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Mount Vernon signal.: n. Friday, September 28, 1900. Mount Vernon signal.. 400dpi TIFF G4 page images James Maret, Mt. Vernon, Ky. 1900 mou1900092801 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Mount Vernon signal.: n. Friday, September 28, 1900. Mount Vernon signal.. James Maret, Mt. Vernon, Ky. 1900 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. V 1 iS 1 r 4t A 9j V 4tOh1fOLUiI- EX1 t 1 ftli irii III11pT CR110i I OGhGnS1 LL COUNTY KY FRIDAy SEP 28 1900 NUMBER 1 TELL MY FRIENDS TO BE BRAVE AKll FEARLESS AND LOYAL TO THE GREAT COMMON PEOPLEoc fj YJ STATE 17 r J lrIn a shooting affray at Quarter House Wear Middlesboro Ken cry September 24 between Dick f Hoskins and Jim Mosely MoselyK Was shotI in the head and leg Hoskiiis was shot through the body and will die The shotting was rover Lizzie Russellwho stabbed sand killed Ellen Potter at the samev place two weeks ago The Russell woman is out on baiL At Ovveusboro James Breathitt empted suicide by taking mor ue because an Owensboro raper disorderlyIduct at a public speaking rrs James Huges of Carlisle despondent suicide by shoot Jlerself through the heart Dry Ridge Graut county the ofa twomonthsold infant bund in a bucket The bucket e in a lot of lost railroad goods that had been bought by J B San tls a merchant Richard H Croxtpu twentysix years old of Atlanta Ga son of a aiiusician in Lexington Ky was Arrested at Washington City on a charge of larceny after trust prefer red by S E Finley President of of the Finley Rubber Tire Company of Atlanta He was a confidential bookkeeperfor the Finley company audit is understood he is alleged to have taken confidential information to a rival concern The city of Somerset which has been a local option town for nearly I Four years voted to license saloons a majority of twentyfour vj Flemingsburg John L Mark Kwas acquitted of the murder of Ji Bradley about a year ago on selfdefensery The fiftythousandbushel pi kle factory of the r Weller Company of Cincinnati located at Falmouth was burned The Wellers loss will be 6000 or 7000 Congressman Bailey arrived at Lexington as the head of the ad vance guard of the Lexington trotting meeting which will begin on October 2 Mr Bailey has a number of horses there under the training of Harry Benedict at the old France farm Mr Bailey is there with the intention of purchasing a stock farm of his ownIThe grand jury is investigating the reason why Athens a town in Fayette county has no municipal 1110nthstJjigned and it has been impossible- to fill their places The Retr Mr Woolford of Vevay fid has been calledto the piastor Ife of the Babtist church of Lan liter and has acknowledgedbis sptance 4hree thousand dollars was raised nie Twentiethcentury Lund by dventucky M E Coufreuce in 0on at Nicholasville ptorney L J Crawford secured order of court at Frankfort per mitting him to secure for use in f the trial of Henry Youtsey the depositions of fugitives Taylor andi Finley and Reuben Miller who is with them in Indiana letter From Gal vestOJlI An Extract fiom An Interesting Letter from Mr J T Qugley of Galveston to Mr J W Brown Detailing Some of the Awful Consequences of the Terrible Storm On the Texas Coast GALVESTON TEx S ptI6 DEAR BROWN Today the soft breeze blowing over the gulf scarcely ruffles the water and the sun shines from a cloudless sky Thus it has been for a week Sea and sky would give no hint of what had happened if the eyes could be kept from the land Bur on this island the past seven days have witnessed one of tmhstrangest contests of all the days of the earth a struggle of the living with the dead When the storm subside the dead possessed the city and even now wherever the living tread they seem like intruders upon the precincts of the silent ones There was early warning of the approaching storm Its course was heralded from Trinidad to the mouth of the Mississippi Tht government weather bureau in Ga vaston had been busy for two days sending out frequent notificatio of the progress northwestward of a West India hurricane During Saturday the chief observer advised all with whom he could communicate to take measures of safety but he himself was powerless to profit by his foiekuowledge his wife was swept away and drowned Gal yes ton however had been visited three times by hurricanes and was once before flooded without great loss of life or property and nothing beyond the maximum of these former perils was anticipated by anyone Saturday morning a high wind prevailed and continued with steadily increasing force all day The tide in gulf and bay rose higher as night approached and flooded all the lower portions ot the island before dark The buildings of the city covered the island completely and the weaker structures near the beach succumbed early in the after noon and their occupants sought places of safety in the center of the city Even then Galveston was not j alarmed and men busied themselves trying to save the property of frtmiI lies living near the sea At 5 oclock I started to leave for the office but on reaching the gate I saw that the water covered the pave ment in the center of the street and the wind was higher than any I had ever experienced I stopped to consider the advisability of leav ing the house but did not hesitate long for I soon saw a roof floating down the street and noticed the water visibly gaining at my feet I turned back and tried to secure the doors and windows of the house The worst of the hurricane may b said to have coveredthe period o f 111Ir rose at a rate of tvp feet an hour At its highest it stood five teet deep in the parlor or fryt floor ot pur house The official report of the weather bureau summarizes it thus II At the height of the storm tide water stood at a depth oi from six to fifteen feet over the island and the wind attained a velocity of nhor than rob miles and hour The wind probably reached a velocity of 120 miles The instrument at the signal station here broke at 100 miles and no further measurement was recorded There were three of us in the house Anna her girl and myself Anna begged to be allowed to take SacrereHeartif d a block away but tog into the iJ IiF streetwas almost certain death and she was forced to endure the ter ors of seven hours in a rocking twisting crumbling house deluged inside from roof to boaemeut Ve could learn nothing of what was transpiring outside My thoughts were principally upon the measures to be taken when the house went to pieces as I felt sure it must The loud moan of the hurricane drown ed nearly every soundexcept those noises made by the tearing away of portions ol flyingIfragments fr hn n striking the s des but occasionally what we tho ght were human cries came through the seething impenetrable smctner outside By midnight the storm had abat openedAcame tlfro the haze and revealed a illaslofwreckage in the street as high as the house When we tur churchIto tale ofIsentinels ovr the ruin A view ffrom the rear ofsmir house showed how it had escapechxA barricade of three or four frame liouses had beingIjammed uldacome no further Upon these dasli ed tile waves which would otherwise have beaten us down and they helped to break the wind The dawn of Sunday morning revealed a ruined city onethird of its area swept so clean that no sign of a habitation could be seen upon its sui face in the other portions great reefs of brokenup buildings aud houses partly wrecKed And one by one in twos and then in greater numbers the pros trate victims of the night appeared The citizens that morning had no conception of the extent of the dis tbeldeadthe city At first the wagons cal ride one or two but soon their carrying capacity was taxed The morgue extended its boundaries over the laige floor of severalleer can tile houses whose contents had been destroyed by the storm All thoughts of burial rites and even of attempts at identification were soon abandoned The locality of the cemeteries was flooded and the ground everywhere was awash Nature gcve warning against delay A barge was moored to a pier on the by shore and upon its deck were laid seven hundred of the dead bound together with weights at tached pile of the few uuwrecked tugs of the harbJt9YC i this craft with its burden far out on the gulf and the dead ivere cast into the sea As tie Silent host froth the r tillSpfess d forward upon the preparation calmlyebathing the beach with the peace ful waves of summers day would have none of the fruits of that night of madness and it cast these bodies back upon the sands in mockery of luaus impotence Then the blazing eye of heaven looked down upon a funeral pyre by the placid sEalllade of the fragments of a thousand homes whereon were burned a thousand ofe the slain From this time none were moved but at first were buried on the spot on which the elements lion left them so that the precincts of the city are dotted with rude graves Then as the days went fov it became Apparent that in cremation even by the theIonly measure of safety lor the liv ring Now when the dead are re co e ed from tIe ruins pyres are Bast pplisi red their smoke is everywhere as cending andthe ashes are under our feet- The most reasonable estimate of the total loss of life here is 6000 The actual number will never be known Hundreds were washed across the bay to uninhabited sec tions of the mainland Hundreds were carried out to sea The cap tain of a British ship which arrived in port on Monday said his vessel plowed for two hours through float ing bodies of men women and children He and his officers were finally forced to go below being overcome by the hOJ ror or the sight This mortality is far greater than would have been possible in a flood alone or in a hurricane without a flood but here death dealt a double blow A resistless wind dislodged human being from their places ofIrefuge and a swirling flood below to receive them There was no escape when habitations fell Of the living I think 18000 are homeless and most of these are des titute 13ut adequate temporary relief is eil1g promptly furnished All have food and such shelter as die climate makes necessary at this time How they will rebuild their homes or whether they ever will do oflGahestongloomy but for the present the world is pouring in money and other necessaries with unstinted generosity and the peole of the city are mutually sharing their burden almost as one family J T QUOLKY ADAMS FISTtifc A SALVE manufactured J W Adams PO Paint Lick Ky is meeting with ready sale everywhere Per sons who have used it say its a marked success and a sure cure for Fistula Pole evel SweeneyI Scratches Enlargements Greasy Heel Etc It is sold on a written Guarantee and money refunded if not as represented For sale by Tees Wesley Veronon Ky 443100 7 mDHIfti d1- J a J ijJJ fiIt jJl iu We know of nothing better t than coughingy to tear fi J ing of your J thromt and t lungs It is s 1feetbronchitis and pneumoniaOnly J up and youc will succeed in reducing your g weight losing fbringIng l slow fever and tmaking every thing exactly right for the Hi germs of consumption lb JBetter kill your cough kills you iv jf14A ti ff v r- lP iM tkt IaJWJ h W kills coughs of everyp kind A 25 cent bottle 5 is just right for an ofcHJ= nary cough for harder coughs of bron chitin you will need a 50 w cent bottle and for the W consumptionr 1111 r most economical My coull reduced mo to a mere r skeleton i tried many remedies llut they all failed After Cherry reotoral I usingthorave and restored mo to health Iowe my life to itrSAIIAII F MonaA 1 t Oct 7134 Hrovntoivn Va d41tk First National Banko OK STANFORDKYsCapita Stock 5100000 Surplus r184o07S DIRECTORS i W Hayden W P Walton J H Collier M D Elmore G Hied T P Sill S IL Bfcugliman W A Tribble M T Miller and S T Harris adjoiningcountiesness intrusted to us Personal application and correspond ence with a view to business relations in ited J S HOCKER Pres Jo j McROBERTS Cashier A A McKINNEY Asset Cashier DANNIE OWENS UNDERTAKER EtcITelephoneII JY The Lincoln County J NA rIONAL o BANK OF STANJFqRpKY e Capital Slooooo SUccessors to Farmers Bank rl rustt STANFORD KY v And continuously under same management for 29 years Solicit your Bank account hopiug such business relations will prove materiallj profitable and pIeasantiDIRECTORS IJ r Williams J E Lynn J S Ottsley Sr CashfSA W Carpenter J B Otirsle yV H Cummins S H SHANKS President J B OWSLEY Cashier W VI BRIGHT Asst Cashier Ajf TC Bailey Bookkeeper C iHh O TOr JONASMCK LDeiIT VERi O JI lR For Everything in Diy Goods Clothing Boots and Shoes and Genaer Merchandise BEST GOODS AT LIVING PRICES 5iuus S GRFF1NFr- ctici I Ujidct her and FUNERAL IIraitl i Mr Vernon Ky Keeps Coffins Caskets Robes Linen Kusouis Cuffs and Collars furnish Metallic Caskets and hnc Embalming dent on hrt no ticennd easy terms i rrrOrders 03 telegraph hr telephone pronipCiyiatlendefl 5o tfv Midjiigll i Jyi 3 3C Jy 3 ryCS3 2 lc urg j y rr Ii W W WITHERS jJ E4 i 1TX1 M EXPOSITIONsvillopeil on July Athnm IMH 11 through to September ist This enormous stock ft be slaughteredin order to make room fnr luv t f 1rc fall goods This means justwliat it S JST frtg to have a firstclass those and1every r ur iJTJo M chase vilbea bargain E fYY Sf r to rJ h ffP tJ X 4o vJ Mta VertkQiTSigna Mt VERN3N KY SEPT 28 1900 Entered at the Mt Vcrnwu Ky Postoffice us sec ond class man matter u I 4 NASHVILLe R R Co TIME TABLE 24 north 1105 a m 26 north 132 a ra 23 southu 157 p ir 25 South 144 a m JAS IANDRUM Agent MASONIC Ashland Lodge No 640 meets 2rd Mon lay 10 A m CHURCHES Christian Holds services 1st 3r Sunday atllani and at 630 pm Presbyterian Holds services on the 4th Church Services on the Second Saturday night and Sunday Suuday School at 9 a m every Sunday Prayer meeting on Tuesday nig- htsPERSONAL AND OTHERWISE Theo Wesley has just returned from the city Mr and MrstV G Mullins ate both very ill Hon G M Davisori was here from Stanfordlvonday Col John W Miller was here yesterday from Lancaster Miss Carrie Purcell was shopping in town Wednesday Miss Mollie Houk ot lVl retburg Is Joseph Price Infirmary Give Letcher Owsley a warm and enthusiastic reception tomorrow nightCol R M Jackson and H enry Thompson of London were here ndayMisses Georgie and Mattie Me Ferron were here Saturday visiting relatives rW T Short vas given license and sworn iuas a practiceing at torney Wednesday Rev J C Carmical flied his regular appointment at Preachers yule last Sunday Harry Blaze a prince of good fellows and a good road advocate Was in town Tuesday Miss Mary Tyree attended the wedding of R L Jones and Miss Lou Gentry Wednesday Mrs Theo Wesley and little daughter Agnes are Visiting rela tives in E izabethtowi Miss Laura Langford from southern pact of county attended the Jones Gentry wedding here