that thers ixiriinn nr uin total revenue, nnn inn burden of sunportlns; the Rovcrnment Is not a large eslnbllfhment In tlm Htnte y falls more nnd morn hexvlly upon real that ran procure from lis local rstnto nnd other forms o proerty that bank a sufflclenl line of credit tn carryy can not Imj hidden. . on Its enterprise. Nor Is there In It Is In order to cure this Injustice and tmlny on account nf thn heavy the evils nttendlim It nnd rcsultlnic from fax we put nn capltnl and b.inkliig deIt that the revision Is uracil In Kentucky, posits n single. Institution nr any group Thn evil has been correcleil elsewhere. of Inslltuttiins strong enough to float a It can l eorreeteil here. The Htatesof the really big financial enterprise. Union are rapidly abandoning thl sysA Fartlcal Remit. tem. No state hns ever succeeded In defontrait with this thn fact 'hit for vising a system of penalties and assessl!lu there wero listed In the State of ments nr fMiialltatlnn that could enmpd lmtids to thn thl IntntiRltilo movable property to stand Kentucky for taxation and Im tnxeil when the tax rate amounts nmonnt of only 3.773,t:i1, out of u total to cntiflscntlnn of so largo n part of the nssessment of l?,I7I,'K2 or less than seven-tent- h Income, , of one per cent. Add to Imnds Hie amount listed nf stocks nnd Hjw It Works In Kentucky. money and thev nit amount to leas than Now let u look at the situation In 10 per cent of the total, nnd without Kentucky. The state tnx I fn cents. mortgage notes (which escape) to There you h ivii already n tax rate ipillo less than C per cent nf can't totsl. This as high u some classes uf properly can I nlisurd, but It Is true.theNo man will . easily stand. Hut we ilo not slop ther-presume to say that this I morn than l'lubT our law on top of this acpart of state tax must he put the county tnx, nn Infinitesimal thl State the bonds n tually imned In subject to which, tnklt'lC the state over, will rtver-flg- n as they the St.itn not far from M rents. Thl gives us stand. under this meagre laws Of nmount nearly a tnx rate of tl, too high fnr many kinds Countv was In of properly, nnd tho procens of hiding Tho tendency listed giveJefferson nnd less Is to In lesi gets well under way. proiiorty. You can not of this kind we slop here. On top of this expect men to of Nor do In when stnte tax of M cents and tho county tax that to do so glvntoIt surrender they know anywhere Is of W cent there Is still lmpoe,l n local from W to 75 per emit nf tho Income. 1 tax ranging all lh way from to cents to think It mav ho safely stated that nearly U.S.", and sometimes higher, nnd tilth every f, or 10 rents ndiled to the rate all of this live and thrciinrter million for bonds more and more property Is eliminated by dollar of belonged listeddepend tnxatlon In Kentucky nt people, to hldliiiT or undervaluation. The nvernge and represents money left them by, hustax rate In cities nnd towns of first, In bands and fathers, who thought In this third, fourth and llfth classes for the futuro Kentucky I about $J.M. Thl nmoun's way to provlJolaws nf the stateofdotheir not families, to about cent of the return from permit thoTho Investment of funds In anyany i per cent Investment. It nmnunM thing but the most stable of lo ,i little under 4.", per cent of the. return You can not buy really sound securities. from any 6 jwr cent Investment, nnd If bonds that will pay more than 5 standard per rent you apply It to a 3 per rent Investment, lnvMtmint, nnd yet such a a savings account. It takes near- on tho says the trust fund tho very law must lo Inly 7t per cent ni the Income. Not even which In the class of the wildest ex'remet would propoe an vested In thissays same breath that of the S per cent Income tux of tS to 75 per cent. Yet that yield on the Investment, the state, counI we try to collect from some what daises of pmiH-rtyIt I too much o ties nnd lf municipalities may take mora In taxes. expect of wenk human na'ure. It Is a than stupid defiance nf economic Inws a well How It Could Be Better Done. a. of the law nf human nature. Wlun deriving There nny tax tnkes more than 10 pr cent of from thi nre ways of properly revenue so classes of that Iho Income from nny cIas of property, In Kentucky under our present sysnmlerv iliMtlon and evasion will Wo attempt, as Tho larger the percentage of Income tem. I.ot mo Illustrate. savings deposit, I have shown, to tnx taken by a tax the greater incentive to three per cent by the same evasion, undervaluation and perjury In yielding nnd nt the same rato that wo ue you method order to erea the burden, until In taking any other form of property rmch a point where lo pile further taxes which pays fifteen or twenty or twenty-tle- e no) on n tnx rnte already high doe r cent nnd which Is fixed and vll-bl- e ylehl a proport'ountu increawi of reveIII Its rliarnctor. Tho consequence I nue. that practically no savings deKistts nr d We Have Tried It Nineteen Years. given In for taxation. In the New nre taxeA States saving deposit We fixed thl system In the new constitution nineteen yours ago. Our Inten- nt rates varying from somn thirty to tnx Is paid by the tion were good. We acted with the best forty cents. Thl light we had at that time. Unfortunately, bank, and the bank adjust" It with the however, nt the time we ndopteil It. the owner of the savings deposit. Tho State evetetn was being nkandnnetl elsewhere. I certain of tho revenue, since It Is It Is not leldlng eulllolent revenue for a content to take a reasonable percentage progressive state P hampers Industrie, of the Income derived from the deposit, nnd It has no difficulty In collecting It. It burden the poor nnn. It drives capital out f tho state, nr Into forms of In- It I not forceil to attempt to find thi" property In tho hands of tho Individual vestment that do not promote buslne nctlvlty and tin not furnish employment holder. it.) not develop the resources This, of course, does not cover the lii labor nnd lsinds nf corporation outside of the of tho stale. e Is the state, but the same wise imllcy of lonklng It Is a mlrtnkn In riippo-- that It rich man only, or chiefly, who has a tho rate lower remove the temptation cause of complaint against tho present to conceal thl" cla of property, and the tax system. The rich man pnn take care state of Pennsylvania derhes from such property more than Ki").f"i of revenue nf himself, and doe tnko care nf himself. He understands the tax laws, or If a year. Of course, Pennsylvania Is an he lines not understand them hlmsilf, h enormotily wealthy state. Hut It has able to employ tho best legal counsel gotten wealthy partly because of Its ens to tell him how In so couraging nil forms of Industry by wl-- e his as to lie In a safe iwmitlnn when tnx laws. In natural resourcci It haji no the assessment time roll around. If nil advantage, over the state of Kentucky. else falls, he ran move out nf the state Can 13 e Brought Out. lie I smart enough to put the greater It may be urged that lowering the rate part of hi estate In forms of prnpe on property of this character will not that he cm easily conceal from the The Knr man con tint do these bring It out for taxation. of We ran only point other the rxperlcneo things. If he has been fortunate mil In this torespect. Unman nature I States thrifty enough to save anything at nil. much the same everywhere. Mostpretty generally It tlrst take tho form of n would rather be honest nlmiit their men .asivlngs nrconnt nnd then nf n home. ssessments If they can sufHe knows little or nothing of stocks and fering co nil "call on. The so without rate chance of h'inds. If he has a saving account he multiplier: of must conceal It from the assessor or give on this class fromproperty hasfold In the tt many up practically the whole nf It yelld In the revenue t years, h- - ha s.ivcd enough for a Stato of Maryland within not taxis. If possible home he still pays n tnx on rout estate, and mada rate to 16 the reduction of tho cents. every man win live under a roof Stato tax for Our Remedy In Kentucky. must pay this tax. whether In exchange Tint wo arc not at Illwrty In the State for a tax reclpt from the sheriff, nr fur a rent receipt from the landlord. There of Kentucky to adopt any of the meth!i no escaping It. Anil If the poor man od that have nfforded relief to other (a Kentucky Im tried to buy a home utnl Statin, liecaue of the restriction pit has made n partial payment on It, he upon our Legislature by the constitution finds that the notes representing hi de- of the State. We are tlcl hand anil fool terred payments lire also taxeil, nnd the to tho general property tax system. 