You have found an item located in the Kentuckiana Digital Library.
Winchester news (Winchester, Ky.): n. Friday, January 22, 1909. Winchester news (Winchester, Ky.). 400dpi TIFF G4 page images Winchester News Co., Winchester, Ky. 1909 win1909012201 These pages may be freely searched and displayed. Permission must be received for subsequent distribution in print or electronically. Winchester news (Winchester, Ky.): n. Friday, January 22, 1909. Winchester news (Winchester, Ky.). Winchester News Co., Winchester, Ky. 1909 $IMLS This electronic text file was created by Optical Character Recognitio n (OCR). No corrections have been made to the OCR-ed text and no editing has be en done to the content of the original document. Encoding has been done through an automated process using the recommendations for Level 1 of the TEI in Librar ies Guidelines. Digital page images are linked to the text file. fb iddiU t 41ast Edition Wi 1 NO 86 I County Society That Medical Testimony Has BaconlOA r Reflection Bath The And The Ba The Clark County Medical Society met Thursday evening for Post Grad uate work with the Drs Browne be side whom were present Drs W A Bush E R Bush W C Worthington 0 R Venable Ernest Cole Browne Ishmail J N Rankhii mony which has given the medical 5000 VERDICT IN j C h 310 P M Just Returned of 5000 in Favor of Plaintiff When circuit court convened Fri lay morning the in the case of C L Burns against the Clark County Construction Company were begun and all the morning session Four hours were allowed for the two hours to each side Mr B R Jouett for the was the first to argue the case and Mr Stevenson for the plaintiff last Up to presstime Friday no verdict had been reached ANNUAL BANQUET OF J firMost Enjoyable Affair Several Out bfTovn Fail tojConnectp The of the newly elect ed officers of the Knights of the annual banquet that was hel at their l6dge rooms was the most affair tha has taken place in the lodge for sometime The exercises were largely attend ed there being several in from the towns Hon A Sehoberth and J W Carter wh were slated to make a talk could no attend and tjieir places were filled by local people TRYING TO HAVE JH EARTHQUAK P J Report cinity ONCJNNATO 0 Jan 22Sev- eral violent shocks were felt this morning It is believed that an earthquake was felt in the city and suburbs this i Special agent S I Walden of the C OR Rwith headquarters at Covington is in the city OLD HOME Hon R T Irvin of this was the city on legal business Mr Irvin is now a prominent attorney and coal dealer of Big Stone Gap HAGGIN PAYS 5000 FOR SHORTHORN BuLL LEXINGTON Ky Jan 22Jam sB Haggin master of the Elmen r dorf Stock Farm has bought from George H White of Emerson Iow the fine bull Prince for 5000 The animal ar rived here today and will head the herd at Ehnendorf Farm MEETS AT DANVILLE DANVILLE Ky Jan 22The Central Medical Society embracing physicians of Mercer 1Garrard Lincoln and Boyle counties j is meeting here Dr J J Morey of Louisville delivered an address on the quarantine units and owthey should be enforced t 1 sr w 2 2 I w tJ A RG ST CIRL ATIUN N WINCHESTER COUNTYr TtiE WINCHI3STER NEWSJ IVOL IhMEDICAL SOCIETY AGAINS- TPRESENTEXPERT TESTIMONY Clark Says Upon Bench 19cYduringt THE Cj3BURNSw Verdict arguments occupied arguments defendant Speakers installation Pythia- and Thursday enjoyable adjoining nCincinnati tiSpecial morning 7VISITS formerly VaiThursday Shorthorn Cumberland Shorthorn Kentucky recent years It was unanimously rResolved That medical tsti moray has become a reflection upon both the bench and the barP It was stated that Justice EmQ of Maine had proDosqd a bill to rem edy expert testimony rand that this society should take an interest in the question Refreshments were enjoyed by all in the dining room which was presid ed over by Mrs Browne HUT BASKET BALL GAME ON MONDAY W C and Lexington High Scho to Line Up at the Auditorium The Winchester public will have an opportunity to see some real basket ball Monday afternoon Tile fast team representing the Lexington High School will line up against the col lege boys Our men have all of last years team in school and several of them will be supplanted by new men so the prospects of a good team are unusually bright This game will be played in the Auditorium Monday af tenipon at 3 oclock The college team will be selected from the fpjlqwing teen Forwards the call with IHenryandStonqlthpve pressing them Guards will be lled by Souslcy and Williams with Haines and Hendrix close after them Tom Hunt will probably be the choice center but Larrimer of the la team will be in action at some eriod of the game Of these ripe Henry deserves special mention be cause of the speedy game he puts up accuradm hastof the game in good shape It tak a fast man to take the tipoff from him and his work on the floor isfia saidHof is thton t ball field Stone is noted as the su est passes and the safest receiver on the team Altogether the team balances up well and plays a consistent game from the first to of the whistle This is the first of the schedule of games that manager Williams has a rained for the college men Arran e have been made to play the e schedule in the Auditorium order to accommodate enthusiasts town The Lexington High School line is not yet ready but will be made k reportIcomes they are much strong than the average High School tea but they will have to go pretty fa if they have anything over the co lege men 150 NATIVES ARE DROWNED Heavy Rain Causes Break in Dam Which Floods Mines in South Africa special to The News- JOHANNESBURG South Africa Jan 22Heavy rains caused the tide at d 150 natives have been drowned CALLED TO RED HOUSE Mr J W Shearer left Wednesday morning over the Land N for near Red House called there by the serious illness of his mother T worst is feared as she is suffering from the infirmities of old age xMrs J W Shearer is better after suffering a relapse i fi o WINCHESTER PAYS 39 PER M GF THE CLARKticOUNTYIT AXES Board of Equalization Report As Scar as Can Be Ascertained Shows Taxable Properly of Cfljiniyto 83 12OI48IO The Board of Equalization has made its report but on account of the great amount of work necessary to get it in form a correct summary cannot be given The News is indebt cd to County Clerk Boone for the facts given below and they are ap proximately correct The value of property by magisterial districts is as follows No 1 v 1779655 2 2342545 3 764785 4 1086320 5 756715 727910r s1333740ofL E RRR 149550 L N R H 259000 THIRD OF INDOOR BASEBALL SERIES Town and College Are To Play atj Auditorium Rink Monday Night The third of the series of indoor baseball games will be played in the Auditorium Monday night The man agement has reduced the general price of admission to ten cents put tins it even with broom ball and the other attractions ofa like nature The town men have won the first two games but for this the college dstaggregation batterny that finished the last game and sev eral new men will be seen in the field gavetan exhibition of the possibilities of the game last week in their fasts clean work That this will be repeat areesconsistently The added costlege men will keep them in the race from the start subatstitute for baseball yet produced and tro please the many fans in the town It is closely approaching the way it should be played as those who saw ofthe town men at all times and the college men part of the time in last weeks game will testify berTown team Position College team CannonnHumphreyinHenryinBerry Second base Caldwell HunupProctor First 8S Stone Eaglere DalgetmY Roostt 1for your team and see a good game OPERA HOUSE At the opera house Thursday night our theatregoers were greatly amused by the antics and witty sayings of Sis Perkins The play was founded upon the story of an unso phisticated maiden who is made heir ess to the wealthof an oldman known as Grizzley The handsome villian overhears the remarks of Grizzley and in a moment of in tense excitement murders the old ma dud steals the will from the hand of Sis Perkins who has fallen asleep the testimony of Johnny on the Spot a typical hobo but a man for a that clears up the mystery of the murder and the happiness of Si and her lover is assured BROOM BALL FRIDAY What promises to be the stellar attractionof the season at the Auditorium will take place Friday when the Dixie boys line up against the Winchester Juniors in a fierce gaae of broom twill The game will tevcaUecLpromptly atg oclock t J r C 0 R RR 255740 C K Traction Co 6840 Grand total 12004870 City Property jOf this grand total the property located in the city is as follows T ei hanks 663330 C K Traction Co 6840 Pint C 0 R R 32510 Parj Lw N R R t 26750 Li E R H 6790 Sixth and Seventh Magis teriKl Districts 942490 Total for city 678810 Pays 39 Per Cent This shows that the city pays thir b nice per cent of the county taxes As soon as the summary is completed The News will give the taxable prop erty as it is classified SpECIAL TRAINJTo SEE LILLIAN RUSSELL fill Leave Over C OMonday Night at 645 Oclock For Lexington A special train r for Monday night to attend the Lexington Opera House sueeessjJularranged for by Miv YoR Rounsa vall The special will leave over the C 0at 645 returning after the play A large crowd have already arranged to go MIl Ohas Scott of the Lexington Opera House has a notablevweek at his house the coming week The plays are all high class The follow ing is the list for the week On Monday January 25 Lillian Russell in her successful racing play Wildfire On Tuesday January 26 Mr Otis Skinner in his latest play The Hon or of His Family On Wednesday January 27 The Rogers Bros in their latest Musical Comedy The Rogers Bros in Pan ama On Thursday January 28 Clyde Fitchs play Girls On Friday and Saturday and Saturday Matinee January 29 and 30 The Witching Hour ENlftlP HAS NOT BEEN DELIVERED YET Mr S D Goff Says it is Uncertain Mont ey Will Be Paid An effort was made Friday morn ing to findout when the farmers o Clark county would get their monqy f tr their tobacco that was sold re cently by the Burly Society Mr S D Goff secretary of the Coun Board said that a small amount the crop of this country had not bee delivered yet and just when th money would be distributed is no known now BANK PRESIDENT HAS BEEN ARRESTED CalnSaid to Have Embezzled 750000 Special to The News Homesr Tabor president of the San Diego Bank and Trust Company is report ed arrested following indictments in volving three quarters ofa million dollars YORKtMr D S Gay has returned fro a business trip to NewJCorkjind sev jeralotner Eastern cities 4 Iii f r s TELLS OF ABUSES OF LITTLE ONES Chlid Labor Conference Opposes Fac tory Work and Blames lienrPopulation Chicago Jan22uKeep the child out of the factory This was the cerning the merger of the Tennessee of the fifth annual national child la bor conference The plight of the poor child who is taken from school to become the support of parents the unnatural and unhealthful surroundings of a child in the factories of the big cities and in the cotton mills of the south all describedwere by social workers of national repute as an argument for more legislative protec tion for childrenTwo hindrances to child labor reform were pointed out by General Secretary Owen R Lovejoy of Nev York These were the influx of foreign races which bring customs en tirely alien to the ideals of this coun try and secondly the lack of har regIment of children in mines in quarries or in factories or machine shops or where chemicals or acids are used is liable to endanger the health or life of the child Dr A J Kelwayof Atlanta secretary for the southern states spoke on The Child and the LawSecretary Lovejoy declared that it was not alone in enclosed places that children were overworked In the berry fields of New Jersey in tiie vegetable gardens of Delaware and Maryland in the beet sugar fields of Michigan Nebraska and Colorado and in the tobacco fields of Connecti cut Kentucky Virginia and Pennsyl vania he declared children were em ployed as much as 12 hours a day In the fruit canning of New shf41MrLovejoy child labor was made which revealed such abuses that in deference to the canners those directing the investiga tion consented to suppress the publi uldniINFIRMARY SCORCHED Fifteen Inmates of Mahonlng County Institution Badly Burned Canfield 0 Jan 22Fire of un known origin destroyed the mens building of the Mahoning county in firmary here and 15 of the aged in mates received burns one being prob ably fatally injured The men were endeavoring to check the fire at the foot of a stair way when a shift in the wind sud denly drove a sheet of flames down upon them They crawled to safety and were taken to the infirmary hos pital The fire loss will be 30000 The water pressure was not strong and the efforts of the inmates to fight the flames were unsuccessful The infirmary is divided into three sections composed of the mens de partment the womens department and the administration building The womens building and the office build ing were far enough away to be out of danger There are altogether 245 inmates at the institution Former Preacher Hurt In Fight Lorain 0 Jan 22Rev J J Wat secIondgamefa negro Williams is under arrest while Wat son 4s in St Josephs hospital with a fractured skull tyVeterans to Escort President seenTheodore laytfarm at Hodgenville Ky Feb 12 the Louisville posts of Confederate and G A R veterans will be used KILLS INDIAN FUGITIVE Kentucky Citizen Takes Desperate Chance to Secure Reward Harlan Ky Jan 22 Sherman In sley killed an Indian giving his name as Hatfeather He was a fugitive from Oklahoma where he is charged with killing a man and a 1600 reward had been offered for him In sley was a private citizen seeking the reward and engaged in a desperate fight with the Indian who was found on Brush mountain where he came several weeks ago and became vicious when approached by Insley Kills Her Husband Ironton 0 Jan 22 Mrs James Taylor shot and almost instantly killed her husband a furnace worker The couple had quarreled and the woman claims she was pursued up pickedmup a revolver and shot Taylor twits through the head 0 i 1f J t k 5 t rrMrAv r f7frWEATHER To Moderate J t A FLOOD SWEEPS OVER LEVEES Southwest Wind Lashes Waters of Sacramento River Big Territory nundated I Sacramento Gal Jan 22Th levees of the lower division of Sherman island gave way according to reports received from Isleton and between 3000 and 5000 acres were Inundated The break occurred on the Sacramento river side and was not equal to the strong current beating against it a fierce southeastern gales lashing the water into waves thaw washed over the tops of the levees Spokane Is Isolated N Portland Ore Jan 22 Isolation of Spokane from both Portland and Puget Sound is complete as a result of the storm All railroad communication with that city was cut off when slides and washouts on tha Great Northern between Spokane and Leavenworth blocked that road They Oregon Railway Navigation com pany line can not move a train west of Colfax on its Washington division while the floods have put thru Northern Pacific east of Pasco out of commission The total damage so far will run into the hundreds of thou Miands of dollars Wires Carried Away Seattle Wash Jan 22Destruc tive landslides carrying hundreds oft tons of earth along the line of the Great Northern between Ballard and Edmons carried away the telegraph and telephone lines delaying tha movement of trains and working much inconvenience NAVAL CONFERENCE A FROST American Delegates Are Accused of Blocking Progress London Jan 22Unless the vari ous delegates arrive at a settlement of their difficulties there is a strong probability of the labors of the international naval conference which bas been in session here since last month coming to naught Some of the delegates place the chief blame for the present situation on the shoulders of the American representatives They aver that 5soon as the conference took up ques tions upon which there were serious differences of opinion the American delegates adopted an uncompromising attitude Great Britain it is asserted which with her great maritime interests nas the most at stake has been conciliatory but America has been unwilling to go as far aa has England DEADLOCK UNBROKEN Illinois Legislature Takes Rest In Senatorial Contest Springfield Ill Jan 22Whes seven more ballots had ueen takes without electing a senator the house and senate adopted a joint resolution adjourning until next Tuesday With the weekend adjournment the scene of battle naturally shifted to Chicago where the fight will be carried on until next Monday Twelve ballots in all have been taken and there have been changes and fluctuations of more or less im portance from one candidate to another but no definite result looking to the final breaking of the senatorial deadlock or the naming of a successor to Albert J Hopkins in the