Wednesday Horace Edwards bought the Wyatt Warren farm near Bee Lick and will move to it in a few days Reuben netrcoat of paint put on his hous which adds greatly to the looks o his new home A large and enthusiastic audience greeted Judge Breckinridge and W J Price at Livingston Monday night Atty Lewis Walker of Lancaster Hon Robt Harding and Mr J W Rawliugs of Danville are attendin g circuit court liercftlfis week Miss Pela Pennington an intel ligent young lady froth East Bernsta t Is attending the Collegiate Institute at this place Holbert McChire of Paris one of the nicest ycmbg men Rockcastle ever produeedis here visiting his parents Mr and Mrs Sam Mc Clure r fCol W G Welch of Stanford attended Circuit Court here this week being attorney v in several da mage suits against the rail road company r f Walter Mullius our dandy little snare drummer is with the London aonJohnWManchester y esterda ysdare at London today I7t ff Mrs Tom McClure is very low with consumption Fred and August Krueger attend the Louisville horse show last weekEd Morrow the yonngest son of Judge T Z Morrow spoke to quite a crowd of the voters here Sat urday Mike Marler youngest son of John W Marler fdl from a cherry tree a few days since injuryiug himself very severely Passenger train No 24 was eleven hours late Tuesday caused a bridge giving away just this side of Bar bourville No one hurt Sheriff Wood and Jailor Grffin arrested G W Evans Monday for being drunk He was brought out of prison Tuesday morning and finedr and cost Judge T Z Morrow his son Will Hon J N Sharp and Dr John M Williams addressed the Republican Club of Livingston last Saturday night Reuben Sams brought his wile into town Monday to har the speeking He has been a lifelong Republican but is straightout for Bryan Beckham and Gilbert STOPS THE COUGH AND WORKS OFF THE COLD Laxative BromoQuinine Tablets cure a cold in one day No Cure no Pay Price 25 cenis Master McKinzie Brown spent Saturday and Sunday with his mother Mrs Cleo Brown at Joseph Price Infirmary Stanford and re ports her much improved- TO CURE A COLD IN ONE DAYiTake Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets All druggists refund the money if it fails to cure E W Groves signature is on each box z5cIMiss Dove B Letcher of Rich mond will resume her duties as teacher of Latin and Greek at the College next Monday The College and pupils are to be congratulated on securing this most excellent teacher for another year Uncle Ashley Owens who is now 83 ears of age and very feble was among the first to enter the Gallo way Hall at Livingston Monday night To hear the speech of Judge iR J Breckinridge and Elector W JPrice and no one there enjoyed it more than he In the 25000 damage suit oi Mrs Mary Mullius vs Mrs Susan Mullins for alleged slander Judge Morrow instructed the jury to find for the defendant Morrow Lewis and Bethurum represented plaint iff while C C and R G Williams were for the defense Arousing Democratic Club was organized at Wildie Friday last byI Chairman W C Mullins A Stewart one of the most enthusiastic Democrats and best workers was made president W H Jones wa elected vice president while T J Hays was selected without apposi Towetyvn tilefa o over one hundred Mr W L Richards is here to open the bank The books safe and fixtures are here and they will be pu t in building on Church St under C Cl Williams law office Fifty percent of the stock has been called to ba paid in Monday Oct 1 when banK will be in good running condition Its perfectly sound and no man need fear for one moment when lie liar deposited his money in this bank Mr Richards is a fine banker Dud comes highly recoliumendedas perfectly safe and reliableSquire J R Gatliff and Con stable John Phillips brought James Isaacs into town Mon ay morning JudgeIJohn Harrisofi on le State roadr Sunday eyeninV bout dirk rear the Jackson county line Harrison was drunk and brought on the difficulty first g at Issacs first Isaacs returns g thevire the ball striking Hart son jHS below the eye and coirflfig out at the base of the brain Isaacs trials set for io day and e is row li1 7 r guard F aac Philips a4vellknown citiz en of Garrard county is dead S A Bryan Beckham Stevenson and Gilbert club was organized at Level Green Saturday night with 45 members F L Warren was made Pres J N Brown vice Pres DrT J Price Secyand Logan H Lynn Asst SecyJ- ONESGENTRY At the Baptist church last Wednesday at I 130 oclock Mr R L Jones and Miss LOU Gentry were married by Rev J C Carmical It was intended that the wedding be at home but such a crowd gathered that they de cided to marry in the church The attendants were Rosa Gentry sister of the bride and Harris White Miss Ida Tyree cousin of the bride and John Howell Miss Ida May Adams and E B Cox After the ceremony the audience went over and partook of an elegant dinner at the home of G W Gentry father of the bride Mr and Mrs Jones left on the afternoon train for Liv ingston where they willmake their future home and be glad Jo see their friends at ther Eight Gables Hotel v v JIM HOWARD GUILTY GIVEN A DEATH PENALTY c The verdict was unanimus The jury was discharged immedi ately Foreman Crutcher said that on the first ballot a unanimous verdict of guilty as charged was the result As to the penalty ten members of the jury voted the death sentence and two for life imprisonment The two men hung the jury from 237 oclock Tuesday after noon until Wednesday morning at 9 oclock They then came in and agreed to the death penalty on the first ballot taken The jury is conceded to have been the best ever selected in Franklin county Politically ten are regular Democrats one Republican and one a Brown Democrat Eight members of the jury are members of the Christian church three are members of the Baptist church and one is a Methodist Attorney Owens requested the Court to give him time to file a motion for a new trial which s was grantedAs Noakes s witness against Howardwas i leaving the jail hemet the jailor with Howard Howard extended his hand to Noakes and said Goodbye Bob If I never againaI will see youin hell Two Goebel men hung the jury nineteen hours On last Monday the Democrats from every section of Rockcastle gathered to hear AttorneyGeneral R J Breckinridge and district weresrepaid Price who had bee introduced by Judge Williams who was his classmate in Centre Col lege responded by saying that the people of Danville and Boyle coun fty thought so much of Judge Wil as a Democrat that they were going to see to it that that name did not succeed in going to Congress as a Republican He then launched into National affiairs dealing with the Philippine Islands and the weakening of McKinley how he had sidetracked on the Porto Rico tariff He then took up the question of trusts and showed to what extent it damaged the consumer He paid a beautiful tribute to Bryan and closed by referring to the coolness braver and executive ability of Gov Beckham Mr C C Williams then intro diced Judge Breckinridge who was greeted with an applause that made the old war horse feel mighty good Breckinridge dealt with State Issues completely re futiugrthe charges of the Republicans rthat he held a office Said he it is like this If you put your horse in your stable tonight and tastn the door you go back next morning find the door open and the Morse gone you see a mans tracks and also horses in a few moments you cant find man tracks lY snore 01ri horse go on you continue to trace him and finally find him miles away tied up in the bushes It was your horse you recognized him at once as your horse you proceeded farther and finally fouI out who stole him would you K stitute legal proeeding to get your own property back and who could blame you for recovering your own So it was with the Democrats They found the property at Frank fort and found who had them rjight suit for rhm rna got them He declared that the contest was under the Constitution and not the Goebel law and defied the Repub licans to show otherwise It is apart of every Constitution of Ken tucky Says he go and read sec tion 90 of the present Constitution and there you will find it was no under the Goebel law C J Prat knew the Democrats were right said Judge Breckinridge because Pratt gave him up the keys othe office o AttorneypGeiieralvand re fused to prosecute ail appeal The actTaylor in refusing to obey process of law defied the Court with his militia chased the mem bers of the Legislature from their lawful place totShe Opera House from the Opera House to the Court House Even while that brave and fearless leader was on his death bed Taj lor had the soldiers around the victims hotel and while his life was slowly ebbing away you could hear the noise and tramp of the army below Both were splendid arguments and much en joyed as was shown by the frequent applause of the audience They left immediately for Livingston where ey spoke that night c81f 1Thia la on box of tho genuine Laxative Bromo Quloine Tablets the remedy that cnrea a colt in ono day l rl LIVINGSTON A L7 Miss Annie Ashlock has returned from a lengthy visit to friends in Garrard county QsM Ballard foreman of our school was visiting home folks on the Big Hill Saturday Ex sheriff W G Mullins was in town Saturday Mrs Rhiueheartis in Louisville this week Mrs Felix Bowman is over from Jackson county to visit her parents Mr and Mrs Fernier Conductor Frasier little chi d continues quite sick with whoop troublesSThe infant child of Mr and Mrs Will Carpenter is also seriously ill but they are all in care of that skillful Dr Cooper who is apt to throughnMrs Breck Hayes is quite sick this week Mrs Mahaley Carson has returned from an extended visit to rela fives Gillis Craig passed through hereI Saturday on his return home froth the London fair L A Pettus went to Crab Orch ard Sunday to visit home folks E S Albright that hustling and ingenious editor of Signal calledonj some of his many friends here last week Mis Clancy has rented the Val lOll Hotel vacated by Marsh Owens and will be ready for board timeYGreen Swaner takes the house vacated by Mrs Clancy and Rout Burns the house vacated by Mr SwanerV and Jas Marrow and Capt Bently three ciose Republicans lectured at the school house Sjatur day eveningiMissMaggie King has returned to her home after a lengthy visit to her sister Mrs E B Fishback Joe Magee the elegant painter is putting new coat on Supervisor Starks dwelling There is some t lkofanotl1er store going up in townV we have a good number qif stpres and yet here is ro nifor more begining near the depot with that obliging J C Hockers drugstore and ending at the foot bridge with Jacob Sam brooks one r t the cleverest men in Rockcastle county There is eight dry goods stores and one drug store Col Breckinridge and W J Price lectured to a large crowed in the Calloway Hall Monday evening W C Mullins and Editor E S Albright accompanied the orators from Mt Vernon to this place Dod Callowa is building an ad ditional room to the basement of his business house tor the benefit of the firm of Ward Magee who has so many goods they have not room for them all Judge Ashley Owens has improv ed so much thathe had the pleasure o f bejngpreasent and hearing that ifioble speech Monday night and hopes to be able to cast his vote in November Enough such votes as his would help the rising genera tion c It H W Rice j isj having a large kitchen built to his dwelling and many other improvements 4x There is tPbe a beautiful wed ding by and by Meadows is going to bloom with Roses in autumn We will explain more next week Mrs T A Gresham andItrs Samuel Ward left M6nda3rfor L1 t1t a pleasure tri p y r CASTOR Arjl Infants and Children tgbtIIBears the of U Old sawing machines taken in exchange for firstclass Drophead Singer machines Small monthly- payments allowed Also keep In stock needles shuttles pjletcfor andI523t Mt Vernon Ky 1 GREEN FRQNTtJASTOREis the place to buy t 1 Drugs Patent Medicines Jewery Sta H tionery Cigars and Tobaccos 6 Paints and Oils Prescriptions Carefully Compounded Prompt Attention at All Times Jli Call When In To naS t f C C DAVrStCOMt Vernon KiPI10neLo3 z jj r r j d4E t r Iz u g J l CorneQuickA4V TrTo the G- reatSurprising Reductib- ESa1e f r rwContinues all the I1l= tf The lid way of D- Rusinoss ofitJis 1 6 icere l LJ 1 Clothing at or near cost MensSuits at fatzftup Calico all at 5 cents per jyard r D ressGoods all kinds at lowest price vNotioiisof alt kinds t SHOES JiL I x Have the largest and beststock of Shoes in Eastern K Cal and Kip Boots Rubber Shoes and Felt Socks the f veryjtliiiig for Winter Now is the Time Grucerie J s lb Bucket of Jellev 130 One Gallon Bucket Syrupsbcl J1 Sugar offx11 26 Bakers Bread per loaf 50 Corn Meal per Bushel 6qci f 5 A Complete Stock of Flour all the time y Gal Fruit Jars per doz yoc 0 i Quart Fl1itars per doz 6oc ff dd1esS s and 3ricIdles j ib l1 ft At Cbst All i I GTJQHN5QNtis f 1Y U 2r tVernon Signa FRIDAY SEP 28 igoo I Pttblished every Friday by EDGAR S ALBRIGHT BSCRlPTIQN i6NE YKAR IOO i dtfVlrli iig rates made known on pJilth4tthn f r DEMOCRATIC TICKET For President W J BRYAN of Nebraska For VicePresidentADLAI ON of Illinois For Congress HON GG GILBERT of Shelby For Governor Gov J C W Beckhaui of Nelson HON Carlo Lyttle of Manchest er Clay county the very heart of lithe fued section ad in his open lug statement to the jury in behalf of Jim Howard There were fifteen Ijundred mountain rUffiat1j taken to FrankfQrt last Then why need the rabid partisans say they were elegant gentlemen and lawabiding Christian Repub licaiis If buckling on two 45 Colts revolvers and filling hide and pockets with white lightning be Christianity we wuU noucv If shooting out car vindows and through car doors if the reckless use of fire arms on the streets of the Capitol tuein a petition for civil liberty let her die and be buried in disgrace for we want no tsiich liberty and the people win cast their vote against suych liberty on the 6th of November HON G G Gilbert will speaj at Stanfordon Thursday October 4th with the Hon Frank Burke of Indiana Mr Gilbert has been t by large audiences everywhere he has gone in this campaign He has been a Congressman ofwhom we are justly proud and we fee- lJiatthe people f this district will ree to It that he is elected again in November Although he won two years ago by a majority of over 800 yet Mr Davidson contested his seat although Davidson did not claim any fraud although Da vison did not claim that the votes were not counted as cast yet Mr Yerkes went before the Election Committee and endeavored to have Gilbert unseated The Committee however decided unanimously in favor of Mr Gilbert I Richard Croker says that Bryan will carry New York Maryland and West Virginia and this will be enough doubtfulStates to elfcfc jzn4 iw JUDGE J h TINSIEY