1 ilo not believe in criticising wlthou lender may be trusted to arrange matter so that the owner of the property wP promising n remedy It not proposer' of the tax nn thn-- c should lie any sudden and that there stand the burden notes, practically makHu him pay double radical chanifo of tho revenue system tnx tn tho extent of hl unpaid purcharo Immediately upon the adoption of tho proposed .amendment to tho Constitution money. of tho Ktate. If tho legislature proposes We Need Outside Capital. the amendment to the constitution an It has not been long since I heard the the jienple ratify It ut the polls, the revery startling etntitnent made by a sult up to that point will be merely thn peaker at a public gathering that we the Legislature Is put In a position the work of revising whcro It can do not need foreign capital In Kentucky I am quite sure im editor of a Ken- our tnx sytem. Tho amendment doeI sgree to this. not mean "must." It means "may." tucky newspaper wilt Practically nil of the development of It I wle the legislature will revlso must the resources of Kentucky that has slowly. Tli- - government Itevlslon go on. taken place has been by the aid of for- Itcvenue must bo had. preferably Inmint capital. It must have been so. be cautions. It should eign by a tax commission gathering In We did not have tho capital ourselves. to ne If we do not get It from the outside, foimatloii for the Uh)ii. It should be along n consistent we would not have It at nil. The de vclnpnicnt now going on In Kastcrn Hue designed to end III n system undei which thu sources of revenue shall Kentucky almost wholly by menu classified, certain property being taxe-fo- r e We need thl of outside capital. State purposes, nnd for State purcapital. We, want It to come. We want It tn stand for Its fair shnro of pose only; other proiiorty for Municipal purposes purposes nnd for Municipal not the burden of our exiene, It proposed to exempt It from taxation In only: still other property for County purposes and for County purposes only-- all propon-,tn ntiler to ret It, but It Is pioperty being fixed at some rate tor the taxes upon every form of capipurpose and tal th it comes with n reason. ible view some rate lietng as for onea purpovi only, fairly poslblo adthat to the profit It extects tn yield Its ownnlso with an eye out for the justed to the normal Income from propers nnd nnd eomiKtltlnn between one. State nnd all- erty of that class yield collected by the the largest re ot Ivor In thn advantages offered for such method that will turns. Investment. That I the proposition In a, nutshell. Some Abturd Results. It Is not theory. It U being successfully sc have Let me point out a few of the absurdi- done. Fourteen States that tls--nowmay shapitl their constitutions ties tn practice In enforcing the general do It. And nt every step of the progress us supproperty tax tn Kentucky. pose a man with n thousand dollars tn from the old method to the new. i of a snvlnga account In lemlsvllle. At the work would bo In theof handspeople. tr tho prevailing rato of Interest, three per chosen representatives The Goal To Be Reached. cent, ho would rrallie In one year thirty dollars on his savings. Ilo would pay The formulating nt the new Bystem t.ii.m of this J30 0O In taxes. I da not nnd tho working out of Its details (.lent know what the tax rate now Is In but nlwav lie done most cautiously, Several years ago It was. tl.IO with u view to dually reaching n polm on the tliiloi If this man hnd his thouwhero the Stato would ralm lis entlr sand dollars deposited In a P.iducnh bank revenue from one class of property at throe per cent Interest, ho would the Counties from another clnsi of property, and the Cities from still anhave reullreil JT.0O a yiur from his and he would have paid Ot.fti other. Under such a fyi'teni, when puylng ii penalty for being pletely In effect, farming land would In taxes, thrifty. In view of this. It Is no won- bo taxed only for local purvoses. They der that out of more than 3.l.fo.Oi s of elmuld not pay a ont of t.ix fur Stn'e savings tn the Pulled States there are purposes. No kind of property taxed for barely fa'ftO.MM In savings banks In Ken- State purpose should bo taxed fur local tucky. The inure liberal polli-pursued purposes, and none taxed for County or bv the New Kngland Btntox has. made City purposes fchould bo taxed for Stato that little rorner of our country the purposes. separation nt great reservoir of ravings funds, the oureesof revenue, lly this hoarded dollars of people of small menu, wo avoid that piling up of iin t.ix rnte which In the aggregate make such an on another wlilrh makes the burden so mormons rum, Hint every great enter- heavy In Kentucky, nnd by this clnslf. prise with n deserving linml Issue to float lug of property necordliig to Its rap.uiiv look tlrst to the New Knuland- market. for standing a tax proportionate to the lelds, w removo tho IncenIncome It Dankt Protect Themselves. tive which our present system furnishes It la often stated by people who have to undervaluation and evasion and pernot investigated this movement for u jury. I um not pointing cut nn Ideal revision of thu tax system that It origior unnates largely In the desire of banks to tried system. Th's system has Iwen scape from taxation. Let nn one conund Is being followed successful) cern himself about the banks tn this elsewhere. There Is no reason why It matter. The tax on banks iters not stop should not prove oiii.a!lv successful In there. Tliiro la such a thing as Inci- Kentucky. It holds oat tho hope of ru- dence of taxation, which In comim P.irlnncu merely means shouldering the "I' tnist I have made It plain that tax loail off on tho next fellow. If a bank revision does not inesn for lias to pay u hlith rale of taxation It anybody. It means merely a fair apporrots. It back from the borrower. If that tionment of tho biirdiu a lo kinds of borrower Is it retail merchant he :ct property. It means nn abandonment uf It luck from his customer. If the a system that promises Ideal uniform!' Is thu owner of real ciute who is In theory, but In practice has resultei' putting motu-into houses, ho gets It In tho grossest unfairness to all visible hack from his truants, who may Ut poor forms of properly and 'ho prnctlcal exmen. In the cud. Hie tux will bo bormi emption or millions. It putting by somebody else than the