United States senate has been accomplished Indicted For Murder Elyria 0 Jan 22An indictment charging Harry Conners with first degree murder was returned by the grand jury here Conners is accused of murdering Yung Pa a Chinese laundryman in Lorain last June fiND BODY IN WELL Bullet Holes Substantiate Theory Missing Man Was Murdered New Martinsvllle W VaJan 22 The body of William Roberts who disappeared a week ago was found at the bottom of an abandbned oil well half a mile from Wolf Run Three bullet holes in the head show ed how he was killed and tracks ia the snow indicated that tne body had been carried from Wolf Run to the well About the same time the body was found a bloodstained overcoat said to belong to John Holp RobertS brotherinlaw who is in jail at MW dlebourne on suspicion was found In cleaning establishment here Lupton Succeeds Cheney Washington Jan 22The senate confirmed the nomination of Stuart K Lupton of Tennessee to be consul at Messina Italy vice Arthur S Che racy who was killed in the recant earthquake L pton was also at ales lnaactinvM deputy consul A tf f Vt r 7TtT r J L firi f rt f x f tI p 2 t THE WINCHESTER NEWS 7tl JOHN f GARNER DISCUSSES roil PAST PRESENT AND FUTURE t 1 r lakes One of The Hits of The Evening At The Annual Banquet of The First Christian Ghiireh of Louisville LOUISVILLE Ky Jan 22Irr all the long series of banquets given by the Rev E L Powell to the men of the First Christian congregation and their friends none was more enjoy able or so notable as that of last Alight It was the fifteenth numerically many being there who have been to each of the whole series veterans in the enjoyment of his annual hospital ity There were also many who were attending their first banquet in Dr Powells Jecture room More than three hundred invited guests men of prominence in Louisville out in the State and members of the congregation were in attendance and enjoyed the excellent menu and speakers program to the utmost The festivities began promptly at 830 oclockand came to an end at 1130 oclock One of the hits of the evening was the speech of Mr John E Garner of Winchester He said Mr Toastmaster and Gentlemen It has been my unvarying custom on an occasion like this to be ex tremely bromidic and in substance to say that I am pleased to be with you this evening Having repeated that statement several hundred times and never having it challenged it now occurs to me that it might be taken for granted In this instance for in stance Dr Powell permitted me to exercise the option of accepting or declining his invitation to be with you this evening That I elected to come indicates that I was pleased and that is verified by the additional fact that I subscribed to all his prescribed I conditions one of which was that my subject must be Kentucky as a Has Been As an is and as will T e the other that the discussion of all three periods must be confined to fifteen minutes First Phase of Subject Concerning the first phase of the subject as a Has Been covering approximately a century and a quar ter of history and tradition some of which I have forgotten much nev er knew the seventyeight seconds apportioned to review that section is ample Is is ofno particular mo went requiring even less time but the Will Be is a most inviting field for prophesy demanding time not only for conjecture but time in which to postpone the materialization of your predictions so that they can not be disproved during your lifetime It is on this point in guaran teeing you immunity from a longs speech that I have been restricted and handicapped With only one quar ter of an hour to discuss from the beginning of Has Been to a pro gressive Is and from movable Is through an interminable Will Be a thousand centuries must be disposed of at each twist of the tongue Friend Makes Suggestion In airing my grievance to a friend lie suggested that the speed limit could be exceeded and time gained by eliminating punctuation and told me of an old negro who resorted to this method He said he asked the old man one day why he was working on Sunday The old darkey replied 4By thc time 1malJ the firein the kitchenfeedthemules ttbe barn milkfifteencowschopwoodto get dinnerblackthebootsatthe house ketcbthehprfi meetenI neverknowWh enSUndayCOmesMisI a i furtherI said to me Dont worry unnecessarily as some of the audience may want to look up some feature of this subject themselves after you are throughCould Discuss These Things When Kentucky as a Has Been was an Is on an occasion like this if the Hasbeeners ever found oc casion for periodical MidAvinterice waterfestivalsthe speaker who was lucky and drew Kentucky for his subject was not expected or per mitted to discuss but three things The second in the order of creation was the first in order and of the first order in Kentucky around this branchor vine of his he ChOiC11Est onand was to be equitably divided be tween the other two then it was plain wiling no one had the audacity to take issue now with two of them being legislated against and the other aaot being legislated forbut as the preachers say when they have only about an hour and three quarters left of their sermon I must hurry on This is a matter which will not per mit of delay while you wait Is is rear of Will Be andctrptransferring it to the headof the ad vc andbyou feel your subject slipping Earliest Settlement The Has Been part of this subject first was in the earliest settleb inent of this State Among the early settlers were some of the First Families of Virginiato start for Kentucky some perferred to settle in Kentucky rather than to settle in Vir giniawith Constables and other officers of the law some came from a love of war others from a desire of peace only nature was raising cane in Kentuckyat that time to some who came living anywhere was a matter of geography they were ready to start when they had put out the fire and called the dog some came because they thought the war of 76 was revolutionary and they didnt want to take no part some came who were not of the Four Hundred and did not have the divorce habit their modesty restraining them from the notoriety of divorce proceedings preferring to be separated by dis tarice and wilderness rather than by courts Search of Records search of the records discloses IA there were some fierce in the Has Been An extract from the testimony of old Mrs Hig nite shows what the preliminaries were that led up to a fight She asked to tell the court what she r of the difficulty She said There were a dance down to my house an Pete Johnson and Jake Searcy both axed my gradarter Liza Ann to dance with em one word fotch on a pother an Pete out with his knife an slashed Jake cross the winpipe ar Jake recited fur his pistil an sho Pete in the lied and Petes brother Dan he up with the fire shovel an hocked Jakes daddy down then they cummenced fightin an I left Our tastes and habits have changed some since then it isnt often now the wait to get to the house before they begin the fighting The Birth of Poe Day before yesterday was the one hundredth anniversary of the cf Edgar Allen PocoIt was in the tine of our fathers or grandfathers that Poes Raven was first pub lished and while its merit was recog nized it had a place in their affec lions second to Old Crow The two birds were trained in different schools One quothed Nevermore the othe Neverless One torched oil th bust of Pallas theother had busts of its own and imagined the palace Old Crow was the of the Has BeenThen tw neighbors had a crow to pick both picked Old Crow The running o time has assigned each to its place The Raven still lives an is a source of constant pleasure The Old Crow still is gone and is ofcourse a never ending regret Something is Environment There was something in the environment of the Has Been that produced some superb men and women in the days of the log school house and tae loud school when the concen stts of option was that there were bu fwo ways to fix an idea in a boy brain one by the voice and the othe beergentlemanly scholar the ScotchIrish school encouragIinflexible graded system that requires every boy to travel at the pace in the same direction and whic willultimately develqp a lof of ma chinemade people who will always do and say the same thing in the same timeHadIn the Has Been most individuals had an individuality Among them some who outgrew their fellows men of force character and convic tions who had the respect confidence and the ear of the American people and who never took a salary from and a fee against the government at the same time The Isentness of the Is unpreparednessI appointed mounted crop regulators and the Presidents messagesJthat there was no opportunity to thinkof other things Of the Kentuckians that Is some are known by their daily walk and conversation others that are isnt known by reason of their nightly ride in silence It isI the isentness of the is which is annoying principal among which is the failure of the Powers to ask Kentucky to join in the Disarmament Conference The vomen of Kentucky as an is areattracting more attention than the men that are not only because they are more attractive but for achievement A single woman not necessarily unmarried tookaTruckgarden for the basis ofstory find drama It has given Kentucky reputation mid she and her story are 01 own everywhere On the other hand numbers of men have taken acres of tobacco patches for the ground work of their tragedies liuts they are not known anywhere Politics is the DamndestI It would be impolitic to inject politics into this discussion of the is The inappropriateness is not nly manifest but the ground has cn covered and the matter settled by that epigramatic poet of the Blue- Grass in one word in the next to the lust line of the concluding verse of that gem entitled In Kentucky I would not think of quoting that character of language here and have no thought of using it elsewhere however it is only just to my friend Judge Mulligan to say that his recourse to that questionable expression did not arise from a careless willful or habitual disregard of the commandment but that the exigencies of the case demanded and was reluctantly and regretfully forced to sacrifice reverence to accuracy An illustration of the narrowness of partizanship is shown by a conver sa Him overheard a few days since on the streets of Winchester One gen tleman said to another of our Repub lican editor Where do you suppose Perry is going To churchIhUes the editor ofa Republican churchtDo you think well done will be said to him on the last day beenva or Immigration and Emmigration Kentucky is the product of two for ces immigration and emigration Our aiding in the conquest of the Northwest and the Southwest had its reciprocal side The cost was territorytour nor Texas has ground for complaint for every Indian driven from OhiotOr Greaser from Texas we substituted all emigrant who made an equally good citizen iV who remain are the survivalof fitIwasIIIThe past and prsent are factors of What we Kentuckians seem to lack is moral courage Of physical courage we have and to spare that is if it consists in hazar dons defiance jnf law and disregarding livesLmebyforcemajorityowrong we are retopunnorr re- t upondVirtues Outweigh Faults Kentucky has her faults but her virtues outweigh them The balance has always been in our favor but we have come perilously making an Kentuckybason the continent descendants of the old Cavaliers of Virginia a people feltsgone notnour thoselgone we our history our traditions proud of our Kend a ginning as an Is nmvand as besthTHE RACKETSTORE has a Nice Line of Lace and Hamburg on sale I am selling 5Oc Corsets for 35c this week Come in and get some of the big bargains See my lOc line I have a big stock of everything Come to see me Fresh Fro Is and Fresh Groceries Cigars Tobaccos Oysters and Candies Home Phone 712 MiKe Joseph 36 N Main St Dont fail to Have your picture taken at Earps art gallery while the reduced rates are on January only l18eodAngelfood cake twentyfive cents Try one Winchester Bakery FriSatlmo ForeverNeverPurer Clearer More Brilliant Tone reallyindestructibleandincomparably full clear tone catalogAIt fight alongAWinchester Drug Go No5 South Main St Winchester Ky GET BUSY Buggies Harness HorseBlankets and Robes Going at a Sacrifice The Best Prices ever Offered In Winchester Everything parried in a firstclass harness and carriage store cut to the quick We must vacate our present quarters immediately and must reduce our stock I Buggies s 150 Kaufman Buggies rubber tired at12I135 Westcott Buggies rubber tired at Iff 125 Westcott Buggies rubber tired at iO 100 Buggies rubber tired at 80 135 Cut Under Driving Wagons at liD 65 Buggies steel tired at gQ Harness Saddles and Strap Goods 1650 Harness at 12 50I 1800 Harness at 14 Qfl 1500 Saddles at Ii 1250 Saddles at t 9 Robes X10 00 Robes at 7 00 8 00 Robes at 550 6 00 Robes at 4 QQ 3 50 Robes at 250 Blankets Blankets at4Blankets Blankets Blankets Blankets THere are many other articles too num erous to mention that go in this sale MATT SEANFAIRFAX STREET You Cannot Answer These Questions IVVhy do you continue bathing your knees and elbows one at a time when you can stretch out ina full hath tem pered to suit you mid can do so every morning if you wish 2Why pump and carry wat er for your kitchen and laundry work when you can have it at hand for the turning of a faucet 3Why take chances on drinking germfilled cistern wat er when you can get it from a large reservoir filtered through the best filter plant South of the Ohio River 6 00 00 5 00 at 3 50 3 50 at 2 00 2 50 at I 15 1 50 at I 00 4Why have a dry dismal looking yard when you can have it filled with green grass and blooming flowers and can at the same time get rid of the dust in the street 5Why suffer other incon veniences when you can have everything for the comfort and health of your family right in the house 6Is it not true that the answer is not lack of money but lack of economy and enterprise and indifference to getting the mostout of life C F ATTERSALL Superintendent I Winchester Water Works Co INCOUTOXATKD At cor Maple Street and Lexington Evenae will tall you all about it Youll be sarorised at bow inexpeasiTe theee privileges are F THE VERY BEST t Have any of our readers seen ate cent copy of the Cincinnati Weekly Enquirer If not it will pay tc end for a copy if for no other pur pose than to note its present great geprosperous and home the happiest place on earthThe editor by asking its readers to criticise and suggest improve ments and following advice thus obtained is enabled to produce 2 paper that exactly fits needs of a family and a material aid to father mother and children in reaching that higher level in social life where content and comfort reigns e supremeFather obtains ample information that guides in the where when and how to regulate and increase the income from his efforts The mother in management of house hold affairs practical economy government ot children and other duties that makes her toil a labor of love Childrens minds and hearts are freed from thoughts of questionable amusements and frivolities of life and encouraged to emulate all that is helpful in play ing for a useful future in life The Grand Idea being thatICAs are our Homes so will be the Com munity State and Nation A most desk ble help is a non sectarian sermon each weeka preached by that Biblical Student Pastor Chas T Russell a forcible reminder of the spiritual and tern righteousDlife that brings nought but misery to the home Other departments and features Aare above the ordinary the unanimous verdict of its readers being The cleanest and best family Weekly known to them Sample copies may be had ty writing to the EKQcaiSR COMPAJiy Cincinnati 0- GARAGE Bring me your automobile for repair or storage I have an uptodate Garage witha nice Waiting Room for Ladies Chas Hagan Winchester Ky Cor Broadway and Highland Lunch StandChip Con Carne fruitsGroceries etc Hibibb Moses 25 N Main St MENDING SHOES is sometimes important as making them it requires expert work to do it right Our Repair Depart perfectly SAMPLE SHOE STORE CALL ON- NElSONJheTransferMatt by day or night if you want your baggage transferred OFFICE Home Pone 94- Nifht Phont338 Ei TT T7t i t THE WINCHESTER NEWS Par HAVE YOUR EYES EXAMINED i have lust completed furnishing our Opti Wet with electricity and now have a modern room with all the modern electric appli ances to do the work with COME AND SEE US I I IIC H BOWEN I SOCIETYBudge Club Mrs Ed Mitchell will be hostess foi the Bridge ClubSaturday after noon s The B B L C Club wil meet with Miss Bernie Eklin on Winn avenue Saturday afternoon at 230 oclock Miss Carrie Lee Hathaway will entertain the Fortnightly Literary Club on Monday afternoon Mrs Susan G Anderson will en tertain at Fortytwo this after noon The Little Colonel Readers will meet with Miss Julia Gaitskill on Saturday