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Liberty (La Center, Ky.): n. Wednesday, February 16, 1910. Liberty (La Center, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Liberty Publishing Co., La Center, Kentucky 1910 lib1910021601 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Liberty (La Center, Ky.): n. Wednesday, February 16, 1910. Liberty (La Center, Ky.). Liberty Publishing Co., La Center, Kentucky 1910 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. tYrf YM b ilrurflL r r iItJ r r1 f y o q4 4V tefl 5 J y A Paper For ike People tMAn Uptodate Advocate yx tr y 4 and By of the the P People J i L1 8ERi TY OfFoVCUbfA of the principles t VOLUME 1 f LA CENTER KENTUCKY WEDNESDAY FEBRUARY 16 1910 k NUMBER 9r PRESIDENT BARRETTS ADDRESS aAn Interesting Talk on the Work Now Being Accomplished by the- Y 1 v National Commission 1t vVTo the Officers and Members of fithe Farmers Union I have the honor to report to you the results thus far of the most remarkable and significant conference in the history of the Farmers Union the National legislative conference ofofficials arid representatives that has been in progress the last few days in Washington City The conference was called by iamyself to consider specifically means to curb gambling in farm products of the nation and many other measures of Congressional r importanceFrom earliest days of this organization we have been striv ing to expose an 1 rout that ele went of gamblers using National crops as pawns in a game to beat t down prices to the producer and demoralize business and trade conditions at large in this coun try We also have been laboring I to secure other measures such as the Parcels Postand many others t of interest to cut membership- We have long recognized that to insure victory it would be es sential to bring pressure upor Congress pressure of such an orderuthat the Representatives and Senators would realize our 1determination and busy them- with us towards the materializing of many important laws this re port is intended to show you the receptive attitude of our law makersIconference of the last few achieved signal success oalongthese lines Congress is awakened to the- t power and the determination t the Farmers Union as never before in my recollection Republicans and Democrats Senators and Representatives faom East and West and North and South they crowded into our meeting Frequently as you t 4t will see by the subjoined Min- utesi whole State delegations at i t3nded in a body other State delegations were represented and still others adopted ringing res olutions favoring the crusade oi the Farmers Union and pledging their utmost aid in making them effectual At the outset I want to give full credit to the devotion and the energy of your committee to assist me in the work of this con ference To a man they were on duty night and day frequent ly laboring until the small hours Cof the morning in the prosecu tiun of the details assigned them Without hesitaUonorintermis- sionthey approached Congress men ascertained their positions on reform legislation and urged r their attendance at our sessions Not a man lagged attof them were faithful industrious wil ling and eager to be of the great eat possible assistance As a consequence of their en daavors we are gradually lining up the Congr8Hofthiscountry committing them by word of mouth and by public expression separating the sheep from the goats and paving the way for such I81iislaUVar6lullllii no farmers ever attained In thia connection I should In jtiitiee my that tiere art Con greaimen who will work sinasrw 1 I ly for the farmer of their owr free will and inclination with never a thought of doing so in order to keep their political fences straight This class would really accomplishmuch more than it does had not the farmer in the past been indiffer ent or slow to undertake to sep arate the true friend from the friend for revenue only Brethren of the Farmers Un ion the main thing I want to impress upon you as a result of this conference is that Congress is thoroughly receptive to the demands and rights of our organ ization In every session of the conference many of the most influential members ofboth par ties and each house formally and in unqualified language admitted the strength of this or ganization declaring they would be afraid offer for reelection if they had not made a sincere effort to to procure such legisla theIinterestscultural interests generally I want to say further to you that in the furtherance of the campaign against gambling in agricultural products Parcels Post and other national meas ires a tremendously effectual nethod is for you to approach lOur representatives and senators jersonally and by letter Write them at Washington representing the platform of the mion with regard to National epislation against these and other crying evils and demand ing such action as will promote success consistent with equity to js and the countryatlarge T regard our chances to obtain esults as most excellent On February 9th we will appear Before the House Committee on Agriculture to speak in favor of the antioption bills and to urge the enactment of such legislation is will protect our members and the farmer generally against the riminal extortions of the men who toil not nor spin but fatten on the toil of the husbandmen indivifIlIallyattitude plainly known to your Congressman The humblest member hits more influence than he realizes in a matter of this nature I have had this matter impressed upon me recently as fever before in my experience CongressImen ganization for they have felt its weight in their home districts and they appreciate the fact that we are rapidly attaining such na cional dimensions as will force every manjack of them to a rigid Accounting sooner or later Another thing We have gone to much labor and considerable expense to prepare these Min utes for your inspection These Minutes are a faithful transcript of the way in which we kept tab on Congressmen and officials generally at Washington Road thenvavery line You will gain mere knowledge of the nature slid td ettof the fight before ut and more infprmatfon as to how to inake it a successful one oy studying thin report of the battle aVcl range than by J 4p Kentuckys Two Members of the Commission HON JOHN GRADY HON M B TAPP years of desultory reading or listening to the speeches of pro- Cessing politicians I do not maintain that the en emy is not represented at Washington and that the enemy did notmake efforts to secure admission to our conference On several occasions outright or dis guised agents and workers of ex changes made efforts to get into our counsels and sought infor mation on the outside of our members These people are awake to their peril They know from the organized efforts of the Farmers Union that the doom of gambling in the products of the people is sounded and they are making frantic efforts to stave off defeat This they cannot effect The utmost they can accomplish is to delay their own extermination although I have a good reason to hope that even to this extent they will be disappointed In the future the task of crushing the rights of the farmer and of defending the Vampires that seek his lifes blood will grow increasingly difficult We will not scourge the temple of all abuses today or tomorrow but our early Success in written L tme toll you a little incident which illustrates the whole mat prominentRsrrsontxtlves leaderIn It i j i t G J r t of the most respected by leaders of both parties openly stated atone of our sessions that mem bern of Congress might as well cease trying to fool themselves or the public as to their motives in supporting the Farmers Un ion Frankly he said ram afraid of the Farmers Union- I know its strength and I sim ply realize that if I want to return to Washington it is incum bent on me 10 pledge myself and to keep faith in the reformative crusade of this organization Numberless other Congress men expressed themselves in the same vein We let them know we were there for business That independent attitude had effectThe at the head of this report shows you your repre sentatives at the conference We had half an hours conversation with PreaidentTaft and l believe his attitude is favorable However we are notdepending upon any one individual however powerful in this war We are depondinguponoursefves upon the smallest and humblest as well as the high8itaIldmOit- lurQedmembers of this organization Vearu dependlnupot the proved Rower of cohs h I01- gtinlutiQft wattin itaend whey thia end doe not conflict with gqufty justice and the Golden Rle wrtisw4 twit pqe r tr tf t iJrt r MINUTES OF k THE CONFERENCE i ffOf Farmers Union Officials Held in the National Hotel Washington D C l If1 Beginning Jan 7 1910 I The National Officials of the Farmers Union togeher with a number of brethren who had been selected by several of the States to assist in securing legislation by Congress that would be of great benefit to the farm ers of this country met in the National Hotel at 9 a m Present were C S Barrett President W A Morris 0 F Dornblaser A C Shuford S L Wilson members of the board of directors Alex Davis Assistant National Secretary J J Robin son Jr Chairman of the Execu tive Committee of Alabama and W W Meyers President of the Indiana State Union After a general discussion in which it was agreed that all work undertaken here by the confer ence should be done in a system atic manner the conference ad journed until 430 p m President Barrett opened deliberations with a brief talk strongly outlining the purpose of the conference and the methods essential to Drosecuting it to a successful conclusion We are here to watch Con gress to find out our friends and enemies and to compel action he said But in order to do these things we must watch ourselves not spare ourselves mind or body each man giving as complete attention and as intelligent devotion to the work as though his life depended on the resultRealize brethren that it is a tremendqus stake for which ire workingthe elimination of those criminal abuses that reach down into your pockets that de drive your wives and your chil dren and the wives and children f the 3000000 members ycu represent of the just reward of their labors hKepp what fact ever in mind vhile on the firing line ThEI Farmers Union has fought and won many great bat les The one now confronting is is of vast importance to the present and future and it is not vet won Victory will come only through consecrated and constant abor fearless facing of the enemies of the farmer making onversion where it is possible Showing no quarter where it is lot possible Find out too the false friends of this organia ionthe men who promise glibly smile pleasantly but fail to live up to their pledges when the time for action arrives The welfare of the farming interests of this country is now very largely in our hands Let us no he i ate to lose sleep and rest to sacrifice ourselves to the limit for the meriand the women and the children on the farms of this country If we would rid them of the terrific weight of rambling in the products of their toil we must first display obedience to orders implicit and un questioning harmony among our selves inoeaaantlabor and refuse to be diverted from our righteous mission If we religiously Obi serve tfieae rule dayor failure janiet ke laid at our doors We hold a wnwmesion fron the pro Juoers of this civantry let to diaoharct it m a sacrsdrCodd truetr4latirg this r- tJ addrs + re iIW c 0 0 L t J1f l g jr r tII f t timembersto its sentiments and reached an understanding that all the work of the conference should proceedqalong the systematic lines ad vanced by President Barrett The conference then adjourned until 430 p m AFTERNOON SESSION The roll call showed in addition to those present in the morning session brother T J Brooks of Tennessee Considerable discussion asnindulged in with reference to the best course to pur sue fn pressing our claims upon the Congress for the abolition of gamblingiri farm products by the exchanges which f resulted in the selection of T Jv Brooks to represent us before the Committee on Agricujture to whom all bills seeking this result have been referred Brother Shuford was appointed to take full charge of the Parcels Post matter and to press our claims for the enactment of a comprehensive law on this sub ject before the committee to referredAn adjournment was taken until 9 a m January 28thr4rr MORNING SESSIONj NARY 28 The conference met pursuant to adjournment The roll call showed all mem bers present and in addition thereto Brother Ben F Ward xteditor of the Official Organo Mississippi M I TappI ecre w tary of the Executive Committee pf Kentucky and John Grady member of the Board of Di rectors After discussing in detail the controversy between the Mississippi State Union and the Post Office Department with reference to their official organ Presi dent Barrett appointed brothers Ward and Shuford as a committee to present the matter to the Post Office Department The conference agreed upon a motion of OF Dorrtblaser that a correct record should be kept of the acts of the union men while in Washington and of the attitude assumed bylbe members of Cingresam regard to measures we are advocating uch records to be given publicity at the proper time After agreeing to visit the Capitol in a body the conference adjourned until 6 p m r EvENr4GsESSto- xBrother Brooke reported that the Committee qn Agriculture have agreed to begin the hearr in sonrthe antioptiozlbillaFebrr- uary 9th n each ro4raber w wy requested to invite Congressmen and Senators rem his State to attend thesehearinga- It 7 was agreed thatWa invite the members of Congress to meet ice with us tonwrroW evening at 1 p lock Upon the in vitation of Bmtiker h WRrdtHonWni JL Diokofto r Mieeieeippl appeared daetWeil than e woUld reader i bh v jnc peNt rltJ I r2ula 0 fd1a N Adjrat l uat i aia II t j iJH t ll Iof 1 6 r vr Lt ri J Stt ft lb hv t lJr vF n l j r JI MUTES OF CONFERENCE c Continued from page 1 MORNING SESSIONSATURDAY The roll call showed all mem ber3 present except Ward Wil Meyers and Robinson wh DA in five to ten minutes late letter to the members was drafted by the delegates and forwardedltothe State SecretaI riesfor circulation EVENING SESSION At the evening session a num presenhaving f President Barrett and other members of the delegation After reports of several mem bers of their work during the day short talks were given by several of the Congressmen pres entThe following members at tendedJudge C L Bartlett L F Livingston Wm Howard Chas G Edwards Thos M Bell Dudley Hughes and Judge W C Adamson Georgia E Y Webb North Carolina Jack Beall Texas Ollie James Kentucky J Thos Heflin Alabama T U Sisson J W Colli3r Wm A Dickson and E SnrCandler Mis sissippiMR BEALLS VIEWS Re sponding to the invitation of Pres Barrett to express his opinion as to the probability of procuring the passage of such a measure as we are advocating Mr Beall of Texas a member o the Agricultural Committee said that there was little likelihood of i a measure introduced by a Democrat being reported byt he com mittee but that as Mr Scott of Kansas the Chairman of the Committee had himself intro duped a bill of this nature he was inclined to believe that a bi covering the essential features could and would be evolved and that so far as he was concerned he would support any Republican measure that would offer us reliefMR WEBBMr Webbof N C said he was in favor of any 1billthat would abolish dealing in futures by Exchanges After studying the question at close range having visited some of the Exchanges in the course of his investigation he was positive ir rhis opposition to their business He thought the government had a right to prohibit the use b Exchanges of interstate means of transmission of intelligence He further stated that several thelpass a measure t that no vote had been obtained He was of the opinion that s ifavorahle report by the Commit on and a roll cal t vote would be a long step toward the passage of the measure MR LIvINGSToNMr Living ston said that the fight before u was a hard one He suggested that there were two ways oi eliminating the evils of the Ex change 1 By criminal prosecution 2 By denying them the use the mails He advocated getting the opin ion of the members of Congress upon some specific bill covering subjectMR ETTMr Bartlett was glad that the farmers were doing as all other business people had been doing for years e jr asking for what they want He congratulated the Farmers Un ion He was of the opinion that no Democrat could get a bill passtd it would have to be fath ered by a Republican He stated that the Hatch Bill died in the Senate and that in his opinion there is where the greatest oppc ition to our measure would de velops MR COLLIER Mr Collier said that one of the planks in his I platform when he asked the paopleto support him for Con grew WM tho suppression of the evils of the Exchanges and that he still stood for tho pare of such a measure tML CANDOR Mr Candler r r j Jc rv Jt q a former member of the Com mitee on Agriculture cited his record while a member of that committee to show his position upon this subject MR ADAMSON Mr Chairman I have just arrived late thoe purpose nor the progress of your meeting I received no notice of your meeting or its purpose until a few moments ago my Secretary incidentally remarked that you were having a meeting of South ern Congressmen I immediately dropped my work and came here- 1 presume from what I have seen in the press that you are discussing ways and means of ridding the country of gambling in agricultural products I have often