bank. Thu In the hands of tho legislature the power hank will contlnuo to turn dlvldumls fori to vary the rate uud Iho method at all and changing lis stockholders. times to suit .'hanged Hut I do nut mean Hist too heavy a of property, so that If property tax on a bank has not an unfavorable forms stand to be taxed by one method, will not elTect. The unfavorable, effect uf It I wo may reach It by unoth- -; uud so tha" upon the community, huwevcr, us a If one rato Is found ton high for a class whole. Italher than stand too heavy a of proiierly thavlng nferenco to tho In load of taxation the banks sill le.lu come that property yields) a dllferent their capital and surplus, ai many of rats may be tried In the Interest of Until have done In Kentucky. Under the larger revenue as well as of fairness. So law nf this State, the amount that can that. In short, wo may be free tu deal Im luaneil by u bank tn any cne Individwith a question of such Importance at ual or linn or corporation ii limited tn nil time nt uny business man won a fixed pcrrent.ago nf the capital und deal with the constantly recurring pioli-lesurplus of that bank. The result, thereIn his business life, changing hi fore, of reducing the capttnl and surplus method to lake advantage of In own of b.i nk Is tu reduce the amount uf expei leiieo and tha experience of others, credit that can be given and to restrict and of alt of tho Information hs a trrl tho lunklnc facilities of our lxrie mer. oa Hi- CI Ken-tnrkone-ha- lf -sec-oniSTi Page Seven ' TAX SYSTEM God's Covenant of 1855 NEEDSJEVISION Address of A. Y, Ford to the Members of Kentucky Press Association. PRESENT MODE COSTS HEAVILY : tli a I nur 1.11V UUll By PASTOR of Drookljn RUSSELL Berea College THE MOUNTAINS. Over 64 instructors, 1365 students from 27 states. Largest college library in Kentucky. NO SALOONS. 1910 FOR THE ASPIRING YOUNG PEOPLE OF Places the BEST EDUCATION in reach of alL TsbnU Tax Rcvlilon Do Not Mean exemption, Rut Fair Apportionment on All Kinds of Property It Meant Uniformity, The following In the of Mr. A. Y. Ford befnro tho Kentucky Press association at tho l.oiilsvllle midwinter gathering In I.ouIkv111o: Tho tax system of a Htnto deserves, rarrful consideration, because tho power to tnx Is tho power to destroy, mill a lax unwisely i.iltl may easily ilra n thu life of n t'limmimlly or kill nn Industry. Approximately 120,000,-00- 0 a year nre taken from Iho pockets of tin1 people of Kentucky for tho support of thu state, county and inunlrl-pagovernments. It Is Incomprehensible that n thing which means so ; nttirh In dollar ntiil rents In tho of the statu should generally have iccclvrd Htirli sennt consideration. There has been no considerable extravagance In inn expenditure of our public funds. It l therefore tltno thai n now stop to consider carefully whether thvc largo sums are raised by tho best possible methods, whother they am rained In a way that distribute the burden fairly an between the owners nf vat Inns kinds of property, whether tlm tax taws Impose the. least Imnlen consistent with tho demand tor revenue, and whether (hey so distribute th burden ns to otTrr tho least possible hlmlratire to tho development, of tho state Whcro thero Is rompe-- t I l poo-pit- t one-ha- Hng-lan- necessarily elst under modern conditions, nn unwise system mav. In burp ininpetltlon for new population, new Industries nnd new capital, easily prove dcgtnirtlvo of prnserlty. Rrvlilon Does Not Mean Exemption The irinvimcnt f'T n revision nf llin tnx ym.tn nf ICrtituckv In iut a movement any klnil nf In favnr nf etempMin pruixrty fnwn taxation. I know It Ku nunrter i n i hariirlertse.1' Inforsom menm'l'in r 'f nn nn rn:I msfinm apt-"capital Trier" tins tnalln. preei nf the state nppeircil In the for ulmtn I nn article frnm n liave tlie crentest repcct whleri revr.i' a tol.tl mliiiii1ertMfnllnir of the spirit unil pun'"'' nf tills movement. In thn urtlcle It li declared that the attempt t y rvvlso tin- - sjstim of taxntln In l n part f a koiiii comlilnntlnn r. rxrmptlmi frnm nf cipltnl ! , ami I slntc dctlber.itct-with fu'l ami In vine iitnindnnt li know thereof I speak, tint no ailvnculn of the iroiKi'.l revision of the tnx sslcm nf Kentucky his ever nt.ieetcl that nnr clans of ptupert should ) exempted from tnxatlon. of thn mnvrmrnt fnr tax The revision l not to secure cxrmptlnn for rlnsw nf prniwrty (Jn the contrary aiiv It l for the piirp,e "f renin Inif rnntl so Ihnt the IrRlrla-tur- e tullonat o lo vry Ilia ntajf hnvo imwer ilnl-lmethml nixl th mtf that millions oftnxn-lio- n of property that now ecspn may ! niad lo yield a revrnun nnd thin rellee tlio liunlrn on rrnl estate. Our prerrnt fjuli'm linn utterly fallnl lit thl rwict .flrr nineteen years nf trial wt tln.1 It has p'lictleally hroken as concern" Hie raMnir n' down, rn far nnd lmnd nnd other revrnie from lx,k lutniislhl,, property of that kind which can encily tw hidden. keep on with the old Hhall we inen-lnr shall we make Mihiii that haa fnllol.method onrM-lvthat havn free to try Inrpe rliiewherr uewillfrom ltd klnilInnf ilcrlvInK which pro"rty appeal , I make no In eur state? npifor the tax ilndeer I favor no exemption nf any kind of property. I nilvneate a ryvtini that r.'lll make every kind of a fair share nf the) hurdrns property rateil iioenllne t It cainelly nnd collected liy li mithod ntteil to It character. Facts and Not Theories Theoretlenllv, under our prcFeiit law, Practically, "un-n i pnMMtty t exempt nnr prennt law, million imon miloeape Only nluiut (..ri.a) of lion tHinds, for lntaniH-- . were taxwl In Kenenr, That I manifest tucky thl the nddress niirrtve lct uface the condition a tn they facts ln ii urn-tlaws of ecnniimle and of human nature n they an and not it we think thev should he. e have In of taxation The nH!i-Kentucky Is wat I knimn ns the (len-erRystem. PrntM-rtJt It a Tax which came Into exUlenee many yinr niin whin proM'rty existed In simple form, wlun must that a man had would li" hi nhaprt nf lands and Iihiim'X iiii, I live stock, or a slock nf eondu, nr other thlims visible to tho ejo ulhl eanlly In that d.iy It served Its fairly well, hut that day ha lonK niitcrown and the system which sufijentl--in.aKen-lucktx-utlf- It Ion between communities such as I ge Invest-ment- 1 TIJXT-Tl- io lord, whom yo sok, shall tuddenty eomo to his temple, even the Mifcadtier of tlm covenant, whom ye delight In, said Jehovah of Hosts; but who may ubldo by the day of tils coming? Malachl HI, Six thousand ynnrn ngu In Kden our Maker, In Justly sentencing his disobedient children to death. Intimated that ultimately Uio seed of tho woman would bruise tho serpent's head. This hidden promlso was tho first Intimation of tho dlvlno mercy which our graclouii Creator purposed In himself from before tho foundation of tho world. I2ver noble, kind and gracious, our Croator restrained his mercy for tho good of his creatures that they might learn lo npprcclnto tho exceed-Insinfulness of sin. For tho Rood of thi; angels nlso, and that they might fully know of his Juntlcn, as well as of his wisdom and power, God Insisted upon dealing with hlB creatures from thu standpoint of exact Justice. They had Binned and thereby had forfeited all claim upon the eternal life which hu had given them conditionally. Htcrnnl torment, as wo have already scon, did not lit uny sens or degree enter Into the dlvlno Intention. Ills sentence up.on man, plainly stntcd, was, "Dying thou shall die," not, Living thou shnlt Ilvo In torment. "Tho