afternoonI Mrs William P French will en tertain the Literary and Soial Club this afternoon at her be lU x H2ul country home Bonhaven Broom Pan Everybody come out to the Audi torium tonight There is going to be a great Broom Ball game between the Winchester Juniors and the Dixie boys It will be highly ex citing and interesting Bridge One of the most enjoyable and attractive affairs cf the week was the meeting of the Euchre Club withMrs J Taliaferro Beckner at her beautiful cottage on Hickman streetThe attractive decorations of fj green and white were carried out throughout the house nl The afternoon was most enjoya ble and at the conclusion of the jpames a most delicious menu was served MesIdamesGeorge Clark Lucien Beckner John 0 Rear Henry Hall J W Isbma ell Susan G Anderson Ogden Crutcher Harry Strossman Roll Eatliff Charles Parrish Harry Strother Frank Johnson Curtis Evans Sam Jeffries Harvey Frank lin Misses Ella Pendleton and Al lan Crutcher Afternoon The following notice is copied from the Macon Ga Telegraph A home made attractive with Jftptted plants was that of Miss Flor ide Joyner of North Highlands when on Saturday afternoon she invited a few friends to meet Miss Hettye Talbott of Winches ter Kentucky who is the guest of her sister Mrs J R Brazelton I Miss Joyner proved to be a charm ing hostess and the aftertnoon was enjoyably spent in animated conversation games and mus c Delicious refreshments were served The hos tees was assisted in receiving by Miss Jeweler and Optician Margaret Vandyke Miss Talbott the honor guest was presented with a beautiful bouquet of carnations and fern PERSONALS Mrs Higgins and Miss Elizabeth Turley of Richmond have come to be the week end guests of Mrs Anna Swift Turley The many friends of Miss Besse Peddicqfyl are glad to know she is our afteiAa severe attack of lagrippe Mr David Lyon fell from tree Thursday morning and broke his armMiss Richie of Cincinnati will arrive Saturday to be the guest of Miss Mabel Shipp for some time Mr Charlie McCord has returned from a trip through the West Mr J E Johnson of Frankfort was a visitor in our town Thurs day Congratulations are being shower ed upon Mr and Mrs John Worth of New York upon the arrival Thursday of a little daughter to brighten their household Mrs Worth was formerly Miss Phoepe Beckner Miss Stanley Jackson left Thursday for a visit to Louisville Mr Ed McCarney was in town Thursday to see about the special train to Lexington Monday night to see Lillian Russel in Wildfire Rev J J Porter was in Lexing ton Wednesday Mr NH Witherspoon was in Lexington Wednesday on business Mrs Green Garret spent Thurs day in Lexingto- nM Grooms who formerly lived here and is quite well known by many of our citizens was a visitor in town Thursday Col Tom Stuart was in Frank fort Wednesday on business Mra J W Shearer is quite ill at her home on Lexington avenue Martha the daughterof Mr and Mrs Will Haggard is quite ill of pneumniaMrs O Crutcher spent Thurs day in Paris to attend the Alumni of Hamilton College luncheon given by Mrs Kiser Mr W T Thurman of Hunt leaves next Monday for New Mexi co where he will make his future homeMr J W Poynter was in Camp ton Wednesday Mrs Thomas C Robinson is ill at St Josephs Hospital in Lexing tonMiss Lizzie Taylor spent several days in Richmond this week and is now the guest of Mrs Matt Walden of Lexington MOVED HIS SHOP Tom Cowan the popular barber who was burned out in the Court View Hotel fire would like to have his customers and old friends call on him in his new shop in the Simpson Inn TTnHunvnv hnildinpr A DINNER SET BOUGHT WITH XMAS MONEY is the oicinbcase in the homes of some sensible women hereabouts The pleasing feature is that the woman with a fivedollar gold piece is as happy as the woman with the tendollar bill The secret of it all1S our Open Stock Idea oneyesIeven a an designsiThe Winn Furniture Co We Give 8 e H Green Trading Stamps r If SMASH IN PRICESWAll PAPER AT COST OR LESS We must make room for our new Spring Stock which is coming in daily Now is the time to beautify your homes Take advantage of our unprecedented offer for the next ten days You will nveer have another opportunity such as this ONETHIRD OFF ON EVERY ROLL IN THE HOUSE 3Oc Paper Going at 20c 25e Paper Going at 1 7 c 2Oc Paper Going at 13 c Paper Going Paper Going Paper Going Paper Going PICTURE FRAMESWe have a Large Stock on hand and MUST reduce immediately ONETHIRD OR BETTER OFF ON EVERY fRAME IN THE HOUSE THIS IS FOR JONES LAWRENCE PAPER CO1 1921 East Broadway Next Door to Adams Express Office RELATIONS ARE STRAINrDI Bonapartes Refusal ties Senate Committee Washington Jan 22The senato committee on judiciary considered the letter received by Chairman Clark from Attorney General Bona parte in which that official declined the committees invitation to appear before it and tell what he knows con cerning he merger of the Tennessee Iron Coal company and the United States Steel corporation and then solemnly agreed not to make the con tents of the letter public The committee also declined to au thorize Mr Bonaparte to publish the letter even after he had expressed a willingness to do so although the committee decided that it had no ob jection to the attorney general giving it out if he desired to do so upon his own authority While members of the committee unanimously say that Mr Bonapartes reply was the embodiment of cour tesy it is evident that it contained some expression or ignored some suggestion that has not tended to in crease the cordial relations between the committee and the department of justice Burton indorses Cassidy Cleveland 0 Jan 22Senator elect Theodore E Burton openly avowed his advocacy of the selection of James H Cassidy formerly his private secretary and until three weeks ago secretary of the rivers and harbors committee of the national house for the Twentyfirst district seat vacated by Burtons elevation TILLMAN STRIKES AT THE JUDICIARYI Says Federal Judges Are In Pay of Corporations Washington Jan 22A debate on the propriety of increasing salaries of federal cfrcuit and district judges consumed nearly the entire time of the senate with the result that the compensation of the 29 circuit Judges was increased from 7000 to 9000 and that of the 84 district judges from 6000 to 8000 Senator Borah who had offered amendments reducing the increases of salary recommended by the com mittee on appropriations declared that the action of the senate in in creasing the salary of the president to 100000 was in violation of the spirit of the constitution and would never have been taken before or dur ing the recent campaign Senator Tillman insinuated that some federal judges were on the payrolls of corporations which called forth denunciation that such charges should be made without specifically naming the judges referred to NAVAL OFFICERS SCORED House Members Say Machinery on Warships Is Neglected Washington Jan 22 Strictures upon the efficiency of officers of the navy in the care of machinery of war vessels were uttered in the house of representatives during the considera tion of the naval appropriation bill with the result that an amendment was adopted requiring the secretary of the navy annually to report to congress those instances where more than 200000 is expended for repairs After futile efforts to obtain legis lation looking to the restoration of marines aboard ships an was agreed to prohibiting the pur chase of powder manufactured and sold in violation of the Sherman antitrust law The debate disclosed the fact that the amendment was di rected at the Dupont company MOVING PICTURES 3000 feet moving picture film at the opera house Saturday night Best of the season Admission ten cents l722t T P r IOPERA HOUSE i- January 26th LINCOLN J CARTER Presents the Picturesque Western Play THEI FLAMINGARROW fThe Attack on ft Reno The Council fire and Ghost Dance The Genuine Indians BIG SPECIAL CAST SUPERB Band Parade MAYYOU MAYBE YOU DONT NEED A NEW ROOF If you do we can furnish any lengths desired in V Crimp Painted or Galvanized Iron roofing at reason able prices We also furnish sticks with each lot sold GRANT WITT 8 CO 30 North Main INSANE WOMAN TRIES TO DROWN HER BABY Burns Down Home of Her Aged Motherintaw and Is Sent to LONDON Ky Jan 22Mrs Jane Cruise who belongs to a prominent family of the county was brought here from East Bernstadt and ad judged to be insane and was taken to Lexington to the Eastern Kentucky Asylum for the insane by a guard of the institution She has been since Christmas and she burned down the house of her aged motherinlaw Mrs Mary Cruise and then attempt ed to drown her own baby She was adjudged insane once before about five years ago and after a short term err the asylum she was pronounced well qJ d CKti r ISc sit tOe tOe at 7cSo at 5cI5e at 3e SALE CASH amendment Asylum demented iIoIoolA jLISTENONLY A MINUTE OF YOUR TIME FOR US TO TELL YOU THE STORY Here of With 20 00 16 00 15 00 12 00 12 00 60 10 8 00 for I I FELLOWS BUILD A HALL AT OW1NGSVILLE Ground Broken For TwoStory ture Which Will Cost Five Dollars OWINGSVILLE Ky Jan 22 The Odd Fellows of this town have bought a lot of R H Conner on which will erect a hall Work on the ground began yesterday Before any of the foundation could be started two buildings had to be torn and one moved to another lot The building is to be of and two stories costing about 5000 Mr Clyde Peed arrived today from Oklahoma Mr Peed has been employed as cowboy on the 101 Ranch During his he had his ears and feet badly frozen in a blizzard visited that section Substitute for Sunlight Atmospheric electricity is believed- to encourage life in the arctic regions where there is but little sunlight SS If you need or will need a Suit or Over coat you cannot afford to let this chance go by 20Per Ct of our One Price means as much as or more to you than 50perct off in many of the All Price Houses Did you ever stop to thinkof this We do not want to carry over any win ter clothing andmake this sacrifice in price to make them go are Some the Prices 2Operct OFF 25 00 Suit now 20 00 Suit now Suit now Suit now 9 00 Suit now See Window Some of the Prices Allan Murphy J ODD Struc Order Thousand they down brick high stay which plant FOR SALE PRIVATELYft One pair of good mare mules com s y 6bhorse and 6 mares coming twoyeSr = old 1 Bourbon Chief mare good saddler and driver 1 highly bred mare allpurpose mare in foal to Diomede 1 yearling filly by Diomede 1 Indian pony 6 years old good driver and saddler 1 4yearold Shetland pony 46 inches high j 1 3 year old Indian Chief horse broke to ride and drive Apply to J NEWT RENAKER at Peoples State Bank- Winchester Ky Dont Know How to Live There are people who go about the world looking for slights and they are necessarily miserable for they find them at every turn especially im aginary ones They are morally il literate for they have never learned how to live Henry Drunimond j 4i r l0 itft t j i 2 tifttft dt r THE WINCHESTER NEWS I HE ttlHGllfcER NEWS An Independent Newspaper Published by The Winchester News Co t IsIncorporated Office South Main Street Winchester Kentucky Daily Except Suntay Entered as secondclass matter November 28 1908 at the post office s Winchester Kentucky under the Jfcet of March 3 1879 SUBSCRIPTION RATES DeliveryuI tfcily one year 52- 0tae week 1 Payable at office orto collector Mary week Mail Delivery fDku year 300 fffc months 150 ie month 25 Payable in advance- ADVERTISING RATES Disnlay Per Inch Ube eany edition 25 Three times within one week 50 One week continuously 100 9ae calendar month 300 roar weeks four times a week 240 3Pour weeks three times a week 180 tour weeks two times a week 120 Your weeks one time a week 75 Time discounts3 months 10 pe- rHnt6 months 25 per cent one year 33 13 per centfReading NoticesPer Line Business notices body type 712 c Pure reading news headings 15o New Phone No 91 FRIDAY JANUARY 22 1909 INTERESTING NEWS Few newspaper readers eversto 6 consider the real loss they would suffer were all the advertisements eliminated from their newspapers The average reader is so tomed to seeing the dealers a nouncements day after day that they are taken as a matter of course same as fresh air and other ben iicieirt arrangements that cost noting h The truth is no newspaper would be complete without its advertisin rt announcements for the simple re sonthat advertising is really news store news business newsand the people of any community are natur ally interested in the efforts and achievements ot their fellowtowns men in business lines as well as in their social and artistic accomplish men1sAIlnews is advertisingV so itis stated and all advertising that ever counts for anything must be news Whether people realize the educa tional value oftdvertisiih or not the fact remains that the newspaper reading public xdoes read the adver tisemlentsand to a large part of the reading public the advertising col iiinns are quife as interesting as another Y section of the paper- ANNOUNCEMENTS ti For Mayor e Ve are authorized to announce i J A HUGHES AS a candidate for Mayor subject to the action of the Democratic party a We are authorized to announce c H T STROTHER t as acandidate for Mayor of Win chester subject to the action of th Democratic party We are authorized to announce 4 W 0 HOSKINS asa candidate for Mayor subject to the actioh of the Democratic party For City Judge We are authorized to f announce JUDGE F P PENDLETON 4as1 Candidate for City Judge sub ject to the action of the Democratic arlyeFor Chief of Police jt We are authorized to announce o WOODSON MCORD 1asaT candidate for Chief of Police subject to the action of the Democratic party BRAVE FIRE LADDIES e often receive severe burns putting out fires then use Bucklens Arnica Salve and forget them It soon drives out pain lBuP1s Scalds Wounds Cuts its earths greatest healer Quickly cures Skin qIeersFelonsi instant 25c at Phillips Drug Stor Ow t i tP + L r r j-r l rXPt t H rtii VJJAV Sentiment Among Miners Favors Fund For His Defense Indianapolis Ind Jan 22The United Mine Workers of America in convention here may come to the aid of John Mitchell today by appropriating funds to assist in fighting the charge of contempt upon which hej was sentenced to jail by Judge Wright of the District ot Columbia It is said that the resolution to appropriate funds for that purpose willI be introduced by President Lewis Mr Mitchell is expected to arrive here this evening or Saturday morn ing The auditors report showed the following condition of the unions finances Total income 80688249 0total expenditures 107603393 bal ance on hand Dec 1 1907 X864 89081 balance on hand Dec 1 1903 559573937 Death Lit Grows Chicago Jan 22That the list of 50 known dead probably will be in creased to 70 or even more was the chief fact developed in the official investigation of the burning of the tem porary wooden crib in the lake one and onehalf miles off the shore of South Chicago Cars Kill Unknown Man Berea 0 JanX22While walking on the tracks of the Lake Shore Michigan Southern railway near Olm sted Falls a man whose body has not been identified was killed by a west bound passenger train 25 per cent off on everything in the house at Bloomfields 1 122lt A Faulty Make Well theres one thing about Nu ritch hes always ready to con fess his faults Nonsense Why hes forever bragging about being self made Of course thats just it Only a day or two more of Bloom fields sale 121lt DISSOLUTIONp the WinnMartin Coal Supply Company has closed its business and s winding up its affairs All persons ginnst present e oncee Re1TI f By J R Martin General Manager All persons indebted to the Winn Martin Coal Supply Company wi Maramust be closed at once J R lIARTINI Cor MISSIONERSSALEI Bettic S Goff Plaintiff vs Notice of Sal John H Goff etc Defendants Pursuant to judgment rendered by the Clark Circuit Court in the above styled action at its December term 1908 Igas Master Commissioner of said Court will offer for sale at pub lie auction to the highest bidder at the Court House door in Winchester Kentucky On Monday January 25 1 DOE County Court Day at 2 oclock p m or thereabout on credits of six and twelve months an undivid ed foursevenths interest for the lif of John Goff situated in Clark Coun = ty Ky and described as follows Lot No 3 in the survey of the lands of M C Goff deceased bound ed as follows towit Beginning at a point in the middle RiveZcorner lot No2 thence meandering the middle of said road S 79 E51 2100 poles N 88 14 E 62 poles to a stake corner to A B Hamptons line near the forks of the road bearing N 30 12 E810of a pole from a black oak tree pointer thence N 9 E 46 88100 poles to a stake in the east margin of the road thence N 26 34 E 54 poles to a stake in the east margin of the road corner to M Hisle in A B Hamptons line thence with said Hisles line N 87 12 W 130 64100 poles to a stake in A B Hamptons line corner to lot