expressed to and other workers in your orderrmy gratifi cation at the organization of the Farmers Union and its declara tion of principles for you aie working for a great many good things which I have been advo eating and striving for thirtyfive years Qf course I am with you against future speculation in farm products I am against all forms of gambling but that is the wickedest most inexcusable and most disastrous These gam biers are parasites meaner than the vermin that destroy your meat and your grain for they devour and destroy your sub stance in anticipation unsettle your prices and rob you of your profits even before you plant your crops- I I stand ready and glad to co operate with you on any plan that you think promises success MR HUGHES Having been preceded by the older men in Congress they have left little fo me to say I wish to add how ever that the district I repre sent is largely agricultural being 11second to no district in Georgia and when you add to this horticulture it stands first Cotton is not only the money crop of Georgia but of the South ern States The South has a mo nopoly of this product given to her by soil and climate This great staple not only keeps in tact the gold reserve of this Union but upon it depends the operation of about two thousan cotton mills now in operation ii the United States Upon this staple the people depend for the indispensable article of clothing Gambling in cotton causes destructive fluctuation and is or posed by the farmer who is the producer and the consumer and should be by the manufacturer I bespeak the sentiment of thE Third District of Georgia whose servant I am when I doctor that they not only wish but ur gently request this gambling 1evil to be checked and they caL on Congress to pass a bill that will remedy it In my opinion and I will go further than that and say I think I know ever y member of the Georgia delega tion will give this bill their un qualified support as representa tives of the second greatest cot ton growing State of the Union- f There are so many interests af fected by this great cotton ram bling and so few benefited thereby that I believe this Cor gress will pass the bill whichwill be presented for their consideration and action The farmers of the country are united as never before The Far mers Union is the strongest agri cultural organization ever form ed in the country I am happy to greet them hereled by a Georgian who is president of the National organization They are here to contend and fight for the passage or this bill Let us give them our undivided support MR OLLIE JAMESMr James of Kentucky stated that the State of Kentucky had felt the benefits of the Farmers Union He was pleased to know that the farmers were taking an in this matter and interestI self to the support of our Mr HEFLINI am glad to bo with you tonight and I want to assure you that I am ready at d ti anxious to do anything that will iclp to bring about legislation chat will permitrthe law of sup ply and demand under natural onditions between producer and manufacturer to fix the price of farm products fTl have ad vocat jd such a measure ever since J lave been inCongress and I am more convinced now than ever that gambling in farm products s a crime against the producer Let us go to tJiefcMember3 of Congress from lute West from Nhose people we buy corn meat and mules and ask themto join forces with us of the South in passing a law suppressing gam ling in cotton and other farm products I am at your service for thE accomplishment of this good vork MR RALPH SMITHI havE he honor to inform you that the Georgia Senators and Represent hives in Congress today adopter unanimously the following reso lUtion Resolved That the Senators and Representatives from Geor gia heartily favor legislation for the suppression of gambling h farm products and will suppor measures to that end The meeting was attended by Senators Bacon and Clay and all of the Georgia Representatives OTHER MEMBERS Every Member of Congress present pledged himself to the support jf legislation against the dealing in future upon the products ol the farm by Exchanges ate promised to aid in every manner possible to secure the passage of a measure that would gain the results desired 31rConference convened at 630 The roll call showed all members motion it was agreec that we cooperate with the Grange or any other farmers jrpranization that would worl with us along the lines that w have adopted to secure the legir lation we are seeking in keep inir with this resolution Brother D J Neill of Texas apppared and upon being que tioned by President Barrens as to whether or not hi mould abide by the Rules ant Regulations of the conferenct answered inthe affirmative thu riding one more to our force Brothers Ward Neill Morris and Grady were appointed a con nittee to interview represents gives from other organizations i any are in the city CALL MEETING 7 P M JANUARY 31ST Roll call showed ali members present except Brother Neill vho came in seven minutes late Mr W M Howard of Georgic appeared and asked if there wa anything that he could do to as list us It was suggested tilt we discuss some of the measurer pending before Congress Broth er DornbTaser read the Scott Bill During the course of the discm aion Hon W W Cocks of New York appeared President Barntt introduces Mr Cocks who spoke in part as COCKS of New York When I came in one of your members was asking about the New York Exchange I have had a great deaf of missionary work jjone with me in relation to the exchangeand I am somewhat familiar with its history Your all know the business of a Cotton E change is the buying and sell ing of cotton and the future feature is the great thing Little or no attention is paid the hand ling of spot cotton We have several bills befoie the committee and we have had several hearings What we WDEIwo want to some prac teal way of ridding ourselves of this evil Up to tho present time we have never been able to I form any kind ofa plan would not interfere with thatI nate business Here is one thing to remember The people that deal on the Ex change claim that it is a great evener that it is a steadier of the market At the same time the spinners andmanufacturers lf New England are opposing the Exchange for an entirely different reason They say it raises the price while there are others who claim it unduly depresses the price So after all I do not know but that perhaps we have been overestimating the real effect upon the market of this speculation in cotton I am ppor d individually to all kinds of speculation I have a brother who is a broker but I nave never bought a share of stock on margin because I do not believe it is a good thing to lo I do not believe it is the Jest way for business to be con lucted I understamCthat the gentle Tien are desirous of knowing vhat the situation is before the ommittee with regard to the otton bills I will say the posit ion of the committee i is gener illy friendly I have been peaking with reference to tht rld committee We have a new committee this year We have low gotten the agricultural bill ut of the committee and it is now in shape to take up these other biUs Mr Hanna of North Dakota was introduced and said in part The State I have the honor to represent here in Congress is North Dakota which is entirely i grain state wheat oats bar ley and flax being the staple pro wets that we raise I have t neard that question raised in the Mate a good many times as tc options as to whether it was r oodor bad thing for us I have quite a large farm up there myself and am interested on that ide of the question In every community almost all over the State there are farm irs elevators When a farmer comes in with his wheat and says that at such a time he will leliver his wheat the elevatoj i nmediately wires to Minneapolis and sells that wheat Thus the cheat is sold way ahead sold or instance for May delivery tad then carried into June and JulySo that looks to my mind as it jerhaps there were two sides U t Of course what the farmers n mv country and in the south are tending against largely 3 the fact that some men like Mr Leiter will go in the market and throw thousands and million of bushels ot fictitious wheat ano otton upon the market and bull 5r break the market I can see where your trouble is in speculation where there are nillions of fictitious bushels of rain thrown upon the market tt lUll or hear it And the same way with respect to cotton lo no not know very much about otton I suppose I buy it some imes in the shape of clothing rut I do not know much about it in any other way I know the proposition that you are up gainst but how to get at it I jan only soy this that I believe he throwing of these vast tmouns of grails and cotton upon the marketthat is where it is ifIlhecet at it how to right it As t hat am not so sure I would e glad ifou gentlemen are oing to be here for a few days o meet with you again I shall glad to come up here at an- ime and meet with you and to tear this matter discussed by IOU Pres Barrett If there are any others here who have en fngements we would he very lad if you would volunteer Ate tleman from the East arose and said- I wish to merely say that talked to several members II afternoon and I am triad to say found everyone to whom I = r l f i sympathy with this movement want to see you again when have more time and I hope that we all together will be able to alight upon some plan that will right the evil that now exists in this particular Iwillcome back and see you all again 1 regret that I cannot stay this evening Pres Barratt I hope gentle men you will not take my remarks to be an invitation to jour neybut if there are others here who have engagements we would be glad to have you volun teer especially would we like to have all those speak who are fr sympathy with us Mr Gronna of North Dakota Mr Chairman and gentle men I live out in what is caller the frozen North I have bees in touch with this movement Ii fact I have talked the matter over with some Southern mem bers of Congress and I am glad to say there are many who sym pathize with you in your efforts- I hope we will be able to do away with the buyingand selling of options which I believe is the line along which you are woe ins I belong to the Society of Equit up in our State It is a farmers organization which has for its purpose that has in view the purpose of controlling their own productsThere is no question but what the selling of futures whether hat is gambling and speculatior either in wheat or cotton is letrimental to the producing classes So far as I am concerned I am absolutely sure that it is detrimental to them Now then instead of dealing in futures let them deal ii the actual cotton Instead oi dealing in futures in wheat let them come to the farmers gran try and buy a bushel of wheat oi o the southern plantations and ouv a bale of cotton I believp- t would be a relief not only tc the farmers but to the peopl who depend upon the farmers Gentlemen I also have an engagement tonight but I have friend here who has been i farmer for a number of years Sir Haugen of Iowa and I ah sure you want to hear from him ApplausePres We want te hear from the gentleman from Iowa Mr Haugen of lowaA fewI minutes ago I was ome here and I am glad to be were although I do not know what it is expected to do here 01 vhat you have under considera tion I infer from the remark that have been made that it has to do with the dealing in options Now about the proposition that you have under considera tion I find that the farmers in ny community are not in accord with your proposition here the dealing in options or futures As stated by Mr Groin i I was born a farmer and lived on a firm having always been a farm ereWe thresh our crops and haul them to the elevator They are storedstored without a cent of expense I find there is a great deal of opposition to this measure in my part of the coun try To me it has been a great advantage For twentyfive years I hauled my crops to the nearest town and stored it free of charge It does notcost me one cent The grain dealer hedges and in that way makes it oossibte for me to store my grain without expense and saved me the expense of building a granary and saves me the shrinkage on the gran So I say in my part of the country I find a great deal of objection to the proposition such as introduced by Mr Scott or others- I am heartily in accord with you If you can find the place where you can draw the line be tween the legitimate investor and the speculator I think you will get along all right I think however you will find some difficulty mHtlthethe result so much dlsrleed i I v kI think that no farmer or any bus mess man butwould heartily ap of this present speculation I agree with Mr Gronna and tl c rest of you and I hope it will be possible to draft a bill that will accomplish the result to be so much desired and that willat the same time not interferewith the legitimate conduct of busi t ness and anything that I cando along this line I will be heartily in accord with President Barrett We areVvery much obliged to you As to the Southern cotton planters r I think we can claim witb assur once that 99 per cent of the Southern cotton planters would favor almost any one of these bills Additional remarks of Mr Gronna Mr GronnaI do not knownwhether it is permissible to speak a second timesPresident BarrettWe shallwbe quite glad to hear you Mr Gronna What I want toget down to is the principle of the thing As a farmer I grow such a number of bushels of wheat There are so many bush els of wheatconsumed each year The proposition is this with me whether or not the producer shall control the marketing of that grain or whether it should be controlled by somebody who has no interest in the growing of that rop That is really the propo sition with me As a farmer I am interested in the growing and to get the best price possible I presume there are tens of thousands of bushels of wheat sold and thou u sands of bales millions of bales of cotton sold that is not really and actually sold Mr BrooksDo you not be lieve it possible you have watched the West in wheatdo you not think it possible for the greatoperators to sell the mar ket down or up For instance such as Mr Patten 1 Mr D C Edwards I bc tieve they can absolutely control it either Way so far as that iss sMrhungry I must have wheat Arid whenever the spinner or manu facturer runs out of cotton he T must have actual cotton In a transaction of that kind he must have the acturl stuffbut the spec jlator the man who deals with t for commercial speculative purposes he probably never sees he cotton I suppose a number jf them do not know what cotton is The same witn referencer10 wheat I believe in answer to the question of Mr Brooks that they can send it up and down I believe ultimately that the producer will get a lower price for his product than if e were denied the privilege of deal ing in futures I believe that if a farmer could simply get the legitimate pricewe do not ask any more for what we produce than the legitimate price That is all we ask for 0 President Barrett Senator Clapp you are from away up in the wheat country We shall be 4 quite glad to have you talk to UP and we are pleased enough to have you with us tonight ApplauseMr of Minnesota Mr Chairman Senator Smith of South Carolina came to me this afternoon and asked me if I would riot come down this evening I came down with him to learn the general nature and drift and purpose of the gather ing Feeling an interest in all public matters I am always anx ious to learn about them I really do not know just what the tailed purpose or scope of the meeting is but I gather that the subject of gambling in options has been under discussion Of course I believe that that is a vicious thing There ts no doubt that there are times when if the farmer had his wheat just where he could sell It he could get some temporary benefit from ffambliiwri operations but I believq fi- wCuntlrud ioa T2V rrAtlt y T r J T f II 1 ModernY Fuel For Hell Fire Ri f By ANONYMOUS g Said Judge Ben Lindsey of Den- vera at the convention of the Na tional Educational Association I know positively from personal experience and actual knowledge that some of the men directly or by implication held up as models to the youth of the nation are men who debauch town councils or legislatures ih order to defea- laws for the just protection of J men and women and profiting r by it become generous contribu tors to or maintainers of the in stitutions presided over by th intellectual sissies who are too incompetent too ignorant or too cowardly to tell the truth t Of course Judge Lindsey should not have made that disclosure wals t so pessimistic of him dont yo know It exhibited so little con fidence in human nature canlI you see It could do no good to be sure and only tendedlto im pair the simple confidence of the adolescent in great and good men who however they get their for tunes do keep out of jail one must admit and do spend them iso generously for objects that each person applauds Nevertheless we sympathize with Judge Lindsey We honor his righteous wrath at those whi ted sepulchers of men whose in iquities he exposed and their white1iveredapologistsforwhom he showed so much wholesome contempt If he had saIds Damn said it in italics and repeated it in capital letters still we should feel for him and honor him And we will remind both him and the gentle critics he might have offended with awordI that has unfortunately been debased to profane uses that he f would have had the best of Chris tian sanction for its use in this connection There was One whot4 in similar circumstances long