was nom meted Monday by the Republicans at London for Circuit Judge in that district to succeed Judge W L Brown Now elect a Common wealths Attorney and those two men can do more Christianizing inthe mountains in twelvemonths than a dozen preachers can in that many years Fear of the law is a wonderful stopper of crime and evil doing MANAGER Mark Hanna said in iiChicago speech that there were no trusts yet in the very next breath almost he said Mr Jones of the National Democratic Com mittee was a member of that great Cotton Bale Trust The Pliladel phia Herald Republican asks that Mr Hanna be taken off the stumpThe poll of Chicago has been taken and gives Bryan 74320 majority over McKinley Mr John H Williams who has lived for years at East St Louis Ill writes to his mother here that the peoples champion will certainly carry that State THE Daily Democrat of Lexing ton presided over by our own W Pi Walton has been received anTI we are very much pleased with it Long may it live and may tha ed ior grow both fat and rich MR ANDREW Carnegie is authority for the statement that the Iron and Steel Trust alone contributed three millions of dollars to McKinleys campaign four years agoSWE are strictly for the bond is sue and we think every voter in this county should be likewiseI ccEdORLANDO PE38DJC3e30Ca rrL Porter was over at Mt Vernon Strnday to see his best girl y Rufus Childless and Jonnnie HeltOD were in Cincinnati the first of the week Mr Henry Johnson brother of G T Johnson has just returned from a few days trip to Ben ton Harbor Mich Jones Fish of Wildie was in our town a few days since Bige Woods one of our merchants at this place Vas in Louisville the first of the week buying goods Rufus Dun who has been very low with typhoid fever is improving Miss Nannie Anglin one of Clear Creeks prettiest girls is visiting her neighborhood Mr K K Helton has gone to Tennessee for a few days visit The qofcl works of near this place which has been shut down for awhile is now in lunning order JoeHenselyMrs McHargue of Pine Hilland Mr James McHargue and wife of this place were visiting at Rev Williams Sunday Brit Iurhamhas been quite sick for a few days but is some better now neighborhoodweek Mr Frank Mullins and wife who has been visiting at Rileys Station for several days have returned to their home on Cove branch Miss Emma Roberts of Gum Sul pher has been visiting iu this neighborhoodMiss Townsend has been pretty sick for several days Robert Ponders funeral will be preached at the home of the family Sunday next by Rev Williams Parker invitedS and some others every body Quite a crowd of young people from this neighborhood attended church on Crooked Creek Sunday Several men from Hazelpatch- were down the first of the week buying goods from G T Johnson He does a good business and sells goods at bottom piices WILDIE f 3t 3cdJas Parsons was in Livingston Saturday and Sundy I Dr Lucas was lip from Livingston T Saturday doing some work fo Mrs IEdgarhome from Indianapolis two or three weeks ago has cut a hund red shocks of corn and killed to date 53 squirrels upI Another man killed over nenr the seat ot the Moonshiners Sun day John Harrison was the vict In killed by Jas Isaacs Sr who we understand was justifiable- J Fish was in Lancaster Monday on business Born one day last week to the wife of Joe Coffey a boy W C Mullins chairman of the Democratic Campaign Committee organized a BryanBeckhamGil bert Club here last Friday night with 52 members I think we will 125TheJ J Towery followed by Judge R G Williams in an hours speech W H Jones is in Louisville this weekSeveral of the boys from Wildie and vicinity went to Mt Vernon Monday to hear the Democratic gospel expounded by Hon R J Breckinridge POSSUM HOLLER MR EDITOR Many noteworthy events have transpired in our part of the Moral Heritage since I last wrote prominent among these are a two weeks meeting held at the Christ iau church by Elder Davis result ing in thirty conversions and a general revival among the old members Bro Davis knows just how to beard the lion in his den fight the devil at home and next to these come the Democratis in mass meeting and organized a strong club with Rev F LvVr ren as president Their next meet ing will beheld at the WVG Pro tor school house on the ist Satur day night in October Let everybody come out good speakers will be cm hand itnds1iipIselves into a Bible School and pledge to meet and read and ex pound Scripture on each Lords Day The recent good rains have en abled the farmers to break wheat lands and a good crop will be sown Much fodder has been saved by our people who do not expect to be caught again as they were last spring when in order to save our cattle we were forced to feed them such unwholesome food as old boots and shoes grindstones saw dust c A J Sears will lease our place in a few days having sold his prop erty here to your humble servant Sears is a good business man and has done well while located with us Having found no one willing to exchange the Possum dog for what I offered I will supplement my offer with a quart of good whiskey and an ounce of Democracy Ifwe dont defeat the Repubs this fall we will scare them so badly that they will always look bad in the hereafter Just read what Mark Hanna said tother day They are now scared and I am sorry for it because in a big scare one sufficient tomiake them unload- millions lies their only hope of successNow as it is assured that we will get a vote on the bond issue let us not become overloaded with politics and forget to speak and then vote for our countys best interests Under our present system we can never have good roads but continue to waste money Now let us change our tactics and make Rock castle the most desirable Mountain in the State lor goOdjrad i= jBuai B TARNON uudRoffljs1 Following is what some of the leading men have to say about the bond issue I am for the boiidisth for good roads J Thosf Cherry Nearly every manunify section rof the county is for the bond issue Shill do all I can for itA J Pike The bend question should carry Vill benefit thi country more than anything else J W Tate Good roads will upbuild the county morally intellectually and commercially A G Lovell- I have worked in season day andnight for the success of the question I want to ee my county improve and my fellow country men prosper Let every man go to work to carry this most im portant question James 1 White Heartily in favor of bond issue for better roads pS Hiatt Good roads run along with good schools and churches For it James W Moore We can build good roads cheaper in this county than any in Ken tucky We have all the material which would cost nothing Am very much for it David Hysinger James I White John W Marler Green Fish R L Brown George Johnson James Moore W H Carmical A J Sams Albert Allen Parkie Scott Elisha Bullock Thos Cherry Harry Blazer and a host of others deserve much praise for getting up and pushing such a bene ficial thing along By all means let it carry S H Martin Good roads make good business and we want bothGus Staverson For lour years I was one of the directors of the Lexington pike and I know what the advantages are to be derived from pikes There ford I am heartily in favor of pikes Jas T Adams It will invite immigration create demand for labor and farm pro ducts Very much for it T W Marler Good roads will benefit every filassof citizens in our county I shall vote for the bond issue C M Cummins The man that has to go to town is the man that needs good roads S B Ramsey No man who wants to see the county get outof the old rut can be against the bonds J L Arnold Just the thing to do T G Keynolds Wish we had voted for bonds years ago Good thingJ Houk Good roads would help business of every kind It would give employment to poor men yet they would not pay one cent toward building the pikes as there is no poll tax levied to pay the bonds It would put life into our county I am for it and shall cast my vote for it on the 6th day of November W J Sparks- I am getting old and dont ex pect to live to enjoy the fruits of my vote but on account ofmy children my fellowcountyman I beIheveH H Baker I live in the extreme eastern portion of the county andcould ot be greatly benefited by the pro posed pikes personally butthe be ginning of the building of good roads would soon advance all real property and would be a start in 1 the Bright direction and in time cover the county with good roads I am heartily for the issuing of bonds for that purpose and Ivill vote font I r M Johrisom Fain in favor of good roads I think jt would be a big help to S Rock asUe county i1dam fir favorfdCNssuing bonds to make pike i j 1 i3 f tjj T e1Ii = LR r q 1 4 WtLAcg- eabePrcpatationforAs- sirnilating iiFcodandllegut- atgthStomadis anciBowels o- f1tPromotes DigeslionCheerrul fl ness and RestContains neither Opiumrforphine nor 1ineral 5NAnCNOT OTIC I iOZJrSWUELP7tfl Purrpfdi seat A Stllna xhlb1ddsSetd f mxU1kSaa S19f11Jfw Apmfecl Remedy forConslipa lion Worms Convulsions Feverish ness and Loss OF SLEEP FacSimile signalure of NEW YORK EXACT COpy OF WRAPPER ci a lftt 1= r and THC NtYJ g 1 a is in d to is men to bt f1 n L i ttaaa a crJ z U ns Gerstlos Female cures all Dis Inflammation Painful Suppressed Profuse S tiiv r8es Prolapsus J Tumors R L BARR SONS Sch as I A CURE havca remarkable sttemcntviiic1i we voild like to yon TIcc a in our whose had stopped and hl t lie sod was blood One day father came into OUt sic rt him to r F P Gersttes Female Panacea h d ttmoney and we told hun that he could ta1eit nUll it it 1tt h I 1Y Ile so and one relief one iot 11 cured sound and well She had 1iaviir Jits Int the 1iy 1m to ltt n L llARREN Vi o chbt I Druggists Sell G by Davis Co Mt K PINE HILL miners had a little strike it lasted but a few hours until they settled their differences and went back to work It was all over a few degrees pitch in i J4 in screen Several miners came in Tuesday on the belated morning train This is just what is needed to boom our town James McBrayer the mine boss has moved his family here are always ready and willing to welcome such good people into our midst Dr Parkhill a Stanford physi cian is to move here soon and commence practice as company The pastor the Mt Vernon Presbyterian churclijvilliiold vices at the PH school house Saturday night and Sunday All invitedt Arrangements are in progress for a match game of base ball Hill Reds vs Mt Vernon It promises to be a very interesting game it is a contest forthe champion boobe nine of the State Next weeks issue will give date plac and that game wlirbe called G W Doane Wm Mead bws VC Sympson and others have been attending Court this L week FOR SALE I have sale fifteen or vinegar barrels also three smaller barrels or kegs K W R WAMJN 52 fBrodhea Ky Jr CASTOR For Infants Children The Kind You Have Always Bought Bears the Signature j 1of In Use For Over Thirty Yea- rsASTA CNTAUR Yolti aJiM Jl1 1rnThLHM Mothers this the manner which your are alloyed rush into womanhood and this why so irsrvry wo arc martyrs disease Begin even before the menstrual periods gin and give your daughters J1fJE FIDItLE lAXJCRl regularly and they will become shone active healthy vivacious suit bcsua ful young ivoinen Luppy wives and hap py mothers Panacea Female iica cluding md eucorrhcea etc Messrs tfTttJE later Miss write follows RERS1RKA3LE to muko lady community menstrual period IWc poisoned her try 11oti iorit did dose gave whi1 her been dJI hu Sale Vernon Monday the new evening We the of ser are Pine the Johns time the Mr for molases 3t I to MIHES CU5 FPWrite L GCRSTLE Co Ior Irse ticoncerning your call IFor C C physicianV as FOLEYS KIDNEY CURE lig a pure medicine and contains in concentrated from reined ies recognized by the most skilful of the medical profession as the most ef- fectIVe agents for the cure of kid ney and bladder diseasesVC C Davis Co Alt Vernon Dr Clark Brodhead Hagan Bro Liv ingston I Cured of Cnronic Diarhrea Aftejo Thirty Yearsof Suffering 1 suffered for thirty years with diarrhoea and thought I was past being cuiedisays John S Hallor way of French Camp Miss I had spent so much time and money and suffered so much that I had gien up all VhOpesdfrecovery I was so feeble from theeffects of the diar rhoea that I could do no kind of labor could not even travelbut of accident I was permitted to find a bottle of Chamberlains Colic Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy and after takirg several bottles I am entirely cured of that trouble I am so pleased with the result that I am anxious that it be in reach of allwho suffer as I have For sale by Theo Wesley Druggist Ghambeylain5 Cough Remedy g Great Favorite The soothing and healing prop erties of this remedy its pleasant taste and prompt and permanent cures have made it a gieat favorite with people everwhere It is especially prized by mothers ol small children for colds croup and whooping cough as it always agqrds quick relief and as it contains no opium or other harmful drug it may be given as confidently to a baby as to an adult For pale by Theo Wesley Druggist Ca66L1 f1 4 muJa GSTL 11 r wYo = p I1 91 I 7T1enerai Merchandise= Dry GOdS t la fMHvareher in endlessi y A QHMiltitiS All the latest styles in dress goods and calicoes ihJ F E IIi jrWtw f h LUB ti r r i c- tvr r 7 Ix p L i l r r f We have a well selected k 11StocRIi 11fg ifaf iIIa1h ti I flv1 tii f4 111 largest stock in the county to select fromVVM N L t Feed always on hand such i as Hay and Corn J il o1l v L t BRODHEAD IyHurah for Bryan Stevenson and Beckham Rev Livingston iilltrd his regularI appointment at the church Sut1CJayoA Miss Maud h of Lebanon re1at1iMrs W H Colyer went to Cin= cinnati Saturday nightiA Crowd of young people from here went to Prcachcrsville Satur day evening to attend a wedding supperr Douglas Brown is with home folks here this week Ve are glad to sad that Miss Ida q hart is ini proving relturnedS ilurday nightIRev A Pike went to Buck eye Sunday where he will bold a series of meltings Died Mits Jane Leece an aged and respected lady of our town died Monday She had been ill lor quite a while The Democratic Club of this place is going in a body to Mt Vernon next Saturday night to hear the lion Letcher Owsley of Lan caster speak Several of our people went to speakingglorious time Mr John Rofaberts Richmond Monday on businessIMr Alex Tyree is house previously occupied by L L JarrettTwo hansome gentlemen of near OakHill Messers Cecil and Bruit McClary attended church here Sunday Miss Lucy Dowel of Forrister Ill is the guest ot relatives here Mrs j T Cherry is the guest of friends in Lexington this week JohnpurhamSunday afternoon k Trt t sL L WABD Jerome Graves has been very low with typhoid lever but is better nowJ U Wallen came home Sun day and returned Monday