No2 thence with a line fence witha line of lot No 2 thence S S 12 W 93 510 poles to the beginning con tainirig seventyone acres 1 rood and twentyfive square poles The purchaser will be required to give bonds with approved security payable to said Commissioner bear ing legal interest from day ofsale and having the force and effect of judgment Alien will be retained on said land until the purchase money is nil paid Bidders will be required to comply promptly with the terms of sale LEELAND HATHAWAY Master Commissioner Clark Circuit Court Jouett Jouett Attorneys fox Plaintiff r 5j i 12 HOUSES ANn LOT FOR SALE m corner Clay Street and Mt Sterling pike originally owned by J D Jones Will sell at highest bidder in front of Court House on SATURDAY FEB 6fh 1909 AT 2 P M Willoffer separately and as a whole Terms made known on day ofsale CHASpaRSONS L Your furnishing goods cheap at Bloomfields sale25 per cent off sale is now near an end e 1221t DOUBTS THEIR SINCERITY Orators at Model License Meeting At tack AntiSaloon League Louisville Ky Jan 22 Addresses by leaders in the National Model Li cense league movement outlining th cies of that organization wer POlio orders of the first session of th second annual convention President T M Gilmore in his speechI tlthatusing liquor Captain D M Smith of Louisville general counsel for the league poke of the reputed failure of political H cense boards to enforce liquor laws declaring that they forced the saloon into politics and Sidney Story New Orleans ended the session wit an address upon the causes of tho alleged failure of prohibition in th south He declared it to be the extreme which never would succeed and said that the model license ide was the golden mean for the jregula tion of the traffic NaIsVirginia would soon adopt the license law from reports that ha come to him He also predicted h repeal of the Ohio Rose law and th substitution of something akin t model license in that state Taft Wins Golf Honors 22Thepresi1IIgame e home of Mr and Mrs Landon Thom t1as and attended the opera A Fortune There is a fortune in it for the ma womansIto say Of course It doesnt look well just now My hair isnt dressed the way it should be for this hat HostilitieseNagleyIve discovered there is one state in which divorce is wholly un necessary Mrs Nagley sharply Which is that NagleyThe state of single blessedness Illustrated Sunday Magazine Get your winter suit 6r overcoat at 25 per cent off at Bloorafields Sale is neat its end 122lt iA HORRIBLE HOLDUP About ten years ago my brother vas held up in his work health and tec be hopeless Consumption writes W R Lipscomb of Washington N C He took all kinds of remedies and treatment from several doctors but found no help till he used Dr King New Discovery and was wholly cure3 by six bottles He is a well man to day Its quick to relieve and the surest cure for weak or sore lungs Hemorrages Coughs and Colds Bronchitis La Grippe Asthma and al Bronchial affections 50c and 100 Trial bottle free Guaranteed by Phillips Drug Store IICOLUMN v ClassifiedPer Word Onehftlf cent per word per inser tion 5 cents per calender month Nothing counted less than 20 words No item charged on books for less than 25 cents CLOSING OUT SALE Haying rented my store room Iam compelled to close out at once my stockof harness saddles stock work whips etc If you need anIthing in this line it will pay call J W REID N Main street P SParties owing me will please call and settle p l206t WANTED 0 barrels short corn J A HOLTON Home phone 853 3rings 1212t FOR RENT House of eight rooms corner Hickman and Main Rent reasonable 120Gt LOSTPair of gold rimless eyeglass es en Dareb witheeexington pike near Dave Pre witts farm Had gold chain with hairpin attached Reward Return storet l203t lll11ANTEDA secondhand gas heater Apply this office x 1192t fOR SALE Coal at 21 North Main street You will be pleased with both quality and price h119linogaseMRSD S MANN 290 S Main street Home phone No 335 11s3ta canI1stidBucknereastreet THORNTON I WILLS115tf FOR SALE Grocery and meat shop paying business Terms reason able Address W A B this office 114tf ANTEDTo take orders for making cakes beaten biscuit rolls tim 1bales and rosettes MISS LUCY COLEMAN BROWNING 218 Coi lege street Home phone 034 112lmo FOR S LEEigIit shares of Peo pies State Bank stock Inquire at this office 113tf lOSTOn Boone avenue between Main and College streets a small gold pin with coral setting Finder return to News olILe and receive reward l203t IFOR SALE Cheap graphophone and about 30 record also large Morning Glory horn Address N R B this office 19 tf FOR RENTHouse of eightrooms Gas and stable Apply this office l2Ht buy furs scrap iron 1WANTEDTo of mptal Best buyer Zigman Main and Washington 1191nio FOR SALEAn 0 K Jewell cook stove for coal Good condition Will sell cheap 341 E Broadway or E Teiin phone 164 1154t WINCJSTER ROLLER MILLS The oldest and best institution in 1the county is the Winchester Roller Mills Why not use home flour the best made Kerr Perfection and White Pear tinrns no eauaL it 25 per cent off on mens and boys Extra HighTop Shoes Calf Boots Lace Boots and Booteesnothing reserved 3Ut the Moose Shoes 6 Shoes for r 450 5 Shoes Bootees Lace Boots 3 75 4 Shoes for 300 3 50 Shoes for 2 65 The Eamxyjis Moose Hide Shoes with 12 inch tops for 850 they keep the feet dry McCORD SMITH i PHILLIPS t SNOW SAVE MONEY- 1r J r RainCots or Overcoats iI 1500 1250 1000 CoatsThese Coats are extraor d nary values neat and fancy patterns Dont fail All to sizes see them 8 88 1850 1600 1 ft 1500 Suits arid Olvercoats The very best products of highclass tailoring in 10In 0 Special Sale of Sweel Orr Corduroys i M large stees mostly 2 483 and 30 Goods RupardStewart CO om 1I Nt = I Clark CountyConsnici9iIN COItPORATED o N 1 l On the Basis of Equipment and the ap plication of Economis Business Method we solicit fhw construction and repairing of all kinds and conditions of roads public or private f streets or alleys Crushed and Building Stone Always on Sale We purchase Dynamite Powder Cement and Sand in car lots and will be pleased to sell same in any quanity desired The putting in of all classes of Concrete a specialty and satisfaction guaranteed fcGGSistell how they are going to turn out till you try them If you try our Youllhavewill find your coal lasting longer beforeThatsslate stones or dirt in it WeS ld etNothingYELLOW JACKET IS A DANDY J L Martin Coal and SupplyGo 1 l t i THE WINCHESTER NEWS Page 5 i I COTYSi RESURESWastt I Says Commission INVENTORY IN REPORT r Shows Available Land Water i Trees and Minerals The national conservation commis sion appointed in May 1008 to male an inventory of the natural resources of the United States and recommend measures for their conservation has jnade its report to President Roose velt In transmitting the report to con gress the president sent a special mes sage commending the work of the commission and declaring that its subject was of the utmost Importance to this generation and to posterity The report reads as follows The President the White House SirHerewith I have fie honor to place in your hands the report of the national conservation commission cre ated by you June S 190S to inquire Into and advise you as to the condi tion of our natural resources and to cooperate with other bodies created for similar purposesby the states j The mass of material which consti tutes the inventory has been summarized under the direction of the secretaries of the respective sections of the commission as to assemble the most salient points of the inventory- In view of the peculiarly valuable contributions and services rendered by experts of the several executive de ents the commissIon at its clos iiya session unanimously adopted the t following resolutions4 Whereas The commission in the discharge of the duties committed to It has been greatly aided by the pa tient labors and the ability and zeal of its secretary and the secretary of each of its four sections and of the experts in the government service who lent their assistance in the collection of statistical and other data necessary to the elucidation and prop er understanding of the subjects dealt with and to the preparation of its report therefore Resolved That the commission here by makes cordial acknowledgment of its obligation to the gentlemen refer red to and tenders them its thanks In addition I desire to call your spe cial attention to the spirit and devo tion of the gentlemen without whose services the making of the national in Ventory would have been impossible- In its cooperation with other bodies created for similar purposes by the states the national conservation com mission has had most valuable assist anceThe report herewith submitted was joIntAtin was taken by the conference in authorizing a joint committee on co operation to be composed of six members of state conservation commissions and three members of the national conservation commission with its chairman and secretary This commit tee is to devise ways and means for effective cooperation between all forces working for the conservation of l natural resources By this action the conservation movement enters the field of definite constructive work for which Its labors in ascertaining the countrys present status and future outlook were simply preparatory Very respectfully GIFFORD FINCHOT Chairman Report of the National Conservation y Commission The duty of man to man on which the integrity of nations must rest is no higher than the duty of each gen eration to the next and the obligation of the nation to each actual citizen is no more sacred than the obligation to the citizen to be who In turn must bear the nations duties and responsibilities In this country blessed with natural resources in unsurpassed profusion the sense of responsibility to the future has been slow to awaken In the growth of the country and gradual de velo went of the natural resources there have been three noteworthy stages The first stage was that of in dividual enterprise for personal and family benefit It led to the conquest of the wilderness The next stage was that of collective enterprise either for the benefit of communities or for the profit of indi viduals forming the pomirmlties It led to the development of cities and states and too often to tiie growth of great monopolies ihe third stage Is ithetQne we are imv entering Within It the enterprise J2j r y is collective and largely cooperative and should be directed toward thelar ger benefit of communities states and the people generally In the first stage the resources re ceived little thought In the second they were wastefully used In the stage Which we are entering wise and beneficial uses are essential and the checking of waste is absolutely de mandedThe which most urgently re quires checking varies widely in char acter and amount The most repre hensible waste is that of destIuction as in forest fires uncontrolled flow of gas and oil soil wash and abandon ment of coal in the mines This is at tributable for the most part to igno rance indifference or false notions of economy to rectify which Is the busi ness of the people collectU rely Nearly as reprehensiblels the waste enIgiuester In floods the employment of ill adapted structural materials the growing of ill chosen crops and the perpetu ation of inferior stocks of plants and animals all of which may be remedied Reprehensible in less degree is the waste arising from nonuse Since the utilization of any one resource is necessarily progressive and dependent on social and industrial conditions and the concurrent development of other re sources nonuse is sometimes uuavoid able It becomes reprehensible when It affects the common welfare and en be1lectlfiedNatural resources are of no avail without men and women to them and only a strong and citizenship can make a nation soundi nently great Wo cannot too ter on the duty of conserving our chief source of strength by the prevention of disease and the prolongation of life Waste reduced and resources saved are the first but not the last object of conservation The material re sources have an additional value when their preservation adds to the beauty and habitability of the land Ours is a pleasant land in which to dwell To increase Its beauty and augment its fitness cannot but multiply our pleas ure in it and strengthen the bonds of our attachmentMinerals The mineral production of the Unit ed States for 1907 exceeded 2000000 000 and contributed CD per cent of the total freight traffic of the country The waste in the extraction and treatment of mineral products during the same year was equivalent to more than 300000000The for 1907 included 395000000 tons of bituminous and 85 000000 tons of anthracite coal 1GG 000000 barrels of petroleum 45000000 tons of high grade and 11000000 tons of low grade iron ore 2500000 tons of phosphate rock and 809000000 pounds of copper The values of other mineral products during the same year In cluded clay products 162000000 stone 71000000 cement 56000000 natural gas 50000000 gold 90000 139000Isupplies of coal in the United States aggregate approximately 1400000000 000 tons At the present increasing beIThe known supply of high grade iron ores in the TTuited States approximates 3840000000 tons which at the present Increasing rate of consumption cannot be expected to last beyond the middle of the present century In addition to this there are assumed to be 59000 000000 tons of lower grade iron ores which are not available for use under existing conditions The supply of stone clay cement lime sand und salt Is ample while the stock of the precious metals and of cop per lead zinc sulphur asphalt graphite lead zinc sulphur asphalt graphite quicksilver mica and the rare metals cannot well be estimated but is clear lyexhaustible within one to three cen turies unless unexpected deposits be foundThe known supply of petroleum is estimated at 15000000000 to 20000 000000 barrels distributed throughsix separate fields having an aggregate area of 8900 square miles The pro duction is rapidly increasing while the wastes and the loss through misuse are enormous The supply jaunot be expected to last beyond the middle of the present century The known natural gas fields aggre gate an area of 9000 square miles dis tributed through twentytwo states the total yield from these fields during 1907 400000000000 cubic feet valued at 62000000 were utilized while an equal quantity was allowed to escape into the air The daily waste of natu ral gasthe most perfect known fuel is over 1000000000 cubic feet or enough to supply every city in the United States of over 100000 popula tion Phosphate rock used for fertilizer represents the slow accumulation of organic matter during past ages Inmost countries it Is scrupulously pre served In this country It is esten rively exported and largely for this reason its production is increasing rap idly The original supply cannot long withstand the Increasing demand The consumption of nearly all our mineral products Is Increasing far more rapidly than our population In many cases the waste Is Increasing more rapidly than the number of our people In 1776 but a few dozen pounds of iron were in use by the average family Now our annual consumption isover a1700 Pbunds per cap- Ita In 1812 no coal was used Now the risumntlon Is over five tons and the waste nearly three tons per capita 1 4 IW4u tile production of coal is In i enormously the waste and lr ssii mining are diminishing Tl1 chief waste is in imperfect combustio- nfulurnaces and fire boxes With increasing industries new min eral resources become available from time to time Some lignites and other low grade coals are readily gasiScd and through the development of in ternal combustion engines cheek the consumption of high grade coals Peat is becoming Important It is estimated that 14000000000 tons are available in the United States Its value is en hanced because of distribution through states generally remote from the fields of coal oiland natural gas The building operations of the coun try now aggregate about 1OCOCCO 000 per year The direct and indirect losses from fire in the United States during 1907 approximated 4 0COO 000 or onehalf the ccst of construction Of tins loss fourfifths for an average of 1000000 per day could be prevented as shown by comparison with the standard of construction and fire losses in the larger European countries So far as the ores are taken from the mines and reduced tometals these resources are capitalized but after thus being changed to a more valua ble form they should be so used as to reduce to a minimum the loss by rust electrolytic action and other waste There Is urgent need for greater safety to the miner The loss of life through mine accidents is appalling beIsoon r The national government should ex erase such control of the mineral fuels and phosphate rocks now in its pos session as to