ago said Damn with just that em phasis and in precisely that spirit rof For do we not read Woe un Itoyou scribes and Pharisees hypocrites for ye are like untoc whited sepulchers which In appear beautiful outwardly but are within full of dead mens Gbones and of all uncleanness Even so ye also outwardly appear righteous unto men but within ye are also full of hypocrisy and iniquity Woe unto you scribes and Pharisees hypocrites be cause ye build the tombs of the of prophets and garnish the sepulchers of the righteous and saytl I If we had been in the days of our gathers we would not have nil been partakers with them in the to fi blood of the prophets Wherefore ye be witnesses unto yourselves that ye are the children of them which killed the prophets Fill ye up then the measure tf your fathers Ye serpents Ye generation of vipers How ci n ye escape the damnation of hell I Wanted at Once In One or more good live Farmers Union men in each county of Ken tucky Tennessee and Alabama to act as our representative or no business agent selling farm im plements fertilizers salt fenc ing etc Also to collect and for ward to us poultry eggs hides r and other farm products 4 Profitable mployment to the right party For reply enclose so stoup mod address the KENTUCKY FARMERS UNION EXCHANGE lu 121 East Jefferson St- Louisville Ky If you want to sell your farm 1write J M Dodson La Center matters not where it is f Xtltuati a r s LABOR LEADERS ABLE Unionisms Chiefs Men of Force and Capacity MOVEMENT ON HIGH PLANE Vest Power Wielded byHedof In dustrie Organization Used With In telligence and Discretion Conserva tism Their Policy Nothing affords more conclusive evi dence of tho high plane which has been reached by the organized labor movement in America than the char actor and manifest ability of the men who are now at the head of unions and who for less salary than they would receive in other fields of en deavor are devoting their entire tlmo to furthering tho common cause of the crytwalking delegate who in years gone by represented the popular Idea of labor Union authority to the present Ideal national labor official a man of such manifest intelligence tact and commaned the respeect of every capitalist or ployer with whom Le may come contact even though the latter be not in sympathy with his ideas The her of most of cur twentieth center labor leaders is further attested by the discretion with wfclch they use heir vast power Although the thuI n Influence little dreamed of a few years most of these captains of organ Ized labor are conservative rather the radical in policy a tendency attested by the fact that nowadays they con sent to a general strike only as a last resort Indeed one of tie chief functions of the modern leader seems to be to prevent strikes not to prccipl tate them From tho standpoint of the union workingmen the most conspicuous result of the new era of labor leadership is found in the conduct of the move tent on sound business principles- When the present scboolof chieftains began to make their once felt la executive positions many of tho unions national as well as 10 cal were In a deplorable condition Comparatively amall membership most instances grave them very limited Influence and too often there was slip shod management that manifested it in ill kept records lax conduct of correspondence etc Even more sort ors was the indifference in the collcc lion of duea shortcomings in financial policy that necessitated many of the organizations leading a hand to mouth existence whereas other national bod were heavily In debt when the present officials took charge Now all this Is changed The average nations headquarters are conducted on up t dote economical business policies am secretarial officials keep their records by means of card index and other SI systems that are the peer of any to be found la the corporate or bunkIng world Bettor still union la bor finances arc on a sound basis many the great national bodies having band surplus lands In excess of quarter of n million dolors each Yet other evidence ot tin farslghted s of the field marshals now ommand of the labor forces is found the extent to which they are sub scribing to the theory of cooperation ou the most farreuchlng scale The modern tendency in the corporation and commercial world toward great aggregations of capital Is being met with correspondingly potent consoli elution of the organized labor forces This disposition of the leading lulxir spokesmen to engage In effective team wurk has uaqueatlonably been due twine measure to that kulttiugtaethe Interests which has resulted In tb tremendous growth lu recent years of comprehensive country wide orSthe American Federation a Labor nn allied army of craftsmen of classes that Is nowjnore than t000 000 strong It Is not solely attributable this Influence however for there are some very powerful labor organiza tions which arc not affiliated with the big federation as for Instance the KtilghtH of Lnbor and the Brother hoods of nailnbad Engineers Conductors Trainmen nnd Firemen with n total memberiblp of 170000 workers The leaders of these Independent bod have for the most part however become imbued with the spirit of till rage and all of them may be found a working shoulder to shoulder for any reform that promises benefit for labor generalTpost of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers Is doubtless entitled to recognition as the foremost American labter leader nnd certainly champion of the rights of the toll era has ever had a stronger hold upon daloetion there are rumors afloat of at a icmpts to unseat Dampers but when the great labor conference convenes that 1thlarge a proportion of the labor host that his election to leadership Is In ef fret unanimous There Is no doubt s thnt touch of Gompcrs strength lies the recognition of his rugged hon rty and lflteity Temptations Melt out the labor Interests have come to him in every Imaginable forte 0bputed to wine of tile labor Kunrdlans days gaits JrWaklun Fawcett In IMtUburjp DMNilph t1 Prominent in Kentucky Unia Circles J B WHITE tForemen Mechanical Department of the Lbiroty Publishing Company and ySecretary Terrell lccal NN fN WINN MWFMfMN fWMMfN f fNNf f f Nf fN J Mayfieldn Mayfield Jan 28 1910 Mr J J Perry Dear Sir and Brother Give us a little space in your LibertyjOn the 26th we lisle Co spoke at Riddick Local No 41 Alicia Hobbs Secretary Received 4 members and got 10 Farmersglocated in Mayfield Each broth er paid his stock in cash as het lefnt these good brothers and sisters 80 in the grand union cause We give their names below J T Ballard J P Haden J T Hobbs W A Moore J B Franck G A Richards W T Haden Elisha Hobbs Now brethren if a more up todate local can be found in Car- lisle Co than the above pleaser intsome it Overalls and brogans are common among our Catholic brethren but they are strictly union and they have the dough We notice that they schoolLwith the school in ses ion Look out brethren and sisters we only asked Carlisle to help us they are doing it Let us wake up and do our part p Come across now We spent rhe night with Broth er and Sister Hobbs All of them are union people That is the place where Brother Barnett took possession when we were on torandespeak for them again but didnt 11nIghthadmighty good appetites about that time W D AUSTIN Mayfield Ky County Union The Ballard County Union con vened in Liberty Hall city of LatCenter last Saturday There very good attendance President Newton called the body to order at 10 oclock sharp he morning session was occupied with the discussion of plans for an increased membership and the tobacco question The afternoon session was devoted to the questions now being by our representatives Washington find closed byc conferring the Adoption Degree IeHlckTerrill Local promises soon to GVeren from McCracken amongst them Chairman W H Jones We adjourned to meet again the first Saturday in March Terrill Local Liberty Hall a La Center Ky X f h t l- f A Few Lines from Almo Dear Editor of Liberty Well write a few lines to your valuable paper concerning matters in Galloway County Farmers Union unionism is progressing nicely here The members are being educated and are beginning to grasp the fact that there is something in the union worth striving for New locals are being organized and new members initiated at almost every local meeting There was a called meeting of the Vancleve Local on January 27 at which five new members were initiated At Vancleve Lo cal No 512 we now have about 50 members of which most are union workers There was a called meeting of the County Union at Vancleve on the 28th A large crowd of active union workers were present A bountiful dinner was spread by the lady members which was enjoyed by all Some very important subjects were discussed The meeting adjourned at 4 nit and everybody went home feeling glad he was a member of the Farmers Union The County Union holds its next regular meeting at Van cleve on February fifth Most of the members seem to be greatly enthused over the prospect of having produce and other union ouses located in Calloway In fact everybody both young and old great or small seems to be filled with new zeal for our great cause I think ours is a grand order and I believe every farmer owes it to his family his and his country to join he Farmers Union This is a great battle we are waging in the union a battle for freedom for the oppressed farmers of our Southland and I believe we shall be victorious in the conflict Union members let us go forward this year with the firm resolution to do more to promote the of unionism and bring us together not only in unionism but in brotherlv and sisterly and to possess and promote three great principles of our orderjustice equity and the Rule resolved to up ld the hands of our brothers- of the order in the grand fight they are tvc grog Wishing much success to I iS snit and all members of the FE- nd C U of A I am- BEATUICB CRISP ittM p1rt 0b x I Gems InVerse I A RED ROSE whose droway eyes re ROSEBUDS unopened sun dewdrop them In glee Then they burst forth and bloom joyouslySoTo Jive so free dayAnddecayThis of the rose openAt behindArecallsTheBessie Glen Buchanan ROSES AND MYRTLE T toreverButsome day neverButnye AND givIngAnd what Is all song when your vole Is mute Then ofliving oluteold old question to us together lipsWhyweatherWhen must at last be our loveseclipse I andIAnd Just for a moment the world seems glad But then In the silence a tear drops glis ten- Outshines forever the hopo wo had rpHE Joy that we drink from a paM pains chnllce unrlnunedButa palace prelimnedLewis Worthington Smith YOUTH AM the unquiet sister with lhe old I eyesWhoseek- I my homo to am yearnforskies am the dreaming girl who burned For the touch of a cod on lien cheek I am the unquiet sister with tho young ancient beautiful eyes shodIgoldendustI are the dreaming girl who awoke And discovered a vanishing god I am the unquiet sister with the grIm roving beautiful eyes Who plucked at the world In Its blooms Oh to be as I was at first transparent eager unwise For the clear little brook I thirst youngAndI am wildbeautifulI have seen so many things Hope detained In a sightless tower and graves for questionings Love that endured for an hour and the eyes of wounded things I would like to go back once more creep back dark foot In the rain And timidly knock at the door I left Ican never go back again Florence WUklason CALL OF THE HEART LONG since I heard the call of the wild came with the springs first day Then Into my blood crept the wanderlust And far from the choking city dust I tied to the woods away BREAKING my peace In that forest There murmured a cantoning breeze deepWhich sleep And lured me over the ssas poles1LFor more calls camp to me ono by one And following blindly on and on I wearily prayed for rest EVERever and hoped for pence they called anew Till low and clear from the rest apart There cute the surer call of the heart Which led at the last to you- Alfred Hustwlck TWO DOORS Is a door that opens on chamber darkened full of HERE light shines In upon The dwellers In this BtetoU3 room lien fear and trouble pace about Anxiety and woe and grief Foreboding weariness and doubt And worry that escapes relief This door I call Forgetfulness In letters deep the word Is cut And though the dwellers madly press keep It ever tightly shut This other door Remembrance Is It opens on a cheerful scene Past Joys and little tastes of bliss haebeenDearAnd little deeds of kindness done And hope and lave and faith and cheer And blessings that my life hath won wJlIeFtung share Possessions that make life a smile And put to rout all thoughts of care John Kendrlck Bangs STRANGE LANDS Oir all strange lands whose luring charms we own Full of new knowledge and wide won der sweet upknownThanfeet OF all strange powers wherewith the soul holds sway Is none more starkly marvelous than- this Itself push Us dearest faiths away For one strong moment and behold what tal Charlotte Perkins Oilman FOR THE JOY OF WORKING AND ealythe master stall praise us only tM IMst1IthaU Haras And ese shall work for roomy And no one Mull work for tame But eaeh tar the joy of the working And each In kill separate star Shall draw the tkhir ss ke ss U trThe tied et tkkits M U7 are l t t r i = Importance Of Raising Truck Y t y W B EvANS 1 rThe Union Farm Canner Co with Brother Chesterfield as the head man will be ready begin 1sending out canners by net rYeraiser should plant a large crop of tomatoes beans cabbage sweet Ipotatoas end other grrden stuff that can be canned and thus get in the fight Think of it You can buy a canning machine for 25 with which you can put up 400 cans per day And there is a ready sale for every can you are able to turn out Brother Chesterfield himself sold 800 worth of tomatoes which he put up himself on his farm near PaducahaTho best way of beating the t Tobacco Trust is to let it alone Raise readsomethingelse My ers cant you see through this Get a canner and get it now Tell your neighbors to plant lots of tomatoes and you will haveI the jobof working them up The Central Warehouse will furnish the cans at a cost of about a cent and you can put them up and ship to the Exchange Prod ace house at Louisville and It will handle them for you Nows the time to get busy W B EVANS r LocaltThe next County Union will meet tin February 24th and 25th 1910 with Gum Springs arid Jonesvocals The following ire the subjects vititeh wjljcome under discu sion 1 1 Discuss the wool questionx and let your dJegates comepre oared to vote on said question 2 Discuss the produce And banking system and also how to sell your next tobacco crop 3 If you have anything you wish to ask of the Fiscal Court on the administration of county y affairs or of yourRepresentative in the way of good laws of Ccn cress and went the County Un ion to act on the question just send it written by your delegate 4 Secretaries of locals are requested to send dues to the County Secretary at once if they have not already done so Let us have a good meeting in Feb ruary r R S PARIS Co President-B B DUNN Co Secretary Vote in Our Contest Below we give the standing of the candidates in our Correspond tints Contest r lna Kelley Heath 14200 Beatrice Crisp Almo 14100 LaRoy Childress Kevil 9932 Minnie Lyell Hickory G 9000 Golda Frasher Paducah 6315 Jessie Grace KevilR16499 Icy Shain Brooklyn 6500 Mary Thomas Marion 5400 Flora Houston Glibertsville2125 Essie Myers Wickliffe 1983vLillian Raarland stone Cor 1420 x Louise Copelh t iiarlow 1300 k Laura Jones Kvmsburgr 1200g l gva King Wheatcrof t 1175 r Kittie Arivett R R 1 1100I t Esther Wayne Waverly 300c I Lola May fvey Maxon 200 Inez William Bandana 100 SlEura RiggCalhoun 100t TAt read yen the AArarw i tMMa trial V PJ a r 0 t1r gyrv Jlt tt 5 lJ6 f iit IF f J ncSa ruBUBHED WEEKLY ILAO ENTER KENTUCKY is t7JItoIt woman is to have a huttonless dress why dont man have a button less collar Ilrsrthe poor The price of automobile tires has gone upeacGold worth 11000000 is corning o of the Tanana valley Alaska this season It should suffice to fill quite a number of teeth Servla seems bent on looking for trouble The little kingdom will ills cover trouble is a thing much easier to find than to lose This country Is not captious and carries no chip on Its shoulder but it dares any foreign navy to sail up to the north pole and tRIte tt The Moors have caught another Spanish force unawares That War seems to be conducted by the hostile tribesmen on the surpriseparty plan Western crop and trade reports tinue highly favorable And big ha vests and good business In the west mean general prosperity for the coun try A Chicago man shot a motorman because he laughed at him Of course motormen should bo taugi manners but there may be less drastic While it is true that the poor we have always with us it is also a certainty that some of the rich hardly ever allow us a respite from their dlIvorce troublesIAnother man line been mistaken fcr n deer In the Adirondacks Ho is dead now This is the open season for deer but it should be the closed almfThe amateur hunters are already getting in their crop of human game And it Is part of the irony of fate that no matter what had shots they are they can always hit a man The latest triumph of surgical science Is successfully to remove a mans stomach Some cynics say however that to the vast majority of masculinity death Is preferable Li Glenn H Curtica appears to be the reigning aeroplane favorite His vic supplevltmtstn thiImoney givenJthese sources alone And aeroplanefpears to have bdezi one of the best investments on record A New York Judicial authority h asSben called on to decide