fco Junction City to be gone Six monthsRev Williams filled his appoint ment at Freedom Saturday 7and SundayMrs IL P Norton has bsen very sick hut is better Mrs R L Bray was visiting her parents Mr and Mrs Geo Live say Sa turday and Sunday eo1ST When you wanta pleasant physic try the new remedy Chamberlains Stomach and Liver Tablets They are easy to take and pleasant in ef mpJesIIwould be cured and the worst cases comforted and relieved by using Foleys Honey and Tar Suggest it to those afflicted You should do this as a Friend- C C Davis Co Mt Vernon Dr Clark Brodhead Hagan Bros Livingston Have you a sense of fullness in tile region of your stomach after eating If so you will be benefited by using Chamberlains Stomach and Liver Tablets They also cure belching and sour stomach TheyI regulate the bowels too cents Sold by Theo Wesley Druggists KRANKlvIN Mt Vernon Ky Clock and Watch Repairing Spec tacles Repaired Gold and Silver Soldering Neatly Done The eyes tested and glasses fitted by scientific methods Can furnish glasses properly flitted from 150 to 600 Watch cases chains jewelry of all kinds p1at dwith gold or silver and made to look creelftt 7 g tfJ t J rF11yo ir1ct 7Cf- r1 4J t7- tl- r1 r11O- I U 4 tJ JrJ 0 it 0p4 4JI HU x h gv G7- A 1lf0tLro cu Q- J a Wj t cj VJy V ta tic HOME MARKETS Corrected each weon bi Houk U Son Mt Vernon 4 Gy tJ Arbuckles Coffee 15 p Lion Coffee 14 c Green Coffee i2jc 140 ft Flour No i per ba rcl a 475 Q Belle of Liucok per irl 425 Daisy flour per barrel 445 Q Labelle flour 475 Bacon per lb ioc Dau1 Boone Soap 3 cakes 5C Star Soap 3 cakes Joe u Rice No i per lb 7 JhclGranulated Sugar perlb 7 c 52SprupSorghum best homemade gaL 40C Ship tlff per hundred ioo 4 Calico all the best brands 6c Calico all cheap grades c 6c under L Can goods 3Y3cY Clothing suits 750 to 1500 LardIOC in small lots Qcts in 50 Ib lots or more Northern seed oats none offhand js Corn 25 bu or more per bu 6oc Corn lots less than 25 bu 650 Millet hay on hand Timothy hay per hundred 100f 11gi40Crl Cattle extra shippers 475 to 5 00 l Cattle common 275 to 400 jHogs best heavies 505 Hogs medium 495 Hogs roughs X375 to 440 J Sheeprextragood42J 10 445 k Sheep common 300 to 375 j Il r r T JVLti Vl orr rr V v He Owes His Life to the Forethought of a Companion While on a camping trip in Webster county Mr c3 1 Stump of Normantown W Va had a 5e ere attack of bloody flux He- says I firmly believe that I owe my life to the forethought of one of the company who had taken along a bottle of Chamberlains Colic Cholera audDiarrhoea Remedy MoralProcure a bottle of this remedy before leaving home It cannot be obtained when on a hunting fishing or prospecting trip Neither can it be obtained while on board the cars or steamship and at such times and places it is most likely to be needed The safe way is to have it with you Thousands of travelers never leave home on a journey without it For sale by Theo Wesley Druggist Allen Halverson of West Prairie Wis says people come ten miles to huy Foleys Kidney Cure while A Spero of Helmer Ind says IJ it is the medicalwonder of the ageC Davis Co Mt Vernon Dr Clark Brodhead Hagan Bro Livingston Half the world in darkness as to the cause of their ill health If they would starr to treat their kid neys with Folevs Kidney Cure the weariness of body and mind back ache and rheumatic pains would disappear VernonI I NO RELIEF FOR 20 YEARS- I had bronchitis for twenty years said Mrs Minerva Smith of Danville Illand at times have been bedfast I never got relief until I had taked Foleys Honey and Tar It is pleasant and gives quick relief and is a sure cure for throat and lung diseases Take nothing else C C Davis2eo Mt Vernon Dr ClarkBrodfiead Hagau Bro Livingston i H i O ti O 1j V Jl p t rr- q CDt5J f i t Cc ij ids1 Jr0 A c t rji rt lIOJ bL f J r l tjlt n l rolass Yf or Clq I 0f gs t r fn 0 W rt o L t Jg f J I 8 V t J 31Ci v v J VI ansa c COURT CALENDAR COUNTY COURT Fourth MolI day in each monthO- UARTHRLY COURT FilSt Mon day in January April July and OctoberICIRCUIT COURT Second Mon day in February Fourth Mondays in play and Third Monday in Sep temberMT VERNON POLICE COURT Third Monday in each month 7= =P A Pennln ton D D S M D DENTST N W Cor Third and CheLstnut Sts LOUISVILLE KY Will be at Miller House It ernon during ailCiicnn Chi G W MCCIURE J W BROWN McCLURE BRO- WNAttorneyL w MT VERNON KY All business entrusted to our rare will receive prompt attention Office room No 8 in the old Brick Hotel C C WILLIAMS AotrheyatL8w Mt Vernon Ky l1Officeon2nd 1oorofnewJ brick on Church street Specia attention given to collections R G WILLIAMS Attdirney MT NatLaVVI R L HROV7F ATTORNEY ATL AW MT VERNON ICEFTUCKY Special attention given to collections JlSIii4fs Insurance Orall Call at the signal killds office 19 t Vernon Chamberlains Pain I3alm applied to a cut bruise burn scald or like injury will instantly allay the pain and will heal the parts in less time than any other treatment Unless the injury is very severe it will not leave a scar Pain Balm also cures rheumatism sprains swellings and lameness For sale by Theo Wes ley Druggist MtGV FOflJKjo fW JFOR ClothingWe have a mammoth suitscfl1Er10st fastidious Our prices per suit range from 750 to 20o If you need anything ik thys line calland see us f i Ioots V sosC 4 All styles kinds and quality We handle nothing but the t best that is our reputation we have made l mcs M9Carper1terand Cabinet Maker Mt Vernon Ky Mantles and Hatracks a specialtyI R j1 JONES DENTIST STANFORD KY PhonoN 8 Office over Higgins McKenneys Store 7 1 he verandaHotel JOSEPH COFFEY PROPR Stanford Ky Specialty equipped for traveling men Sample room on first floor Bath rooms free to guests RATES 200 per day Insurance of all SignalL1n IJtsiijt r 0 t c Er- tinw Ja tJ co1 Cuss Ic lj 1 L TRY lIASyE HoukSo 1 r 5 Mt Veihon Ky W A CARSON Painter and Paper Hanger Brodhead Kentucky All workjfirstclass and guaran teed to give satisfaction Phone No 1 i MT VERNON LME COMPANY Manufacturers i of Limo and brick kV Theynfng Stone rough quarry face or cut Orders promptly filled 3943 18T NATIONAL BANKOF LONDON KY apit al50000 Surplus i5 oo IV BOREING M HOPE IEresident VicePresident JACKSONa Cashier WE WANT YOUR BUSINESS Miller House HUGH MILLER PROP Headquarters for Commercial Men E Porter at all trains f Hotel Frithli1- RANCISCOPropr X located at the DepotJ- Bodh ead K Good Livery Attaehed Meet all Trains Day and tight Traveling Men and Railroad s men Solicited Will furk nuches for all trains SL X BRY NS ftHTITRUSl SPEECH The lament of David over Absalom Is one of the most pathetic passages of the Old Testament The fact that the son was in rebellion against civil as well as parental authority did not shake the fa querIslingers in the memory of all who studY the life of the great Hebrew King And yet the interest which David felt in his son Absalom has its parallel in the more than 10000000 families which make up the American people No language can describe a moper s love or overstate the abiding which the father feels in the welfare of his child From the time when the mothers life hangs in the balance at the boy s blrtb until the death of the parents there la scarcely a waking hour when the son i not present in their thoughts and plans It is to this parental devotion so unl versally recognized that I desire to appeal on this occasion Ap pa1 to ParentalDev I would call the attention of every fa ther and mother to present political and Industrial conditions I would ask them to analyze these conditions investigate thel causes and their tendencies I would press upon them this question uIs the young man Absalom safe Are you satisfied with the possibilities and the probabilities which now open before your sonIs he safe when foreign or domestic financiers are allowed to determine the monetary system under which he lives Is he safe when national banks control the volume of money with which he does businessIs safe when the bond holding class determines the size of the national debt upon which he must help to pay inter est Is he safe when by means of taxes laid elmost entirely upon consumption he is compelled to contribute according to his wants rather than according to his pos sessionsIs safe when corporate interests in fluence as they do today the selection of those who are to represent him in the Senate of the United States If he Is a wageearner and you do not know how soon he may be even if he is- slot now IE he safe when he is liable to be deprived of trial by Jury through the system known as government by in junction Is he safe if a laboring man when he pa denied the protection of arbitration and compelled to submit to such hours and terms as a corporate employer may pro pose The Reign of Monopoly But I desire to call special attention to the growth of the trusts and to ask you whether your son is safe under the reInif private monopoly If you cannot leave him a fortune you can leave him some thing more valuable than money viz the freedom to employ his own brain and his own hands for the advancement of his own welfare When there is in dustrial Independence each citizen is stimulated to earnest endeavor by the hope of being able to profit by his own genius his own energy his own industry and his own virtue But when private monopoly reaches its full development each branch of Industry will be controlled by one or a few men and the fruits of monopoly like the divine right of rule will be kept within the possession of a few from generation to generation while the real producers of wealth will be con demned to perpetual clerkship or servi tude When private monopoly reaches its full development your son will buy the finshed product at the price which monopoly fixes he will sell raw material at the price which monopoly fixes and if he works for wages he will work for such compensation and upon such conditions as monopoly may determine Charles R Flint of the Rubber Goods Manufacturing Co in a speech delivered in Boston on the 25th of May 1899 out Uned the trust program with great frank irjeEa In speaking of the advantages to be derived from the trust system he said Outline of Trust Program Raw material bought In large quantities is secured at lower prices When for Instance one man buys all the wool the price of wool will be lowered and all who produce wool will sell at the price fixed by the trust A large proportion of our people are cngaged in the produc tion of various kinds of raw material and they are thus placed at the mercy of the combinationsThe advantage Is that those plants which are best equipped and most advantageously situated are run continu ously and in preference to those less fa voredThis means that factories can be closed In the smaller towns and business con centrated in the large centers It means also that whenever there is a surplus on hand part of the factories can be closed and the burden of maintaining prices thrown upon the wage workers There are already scattered throughout the land idle plants which stand as silent monuments to the evils of the trust sys temThe next advantage mentioned is that uIn case of local strikes and fires the work goes on elsewhere thus preventing serious loss This means that a monopoly can abso 016tr1kely while the employes are starved Into submission and as the trust can do the work In some other factory without serious loss it is quite independent of the employes and can absolutely prescribe the terms and conditions upon which they shall live The more complete the mon- Opoly the more opposed the managers will be to arbitration because in case of any contest between the trust and its employes the trust will have every ad vantage and the employes will be perfectly powerless Another advantage cited by Mr Flint Is that There is no multiplication of the means of distribution and a better force of salesmen will take the place of a large number Drummers Dispensed With This is an Intimation that under the trust system the traveling salesman will not be needed When every retail mer chant must buy all goods of one class from a single company the work can be done by samples and no traveling men will be needed There will be no com petition between different factories be cause all are under one management theBThe next man to feel it will be the hotel man who will miss the trade of the traveling salesman The railroad will lose the mileage paid by the traveling man the liverymen will lose their best pat rons and the newspapers will lose the advertising because it will not be necessary to advertise when there Is no com ItLimegamer but as a matter of fact It goes to the mononqply My attention has been called to a prospectus issued by the International Steam Pump Company organized March 1899 under the laws of New Jersey and capitalized at 27500000 of which nearly half is preferred stock and the remainder common stockcallattention to this prospectus because It Hts forth the plans of the trusts and show who are to be the beneficiaries The International Steam Pump Corn ny warn organized for the purpose of manufacturing steam pumps and according to the prospectus acquired con trol of the business of the following cor poration either through the conveyance of the to the properties and busi nesses of such companies or by the ownership of not less than twothirds of their practicableThenpanies accompanied by the statement that these companies are estimated to transact ninety per cent of the steam pump business of the United States exclusive of highduty engines The majority of the companies also manufacture such enginesSample Case ef Trusts One of the companies taken into the combination had assets estimated at a little more than six million dollars an other company had assets estimated at a little more than three millions the third company had assets estimated at a little more than one million The fourth company had assets estimated at eight hun dred thousand dollars and the fifth company had assets estimated at seven hun dred thousand dollars The good will was not estimated in the above figures The total assets therefore of the five com panics not including the good will were less than twelve million dollars and the prospectus states that the combined net profits of the five concerns for the year 1S98 estimated on the business of ten months of the year would amount to twelve hundred thousand dollars Under the head of Estimated additional earn- Ings from consolidation I find the fol lowingEach of the five companies now main tains agencies in the principal cities of the United States The Worthington and Blake companies have stores and carry stock in London Hamburg Vienna and other cities Some of them have expen sive salaried managers All these agen cies in this and other countries will be consolidated The stores and agencies maintained