soul that slnnelli It shall dlo" (Oeno-si- s II, 17; Kzeklel xvlll, 4). God Intended to exemplify In his dealings with our raco a prlnclplo of dlvlno government to bo mado operative everywhere ultimately among all his creatures on tho spirit plane, as well ns upon the earthly. Irrael's experiences of tribulation and bondago In Egypt were probably necessary to preparo them for God's great proposition that they should keep tho law and 03 a Toward have llfo everlasting.. As It Is written, "Ho that doeth things shall llvo by them" (Leviticus xvlll, G). Israel greatly rejoiced In thla manifestation of dlvlno preference for them more than for all others of humanity. Tho law covenant was mediated. Tho sacrlflco of bulls nnd of goats mado a typical atonement for them for a year, so that thoy might enter Into tho covenant relationship with God. But when they attempted to keep tho law they wero disappointed. They failed. Tho law of God being tho full measure of a n A special teacher for each grade and for each main subject. So many classes that each student can be placed with others lik himself, where he can make most rapid progress. Which Department Will You Enter? Same lectins, THE MODEL SCHOOLS for those least adtrancod. library and general advantages as for moro adranced students. Arlthrnetlo and tho common branches taught In tho right way. Drawing, Singing, DlbOsv Handwork, Lessons la Farm and Household) Management, etc. Free txt books. TRADE C0URSE8 for any who have flnishod fifth grade (fractions aaB compound numbers), Brickwork, Farm Management, Printing, Woodwork Nursing, Dressmaking, Household Management. "Lcam and Earn." ACADEMY, REGULAR COURSE, 2 years, for those who have large) finished common branches. The most practical and Interesting studios to St a young person for an honorabio and useful life. CHOICE OF STUDIES is offered In this course tu that a young ram may secure a diploma In Agriculture and a yourjs lady In Home Science. ACADEMY, COMMERCIAL, 1 jroar or 2 yeara to fit for business. Even Saudi a part of this course, as fall and winter terms. Is very profitable. extra foes. ACADEMY, PREPARATORY, 2, 3 and 4 year courses, wlui Latin, Gorman, Algebra, History, Science, ota, fitting for college. COLLEGIATE, 4 years. Literary, Sclentlfio and Classical courses, wlp use of laboratories, scientific apparatus, and all modorn mothods. Tir highest educational standards. courses fit for tho profession of teaching. Fin NORMAL, 3 and year, parallel to 8th grade Model Schools, enables one to got a first-clnFollowing years (winter and spring terms) glvo tho Informatics, cortlficato. culturo and training necessary for a true teacher, and cover branches nocf. ary for State certificate. MUSIC, Singing (free), Hood Organ, Voice Culturo, Piano, Thorjry. Dand, may be taken as an extra In connection with any course. Small extra a fees. Expenses, Regulations, Opening Days. IJerca Collego Is not a Institution. All the money from students Is paid out for their benefit, and the School exponto on an average upon each student about fifty dollars a year mora than he pay? In. Tills great deficit 13 mado up by tho gifts of Christian and patriotic peoxbe who arc supporting Dcrca In order that It may train young men and women for lives of usefulness. OUR SCHOOL IS LIKE A FAMILY, with careful regulations to protoo the character and reputation of the young poopto. Our students come froia tho best families and aro earnest to do well and Improve. For any who mtry bo sick the College provides doctor and nurso without extra charge. AH except U1030 with parents In Dcrea llvo in College buildings, and assist In work of boarding ball, farm and shops, receiving Taluable traits Ing, and getting pay according to tho valtto of their labor. Except In wlxi. tcr it is expected that all will have a chance to ears a part of their penses. Write to the Secretary before coming to secure cmploymenL PERSONAL EXPENSES for clothing, laundry, postage, books, etc., vary with different people IJerea favors plain clothing. Our climate Is the bevt, but as students must attend classes regardless of the weather, warm wraps money-making rei-en- perfect man's ability, and tho Jews, liko other men, being Imperfect, found that they had undertaken an Impossibility. pnre ar 1 c Not a Jew kept tho law perfectly. Not a Jew, therefore, gained eternal llfo during tho first year. Hut God, foreknowing this, had mado preparation for a repetition of tho atonement day every year, so that tho people might continue striving to attain eternal life. Year nftor year, century after century, they failed, and discouragement took tho placo of hope. God was teaching them a great lesson respecting tho need of better sacrifices than those of bulls and of goats, and nUo leaching them that there Is no other means of Justification In his sight. They got blessings under tho ns-tt- r I 1 out-sid- er I st he al in It ncl- tion wth the varied forms nf property folhiwtni; It. toRether with Iho wide distribution of securities, has entirely ihnnKiit the complexion of affairs. A sytm of taxillon which could derive revenue from linds und houses and other kloils of visible propiTty. which are llxul. iialhil down, mid unable In I'sc.ine, l by no means titled to derive a icvenun from IkiihIs and storks ami monevs and other forms of Intangible prorty. like hoiul and stocks nnd money and notes, which can hide and will hide whenever tho tax rate becomes tdch enotnili to take what the ns too owner of the property reward laree n srotmrtlon of the Incoiuu from nhan-linthin In now helm; KcuerallyImpossl-M- el e txTUime It ha liecll found to ailiiel It to iho many new forma of come Into existence prniKTty which have with the tremendous lit.lnet rial nnd commercial ilevclopmeiit of recent enrs. We have now innnlfnld forms nf prniierty the that were not even dreamed of at Into time the conceal property tax came development "f the corporafavor The ficed ln pur-no- o-- - that proK-rly- . erty repreeent a laruer and l.irncr Kven In tho curlier days of corporate ilevelopmMit. the misfit was not uulte so Year by year, how-eve- r, bad as tt Is IkuiiIb and stock nnd notes nnd of IntaiiKllilii personal propother frnnis of thu tutal property of the Vnir by year, ut t lie wiino time, s. The Gao Wldeni. n bur-low- Iho ilem.ctKtH for revenue for public such us kimsI roads, caml schools, heavier und I lie tnx rata etc., cues hlKlur and higher. At the sainn time the lehl frnm bonds und slocks has crown sirtnller it ml smaller. In earlier days rullrnaits thought uuthlnir. for o( IksuIuk 7 per tent bonds. Today any Miiud.ird railroad would Itself illsKraeeil In the matter uf rnvllt If It could not flout Its bunds at 4 wr cent or lcs. Tint luovltablH result Willi the of IIicm; rhuiullne conditions yield hlKlier lax rate sulnit property uud the lower from pilmr hs; this class of been that the owners uf this kind of property will not list It for luxation whin the tax rale takes nnywhers from 40 lo T5 per ecnl of the Income ylcldisl by that and Inure Therefore, lroerty of property nioru Rone Into of has this kind and thouith such property forms )cur a Urccr part of our totsl con-cbl- er ", ns covenant educational blessings, but uot tho blessings hoped for, not llfo eternal. Henco they wero not In a position to become, as they had hoped, a national Messiah, a national seed of Abraham, for thu blessing of all the nations. Tho of tho leather, as his glorious agent in the great work of creation, had tho honor