whether a mans grave can be seized and sold for his debts Whatever the abstract Ista buslllJrt grave that no one was surprised to find the court forbade the desecra fF lion of the dead There was someb r thing too ghoulish in the mere posal pzIa Earthquakes fires floods and tidal waves have been especially numerous yearThewave along the coast of Lower Call fornia causing the loss of seve alUlives and the demolition of ma 03ca bbuildings As the wave swept inland for two miles something of the fortheand extent of the flood may be celved Mexico will have reason toba remember 1909 because of the fre quency of calamities during that pe I riod The Spanish press has rebelled vsbypublish new true news of the war IInwJthholrlIn WhohIdesceal Its whereabouts from dobandtbe of i as children to have only what th rdorulers think is good for them 4 The dull silence that hung over that beenIItted I Is gone like the dew In the sunlight of the new social influences The Iso latlon of the farm was the chill ngco cause that drove men Into the clUe deliveryare being carried to the country and are vitalizing tho rural community nbundanlIn g heart hunger has been answeredhe geographleal eounlrytohe was particular ebout those odd I years for it makes his assertion 10 for much more convincingbe Halleys comet baa been DeeR ug iluOfl and Is getting brighter which Is viandeace that the visitor Is drawl pIn comeMtths vs beaa a pleaaias addition to the Hut MPttUc llltMBlnatiMi h s i f IPOCIORS PRESCRIPTION Quickly Cures Rheumatic Pains Also Splendid System Builder do to any good prescription drug gist and get tho following and mix them If ho does not have these in who gre hislesaleOne ounce compound syrup of SarsapartllaA and ono ounce Tons com ofDrstclassonful before each meal and at bed Um shakerhutone of the most effective known Th aftertheA MATTER OF GEOGRAPHY f 1 We are now exactly 1000 feet above the level of the sea What sea sarrECZEMA COVERED HIM Itching Torture Was Beyond Words Slept Only from Sheer Exhaustion Relieved in 24 Hours and IsCured by Cutlcura In a Month I am seventyseven years old and ome years ago I was taken with ec zema from bead to foot I was sick for six months and what I suffered tonguo could not tell I could not sleep day or night becauso of that dreadful itching when I did sleep it was from sheer exhaustion I was ono mass of Irritation it was even in my scalp Tho doctors medicine seemed to make me worso and I was ost out of my mind I got a of the Cuticura Soap Ointment and Resolvent I used them persistently for twentyfour hours That night I slept like an infant tho nights oleep I had bad for six monthsI In a month I was cured W Harrison Smith Mt Kisco N Y Feb 3 190S Potttr Dm k Cbem Corp Prcpt Boston One Was Enough for Johnny The Sunday school lesson was from that scripture which teaches that It your brother strike you on one cheek you should turn the other also and en dure even for seventy times Johnny had listened to his sevenI very attentively while she s fact and after the lesson the su perintendent rose to make a few re marks Now boys he said how many times ought another boy to strike you before you hit him back Just about once promptly an swered JohnnyDellneator Sing Sing to Be Removed ing Sing prison is to be removed across the Hudson river 15 or 20 miles northward just eight miles south of West Point where a large tract of land has been purchased and gang of several hundred convicts s been working for two years The present prison was also built by convicts In 1826 with material found on the grounds but although it has en enlarged every few years and Is w one of the largest penitentiaries the world it is not large enough OthWiththe fairy I can make you grow young ag aintarGItn bring youth to me at my present age all right but I positively refuse travel back through pyrography at first stages of bridge the habit ck the straight front balloon eves and all the rest of the fads can remember tuWomanThe injurious action of Coffee on tilt heart of many persons is well knoWDq by physicians to ho caused feine This is the drug found by chemy Ists in coffee and tea A woman suffered a long time with 4doctorfee as that was the principal cause the trouble She writes My heart was so weak it could not Its work properly My husband would sometimes have to carry me from the table and it would seem that would never breathe again The doctor told me that coffee was causing the weakness of my heart He said I must stop It but It seemed I uld not give It up until I was down bed with nervous prostration For eleven weeks I lay there and broughthomeand started now and right Slowly I t well Now I do not have any headaches nor those spells with weak art We know it is Postum that dayIyou are I used to weigh 92 pounds and now I weigh 158 Postum has done much for me and would not go back to coffee again any money for I believe It would mo if I kept at it Postum must well boiled according to directions lr pkg then Jt hu a rich tlnvour 60 d with cream is DneIRead Tho Road to Wollvtlle found pkga Theres a ReasonUEver read the appear time to time Tho Laia1rt IOov j iDueiftaniruGc d jFor morning run and evening dew IFDr iJery hud that April knew lightAndFor fallotat field and burdened byre For rooftree and the hearthside fire singsFor ryjby For Hope that Waits for Faith that dares For patience that still rmiler and bears For LoVc that Failr not nor Withstands For healing touch of childrens hand For happy labor high intent For all lifes blessed sacrament O Comrade of our nights and days Thou giest all things lake our praise Arthur Ketchum= The Story of the Turkey JLN 1620 the Puritans discovered New England I and the next year when they were going to have their first Thanksgiving dinner they discovered the smallicomposition Thus he set tled to his own satisfaction at least a longdis an whendhisdidpose of and their discussion was Im attentionSome claimed it was first found in earlydaysers believe that because of its it must have come from Turkey a term then applied vagUely to Tar y and even to Asia in general Its rman name kalekuter led to the ertion that the first specimens had been shipped from Calcutta but those Inclining to tills opinion were laughed by others who said that kalekuter was simply the German attempt to express the birds cry A few believe that the bird was an importation from the new world And while learned heads wagged over the problem the key went straight on gobbling Its y into European barnyards- It was Introduced Into England aa rly some say as 1524 and at a ban u et given by Queen Mary in 1555 ung turkeys are mentioned as the you sad or are you Jolly you blame yourself for folly IVhen there nothing but tho whhbon lent Are you full or can jou eat After gobtillns turkey meat satisfying things that make TltanUtfXlvlnr day complete Mien there nothing but the wUhbon lcttt fr 1 C fI greatest delicacy on the table In a curious old book called Five Hundred Points of Husbandry by Tusser aro to be found the lines Bcefc mutton and pork shred pies of the best Pig veal goose and capon and turkle well drest Cheese apples and nuts jollo carols tc hcnrc then In the countrie Is counted gocdo checre Here is proof that the modern up start of a turkey was already rivaling in favor the classic capon with the British farmer The Jesuits long were credited with having introduced the turkey into France from Spain This may ac count for the lifelong animosity to the Jesuits of the great critic Boilcau of Louis XIVs time For Bolleau as a child fell one day In his fathers barnyard and before he could pick himself up was so severely bitten by two old turkey cocks that he suffered from the effects for many years aft erward What more natural than that he should hate the Jesuits The first official mention of our na tional bird in Italy is in 1557 when the magistrates of Venice In an ordi nance to suppress luxury forbade Its presence at any tables but those ofi the clergy the nobility and their own In 1570 Bartollomeo Scappi chief cook to Pope Plus V gave in his cookery book several recipes for roasting tur keys and dressing them with chest nuts and garlic which have not been Improved upon to this dayIn Italy nt least J F D Smythe who wrote in 1784 n Tour of the United States of Amer ica declared that in tho unsettled country back of Virginia be saw wild turkey flocks of more than 5000 while in the woods of Pennsylvania they were so numerous that their eggs were easily found by the farmers children and carried off to be placed under setting hens No doubt tur keys were abundant enough within gunshot of the Plymouth settlement and for this very reason would have formed even had they been less doll cious in flavor the piece do resist ance of that first Thanksgiving feast with which ever since they have been inseparably connected tshe Withbonen rmanitIiing Hint I I IJ turkeyThen wUhbonleftFor the goodies In a flock Like to jump around and mock Utile meattillAWl wlihbooleW f i ANOTHER IMPORTANT VjCTORy MEDICINECOMPANY STATES COURT torthesitting In Now York City has Just awarded to the Carter Medicine Corn pany a decree which again sustains tho companys exclusive right to use pillsBy it is among other things dedicineCompany exclusive right to the uso of red col ored wrappers nnd labels upon said small round packages of liver pills of the style described In iho bill of com plaint said right having been acquired by tho prior adoption of said stylo and color of package for liver pills by the complainant predecessors more than thirty years ago and es tablished by the continuous and ex constantlyIncreasing cessors and by the complainant the Carter Medicine Company Itself from the time of their said adoption until tho present day perhapsing of all by reason of the character of the tribunal which rendered it No Court in the country stands higher National DruggistS Louts M THE REASON WearyGee I wonder wot dat dorg bit mo on the foot for His Friend I suppose its cause he couldnt reach no higher Grace A paper out in northwestern Kansas tells of a pious old farmer who has gi the habit of gazing at the rafters in his diningroom when saying grace One day while so engaged he for got himself and his grace sounded something like this We thank thee for this food andbY Joe theres that darned gimlet Ive been looking for for the last six months Ill have Jim go up there and get it Thou hast been gracious to us 0 Lord and again we thank thee AmpnKanl- ias City Star For Headache Try Hicks Capudlnc Whether from Colds Heat Stomach or ant speedilyrelievedto take Effects Immediately sad at Drug Stores IA man never realizes what a small potato he really is until he hears in a roundabout way what the girl whom le could have married but didnt thinks ot him Not Sisters Now and again you see two women past sistersYoumother and daughter and you realize that a woman at forty or fortyfive ought to be at PThotimately associated with the local health of the essentially feminine organs that roundformWomen who hove suffered from this trouble haTe fount prompt eliel and flu t np womanhood complexion Minutes Make From degrees to degrees glowIngcomfort in your the can made in 10 minutes you th- ePERFECTION Oil HeaterEquipped with Smokeless Devlcj to do your heating It is unrivaled effective ly work School children should ea- tQuaker Scotch Otr at least twice a day r A Simple Gold ii Often la deed baa the neglect of a laglr truing cold bees fol lowed by dlaaetroll coae ueBCPtII It fthould fee liorae IB sated perpetually tbattbe COLD of today U the Connumpllon of toiaoifotr Innlcnlflennt cold s the untiring pathfinder of Lose deadly dUea e Pneumonia Pleurisy Bronchitis Consumption They tnrt wlfh a mere cold etop It there SIMMONS COUGH SYRUP Trill do it Manufactured Sbarman Tmi L FilER6fi hoCt1nkS lila Gin in lrstclaaeorder and do more work nod make abetter sample than any other method of fillnjr 8600FrlceBr Mall Paid Leaden FOR mate from an AIIALVrONEENORAV1NG 1 Size ten wire inches or lees to print In Newspaper or on tlonery Portrait Dulldlnff Lnndscape Live Stock or any subject you mny select This paper will do the printing tor you Wetten New9p r Little Five Minutes In Morning NO STROPPING NO HONING KNOWN IEvOoTh W N MEMPHIS NO 461909 Fierce Favorite Prescription It gives vigor and viUlky to ttorgans of It clean the brightens Uw eyes and reddens the cheeks p PreacnptloaAnyit held as sacredly confidentialand answered In a plain envelope Address Worlds Dispensary Medical Association Dr RV Pierce Fret Buffalo NY Difference That Ten I 35 70 you want home is difference that be when have for quick workand cleanI TIle the Impossible to turn the wick too high or too low Impossible to make it smoke or emit disagreeable odor the selflocking v Automatic Smokeless Device absolutely prevents smoke Lighted in a secondcleaned in a minute burns N me with one filling Rustless brass font Automatic smokeless device instantly removed for cleaning iHighest efficiency in heating powerBeautifully finished InT ap m or Nickelan ornament anywhere a necessity everywhere Variety of styles Every Dealer Everywhere tt Not At Yours Write for DwcrlpliTt Circular to tile Kcartit Agcacy or tke STANDARD Oil COMPANY IkeepNMa IJ i l 1 TRUTHFUL ADVERTISING THE BASIS OF SUCCESS lince the Ingredients Interii Perun Are Known Its Power as a Catarrh Bemedy and Tonio is IUnderstoodOHIO The to live ingredients entering the most popular household remedy In the world have been made known to the public This means a new em In the advertising of popular fam lly medicines Peruna leads Peruna contains among other things golden seal powerful In Its effect upon the mucous mem branes Ccdron seed a rare medicine and unsurpassed tonic Cubebs valuable in nasal catarrh and affections of the kidneys and bladder Stone root valuable forv the nerves mUcous membranes as well as In dropsy and indi gestion HOT FLASHES ALMOST GONE Womai in Aurora Gets Relief from Troubles by Takiag Cardiu the Womans Tonic Aurora Indrs suffering from the change and had those hot flajhes and severe backache all the time At times I could hardly straighten I read about Cardul and got a bottle from our druggist and it helped me at once Now the hot flashes have almost gone and I feel much better lI have recommended Cardul to sev eral lady friends You need not bo afraid to tafeo Car I dul whenever you feel that you need a tonic Its use will not Interefece with that of any other medicine you may bn taking Its action is very gentle and without any bad aftereffects Be ing purely vegetable and nonintoxi cating Cardul can safely bo taken by I young and old and can do nothing but good Cardul acts on womans constitu tlon building up womanly strength toning up womanly nerves regulating womanly organs Half a century of success with thousands of cures sum liar to the one described above amply prove its real scientific medicinal merit You are urged to take Cardul the womans tonic It Tvlll help you NOTE The Cnrdnl Home TreatmeBt for Women coubts of Cordal 81 Thedforda BlackUrauRht 23e or Velvo for the liver end Cardal AntUcptJc These remdiea mar be taken mlnKly by tbemaelren If deaired or three together a complete treatment for women lib Write tot Ladle AdvUory Dept Chnttonooua Medicine Co ChnttanooBn Tenn for Special InntrticOonw nod Glpncre book Ilorne Treatment for Women aent la plain wrapper on rcqaeit 1 SICK HEADACHE cured by C ARI1TRSPoslUveJY Pills relieve ImE treaafromDyspepslaln I VER dlgesUonandToonearty EatIng A perfect rem for Dizziness New 11 LLSsea Drowsiness Bad Taste In the STouth Coat ed Tongue Pain In the Side TORPID LIVER They regulate the Dowel Purely Vegetable SMALL PILL SMALL DOSE SMALL PRICE nAnyrre Genuine Must Bear SignatureInLEaVER PILLS REFUSE SUBSTITUTES Millions Say So When millions of people use for years medicine it proves its merit People who know CASCARETS value buy over a million boxes a month Its the biggest seller be cause it is the best bowel and liver medicine over made No matter what youre risingTUSI try CAS CARETS once you See III CASCARETS a box for a weeks treatment seller to the frmonth PaperHugersPaiitersToe tr lnwtment eueg Alfred Jtati Prlzout cno trorksr In each fair Jthe frit wothy eppliccat will tend prepaid Nnrr tire large sample book itb a WalliMper Stock for culaurn to secI Irma offer Ihtnl proflu to oar represestailves Anwsr qalkl that tet the In nar tielnity AlfrcI t cu lttiis J1Teo CIleqo IALSAMI I lUJHALrroNEswllIIaktyourordernddolhe prntIf WMma trnrinm iiios LulLs six r1i TkmjsiisEyWatsi Children CougCaae Os Meek Uaeeesse SiKr4I JCUREKST MQL- II nI iasOn iuurt rtWA wJ Wl ik Ink iiMtnaiHgnreitnmt t iMVfm OUw kC ta4de IIpIseMMW NI t FarmersEducatinal fnl and CoOperatiye II UmoDQfAmerica ii Fr Matters gf Etfeclal MencBt te tie Progressive Africdtarat It is worth whileio say kind things A firm stand now and the battle Is wonGreet the now member with a cor dial welcome Poor seed corn means a correspond- Ing poor yield A poor home and a good farmer do not go together- It docs not hurt to hope that the cost of living will be reduced The person who believes himself miserable Is certainly miserable- A mans friends can sometimes snake hjm more uncomfortable than his enemies From tho rolling stones point of Tiew moss may not be a desirable asset Many n man who tells you he Is do serving is lucky to escape what he deserves When a man begins to live in the past instead of the present he be comes a back number The Farmers union has set tho pace and there should bo no hesi tation In following its lead The steady onward movement of the members of the great farmers organization is shaking the earth A fruit professor says an apple came