in th cities of this country and the forces of clerks salesmen etc necessary to conduct them will be united and decreased Involving an estimated saving of at least 500000 a year The expenses of each company for Its draught Ing department incident to the elaborate drawings and specifications for estimat ing of work will bring about a further reduction The standardizing of the pat terns for farm and domestic work which la now under way in the Worthington fac tory when applied to the entire business of the new company will result in an estimated saving of at least pet yearAnd then follows in black type this sig nificant statement Advantages of Consolidatio- nA conservative estimate of the ad vantages derived from consolidation Is believed to be 1300000 over the present earnings which would make a total of future net earnings with the estimated earnings based on ten months of the years business of 2500000 of 6 per cent on the preferred stock and over eleven per cent on the common stock of the new company It will thus be seen from the prospectus that the advantages secured by the cut ting down of expenses will double the In come and not a word is said about giv ing the advantages of this reduction to the consumer The money taken from the traveling men from the hotel keep ers from the railroads from the livery men from the newspapers and from others who suffer by the discharge of traveling salesmen clerks etc will all be added to the profits of the monopoly The stock was to be watered and prices maintained to pay dividends upon fictitious capital To give a further guarantee that the monopoly the prospectus says that the principal men connected with the various companies would become identified with the company and would contract not to engage in a like business for ten years But what about the public What guar antee has the public that this monopoly will not raise prices Is it not human nature to make all the profit possible out of a monopoly Is It not reasonable to expect that the monopoly after elimin ating the salesmen and adding their sal aries and expenses to the profit account will seek a further profit by raising prices and lowering wages Is it not reason able also to expect that there will be deterioration in quality when the spur of competition no longer compels the manufacturer to furnish the best goods for the lowest possible price Ina little book described as an Investment Guide and issued in 1900 Henry Clews Co bankers I find a of large corporations together with listIbrief description of the business done advantages secured by consolidation some instances an estimate is given of the output of the company as compared with the total product in the United States Let me call your attention to a few of the corporations organized since the last Presidential election lIcKlnleyI of Connecticut in May 1899 has an author ized capital of 40000000 half common stock and half preferred It acquired twenytwo of the largest fertilizing con cerns in the country The American Bicycle Company Incor porated in May 1899 in New Jersey with 20000000 of common stock and 10000000 preferred consolidated fortyfour of the UnJtedIpay 1899 with an authorized capital of 35 000000 half common stock and half pre ferred controls about sevenyflve percent of the upper leather output of the coun tryThe American Linseed Oil Company in corporated in New Jersey In December 1898 with a capital stock of 33500000 half common stock and half preferred consolidated eleven large linseed oil com panies and controls over eightyfive percent of the linseed oil properties in the United States The Amtrlcan Steel Hoop Company In corporated in New Jersey in April 1899 consolidated nine large steel and iron companies in Ohio and Pennsylvania capital stock 19000000 common and fl4 preferred The American Ship Building Company incorporated in New Jersey in March 1899 with an authorized capital of 30 000000 half common stock and half pre ferred consolidated all ship building and kindred interests on the great lakes American Steel and Wire Company In corporated In New Jersey in January 1899 with 50000000 common stock and 40 000000 preferred controls about eighty per cent of the nail and wire product of the United States The American Thread Company inc r porated in New Jersdy in March 1898 with a capital stock of 12000000 half com mon and half preferred consolidated fourteen large thread companies In New York and New England American Tin Plate Company Incor porated In NeV Jersey In December 1898 with 30000000 ommon stock and 2000000 preferred consolidated about nlnty five per cent of the tin plate mills In the United States The American Window Glass Company incorporated in Pennsylvania September 1899 with 13000000 common stock and 4000000 preferred consolidated window glass plants in N w York Pennsylvania New Jersey and Indiana controlling about eightyfive per cent of the output of the United States American Woolen Company Incorpor ated in New Jersey in March 1893 with nearly 30000000 common stock and 20 000000 preferred consolidated a number of mills In Rhode Island Massachusetts and other places The American Writing Paper Company Incorporated In New Jersey Juno 1899 with 25000000 capital half common stock and half preferred consolidated numerous mills producing over seventysix per cent of the of the United States- TheContlnentalTobacco Company in corporated in New Jersey in November 1898 with a capital of 100000000 half common stock and half Acquired all the tobacco companies in purchasedthecan Tobacco Company in whose Interest it was formed Giant Federal Steel Truts Companylncorporated with an authorized capital of 200000000 capital halt common stock and half preferred consolidated the Illinois Steel Company the Minnesota Iron Company the Duluth Iron Range Ry the Elgin Joliet Eastern Ry and several other companies It owns five docks on the great lakes and a majority of the steamers and barges used for transporting- ores The International Paper Company in corporated in January 1898 state not given with an authorized capital of 20 000000 common and 25000000 preferred stock consolidated twentyfive pulp and paper mills manufacturing about eighty newspaperEvery suffered from the paper trust the magazine for Instance published by the Locomotive Firemensorganization and supported by a fixed appropriation has been compelled to les sen its reading space because of the rise in paperThe Company incorporated in New Jersey in February 1898 with 30000000 common stock and 25000 000 preferred consolidated the leading cracker companies and controls in all one hundred and sixteen plants The National Salt Company incorpor ated In New Jersey in March 1899 with 7000000 of common stock authorized and 5000000 preferred produces about ninety five per cent of the total output of the countryThe Tube Company IncorporIated in New Jersey in June capital stock of 80000000 half and half preferred and commonI ninety per cent of the output United States The Rubber Goods Manufacturing Com pahY Incorporated In New Jersey In Jan uary 1899 owns practically all the capital stock of the Mechanical Rubber Company the Peerless Rubber Company and the India Rubber Company as well as seventyfive per cent of the stock of Mor gan Wright It also acquired the tire making plants of the concern known as the American Bicycle Company and the American Dunlop Tire Company Author ized capital stock 50000000 half common and half preferred The Standard Rope Twine Company incorporated in New Jersey November 8 1896 with a capital stock of 12000 000 consolidated twentytwo large cordage mills The Union Bag and Paper Company in corporated in New Jersey in February 1899 with 16000000 common stock and 11000000 preferred consolidated various paperbagUnited States Cast Iron Pipe and Foun JerseyInof 30000000 half common sock and half preferred consolidated the principal cast iron pipe companies of the United States United States Envelope Company in corporated in Maine in 1898 with an authorized capital of 1000000 and 4000000 preferred consolidated ten companies and controls ninety per cent of the output of commercial envelopes in the United book mentioned also gives statistics In regard to several trusts organized prior to 1896 among which are the American Cotton Oil Co the American Sugar Re fining Company the American Tobacco Company the Diamond Match Company the National Lead Company and the Standard 011 Company No Hopo from Republicans During the present administration no honest effort has been made to protect the people from these monopolies The Republican party controls the executive and the legislative departments of the federal government It can enforce the laws which now exist it can propose and enact new laws but it does neither No persons can watch the conduct of the Re publican party and read the speeches of Republican leaders and still believe the Republican party sincere in its declarations against the trusts The Republican platform on this ques tion and the Presidents letter of accept ance taken in connection with the pattys record prove conclusively that no re lief can be hoped for from that party Instead of pointing out the evils of trusts the Republican leaders spend their time in exulting over present conditions The trust is a part of present conditions and Mr Flint from which I have already quoted declared that the formation of large corporations was one of the im portant features of what he described as the present business activity If Re publican leaders really regarded private monopoly as an evil if they really in tended to apply an effective remedy tney would not hesitate to denounce trusts and suggest means for their extermination but they express far more solicitude for the corporation than for the people at large One Is reminded of the picture which a mother once showed to her boy to Impress upon his youthful mind the sufferings of the Christian Martyrs who were being thrown into the arena and torn to pieces by the lions The boy looked at the picture for a moment and then his face brightened upas he thought he caught the Idea Pointing down into one point of the picture he said Why mamma there is one poor little lion that isnt getting a bit Itls even so with the Republican leaders Their sympathy goes out freely to any corporation which in their opinion is not getting its share but they are not moved by the hardships imposed by monopolies upon all who are Threesessionsadjourned since the Presidents inaugu ration and yet he has never recommended a specific measure looking toward the overthrow of monopolies Paper Money Trust At the opening of the last session of Congress the Republican leaders pressed through the House and Senate a bill creating a paper money tr tand surrendered into the hands of the national banks complete control of the national currency Just as Congress was closing a farcical and hypocritical attempt was made to deceive the public by the intro duction of an antitrust amendment and an antitrust bill The amendment was not necessary and was intended to de theynowCongress new authority This vicious amendment was defeated in the House by the Democrats The Republican leaders then confessed the amendment un necessary by introducing an antitrust bill which was supported by the Demo crats but which died in the Senate just as it was expected to die The Republic an majority in the Senate referred the bill to the judiciary committee against the protests of the Democrats who urged its Immediate passage The Republican party draws its contributions from the trusts during the campaign and pays back its obligations by leaving the peo pleat the mercy of the trusts between campaignsLet note briefly the effect of the trusts upon various classes Reference has already been made to the commercial traveler the hotel keeper the railroad the liveryman and the newspaper The Effect of Trusts The lawyers are finding that with the growth of trusts the business is gravitat ing toward the offices of the big corporation attorneys while less fortunate prac titioners are becoming law clerks The actors suffer from the theatrical trustThe small manufacturer is constantly menaced by the trusts He does not know at what moment some large corporation will attempt to mon opolize the business in which he Is en gaged and give him his choice between bankruptcy and partlculatlon in an in dustrial conspiracy against the rest of the country Many have been driven into the trust organization by the larger cor poraions engaged in the same business or by trusts formed to control iron steel tin plate or some other product used as a basis for further manufacture In what business can your son safely invest a small amount of capital today If he starts into any independent business he will find it difficult if not impossible to compete with a large organization if it attempts to undersell him in his ter ritory because it can sustain itself by collecting high prices in other parts of the country If he suppresses his moral objections and takes stock in a monopoly he does not know how soon those in charge may attempt to freeze out the smaller stockholders The merchant is losing his Independ ence The trust fixes the terms upon which he shall sell and often binds him by contract not to sell a competing article When the monopoly is complete credit will be shortened and the mer chant will be compelled to bear all the risks of trade When the trust raises prices the merchant usually has to divide the advance with his customers so far as stock on hand is concerned but when the trust overstocks the market and then lets the price fall the merchant must bear the loss on accumulated stock When for instnce the American Steel Wire Company closed several of its factories a few months ago and threw some six thousand employes out of work it dropp d the price of nails and barbed wire in order to work oft a surplus which had accumulated because stockIhigh prices had lessened the Every merchant lost money on the and wire on hand There is already overproduction in many lines The supply of common chairs is now considerably in excess of the demand but lest the Republicans may try to explain this upon the theory that the people are too busy to sit down I may add that there is also dullness in the shoe trade The Iron Age in a recent issue pointed out that the production of iron was falling off the decrease then amounting to more than 50000 tons per month Duns report of July 21st stated that the woolen mills were running at less than half their capacity and even recently the cotton manufacturers have been threatening to either reduce wages or shut down temporarily According to Duns report the business failures have been greater during each month of 1900 than they were during the same months