granted him of becoming tho great messenger of tho covenant, tho great prophet, priest and king of Israel, tho great Michael of Daniel xtl, 1. Hut there wero tests connected with his attain ment of this high position; (1) lly faltli ho must lay aside his heavenly glory, In obedience to tho Father's will to beuomo n mun not a sinful man, but a perfect man holy, harm less, undeflled, separate from sinners. (2) Thus prepared to bocome tho It was his prlvllego to malio full consecration of his earthly Internet and tho Father's pleasure to becct Mm of the holy spirit at Jordan to tho spirit nature on tho highest plane. For three nnd a half years his sacrifice burned upon tho altar. It was ludeed better than tho sucritlco of bulls and goats, for.it was a corresponding prion for Adam; an cyo for an eye, a tooth for u tooth; n man's life for a man's life, (3) 'When Jesus had thus sacrlrlclally parted with his earthly llfo ho experienced a resurroc-tto- n chungo from huniun nature to spiritual, like what bo was orlglually, only higher und moro glorious. Thus ho was at once both a sacrifice uud priest who offered Iho that Then why did he not nt unco begin priest, his great work us prophet, king and now covenant mediator for Israel nnd through Israel for the world? It was because thero wrs lo be muro tutiu onu Hucrtllco In the dlvlno plan on the day of atonement. When this brldo class shall havo completed her sacrifice In und under tho merit of tho great priest, then every urrangemeut for the blessing of Israel ns Abraham's sieil and uf all nations through Israel will have forth-witcommenced. Thus seen tho of Israel's grout messenger ol Iho uow covenant Is rery Important not only to tho Jew, but also to tha world of mankind, who must receive their blessings under cruel by a compliance with ibu same nev, law emu n spirit-begottestu-rillcruto-Jatlo- and underclothing, umbrellas and overshoes, aro noccssary. The tlve Store furnishes books, toilet articles, work uniforms, umbrellas other necessary articles at cost. LIVING EXPENSES aro really below cost Tho College neks no rea for the lino buildings In which students live, charging only enough room rent to pay for cleaning, repairs, fuel, lights, and washing of bcddi&st and towels. For tablo board, without coffee or extras, $1.35 a week it the fail, and $1.50 in winter. For room, furnished, fuel, lights, washing of bedding, 40 cents a week in fail and spring, f0 conts in winter. SCHOOL FEES are two. First a "Dollar Deposit," as guarantee for return of room key, library books, etc This is paid hut once, and Id returned when the student departs. Second an "Incidental Fee" to help on expenses for oaro of school builfi. ings, hospltnl library, etc. (Students pay nothing for tuition or Ben Ices ol teachors all our Instruction Is a freo gift). Tho Incidental Feo for mon etudents Is $5.U0 a term, $ti in Academy and Normal, and $7.00 In Colh glato. courses. PAYMENT MUST BE IN ADVANCE, incidental feo and room rent bj the term, hoard by tho half term. Iustnllments aro as follows: FALL Model School Vocational, Normal and Academy $ 6.00 5.60 9.45 $21.05 9.45 $30.50 $30.00 $ 6.00 6.00 9.00 $21.00 9.90 $30.00 $29.50 $ 6.00 Collegs $ Incidental Fee Room Hoard, 7 weeks Amount due Sept. 14, 1910 Hoard for 7 weeks, due Nov. 2, 1910.. I 5.00 5.60 9.45 7.W 120.05 0.45 $23.50 $29.00 $22. S,C $31(3 131.0C $ Total for term If paid In advance WINTER Incidental Fee I! oo in I 5.00 COO 7J Joard, C weeks 9.00 $20.00 Amount due Jan. 4, 1011 9.00 Board for C weeks, due Feb. 15, 1911. $22j 9.01 $31.M 30.5C Total for term If paid In advance SPRING : $29.00 $?B.50 $ 5.00 4.00 C.75 $15.75 6.75 $23.f,o Incidental Fee Room Hoard, 5 weeks I 7.W 4.0(1 4.00 6.75 $16.75 .75 $23.50 123.00 C.76 $17,73 Amount due March 29, 1911 Heard for 5 weeks, due May Total for term If paid In advance, 3, 1911 . . 6.7t $24.5f $24.0t $23.00 REFUNDING. Students who Icavo by permission befmo tho end of t term receive back for money advanced as follows: (No al'ownnce for fraction of n week.) On board, refund In full. On room and "Special Expenses," there Is a largo loss ocra stoned by vacant rooms or depleted classes;, and the Instltutlcn will refund f of tho amount which tho student has ji.i.'d for tho romnlnintl only weeks of tho term. On Incidental Foe, students excused boforo the middle of a term tW r' f tho Incidental fee paid, which cortlflcate. )Jli cetvo it I'crtlllcato for be received as. rash by Ilerea Collego on pay incut of teim bills by tho sti dent In person, or a brother or sister, Jf presented within four terms. one-halone-hal- The first day of Fall term Is September 14, 19J0. The first day of Winter Urm In Janifary 4, 19J1. The first day of Spring term Is March 29, 1911, I)r Information or friendly advice, write to the Secretary. WILL C. GAMBLE, BEREA. KENTUCKY, DUIlt. Pace Eight. Ho0H0HOH0H0HOKoH0HOH0HonononononoonoH0HooH00HoHoj o THE CITIZEN. wood wero entertained at tho homo of 3 Miss Gusslo Ruckcr, Now Years day. I ray, met with a vary painful sprain Soveral of Uio young people wero of her kneo by falling- - off n porch. entertained at Uio homo of Miss Laura Hor many friends hope it will not Murray, Wednesday night. Dan Mn.t-pl- n detain her from her school duties Is visiting his sister, Mrs. Alex as sho desires to teach. Dr. G. 0. Pnrrlsh of Richmond. Miss Fairy Maggard has returned homo. Dlllard, returned to hrine, Sunday, after tho bright littlo son of ElUha McUan-lel- s, spending soveral days In Winchester. Is recovering front a serious atMrs. T. C. Witt Is with her daiwh- II. Pure Water In the tack of pneumonia. Mrs. Hornsby'a tor, MrB. Balden of Mtr Vernon this Home father, mother and brother Btoppod wook. Ed LawBon entered Ilerea colhero on their way to Hamilton, O. lege, Tuesday for tho winter term. Mrs. Leah Robinson of Laurel Crock Misses Jessie nnd Lydla Young wero j By EUGENE L. FISK. M. D. Is visiting her old tlmo friend, Mm. bhopplng In Berea, Saturday. John' CopyrlcM. 1910. by American Prtti Marshall Webb, who Is not exacted Campbell of Clay County bought tho Association. to recovor from her long illness, Cash Moody property In Kingston for ) ' Miss Lily Baker gavo a very delightl.&OO. N n certnln ponderous volume ful social last Friday night In honor nbout the size of Welntcr's ESTILL COUNTY of thoso who came homo for tho appear the names nnd t.OCOSTIIKAMC'11. holidays. Tho recent cold weather descriptions of the drugs used In Locust Branch, Jan. 9. Thero was mcdlcnl practice. This book Is called has mado tho icople nppreclato tho luxury of tho gas fires mora than preaching at tho Boavcr Pond church tho United States I'hnrmncopocln. A mnrnmnnf f nntr ttmlnr itrnv nntnni over. Mrs. Katlo White- nnd Mrs. Rnliirdnv nftrht nnil Kunilnv rnmhiM. Chas. Hayes wero tho guests of Mr. ed by tho Rev. Lunsford of Bear Wal- -' progressive medical men nnd pharmn-. and Mrs. Will Roach of Manchester low. Maud Campbell who has been CUIX to rwltirp tho ! or tlin vo nmn by discarding all but the most potent at a Now Year's dinner. Many of visiting friends and relathcs nt Rich our tobacco growers nro selling their mond has returned home. James and useful drugs tn each class of remcrops at good prices. Barker has gono to Benttyvlllo to edies. Is It safe to say Mint If fresh air work. Tlso Barker and family visitand pure water could bo secured in i Kd. Noto: Altlio wo had n full ac- ed H. G. Blcknell's family last Thurscount of tho Vital Statistics Law In day nnd Friday. Dr. Sutton of our Issuo of Dec. 