into the world after a pear That Is something learned if a little lateThe south has been and is a seller of the raw material which has proven unprofitable Why not manufacture the raw product and make the profit both ways that the other fellow now does and save freight both ways Perfect cooperation among all the members of the union will bring a certainty that you can command the price of your chief commodity Tho quicker you all get In line the sooner all will feel the renewed activities in their lives owing to the better prices obtained SITUATION OF COTTON CROP Spinners Up to All Kinds of Bluffing In Order to Induce Farmer to Market Staple Quickly While there is always more or less talk among the spinning interests dur ing that portion of the season when cotton is most active in passing out of the hands of the growers especially when a shortage in the yield forces an advance in the price about curtailing consumption because of the dearness of the raw material we doubt if there has been a single Instance since tho resumption of business on a normal scale following the interruption caused by the civil war where tho price of the raw material itself was directly ponsible for the mills operating on short time The higher cost of the raw cotton might it is true slightly affect the consumption demand for tho finished product yet not to such an e tent as would make it good business judgment to let the machinery lie idle and the investment consequently return nothing Indeed nottho profits have always been too large for that says the Houston Post In this connection tht Kansas City Times calls attention to certain pub lished statistics bearing on the profits of tho industry in New England that are worth noting When tho tariff bill was pending says the Times the cotton manufacturers of New England demanded and secured re vision upward Instead of revision downward for the schedule affecting them They declared that the cot ton industry could not possibly stand a reduction of the import duties A few days ago a Boston newspaper published a big display advertisement for the sale of new stock In a cotton milT located In Boston To show how profitable cotton stock Investments had been in the plist a list of 18 mills was given together with their cap talization surplus and dividends for shFsthatcent on the capital stock that tho accumulated surplus was almost as much as the capital and that the mar ket value of the stock of the 18 com panies was almost two and onehalf times the par value Therefore con gress increased the protection on an Industry in which the value of stocks market quotations and accumulated surplus being taken into accounthas increased more than 300 per cent over tho par value and which in addition to this increase in value are paying 21 per cent dividends The truth of the matter Is the spin ning wrold Is up to all the arts of bluffing in order to hasten the market ing of the crop as It Is In such quick movement that it is best enabled to dictate the price The farmers inter eet lies in getting wise to this fact and In arranging his affairs so as to market his staple only when it pleases kim to do Right Temperature- The first matter of Importance is that our milk should be kept at a iml fnrwiy low Jemperature from the mo mist It is recAlvod until it Is used preferably 40 degrees Ptbraa kelt t7t A LITTLE Ut COLDI alllSoAs tbay gathered round his bed When thoy heard that ho was dead He aught a little cold That was nl1Puck Neglect of a cough or cold often leads to serious trouble To break up a cold in twonty four hours and cure any cough that is curable mix two ounces of Glycerine a halfoii o of Virgin Oil of Pine compound pure and eight ounces of pure Whisky Take a teaspoonful every four hours You can buy these at any good drug store and easily mix them in a large bottle PROOF POSITIVE cu I believe I once had the pleasure of meeting your wife If you consider it a pleasure It wan not she NEW STRENGTH FOR WOMENS BACKS How to Make a Bad Back Better Women who suffer with backache bearing down pains dizzy spells and that constant feeling = of dullness and tired ness will find hope in the advice of Mrs Mary Hinson of 21 Strother St 3It t Sterling Ky Had I not used Deans Kidney PlllsIlieve I would not be living today says Mrs Hinson My eyesight was poor I suffered with nervous splitting head aches spots would dance before my eyes and at times I would be so dizzy I would have to grasp something for support My back was so weak and painful I could hardly bend over to but ton my shoes and could not get around without suffering severely Doans Kid ney Pills helped me from the first and I continued until practically welt again Remember the name Doans Sold by all dealers 50 cents a box Foster MIlburn Co Buffalo N Y Mistake Somewhere A story comes from a Kentucky town that is worth repeating There lives there a woman who says that she has immediate communion with the Almighty and now and then de livers to those of common clay a mes sage that she has received from on high The fact that these messages sometimes take on a very materIalis- tic hue does not alter their effective ness in her opinion One day she went into the office of a well known attorney and approached him solemnly as one about to reveal an aweinspiring secret The Lord sent me to you for 525 she announced The attorney looked up and smiled That must be a mistake he replied blandly because the Lord knows I have not got it Celestial communication was there upon broken off Hows This Hundred Reward tot at catirrU that cannot cured by LrnTb CureToledo 0the underLined have F J tcr hit revs sad him onbto la and to carry out any ohllnttons wade by arm 4 Toledo aHani Catarrh taken acting tha and mama enticeS too fTttem lent tree rent bottle Druxilfts Bans IUli couUpaUoo Brought Their RelationsI Small Nettle seeing sects on the back porch asked what they were and was told that they were ants The next morning she discov ered a number of small ants among the large ones and exclaimed Oh mamma the aunts have bringed their little nleceo with them todayl Manv Children Are Sickly Mother Grays Sweet lowders for ChiIdren used by Mother Gray a euro SumImer ComplalntfFeverfshncslt and Destroy Worms At all Dnicsliu = c Sample mailed FREE Address Allen SOlnwteJ Lo Roy N Y lie that does a base thing In zeal for his friend burns the golden thread that tics their hearts together DONT NEGLECT TJIAT COUGh It certainly racks system and run Into omrtblna uns Lung llalAm wilt check quickly and permanently For sale at all dmgflna Many a man suspects his neighbor as he suspects himself Mrs Wnrfowa SootWfljf Byra Itrtfettdna UetMu etfiwuMhe p redceaq Is tIaJ cibetttc The spirits fall to meierlulize at a temperance seance- IrreyeespleeMLt Pellets icilat anj lniltorate liver and bovets uzes511fIU111 earlotek Ito set gripe Often the milk of human kindness tastes of the can KNEW THE WAYS OF WOMEN Mean Trick of iallantlna That Prfc ably Made Much Trouble for His Friend Blank CapL J F Chase of Veteran city Fin was in Washington last month to register his fortyseventh airship patent Capt Chase is best known as the Inventor of the hoopskirt Discussing the hoopskirts remark able success Capt ChaSo said to a success was duo to the skirts strangeness Wom n llkp strange things By catering to women by studying their tasto a man can twist thorn around his finger The veteran ofilcer smiled Ballanllne ho said came In late toa song recital in Palm Beach and there wasnt a vacant seat In the house Ballantlne noticed Mrs Jerome Blank Mrs Jerome Blank he knew had a very handsome husband that she kept strict watch over she didnt like him to associate with any of the fair sex Ballantlne edging near to Mrs Blank who had an excellent seat said in a loud voice to a friend Who was that uncommonly pretty girl I saw Jerome Blank talking to on the pier In about four seconds Mrs Blank was gone and Ballantine was seated comfortably in her chair As to the Hessian Fly The Hessian fly Is a German product which was conceived in Iniquity and born in sauerkraut It is a long rangy fly with a bite like a steel trap and it lays a pale blue oblong egg at the rate of 30000 an hour The Hessian fly will eat anything from decayed custard pie to a glass inkwell but its favorite dish is the double neck of a tat gent This bird can perform a twostep on sticky flypaper without crooking its toes and Is proof against rough on rats the daisy fly killer and a strychnine hypodermic No Hessian fly was ever known to die of anything but old age which accounts for the color of its whiskers If It ever fas tens upon your Jowl It will stay until removed by the undertakerMan chester Ia Press Lost in Antiquity- A little fellow who had just felt the hard side of tho slipper turned to his mother for consolation Mother he asked did grandpa thrash father when be was a little boyYes answered his mother Im pressively And did his father thrash him when he was little did his father thrash hirnV YesA Well who started thin thing any wayCaasells Saturday Journal Relics of the Stone Age During excavations conducted near Wlllendorf on the Danube by the prehistoric section of the Austrian Natural History museum a chalk figurIne 11 centimeters high has bqen discov ered in a stratum containing Instru ments and weapons characteristic of the stone age The figurine shows traces of having been painted and represents a female figure with remark able precision of artistic execution Important Mothers Examine carefully every bottlo ot CASTORIA a safe and sure remedy for infants and children and see that it Bears the- Signature 71of jtajf74cZUM In Use For Over 30 Years The Kind You Have Always Bought Refuted Just think of itl One person in every 37 in England Is a pauper Why John she returned It isnt so I met more than 37 peoeplo in London lat summer and there wasnt a pauper in the IoU Boughonspread or make 50 to little cakes that will kill doe or more rats anti mice Itsthe unbeatable exterminator Dont die in the house Beware of imitations substi tutes and catchpenny readyfortue de vices Flnl- aWIggScribblers stories all have such sad endings Wagg Yes they generally find their way Into the wastebasket Philadel phia Record For Cojds and Gripp Capudine The best remedy for Qrlpn and Colds Is Hicks Capudine Relieves aching and IcvcrlalinofB Cures tho cold Headaches also Its Liquid Effects Immediately and at Drug Stores Some peoples castoff happiness like their castoff clothes would mako some other people very happy Strong Winds and Sand Storms muic granulation of the eyelids PETFI1S EYE relieves All drunllts or llowanlDros Buffalo NY The surest proof of being endowed with noble qualities Is to be free from euvyLa Rochefoucault If a man is a liar it is useless to tell him so He knew it all the time PKRRT DAVJSAINK1II1Rtas subttUuU No other ruDwdylaaoefftetlTo fur rboaraaUtm IMMCO neuralgia or ot any sort rut up In lie So aM A cynlu Is a person who makes a specialty of telling the truth aeEiiet iI- t from womans ailments are invited tomitc to the names andM nddresses hero given for positive proof that Lydia E Pinkhanie Vegetable Compound IDeS cure femaJeills Tnraor Removed Chl LangdotiPryKiniley Gifford 8 Barber IlouglitonClnclflnstlO3ftgWJcIrouh itniwsukeewlbti Emma so lit St of TAte South indMrs Preil CerUs lOa sLafayette Street Kentucky Sir TJrzIo Holland 57ShiarlcetPaterson NJMr Wm Somettlllo AyennePhlladelpiila K E Garrett Garnet Street Kewaskum WisMra Carl Dahlke Troubles Worcester Musilre Bosjlr CotS Southgate Street IlIJldrllA p Anderson Big Run PaMrs w E Pooler lIUIIh3uriCll1Gilbert Avenue Lee fansea Box DewIttvU6NYMrt JohustownNYMrsIlouicr Seaman loa E5IaIirStreot DurtonloWIIL31n Peter Laogenbahn Avoid OperatIon JIam Stead JIJ Joe Adrian OaLena V Henry Route ndianapolis 1ndBessle V PIper South Addison Stree- tLou1vllleKyMre 3G23Fonrth Rt Maine Mrs Lillian llobblni MtTUesort Light Station Detroit Mich Mr Frieda Boescaa lIe lrum Avenue German DIplacementf1 FTX Q4 Melbourne Iowa Mrs Clara ate == KPDNo1 Barditonrn = Mrs Joseph Hall Lewliton Maine Mrs henry Clotltler K Oxford Strt11- 10noapollll Minn Mn John Moldan Second Street N Shamrock Joalo RFD No1 Bo22- MatRon NTMrs Jordy Route No3 iiozd- OIheter Ark Mn Ella Wood Oclila LMH T A Crib Pendleton IndMrg May MarnhallnIt44 Cambridge NebMrn Nellie Moslandcr oJtfloohen tChicano IlLMrs Wm Ogden Av JawlawUlchJJnElJlmaur4 r Flashing MlehMn Hurt lx 1LPP No care of I A Banborn JC4ffeeyIlieJdisMrsSJJoncs je Cincinnati Ohio Mrs Flora Ahr Emit 1Street aereland Ohio MlH Lizzie Stolger f W Fleet Avenue 8E cileTTllle PaMri Maggie EtterUTUl jycrabnreTennMr Luollllllard UK1 f Vrindlo f 1Irerrln r t r f jJDlJton r Home Lebanon PahIrs Harry L JUttlo Lab man Street Tenn1InnIe Hall Dotrott Mrs Louke Jcng 32Chestnat t fIOariliner rlIr S A Williams H F No Box Philadelphia PaMrs Chat Boell N t Garnet StreetSPlattsbnrgMJssMl sV rnnWllkcsBrj l Female Vcatcnesw OS Wllllmantlc ConuMrsEZta1onoran flea rnlsld0 Idaho M Rachel Johnson ICockland 2lIatnel1rIWiU Young ColInmbla Avenue RcottTllle Mich3trsJGTobnson1LPD3 Itatton Clo3trs F B SOuth Elm St Erie PaIrs J P Endllch B F V No Btaver Falls Pa P lloyd SSeventh Avenue tri FalrcLaacoPa MrsT APnnhamBox Fort Hunter PallrsMaryJano hatto fEast Earl P JIrs Anenstns LyuDILFD2jVienna VaMrs Emma a Nervous Prostration Oronogo MrsMa McKnlght jTOIIephGranltevllle Yt31ri Barclay These Women are only a few of thousands of living witnesses of the power of Lydia E PinkliarnnVcgctablo Compound to cure femala diseases Not one of these women ever received compensation in any form for the use of their names in this advertisement butaro will lug that we should refer to them because of the good they may I do other suffering women to prove that Lydia E Vegetable Compound a reliable and honest medicine and that thjstatements made in our advertisements regarding its merit are th troth ant nothing but the truth 16 t For Rheumatic Pains As we older the blood becomes sluggish the muscles and joints stiffen and aches pains take hold easier Sloans Liniment quickens the blood limbers the muscles and joints and stops any pain or ache with astonishing promptness Proof that it fa Best for Rheumatism Mrs DANIEL H DIKHL of Manns Choke RFD No i Pa writes joint1ItAlso for Stiff Joints i writesIIme more JoInts than anythIng I have ever tried Sloans LinimenttIS the qickest and best remedy for Rheuma tism Sciatica Toothache Sprains Bruises and Insect Stings Price 25c COc and 100 at AU Dealers AdclnleIACtRTAINCURE EDEVE5 MITCHELLS FORSOREWEAKdfNFLASA IWEf tw wf 5 THE USE OF DRU05tWWC S5ARY Price 25 Cents fl Imalull1ilisi i i I 1 t1111 jJfA I IFiE IiUi- uuiwtWiS 1151y rIly r I1rs Vs IA CULI HAlE PK4 s r a JrJ Jr p SiV 14td- I j dh I i fr J q lJ 1f t rf rfle J j jI P kK V V 4 eil t I LIBERTY It Published Weekly By Liberty Publishing Company Incorporated r LaCentcr Kcntuck OFFICERS J L NewtonwwwPreslden- S B Tapp1st Vice President Albert Farris 2d Vice President J C Stamps i Secretary L T Yancy Treasurer r DIRECTORS Wm Chesterfield Chairman J W CooperVice Chm L T Yancy Treasurer J J PerrywSec Manage AuditorOie year Six Mnoths aThree months 5 Single copies 05 Payable strictly in advance Advertising Rates lOc per inch straight payable quarterly in advance Entered at the LaCenter postofflce as matter of secondclass DECLARATION OF PURPOSES To establish justice To secure equity To apply the Golden Rule To discredit the credit and mort gage system- To educate the agricultural clas In scientific rm- ingrTo assist our members in buying Bud selling To teach farmers the diversifica tion and rotation of crops domestic economy and the process of market Ing To systematize the methods of pro ducton and distribution To eliminate gambling iu farm products by Board of Trade Cotton Exchanges and other speculators To bring farming up to the stand ard of other industries and business enterprises profitablandton tobacco live stock and other t products of the farm To strive for harmony and g- oodtwill among all mankind and brother amdng ourselves garner the tears of the dis the blood of the martyrs laugh of innocent childhood th sweat of honest labor and the virtue of a happy home as the brightest Jewels known You can get Liberty free for three months if you wil give the ad of R H Marshall care ful attention and cut the coupor from our last page then take to his store in person have hiir sign it and send it to us Be sure your name and postoffict k are written plainly on the cou pon Andremember that this coupon will not be effective un I ess it is sent to us by Mr R II Marshall of Gilbertsville NO LONGER A DREAM The Editor Takes a Trip to Louisville On arriving in the busy city we set out to look forwellwe did not know for what not one of the plow and hoe boys could wa see only the master class Toothpick shoes standing col lars and diamond studs passing and repassing in every direction Oar mind is carried back to the farm and to our people and to the cause that we are so earn estly striving to help and uphold yoSu stop and think for a single mo nent and try to realize who is depending on you for the staff of life bread Oh you will say wife and baby No no Not so If wife and babies were all this would not be so awfully har on us but think There are this moment 244 members of the master class who never produced and who never will produce a single valuable object through toil and who are looking and de pending upon each one of us farmers for bread There are also two women of leisure and refinement for each farmer to support while on the other hand we are feeding ove 300 slaves of the master class I mean the working men of course This we do not so much object to