check waste and prolong our supply Lands The total land area of continental United States is 1900000000 acres Of this but little more than twcflflhs is in farms and less than onehalf of the farm area is improved and iiuJc a source of crop production We have nearly 6OGO000 farms they average 146 acres each The value cf the farms is nearly onefourth the weal4i of the United States There are mui than 300000000 acres of public rr ing land The number of crdons en gaged In agricultural pursuits is more than lOOOOrOOIWe grow onefifth of the worlds wheat crop threefifths of its cotton crop and fourfifths of its corn crop We plant nearly 50000000 acres of wheat annually with an average yield of about fourteen bushels per acre 100000000 acres of corn yielding ai average of twentyfive bushels per acre and 30000000 acres of cotton yielding about 12000000 bales We had on Jan 1 1908 71000000 cattle worth 1250000000 540COOOO sheep worth 211000000 and 50000 000 swhie worth 339000000 The census of 1900 showed 137000000 worth of poultry in this country which produced in 1899 293000000 dozen eggsThere has been a slight increase in the average yield of our great staple farm products but neither the increase in acreage nor the yield per acre has kept pace with our increase in popula yrobIpeople as now and the main bulk of our food supply must be grown on our own soil tiThe area of cultivated land may pos be doubled In addition to the land awaiting the plow 75000000 acres of swamp land can be reclaimed 40000000 acres of desert land irrigate and millions of acres of brush and wooded land cleared Our population will increase continuously but there is a definite limit to the increase of our cultivated acreage hence we must greatly increase the yield per acre The average yield of wheat In the United States Is less than fourteen bushels per acre in Germany twenty eight bushels and in England thirty two bushels The greatest unnecessary loss of our soil is preventable erosion Second only to this are the waste nonuse ant misuse of fertilizer derived from ani mals and men The losses to farm products due to ati30000OCOplant diseases reaches several hundred million dollars and the loss through insects is reckoned at G59OOOCOO The daman by birds Is balanced by their beneficent work In destroying noxious insects Losses due to the ele ments are large but no estimate has beep made of them Losses to live stock from these causes are diminish feedingFdisease among domestic animals are Horses 18 per cent cattle 2 per cent sheep 22 per cent and swine 51 per cent Most of these farm losses are preventableThere tendency toward consolidation of farm lands The estimated area 6f abandoned farms is 160CO square miles or nbout 3 per cent of the Improved land The causes of aban donment differ in different parts of the country Where most prevalent It Is caused principally by erosion and ex haustion of the soil The product of the fisheries of the United States has an annual value of 57000000 Fish culture is carried on by the nation and states on an enor mous scale Most of the more imp r tant food species are propagated and several species are maintained In that way Fish from forest waters furnish 21000000 worth of food yearly a supply dependent on the preservation of the forests Our wild game and fur bearing nnl mals have been largely exterminated To prevent their complete extinction the states and the United States have taken in hand their protection ant tlipir numbers are now increasing s For cot jjamu yleias over 10000000 worth of q each year With game birds the story Is much the same Each citizen of the United States owns an equal undivided interest in about 375000000 acres Qf public lands exclusive of Alaska and the Insular- possessions Besides this there are about 235000000 acres of national forests national parks and other lands devoted to public use Gocd business sense demands that a definite land policy be formulated The national conservation commission believes that the following will serve asa basis therefor First Every part of the public lands should be devoted to the use which will best subserve the Interests of the whole people SceoidTlie classification of all public lands is necessary for their administration in the interests of the people Third The timber the minerals and the surface of the public lands should be disposed of separately Fourth Public lands more valuable for conserving water supply timber and natural beauties or wonders than for agriculture should be held for the use of the people from all except min cfal entry FifthTitle to the surface of the remaining nonmineral public lands should be granted only to actual home makers SixtlmPending the transfer of title goycrll1Iin a way to prevent or control waste and monopoly To present public land laws as a whole lo not subserve the best interests the nation ForestsIfood and wat- ercci our need of timber Our industries which rubsist wholly cr mainly upon wood pay the wages of more than 1500000 men and wo men Forests not only grow they hold time soil and they conscrveI the streams They abate the wind end give protection from excessive heat and cold Woodlands make for the fiber health and happiness of the eitizen and the nation 550000003Icd States The original forests cover ed not less than 850000000 acres Forests publicly owned cover one fourth of the total forest area and con tain onefifth of all our standing tim ber Forests privately owned cover threefourths of the area and contain fourfifths of the standing timber The timber privately owned is not only four times that publicly owned but is generally more valuable Forestry is now practiced on 70 Percent of the forests publicly owned and forestsIof the total area of forests The yearly growth of wood in our forests does not average more than twelve cubic feet per acre This gives u total yearly growth of less than 7000000000 cubic feet We have 200000000 acres of mature forests in which yearly growth is balanced by decay 250000000 acres part ly cut over or burned over but re stocking naturally with enough young growth to produce a merchantable crop and 100000000 acres tat over and growthIcliantable Umber inIwaste logging and iai manu facture 23000000000 cubic feet ofa wocd Since 1870 forest fires have destroyed 50INot l than 30000000 acres of forest is burned over yearly The young growth destroyed by fire is worth far more than burnedlOnefourth Is lost in logging The boxing of long destroyedIto twothirds of the timber sawed The loss ofmill product an seasoning and fitting for use is from oneseveatli to onefourth We take from our forests each year not counting the loss by fire three and a half times their yearly growth xro take forty cubic feet per acre for each twelve cubic feet grown we take 2C3 cubic feet per capita while Germany uses thirtyseven and France twenty five cubic feet We tax our forests Under the general property tax a method abandoned long ago by every other great nation Pros cut tax laws prevent reforestation of cut over land and the rpetuation ot lIBeI to standing forest insects Much of this damage can be prevented at small expense To protect our farms from wind and to reforest land best suited for forest growth will require tree planting on an area larger than Tcnnsylvania Ohio and West Virginia combined Lands so far successfully planted make a total area smaller than Rhode Island and year by year through care less cutting and fires we lower the ca pacity of existing forests tto produce their like again or else totally destroy them The preservation by use under th r methods of practical forestry of all public forest lands either In state or federal ownership Is essential to the permanent public welfare In many forest states the acquIrement oT di tonal forest Itnflsijs state forests as necessary to the best Interests ot tfce states themseIvcL The conservation of our imnmtan forests as axtbt j1 lacuian system Is a natioMecessity These Tore are lregmra aid ya the reg bteIS c of streams nsed for navigation and i other purposes The conservation of these forests Is impracticable through private enterprise alone by any state alone or by the federal government alone Effective and immediate cooperation between these three agencies Is essential Federal ownership of lim ited protective areas upon important watersheds effective state fire patrol and the cooperation of private forest owners are all required The true remedy for unwise tax laws lies not in laxity in their appllca tion nor in special exemption but in a change in the method of taxation An annual tax upon the land itself ex elusive of the value of the timber and a tax upon the timber when cut are well adapted to actual conditions of forest investment and are practicable and certain It is far better that for est land should pay a moderate tax permanently than that It should pay an excessive revenue temporarily and then cease to pay at all Forests in private ownership cannot be conserved unless they are protected from fire We need good fire laws well enforced Fire control is impossi ble without an adequate force of men whose sole duty is fire patrol during the dangerous season The conservative use of the forest and of timber by American citizens will not be general until they learn how to pactice forestry We shall suffer for timber to meet our needs until our forests have had time to grow again But if we act vigorously and at once we shall es cape permanent timber scarcity Waters The sole source of our fresh water Is rainfall including snow From this source all running standing and ground waters are derived The hab Itability of the country dependson these waters Our mean annual rain fall is abou thirty inches the quantity about 215000000000000 cubic feet per year equivalent to ten Mississippi riv ersOf the total rainfall over half te evaporated about a third flows intr the sea and the remaining sixth is oi timer consumed or absorbed Tfleae portions are sometimes called respectively the flyoff the runoff and the cutoff They are partly Interchangeable About a third of the runoff or a tenth 6f the entire rainfall passes- through the Mississippi The runoff Is increasing with deforestation and cnltivationOf 70000000000000 cubic feet annually flowing into the sea less than 1 ppr cent is restrained and utilized for LessEthanof that in the arid and semiarid re gions is used for irrigation Perhaps 5 per cent Is used for navigation and less than 5 per cent for power For municipal and community water supply there are protected catchment areas aggregating over 600000 acres and over 250000000 are invested in waterworks with nearly as much more in the appurtenant catchment areas and other lands The population so supplied approaches 10000000 and the annual consumption is about 137500000000 cubic feet The better managed systems protect the catch ment areas by forests and grass The water is controlled and the storm product used but there is large waste after the water enters the mains For irrigation it is estimated that there are 200000000 invested in dams ditches reservoirs and othe- works for the partial control of the waters and that 1500000000000 cubic feet are annually diverted to irrigible lands aggregating some 20000 square miles Except in some eases through forestry few catchment areas are con trolled and few reservoirs are large enough to hold the storm waters The waste in the public and private proj ects exceeds 60 per cent while no more than 25 percent of thewater actually available for irrigation of the arid lands is restrained and diverted None of our rivers are navigated to more than a small fraction even of their effective low water capacity The water power now in use is u250000 horsepower the amount run ning over government dams and no used Is about 1400000 horsepower- the amount reasonably available equals or exceeds the entire mechanical power now in use or enough to operat- every mill drive every spindle propel every train and boat and light every city town and village in the country While the utilization of water power ranks among our most recent and most rapid industrial developments littl effort lias been made to control catch meat areas or storm waters In any larjre way for power though most plants effect local control through res ervoirs and other works Nearly all the freshet and flood water runs to waste and the low waters which limit the efficiency of power plants are in creasing in frequency and duration with the increasing flood run off The direct yearly damage by floods sinCE 1900 bias increased steadily from 45 000CO to over 238000000 The indi rect loss through depreciation of property is great while a large lossarises m impeded traffic through navigation and terminal transfers The freshets are attended by de drnetive soil erosion The soil matter annually carried Into lower rivers and harbors or Into the sea is cpmputed at 780000000 tons Soil wash reduces by 10 or 20 per cent the productivity of upland farms and Increases channel cutting and bar building in the rivers The annual loss to the farms alone Is fully 500000000 and large losses follow the fouling of the waters and the diminished navigability of the streams Throagk Imperfect control of the rmnlB waters lowlands are tempo esitblatdlire States about 75000000 Here of MvmJtow and swap lands requiring drainage that by systematic operation these can be drained at moderate ex pense and that they would then be worth two or three times the present Value and cost of drainage and would furnish homes for 10000000 people- A large part of that half of thean ledgestthe soil and earth is estimated that the ground water to the depth of 100 feet averages 1C 3 per cent of the earth volume or over 1400000000000000 cubic feet equiva lent to seven years rainfall or twenty years runoff This subsurface reservoir is the essential basis of agricuN ture and other industries and is tho chief natural resource of the cpnyiry It is probable that fully 10 per cfnt of this rich resource has been wasted since settlement began The water uf the strata below 100 feet supplies nrte sign and deep wells large springs und thermal and mineral waters it oar be controlled only through the subsurface through agriculture and forestry little general effort Is made to control the annual cutoff although some farmers in arid regions claim to double or triple the crop from given soil by supplying water just when needed and withholding it when not required Within recent months it has been recognized and demanded by the people through many thousand delegates from all states assembled in convention in different sections of the country that the waterways should and must be improved promptly and effectively as a means of maintaining national prosperity The first requisite for waterway improvement is the control of the waters in such manner as to reduce floods and regulate the regimen of the navigable rivers The second requisite is development of terminals and connections in such manner as to regulate commerce In considering the uses and benefits to be derived from the waters this paramount use should be water supply Next should follow navigation in humid regions and irrigation in arid regions The development of power on the navigable and source streams should be coordinated with the pri mary and secondary uses Broad plans should be adopted pro viding for a system of waterway im provement extending to all uses of the waters and benefits to be derived from their control National Efficiency Since the greatest of our national as sets is the health and vigor of the American people our efficiency must depend on national vitality even more than on the resources of the minerals lands forests and waters Our annual mortality from tubercu losis is about 150000 Stopping three fourths of the loss of life from this cause and from typhoid and other prevalent and preventable diseases would Increase our average length of life over fifteen years If we count the value of each life lost at only 1700 and reckon the average earning lost by illness as 700 per year foi grown men we find that the economic gain from mitigation of preventable disease in the United States would exceed 1500000000 ft year In addition we would decrease suffering and increase happiness and contentment among the people This gain or the lengthening and strength canrbe secured through tion and practice school and factory hygiene restriction of labor by women and children the education of the peo ple in both public gad private hygiene and through improving the efficiency of our health service municipal state and national The national government has now several agencies exercising health functions which only need to be concentrated to become cop ordinatcd parts of a greater health service worthy of the nation We greatly need a mre complete inventory of our natural r lour es and1 this cannot be made except through tlij active