1st, Sth page, and Wngcrsvillo movo will to our commented on it In an editorial, Dx-town this week, where ho c.xiwcla to 15th, wo publish tho following letter contlnuo his practice. mnl department of Borea College. Helen, daughter of Mrs. Mary Mur- January 12, 191 1. wn-tc- East Kentucky Correspondence News You Get Nowhere Else No corttipendence poMlihfd It sit (or publication, bat Home Course In Health Culture unlm iltned n lull tjr lie wtlter. Ibe ttmt erldtnce of good faith. Wilte plainly. In i" OH0OKOH0OOH0OH0H0R00O0H00H0OH001OH0J0l0l00 j ran qulto a lot of cross tics on tho FOR REPRESENTATIVE w nm authorized to announce tho llast tide. Miss Minerva CornellBon to enter collego. ,ndMn nf Dr. J. A. Mahnffey. of I"13 Bno to John Hurley who cut his foot rc-tBturgeon, Ky., for Representative of ccntly is Improving slowly. Tho In- 71st district, subject to tho ac- 'm urccK scnooi onus Jan. nut. tlon of tho Republican party. uro planning 10 uavo a lino Imey Bc-rw-i J A proper filtration is obtntinl. plant Is also advisable, nnd herwcMHTt ndrlco nnd engineering akin will prorc-cbeaIn tho long ntn. On farms nnd plnces disconnected from a general water supply tho mat ter Is under tho Imtncdlnto control of the householder. If one cannot nfford nn artesian well, at lenst n deep well should bo sunk nnd rigid prccnutlon taken ngalnst con tnmtnatloii from household sewnge. voir, river or Inko from which the r ROOM FOR SEVENTY-FIV- E MORE STUDENTS. Practically every room was taken a week ago, but tlio Collego lias been bo prompt In providing new accomthat thero will bo room modatlons tor about fifty young men and tweu- young ladles by tho end of week. Tho Normal Department is rejoicing In Its flno quarters In Pearsons Hall, and each of tho other departments finds Itself tct- ter off than over before. Young peo- plo who havo been delayed in coming may bo suro of good accommodations If they start at once. ROCKCASTLE COUNTY Boone, Jan. meeting was held at Kalrvlow, Saturday nnd Sunday, conducted by tho Kov. Win, o Bryant of Cartcrsvllle. J. W. ls bert Is very sick. Clell Young Lam-ty-flvre-th- IIOONK 9. Religious JACKSON COUNTY A. lauipuiu Evergreen, Jan mado a business trip to Berea last wcok.-wmt- lleiu Koso is sick una week. A number of our boys wero at Richmond last week as witnesses against moonshiners. Our county la ary 01 moonsmno anu quiei. lum Hammond and Cash Griffin aro doing a good business logging lor AiDert Powell.-A- lcx Drew mado a flying is trip to Withers this week.-C- oru selling at 7& cents per misnei. .o ono has completed his work gathering It. TVNEK i.l. Tyner, Jan. 8. Roy Mooro mado a bUBlness trip to East Bernstadt, Krl- day. Herbert King has gono to 13o- rea where ho will enter school for the winter term. Mr. McHone, Tho ClUzens agent was in this vicinity last Saturday. W. Bullock is strip- ping tobacco for E. C. and L. C. V. K. Jones was in town Mooro. last week sorving on tho board of fcupervisors. James H. Mooro has accepted a position as storekeeper in a dlsUllery at Camp Nelson. W. M. Goodman is moving Into his new dwelling on Zckes point. Mr. and Mrs. Harry Mooro havo moved into J. H. Jones property. Carter Vaughn, a tobacco man of Frankfort, has been visiting his father, W. M. Vaughn, for a few days. Died on tho second, Will Simpson of pneumonia. His remains wero laid to rest in the Am brose gravo yard near Greenhall. John Simpson who has been work ing m mo h. and N. shops at Loulsvillo has returned home. W. P. Jones' school closed at Viva, tho Cth. Ho is now with home folks. Mr. ana Mrs. John Moore entertained thelr home, Friday night. Prlvett, Jan. 1. Tho Sunday school at Gray Hawk closed Jan. 1. Lewis Hays is very ill with typhoid fever and mumps. Mr. and Mrs. Robertson from Garrard Co. spent Christmas with their parents at Gray Hawk. Willie Jones gavo a social last Fri- day night Arch Peters and Bob York mado a business trip to Boone- vlllo last week. E. York from Boyle county has been visiting friends and relatives at Prlvett for tho past week. Mr. Boh York was married, Dec. 29, to Miss Emma Dalton. Wo wish them a happy and prosperous life. YINK Vino, Jan. 3. Thero was a tide in Big Sexton, Tuesday, and several logs floated. Bud Shell has moved to Farlston where ho expects to live this year. Tilmon Reese accident ally shot off two of his fingers a taw fin vn nrr Inr Inllm a? turned from Illchmond, Saturday, qulto ill and with Uttlo liopo of re covcry. Airs. Daisy Lambert visit ed her sister, Mrs. Nora Wren at v Inchcstor, a fow days last weok Joo Wren has recently moved to this place. Harry Grant Is homo again after a visit with friends anil relatives at Villa Grove, 111. Dr, as requested. tVAOKKSVILLK Charles Robinson of Ilerea was In Burning Springs, Jan. C, IKU. Wagorsvllle, Jan. 9. J. M. Edwards Editor Tho Citizen, Berea, Ky. went to Richmond with several wntf-o- n Povntor who h.m hwn tpiiphlni? no.ir Dear Sir: Rienr nroek retnrni.l homo n fow ilnv. loads of tobacco recently. lieu By tho provisions of an Act of Warford Is very sick. Tho Mlsnes Lg0Marjon i0Jntcr who has been tho General Assembly of Kentucky Salllo Arvlno and llruco Mooro were bctter.-M- urv 8,ck . Croutch ., r(v which took effect January 1, l&ll, tho guests of Mrs. Wndo Parks, Sater . Borea vlalted frlen,,s a "Bureau of Vital Statistics" Is iatlveg urday night and Sunday. Jeff Wa fow days ,ast Weck.-- Mrs It requires tho Immediate gers spent Sunday with his daugh QUlscnoerry is visiting relatives near Richmond. Kv. Geo. Alcorn and T. registration of all births and deaths ter, Mrs. S. M. Warford. A. II. Kol- s Winkler of Moto wero In this throughout tho State of Kentucky by ley visited his daughter, Mrs. J. I!. means-o- f certificates and burial and Wagers tn Berea, last week. 1). C. vicinity 0no dav last week. H. Wagers Is visiting his sister, Mrs. chasteen mado a business trip to removal permits. All persons dying in Kentucky af Bettlo Tovla at Moborley, this week. Berea. Saturdav.-Mar- ion Chnsteon of Snlder BickT h. Lnmhnrt nn.i ter Jan. 1, 1911, must not bo burled, Joo Wagers went to Richmond a fow days ago with a load of tobacco Sam Lambert attended court at Mt cremated, removed or otherwise disposed of without a permit properly for Simp Warford. Quito a Vernon last Mondav. number Issued by a local Registrar, who shall of young pcoplo of this place went OULANIMI havo In his possession a complete to Berea last week whero they enterOrlando, Jan. 7. Miss Lizzie Slngle- - death certificate, properly signed by ed school. Salesman A. C. Wilson ton of Cooksburg Is visiting her tho physician In attendance on paid tho merchants hero a visit last aunt, Miss M. L. Singleton. Prayer tho deceased. last And all children born week. Jay Ccx of Lcroy, Illinois, In services wero held at tho McNcw In Kentucky after Jan. 1, 1311, mu3t visiting homo folks here. Miss Suo chapel, Sunday. Dr. Capps of Tcun- bo properly reported to tho lojal Parsons Is visiting her grandfather, csseo visited friends here this week, Registrar, within ten days from birth. O. W. Arvlno. .Mrs. A. E. Scrlvner Mrs. Efflo Ballard who has been Tho- - law provides that each city went to Richmond last week to sick for somo tlmo Is slowly improv inc. Miss M. T. Singleton cave candy party, Friday night. All roport- ed a- nice time. Mrs. Hacker Wll- Hams of Conway is visiting friends hero this week. Mrs. Rosa Bcasly and Miss Ruth Rcpport of Gap aro spending a few days at Mt Vernon. So every tspirlt iw It is ntont pure, Several aro attending court