of last year and this occurs in the midst of good crops and when two wars are in progress Trusts and Arbitrary Fluctuations The contractor can figure with some ac curacy so long as natural laws control but he cannot protect himself against the arbitrary fluctuations which are not only possible but probable when a monopoly controls the market The farmer is one of the most import ant factors in our national life Some one has said to him The hand that guides the plowshare feeds the world He is not a stockholder In any of the trusts but he feels the extortion prac ticed by them all I am not farming on a large scale but the misleading reports which have been circulated concerning my oat crop justify me in making ref erence to my own experience The New York Tribune recently printed a dispatch from Nebraska to the effect that I had just sold fortyeight hundred bushels of oats at 30 cents per bushel supposed to be the yield of 120 acres and that the amount received for the oats was more than double the price paid for the land The Tribune article then proceeded to di late upon the prosperity of lhe farmer using my experience ai an Illustration and asserted that the farmers of Nebras ka were becoming so opulent that they were joining the Republican party The facts are first That I had five acres of oats instead of one hundred and twenty acres second That the oats have not yet been threshed so that the yield is not known third That oats are selling for less than 22 cents in Chicago instead of 30 cents in Nebraska and fourth That the land upon which the oats were raised cost me over 100 an acre Instead of 6 If when threshed my oats yield 40 bushels to the acre and I sell them in Nebraska for 20 cents per bushel the total income from the five acres will be 40 or less than eight per cent on the Investment After taking out the cost of plowing sowing harvesting and threshing the net income from that five acre tract will not exceed four per cent on the money invested I do not mean to judge others by my own experi ence but I mention the facts in this case to show how the Republican papers ex aggerate the farmers prosperity and credit a Republican administration with good crops making no allowance for the crop failures which occur from time to time Decline of Farni Products But while on the oat question let me call attention to the statistics given in the Investment guide already referred to According to Henry Clews Co the average prices received by farmers for oats during the seven years beginning with 1893 and ending with 1899 were as follows 1893 294 1894 324 1895 196 187 1897 212 1898 255 1899 249 Ac cording to these figures oats averaged 25 cents a bushel during the four years of Mr Clevelands administration and only cents per bushel during the three years of Mr McKinleys administrationthe present year is not yet complete but oats are at the present time below the averageAccording to the same authority the farIDersfor457 1895 264 1896215 89i2 63 1898 287 r 1899 203 making an ayerage of about 305 during tlie four years of Mr Cleve Jands administration ahd 81 during the dlplnlsIWheat according to the same author ity brought to the farmers the following prices 1893 538 1894 491 1895 509 1896 726 1897 S08 1898 582 1899 584 showing threeIis now above the average According to the same authority cotton planters received the following prices 18S3 609 1894 46 1895 759 1896 66 1897 50 1898 475 1899 75 showing a higher average during the four years of Mr Clevelands administration than during the three years of Mr McKinleys admin stration the fourth year is not yet com plete but cotton is now above the aver age price Taking these four staples of agriculture it will be seen that three out of four have not on the average brought as much return to the farmer under the present administration as under the previous ad ministration jmQ the fourth product DELIVERED flT ST LOUIS- SEPTEMBER 15 1900 wheat Is more influenced than any other farm product by foreign conditions Advance in Merchandise Whjn however the farmer attempts to use his income in the purchase of the ne cessaries of life he finds that the trusts have raised prices He must pay more for lumber nails wire harness hardware stoves and agricultural implements More also for oil sugar clothing furniture uponhisfederal taxation Let the parent calculate how long it will take a farmer to become independent under present conditions let him con trast the lot of the farmer with the lot governmentalfavoritism ation of his countrymen through the in strumentality of monopoly and then let him answer the Question Is theyoung man Absalom safe Has the farmers son or the farmer himself any reason for giving support to the Re partyNext farmer in point of num bers and importance come the wageearn ers What Is the trust doing to increase ImprOvethethe laboring man Is his present prospect an Inviting one Is he recelvln a fair share of the proceeds of his toil And if not why not Republicans assert that the working man has a Full Dinner pail I ask in the first place whether a full dinner rail is all that a laboring man needs It Is an insult to the wage earner to say that his thoughts are en tirely centered upon his physical wants Republican speakers and editors assume stomachTheyplans only when he is hungry and is happy whenever his hunger is appeased The Full Dinner Pall thingdesirednecessaryforconnection between Republican policies and the laboring mans food supply If bountiful crops come to the farmer heI does not thank a Republican administra tion If a famine abroad raises the price of farm products here the farmer does bringIngunpromised ircrease in the gold supply gives any respte fr9m financial strigg ency can the Republican party claim credit The question is not whether the laboring man is able to exist under present conditions but whether he is en joying his share of the blessings of the country and of the protection of the government Compare the laboring man with the trust magnate and see which fares the best at the hands of the Re publican party Enquire also whether the laboring mans income has increased expensesBut was prosperous and even if that prosperity could be traced to Republican legislation still the laboring man IB a citizen and must look at political questions from the citizens standpoint He cannot afford to barter away future security he can not afford to sleep while his industrial independence is being destroyed Neither can he be entioed into an imperialistic maybeDuring the last campaign laboring men were threatened with idleness by em ployers who desired to coerce them into the support of the Republican ticket Many of them were told not to return to work unless the Republicans were successful at the polls After the election some of these employers closed down theirshops and others reducea wages If ad vances have been made in any branch of industry since 1896 remember that some advance was necessary to compensate for the reductions which occurred after the last election Coercion in 1800 A firm in the City of Washington announced shortly before the election in 1896 that it would not be able to continue wentInttion notwithstanding the fact that its pollsThereintimidation may be resorted to again this fall It a business man feels justi fied in holding out the prospect of his own bankruptcy in order to influence voters he cannot complain if his credit ors take steps to collect their accounts before the election in order to avoid a possible loss The ChicagoTimes Herald of September 8 contained a special dispatch from Indianapolis setting forth the complaint made by the anthracite coal miners In the dispatch I read the following state ment made by one of the miners It is merely a question whether the men would starve to death at work or starve in idle ness The dispatch also contains the following figures in regard to wages said to have been tarnished by a member of the national beard of the United Mine Workers of America viz Average daily wages received by miners 135 average AndInreasons for callingout the miners President Mitchell of the United Mine Workers says The average wages of the hasbeenthe parent calculate the annual income of a miner and figure out if he can how the miner is going to keep himself and support his family under present con ditions and then let the parent ask him self whether he is willing to have his son take his chances with the miners Is it due to natural or to human laws that the producer of wealth fares so poorly while the man at the head of a monopoly secures so much AU Monopolies Are Bad Those who attempt to divide private monopolies into good monopolies and bad monopolies will never make any progress toward the overthrow of the trusts There is no good monopoly In private hands there never was and never will be With all the advancement In civilization man is still too selfish to be trusted with the absolute control with that which his fellows must have The Republican party has no remedy for the trusts Publicity Is good but publicity alone is not suffi cient The practices of the trusts must not only be made known they must be prevented The Democratic platform Whichwilllist There Is no doubt that such a law would protect the people from much of the extortion which is practiced under cover of high tariff laws If a tariff duty excludes the foreign product while domestic manufacturers combine to raise the price of home product the American citizen may be plundered here while the trust sells abroad in competition with the world It may not be out of place to suggest that I introduced a bill eight years ago providing for this remedy but we are not willing to stop at one remedy we desire to apply every remedy within the power of the state and federal gov ernments Congressional action is not necessary to destroy a trust which con fines its operations to a single city or aI single state Such a trust can be exter minated by state legislation It Is with- In the power of the state to prescribe the conditions upon which corporations shall be organized and these conditions should be such as to make a private monopoly place limitations upon outside corpora ations doing business within the state This however is not sufficient Con gress must cooperate with the state in preventing the organization of any inter I state monopoly Without Impairing thepresent authority of the state Congress organizedIn conditionsof any state are willing to create and continue a monopoly the people of oth states need feel no concern so long as inwhichstatelineforthea corporation organized in New Jersey orany other state were prohibited from en itproducedno water in its stock and that It hart attOmpthiiJtopower to do harm would at onco bed eiigagedinin the enactment of laws which will pro InduStrialdesiretheprtestson created by law and called a cor otthetheRepublicanto appeal for support to tho Godfnad manAs to Railroad Discriminations The railroads have by discriminations and rebates materially aided in build theStandard enjoyedpaidbyaskeaforcommission to protect the public but tha eatoIt is generally assumed that the bank ers will cooperate with the trnala lapreventing remedial legislation but th cithisalready urging the establishment of bankisestabUshedthe ther t ijks out of business Even greatIuna54 under finnnc1crxI theIrantI every citizen will find it to his penna overhtrowIsystemIa let success bo the reward of merit parI yoI during thopast century and when the doctrine ofl force Is accepted as an American doctrine Up to this time we barn encouraged science and the arts we havaproclaimed the advantages of peace and have preached tho gospel of love What will be tho effect upon tho character oE futuro generations it wo encourage thoprofessional soldier at the expense of the civilian and teach tho creed that might can create right Dangers of KlUtazism Is your son snfo when a large military establishment is being built up to pro tect syndicates organized to develop distant lands When Mr McKinley was inaugurated there wero only 25000 soldiers In the regular array In December 1SS8 the President recommended that the standing army be Increased to 100000 men A Republican House of Representatives prompt to do his bidding passed a bill and this was dono after the treaty of peace was signed and before hostilities broke out In Manila Why did we need such an army Possibly the prospectus issued by the Philippine Lumber and Development Company will explain The company has an office In the Merchants Loan Trust building 135 Adams street Chicago The prospectus says Negoti ations arc pending for timber rights and some valuable timber rights have already been secured and negotiations for others are rapidly approaching completion No other company can compete with this one in getting a first foothold In the islands and for several years at least this company will be ahead of all competitors It also quotes from an article in the American Lumberman In which appears the following Unlike most tropical countries the labor problem Is easily solved by the Chinese labor which la plentiful and fairly good The capital ist may see an advantage in militarism and imperialism but where Is the labor ing mans share Ho will furnish sons for the army and will help to pay the expenses of war but ho has no part on the profits As some ono has expressed it his lot is to Die for the dividends of DivesIs son safe when the doctrine of equality before the law is repudiated and when the arguments which hare over been used in support of kingcraft are called into justify taxation without representa tion and government without the con sent of the governed Many have given their support to an imperialistic policy without fully realizing what imperialism means Mr Gompers President of the Federation of Labor In his report made to the organization last December warns the laboring man to beware of the dan gers of imperialism and says But be neath it all there is the purpose of those who havo lost faith In the principles of our republic those who have no confidence in or reliance upon the honor honesty and stability of our people and our Jonf of government and who aim to erect a throne of despotism upon the tomb of freedom whose initiatory step is a largo standing army and who with militarism rampant hope to crush out the memory of and the aspiration for true liberty and freedom for all our people Appeal to Freemen Whether this nation shall ba looked up on as a Lafayette aiding others to obtain their freedom and enjoying their grati tude or as a Lord dive fastening a hateful sovereignty upon a weaker peo pie and receiving hatred in return la a question which you must help to decide Let me borrow a story which has already been applied to the present situation A man passed