if they are getting anything for their labor but they are not They are nothing more than wage slaves We are also feeding our be loved Uncle Samuel and his gang This we wouldnt mind if hed only remember us once in a cen IItury and grant us one request back to Louisville We travel down that busy stree- e named Jefferson until we read the 100 Block and Ip and behold we spy this inscription on the door of one of the busy frontsFarmers Union Exchange thatfall the sights we have seen This looks better and grander that- any of the 15story skyscrapers Well on the inside we see Bro ther William Chesterfield and his two assistants Mess s Slack and Rosenthal busy among the quack ing ducks and cackling hens Theyare Farmers Union fowls and Brother Chesterfield is get ting the highest prices for them Write him at 121 East Jefferson StreetWe lefc Louisville Thursday and returned to old Ballard to attend our County Union f lf Rex RestaurantDinners and Suppers 20c each Farmers Union Headquarters Everything first class t t ProprietorJ119 South 3rd St Paducah Ky t J v tf hM1 NNy LM MMN MMN wHNMM W n r u r Liberty Free for three months This Coupon is good for a three months subscription to LIBERTY if it bears the signature of Mr R PL Mar KytSubscribers name wwwWnw wwwwyw u PostollicewW Signed wv r V Ir 0 0 t w MB 3SBm pPP w B W S A copy of Liberty published at La Center reached our desk lest week A very neat paper f spicy crisp and brimfull of un ion news Clay ComierJj The dynamite Uncle Safn bought to destroy the Wolf Creek ice gorge might very profitably be used on the large melt packing establishments of tHf countryCadiz Record k About one farmer in even three hundred has a pig or a cow to sell and yet some people hash the nerve to say that the present high price of what we eat is beity filing the producerCadiz Ices ord ii A collection of 2 15 was tajV en up for the Yancey Fund lait Saturday Let every local cot tribute to Brother Yancey airy todhouse as the one that was burned His postofnce is La Cente Ky r MEDITATIONS r II wandered alone to think arid dream On the banks of the old Ohio The ice was passing down the stream IMoving surely but very slow I did not feel that the wind blew Coldrmy heart was warm wit pure love Thinking of one more proeious than gold Tome as an angel from heaver above IMay God ever keep this love sc true Like the dew of heaven frsk and pure And help me ever my duty to do Loving always may it endure For in that beautiful golder sometime When we have done all that wt should subhIf we do right for God is good Drop a tear for the past one for love Angels will keep the record clear Vll will be blessed by heaven above If we are true while wailirg 1hereWILLIAM CHESTERFIELD Broom Corn cl Monford Why dont the farmers plant broom corn Brooms are higher in price than was ever known B the recollection of the urltety I was talking to a drummer the other day and among othel things he remarked Brooms are 4a dozen wholes sale and they will soon be 54 This is 37i cents apiece He also observed that broom corn was worth 360 per ton Ater he left me I Slot out my pencil and began to figger 1 found that on ordinary godS Und a farmer can raise 1SQQ pounds of good broom corn whichat 360 per ton vouf faring 324 per acre What can you raise that wBt approximae this in value Atr solutelv nothing Bestir your self Brother Union Manand plant a good patch of broom corn The supply of this plant is away behind the demand And the most wonderful part of the business to me is that the farmer will stick to tobacco at 5 cents a pound when he can raise broom corn at 13 cents a pound The consumer is paying riglit now 1000 for the broom corn taken from a single acre in tljja shape of manufactured biooml Now some mutton hendad fellow 4t 1 i lr k U t rr Yci ll Everybody Looking for Bargains Will Find Them at R H Marshalls 27 in wino fence 20c per rod 32 in wire fence 23c per rod 39 in wire fence 26c rockp with steeples to put your fence up with Ohio river salt 135 3 boxes Big Buffalo matches lOc 3 bars Lenox soap lOc 5 lb keg soda lOc 1 set of glasses lOc 1 twoquart glass pitcher 25c No2 glass lamps 35c complete R MARSHALL GilbertsviHe Kentucky 11 k WASH WITHOUT HOARD Oil MACHINE Twenty minutes time required anl the clothing clear clean and whiteWrlto us at once and learn how on can get a years supply and the rmula for manufacturing same our own home free Address InI LIBERTY pun LaCentcr THE r ithiuMHS J A M D NIEL Prop MURRAY KENTUCKY Special attention to the traveling public Your Patronoire is Solicited The GILL HOUSE MRS S GILL Prop The Farmers Union Home MARION KY Seat one dollar a day house in tho country will think this all wind but lever mindold hoss Ive vor ked in broom factories and know what I am talking about So open your eyes Brother armer and uant about three acres of corn and see how you will como out Get some good seed lay ofT your ground in foot rows and plant the seed ir the tows so as to average a stalk very six inches if the land is strong and thinner if the land is not so good Cultivate it just as you would sorghum When the jeed begins to pull the straw over 4t ripening time go down the rows and bend the straw with the heads down in order that the jtraw my be straight This is very necessary At gathering time cut the stalk about ten inches above the straw Cure it veil and dry Then thrash the geed off bale it up and its ready or market The seed makes fine cricket feed and will pay the expense of culture I am ftd vising the people of this section to plant the crop and as a result numbers are at it Tie Farmers Union Exchange Warehouse at Louis e will be the place to ship the straw to and there it will be sold for the deer W B EVANS JUKI Itobtd Collected Ifrortbate eny accounts that are tow to roflcH tat us bear from you v e targs no membership roe and aatee to cfenrce for our services un ees we collect J J null n ZEIWV ailMHKi Ity It Pjl No 2 I C Time Table for Kcvil Ky KfiftTH BOUND 8227 oclock a m 836 725 pclbck p m snurii BOUND 8368 0 oclock a m 8017 oclock p m For rata enl further informa tion teloaKoHS Number 13 both phdnes WW IB Agent 1 i 1 = I Money on the Farm l a Itapples rhubarb pumpkins sauer kraut sweet J I toes beans etc as you can get the full instructions- howw to do it with the IUnion Farm ann e i I complete capacity 400 cans 2500 Farm or Neighborhood Canner complete X INo1 capacity 3000 cans daily 30000 I sizes complete factories at corresponding low rates RAll Members of F E C U of A 1 purchasing under thi seal of the Order are given wholesale priers If L tt a out a canning factory or canning write THEI UNION FARMER CANNER Padiicai Ky I r a- t1t9dN = INN NI H N1N11 WNNNN N W = = TiGARDEN SEED FIELD SEED M J YOPP SEED CO Always Best Seed Grown Flower Bulbs and Poultry Supplies 124 South Second Street b Paducah w Kentucky W N I1N W1NNMINN I1 NNID Any Farmers Union mem 1 ntIon her who is in need of a wagon buggy wire fencing fertilizers salt etc should at once write us for prices and our great Dividendpaying plan to the membership Write At Once as this means dollars to you This will save you all the way from 500 to 1000 each on a wagon or buggy 10 cents and upwards per rod on wire fencing 5 per cent to 15 per cent on your fertilizers 25 to 50 cents on each barrel of salt and other things in proportion Remember that these prices and plans will be given none but Union members who write under the seal of their Local No time for curiosity seekers so do not write unless you mean business KENTUCKY FARMERS UNION EXCHANGE r Incorporated 121 East Jefferson St Louisville Ky r r yy vw rrw WW wWw HARRELL S RESTAURANTT- he White FrontIHot Biscuit For Breakfast Open from 4 a m to 12 p m 217 Kentucky liei PADUCAH a KY t t A ft OFFICIAL BALLOT IN CORRESPONDENTS CONTEST 1 ltI cast one vote forWz = Signed i Date4 Q t j r 1I tf 1 1i f tPt r4h J i fYAI41 P1 jiJ fdL i IIjr 1 f 1 I r MINUTES OF CONFERENCE Continued from page 2 long run he loses by it Men are manipulating th market who have no interest i either the production or consump tion of the wheat and the same is true of cotton I merely speak of wheat because that is more particularly a product of my coun try 1 have always found this = the rule and Iam no angel bj any weans You can rub mj ojfi always found that in the long run an immoral thing is injurious to the many and a moral thing i for the advantage and benefit the many And if on no ground a man din not know a i single thing of the details of the t business I think he couldsafely say that the producer in the long run is the loser by a practice that r isesserttiallyirnnioralApplausebecause a I v Icame down here more to learn what this movement or meeting was for and after hear ing this discussion on options 1 have no hesitation in saying forI one that I am eternally in favor of anything that can stop themI applause It does not make any difference whether it is pop ular or not it does not make a gatherrf many of you are raising cotton i But if you were raising wheat in rc Minnesota and I had an opportunity to contribute any particu lar amount of vitality to a move dent to prevent options I would do it whether it met the approvfal of men who might they were possibly at times benefited by it or not because I lay it down as a fundamental princi pIe in legislation that in the long run the mass of the people are benefited by what is right and just no matter if temperarily they may be hurt Applause l President BarrettMr Edwards we shall be glad to hear from you if you will talk to us Mr Edwards of Kentucky I do not know that r have any thing to offer especially I would like to learn more about the quesI tion myself In the particularI district that I happen to come from in Kentucky the business of a the people is mixedWe do not do farming entirely We have a timbered and coal section and this has not been a question that has been discussed or agitated inr I my part of the State as it has in the strictly agricultural portions OIl want to say that I think ont the broad ground stated by Sent tor Clapp that we can all join in with you on this movement that whatever is most moral and the best for the people generally a ought to be supported as a gen eral proposition I confess however tnere is a great deal about the question of suppressing the dealing in futures that I do not know and I would be glad toJ Have the advantage of the expe rience of this society and thist organization from its investiga tions and from whatever infor mation you have e President Barrett Mr Brooks will you tell briefly what W Want Mr Brooks 1 would rath er not take up the time We want to hear from these gentlemen who are with us tonight Our position is a mere matter of statements We are in favor of The measures that have been introduced It is not a new ques been agitated before to prevent dealing in futures where the goods are not delivered I think thatis the shortest state vititmVChat I could make to give you an insight as to the mere purpose e Mr Austin Suppose the Congress enaqtod the legislation r you deeire What effect will it have on the prices of products of the farm Suppose you gain thiiI legislation you are apwkinor of nov what practiretbaneflt it r be to the farmer Mr BrooksTo take the mostunfavorable stand thatcould possibly be taken suppose it doe not affect the farmer at all i nuisancen am seeking informationMr You take fo instance Herbert Knox Smiths chartHisjelow spots in the cotton market ilmost invariably and that beI ng thecase and spot prices fol lowing future prices it has a deIpressing tendency Torelieve it f that depressing tendency you pracsspecularcotton a ex jhange enhance the value ofcot tonMr BrooksAs it was stats id sometimes incidentally and accordingly the speculation on the Exchange do so if the crop if ery short But it is an injury y the consumer It cannot hell int injure him if it is abnormally high If it has this effect it is an evil which ought to b remediedMr Suppose the stock market is booming wheat and corn and cotton Does it not really advance the prices of those articles Mr BrooksIf it raises it abnormally contrary to the nat ural law of supply and demand it is just as much an evil as il it depressed it Mr AustinI am not speaking about evil Is it not a benefit to the farmer Mr BrooksA benefit to the farmer apparently But it is P loss to the consumer and therefore f an immoral benefit and we are opposed to it if such a thingII could happen Senator ClappMay I suggest there that in that particular incident throwing aside now an question of morals it might benefit the farmer but the min ute roil introduce into farming 2 rule of prices that is not baser on values I do not know how it would be with the cotton crop but I know in our country wIwould immediately the next year into that crop and run into g on that crop because thai price had not been the result of a fair equation of the demanc i and supply It may seem an anomaly bu from experience in our own coun try it is a fact that speculatior the farmer and robs the consumer In the first place the farmer is hardly ever in a posi when these booms come 01 sell his wheat But the cantf sumer is always in a position tt eat the fiqir and the flour goe up The speculations bein g largely after the wheat has ac tually passed from the farmer it does not benefit him but it t does make a burden that the con sumer has to bear because you cannot raise wheat on futures speculation without seeing some corresponding increase ittprice of flour Mr Neillyou take the peo pie South and I want to say to youII gentlemen that for years and years we have been afflicted with this thiig called gambling Now there is a distinction between actual spec no illation and gambling You take the Southern people and the West and one reason for their opposition to exchanges is that it makes a fluctuating prier It renders an uustaLtepriceMr I want to find out from somebody the proportionb in some commodity say of transactions which result in a real commercial transaction and of those that are purely gamblingt theinyestigatiouson which was dose under an act 0offind in that report that the New York Exchange soldover 200000 000 bales of futures and less than 5000 bales of spot exchangeshavewake our markets tnder proposition unbearable and deS troy competition and take away cottonutarket t Mr BrooksJust a word on that Mine point If they have power to do that certainly is go lUg to be exercised No one would priceswereaiwayt s ducement The future dealings absolutely depend on fluctuations ind they are going to see that the erhave with us this evening Chairman Scott and I will ask him to speak to us now Mr Scott Chairman of the Committee on Agriculture Gentle nee I assure you it is a great pleasure to me to be here and to dud these gentlemen here I have peen interested in this subject for along while Two years ago I introduced practically the same billo ts you are now considering but at hat time it attracted no particular attention and I did not seem to e able to awaken enough interest in it to warrant the committee in a ven giving it consideration Last spring when the special session as- embled in the routine way that we nave of introducing all bills in new Congress that failed in the ast I introduced this bill among nhers But it happened to be the psychological moment It was just it the time when Mr Patten was urtning Iris spectacular corner in vheat on the Chicago Exchange The news which went out from Washington that a bill had been ntroduced to prevent a repetition 3f such operations attracted atten ion all over the country I pre fume some reference to it was made in every newspaper certainly in very daily newspaper in the Unit d States It was taken note of by such rganizations as your own by ag icultural societies all over the ountry by the millers and par As ticularly by the bakers who were ouched very closely by the advance in wheat which had compelled hem to raise the price of bread or diminish thesize of the loaves xnd they were hearing from their customers and were very anxious- y looking for relief Accordingly for was overwhelmed with corre it pondence in regard to the bill VIr ou would perhaps be interested the a little bit surprised to know hat I received letters from members of the Canadian Parliament from members of the British Par iament and from economists in France and Italy asking for cop es of the bill and inquiring about he possibility of its becoming a aw Naturally I was greatly encour tged by this and I am still more say encouraged by the attitude which our organization has taken and y the fart that you are here now Wishing this bill becanse the in Juence of a few earnest determined nen right on the ground behind measure of this kind is worth iu car load of resolutions sent in y mail no matter from how man Jifferent people they come It sterns to me there are but wo propositions to be considered a n connection with this whole luestion The first is are the Boards of trade or produce exchanges as now conducted an wilt Are the methods that they pursue inimical to the interests ofw country In the second place these questions arc answered in die affirmative then will this bill not neet tire evil and supply a remedy There is practically but one to tegument in defence of the boards f trade as they are now conducted goad that is that you must have uture market in order that mauu tacturers of flour or cotton goody and r ofother commodities may up protect themselves by what is commonly in known as hedging There possibly another argument and hat is that the distribution of these commodities is handled in better shape by means of a future to than it could be otherwise The answer to the