at Mt. Ami hath In it tho moro of heavenly light, Vernon this week. Miss Mlnnlo Scott So it tho fairer body doth procure of Livingston is visiting friends here. To habit in, nnd It inoro fairly dlglit Tho infant child of Mr. Julius With cheerful Brace and aminblu slfjlit. Robinson is slowly improving. For, of the soul, the body form doth take, CLAY COUNTY For houI is form and doth tho body make. c I - Tho most horrible nnd uncivilized ron tlltlon Hint can possibly exist Is a Mini low Burfnco well or spring adjacent to a shnllow surface sewn go vnult No community should permit such n combination to exist, nnd the Individ nal who exposes tils family to audi risks nssumes n terrible responsibility Tho dlstnnco which a sewage vnult mny be located from n well without risk Is theoretically sixty 'feet As n mntter of fact, tho combination is nl dangerous, no mntter what the ... . nl.lnnrn" nifilntn'nn.l a iuv unncu wnter may carry tho bacteria of e to n considerable distance. Tho best plan Is to havo a deep well thoroughly protected within a radius of several foot by a cement platform, so that surface wnter from tho dooryard ennnot pontile it. Tho earth closet should be used Instead of tho pestlf erous sewngo vnult. or If Iho latter evil Is permitted It should bo as distant from the well as posalblo on n lower level and drnln nwny from It The liberal use of dry earth and chloride of lime mny prevent sickness nnd suffering, not to spenk of heavy flnnn-cia- l loss. The I deal System. A far better plan Is to Install a "surface Irrlgntlon" system. These sys terns devised by the late Colonel War Ing of New York provido for n disposal of the house wasto and sewage through n houso drain to a tank or reservoir, which automatically empties Its contents by aafl intoaccumulated plpea, which alphonage a series of dlstrittuio the material directly on the surfaro of the soil In somo field sloping away bbbbWbHjRV'-- " m UMar from the house. An area of Vt LaaarfiliBBB BbIbV of an aero will receive and care for the waste of a household of twelve This wasto when delivered to the field Is nn InotTenslvo milky mix tnre. which the bacterial and chemical agencies In tho surface Roll soon of If a proper Interval In allowed. THI OLD OAKKN BCCEKT. Tho cesspool, llfco all devices that (This familiar icena on the farm Is poccumulato sewngo and allow It to ntic, but serin ar no rctpcctcrs of decompose, may be n focus of dlseaso poetry or persons.) I ......... 1 dls-cas- aBBHsSsH''H aflalEfriBE.SiBKl one-tent- ' aBaEHaBKBB aBBBWraaKaHBBE per-ons- . dls-pos- o Sritffr. 1., tn ....... w h,a M U r HUUIIi UVJ I Misses Bertha and Dora Bowles of Maulden visited Miss Julia Ferguson. Saturday night, and report a flno time. A fine girl was born to Mr. nd Mrs. Henry Ferguson a few days ago. Eunice Pennington who was seriously burned is Improving nicely. & W Uct Sextons Creek, Jan. 7. Mrs. John SIzemoro who was reported sick last wcek wiU dropsy, died the 4th of Jan. Sno leaves a husband, two sons, two daughters, and a host of friends aQd relatives to mourn her loss. Sho died in good faith. Her remains wero 'ald to rest on a knoll near Andrew Peters on tho Cth Inst. Cradlebow school closed last Saturday with an ubkkn hall. .,. unsimas tree. nronnhaii i . --t . i -... ,uu .. t " -- "onto on uio went from hero to Redlands, Cal.. has n.-- Uo Can.,,- frm, "l" returned home.Lcvi Couch has mov- ed to Strlngtown to llvo with his quietly married at tho home of tho bon, Owen. Farmer Couch has movbride, Saturday before Chtlstmas. ed to tho property recently vacated Wo wish them a happy and prosperby on? David skxtons cukkk r... 1I., c iung-hls-s- ho has boon on business. Hiram Rowlett returned from Lexing ton a fow days ago and Joined bis family. They have located in Mrs. Morgan's property. 1IUKMNG SntlNflS. Burning Springs, Jan. C The public schools closed today with religious services conducted by tho Rev. Uobert Murray. Many of tho pareuts visited tho bchool early In tho day. Wo desire again to announce tho opening of our winter bchool tho 10th of this monUi. W. B. Hornsby, CAltlCO. a Loulsvillo medical student, and his Carico, Jan. 9. Alfred Roberts who frlond, havo returned to resume their. has been visiting S. R. Roberts and Btudles. Gilbert Rawllngs has gono family bu returned to his homo in to Barbourvlllo whero ho will open Breathitt County. Mlsa Vlney Wil- a law office. His sister Lucy reson is very 111 with typhoid fover. turned to contlnuo stuher S. R. Roberts has gono to Breathitt dies and Normal work In music colUnion County to visit relatives. Delbert lege. Their brother Carl has returned Casteel Is making his home with to Berea College.. J, Jowell and broDavid Loar at present F. Cornelius ther, Beverly, have entered tho Nor- - Hughes for W Cook entertained qulL a crowd young folks at his homo. Christmas Thoso present wero la and Ida Bowles, Pearl and Magglo Wilson, Lucy and Demla Smith, and also the Messrs William Bowles and Grayden Cook.- -l. D. Plerson who wont from hero to Norman, Oklahoma, writes mat bo had green beans and lottuco for ChriBtmas dinner. J. R. Cook brought homo with him somo flno oranges and grapo" fruit from Rodlands, Cal. Mrs. W. N. Hughes 16 not in good health. Sho is expected to go to Louisville to havo an operation performed. bu.-R- obert was a largo tldo In Big Sturgeon tho past week. Gllaco Crank sold and dollvered a flno lot of corn to W. N cTTe Grayhawk m. a few days ago. Mrs. An-ni- o Brewer has been sick, but la hotter at present.-- I, A. Hunter who . . n ..I nKK i oul aa--', L?.nd..n..1?. V,8ltlnB 1 : 1 .J " - y ,, !Tl T ' l ' "ulcal1 whero and town and voting precinct shall havo a cancer treated by Dr. Sand-"n- bo represented by a local Registrar. who is duly appointed and commisGARRARD COUNTY sioned by tho Stato Board of Health. I'AINT LICK. whoso duty It Is to lssuo permits, and to Paint Lick, Jan. 1. Mr. Anglin of with the Stato Registrar in tho enforcement of this East Bornstadt is visiting his daughter, Mrs. John Wyllo and wm Denny, Act Tho law provides penalties ranging here. Undo L. W. Wyllo fell out from $5 to for violations, and of his barn a fow days ago and bruisall persons refusing or neglecting ed his head very badly. Mr. Early, to comply with tho provision of this from Harlan County, has moved to Act shall bo reported to Uio Stato tho farm recently vacated by Jack Board of Health, who will proceed Kldd. Mr. Kldd has moved to Paint against them according to law. Tho Lick. Mack Mullfns bought Sidney local registrars aro prepared to Crutcher's farm and will soon move furnish instructions, copies of tho law to It Don't forget Sunday school etc., to persons desiring them. and bo suro to come every Sunday at 2J0 p. m., oxcopt church days, Yours respecUully, Leo Jones. then at 10:00 a. m. D. S. Botkins has 1XIKY Dory, Jan. C. Wo aro having somo rheumatism very badly. Geo. Davis very cold weather. D. M. Allen's and Mlsa Addle Boan wero united in school closed last Saturday with a marrlago, Dec. 22 at tho homo of tho brido. We extend to them our be.it Christmas tree and a flno time. Miss Sarah Saylor and Laura Edwards wishes. Dan Jacksou Is btaylng with visited at Ell Slngloton'a Saturday S. W. Wyllo this winter. night. Ell Singleton and wlfo aro LAUREL COUNTY visiting their daughter at Island City IIOMIAM Mr. and Mrs. Saudlln aro pleased Bonham, 'Jan. 5. Levi Lold died over tho arrival of a flno boy. Mr. and Mrs. Maddln also havo a flno a fow days ago from pneumonia. Ho boy. His namo will