along a street of a great city unmindful of the merchandise plied on either side he sought out a bird store and purchasing a number of birds opened their cages and allovod them to fly away When asked why ha thus wasted his money he replied I was once a captive myself and it gives mo joy to means of setting any captive free This nation has been a liberator It first secured the freedom of Its own peo pIe and tom that day on has furnished the exnrapO which ban load to tiover throw of monachlcal rula in wany na tions Lot it not falter now able la that time paid to SjalnlcAn be secured from the Filipinos but owstt If it cannot it la bettor to consider tfcafc sum as a contribution to be spread oa the doctrine of self ov rnm nl than to record it aa part payment Xuxm the pur chase price of people o their Unda CitK SeaS countrymen you stand by the aid of the catfo you cannot avoid rcaponaU LUitrJ will you open the door r ahut lit THE SIGNAL MT VERNON KYSUPPLEMENT f WILLIU J BRYflNS LETTER OF fl66EPTflN6E Gentlemen In accepting the nomi nation tendered by you on behalf of the Democratic party I beg to assure you of my appreciation of the great honor conferred upon me by the dele gatesin convention assembled and by the voters who gave instruction to the delegatesI of the responsibilities which rest upon the chief magistrate of so treat a nation and realize the farree hang effect of the questions involved in the present contest In mlletter of acceptance of 1896 In following pledge So deeply am I Impressed with the magnitude of the power vested by the Constitution in the chief executive of the nation and with the enormous influence which he can yield for the ben efit or injury of the people that I wish to enter the office if elected free from any personal desire except the desire to prove worthy of the confi dence of my countrymen Human Judgment is fallible enough when un biased by selfish considerations and in order that may not be tempted to use the patronage of the office to ad vance any personal ambition I hereby announce with all the emphasis which words can express my fixed determi nation not under any circumstances to be a candidate for reelection In case this campaign results in my elec tion Further reflection and observation Onstrain me to renew this pledge The platform adopted at Kansas City Commands my cordial and unqualified Ijproval It courageously meets the Iseues now before the country and dates clearly and without ambiguity fbe partys position on every question onsidered Adopted by a convention 7hich assembled on the anniversary o- fte signing of the Declaration ofl In dependence it breathes the spirit of candor independence and patriotism which characterizes those who at Philadelphia in 1776 promulgated the creed t 2 the Republic Having in my notification speech V cussed somewhat at length the par imount issue imperialism and emne observations on addedI the Boer war it is sufficIent at time to review the remaining planks of the platform Trusts The platform very properly gives prominence to the trust question The Appalling growth of combinations in restraint of trade during the present Administration proves conclusively that the Republican party lacks either the desire or the ability to deal with the question effectively If as may be fairly assumed from the speeches and conduct of the Republican leaders that party does not intend to take the peo ples side against these organizations then the weak and qualified condemnation of trusts to be found in the Republican platform is designed to dis tract attention while industrial despot Ism is completing its work A private monopoly has always been an outlaw No defense can be made of an indus trial system in which one or a few men can control for their own profit the output or price of any article of merchandise Under such a system the consumer suffers extortion the produ cer of raw material has but one pur chaser and must sell at the arbitrary price fixed the laborer has but one employer and is powerless to protest against injustice either in wages or In conditions of labor the small stock holder is at the mercy of the specula tor while the traveling salesman con tributes his salary to the overgrown profits of the trust Since but a small proportion of the people can share in the advantages secured by private monopoly it follows that the remain der of the people are not only ex eluded from the benefits but are the helpless victims of every monopoly or ganized It is difficult to overestimate the immediate injustice that may be done or to calculate the ultimate ef fect of this injustice upon the social and political welfare of the people Our platform after suggesting certain specific remedies pledges the party to an unceasing warfare against private monopoly in nation state and city I heartily approve of this promise if elected it shall be my earnest and con stant endeavor to fulfill the promise in letter and spirit I shall select an at torneygeneral who will without fear or favor enforce existing laws I shall recommend such additional legislation as may be necessary to dissolve every private monopoly which does business outside of the state of its origin and if contrary to my belief and hope a constitutional amendment is found to be necessary I shall recommend such an amendment as will without Impair ing any of the existing rights of the states empower Congress to protect the people of all the states from injury At the hands of individuals or corpora tions engaged in interstate commerce The platform accurately describes tIle DingleY tariff law when it con demns it as a trust breeding measure skillfully devised to give to the few favors which they do not deserve and to place upon the many burdens which they should not bear Under its op eration trusts can plunder the people of the United States while they suv tessfully compete in foreign markets with manufacturers of otx er countries Even those who justify the general policy of protection will find it difficult to defend a tariff whic e abe a trust to exact an exprbitut toll from the citizen nrpnriinnv In pohft The Democratic party makes no war on honestly acquired wealth ncither J does It seek to embarrass corporations engaged in legitimate business but it does protest against corporations en tering politics ahd attempting to assume control of the Instrumentalities of government A corporation Is not organized for political purposes and should be compelled to confine itself to the business described in its char ter Honest corporations engaged in an honest business will find it to their advantage to aid in the enactment of such legislation as will pro tect them from the undeserved odium which will be brought upon them by those corporations which enter the po litical arena Interstate Commerce The Republican party has persist ently refused to comply with the ur gent request of the Interstate Com merce commission for such an en largement of the scope of the inter state commerce law as will enable the commission to realize the hopes aroused by Its creation The Demo cratic party is pledged to legislation which will empower the commission to protect individuals and communities from discrimination and the pub lic at large from unjust and unfair transportation rates The Financial Plank The platform reiterates the demand contained in the Chicago platform for an American financial system made by the American people for them selves The purpose of such a system is to restore and maintain a bimetallic level of prices and In order that there may be no uncertainty as to the meth od of restoring bimetallism the specific declaration in favor of free and un limited coinage at the existing ratio of 16 to 1 independent of the action of other nations is repeated In 1896 the Republican party recognized the necessity for bimetallism by pledging the party to an earnest effort to secure an international agreement for the free coinage of silver and the president immediately after his in auguration by authority of congress appointed a commission composed of distinguished citizens to visit Europe and solicit foreign aid Secretary Hay in a letter written to Lord Aldenham in November 1898 and afterwards pub lished in England declared that at that time the president and a majority of his cabinet still believed in the great desirability of an international agree ment for the restoration of the double standard but that it did not seem opportune to reopen the negotiations just then The financial law enacated less than a year ago contains a concluding section declaring that the measure was not intended to stand in the way of the restoration of bimetal lism whenever it could be done by cooperation with other nations The platform submitted to the last Repub lican convention with the indorsement of the administration again suggested the possibility of securing foreign aid in restoring silver Now the Republican party for the first time openly abandons its ad vocacy of the double standard and In dorses the monetary system which it has so often and so emphatically con demned The Democratic party on the contrary remains the steadfast advo cate of the gold and silver coinage of the constitution and is not willing that other nations shall determine for us the time and manner of restoring silver to its ancient place as a standard money The ratio of 16 to 1 is not only the ratio now existing be tween all the gold and silver dollars In circulation in this country a ratio which even the Republican administration has not attempted to change but it is the only ratio advocated by those who are seeking to reopen the mints Whether the senate now hostile to bimetallism can be changed during this campaign or the campaign of 1902 can only be determined after the votes are counted but neither the present nor the future political com plexion of congress has prevented or should prevent an announcement of the partys position upon this subject in unequivocal terms The currency bill which received the sanction of the Executive and the Re publican members of the House and Senate justifies the warning given by the Democratic party in 1896 It was then predicted that the Republican party would attempt to retire the greenbacks although the party and its leaders studiously concealed their in tentions That purpose is now plain and the people must choose between- the retention of the greenbacks issued and controlled in volume by the gov ernment and a national bank note cur controlledIown If the na byIdebtandso91C9gas this system stands the financial classes will be tempted to throw their powerful influence upon the side of any measure which will contribute to the size and permanency of a national debt It is hardly conceivable that the American theIdangerous doctrine of perpetual bonds of Senators by the People IEI4ctlon for a constitutional providing for the election Senators by direct vote of the peo appears for the first time in a flof National platform but a proposing such an amend j hat three times passed j the 4 House of Representatives and that oppositionWhatever which secured the adoption of the pres ent plan a century ago new conditions Peopiethe selection of their representatives in the Senate A Senator is no less the representative of the State because he receives his commission from the peo ple themselves rather than from the members of the State legislature If a voter is competent to vote for a mem ber of Congress for State officers and for President he is competent to choose his representative in the Senate A system which makes the Sen ator responsible for hiselection to the people as a whole and amenable to them if lie misrepresents them mast commend itself to those who have con fidehce ln the Intelligence and patriotism of themasses Direct legislation The platform indorses the prInci- ple of direct legislation This Is al ready applied to the more important questions in nation state and city It rests upon the sound theory that the people can be trusted and that the more responsive the government is to the will of the people the more free it will be from misuse and abuse Labor Question Several planks of the labor plat form are devoted to questions in which the laboring classes have an immediate interest but which more remotely ef fect our entire population While what is generally known as government by injunction is at present directed chief ly against the employes of corpora tions when there is a disagreement be tween them and their employer it in volves a principle which concerns every one The purpose of the In junction in such cases is to substitute trial by judge for trial by jury and is a covert blow at the jury system The abolition of government by injunction is as necessary for the protection of the reputation of the court SB it is for the security of the citizen Biackstone in defending trial by Jury says The impartial administration of justice which secures both our persons and our properties is the great end of civil society but if that be entrusted entirely to the magistracy a select body of men and those selected the prince such as enjoy the highest offices of the state their decisions In spite of their natural integrity will have frequently an Involuntary bias toward those of their own rank and dignity It is not to be expected from human nature that the few should be always attentive to the interests and good of the many If the criminal laws are not sufficient for the protection of property they can be made more severe but a cite zen charged with crime must have his case tried before a jury of his peers The Blacklist The blacklist as now employed In some places enables the employer to place the employe under practical duress for the skilled laborer loses his independence when the employers can not only discharge him but prevent his securing any similar employment The blacklist enables employers to se cure by mutual agreement that con trol over the wage earners which a private contract monopoly exercises without Arbitration The platform renews the demand for arbitration between corporations and their employes No one who has observed the friction which arises between great corporations and their numerous employes can doubt the wisdom of establishing an impartial court for the just and equitable settlement of disputes The demand for arbitration ought to be supported as heartily by the public which suffers inconvenience because of strikes and lockouts and by the employers themselves as by the employes The estab lishment of arbitration will insure friendly relations between labor and capital and render obsolete the grow ing practice of calling in tne army to settle labor troublesf Department of Labor I cannot too strongly emphasize the Importance of the platform recommendation of the establishment