cooperation of the states with the nation uatlonitdemands that its natural resources be conserved by proper use To this endj the states and the nation can do much fareethe greater part of these resources is in private hands Private ownership of natural resources is a public trusfcy They should be administered interests of the people as a whole leaderather than follow In the conservative and efficient use of property under their immediate control But thelin first duty is to gather and distribute a knowledge of our natural resources and of the means necessary to insure their use and conservation Finally the conservation of our re sources is an immediate and vital coni cern Our welfare depends on conser ration The pressing need Is fcr a general plan under which citizens states and nation may unite In an ef Thetackbnationthe national government Is a potent cause of the neglect of conservation organizationthrough tlonal municipal associate and individual may unite in a common effort to conserve the foundations cf our prosperity Is indispensable to the wet I fare and progress of the nation To that end the immediate creation of a national agency is essentialIGIfford Pinchot chairman W T Me waterslOvertonof forests George W Woodruff seers tary section of lands JL Holmes secretary section of minerals secrettto T a Page 8 THE WINCHESTER NEWS i RoundhUpi A Romance of Arizona l i Novelized From Edmund SDays Melodrama Jt 1 5 By JOHN MURRAYand 1 X MILLS MILLER A Copyright Dillinghamat z V HWell ole man Im likely to rob yon uv a lot more ef you haint keer fV answered McKee You cant jest yit awhile said Ter tfll Dead broke Aw come off Everybody knows yen a walkin bank Bet you got three tfcousan in that inside pocket uv journ this minute Terrill started at McKees naming the exact amount he was carrying He forgot his customary caution in his surprise Well you did jes hit it shore enough I believe yer half gypsy instid o half Injun Jes like yer knowin I stood pat on four o a hind when you had aces full an throwin down yer cyards fore I cud fit even with you How do you do it Buck McKee gave a smile of cunning inscrutable superiority Oh its jes 1 power I have Keen sabby as the greasers sayIm keen on the know how Why I kin tell you more about the money Its for Jack Payson Now theres whar yer way off as a cre rvoyant Buck said TeiTill trl amphantly You guessed onset too often The three thousan is county money consigned to Sheriff Hoover Jack Payson has jes lef with a pack age from K C but it wasnt money It was a puny gilt chair a weddin present fer the gal hes goin to MarryAt moment the sounder of the telegraph began clicking the call of the station Terrill whirled about in Ids swivel chair and faced the table McKee stood close behind him His Sips twitched nervously His eyes nar rowed as he watched every movement of the agents big shoulders as he op erated the keg At the same time the half breed drew his revolver and cov Eed the back of TerrilFs head The agent completed his message and turned to continue his interrupted conversation lIe found himself g ing into the muzzle of a 44big it seemed as a thirteen inch gun Why wbatT he stammered Im actiu jes now as Slims dep pity said McKee Unbutton an han that money over Once having his victim in his power all the innate cruelty of the Indian blood of his maternal ancestors flash ed to the surface Terrill was at his mercy For one desperate moment he would play with him even torture him as his forefathers had once made miserable the last moments of a captive He knew that unless he silenced Ten rill his life must pay the forfeit Death was the penalty of detection The arm of the express company was long Ultimate capture was certain Gaziny into llic muzzle oj a 44 Pursued out of Arizona by the sheriff toe would be trailed through every camp and town in the far west With an oa th Terrill tried to rise and face his antagonist reaching for his revolver as he did so The butt of his weapon had caught in the arm of lite chair hampering his movements McKee threw him roughly back into the up yen hans he cried Dont try that Up went Terrills hands high over Ms head He faced the open window Not a sign of help was in sight Quickly the agent turned over in his mInd various schemes to foil McKee who now stood behind him with the muzzle of his revolver pressing into 11m middle of his back Each was re jected before half conceived McKee laughed sneeringly saying You oughtnt to be so keerless to show whar you cache yer roll Terrill made no reply His hope of escape was slowly fading McKee had reached his left hand over his prisoners shoulder to disarm Terrill who moved slightly away from him drawing in his feet as he did so One chance had come to him He knew that if he failed death was cer tain yet he determined to take the risk in order to retrieve the slip he had made in admitting that he had money In his possession to a gambling crony and so to keep clean his record for trustiness of which he was so proud This last desperate resource was an old wrestlers trick one with which he had conquered others In the rough games of the corral Again Terrill moved to the right andr farther under McKee who had to ex tend his arm and body far beyond an position Holding his revolver against Terrlll handicapped the half breed in his movements With a quick turn Terrill grasped McKees left arm jerking it down sharply on his shoulder With his right hand he grasped the back of his antagonists neck pulling his head downward and inward Using his shoulder for a fulcrum with a mighty heave of his legs and back he sought to toss McKee over his head So surprised for an instant was the cowboy by the suddenness of the at tack that he made no effort to escape the clutches of the desperate express uent- Tobe Continued r JUNIOR ORDER U A Ri flCCIPCDQfcLtulo Schollsville Council Names T A Piersall as Past Councillor- At a recent meeting of Schollsville Council No 416 Junior Order Unit ed American Mechanics elected the following officers Past Councillor T A Piersall Vice CouncillorIra Wills Second CouncillorJ D Douglass Warden Riley Rainey Financial Secretary J W Jones Recording Secretary W B Sew cll TreasurerJames Haggard Chaplain J D Woosley ConductorJ It Jordon Inside Sentinel Richard Williams Outside SentinelTom Stanhope TrusteesJ E Douglass John Vivion and John Williams OPERA HOUSE The Flaming Arrow a play intro ducing characters typical of the West which range from Indians and Mexicans to army officers will be pre sented at the opera house January 26 The story of the play concerns the love of White educatedbIndian and popular chief for an army officers daughter Through the machinations of two villians the Indians are urged to attack the gar rison while the forde is decimated by a detail to save a neighboring fort While the defenders are busy driving off the Indians the Colonels daughter is abducted and spirited away to the mountains by a renegade and a Mexican at the instigation of a more polished villian The trail is followed by White Eagle who succeeds in lo cating the rendezvous of the cul prits After a sharp fight the girl is rescued and returned by her father Black Eagle White Eagles father whose astuteness and faithfulness was recognized and regarded by the United States Government is played by Chief Ga Ne Gue It is claimed that this Indian was Custers mes senger and carried the last message which that wellknown Indian ghlei ewer sent In the story of the play Col Free mont represents a fine old type of the Indian fighter and war scarred hero and his daughter Mary a womanly type of American girlhood- A tribe of sixteen Indians includ ing a brass band adds to the realism of the production MRS r E GRUBBS President Kentucky Conference Womans Foreign Missionary Society M E Church says Tis ever a joy to commend that which has afforded us most pleasure and profit For this reason I most heartily indorse the John L Stod dard Illustrated Lectures With a style peculiarly hisown this gifted writer has given to the public a work which must fascinate old and young These lectures are the best possi ble substitute for travel 1211t THE LADIES HOME JOURNAL PATTERNS When some one asked Whistler the great painter how he mixed his paints he replied With brains Madam This is pre cisely the way that a woman should plan her clothes It is nt necessary that a woman should spend a lot ofmoney to be trimly or even smartly dressed She must have some money of course but goodad vice thought and a little cleverness will accomplish much We are here to help you in dressing economically andwell Our goods give you full value and our advice is given freely and gladly The Ladies Home Journal Patterns for whichwe are agents offer a wide range of designs for women of all tastes figures and pocketbooks- The Fchruarv issue of The Ladies Home Journal is now on saleTHE JOURNAL itself is on sale at our magazine counter each month at 15 cents per copy or we will forward your annual subscription direct to the publishers at 150 per year C B ROSS We give S H Trading Stamps NEW HEATING PROCESS The Main Street Methodist church has just been fitted up with anew- heating processThe Tomlinson Chandler Bush and Winans7 gas heater Friends of the churchare invited to inspect it ft r t v Must Reduce Shoe StockI Will Give Cut Prices on Entire Stock During the Remainder of January f I HAVEchanged our method of business from I credit to strictly Cash and will put in some lines and make changes in fixtures You Idifferent price- sFollowing to shoe yourself and family at very I I are the Cut Prices I I MENS SHOES 6 00 Shoes reduced to I 4 50 5 50 Shoes reduced to 4 25 5 00 Shoes reduced to 3 95 4 00 Shoes reduced to 3 25 3 50 Shoes reduced to 2 95 3 00 Shoes reduced to 2 45 2 75 Shoes reduced to ti 10 2 50 Shoes reduced to 1 95 2 25 Shoes reduced to 1 SO 2 00 Shoes reduced to 1 70 1 75 Shoes reduced to 1 45 1 50 Shoes reduced to 1 30 BOYS SHOES 3 00 Shoes reduced to 2 55 2 50 Shoes reduced to 2 10 2 00 Shoes reduced to 1 70 1 50 Shoes reduced to 1 35 1 25 Shoes reduced to 98 1 00 Shoes reduced to 85 WOMEN9S SHOES I 4 00 Shoes reduced to 3 25 3 50 Shoes reduced to 2 95 3 00 Shoes reduced to 2 45 2 50 Shoes reduced to 1 98 2 25 Shoes reduced to 1 79 2 00 Shoes reduced to 165 1 75 Shoes reduced to 1 40 1 50 Shoes reduced to 1 30 1 25 Shoes reduced to 98 MISSES AND CIIILDRENS SHOES 2 50 Shoes reduced to 1 98 2 25 Shoes reduced to 1 79 2 00 Shoes reduced to 1 65 1 75 Shoes reduced to i 40 1 50 Shoes reduced to 1 29 1 25 Shoes reduced tb 98I 1 00 Shoes reduced to 89 75 Shoes reduced to 55 i WILL ALSO GIVE 10 per ct Reduction on all Rubber Goods Rubbers are sold at a closer margin than anyrthing handled in the shoe business Some broken sizes and discontinued lines will be closed out at greater reductions Come and see for your self We mean business and can do you good I Terms Strictly Cash to All MASSIE The Shoe Man I 1 Eagle CastingCoJ 1 WINCHESTER KY e0MANUFACTURERS OF Gray Iron Semi Steel Thermit Steel AHuminiim Brass and Bronze Castings of all kinds Drawings Specifications and Blue Prints WE ARE ALSO AGENTS FOR All kinds of Structural Steel Shapes oF CORNELL L Gent Manager J ADVERTISE IN THE NEW S 1 T Bush has them GAS HEATERS AN- DRANGE3 FAVORITE STOVES BEST in the World BUSH oxitheCorner Advertise in The News 5 f SKATINGIT This is the season of ttie year in which skating will be enjoyed by all THIS IS THE BEjRINK IN THEi 4I BLUEGRASS fr We teach you free ii you do not know how eIther in the morning or ct 1 between regular sessions myt t AFTERNOON SESSIONS rir Admission 5c Skates lOc EVENING SESSIONS v Admission lOc Skates 15c p nlltn iurn This the time of the year for Accident and Sickness JiAccident Benefit Policy Its the best on the market louetts Ins Company Both Phones 71 4 t HAGAN IG AS AND- ASOLINE Enqines 3Ie SIMPLE RELIABLE l ECONOMICAL Sold Under a Positive Guarantee WRITE FOR CATALOGUE AND PRICES HAGAN GAS ENGINE 8 MFG CO + INCORPORATED I iWINCHESTERt 0B HAMPTON Pres F CURTIS Cashli THE Jlark Comity National Bantiii MRIN STREET ls = llinehte1 b lteotuekJ tJ Capital 200000 Burplue 100OOOwUndivided F rofit 3S OOO I wOrganLwd 1865 being the oldest Bank a t j heoity v Collections made on all points and your ao ionnts solicited PROFESSIONAL CARDS Rx J M STEV NSONI- ttorneY t At Lawc r SO S Main 1 WinchesterJKY PENDLETON BUSH BUSH J Attorneys At Law 60 S Main St Wincheser Ky 1 GILBERT BOTTO FOR Fresh 6 Cured Meats Fish Vegetables Country Produce r BOTH PHONES OPERA ROUSE 1LOCK Roe Winans 6 Scottt ROOFING GUTTERIRG and SPOUTINGrGAS e WATER PLUMBING Dealers in jJL Iron and Bucket Pumps Cistern f MantelsjGlobesHome Phone 502 Next to Pruits Grocery f + l + t d 1 j F f4 i R 7h i r I THE WINCHESTER NEWS Page 7 r y r It- t i V Mr x T r TH JI J T TOBACCO GROWERS IN ONEORGAN1LATON- Twenty Thousand Producers Repre sented in Union Society Form ed at Louisville LOUISVILLE Ky Jan 22The Union Tobacco Society after months of preparation and preliminary meet Irigs received the final touches of its promoters yesterday and as a result the tobacco growers of Kentucky In diana and Wisconsin are welded in to one body with a central administration The delegates adopteda constitution and bylaws and elected the following officers President M 0 Hughes Bowling Green Ky- Secretary J F Doss Greenville Ky The older organizations represented at the meeting and whose total membership is estimated to be in excess of 20000 have by todays action transferred their membership to the Union Society These are the Tobacco Mens Association rBurley Green River Tobacco Mens Association the Bowling Green Association the Henderson Stemming District Association and the Farmers Educational and Cooperative Society allof Kentucky and the Southern Indiana Tobacco Society Tennessee and Ohio Associations it is confidently expected soon will De mustered into the new organiza tin PRESIDENT HELPS ORPHANS Hundreds of orphans have been helped by the President of The Indus trial and Orphans Home at Macon Ga who writes We have used Electric Bitters in this Institution for I nine years It has proved a most ex cellent medicine for Stomach Liver and Kidney troubles We regard it as one of the best family medicines on earth It vitalborgans purifies the blood aids di gestion creates appetite To strengthen and buildup thin pale weak children or rundown people it has no equal Best for female com plaints Only 50c at Phillips Drug Store Hundreds of Houses Wrecked Constantinople Jan 22The earth quakes in the villayet of Smyrna are believed to be far more serious than when first reported Latest messages say that hundreds of houses were wrecked and that the people have taken refuge in the mountains The shocks have now continued for two days No definite information concerning the number of killed has been received t THE MEAT Of IT The third wife of the Sultan of Turkey and the mother of his majes tys eldest son is dead Four unidentified men were drowned while crossing the St Clair river on the ice from Marine City Mich to Port Lambton Cany University ot Chicago has dThesued for 2500 hack salary bye Edward Capps a former in structor at that institution After six hours of deliberation the jury in the trial of D H ShelUrd former Brooklyn N Y2 policeman iJhiccused of murdering Barbara Reig failed to agree and were discharged TOBACCO EXPERT TO SPEAK HERE Prof W H Sherffins To Be Present at February Meeting of Far mers Club Mr Lucien Beckner Chairman of the Program Committee of the Clark County Farmers Club has received the following letter Mr Lucien Becker Winchester Ky Dear SirI will make my ar rangements to meet with you at your Farmers Club on February 13 and will endeavor to demonstrate the im portance of having the tobacco seed graded Yours very truly W H SHERFFINS Prof Sherffins us the expert at the Agricultural Experiment Station on tobacco and its culture and is well known to many of our people His lecture will be worth many dollars to those tobacco growers who hear it and everyone who possibly can shouldmake his and her arrangements to be present The meeting will be held in the cir cuit court room of the court house at one oclock sharp so that the country people can get back home in time for their afternoon work There will be other interesting willImeeting was an enthusiastic one and farmers who are not keeping up with these interesting and practical lec tunes are losing much Admission is free ORDINATION SERVICES Ordination Services will be held Sunday morning at the Washington Street Presbyterian church at which time J I Bosley will be ordained as Elder The ordination sermon will be preached by Rev C E Crafton A full attendance of the officers and members is desired- PRESIDENT H K TAYLOR I consider Stoddards Lectures on travel the best description the most reliable and the most fascinating narrative before the public upon the subject treated- I have just ordered a set