be Abraham Lin- leaves a wlfo and soverul children and many friends to mourn his death. coln. William Seiner has sold out and MADISON COUNTY moved to Hamilton, Ohio, to make KINGSTON sary and preventable. If a fraction of Kingston, Jan 11. Mr. Roy Hud- his futuro homo. Christmas passed ""- - uuurjr aim luouglll mat IS son and Miss Martha Powell wero off very quietly in this neighborhood expended In windy politics and so quietly married in Richmond last Mon- with very littlo drinking. Thero statesmanship wero exerted In was a Christmas tree at Old Plney behalf of pure ulr and pure water. day, Jan. 2, by Judge Shuckleford. Miss Powoll Is tho oldest daughter Grovo Christmas evening and every many of our social and political evil would disappear simultaneously with of Mr. nnd Mrs. John C. Powell and uouy Bocraod to havo a ulco time Mr. Hudson Is tho son of Mr. and Mrs, Old Aunt Bettlo Wyrlcks Is In very tho stamping out of prcventablo diseases. Dan Hudson. After a short visit with poor neaiui. How to Get Pure Water. relatives In Richmond they will go. LESLIE COUNTY One golden maxim wo can always TKMI'I.KTON to houso keeping near Dreyfus. Their In mind for our protection against Tompleton, Jan. 1. R, M. Wilson keep many friends wish them a long and water borne disease: "When In doubt, passed hero on his way to CaiiBoy, happy life. Miss Nina Ogg returned boll." to hor school In Richmond, Monday, Ky., on business. W. R. Turner and Boiled water Is flat and unpalatable. after spondlng Christmas with her John Lowls have returned from Har- but It is better than n sparkling germ lan County, and say that tho now laden conveyer of disease. But un efmother and friends. Chas. Powell and Chester Parks mado a business railroad is getting up Into Harlan fort should always bo mado to secure trip to Richmond, Tuesduy. Mlsa County now. John Williams of Woo-to- n a source of puro water supply and passed thru hero on bUBlncbs re- keep it pure. Gusslo Rucker spent last Tuesday The appearance of typhoid fever night with Miss Suda Powell. Lowls cently. J. B. SIzemoro was in this Cincinnati, Ohio, spent a section looking after tho lumber busi- ahould call for rigid Investigation. Parks of It Is not enough for water to bo pure few days with his brother, C. F. ness a few days ago. Manuel Temple- at Us source: a rigid police system Parks. Roy Hudson and Martha Pow ion is out In tho fur business this I should be maintained to prevent con. TemPIeton i. - sono to tamlnatlon from sewage within a wld- ell, Kltt Parks, Dora Hudson, Edd wook-ltn- hprt ' range Lawson, Suda Powell and Reed Hazel- - 1 inovlllo, this wook, on business. of territory adjacent to rcj- -i . every home tn other words. If Dame Nature's pharmacopoeia were thor oughly utilized throughout thcland-t- be present formidable United States Pharmacopoeia and the equally cumbersome British Pharmacopoeia would And a place on the top shelf nnd be succeeded by small, modest volumes that ono could carry In the vest pocket. Value of Drugs. This ia not to say that drugs are No ono who baa practiced nseless. medicine and seen the "grim reaper" foiled nnd driven off by the skillful use of potent drugs can truthfully deny their enormous valuo to humanity when wisely employed. Rut the keynote of modern medicine Is "prevention rather than cure." It Is a splendid thing to drag a man back from the Jaws of death by relaxing the strained nrterles with nitro glycerin or steadying the weakened and falling heart with strophantus or dlgltnlls. but It Is a far bigger and better thing so to advise and guide your patient in bis dally life that be shall retain n sound heart and clastic arteries until a ripe old age and never need your "heroic remedies." Conceding that water Is odc of tho great necessities of life and n powerful agent for good or III. a few moments' attention to Its constitution and qualities arc worth while. Water Is a compound of two atoms of hydrogen with one atom of oxygen, indicated by the formula H,0. This Is not a tncre mixture of gases, as In the case of air. but a definite chemical compound. Distilled water Is. of course, chemically pure, but It Is rather flat and unpalatable. It has been claimed that distilled water Is not a benltby beverage owing to Its great solvent properties, but Its use ntuong large bodies of men In the navy without ill effect would ludlcnte that this belief Is groundless. Possibly the drinking of very large quantities of distilled water might Impoverish the system, but ns between distilled water and Impure water contaminated by dlseaso germs there should bo no hesitancy In choosing the former. The principal diseases that arc transmitted by water aro typhoid fever, cholera, diarrhea and dysentery. All theso diseases are absolutely unneces distribution. It Is far Inferior to the above described system. All wells should be screened, pre- venting contamination by files, mosquitoes, etc. If good well water cannot be obtained the rainwater may be filtered and collected In a cistern. Cistern water is not very palatable, but it can be kept pure and tends to purify Itself on standing. Rainwater Is soft and. Ilk all soft waters, readily dissolves lead. It ahould not bo stored in Beta! receptacles, therefore, or run through leaden pipes. What to Do With Pure Water. Pure water having been obtained, the question arises. How shall we use It? Inasmuch as about 70 per cent of the body weight Is mado up of water, no argument la necessary to show that a certain dally supply la necessary if tho body weight Is to bo maintained. About one-haof the solid food we eat la composed of water, but It Is catlmnted that, in addition, tbo average man requires about two and pints, or three tumblerfuls. dally. A great deal of nonsenso Is written regarding tho amount of water that ahould be taken dally, tho amount suggested running up Into tbo gallons. No doubt somo people do not drink enough water, especially between meals, but the taking of vast quantities of water mny work serious Injury by overtaxing the heart and circulation nnd causing an oreractlon of tho kidneys. Dllntlon of tbo stomach may also result from ovcrdlstcntlon with Quid. It Is believed that some of the lf one-ha- lf I A TWO KXAUFLBS 1 1 ft? OF WILLS. A maintained by drinking frequently quantities of water and thus avoiding tho dangers of Hooding the system. This Is especially Important In cases of kidney trouble and heart trouble, accompanied by dropsy, as It is advisable to keep up the action of tho kidneys and also carry off wasto products from the bowels without overtaxing tho heart. Water at Msala. Ice water at meals Is Injurious, as It tends to check tho digestive funcUon; also the Ice Is liable to be contaminated and Infect pure drinking water. A certain amount of water at meals Is desirable, but It ahould be cool and not Ice cold. Hot water has many ad- vocatcs, but It must be used with caution. It is of most service where there ia a gouty tendency. A glassful taken In the morning and before t small tiring la aufflclent. (A shows a well arranged so that surface water and germs are kept out by the cement extension outside the walls; U shows a well unprotected, allowing surface water to run In and carry germs from the soil.) evils of beer drinking aro duo to tho excessive amount of fluid Imbibed as well as to tbo alcohol. There Is no question, however, that wnter Is u good ellmlnant nnd that tnkln lolimn rm.nl. I,, nn,aMt quantities It tends to purify the tem. A very active elimination can bo d