hedging proposition is that the most conser vative and successful manufacturers- of had flour as well as of cotton goods longer resort to hedging to any considerable degree I havebeen xssured of that by letters that have come to me from rge numbers of millers and by the testimony of u large number of spinners g Now there could not be any corner in wheat if there was not future in wheat because no ody could get money enough together to actually buy the wheat this country in sufficient quanti to corner the market tiny more than he could get the money to buy the cotton of the country You CanSft paper possession of 20 bushels of wheat with n bill mjllion dollars trot you would have to have 20000000 to get actual possession of the wheat Applause You could get pony session of the cotton crop with S5000KK or but s our friend has said it would take 700000 000 to get powcwion of rise actual cotton crop So it seems to me if we can paa a hill wiilohvwill liininat the 1 fJ ff t l ftr I t speculative feature in the boards of trade we will helve donealt enor nlotisly good thingjor this country I cannot conceive of any other measure pending before Congress hat compares in importance with this one because aside from the moral aspect of the case looking at it from art economical standpoint considering the enormous sums of money constantly tied upin these gambling speculations hundred of millions of dollars it shouldap peal to us froth that beca1selthere closed all over the country or sus jenced payment thirty days and there was two years of depression il account of ij I have believed that tbe of l907 wd due directly and absolutely to th gambling operations of the board of trade and the exchanges which at critical moment tied up a thousand million dollars which were not available for commercial purposes Men in commerce men in manufac ture could not pay 102 per cent for money Men in gambling operations I coul J do so and they gathered itall up and the bankers in New I York financed the gambling operations instead of financing the manufacturing and commercialf operations of the countr- Now this money which is tied up in these operations belongs to able energetic teen ambitious aggressive men They want to make money That is the reason they are there But if they could not go there and invest it they would invest it in something else They would build factories they would open farms they would put the money somewhere whore it would do somebody some good it is m w it dos nobody any rood except the few who accumuClate enormous sums by usually suffer even more than the victims from whom they filch it i want to dose as I began by expressing the personal thanks which I feel to all of yeti gentlemen the assistance you are giving in Let me add just one more word Chairman Every member of atKansas delegation would ha e been here this evening if other engagements had not detained them They are all in hearty accord with this proposition Mit CAMPDULL of Kansas Mr Chairman I did not come in with any intention whatever ofw taking any of vour time My friend Scott however has made it practically necessary that I should a word I an very glad to see this agi tation by this organization I nave wanted to see the farmers of the United States organized in this of manner and for this purpose ever since I was a boy raising wheat out Valnut Grove township I knew then that men who did not know how to make a band were making more out of the wheat that was rasing laud they never saw grain of it than I was In answer to Mr AustinsC question as to whether or tock exchanges effect the pricesa advantageously to the remember very well an occasion hen the gambler pushes up theIprice of wheat They did not have a bushel to sell and they did want to buy a bushel But I rushed around ard got the thleshera thresh tIle wheat and wheat to market By the time I t there the price had tumbled lown and I got exactly what wheat vas selling for the ten days before in the mean time it had beer fifteen cents a bushel It result bringing wheat into the market that would not have gone to market at all if it had not been for that unnatural stimulation in the priceJ I am glad for another reason see the people of the United states behind this sort of a bill In getting ready to take care ontlk floor of the House of a bill that charge of a year ago or more I discovered in my researches that every continental country in Eu rope had enacted laws to protect food products against the gamblers that is to say it is a crime in almost every country in Europe to gamble in the price of food products I do not see why the Amer ican people should ba behind oth r countries in that respect Gentemen I hops you will stick together and stand behind this bill andaccomplishthis stated no bill before this Congress will reach further into the country and benefit more people than this if it becomes a law Mr Holder representing the American Labor was introduced and said ih part 1 am however going to offer you my services Mthettgislt tie committee of the American Federation ofLabor lam the only worklnRrattlyIt r irilresenfativesgive me very nit ch of their tinis because they are otherwise engaged But inhere are any mmentsL catt spare to assist you in this great workyou areundertaking whetlr ere I agree with it or not so long as you agree with it if I can render you any service you may count on one at least who is willing to join hinds from factory tb the farm lies the benefit of humanity I thank you for the opportunity of speaking to you Barrett Mr Austin IPres like to hear from you Austin i did riot come to make a speech but I had an invitation this afternoon from Represen ative Sims who is member from the Eighth Ten stterscc District to come sIam for any legislatiou that will Ieam believer in President aft a believer in the principles for which he stands I intend to support his administration and vote for and labor to carry out his recommenda ious in Congress I am in sym pathy with this moverae oecausp know that you gentlemen are more deeply interested In it thou am for it is nearer to your hearts and you have given it study I am not a farmer I am a lawyer but am elected to Congress by the farmers and the laboring people I will vote to put out any great evil in this land of ours I will vote for any legislation that will ad varce the interests of the many against the few I would cer tainly do all I can to advance legislation that will prevent the com binations that we have in this country to put down the trusts and their operations which I believe to be against the best interests ofI the American people- I would be very glad to be at the hearing before the- ommittee and I am at your serv ice and will be very glad to do anything I can to aid you in carrying forward to a success the meritorious proposition that brings you to the Capitol City If we have not the right thing the truth needs to bl brought out Adjourned until February 1st 830 a MORNING SESSION FED 1 The Conference convened at 830 regular hour A roll call showed all the members present except Bro Myers Who was excused on account of sickness and Bro Neill ho came in four minutes lace Brother Ward was excused from having to answer a roll call on account of pressing bu ineis with the Postoffice Depatment Mr J F Campbell of the Farm Demonstration Work called aud paid his respects to the members the Conference After outlining the work for each member for the day the Conference was adjourned by President Barrett EVENING SRS3ION Upon convening in the evening Brother Morris read the following the Alabama delegation in ongressAt mteting of the Senators nd Representatives from Alabama held in the Minority Room in the- louse office Building today Feb 1910 with Senator Bankhead presiding the following resolution offered by Mr Clayton seconded Mr Underwood and favored by the Senators and Representatives was unanimously adopted Resolved That the Senators and Representatives from Alabama heartilv favor legislation for the suppression of gambling in farm products and will support a measure or measures to that end Continued on last page AMERICAN STANDARD HIGH Yages of Labor and Cost of Living Hera and Abroad The Labor Gazette of tho board of trade of London glees the result of an Inquiry made by the Imperial statistical department at Berlin Into household expenditures of families of small means In Germany The average yearly Income for the skilled work man was 45883 and tho average ex penditure 45771 of which 515 per cent was spent for food alone Among the unskilled laborers In both Indus trial aud commercial occupations there lsan average yearly Income of 41178 and an average yearly expend ture of 40070 per cent of which went for food alone Compared with this a recent study of the standard of living la New York city made under the Sage foundation led to the conclusion that It was possible for n fatally of average slae to maintain a normal standard of living on an Income under 800 a year This conclu ton has bees substantiated by an lavestlgctlon by the federal bureau of labor which showed that the aver age Income 1415 workwea IB the north Atlantic atatu whew he p rceatage of skilled labor ream high waR 4J llgaiwtt tkta want an avra t xr a4llturft yearly of 77804 er WWok bat 9S It oeiit rite tter roof Yot aiwind ysu Ui4 4a a uMtrSalIf It te if v r q JI It jt f WORKERS PENSIONS J lk tOJ I r System of the International Hat t1 rr vester CIPROVIDES FOR EfPLOYEEStxl r J Company Assumes Payment of Full i 1trlbutlonand Amount of Paymentsy iJ Two years ago tho Internationalv itystemgiven the employer and employee much i satisfaction says tie Chicago Even li tog Post Fifty men and one woman already are on the list drawing fromr18 to 63 a month The iWhentided to adopt a pension a most exl haustlvo study was made of the quesl tlon said G A Ranney one of tho v otlthe informed by the officers that the com w pany would assume the payment oft i the full amount of the pensions and nol contribution would bo necessary fromlthe In menIthe Harvester company Issued the totlowing statement The direstors establish the pension fund as an evidence of appreciation the fidelity efficiency and loyalty oft Vcdltbe 1 and faithful service have earned an honorable retirement This states In a few words the policy of the company Following are the eligibility rules laid down by the com pany a AU employees of this company and of subsdIary and affiliated compa nies engaged In any capacity arts eUgfI ble to pensions as hereinafter stated 1J All male employees who shall have reached the age of sbctyflvo years and have been twenty or moreryears In the service may at their own request or at the discretion of tho pension board be retired from active service and become eligible to a pension IC All male employees who have twenty or more years In the serv lice shall be retired at the age of sev years on the first day of the cat cedar month following that In which unIlessboard some later date be fixed for such retirement Persons occupying executive positions are exempt from maximum age limit r d All female employees who shahxhave reached the age of fifty years and have been twenty or more years In the service may at their own request or at the discretion of the penHsion board be retired from active service and become eligible to a pentision All female employees shall be retired at the age of sixty years on the first day of the calendar month following that In which they shall have attained the age unless at the discretion of the pension board a later i date be fixed for such retirement Persons occupying executive positions are exempt from maximum age limit In computing the length of service of on employee allowance Is made for time lost on account of sickness or periods during which certain depart ment have been shut down on ac count of repairs or Inventory A tem porary layoff on account of these rea sons which does not exceed six con secutive months Is not deducted from the total length of service In other words If one of the men was sick for say four months In any one year he would be given credit for a full years service The subject of the r total length of service Is Important a for the two conditions on which a pension Is grunted are the number years the employee has served thePcompany and toe amount of his aver age wages each year for the ten years j next preceding retirement To Illustrate it the average pay per year for the lost ten years of service equals 000 and If the service has been continuous for twentyfive years the pension would be 25 per cent of 000 or 150 per year or 1250 per month Since the minimum pension basbeenl xedat18 per month regular percentage 550 would be added making the minimum 19 A provision which the hoard seems to be well pleased with Is the rulehwhich provides that the board + power to continue the pensions bat widow or other dependent the family if In Its Judgment the cir cumstances warrant Its contteaaBce and the bo rd also how the ria tittef rglee the money to some the family if rlt J8 found that It to Roti being expended for the c tended to maintain the JaaiilyV Another provteloa of tbe peaaie sya tern which to coMidered to be tbe meat liberal adopted by any te the i annOnc dperml4tIfR that the eew pauy given to a l loser to do what r t t he pleases utter tt Therslice ota peaite t the gf q vestaneaipleyee from aeerriegesr ploymiat elmwbert reTk4MIltSilJMt prsjHdtetol to tile tortwsrt Of the e l t Pally TIM KraHttmr of a yeartea jtor t everRbeolatoly Iwrr fwMbr J0lftv c fMnt with tlw ctMfwiiy Iu cases where aareeebi1 thq pbwleMble brit hit v work 4 fait Ir Laril ear tt aita1 t fIr Mts Md14 jMM ki1 N u Lst 1w rrn 0 r0 0 ii h r ts i U THOUGHT LITTLE OF DICKENS George Meredith Did Not Believe Novelists Work Would Live v Condemns Other Writers K r You may have histories but you cannot have novels on periods so long ago A novel can only reflect the moods of men and women around us and after all in depicting the presents we are dealing with the past because the one is enfolded in the other cannot stomach the modern histor to ical novel any more than I can novels which are threefourths dialect t Thackerays note was too monoton ous the Great Hoggarty Diamond t gYnext to Vanity Fair is most likely f to live it is full of excellent fooling- I I met him and Dlcklns only a very few times Not much of Dlcklns will live because it has so little corre t spondence to life He was the incar nation of cockneydom a caricaturist shouldti have kept to short stories novels are read at all In the future people will wonder what we saw in them save some possible element of fun meaningless to them The world F will never let Mr Pickwick who to me is full of the lumber of imbecility share honors with Don Quixote II never cared for William Blacks nov els there is nothing 1n them but fish ing and sunsets George Eliot had the heart of Sappho but the face with the long proboscis the protruding t teeth as of the Apocalyptic horse betrayed anlmality What of Lewes Oh he was the son of a clown he had the legs of his father in his brain Fortnightly Review THIEVES TO CATCH THIEVES Many Former Bandits Now Enrolled- In Mexico Famous Corps of Mounted Police The rurales or mounted police have pretty nearly put a stop to brigandage Several years ago the government recognized the wisdom of the old adage Set a thief to catch a thief and offered pardon and protection to all brigands who would enlist as of them took advantage of the offer writes Dillon Wallace in Outing and with these men on the side of law and order holdups soon became Infrequent and the rurales developed into a wonderfully efficient mounted force to hunt down bandits They are fearless riders they know every moun lain pass and fastness and when they once start after a man he is pretty l sure to be caught or killedgenerallY killed The rurales of Mexico compare vorably in bravery and reckless dar with that wonderful organization Northwest Mounted Police of Can and are by far the best armed 1the in Mexico Their calling gives opportunity for wild adventure thus satisfies the craving for a ry life of danger which led many of them to be brigands In the first in stance They are a free and easy lot quite tn contrast to the peaceably inclined policemen of the towns and the slow moving indolent soldiery of the regular army New Bone for Finger Surgeons in all parts of the country are taking great Interest in the re markable surgical operation which has just been successfully performed in Trenton N J by Dr E B White for merly head of the staff of the McKinley hospital Several weeks ago ten yearold Walter Barry was playing In his fathers barn with a hay cutter and his hand slipped through the feed chute One of the fingers on his left hand was completely severed between the first and second points Dr White was called and tried to have the bones united by stitching the severed parts together but failed As a last resort before entirely amputating the finger the surgeon removed the bone between the first and second Joints and allowed the secretions of the body to fill the space practically growing a bone in place of the one re moyed Chinese Secret Societies In Java An ordinance just passed in Java falls heavily upon Chinese societies in Netherlands India A fine of 100 guilders or three months rigorous im prisonment is the penalty for every Chinaman found in possession of se cret society documents or emblems or caught wearing Ufa distinguishing marks of theap organizations Those who preside over the meetings of such 6cietles allow meetings to Je held in their houses or fall to in fform the authorities of such gather I ings being held incur similar penal