of the New Art Edition I shall find them a most satisfactory reminder of the travel I have already done and a very suggestive preparation for that which I expect to do II K TAYLOR1211t HOME FROM GRAND RAPIDS Mr Henry H Hall returned Wednesday night from Grand Rapids Mich the largest furniture manufacturing city in the world where he purchased an immense stock of goods for the spring trade He was ac companied by MrsHalland they visitedrelatives at Paris Illinois before their return home DONT GET A DIVORCE A western judge granted a cLvoue on account of illtemper and bad breath Dr Kings New Life Pills would have prevented it They cure Constipation causing bad breath and Liver Trouble the illtemper dispel colds banish headaches conquer- schills 25c at Phillip- i Drug Store r An for iwE PERCENT OFFON ALL CLOTHNUL ALSO BIvr Cut on Shoes and Furnishing Goods VIC BLOOlVlFIELD1Advance Winchester have just installed at great expense our engine and other machinery withwhich ve are now prepared to furnish DAY CUR RENT for light and heat and power for fans and other motors Let us give you estimates on this and all sorts ofelectric lighting Remember that electric light is superior to all others It is safe clean cheap comfortable convenient ever ready We furnish it on meter if desired Winchester Railway INCORPORATED Light Ice Co W P HACKETT GENL SnmmerIMGRI Citizens National Bank Paid up Capital 100000 Surplus 42000 WE SOLICIT YOUR BUSINESS Will give you courteous treatment and attend promptly and carefully to all business entrusted tous J D Simpson Pres A H Hampton Cashier T F Phillips V Pres J W Poynter Asst Cashier ARLAN Geo Tracy has moved back to his home place Jerry Reeves has moved to the farm he purchased of Chas Oliver on Bull Run creek six3rMiss Halley Epperson was the guest of Miss Flora D Henry Wed nesday week Miss Josie Qiusenberry has return ed to her school at Berea Jas Richardson sold a calf to Dal Powell for 825 J T Osborne was in Winchester on business last Monday Mr Khoulass Quisenberry an brother Virgil attended Mt Sterling- court Monday week E M Osborne has rented the T Wills farm better known as th Bill Todd farm Mrs E C Osborne is on the sick list CHINA PAINTING Miss Georgia Boston will have a three months class in china painting and water colors at Mrs Pattie ICohlhasss residence and will be glad to see any one who would like to join the class there at any time Tiles ThursSat Capital Sioeyooo Undivided Profits 160000 J THE- Winchester Bank I I OFWINCHESTER KY I WITHERSP00Hd PRESIDENTn SPHAReCASHIER SOLICITS YOUR- ACCOUNTS Fresh lady fingers and almond macaroons Ten cents a dozen at the Winchester Bakery p Figuring on a Plan H to save money onmill work TON CO HQRSESH9EING Year uptodate methods cleaning cleaning Turn garments pressed refer taCo FMMf You neednt bother figu jug ycta give the closely too Then supply door grade Bring and square deal square deal wellI IR P SCOBEE a I Around surprise when before comfortable it to properly know when they give to gait Treat horse to shoeing reciprocate in work temper SCOTT Peoples State Bank CAPITAL SiOOOOO bank began than three years just in beginning depres Notwithstanding hard times there steady growth in number depositors in volume ofour enroll every want yours are hrIted an account with sonal atteoioA to business 1M HCLGKIN Cashier it t BROwil President B COCKRELL Vice President I Tile Arrival of the New means the newest ha and dyeing of mens suits overcoats and in the of ladys fine dresses waists a leaf for the year andmake a good resolution to have your cleaned or dyed a- tCincinnati s Tailors MnriiU Tr rt 4 rCrllll fir Btj i IiPHi at ifefe iiwtt tried if us your order ll do figuring nnd we will sash stair case etc of a that cant be beat us your pi mis well give you a in figuring and a in charging as INCORPORATED y The Horse Looks in we shoe him vfor the first time Never kne v how was be shod Hell more yet he realizes how confidence his your our Hell better and better T STROTHER This business less ago the of the financial ion the has been fro the start the of our and the business We new names week We You cojit v to open us Per all I L the etc etc over new new and MCf i JIIIIiII Mk f WINCHESTER v TAILORING COMP Nl- J o C H McKllEY lrop3 cw CfeMMf earIuill ni Rid MY CLANINGAND BYINGA SffCIALTY Orer Allita V 4 t t rmt U r is f v Page 8 THE WINCHESTER MFwc I I i t FALLS ON NATION TO SAVE ITSELF Prssidenis Message Proclaims Need of Conserving Coun trys Resources r R PORT OF RATIONAL CONSERVATION COr MISSION In Sending It to Congress Executive Declares Facts Contained In Document Constitute an imperative Call to Action Pernjanent Welfare of Our People Cannot Exist Save on a Firm Foundation of Material Well BeingHe Defends General Cours- of His Administration j Washington Jan 22 President Roosevelt sent to congress today a message transmitting the report of tb national conservation commission II prefaces the report with his own com moat stating in vigorous terms lite conviction that inirneteiate action i needed if the rightful heritage of posterity in natural resources is to be pre servedThe message says fro the Senate and House of Repre- 1sentativcs I transmit herewith a report of the national conservation commission together with the accompanying papers This report which is the outgrowth of the conference of governors last May was unanimously approved by the recent joint conference h eld in this conseralihons state commissions and conservation committees of great organizations of citizens It is there fore In a peculiar sense representative of the whole nation and all its parts With the statements and conclusions bf this report I heartily concur and I commend it to the thoughtful consideration both of the congress and of Qui mosrt fundamentally important documents ever laid before the American people It contains the first inventory of its natural resources ever made by any nation In condensed form it presents a statement of our available capital in material resources which are the means of progress and calls attention to the essential conditions upon which the perpetuity safety and welfare of s this nation now rest and must always continue to ret It deserves and should have the widest possible distribution among the people The facts set forth in this report constitute an imperative call to action The situation they disclose demands that we neglecting for a time if need be smaller and less vital questions shall concentrate an effective part of our attention upon the great material progIress reIsourcesserration commission Is undoubtedly ibut the beginning of a series which will be indispensable for dealing Intelligently with what we have It sup plies as close an approximation to th actual facts as it was possible to preI pare with the knowledge and available The progress of our knowledge of this country will continually lead to more accurate information and better use of the sources of national strength But we cannot defer action until complete accuracy in the estimate can be reached because before that tune of our resources will be practically gone It is not sary that this Inventory should be exI act in every minute detail It is essential that It should correctly describe the general situation and that th present inventory does As it stands it IS an irrefutable proof that the conservation of our resources is the fun damental question before this nation and that our first and greatest task is to set our house in order and begin to live within our means The first of nil considerations is the permanent wefare of our people and true moral welfare the highest form of welfare cannot permanently exist save on n firm and lasting foundation reIspectour anowIaneefull weight the facts still give reason for grave concern It would be un worthyof our history and our intelligence and disastrous to our future to shut our eyes to these facts or attempt to laugh them out of court The people should avid will rightly demand that the scat fundn eiftal questions shall be given attention by their representatives 1 do not advise hasty or all considered action on disputed poIntsVbut I do urge where the facts are known where the public Interest Is cleat that neither indifference and Inertia nor adverse private interests shall be allowed to stand in the way of the public good Our Responsibility For the Future The great basic facts are already well known lation know that our popu Is now adding about onefifth to Its numbers In ten years and that by the middle of the present century per hips 150000000 Americans and by Its mod very many millions more must be fed and clothed front the products of our soil With the steady growth in z v population and the still more rapid In crease In consumption our people will hereafter make greater and not loss demands per capita upon all the until COulIconvenience It is hi b time to realize that our responsiblllt to the coming millions Is like that of parents to their children and that in waiting our resources we are wronging our do scendantsWe now that our rivers can and should be made to screeour peo pIe effectively in transportation but that the vast expenditures for our wa terways have not resulted in maintain ing much less in promoting inland navigation Therefore let us take im mediate steps to ascertain the reasons compreIpeople the benefits for which they have paid but which they have not yet re ceived We know now that our forests are fast disappearing that less than onefifth of them are being conserved and that no good purpose can be met by failing to provide the relatively small sums needed for the protection stillegovernment to enact laws to check the wasteful destruction of the forests in private hands There are differences of opinion as to many public questions but the American peo watersway development and for forest protection ressources once exhausted are Bond for ever and that the needless waste of them costs us hundreds of human lives and nearly 300000000 a year Therefore let us undertake without delay the investigations necessary before our people will be in position through state action or otherwise to put an end to- this huge l ss and waste and both our mineral resources conserVeI lives of the men who take the earth I desire to make grateful acknowl edgment to the men both in and out ofI the government service who have natuIra1a step forward Their work is helping us to see that the greatest questions before us are not partisan questions aUicommon Among such questions on the material side the conservation of natural resources stands first It Is the bottom round of the ladder on our upward progress to ward a condition in which the nation as a whole and its citizens as Individuals will set national efficiency and the public welfare before personal profit DangerIconservation to pr haps the most typical example of the general policies which this government has made peculiarly its own during the opening years of the present century toJafter their rights to life liberty and the pursuit of happiness If we of this generation destroy the resources from which our children would otherwise derive their livelihood we reduce the capacity of our land to support a popa lation and so either degrade the stand comingIdustrial organizations to exercise un regulated control of the means of pro duction and the necessaries of life we deprive the Americans of today and of the future of Industrial liberty a right Ino less previous and vital than poUt aefruit of political liberty and In turn has become one of Its chief supports and exactly as we stand for political democracy so we must stand for industrial democracy The rights to life and liberty are fundamental and like other fundamental necessities when once acquired rightiwhose presence or absence is most likely to be felt in daily life In what toileasteseen clearly the fundamental need of freedom of opportunity for every citi zen We have realized that the right of every man to live his own life pro vide for his family and endeavor ac cording to his abilities to secure for himself and for them a fair share c the good things of existence should be subject to one limitation and to no other The freedom of the individual should be limited only by the present and future rights Interests and needs the other Individuals who make up Iof community We should do all in power to develop and protect indi lour liberty individual initiative but always to the need of preserv goodIIwith proper compensation to the wel fare of the commonwealth The man who serves the community greatly should be greatly rewarded by the community As there is great Inequality of service so there must be great inequality of reward but no man and no set of men should be allowed to play the game of competition with loaded dice All this is simply good common sense The underlying principle of conservation has been described as the appli cation of common sense to common problems for the common good If the description is correct then conserva tion Is the great fundamental basis for national efficiency In this stage of the worlds history to be fearless to be just and to be efficient are the three great requirements of national life Administrations Aims Defended This administration has achieved some things It has sought but has y not been able to acmE j others It has doubtless made mistakes but all it has done or attempted has been In the Dgleconsistent effort to secure and enlarge the rights and opportuni ties of the men and women ct the United States We are trying to con serve whatis good in our social sys tem and we are striving toward this end when we endeavor to do away with what is bad Success may be made too hard for some if it is made too easy for others The rewards of common industry and thrift may be too small if the rewards for other and on the whole less valuable qualities are made too large and especially if the rewards for qualities which are really from the public standpoint un desirable are permitted to become too largeThe unchecked existence of monopoly is incompatible with equality of opportunity The reason for the exer cise of government control over great monopolies is to equalize opportunity We are fighting against privilege It was made unlawful for corporations to contribute money for election expenses in order to abridge the power of spe cial privilege at the polls Railroad rate control Is an attempt to secure an equality of opportunity for all men af fected by rail transportation and that means all of us The great anthracite coal strike was settled and the press ing danger of a cqal famine averted because we recognized that the con trol of a public necessity Involves a duty to the people and that public Intervention in the affairs of a public service corporation is neither to be resented as usurpation nor permitted as a privilege by the corporations but on the contrary to be accepted as a duty and exercised as a right by the government in the interest of all the people The efficiency of the army and the navy has been increased so that orr people may follow in peace the great work of making this country a better place for Americans if live IDe and our navy was sent round the world for the same ultimate purpose All the acts taken by the government during the last seven years and all the policies now being pursued by the govern ment fit in as parts of a consistent whole MeasuresFor Countrys Good Our public land policy has for its aim the I of the public land so that it will promote local development by the settlement homemakers The pol Icy we champion is to serve all the people legitimately and openly instead of permitting the lands to be convert ed illegitimately and under cover to the private benefit of a few Our for est policy was establishel so that we might use the public forests for the permanent public good Instead of merely for temporary private gain The reclamation act under which the desert parts of the public domain are converted to higher uses for the gen eral benefit was passed so that more Americans might have homes on the landThese policies were enacted into laW and have justified their enactment Others have failed so far to reach the point of action Among such is the attempt to secure public control of the open range and thus to convert its benefits to the use of the small man who Is the homemaker instead of al lowing Jt to be controlled by a few great cattle and sheep owners The enactment of a pure food law was a recognition of the fact that the public welfare outweighs the right to private gain and that no man may poison the people for his private profit The employers liability bill recognized the controlling fact that while the employer usually has at stake no more than his profit the stake of the employee is a living for himself and his family For the Benefit of the People We are building the Panama canal and this means that we