ofa department of labor with a member of the cabinet at its head When wo remember how important a position the laborer fills in our economic so cial and political fabric it is hard to conceive of a valid objection being made to this recognition of his serv representI sentatives there the state department wlthlts consular service and the treasury department with its close connection with fiscal affairs keep the executive in tfoluih with the business and commercial interests A cabinet officer truly representative of the wage earning class would be of Invaluable aid not only to the toilers but to the SpreEidentS Chinese ExclusInt The Chinese exclusion act has proven an advantage to the country and its continuance and strict enforcement as well as its extension to other similar races are imperatively necessary The Asiatic is so essentially different from the American that he cannot be assimilated with our population and Is therefore not desirable as a permanent citizen His presence as a temporary laborer preserving his national identi ty and maintaining a foreign scale of wages and living must ever prove an injustice toAmerican producers as well as a perpetual source of irritation Pensions The party expresses its pride in the soldiers and sailors of all our wars and declares its purpose to deal generously with them and their depend ents A liberal policy is natural and necessary in ti government which de pends upon a citizen soldiery instead of a large standing army Selfinter est as well as gratitude compels the government to make bountiful pro vision for those who in the hour of danger and ut great sacrifice of busi ness health andUfe tender their services to their country The pension laws should be con strued according to the generous spirit which prompted their passage The platform very properly reiterates the position taken in 1896 that the fact of enlistment shall Be deemed conclusive evidence that the soldier was sound when the government accepted him A certificate given now to the health of a person 40 years ago even if easily obtainable should not have as much weight as the certificate of the medical officer who examined the volunteer with a view of ascertaining his fitness for army service Nicaragua The Democratic party is in favor of the immediate construction ownership and control of the Nicaragua canal by the United States The failure of the Republican party to make any prog ress in carrying out a pledge contained in its platform four years ago together with the substitution in its latest plat form of a plank favoring an Isthmian canal for a specific declaration in fa vor of the Nicaraguan canal would In dicate that the Republican leaders either do not appreciate the importance of this great waterway to the marl time strength and commercial inter ets of the country or that they give too much consideration to the interest ed opposition of transcontinental lines The HaysPauncefote treaty now be fore the senate would if ratified greatly lessen the value of the canal if it would not indeed convert it into a positive menace In time of war The paramount interests of the United States in the western hemisphere to gether with the obligations to defend the republics to the south of us makes It necessary that our government shall be able to close the canal against any hostile power Arizona New Mexico and Oklahoma Arizona New Mexico and Oklahoma have long been ready to assume the responsibilities and enjoy the privi leges of statehood and it will be a pleasure as well as a duty to carry out the platform pledge concerning them Alaska and Porto Rico There will be a popular acquiescence in the demand for home rule and a territorial form of government in Alaska and Porto Rico Both are en titled to local selfgovernment and representation in Congress Cuba The recognition contained in both the Democratic and Republican plat forms of the right of the Cubans to In dependence removes the general prin ciple Involved from the domain of par tisan politics It Is proper however to consider whether the accomplish ment of this purpose can be safely en truyted to the Republican party after it has yielded to the allurements of the Colonial idea and abandoned its ear lier faith inVthe natural and inalien able rights of man- Reclamation of Arid Lands The time is ripe for a systematic and extended effort to reclaim the arid lands and fit them for actual settlers The last agricultural report estimates that homes can thus be provided for many millions of people The Im pounding and use of the waters which are wasted in the spring would people the western states with thrifty intelli gent and industrious citizens and these would furnish a valuable market for all the products of the factories A small percentage of the money spent Jn a war of conquest would provide oc cupation and habitation for more peo ple than would ever seek a residence in colonies within the tropics Foreign Alliance The reasons given by Washington Jefferson and the other statesmen of the early days in support of the doc trine that we should maintain friendly relations with all nations but enter into entangling alliances with none are even stronger today than they were a hundred years ago Our com merce is rapidly increasing and we are brought into constant communication with all parts of the world Even if we desired to do so we could not afford to alienate many nations by cultivating unnecessary intimacy with a few Our strength and standing are such that it Is less necessary than ever before to lean for aid upon the friendliness ofa foreign power We cannot connect ourselves with European nations and share in their jealousies and ambitions without los II1g the peculiar advantage rich aur location our character and our insti tutions give us in the worlds affairs 7 Monroo Doctrine The doctrine enunciated by Monroe and approved by succeeding presidents- is essential to the welfare of the United States The s continents ofI North and South America are dedica ted to the development of free government One republic after another has been established until today mon archial idea has barely a foothold in the new world While it Is not the policy of this country to interfere where amicable relations exist between European countries and their dependencies ia America our people would look with disfavor upon any attempt on the part of European governments to maintain an unwilling or forcible sovereignty over the people living on this side of the Atlantic The position taken by the Republi can leaders and more recently set forth by the Republican candidate for the Presidency viz That we cannot protect a nation from outside inter ference without exercising sovereignty over its people Is an assault upon the Monroe doctrine for while this argument is at this time directed against the proposition to give to the Filipinos both Independence and protection it is equally applicable to the Republics of Central and South America If this government cannot lend its strength to another Republic without making subjects of its people then we must either withdraw our protection from the Republics to the south of us or absorb them Under the same plea that the guardian nation must exert an au thority equal to Its responsibility Eu ropean nations have for centuries ex ploited their wards and it is a sig nificant fact that the Republican party should accept the European idea of a protectorate at the same time that it adopts a European colonial policy There is no excuse for this abandon ment of the American idea We nave maintained the Monroe doctrine for threequarters of a century The expense to us has been practically noth ing but the protection has been beyond value to our sister Republics If a Filipino Republic is erected upon the ruins of Spanish tyranny its protec tion by us will be neither difficult nor wouldIany European nation be willing to pro voke a war with us in order to obtain possession of the islands If we assert sovereignty over the Filipinos we will have to defend that sovereignty by force and the Filipinos will be our enemies if we protect them from out side Interference they will defend themselves and will be our friends If they show as much determination in opposing the sovereignty of other na tions as they have shown in opposing our sovereignty they will not require much assistance from us- Extravagance The Republican party drawing as It does enormous campaign funds from those who enjoy special privileges at the hands of the government is power less to protect the tax payers from the attack of those who profit by large ap propriations A surplus in the treas ury offers constant temptation to ex travagance and extravagance in turn compels a resort to new means of taxa tion which is being kept in the background until the campaign is over is a fair illustration of the imposition which will be attempted when there Is a considerable amount of money idle in the treasury The rehabilitation of the merchant marine laudable in it self is made the pretext for expen diture of public money for the benefit of large ship owners and in the in terests ofa transportation monopoly The government being only the agent of the people has no right to collect front the people taxes beyond the legitimate needs ofa government hon estly and effectively administered and public servants should exercise the same degree of care in the use of the peoples money that private individ uals do in the use of their own money With a restoration of a foreign policy consistent with American ideas there can be an immediate and largo reduc tion in the burdens now borne by the people Income Tax By inadvertence the Income Tax plank agreed upon by the Resolutions committee was omitted from the platform as read and adopted The sub ject however Is covered by the re affirmation of the Chicago platform and I take this occasion to reassert my belief in the principle which under lies the income tax Congress should have authority to levy and collect an income tax whenever necessary and an amendment tp the federal constI- tution specifically conferring such authority ought to be supported by even those who may think the tax unneces sary at this time In the hour of danger the government can draft the citizen it ought to be able to draft the pocketbook as well Unless money is more precious than blood we can not afford to give greaterprotection to the incomes of the rich than to the lives of the poorImperialism The subjects however treated in this letter important as each may seem In Itself do not press so impera tively for solution as the question which the platform declares to be the paramount Issue In this campaign Whether we shall adhere to or aban don those Ideas of government which have distinguished this nation from historyitstion the settlement of which cannot be delayed No other question can ap proach it in Importance no other question demands such immediate con reputation nation would find it a long and labori otis task to regain Its proud position among the nations if under the stress of temptation It should repudiate the selfevident truths proclaimed by our treasuredduring doctrinethat attack tlement of the numerous questions which involve the domestic and economic welfare of our citizens Very truly yours W J BRYAN Saying of LncolnIFollowing are taken from a recently published work edited by Dr H STaylor and D M Fulwiler entitled Lincolns Words on Living Issues Trusty Publishing Co 418 Roanoke building Chicago Letter to H L Pierce April 6 1859 Irelan 16263 All honor to Jeffer sonto the man who in the concrete pressure of a struggle for national In dependence by a single people had the coolness forecast and capacity to introduce into a merely revolutionary document an abstract truth applicable to all men and all times and so to embalm It there that today and in all coming days it shall be a rebuke and a stumbling block to the very harbin gers of reappearing tyranny and oppression March 4 1865 Second Inaugural Hapgood p 403 It may seem strange that any men should dare to ask a Just Gods assistance in wringing bread from the sweat of other mens faces August 26 1863 Letter to James aConklingHerndon p 555 For the great republicfor the principle it lives by and keeps alivefor mans vast futurethanks to all September 30 1859 Speech at Mil waukee WisComplete Works Vol I p 577 Farmers being the most numerous class it follows that their interest is the largest interest It also follows that that interest Is most worthy of all to be cherished and cul tivatedthat if there be inevitable conflict between that interest and any other that other should yield July 5 1861 Annual MessageRay mond p 186 This relaive matter of National power and state rights as a principle is no other than the princi ple of generality and locality What ever concerns the whole should be confided to the wholeto the genera government while whatever concerns only the state should be left exclu sively to the state IJuly 16 1S52 Speech at Springfield 111 Complete Works I p 171 A free people in times of peace and quiet when pressed by no common danger naturally divide into parties Afl such times the man who is of neither party is not cannot be of any consequence September 17 1859 Speech at Cin cinnati O Debates p 268 The pea pie of the United States are the right ful masters of both congresses and courts not to overthrow the Constitu tion but to overthrow the men who pervert the Constitution October 16 1854 Speech at Peoria Howells p 279 Well I doubt not that the people of Nebraska are and will continue to be as good as the average of people elsewhere I do not say the contrary What I do say ia that no man is good enough to govern another man without that others consent I say this is the leading principle March 4 1861 First Inaugural Raymond p 167 I do not forget the position assumed by some that consti tutional questions are to be decided by the superior court At the same time the candid citizen must confess that if the policy of the gov ernment upon vital questions affect Ing the whole people is to be irrevoc ably fixed by decisions of the supreme court the instant they are made in ordinary litigation between parties In personal actions the people will have v eased to be their own rulers having to that extent practically resigned their government into the hands of that eminent tribunal May 17 1859 Letter to Dr Theodore Canisius concerning law of natur alization etc Howells p 85 ASrx understand the spirit of pur institu tions it Is designed to promote the elevation of men I am therefore hos tile to anything that tends to their debasementFebruary 12 1861 Speech at Cincinnati O Complete Works Vol I w 676 The workIngmen are the basil of alJ governments for the plain rea ISODthat they are the moro numerous