ties The latter also fall upon China i men who recruit for these societies supply them with money or give them t r f help In any way Cured Henof Desire to Set- A Marlon 0 woman has discov t an original practice for breaking 6hensof the practice of hatching gardless of duckings which is an old fashioned method of prevention The woman had such a hen which she put to set on a nest of two china eggs and an ordinary alarm clock with the alarm set When the alarm went off the ben came off the nest with a clutter fcfid shrieking that disturbed the satire neighborhood The hen bas Hot ten Bear the Best since ByecWaggWorrlkle street car accident wasnt It asac What was ItWsgA wowa had her eye om a seataa4 a was at dewa It aqe- I v b rsr ilte i lr 1 JIIIIIn Ive locked the door upon the all theyre waiting on the walk The man to teach me how to breathe the one who teaches talk The one who guarantees to give a graceful easy gait And all the other specialists Ill leave them there to wait Im tired tired tired and their books are on the shelf And for today Im going to be my simple awkward self I shall not draw my breath Just so and hold It while I count- I do not care how much I breathe amount nor measure the Im simply going tlf take my breath so that It gets In side The yearning of my muscles for a rest wont be denied 0 what relief to draw a breath and not think of the rules For breathing from the diaphragm as ordered by the schools Today I shall not talk just soI shall not place my tones So that I feel a tremor In the little nasal bones Ill vocalize to suit myself Ill turn my larynx loose And let It shuttle up and down and ply raise the deuce The elocution teucher isnt here upon the watch And I Intend to have a spree a lingual debauch Today I will not hold my chin at Just the right degree Nor keep my beltline gathered In and balance from my knee Ill walk Just any way I please flatfoot ed pigeontoed Ot any way I feel Inclined that Isnt a la mode Ill drag my feet Ill shuffle them Ill step on toe or heel And would that I had words to tell the thrill of Joy I feel Im Independent for a day I will not hold the thought- I will not worry my poor brain by think ing as I ought- I will not plumb my consciousness nor turn my ego on Aha I looked outside and saw my teach ers all had gone Im tired tired tiredand their books are on the shelf And for today at least Ill be my simple awkvarc self WILBUR D NESBIT 1vTIs summer and the dreaming sky Who raised that window What a draft Is sailed by clouds hips that beat by In argosies of lazy craft Put on more coati The fires most And out I am chilling to the bone From far fields Cornea a gleeful shout That on the vagrant wind la blown The roses blaze with royal red Ablush with kisses of the belSSay shut that doorny fairies led The zephyrs play among the trees All through the drowsy hush of noon And forest shadows now entlco The perfume bearing slaves of JuneGreat Scott My fingers are like Ice rhe golden glimmer of the wheat Is as a shield of beaten gold The sunshine glances far and fleet Wooh Ge mun nee But it Is cold The silver rivulet leaps on Unfllnglng jewels as it sings Of dusky night and joyful dawn Ouch How that pesky chilblain stings through the window open wide IAnd draperies but faintly stirred cornell a murmur softly sighed song of some far gladsome bird The honeysuckles nod and sway The dandelions glow sublime Ill have to freeze myself today To get this poem done on time The shadows lengthen on the grass The sunlight dapples oer the WhTokrnace out Turn on the gas The vines sway In the leah nook And this Is middle June and I May sit and watch the sunshine pour there Do you want me to dlo Iney cold as Ice Go shut lbs door WILBUR D NESB1T At to Slnbad There was an old soldier named 8lnbd Wire true to his title had been bad The Old Man of the Sea Said Play donkey for me 0o poor Sinbad whod been badrwu Ir Uttdl Jww wr f r PRES BARRETTS ADDRESS Continued from page If The Minutes reproduced below are only partial and are pub lished merely as a beginning Every detail of the conference will be covered exhaustively and in due course of time will be presented for your perusal lIThis preliminary statement is to draw attention to thede terminedefforts of your committee in your behalf and to vurn you to renewed vigilance and energy in bringing pressure upon Congress The reports and minutes of this conference will go to more newspapers more farmers and more American readers generally thin the reI o t of i nip eeling legislative farmers conference I estimate that in the neighborhood of 600 papers will be pub lished complete or summarized stories of the conference and Minutes Therefore it is incumbent upon us to be exactly fair in the face of this tremendous publicity So that if any Con gressman thinks he has been unjustIIy IItofrom the fruits of this confer ence now manifested and to come that you are the most powerful factor in America if you only wake to that fact Us ing your power through organi zation and justly you can give without any trouble these great reforms for which we are striv ing It is only necessary that vou make your determination plainly understood in a business way free from prejudice or pas sion CHARLES S BARRETT Washington C Feb 71910 Contest Closes March 15 The correspondents contest will positively close March 15 at noon The voting has been heavy for the past two weeks and it isup to you to get busy if you wish to secure one of the three prizes of feredanyone of which is well Aorth trying for Just think of the one you want and then show the other contestants by your ef forts that you mean to win it The first prize is a beautiful bed room suit valued at 550 the sec ond prize isa scholarship in Draug hens Business College the third prize is a handsome gold watch valued at S25 These prizes will soon be on ex hibition in one of La Centers bus iness houses Votes will be count id by three disinterested judges immediately after noon on the date u ntioned You may be one of he winners Following is th standing of the contestants so fAr na Kelley Heath M200 Beatrice Crisp Almo 14100 LaRoy Childress Kevil 9932 vlirinie Lyefl Hickory G 0000 3olda Frasher Paducah 5315 lessie Grace Kevil R 1 6499 cy Shain Brooklyn 6500 Vary Thomas Marion 5400 Flora Houston Gilbertsville212sI r ssie Myers illian Ravland Stone Cor 1420 Louise Copeland Barlow 1300 Laura Jones Bryansburg 1200 Eva King Wheatcroft llo Kittie Arivett R R1 1100 Esther Wayne Waverly 300 Lola May Ivey Maxon 200 nez Williams Bandana 200 Eura Rigg Calhoun 100 An editor approached St Peter it the Golden Gate and handing him a long list of delinquent subscribers said Look this list over carefully and see if any of these fellows have sneaked through the nearly gatesIt No It said St Peter there are none of them in side but a fqllow slipped through here the other day who took the paper for a year without paying forit and had the postmaster mark jt jcusid but we are after him when caught he will be con to the place where he prop land belongs lIe is meaner that the delinquent subscriber and heaven is not his home i r t t Id j MINUTES OF CONFERENCE Continued from page 7 President BttrrrttVc Gave with us tonight Mr fepight of Mississippi and Mr Hardwtck of Georgia We will be very glad to hear from you gentlemen The only thing under consideration is Some bill for the prevention of gamy ling in farm products Mr Spight you think we ate on the right lineMr SpightIn the suppres sion of fnturcalcaling- President BarrcltuYessir Mr SpightI do indeed I have thought so for a long time I notice the resolutions that were adopted by the Alabama delegation today I think I Can pledge you that every member of the Missis sippi delegation in both House and Serate would be in hearty svtnpathy wUli you I do not know anything to the contrary and every expression I have ever heard has been of that sort President BarrettWe would be mighty glad to have a sUgges tion from you and Mr Hardwick Yon have been here q litc a while Mr SpightIfyou want something in the form ofa resolution I do not think there will be any trouble about getting it I know I can speak for the membership of the House from Mississippi They amIsurequestion but that t1 e Mississippi Representatives will be with you and I third the Senators I do not think there is any doubt about it I feel sure about Senator Mon ey and I feel also the same way as to his colleague Pres Barr tt I hope you gentlemen will not hesitate to tell ns what you think would be best to do Last night we had Mr Scott with us and he seemed to be very glad that we were here to help him with his bill Mr HardwickThat is ex actly the reason I came here Pres BarrettThat is Chairman Scott you understand Mr IIardwlckYes Pres Barrett Then there was Mr Plumley of Vermont Howell of Utah Senator Clapp add a great number from a majority of the Northern States that is the North ard Middle West We had one or two from cut in the direction of the Pacific Slope Just talk to us as one of the family Mr Hardwick of Georgiaj will say just a few words In the first place there will not be the slightest difficulty in getting the Georgia delegation in Congress to Unanimously pass a resolution like the Alabama people did if you want it done Ve would be very glad to do it and would like t have some suggestion along tha line If you want these States I think I can have it done because I have discnsved this question with members of both houses There are some practical difficulties that want to suggest and I would like to hear from some of you in regard to them I do not think there is a member of Congress certainly not from any Southern State who is not in hearty accord with any proposition that will stop the future gambling in agricultural prcducts corn wheat cotton and anything else mindeis this Whether or not in any o beenIin them are liable to do some harm along certain lined That is what I want to ask you gentlemen about I do not know whether it is true or not hut there are a good many cotton buyers in Georgia in my district and throughout Georgia who claim that if legislation passed prewentfrom the farmers who bring their cotton to town they will not be able to fitly cotton at all that if the result of any measure you gentlemen agreed on and that we all should pass is to reduce the num ber of buyers materially on the in terior and thereby lessen com pet tiion among them it might be that it would do some harm I do not say this as my own sug gestion I do not know that it i so But that is one question one difficulty that has been called to my attention I do uot know ex achy where we ought to draw the line For instance I have submitted Mr Scotts bill to a num ber of the bst cotton men in Geor biasin different parts of the State and some of them say that if it passes they will not be able as they buy cotton from day to day to sjell against it in Now York and that if they are not able to do that they will not be able to buy at nil What do you think Pusjdent Barrett 110 you menu the local buyers Mr Hard wkk Vej sir For v w instance I will give you the infor mation I obtained from one gentleman with whom I had a long dts cussioiu He is one of the biggest cotton men Mr Pope of Augusta He has his buyers scattered throughout Georgia mid he says he would not buy for a minute unless he could protect himself against the fluctuations of the market He says it is not gam Wing inbis case but legitimate covering i thatliethat any pL these gentlemen are right But I want to know from you as practical farmers if there is that contention e e I can oily tell yptr that I have never been in the cotton business myself Although I live right in the cotton belt outside of one city ill my district everything done is cotton There are a number of cotton buyers in my district who claim they have no regular connec tion with any exporters or with any shippers but that they buy and then cover in New York Then they look up a purchaser I am in such hearty sympathy with the main object yoq are seek ing to accomplish I do not know whether there js any dagger of that sort or not If there is none I do not think there can be the slight est objection to the legislation you offer because there is no doubt about the fact that it has been de cided in its effect upon the pro ducer It is the most fruitful source of crime ruination suicide and so forth in the south Mr Spig t Have you heard cotton buyers express that opinion Mr Hardwick Oh many Mr Spright I have heard just one or two advance that idea The great majority of theist take the other view of it Mr Hardwick ldo not think they are selfish jii Jt the men I have il mind because they say that some legislation of this kind ought to be passed They claim to be opposed to gambling pur and simple on cotton and they only say that we ought to draw this line between what is legitimate and illegitimate future transactions Mr Spight We have either to prohibit it absolutely or not at 11JI Mr Hardwick That is the difficulty in drawing the line am afraid if we draw the line a close as some of them think jtoughm to be drawn that everything go through That is the difficult about the proposition I am sure myself whether there is any such thing as legitimate future operations in gotten sirtMr Hardwick Thev claim it is necessary for the business in terests of the country that ther should be some but I can not see why it is Mr BrooksHIt is absolutely impossible to draw the line you re fer toIMr Hardwick i am afraid it if and I will tell you why I have been trying for three or four year to draw a bill myself that would draw the line hut I can tint succeed in doing it in getting a bill that 1will not be so loose that it leak like anything will get by If you do not want to draw that line you can draw the bill in onetenth of the words that has been considered That is by following the lines o f the Louisana Lottery bill and pro hibit the whole thing That bill- has been approved by the Supreme Court and has passed all the tests Therefore if you want to go fur ther you can draw such a bill That is my viewOf course there may be no real danger in what I have suggested I have offered it in absolute good faith and not as its advocate it is simply what has been told me Pres Barrett We appreciate that too If we are not on safe itsWe will not consider that you are against us because you bring up any objectional features Mr Brooks Did you eve trace that saying that the man who hedges makes to the loser and consider his welfare in this transaction Mr Hardwick Who loses Mr Brooks Who is under obligation to furnish the loss that this mart saves Hardwick I admit I was IIMr tit from that stand If there anything in the 1t- t contention th tjtwould materially reduce the nuttiber of competing sureenough buyers it migh ti J1fiiT on the cotton producers Mr r oksHDotltosc localt buyers that you speak of furnish the market for cotton V Mr Hrdw cki1hey do iiiiny town Lknowl Mr Brooks Have you traced time source of the demand for cotr tort Mr Had wick No Here is the point they make They say t oltilerthe margin of profit there is in itt unless they could cover Here isjiV tsaywhelher itdothere is in itthat if we fix it ski they can not sell in New York they will not buy Mr Brooks Would that cut us out of the market for cotton Mr HardwickhNo sir not permanently right away But if that contention is trut there are a considerable number of buyers scattered throughout the country and it might have the effect thatf next fall when the farmers come to them to market their cotton they might not find any buyers Mr Brooks Would it not be better to the farmer to regulate his supply by the demand instead pf tr dumping all his cotton on the mar ket in the fall Mr Hardwtck Undoubtedly Mr BrooksuVould it not s3have a tendency to bring that Pa about Mr HardVickeIt might but it would be pretty hard oti him forr awhile at least If a farmer comes canenot get money for his otton I would hate to be at his mercy when election time comes if he felt that I had had anything to do with bringing about that situation Let me ask you this question If the future market were entirely abolish ed would it injuriously affect the price of spot cotton sirt think it help it itiing the Southern farmer and has e destroyed the Southern merchant and the banker You realize that the business of the merchant depends v tupon the farmer Mr Hardwick As I said Ir witheyou I there is a man in the House who feels more deeply upon this subject and who would go further in regard to it I am thoroughly with you All of our Georgia membersr are with you Further I was tall ing only this Senatorssand they that they wNre for p this proposition Applause The Horse Show The Bandana Racing Clubwill give its annual horse and jacksbow- at the Bandana Fair Grounds some time during the month of March Each horse and jack own er will be notified by letter All tterestedstock ire cordially invited to be present as it is intended to have all stock in Ballard County repre seated The track will be put in first class shaper and all wishing to show their stock in harness will have a good place in which to ex hibit them and those wishing to show to halter can do so This notice is given in time for all horsemen to have their stock in good shape to step some if ncces sary The meeting will be heldas early in March as tits weather will permit BANDANA RACING CLUB rIf you want your picture to appear in our Prominent in Union Circles column plea e send your photo to this office at once together with 176 to pay for cut Later on these cuts arc to beJied i a of the union in Kentucky announcV mint for which will ha made in these columns In March +Wlfoflvle JUeLl4 Ni- I