are engaged In the giant engineering feat of all allIways to our country We are striving to hold in the public hands the remaining sup ply of unappropriated coal for the pro tection and benefit of all the people We have taken the first steps toward the conservation of our natural re sources and the betterment of country life and the improvement of our waterways We stand for the right of every child to a childhood free from grinding toil and to an education for the civic responsibility and decency of every citizen for prudent foresight in public matters and for fair play in every relation of our national and economic life In international matters we apply a system of diplomacy which puts the obligations of international morality on a level with those that govern the actions of an honest gentleman in dealing with his fellow men Within our own border we stand for truth and honesty in public and in private life and we war sternly against wrongdoes of every grad The obligations and not the rights of citizenship increase in proportion to the increase of a mans wealth or power The time is coming when a man will be judged not by what he has succeeded in getting for himself from the common store but by how well he has done his duty as a citizen and by what freeIhighest value we know is that of the individual citizen and the highest jus tice is to give him fair play in the effort to realize the best there Is in him Common Sense Needed The tasks this nation has to do are great tasks They can only be done at all by our citizens acting together and they can be done dJrect and simple common sense Thfc national conservation cpmmls sion wisely confined its report totbe- iry s T statementof facts KQ principles lear lug the executive to recomn end the specific steps to which these farcts and principles inevitably lead Accordingly I call your attention to some of the larger features of the situation dis closed by the report and to the action thereby clearly demanded for the gen eral good Waters The rep9rtsa s Within recent months it has been rec ognized ar demanded bythe people through many thousand delegates from all states assembled in convention in dif feient sections of the country that tho waterways should and must be improved promptly and effectively as a means of maintaining national prosperity The first requisite for waterway improvement is the control of the waters in such manner aa to reduce floods and regulate the regimen of the navigable riv ers The second requisite is development of terminals and connections in such manner as to regulate commerce Accordingly I urge that the broad plan for the development of our waterways recommended by the inland wa terways commission be put in effect without delay It provides for a comprehensive system of waterway improvement extending to all the uses of the waters and benefits to be derived from their control including naviga tion the development of power the ex tension of irrigation the drainage of swamp and overflow lands the pre purlficaIproposes to carry out the work by coordinating agencies in the federal del- partments through the medium of an administrative commission or board acting In cooperation with the states and other organizations and Individual citizens The work of waterway development delayIconIany comprehensive plan should pro wholeIpriation If possible but if necessary by the issue of bonds in small denomi nations It is especially important that the development of water powershould he guarded with the utmost care both by the national government and by the states In order to protect the people against the upgrowth of monopoly and theIto the people and should bocontrolled by them Forests 1 urge that provision be made for- both protection aud more rapid devel opment of the national forests Otherwise either the increasing use of these forests by the people must be cbeckC or their protection against fire must be dangerously weakened If we com similarIlands during the past year the government fire patrol saved commercial tim bar worth as much as the total cost df caring for all national forests at the present rate for about ten years I especially commend to the congress the facts presented by the commission J as to the relation between forests and stream flow in its bearing upon the importance of the forest lands in natIon- al ownership Without an understanding of this intimate relation the con servation of both these natural re sources must largely fail The time has fully arrived for recog nizing In the law the responsibility to the community the state and the na ownIof forest laud Is a public trust The man who would so handle his forest as to cause erosion and to injure educatedItion commission says Forests in private ownership cannot be conserved unless they are protected from fire We need good fire laws well enforced Fire control is impossible with out an adequate force of men whose sole duty Is fire patrol during the dangerous seasonI as first among the tasks be fore the states and the nation in their respective shares in forest conserva tion the organization of efficient fire patrols and the enactment of good fire lawson the part of the states The report says further Present tax laws prevent reforestation of cut over land and the perpetuation of existing forests by use An annual tax upon the land Itself exclusive of tho tim ber and a tax upon the timber when cut is well adapted to actual conditions of forest Investment and is and certain It is far better that forest land should pay a moderate tax permanently than that It should pay an excessive rev enue temporarily and then cease to yield at all Second only in importance to good fire laws well enforced is the enact ment of tax laws which will permit the perpetuation of existing forests by use Lands With our increasing population the time Is not far distant when the prob lem of supplying our people with food will become pressing The possible additions to our arable area are not great and It will become necessary to obtain much larger crops from the land as Is now done in more densely settled countries To do this we need better farm practice and better strains of wheat corn and other crop plants soilIother enemies of agriculture The United States department of agricul ture Is doing excellent work in these directions and It should be liberally supportedThe public lands should be classified and the arable lands disposed of to homemakers In their Interest the timber and stone act and the commutation clause of the homestead act should be repealed and the desert land law should be modified in accordance with the recommendations ofthe public lands commission- The use of the public grazing lands should be regulated in suh wnys as to improve and conserve their value Rights to the surface of the public land should be separated from rights to forests upon it and to minerals be Heath it and these should be subject disposalI s and phosphate with the govern from entry and leased under conditions favorable developmentI The accompanying reports show thai the consumption of nearly all of our mineral products is increasing more rapidly than our population Our min OUIIworking day in the earThe loss ot structural materials through fire i about another million a day The lox of life in the mines is appalling Tin larger part of these losses of life and- property can be avoided Our mineral resources are limited irI quantity and cannot be increased 01 reproduced With the rapidly increas lIng rate of consumption the supply wil inIdevised or substitutes are found Further investigation is urgently needed in order to improve methods and to de velop and apply substitutes- It is of the utmost importance that a bureau of mines be established in ac cordance with the pending bill to re duce the loss of life in mines and thI waste of mineral resources and to investigate the methods and substitutes for prolonging the duration of our mineral supplies Both the need and hf public demand for such a bureau arc rapidly becoming more urgent Ii- should cooperate with the states in supplying data to serve as a basis for state mine regulations The establish ment of this bureau will mean merely the transfer from other bureaus of work Which It is agreed should be transferred and slightly enlarged and reorganized for these purposes Conclusions The joint conference already men tioned adopted two resolutions tr which I call your special attention The first was intended to promote co- oPeration between the states and the nation upon all of the great questions here discussed It is as follows Resolved That a joint committee be appointed by the chairman to consist of six members of state conservation com missions and three members of the na tional conservation commission whose duty it shall be to prepare and present to the state and national commissions and through them to the governors and the president a plan for united action by at organizations concerned with the con servation of natural resources On mo tion of Governor Noel of Mississippi the chairman and secretary of the conference wore added to and constituted a part of this committee The second resolution of the joint conference to which I refer calls upon the congress to provide the means for such cooperation The principle of the community of Interest among JJ our people in tile great natural resources runs through the report of the national conservation commission and the proceedings of the joint conference These resources which form the common ba sis of our welfare can be wisely developed rightly used and prudently con served only by the common action of all the people acting through their representatives in state and nation hence the fundamental necessity for cooperation Without it we shall accomplish but little Dud that little badly The resolution follows We also especially urge on the congress of the United States the high desirability of maintaining a national commission on the conservation of the resources of the country empowered to cooperate with state commissions to the end that ever sovereign commonwealth and every sec tion of the country may attain the high degree of prosperity and the sureness of perpetuity naturally arising In the abun JntelUgencimdIn this recommendation I most heart ily concur and I urge that an appropriation of at least 50000 be made to cover the expenses of the national con servation commission for necessary rent assistance and traveling expenses This is a very small sum I know of no other way in which the appropria tion of so small a sum would result In so large a benefit to the whole na tion THEODORE ROOSEVELT The White House Jan 22 1909 INVENTORY OF COUNTRYS RESOURCES Commission Tells How Tiiey Igoved In forwarding to the president the report of the national conservation commission Gifford Pinchot chairman of the commission says the entry of the conservation movement into the field of definite constructive work is accomplished by the authorization of a jqint committee on cooperation to be composed of six members of the state conservation commissions and three members of the national conservation commission with Its chairman and secretary This committee is to devise ways and means for effective coopera tion between all forces working for the conservation of national resources Mr Pinchot takes occasion to recog nize the work of the secretary of the commission Thomas B Shlpp and the secretaries of the four sections of wa ters forests lands and minerals Messrs W J McGee Overton W Price George W Woodruff and J A Holmes respectively without whose services together with the government experts the making of the national in i rectory would have bcerir ir3slble the five secretaries sign the report with him The report of the commission sde l voted mainly to an inventory of the tcountrys resources In minerals lands forests and waters closing with a sec tion on national efficiency The mineral production of the Unit ed States for 1907 exceeded 2000000 000 and contributed G5 per cent of the total freight traffic of the country The waste inthe extraction and treatment of mineral products during the same year was equivalent to more than 300000000 The available and easily accessible supplies of coal in the United States aggregate approximately 1400000000000 tons At the present increasing rate of production this supply will be so depleted as to approach exhaustion before the middle of the next century The high grade iron ores the only iron ores available for use under existing conditions cannot be expected to last beyond the middle of the present century The same is true of the petroleum supply The supply of stone clay cement lime sand and salt is ample while the stock of the precious metals and of copper lead zinc sulphur asphalt graphite quicksilver mica and the rare metals cannot well be estimated but is clear ly exhaustible within one to three cen turies unless unexpected deposits are found j The consumption of nearly all our mineral products is increasing far s more rapidly than our population A stray gleam of light in the otherwise gloomy mineral situation is seen In the fact that while the production of coal Is increasing enormously the waste and loss in mining are diminish ing There is urgent need of greater safpty to the miner The loss of life through mine accidents is appalling Stress is laid on the assertion that fourfifths of the countrys fire losses or an average of 1000000 a day could be prevented if the precautions taken in Europe were adopted hare Speaking of the nations cultivable area the report declares that there has been a slight increase in the average yield of our great staple farm prod ucts but neither the increase In acreage nor the yield per acre has kept pace with our increase In population Within a century we shall probably have to feed three times as many people as vow and the main bulk of our food supply must be grown on our own soil We have now nearly 6000 000 farms averaging 140 acres each but only a little more than twofifths of the area of continental United States Is under cultivation The United States can grow the farm products needed by a population more than three times as gr at as our country now contains but we must greatly Increase the yield per acre The greatest unnecessary waste of our soil is preventable erosion Second only to this Is the waste nonuse andImisuse of fertilizer derived from mals and men Other great causes of loss are due to injurious mammals plant diseases and insects Most of these farm losses are preventable The present public land laws as a whole do not subserve the best inter ests of the people Title to the surface of the remaining nonmineral public lands should be granted only to actual homemakersNext need of food and water comes our need of timber declares1e report The preservation by use under the methods of practical forestry of all public forest lands either In state or federal ownership is essential to the permanent public welfare Effective and Immediate cooperation by pri vate enterprise state ownership and federal ownership is needed if the publ- Ic interest Is to be subserved By reasonable thrift we can produce a con stant timber supply beyond our present need and witb it conserve the usefulness of our streams for irrigation wa ter supply navigation and power Of the 70000000000000 cubic feetf Jlessutilized fformunlcipallty and commu nity suPP1t l less than 2 per cent or some 10 per cent of that In the arid and semiarid regions ist used for Irri gation perhaps 5 per cent Is used for navigation and less than 5 per cent for powerThe freshets are attended by destructive soil erosion The soil matter annually carried into lower rivers and harbors or into the sea is computed at 780000000 tons Soil wash reduces by 10 to 20 per cent the productivity of upland farms and increases channel cutting and bar building in the rivers The annual loss to the farms alone is 500000000 and large losses follow the fouling of the waters and the di minished navigation of the streams Broad plans should be adopted pro viding for a system of waterway im provement extending to all uses of the waters and benefits to be derived from their control Under the heading National TSffi clejicy the report says I Since the greatest of our national assets is the health and vigor of the American people our efficiency must depend on national vitality even more than on the resources of the minerals lands forests and waters Our annual mortality from tuberculosis is about 150000 Stopping threefourths of the loss of life from this cause and from typhoid and other prevalent and preventable diseaSes would Increase our average length of life over fifteen years lIf we count the value of each life lost at only 1700 and reckon the aver age earning lost by illness as 700 per year for grown men we find that the economic gain from mitigation of pre UnitedStt4ould landment among the people